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Name: _____________________________ ( ) Class: _____ Date: _____________

Human Sexual Reproductive System

1) What is reproduction?





Why is reproduction important?






2) Types of reproduction

Reproduction can be sexual or asexual.
_________ reproduction involves a male and female adult.
_________ reproduction involves only one organism.

Some organism, e.g. certain species of plants, can carry out both sexual and asexual reproduction.

3) Sexual reproduction

Male reproductive system


A Structure:
Function(s):

B

Structure:
Function(s):


C

Structure:
Function(s):


D

Structure:
Function(s):

E Structure:
Function(s):

F Structure:
Function(s):



A
B
C
D
E
F
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Female reproductive system


A Structure:
Function(s):


B

Structure:
Function(s):

C

Structure:
Function(s):

D

Structure:
Function(s):

E Structure:
Function(s):

 What is the male reproductive cell? _________
 What is the female reproductive cell? _________

 Sexual reproduction involves the _________ of the male reproductive cell with the female
reproductive cell.

 Generally, sexual intercourse is required before sexual reproduction can occur and a woman
gets pregnant, even though there are exceptions (e.g. in-vitro fertilisation).


Steps involved in the process of fertilisation have been listed in the table below. Indicate the
sequence of order in which the steps occur.

Step Sequence
The fertilised egg divides repeatedly to form the embryo.


If an egg is present in an oviduct, fertilisation may take place.


Sperms deposited in the vagina during sexual intercourse travel up the
uterus to the oviduct.

The embryo moves into the uterus and is implanted on the uterine lining.
The woman I now pregnant.





What is fertilisation?



A
B
C
D
E
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Pregnancy (in humans):

 Duration: about _____ months.
 During this period, the embryo develops into a _________.
 At the end of this period, muscles of the uterus contract to push out the fully formed baby,
who passes through the cervix to exit the mother’s body. This process is known as _______.


 The nucleus of the sperm and egg contain ______, which contain instructions that determine
the basic characteristics of a person.
 Genes are passed on to the new individual via the process of ___________.
 The egg carries genes from the _______.
 The sperm carries genes from the ________.


Changes to the body Male Female

Physical






















Hormonal
 Male sex hormones are
secreted.
 Growth hormones are
secreted.


 Female sex hormones are
secreted.
 Growth hormones are
secreted


What is heredity?



What is puberty?




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Overview Stage Days Description




One Menstruation:





Two Repair and growth of
uterine lining:





Three Fertile period:





Four Further thickening of the
uterine lining:









 A typical menstrual cycle lasts ____ days.
 Typically, the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle can last between day 11 and day 17.



What is menstruation?



Thinking further…

Ovulation typically occurs on day 14. Why is the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle only
during the days as indicated in the diagram above?





thin uterine
lining is
repaired
(Fertile period)
Ovulation
uterine lining becomes thick

uterine lining
remains thick
menstrual
discharge
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4) Pre-marital sex and abortion

 What is premarital sex?






 What are some consequences of pre-marital sex?






 What is abortion?






 What are some reasons for choosing abortion?









 What are some consequences of abortion?










Think about this…

How can unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections be avoided?










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5) Birth control methods

Match each type of birth control method in Column A with its correct description in Column B.
Write numbers in the brackets provided.

Column A Column B
1 Rhythm
method
A chemical that kills or blocks sperms from entering the uterus.


( )
2 Spermicide A thin rubber rube used to cover the erect penis before sexual
intercourse and is impermeable to sperms.

( )
3 Diaphragm Contain certain female sex hormones which prevent ovulation.


( )
4 Condom Do not have sexual intercourse during the fertile period of the
woman’s menstrual cycle

( )
5 Intra-uterine
device
Involves tying and cutting both oviducts during surgery to disrupt
their function (so the egg will be prevented from meeting the
sperm).
( )
6 Contraceptive
pills

Involves tying and cutting part of the sperm ducts to disrupt their
function (so sperms will not be ejaculated during sexual
intercourse).

( )
7 Vasectomy A piece of plastic/metal inserted into the uterus to disrupt the
function of the uterus and prevent implantation of embryo in the
uterine lining.
( )
8 Tubal ligation A dome-shaped rubber cap which is inserted into the vagina and
placed over the cervix to prevent sperms from entering the
uterus.
( )


Write numbers corresponding to each of the birth control methods listed above to answer the
following questions.


Question

Answer
Which of the birth
control methods…
are temporary?

are permanent?

work to prevent fertilisation by preventing the
sperm from meeting and fusing with the egg?

work to prevent ovulation?

work to prevent implantation of embryo?




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6) Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

 What is a sexually transmitted infection?






 The signs and symptoms of three different individuals suspected to have contracted STIs are
described below. Identify the most possible type of STI each individual has contracted.

Profile Signs and symptoms STI
16 year old
teenager

 Loss of immunity and protection
against common infections; falls
sick easily
 Severe weight loss
 Lung infection
 Detection of Human
Immunodeficiency Virus in body
system



30 year old woman

 Pain when passing urine
 Bleeding between periods
 Unusual discharge from vagina,
which is thick and green in colour.





40 year old man  Presence of non-itchy skin rashes
on palms
 Recently developed blindness
 Inability to move some parts of
body








Which of the STI(s) listed above is/are caused by bacteria?




Which of the STI(s) listed above is/are caused by viruses?







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Review your learning!


1) Where does fertilisation occur?



2) What is the difference between menstrual flow and menstrual cycle?








3) Illustrate in the graphs below how the thickness of the uterine lining varies over a period of 56
days:

(i) If fertilisation
occurs in the
first menstrual
cycle. Indicate
clearly the
fertile phase(s)
during this
period.














(ii) If fertilisation
does not occur
in the first
menstrual
cycle. Indicate
clearly the
fertile phase(s)
during this
period.
















*It may be assumed that day 1 marks the start of the first menstrual cycle.
Thickness of
uterine lining
Time (days)
Thickness of
uterine lining
Time (days)
56
1
1 56