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SUDARIO, GASPAR JUDE V.

ECE 516 MWF 1:30-2:30

A REPORT ON AM BROADCAST STATION VISIT
I find it always an exciting activity to be going to places wherein I can learn new things
related to my field as an engineering student majoring in electronics and communication. This
broadcast station visit enlightened me a lot on how broadcast is made possible for Amplitude
Modulation. This is a lot different now, since for the past years we’ve been focusing more on
electronics and this time we are engaged in communications. I came to appreciate more the
theories learned in school and see for myself how it is applied in the broadcasting industry.
We visited DYRF radio station located at Mango Avenue and I was surprised knowing that
the station is owned by the University of San Carlos. In the control room, a technician gives cue to
the host of the program from the glass window separating the control room and studio. The
technician is present at all times being in charge for the program flow and commercials. Also the
station’s license and operator’s license were visible hanging on walls. The station has its studio and
the transmitter on a different location. The AM transmitter of the station is located at Alumnos
Mambaling, wherein it is near seawater. It is installed in this setting, since salt water is a very
efficient electrical conductor, thus very suitable for ground wave propagation. At first I thought that
the only way to link the studio to the transmitter over a certain distance is by means of cables only.
But then I learned that Studio-to-Transmitter Link (STL) can also be employed. Basically it sends the
AM radio station’s audio from the broadcast studio to a radio transmitter in another location
wherein an operator is on duty within the operating hours of broadcast. The frequency for the STL’s
is in megahertz and must be synchronized in order for the reception of audio. For most AM
broadcast stations, STL is commonly used than cables since using optical fibers are very costly.
We were also introduced to the different equipments used in the studio and observed how
it is properly operated. The audio file used in all there broadcast is in Ots format which is more
desirable in terms of information and easy playback. The station makes a recording of all their AM
broadcast required by the NTC and keeps the log for a period of one month. These files are kept for
certain purposes, one of which is that since AM Broadcast is more of a commentary program, it is
important then to have a record of whatever words are spoken by the guests or news anchor during
every broadcast in case any claim or complaint is made.
DYRF AM station has a license to operate at a maximum of 10kW, however they are only
using 2kW to operate. The station has no alternate transmitter and so they make use of the STL
antenna on their studio, which is a Yagi-Uda antenna to broadcast during times when their actual
transmitter is down, thus, only covering a shorter coverage for reception. Since the trend nowadays
are towards becoming digital, the studio makes use of digital transmitters which provides lesser
power consumption supply. Preventive, corrective and operational maintenance is always done by
the technicians to maintain a smooth-sailing broadcast. Proper grounding of the equipments as well
as the transmitter is always observed.