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Both results of velocities and accelerations in respectives angles from experiment
differedgreatly with the theoretical calculations. So the percentage of average error
(Appendix) wasvery large.This was happen because the instruments could not measure
precisely, the sample was notpure or was contaminated, or calculated values from theoretical
results did not take account of friction.This was also because the angular velocity taken
during experiment was not exactly measuedin 1 rad/s. Thus it would produce very significant

In conclusion, when the positions of slider, are plotted against the angles of thecircle, on the
graph, the sinusoidal form will be obtained. will decrease until reaches180° then it will turn
to increasing values until reaches 360°. From the similar graph, theslopes in every point of
are equal to the velocities of or slider. The velocity starts fromnegative value and decrease
uniformly until reaches 60 .Then it increase steadily and turnpositive values when reaches
180. It continues to increase until reaches 300 then turn todecreasing values until the position
of slider are complete in cycle.The accelerations can be concluded from the graph of vesus
where theaccelerations are equal to the slope of every point of the angle, . The acceleration
decreasesand increases harmoniously along the axis of angle, .


Engineering Mechanics Dynamics, R.C. Hibbeler, Prantice Hall, 20072.

Hand-powered cranks
 Mechanical pencil sharpener
 Fishing reel and other reels for cables, wires, ropes, etc.
 Manually operated car window
 The crank set that drives a trikke through its handles.
 The carpenter's brace is a compound crank.
Foot-powered cranks
 The crankset that drives a bicycle via the pedals.
 Treadle sewing machine

A crank is an arm attached at right angles to a rotating shaft by which reciprocating motion
is imparted to or received from the shaft. It is used to convert circular motion into
reciprocating motion, or vice-versa. The arm may be a bent portion of the shaft, or a separate
arm or disk attached to it. Attached to the end of the crank by a pivot is a rod, usually called a
connecting rod. The end of the rod attached to the crank moves in a circular motion, while the
other end is usually constrained to move in a linear sliding motion.
The term often refers to a human-powered crank which is used to manually turn an axle, as in
a bicycle crankset or a brace and bit drill. In this case a person's arm or leg serves as the
connecting rod, applying reciprocating force to the crank. There is usually a bar
perpendicular to the other end of the arm, often with a freely rotatable handle or pedal
A four-bar linkage with output crank and ground member of infinite length. A slider crank
(see illustration) is most widely used to convert reciprocating to rotary motion (as in an
engine) or to convert rotary to reciprocating motion (as in pumps), but it has numerous other
applications. Positions at which slider motion reverses are called dead centers. When crank
and connecting rod are extended in a straight line and the slider is at its maximum distance
from the axis of the crankshaft, the position is top dead center (TDC); when the slider is at its
minimum distance from the axis of the crankshaft, the position is bottom dead center (BDC).

Principal parts of slider-crank mechanism.
The conventional internal combustion engine employs a piston arrangement in which the
piston becomes the slider of the slider-crank mechanism. Radial engines for aircraft employ a
single master connecting rod to reduce the length of the crankshaft. The master rod, which is
connected to the wrist pin in a piston, is part of a conventional slider-crank mechanism. The
other pistons are joined by their connecting rods to pins on the master connecting rod.
To convert rotary motion into reciprocating motion, the slider crank is part of a wide range of
machines, typically pumps and compressors. Another use of the slider crank is in toggle
mechanisms, also called knuckle joints. The driving force is applied at the crankpin so that, at
TDC, a much larger force is developed at the slider. See also Four-bar linkage.

Read more:
The mechanism is used to transform rotational motion into translational motion by means of a
rotating driving beam, a connection rod and a sliding body. In the present example, a flexible body is
used for the connection rod. The sliding mass is not allowed to rotate and three revolute joints are
used to connect the bodies. While each body has six degrees of freedom in space, the kinematical
conditions lead to one degree of freedom for the whole system.