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QUESTION BANK

1. Explain Importance of section in brief.

2. An elliptical plane 120 mm x 60mm rest on HP in such a way that it looks Circular in Plan.

Determine its inclination with HP.

3. A cubical tank of 1m x 1m x 1m was required to be fabricated for storing water. In this regard,

Isometric Projection of the mentioned specification was prepared and supplied to the fabricator.

The fabricator fabricated the tank considering it as Isometric Drawing. Determine the reduced

water storing capacity of the fabricated tank.

4. Define “Loci” of point. In a slider crank mechanism, the connecting rod is 160 mm and crank is

40 mm in length. The other end point of connecting rod on the slider moves along a straight line

passing through centre of crank rotation. Trace the locus of i) Any point on the slider and ii)

Midpoint ‘X’ of the crank.

5. A line AB 75 mm long has its end point A 15 mm above HP and 10 mm in front of VP and end

point B 45 mm above HP and 50 mm in front of VP. Determine true inclination of line AB with

HP and VP.

6. A Square pyramid, side of base 50 mm and axis length 60 mm is kept on HP on one of its base

edges in such a way that its axis makes an angle of 45

o

with HP. If the base edge which is on HP

makes an angle of 45

o

with VP, draw the projections when apex is 30 mm away from VP.

7. A Pentagonal plane of side 50 mm is kept on the HP on one of its side in such a way that its

surface makes an angle of 45

o

with HP. Draw the projection of plane when side which is in HP is

inclined at 60

o

with VP in such a way that nearest corner point is at a distance of 20 mm from VP.

8. A cone with base circle diameter 60 mm and axis length 75 mm is kept on its base on the ground.

It is cut by a sectional plane perpendicular to HP and inclined at 60 o to VP at a distance of 8 mm

away from the top view of axis. Draw sectional elevation and true shape of the section.

9. A square pyramid made up of Aluminum sheet with side of base 50 mm and axis length 60 mm is

kept on HP on a corner of its base with its axis inclined to HP at an angle of 45 o and parallel to

VP. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to both HP and VP and passing through the corner on HP.

Develop the surface of the pyramid with portion containing apex.

10. Draw Elevation and Left Hand Side View of Figure 1 according to First Angle projection method

11. A cone made up of Aluminum sheet with base circle diameter 70 mm and axis length 75 mm is

kept on its base on the ground. A circular hole of 30 mm diameter is cut through the cone such

that its axis remains perpendicular to VP, 10 mm to the right of axis of cone and 25 mm above the

base of cone. Develop the surface of cone.

12. Draw Elevation and Plan of FIGURE 1 according to Third Angle projection method.

13. Refer the object shown in FIGURE: 2. Draw the following orthographic views using the FIRST

angle projection method. Use the Aligned System of dimensioning.(i) Front View from the

direction X (ii) Top View (iii) Left Hand Side View

14. The major axis and the minor axis of the ellipse are 120 mm and 80 mm respectively. Construct

the ellipse by the oblong method.

15. A wheel of the diameter 50 mm rolls over the straight line for one rotation. Draw the path traced

by the point P which is initially at the point of the contact between the wheel and the straight line.

Name the path traced.

16. Draw the Half Scale of the FIGURE 6

17. A square prism is having the side of base 40 mm and the height 80 mm. It is resting with its base

on the H.P. such that all the vertical faces of the prism are equally inclined to the V.P. A hole of

40 mm diameter is drilled centrally through the prism such that the axis of the hole is at 90

o

to the

V.P. Draw the plan and the elevation of the prism. Show the development of the lateral surfaces

of the prism.

2

18. The distance between end projectors of a straight line PQ is 130 mm point P is 40mm below H.P.

and 25 mm in front of V.P. Point Q is 75 mm above H.P. and 30 mm behind V.P. Draw the

projection of a line and find out its true length and inclination with H.P. and V.P.

FIGURE: 1 FIGURE: 2

19. A circular plane of 60 mm diameter is resting on H.P. on a point A of its circumference. The

plane is inclined at 30

o

to the H.P. The diameter AB of the plane makes an angle of 45

o

with the

V.P. Draw the projections of the circular plane.

20. A pentagonal pyramid is having its base ABCDE and the apex O. The length of the axis is 80 mm

and the edge of base is 30 mm. The pyramid is resting on the H.P. with the edge CD on it. Draw

the projections when the axis of the pyramid is inclined at 30

o

to the H.P. and the plan of the axis

of the pyramid makes 45

o

with the V.P.

21. A cone having the diameter of base 80 mm and the height 90 mm is resting with its base on the

H.P. It is cut by A.I.P. inclined at 450 to the H.P. The cutting plane passes through the midpoint

of the axis of the cone. Draw the elevation, the sectional plan and the true shape of the section.

22. The top view of an object is a square of 60 mm side while the front view is a circle of radius 30

mm. Draw the isometric projection of the object.

23. Draw the isometric drawing of the frustum of a square pyramid when the length of the bottom

edge is 60 mm, the length of the top edge is 40 mm and the height of the frustum is 70 mm.

24. FIGURE 3 shows the three dimensional pictorial view of an object. Draw using first angle

projection method, front view, top view and side view.

25. FIGURE 4 shows two views of an object. Draw using first angle projection method, sectional

elevation and plan.

26. Draw Isometric view for the object shown in FIGURE 5.

27. Construct a plain scale to show kilometers and hectometers when 25 mm is equal to 1 km and

long enough to measure up to 6 km. Find RF and show a distance of 3km and 4 hectometer on the

scale..

28. ABCDE is a regular pentagonal plate of 40mm sides, has its corner A on the H.P. the plate is

inclined at 30° to the H.P. such that the side CD is parallel to both the reference planes. Draw the

projection of plate.

29. A Hexagonal prism is resting on one of its side of base (30mm), such that axis(60mm) is inclined

at 45° to H.P. and the side on which it is resting is inclined at 30° to V.P. Draw the projections.

30. The front view of a line AB, 90mm long, measures 65mm. Front view is inclined to XY line by

45°. Point A is 20mm below H.P. and on V.P. Point B is in third quadrant. Draw the projections

and find inclinations of line with H.P. and V.P.

31. A square plate of side 60mm is held on a corner on H.P Plate is inclined to the H.P. such that the

plan of it is rhombuses with a diagonal of 30mm. determine the angle it makes with H.P. The

other diagonal is inclined at 45° V.P. Draw the projection of plate.

3

32. Define Representative Fraction. Construct a plain scale of R.F.= 1:50 to show meters and

decimeters and long enough up to 8 meter. Indicate 6.7 m distance on scale.

33. A pentagonal prism is resting on one of the corner of its base on the H.P. The longer edge

containing that corner is inclined at 45° to the H.P. The axis of the prism makes an angle of 30° to

the V.P. Draw the projections of the solid.

34. A square pyramid, base 40 mm side and axis 65mm long, has its base on the H.P. And all the

edges of the base equally inclined to the V.P. It is cut by a section plane perpendicular to the V.P.

inclined at 45° to the H.P. and bisecting the axis. Draw its sectional top view, sectional side view

ant true shape of the section.

35. A cylinder 40mm diameter and 70mm height is resting on its base on H.P. It is cut by plane

passing through a point 50mm from the base and inclined at 40° to H.P. A through hole of 20mm

diameter is drill at 30mm above the base. Develop the lateral surface of the cylinder.

36. Draw the development of lateral surface of a right circular cone having base diameter 40 mm and

length of axis 60 mm, when it is resting on H.P. and cut by an AIP inclined at 45° to the H.P. and

bisecting the axis.

37. A square pyramid, side of base 30 mm and axis length 50 mm is resting on the H.P. on its base

with all sides equally inclined to V.P. it is cut by an AIP inclined at 45° to the H.P. and bisecting

the axis. Draw development of lateral surface of the pyramid.

38. An elastic string is unwounded to a length of 120 mm from a drum of diameter 30 mm. Draw the

locus of the free end of the string which is held tight during unwinding.

39. Construct an ellipse when the distance of the focus from the directrix is equal to 60 mm and

eccentricity is 2/3.

40. FIGURE-7 shows front view and top view of an object. Draw isometric view.

41. An inelastic string 150 mm long has its one end attached to the circumference of a circular disc of

35 mm diameter. Draw the curve traced out by other end of the string, when it is completely

wound round the disc, keeping always tight. Name the curve.

42. A circle of 50 mm diameter rolls on another circle of 175 mm diameter, outside it. Trace the locus

of a point on the circumference of the rolling circle for one complete revolution. Name the curve.

43. The projectors of the ends of a line AB are 50 mm apart. The end A is 20 mm above horizontal

plane (H.P.) and 30 mm in front of the vertical plane (V.P.). The end B is 10 mm below H.P. and

40 mm behind V.P. Determine the true length of AB and its inclination with H.P.

44. A line PQ, 80 mm long has its end P 15 mm above the H.P. Line makes an angle of 300 with the

H.P. and 450 with the V.P. End Q of the line is 10 mm in front of V.P. Draw the projections of

the line considering it in first quadrant.

45. A thin rectangular plate of 60 x 30 mm has its shorter side in the V.P. and inclined at 300 to the

H.P. Project its top view, if its front view is a square of 30 mm long sides.

46. A circular disc of diameter AB = 90 mm, rotates with uniform angular velocity. The point P

which is at A, moves with uniform linear velocity and reaches the point B, when the disc

completes one revolution. Trace the locus of point P moving from A to B.

47. A regular pentagonal plate of 45 mm sides has one of its corners on H.P. The plane of the

pentagon is inclined at 45

o

to the H.P. The side of the pentagon which is opposite of the corner,

which is on H.P., is inclined at 30

o

to the V.P. Draw projections of the plane.

48. A cone, base diameter 60 mm and axis length 60 mm is kept on H.P. on its base. It is cut by a

plane in such a way that the true shape of the section is an isosceles triangle of base 40 mm. Draw

front view and sectional top view.

49. A hexagonal pyramid, base 25 mm side and axis 55 mm long, has one of its slant edges on the

H.P. A plane containing that edge and the axis is perpendicular to the H.P. and inclined at 45

o

to

the V.P. Draw its projections when the apex is nearer to V.P. than the base.

50. Draw front view and left hand side view of the object shown in FIGURE-8 according to first

angle projection method.

4

51. Draw front view and top view of the object shown in FIGURE-8 according to third angle

projection method.

Figure 3 FIGURE 4

FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6

52. A square pyramid, sides of base 30 mm and axis length 50 mm is kept on the H.P. on its base

with all sides of base equally inclined to V.P. It is cut by a plane inclined at 450 to H.P.,

perpendicular to V.P. and bisecting the axis. Develop the surfaces of pyramid.

53. A right circular cylinder of 70 mm diameter and 90 mm height is standing on its base. A hole of

45 mm diameter is cut through it in such a way that the axis of the hole is parallel to H.P. and

perpendicular to V.P. and bisecting the axis of the cylinder. Develop the surface of cylinder.

54. FIGURE-9 shows the Pictorial view of an object. Draw the following view using first angle

projection method (a) Sectional Front elevation at arrow X (b) Top view (c) Side view from left.

55. Draw an ellipse if the distance of focus from the directrix is 70mm and the eccentricity is 3 / 4.

56. The length of the Khandala tunnel on the Mumbai-Pune expressway is 330m. On the road map, it

is shown by a 16.5 cm long line. Construct a scale to show meters and to measure up to 400m.

show the length of a 289 meter long on the expressway.

57. A link AB 80mm long rotates about its centre for one revolution. During the same time an insect

moves along the link from A to B and reaches at B. Draw the locus of an insect.

5

58. A line CD has its end C is 15mm above H.P. and 10mm in front of V.P. The end D is 60mm

above H.P. The distance between the end projectors is 50mm. The line is inclined to H.P. by 250 .

59. A pentagon plate, side 40mm is resting on H.P. on one of its corners with opposite edge to the

corner making 300 with V.P. The plate is inclined to H.P. by 450 . Draw its projections.

60. A line AB, 75 mm long, has its end A 20mm below H.P. and 25mm behind V.P. The end B is 50

mm below H.P. and 65 mm behind V.P. Draw the projections of line AB and find its inclinations

with H.P. and V.P.

61. A pentagonal pyramid of 35mm base edge and 70mm height is resting on the HP with one of its

triangular surfaces perpendicular to the HP, and parallel and nearer to VP. Draw its projections.

Figure 7 Figure 8

62. A triangular prism, with a base side of 50mm and an axis length of 70mm, is resting on a

rectangular face on the HP, the axis being parallel to the VP. An AIP inclined at 450 to the HP

cuts the prism. The cutting plane intersects the axis at a distance of 30mm from one end of the

prism. Draw Front View, Sectional Top view and sectional side view of the prism.

63. Figure. 10 shows two views of an object. Draw the Isometric Projection using isometric scale.

64. FIGURE 11 shows pictorial view of an object. Draw following views (a) Sectional Elevation

from – X (b) Plan and ( c ) Right hand side view

65. The development of a cone is a semicircle of 80mm radius having a circular hole of 80mm

diameter. Draw the plan and elevation of the cone along with periphery of a circular hole shown

on them.

66. Draw a cycloid for a rolling circle, of 60 mm diameter rolling along a straight line without

slipping. Take initial position of the tracing point at the bottom of the vertical centre line of the

rolling circle. Draw tangent and normal to the curve at a point 35 mm above the directing line.

67. Draw the projections of a regular Hexagonal plane of 30 mm side having one of its sides on the

H.P. and inclined at 60 degree to V.P. and its surface making an angle of 45 degree with H.P.

68. FIGURE 13 shows the elevation of cut Hexagonal Prism, cut by curved and flat cutting planes.

Draw the complete development of the prism

69. In a slider crank chain OBA as shown in, the crank OB is 350 mm long and the connecting rod

BA is 1050 mm long. Plot the loci of point P and Q where point P is on the connecting rod 350

mm from B and point Q is on extension of C.R. BA and 450 mm from A.

70. The major axis and the minor axis of Ellipse are 125 mm and 75 mm. Construct half ellipse by

Oblong method and another half by Concentric circle method. FIGURE 12

71. A cone diameter of base 60 mm and height 90 mm is resting on H.P. on the point of periphery of

the base. Axis of the cone makes 60 degree with the H.P. and 30 degree with the V. P. Draw the

projections of the cone, when the apex is nearer to observer.

6

72. A square pyramid, base 45 mm side and axis 70 mm long has its base in H.P. and all edges of the

base are equally inclined to V.P. It is cut by a section plane perpendicular to V.P. and inclined at

45 degree to the H.P. such that it bisects the axis. Draw its sectional top view, sectional side view

and the true shape of the section.

Figure 9 Figure 10

73. Draw the projections of the following points on the same X– Y line.

(1) A point ‘A’ 40 mm below H.P. and 40 mm in front of V.P.

(2) A point ‘B’ 35 mm above H.P. and 45 mm in front of V.P.

(3) A point ‘C’ on V.P. and 30 mm above H.P.

(4) A point ‘D on H.P. and V.P. both.

74. A line PQ has its end P 15 mm above H.P. and 10 mm in front of V.P. The end Q is 60 mm above

H.P. The distance between the end projectors is 55 mm. The line is inclined to H.P. by 25 degree.

Draw the projections and find its inclination with V.P. and true length of line PQ.

75. FIGURE 14 shows two views of an object. Draw isometric projection using isometric scale.

FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12

7

FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14

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