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# Exam 1 Fall02

Last year the proportion of female applicants who received financial aid was greater than the proportion of
male applicants who received financial aid. The graduate student council decides to determine if this
situation has been true for the past five years. A simple random sample of 1569 students was selected from
a list of all financial aid applicants (male and female during the past five years. The results are shown on
the following table.

!ale "emale Total
#eceived financial aid \$%9 5&9 1'1%
(id not received financial aid )5\$ 19* 551
Total %\$) *&6 1569
Answer +uestions 1 to 5 using this information.
1. ,hich of the following is the proportion of male applicants in the past five years-
(a '.)51&
(b '.\$6&*
(c '.5)*)
(d '.6\$%%
(e '.*'&1
&. ,hich of the following is the proportion of all applicants who did not receive financial aid during the
past five years-
(a '.)51&
(b '.\$6&*
(c '.5)*)
(d '.6\$%%
(e '.*'&1
). ,hich of the following is the proportion of all applicants who are male and received financial aid
during the past five years-
(a '.''*5
(b '.1&56
(c '.&&56
(d '.)11*
(e '.))*&
\$. ,hich of the following is the proportion of male applicants who received financial aid during the past
five years-
(a '.\$%'\$
(b '.519*
(c '.5%'1
(d '.6&))
(e '.*&%*
5. (o the data collected during the past five years confirm the proportion of female applicants who
received financial aid being greater than the proportion of male applicants who received financial aid-
(a .es
(b /o
6. 0n a sample of n11'' observations2 the density and the relative fre+uency for the class interval are '.'1
and '.1\$ respectively. ,hich of the following is the width for the same interval-
(a '.'1
(b '.1\$
(c 1
(d 1\$
(e 1''
Exam 1 Fall02
According to a recent study2 the number of people susceptible to a restaurant syndrome2 a reaction lin3ed to
the food seasoner has been e4aggerated. A particular researcher reported that in a study of diners2 only 5
percent reported sensations commonly associated with the syndrome. 0f four unrelated people dine in a
particular restaurant chosen2 answer the following ) +uestions using this information.
*. ,hat is the probability that all four will e4perience the syndrome-
(a '.''''
(b '.'1)5
(c '.1%55
(d '.%1\$5
(e '.9999
%. ,hat is the probability that e4actly two of the four will e4perience the syndrome-
(a '.''''
(b '.'1)5
(c '.1%55
(d '.%1\$5
(e '.9999
9. ,hat is the probability that at least one of the four will e4perience the syndrome-
(a '.''''
(b '.'1)5
(c '.1%55
(d '.%1\$5
(e '.9999
An e4periment generates a sample space containing eight simple outcomes 512 5&2625% with 7(5i118%2
i112&2)262%. The events A and 9 are defined as A1:5125\$256; and 91:5)25\$25525625*;. Answer +uestions
1' to 1\$ using this information. (<int= (o not attempt to use independence here2 >enn diagrams are ?@.
1'. ,hich of the following is the probability of A2 7(A-
(a &8%
(b )8%
(c 58%
(d 68%
(e *8%
11. ,hich of the following is the 7(A∪9-
(a &8%
(b )8%
(c 58%
(d 68%
(e *8%
1&. ,hich of the following is the 7(AA9-
(a '.&&
(b '.\$'
(c '.5*
(d '.6*
(e '.%&
1). Are events A and 9 mutually e4clusive-
(a .es2 7(A∩91'
(b .es2 7(A∩917(A7(9
(c /o2 7(A∩9≠'
(d /o2 7(A∩9≠7(A7(9
Exam 1 Fall02
(e /o2 7(AA917(A
1\$. Are events A and 9 independent-
(a .es2 7(A∩91'
(b .es2 7(A∩917(A7(9
(c /o2 7(A∩9≠'
(d /o2 7(A∩9≠7(A7(9
(e /o2 7(AA917(A
?bservations on burst strength (lb8in
&
were obtained both for test noBBle closure welds and for production
canister noBBle welds. The results are shown on the following table
Test 5&'' *&'' 61'' *)'' *)'' %''' *\$'' *)'' *)'' %''' 6*'' %)''
Canister 5&5' 56&5 59'' 59'' 5*'' 6'5' 5%'' 6''' 5%*5 61'' 5%5' 66''
The following comparative bo4plots and the descriptive statistics are obtained using !0/0TA9 software.
Variable N Mean Median StDev Minimum Maximum Q1 Q3
Test 12 7175 7300 854 5200 8300 6825 7850
anister 12 5887!5 5887!5 317!" 5250 6600 5725 6037!5
Test Canister
5000
6000
7000
8000
Answer +uestions 15 to &) using the information above.

15. ,hich is the s3ewness of the canister data-
(a 7ositively s3ewed
(b /egatively s3ewed
(c Dymmetric
(d /one of the above
(e All of the above
16. Are there any outliers for canister data-
(a /o outliers
(b 1 outlier
(c & outliers
(d ) outliers
Exam 1 Fall02
(e \$ or more outliers
1*. ,hat proportion of the strength are at least 59'' for the canister data-
(a '.&\$
(b '.))
(c '.5'
(d '.6*
(e '.*6
1%. ,hat proportion of the strength are between its mean and the median for the canister data- (e4clusive
(a '
(b '.'%)
(c '.5\$9
(d '.91*
(e 1
19. ,hat is the *5
th
percentile of the strength for the test data-
(a 5*&5
(b 6')*.5
(c 6%&5
(d *)''
(e *%5'
&'. <ow many observations used for the test data-
(a )
(b 6
(c 1&
(d 1%
(e &\$
&1. ,hich of the following is incorrect-
(a The range is larger for the test data comparing to the canister data
(b Dame number of strength observations collected for the test data and canister data
(c Test data have a smaller variation from the mean comparing to the canister data
(d !ean and median are the same for canister data
(e !ean is smaller than the median for the test data comparing to the canister data
&&. ,hich of the following is the inter+uartile range for the test data-
(a )1&.5
(b *%*.5
(c 1'&5
(d 1)5'
(e )1''
&). ,hich of the following is the coefficient of s3ewness for the test data-
(a '
(b E&5.&'\$9
(c E'.\$)91
(d '.\$)91
(e &5.&'\$9
Exam 1 Fall02
0f the components 1 to ) wor3 with probability '.9 and the components \$ to 6 wor3 with probability '.% on
the following mi4ed system2 answer +uestions &\$ and &5 using this information.
FFFFFFFFFFF& FFFFFFFFF)FFFFFFFFFFF
8 G
FFFFFFFFF 1 FFFFFFFF8 GFFFFFFF 6 FFFFFFFF
G 8
GFFFFFFFFFFF\$FFFFFF FFF 5 FFFFFFFFFF 8
&\$. ,hich of the following is the probability for the system to wor3-
(a '.&%')
(b '.)&9&
(c '.6*'%
(d '.*19*
(e '.%&\$5
&5. 0f all 6 components were connected parallel instead of the given mi4ed system2 would the probability
for the system to wor3 higher-
(a .es
(b /o
Answer Key:
1! 2!# 3!D 4! 5!# 6!D 7!# 8!\$ "! 10!\$ 11!D 12!\$
13! 14!D 15! 16! 17! 18!# 1"!% 20! 21! 22! 23! 24!
25!#
Some of the formulas that you may need
Relative Frequency 1 "re+uency 8 sample siBe. ensity 1 #elative "re+uency 8 class width
!he Ran"e: # 1 the largest data E the smallest data !he #nterquartile ran"e: 0H# 1 H) E H1
\$oefficient of variation: C>11''(
F
8 x s
\$oefficient of S%ewness: D@1
s
median x ( )
F
− ⋅
!he sam&le mean of '(s=

=
=
1
F
8
i
i
n x x . !he sam&le variance of '(s=
1
(
&
F
&
&

⋅ −
=

n
x n x
s
i
i
!he sam&le standard deviation of '(s=
&
s s =
)utually exclusive or is*oint: Two events2 A and 9 have no outcomes in common.
\$onditional +ro,a,ility: "or any two events A and 9 with 7(9I'2 the conditional probability of A given
9 has occurred is defined by 7(A A 9 1 7(A∩9 8 7(9.
#nde&endence: Two events A and 9 are independent if 7(A∩9 1 7(A⋅7(9
"or any two events A and 92 7(A∪9 1 7(A J 7(9 E 7(A∩9.
"or any three events2 7(A∪9∪C17(A J 7(9 J 7(C E 7(A∩9 E 7(A∩CE 7(9∩C J7(A∩9∩C.
"or any three events2 7(A∩917(A∩9∩CJ 7(A∩9∩CK.
+redictin" the Relia,ility of Systems with n com&onents:
#i(t= The reliability of individual component 1 7(component i survives beyond time t
#s(t= The reliability of the system 1 7(system wor3s
Deries Dystem ⇒ #s(t1#1(t#&(t66.#n(t
7arallel Dystem ⇒ #s(t 1 1 E L1E#1(tML1E#&(tM66L1E#n(tM