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CURSO DE INGLES

UNIDAD 2
Objectives
I hope it doesnt rain today!

Functions Objectives
Expressing hypothetical situations
(wishes and desires ) both possible
and impossible at the present
time.

Expressing unrealistic wishes
(wishful thinking)

Expressing realistic expectations

Expressing desire to stop things
going on in the present.
Contrast the use of the verbs,
hope and wish in context.

Use wish to express hypothetical
situations in the present.

Use hope to express realistic
expectations in the present.

Use of wish + stop ing structures.

Understand the disappearing d in
and.

Examine intonation to show
surprise.
Summarize a written passage by
answering questions.
Vocabulary
Building up the meaning of words from context:
The column on your left contains words and expressions that will help you understand the
dialogue youre about to hear in the Listening Section that follows. Match these words and
expressions with a sentence that contains a synonym of these words.


Practice 1
Assignment
Write a sentence using the words and expressions in the Vocabulary section above.
Upload your work as indicated in the assignment.

DRAG AND DROP
Join the sentence fragment in the right column to the sentence fragment in the left
according to the content of the above dialogue.



Wish Vs hope for realistic vs hypothetical situations in the present

Language is a reflection of reality. Choosing between language items like wish or hope is
a matter of things being true (real) or unreal (untrue). For example when we say something
like the sky is blue the language we use to express that idea responds to the fact that
were speaking about something that is real: the color of the sky is blue. The same happens
with our expectations, desires and wishes, sometimes they are true and sometimes they
are not. In this kind of situation, context (reality) determines the kind of language we will
use.
It is 01:00 p.m. You are at the airport
waiting for your sisters plane to land. You
need to be back at the office at 02:00
p.m. You think:


I hope her plane is on time means that the possibility of her plane being on
time isreal.

But you could also think:


I hope her plane is not late

I hope her plane is not late means that
the possibility of her
plane NOT being late is real.


The situation above shows that there is a high degree of possibility that
some events or situations be possible or real. For this kind of situations
we use the verb hope.

Using wish for unrealistic desires: wishful thinking


Sometimes, however, you may want to speak
about things that are not real or possible,
even more, you may want to express how you
would like things to be, not how they are. This
is called wishful thinking: when you talk
about the way you wish things to be, not the
way they are. In wishful thinking you express
your desire that events and situations
beexactly the opposite of what they are.


Lets see an example of such a situation:

You are in the middle of a blizzard. Youre sitting in front of your window
shivering with cold. This is what you think ...

I wish I were in Florida



Practice 3
Read the following situations. Select real for things that are possible and unreal
for things that are NOT possible.
1. You dont know how
to read and write, but
you want to pilot a
spaceship to Mars.


2. Your soccer team is going to the finals of the
World cup. You want it to win.



3. You arrive in Mexico and are very hungry. You
order a meal but you want the food NOT to be
spicy and hot.



4. You and your friends are going to the beach.
You look out the window and see the sun shining.
You want it to be sunny this afternoon.



5. You and your friends are going to the beach
tomorrow. You turn on the TV and the weather
forecast predicts a hurricane arriving in your town
during the next 12 hours. You want it to be sunny
tomorrow afternoon.



6. You have a messy and untrained dog. You
want him to bring you your slippers and the
newspaper to bed every morning.



7. Your brother is a very talented artist. He has
been painting for 10 years professionally. You
want him to get an award as this years artist.



8. You have been on a strict diet for a month and
you have lost 4 pounds. You want your dress NOT
to be tight when you wear it today.

Verb forms following wish and hope
Affirmative Negative

I hope the plane is on time
I hope my car gets to Orlando

I hope the plane is not late
I hope my car doesnt break down in the way to Orlando

Wish and hope are both followed by complete sentences (S + Verb +
Predicate). What matters in these sentences is the verb tense that you use
after wish and hope.
Use simple present after hope, both for affirmative or negative situations:
Remember that the subject of each sentence MUST agree with its verb at all
times:

Remember the following when using wish
Remember the following when using wish to express unreal situations in the present:

Use the correct verb form after wish (Subject-Verb agreement) and,

Use the plural form were for the second sentence when the verb to be is used:

Use the simple past for the verb in the second sentence

Use the past tense form of can/will (could /would) followed by a verb in simple form
in the second sentence:

Practice 5
Complete the following sentences with wish + the correct form of the verb in parenthesis. The
first one is done for you. The symbol - means you should use a negative. (Use contracted
forms: didnt, werent, couldnt, etc)

1. I
wish
(wish) summer
weren't
(be) so short.


2. I (wish) I (have) to go to work everyday.


3. My teacher (wish) her students (study) more.


4. They (wish) they (have) more days off.


5. The President (wish) the country (hate) his
Foreign Policy.


6. I (wish) my children (leave) their clothes
around on the floor.


7. We (wish) we (can) finish this project in a few
minutes.
Expressing desire for something to stop using wish
You can also use wish when you want something would stop. In this case, you would
use the following structure:

Look at the following examples from the reading:
I wish you would stop criticizing Roger.
I just wish you would stop going out with a married man.
I wish youd stop listening to your friends stupid gossip.
I wish you would face up to reality. That man is a womanizer!

Practice 6
Complete the following sentences using the previous structure. The first one has been
done for you.


1. I
wish
(wish) you
would stop biting
(bite)
your nails.



2. I (wish) they (call)
me names.



3. She (wish) her
husband (spend) all his money
gambling.



4. My boss (wish) his
employees (arrive) late everyday.



5. I (wish) you (mess)
up my clothes.



6. He (wish) his wife
(make) international calls every day.



Speaking Assignment

Record a short narration using the appropriate verb wish/hope for the following situations.
Upload your work as indicated in the Assignment.
1. You dont know how to read and write, but you want to pilot a spaceship to Mars.
2. Your soccer team is going to the finals of the World cup. You want it to win.
3. You arrive in Mexico and are very hungry. You order a meal but you want the food NOT
to be spicy and hot.
4. You and your friends are going to the beach. You look out the window and see the sun
shinning. You want it to be sunny this afternoon.
5. You and your friends are going to the beach tomorrow. You turn on the TV and the
weather forecast predicts a hurricane arriving in your town during the next 12 hours. You
want it to be sunny tomorrow afternoon.
6. You have a messy and untrained dog. You want him to bring you your slippers and the
newspaper to bed every morning.
7. Your brother is a very talented artist. He has been painting for 10 years professionally.
You want him to get an award as this years artist.
8. You have been on a strict diet for a month and you have lost 4 pounds. You want your
dress NOT to be tight 9apretado) when you wear it today.
Writing a paragraph summary using questions
Read the following paragraph carefully then write complete responses to the questions on
the paragraph which follows. When a linking word is shown in (parentheses) join the two
sentences with the word shown.
Very few people in our town trust Roger Ditchemquick as he has deceived a lot of people,
especially women. Last year he met Jenny Flint at the Annual Firemans Ball.
His good looks, dark complexion and pleasant voice swept her off her feet almost
immediately When he asked her for a date she nearly fainted with emotion and agreed to
meet him the following day. Last month she found out he would never divorce his wife and
decided to leave him. [ 81 words ]
Answer the questions and write a continuous paragraph. Give your composition a title and
indicate the number of words in your composition. (There should be no more than 53
words)
1. Do many people distrust Roger Ditchemquick, or not? (because) Has he deceived many
women, or not?
2. Where did he meet Jenny Flint last year?
3. Did he sweep her off her feet or was she indifferent to him?
4. Did she agree to meet him for a date the following day, or not?
5. What did she discover last month? ( so ) What she do?

Send your completed composition in the following format:
(Give your composition a title:) .

Many people .. ( a continuous paragraph)


[ No. of words ]