ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING LIST OF ELECTIVES VI SEMESTER Code No. EC034 EC035 EC036 EC037 EC040 EC041 EC043 EC044 EC045 EC051 EC053 EC057 Course Title Operating System Computer Hardware and Interfacing Advanced Microprocessors Object Oriented Programming Industrial Electronics Medical Electronics Advanced Electronic System Design Advanced Solid State Devices Computer Aided Analysis and Design Engineering Acoustics Internet and Java Advanced Digital Signal Processing VIII SEMESTER Code No. EC039 EC042 EC046 EC047 EC048 EC049 EC050 EC052 EC054 EC055 EC056 HS053 GE037 GE038 1. 2. 3. 4. HS 034 HS 035 HS 036 HS 037 Course Title Power Electronics Opto Electronic Devices Very Large Scale Integrated Circuit Design Cellular Mobile Communication Satellite Communication and Broadcasting Radar and Navigation Aids Electromagnetic Interface and Compatibility Integrated Services Digital Network Telecommunication Switching and Networks Telecommunication System Modeling and Simulation Digital Image Processing Communication Skills for Engineers Intellectual Property Right Indian Constitution and Society LANGUAGE ELECTIVES Technical Tamil Technical German – I Technical German - II Technical Japanese – I L 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 3 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 0 0 0 P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 100 100 100 100 M 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 L 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 M 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

HS 038 HS 039 HS 040 HS 041 HS 042

Technical Japanese – II Technical French – I Technical French – II English – I English – II -----

3 3 3 3 3

1 1 1 1 1

0 0 0 0 0

100 100 100 100 100

EC034 1.


History of OS, OS concepts, processes, files, shell, virtual machine, client sewer model, memory management without swapping or paging, monoprogramming & multi programming, virtual memory, paging, Associative memory, page replacement algorithms, Belady‟s Anamely, Optimum page size, segmented memory. 2. PROCESS MANAGEMENT 9

Interprocess Communications, Critical sections, Mutual Exclusions, Semaspheres, Deadlocks, Deadlock deduction and recovery, Deadlock avoidance and prevention‟s, Round Robin Scheduling, Priority Scheduling, SJF Scheduling, Guaranteed Scheduling, Two level Scheduling, Classical IPC Problems. 3. FILE SYSTEMS 9

File naming, File structure, File types, File attributes, File access, File operations, Memory mapped files, Directories, Path names, Disk space management, Security, Internet worm, User authentication, Virus, Antivirus packages, Trojan horse attack, bad block management, Optimum block size. 4. DISTRIBUTED OPERATING SYSTEM 9

Goals, Hardware & Software concepts, Design issues, Communication, Synchronization and dead locks in distributed OS, Election algorithm, Concurrency control, Andrew file system, Mobil users, Wide area networking Fault tolerance. 5. CASE STUDIES 9

History, Overview, Fundamental concepts, System calls and implementation of UNIX, MS-DOS, AMOEBA and MACH. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. 3. Andrew. S. Tanenbanen, “Modern Operating Systems”, Prentice Hall of India Ltd., May, 1996. Charles Crowley, “Operating System”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1998. H.M. Deited, “Operating Systems”, Addison – Wesley, 2nd edition, 1990. REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. Achyut. S. Godbole, “Operating Systems”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1996. M. Mileukovic, “Operating Systems concepts and design” Tata McGraw-Hill, 1992. Silberschatz.A and P.B.Galvur, “Operating Systems concepts”, Addison – Wesley, 1994. A.Gosciuski, “Distributed operating systems the logical design”, Addison – Wesley, Reading, MA, 1991.

EC035 1.


Organization of computer systems, Motherboard its functions and logic‟s; operating systems and boot process; The pre-service checkout, power supply; BIOS, chipsets, CMOS, PC cards and peripheral. 2. MOTHERBOARD INTERFACING CIRCUITS, SUPPORT CHIPS AND THEIR 12

DMA, Timer, I/O port, parallel, serial, DVD, FDC, HDC, Display, keyboard CD-ROM interfacing, soundboards. 3. BUS INTERFACING AND DATA TRANSFER 10

Asynchronous and synchronous buses, memory management & interfacing, Bus standards, ISA/FISA bus operations. 4. TROUBLE SHOOTING PCS 8

Motherboards, CPU, monitor memory, FDC, HDC, PC cards serials and parallel ports, preventive maintenance. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Stephen J, Bigelow, “Trouble shooting, maintaining and repairing PCs”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1999. Stanley & Hall, “PC Data Handbook, BPB Publications, New Delhi, 1992. REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. Govindarajulu, “IBM PC and clones Hardware trouble shooting and maintenance, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1997. Scott Muller, “Upgrading and Repairing PCs”, Microtech Publications, Dubai, 1996. Ronald L.Krutz, “Interfacing Techniques in Digital Design with Emphasis on Microprocessors”, John Wiley & Sons New York, 1996. ADVANCED MICRO PROCESSORS THE INTEL X86 FAMILY 9

EC036 1.

The intel X86 family architecture, 32 bit processor evolutions Systems connections and timing, Instruction and data formats, Instruction set of X86 processors, Addressing modes. 2. INTEL X86 ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAM 9

Implementation of strings, Procedures, Macros, BIOS and DOS services using X86 assembly language programming, Memory and I/O interfacing, Analog interfacing and industrial control.




Microprocessors based system design, TMS 320 series DSP based signal processing, Microcontroller 8051, 8051 based system design. 4. THE MOTOROLA MC 68000 FAMILY 9

The MC 68000 architecture, CPU registrars, Data formats, Addressing modes, Instruction set and assembler directors, Memory management instruction and data, Caches, exception processing. 5. RISC PROCESSORS 9

RISC vs CISC, RISC properties and evaluation, Advanced RISC microprocessors, DEC ALPHA, The power PC family, The SUN SPARC family, The MIPS RX100 family, The intel 860 family, The Motorola M88000 family, HP precision architecture. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. B. B Bery, “The INTEL Microprocessors 8086/8088, 80186/80188, 80286, 80386 80486, PENTIUM, and PENTIUM pro processor”, Prentice Hall, 1997. K.Udayakumar, B.S. Uma Shankar, “Advanced Microprocessors and IBM PC assembly language programming”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1996. REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. EC037 1. Daniel Tabak, “Advanced Microprocessors”, McGraw-Hill, 1995. Douglas V.Hall, “Microprocessors and Interfacing – programming Hardware”, McGraw-Hill, 1992. W. A. Tribel, & A. Singh, “The 68000 and 68020 Microprocessors – Architecture, Software and Interfacing Techniques”, Prentice Hall, 1991. Rifiquzzaman, “Microprocessors – Theory and Application: Intel and Motorola”, Prentice Hall, 1992. Kenneth J.Ayala, “The 8051 Microcontroller, Architecture, Programming and Applications”, Penram International Publishing (India), 1996. John Peatman, “Design with Microcontrollers”, McGraw-Hill International, 1988. OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING INTRODUCTION 9

Classes, Objects, Structures, Declaration of Class, Member functions, Pointers, Unions, Nested class, Copy and Default Constructors, Destructors, Inline member functions, Static class members, Friend functions, Inheritance, Ambiguity in single inheritance, Multiple inheritance container classes, Member Access control. 2. RUDIMENTS OF C++ 9

Identifiers, Keywords, Constants, C++ operators, Statements, Manipulator functions, Control & loop statements, Functions and program structures, Recursive functions, Preprocessors, Header files, Standard functions, Multi function program, Conditional compilation.




Processing with arrays, Multidimensional arrays, Character arrays, Pointer arithmetic, Array of pointers, Pointers to pointers, Arrays of structures, Nested structure, Unions, Bit fields, Enumeration‟s. 4. OVERLOADING & POLYMORPHISM 9

Function overloading operators overloading, Overloading of binary operators, Overloading of unary operators, Polymorphism with pointers, Virtual functions, Late binding, Abstract base classes, Constructors under inheritance, Destructors under inheritance, Virtual Destructors, Virtual base classes. 5. EXCEPTION HANDLING & DATA FILE OPERATIONS 9

Function template, class template, Exception handling Opening & closing of files, Binary file operations, Random Access file processing, Various Turbo C++ and Borland C++ streams and file processing commands. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK: 1. Balaguruswamy, “Object oriented programming with C++ Tata McGraw-Hill, Second edition. REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Lafore.R., “Object oriented programming in Microsoft C++”, Galgotia, New Delhi, 1993. Venugopal, Ravishanker and Rajkumar, “Mastering C++”, Tata McGraw-Hill, First edition, 1998. D. Ravichandran, “Programming with C++”, Tata McGraw-Hill, First edition, 1997. Appleby, “Programming Languages: Pradigm and Practice”, Tata McGraw-Hill, First edition. N.E.Smith, “Object oriented programming using Turbo C++”, BPB, New Delhi, 1992. POWER ELECTRONICS POWER SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES 9

EC039 1.

Power transistors, Fast recovery diodes, Thyristors, Power TRIAC, MOSFET, IGBT, GTO characteristics, rating, Protection circuits, Driver Circuits. 2. POWER SUPPLIES 9

Single Phase and Three Phase Controlled rectifiers, Design of Trigger circuits, Switching mode regulators – Boost, Buck, Buck-Boost and Cuk regulators, AC voltage regulator. 3. INVERTERS 9

Voltage and current source inverters, Resonant, Series inverter, PWM inverter.




Type A, B, C and D choppers, Pulse width modulation - Gating requirements. 5. MOTOR CONTROL 9

DC motor drives, Induction and Synchronous motor drives, Switched reluctance and brushless motor drives. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK: 1. M.D.Singh, K.B. Khanchandani, “Power Electronics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1998. REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. 4. EC040 1. Ned Mohan, Tore M.Undeland, William P.Robbins, “Power Electronics, Converters, Applications and Design”, John Wiley & Sons, 1994. Muhamed H.Roshid, “Power Electronics Circuits, Devices and Application”, Prentice Hall of India, 1995. B.K.Bose, “Modern Power Electronics”, Jaico Publishing House, 1999. Sen, Power Electronics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1987. INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS PROCESS ELEMENT CHARACTERISTICS 9

First, second and higher order process elements, Static and dynamic response of position, force, motion, fluid and temperature transducers, Signal conditioning circuits for transducers. 2. ANALOG AND DIGITAL CONTROLLERS 9

ON / OFF, Proportional and PID controllers, Cascader and feed forward control, Data acquisition system, Digital PID controller, PLC and Ladder diagram. 3. POWER INTERFACES 9

Power operational amplifiers, Servo amplifiers, Thyristor based interfaces. 4. INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEMS 9

Strip tension control, Edge guide control, Furnace control system, Electronic welding control, Automatic weighing system. 5. INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS 9

Robot concept, Mechanical configuration, Programming robots. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK: 1. Thomas E.Kissell, “Industrial Electronics”, Prentice Hall, 1997.

REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Maas, “Industrial Electronics”, Prentice Hall, 1995. Michael Jacob.J., “Industrial control Electronics Application and Design”, Prentice Hall, 1988. Timothy J.Malony, “Industrial solid state Electronics”, Prentice Hall, 1986. Mikell P.Groover, Mitchell Weiss, Roger.N, Nagel, Nicholas G.Odrey, “Industrial Robotics Technology, Programming and Application”, McGraw-Hill, 1986. Fu.K.S., Gonzalez R.C. and Lee C.S.G., „Robotics – Control, Sensing, Vision and Intelligence”, McGraw-Hill International Editions, 1987. MEDICAL ELECTRONICS ELECTRO-PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOPOTENTIAL RECORDING 9

EC041 1.

The origin of Biopotentials; biopotential electrodes; biological amplifiers; ECG, EEG, EMG, PCG, EOG, lead systems and recording methods, typical waveforms and signal characteristics. 2. BIO-CHEMICAL MEASUREMENTS AND NON ELECTRICAL PARAMETER 9

pH, PO2, PCO2, PHCO3, Electrophoresis, colorimeter, photometer, Auto analyzer, Blood flow meter, cardiac output, respiratory measurement, Blood pressure, temperature, pulse, Blood cell counters. 3. ASSIST DEVICES 9

Cardiac pacemakers, DC Debrillators, Dialyser, Heart-Lung machine, Hearing aids. 4. PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND BIO-TELEMETRY 9

Diathermies – Short-wave, ultrasonic and microwave type and their applications, Medical stimulator, Telemetry principles, frequency selection, Bio-telemetry, radio-pill and telestimulation. 5. RECENT TRENDS IN MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION 9

Thermograph, endoscopy unit, Laser in medicine, Surgical diathermy, cryogenic application, Electrical safety. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. John G.Webster, “Medical Instrumentation Application and Design”, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1998. Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical instrumentation and measurement”, Prentice Hall of India New Delhi, 1997. REFERENCES 1. Khandpur, R.S, “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1997.


Joseph J.Carr and John M.Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical equipment technology”, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1997. OPTO ELECTRONIC DEVICES ELEMENTS OF LIGHT AND SOLID STATE PHYSICS 9

EC042 1.

Wave nature of light, Polarization, Interference, Diffraction, Light Source, review of Quantum Mechanical concept, Review of Solid State Physics, Review of Semiconductor Physics, Semiconductor Junction Device, Review. 2. DISPLAY DEVICES AND LASERS 8

Introduction, Photo Luminescence, Cathode Luminescence, Electro Luminescence, Injection Luminescence, LED, Plasma Displays, Liquid Crystal Displays, Numeric Display, Laser Emission, Absorption, Radiation, Population Inversion, Optical feedback, Threshold condition, Laser Modes, Classes of Lasers, Mode Locking, Laser applications. 3. OPTICAL DETECTION DEVICES 8

Photo detector, Thermal detector, Photon Devices, Photo Conductors, Photo diodes, Detector Performance. 4. OPTOELECTRONIC MODULATOR AND SWITCHING DEVICES 8

Introduction, Analog and Digital Modulation, Electro-optic modulators, Magneto Optic Devices, Accoustopic devices, Optical, Switching and Logic Devices. 5. OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 9

Introduction, hybrid and Monolithic Integration, Applications of Opto Electronics Integrated Circuits, Integrated transmitters and Receivers, Guided wave devices. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK: 1. J.Wilson and J.Haukes, “Opto Electronics – An Introduction”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi, 1995. REFERENCES: 1. 2. Bhattacharya, “Semiconductor Opto Electronic Devices”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi, 1995. Jasprit Singh, “OptoElectronics – An Introduction to materials and Devices”, McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1998. ADVANCED ELECTRONICS SYSTEM DESIGN DESIGN OF AMPLIFIERS 9

EC043 1.

Wideband amplifiers and design of compensating networks, Analysis and design of differential video amplifiers, Very wide band amplifiers, RF amplifiers and RF power amplifiers, Design of matching networks, Low noise amplifiers design, Analysis of noise in IC amplifiers.




DC power supply design using transistors and SCRs, Design of crowbar and foldback protection circuits, Switched mode power supplies, Forward, flyback, buck and boost converters, Design of transformers and control circuits for SMPS. 3. DESIGN OF DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS 9

Amplification of Low level signals, Grounding and Shielding and Guarding techniques, Dual slope, quad slope and high speed A/D converters, Microprocessors Compatible A/D converters, Multiplying A/D converters and Logarithmic A/D converters, Design of two – and – wire transmitters. 4. DESIGN OF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS 9

Introduction to technology of printed circuit boards (PCB), General lay out and Rules and parameters, PCB design rules for Digital, High Frequency, Analog, Power Electronics and Microwave circuits, Computer Aided design of PCBs. 5. SYSTEM DESIGN PROJECT USING ICs 9

Design of Auto ranging Digital Multimeter, Digital Timer, Design of function and Signal Generators, Frequency synthesizers and DC motor speed control design using PLL, Digital frequency and Time-Interval meter, Design of Analog process controllers. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. 3. Sydney Soclof, “Applications of Analog Integrated Circuits”, Prentice Hall of India, 1990. Keith H.Billings, “Handbook of Switched Mode Supplies” McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., 1989. F.H.Mitchell, “Introduction to Electronic Design”, Prentice Hall of India, 1991. REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. James.K.Hardy, “High Frequency Circuit Design”, Reston Publishing Company, 1979. Michael Jaacob, “Applications and Design with Analog Integrated Circuits” Prentice Hall of India, 1991. Walter C.Bosshart, “Printed Circuit Boards – Design & technology”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1983. Otmar Kigenstein, “Switched Mode Power supplies in Practice”, John Wiley and Sons, 1989. Rabaey, “Digital Integrated Circuits: A Design Perspective” Prentice Hall of India, 1996. J.D.Greenfield, “Practical Digital Design using IC‟s”, Prentice Hall, USA. Data Sheet and Application manuals of Texas Instruments, National Semiconductors, Analog Devices, Maxim, Linear Technology and their Web sites.

EC044 1.


PN diode, Heterojunction diode, Tunnel diode, PIN diode, MS diode, MIS diode, Varactor diode, CCD. 2. TRANSISTORS 9




LED, Injection laser, Photodiode, Phototransistor, Photoconductors, Solar cells. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. S.M.Sze, “Physics of Semiconductor devices”, Wiley Eastern, 2nd edition, 1991. A.G. Milnes, “Semiconductor devices and Integrated electronics”, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1980. REFERENCES: 1. 2. Michael Shur, “Physics of Semiconductor Devices” Prentice Hall of India, 1995. Giuseppe Massobrio & Paolo Antognethi, “Semi conductor Device Modeling with SPICE”, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 2nd edition, 1993. COMPUTER AIDED ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OVERVIEW OF EDA 9

EC045 1.

EDA tools, Especially schematic capture (using PSPICE & ORCAD), Simulation (using PSPICE & VHDL), layout (ORCAD for PCBs and magic for VLSI). The various steps in the design cycle, Relation between different software tools used in EDA. 2. ANALOG CIRCUIT TECHNIQUES 9

Overview of PSPICE, Types of simulation-DC, AC, Transient, Monte Carlo, Parametric and others, Simulation devices – ABMs, Laplace devices, Energy sources, Passive components, Semiconductors, ICs Special devices – voltage makers, Initial conditions, etc., Usage of type schematic editor, Probe and parts. 3. DIGITAL CIRCUIT TECHNIQUES 9

Overview of digital circuits, PLDs, FPGAs etc., Logic synthesis tools (using ORCAD), Digital simulation at register, Gate and device levels, Hazards, Races and timing

violation (using ORCAD or P-logic), VHDL û programming, Concurrency, Simulation, Automatic synthesis and layout. 4. MODELING FOR SIMULATION 9

Modeling of digital blocks in PSPICE, P-logic, ORCAD and VDHL, Analog modeling in the frequency domain, Time domain, Models for R, L, C. Diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET, Model parameter extraction (using parts and magic). 5. COMPUTATIONAL TECHNIQUES 9

Data structures and algorithms for manipulating graphs, Linked lists, Matrices and sparse matrices, Numerical methods with variable time step, Example Runge Kutta fourth order, The structure of the SPICE program, Routing algorithms for PCBs and VLSI, Event driven simulation in VHDL, File formats in EDA, Example EDIF. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK: 1. Paul W.Tuimenga, “An Introduction to Circuit Analysis using PSPICE”, Prentice Hall of India, 1994. REFERENCES: 1. 2. L.O.Chua & P.M.Lin, “Computer Aided Analysis of Electric Circuits, Algorithms and Computational Techniques”, Prentice Hall of India, 1975. Ellis Horowitz & Sartaz Sahni, “Fundamental of Data Structures using PASCAL”, Galgotia Book Source, 1987. VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN MOS TECHNOLOGY AND CIRCUITS 9

EC046 1.

MOS Technology and VLSI, Process parameters and considerations for BJT, MOS and CMOS, Electrical properties of MOS circuits and Device modelling. 2. MOS CIRCUIT DESIGN PROCESS 9

MOS layers, Stick diagram, Layout diagram, Propagation delays, Examples of combinational logic design, Scaling MOS circuits. 3. DIGITAL CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS 9

Programmable Logic Array (PLA) and finite state machines, Design of ALU‟s Memories and Registers. 4. ANALOG VLSI AND HIGH SPEED VLSI 9

Introduction to analog VLSI, Models for analog switches, active resistors, current sources / sinks, current references, BJT and CMOS operational amplifiers for simulation. Layout of typical circuits like common source amplifier, current source and differential amplifier, Sub-micron technology and GaAs VLSI technology. 5. HARDWARE DESCRIPTION LANGUAGES 9

VHDL Background and basic concepts, Structural specification of hardware and Design organisation and parameterization. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. 3. Dougles A. Pucknell and Kamran Eshrafhian, Basic VLSI Design systems and circuits”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt., Ltd. Randall L.Geiger and P.E.Allen, “VLSI design techniques for analog and digital circuits”, McGraw-Hill Int., Co., 1990. Peter J.Ashenden, “The Designer‟s guide to VDNL”, Harcourt Asia Pvt., Ltd., 1995. REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Amar Murkherjee, “Introduction to NMOS and CMOS VLSI system design”, Prentice Hall, 1986. Fabious.E., “Introduction to VLSI design”, McGraw-Hill, 1990. Navabi.Z., “VHDL analysis and modeling of digital systems”, McGraw-Hill, 1983. Mohammed Ismail and Terri Fiez, “Analog VLSI, Signal and Information Processing”, McGraw-Hill, 1994. Neil H.E. Weste, Kamaran Eshraghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI Design”, Addison Wesley, 1998. CELLULAR MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS INTRODUCTION TO WIRELESS MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS 3

EC047 1.

History and evolution of mobile radio systems, Types of mobile wireless services/systems – Cellular, WLL, Paging, Satellite systems, Standard, Future trends in personal wireless systems. 2. CELLULAR CONCEPT AND SYSTEM DESIGN FUNDAMENTALS 8

Cellular concept and frequency reuse, Multiple Access Schemes, Channel assignment and handoff, Interface and system capacity, Trunking and Erlang capacity calculations. 3. MOBILE RADIO PROPAGATION 10

Radio wave propagation issues in personal wireless systems, Propagation models, Multipath fading and based and impulse models, Parameters of mobile multipath channels, Antenna systems in mobile radio. 4. MODULATION AND SIGNAL PROCESSING 12

Analog and digital modulation techniques, Performance of various modulation techniques – Spectral efficiency, Error rate, Power Amplification, Equalization/Rake receiver concepts, Diversity and Space-time processing, Speech coding and channel coding. 5. SYSTEM EXAMPLES AND DESIGN ISSUES 12

Multiple Access Techniques – FDMA, TDMA and CDMA systems, Operational systems, Wireless networking, design issues in personal wireless systems.

TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK: 1. K. Feher, Wireless Digital Communication, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1995. REFERENCES: 1. 2. T.S. Rappaport, Wireless Communication; Principles and Practice, Prentice Hall, NJ, 1996. W.C.Y. Lee, Mobile Communication Engineering; Theory and Application, Second Edition, McGraw-Hill International, 1998.


Kepler‟s Laws, Newton‟s law, orbital parameters, orbital perturbations, station keeping, geo stationary and non Geo-stationary orbits, frequency allocation, frequency coordination and regulatory services, sun transit outrages, limits of visibility, launching vehicles and propulsion. 2. SPACE SEGMENT : 10

Space craft configuration, communication Payload and supporting subsystems, satellite up link – down link, link power budget, c/no. G/T, Noise temperature, System noise, propagation factors, rain and ice effects, polarization. 3. SATELLITE ACCESS: 12

Modulation and Multiplexing: Voice, Data, Video, Analog – digital transmission system, Digital video Brocast, multiple access: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, Assignment Methods, Spread Spectrum communication, compression – encryption 4. EARTH SEGMENT 8

Transmitters, receivers, Antennas, Terrestrial Interface, Tvro, Matv, Catv, Test Equipments Measurements on G/T, C/No, EIRP, Antenna Gain. 5. SATELLITE APPLICATIONS : 10

INTELSAT Series, INSAT, VSAT, Facsimile system, Weather service, Remote sensing, mobile satellite services: GSM, GPS, INMARSAT, LEO, MEO, Satellite Navigational System, Direct Broadcast satellites (DBS), Direct to home Broadcast (DTH), Digital audio broadcast (DAB), Business TV(BTV), GRAMSAT, Specialized services – E –mail, Video conferencing, internet TOTAL = 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Dennis Rody, „Satellite Communication‟, Regents/Prentice Hall, Englewood


cliffs, New Jersey, 1989. Wilbur L. Pritchard, Hendri G. Suyderhoud, Robert A. Nelson, „Satellite Communication Systems Engineering‟, Prentice Hall, II Edition, 1993. REFERENCE:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

N.Agarwal, „Design of Geosynchronous Space Craft, Prentice Hall, 1986. Bruce R. Elbert, „The Satellite Communication Applications‟ Hand Book, Artech House Bostan London, 1997. Tri T. Ha, „Digital Satellite Communication‟, II edition, 1990. Emanuel Fthenakis, „Manual of Satellite Communications‟, McGraw Hill Book Co., 1984. Robert G. Winch, „Telecommunication Trans Mission Systems‟, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1983. Brian Ackroyd, „World Satellite Communication and earth station Design‟, BSP professional Books, 1990. G.B.Bleazard, „ Introducing Satellite communications NCC Publication, 1985. RADAR AND NAVIGATIONAL AIDS 9

EC 049 1.


Range parameters, pulsed radars, signal to noise ratio, integration of pluses beam parameters, system losses and propagation effects MTI, CW and pulse-Doppler radar, Delay lines tracking radar, monopulse, sequential, simultaneous, conical scan and monopulse trackers, Beacons. 2. TRANSMITTERS, RECEIVERS AND ANTENNAS: 9

Klystron, Magnetron, TWT amplifiers and ascillators, crossed fields devices, parabolic cassegrainian, coefficient squares antennas, Radomes, feeds, receivers, performance figures, Displays scope and PPI duplexers. 3. DETECTION OF RADAR SIGNALS IN NOISE: 9

MF, correlation detection, detector characteristics, automatic detection, CFAR receiver, pulse compression and classification of targets with Radar. 4. PROPAGATION OF RADAR WAVES AND CLUTTER: 9

Plane earth and spherical earth problem , Refraction and diffraction, GTD Analysers, Surface and Sea Clutter, Detection of targets, effects of weather on radar 5. RADAR TOPICS AND NAVIGATIONAL AIDS: 9

Synthetic Aperture, Over the Horizon radar, ARSR, ASR, Bistatic and monostatic radars, LORAN, ILS, GCA, direction finder, VOR concepts, airborne droppler navigation. TOTAL = 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. M.I. SKOINIK “Introduction to Radar Systems”, McGraw-Hill 1981.


F.E.Terman “Electronics and Radio Engineering” McGraw Hill Nagaraja “ Electronic Navigation”


Definition of EMI and EMC, sources of EMI, natural and man-made, ESD, Victims of EMI, EMI emission and susceptibility concepts, conducted and Radiated, case histories, Radiation Hazards to humans. 2. EMI STANDARDS AND REGULATION: 5

EMI standards and specifications, unit of EMI, National and International EMI Standardizing Organizations – IEC, ANSI, FCC, CISPR, BIS, ENSTDS, Emission and Susceptibility standards and specifications, Civilian and military. 3. COUPLING MECHANISM: 10

Intra and Inter system EMI, Common Mode coupling Differential mode coupling, field to cable coupling, cable to cable coupling, Antenna to Antenna coupling, ground loop coupling. 4. EMI TEST METHODS AND INSTRUMENTATION: 15

EMI test cites, shield chamber, shielded Anechoic chamber, Open area sites, TEM cell, EMI test receivers, Spectrum Analyzer, Transient EMI test wave simulators, EMI coupling Networks, line impedance stabilizations Network, feed through capacitors, antennas, current probes, calibration factors of sensors, MIL-STD test methods, civilian STD test methods. 5. EMI MITIGATION TECHNIQUES (EMC) 10

Shielding Theory, choice of materials and thickness, shielding of joints with gaskets, bonding, grounding, cable grounding, filtering, transient EMI control devices and applications, PCB design: Zoning, component selection, routing. TOTAL = 45 TEXT BOOK : 1. Clayton R. Paul, “Introduction to Electromagnetic Compatibility”, John Wiley sons, 1992. REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. 4. Keiser “Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility”, Artech House, III Edition, 1994. Henry ott. Noise reduction Techniques in Electronic system, John Wiley and Sons, 1988. William. G. Duff, “Fundamentals of Electromagnetic Compatibility”, ICT, Inc, Gaineseille, 1988. Don White consultant incorporates ”Handbook of EMI/EMC” Vol. I-V, Vol. 1.1985.


Plane waves and spherical waves, parameters intensity, pressure and velocity, Specific Acoustic impedance, Radiation resistance, Strength of Radiators piston impedance functions, Helmoltzs Resonator, Basic concept of sonar. 2. SPEECH, HEARING AND NOISE : 8

Introduction Voice mechanism, Acoustic Power output of speech, Mechanism of hearing, Threshold of Audibility, subjective characteristics of sound – loudness, Pitch, Timbre, beads, Aural Harmonics and combination tones, Masking by pure tones and noise, binaural localization, sound level meters, working principle. 3. TRANSDUCERS AND AUDIIO SYSTEMS: 12

Introduction, Direct radiator loud speaker, cone speaker, loud speaker cabinets, horn loud speaker, measurement of pressure, Response and acoustic power output, Microphones, Principles of working, Pressure microphones, carbon condenser, piezoelectric and moving coil electro dynamic microphones. Pressure gradient microphones, Acoustical reciprocity theorem, Magnetic disc and tape recording, mono and stereo recordings film recording, analog and Digital system. 4. ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS : 8

Introduction, Sabines formula for Reverberation, Measurement of Reverberation time, classical ray theory of absorption co-efficient in live and dead rooms. Types of absorbing materials and absorption co-efficient, sound in enclosures, calculation of normal modes and frequencies, transmission loss through walls between enclosures. 5. UNDERWATER ACOUSTICS 7

Introduction velocity of around and sound transmission losses in sea water, Refraction phenomena, influence of surface reflections on transmission loss and bottom reflection phenomena, Electro Acoustic transducers, Magneto stricture and piezo electric transducer, Hydrophones, Sonar, principles of working. TOTAL = 45 TEXT BOOK: 1. L.E. Kinsler and A.R.Frey, “Fundamentals of Acoustics” Wiley Eastern,1988. REFERENCES : 1. 2. 3. Olson, “Acoustical Engineering”, Van Nostrand, 1957. Leo L.Beranack, “Acoustics”, McGraw-Hill, 1954. Leon Can, “Under Water Acoustics”, Wiley Interscience, 1970.

EC052 1.


Review of switching technologies and OSI protocol architecture, ISDN channels, access interfaces, functional devices and standards, ISDN bearer services and teleservice attribute, Broadband services. 2. ISDN PROTOCOL ARCHITECTURE AND SIGNALING : 9

Physical layer protocol, D-channel datalink layer and layer 3 protocols, Network signaling systems, SS7 protocol overview and services, ISDN products, Switches, Multiplexers, Terminal adapters, ISDN chip sets. 3. BROAD BAND ISDN: 9

Frame Relay – concepts, protocols, applications and products, asynchronous transfer mode – concepts, protocols, application and products, switched multi megabit data service, Internet protocol over ISDN frame relay and ATM. 4. NETWORK TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT : 9

ATM traffic and congestion control, Traffic management framework, control mechanism and attributes, ABR traffic management 5. NETWORK PERFORMANCE MODELING AND ESTIMATION : 9

Queueing analysis, single server and multi server queues, Networks of Queues, Estimating model parameters, Self-similar traffic – performance implication, modeling and estimation TOTAL = 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Gary C. Kesslar and Peter Southwick, “ISDN – concepts, facilities and services”, McGraw Hill, 3rd Edition, 1997. William Stallings, “High Speed Networks-TCP/IP and ATM Design Principles”, Prentice Hall Inc., 1998. REFERENCE: 1. Balaji Kumar, “Broad Band Communications” McGraw-Hill, 1995. INTERNET AND JAVA 9

ECO53 1.


Review of network technologies, internet addressing address resolution protocols(ARP /RARP), routing IP datagrams, Reliable stream transport service(TCP) TCP / IP over ATM networks, Internet applications – E-mail, Telnet, FTP, NFS, Internet traffic Management. 2. INTERNET ROUTING: 9

Concepts of graph theory, routing protocols, Distance vector protocols (RIP), link state protocol (OSPP), path vector protocols (BGP and IDRP), routing for high – speed multimedia traffic, Multicasting, Resource reservation (RSVP), IP switching. 3. WORLD WIDE WEB: 9

Http Protocol, Web browsers Netscape, Internet explorer, Web sites and web pages design, HTML, XML Dynamic HTML, CGI. 4. JAVA PROGRAMMING: 9

Languages features, Classes, Object and methods, Sub classing and dynamic binding, Multithreading. Overview of class library, Object method serialization, Remote method invocation, Java script. 5. MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS 9

E-Commerce, Network operating Systems, Web Design case studies. TOTAL = 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Douglass E. Comer, “ Internetworking with TCP/IP”, Vol. I: 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 1999. Eric Ladd and Jim 0‟Donnell, “Using HTML 4, XML and Java 1.2”, Que Platinum edition, Prentice Hall of India, 1999. REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. William Stallings, “High Speed Networks”, Prentice Hall inc., 1998. Margaret Levine young “Internet: The complete Reference”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1999. Balaguruswamy. E “Programming with Java, A Primer”, Second edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1999. TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING AND NETWORKS EVOLUTION CIRCUITS OF TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING 6 AND

EC054 1.

Evolution of Public Switched Telecommunication Networks Strowger exchange, Crossbar exchange, Stored programme exchange Digital exchange – Basic Tele communication equipments – Telephone handset, Hrbrid circuit, Echo suppressors and cancellors, PCM coders, Modems and Relays. 2. ELECTRONIC SWITCHING 9

Circuit Switching, Message switching, Centralized stored programme switching, Time switching, Spare switching, Combination switching – Digital switching system hardware configuration, Switching system software, Organization, Switching system call processing software, Hardware software integration. 3. TELECOMMUNICATION SIGNALLING AND TRAFFIC 9

Channel associated signaling, Common channel signaling, SS7 signaling protocol, SS7 protocol architecture, Concept of Telecommunication traffic, Grade of service, Modeling switching systems, Blocking models and Delay systems. 4. INTEGRATED DIGITAL NETWORKS 9

Subscriber loop characteristics, Local access wire line and wire less PCM / TDM carrier standards transmission line codes, Digital multiplexing techniques, Synchronous, Asynchronous, Plesiocronous multiplexing techniques, SONET / SDH, Integrated Digital Network (IDN) environment – Principles of Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) – Cellular Mobile Communication Principles. 5. DATA NET WORKS 2

Data transmission in PSTN – Connection oriented and Connection less protocols – packet switching – ISO-OSI architecture-Satellite based data networks – Multiple access techniques – LAN, WAN – standards – TCP / IP – Internet – Principle of ATM networks. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Viswanathan. T, “Telecommunication Switching System and Networks”, Prentice Hall of India Ltd., 1994. Behrouz Forouzan, “Introduction to Data Communication and Networking”, McGraw-Hill, 1998. REFERENCES 1. 2. EC055 L.S.Lawton, “Integrated Digital Networks, Galgotta Publication Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi, 1996. Syed R. Ali, “Digital Switching Systems”, McGraw-Hill Inc., New York, 1998. TELECOMMUNICATION SIMULATION SYSTEM MODELING AND




Generation of random number and sequences, Gaussian and uniform random numbers, Correlated random sequences, Testing of random numbers generators, Stationary and uncorrelatedness, Goodness of fit test. 2. MODELING OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS 9

Radio frequency and optical sources, Analog and Digital signals, Communication channel and models, Free space channels, Multipath channel and discrete channel noise and interference. 3. ESTIMATION OF PERFORMANCE MEASURE FOR SIMULATION 9

Quality of estimator, Estimation of SNR, Probability density function and bit error rate, Monte Carlo method, Importance sampling method, Extreme value theory.




Simulation environment, Modeling considerations, Performance evaluation techniques, Error source simulation Validation. 5. CASE STUDIES 9

Simulations of QAM digital radio link in a fading environment, Light wave communication link and satellite system. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. MC.Jeruchim, P.Balaban and K.Samshanmugam, “Simulation of Communication Systems, Plenum press, New York, 1992. Averill.M.Law and W.David Kelton, “Simulation Modeling and Analysiso, McGraw-Hill, 1991. REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. Geoffrey Gorden, “System Simulation”, Prentice Hall of India, 2nd Edition, 1992. W.Turin, “Performance Analysis of Digital Communication Systems”, Computer Science Press, New York, 1990. Jerry banks and John S.Carson, “Discrete Event System Simulation”, Prentice Hall of India, 1984. DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTAL 9

EC056 1.

Elements of digital image processing systems, Elements of Visual perception, Image sampling and quantization, Matrix and Singular Value representation of discrete images. 2. IMAGE TRANSFORMS 9

1D DFT, 2D DFT, Cosine, Sine Hadamard, Hear, Slant, KL, SVD transform and their properties. 3. IMAGE ENHANCEMENT 9

Histogram – Modification and specification techniques Image smoothing, Image sharpening, generation of spatial masks from frequency domain specification, Nonlinear filters, Homomorphic filtering, false color, Pseudocolor and color image processing. 4. IMAGE RESTORATION AND RECOGNITION 9

Image degradation models, Unconstrained and Constrained restoration, inverse filtering, Least mean square filter, Pattern Classes, optimal statistical classifiers, Neural networks and associated training methods and use of neural networks in image processing. 5. IMAGE COMPRESSION 9

Runlength, Huffman coding, Shift codes, arithmetic coding, bit plane coding, transform coding, JPEG Standard, wavelet transform, predictive techniques, Block truncation coding schemes, Facet modeling.

TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Anil K.Jain, “Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing”, Prentice Hall of India, 1997. Rafel C. Gonzalez and Richard E. Woods, Digital Image Processing”, Addison Wesley, 1993. REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. EC057 1. William K. Pratt, “Digital Image Processing”, John Wiley, NJ, 1987. Sid Ahmed M.A., “Image Processing Theory, Algorithm and Architectures”, McGraw-Hill, 1995. Umbaugh, “Computer Vision”. ADVANCED DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING DISCRETE RANDOM PROCESS 9

Discrete random process, Expertation, Variance and Co-variance, Uniform, Ganssian and Exponentially distributed noise, Hillbert space and inner product for discrete signals, Energy of discrete signals, Parseval‟s theorem, Wiener Khintchine relation, power spectral density, Sum decomposition theorem, Spectral factorization theorem. 2. SPECTRUM ESTIMATION 9

Response of linear discrete systems to random inputs – sample auto – correlation – periodogram. Non – parametric methods of spectral estimation – Correlation method, WELCH method – Quality of correlation and periodogram estimators. Model based approach to spectrum estimation. AR, MA, ARMA models. Tule – Walker method. 3. LINEAR ESTIMATION AND PREDICTION 9

ML estimate – Efficiency of estimator, Cramer Rao bound - LMS criterion. Wiener filter – Discrete Wiener Hopf equations – Recursive estimator – Kalman estimator – Linear prediction, Analysis and synthesis filters, Normal equations – Levinson resursion, Lattice realization. 4. ADAPTIVE FILTERS 8

Principles of adaptive filter – FIR adaptive filter – Newton‟s Steepest descent algorithm – Derivation of first order adaptive filter – Widrow Hoff LMS adaptation algorithms – Adaptive noise cancellation, Adaptive equalizer, Adaptive echo cancellors. 5. ADVANCE TRANSFORM TECHNIQUES 10

2-D Fourier and Discrete Fourier transform – Applications to image smoothing and sharpening – Series expansion of discrete time signals – Local Fourier expansion – Two channel filter banks – Multi resolution concept, Wavelet construction, Filter banks for wavelets – Continuous and discrete wavelet transforms – Application to signal compression. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK:

1. 2.

Sopoches J.Orfanidis, “Optimum Signal Processing”, McGraw-Hill, 1990. Coifman R.R, Daubechies I, Mallat S., Meyer Y., “Wavelets and their Applications”, Jones and Bertel Publishers, 1992. REFERENCES:

1. 2.

James V.Candy, “Signal Processing”, McGraw-Hill, 1988. Mischa Schwartz, “Leonard Shaw, Signal Processing Discrete Spectral Analysis Detection and Estimation”, McGraw-Hill, 1990. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (IPR) 5


Introduction – Invention and Creativity – Intellectual Property (IP) – Importance – Protection of IPR – Basic types of property (i. Movable Property ii. Immovable Property and iii. Intellectual Property). UNIT II 10

IP – Patents – Copyrights and related rights – Trade Marks and rights arising from Trademark registration – Definitions – Industrial Designs and Integrated circuits – Protection of Geographical Indications at national and International levels – Application Procedures. UNIT III 10

International convention relating to Intellectual Property – Establishment of WIPO – Mission and Activities – History – General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT). UNIT IV 10

Indian Position Vs WTO and Strategies – Indian IPR legislations – commitments to WTO-Patent Ordinance and the Bill – Draft of a national Intellectual Property Policy – Present against unfair competition. UNIT V 10

Case Studies on – Patents (Basumati rice, turmeric, Neem, etc.) – Copyright and related rights – Trade Marks – Industrial design and Integrated circuits – Geographic indications – Protection against unfair competition. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK 1. Subbaram N.R. “ Handbook of Indian Patent Law and Practice “, S. Viswanathan (Printers and Publishers) Pvt. Ltd., 1998. REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. Eli Whitney, United States Patent Number : 72X, Cotton Gin, March 14, 1794. Intellectual Property Today : Volume 8, No. 5, May 2001, []. Using the Internet for non-patent prior art searches, Derwent IP Matters, July 2000. [



Historical Background – Constituent Assembly of India – Philosophical foundations of the Indian Constitution – Preamble – Fundamental Rights – Directive Principles of State Policy – Fundamental Duties – Citizenship – Constitutional Remedies for citizens. UNIT II 9

Union Government – Structures of the Union Government and Functions – President – Vice President – Prime Minister – Cabinet – Parliament – Supreme Court of India – Judicial Review. UNIT III 9

State Government – Structure and Functions – Governor – Chief Minister – Cabinet – State Legislature – Judicial System in States – High Courts and other Subordinate Courts. UNIT IV 9

Indian Federal System – Center – State Relations – President‟s Rule – Constitutional Amendments – Constitutional Functionaries - Assessment of working of the Parliamentary System in India. UNIT V 9

Society : Nature, Meaning and definition; Indian Social Structure; Castle, Religion, Language in India; Constitutional Remedies for citizens – Political Parties and Pressure Groups; Right of Women, Children and Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and other Weaker Sections. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. 3. 4. Durga Das Basu, “ Introduction to the Constitution of India “, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi. R.C.Agarwal, “ (1997) Indian Political System “, S.Chand and Company, New Delhi. Maciver and Page, “ Society: An Introduction Analysis “, Mac Milan India Ltd., New Delhi. K.L.Sharma, “ (1997) Social Stratification in India: Issues and Themes “, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. Sharma, Brij Kishore, “ Introduction to the Constitution of India:, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi. U.R.Gahai, “ (1998) Indian Political System “, New Academic Publishing House, Jalaendhar. R.N. Sharma, “ Indian Social Problems “, Media Promoters and Publishers Pvt. Ltd. Yogendra Singh, “ (1997) Social Stratification and Charge in India “, Manohar, New Delhi.


ORAL COMMUNICATION – Practical use of language in simulated real – life situations through role playing – social skills – interaction with employers, peers and subordinates – Group dynamics – Listening techniques – Phonological aspects of language use – pronunciation, stress and intonation. Introducing oneself and others, narrating events – Making telephonic conversation – Making requests, Asking questions, Making recommendations using modal verbs, Expressing causal relations with suitable discourse markers, Giving instructions using imperatives, Expressing purposes and functions, obligation and preferences, Accepting offers and Counselling, Interpreting advertisements, Describing processes using sequential expressions. UNIT 2: 6+6

Presenting one‟s ideas at meetings and conferences, Making extempore talks, Public speaking, Body language, Strategic competence, Use of audio – visual aids and multimedia presentations. UNIT 3: 8+0

Technical Writing – the structure of organised writing – paragraph writing, coherence, cohesion (use of Discourse Markers) and punctuation, Use of titles, nonverbal devices – Layout – Revision strategies – Reading techniques. Letter Writing: - Personal/Informal letters: Letters to family members and friends Business / Formal letters: Letters thanking the recipients, announcing functions, extending invitations, congratulating associates on important occasions, letters of application (Resumes), apology and complaint, letters to the editor. UNIT 4: 8+0

Report Writing: - persuasive, explanatory, argumentative and informative, Writing agenda, minutes, memos, project proposals and checklists. UNIT 5 10 + 0

Grammar - study of grammatical items in contexts. Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, comparative adjectives, adverbs, gerund, prepositions, voice, tenses, „if clauses, direct and indirect speech (reporting verbs), concord Vocabulary – Synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, homophones, hyponyms, affixes, reference words, phrasal verbs and prepositional phrases. L: 40 P: 20 TOTAL : 60 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. Doff, Adrian and Jones, Christopher, Language in Use: Classroom Book (Intermediate level). Cambridge: CUP. 1994 (2 audio cassettes). Dr.V.Chellammal, Learning to Communicate – a resource book for Engineers and Technologists. Coimbatore: Kamakhya Publications 2002 (1 audio cassette)

REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Sung, Abraham. 330 more Model Letters for all occasions Malaysia-Minerva Publications. 2002. Bentley, T.J. Report Writing in Business: The Effective Communication of Information. New Delhi: Viva Books Pvt.Ltd., 2001. Vivanilam, J.V. More Effective Communication: A Manual for Professionals. New Delhi: Response Books. 2000 Michael, V.P.Communication and Research for Management. Mumbai: Himalaya Publishing House 2001. Nauheim, Ferd. How to Write Business Letters. New Delhi; Crest Publishing House 2000. Mohan, Krishna, Meera Banerji. Developing Communication Skills. New Delhi: Macmillan 1991. Denny, Richard. Communicate to Win. New Delhi: Kogan Page 2002.

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