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**Activity 1.1- My own unit
**

Activity 1.2- Measuring Length

Activity 1.3- Nuclear Marbles

Activity 1.4

July 15, 2014

Prof. Ibylou Bandala-Golla

I. Objective

Measurement has been used since man started using building materials. It is for

determining the length of an object, size or distance frim one place to another. One of

the oldest unit of measurement used in the ancient world was the "cubit". It measures

from the tip of the finger to the elbow, although this unit can vary due to the different

size of people.

The objective is to measure different objects by using different measuring devices

and to determine which measuring device is most appropriate fir which objects.

II. Experimental Procedure

1. List of all the equipment used

Marbles

Meter sticks

Paper bill

Vernier caliper

Ruler

2.

Marbles – we used this to roll one marble to eight marbles to determine its size

Meter sticks – using meter stick, we measure the diameter of St. Maurs to San Beda’s

football field. We also used meter stick to measure large areas

Paper bill – to measure the length of the room, we used paper bills

Vernier caliper – we used a vernier caliper to get an accurate measurement of

small things

Ruler – we used a ruler to measure flat surface objects

3.

For the experiment nuclear marbles, they used 3 meter sticks to create an area

where the other 8 marbles are placed randomly. Then they used one marble to roll to

the target. Each of them threw the marble 200 times and got the diameter 1.394 of the

marble.

Their group chose the material paper bill as their measuring material for the

experiment my own unit. They placed a 20-peso bill on the floor repeatedly until they

reach the end of the room. By doing this they got the length of the room.

Starting from St. Maurs building they measured the distance of it by using a meter

stick. From St. Maurs building, they started by placing the meter stick on the ground.

They placed the meter stick on the ground repeatedly until they reached the football

field. Then they computed how many times they used the meter stick to reached their

destination. After that they got the ratio of St. Maurs to the football field.

III. Data and Results

Activity 1.1

Conversion factor of your unit in terms of the

other unit

Materi

al

Unit

Name

(Abbr.)

Length Width Area 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1 Shiroi

(shoes)

38.4

Shiroi

2 1D 127 1D

3 Mrkr

(marker)

72

marker

4 Roxas

(paper

bill)

67.5 Rxs 61.25

Rxs

4134.3

75 Rxs

0.569

Shiroi

1.881

1D

1.067

mrkr

1.2

Prince

2.193

glamour

5 Prince

(board

eraser)

81

Prince

6 Glamour

(eraser)

148

glamour

Activity 1.2

Material Trial Length of

Matchbox

Diameter of

marble

Height of

battery

Transparent

Ruler

1 3.5 cm 1.5 cm 5 cm

2 3.5 cm 1.5 cm 5 cm

3 3.5 cm 1.5 cm 5 cm

Average 3.5 cm 1.5 cm 5 cm

Meter stick

1 3.5 cm 1.5 cm 5 cm

2 3.5 cm 1.6 cm 5 cm

3 3.5 cm 1.8 cm 5 cm

Average 3.5 cm 1.63 cm 5 cm

Vernier Caliper 1 3.5 cm 1.334 cm 5 cm

2 3.5 cm 1.348 cm 5 cm

3 3.5 cm 1.332 cm 5 cm

Average 3.5 cm 1.338 cm 5 cm

Activity 1.3

Trials Hits Throw Diameter

1 68 200 1275

2 68 200 1.275

3 87 200 1.631

Average: 1.394

Activity 1.4

Trial Diameter of Image Distance of Image Diameter of the Sun

1 8 mm 762 mm 1574803.15 km

2 5 mm 508 mm 1476377.95 km

3 3 mm 254 mm 1771653.54 km

IV. Sample Calculation

Activity 1

1. Area= Length x Width

Area= 67.5 RXS x 61.25 RXS

Area= 4,134.355 RXS

2. Ratio: Other Group’s Length

Own Length

38.4 Shiroi = 0.567

67.5 RXS

127 ID = 1.881

67.5RXS

72 Mrkr = 1.067

67.5 RXS

81 Prince = 1.2

67.5 RXS

148 Glamour = 2.193

67.5 RXS

Activity 2

Average = T1+T2+T3

3

Length of Matchbox

Transparent Ruler

Average = 3.5 cm+3.5 cm+3.5 cm = 3.5cm

3

Vernier Caliper

Average = 3.5 cm+3.5 cm+3.5 cm = 3.5cm

3

Meter stick

Average = 3.5 cm+3.5 cm+3.5 cm = 3.5cm

3

Diameter of marble

Transparent Ruler

Average= 1.5 cm+1.5 cm+1.5 cm = 1.5cm

3

Vernier Caliper

Average = 1.334 cm+1.348 cm+1.332 cm = 1.338 cm

3

Meter stick

Average= 1.63 cm+1.8 cm+1.6 cm = 1.5 cm

3

Height of battery

Transparent Ruler

Average = 5 cm+5cm+5cm = 5cm

3

Vernier Caliper

Average = 5 cm+5cm+5cm = 5cm

3

Meter stick

Average = 5 cm+5cm+5cm = 5cm

3

Activity 3

Diameter of a marble = 60( Hits )___

2(8)( Throws )

Trail 1 = 60 (68) = 1.275

2(8) (200)

Trial 2 = 60 (68) = 1.275

2(8) (200)

Trial 3 = 60 (87) = 1.631

2(8) (200)

Average Diameter of a marble = D1 + D2 + D3

3

= 1.275 + 1.275 + 1.634

3

= 1.394

Average Diameter of a marble using = D1 + D2 + D3

3

= 1.334 + 1.348 + 1.332

3

= 1.48

Percent Error = I Actual Value – Computed Value I x 100

Actual Value

= I 1.48 - 1.394 I x 100

1.394

= 6%

Activity 4

1. Ds = 150, 000, 000 km (8mm)

762 mm

= 1,574,803.15 km

2. Ds = 150, 000, 000 km (5mm)

508 km

= 1, 476, 377. 95 km

3. Ds = 150, 000, 000 km (3mm)

254 mm

= 1, 771, 653. 54 km

Percent Error = I 1, 391, 684 – 1, 607, 611.587 I x 100

1, 391, 684

= 0.015515554 x 100

= 15. 52 %

V. Graphs- N/A

VI. Conclusion

We were given 4 activities about measurements; these are “My own unit”,

“Measuring length”, “Nuclear marbles”, and “Vectors and Diameter of the Sun”.

In the first activity, which is “My own unit”, we are asked to measure the area of

the Physics Laboratory room using bills or money bills. We used 100 peso bill in measuring

the room. We chose to name our measuring device as “Roxas or RXS”. We were able to

get 4, 134.375RXS as the area of the room. We converted the result to the other units

used by the other groups, such as Shiroi(shoes), ID(ID), MRKR(board marker),

Prince(board eraser), Glamour(lipstick). As the conclusion on this activity, we can say

that it is easier to measure things or area of places using a longer measuring device. It is

also difficult to give the area or measurement of things with these measuring devices

because they are not accurate.

The second activity is entitled “Measuring Length”. We are asked to determine

which measuring device for length will give a precise or more accurate measurement.

We used a transparent ruler, meter stick and a varnier caliper in measuring the length of

a matchbox, diameter of a marble and the height of a battery. We concluded that

there are more accurate measuring devices for certain materials.

The third activity deals with measuring the diameter of a marble indirectly. The

activity is named “Nuclear marbles”. The procedure is to roll a marble inside a 60m wide

area with 8 marbles in it. We had 3 trials with 200 throws or rolls in each trial. We

computed the average diameter of the marble giving us 1.394, while the actual

diameter of the marble is 1.48. Then we calculated the percent error of the activity

giving us a 6% error. Based on the percent error, the activity is accurate. We therefore

conclude that this activity can be a basis on getting the diameter of a marble. This

technique can be used in laboratories around the world even without using measuring

devices.

The fourth and last activity is measuring the diameter of the sun and measuring

the total displacement from the St. Maur’s building to the football field. In measuring the

diameter of the sun, we used a foil and put a hole in it and reflected it into a paper. We

had three trials resulting to a percent error of 15.52%. We then came up with a

conclusion that in measuring the diameter of the sun, the farther the distance between

the foil and the paper, the larger the image of the sun will be. In the other activity,

which we measure the total displacement from St. Maur’s to the football field, we

learned that it is difficult to measure a certain direction if it is not straight. We can’t also

get the exact distance but you will be able to somehow get a nearer or closer result.

In these activities, we were able to measure things using different methods and

measuring devices. We had errors but the errors are still acceptable and can still be

considered accurate. To sum it up, measuring isn’t easy when you lack measuring

devices but is still possible using improvised materials. We cannot always have the exact

measurement but we can always have the nearest possible result.

VII. List of Members

Ingeniero, Jaezl- group leader

Mallabo, Danica-10

Manansala Maria Pamela P.-10

Muñoz, Sydney Jay-10

Parrocha, Trixia-10

Figuroa, Jessica Annjelli (Act 1.4)-10

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