Hainur Diana Insani

Someone who is a newcomer in a culture can experience a difficult adjustment in that culture
or even easier which can be lasting in just a week or even in years. How someone can adjust in a new
culture will depend on the factors such as his motivation for living in the new culture, the length of
stay in the new culture, language and cultural background and knowledge, the character of the person
(her/his personality, age, and how s/he socialize with others), her/his job and financial situation, and
supports s/he gets from friends/family or not.
Not all newcomers can do well in culture adjustment. Some may find it hard in the first year
but others feel it difficult in the second year or the following years. It is not about language that they
difficult to overcome, but more to the culture which seems so different with their origin’s culture. So it
will be easier for the newcomers who live in the new culture which has a similar culture to their old
Newcomers can experience what is called roller coaster effect, in which they feel exciting or
depressed in a short period. At first they can feel easy and fascinating of living in a new place and still
can anticipate some of the culture shock, but after some time they will find everything, in some
situations, can be so unfamiliar then they start to feel stress. However, they will finally be accustomed
to the culture, the people, and the environment. The stages of this adjustment are shown by the W-
shaped diagram. The stages are:
 Honeymoon period, which is said before that newcomers usually feel exciting in the initial
period of their living.
 Culture shock, someone are getting problem in their daily activities as a newcomer in new
 Initial adjustment, in this stage they start to feel accustomed to do their daily activities.
 Mental isolation, where someone feels so homesick to their family or friends in her/his
country but s/he can’t express it well so they feel lonely.
 Acceptance and integration, where someone has been really accustomed to their daily habit
plus they can interaction with local people without feeling uncomfortable.
However, not all newcomers experience all the stages. Some may have a very bad situation
initially since they come to the new culture so they can’t experience the honeymoon period, but some
others can skip even the most difficult stage. It depends on those factors (as mentioned at the first
paragraph) and how these newcomers think about their new culture and not underestimate either
their selves or their new culture. Basically, newcomers can adjust their problems to the new culture as
long as they are patient and by the time they will be accustomed.

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