You are on page 1of 8

Project information

Construction of two identical biomass heating power plants

in Ernsthofen and Ennsdorf (Austria)
General contractor for the complete engineering, supply, installation,
commissioning and trial operation of two identical biomass heating power plants.
Project description.
Flue gas cleaning system
with electrical filter and
upstream multicyclone.
3 Kraftanlagen Mnchen GmbH | Construction of two identical biomass heating power plants in Ernsthofen and Ennsdorf (Austria)
Ernsthofen: BioMa Energie AG, Salzburg
Ennsdorf: SBH Biomasse-Heizkraftwerk GmbH, Purkersdorf
Plant description
The main process chain basically consists of the wood fuel recei-
ver and storage, the fuel conveyor system, firing, steam genera-
tor, dust removal, district heating extraction and the energy sys-
tem. The auxiliary systems, comprised of the water treatment,
auxiliary cooling water system, electrical and instrumentation
& control systems, heating, air conditioning, ventilation, sanitary
facilities and fire protection, ensure safe operation of the plant.
Our services
Complete engineering of construction, process, electrical
and I&C systems
Fuel charging systems, fuel oil supply
Biomass furnace with steam generator
Flue gas cleaning
Steam turbine with generator and air condensation plant
Water/steam cycle with water treatment
Piping and components
District heating extraction with standby boiler
Electrical and I&C systems
Fire-fighting facilities
Complete construction engineering for the power plant and
the moving-floor building
Complete building installations (HVAC, sanitary facilities, fire
protection, lighting and power outlets)
Commissioning and trial operation of the entire plant
Project milestones
Placement of orders December 2004 and January 2005

Construction period March 2005 to April 2006
Commissioning / Trial operation March to July 2006
Picture on the left:
Air-cooled condensation
Picture below:
Systems engineering in
the turbine house.
Plant description.
Functionality of the biomass power plants
Ernsthofen and Ennsdorf.
Water/steam cycle
The steam from the biomass boiler is con-
verted into electricity in the turbine and
then extracted for the generation of dis-
trict heat at approx. 2 bar. The remaining
steam is then condensed in the air con-
densation plant and fed back into the bio-
mass boiler via pumps following degasifi-
cation in the feedwater tank. In the event
of a turbine failure, the steam supply to
the district heating condenser and the
feedwater tank can be maintained by
means of a reducing station.
Biomass furnace and boiler
The firing system comprises a grate fur-
nace with rod charging and a downstream
air-cooled multizone advancing grate fol-
lowed by a burnout grate. The steam ge-
nerator takes the form of a water tube
boiler with an operating pressure of 65
bar absolute and an operating tempera-
ture of 480 C. In the 4-pass boiler, the
flue gases enter the 1st radiant section
after they leave the combustion chamber
and then enter the 2nd boiler pass, which
is also a radiant section in this case. The
superheater and evaporator bundles are
configured in the 3rd boiler pass. The eco-
nomizer, which heats up the feedwater, is
located in the 4th boiler pass, downstream
the combustion air is heated in the air
Pressure maintenance
Feedwater tank
Feedwater pumps
Electrical, instru-
mentation & control
Condensate tank
Biomass boiler Conveyor system Wood fuel storage
air blower
Control room
District heating
10 MW
ASW pumps
Closed circuit cooler
DH pumps Main condensate tank
Standby boiler Stack
(Standby boiler)
tion blower
Heating condenser
5 Kraftanlagen Mnchen GmbH | Construction of two identical biomass heating power plants in Ernsthofen and Ennsdorf (Austria)
Technical data
Thermal furnace output biomass boiler 23.7 MW
High-pressure steam quantity 25.5 t/h
High-pressure steam parameters 480 C, 65 bar
Thermal furnace output standby boiler 10.8 MW

Gross electrical output of steam turbine 5 MW
District heating output 10 MW max.
Forward / Return temperatures 106 / 65 C
Annual biomass fuel capacity up to 80,000 t
Calorific value 7.6 - 13.2 MJ/kg
District heating
The steam extracted from the turbine is
transferred to the district heating system
into a steam/hot water heat exchanger.
Two redundant district heating network
pumps circulate the hot water to the con-
sumers via underground plastic-jacket
pipes. Up to 10 MW of district heating
power can be generated during full-load
operation. One warm water boiler with
a thermal output of 10 MW is equipped
with a fuel oil burner and tank for stand-
by purposes.
Flue gas cleaning system
The removal of dust from the flue gases
created during the combustion of untrea-
ted wood fuel takes place in two stages.
The initial dust separation in a multicy-
clone, the second stage in a one-field
electrical filter.
Condensate tank
65 bar
480 C
HP reducing station
Bypass station
Electrical power
5 MW
20 kV
6,3 kV
Steam turbine
Turbine con-
densate tank
condensation plant
Biomass boiler Multicyclone Induced draft
blower and stack
Electrical filter Primary air blower
Main condensate tank
tion blower
Ash container
ECO Air pre-
Electrical, instrumentation and control technology.
Operating and safety concept.
System control
The two biomass heating power plants
are equipped with the PCS7 process con-
trol system from Siemens. The instrumen-
tation & control system is redundantly
configured at the operating level, thus en-
suring an availability of over 8,000 hours.
The plant is operated and monitored from
the control room via a fully graphical in-
terface. Faults are automatically reported
to the operator personnel via radio tele-

The biomass heating power plant is equip-
ped for 24-hour unsupervised operation.
Plant protection is permanently and relia-
bly monitored by a safety PLC. A fire alarm
system which forwards alarms to the fire
department ensures the fire protection
for the entire plant.
Even in the event of a power failure the
instrumentation and control systems of
the entire plant, the pressurized air supply
and the auxiliary cooling water supply are
safely supplied with electrical energy by
means of a battery-backed uninterrup-
tible power supply (UPS). This ensures
controlled shutdown of the plant.
Picture above:
PCS7 interface.
Picture in the middle:
Picture on the left:
Safety PLC.
7 Kraftanlagen Mnchen GmbH | Construction of two identical biomass heating power plants in Ernsthofen and Ennsdorf (Austria)
Environmental protection.
Compliance of the applicable emission limits.
Only natural untreated fuels, such as waste wood and choppings
from forests, and uncontaminated waste wood from sawmills
are used. Untreated waste woods from landscape gardening are
another source of fuel. The use of sustainable fuels conserves
the environment, as only the same amount of CO
is released
during the incineration of biomass as was removed from the at-
mosphere when the raw material was growing. Compared with
the use of EL fuel oil, this amounts to a reduction of approx.
16 million liters and approx. 25,000 tons per year of the green-
house gas, carbon dioxide. A decentralized power supply, coupled
with the combined generation of heat and power, ensures a high
degree of fuel efficiency. The use of re-
gional renewable fuels also reduces the
environmental impact and at the same
time creates jobs in the region.
Picture above: Flue gas cleaning system and stack.
Pictures below: Waste wood and choppings from forest.
Flue gas cleaning
As well as using an environmentally friendly CO
-neutral fuel
and efficient firing technology, an electrical filter system with an
upstream multicyclone ensures compliance with the emissions
limits stipulated by the Austrian clean air ordinance for boiler
systems. The cleaned flue gases are transported to the 40 m high
stack by an induced-draft fan. A flue gas silencer ensures ad-
herence to the permitted sound power level of 85 dB(A) at the
stack outlet. The waste substances from the cyclone and the
electrical filter are collected in separate containers and disposed
of in accordance with specifications.
Biomass heating power
plant Ernsthofen (Austria).
Divisions of the Kraftanlagen Mnchen Group
Power plant technology

Energy technology

Renewable energies

Underground piping construction

Utility services
Chemical and petrochemical plants

Engineering services
Kraftanlagen Mnchen GmbH
Ridlerstrasse 31 c | 80339 Munich
T: +49 89 6237-0 | F: +49 89 6237-223
1111.07.1 20.5.961