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CONVENANT UNIVERSITY
P. M. B. 1023, OTA, OGUN STATE NIGERIA

M. SC DEGREE EXAMINATION

COLLEGE: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT: MATHEMATICS
SESSION: 2010/2011 SEMESTER: Alpha
COURSE CODE: MAT 812 COURSE TITLE: PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION
INSTRUCTION: Answer any Four questions TIME: 2Hours, 30minutes

Question 1: Obtain the solution to each of the Cauchy problems subject to the given initial
condition:
(a) , 1 = +
y x
z xz ( )
y
e y z

= , 1
(b) ,
2 2 2
z z y z x
y x
= + ( ) 1 2 , = x x z
(c) , 0 = +
y x
z zz ( ) x x z = 0 ,
where
x
z
z
x

=

Question 2
Consider the one dimensional wave equation
,
2
2
2
2
2
x
u
c
t
u

## , 0 L x < < 0 > t

with the boundary condition as ( ) ( ) , 0 , , 0 = = t L u t u 0 t ,
and the initial conditions
( ) ( ), 0 , x f x u = , 0
0
=

= t
t
u
L x 0 .
Obtain the dAlemberts solution in the form
( ) ( ) ( ) [ ],
2
1
, ct x f ct x f t x u + + =
If 5 = c and 6 = L metres, find the displacement ( ) t x u , for the function ( ) x f . Where
( )
( )

=
6 4 , 6 1 . 0
4 2 , 2 . 0
2 0 , 1 . 0
x x
x
x x
x f
when (i) , 3 = x 5 = t and (ii) , 5 = x 5 = t .

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Question 3
Consider the non-homogeneous heat equation
t
x
u
t
u
=

2
2
4
with the boundary conditions
( ) , 0 , 0 = t u ( ) 0 , 1 = t u
and the initial condition
( ) x x u = 0 ,
By using the series
( ) ( ) ( )

=
=
0
,
n
n n
x t t x u
And other similar series, obtain a solution of heat equation.

Question 4
Show that with suitable values of and , and take ,
t x
ze V
+
= the partial differential equation
, 16 8 4
2
2
2
2
V
t
V
x
V
t
V

## , 0 < < x 0 > t

can be transformed into

2
2
2
2
4
x
z
t
z

Solve equation (2) subject to the boundary conditions
( ) ( ), , 4 , 0 t z t z = 0 t
And the initial conditions
( ) ( )
( )

= =
4 2 , 4 10
2 0 , 10
0 ,
x x
x x
x f x z
and 0
0
=

= t
t
z

Hence find the displacement ( ) t x V , at the point ,
2
1
3 = x 1 = t

Question 5
The equations governing the steady - state temperature distribution is given by
, 0
2
2
2
2
=

y
u
x
u
( ) R y x ,
A rectangular plate is bounded by the lines , 0 = x , 0 = y 100 = x and 50 = y . Its surfaces are
insulated and the temperature along the lower edge is given by ( ) ( ) x x x T = 100 0 , . While the other
edges are kept at C
0
0 . Find the steady state temperature distribution. Write down the first THREE