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7:30-10:30- FRIDAY

NAME: ` DATE SUBMITTED: July 25, 2013
GROUP No. : 6 INSTRUCTOR: Engr. Juanita Z. Sayson
Exp. No.: 2
Force Vectors: Graphical and Analytical Methods

I. Objective:
To study vectors and to determine the resultant and equilibrant of any number of forces
both by the graphical and analytical methods.
II. Apparatus and Materials:
Force Table, Set of Weights, Weight Holders, Ruler and Protractor
III. Figure and Experimental Set-up

IV. Tabulated Data and Results

Table 1 Summary of Resultant Vector Using Different Method
Magnitude Direction Magnitude Direction

Parallelogram 15.2 g 60 1.3% 0%
Polygon 15g 60 0% 0%
Cosine Law
and Sine Law
15g 60 0% 0%
15g 60 0% 0%
Experimental 15g 60 0%

Polygon 0 at origin 0% 0%
0 at origin 0% 0%
Experimental 0 at origin 0% 0%

The table above shows the resultant vector computed using different method and it
corresponding percentage error. In computing for the percentage error for both magnitude and
direction, the results using the component or rectangular resolution was used as the standard

V. Computations
In computing for the resultant vector, there are two ways in which you could choose
from. First is using the graphical method and second

is the analytical method. The graphical
method is sub-divided into two: Parallelogram and the Polygon Method. For the Analytical
method, either cosine/sine law or rectangular resolution could be used.

Problem: Find the resultant Vector given the following forces.
F1 15 g @ 0 East 15 g @ 0 East
F2 15 g @ 120 15 g @ 120
F3 none 15 g @ 240

Computations are shown on the next part of this report.
VI. Data analysis
VII. Answers to Questions
A. Data Analysis

1. In this experiment, when equilibrium has been established with the ring in the
center of the table, you will find that the ring shifted horizontally a considerable
distance away in the center and still be in equilibrium. How do you account for
this fact?
2. How do you find the sum vectors and vector differences of two quantities?
A vector quantity includes both magnitude and direction. In finding the sum or
difference of a vector quantity, it is very important to take a look at its direction. If you
are adding a vector quantity of the same direction, one will directly add both
magnitudes. But if they are in opposite direction, the other quantity must be expressed
as a negative value of its magnitude before performing the operation.
But if the direction of two vector quantities is expressed in certain degrees, the
Mathematical or Analytical Method is convvenient could be used, wherein one would
apply the Sine and Cosine Law.
B. Questions and Problems