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# University of Toronto

Department of Mathematics
MAT223H1F
Linear Algebra I
Midterm Exam II
November 15, 2013
P. Crooks, M. Mota, C. Park, S. Uppal, F. Vera-Pacheco, Y. Zong
Duration: 1 hour 50 minutes
Last Name:
Given Name:
Student Number:
Email (@mail.utoronto.ca):
Instrcutions:
No calculators or other aids are allowed.
You may use the back of each page for rough work but all your answers must be
written on the front of each page.
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1. Suppose you are given that the matrix A =

1 2 1 1
1 2 2 1
2 4 2 3
3 6 4 3

## has reduced echelon form

R =

1 2 0 0
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1
0 0 0 0

.
[1] (a) Determine the rank of A.
[9] (b) Find a basis for each of the following three subspaces:
(i) row(A), (ii) col(A), and (iii) null(A).
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2. For each of the following subsets of R
4
, determine if it is or is not a subspace of R
4
.
[5] (i) W =

x
1
x
2
x
3
x
4

| det

x
1
x
2
x
3
x
4
1 1 1 1
1 2 1 1
2 3 2 3

= 0

[5] (ii) W =

x
1
x
2
x
3
x
4

| x
1
= x
2
x
3
and x
3
= x
4

.
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Extra page for question 2 - please do not remove.
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3. Consider the subspace W =

a +b + 3c
2a b
0
2a +b + 4c

| a, b, c R

of R
4
.
[8] (a) Find a basis for W.
[2] (a) Determine the dimension of W.
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[10] 4. Show that if a +b +c = 0, the matrix A =

a b c
c a b
b c a

is not invertible.
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5. Let A =

3 0 4
0 0 0
2 0 3

.
[6] (a) Find the eigenvalues of A and a basis for each of the corresponding eigenspaces.
[4] (b) Find an invertible matrix P and a diagonal matrix D such that A = PDP
1
.
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Extra page for question 5 - please do not remove.
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[10] 6. Determine if each of the following statements is true or false. Clearly indicate your
answer for each part by stating if it is true or false (no justication is required). Each
part is worth 2 marks for a correct answer; -1 for an incorrect answer (to discourage
guessing).
(a) If {x
1
, x
2
, x
3
, x
4
, x
5
} spans a four-dimensional subspace W of R
7
, then {x
1
, x
2
, x
3
, x
4
}
also spans W.
(b) If A is an 7 16 matrix and nullity(A) = 8, then rank(A) = 8.
(c) If A is n m and the system of linear equations Ax = b has a solution for every b,
then null(A
T
) = {0}.
(d) If A is n n and rank(A) < n, then = 0 is an eigenvalue of A.
(e) If A is a diagonalizable 9 9 matrix with characteristic polynomial
2
(1)
3
(2)
4
,
then null(A) may be one-dimensional.
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[6] 7. Let T: R
n
R
n
be a linear transformation whose kernel is {0}. Prove that if
{v
1
, v
2
, . . . , v
n
} is a basis for R
n
then {T(v
1
), T(v
2
), . . . , T(v
n
)} is also a basis for
R
n
.
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