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Department of Mathematics

MAT223H1F

Linear Algebra I

Midterm Exam II

November 15, 2013

P. Crooks, M. Mota, C. Park, S. Uppal, F. Vera-Pacheco, Y. Zong

Duration: 1 hour 50 minutes

Last Name:

Given Name:

Student Number:

Email (@mail.utoronto.ca):

Instrcutions:

No calculators or other aids are allowed.

Show all your work and justify your answers.

You may use the back of each page for rough work but all your answers must be

written on the front of each page.

1 of 10

1. Suppose you are given that the matrix A =

1 2 1 1

1 2 2 1

2 4 2 3

3 6 4 3

R =

1 2 0 0

0 0 1 0

0 0 0 1

0 0 0 0

.

[1] (a) Determine the rank of A.

[9] (b) Find a basis for each of the following three subspaces:

(i) row(A), (ii) col(A), and (iii) null(A).

2 of 10

2. For each of the following subsets of R

4

, determine if it is or is not a subspace of R

4

.

Fully justify your answers.

[5] (i) W =

x

1

x

2

x

3

x

4

| det

x

1

x

2

x

3

x

4

1 1 1 1

1 2 1 1

2 3 2 3

= 0

[5] (ii) W =

x

1

x

2

x

3

x

4

| x

1

= x

2

x

3

and x

3

= x

4

.

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Extra page for question 2 - please do not remove.

4 of 10

3. Consider the subspace W =

a +b + 3c

2a b

0

2a +b + 4c

| a, b, c R

of R

4

.

[8] (a) Find a basis for W.

[2] (a) Determine the dimension of W.

5 of 10

[10] 4. Show that if a +b +c = 0, the matrix A =

a b c

c a b

b c a

is not invertible.

6 of 10

5. Let A =

3 0 4

0 0 0

2 0 3

.

[6] (a) Find the eigenvalues of A and a basis for each of the corresponding eigenspaces.

[4] (b) Find an invertible matrix P and a diagonal matrix D such that A = PDP

1

.

7 of 10

Extra page for question 5 - please do not remove.

8 of 10

[10] 6. Determine if each of the following statements is true or false. Clearly indicate your

answer for each part by stating if it is true or false (no justication is required). Each

part is worth 2 marks for a correct answer; -1 for an incorrect answer (to discourage

guessing).

(a) If {x

1

, x

2

, x

3

, x

4

, x

5

} spans a four-dimensional subspace W of R

7

, then {x

1

, x

2

, x

3

, x

4

}

also spans W.

(b) If A is an 7 16 matrix and nullity(A) = 8, then rank(A) = 8.

(c) If A is n m and the system of linear equations Ax = b has a solution for every b,

then null(A

T

) = {0}.

(d) If A is n n and rank(A) < n, then = 0 is an eigenvalue of A.

(e) If A is a diagonalizable 9 9 matrix with characteristic polynomial

2

(1)

3

(2)

4

,

then null(A) may be one-dimensional.

9 of 10

[6] 7. Let T: R

n

R

n

be a linear transformation whose kernel is {0}. Prove that if

{v

1

, v

2

, . . . , v

n

} is a basis for R

n

then {T(v

1

), T(v

2

), . . . , T(v

n

)} is also a basis for

R

n

.

10 of 10

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