Jatropha Project

Recycled oil Solar energy Plantation Oil extraction

The Biodiesel chain
CO2
Consumption Distribution Biodiesel Production

1

What is Biodiesel?

It's a fuel made from natural, renewable sources such as vegetable oil, similar to the Diesel from petroleum

Obs: Biodiesel is not the same as vegetable oil! Vegetable oil becomes biodiesel after a chemical process.

2

What are the advantages of  Biodiesel?
   

Renewable It can be blended in any concentration with diesel-oil Can be used in unmodified diesel vehicles Produced from many sources
  

Edible virgin or used oil (olive, soy, corn, sunflower, ecc) Non-edible oils (castor, jatropha) Animal fat (lard)

Does not contribue to the Greenhouse gas effect
3

Is it really the same as Diesel?

The NREL-US test
    

Buses :5 B20 e 4 Diesel comum 2 years, 160.000 km Chassis: Orion V / 2000 Motor: Cummins / 2000 Conclusion
 

Consumption: the same Maintenance : the same

Consuption Maintenance Bus Motor

Diesel 1,87 0,34 0,03

B20 1,87 km/l 0,32 US$/km 0,04 US$/km

Technically equivalent
4

Fonte: 100,000-Mile Evaluation of Transit Buses Operated on Biodiesel Blends (B20) National Renewable Energy Laboratory—U.S. Department of Energy

Case: NewHolland
New Holland Supports B100
8 November 2007

New Holland tested biodiesel for 2  years with no adverse effects in  performance and maintenance

New Holland Agricultural Equipment now supports the use of B100 biodiesel in all equipment with New Holland-manufactured diesel engines, including electronic injection engines with common rail technology. Overall, nearly 80% of New Holland-branded products with diesel engines are now available to operate on B100 biodiesel. New Holland has also asked other suppliers of diesel engines used in New Holland-branded products to test and approve higher levels of biodiesel. Penn State’s College of Agricultural Sciences is operating new, unmodified New Holland tractors on B100 biodiesel on their 1,500-acre research farm to find out what diesel equipment owners can expect to experience when they use B100. After nearly two years of use, the tractors have performed with no adverse effects in performance or maintenance, according to Glen Cauffman, the university’s manager of farm operations and services. Paul Trella, New Holland Director of Product Marketing for Under-100 HP Tractors, stressed it is essential to use high-quality biodiesel produced to ASTM D6751 standards from a reputable supplier who can offer consistent fuel quality to ensure optimum performance and engine durability. Source: New Holland Web site at www.newholland.com/na.
5

Case: Aviation
World's First 100% Biodiesel Jet Flight
by Sami Grover, Carrboro, NC, USA on 10.12.07

First jet flight with 100%  biodiesel

Aviation history was made earlier this week in the high desert at the Reno-Stead Airport when an L-29 military aircraft piloted by Carol Sugars and Douglas Rodante succeeded in completing the world’s first jet flight powered solely by 100% biodiesel fuel. The Czechoslovakian-made aircraft is rated to fly on a variety of fuels including heating oil, making it the preferred platform for testing biodiesel in jet engines. The experimental test flights were conducted starting with a blend of jet fuel and biodiesel. The engine data was measured and the performance was evaluated and found acceptable for continued use, eventually resulting in the landmark flight using 100% renewable biodiesel fuel. According to Chief Pilot Carol Sugars who wrote and conducted the test program, “As we gradually increased the amount of biodiesel in the fuel blend, the data confirmed that the aircraft continued to perform well, giving me the confidence to transition to 100% biodiesel.” Flight tests were conducted up to an altitude of 17,000 feet showing no significant difference in performance compared to conventional jet fuel.
Source: http://www.treehugger.com/files/2007/10/worlds_ first_100_ percent_biodiesel_ jet_ flight.php

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Case: Aviation
Bio-jet fuel tests planned
07 june 2007

Petrobras, TecBio, Boeing, Nasa and  Virgin Atlantic are testing fuels  produced from vegetable oils

Petroleo Brasileiro SA, Brazil's state oil company, plans to study and distribute bio-jet fuel made from an oilseed blend. Studies by Brazil's TecBio, Boeing Co and NASA show use of the fuel is feasible, Petrobras said yesterday at a biofuels conference in Rio de Janeiro. Experimental tests with alternative jet fuels will begin this month under the TecBio-Boeing-NASA program, Francelino da Silva Paes, a Petrobras biofuels official, said during a presentation of the company's plan. The world's first demonstration flight using the fuel is planned for next year by Boeing, General Electric Co and Virgin Atlantic Airways, he said.
Source: http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/generic/story_ generic.jsp?channel=bca&id=news/bca0907p3.xml http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/biz/archives/2007/07/08/2003368717

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Case : San Francisco ­ US
San Francisco Converts Entire Diesel Vehicle Fleet to Biodiesel
by Jeremy Elton Jacquot, Los Angeles on 12. 1.07 Cars & Transportation San Francisco­US is converting his  1500 bus fleet to B20 biodiesel

San Francisco hit another major green milestone earlier this week when Mayor Gavin Newsom announced that the city had converted its fleet of approximately 1,500 diesel vehicles to run on biodiesel - a month earlier than the goal it had set in 2006. Fire engines, ambulances and MUNI buses, amongst others, will now run on B20, a blend of 20% biofuel and 80% diesel fuel. The city estimates the conversion will have the effect of displacing the equivalent of 1.2m gallons of diesel fuels every years. In addition, it will help to significantly cut down on the amount of diesel exhaust produced; the Bay Area is second only to (who else?) Los Angeles in the health impacts of diesel.

Fonte: http://www.treehugger.com/files/2007/12/san_francisco_converts.php

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How Biodiesel is produced?
by-products (protein) Oilseed Plantations Oil extraction Export Used oil Animal fat (M)ethanol Biodisel plant Cataliser Large consumers (Fleet) Glycerin Biodiesel Retail (not allowed in Brazil)
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Distribution Companies

Chemical industry

The most important fact to know!

75%

of the cost of Biodiesel is the cost of the feedstock
Oil Alcohol Others Operational cost Labor

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Cost forecast
Plantation Biodiesel Vegetable Oil Petroleum

11

Feedstock options : edible oils

Soybean

Palm tree

Rapeseed

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Feedstock options : non­edible oil
Castor bean Jatropha curcas

13

Which feedstock is most economic?
How much it produces?  What is the price of land?

What is the cost of plantation? How long it takes to produce?

Edible oil

Oil in seed* Seed yield Oil yield Oil price(US Gulf)** % kg/ha kg/ha US$/kg Sunflower 48 2.200 1.056 0,99 Corn(Maize) 3 8.000 274 0,71 Rapeseed(Canola) 44 1.800 792 0,66 Coconut(Copra) 63 3.000 1.890 0,66 Soybean 18 3.500 630 0,55 Palm 18 25.000 4.500 0,42 Non-edible Jatropha(1) 35 6.000 2.100 0.30(2)
1 – An alternative oil from new crops of Jatropha curcas, a native plant of Central America 2 – PlantaBio’s estimated cost of production, FOB farm Sources: * Handbook of Energy Crops – James A. Duke, 1983. Unpublished. ** Jacobsen Publishing Co. – Mkt. News: Vegetable Oil (07/11/05) 14

What is Jatropha curcas?

A perennial plant

over 25 years of production. good production with 500-700 mm/year. survives <200 mm/year;

Low water requirements
 

Doesn´t require good soils Good yield

seeds with high oil content.
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Native in Brazil

Jatropha yields
Country Indonesia India Ghana Philippines Nicaragua Costa Rica Peru Brazil Global Potential

Grain (ton/ha) 4,00 - 5,00 4,00 - 5,00 4,00 - 6,00 5,00 4,00 7,00 - 8,00 3,50 - 5,00 4,00 - 5,00 4,80 6,25 0,80 2,50 4,00

5 5 5 5 4 5 5 4 5 5 1 2 3

Age Years Years Years Years Years Years Years Years Years Years Years Years Years

Source FACT Foundation - Biofuel Summit 2007 Dr. Achmad Suryana - Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia - April 2007 Technology Information, Forecasting & Assesment Council - Department od Science and Technology - India Resources and Livelihoods Group - PRAYAS (Non Profit - Charitable Trust) GreenRev Business Pvt. Ltd. Jatropha Africa - Ghana Department of Science and Technology FACT Foundation - Biofuel Summit 2007 DANIDA Forest Seed Centre (Denmark) & Enviroment Africa Dr. D. Jordens-Roettger - GTZ (German Development Corporation) Conab (Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento) - Ministerio da Agricultura, Pecuaria e Abastecimento Purdue University - Centre for New Crops and Plant Products Biodiesel Project for the State of Uttar Pradesh - Bharat Petroleum Corp, Nadian Biomatrix Limited & Biotech Park Jones & Milles 1993 ; Heller 1996

6,00
6,00 - 8,00 12,50 12,00 - 15,00

4 Years 5 Years 5 Years 5 Years

16

Known problems of Jatropha 

Recent governamental certification and lack of agricultural zoning Diseases and pests as any other plant Cultivation techniques not known by farmers

17

Mechanical harvesting

Based on olive and coffe machines

18

Case : British Petroleum

BP Bets on the Jatropha Tree

Posted By Mark Gongloff On June 29, 2007 @ 10:34 MarketWatch’s Steve Goldstein has this report on BP’s latest biofuels venture: BP announced its second biofuel venture in a week, this time inking a deal with a British firm to get fuel out of Jatropha curcas. BP and D1 Oils said they plan a 50-50 joint venture to accelerate the planting of Jatropha curcas — a drought-resistant, inedible oilseedbearing tree. It does not compete with food crops for good agricultural land or adversely impact the rainforest. BP earlier this week unveiled a $400 million plant with Associated British Foods and DuPont in which wheat will be converted into bioethanol at a plant in Saltend, Hull. D1, a U.K.-listed biodiesel producer, and BP will work together exclusively on the development of jatropha as a sustainable energy crop, including the planting of trees, harvesting jatropha grain, oil extraction and transport and logistics. BP and D1 Oils intend to invest about $160 million in the next five years. D1 said it’s going to grant BP an option to subscribe for new shares representing 16% of its enlarged share capital at an average price of 251 pence. For D1, the news was significant, pushing its shares up 8.3% to 261.75 pence in mid-morning trade. BP shares rose 0.7%, continuing recent strength in the oil sector this week. Article printed from Energy Roundup - WSJ.com: http://blogs.wsj.com/energy

British Petroleum and D1Oil intent to  invest about $160million the next 5  years in jatropha plantations
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URL to article: http://blogs.wsj.com/energy/2007/06/29/bp-bets-on-the-jatropha-tree/

Case: D1 Oil

D1Oil came to visit the NorthEast of  Brazil looking for suitable location  for jatropha plantations

Produção de Biodiesel a partir do Pinhão Manso pode gerar emprego e renda no Norte de Minas
Empresários da D1 Oil, indústria inglesa produtora global de biodiesel, estiveram reunidos com a secretária Elbe Brandão e com o presidente do Instituto de Desenvolvimento Integrado de Minas – Indi, Reginaldo Arcuri, para discutir a possibilidade de investimentos da indústria, na região Norte de Minas para produção do biodiesel a partir do pinhão manso. A D1 Oil é pioneira em seleção genética, plantio e produção de óleos a partir de vegetais não comestíveis. Em Minas Gerais, no município de Janaúba, a Epamig já está realizando pesquisas da cultura de pinhão manso que deve constituir-se na base de estudos visando à seleção e ao aprimoramento de variedades mais produtivas. De acordo com Paul Nicholas, representante da D1 Oil, o Jatropha curcas, conhecido popularmente como pinhão manso, tem sido reconhecido mundialmente como uma fonte alternativa renovável para a produção do biodiesel. “Além de perene e de fácil cultivo, suporta baixa densidade pluviométrica e apresenta boa conservação da semente colhida, podendo se tornar grande produtora de matéria prima como fonte opcional de combustível”, afirma. Atualmente, essa espécie não está sendo explorada comercialmente no Brasil, mas segundo o consultor Mike Lu, o pinhão manso é viável para a obtenção do biodiesel, pois produz, no mínimo, duas toneladas de óleo por hectare, levando de três a quatro anos para atingir a idade produtiva, que pode se estender por 40 anos. Para a secretária Elbe Brandão, a possibilidade do uso do óleo do pinhão manso para a produção do biodiesel, abre amplas perspectivas para o crescimento das áreas de plantio com esta cultura no norte e semi-árido mineiro.
-------------------------------------------------BH - Abril/2007 Assessoria de Comunicação – 31 2129-8118

Fonte: http://www.idene.mg.gov.br/noticias_061.htm

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Case : Sada BioEnergia
Sada Bioenergia investe em pinhão-Manso para a fabricação de biodiesel
Valor Econômico - Segunda-feira, Fevereiro 12, 2007

Sada is planting 11.000ha of sugar  A subsidiária Sada Bioenergia, instalada numa área de 16 mil hectares no cane and 5.000ha of jatropha to  município de Jaíba, no norte de Minas Gerais, começará a processar cana-de-açúcar para a produção de álcool e pinhão-manso para a fabricação de biodiesel. produce fuel to his own fleet
Até 2010, o grupo controlado pelo empresário Vittorio Medioli, que também edita o jornal "O Tempo", investirá R$ 120 milhões na construção de uma planta industrial conjugada de álcool e biodiesel e na implantação de 11 mil hectares de cana e de 5 mil de pinhão-manso. A usina de biodiesel, capaz de moer 240 mil toneladas de pinhão por ano, fabricará 85 mil toneladas de biodiesel a partir do processo etílico - 14 milhões de litros de etanol serão usados na produção de um biodiesel 100% vegetal, sem a utilização de produtos minerais no processo. Na segunda etapa, prevista para 2012, a usina de álcool passará a moer 2,5 milhões de toneladas de cana, produzindo 220 milhões de litros de álcool. No biodiesel, será possível elevar a produção a 1,1 milhão de toneladas a partir de 3 milhões de pinhão. Operador de uma frota de dois mil caminhões, o grupo Sada usará os combustíveis para atingir a auto-suficiência no abastecimento de seus veículos. Para isso, construirá dois pontos de apoio para alimentar sua frota em Juazeiro (BA) e Itaubim (MG). A produção será transportada em comboios-tanque movidos a biodiesel pelo rio São Francisco até as duas cidades. No Jaíba, um duto de 13 km ligará a usina até o rio. "Nosso objetivo é a auto-suficiência. Mas como somos uma empresa de logística, pensamos na distribuição da produção", explica Vittorio Medioli, que exerceu quatro mandatos de deputado federal.

21

Case: Janaúba­MG
Publicado el 14/11/2007, por Expansion.com

Spanish group CIE invested  Euro 3,72 millions in jatropha  plantation in MG­Brazil

CIE refuerza su apuesta por los biocombustibles en Brasil
El grupo industrial español ha comunicado a la CNMV la firma de un acuerdo de joint venture entre su filial brasileña y NNE Minas Agro Forestal para la producción y explotación en Brasil de cultivos relacionadas con la producción de biocombustibles y biocarburantes. El proyecto tendrá una inversión inicial de 3,72 millones de euros. CIE Automotive señala en su comunicado que estos proyectos se centrarán, "entre otros fines", a la producción, plantación y explotación de "semillas de pinhão manso (jatropha curcas)" y "en el desarrollo de otras oportunidades de negocio relacionadas con este cultivo y la producción de biocombustibles y biocarburantes". Estos proyectos representarán una inversión conjunta equivalente a 3,72 millones de euros, aproximadamente, "y su realización se repartirá entre la filial CIE Autometal con una inversión de 1,90 millones de euros (51% de las acciones de la joint venture) y NNE y sus asociados con 1,82 millones de euros de inversión (en conjunto titulares del 49% restante)".
Fonte: http://www.expansion.com/edicion/exp/empresas/es/desarrollo/1057442.html

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Case : Petrobras biodiesel plants
Candeias (BA) Montes Claros (MG) Quixadá (CE)

TOTAL
milhões 171 litros/anode

Capacity Signed contract Operation

57
11/08/06
2008

57
27/12/06
2008

57
29/12/06
2008

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Biodiesel refineries
Continuous process Batch process

24

The biodiesel production process

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Cost composition of biodiesel
Other inputs (M)ethanol Cataliser Price Proportion 0,90 14,00% 3,50 0,05%
R$/L

Cost 0,13 0,0018
R$/L

Estimated Feedstock Planted area Production cost

Vegetable oil
2.000
L/ha

10.000 20.000 30.000
ha

20.000 40.000 60.000
ton/ano

0,6
R$/L

Production cost Biodiesel 1,02

Sales Taxes Profit Price Production Income 1,33 20% 1,6 39.200 12.530.045 30% R$/L Ton/ano R$/ano 0,26 0,50 3.800 380.000 12.910.045
R$/ano

Glycerin

0,20

Refinery Initial Operational (capacity) Investment cost 20.000 9.800.000 0,26 40.000 11.200.000 0,23 60.000 13.200.000 0,22
ton/ano R$ R$/L

Capital cost 0,08 0,07 0,06
R$/L

Attention: All values are for reference only
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Our company : Plant.a.Bio
 

Brazilian company Partnership between: Cazenave & Asociados SA  Glencore/Lartirigoyen SA  Phoneutria Biotecnologia Ltda

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Backgrounds
  

Cazenave
 

Founded in 1969 Evaluates, Develops and Manages Investment Projects last 12 years managed investments in agricultural activities for more than US$ 205M on more than 800.000 ha

Phoneutria Founded in 1994 Leading edge of Biotechnology and genetics Close related to universities and research institutions

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Cazenave in Argentina

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Example Glencore : Moreno

Sunflower crushing plant Capacity : 2.000.000 ton/ano 580 employees

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Example Glencore : Renova

Biodiesel Plant Renova 240.000 ton/ano San Lorenzo-AR

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Example : Patagonia Bioenergia

Soy oil refinery capacity 600.000 Ton/ano Biodiesel reactor capacity 250.000 Ton/ano Own area 11 ha Biodiesel storage 20.000 ton Soybean oil storage 8.000 ton Refined soy oil storage 4.000 ton Methanol storage 1.600 ton Power usage 2 MW Boiler Pressure 15 kg/cm²

Planned plantation of 40.000ha of Jatropha
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Plant.a.Bio activities
Research in India Reseach in Brasil

Nursery in Brazil

Plantlet production

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Phoneutria's researches

Jatropha Micropropagation Jatropha Genetic improvement Jatropha Genetic molecular markers

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Goals of Plant.a.Bio

Provider of improved genetic material for bio fuel crops, with initial emphasis on biodiesel and Jatropha Consulting and management expertize to worldwide companies interested in renewable energy sources Partnerships with local farmers and small producers to achieve lower production costs and to bring development to population near plantations

Business  opportunity Planning Investor Implementation

Commercialization Profit
35

Administration overview
Client Administration PlantaBio Administration Land Environmental licensing Infrastructure Machinery Cleaning Formation Maintainance Cleaning Formation Maintainance Harvesting Industry : Oil extraction Logistics : Transportation Cleaning Formation Maintainance

36

Brazilian biomes
420 49% 204 Cerrado 24% Mata Atlantica 111 13% 84 Caatinga 10% 18 Pampa 2% 15 Pantanal 2% Total Brasil 851 .000.000 ha
Amazonia

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Location : rain, temperature, soil

38

Locations : logistics

39

The opportunity : northeast
 

Large areas suitable for Jatropha in Brazil Jatropha Oil does not compete in the edible oil markets. Energy companies interested in new sources of feedstock. Worldwide demand
Milllions of ha %

Total area of Brazil Suitable for agriculture Used by plantations Temporary plantations Permanent plantations Forest plantation

851 153 63 43 15 5

100 18 7 5 2 1

Available for agriculture
Pasture Semi-arid Native forest Amazon

90
177 90 440 350

11
21 53

Fonte: MAPA 2004

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Recycling: used vegetable oil

Fonte: Recóleo ltda., Belo Horizonte-MG

41

Carbon credit
CO2 absortion Carbon credit CO2 Excess Limit allowed

Seller (Clean project)

Aditional income

Buyer

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Food or Fuel?

Food AND Fuel!
 

Oil -> fuel Meal, Intercropping > food

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Recovering degrated land

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2  Generation biofuels
nd

Fonte: Festel Capital - www.festel.com

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Brazilian governamental incentives

The "Certificate of Social Fuel"
  

small farmers must be involved in the business required to sell to Petrobras qualify to lower taxes lower taxes www.biodiesel.gov.br lower interest rates
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The "semi-arid" Northeast of Brazil

The National Biodiesel Program
 

Credit : Banco do Nordeste
Bank rates Farm Industry

5% Small 7,25% Medium 7,25% 9% Large
Micro

7,25% year 8,25% 10% 11,5%

Demais condições na agência Contato : Sr. Wladston Viana, Gerente Agencia Belo Horizonte :(31) 3263 6400 clienteconsulta@bnb.gov.br ou 0800783030
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Contact

Antonio Tomás Parsons
 

atparsons@plantabio.com.br 54 (11) 4763 5500

Luciano Cardoso
 

lcardoso@plantabio.com.br 55 (31) 3427 6413
  

PlantaBio Agrotecnologia Ltda. Rua Teles de Menezes 148 Santa Branca 31565-130 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brasil

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