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eqe q m+ sT>TT+~.
k] @dTdT eTw qT+&
|\qT ]$Tydq |&T n$ n& <>sZ
q = |+<T\qT eV+#sTT. \
|ue+e\ |+<T\T | |> |e]d
|sT>T+ =+& Ks+MT< y[
n& qT+& +< < #bjsTT. sY\T
$_qyTq |\ +{sTT. s&j yy
@$<+> nH |\ |jDkj
n> \TL& |jDd +{sTT.
e <>Zs A.M. s&j q~ nqT+<+.
n&T <MT< A.M. | e# |ks\qT
$q>\&T. nsTT F.M. | < #|+
m+es dT?. n+f F.M. s &j d>
d]+ |ks+#jT>\ s&j +fH F.M.
d> >T]+ \TdTe{ M\eT+~.
=ksT \T q e*q y]
<w |&+d+ ysT rdTH b{\
u>+& &\> |&+ sT>TT+~.

H>eTT<

< j \T d + # ] d T q | < X +
~dTq |&T m+{ nqTuy \T \T>Tj
(sujT d+)

eTwj eT+> eT]jTT |\T?

u< e T + eT]j T T k + eT +
| e TTK+> | + # < X y T eT w j .
eT w j < X eT $Xk\ eT+ ,
+\ eT]jTT u |\ |eTTKyTq
kq+ q~. #bsTTq sT y eTwjT T
|> e] eqe* V+ddT+<
eTwj <XdT\T qeTTsT. eTwjTH
uw V+ n+f | < <X
nns+. <X+ |\T ms\T>
+{j |+> \TdT+<+.
1. d|t d
dt : s y T q | X
qejTdT~ nsTT +T+~. ~ q
jTe #&qT+&, |X#\u] qT+&
b& T +T+< n & | \T
qeTTsT. $<yTq + |jT<s
$<yTq |X#\qT eT sDd+
n&ysT @sT#dT+{sT.
|e] 2013

2. V+msTTsY : { u+ n
|\Te& V+ msTTsY deTT<|X
nL& |\TksT. q<T\ dsdT\,
deTT<\ $ edd +{sTT. =ksT
{ eTT #bsTTq eqe\T {
u\T> es+ sT>TT+~. =ksT
{u\T djT+> $s$ksTT.
u\T deTT<\| < qB\|
=jT<T+>\ sb\ \T |ksTT.
n |e<s y T q u \T { eq
eqe* eTT+#+ < #+|
yjT+ sT>TT+~.
3. b+> : \TyT eTTdT>T
<e+& |X |d| \ \ jTT s
J$dT+< u$ksT.
4. V+>Vt : dq>, b&e>
| + # | X # V + > Vt
(d+us |X) n |\TksT. <yTq
# qT, y < T s T # qT | X #\T
edd +{sTT. k<sD+> |X#\T
& |X#\T nsTT +{sTT. |X#+ me]
eTT+<H |+ nsTTqsTT ysT eT
# |\qT, =eTqT rdT
s+&T> $]qsTT |X#+ ujT|&
n&qT+& n<X+ nsTTbT+~.
5. V]eTneH : d>+ eTw,
d>+ |*s|+ +& |X ~. k<sD+
> ~ eT>|X nsTT+T+~.
6. +> { : eTwj eT]jTT
+&H w j n& e \ d + # ] +#
ueT dE +& s+ s|X

H>eTT<

10

+>{ n |\TksT. $ +Te


|X# nq $wjT+ |{es \<T.
m+<T+f =+<sT eT n&$ <=]sTT
n#| #bsTTq +>{ neT
|&sT. n$ q$ n nqTueE\
\TdT+~. |X#\T d C #+~
+{sTT.
7. es+>TjTH : e ns+
\\Tyd H\T n. |X#\T n&e\
|jDdTq eqe* |<e|{+
@& | k s TT. =ks T $ eqe\
dVsL& n+~ksTT. M{ d
|X#\T =ksT eqe |sTw* $yV+
#dTqT> \TdTq~. |X#\qT
$yV+ #dT q eqe |sTw\TL& s
eqe\ q | & +& n< X +
nsTTbs eTwjTH |\T #T
+{sT.
8. s+>$THjT : s+>$THjT
n+f + qH |PdTqy&T n
ns+. eqyr X\T +& |X#++{
eqe&T Hyk\| <&#d q +{
|+q q\qT \e++> nqTu$k&T
s+>$THjT nH |X #dq <TssZ\
<s+> eTwj eT]jTT +&Hwj
<X\ nH #\q \T ]+#&sTT.
|q |s=q 8 s\ |X# +&
eTwj eT]jTT +&Hwj <X\
eT&T |eTTKyTq |X#\TL& qT>
\TdTq~. y{ $es\T HsTT.
1. b+{jq : eTwj<X+
|e] 2013

s + > & | X b+{ j q n


|\TksT. k<sD+> >se> q <
| d $ d T q d eTs D + q s TT n
|e<syTq due+>\ b+{jq>
esTT+< \TdTq~. =ksT eTT
|$T+qy]# , e Tu s \ #
=+<sT d\T V#jT&sT. n+{
d\jTT \TL& b+{jq\T>
es sTT. k< s D +> | X # T \T
sqTwyTq s& |q, # +<
\& |ksTT. =ksT eTbT>
q _&qT |q +#T |ksTT.
s+s+ |>, |rs\ <V+#TbjT
s|X n+<yTq jTTes|+ <]+
|sTw* ]+ q d+#s+ #T
rdTbsTT n& y]#+| yHTsT
ydT+~. =ksT s|X#T\T
n+<yTq jTTeT\ s|+ |+q|&T
|sTw\T y] e< y+ sT>TT+~.
ysT eTe< s>H jTTe\T
$yTq e< d\T> e]bsT.
sTy eT H{ b&yq eT]jTT
|<T Hq <+\ eTe< eq |sTw*
N* # + |k s T . s y T q | X #*
d+V]+#\+f |X#\ >=+T
b&y{ qT|yTqT |P]> ~+b*
+T+~. nsTT m|&H , mesH , bsbTq
# bsTTq s | X >=+ T qT+&
qT|yTqT jT ydqsTT n~
eTs \ bD+bd T eqe\| <&
#jT+ bs+_dT+~. s|X, s+

H>eTT<

11

eTs\ L&q \{ <TdT* <]+


+T+<, B b&yq ET, s\T
eT]j T T > +{j T eT w j T H
+> *jTCdTHsT. |X
eqe <>Zs eq|&T |fq |e\
ydq edT+~.
eTwj, +&Hwj, <X\
s # T > q | & T T +~ n # | &
b+{ j q nH s | X ns s
deTj\ n+<yT q jTTesb <] +
sV <]MT< \& nTy| yVH\| e#
|sTw* | y] b<#T rdTy[
#+| HT s T >TT+~. |de deTjT+ *>
u< q T u ] +# eTs D + q d \ T
b+{jq> esTs eTwjTqT
u $k s T . k< s D +> b+{ j q ,
|sTw\H eT \ +> #dT +{sTT. nsTT
=ksT $ >seT\T> q d\qT
eT]jTT |d$dTq d\qT u~+#\q
\+ y >sdXe\qT #+|
yjT + sT>TT+~. =+eT+~ n_bjT+
|s+ |de deTjT+ eTsD+q d\
jTT \T, s d\L& |\\T +&
#j \H ndjT y |u jT _&*
b+{jq\T (+&j M{ s={]
n+{sT) #+| +{jT \TdTq~.
k<sD+> mesH |sTw e<
b+{jq nH s|X d s|+
eq|&T d <>Zs qT+& eT+# |P\
ydq edT+< =+<sT #TTHsT.
k<sD+> b+{j q eTqTw\
|e] 2013

<s+> q|&T < @&T| _>Zs>


$|dT+~. <>ZseTq|&T < @&T|
dq> +T+~ b+{j q <>sZ > edTq
deTjT+ eqe\ | q +& \T ;s
ds+ s~+#+ sT>TT+~. eqe d
s|+ +& b+{jq eTqTw\T
>T]+#s T , \T >T]ksTT. yT& qT+&
b<\ es \{ >qT <]+qT>
|+# b+{jH\ b<\T +&e. n$
m\|& >* \T +{sTT. =+
eT+~ n_bjT+ |s+ b+{j q\T
jT <+&\| sydq * ydq#d
| eTT mqT q \ qT < ] +#
|sTw& < d #+|+ sT>TT+~.
qT eTwj
|\T s deTj\
eT ek\qT +{ jT syjT{
bsbTq L& w| & s T . |>{ deTj\
s|X#\T ns{# < +{jT
\TdT+~. =ksT b+{jq\T d
s|+ <]+ eTbT> q|\
+#T esZeT<+ nss deTjT+
eqe\ |kjT eTwjTH |\T
*jTCdTHsT. b{ esZeT<+
sT #&be+ sTeTT+<T s&TMT<
LsT+&bsTTq e m<TsT> =+#+
<s+ |\qT |q |T qT+#T
q b+{jqqT #&e#T. <<| 30
d+es\ + rjT&q jT<syTq
(sujT d+)

H>eTT<

12

eTTe sqT *| |X
$es\T
]wt <X #+~q Cq|< ><\
(Banshee) nH u+ < |X
>T]+ $ks+> yjT& q~. ]wt
uw ;Hd< nH |<+ qT+& nH|< +
|{+~. d | n ||+#
y|+> #|&TTq~. eqe\ #e
sujTeTT+<T $wj <s |
\ n~|T\T eqe\ eTT+<T>
*jTCks u$+#&TTq~. me]H
nH &|X |d y] s
eTTe edT+< qeTTsT. =+eT+~
n_bjT+ |s+ V#jT&q d jTT
< _&q T |d$ d #bsTTq d jTT
> esTT+< \TdTq~.

||+#+ nH<X\ $$<


|s |\Te&TTq|{ |
m\|& +]> |dT+~. ]wt |\
eT$Xk\ |s+ #d uT$| eTs\
eqeq m{ neX+ \T
u $T| H n| ] $T y T q eqd y < q
nqTu$d d+#]d +{sTT. bb\T #d
#bsTTq e\ jTT |\T eTT
m & bb\T# k s | < X \
| \T> d + # ] +#* +T+~.
|e] 2013

=+eT+~ |]X<\ n_bjT+ |s+


= T+u\ #+~q e\T #bsTT
\T> e] m\|& eT T+u
n+{ |T +{j T n$ e T
T+u\ eT+ < #&TqT #d
+{sTT. \T eT e+X+ K]
ysdT&TL& #bsTTq|&T eyT
u$T e~* | \ ysTT. nsTT
eT T+;\T deTT<\T<{ $<X\
y[q|&T \T y] nqTd]+#e.
T++ me]H nH d |X jTT
b $|+qsTT y] =~ sE\
eTsD+ d+u$dT+< u$+#*.

|+#eTVb <c\qT
s*+# n|s @< $es\T?
eTw q Jeq bs+ = ksT
bb\T #d +{&T. nsTT bb\T
reyTq$ nsTTq|&T eTw qqT,
e#qqT L& u<\qT nqTu$+#
e\dq |]d @s&TT+~. bb\ 5 s\
|< bb\T HsTT. M{H |+#eTV
b\T n |\TksT. |+#eTVb\
|sT HsTT. 1. XV 2. >V
3. d V 4. VDV 5. eV.
nsTT =ksT # eT+~ <T\T
|+#eTVb\ d+ fH #jT +
sT>TTq~ n H |]X<q *+~.
|ujT_& &|\ n k+> <s
eTT+< *dq|&T &T| _&qT & (&
<?) &s T dV jT+ V#d >s

H>eTT<

13

b>=f y |+#eTVb\ fq X
V b\&qT> u$+#*.
n> *k, *jT, *#e
sDyTq yL& eV <c
eTT+{sT. @~ @yTH |+#eTV
b\ {#dHds ujT+s qs+
| < T . ( + & T | \ T &
|j+ qT+& |+#TH |
+ \T |e) $<yTq |+#eTV
b\qT #dqysT b|+ #dq
d+es+ qT+& #bjTes nH s\
eqd eT]jTT Xs s>\qT b+<TsT.
y] T++ nH s\ eqd eT]jTT
Xs s>\qT b+<TsT. y] T++
nH s\T> deTd\ b\T neT+~.
+{ ysT #dq bb\T y]H @&T
s\es y] ysdT * L& y+{&sTT.
|+#eTVb <c\qT+& eqe\
$eTT *+# n<T$<q+ V+<e
<sXk #|& q~. < $es\T
|+> \dT+<+.
| d+es+ Cwed+ e#
X|+ @< ~H&T n|s @<
nH n<TyTq |D~q+ edT+~. n|s
@< e m #dTy |]o*<+.
yTT<{ <X$T ~H&T =~> uq+
rdTy*. H, *bjT\T, y\T*bjT\T,
eT<eTT, e+deTT +{ |<s\qT m{
|]dT\qT sEq nq> <X$TH&T
rdTs<T. |X+ + X> +&
ds><&T nsTTq l<sT& eTqdT
+| jTq He\qT |+#*.
|e] 2013

@< ~ H & T | y d +
+&*. ds<j eTT+< < \
kq+ #d d+ {L& >+&
leTHsjTDT& <d +&*. =+<]
|P]> ]q |yd+ +&+ M\T<T.
n+{ysT =~> | < |sd+
< b\T |yd+ +&e#T.
me]ysT eT s> |]d { @<H
XUVs+ $T+> rdT L& @<
e #jTe#T. m{ |]dqT @<
~H&T ||\T eT]jTT <H\ L&q
Vs rdTL&<T. eTTK+> _jT+
sEq |yd+ qy] H\T| |&s<T.
s>+> q @&T d+es\ qT+& 70
d+es\| ejTdT qysT mesH
e #jTe#T. nsTT >]Dd\T,
e<T\ T T|&y sT e #jT L&<T .
$ + @eT+f V +< e eT +
e\+{qT X, Xu m+
b<q +T+~ |+# eTVb\qT
s*+# n|s @< e Vw
q d\TL& #dTe#T. ysT \kq+
#d |yd+ +& l<$ dyTT&q l<s
He\qT eTqdT |+#Ty*. eTTK
d#q @eT+f e #d Vw d\T
eT+\qT e+ #<eL&<T.
@<s <b+& C>s+ #d
u>eBZ, sejTD+, u>e+ +{ |D
>+<\qT |]+ #*. < u> e Y d++<y T q
^\qT $qe#T. sTy neX+
qysT eTV$we q+<+ \>+ d+
V] uq se\ #dTe#T.

H>eTT<

14

eTs&T << ~ edT+~. sT


L& >+& @< |yd+ #dqysT
ds<jT+ nsTTq sTy T\drs+
rdT |yd+ qT+& d\e rdTy*.
=+#+ sd+> qysT |qT rdT
|yk dd #b*.
<<~H&T Vs+ +|+ &T,
$Ts | j T \T, | $Ts | j T \T |
j +# L & < T . + | + & T < T \T
eTsk, s+ <T\T $T]j\s
|j+#Te#T. dss\qT &s
eTV$we jTT n_eH b+<+ d+
<<~H&T d]jT\qT Vs+>
rdTy*.
mes u X<\ n|s @<
|yd e s]ks ysT #dq deTd
bb\T <V +#TbsTT. y] n|{es
m<TseTq deTd c\T =\bsTT.
d+|<\T eT]jTT ]|w\T n|jT+>
y] \_ksTT. n|s @<jTT
eTV V+<e <sXk\T $<+>
*jTCksTT. ed+ e# |$qB
|ws\ |ws+ q&TdTq q~ sE
eT&TksT #=|q 30 sE\T qBkq+ #d
m+ |D+ edT+< n+|D+ n|s
@<e+ e\ edT+ ~. + n|s @<
e\ *> |D+ @@ s |Ds\
deqy \TdT+<+.
|j > + e|T ed+ kq+
#d m+ |D+ edT+<?
esH& T ys D d +
|e] 2013

$XH<T& |Pd m+ |D+ edT+<?


|P\ \ >jT Xss\T
sVd m+ |D+esdT+<?
d+Vs >TsT>V+ d+#s+
#dTq|&T |$ >$T (><e]) kq+
#d m+|D+ edT+<?
<sYH<T& <]d m+ |D+
edT+<.
+ue d+ (+us dsT&T
+&\+) <H<T& <]d m+ |D+
edT+<?
sT + (VsH sw+ q~)
d s > V D d e Tj T + kq+ # d ,
eTV | + & T q V DT\ +>s + ,
@qT>T\T eT]jTT e\T <q+ d m+
|D+ edT+<?
|DT&q uVDT& e>D
b, +>s, &T | eq e *|
<q+#d m+|D+ edT+<?
n+|D+ n|s @< e
sDX~> #d | edT+~. eTVsT\T,
eTVqTue\T *jTCksT.

*|t n&> |X# |jD\T


+> +{s?
nss deTjT+ eTN{ |
e]+ q deTjT+ sTs&T MT<
u < sT V& + eTT+<T
<dT|bTq deTjT+ mes
n|] e V& y\T>T s&T eT< >
\& +{&T. yVq+ <>sZ njTd]
e yVq+ <>Zs e yVq+

H>eTT<

15

q y] q |H |<X+ es *|t
eeT n&T>T&T. (u M T< q e <
sT e qq e q yVq+
< yV q+| q m +# T j T \T
<sT&T.) =+d| >&##d uMT<
q yq m+#T jT\T<s&T.
=+d| >&##d uMT< q yq
LsTq n|] |jD&T n<X+
nsTTb&T. < sT yqd{ LsT
q n|] |j D &T q|&& T . +{
d+<s\T ||+ #+ ## ]qT>
eT]jTT sT>TTqT> #] qy<T
nsTT+~. bsd\J ||+#+ +{
d+<s\ |+# neqTw |j D \qT
V #Y V s Y (Hitch Hikers) n | \ e+
s T > T T q~. n+{ = j T <s
d+|Tq\ >T]+ \TdT+<+.
k<sD+> +{
| X # | j D \ T
e T
*| t
qy] yVH\
eT d++~+
q @< edTe
qT e~* |{ eT<
esZ+ n<X+ e+ sT>TT+~.
edTe sD+> |X# |jD&
\e+ sT>TT+~. =*k]> 1942
b++ nyT] #+~q Cq|< <
s#sTT\T nsTTq ]#sY_jTsYd eT]jTT
s=k*V+\T =*k]> nyT]<X+
nH bs |s {+ |X#|j D \
|e] 2013

d++~+q nH <+\qT |d\


qy<T #jT+ ]+~. eTTK+>
s#sTT\T <<| 79 eT+~ e< +{
d+|Tq\ d++~+q $es\qT y
|Ps+> rdTe+ ]+~.
|X# |jD\ |]#j\T
nH s\T> +{sTT. $<q+ |X
|jD&T q *|t q e
edTeqT e+ sT>TT+~. sTy
e q e& edTeqT |]o*+#> n~
XXH\ de<T\| +#&+~ n
\TdT+~.
+= syTq $<q+ d
|jDs\T esZeT<+ |+ q
*|t qy] u$ wY sujT |e<\
> T ]+ $e]+ | n< X + e+
sT>TT+~. nyT] 1940 b++
nss deTjT+ sqTwyTq Vy
MT< s T | j D d T q e
es Z e T< + m< T s s TTq e<
|jDs\T e *|t n&+~. e
e<Ts* q sT m+#T y
Tq deTjT+ e<Ts\T s s+&e
| | + # j T T< + su T q< | * + >
||+#+ \\eT+~ #buTHs
#| + ]+~. sT y \+ |X#
|jDs\T #|q Cd+ eTsTT+~.
+s+ $<q+ n+<yTq
nesTT es Z e T< + \T q
m<TssTTq y]dt (y{sTyVH
q&T|Tqy&T) | q *|t eeT
n&T>TT+~. sTy (sue d+)

H>eTT<

16

eTsD+ m +T+~?
\+&H +> J qs
d j
{d>t |#dT q b|d s Y |sY|H $
<s+ +<+ eTsDXjT| #e
d<+> qy] nqTuy\T m +{sTT?
eT]jTT nr+~jTX\T @ $<+> |
#ksTT? nH n+X\| = d+es\ bT
|]X<q\T #jT+? ]+~. |]X<q
\ nH nqVyTq ydy\T y\T>T
#ksTT. eTTK+> = dT|T\
eTsDXjTMT< q |w+T eT mes
=e\T |dTHs, @y $yTq
y\T>T\T |dTHjT #|+ ]+~.
s> T \T $e]+q e T nqTu y \T
<s+> |sY| q |]X<q\qT
=qk+#+ ]+~. jTq n_bjT+
| s + eTs D X j T | qy] * >
nqTuy\T eT&T s\T> +{jT
\TdTq~. n~ m>+f..
1. #be{ d<+> qy],
#bsTTq y] eTTK +<Te\ \T
|+#+, s \ d++~+q
y\T>T\T |+#+ ]+~.
2. s>T\T eTsDXjT | #be{
d<+ > q deTjT+ n|{ =~ $Tc\
+ < >+\ + m& #bsTTq
s> T \ \ +< T e j T T s | +
eTsDXjT| qy] |+#+
sT>TT+~. C s>T\ |+#~
eyT. s>\ |q
q eeT\Ty |+#<T.
|e] 2013

3. = d+<s\ eT T+
duT &T < duT s\T eTsDXjT | q|&T
T++ ed+# >V+ = $yT q
d+|Tq\T sT>TsTT. y{ eTTKyTq$
s>T Tq >&j
s\T VsT> be+
< eTsDXjT| q e#T $yTq
+T\ e\j\T =+d| |+#+
s>e #T. =+eT+~ #bTq deTjT+
y] Xs+ qT+& bs<s+> +&
+s|+ jTy + n& qy]
|+#+ sT>TT+~.
| ] X< q b\T| + # T q
*+&Cu nH jTTe q nqTuy
*jTCd+~. yT +& Bss.
n&T =~ H\\T> e+#dsY
dT| b+<TTH&T. n&
|sydTq &sY, *+& nH&T.
VQX sE s MT Hq
+ d + +< + be# T . q T
MTy+<] |*|+#T jT K]k]
# d T +& . *+& q nq< e TT*,
n# Vd s|++~.
(eTw u<V+ qT+& jT
y[bsTTq d<V eT]jTT u
<V+ \qT+& d<V+ \ es
d+~+#& q y+&s+>T r>qT
b { # & e # T . d eT]j T T
d\ (u) <V\qT *| +#
n< X r> bsTTq| & T eTw
X s + nq> d X s +
jT m]bT+~. n|&T eTw
eTsD+#+ sT>TT+~.)

H>eTT<

17

sEs 9 >+\ b++ yT


+& VsT> dV e d+>
qe |+#&T. n++& MT neT
Vd m+<Te+~ +{H +&e#T
<! nH&T *+&. +&e $ *+&
*|&+~. sD+ n|{ ys+ sE\T
+ *+&* VsT> eTsD+ +~. ys
eT+#+ |& q +& *d eT]+>
+b& * eTs D ys *+&
sVd+> ++~. q * #bsTT ys+
sE\T nsTT+~. eT] n+|&T q
+& yT m |dTq~? nq |X
*+& #d| y~++~. *+& +&
|&T q eT+#+ #T \T#T q
+<T e\T me] q|& *+&* *+&
+& eyT m |++~?
#e{ d<+> q *+& +&
+ + V +# { *+&
*jTT | Vd e+<
b|d s |Y sY| ns+ #dT H&T. b|d s Y
|sY #dq |]X<q\ bZq nHeT+~
eT eT nqTuy\qT jTq #|+
]+~. q us #bsTTq|&T eT +{
>&j
s\ VsT> bjjT jTq
bsTTq ys+ sTy y+ ny eT
|#jT+ bs+_+#jT d. |sY
#|+ ]+~. b|dsY |sY |
|]#jTdT&q e q+&<X+
>jT|& eT+#+|& > >&
dVjT+ #jT{ q+& y&T.
n & T q+& >& T q
Vd y[#&>. (sujT d+)
|e] 2013

nss bH #d+~ mesT?


eTT+usTT #+~q eT<TXs nH
j T Te & T qT +]+> J
#<TeH sE ]q d+|TqqT
eTq * j T C d T H & T . d + | T q
eTVsw |PH q>s+ ]+~. bsT,
q+<, Y eT]jTT eT<TXs nH bD
dVT\T pjTsY J <>Zs qT+& *d
#<Te+THsT. y q\T>TsT m+{
|]d m<TssTTH T> +&y.
nsTT nqT +& Y + &
eTT+usTT 200.MT <s+ q |PH
<>+ e+~. <+ Y q dV
+< e<* q T++ *d |PH
y[bj&T. bD+> \d q eT
q\T>T] e y[be+ $T
+< $T+>T&T |& u<> e]+~.
eTTK+> $T*q eTT>TZ] e~*y[bTq
\Y eT]+ > u< | & & T . \Y
u<|&e< m|& bH <s #Y
+{eT Mq|& |PHe \TkeT
\Y q#CbsT n eTT>TZsT $TT\T
sE yTTu bqT e.
+s{, yTsTT +{$ # =~eT+~
qksTT esZ\eyT n+<TuT
+&$. n+<Te\q $TT\T #es
s\ <s eT dV =qkd
+&y. nsTT #<Te, <>+ +{
$wj \ sD+> $T*q eTT>TsZ T dVT\T
\Y eT+> s\T sjT+, bqT

H>eTT<

18

#jT+ u> Z+#ksT. bsT, q+<,


eT<TXs +]+> J #ssT.
\Y |PH +]+> J #s&
n|& |q jTsY e#& $TT\
*d+~. +]+> J m|& |
e& +T+~. n< sY J nsTT
#~y~ e, TsT me. y #~y~
+]+> qT \Y e{&{
y d]|& deTjT+ <=]~<T.
\#+ |sT >TrdTq ~ n|{ y
\Y \TdT 2 d+es\T |q
neT+~. +]+> s+&e d+es+
|\T |P]>H bsT q $T*q <sT
dVT \d |PH q eT byTVdt
y [ d s < > m+CjY T # < e T
| b~+#& T . $T*q < s m]
>+>ksT. #\+ sTy eTT>TZsT
dVT\T k> >&| deTjT+ e+~.
kj T +\+ u es + s T d T q
deTjT+ eT<TXs+, bsT, q+< es+
|P]> &dbsTT |PH bsT #+~q
byTVdt #sTHsT. VsTT> m+CjYT
#<eT ed es\T @+{s u! y
=+#+ u<|&sT . nsTT =+#+ |,
k rdTq sTy y $X+>
n|++~. y+H y \Y bH#d
yTeTT |PH byTVdt H+ n
#b\qTHsT. C y \Y eTT
edTqT> eTT+<T #|<T. d&H> \Y
eTT+<T | y T n dsY |C <eT y
bH #dT HsT. nsTT ues+ sD+>
|e] 2013

@]j q bqT n && njsTT.


bH r>\T bjsTT. y{q+{
u>T#d bH ks+ |q<]+#\+f
sE |&T T+< byTVdt yTHsY, bsT
#b&T. b H djT+> \Y y
+{ y<eT+f y \T n& #
<s+ q~. |> TbH L&q
ues+. ds #d~ @$T eTsTd{ sEq
e T dV T & \ Td T +<eT
ssTT+#T y eTT>TZs eT Ts
|&bjsT. sEs $T +<
$+<T uq++{ n<Ty T q uq+ e&+ #
&+~. eT $TT& \TdTbjyT
nq u<L& sTsyTq uq+ e\
y *+> eTsT| e+~.
nss +{>+ es eTT>TZsT
$T T \T | # b{ e{ & T +
+&bjsT. +{>+ <{q sTy y
yT*> < CsTHsT. n|{qT+&
nd\T < yTT<\sTT+~. d]>Z ysT
saeTTq s+&T >+\ bsT <bTq
>~ +&H bH ]+> nsTT+~. bsT
< bH m ne\ e s+&T eT&T
$Tc\T e{& | bH |fd H<+
|{q y& |<> s+ \Tyd ($T*q~ e#
d+)

|Tw\ +&q $_q |<X\


$es\T?
u $T MT< ed + # e \
uy<>\T (|eT, |+, <w+, +)
ysT ed+# |<X + | | d]> |u y

H>eTT<

19

#|ksTT. |<X+ V+k+&\T,


\T @ s& =qkqsTT
d+|Tq \ yuwH |<y
e]+ #\+bT +{sTT. +{
yuwH n& => e# yMT< L&
m+ |uy #|d +{sTT. n+{
= neqTwyTq |<X\ >T]+
n<jTq+ MT *jTCdTHqT. HqT
n+~dTq de#s+ |P]> |+{
C < HsTT n bs \T
>V+#>\sT.
\ |X :
qsT $eHXj 15 .MT
<s+ q XXq+ \
|X#+ d+#]d +T+< *d+~. nH
eT+~ s d e Tj \ |
|++< b+ #+~q nH eT+~
#|+ ]+~. =ksT XXH
<>Zs eT+{ sTT <>Zs
> { y [ qy] eT< V
d e Tj T + L & s d T |
|+qT> \TdT+~. s deTj\
mesH XXq+ |yd nujT+
sy T q Xu\T $|kjT . nss deTj
\ XXq+ y[q nHeT+~ bD\
]s<T.
=f | :
dTesT 4 <Xu\ + ]q
jT<s d+|Tq ~. \dsD+ b+~q
eqe\ j T T \T < j \T>
esjT s|+# d+|Tq >T]+
|e] 2013

ejTT nqTuy n eH
\TdT+<+. n~ 1971e d+es+.
n|&T HqT # qy&. e T++
yTT<{ kB ns_j C& q>s+
yd+ +&~. e Hq {q|sY ne+
e\ e T++ C& qT+& ]j< q>s
y[be+ ]+~. e q>s+
b\+H{ sueq++{ \T n<
\_ + +~. n s _j qs >
| # d T q e # + ~q \T
#\+> sqTw +> +Tq~.
n|{ H 11 d+es\T, H #* 9
d+es\T, eTT& 7 d+es\T. +=
#* 5 d+es\ ejTdT +T+~. n
|<~> +& +{#T mT> q
jT*|dt #T e]+ HsTT. yTeTT
e#es = d+es\T> \T U>
+Tq~. +{ n\yT |&{ e
T+u =ys\T deTjT+ |{+~.
+{ |* u>+ >&\T # { s+>T\
|sTT+{ yjT& q~. >={\<s e#
sT =f #sT+{sTT. =fMT<
|<eTL& yjT& q~. yTeTT
q |\\+ qT bsbT> =f
|&yTy nq ujT+ m|&L&
=fMT< q eTqT jTe< e neT
H mHksT >{> #|+ ]+~.
=~ ys\T >&|q sTy
sE nss @< n<X d ds+ qqT
|sT |{ |\e+ ]+~. nsTT
|\e+ L& $+> q~. y>+>

H>eTT<

20

eT]jTT >Td>Td&TTqT> |\T|\T


+&$. y+y+H |\T|\T $|d
+&$. k] n+<s jTy > HqT
&H +{ q deTjT+ |\T|*
HqT =*k] $q+ ]+~. yTT<{ e
neT | >~ +& qqT |\TdTq<y
n nqTHqT. e neT n|{
$T*q | \ \ * d j T y [
+&+ qqT |*+~ mes ns+
njeTj >T] njTqT. |\T|\
>+& $q|&+ H , #T\T
ujT+ eDbjsTT. HqT m> <s+
#dT y{ y[ e neTyd+
m<TsT#dqT+#THqT. e q #*
#dTe+d+ jT$T+#&q j
L& | nHksT |+qT>
yT e #|+~.
sE nss j H u&s +
e+<. n|&T HqT H u& | <b
Hq, deTjT+ H |q d
s+ bTqT> yT |++<.
sTy =~sE\ H eT+#+ MT<
HbT |&T +& d | H
|+#+ bs+u+ nsTT+~.HqT >&
< q|&T | qqT { | +,
H q T s # dd ] n & @MT
q|& b e+ nH sT\bT ]+~.
H mes q|&bsTTq|{, mes
H u> <>Zs> q nqTu \T>T
+&~. H |q mesbsTTH mes
n<XX H T> }|]
|e] 2013

e~*qT> H n|+#~. =k] H


$|yTq #*> n|+#~. #* m+
re+> +&~ n+f H }|]L& &~
<T. mes qqT m\|& >eTdTqT>
H n|d +&~. sE <jT + HqT,
e neT e+>~ LsT { >T
e{&T+ H+.
+ e, jTqT+ mes
u e q& T d e+> ~ y |
edTq T> n&T>T\ X+ $q|&+ ~. <+
yT+ e\T | e+>~ jTe
#&> n& mes q|&<T. e Hq
n|&T q u&s+ >& < H&T.
n+f #|&T e Hq$e n
H ns+ nsTT+~. HqT +{ |qT\T
# d T H | & T mes qqT y q +{
+TqT> H n|d +&~.
sEq HqT y{ q e y[
n& q =f | q eTqT rdyk qT
sE eT<V+ mes <+qT>
HqT n|jT+> =f <>Zs y[
# kqT. + H y q \ mes
qT+#TqT> n*& $|++~. sTq
yq ]>qT. H yq\, \qT+& b<\
es q\ eTTdT>T ydTq s+
q|&+~. HqT ujT+ H\| y*|&
eTsbjqT. sTy d+es
+{ = |sTT+{ yjT&+~.
sT y nH sT\T d |
qqT y+{&TH +&~. sT y yTeTT
n& qT+& += = +{ es+.

H>eTT<

21

sE s e neT #|+ yTT<\T


|{+ ~. eTq+ +&eq b +{ >+
+ +&~. @ sD+>H us q
usqT #+| +{ H () {
=f Xy =+\+ <|{&T.
\dsD+b+~q us |>e]
=fH ed+#+ bs+_++~.
+{ eq yTT<{ H |
mHksT |++~. $wjT+ q
|\q MT #_ MTsT ujT|&s
#|<T. C HL& |
|++~. HqT mq& $wjT+
e neT #|<T.
(eT q |d_&\T :
Hb<X #+~q V+<e
jTTe&T q *dq ujqyTq
nqTue + >T]+ eTq |+#T+TH&T...
n|&T H ejTdT <<| 10
d + e s\T +T+~.) $T*q~ e#
d+

q+&* <s |X#|& $es\T


\Tkj?
e +q deTjT+ q
>V d T \qT { e J$+ ]> nH
d+|Tq\T sjTeTesTT. n> e
C#+ = >V d>T\e\q
e eqd s>\T se+, |X#|&
\ > + eT]j T T H< + se+
s T > T T +~. $es\T | + >
\TdT+<+. C#+ $$<>V\T
=kq+ q|&T =$<y T q j>+
|e] 2013

@s&TT+~. sTj >+, V+dj >+ +{


j >\H | X # > d j > + nH
j>+L& CwXd+ #|&
q~. e C#+ \>+
sVQe eT]jTT #+<T&T \d H,
b| > V \T +<\ H C
|X#>dj>+ |&TT+~. += eTTK
$wjT+ @eT+f j>+ |{q C
q#+ X \>+ H < \>
M + H j > + eT]+ \e s
eTeT+< >V+#*.
|X#>d j> * q C \T
|X#\# eV+#&+ , |X#\#
u~+#&+ sT>TT+~. n++&
j>+ q C\T nH s\
bX$yTq eT]jTT <sTDyTq y<T\qT
b+<+ sT>TT+~. syTq j>+
q e\T <>dTqsTT eT |
n~sT\ M] s# T > >=&e\T sT>T
+{sTT. n+ +& j > +
+q e\ T nH neeH\, n|]
s#T> >T]e+ s>TT+~. +<,
eqds>+ u<|&TTq e jTT
q+&* eT]jTT n+X#+ e&T
THsTT. #\ q >VdT\T
eT]jTT y{ |*\ >T]+ |+>
\TdT+<+...
m) |q q q+&* \>+
sdT b|>V + Te d b+~ H&T.
_) Te \>+ +&+ eT]jTT
>V+ EjTT H\Ze <w b+<+
e\ C+ |X#>dj>+ @s&+~.

H>eTT<

22

H\Ze kqyTq <qdT @ >VeT


beeT eT]jTT EjTT d|eT b|
<w kq+ | |&+ ]+~.
d) @&e kqyTq MTqs sVQe,
|<e kqyTq $T<T q+ b|>V yTq E&T
db+<+ ]+~.
&) q+&* +<kq+
L& Xu>Vq >TsTe, X&T, T<T&T,
eT]jTT |Ps# + <T&T b e+ e\q <w+
eT]+ n~eTsTT+~. |*+> e
#& e\>, <Tw>V|&e\> |X#
u<qT b+<+ ]+~.
) +<kHq 4,7,10e >V\
b|>V\T +&+ eT]jTT \>+ sVQ
Te\ eT< +&+ e\ &T ds <c
>T]e+ ]+~. q+&*
E&T, Te e n|e<\ >T]
ne& ddTHsTT.
m| t ) X T k q y T q 6e k q +
#+<T&T db+<+ e\ e reyTq
s> b+<+ ]+~.
) qy+X # |]o*+
qsTT +<T s+<k qeTT n |s=q&
nweT >V+ yTws nsTT+~. ~ #&T
kq+. +<T dsT&T d#+~ +&+
e\ e sdT d++~+q y<T\T
se+ ]+~.
V#Y) q+&* \>+ q
nsTT+~. \>~| nsTTq T<T&T
eekqyTq 12e >V+ X&T eT]jTT
X *d +&+ e\ e reyTq
#&T sT>TT+~.
|e] 2013

) qy+X #+ s&q
X s>kqeTT eT]jTT jTTkqeTT n
|s=q&q nwe TueeTT nq> es
d # + ~ +& + e\ C
n|]$TyTq s>\T eksTT. eTTK+>
qy+X #+ 6/8/12e kH\
s&T db+~ +&qsTT e
Bs\ y<T\T b|ksTT.
C jTT q+&*
ejTkq+ \>~| nsTTq T<T
bT> X eT]jTT sVQe +&+e\
C & T y T < d T < H~>
e]bj&T.
C+ u<&> >TsTe
H&T. n++& n&T eTss
e+ H&T. n++& eT+kqeT
|s=q& |+#eTkq+ >TsTe e+
q sD+> C| <|j>\T
]> neX+ +T+~.
>TsT eTV<X X n+sX
sT>TTq deTjT+ C| #&
]+~. >TsTeTV<X s$ n+sX
C&T ed+# b++ |< n
|e<+ ] n >VeTT eT]jTT
n+< T d e Td ke < V q+
nsTTbj sTT. | * + > e
|# bsTT+~. sT y n& eeT\T
eTw> es{ n +<Te\T n&
m+<s dj{dT\ (eqdy~
|DT\T) #|+#+ ]+~. m #dH
n s>+ #&<T. (+{ |]dT

H>eTT<

23

\ e d++~+q =+<sT e\T


] j T | s sV \T nsTTq l
seqTse>] (bH H+sT) bqT <s
d+|~+ sTy e jTT C
k$T>] # | + # + ]+~. n
ujT+syTq |X#>d j>+ u<
|&TTq e <|&\ qT+& eT]jTT
eqd s>\ qT+& sD *+#+d+
l k$T ysT dTuVDX nH +
$<H eT&T sE\bT ]|+ |
|k<, rs e #&T. sT y
sVd dTVD jT+ e yT&
yXsT. sTy s+&T H\\ e
eqd y<T\T eT]jTT Xs y<T\T
qjT+ nsTTbjsTT. |dT+ e |&T
V < s u< ybs + # d
|X+yTq J$ T+ duT\ *d
>&T|TH&T)
eqe\T >q #dq bb\
sD+> q |X#>d j> <
dsXb < <eXb nqTu$+#e\d
+T+~. +{ u<\qT b+<TTqy]
jTT C#\qT |]o*+qsTT =
eTTK $wj\T *> nseTsTTbsTT.
e C+ u<kH~|
nsTTq >TsT&T 6/8/12e kH\ +&+
eT]jT sVQe qT+& +<kHq 1/4/7/
10e kq+ +&+ ]qsTT
C &T > q <eC #+~q ds\qT
<sTD+> d+V]+ ds Xb >Ts q T>
>T]+#*. n+& u<&q >TsTe
|e] 2013

$w>VyTq >T[& qT+& +<kH\


db+~qsTT e >q n\
k s TT # + ~q d s \qT d + V ]+
H>Xb b+~qT> >T]+#*.
e C# + u< k q+
sVQe qsTT e ds\e\
|e<+ b+qT> >T]+#*.
e C#+ sVQe
+<kq+ E&T qsTT e
>q ds\ yd+> q e
>\|+ < q]yjT+ <
ds\T ed+# |qT =\+#+ #d
+{& >T]+#*. qT djT+>
bb\qT #jTbsTTq|{ y{ n&T
|s+> u<T&T nsTT b| |
#es n&T b+< |<T.
#eT+~ *jT $wjT + @eT+f
u e H < \j
]+#|&T +sY eT]jTT yTd
dVjT+ m rdT+{y n< $<+>
deTjT+ |sVT dVjT+ L&
| +& rdTy*. sD #jT uTq
u$T +& #qT =\+# eTT+<T
#| n<X s|+ yd+ +& X*
eT]jTT #T| dJe+> ed+# ds\qT
eT+ |jT \<s X++|#d | y{
n& qT+& |+|ydq sTy sTy
s e * bs + _ + #*. +< T d +
| sV T eT+ \+ m+ > H
|j>|&TT+~.

H>eTT<

24

CwXd+ |X#>dj>+
bT> |X|j >+ nH += uj
T +s
yTq j>+ >T]+L& #| & q~.
e C#+ 5e kq+ X eT]jTT
dsT&T db+~ +&+ eT]jTT w |
# + < T & T ( D # + < T & T ) d | e Tk q +
+&+, sVQe \>+ +&+ >TsTe
12e kq+ +&+ e\ C |
X|j >+ @s&TT+~. #bsTTqy] jTT
\T # X|sD+> ejTT
d + q+ n\ eT T eb\T e+
sT>TT+~.
e\eTT C |syT +& T~
|Ps+> #d = bsb e\ L&
|Xb b+< neX+ eqe\
+T+~. n~ m>+f k<sD+> mesH
V+<e&T < V+<es\T #bsTTq 13
sE\bT y] jTT X+ d+ =
XdjT |jT\qT sV#* +T+~.
n #jT |+ #bsTTq e\jTT
\T, |\T>e] eT ysdT*
X|+#+ sT>TT+~.
H{ : dH n+^]+#b sTTH =
<X\T + d+#]dTHsTT. y{
u]q|& eqe\T eT J$\ nqT
| e <\ , | s j \ , qc \
>T]e* +T+~. CwXk eT]jTT
+Xk |j+#T n+{
|e<\ u]qT+& s+#TH neX+
eqe\ u>e+T# |k~+#&+~.
|e] 2013

y{ | j +# T d e Td qT+&
jT|&? < Hd , VTy<
$Xdd +^w y< &T,
J$ *# j ? nq $w j
me]ys ssTT+#Te\d +T+~.

d sD deTjT+ |\T
m+eT+~ eT yT<dTqT, XeTqT,
deTj, &T |jd #\q
+ jsT<T. nsTT \qT
=ks T V s + > | < X \ nq>
q>s\, =+&\MT<, n&e\ jT+
s>TT+~. n+{ deTj\
sD+ bZ H y ] n| & | &
nr+~jT X\ = s\ +<T\T
se+ sT>TT+~. =ksT = \qT
]+q|&T sD+ bZq
qT\, s \ , < s \ s
fwjTq ujT+s nqTuy\T m<TsT
e+ sT>TT+~.
= < X u \ + \ T> T
<jT+ nH + ]+#&+~.
n+<T |se Te> H{ \T>T n>qT&T
j T H . { . sese q{ + # + ]+~.
k<sD+> s qT\ d+> m H
jTH.{.sese e+ bsD \T
y c \T y d| & T = j T e\qT
b{+#+ ]>~. <VsD <e b\T
y d q | & T , eT< , e+k\ < s + >
+&+, H\| |&Te+ +{ jTe\
qT jTq b{+#+ ]+~. n+ <
q{+q sD+>H jTq ydq bsD

H>eTT<

25

b\ n|PsyTq |C<sDqT b+<+


]+~. nsTT <j
T + sD+ deTjT+
jTq b{+# jTe\ @< bsbT
]+< |*+> + eyw+
ydq jTq, wO{+> deTjT+
|X u]+#e\d e+~. <jT+
wO{+> sT>TTq|&T jTq |<
esT&T seTw d eTsD+ bs<+
]+~. sTy jTH.{. sese
m|& bsD yc\T ydH # ]q +>
jTe\T b{d wO{+>T bZq+
]+~.
< T
e d +<
< X + V e&
k s TT d e\qT
dw+q syT>b
es q +<+
* d
2000
d + e s +
n&$ + nH deqT r]dTq
d e Tj T + sD+ bZ q
nH e T+~ @y y < X \ <
|\ +<T\T *>jT \TdTq ~.
nqTuy \ <s+> s+>bes n>Y
nH VssY deqT ]dTH&T.
2000 d+es+ es <s+
jssTTq + nH + q{+q
}]eT+{&sY, |sYBHUH\ L&
n&$ wO{+> ]q|&T $yTq
nqTuy\T m<TssTTqT> \TdTq~. @y
|e] 2013

nC H\T eTqT <>sZ > >eT+qT>


n|++< jT{ nHeT+~
duT\T #|+ ]+~. s sw+
+&|PsY ]sY bsdT wO{+>
]+~. wO{+> sT>TTq deTjT+
nesTT n<XX |ue+ e\
n&$ <e|bsTT |P+ n&$
] kjT+ wO{+> k{ #sT q~.
s T y nesTT w O { + >
bZ q +& u+usTT y [ bsTT+~.
+&|PsY n&e\ nH nr+~jTX\T
K+> HjT b++ de
w O { + > T \T ]| q nH e T+~ # | +
]+~.

e |eTw mesT?
dTesT 5 d+es\ + ]q
$ y T q d + | T q > T ]+ MT
#TqT. d+|Tq >T]+ $q sTy
<j \T +> HsTT n MTsT qeTTsT.
d+|T q | d++<+ q e
e d+|Tq $es\T $+<+.
5 d+es\ + n+f VQX
2006e d + e s + e +{ |
#jT{ eT<ejTdT nesTT #H
mqTHqT. yTqT mH$<\T>
|+#qT. eT+ |eTw +&*q
\D \ yT +&+ yTqT e +{
|#jT{ mqTHqT. nqT
nesTT |sT eTTeT. eTTeT # X<>
e +{ |#d +&~. e +{ me]
@~y # b *q ned s + +&H

H>eTT<

26

neTsTd +&~. yT *$ \,
#TsT<H q >T]+| yT sH
\_++~. n+ u>H q~
$wjT+ e+ $+> +&~. eTTeT
e +{ mH s\ |qT\T #d~. n+
H\T yT~. &>T& H\ T&#~. +
u\ q # +&\ bd~.
nsTT { d++~+ |qT\T #dH
eTTeT +{ MT< bsbTqL&
#TsT e @H& q|& < T . e
ed d+ #eT _+<Te\T L& eTTeT
eTTK+MT<, Xs+ MT< e @H&
q|&<T. n+ XeT|& |#d eTTeT
d+ #eT L& bjTbe+ e
Xs+ *+#~. n+<T m+ w| & ds
eTTeT eTTK+ n\d nH~ @e+
|+#~<T. yT eTc? |
jT+e? n #ksT H n|d
+&~.
e T++ eddTq +>
=+#+ |> q q |+{+{ eTTeT
yd+ + +&~. sE s
$yTq d+|Tq ]+~. sEq e
T+ duT\+ m_wHy[ +{
]e#eTT. H us q |\\ m_wH
$es\T # ] d u q+ # j T +
bs+_+~. m_wH |+qe
=qT eT]jTT *#q H |\\ T
+{ eq sT y nq+ q+& & +>
fT |q q \ LsT y
|e] 2013

neT @y $wj\T e{&T HsT.


kjT++ es @MT q+& |d T |MT<
q HqT H us |\\T e{&T+Tq
e\qT X+> $+ uq+ #dT H qT.
eTTe T sE uq+ u> j sT#d+ ~.
eTTK+> #eT<T+|\ |\TdT n<s>={+~.
n+H |\TdT q+E{ dq{
ns{jT |t n+H u> #d+~.
dV+> uq |jTT& nsTTq HqT
sE L& eTTeT # uq+ +
dsZ~|+ eq+ q+<+> |\e
HqT.
+ &sTT+> s + q
+&H bH +>!+>!eT y+~ H
us|\\T HHk|t> TsT #|+
y+ y HsT. HqT @>>
uq+ #d q|{ &sTT+>s + bH
y>+ >eT+#+& +&bjqT.
bH *|t#jT+d+ HqT &+> fT
eTT+<TqT+ eujT>H eTTeT qqT
e< #T\ y]d H &sTT+>s+
q bH <>Zs y[ ]desY m #e <>Zs
|T V nq~. ne\y| qT+&
m+{ de<q+ <T. HqT uq+ |P]
#d> <<| H\T>TksT n bH ]+>
nsTT+~. H uH ++ \>L &<q
<X+ eTTeT b|+! H\T>TksT
Hy[ bH m+~.
$ + > ne \ y | qT+& @
de<qeTT eTTe T $q|& < T . H uq+
|P]>H HqT &sTT+> s+ e n&

H>eTT<

27

bH <>Zs qT+#T q eTTeT ~>!


+k] bH ]+> nsTT qTe me<T.
k] HqT mTqT. bH #dTq~ mes
\T+{ nH =+#+ s>. eTTeT
ds nqT> \| bH <>Zs qT+& =+#+
<s+> y[ qT+#Tq~. HqT bH eT
m|&T y>TT+< n <<| ]desYMT<
#sTT + T> m<TsT#dTH . d]>Z
5 $Tc\ sT y eT bH ]+> nsTT+~.
<&q bH ]desY rd #$<>Zs |T
V! mes e{&~? nHqT >{>.
ne\y| qT+& mes s&T +>sT>
q ds+ ksY! |q MT | nesTT
qsTT MTsT @MT e{&+& e\eTT
HqT #|q e neqT < <T n
eyT #|+& nH&T.
n e\T H # $+>qT
eT]jTT d s + >qT n|+#sTT. ds ! @+
#Ty #| nHqT. H =+#+ <s+>
# T \T q& T eTTMT< |T b H y |
@> #dTq eTTeTqT zs+
| ] o*d b H ne \ y | qT+&
e{&TTq s& e\T $+THqqT.
bH s&T yTeTT +Tq +{ $es\T,
e |eTw s|sK\T ueT ^dqT>
d$es+> H #b&T. n+<T e
T++ # |e<+ q< L&
#b&T. y+H MTsT MT T+u jT{
rdT e q\s&T b++ q
\eeT #| bH |fX&T.
|e] 2013

m+<T H D+ eTTeTqT
#d +f *jT ujT++{ |*+>
e+ b+~. HqT ($T*q u>+ sujT
d+)

seTV s?
yTTq{ es <e&T, <jT + HHdH!
n y~+# H eT< m<TssTTq
nqTue + sT #THsTT. eTq +{
q|&q+ eq = n+X\T e n
u$+#L&< H nseTsTT+~. e
#be+ n < |P]<, nqT
#bsTTH n #\+bT
u $T| d+#]d +T+< H nqTue +
*+~. ujqyTq H nqTue+ >T]+
MT |+#Ty\|dT+~. $es\T
HsTT.
|eH, |B|t, bsT eT]jTT HqT
q|{ qT+& *d #<TeH+. yTeTT
<>Zs, <>Zs +&y+ qT d\T
nsTTbsTTq sTy <>ZsL& *d
&T+, b&T+ |] |<y+
nj +. \# + 10 d + e s\T
]bsTTHsTT. |&T |eH, eTwj
|B|t jTT.mdt.m. <>\T #dT H sT.
+&j $T*+~ HqT eT]jTT bsT
eyT. yTeTT <s+ L& <>
y s T y s T | < X \ +TH+. H q T
nHksT bsT eTT+sTT \TdTe+
]+~. d+es+ yd$ d\e\ e
$TT\+<s+ eTT+sTT \TdTH+.
y T eTT n+< s + * d <<| H\T> T

H>eTT<

28

d+es\T y=dTq~. k] q\T>Ts+


# *d d] e q+< || > Z\T
+& bjsTT. n<Ty T q d+<s
J$ + eTs T | s$< + > d\u {
#dTy\ ssTT+#TH+.
n+<Td+ bHL& jsT
#dT H+. yTT< yTeTT eTT+sTT <>sZ >
q >y y*. n& s +&T sE\T >&|
sTy >y qT+& s sw+
q eT+>TSsT |D+ es q |eT
deTT< rs+ y+ nq> Hwq Vy 17
MT<T> ds<> |jD+ #d, eT<
esZ+ $$< ;#Y\ e< eT]jTT
s sw+ q n<TyTq esYe+f
;#Y e< k> \+ > & b \
ssTT+#TH+. ;#YjTT |
@eT+f ;#Y y | q n s _j
deTT<eTT eT]jTT deTT< |q
q 17e H+sY CrjT sV<] eT]jTT
sV<] |H q eT+{ dsdT. yTT+
s +& T ys\bT e $V s j
=qk>\ ssTT+#&+~. nqTq
|syT yTT< sE <jT + yTeTT >y
#sTH+. n& yTT<{ s+&T sE\T
>&b\ ssTT+#Tq yTeTT n& q
;#YjTT sDe\ 5 sE\bT n&
+&bj+. >y #TT| \ q \+>Tf,
u> eT]jTT n+EH +{ n<TyTq
mH ;#Y\qT 5 sE\ #&+
]+~. >y rsb++ \_+# |\T,
|e] 2013

s=jT\T, #|\T +{ \#s\ #dq


n < T y T q e+\qT >y
sks+\ | rs s+#+.
sTy yTeTT >y qT+& 17
q+sY Hwq Vy MT<T> eT+>TSsT
y\ ssTT+#TH+. deTjT+
bsTe &jTsY |+&! e k+ }sT
>y <>Zs> q< MT \TdT. eTq+
] & e# deTjT+ MT
n<T e }sT #|kqT. HqT
#|es n<T+ @$T{? n <jT#d
MTsT mes n&> L &<T nH&T. n<T+
@$T{ |+& #&\ HqT, |eH,
|B|t, >{> ssTT+#TH+. sTy
y T eTT s T >y qT+& j T \T< ]
eT+>SsT #s> eT< esZ+ *q
nH n<T | <X\qT k~d
\|+ #k+. sTy 5 sE\T
eT+>TSsT >&| ] jT\T<s+.
e#|&T >y <>Zs> q ssY nH
|D #sT H+. |D + qT+& sT
s+&T >+\T |jDd >y #sTe#T.
bsT k+ }sT ssY n e n+<]
eTT+< \TdT e *jT $wjT + @eT+f
bsT |< $T+<sT T+u #+~q
y&q $wjT+.
ssT |D+ b*yTs q
|< seTV <>Zs e sT #sq~.
eT |P\T seTV J$d
+&ys bsT e nH&T. #&{
b|& q|{ sueq+ n<TyTq

H>eTT<

29

yue+ <sq$T+~. ueq+


#TT> $X\yTq q~. ueq+
+b+&y e+< + ]+q
|< qT| > T L & q~. y T eTT
ueH #s>H ueq+ mH>H
+Tq >DX nH |y&T e k>+
#| |* rdTy&T. >DX |sp
kjT++ 7 >+\ es ueq+
+&, sTy ueH 2 MTs
<s+ q q +{ y[b +{&T.
n+f s deTjT+ seTV
mes +& s T nqe. > D X e
s T s y T q V s @sT# k & T .
kjT++ 7 >+\ e*q+ Vs
|> H+. sTy >DX q +{
y[b e uT\! MTsT ue q+
q V\T<{ m{ |]dT\qT jT
><T \, ]&sY y y=<T
V \T|\T ydT VsTT> <b+&.
\y] 6 njTd] b\TrdT
ekqT nH&T. yTeTT ds nH+ yT+
q\T>TsT+ V\T kb LsT ds<>
e{&T+TH+. VsT> bsT =
$wjT + #| + bs+_+#&T. $TTs!
MT ue q+ HqT #|+#ujT $+
@eT+f ueq+ e |P\ \T
nss <{q sT y d+#]d +{sTT.
eTq+ V\T <{ jT y[ ne
#&e#T. += eTTK $wjT+ @eT+f
b++ eTTK+> ue q+ s +T
m|&TbT+<? m|&T edT+<? me]
|e] 2013

*jT<T. qT eTq+ V\T jT


y[q|&T s +TbsTT, T ]bsTT ue q+
n+ N{ eTjT+ nsTTq|&T MTsT m{
|]dqT ujT|&L&<T?
bs T $TqV
$T*q e eTT>TZ]
seTV
d + # ] +# \
# &\ V V
|{+~. |eH, |B|t
y T T< { | *
#&{ s\H VsT> s+T
be+ |eH ujT|& bj&T. HqT
|\T #&qT V\TH LsT+{qT.
MTsTL& H <>Zs Ls+& nH&T
Db . |B|t|\ uj
T |&T TH |
e+ <s +>H |d |* K+>
#&* nH&T. H $wj ed
|\T nd\T +&e |P]> qeTTTq
H | \ > T ]+ u j T | & *q
neds+<T. |* #&{ V
|&qT. e <>Zs bwt neT]q yTs
L& +&+ < # rdT
V\T q&#qT. HbT bsT, |eH,|B|t
L& jT e#sT. n~ |q$T s
e+ ueq+ q @< {
qT+& |* yH\ y\T>T |d]dTq~.
n| { s +TbsTT <<| be> +
y=dTq~. yTeTT V\T jT q
]&sY |]o*dTq|&T ]&sY <<|
50 eT+~ qT+#{ d]bjT+ |<~>
q< e n|++~.

H>eTT<

30

e n+dT 6 u&s +\T, s +&e


n+dT \ T 12 u&s +\T HjT, ue q+
{ <<| 150 d+es\T >&#jT,
<<| 4 s\ |P\T n& ed+#s
bsT dq{ ds+ e #TTH&T. eTT
@ D+ nsTTH |B|t jTT |P\
|\qT #&e\d +T+< HqT |
$T*q <s <&+> ssTT+#HsT.
H e+ |\T e >{ qeT+
n| { < +& ~ . + V s T >
($T*q~ sujT d+)

n|Ts X* |k~+# <jT


bdH $<qeTT
nH eT+ +\qT
Wbdq |{q e\T eT
$wjT+ jT ||+#
*jT+& m|e]ks
*jTCdTHeTT. n+{
ysT V<jT + Xj
T T\T
(X | P +# y ),
jT{ |+# yw<sD $wjT+
Xe\e, du\T, deyX\T eT+ d++<
se\T ]q|&T ywe\e |\
|ksT. n+ eT dsb
m{|]dT\qT sT\ *jTesT.
o b++ d+#]+# n|Ts\T
<jTT& + esZ+ s~+q
sD+>H nH eTVT\qT * Hs
\ Td T + ~. nd \ T n| T s esZ
eT\| s T w & T < j T T& nqe
jT<seTT.
|e] 2013

<$ <q+ j>T\T> >T]+#&q


y] |eTTKT\T @H< eD|uT,
k$TdeTsY (n{) ydT<yq+< dsd ,
|+eTVsC, u+&sY.
<+ (<yT) nH ;+ <jTT&
|r> \TdT+ ~. @ eT++ >jTr
nH|sT>\ #+<dT qT> \TdTq~.
1. <+ z+ V+ + >+ <+` nH sT
;C s \T> \ w c eT+ e TT L &
<jTT& bd+#T |j+#
&T#Tq~.
2. <+ <jT qeT: nH nc
eT+eTT L& <T k<q |j+#
&T#THsTT.
3. + 13 ;CseTT\T>\ j<X]
eT+ + z+ W+ + + @V
<jTkV j<X eT++
>jT nH #+<dT qT> \TdTq~.
16 ns\T>\ c&X eT++
4. z+ + + + + V+ V+ V+
kV kV
5. <eT++ ` V ]:z+ Y d Y C
> T s T <
6. <jT eT+eTT :
z+ V ]+ | s V + | s e H
VsujT+<jT <j kV
7. y<\ #|&q <eT++ : z+
+ V+ + @V <jT kV
8. z+ + + + + <+ B+ <+ k
<jT kV
9. < >jT : z+ <jT $<V
n |jT BeTV H < |#<
j YY

H>eTT<

31

>b d+q b| + $<qeTT


$eseTT\T
|\\T \T sX |{\T>
+T+~. <+|T\ yTq q+<+,
d+w+ d+q+H \T>TT+~. <+|T \T
m+ n+<yT q ysT nsTTq|{ s+se T
X+>s dTU\qT $rs b+~q|{
dTU\ |* +> d+q+ \> jT&\
y] dTU\T m\\+ q+< ee.
e e+X+ \&\H de+ eT+
|sTqT b+<\H e |d]>
d+q+ +&*. C n_e~ L&
d+q+ nedsyT q~. |\\T d
>=&\T n, >=&TyT~ n de+
s d\T |]Vd+#+ sT>TT+~.
n+<Te\q de+ ed+# | +{
L& d+ _&HH b+<e\d
+T+~. nsTT +q n+<] _&\T
|sT.
|>{|P n&T+, s|P
s&T |q |yyT+TMT< >\T |
|&TH nH< d\ *w+> +& |\\T
e<H |&sT. n q =+<sT d\
m+ sTH, m |jT\T #dH
_&L& |be+ eTq+ #dH
HeTT. {e\ \+ eT $<q+
nq> .jTT., .$.jT|t +{ |<T\
d\ d+H *+# |jT\qT
y<T\T #dTq|{ |jT\ e\ e#
|*\T # sXq+> HjTH
#b*. e\eTT ysTTeT+~ |~eT+~
|e] 2013

e y T eT $< q+ \ T \ T
>\T>TTHsT nqe j<s+. eT]
\T\T +& $T*bsTTq 990 eT+~ d\
d+> @$T{? +{ d\ d+ V+<e
+Xd+ n<TyTq eT+ $<H
* j T C d + ~. + $< q+
>b\w& jT+ s|+ |P+#+
s T > T T +~. $es\qT | + >
\TdT+<.
d+qb| >b + $<H
T<y s+H&T , bs$ TH&T sb*.
n~L& <jT+ 6 >+\ 12 $Tc\
qT+&, 7>+\ 36 $Tc\ eT< #j*
+T+~. sEH&T <+|T \T Xu+ >
\kq+ #d sTy |]XuyTq \
ek\qT <]+ #| ydT sy|
#d Lsy*. sT y y] m<TsT>
d\T < s | +#T <
eqT + sT y | + >b
d+qb| jT+ +#*. sTy
|+#eT <>sZ > +#Ty*. eT+
k<q#d|&T |+#eT <>Zs>
+#Ty*. eT+ k<q#d|&T
us, us &y|q Lsy*. us
+~ eT+ X< |]d +&> us
q #T q |+#eT =~=~>
|+ q e| bd +&*. us
#<y*q eT++... z+ u y X s y+
|PsXs qeT: eT+ |e\
#j*. (nq> 108 ksT |+#*)

H>eTT<

32

eT++ |sq+ |P] njTd]


|+ bdq |+#eT+ e |P]>
eTTby*. sTy us, us
m&eTy|q Lsy*. |&T jT++ q
|+ eTT+<T H Bb keD
y*+#*. sTy usus\T <s
*d k] +< #|q eT+ 3
ksT |+#*.
z+ | P s + < T | P s X s |
|<jT qeT:
sE | P ] nsTTq s T y
eT+>+ d+<j eTVjT >TDH
nH eTT+| X <+|T\T <s
#]+#* +T+~.
s+&e sEq |PC <eeTT\qT
(|eTT, e, |+#eTeTT e>s\T)
ms{ < |dT| >T& eT> {
q~, | e V +# \Te
*|yj*. sTy |P
| j +q | e \qT e +
bsyj
T +& u <|s # T | sp d+
>+fH yT&#T <]+#&+ eT+~.
|e\qT yT& ydT =q deTjT+ yTT<
#|q eT+ MqksT |+#+
eT+~. H\ |P]>H eT bs$ T edT+ ~.
n|&T n+es sp yT& ydTq
|e\qT @<H q~, \Te
*|yj*. n+{ d+q >b\ k<q
|P] neT+~. | <+|T\T d+q
u> b+<yT sTysTT.
|e] 2013

d+q >b\w eT+eTT :


z+ l+ V+ + >+ <edT
>$+< ydT<e > <V yTqjT
w eTV+ XsD+: l+ V+ +
kV :
(10y\ ksT |d d+q u>+
| \_ksTT)
H{ : d+qb| >b jT+
bsyjT+& <eTT& |{\e< +,
$T*q <eTTbT sp |P+#T
=qe#T. n+<Te\q eT] Xu|*eTT\T
\_ksTT.

sj> |k~+# u +
k<H $es\T?
u &T n+f XXH\ d+#]d
|X#\ |uTe> +{& # eT+~
\TdT. nsTT u&T e\eTT &
+&&T. u>+|q nHeT+~ u
\T +{sT. nd\T u&T n+f @$T{
eTT+<T \TdT+<. XXH\ d+#]+#
nH e+<~ |\ n~| > n+
Xe+yTq | +T+~.
|\ n~|> +& | s#T>
eqe eT <V\qT neVdT+~. |*+>
eT<V\T Je+ q eTqTw\ e
XXH\ eT]jTT @+ |<X\
d+#]d +{sTT. j eT<V\
q u\ |ue+ e\q eT<V\T
m H\\T >&H @ e+ b&T+&
ds#]d +{sTT. bNq\+ sTT
sC |]b*+# $esTeTVsE

H>eTT<

33

<>Zs sE < e+&T e


q u & |{ eT s&T.
q e< e j+qy] @<H
d s d +# + > # $ e s T & T ,
e+&T ]q u& kq
n& y>q+ #k&T. u&T eTVX
e+T& T\e]L& nsTT H&T.
u&T Xy eV+ q|&T
eyT u& |Te{ M\T
neT+~. n+<Te\q $esT&T
nss deTjT+ q s< q>s+
b*yTs q |< XXH y&T.
m+ >T+& <s+ +& MsT\T L&
deTjT+ XXq+ \T|{
kVd+#sT. kVk, <s
y T T+& | T < \ es T |s T nsTTq
$esT&T uj
T +s+ > q XXq+
n&T>T |yT +& XXq+
eT\> q eT]#T =eT \ +<T\T>
y&TTq eqe eT<V eV+
q u& |d>{&T. | eeT
MdTq #\ <TsT>\T\T, +=| eT
Vs d+b<qd+ eT]#T =eT\|q
d+#]dTq >T&>u\jTT $yTq
nsT|\T, @< eT\qT+& +&T+& uj

*d }\T|f & yesD
#dL& @$<yTq + eT]jTT ujTeTT
+& kVd $esT&T eT]#T m&T.
eT]#T =eT &T y&TTq Xy
q &TqT q] Xy q uT +| ydT
X+> #T~ e+& yd+y| q&
|e] 2013

bs+_+#&T. & $wjT+ eTq+


\TdTy*.
n~ @$T+f eqe eT<V
e]+ q u&T qqT |{ rdTy
Tq eqe&T eTq+> q+d| eyT
eqe& +>T&T. @ sD+> nsTTH
u&T eV+q q XyydTq
eqe&T e{& + yTT<\T|{&+ f u
X\T n~yT n&T qqT +~+q e
qT+& |+#T b>\T>T&T. n+<Te\q
qT eV + q X y y d T q
$esT eTH u+>+ #jT+ d+
u&T n<TyTq <q #|y&T. <
|P] nsTTH < >T]+ { s+&T
|X\T $esT& n&>y&T. < jTT
|ue+ e\q $esT&T nH+>
<| q n_bj u& #|y&T.
|*+> $esT& eTq+ u+>+
njT~. y+H u&T Xe+ dV
$esT& uT+MT< qT+& ejTyT eTs\
eT]#T =eT y&T +&y&T. q
bsbT \TdTq $esT&T eT
eT]#T m Xy uTCqydT sT>T
|jD+ njTy&T eT jT<|s+
Xe+ u &T $esT& $yT q
< #|+ | <| d+<V\T e+
#jT +, <, ks< + yT| s q $esT
&T d+<V \ de<H\T #| + ]>~.
*+> u&T eT $esT&
|TqT+& |+#THy&T nH
e+<\ksT ]q sTy $esT&T,

H>eTT<

34

u&T n&q |X de<q+


#| +& eTq+> +&bj&T. n+{
u& eTTdbsTT+~. u&T,
$esT&T BqT&T nj&T.
sT y u &T qqT eT
]q < e+& jTT
$esT& *jTCk&T. C <
e+&T, $esT& neTy] *
y\ |<+ |qT&T. <sT&q
$ e s T $w j u & T
eTT+<T>H *jTCk&T . |* +> qqT *
y\qTq e+&H [<$ *
yT nqT>V b+<T&T $esT&T.
sT y \+ u &T $esT nH
s\T> dVjT+ #k&T.
u &T nHe T< m+e+
<T. bX <X\ #+~q nHeT+~
|]X<\T bNq\+H{ usrjT +
>+<\qT n<jTq+ #d u&T nH X
| $< q+ s~ + eX +
# d T e# * j T C j T + ]+~.
k<sD+> XXH\ d+#]+# u&T
#es <Tw duyH * +{&T. s
deTj\ XXH\ |y +q eqe*
nH s\T> ujT|{ u~+#+ u
& n\yT n+ +& u & T
eqe\ | |{+#+, >]D d\
> s ky\T * +# +, | d _ & *
dV]+#+ +{ neqTw \
b\&T +{&T. nsTT = # u
&T >e\ s&T> +&+ L&
s>TTq~.
|e] 2013

us<X+ =+DY b++


(>y sw+) u d+d |\+>
q~. b++ u < y
nq|s T u & < e d s | + >
|P+#+ sT>TTq~. u&T e
nesyT q \us e de&> +{&
\TdTq~. >y b++ nyH nH
|<X+ l u \jT+ ]+#&
q~. lu&T lX+<TsZ nH
neTy] k<sT&T n #|&TTq~.
n+<Te\q X+<TsZ \j\ u
L& |P\T s>+ eTq+ >eT+#e#T.
ujT+syTq >V * +& u
sb n u &T n |\Te&TTH&T.
n u sdT qT+& nH n
C\\T y\Te&T +{sTT n u
&T [<$ nqT#sT&T> +{&.
=+D b++ +& eT+>
n u& dVjT+ eqe\|
# & | j +# + s T > T T q~.
nu&T s#T> s * e+
sT>TTq~.

Vd keTT~\ eTVX#
|+#>T bdH sVdeTT\T?
eqe\ ns#T\qT (Palms) n+<*
s K\qT |]o*+ y] u$ wTq T *jTCd
$<yTq V+< Cw $<H Vd
keTT~eTT (Palmistry) n |\TksT . C
VdkeTT~ #+~q m >+<\qT
n<jTq+ #dq|{ |+#>T<$ jTT
nqT>V+ < VdkeTT~\T d+|P]>

H>eTT<

35

#| + @ Cw& k< +<T. |+#>T


< $ bd + qys T e j T T
VdsK\qT #&>H e jTT u$wT
K+> \TdT>\T>TsT. nsTT
#eT+~ VdkeTT~\ |+#>T<$
k<q >T]+ *jT<T. =+<sT ks| s T q
Cw |+&T\T n+<] VdkeTT~
Xd+ q b+&+ +&>&<T nq
ks+ e\ |+#>T<$ bdH $<H\
>T]+ |P]> sV d+> +#+ ]+~.
eT+ nq~ n+< ] < * nq
n_bjT+ m+ >&y T q |+#>T
k<q >T]+q $es\qT >+<+
*jTCdTHqT.
nd\T |+#>T
nH $< m
$s$++<
y T T< \ d T
+<+. |Ps+se
b+& e \ s T
+ |TsjTT<+
sT>TTq deTjT+ se\ +& nsTTq
<sw&T |TH n+<T&T e+ e\
j T T< + mes T m bs& T T Hs
\TdTH neX+ jTq +&
bsTT+~. n|&T lw| s e <sw
MT< C* <\ q u&q d+jTT
~e<w |k~+#&T. |* +> d+jTT&T
VdH|s+ <sw |H LsT
~e<w sT jTT<+ m sT>TT+<
\TdT <sw |Pd>TqT>
#|+ yTT<\T|{&T.
|e] 2013

~e<w *qysT u , u$ wY,


eseH\qT (Past, Future and present) #
dT\Te> \TdT>\sT. sTy\+
d+EjTT&T q q ~e<w |+#>T
$<> e] $<qT HsTH eT+
$<H\qT sb+~+ sTy s\y]
n+~+# + ]+~. | + #> T
$<bT> \Cq eT+ L&
|]+qsTT u u$wY eseTH\qT
#dqT> #|+ k<eTeT+~.
|+#>T k<q e\dq ds+Ce..
1. |+#>T jT+eTTqT eT]jTT
eT+eTTqT >TsTe e< qT+& d]+#*.
2. | + #> T eT+ X
|+ $~jT, |+#$T eT]jTT d|$T
~H\ bs$TH&T |+ #j*
+T+~.
3. <jT +|P eyT #jT e\dq
|PqT <jT + 4 >+\ qT+& 6 >+\
| #jTe\d +T+~.
4. m+{ eqe d + #s +
|<X\ |+#>T eT+ k<q #j*
+T+~.
5. eT+ k<q#dysT
|dT |s+>T <TdT\ T <] + |dT |s+>T #||
sTy| #d Lsy*.
6. k<&T q m<TsT>
#|qT + <| |dT| s+>T ek
| | <| | + #> T j T +
|w+#*.

H>eTT<

36

7. |+#>T jT+eTT| +eT


dd V +#*.
8. sTy eTT+<T >D|
s T y q eT+ q
>TsTe>]|sTqT \#T | k<q
bs+_+#*.
9. sT y jT+ |P\T#d,
jT+ 16 s\ edTe\qT Hy<+>
+#*. edTe\T @e+f...
+eT, r|, |<seTT\T, \eTT,
|weTT\T, _jT| +\T, >+<||dT,
b\T, H, |sT>T, HsTT, \e+>\T, e\T,
eT\b\T, |+#<s, ms{ +<eTT
eT]jTT |+#eT rseTT. (b\T, |sT>T,
|+#<s, H, HsTT). sTy |+#>T
< $ | eTqd T qT *| | + #> T
eT+k<qqT bs+_+#*.
y T T< eT+ # < y *...
|+#>T eTV<$ leTH<s XY dH n~c
sjTk X <ww:
sTy & ns# =~>
C\ rdT ~e<wd+ |+#>T
k<q #dTHqT n eTqdT |eD+
#dTy*. sTy |e\qT rdT=
+< eT+ k] |]+ |P dqT
sb*. n |e\ +& 108
|Pd\qT 108 ksT eT+ |]+ yq
sb*. |e\ |+#e\dq n |< q
|+#>T eT++ +T+~. ($T\q~
e# d+)
|e] 2013

>eTT + k<H
$eseTT\T?
neTy]jTT eosD X |
s|yT >eTT. yTqT =+>\ \~>
u$ksT . s u s< X + yTqT |+ s
n |\TksT . >eTT |# { +>sTs+>T
Xs# jTqT * +T+~. yT |dT ||#
ek\qT <]dT+~. neT+ |eV+#
eTVdeTT<+ nH |dT |s+>T \Te|P\T
+{sTT. \Te|P\ eT< +>sT
d + V d q + MT< > eTT oqTs
+T+~. yT = >+<\ ~uT nq>
s +& T # T \qT * q~ n, =
>+<\ #TsT nq> H\T>T Vk\qT
* q< #|&q~.
k<sD+> s+&T #T\T>\ >
eTT s|+ keT+> +T+~. yT jTT
&# <+& +T+~. < yT
sdT& =&T +T+~. m&eT#
sdT& jTT H\TqT jT yd
+T+~. $<y T q >eTT jTT +
d+uq nH + |j> ddTq~.
nq> > eTT | j > + e\
XTejTT e |&bT+~. >eTT
k<q #d k<\ eT+d~ *q
sTy XTe\| >eTT |j>
#jT>\ X edT+~.
>eTT |+<$ n, Vd
s|D n |sT L& HsTT. yT
e{&y& eT>y&> #jT>\<T. Cq+
qy& nC> #jT>\<T. >eTT
|j+ XTe eT>q+, nCq+
*> #jT e#T. | &T u $T|q

H>eTT<

37

uj
T +sy T q |qTTbqT $sT#T|&+ ~.
TbqT re u$T| q deTd Jes
T&|TbT+< nq ujT+ H{
eTVsT\ *+~. deTjT+ H{
ksw (>TsY) b++ nHeT+~
>eT<e\T # deyXy T >eTT
b]+#sT. n|&T yT V]< nH dses+
qT+& $s$++~.
yTqT >eT <e\T nH $<\T>
dT+#+ yT X++ ujT+s
TbqTqT nDyd+~. >eTT s
us< X + nH n<T \j\T HsTT.
y{ Ve#\ |<X {. eT<
|<X cC|PsY <>Zs q q& nH
bs+ { eT<|<X <{j nH
b++ { HsTT. us<X
bsT>T<XyTq Hb >eTT +
sb Hb se+o\ <sD q~.
sD+>H Hb <X+ U{eT+&T
jT q |{H b++ q HysY
q>s+ n|< >eTT \jT+ q~.
Ve# |<X >Tee< q eT+& nH
b++ ]+#&q >eTT \j
y~eT+~ V+<u\T <]dTHsT.
$X w + @eT+f > eTT | P # d
|sVT&T |P @<H & #d n
}V+# #&T \T>TT+~. >eTT
n_eT+>eTT jT++ |P+#e#T.

|e] 2013

|&\T, X|eTT\T, <weTT\T `


|]VseTT\T
XqeTT\T :
Bs\ y<T\ u<|&TTq
s>T\ s eTsDeTT suTq~ nq
$wjT+ d+#T = s\ d|eTT\T
se+ sT>T+~. n$....
1. q # seT mesH
s + ydqT> \ eq# jTeTTqT+&
|\T|eqT> >T]+#*.
2. qqT q\ y+{&, y+{&
]qT> \ed s eTsD+ |<
>T]+#*.
+esZ+ #|&q = bjTeTT\T:
1. d+qeTT d d+qeTT
b+<T _& jTT b\ |qT (Milk
Teeth) }& T T q| & T | q T H \ MT<
|&> |T sTy |qTqT
M<T yd m&eT#sTT Ty*.
2. +{ b\| j sT#dq
jT+\qT <>Zs +#Tqy] m&
y[H >sy\T \_ksTT.
3. &|\qT H* nqTH d,
eT#TjTT ysTqT b&#d { *|
>*. |*+> yT &|\ dT+~.
4. +~ |<X\ y[qysT
+{ eq sTy #T\T &T
|* sy*. n #jT+f j
|<X\ qs X\T +{
|y+ #|s V *ksTT.
|<X\T @e+f...

H>eTT<

38

X XH\T, qH > qT> , | e < +


]q#, >jT|&qy] < #bsTTq
y] #dq|&T.
5. #+<T&T X|+ q|&T
(n_ e ~ # + < T T q| & T \ | ET
] +#&qsTT ET # y>+ > eT
|sT>TT+~.
6. me] +{ qT+& nsTTH
m\T\T y{n+ ny +{ e<*
jT y[bT+f n~ eTsDXq+>
u$+#*. nq> +{ y mes
sT n s eTsD+ #uTH& nse TT.
7. = +{ |y+q sTy
n+<] |* uH\T |{ nqX+
#j *. n #jT +f = +{ #]q
= X\T qs*, +T*
sTsTT.
8. \T #| * <] +#y] s>+
\_+#yT +& < X\T <s+>
+{sTT.
|<w+ : |d_&\ eT&T H\\T
+&T| kjT+ deTj\ |\T eT
] y X+ m>TsTT
q|&T sT jT rdTsL&<T. n
rdTed _& MT<T> ms | e\q
_& |< w+ >T \TT+~. |< w+ *q
_&\ |dT||# < |# s+>T
$s#q+ neT+~. n++& <w+
*q _&\T b<+MT< b<+ # #sTT
ydT= _+#T |&T+{sT. y{
$&Bd +#\ |<\T m+ |jT+H
|\\T eT n<| #ksT.
|e] 2013

eT _&\ e sTH \T\T


sT\T #dT+&> y (d\T nsTTHds)
eT _&\ #qTu\T es<T n #d
_&\ ~w >T\TT+~.
|<eT\T ` neyd : dsT&T
ss q H\qT c&ed+ n
|\TksT . ss #+<TjTT k+s
nsTT q~. neyd ~ sEq
ds#+<T\T deTj\ <sTT+#+
eT]jTT nd$ T+#+ sT>TT+~. CwXd
d<+\ |s+ #+<T&T eTHs &T.
>V+ eqe\ eqd n+X\qT
$Xk |u$+ #dT+~. #+<T&
qT+& $&T<\ njT njTk+ sD \ e\q
deTT<+ bT (High tide) d+u$dT+~.
| d++<y T q |]Vs\d+ #d |jT \T
neyd deTjT+ n~yTq |*\qT
kjT \TdTq~. neyd ~
V+<Te\T #bsTTq eT |P\
eT]jTT +<Te\ sD\T e<\+,
XseTT\T e<\+ sT>TT+~.
neydH& sD\T m+<T
e<*? nq d+<V + # eT+~ edT+ ~.
d+<V CwXd+ de<q+
# T T +~. eqe\ d e Td \T s +& T
s\T> \T>TsTT. 1. >V\ e\q 2.
#bsTTq q |P\ nd+| e\q.
T++ $$< s\ #+~q e\
eT< &.mH.m. nH qT|syTq d++<+
=qk>TT+< JeXd+ #|&+~.
nsTT XsyTq &.mH.m. @ $<+>

H>eTT<

39

eqe\ eT< d++<+ @ssTdT+<


n<$<+> d++<yTq &.mH.m.
#bsTTq y] eT]jTT J$+ qy]
eT< d++< @ssTdT+~. n+<Te\q
#bsTTqy] (| <e\T +<T e\T)
@sD+> nsTTH nd+| *qsTT
\jTT |Tw T++ J$+
qy] * y] c\b\T e+
sT>TT+~.
|<e\T u$T, X eT<
q |+ edd +{sT. Cw
Xd de#s+ |s+ *d~ @eT+f
eqe jTT 64 s\ |P\T
eqe nH s \T> d V j T +
#jT>\sT. n< $<+> |P\T eT
s 64e s #+~q J$+ q
e d+uw+#>\sT. (f| <s <
db\) n+<Te\q ds q sD\T +&
sTq ysT eT |P\
\ q+<+ *+# |]Vs\T
# s TT+# T q s TT y y T \T
\T>TT+~.
|<e\ X+ d+ V+<e
|\T sV+# |]Vs\T us<X+
= sw+ =$<+> +T+~.
k<sD+> T++ J$+ qy]
|<ysT, |sVT\ dVjT+ q<T\
&Tq, deTT<| &Tq sD\T
e+, Xs\T |+ sT>TT+~. eT+
+\ \jTyTq s sw+ |P\
X+d+ s<y|* nH
|e] 2013

se sVksT. yTT+ MT< #d


c&ed+ e# neydH&T |
< e \ qT | P +# y ] n s \T>
nuTq +T+< \TdTq~.
eT C\ |<w+ qy],
nX, eT, se, Xc, eTK, q\
+qy] < |j>\e\ |e<+
]> neX+ +~. qT { <c\T
qysT eT| @<H |j>+ ]+<
nqTeq+ * nqTueEq |+&T\#
q |]Vs\T #sTT+#T deTd\ qT+&
jT|&>\sT.

]q s\T rs nwjT k<H


$es\T?
jTDT\T d C #+~qysT. ysT
nH n<T eqyr X\qT *
+{s T . m+ ej T d T eH ys T
n<TyTq k+<s+ #|sT\ ~>eTqT
*d +{sT. jTDT\T u>s+
|+#jT&q >T| <T\ |>
+{jT +Xd+ *jTCdT+~.
jTDT\ nwjTDT\T nH esZ+
q~. esZ #+~q 8 eT+~ jTD T\qT
d++~ eT\eT++ s~+qsTT
jTDT\T |yT k< s\qT
K+> rsTksTT. us<X+ |eTTK
ybsT\T> |sTb+~q nHeT+~
nwjTD k<q sD+>H qkH
b+<s \TdTq ~. nwj
T D T\ $es\T...
1. dTsdT+<] : eTV k+<se,
X+>s sk~<e nsTTq jTD

H>eTT<

40

s~ + qy] ] + > q k s TT
\T>TT+~. ds d+|<\T \_ksTT.
2. eTHV]D : yT m<T{y]
dy VT\qT#d e * +T+~.
yT L& k< d+|<q T |k~dT+ ~.
3. q e { : 16 d+es\
ejTdT +& n+<yT q jTD XTe\qT
HXq+ #d X |k~dT+~.
4. yTX] : eT+ jTeq+
q|& yT m<T{y] eT |seX\qT
#d X+>s+ ~+b\ |jTdT+~.
yT L& dTU\qT, <H |k~dT+~.
5. s | j T : |#{ +>sT
#jT +& jTD XseT+ dTes
u s D \qT < ] + +T+~. y T
k<\ d+c |k~dT+~.
6. |~ : Xs+ > u> q|&
yT n+<yTq qT * +T+~. yT
k<\ eqd $Xk
|k~dT+~.
7. q{ : jTD k<\qT
m\y\ | |< qT+& b&T
+T+~.
8. n q T s D : n+< y T q
Xs#jT +&, k+<s+ yT]dbjT
jTD d+|<\qT, ], >sy
|k~dT+~.
nw jTDT\qT |dq+#dTH
$<qeTT : k<qq Xys+ H&T
nss deTjT+ bs+_+#* +T+~.
\kq+ #dq sTy >T_s+>T d\T
|e] 2013

ek\qT <]+ H #|| sTy|


#d |<dq+ Lsy*. |P
bs+_+#{ eTT+<T k<&T q
X s + | d T > + < < y \qT (d+T )
#\Ty*. sTy s~ q
m<TsT+& eH Bbs<q y*+#*.
sTy keD &\qT y*+ +<
e& q eT+ 51 | e \\T
|+#j* +T+~.
eT+eTT : z+ + l+ nwjTD
># ># kV
k<qqT 21 sT\T k+#*.
k<q q deTjT+ k<\T ]q
V#s + b{+#*. eT<e+k\, yX
yc\ <s+> +&*.
eTTK d#q : nXe+yTq
jTD k<qqT = y #jT+ n+
eT+~<T. m+<T+f k<q ]>
deTjT+ k+<se+Tq jTDT\T
k<\eTT+<T |yT y] eT|s+>
s # ={ k< q qT + | s # \
|jTksT. jTDT\ |jT\qT
u>+#d XjT+ k<qqT k+q
y] |*\T eksTT. jTDT\ s|
eD\qT# d y] nqTu $ +#\
|jT+# k<\T |y nsTTbjT
| e < + q~. d ] nsTTq > T s T e
dVs+ =y k<qqT n+
C>>#d |*\T b+<\ ddT
HeTT.

H>eTT<

41

@ qsysT @ ; eT+
|+#*?
V+<e CwXd+ yTw+ qT+&
MTq+ es 12 sX\T +{sTT. e
s k&T . @s +qysT,
@ | ; eT+ | ] + #
*jTCdTHqT |]o*+#+&.
1. yTws : eT+ yTws
ysT eT+>Vs+ <jT+ 108 ksT
|+#*.
eT++ : z+ + + kV
2. ewus : eT+ ewu
sysT Xys+ <jT+ 108 ksT
|+#*.
eT++ : z+ + + l+
3. $T<Tqs : eT+ $T<T q
s ysT T<ys+ <jT+ 108 ksT
|+#*.
eT++ : z+ + + kV
4. s s : eT+
s sysT keTys+ <jT+ 108
ksT |+#*.
eT++ : z+ + + l+
5. d + V s : eT+
d+VsysT ~ys+ <jT+ 108 ksT
|+#*.
eT++ : z+ V+ l+ kV
6. Hs : eT+ Hs
ysT T<y s+ <jT + 108 ksT |+#*.
eT++ : z+ l+ + kV
|e] 2013

7. Ts : eT+ Ts
ysT Xys+ <jT + 108 ksT |+#*.
eT++ : z+ V+ + l+
8. e s : eT+
esysT eT+>ys+ <jT+ 108
ksT |+#*.
eT++ : z+ + + kV
9. <qdTs : eT+ <qdT
sysT >TsTys+ <jT+ 108 ksT
|+#*.
eT++ : z+ V+ + kV
10. eTss : eT+ eTs
sys T X ys + < j T + 108 ks T
|+#*.
eT++ : z+ + + V+ l+ kV
11. +us : eT+ +u
sys T X ys + < j T + 108 ks T
|+#*.
eT++ : z+ V+ + + l+
12. MTqs : eT+ MTqs
ysT >TsTys+ <jT+ 108ksT |+#*.
eT++ : z+ V+ + kV
H{ : @ s #+~qysT s
#| &q ; eT+ s d++~+q
sEq 108 ksT |+qsTT sjTT
\+|] y] J$ + $j T e+ + >
k>TT+~. ; eT+ Mq ys\T
|+#+ eT+~.

H>eTT<

42

ydT Xd sVdeTT\T
||+#+ nH s\ ydTXk\T
q|{ us<X #+~q V+<e
ydTXd+ n+ Xe+yTq~> H&T
> T ] + # & T # T q~. > V <
s>s ydT |s+ ]d sD+
|PssTTq =~ H\H ydT Xd Xu
|* \T \_ksTT. usrjTydTX d+ nH
XdjTyTq n+X\| <s |& q<
#eT+~ *jT<T. HT~ n+&sY
>+& ysY{+, <s+ +&s<
#|{ >\ sD+ @eT+f HT~X
qe+sY eT]jTT &X+ sY\ n+]+ qT+&
e# njTk+ sD\e\q $|+>
|u$+ neT+~. |*+> n& q
u >s { {+ eT]jTT <s+ y&q y]
nHs>\T \T>TsTT.
Xq+ n+&sY>+& {{+qT
< <s |{qsTT yT, pH H\
Xq+|& sD\T n& qy]
>]w+> u\T *ksTT. +< ysY
{+ < u$ < uy @ ~
+f @ |*\T kj |+> *jT
CkqT |]o*+#+&.
1. Xq+ : d+w+, ku>+
2. >jT+ : >V+ |\\ n_e~
<+T+~.
3. HsT : <q qw+
4. sT : ]|w\T \_ksTT
5. <D+ : >V+ ed+# d\
deTd\T
|e] 2013

6. |eT+ : *+> <q u\T


+{sTT.
7. yjTTe+ : nsD X \T, #suj
T +
8. s+ : ku>eTT, d+w+.
9. eT< : dsHXq+.
u$T |eT+ qT+& sTy|
u+>s+> >T+&+> sT>TT+~.
d+<s+ u$TjTT s <e+ 23.5
&^\T e+>TT+~. |*+> u$TjTT
s_+<Te u$TMT< q Xq+ ~
e< +T+~. n> <D _+<Te u$T
jTT HsT~ e< +T+~. u$TjTT
Xq ~ qT+& $XX sD\T <H
s|+ sD\qT sTT. n<$<+>
HsT ~qT+& TTD < qs
X\T sD\qT sTT. n+<Te\q
n+]+ qT+& e# <HX \e
#dT, TTD X s+& #jT+
dyT ydT Xd d\T sb+~#&sTT.
u$T MT< |eV+# njTk+
|yV n&T=+& +&+d+ @
ueq+ jTT eT<u>+q d+u\T
+& #dTy*. eT]jTT s~
n~ {\T, <D~ e {\T
+& #dTy*. n+<Te\q s ~
qT+& e# X e\q >V+y] yT<d T
u> n_e~ #+<TT+~. s ~ <H~
| nsTTq usT& d++~+q~ qT
s~ u>T+f >V+ d+|<\T
n_e~ #+<TsTT.

H>eTT<

43

ydT, >V<c\qT m<Ts>\<?


qe>V \ eqe* re+> |&+ #
>V + X. e C #+ q 12,1,
2e kH\ Xd+#s+ sT>TTq
qTX n, k&kY n |\TksT. X
eC+ H\Ze kq+ q deTj
nswe TX n |\TksT . n<$<+ > e
C + 8e k q + X d + #s +
s T > T T q d e Tj nw e T X n
|\TksT. XeTV<X \ |]eDeTT 19
d+es\T> #|&+~. |w$T, nqTs<,
s u< q \ +qy] XeTV
<X J$+ bs+u+ neT+~. nsTT
ydTXd+ |s+ ]+#&q >V\
+&y]| X |ue+ # e>
+T+< TTEesTT+~. m+<T+f >V\
qT+& e# sD\qT ydTX qT+& e#
njTk+ s+>\T X~ #d >V\ qT+&
e# #&T |*\qT |ksTT.
+< < X + = \j \
ydTXd |ue+ @$<+> q< |+>
*jTCkqT.

1. s T eT\ s T | < e k q + :
|\e\T, #\T +{ s e+X\ysT
|e] 2013

sTeT\ \j ]+#sT. \jT


sD+ ydTd\T K+> neT\T
#jT&sTT. sD+>H sTeT\ H{
$|yTq HsDqT, <HsDqT *
q~. sTeT\ + y\dq lydT&T
|eT ~ \&, sT ~qT #d
+{&T. \j Xq+ |
$T*q n ~\ |s\T HsTT.
+ Xq ~ |w]D nH dsdT
q~. n<$<+> \j s ~
3 .MT. <s+ X>+> nH \b+
q~. X>+>qT+& q \+
sTeT\ eT\$s{ |sp n_w+
#ksT. y +& sTeT\| y+srs+,
b|HXq+, T+Tsrs+ +{ |w]DT\T
\j s eT]jTT Xq ~\
HsTT.
ydT|syTq nqTL\ n+X\qT
* q sTeT\ | { s&T | n|&| &
|e<\T m+<T sT>TTHsTT? eT]jTT
=+&| ny+#jTyTq d+|Tq\T m
sT>TTHsTT? nq d+<V\T me]H
se#T. n+<T ydTXd |+&T\T eT
de<H *jTCdTHsT. ydT
Xk $sT<+> \j <>Zs +&
L& ~\ qq sD\T ]>sTT
eT]jTT sT>TTHsTT. ysTT eT+&|+
|&>=+ =+eT+~ e\q ]+~.
eT+&b |&>={ sDyTqysT
nbjT\ >T] neTHs \TdTq~.

H>eTT<

44

Xb B $es\T @$T{?
>TsTe m+c u]+ ss
>V+ k~+#Tq < X q
w ~#d w +&*X
<| |jTH XbeTT n+{sT.
$<q+ >TsTe q # uq y* w
jTT qT~{MT< s+&T qTueT\ eT<
+#T&T. b++ eT&e qT
+T+~ n j>Xd+ *jTCdT+~.
<X >\ >TsTe w&jTT qT~{
MT< y* d+#>H w <
X\T<ksTT. deTjT+ w\
$<yTq |+|q, <>+ \T>TsTT.
eT&e HeTT q |<X+ 32 dyTq
+<\T +{sTT. +<T 16 +<\T
< k<q += 16 +<\T
V d+|<\ k<q d++~+
+{sTT. >TsTe>] uqy\T 16 +<\T
+{sTT. 16 +<\Tq uqy\T
w jTT < k<q d++~+q
16 +<\T q |<X + | +q|&T >TsTe
>] q <X < +&* X
w |ydT+~.
Xb B $<q+ >TsTe
eT]j T T w eT< +< +
@s & T T +~. V +< e y < + Xk \
n_ bj T + | s + | eqe&
n+]+ dXs+ +T+~.
X b B d e Tj T + > T s T ej T T
d Xs+ wjTT d Xs+ q+
neT+~. w&T mH q\T w#d
|e] 2013

n s|\+ |]|+ <T eT]jTT


n +&*X <e<T. nsTT
m|& >TsTejTT dXs+ w
* d + < n| & T > T s T e q X
wjTT s | q+|#d q Xb
$<q+ w +&* X C>+
#k&T.
Xs+ +&* X <| q |&T
n +<H&eed nH esT\T
eksTT. n Xs+ nXe+yTq
$<TY |eVdT+~. >TsTe# Xb
b+~q e $yTq Xu\T $|ksTT.
n eTHH n<TyTq <X\T
| k s TT. X n+f n< < eTw
\TdTe{ M\T~ n u$+#s<T.
X \TdTe+d+ q |j >
#<+. MTsT yTT< MT V<j #
+&. MTsT |>* eT]jTT e~ >*
jTT e& n& |dT+~. e&
+|q |dT+~. +|qH X n
|\TksT.
+&* n+f e\eTT XeyT
<T n~ eqe jTT d#y T q nsTT
q~. >TsTe w Xb q|&T
>TsTw\ eT< $<yTq @+
@s&TT+~. k<sD+> # eT+~
+&* X j>dH\e\, bDjeT+
e\ <| |&TT+< u$ksT.
| sp m+< s bDj e\qT,
yT&fw H \ qT #d +{sT. y] n=~
eT+~ eyT eT +&*X C>+
#jT>\T>TsT.

H>eTT<

45

y<e TT\ <X+ |s+ | uVDT


& sT s \qT s]+#*. y{H ws\T
n |\TksT. n$ @eT+f...
1. n< jTq+ (#<e +) 2. n<|q
(u~+#T) 3. jT (eTeTT#jTT) 4.
jq (jTqeTT d#q\T #T) 5.
<q (<qeTT\T #jTT) 6. |>V (<q+
rdTe+)

]q s\qT 100 sE> rs


36 jTD eT+eTT\T?
jTD nH X nHy T q neqTw
yTq X\qT * +T+~. V+<e +
Xk\T n+~+# de#s+ |s+ |sTw
C #+~q X* jT\T n, d
C #+~q y{ jTD T\T n |\Tks
\TdTq~. <H n~|> #|&TTq
usT de\T> 36 eT+~ jTD\T
+{s ysT ny|TyTq X\qT *
+{s e<e sXs+ + nH >+<+
yjT& q~. | jTD |
;eT++ q~. k<\T eT neds
{ < s qT{ 36 j T D T\T
eT+eTT\ @~ eTq nqTL\+>
+T+< n+#Hyd | eT+ d~
b+<{ |jT+#*. u>s+ +&
<T \ |> +& jTD T\qT, y{
d++~+q | eT+\ eX+ #dT
qsTT y{ <s mH |jH\qT
b+<e#T.
|e] 2013

H>eTT<

jTDT\T dT+<syTq dsb


* |Xe+yTq Xs #jTqT *
+{sT. MsT m\|& 25 d+es\
ejTdT y]> |ksT . M] Xs+ MT<
yTT>*|P\ jssTTq dT>+< <y\T
|PjT& +{sTT. eT |P+# k< *
mH s\T> |+ | ysT ]q
s\qT rs+ jTD\ | n
>T]+#*.
\ +>D eT]j T T sj T \d e T
b+ #+~q =+<sT |eTTK e\T
eTT \|{q s\T $jTe++
e+d + j T D eT+\qT
k<q#jT+ ]+~. y] #eT+~
qqT e>+> *d eT \ H
$e]+ \ k<q dV]+# jTD
eT+ eT]j T T eT+ k < q
#jT+d+ y*q | jT+
b+<+ ]+~. jT+k<q <
eT+ k<q jT$T\+bT k>*
+T+~. k<q eTTdq 100 sE>
k<q#dq e\jTT s\T d+|P]>
rs+ < s\T rses+Z dw+ >
@s&+ sT>TT+~. jTD
eT+\qT k< q # d q y] <<|
d>+eT+~ ]qs\T r]qT> y]
<sH H *d+~. n<TyTq 36
j T D eT+\ > T ]+ | + >
*jTCkqT |]o*+#+&.

46

1. $ jTD :
z+ $ s|D yT d~+
sT sT kV
$ jTD jT+ |+
+ jT++ eTT+<T eT&T |dT||#
eTjT\T +#*. | q eT>T+&
@sT#dT < kssTT, HsTT, \{
|P\T yd | eT+ nH |sj\T
#]+#*. sTy n< eT+
#<Te jT++ | +eTqT yj*.
jT++| +eTyd 108 ksT |
eT+ |]+#*. yTT+ MT< 20 y\ksT
|P] @> eT+ |]d eT+d~
\>TT+~. jTD # $yTq
$< H\ k< \ | j H\qT
*dT+~.
2. $ueT jTD :
z+ V+ $uyT $ue+>s| $ueT+
sT sV+ sV+ u>e kV
jTD k<q =+#+ wyTq~>
>T]+#*. k<q #j* nqTHysT
eqd+ > u> <s dT +&*. eT+
k<q XXH\ #jTe\d +T+~. s
deTj\ q>+> +& XXq+ H\MT<
\{ >T&qT |] >T&MT< ]bsTT,
#]bsTTq &<qT rdT
&< eT+ yj*. |
eT+ |< ds+ #<y*. 20y\ ksT
eT+ |]d eT+d~ \T>TT+~.
jTD |+ neT+~.
n+XeTqT u]+#ysT jT+
|e] 2013

dVjT+ jTD |+ #dTe#T.


jTD d++~+q jT+
@+ |<X+ + | q>+> e]
eT+ |]d jT+ HsTT
eT]jTT s s+ Bbs<q eT]jTT Vs
y* +T+~. $<q+ L&
eT+d~ 20y\ksT eT+ |+#*
+T+~.
3. V+d jTD :
z+ B+ qy V+d V+dyV
+ + kV
jTD jTT | @eT+f yT
jTT eT+ d~ b+~qy] u $T|\
+& >T| <T \>T]+eT]jTT \+ (ysY)
>T]+ f *dbT+~. n++&
>&\, =+&\ < q <T\T <
VeTT\T L& eT+d~ b+~qy]
{qT> dksTT. }] es q
d+#s+ |<X+ eTsMT<
jTD d++< jT+ + jT+
# Bbs<q#d | eT+
|]+#*. |P] @> 10y\ ksT
eT+ |d eT+d~ \T>TT+~.
4. ;wD jTD :
z+ + B+ eTVy< ;wD <+
<+ kV
#&{ ujT+s+> +&
jTD sT>T es\qT |k~dT+~.
=+eT+~ n_bjT+ |s+ eTss
keC k|+q #| yJ,
VD + e< eT+ d]+

H>eTT<

47

| eT+ |]+ eT+d~ b+<&


eT+d~ sD+>H y m+<s \yTq
X T e* eD + #& \ Td T q ~.
eT+ eT&TesZ\T *d L&*
LsT |+#* +T+~. 10 y\ ksT
|d eT+d~ \T>TT+~. k<q
sseTT eT]jTT HsTT |j+
jTD Bbs<q , Vs ee\d +T+~.

dsd++< >& $wjTeTT\T?


\ ds\T ed y{ n+* >Z
={b syj
T L&< nqTuE
q ysT *jT
CdTHsT. k<sD+> \ ds+ ed
J$+ |qTesT\T d+u$+#uTH
jT >T]+#*.
#eT+~ *jT ds d++<
>& de#s MT *jTCkqT. n~
@$T+f u$TMT< ed+# H>T\T V
eTTVAs+ nq> \y sT| eTTq 3 >+\
b++ < me]+{ |&+&
sTy| |j D+ #d <>sZ q Xuy T q
\+ kH\T #d dsT& |P+
\ y s > e T e T yk\
#sT +{sTT. sD+>H \y sT| eTTq
b++ q<T\ &T ye< |Ps+
|<\ T n+<] V#]d +&ysT. H>T\T
kq+ #jT{ eTT+< eqe\T \ysT
s a eTTH q< T \ y [ y{ eTT]
#dqsTT y] H><w+ >T\TT+~.
d s \T C w + eT]j T T c&
ek\ $|yTq <+ +{sTT.
deTjT+ eT> ds\T, & ds\T d+u>+
sT|sTT.
|e] 2013

es\+ &beTT\T >s+


<]+ H\T>T H\\bT n> +{sTT.
n H\T>T H\\T >&q sTy nq>
e d+ >s e > q = ds eT
240 >T&T |&TT+~. C | dseT
|{q >T&T n beTT\T> e]qsTT
ds\ u$T +&bsTT u+
eTqTw\T J$+#{ @ e+ neX+
+&<T. >T&qT |{q = sE\<s
&ds\T bs\T$T q&e.
qT Vs d+b<q M\T qT |{q
>T& #es H HksTT.

$<+> dws, ds\T |{q


>T& |\\ T +& jT+k&T . ds eTT
> s e TT qT+& j T | & q > T & T @& T
sE\bT u$T| +{sTT. m$T<e
sEq >T&qT |>\=T q\> +&
beTT|\\T jT eksTT.
k<sD+> | dseT mes
#+| +& qsTT <<| 20 d+es\
bT J$+# > \ < T . d s \ # s
| \qT+&, |+<T\ qT+&, qT+&, >Ts\
qT+&, +f\ q+&, HeTqT+& |e<\T
m\| & b+ +{sTT. ds\T e
, +Te Tydq =~d|{H

H>eTT<

48

ds\ s eT $w+ +&bT+~. ds +


200 n&T>T\ <s+ es >* m]<
>\ X * q~. ds+ H{ s+&T
s\T, 32 <+\T, H\T>T b&y{ |
<+\T +{sTT. beTT eyT | +>
+& H\T>T <+\qT eT], s[,
s eT]j T T j T eT< n
|\Te&sTT. H\T>T s\T V, $w,
sT< eT]jTT jTeT<s sE\ |r\T>
+{sTT. ds\T 8 sD\ e\q s
+ T e\qT , eqe*
Ty k j T d s d + +< > + < \T
*jTCdTHsTT.
sD\T @eT+f q| sTe
|&T, ujTeTT, >+ q XeTT,
nV+seTT, *, y>+> jsjT
$weTT y{ d+H s+#Te+d+,
<&#dq y]| m<TsTs>+.
dseTT # TyjT& eqe
7 <X\ @&T esT\T q|&sTT. n$ :
1. Xs+ se+eTT neT+~. nq>
X s + | +& y + T b& T # T
+{sTT. 2. s+&e <X beTTT
e\q Xs+ #]q $w|u e+ e\q #eT
$|+> |&TT+~.
3. eT&e<X Xs+ eDT yTT<\
eT+~. 4. H\Ze <X ejTT $&
X q+bT+~. 5. <e <X m
se+, $T+>TTqT> Xu\T
#jT+ (>T\T yksT) sT>TT+~. 6.
se <X yT& | y*bT+~. 7.
e]<q @&e<X beTT $w+ eTw
|e] 2013

Xs+ | mbsTT eTw eTTe


n+eT bs+ #d +{&T.
XX d+V nH y< >+<+
ds\T ]q|&T eqe\T, |X e\T, |\ T
@ $< y T q es T \ > T ] nes
$e]+#+ ]+~. |* $wds+
]q|&T |\T @ $<yTq u< >T]
nej >+<+ $e]+#&+~.
$wds +# se & beTT yTT<{ @e+
#*+#+& <&+> \& eT+> beTT
$w+ e\ dV T+~. s+&e <X
| , beTT $w | u e+ e\ \
=T+T+~. eT&e <X eTsDdT+~.
$+ @eT+f beTT jTT $wjT+
|* eT]jTT eTT+d +{ +Te\ Xs
T y< \TdTq~.
n |sD+ n u>yqT&T ew
eTV] $$< s\ ds $w ysD
esZ\qT $e]+#&T. $$< s\ ds\T
sq|&T $$< s\ \T eqe\
#jTe* +T+~ n \TdTq~.
ds\ eqyr X \ T +{jT
<<| ||+#+ n <X\ |\T
u$dTHsT. eTTK+> eT+, +\
H\yq s sw+ |\T, ds\T >T|
<T\ |> +{jT qeTTsT.
eTTK+> +>s+ q >T| <T* ds\T
| 12 d+es\ k] |]o*ksTT.
12 d + e s\ ~ mes
rdT+& qsTT <T \ |>
q #TbeTT\T <T\| ndjTqT
|+#T+{sTT. n+<Te\q n$ |>\T, s
<T\d #d Td\T =&TsTT.

H>eTT<

49

s+seT Td=+e\ beTT\ Xs


|]eD+ eT+> ZbT+~. =H
|<b eTT\T, qbeTT\T> nsTTbsTT.
eT<\+ beTT jTT s\T
y T T\Tk s TT. s + s + Td = +e\
=H > T | ~ $\Ty q ssTT>
e]bT+~. n es>H ds + ssTT
rdT m]bT+~. ~ qeT+ <T.
ns\ + n >V+#>\sT.
s = b+\
nM\T >T| <T \qT qTe+ d+
bjT+ #ksT. n~ @$T+f. ($T*q~
sujT d+)

H>X\T d+#]+# |sT\|P& l


b H>\ \jT $eseTT\T?
dTesT 300 d+es\ +
neyd , ns s d e Tj T +
uj
T +sy T q |q e+~. +>U+
#\sq TbqT sD+> |< TbqT
e+~. |q eTTK+> >T+sT
s|, H* \\ reyTq
|uy #|++~. nss 12 >+\
b++ j \\ >e\
|\ <s+> s+&T, eT&T &#
mT ms{ eT++{ y\T>T |++~
BH &u n |\TksT. n y\T>T
|+q =~ >+\H deTT<+b+
dMT|+ nH \\qT eTT+yd+ ~.
dTesT 120 d+es\ + L&
>T+sT s| q>s+ #sT|*
b+\T L& deTT<+ b+>+e\
eTTbe+ ]+~. n+<T k+
|e] 2013

qyTTq{ es |q |s=q \\
= >e\ +& sV <sT\ MT< n&T>
mTq deTT<| dT q|&T +&~.
{e\\+ s&T yjT+ e\ n&
u\MT< +& dT eTeT+> n<X+
nsTTbT+~.
$w j T + + 300
d+es\ + +>U+ eq
es< <<| 36 n&T>T\ b&e q
<e C #+~q #TbeTT H*
b+ =T e+~. beTT \MT<
eTjT |]eD+ q |X
e+ y T q H> e TD L & q~.
<eds n|{ #eT+~ #ksT.
k<sD+> deTT<+b+ }qT eTT+yd
eT =~ > + \H | P ] > y q
y[|&TT+~. nsTT deTT<+ qbT
} MT< rdTeq dTqT, = s\
Je* H\MT< e~*|{ y[bT+~. n
deTT<+ b+>+e\ u$TMT< #]q
<e ds+ H* b+ e+~.
sTy @ sD+# eTVds+ eT
deTT<+ y +& H{ eT, <TZs\,
|s\|P&, =*|s b+\ eTqTw\
+ | & +& d + # ] d +& ~ . (
eTVds+ >T]+q $es\T $jTy&
<>Zs q +&e* =+& >TV\
>& \ | bu w # & qT >
\TdTq~)
j eT+> ] bq\ q]d+V
k$T s~d + <<| 5

H>eTT<

50

d+es\T qT \TdTq~. j
<e ds + $$< >e\ eT< d+#]+#+
>eT+ n~ mT bTq<, mT edTq<
>eT+#+ bs+_+#&T. <eds+
=ksT =*|s >e <>Zs q
cq~ ~ kq+#d ed +&~.
n|{ >e\ # q$> +&$.
sE +>j
T s T >e\
b\ eeVs\qT |syd +&ysT.
k] eTVds+ H{ |sT\|P& >eT
dMT|+ q |<X+ @s& q
|< | q yd+ @sT#dTq~.
| H\MT< qT+& 10 n&T>T\ mTes
+&~. ||\ <<| 80 n&T>T\ T
es \T>T +&~. 80 n&T>T\ \T>T
sTy H\ ks+>+ +&~.
ks+>+ eTVds+ #T#TT
$X+ rd T + +& ~ . < +
>eT+q j q eT+X |
+<q+ yk&T. |*+> ds+ |
n&T>Tq
q ks+>+H
+&be* e+~.
sT y k<T e | |P\T
#jT+ bs+_+#sT. n|{ b++
n&$ +&~. qT mes nTy|
n+> e#ysT <T. sT y k<T e
=+\+ |<>Zs yd+ @sT
#dT sp <eds+ q |qT
|Pd +&y&T. =H j
# be+ ]+~. \# + 300
d + e s\T ]bj sTT. 2009e
|e] 2013

d+es+ d]k\sY <eds


d++< de#s dsDd+ |sT>\|P&
>e y&T. >eT+ # q~>
q~. sE #eT+~ eT eTT
|sT @$T{ *jT<T. n+{~ e+<\
@ H{ e T >eT # ] q T m
\TdT+{sT? d] k\sY q
e*q d e #s n & me]e<
d]+#bj&T. n&T n&y]
e{&T s 9 >+\ es L& n&
+&bj&T. sT y nqT n& qT+&
H* jT\T <s&T. nqT |sT>\|P&
>eT+ qT+& q&Td >eT b*yTs
e#&T.
n~ bs $ T s e+
||>\T> n|dTq~. nqT >eT
b*yTs edT+ &> <e n&+ > <<|
40 n&T>T\ b&yq q\#T |&T
q~. n+|<beTTqT <>Zs> #dd]
d]k\sY uj
T + yqT eD+ ~. nqT
n> beTT H\T>T n&T>T\ <s+
<\+& qT+#T+&bj&T. n+ c
H n < w qT+& $w j T +
|+& bsTT+~. n~ @$T+f
ds + HM T< yTsTdTq ssTT (H>eTD)
q~. sTy =+d|{ ds+
q+ H s&T MT< qT+& |H q
|< | y T * > b +
y[bsTT+~. &. seqT+>sT d]>Z
||H H{ bH>\ \j
]+#\q |jT+ HsT. jTq

H>eTT<

51

\+>D b++, sjT\deT eT]jTT


><e] nHe T+~ w\T HsT.
y T eTT d \ + k e TT? ] + >
dVjT+ #keTT? e d\+ H>\
\j ]+#+& n $$< b+\
#+~q m+<s w\T &. seqT+ >]
n& > + ]+~. u s < X +
H>+& sw+ | + m&
bH>\ \j m+ eTVT
q |<X+ ]+#\ seqT+>sT
n| { u $d +& y s T . k ]
seqT+>sT q e< eq =+<]
ds <w ysDs+ |]Vs\T #jT + d+
y] rd T s T y | < $
rdTysT. s| <>Zs cq~MT<
q |qTeT& _& <{ y | < $
#sTHsT. seqT+>sT eT eq
y]# \jT+ |P\T#sTTdTq
deTjT+ <<| 10 d+es\T ejTdTq
nesTT bH>\ neTysT
eV+ seqT+>] e{&sT. H
\jT sD+d+ qTe m& ye<T.
H* <>sZ eT&T|\T esTdH q
>eT b*yTs H \jT ]+#T n
H> \
eV +q
nesTT
seqT+>] #|+~. nesTT n
#TTq|&T n& ys |
d++~+q $K] L& H&T. $K]
(]bss )Y <s H bH>\ e++
*d+~.
sTy seqT+>sT H*
|e] 2013

<>Zs qT +Tq |<sePsT #sT


HsT. bH>\ neTysT mes
|\qT eV+ >T& m& { #|+~.
nsTT H>\ neTysT |Pq+ #|q
|<X+ H* <>Zs q< \TdT.
|<X + K+> m& +< seqT+
>] ns+ <T. sTy jTq =+
\+ \jT sD #q ysTT< yd
q se\T #dT+ HsT.
H> | + # $ T s seqT+ >]
bH>\ \ |++~. q&T+
es dss|+ | eqes|+ q
b H > \ d | + < ] +q
seqT+>sT m+ d+w+#sT. \
| + q neTys T q \j T +
]+#*q |<X+ m& +< #|k
seT seTqT+>] ]+~. sTy
H>\ ds s|+ <]+ ss b
H* ` $jTy& s&T MT<> y d]>Z
<TZs\ \ e\ q s&T MT<>
eTT+<T y[+~. seqT+ >sT
eTVds nqTd]d eTT+<Tk>sT.
n y[q ds+ >e <{ +
+, eTT+<TbsTT # +~.
n& s&T |> q >&yeTT\T
b<\eT< |< | eT]jTT s+&T
q|\T HsTT. yTT+ n& eT&T
beTT|\T HsTT. n& #]q sT y
n|{ es ds s|+ q H>\ n&
q | <]bsTT+~. +
seqT+>] yTe e+~. \ysT

H>eTT<

52

saeTTq q eq \ eTT+<
jTq n|++~. @~ @yTH \
| + q $w j \T m+ es
eTej \ Td T y\q d
seqT+>sT q uMT< s d|+
ds+ y[q esZ+ ysT. n y>
y> |sT>\|P& >eT b*yTs\
#sTH&T. n& |<X+ s+&T
=]u+&\T n& q sT\
e{&T =+d| \+ >&bsT.
e\ d+<s+H n& eT&T beTT
|\T HjT jTq *d+~. y+H
jTq s&T |> q beTT |\
e< ysT. + eT&T |\
qT+& s T n& T > T \ b& e q eT& T
><TeTs+>T #TbeTT\T #s#s jT
e |\ | > q d\ + d|
&THsTT. deTjT+ seqT+>]
&qT, &uTeTT nHksT n~ssTT.
H>\ neTysT n<X+> n+~+q
d # q d \ +H qT H> \
\j ]+#* q< ns+#dTq
seqT+>sT sTy |<X+
H>\ \jT sD ls+ #T{sT.
\jT+ q $Xw+ @eT+f
k<sD+> y\jT+ e m<TsT>
q+~ qT>H, H>\ m<TsT>
>sT&\ q~. <<| 300 d+es\
+ >sT& \ cq~ &Tq |P\T
n+<T+ +&< . \MT< k<T e
>sT+T ueT # < bD|w
|e] 2013

#k&T. sTy \+ >sT&\


u$T LsTbsTT+~. =~ d+es\
+ u$T eTq|&T >sT&\
jT|&+~. sTy seqT+>sT
\qT rdT e eT \jT+ b
H>\ $>V+ eTT+<T |w+#sT.
l b H>\, #={s u> e
eT]j T T l L s H< k $T \j T
deTVeTTqT sVdTq~ &. seqT+
d<+ (H*)>sT. |q |s=q eT&T
\j\ @< \jTeTT <
eT&T \jTeTT\ eT > He\
J$ | s + e TT | sp | P \T
]|+#Ty\ sysT n+<T q
J$ \# + <qT \j T sV \
n+<#d sd<TqT b+<e#T.
+ y\dq H>\ |
X , eT+> ys e TT\T | k < e TT\qT
J$\eTT Hy<eTT |{+#\ sTH
u\T sV\qT d+|~+#e.
` deTd H><c\qT, Xb\qT
V]+#>\ nXe +Tsq H>\ \jT
|]ds\ H>|w #dTq y] |
d + qu > + \ T> T T +~. H> | w
#sTT+#\qTHysT eTT+<T> sV\qT
d+|~+#*.
\jT n_e~d+ dV]+#
\qTH u\T qq \jT sD\
njT ejT+ u>+ |+#Te#T. nT
] + > d V ] +q u \ |s T
\jTeTTMT<, \jTeTT |q>\ ueq+

H>eTT<

53

MT< b\s| # + neTs&TqT.]+ >


dV]+#\ qTHysT &. seqT+
>] d+|~+ #e#T.
` #sy<T\, d+q$T,
<+|u<\, ] qc\ *&*
be{ | < q s D + > q
d s eTT\qT , \T \ qT # + |
+&+e#T. +{ deTd\qT *+#
d s <c\qT y]+# + d +
lbH>\ \jT+ d+es
eT&TksT Xc q+ ds* nH
|]Vs seT+ sV+#&TT+~.
| ] V s s e # s TT+# T y\
sTHysT $es\d+ &. seqT+
>] d + | ~ +# > \ s T . \d s <w + ,
H>X|+, <w+ qysT L&
ds * |]Vs #sTT+#Te+ e\ nH
Xu |*\T \T>TsTT. (s +
$<q+ #jT& ds* |]Vs+
s ksq eT]jTT +uek\
eyT sT>TT+~.)
` e\eTT eTVsw Xd+>D
|PsY eyT djT+uTe nsTTq q\\
X|P\T sT|&TTHsTT. sTy
+<<X+ >T+sT q H*
|D <>Zs y\dq H>\ \jTq
|]dseTT\ q\s XXsT&T, sqT+&
s|+#&q q+~ uVD |+&T\#
|w+#&H&T.
X d + +~ + q | s ~H\
eT]jTT Xys\ X |P\T #dT q
|e] 2013

y] X<w+ | =\bT+~. m+<s


ybsT\T, q <>T\T, sjT
|eTTK\T \jTeTT sD+ eT]jTT
\jT+ ]> se\ |eTT>
, |se TT> bZq+ sT>TTq~.
m #s*? >T+sT
H* dtk+&T qT+& >=&esT
y sY.{.d. dT mqsTT d]>Z
|sT>\|P& >eT ys q \jT+
eTT+< dT ~>e#T. sE H\T>TksT
>T&eTT+<T> dT\T ysTT. n+
+& H* qT+& { L&
#sTe#T. |sT>\|P&, H* 15
.MT. <s+ q~.

Cc<$ *Z+# $$< s\ <]<eTT\T


eTT+<T >TeT+ qT+& leTV\
>&|<TT+f, yq <=& >TeT+qT+&
<=& e T, n+f |s { q T+& |< e T
|ydT+< #TsT.
n\yd kqeTT\T : nde+T
\jT+<TqT beeTT d\ *y
jT+<T yT *\jT+<TqT, TeT#T
& j T +< T , eT+# e TT& j T +< T qT,
n< > \ yj T +< T qT, +& # T
jT+<TqT, s$ #TjT+<TqT, B|eTT
&jT +<TqT, <Ts#] eTTKeTTq+<TqT, {
b>jT+<TqT n\ ydeTT#jTTqT.
<]<eTT\T : <]<T * |\T
#|qT, n& usjTT \ |<T, n
He#T e\ $|eTT> #TqT,
rs < T :KeTTqqTu $ +# T qT | \

H>eTT<

54

y { d+X|& T qT, u>e+T jT<T


\Te ujT|&TqT, XseTT q+#TqT,
+{eq #TeTT\T jTeT<\e
q&T<TsT (sD+ eqy] eTs<\T
# j T { e*q& T < ] < T e<
+& < T ), | q eTT < < T , me]
H$T#|=qqT de<qeTT \_+#<T.
n+<s n|Vd+ #ksT.
jTT+& #qy> +#&
ys T mes + f m& > <]< eTT
qqTu$+#Ty&TqT, rss>eTT>\y&TqT,
d u > eTT# J$+# T yqT, sd u
u+>|&qy&TqT (<>eTT < |<$
}&bsTT +{L sTqy&T) us<q eTT#
JeqeTT #jTTy&TqT, rs <T:KeTTqqT
u$+#Ty&TqT, &T< yi#Ty&TqT,
ns T \ qT| s e TT# j T y& T qT,
sVdyTq| s#<#Ty&TqT MsT
J$+jTT eTu+~qy]> eTT#
u$+#&sT. MsT Cc<$ ud\T>
+{sT.
n]w&sZeTT\T : eTeTT, <eTT,
ueTT, yVeTT, eT<eTT, eseTT, $
\ysT n\ <w ]+#>\sT.
d | e d q eTT\T : p< e & T ,
d \ >s T , \ T <> T , y { & T ,
] q | e{& T , s T \keTT
q|V]+#T, sT\qT csDeTT>
+~+#T.
nw c \ T : n| \b\> T ,
j +# T , eTTd * q +, Cs +,
|e] 2013

<=+>q+, <]<+, s>+, &T q>


$T*q~ qTeTqT m$T~+{
nw c \ T n+{s T . < X s + y ,
us$j>+, bs++, m+* nq+
qT, |>y] dV+, |sT\ nq+d+
m<TsT##T, neeq+, |<]+ nH
m$T~+{ L& nwc\+{sT. Cc<$
me] eVdT+< y] nwc\T |e.
nCq+, nX\, n< |>
d+b~+#\ sr, |>\ w+ u>
b>T#d eTVu>yTq s>, bD*
=+<sT qwbTHsT. =+eT+~ nd\T
d+b~+#&y T *jT, qqT qeTTqy]
c\T | |k $T>\ $T*bTH&T.
qy& <TsX <]<+ y&
|<]+ <]<+. jTTer, jTTe\
& T <]< + e\ H |[ ````
be&+, ]q #<Te\T #<ebe&+,
nsTTqy] s \T rs b e+,
neeH\T, nHs>\T, n| V k\
b\Te+ sT>TTq~.
>q eT]jTT |dT q #dq
b|| s eTT <]<+ n y<+ #TTq~.
m|&sTT s eTT\ | q sT>TT+<
n|&~ XseTT n |\Te&TTq~.
XseTTq n&Te # b|seTT\ yTT
<]<eTT n |\TksT. q{ 99 eT+~
<]<+ n+f |<]+ n nqT+
+{s T . n~ | P ] > +< T .
<VsD CT +& &T+T+~,
qT &T|+& q&T, ys=& |&T.

H>eTT<

55

y +<eT |jT +#u y& ns>


u, n\s +& y& | #jTee.
+{ d+<s eTq |<\ T nqeTT+&<T
&, q~ ns><T & nH #
kyT #TT+{sT.
{ <]<+ n+f ;<]eTT<T
|Ps, |dT q\ b| d+#jT+ n
>V +#*. n<$<+ > eTw nX q T
(BH # qeT n+T+{+) L&
<]<eTH n+{sT. = <]<| yTT
|*q|&T (b| s\q+ ]q|&T)
eTw = Xud #q | +& |+
rsTT+~. sD\ e\H \dTT
< ] < + nH e # beTTK
e&+~.
nw seTT\T : <deTT, <]<eTT,
usq T+&T, djT+w #CjT&T>T,
n&q <qT, n|&T, eq&#T.
Cc<$ me] eVdT+ ~ : kH~
eTT\T sV+# uq |\Vs\T
d]+#TysT, Xs Xue TT ysT, kq+
#jT ysT, <TsdqL&T Xs+ >\ysT,
\T <]+#TysT.
sT`s ~X \|{ ~+#T,
eT\eT $dsq #jT T, u H
yjT uqeTT, nqeds |d+>eTT, n
u qeTT, n< , nX , nX u + ,
nH#seTT\T *>qy] Xd+kseTT
# j T , s +& T # T \ | ~ y
\>=qTy], eT+> yseTT\T, s
ss , >rjTT, H{ >| +{
|e] 2013

eTT, dsT<TsT> <+<eq+,


eT\eT$dsq, sC<w d+u+#T,
d+uw+#T, \d uT +#T, ~>+sT\T>
|sT +&T, n> kq+#jT T, kHq+s+
\, XseTTq qH ydT=qT, N{
~+#Ty].
s T y& e~ d q | P \qT
mesT<]+Ts, @ d\T |~eT+~ |sTw\
eT< | s T +< T s, n, u d eTTqT,
y<eTTH]q y], <qeTTqT, >e\qT,
| , }qT, >TsTeqT, *< + &T\qT, M{
m{ |]dT\HH b<eTT\ qq
dd+qq <]<T\>T<TsT. eTT LsTq
dqeTTqT>, q VeTT eq|&T
qT LsT q dqeTTqT () q
#T \ &| > ysTT+#T, kq deTjT+
e, uq deTjT+ me +&y].
|&T }|y] b<<[,
yT\ b<<[, >&<\ b<<[, N|sT
q < [ eTq XseTTq *H <]<eTT
n+T+T+~. q$ e{&q >, e{\&
q$H > |s<T. ${VdeTT #d
e{&& + <]< VTe. dqeTT| Ls=q
(&+> fT/|) eTs$<eTT> qq,
| <e\ ~H \T | y]sTT+{ <]<
<e ydeTT+&T w|&TT+~.
| q deTjTeTTq+<T, ds
#+<>VD d+eTD deTjTeTT \+<Tq,
kq+ # j T b < ] < + | & T T +~.
~yseTT >, neyd ~q neT\ (|<
d]) q y], <]<+ L&q T\T
eksTT. M{ j ~yseTT jT+<T
<qeTT #dq y]sTT+ qT+& \ y+H

H>eTT<

56

=\bT+~. uTeTT\|qqT, \T|\


|qq &jTs<T.
y\># &qT =s<T, qTe\T,
qH, |, |, q\ ede TT\T, \|+ &,
X, eT+> yseTT\T #T=qs<T. |P
B|eTT eTs B|eTT y*+#s<T. s*,
|Xe\qT {q { ss<T, s>*,
s\T| Ls=qs<T. b<eTT b<eTT
sT<s <T, #|&T y\T eT\b| dTq+
sjTs<T, kjT+ d+<y M~ \T|\T
eTjTL&<T, \T }&, #* eTT>TZ
|< d \<Te=qs<T. B|+ <
<T]+#s<T. s +&T |+&+ &T eTTVAs+
+{ qT # j T s< T . eT+& T # T q
bsTT bjTs<T.
\#| | L s=qT,
|&T=qT |s<T, sT\ jT+<,
~yseTT\jT+<T, neyd\jT+<T |<
d] |#&>, |\eTT> qL&<T.
s T \+< T B| e TTqT # & < | qT
e&+#s<T. |dT| +eT\qT H\|
\bjTs<T.
d| edqeTT\T n+f @$T{ ?
1. |sd yyVeTT 2. <Tus
ejTeTT 3. |sTw y\T |\&eTT 4.
eT< d$+# & + 5. e+kV s
d$+#&+ 6. p<eTT 7. Ls duy
* +&+ (X&+) d| edqeTT\qT
* qy] Cc<$ s+seT |&d
+T+~.)
|e] 2013

\ { |k~+# + $<H\T?
l\ < w \ T s +& T s \T>
+{sTT. < T ss T Z \ $w j T + n$
|seTLs+> +{sTT. ny #|\T q
u q BqT\| < j T qT ]| k s TT.
<]<eTH nsD f <V+yd m+
<s+> d+|<qT nqT>VksTT.
s T \qT e++#, n$
esZ \ H X s d + b~d #\T
nqT+{sT #eT+~. n+{y] \
e]+qT |+H n~ #+#\+, <jT,
dyue+, XeT, $qjT+, $y+ q#f
\ds+> +T+~.
qd , s]+, n<w+ , <+
e+{ mH < \D \T *q \<$
udT\uTs\T. <H eT\+ \<$,
<qeT+f e\+ &T f<T. <s+,
Xs+, $<, $y+ n <q +H HsTT.
<qeT\$T<+ >Y n nHsT.
\<$ +{ mH edTe\,
V\ =\Ty e+T+~. XuVeTsTTq
d d > T s T < $ l | < + e~ s
kVeTT+~. \<$ k>+ |\T
ms s+>T >Te\ eTT+<T dd >TsT\T
eTT~ksT. B V+<Te\T Xu|<+>
u$ksT . +{ <]rdTq T yd n&T>T\
eTT<* lb< n+{sT. eT+ u$ wY, dTK
d+c\qT sT yd b<eTT<\qT
\<$ n&T>T\T> u$ksT. Te+{y
e ysTT+# n&T>T\T >b< eTT<\T.
Xys+H&T @&T>TsT q\
|seq+ e+{ \, jT |<s\T

H>eTT<

57

|+#*. |j >+ eTT+<T> #| +&


#j*. #d }V+# <jTeTT
eT]jTT dT\T \_ksTT.
+ \ k<q\T :
1. eTs +\ +
|j >eTT\T : Bbe[ |+&T> s H&T
< T<ys+H&T #+<<jT+ nsTTq
s T y (X | # + < T & T )
| X + y T q d \ + s # d
Lsy*. MT eTT+<T q n>T+&+
+{ ~ n+ eTT+< T >H @sT
#dT y*. sT y 108 eTs +\qT
rdT y{ HsTT, H, |+#<s *|
jsT #dq $TXeT+ ydTy*.
sTy +<#|q ; eT+
|]d $TXeT <e+ q eTs +\qT
=< rdT MT m<TsT> q n
+ yd eT+&+#* +k<q
#jT+e\ eTV\ {+ \T>TT+<
nqTue|Ps+> s|+#&+~.
eT++ :z++ l+ dssd<jT qeT :
|] <q d+|< d+, eTs|P \
+\ e\qT ms{ ed+ { &u
;sTy +#*. n|\T sTe
+bT+f, ] u<\ qT+& $eTT
\_+#b, \|P deTjT+ eTs
+\ e\qT \<$ yj*. |P
sTy e\qT ms{ ed+ {,
HD\qT L& + < &T +#
d\+ |{*. B e\q <qe~ *,
n|\T r] <q+ b>e+ yTT<\eT+~.
|e] 2013

2. bs$ T |j >eTT : |q$Ts


eTTK+> sE keTys+ L& nsTT
+f eT eT+~. nH&T MT m&eT#sTT
+>s+ y\T y+& +>s++{~
=&Ty*. ( +>s @$<yTq s
_+ +&s<T) sTy eT+#d
+~|s=q eT+ |+#*.
eT++ : z+ V+ + qy u> e r eTVX
nq|PskV.
m& s + +> eT]j T T ybs
s+>\ |#d d]nsTTq n_e~ +&
qysT + $<H b{d y]y]
eT\ >DjTyTq n_e~ n s
|dT+~.
3. @ H] |j>eTT :
k<sD+> =]jT MT< |#T
rdq s #d < eT&T q\ #T\T
eT&T #T\T |ksTT. #T\T
s+&+{ n, eT& < eTTK+
n |\TksT. mesH =]jTqT |>
#d =]jT >T+&+> eqe
eTTUb* qT n|dT+~. nsTT
n =]jT\ yq\ eT&T
+{jT u$+#s<T. = =]jT\|
s+&T qT\T +{sTT. s+& qT\T
q =]jT\ #TqT qT>q,
s+&< eTTK+>q u$ksT. nsTT
# nsT<T> qT q =]jT\T
\_ksTT. qT q =]jTqT
@ H] + n+{s T . +{
=]jT\T eeT\T> <=se. m&H
\_+H, y{ <s # n~+ > +T+~.

H>eTT<

58

eTV\ |P <Tsu y T q edTe \T


= HsTT. M{ @eTT sT<, @
H]\+, <Des X+K+, Xs>D|
e+{$ eTTKyTq$. M{ @ H]
| +~. B k \<$
|s|+> u$ksT.
@ +{ @ H]+ +T+<,
+{ <TwX\ |yX+ s><T. _&\T
\> d, yT Vw kq+ s 5e
sEq @ H] Xu+ > { & ,
{ +#+ e\ >s b| sT>TT+~.
4. \|\ |j>eTT : \|\+
nH~ + X # eTVe+>
|s=+{sT. \|\+ me] <>Zs +f y]
<>Zs \ q+ H edT+<+{sT.
\|\eTTqT + $<q+ |P+#+
e\ * > | * \T m e+{j
*jTCkqT.
\|\+ nH~ =]jT s+
, |<dE d]jT> +T+~. B
$T =]j T nqTe# T . ~
&<s+>T +T+~. = +
>+< =] jTqT, es&T|+&TqT,
<eT | + & T qT L & \ | \ +>
ee]+#+ +~. nsTT + Xg+
$w *q \|\+ e+ =+#+
q~> +T+~. =]jT> B |#T
+T+~. |#T ~>Teq B
+{sTT. nsTT =]jTL, B >\
ed+ f. ~ &<s + >T +T+~.
| + > d e TT< rs b+ ~
|e] 2013

\_dT + T+~. #&& q<H , ~ |u e


| s + > m+ X e T+ y T q ~ e+
>eTHs+.
=+<sT + |+&T\T \|\+
n+f _\ed jT n *jT
CdTHsT. qT \|\ |j>+ #j*
nqT=H ysT _\#T jTqT d]+
|j+#Te# H d#q.
\| @<H XueTVAs
deTjT+ +{ #T= < Xu+>
&, |$ d\+ >T& #T{|+&.
<+ @ kq, |PC~\ nq+syT
#j*. s +eT, ss+, \e+>+,
q |\T\T < eTT+<T |+&. <|B|
deq+ #d, = HD\qT n& +#+&,
s >Te eT++ 7 < 9 < 11
ksT e\|+ #jT +&. s < >T&\
dV @<H b |+&. s < <M
|eT> u$d |dT |,+eT, s s+,
< | Bb\ |P+#+&. #jT + e\
< H _ e ~ s T > T T +~. \ | \ +
+&eT+f +{ njTb qT>
u$+#*.
5. > e \ \ | j > + :
>e\Tq# \<$ yd+ +T+~.
>e\T \<$ |r\T. |{ nHH
<X ]q b+ >e* HD\T>
#eTD #jT + neT\T +~. q|\\
<w <w ysDd+ >e* y]
yTT\&TH, yT& >=\TdTH &+
|{ k+|<jT+> =qk>T#Tq~.

H>eTT<

59

Bbe[ s+f eTq +{ \<$ e#


s +Xg+ *jT CdTq~. Bbe[
sEq >e&+ qysTTr. >e\ >\
> \ \T $q+ e\ \ < $ q + H
edT+< qeT+. yT$T+f deTT<+
|{q < sb+~q nHH edTe #
y{ \|P eTq+ y&TTH e+{+.
>e\qT \<$ #, X+U\qT \<$
k<sT\ |\TesT u$ksT.
>|f >e* yjT+ eT+~.
$yV deTjT+ = <+|T\ #T
>e* |+ e\, y] <w <w+ >\,
=+ |s+ #>k>TT+~.
=> =q yVH\ q\ &T
>e* {, <w <V+ +& #dTe+
L& eTq *dq $wjTyT. n> =>
>V |yX + #dq L >e* f #s+
# # +~. n > > V sD
deTjT+ @yH ny+s\T e eT<
>VsD b, *bsTTq >V
sD+ m& # >e*&sT.
n> |P\ deTjT+ y+& HD\T,
sbjT\ bT >e |&sT. Bbe[
|P >e* b\ n_wksT.
@ |q L& \&, d|\
\_ + # b , MT +{ T< y s + H& T
eTb+{ H{*.

|e] 2013

d+q u> *+# ww<$ $es\T


ww<$ <edq nH|sTL&
q~. yTqT d<j
> |s=+{sT. yT
|< q+> |d_ &\ qT b& <e> u$+#
&T#Tq~.
ww<$ jTeT<ssE jTT es
n #| &jT Tq~. yT n&e\ n~| >
+T+~. yT wDTKT us nsTT
q~ n = >+<\ yjT& q~.
nd\T |\\T |ysT s#T> >sky\T
] d+q qw+ b+<ysT ww<$
|Pd d+q+ \T>TT+~. + ec
@$T+f = b+\ +~bT
<=+>\ ww<$ |P+q sTy
<=+>H jT\T<sTs.
yT 16 eT+~ e\ sT>
#|&+~. 16 eT+~ e\ |sT
HsTT. 1. >] 2. |< 3. X 4. yT< 5.
k$ 6. <edq (ww< $ ) 7. $jT 8. jT
9. k< 10. kV 11. e 12. e
13. Vw 14. |w < 15. Tw 16. \
<e.
ww<$ d+H |k~+# <e>
m e]+~ n *jT#d |sD><
>T]+ |+> \TdT=+<+. |Ps+
djT+uT eTqTe eTqeT&T nsTTq |jTe
eTesE m+\+ >&H d+q+
\T><T. <+ eTVsE V<e
d\V| d+q+d+ |yTwj>+
#k&T. j> |*+> jTq
esT&T +#&T.

H>eTT<

60

nsTT esT&T njTTw&T


ne& eTV sE>] * +~.
+<Ts<ws $wjT+ @$T+f _&
jT{ b&T=e, #dy] ;
*Z+#sTT. @+#j ns+
de eTVsE _& |{q 6e sEq
V #dT+<eT |jTd +&>
$Tq q #T rdTq~. m|&
_& ww<$# mT&&T, DyT
u\T&T $ H\T, dT+<syTq qT\T>
e]bjsTT. _& s\+ J$k&
w w < $ B$++~. n+ { d e
eTVsE +r] bsTT+~. q _&qT
sesEq s+q wwe >sys+
jTq Xdq+#k&T. n<$T+f |
eT&T\ysT, eT_&\T |{q 6e
sEq ww<$ K+> |P+#*.
ww<$ |* yVq+> *
q~. yT# _& m|& +{&
\TdTq~.
| eTu s < X + > T sY
sh+ # Xu\ + ]q
jT<s d+|T q >T]+ MT *jTCkqT.
|D+ |< d q us *d
>T&d |s+ +&~. yT q{
+& sD+> sT>T bsT>T <]
Vs |<s\T <=+*+ q >T&d
rdTe qT =+#+ $T*q~ us
|&T+&~. Vs <=+>H\T mesT
#dTHs b++ d\ ns+<T.
es |< djT Vs <=+>H\T
|e] 2013

#dT q < \TdT d\ +<s >T+|> |<


d >T&d e< y[ |<d Vs
<=+>q+ #dTq< re+> +~+#sT.
nsTT |seT >&TdT<q |< d Vs+
<=+>H\ >T]+ q @MT *jT<
b++ ]> |* <=+>H\T
#dTq< <usTT++~.
MT X +f | * | T
+#+&. qqT nsD+> +~ks+{ n
qMT< >< eq d\ qT +~++~.
#d~ d\T n+<s |< d
eTqdT T+ eT eT
y[bjsT. nsTT n|&T $
d+|Tq ]+~. n~ @$T+f |< d
qT#dq Vs <=+>H\qT @ |*MT<
nsTT y|+< |* D+ qT+& |<
d MT< |>|{+~. |*+> =H
|< d |{q _&qT |{q >+> H{
sT #T m& rdT= bsTT < |{+ ~.
q _&qT mesT n|V]+#s ns+
|< d $T* $T* @&+~. \ #+
d+es+ >& +~. eT (sT y d+)

d+<V\T ` de<H\T
d s <c
|X.d
<c ` H> X b > \
&qT \T|>\sT?
. lydt, &u >sH, yC>
. ds<w+ nH~ C ue+ q
>VdT\ <s+> @s&TT+~.
H>X|+ nq> MT |P\T mesH
<e dseTTqT e~+q s+ qT+
sT seTT\ es |X ds|&
y] |{ |&TdT+~.

H>eTT<

seqT+>sT d : 9666507784,
7569826457, 9700187989, 9581373734
61

|X.>>TsTe>sT! ds<c, \ds


<c , sV Q ` T | & \
|]Vs+> yTeTT nH dTVD
\, l V d | P \T
]| + # T =+{ $ T. nsTTq > V | &
ysD e <T? ds<c,
dsXb ssw+ MT <s
$$< s q d s | ] V s e TT\T
\ T| > \ s T ?
jTyT. ley, ~dTUq>sY, V<su<
. H>Xb >Ts q y] eTT+<T> C
ue |]o\q #dT+&. MT C
#+ yTw+ sVQe < Te,
e+ X < sVQe >q
q n~ n u j T + s y T q
H>X|+> >T]+#*. H>Xb
|]cs+ Xw*, qeH>eT+&\
eT+, HsjTD H>*, eTVds *
eTTq>T eTVds X| |]Vs <weTT\T
sT>TqT.
|X eTT+<T> eTV|PEq seqT+
>] b<_ e +< q eTT\T. k$T!
X w *, qeH> e T+& \ eT+
]|+#Ty\+f se
m+ Ks T ne T +<? < j T # d
\ T| > \ s T ?
. H\T>T sE eTeTTq 15 qT+
25,000/` es KsT n>TqT.
|X <eEq seqT+>], qeTks
eTT\T! nX w *, qeH> e T+& \
eTeTT\T ]| + # T =H | & T
yTeTT @ jTeTeTT\T b{+#eqT?
jTH. d+|YesY, >T+|*, yC>
. | d s d + 9 ks T
]|+#eqT. bjT, ksjT,
de, q& , * , y \ T * ,
|e] 2013

e+kVs+ uT+#s<T. V#s+


b{+#eqT. ($yVT\T nsTTq#)
|X seqT+ ksY, qeTks+ ksY!
H ejTdT 36 d+\T HqT 12d+\
+ $j T y& d M T| +
>eT+
+&y&.
yTeTT { &T+Tq
deTjT+ #T |V>& q
qb{ | >+&
# T beTT e+~. H {
u{ < y+&+#qT. #
d| n y+&dH
HqT.#T |V>& +&&+
e\q < jT y& @
\T>T q&<T. >+& nCjT
eT\ dsssTT MT< qT+
dseTT yT+&> H #
q u{ ds q&T+ u>+
={ q T. ={ q y + H d s eTT
b+ >T&T jT e#ksTT.
e |+& n+<sT #
jT|&sT. qTe # |#Xe.
eTVX|+ >T\TT+~ nHsT.
~ ]q 2 d+\ H #, *
y
e+s\T
]
eTT&T#TbjsTT. n|{ qT+,
|{es H $yV+ <T.
& s + > + # { + { q
H @ neX+ s>T&>
TTHqT. e +<Te\T sT
$qT>=+& HsT. y $TeT*
\eeT #bsT. MTsT m+eT+~
ds<w ysD #XsT. H L&
ds<w |]VseTT ]|+, HqT
|&TTq <sTDyTq qs+ qT+
$eTT #jT>\sT.
_. s$Ts&, q.

H>eTT<

62

q qeTT\T
yT ws ` nX, usD,
ybs eeVs\ +q+
|*\T q&e CsTT+T ybs\ @
bsbT|s<T dsd jT $j\
< * y y V J$ + eTqd s \ T.
eT+>ys+ sEq MT |qT\T \de#TqT.
y T w s | s $ T& > V + +# + & .
jT+eTTqT |P+ nX eeTT
deT]+#+&
ewus , sVD, eT>s
# j T uj T ybs\ < q +
d e T L s T T +~. nq< e TT\ y s +
@s & T T +~. d V q+ u ] +# + &
HsTCse<T. m+ w+eH eTqdTH
+#T+&, sT>TTq ybs\ eTqdT
+B]+#+& 4e eT+~, s
|s$ T& >V\ +#+&, XjT +eTTqT
|P+#+&.
$T<Tq+ : eT>s, s, |qsdT
d eT <qu+ @s&TqT.
kq#\qeTTq nqTL\ deTjT+, us,
us\ MT< nqTL\ |+ eTqX+
|dT+~. >T+&qT ssTT#dT |<T.
$y<\T =* eksTT. |+<\
yTe neds+, |{qKsT e<>\<T,
N Ks T # j T > \ s T 5,6 B \T
nqTL\+ |eT eeVs\T =+ \T
*ksTT. s |s$ T& >V+ +#+&
uT<jT+eTTqT |P+#+&
|e] 2013

s+` |qsdT, Xw, eTTK


<q$wjT+ nd+| es\
>T]+ eTHy~, $TeT* |d+q+
nbs+ #dT+{sT. u<|&+&. |&y
m|&T #& y <T nqT= <s+
#T>\sT. d+q+ K]y] =s
<qejT+ #+< >VjT++, |P
+#+&, n nqTL*ksTT. keTys+
nqTL\+
d + V + eTTK, | , s ` 1
H\ yTT<{ys+ nqTL\
e. me] m<TsT> bs&e<T. y
+&+&. $TeT* m<TsT> bs& $TeT*
n+<s Xe\T> #d<sT sD+ MTsT
< >ZsT qT. <>dT\T bsT
|\ C> @> neds+ yVH\
$wjT+ C> neds+. 1,10 B\T
nqTL\+, d+Vs |s$T& >V+
+# + & . s $ j T + + | P +# + &
~ys + | P eT> + ne+& MT
n_e~ MTs esZ+ ne>\sT. ~ys+
\dedT+~.
q : s 2,3,4
|jTeT\e\q q+< $k\T,
HsD |qT\T k~ksT. MT nqTueyT
MT >TsTe >\<T. T+ d+w+ d+
me KsT #ksT. qs<w d#q
+~. kY C>. $TeT* #d m<T{ysT
+{sT. u<| & e <T. <>eeVs\T
nqTL*ksTT. 5,14 ~H\T nqTL\+
T<>V jT++ |P +#+&, Hs
|s$T& >V+ +#+&, V]< >D|
|P+#+& T<ys+ *dedT+~.

H>eTT<

63

T\ ` 3,4 b<\T, k, $XK


1,2,3 b<\T

eTs+ ` sc& 2,3,4, XeD+,


<w 1,2 b<\T

d + q+=s b , m+ >
|jT +H. d+q $<$<q+ (|d+ q+)
esT sbe&+. | d+q+ =s #dq
$<KsT\T. ns sbe+ u<*dT+~.
+{H ys es+> sVd+> MT MT< |&
# q \T # k s T . d ~ > D | qeTT+& ,
*< + &T\ >T]+ #q\T, d+|T + MT $\Te\T
|sT>TsTT. XXsT&T eqd+> u~+ ]
n_e~ e>\&T. XjT+eTTqT MT CT
+#+& eT+>ys+, Xys+ *d e#TqT.

#s d++<, Hd+ +< deTd\T u<


* k s TT. d w H * d e k s TT.
<sd + +< deTd\T eksTT. X |]Vs+>
s$>V eTT\qT |P+#+&, H>s<q #jT +&
> s T & j T + e TTqT | P +# + & . d
eeVs+ yd+ ]> neX+ b+
+~. yT\Te ned+, |jTeT $wjT+
nd+| d+H s> deTd\T Xys+
*d se#TqT eTV eTT+jTjT+
|+#+&. eTss |s$T& >V+
+#+& 7,8 B\T *d e#TqT.

e+ ` $XK 4e b<+
nqs<, Cw
usus\ eT< $u<\T @s&sTT H{
n<T| +#T+&, MT eTqyT MT lseTs.
n+<] |eT eeV]+#+&. u<\T
|qse eTesTT. |${ ns+#dTe{
|jT +#+& H=|\T, Jsd e Td\T, yT>He\q,
s>deTd\T +<q n~+, n+<Te\q MT MT<
n+<] |+ |sT>T T+~. d++< |]Vs\T
#dT +&. Xys+ ~ys+ *dedT+ ~. es
| s $ T& > V + +# + & 2,9,11 ~ \T
*de#TqT. jT+eTTqT s$ #T deT]+#+&
msT| eT\T, =]qH Bbs<q (eT+>ys+)
s$#T #jT+&.

<qdT : eT\, |Psc&,


sc& 1e b<+
$<sT\ ed+ |se q+< u] +>
+T+~. #dq <H me> n_e~
k~ksT . |jT eT\e\q MT dV jT dV s\T
\_ksTT. $TeT* ndjT <w+q y]
< T +| ~ +s T . d + | T + >s e eTs< \ T
|sT>TsTT. *< + &T\ s> eeVs\T =+
u<qT *ksTT. MTsT q$Tq MT |jTeT
n_e~d+ m+ w#ksT. e |jTeT MT
y + e+& . $TeT* q& | k s T . k< s ,
k<seTDT\ ys+ @s&TqT. >TsTys+,
nqTL\+, >TsTjT+eTTqT, |P +#+&.
z+ <q+ s |s$T& >V+ +#+&.
|e] 2013

+u+ ` <w 3,4 X_w+,


|Psc& 1,2,3
MTs T | & c , X e T mes T
>T]+#be+ MT # u< *dT+~.
J$+ m+ nqTue+ >&+H MTsT =
$w j \ | <e| & s T . s T \
eeVs\T nsTTHds qy] $wj\
nsTTH ds \ <se<T. meTT\ deTd\T
+{ deTd\T T sTT. es\ $wjT +
C> b{+#+& n n jT |&+&
MT # q \T MTH +# T +& . s $ ,
| u e+ n~ e Te T +~. X ys +
*de#TqT, +us |s$T& >V+
+#+&.

MTq+ ` |Psu<4, su<,


se
m\ edT $wj\T
*ksTT. d+|T+ MT |sT |UT\T. MT
+<Te <s |+b+~+#&sTT. |,
<s, d++< deTd\T m<TsesTT.
H\ MTsT J$+ mq& |sT|U\T
b+<TsT. >TsT>VjT+eTTqT |P
+#+&. V]< >D| |P+#+&. Xys+
*de#sE. MTqs |s$T& >V+
+#+& 5,6e B\T *deksTT.

H>eTT<

64