You are on page 1of 1

1) A train driver approaching a station applies his brakes, causing the train, which has a total

mass of 100000kg, to decelerate at 3.0 ms

. If the initial speed of the train is 45 ms
calculate (i) how long the train decelerates before coming to rest, (ii) the total distance
travelled by the train during this time, (iii) the average braking force applied to the train.

2) A uniform rod of length 1.6 m is supported by two strings R and S. The rod has a weight of 180 N
which acts at the centre of the rod. String S is at one end of the rod and string R is 0.40 m from the
other end. Calculate the tension in string (i) R (ii) S.

3) The diagram shows part of a roller
coaster ride. A vehicle is pulled up from
rest from A to B by an electric motor. It
takes 15.0 s to reach B, where its speed
becomes zero. The mass of the vehicle and
the passengers is 3400 kg.
(a) Ignoring friction along AB, calculate
(i) the useful work done by the motor.
(ii) the power output of the motor.
(b) The power input of the motor is 100
kW. Calculate the efficiency of the motor.
(c) At point B the motor is switched off and the vehicle moves under gravity for the rest of
the ride. (i) Calculate the maximum possible speed of the vehicle at point C.
(ii) State with a reason how, if at all, your answer to part (c) (i) would be different if there
were fewer passengers in the vehicle.

4) (a) The scale of a mercury-in-glass thermometer extends from -10C to 110C over a
distance of 30 cm. At which temperature is the end of the mercury thread 17 cm from the
-10C mark? State any assumption. (b) When a thermocouple has one junction in melting ice
and the other junction in boiling water it produces an e.m.f of 0.63 mV. The second junction
is now placed in a beaker of melting lead at 327C. Calculate the e.m.f which would be

5) A fixed mass of gas occupies a volume of 2.50 m
at a pressure of 1atmosphere. The
volume of the gas is decreased to 0.50 m
by increasing the pressure upon it, the temperature
being kept constant. (a) Calculate (i) the ratio of the density of the compressed gas to the
density at a pressure of 1 atmosphere, (ii) the pressure, in atmospheres, exerted by the gas
when compressed to 0.50 m
. (b) Explain in terms of the kinetic theory of gases, why the
pressure exerted by a gas increases when its volume is reduced at constant temperature.

6) In an experiment to measure the specific latent heat of fusion of ice, warm water was placed
in a copper calorimeter. Dried, melting ice was added to the warm water and the following
data was recorded: Mass of calorimeter = 60.5 g, Mass of calorimeter and water = 118.8 g,
Temperature of warm water = 30.5
C, Mass of ice = 15.1 g, Temperature of water after
adding ice = 10.2
(a) Explain why warm water was used. (b) Why was dried ice used?
(c) Why was melting ice used? (d) Describe how the mass of the ice was found.
(e) What should be the approximate room temperature to minimise experimental error?
(f) Calculate the energy lost by the calorimeter and the warm water.
(g) Calculate the specific latent heat of fusion of ice.
30 m
12 m