ELGHZIZAL’S Scribd Documents

  
-      

     
   

   ! " #$ ! " #   "%
2008 & "
(3pts) " 

)

T = n.τ = 8.5.10

−6

−6

= 40.10 s

N = 25000 Hz = 25KHz

(1
(2 

" *    (12

: +   ,  
-   (22
C
⇒ C = λ .N
N
C = 7.10−3.25.103 = 175m.s −1

λ = C.T = . 

: + /!   0 (1

sin i = n sin r
n sin r ' = sin i '
A= r+r'
D = i + i '− A
: *  1  2  / %  

sin r =

sin i sin 45
=
= 0, 47
n
1, 5

r = 28°

:#  1  2 !    

r’ = A – r =60 – 28 = 32°
: #  1  2 3  %  


www.ph123.sup.fr

ELGHZIZAL’S Scribd Documents

sin i ' = n.sin r ' = 1, 5.sin 32 = 1, 5.sin 32 = 0, 79
i ' ≈ 52°  
+< +  ,= *$ #4 : ; !!  4 5 6! 7  , " #8 2 - !"  / % 6 !   29 (2 
 : ;
/" 
"

( 3,5pts)14  / >?  "
14
6

C 
→ 147 N +

0
−1

e

(1

. 
 A !! @ +
"B 
" !" t1/2 : @  "
E< # ,= F0   0 3$
  G<4 F0  8 " 7 14  /
 & 2 D 
+  / $  (2
. !4 , 
" 
/ &  a0  ,  & D 
" ( 1g: B" )
$  " 
/ a(t)  , 
$ "
1 a (t )
t = − ln
λ
a0
(3
λ 
,= 
 t1/2 @  "
0B (13

N = N 0 e− λt
N0
= N 0 .e − λ t1/ 2
2
1
= e − λt1/ 2 ⇔ λ t1/ 2 = ln 2
2
ln 2
⇒λ =
t1/ 2 
"" " !! (23

t=−

1

λ

ln

t
N
N
= − 1/ 2 . ln
N0
ln 2
N0

: H  # ,= F0 
0B "

5570
. ln1, 64.10−2 ≈ 33181an
0, 69
5570
t2 = −
. ln1, 87.10−2 ≈ 32122an
0, 69
!
$! !" " "4!  "  G2  G1 + "
0B % #  
1000 !D ""  # " 3 $ 5B
t1 = −

(3,5pts) ( minuterie ) 
0 " 
! RC D #  3"
. @/" #$  # 8/   
" " /" I<  (11
UC 8DD # 
;  
! " (21
: +  
$ ;9 
D  ! "
E = UC + UR
d (CU C )
dq
dq
=R
= RC.
dt
dt
dt
dU C
⇒ U C + RC.
=E
dt

U R = R.i = R.

www.ph123.sup.fr

ELGHZIZAL’S Scribd Documents
: * " 3D 

U C = E (1 − e

−t
RC

)

−t
dU C
E RC
=
e
dt
RC

−t
−t
 E RC
dU C
RC
U C + RC
= E (1 − e ) + RC 
e
dt
 RC

−t




−t

⇔ E − Ee RC + Ee RC = E

(12
τ : " I5  3D 
τ = RC = 10.103.200.10-6 = 20s

(22

U l = E (1 − e

− t0
RC

)

− t0
RC

−t

0
U
U
E − Ul
⇒ 1 − e = l ⇒ e RC = 1 − l =
E
E
E
−t 0
 E − Ul 
 E − Ul 
= ln 

t
=

RC
ln
0

 E 
RC
 E 

 E 
⇒ t0 = RC ln 

 E − Ul 
t0 = 22 s

t0 8 " +!! R +!! "/ !
" D" J 
0K" * J, !" J /"
:
D 
0B  " (32
t0

=R
 E 
C ln 

 E − Ul 
60
R=
≈ 110 K Ω
 30 
2.10−4 ln 

 30 − 20 

www.ph123.sup.fr

 E 
t
=
RC
ln


0
: 
! D"  
 E −Ul 

ELGHZIZAL’S Scribd Documents

(4pts) RLC ! 4 "
ur

: +  
$ ;9  0 (11

i1

E = Ur +UL

r
E

L

U r = ri1

uL

U L = L.

di1
dt

di1
+ ri1 = R
dt
di1 r
E
+ i1 =
dt L
L

⇒ L.

rI1 = E

I) di1/dt = 0 1 " i1 = Cste : !  5  #$ (21
@/" !  ! (2

"  
;  
! " #$ r =0  : *"8" ! "  
#$ 
! " -   (12

I1 = 2 A ‫ع‬. ‫ ت‬I1 = E/r : ‫إذا‬

d2 q r dq q
E
+ ⋅
+
=
2
dt
L dt LC L
: ! 

d2 q
q
E
+
+
=
LC L
dt 2
: *"8" L ! "  
(22
E< 7 " *B M  F0  6 7 
! 1 , 
8/ + < <   ! ) 2  "   (122
.
" D" #$  */, 2
0  !!  M
(222
1
∆ECe = ECe (t2 ) − ECe (t1 ) = C (U 2 2 − U 21 )
2
−4
3
∆ECe = 0, 5.2.10 (5.10 − 104 ) = −0, 5 J

www.ph123.sup.fr

ELGHZIZAL’S Scribd Documents

7pts : "/ 
A
(1
(11
*  
! " 
!D 

""  

(mol) 

!   

0
*  *B
x

2 ClO– (aq) 
n

ClO −

(mol)

2 Cl– (aq) +
n

Cl −

n1
n1 -2x

(mol)

O2 (g)
nO2 (mol)

n2
n2 +2x

n3
n3 + x
(21

[p(t1) − p(t0 = 0)].V0
V0 ( m3)
R.T
[1084 ×102 − 1020 ×102 ] × 275 × 10−6
×10–4 mol
x(t1) =
= 7,15×
8,314 × 296
x(t1) =

(3
(13
*B *  
 
$ "
*" " M  #/   " "
7 " *B +  "" 1 "
5B +  "" *" 
D" 
)   "" " *B 10 
*B F0  *  

. "
" *  @ " (23
Xm = 9,0.10-4mol :   " " 
" Xm/2 = 4,5.10-4mol 1 "
:H  : 2  "

t1/ 2 ≈ 2, 5mn 
B

σ S = λA .  A  + λH O .  H 3O +  (1

+

3

(2
*  
! " 

""   

!   

*  *B
www.ph123.sup.fr 

!D
(mol)
0
x

AH + H 2O  A− + H 3O 
! " + "/
CV
CV-x 

$ 
$

0

0

x

x

+

ELGHZIZAL’S Scribd Documents
 A

 é =  H 3 O

(

+



σ S = λA .  A−  + λH O .  H 3O+  =  H 3O+  . λA + λH O
f
f
f
σS
+

+

3

 H 3O  =
f

(

λA + λH O
−−

3

+

)

: H  #  * ! "
: 1 "

f

3

+

)

=  A 
f

5,00.10–2 S.m –1
 A−  =
= 1, 25mol.m−3 = 1,25.10−3 mol.l −1
–3
–3
f
4,1.10 + 35,9.10

K   
   (3

 H 3 O +  .  A− 
éq
éq
K=
[ AH ]éq
 A−  = 1, 25.10−3 mol.l −1 =  H 3 O + 
f
f
C = [ AH ]0 =  A−  + [ AH ]éq
éq

[ AH ]éq

= C −  A− 

éq

= C = 1, 0.10 –1 1 − 1, 25.10−3 = 0, 0987 mol.l −1 ≈ 0,1mol.l −1

: ! : AH /

K   
 -  

(1,25.10 )
K=
−3

0,1

2

= 1,56.10−7
(4 

‫ﻡ ی‬pH ‫دراﺱ‬ 
#$‫اراﺱ  س اا‬

AH ‫ آ  ا‬
c1 = 2,7.10–3 mol.L–1
c2 = 1,0.10–1 mol.L–1

‫ اازن‬ 

‫ ام ا‬

K1 ≈ 1,6.10–5
K2 ≈ 1,6.10–5

τ1 = 7,40.10–2
τ2 = 1,25.10–2

." #!  /   
 3 % #  #  / J J% ) 5B (14
(24

τ 1 〉τ 2 " 

C1 〈C2 : 5B * ! " 
!   
# 8  !D
 3    ) 

/) # 8  !D  / " * "  / "/ %  

www.ph123.sup.fr