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Client :

Subject :

Analysis and Design Refferences :

1.0 National Structural Code of The Philippines (NSCP) 2010, Volume 1 , 6th Edition for Building, Towers

and other Vertical Srtuctures

by : Association of Structural Engineers in the Philippines. ( ASEP)

2.0 National Structural Code of the Philippines (NSCP) 1997, Volumn 2, 2ND Edition, Bridges

ASD(Allowable Stress Design)

by: Association of Structural Engineers in the Philippines. ( ASEP)

3.0 AASHTO Bridge Design and Specification 2002-2010

by: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

4.0 Design of Reinforced Concrete ACI 318-05 Code Edition, Seventh Edition

by: Jack C. McCormac & James K. Nelson

Spreadsheet Condition

This spreadsheet is applicable only on non- slopping backfill and the use of this spreadsheet is only

for structure having the same configuration.

Wall Dimensions : Design Notes:

Total height of retaining wall, H mm - Neglect Soil Passive Pressure for Critical Design of Stem - NSCP 5.5.2

Height of the soil at the back of the wall, h1 mm

Height of the soil at the exposed face of the wall, h2 mm - Wall Inertia Effects not considered - NSCP 5.6.4

Stem thickness, t mm

Total length of footing, L mm - Overall Stability with Earthquake Force (Seed & Whitman) - AASHTO 5.8.9.1

Footing thickness, h mm

Surcharge Height, Sh = mm - Factor of Safety in Sliding and Overturning are Reduced to 75% of Original

Value at Earthquake Condition - AASHTO 5.8.9.1A

- Wall analyzed as Propped Beam.

Jul-21-2014

Jul-21-2014

MAYNILAD Aprroved by Angel Lazaro III. Ph.D

Project ID SD - KIOSK-MYNLD

A NGEL LA ZA RO & A SSOCIA TES INTERNA TIONA L Cal'c by A.H. Sinconiegue

(Consulting Engineer & Architects) Date Jul-21-2014

Checked by Rhonda Divina A. Rapirap

Jul-21-2014 Date

Soil Pressure Diag. Surcharge Diag. Seismic Pressure Diag.

Analysis & Design of Basement Wall Nomenclature Date

PROPOSED FOOD KIOSK

3300

3300

1200

250

400

150

1600

Fig. A - BASEMENT WALL NOMENCLATURE

SURCHARGE

BASEMENT WALL SECTION

P

AE

d7

A

B

R

B

d1

d2

d3

Psoil

Psur

W1

W2

W3

L

h

d4

TOE HEEL

d5

d6

t

h1

H

Date :

Client :

Subject :

A. WALL PARAMETERS

Total height of retaining wall, H mm

Height of the soil at the back of the wall, h1 mm

Height of the soil at the exposed face of the wall, h2 mm

Stem thickness, t mm

Total length of footing, L mm

Footing thickness, h mm

Surcharge Height, Sh = mm

B. CONCRETE PARAMETERS

Compressive strength @ 28 days, f'c Mpa

Modulus of Elasticity, Ec = 4700√f'c Mpa

Unit weight (normal concrete), γc KN/m

3

C. STEEL PARAMETERS

MPa (Grade 40) for 12mm and smaller Ø bars , fy Mpa

(to be used for temp. and shrinkage bars)

MPa (Grade 60) for larger Ø bars (>12mm) , fy Mpa

(to be used for main and shear bars)

Modulus of Elasticity, Es Mpa

Main Horizontal bar size at exposed side, Øhe mm

MainVertical bar size at exposed side, Øve mm

Main Horizontal bar size at rear, Øhr mm

Main Vertical bar size at rear, Øvr mm

Main Reinforcement bar size at heel, Øh mm

Main Reinforcement bar size at toe, Øt mm

Temperature bar size, Øtb mm

Stirrup bar size, Øs mm

D. SOIL PARAMETERS

Unit Weight of Soil, ɣ

s

KN/m

3

Allowable Bearing Capacity on Site, q

all kPa

Surcharge, S kPa

Factor of Saefty against Overturning, FS

OT

Factor of Saefty against Sliding, FS

SL

Angle of Internal friction of soil, φ °

Backfill Slope angle, β °

E. Seismic Parameter

Importance Factor, I

Acceleration factor, A

Horizontal Acceleration Coefficient, 0.50*A = kh

Vertical Acceleration Coefficient, kv

Check Horizontal Acceleration, (1-kv)*TAN(φ-β)

Arc tan(kh/(1-kv)) = θ °

F. Miscellaneous Parameters

Consider 1.0 meter strip , b mm

Minimum Concrete Cover, Cc mm

Flexural strength reduction factor, φf

Shear strength reduction factor, φs

Compressive block depth reduction factor, β

1

Normal weight concrete modification factor, λ

Coefficient of Friction, µ =

G. Design Calculation

Calculation for coefficient of active pressure, ka = (1-sinɸ)/(1+sinɸ)

Consider 1.0 meter strip, b = mm

Calculation for active soil force, Psoil = 1/2*ɣ

s

*(h1-h)^2*ka KN

Calculation surcharge force, Psur = (S/ɣ

s

)*(ɣ

s

)*(h1-T)Ka KN

Calculation for negative unfactored moment @ base, Mn

neg

Mn

neg

= Psoil*(h1-h)/7.5 + Psur*(h1-h)/8 KN.m

Calculation for negative factored moment @ base, Mu

neg

= 1.6*Mn KN.m

Convert resultant force into a uniform load

For soil force, w1 = 2*Psoil/(h1-h) KN/m

For surcharge force, w2 = Psur/(h1-h) KN/m

Effective length, leff = (h1 - h) mm

Summation of moment about point B, Ra = Mn/leff + (w1*leff)/3 + (w2*leff)/3 KN

Summation of moment about point A, R

B

= (w1*leff)/6 + (w2*leff)/2 - Mn/leff KN

Calculation for dist where max moment occur @ shear is zero, x

- x - x

2

= 0 by trial and error , x = mm 1243.46

17.4

2.61

2900

24.915

7.884

SD - KIOSK-MYNLD Project ID

414

200000

10

10

10

12

12

400

24870.06

24

12.499

19.999

1000

25.23

7.569

0.33

1

0.40

0.2

0.00

0.46

75

1000

0.9

0.75

1.0

0.5

18

150

12

10

12

11.31

0.85

276

150

0.00

3300

3300

1200

250

1600

28

2.7

2

1.5

30

A NGEL LA ZA RO & A SSOCIA TES INTERNA TIONA L

(Consulting Engineer & Architects)

Jul-21-2014

MAYNILAD

Analysis & Design of Basement Wall Nomenclature

A.H. Sinconiegue

Jul-21-2014

Rhonda Divina A. Rapirap

Jul-21-2014

Angel Lazaro III. Ph.D

Jul-21-2014

Cal'c by

Date

Checked by

Date

Aprroved by

Date

REFERENCE REMARKS ANALYSIS AND DESIGN CALCULATION

Derived from shear diag.

NSCP II-Sec. 8.7.1

NSCP II-Sec.8.7.2

NSCP II-Sec.5.5.5

NSCP II-Sec.5.5.5

NSCP II-App. (H-9)

NSCP II-App. (H-8)

NSCP I-Sec.407.8.3.1

NSCP I-Sec.409.4.2.1

NSCP I-Sec.409.4.2.3

NSCP I-Sec.410.3.7.3

NSCP I-Sec.411.3.1.1

7.884 2.61 3

Calculation for max positive unfactore moment, Mn

pos

Mn

pos

= R

B

*x - w1*x^3/6*leff - w2*x^2/2 KN.m

Calculation for factore positve moment, Mu

pos

= 1.6*Mn

pos KN.m

Check if assumed stem thickness is adequate to carry induced load by soil

Calculation for effective thickness, t

eff

= t - cc - Øvr/2 mm

Coefficient of Resistance, Rn = Mu/ɸ

f

*b*t

eff

2

MPa

Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy

Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy

Therefore adopt rho min, ρ

min

=

Calculation for rho theoritical, ρ = 0.85*fc'/fy ( 1 - sqrt( 1 - 2*Rn/0.85*fc'))

Calculate for rho balnce, ρ

b

= 0.85*fc'*β

1

*600 / fy*(600 + fy)

Calculate for rho max, ρ

max

= 0.75*ρ

b

Therefor adopt design rho, ρ

des

=

Calculation for mechanical ratio, ω = ρ

des

*fy/fc'

Check for the req'd thickness of the stem, t

req'd

= sqrt(Mu

neg

/(ɸ

f

*fc'*b*ω*(1-0.59*ω)) mm

Vertical Reinforcement Design @ the rear face of the wall :

Calculate for minimum vertical steel area, Av

min

= 0.0015*b*t mm

2

Calcualtion for the total vert. steel area required, Av

req'd

= ρ

des

*b*t

eff

mm

2

Check for actual vertical steel area required, A

actual

mm

2

Calculation for provide main steel area, A

Øvr

= PI()*(Øvr)

2

/4 mm

2

Calculation for total number bars, N = A

actual

/A

øvr pcs

Calculation for Spacing, Svr , b/N mm

Check vert spacing, 3*t mm

450 mm

Therefore adopt actual spacing, S

actual mm

Therefore use : 6- φ12mm vertical main bars spaced @ 160mm O.C

Check for Shear adequacy of wall:

Calculation for factored shear force, Vu =1.6( MAX( R

A

& R

B

)) KN

Nominal Shear provided by concrete, Vc = 0.17*λ*SQRT(fc')*b*t

eff KN

Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸ

s

Vc KN

Check Vu if < 0.5*ɸ

s

Vc KN

Check for development length on bottom of wall footing:

Calculate for, ldc = 0.24*fy*Øvr/λ*SQRT(fc') mm

Calculate for, ldc = 0.043*fy*Øvr mm

Therefore adopt maximum value above, ldc mm

Check for minumum, ldc

mm mm

Therefore adopt for actual development length, ldc

act mm

Horizontal Reinforcement Design @ the rear face of the wall:

Calculate main steel area provided, A

øhr

= PI()*(Øhr)

2

/4 mm

2

Calculate for total hor. steel area req'd, Ah

req'd

= 0.0025*h1*t mm

2

Calculation for total number of main bar, N = Ah

req'd

/ A

øhr pcs

Calculation for horizontal spacing, Shr = h1/N mm

Check hor. spacing : 3*t mm

450 mm

Therefore adopt actual spacing, S

actual

= mm

Therefore use : 27-Ø10mm horizontal main bar spaced @120mmO.C

Vertical Main Reinforcement Design @ the exposed face of the wall:

Coefficient of resistance, Rn = Mu

pos

/ɸ

f

*b*t

eff

2

MPa

Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy

Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy

Therefore adopt rho min, ρ

min

=

Calculation for rho theoritical, ρ = 0.85*fc'/fy ( 1 - sqrt( 1 - 2*Rn/0.85*fc'))

Calculate for rho balnce, ρ

b

= 0.85*fc'*β

1

*600 / fy*(600 + fy)

Calculate for rho max, ρ

max

= 0.75*ρ

b

Therefor adopt design rho, ρ

des

=

Vertical Reinforcement Design @ the exposed face of the wall :

Calculate for minimum vertical steel area, Av

min

= 0.0015*b*t mm

2

Calcualtion for the total vert. steel area required, Av

req'd

= ρ

des

*b*t

eff

mm

2

Check for actual vertical steel area required, A

actual

mm

2

Calculation for provide main steel area, A

Øve

= PI()*(Øve)

2

/4 mm

2

Calculation for total number bars, N = A

actual

/A

øve pcs

Calculation for Spacing, Sve , b/N mm

Check vert. spacing, 3*t mm

450 mm

Therefore adopt actual spacing, S

actual mm

Therefore use: 8 - Ø10mm vertical main bar spaced @ 120mm O.C

Horizontal Reinforcement Design @ the exposed face of the wall:

Calculate main steel area provided, A

øhe

= PI()*(Øhe)

2

/4 mm

2

Calculate for total hor. steel area req'd, Ah

req'd

= 0.0025*h1*t mm

2

Calculation for total number of main bar, N = Ah

req'd

/ A

øhe pcs

Calculation for horizontal spacing, Shr = h1/N mm

Check hor. spacing : 3*t mm

450 mm

Therefore adopt actual spacing, S

actual

= mm

Therefore use: 13 - Ø10mm horizontal main bar spaced @ 250mm O.C

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5

0.0034

0.0019

N.A

N.A

9.382

0.0032

0.0034

0.0034

NSCP I-Sec.414.4.2

Use rho minimum for design

Full Height of Wall

NSCP I-Sec.414.4.3

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5

8.0

120

750

450

450

250

226

200

78.540

1000

13

250

750

120

375

571.50

571.50

78.54

N.A

N.A

0.0034

57.009

571.50

113.10

6.0

160.00

0.0500

127.89

Therefore, Assumed thickness is satisfactory

Stem thickness is adequate to carry shear stresses

375

571.50

750.00

450.00

160.00

Use rho minimum for design

Not Aplicable

0.365

0.0032

0.0034

0.0034

0.0009

120

750

450

120

226

78.540

2062.5

27

214

5.863 Derived from moment diag.

Non-compliant

Per meter strip

Compliant

Full Height of Wall

Non-compliant

NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1

NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.2

NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1

NSCP I-Sec.410.6.1

NSCP I-Sec.411.4.1.1

NSCP I-Sec.411.2

NSCP I-Sec.411.6.6.1

NSCP I-Sec.412.4.2

NSCP I-Sec.412.4.2

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.5

Not Aplicable

169.00

0.78

NSCP I-Sec.412.4.1

NSCP I-Sec. 414.4.3

226

39.863

152.025

114.019

Fig.1 Pressure Diagram induced by Soil & Surcharge

Note:

Weights and Forces: Consider 1.0 meter strip

Weight due to concrete wall, W1 = ɣ

c

*(h1-h)*b*t KN

Weight due to concrete footing, W2 = ɣ

c

*L*b*h KN

Weight to soil backfill, W3 = ɣ

s

*((L-t)/2)*(h1-h)*b KN

Reaction induced by slab @ the upper level, R

B KN

Force induced by the soil backfill, Psoil KN

Force induced by surcharge load, Psur KN

Moment arm about toe:

Moment arm for soil induced force, d1 = h1/3 mm

Moment arm for surcharge force, d2 = h1/2 mm

Moment arm for force due to slab above level, d3 = h1 mm

Moment arm for soil backfill, d4 = L - (L-t)/4) mm

Moment arm for wight concrete wall, d5 = L/2 mm

Moment arm for weight of concrete footing, d6 = L/2 mm

Check for factor of safety as per code provision:

Resisting Moment, RM = (R

B

*d3)+(W1*d5)+(W2*d6)+(W3*d4) KN.m

Overturning Moment, OM = (Psoil*d1) + (Psur*d2) KN.m

Summation for vertical forces, Ry = W1 + W2 + W3 KN

Check for factor of safety against sliding, FS

SL

= µ*(RY/(Psoil+Psur))

Check for factor of safety against overturning, FS

OT

= RM/OM

Check for allowable soil bearing pressure :

Distance of resultant from toe, X = (RM - OM)/Ry mm

Eccentricity of Resultant Force e = L/2 - X mm

Check if Trapezoidal or Triangular Pressure, L/6 mm

Calculate Minimum Soil Pressure, qumin = (Ry/L)*(1 - 6*e/L) kPa

Calculate for Maximum Soil Pressure, qumax = (Ry/L)*(1 + 6*e/L) kPa

DESIGN OF REINFORCEMENT OF HEEL:

Effective depth of footing to be consider, h

eff

= h - Cc - Øh/2 mm

Factored Weight due to Soil at Rear Face, W3

U

= 1.35*(ɣ

S

*((L-t)/2))*(h1-h)*b KN

Factored Weight due to Soil at Rear Face, Wheel

U

= 1.25*(ɣ

C

*(L-t)/2*h*b) KN

Calculate for Factored Shear at the face of top base, Vu = W3

U

+ Wheel

U KN

Caculate for Ultimate bending Moment, Mu = (W3

U

+ Wheel

U

)*((L-t)/4)) KN.m

Note : Although it is true that there is some upward soil pressure, the designer choose to neglect it because it is rela-

tively small. This is the unlikely condition that would exist if there occurred a leteral force overload and no asso-

ciated increased vertical loads causing uplift of the heel. The ultimate moment must be due to the factored load

(wt of soil including surcharge and weight of footing on the postion of heel.

Nominal Shear provided by concrete, Vc = 0.17*λ*SQRT(fc')*b*h

eff KN

Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸ

s

Vc KN

Coefficeint of resistance, Rn = Mu / (ɸ

f

*b*h

eff

) Mpa

Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy

Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy

Therefore adopt rho min, ρ

min

=

Calculate for theoritical rho, ρ = (0.85*fc'/fy)*(1 - sqrt(1 - 2*Rn/(0.85*fc'))

Calculate for rho balnce, ρ

b

= 0.85*fc'*β

1

*600 / fy*(600 + fy)

Calculate for rho max, ρ

max

= 0.75*ρ

b

CHECK FOR STABILITY FOR NORMAL CONDITION

NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1

NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1

AASHTO 11.5.5

AASHTO 11.5.5

NSCP I--Sec.411.4.1.1

NSCP I--Sec.411.2

AASHTO 5.8.9.1A

NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5

AASHTO 5.8.9.1A

NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5

Non-compliant

Compliant

Compliant

Non-Compliant

Compliant

N.A

N.A

215.22

0.205

0.0005

319.00

47.57

8.10

55.67

18.788

286.96

The footing thickness h is adeqaute to carry such shear stresses

0.0032

0.0034

0.0034

Use rho minimum for design

Not Aplicable

31.725

53.269

732.40

67.60

266.67

90.042

40.242

67.995

1.26

2.24

Therefore, Basement Retaining Wall is failed against sliding, Provide Shear Key

Therefore, Basement Retaining Wall is safe agaisnt overturning, section increase not needed

When e < L/6 adopt Trapezoidal Pressure

When qumax < qall, therefore section is satisfactory

1650.00

3300.00

1262.50

800.00

800.00

5.863

25.230

7.569

1100.00

17.400

15.360

35.235

As per actual condition of the wall

the reaction induced by the slab at

the above level is considered.

A

B

R

B

d1

d2

d3

Psoil

Psur

W1

W2

W3

L

h

d4

TOE HEEL

d5

d6

Therefore adopt design rho, ρ

des

=

Calculation for mechanical ratio, ω = ρ

des

*fy/fc'

Check for the req'd thickness of the ft., h

req'd

= sqrt(Mu/(ɸ

f

*fc'*b*ω*(1-0.59*ω)) mm

Calculate for the total req'd steel area, As = ρ

des

*b*h

eff

mm

2

Calculation for main steel area provided, A

pro

= PI()*(Øh

2

)/4 mm

2

Calculation for number of bars per strip, N = As/A

pro pcs

Calculation for req'd main bar spacing, S

req'd

= b/N mm

Therefore use: 10 - Ø12mm main steel bar in heel spaced @100mm O.C

Temperature and Shrinkage bar: TOP BARS

For grade 276 bars, steel ratio, ρ

temp

Calculation for req'd steel area,A

req'd

= ρ

temp

*b*h mm

2

Calculation for temp and shrink bar provided, A

pro

= PI()*Øtb

2

/4 mm

2

Calculation for number of bar per meter strip, N = A

req'd

/A

pro pcs

Calculate for req'd spacing, S

req'd

= L/N mm

Check for Spacing, 5*h mm

450 mm mm

Therefore use: 11 - Ø10mm temperature and shrinkage bar space @140mm O.C

DESIGN OF REINFORCEMENT OF TOE:

Fig. 2 Trapeziodal Pressure Diagram

Note:

The max. pressure at the

base footing create bending

moment at the stem of wall

and shear. The designer

choose to neglect the soil

on top of footing .

Calculation for dist. From toe to the face of stem, (L-t)/2 mm

Calculation for valu of q1 = qu

max

- qu

min kPa

Calculation for value of q2 = (q1*(L-t)/2)/L kPa

Calculation for value of R1 = (qu

max

- q2)*((L-t)/2)*b KN

Calculation for value of R2 = 1/2*(q2)*((L-t)/2)*b KN

Calculation for factored shear, Vu = 1.6*(R1+R2) KN

Calculation for factored moment, Mu = 1.6*(R1*(L-t)/4) + 1.6*(R2*(2/3)*((L-t)/2)) KN

Nominal Shear provided by concrete, Vc = 0.17*λ*SQRT(fc')*b*h

eff KN

Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸ

s

Vc

Coefficeint of resistance, Rn = Mu / (ɸ

f

*b*h

eff

) Mpa

Check for rho min , sqrt(fc')/4*fy

Rho min should not be less than with, 1.4/fy

Therefore adopt rho min, ρ

min

=

Calculate for theoritical rho, ρ = (0.85*fc'/fy)*(1 - sqrt(1 - 2*Rn/(0.85*fc'))

Calculate for rho balnce, ρ

b

= 0.85*fc'*β

1

*600 / fy*(600 + fy)

Calculate for rho max, ρ

max

= 0.75*ρ

b

Therefore adopt design rho, ρ

des

=

Calculation for mechanical ratio, ω = ρ

des

*fy/fc'

Check for the req'd thickness of the ft., h

req'd

= sqrt(Mu/(ɸ

f

*fc'*b*ω*(1-0.59*ω)) mm

Calculate for the total req'd steel area, As = ρ

des

*b*h

eff

mm

2

Calculation for main steel area provided, A

pro

= PI()*(Øh

2

)/4 mm

2

Calculation for number of bars per strip, N = As/A

pro pcs

Calculation for req'd main bar spacing, S

req'd

= b/N mm

Therefore use: 10 - Ø12mm main steel bar @ toe spaced @100mm O.C

Temperature and Shrinkage bar: BOT BARS

For grade 276 bars, steel ratio, ρ

temp

Calculation for req'd steel area,A

req'd

= ρ

temp

*b*h mm

2

Calculation for temp and shrink bar provided, A

pro

= PI()*Øtb

2

/4 mm

2

Calculation for number of bar per meter strip, N = A

req'd

/A

pro pcs

Calculate for req'd spacing, S

req'd

= L/N mm

Check for Spacing, 5*h mm

450 mm mm

Therefore use: 11 - Ø10mm temperature and shinkage bar @ toe spaced @140mm O.C

675.00

The footing thickness h is adeqaute to carry such shear stresses

Use rho minimum for design

Not Aplicable

NSCP Sec 407.13.2.2

NSCP Sec 407.13.2.2

NSCP Sec. 407.13.2.1

NSCP I--Sec.411.2

NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1

NSCP I--Sec.410.6.1

NSCP I--Sec.411.4.1.1

NSCP I- Sec. 407.13.2.1

NSCP I- Sec 407.13.2.2

NSCP I- Sec 407.13.2.2

Compliant

Non-compliant

Per meter strip

78.540

11

140

2000

450

0.0020

800.00

122.37

1078.74

113.10

10

100

N.A

N.A

0.0034

0.0500

The assumed base/footing thickness is satisfactory

0.200

0.0032

0.0034

0.0034

0.0005

18.312

286.96

215.22

21.544

9.089

29.822

3.068

52.623

11

140

2000

450

0.0020

800.00

78.540

123.95

1078.74

113.10

10

100

The assumed base/footing thickness is satisfactory

0.0034

0.0500

(L-t)/2

R2

R1

qu

max

qu

min

q2

q1

Fig. 3 . Passive Earth Pressure

Total active pressure, F = Psoil + Psur KN

Vertical Resultant, Ry= KN

Required resistant for sliding, Fu =1.5*F KN

Friction Resistance , Fr = μ*Ry KN

Furnished Resisitance,R = Fu - Fr KN

Required height of Shear Key, h

T

= sqrt(2*R/(ɣ

s

*kp)) mm

Height of shear key, hs = h

T

- h mm

Calculation for Coefficient of Passive Pressure, kp = (1 + sinɸ)/(1 - sinɸ)

Passive Rectangular Pressure at the face of shear key, Pp1 = ɣ

s

*h*hs*b*kp KN

Passive Triangular Pressure at the face of shear key, Pp2 = (1/2)*(ɣ

s

)*(hs^2)*b*kp KN

Maximum factored moment, Mu = 1.6*(Pp1*hs/2 + Pp2*(2hs/3)) KN.m

Use rho min, ρ

min

Calculation for mechanical ration, ω = ρ

min

*fy/fc'

Calculation for Coefficient of Resistance, Rn = fc'*ω*(1 - 0.59*ω) Mpa

Calculate for shear key thickness, a = sqrt(Mu/ɸ

f

*Rn*b) mm

Factore shear force, Vu = 1.6*(R) KN

Nominal Shear provided by concrete, Vc = 0.17*λ*SQRT(fc')*b*h

eff KN

Calculation for factored shear provided by concrete, ɸ

s

Vc KN

Summary of Shear Key section : Height, hs mm

Width, a mm

H. Results & Reinforcement Arragement

6- φ12mm space @ 160mm O.C

27-Ø10mm space @

160mm O.C

EXPOSED FACE OF BASEMENT

WALL.

8 - Ø10mm spaced @ SOIL BACKFILL @ REAR

120mm O.C FACE OF THE WALL.

13 - Ø10mm spaced @

250mm O.C

10 - Ø12mm

10 - Ø12mm spaced @100mm O.C

spaced @100mm O.C

TOE HEEL

11 - Ø10mm

space @140mm O.C

11 - Ø10mm

spaced @140mm O.C

32.799

67.995

49.199

33.998

15.201

760.00

360.00

The shear key thickness is adequate to carry such shear stress

Therefore, for the reinforcement of shear key extent the vertical bars at the rear face to the shear key

360.00

60.00

NSCP I--Sec.411.4.1.1

NSCP I--Sec.411.2 Compliant

24.322

43.275

32.456

3.4992

3.5831808

0.0034

0.0500

1.359

60.00

3.00

7.776

BASE SHEAR KEY NOMENCLATURE

Pp1

Pp2

h

h

S

h

T

a

R

DESCRIPTION OF REVISION DATE CHECKED DATE APPROVED REVISION NO.

Fig.1 Pressure Diagram induced by Seismic Force & Surcharge

Weights and Forces: Consider 1.0 meter strip

Weight due to concrete wall, W1 = ɣ

c

*(h1-h)*b*t KN

Weight due to concrete footing, W2 = ɣ

c

*L*b*h KN

Weight to soil backfill, W3 = ɣ

s

*((L-t)/2)*(h1-h)*b KN

Reaction induced by slab @ the upper level, R

B KN

Force induced by seismic, P

AE

= (0.375(kh)(γws)(h1)

2

) KN

Force induced by surcharge load, Psur KN

Moment arm about toe:

Moment arm for soil induced force, d7 = 2*h1/3 mm

Moment arm for surcharge force, d2 = h1/2 mm

Moment arm for force due to slab above level, d3 = h1 mm

Moment arm for soil backfill, d4 = L - (L-t)/4) mm

Moment arm for wight concrete wall, d5 = L/2 mm

Moment arm for weight of concrete footing, d6 L/2 mm

Check for factor of safety as per code provision:

Resisting Moment, RM = (R

B

*d3)+(W1*d5)+(W2*d6)+(W3*d4) KN.m

Overturning Moment, OM = (P

AE

*d1) + (Psur*d2) KN.m

Summation for vertical forces, Ry = W1 + W2 + W3 KN

Check for factor of safety against sliding, FS

SL

= µ*(RY/(Psoil+Psur))

Check for factor of safety against overturning, FS

OT

= RM/OM

CHECK FOR STABILITY FOR SEISMIC CONDITION

35.235

5.863

17.400

15.360

14.702

7.569

3300.00

1262.50

2200.00

1650.00

90.042

800.00

800.00

AASHTO 5.8.9.1A 2.07 Compliant

NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5 Thefore, Basement Retaining Wall is safe against sliding, Shear Key is not Needed

44.832

67.995

AASHTO 5.8.9.1A 2.01 Compliant

NSCP II-Sec. 5.5.5 Therefore, Basement Retaining Wall is safe agaisnt overturning, section increase not needed

A

B

R

B

d5

d7

d2

d3

P

AE

Psur

W1

W2

W3

L

h

d4

TOE HEEL

d6

Compliant

Compliant

DISCLAIMER :

No liability is accepted by ALAI or its software authors

for any direct, indirect , consequential or incedental

loss or damage arising out of the software use or any

mistakes or negligence in developing this software.The

organization or person using the software bears all risk

and responsibility for the quality and performance of

the software.

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