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EXPT. NO.

1- CONVERTER FED DC SERIES MOTOR



Aim : To study the starting and running characteristics of converter fed DC series motor.

Apparatus :

5
Tachometer
01

Theory : Single phase controlled rectifier fed DC series motors are employed in traction.
Controlled rectifiers are used to get variable dc voltage from an ac source of fixed voltage.
As thyristors are capable of conducting current in only one dierctions, rectifiers are capable
of providing current in only one direction. In series motor, the flux is a function of armature
current. In unsaturated region of magnetization characteristic, flux can be assumed to be
proportional to armature current. Series motors are suitable for applications requiring
high starting torque and heavy torque overloads.

Procedure :

a) Switch ON the firing circuit and observe the trigger outputs.

b) Make sure that the firing pulses are proper before connecting to the power circuit.

c) Make the inter connections in the power circuit as given is the circuit diagram for
different experiments using SCRs and diodes.

d) Connect motor Armature terminals to load points.

e) In the power circuit, Initially set the AC input to 230 volts from single phase isolation
transformer.

f) Then connect the trigger output from firing circuit to corresponding SCRs.

g) Switch ON the Power circuit MCB.

h) Switch ON the Trigger outputs switch and observe the output wave forms across load
by varying the firing angle potentiometer.
S. No. Name of Equipment Quantity
1
1-Phase Converter Power Circuit (230V,5A)
01
2
1-Phase Converter Firing unit
01
3
Isolation Transformer (5A)
01
4
DC Series Motor(1500RPM,220V,3A,0.5HP)
01






















i) Vary the firing angle from 180 degree to 0 degree and note down O/P voltage, current and
speed of the motor using Tachometer.

j) After taking all the readings, set the firing angle 180 degree, Switch off the trigger outputs
switch, switch off the power circuit MCB.


NOTE :-

If you are not getting the output after all proper connections, interchange AC O/P terminals
after switch OFF the MCB. This is just to synchronize the power circuit with firing circuit.


Cicuit Diagram :

Single phase Half controlled Converter fed DC Motor :
+












Single phase Full controlled Converter fed DC Motor :
















A
M
Isolation transformer
230V
AC
MCB
T1 T2
DM
D3 D4
M
Isolation transformer
230V
AC
MCB
T1 T2
DM
T3 T4
A

V

V

Observation table:


Single phase Half controlled Converter fed DC Motor :

Sl. No. Input
Voltage
Vin
Firing
angle
Output
Voltage
Vo
Output
Current
Io
Speed
RPM











Single phase Full controlled Converter fed DC Motor :

Sl. No. Input
Voltage
Vin
Firing
angle
Output
Voltage
Vo
Output
Current
Io
Speed
RPM










Result :