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A fuel pump is a frequently (but not always) essential component on a car or other internal

combustion engined device. Many engines (older motorcycle engines in particular) do not require
any fuel pump at all, requiring only gravity to feed fuel from the fuel tank through a line or hose to the
engine. But in non-gravity feed designs, fuel has to be pumped from the fuel tank to the engine and
delivered under low pressure to the carburetor or under high pressure to the fuel injection system.
Often, carbureted engines use low pressure mechanical pumps that are mounted outside the fuel
tank, whereas fuel injected engines often use electric fuel pumps that are mounted inside the fuel
tank (and some fuel injected engines have two fuel pumps: one low pressure/high volume supply
pump in the tank and one high pressure/low volume pump on or near the engine).
Fuel filter

Fuel filter
A device that removes impurities (dirt and water) from the fuel before it
gets to the carburetor or injection system. Filters may be made of metal
or plastic screen, paper, or gauze. They are usually found near the
carburetor in the fuel line that comes from the fuel pump (in-line fuel
filter), or inside the carburetor (integral fuel filter) or within the fuel
pump or fuel tank. These units must be cleaned or replaced on a regular
basis, usually once a year or they will become clogged and restrict fuel to
the carburetor. Without a filter, the jets and orifices in the carburetor
will become clogged.


Fuel Injection System
(FI) A fuel system that uses no carburetorbut sprays fuel either
vinto thecylinders or into the intake manifold just ahead of
the cylinders. It uses an electronic sensing device to deliver the correct
amount into the combustion chamber. Throttle-body
injection locates the injector(s) centrally in the throttle-body housing,
while Port injectionallocates at least one injector for each cylinder near
its Intake port.
Central Fuel Injection
Digital Fuel Injection
Electronic fuel injection
L-Jetronic fuel injection system
Multi-point Fuel Injection
Multiport Fuel Injection
Port Fuel Injection
Programmed Fuel Injection
Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection
Sequential fuel injection
Throttle Body Fuel Injection
Fuel injection pump
1. A pump which receives fuel from the fuel tank (often through the
fuel-feed pump in the case of diesel engines) and delivers it under
pressure to the injectors
2. A pump on diesel engines that sends fuel to its mini-pumps, and
from there to the fuel injector nozzles.

Fuel injector

Fuel injector
1. A special nozzle which sprays the proper amount of gasoline or
diesel fuel into the inlet ports, either directly into the combustion
chamber or into a pre-chamber in response to signals from an
electronic sensing device.
2. In all fuel-injection system (except Bosch CIS, CIS/Lambda, and
CIS-E systems), a spring loaded, Solenoid (electromagnetic) valve
which delivers fuel into the intake manifold, in response to
electrical signals from the control module in the CIS, etc. System,
the injector is simply a spring-loaded, pressure sensitive valve
which opens at a preset value
3. Fuel tank
5. Fuel tank
6. The storage compartment, under the trunk in most cars, that holds the
fuel for the vehicle. Also called the gas tank.

Fuel transfer pump
A pump that transfers fuel from the tank to the engine.

Carburetor Rebuild

Carburetor and fuel problems can fall into several
categories and it is important to determine what is
happening before proceeding with a rebuild on the
carburetor. If the carburetor is leaking fuel especially while
setting or just not getting fuel, you may have a
contaminated fuel problem. You should look first at the fuel
in your tank for any signs of dirt, water, rust or varnish build
up. Before you consider rebuilding or replacing the
carburetor you must have good clean fuel flow to it. When
possible install the proper fuel filter for your application.
Non-fuel pump engines use a different filter then fuel pump
engines in most cases. It does no good to clean a
carburetor and put contaminated or old fuel back into it. In
some cases a rusty or badly varnished fuel tank will need
to be replaced. Read my article on Stale Gasoline
If you followed my advice above, you now have fresh clean
fuel available to the carburetor. Now you will need to
determine whether to rebuild your existing carburetor or
replace it. Many of the carburetors today can cost $100 or
more and the rebuild kit price sounds attractive. One piece
of advice here. A new carburetor will almost always be
better then a rebuilt one! I have rebuilt carburetors that did
not perform well after the rebuild, so a rebuild is not a
100% fix. It is a very economical fix in many cases when
compared to a new carburetor and your free labor, plus it's
kind of fun to do. Here's a list of things to think about when
evaluating whether to rebuild your carburetor:
Does the engine run well under load, does it idle ok, does the
governor hunt?
Is the carburetor in usable condition, throttle shafts, linkages
After removing the bowl, do you have water corrosion,
varnish or dirt?
Is there any signs of warpage on the mounting surfaces?
Is the float and bowl ok, are they pitted and possibly leaking?
Is the carburetor leaking fuel while just setting, possibly into
the crankcase?
After evaluating the questions above, you will be able to
make a more informed decision on whether to rebuild or
replace your carburetor. Clean up is important, especially if
you have a varnish problem. If you have a water corrosion
problem, which looks like a white powder rust, you may
want to just replace the carburetor. Carburetor cleaner will
not clean water corrosion. Carburetor cleaners comes in
two types. The cold emersion cleaner (dip-tank) and
carb/choke spray. The dip tank is best and you can buy a
one gallon can for about $15 at auto supply places. This is
caustic stuff and don't put any non-metal items in it.
Carb/Choke spray like Gum-Out works fine and probably
best for the average homeowner. It has the added
advantage of having pressure to blast the little passages. A
piece of soft shipping tag wire is your next best weapon to
run through the little holes.
Now comes the actual rebuilding part. I would not
recommend that you take the carburetor totally apart until
you have the repair kit. You do need to determine if you
need a new float, bowl or other parts not included in the
repair kit. Most repair kits include a needle valve and all
gaskets. I normally do not remove the throttle or choke
shaft unless I am replacing them. If you do, be sure to lock
tight or replace the screws. These can make a nice mark
on your piston when they come out later. Clean all the
passages good and run the tag wire through all the little
holes. If in doubt on the float setting, just set it parallel with
the base. Set the initial jet screws at 1-1/2 turns out and
fine tune after you have it running. Many of the newer
engines will not have adjustable jets or maybe only an idle
jet adjustment. You are now ready to re-install everything,
making sure your governor linkage works freely. Pull the

rope or turn the key and listen to it - Bruce Perrault

The job of a carburetor is to mix the correct proportion of gasoline and air for the engine by using the
Bernoulli principle.

Click image to supersize
(Carb) Optionally spelled carburetter or carburettor. A device
thatVaporizes fuel and mixes it with air in proper quantities and
proportions to suit the varying needs of the engine. A Filterscreens the
air which is drawn into the carburetor. Here thegasoline mixes with the
air and this fuel vapor enters thecombustion chamber through
the intake valve where it is compressed and burned.

Carburetor adapter
An adapter that is used to fit or place one type of carburetor on
an intake manifold that may not be originally designed for it. Also used
to adapt four-barrel carburetors to two-barrel manifolds.
Carburetor barrel
The tube-like part of the vehicle through which air flows and is mixed
with Vaporized fuel. The choke butterfly valve is located at the top of
the carburetor barrel, and the Throttle valve is located at the bottom.
Midway through, the barrel narrows, and this part is called the Venturi.
Carburetors can have one, two, or four barrels.

Carburetor base
The lower part of the carburetor in which the throttle plate is located
Carburetor engine
A combustion engine which uses a carburetor instead of fuel injection.

Carburetor fuel bowl
A small fuel storage area in the carburetor, located at the carburetor fuel
inlet. Also called the float bowl because it contains the carburetor float
Carburetor fuel bowl vent
A vent on the float bowl. It typically is connected to an Carbon
canister, which absorbs vapors when the engine is off, and it also may
be vented to the atmosphere when the engine is running.
Carburetor fuel filter

Carburetor Fuel Filter
A filter made of pleated paper or sintered bronze that is mounted into
the body of the carburetor at the float bowl fuel inlet. It is held in place
by the fuel hose/pipe fittings. On some cars, a small in-line filter is
screwed directly into the carburetor's fuel inlet. Also called an integral
fuel filter.
Carburetor fuel inlet
A threaded fitting on the side of the carburetor to which tubing from
the fuel pump is connected. Fuel enters the carburetor at this point.
Carburetor icing
The formation of ice on the Throttle plate or valve during certain
atmospheric conditions. As the fuelNozzles feed fuel into the Air horn it
turns to a vapor. This robs heat from the air and when weather
conditions are just right (fairly cool and quite humid) ice may form.

Intake manifold
Intake manifold
1. A sleeve or flange made of rubber or metal to attach to the intake
2. The connecting tubes between the base of the carburetor and
the portopenings to the intake valve or intake ports. The air-fuel
mixture travels from the throttle body into a chamber called
the plenum which feeds individual tubes (called runners) which
lead to the individual intake port. Its purpose is to transfer
the air-fuel mixtureto each cylinder. It is usually an aluminum
casting or a GRPmolding, with one intake opening and as many
outlets as there are cylinders in the engine. Also called inlet pipe.
3. The British term is inlet manifold


Different cars have different octane needs. But you can always expect to find the unsurpassed cleaning power of Techron in all
grades of Chevron gasoline. The benefits of Chevron with Techron are numerous.

Benefits of Chevron with Techron
Helps restore lost engine performance caused by deposits left by .lower quality gasolines
Helps keep emissions low
Unsurpassed ability to clean vital engine parts such as dirty fuel .injectors and intake valves
Depending on the specific requirements of your car's engine, Chevron offers three different grades of our quality gasoline all
with the cleaning power of Techron. If you're unsure of .which grade your car requires, consult your owner's manual.
Chevron Regular
Recommended for most gasoline-powered passenger cars and trucks.
Chevron Plus
Recommended for higher-performance cars and engines prone to knocking on lower .octane levels.
Chevron Supreme
Recommended for cars where the manufacturer recommends use of premium grade gasoline.