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API 5L Line Pipe Physical Properties

Line pipe grade designations come from API Spec 5L Specification for Line
Pipe. Standard Line Pipe has grade designation A and B. Stronger grades
have the designation X followed by the specified minimum yield strength of
the pipe steel, measured in kilopounds per square inch (abbreviated ksi), e.g.
X60 for pipe having a minimum yield strength of 60 ksi. See the table below
for the standard available grades.
Line Pipe Physical Properties

API 5L Grade

Yield Strength
min.
(ksi)

Tensile Strength
min.
(ksi)

Yield to Tensile
Ratio
(max.)

Elongation
min.
1
%

30

48

0.93

28

35

60

0.93

23

X42

42

60

0.93

23

X46

46

63

0.93

22

X52

52

66

0.93

21

X56

56

71

0.93

19

X60

60

75

0.93

19

X65

65

77

0.93

18

X70

70

82

0.93

17

X80

80

90

0.93

16

API 5L elongation figures vary with specimen dimensions. Values shown for 0.2 sq. in. specimen.

Line pipe mechanical testing usually omits Reduction of Area (RA)


measurement reporting, and Charpy V-Notch (CVN) testing. This prevents
use of this pipe as body material above 36 ksi yield strength for API Spec
6Aequipment without retesting for Reduction of Area, and in the case of low
temperature service, Charpy V-Notch testing as well.
CAUTION: Do not confuse pipe manufactured to meet ASTM A106 Grade A
or B as interchangeable with API 5L Grade A or B without close observation of
the mill test reports. The two pipe specifications overlap, but vary. Pipe may or
may not meet both specs.
For a chart of Carbon Steel Pipe Dimensions and Weights, Click Here.

1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1-1/4
1-1/4
1-1/4
1-1/4
1-1/4
1-1/4
1-1/4
1-1/4
1-1/2
1-1/2
1-1/2
1-1/2
1-1/2
1-1/2

5
10
40
STD
XH
80
160
XXH
5
10
40
STD
XH
80
160
XXH
5
10
40
STD
XH
80
160
XXH
5
10
40
STD
XH
80
160
XXH
5
10
40
STD
XH
80

.840
.840
.840
.840
.840
.840
.840
.840
1.050
1.050
1.050
1.050
1.050
1.050
1.050
1.050
1.315
1.315
1.315
1.315
1.315
1.315
1.315
1.315
1.660
1.660
1.660
1.660
1.660
1.660
1.660
1.660
1.900
1.900
1.900
1.900
1.900
1.900

.710
.674
.622
.622
.546
.546
.466
.252
.920
.884
.824
.824
.742
.742
.614
.434
1.185
1.097
1.049
1.049
.957
.957
.815
.599
1.530
1.442
1.380
1.380
1.278
1.278
1.160
.896
1.770
1.682
1.610
1.610
1.500
1.500

.065
.083
.109
.109
.147
.147
.187
.294
.065
.083
.113
.113
.154
.154
.218
.308
.065
.109
.133
.133
.179
.179
.250
.358
.065
.109
.140
.140
.191
.191
.250
.382
.065
.109
.145
.145
.200
.200

.5383
.6710
.8510
.8510
1.088
1.088
1.304
1.714
.6838
.8572
1.131
1.131
1.474
1.474
1.937
2.441
.8678
1.404
1.679
1.679
2.172
2.172
2.844
3.659
1.107
1.806
2.273
2.273
2.997
2.997
3.765
5.214
1.274
2.085
2.718
2.718
3.631
3.631

1-1/2
1-1/2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2-1/2
2-1/2
2-1/2
2-1/2
2-1/2
2-1/2
2-1/2
2-1/2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3-1/2
3-1/2
3-1/2
3-1/2
3-1/2
3-1/2
3-1/2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

160
XXH
5
10
STD
40
XH
80
160
XXH
5
10
STD
40
XH
80
160
XXH
5
10
STD
40
XH
80
160
XXH
5
10
STD
40
XH
80
XXH
5
10
STD
40
XH
80
120
160
XXH

1.900
1.900
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.875
2.875
2.875
2.875
2.875
2.875
2.875
2.875
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.000
4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500

1.338
1.100
2.245
2.157
2.067
2.067
1.939
1.939
1.687
1.503
2.709
2.635
2.469
2.469
2.323
2.323
2.125
1.771
3.334
3.260
3.068
3.068
2.900
2.900
2.625
2.300
3.834
3.760
3.548
3.548
3.364
3.364
2.728
4.334
4.260
4.026
4.026
3.826
3.826
3.625
3.438
3.152

.281
.400
.065
.109
.154
.154
.218
.218
.344
.436
.083
.120
.203
.203
.276
.276
.375
.552
.083
.120
.216
.216
.300
.300
.438
.600
.083
.120
.226
.226
.318
.318
.636
.083
.120
.237
.237
.337
.337
.438
.531
.674

4.859
6.408
1.604
2.638
3.653
3.653
5.022
5.022
7.462
9.029
2.475
3.531
5.793
5.793
7.661
7.661
10.01
13.70
3.029
4.332
7.576
7.576
10.25
10.25
14.32
18.58
3.472
4.973
9.109
9.109
12.51
12.51
22.85
3.915
5.613
10.79
10.79
14.98
14.98
19.00
22.51
27.54

4-1/2
4-1/2
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
10
10
10

STD
XH
5
10
STD
40
XH
80
120
160
XXH
5
10
STD
40
XH
80
120
160
XXH
STD
XH
XXH
5
10
20
30
STD
40
60
XH
80
100
120
140
160
XXH
STD
XH
5
10
20

5.000
5.000
5.563
5.563
5.563
5.563
5.563
5.563
5.563
5.563
5.563
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
7.625
7.625
7.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
9.625
9.625
10.750
10.750
10.750

4.506
4.290
5.345
5.295
5.047
5.047
4.813
4.813
4.563
4.313
4.063
6.407
6.357
6.065
6.065
5.761
5.761
5.500
5.187
4.897
7.023
6.625
5.875
8.407
8.329
8.125
8.071
7.981
7.981
7.813
7.625
7.625
7.437
7.187
7.000
6.813
6.875
8.941
8.625
10.482
10.420
10.250

.247
.355
.109
.134
.258
.258
.375
.375
.500
.625
.750
.109
.134
.280
.280
.432
.432
.562
.719
.864
.301
.500
.875
.109
.148
.250
.277
.322
.322
.406
.500
.500
.594
.719
.812
.906
.875
.342
.500
.134
.165
.250

12.54
17.61
6.349
7.770
14.62
14.62
20.78
20.78
27.04
32.96
38.55
7.585
9.289
18.97
18.97
28.57
28.57
36.39
45.35
53.16
23.54
38.04
63.08
9.914
13.40
22.36
24.70
28.55
28.55
35.64
43.39
43.39
50.95
60.71
67.76
74.69
72.42
33.91
48.73
15.19
18.70
28.04

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
16
16
16

30
STD
40
60
XH
80
100
120
140
160
XXH
STD
XH
5
10
20
30
STD
40
60
XH
80
100
120
140
160
XXH
10
20
30
STD
40
60
XH
80
100
120
140
160
10
20
30

10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
10.750
11.750
11.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
14.000
16.000
16.000
16.000

10.136
10.020
10.020
9.750
9.750
9.562
9.312
9.062
8.750
8.500
8.750
11.000
10.7500
12.420
12.390
12.250
12.090
12.000
11.938
11.625
11.750
11.375
11.062
10.750
10.500
10.125
10.750
13.500
13.375
13.250
13.250
13.125
12.812
13.000
12.500
12.125
11.812
11.500
11.188
15.500
15.375
15.250

.307
.365
.365
.500
.500
.594
.719
.844
1.000
1.125
1.000
.375
.500
.165
.180
.250
.330
.375
.406
.562
.500
.688
.844
1.000
1.125
1.312
1.000
.250
.312
.375
.375
.438
.594
.500
.750
.938
1.094
1.250
1.406
.250
.312
.375

34.24
40.48
40.48
54.74
54.74
64.43
77.03
89.29
104.1
115.6
104.1
45.56
60.08
22.18
24.16
33.38
43.77
49.56
53.52
73.15
65.42
88.63
107.3
125.5
139.67
160.3
125.5
36.71
45.61
54.57
54.57
63.44
85.05
72.09
106.1
130.9
150.8
170.2
189.1
42.05
52.27
62.58

16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24

STD
40
60
XH
80
100
120
140
160
10
20
30
STD
40
60
XH
80
100
120
140
160
10
20
30
STD
40
60
XH
80
100
120
140
160
10
20
30
STD
40
60
XH
80
100

16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
16.000
18.000
18.000
18.000
18.000
18.000
18.000
18.000
18.000
18.000
18.000
18.000
18.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000

15.250
15.000
14.688
15.000
14.312
13.938
13.562
13.125
12.812
17.500
17.375
17.125
17.250
16.875
16.500
17.000
16.125
15.688
15.25
14.875
14.438
19.500
19.250
19.000
19.250
18.812
18.375
19.000
17.938
17.438
17.000
16.500
16.062
23.500
23.250
22.875
23.250
22.625
22.062
23.000
21.562
20.938

.375
.500
.656
.500
.844
1.031
1.219
1.438
1.594
.250
.312
.438
.375
.562
.750
.500
.938
1.156
1.375
1.562
1.781
.250
.375
.500
.375
.594
.812
.500
1.031
1.281
1.500
1.750
1.969
.250
.375
.562
.375
.688
.969
.500
1.219
1.531

62.48
82.77
107.5
82.77
136.6
164.8
192.4
223.6
245.3
47.39
58.94
82.15
70.59
104.7
138.2
93.45
170.9
208.0
244.1
274.2
308.5
52.73
78.60
104.1
78.60
123.1
166.4
104.1
208.9
256.1
296.4
341.1
379.2
63.41
94.62
140.7
94.62
171.3
238.4
125.5
296.6
367.4

24
24
24

120
140
160

24.000
24.000
24.000

20.375
19.875
19.312

1.812
2.062
2.344

429.4
483.1
542.1

To determine Working Pressure of selected size and strength Grades of pipe,


Click Here.
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Pipe is made of a wide variety of materials - like galvanized steel, black steel, copper, cast iron,
concrete, and various plastics such as ABS, PVC, CPVC, polyethylene, polybutylene and more.
Pipes are identified by "nominal" or "trade" names that are loosely related to the actual dimensions.
For instance, a 2-inch galvanized steel pipe has an inside diameter of about 2 1/8 inches and an
outside diameter of about 2 5/8 inches.
In plumbing pipe size is referred to as nominal pipe size - NPS, or "Nominal Pipe Size". The metric
equivalent is called DN or "diametre nominel". The metric designations conform to International
Standards Organization (ISO) usage and apply to all plumbing, natural gas, heating oil, and
miscellaneous piping used in buildings. The use of NPS does not conform to American Standard
pipe designations where the term NPS means "National Pipe Thread Straight".

Diameter Nominal
DN
(mm)

Nominal Pipe Size


NPS
(inches)

1/8

1/4

10

3/8

15

1/2

Diameter Nominal
DN
(mm)

Nominal Pipe Size


NPS
(inches)

20

3/4

25

32

1 1/4

40

1 1/2

50

65

2 1/2

80

100

150

200

250

10

300

12

350

14

400

16

450

18

500

20

Diameter Nominal
DN
(mm)

Nominal Pipe Size


NPS
(inches)

550

22

600

24

650

26

700

28

750

30

800

32

900

36

1000

40

1050

42

1100

44

1200

48

1300

52

1400

56

1500

60

1600

64

1700

68

Diameter Nominal
DN
(mm)

Nominal Pipe Size


NPS
(inches)

1800

72

1900

76

2000

80

2200

88