Combined Footing

© All Rights Reserved

51 views

Combined Footing

© All Rights Reserved

- Reinforced Concrete Mechanics Design Solutions
- Reinforced Concrete Design II
- footing
- Lecture10 Combined Footings
- Design of Concrete Structures Worked Examples.pdf
- Solution Manual Reinforced Concrete McCormac 9th Edition
- Hand Claculation of Design of Cantilever Concrete Beam
- Design of Combined-Footings by is-456
- Design of Cantilever Beam
- Engineering Hydrology Subramanya k
- Pile Cap Design Examples
- Raft Foundations
- 10 Design of Cantilever RCC Beam 23052014 2
- Theory of Structures- A Must Read for Be's
- Roof Top Cantilever Slab
- Design of Combined Footing
- Rc Columns
- Slab Design (Cantilever, One Way, Two Way & Continuous )
- Design of Trapezoidal Footing - Bowles
- Cantilever

You are on page 1of 22

CE 402: Part A

Shallow Foundation Design

Lecture No. (4): Combined Footing

Fayoum University

Faculty of Engineering

Department of Civil Engineering

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 2

The most important thing is to keep the most

important thing the most important thing

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 3

Combined Footing

A combined footing is a long footing supporting two

or more columns in (typically two) one row.

A combined footing is a rectangular or trapezoidal

shaped footing.

P

1

P

2

P

2

P

1

P

1

P

2

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 4

Using of Combined Footing

Construction practice may dictate using only one

footing for two or more columns due to:

a) Closeness of column (for example around elevator shafts and

escalators); and

b) Due to property line constraint, which may limit the size of

footings at boundary. The eccentricity of a column placed on

an edge of a footing may be compensated by tieing the footing

to the interior column.

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 5

(CONVENTIONAL METHOD)

DESIGN OF COMBINED FOOTINGS BY RIGID METHOD:

The rigid method of design of combined footings assumes that:

1. The footing or mat is infinitely rigid, and therefore, the deflection

of the footing or mat does not influence the pressure

distribution,

2. The soil pressure is distributed in a straight line or a plane

surface such that the centroid of the soil pressure coincides with

the line of action of the resultant force of all the loads acting on

the foundation.

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 6

(CONVENTIONAL METHOD)

The design of combined footing requires that the centroid

of the area be as close as possible to the resultant of the

two column loads for uniform pressure and settlement (if

possible).

i.e.: eccentricity, e = 0.0

B

B

1

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 7

Combined Footing

b

2 b

1

A

t

a

2

a

1

A

1

t

1

C

2

C

1

L

1

L

2

L

X

X

a

2

a

1

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 8

Plain Concrete Footing (P.C.)

A

A

1

t

C

2

C

1

L

1

L

2

a

2

a

1

t

1

P

2

P

1

R

1 2

( ) R P P = +

1 2

1 1 2 2

2 2 2

A a a

X C L X C L = + + + = + + +

For uniform stress, Resultant

should be at mid of ( A )

Assume thickness of P.C.:

t = (0.25 to 0.50)

X= (0.80 to 1.0) t

Assume C

2

= 0.50m

2 1

* * L R L P =

Get (L

2

)

1 2

1.15( )

*

a

P P

Area A B

q

+

= =

Get (B)

Dim. of P.C. = A * B * t

2

2 2

2 2

A a

X C L = + + +

Get (A)

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 9

Reinforced Concrete Footing (R.C.)

1

2 A A X =

| |

2

1

1

2

C

M w =

1 1

1.50

*

n

R

p

A B

=

1

2 B B X =

P

2

P

1

C

2

C

1

L

1

L

2

a

2

a

1

t

1

R

w

M

1

M

2

M

max

1

1.50R

w

A

=

| |

2

2

2

2

C

M w =

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 10

Reinforced Concrete Footing (R.C.)

2

0.0 wZ P =

*

cu

M

d C

b F

=

1

cov t d er = +

Steel cover=5.0 to 7.0cm

Dim. of R.C. = A

1

* B

1

* t

1

2

2

max 2 2

( )

2 2

wZ a

M P Z C

(

= +

(

M

1

C

2

C

1

L

1

L

2

a

2

a

1

t

1

P

2

P

1

R

M

2

M

max

w

Z

Get

(Z)

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef

11

Shear Stress

1 1

* Q w C =

2 1 1 1

*( ) Q P w C a = +

3 2 2 2

*( ) Q w C a P = +

4 2

*( ) Q w C =

2 s

Q Q wd =

t

1

C

2

C

1

L

1

L

2

a

2

a

1

P

2

P

1

R

p

n

d

Q

4

Z

Q

1

Q

2

Q

3

Q

s

0.75

cu

su

c

f

q

=

*

s

s su

Q

q q

b d

= s

If q

s

> q

su

, Increase d

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 12

Punching Stress

| |

1 1 1

* ( )*( )

p n

Q P p a d b d = + +

| |

1 1 1

*2* ( ) ( )

p

A d a d b d = + + +

p

p

p

Q

q

A

=

| |

0.5 ( / ) / /

cup cu c cu c

q a b f f = + s

If q

p

> q

cup

, Increase d

t

1

P

1

G.S

a

1

p

n

d/2

a

1 d/2

d/2

d/2

b

1

Column(1):

Repeat Check for column (2)

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 13

Footing Reinforcement

Which is required?

Top or bottom RFT

why?

max

* *

top

y

M

A

f d j

=

M

1

a

2

a

1

t

1

M

2

M

max

1

* *

bot

y

M

A

f d j

=

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 14

Design of Hidden Beams

1

1

1

P

w

B

=

1

* *

I

sH

y

M

A

f d j

=

B

1

t

1

P

1

w

1

G.S

b

1

+

+

+

+

B.M.D

| |

2

1 1

1 1

( ) / 2

2

HB

B b

M w

=

1

*

cu

M

d C

b F

=

1

b b d = +

1

d d safe <

1 1

d d take d d > =

t

1

b

1

G.S G.S

B

1

s

A ( 1) HB

Main bot RFT

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 15

Design of Combined Footing

Example(1):

Make a complete design for a combined footing for the two

columns shown in figure (1). The net allowable pressure is 1.10

kg/cm

2

and the foundation level is 2.0m below ground surface

a

1

= 0.90m. b

1

= 0.30m P

1

=140t

a

2

= 0.50m b

2

= 0.30m P

2

=90t

q

a

= 1.10kg/cm

2

= 11.0t/m

2

.

f

cu

= 250kg/cm

2

.

f

y

=3600kg/cm

2

0.30

0.50

0.30

0.90

3.20

140t

90t

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 16

Plain Concrete Footing (P.C.)

A

A

1

t

C

2

C

1

L

1

L

2

a

2

a

1

t

1

P

2

P

1

R

2 1 2

1.15( ) 1.15*230

* 24.10

11

a

P P

Area A B m

q

+

= = = =

1 2

( ) 140 90 230 R P P t = + = + =

1 2

1 1 2 2

2 2 2

A a a

X C L X C L = + + + = + + +

For uniform stress, Resultant

should be at mid of ( A )

Assume thickness of P.C.:

t = 0.30

X= t = 0.30

Assume C

2

= 0.50m

2

*230 3.20*140 L =

B = 4.02 = 4.05m

0.50

0.30 0.50 1.95 3.00

2 2

A

m = + + + =

A = 6.00m

L

2

= 1.95

Dim. of P.C. = 6.00 * 4.05 * 0.30

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 17

Reinforced Concrete Footing (R.C.)

1

2 6.00 2*0.30 5.40 A A X m = = =

| |

2

2

1

1

0.90

63.90* 25.88 .

2 2

C

M w m t = = =

1 1

1.50*230

18.52 /

* 5.40*3.45

n

R

p t m

A B

= = =

1

2 4.05 2*0.30 3.45 B B X m = = =

P

2

P

1

C

2

C

1

L

1

L

2

a

2

a

1

t

1

R

p

n

M

1

M

2

M

max

2

1

1.50*230

63.90 /

5.40

R

w t m

A

= = =

| | | |

2 2

2

2

0.50

63.90 8.00 .

2 2

C

M w m t = = =

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 18

Reinforced Concrete Footing (R.C.)

2

63.90* 1.50*90 wZ P Z =

5

41.36*10

5* 34.6 35

* 345*250

cu

M

d C cm

b F

= = = =

1

cov 35 5 40 t d er cm = + = + =

Dim. of R.C. = 5.80 * 3.20* 35

2

2

max 2 2

( )

2 2

wZ a

M P Z C

(

= +

(

M

1

0.50

0.90

L

1

=

1.95 L

2

=1.25

a

2

a

1

t

1

P

2

=135

P

1

=210

R

M

2

M

max

p

n

Z

Z=2.11

2

max

63.90*2.11 0.5

1.50*90* 2.11 (0.50 ) 41.36 .

2 2

M m t

(

= + =

(

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 19

Shear Stress

1

63.95*0.90 57.55 Q t = =

2

210 63.95*(0.90 0.90) 95.89 Q t = + =

3

63.95*(0.50 0.50) 135 71.05 Q t = + =

4

63.95*(0.50) 31.98 Q t = =

95.89 63.95*0.35 73.51

s

Q t = =

35

0.50

0.90

L

1

L

2

0.50

0.90

P

2

=135

P

1

=210

R

p

n

d

Q

4

Z

Q

1

Q

2

Q

3

Q

s

250

0.75 0.75 9.68

1.50

cu

su

c

f

q

= = =

3

2

73.51*10

7.10 /

345*30

s

q kg cm = =

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 20

Punching Stress

| |

1 1 1

* ( )*( )

p n

Q P p a d b d = + +

| |

1 1 1

*2* ( ) ( )

p

A d a d b d = + + +

3

2

4

194.95*10

15.98 /

1.33*10

p

p

p

Q

q kg cm

A

= = =

| |

0.5 ( / ) / /

cup cu c cu c

q b a f f = + s

q

p

> q

cup

, Increase d= 45cm

0.40

P

1

=210

G.S

0.90

P

n

=18.52

d/2

0.90

d/2

d/2

d/2

0.30

Column(1):

Repeat Check for column (2)

| |

210 18.52* (0.90 0.35)*(0.30 0.35) 194.95

p

Q t = + + =

| |

2

1

0.35*2* (0.90 0.35) (0.30 0.35) 1.33

p

A m = + + + =

| |

2

0.5 (0.30/ 0.90) 250/1.50 10.75 /

cup

q kg cm = + =

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 21

Design of Hidden Beams

1

1

1

210

60.87 / '

3.45

P

w t m

B

= = =

5

2

1

75.5*10

24.2

* * 3600*105*0.826

I

sH

y

M

A cm

f d j

= = =

B

1

= 3.45

50

P

1

=210

w

1

G.S

B

1

=0.30

+

+

+

+

B.M.D

| |

2

1

(3.45 0.30) / 2

60.87 75.50 .

2

HB

M m t

= =

5

1

75.50*10

5 100.3 105

75*250

d cm = = =

1

0.30 0.30 0.65 b b d = + = + =

1

105 d d take d > =

t

1

b

1

G.S G.S

B

1

s

A ( 1) HB

Main bot RFT

7 22 |

Dr. Youssef Gomaa Youssef 22

Footing Reinforcement

5

2 1

25.88*10

8.30

* * 3600*110*0.826

top

y

M

A cm

f d j

= = =

M

1

=25.88

0.50

0.90

110

M

2

=8.0

0

M

max

= 40.36

2 max

40.36

12.93

* * 3600*105*0.826

bot

y

M

A cm

f d j

= = =

5 12/ ' m |

5 12/ ' m |

- Reinforced Concrete Mechanics Design SolutionsUploaded bywmulvany
- Reinforced Concrete Design IIUploaded by'Izzad Afif
- footingUploaded byolomu
- Lecture10 Combined FootingsUploaded byGopalram Sudhirkumar
- Design of Concrete Structures Worked Examples.pdfUploaded bygugi
- Solution Manual Reinforced Concrete McCormac 9th EditionUploaded byLarry
- Hand Claculation of Design of Cantilever Concrete BeamUploaded byJaime Manalili Landingin
- Design of Combined-Footings by is-456Uploaded byjkedar_78
- Design of Cantilever BeamUploaded byjs kalyana rama
- Engineering Hydrology Subramanya kUploaded bymessel2013
- Pile Cap Design ExamplesUploaded byt_solanki2001
- Raft FoundationsUploaded byJoshua Robinson
- 10 Design of Cantilever RCC Beam 23052014 2Uploaded byAhmad Badsha Quadri
- Theory of Structures- A Must Read for Be'sUploaded bymbabu76067
- Roof Top Cantilever SlabUploaded byWin Than
- Design of Combined FootingUploaded bySujan Singh
- Rc ColumnsUploaded bycoolkaisy
- Slab Design (Cantilever, One Way, Two Way & Continuous )Uploaded bysharathkn
- Design of Trapezoidal Footing - BowlesUploaded byPhalgun Moturu
- CantileverUploaded byNasir Roslan
- rr320102-structural-analysis-iiUploaded bySRINIVASA RAO GANTA
- Combined Footing Design ...pdfUploaded byIgnatius Samraj
- Cantilever Slab DesignUploaded bySarah Huff
- Design of combined footingUploaded byAhmmed Muhsee
- Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures m.l Gambhir 2008Uploaded byRamachandra Sahu
- Fundamentals of Reinforced Concrete Design (2)Uploaded byZamir Mear
- RCC33 Flat Slabs (a & D)Uploaded byrahul vaish
- BOLTED COVER PLATE SPLICE.pdfUploaded byTimothy Hancock
- Shallow FoundationUploaded byRonald O.
- Raft Foundation Analysis and Design ExampleUploaded byEng Obadah Harastani

- secondorderanalysis-2009Uploaded byNguyen Minh Phap
- Resistance of Members to Flexural BucklingUploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- 09b Eurocodes Steel Workshop LANDOLFOUploaded byAnonymous qjoKrp0o
- Structural DesignUploaded bygutmont
- earthquake forces calculationUploaded byriccecri
- 171-178 EurocodeUploaded byDeana White
- Retaining wallsUploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- En 1994 - Eurocode 4: Design OfUploaded bychono_kolev
- Asset Doc Loc 2521847 Apc RawUploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- Roanoke 2000 Wald Bouguin Sokol MuzeauUploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- 102503Uploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- 1401 Nsc TechUploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- module_c_design_of_steel_members_and_joints_suscos_2013_2014_l21_wa_2013-10-07_13-23-4_771Uploaded byMiso Kowac
- EN1993_2_SedlacekUploaded byAnna G
- Artigo 2005 Structural Modelling Vierendeel BeamsUploaded byOmerta Spirit
- Member ImperfectionUploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- Stable length in steel portal framesUploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- Semi continuous composite beamUploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- Strength of Materials_CH9Uploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- FRAME IDEALISATION & ANALYSISUploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- Steel Supply Sub-grades to EC3Uploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- TEM2Ch6Uploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- KINA25913ENN_00Uploaded byAnonymous iS33V5
- Precast_concrete_frames_guideUploaded byHari Amudhan Ilanchezhian
- Design of Concentrically Braced FramesUploaded byAnonymous iS33V5

- MarshallUploaded byPacifique Nicholas
- EcoLibrium - Commissioning Smoke Hazard Management SystemsUploaded byPrakash Rao
- Final Invoice for Epoxy & Screeding WorksUploaded byarchie_728
- 200892274-Materials-Engineer-Accreditation-Examination-Reviewer.pdfUploaded byMae Ann Gonzales
- DO_040_S2014.pdfUploaded byRG Dictado
- اسئلة واجوابة فى الجسورUploaded byalfaza3
- 2980330C-LabControlsHandbookUploaded bydariopetric
- Sobha City Unit PlansUploaded bybigdealsin14
- Cogan_E-Brochure.pdfUploaded byougueway
- 2008 Standards MarkedUploaded byAndrzej Antoniuk
- Rate AnalysisUploaded byNehal Shah
- Foundations NotesUploaded byapi-26041653
- Carrier ERVUploaded byJojo Fernandez
- Alberta Building Code_ Roofing _ Done Right RoofingUploaded byMykel Velasquez
- Compressor Motor TestingUploaded byLeon Mills
- Bangalore Metro Wseal.finalUploaded byMantripragada Raju
- Design of SlabsUploaded byhannan mohsin
- STRUCTURAL_STEEL_DESIGN_AND_CONSTRUCTION_lowres.pdfUploaded byscegts
- Boiler Replacements BizHouse.ukUploaded byAlex Beke
- FHN 0916 D Ceiling ExposedUploaded byJeghi
- C-StrucDesign-Morgan-Jun151.pdfUploaded bykyle
- De JOYA Villanueva Residence Schedule of Construction ActualUploaded byAdrian Marasigan Reyes
- Architectural Aspects of AtriumUploaded byAlan Correa
- 2TEC Evaporadora Monofasica - 1 a 5 TRUploaded byaldo_cpa_
- Water CoolUploaded byrkib
- Thermal and Moisture ProtectionUploaded byJireh Grace
- Lesson - 1,History of RefrigerationUploaded bysarmad009
- design condition vp9Uploaded byapi-275296565
- 05-Design Data Summary, Equipment Selection-06!05!11Uploaded bykarunvandna
- Common Materials That May Contain AsbestosUploaded byPerwez21