CLEARWATER RIVER

10.0080

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 3.8 Dates surveyed: 8/16/02 to 6/ /03 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho Access
Steelhead Mile 3.8: Continue on 6000 road to

Clearwater bridge near 6015 road. Mile 2.2: Follow 6000 road to 6050 road. Mile 1.0: Take Hwy. 410 and turn right on Bridge Camp Road about ten miles east of Enumclaw. Turn right on 6000 road and cross the White River. Turn right on 6013 road to 90 degree bend approximately 0.3 miles. Follow trail to river.

DESCRIPTION

The Clearwater river is a upstream large tributary to the Upper from the White river. The substrate mouth of consists of cobbles with Clearwater river. smaller gravel in the many riffles and tailouts. The riparian area is primarily second growth conifer forest in the lower river with

Looking

recent clear cutting evident along portions of the upper survey reach. There is limited amounts of LWD in the channel and much of what is present is undersized or hardwood in origin. There are a series of cascades at approximately RM 4.5 above Lyle creek that may block further upstream migration. Much of the spawning takes place in the lower 2 miles of the river although many Clearwater acclimation pond. Approximately redds are documented in the upper reaches 200,000 plus Spring chinook from the later in the season. Surveys for coho were Muckleshoot White River hatchery are transported to the Clearwater pond in early conducted for the first time this season.
Spring, and released in late Spring.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

32

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

2002 CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS
35

30

25

NUMBER OBSERVED

20

LIVE DEAD REDDS

15

10

5

0 8/16/02 8/28/02 9/5/02 9/16/02 9/25/02 10/3/02 10/16/02 10/31/02
DATE SURVEYED

CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2002)
300 272 278

250

200
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE 150 140 DEAD REDDS

87

100

76

78

80

99

50 31 29 30 27 20 25 18 26 17 18 2000 2001 2002 29 1999
YEAR SURVEYED

7

0 1995 1996 1997 1998

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

6

33

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

70

72

73

2002 CLEARWATER RIVER COHO COUNTS
80

70 60

50
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

40

DEAD REDDS

30 20

10 0 10/31/02 11/4/02 11/14/02
DATE SURVEYED

11/22/02

12/2/02

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

34

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

2003 CLEARWATER RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS
30

25

20
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE
15

DEAD REDDS

10

5

0 3/28/03 4/10/03 4/22/03 5/1/03 5/14/03 5/27/03 6/4/03 6/16/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 Steelhead graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

CLEARWATER RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2003)
120

105 100 89

80

NUMBER OBSERVED

60

56

58

REDDS

40

20 12

0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

35

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

CRIPPLE CREEK
10.0086

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 8/16/02 to 12/2/02 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho Access
Mile 0.3: Follow Forest Service road 74 Off of Hwy 410 until the bridge over the West Fork White river is reached. A short distance further is the Wrong creek bridge. Approximately 100 yards East of the Wrong creek bridge Cripple creek flows through a culvert under the road.

DESCRIPTION
The surveyed reach of Cripple creek flows in the West Fork White River flood plain and joins Pinochle creek approximately 0.5 miles above its confluence with the West Fork. It flows through a low gradient pool riffle channel with generally thick, brushy riparian cover. The substrate contains a large amount of fine material but does contain some small patches of good spawning gravel. There is an acclimation pond located at RM 0.3 where White River Spring chinook have been reared and released for several years. Approximately 50,000 plus Spring chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchery are transported to the Cripple creek acclimation pond in early Spring, and released in late Cripple creek looking downstream from the Forest Service bridge. The acclimation pond is just out of Spring. Returns to this small the picture to the right. stream as well as Pinochle and Wrong creeks are likely the result of these plantings.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

36

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

2002 CRIPPLE CREEK COHO COUNTS
8 7 6 5
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

4 3 2 1 0 10/31/02 11/4/02 11/14/02
DATE SURVEYED

DEAD REDDS

11/22/02

12/2/02

CRIPPLE CREEK SPRING CHINOOK ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS (1994 - 2003)
200,000
185,798

180,000

160,000
135,990 99,800 104,760

140,000

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

120,000

100,000

Spring Chinook

68,000

80,000

60,000

40,000

20,000

0
1994 - 1995 1995 - 1996 1996 - 1997 1997 - 1998 1998 - 1999
YEAR PLANTED

1999 - 2000

2000 - 2001

2001 - 2002

2002 - 2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

37

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

55,750

DEER CREEK
10.0685

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.0 Dates surveyed: 10/22/02 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho Access
Mile 0.5: Deer creek is located just of the main line on the 2 road. Take the left spur that is gated just past the cowskull acclimation pond road.

DESCRIPTION
Deer creek is a upper Puyallup river tributary. It is located approximately 0.6 miles below Swift creek, on the opposite bank. Deer creek is above the Electron diversion, so as with many of the other tributary in the upper Puyallup, it is part of the surplus adult chinook and coho planting program. Deer creek is not surveyed with any regularity, but instead it is spot checked to see how successful the adult plants are. The creek is confined by moderate to steep walls. The gradient is moderate with numerous deep pools and good spawning medium. Deer creek is one of the few stream in Deer creek looking downstream at approximately R.M. 0.3. Adult plant take place upstream of this location at R.M. late summer and early fall with 0.5. adequate water flow to plant adult chinook. Surplus adult chinook are planted in late summer to early fall, and coho in late fall when available. Adult plant have been taking place since 1997, yet no natural returns have been documented.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

38

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

DEER CREEK SURPLUS ADULT CHINOOK PLANTS
(2001 - 2002)
150 150
160

MALE
140

FEMALE
120

NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

100

80

60

40

20

0 2001 2002

YEAR PLANTED

DEER CREEK SURPLUS ADULT COHO PLANTS
(1997 - 2002)
1080 1200

24

37

MALE COHO
951

1000

FEMALE COHO

NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

800

510

400 276 224 247 259

467

510

524 2002 147

600

200

0 1997 1998 1999 YEAR PLANTED 2000 2001

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

559

39

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

DIRU CREEK HATCHERY
10.0029

Puyallup Tribal Fisheries Hatchery Facility River mile: 0.5 Species : Chinook, Coho, Chum DESCRIPTION
Diru Creek Hatchery is located on Diru Creek (10.0029) a tributary to Clarks Creek in Puyallup, Washington. Water is supplied from two pumped wells (800 gpm) and gravity flow out of Diru Creek (200-500 gpm). Incubation consists of 20 vertical stacks of 12 trays. Initial rearing uses 16 shallow troughs in the hatchery building. Additional rearing containers include four 50’x5’x5’ raceways, two 6696 cubic foot ponds (UP1 and UP2), and one 13,000 cubic foot pond (LP) that are also used for holding returning adults. In addition, the Puyallup Tribe operates six acclimation ponds in the Puyallup Watershed. Three of the acclimation ponds 13,000 cubic foot pond (LP) used for holding returning adult chum salmon. are used for reintroducing fall chinook and coho into a 30-mile reach in the Upper Puy- Incubation room allup River above Electron Dam. Electron Dam has been an anadromous barrier for 97 years. A fish ladder was construction and completed in fall of 2000. Three other acclimation ponds are located in the Upper White River drainage. These ponds are used for reintroducing White River spring chinook back into their endemic range. All ponds have approximately 10,000 cubic feet of rearing space and between 1 to 3 cubic feet per second flow. The Puyallup Tribe’s restoration goal is to rebuild depressed chinook stocks and remove them from ESA listing. Using acclimation ponds, limiting harvest, and making substantial gains in habitat restoration, the tribe will be able to accomplish this task. Levee setbacks, oxbow reconnections both inter tidal and upland, Commencement Bay cleanup, and harvest cutbacks have already been initiated. Only the jumpstarting of chinook in habitat areas devoid of fish is left. Acclimation ponds are a proven method in increasing fish numbers on the spawning Planting juvenile coho in Rushingwater grounds.
acclimation pond, February 2003.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

40

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

Hatchery, rearing 200,000 fall chinook for release on station and 200,000 for acclimation ponds in the upper Puyallup River for a combined 6,857 pounds of fish. Historically, fall chinook have been reared and released since 1980 with a variety of stocks, goals, and objectives. Spring Chinook Hatchery Production The three-acclimation ponds the Puyallup Tribe operates are satellite facilities to the White River and Minter Creek Hatcheries. Production levels have been around 400,000 smolts, however, it fluctuates based on available brood stock. They have a production capacity of 837,000 zero age smolts. Fall Coho Hatchery Production Currently, 200,000 coho yearlings are imprinted and released in the Upper Puyallup Watershed. Coho originate from Voights Creek Hatchery where 100,000 are adipose clipped and coded wire tagged. Fish are released at 20 fish per pound, for a total biomass of 10,000 pounds. Winter Chum Hatchery Production The Puyallup Tribe currently raises 1.5 to 2.0 million-chum smolts for release into the lower Puyallup River. This program significantly augments a Tribal river fishery and All Citizen purse seine fishery in East and West Pass in Puget Sound. This stock originated initially from Chambers Creek. Puyallup Tribal Fisheries releases 1000 to 3000 pounds annually based on available brood stock returns to Diru Creek Hatchery. The program was started in 1991 and has become self-sustaining.

Chum salmon return in record numbers to Diru creek hatchery 2002/2003.

Returning chum being spawned during the 2002/2003 winter season.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

41

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

DIRU CREEK HATCHERY CHUM RACK COUNT (1998 - 2003)
1998-2002 Diru Creek Chum Rack Return
20000 18000 16000 14000 Number of Chum 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 1-Feb 8-Feb 15-Feb 16-Nov 23-Nov 30-Nov 22-Feb 4-Jan 11-Jan 18-Jan 25-Jan 1-Mar 8-Mar 15-Mar 22-Mar 14-Dec 21-Dec 28-Dec 29-Mar 7-Dec 5-Apr 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

17629

Date

DIRU CREEK CHUM SALMON OUTPLANTS (1994 - 2003)
0 3,

NUMBER OF CHUM RELEASED

1,229,960

1,235,328

1,295,739

0 2,

00

,0

00

1,738,599

1,774,280

5 2,

1,927,970

00

,0

00

2,135,125

2,385,220

00

,0

00

5 1,

0 1,

00

,0

00

50

00 0,

0

0

1994 - 1995

1995 - 1996

1996 - 1997

1997 - 1998

990,690

, 00

00

0

CHUM

1998 - 1999

1999 - 2000

2000 - 2001

2001 - 2002

2002 - 2003

YEAR PLANTED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

42

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

VOIGHTS CREEK FALL CHINOOK SALMON OUTPLANTS (1994 - 2003)
DIRU 10.0029
1,008,200

1, 20 0, 00 0

COWSKULL 10.0680 HYLEBOS 10.0013 MOWICH 10.0624 WILKESON 10.0432 CLARKS 10.0027 RUSHINGWATER 10.0625
395,000

1, 00 0, 00 0
NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

60 0, 00 0

80 0, 00 0

771,350

231,163

231,163 127,600

40 0, 00 0

82,150 125,856

90,641 134,053

110,900 110,973 16,269

108,000

90,200

74,144

1994 - 1995

1995 - 1996

1996 - 1997

1997 - 1998

1998 - 1999

1999 - 2000

2000 - 2001

19,359

2001 - 2002

38,093

20 0, 00 0

0

YEAR PLANTED

WHITE RIVER SPRING CHINOOK SALMON OUTPLANTS (1994 - 2003)
HUCKLEBERRY 10.0253
52 5, 00 0

CLEARWATER 10.0080 COWSKULL 10.0680 MOWICH 10.0624 CRIPPLE 10.0086 GREENWATER 10.0122

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

37 5, 00 0

45 0, 00 0

496,700

189,720 149,980

22 5, 00 0

175,650

182,440 198,800

185,798

15 0, 00 0

72,600

99,800

99,800

68,000

104,760

121,460

135,990

243,000 199,000

218,631

217,450

226,500

30 0, 00 0

201,536

237,900

134,500 200,200 2002 - 2003

173,693

37,346

75 ,0 00

1994 - 1995

1995 - 1996

1996 - 1997

1997 - 1998

1998 - 1999
YEAR PLANTED

32,300

1999 - 2000

2000 - 2001

2001 - 2002

2002 - 2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

0

43

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

55,750

VOIGHTS CREEK FALL COHO SALMON OUTPLANTS (1994 - 2003)
COWSKULL 10.0680 RUSHINGWATER 10.0625
00

DIRU 10.0029
206,095 210,000 199,900

25

00

HYLEBOS 10.0013 CLARKS 10.0027 LK KAPOWSIN 10.0600
149,970

20

00 00

SIMONS 10.200

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

15

00

00

101,400

96,790 100,350

10

00

00

50,000

90,000

49,500

50

00

0

7,643 3,408 3,408

1994 - 1995

3,408 3,408

1995 - 1996

49,400

1996 - 1997

1997 - 1998

1998 - 1999
YEAR PLANTED

49,850

1999 - 2000

2000 - 2001

99,400 100,400

2001 - 2002

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

0

44

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

104,500 104,500

2002 - 2003

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

1200

1000

1080

755

600

559

510 524

510

467

490

371

400
312 325 345

455

615

276 259

264

292

247

256

261 257

299

300

246

237

245 257 250

224

220

222

208

236 243

199

194

188

169

170 177

VOIGHTS CREEK SURPLUS ADULT COHO AND CHINOOK OUTPLANTS (1997 - 2002)

200
150 146 125 119

147

150

134

188

199

131

106

100

100

76

75

75

75

74

75

122

200

246

65

53

50

37

50

25

24

0

25

0

0

0

0

0

53

0

0
M ALE C OHO R USHINGW ATER 10.0625 C OHO C HINOOK C HINOOK FEM ALE M ALE FEM ALE M ALE C OHO

M ALE

FEM ALE

M ALE

FEM ALE

FEM ALE C OHO

M ALE C HINOOK M OW IC H R IVER 10.0624

FEM ALE C HINOOK

M ALE C O HO

FEM ALE C OHO SW IFT 10.0697

M ALE C OHO

0

FEM ALE C OHO NIESSON 10.0622

M ALE C OHO

FEM ALE C OHO

M ALE C HINOOK PUYALLUP R IVER 10.0022

FEM ALE C HINOOK

M ALE C OHO

FEM ALE C OHO C AR BON R IVER 10.0413

M ALE C OHO

FEM ALE C OHO OHOP 10.0600

M ALE C OHO

FEM ALE C OHO KELLOG 10.0621

C OHO

C OHO

C HINOOK

C HINOOK

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

D EER C R EEK 10.0685

65

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

800

951

45

DOLLAR CREEK
10.0412

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.2 Dates surveyed: NOT SURVEYED IN 2002 Species surveyed: Chum Access
Mile 0.2: Dollar creek enters the Puyallup flood plain at the Dollar boat launch on McCutcheon Rd. just upstream of 128th St. in McMillin.

DESCRIPTION
The surveyed reach of Dollar creek flows within the Puyallup river channel along the right bank. The channel changes from year to year with Puyallup river high water events but provides excellent spawning gravel throughout this reach. At the Dollar launch, the channel heads away from the Puyallup and drains an old oxbow adjacent to the dike. Passage out of the Puyallup River channel is questionable and no fish were observed above this point, however extensive
Upstream photo showing Dollar creek just before it enters the Puyallup River.

surveys were not conducted. It is quite likely that the upper reaches of Dollar provide overwintering habitat for multiple species of juvenile salmonids.

The lower reach of Dollar creek flows within the Puyallup river floodplain.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

46

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

ELECTRON FISH BYPASS FACILITY PUYALLUP RIVER DIVERSION
10.0021

Puget Sound Energy Electron Fish Bypass Facility
River mile: 31.2 - 41.7 Species sampled: Chinook, Coho, Steelhead, Char, Cutthroat

DESCRIPTION
Puget Sound Energy’s Electron Hydroelectric facility utilizes water diverted from the Puyallup river at RM 41.7 (bottom photo). The diverted water is channeled 10.1 miles through a flume and settling pond before collecting into a small reservoir (forebay-top photo). The water held in the forebay is used to generate power via four turbines located in the power house approximately 800 feet below the forebay. Upon entering the forebay, water flow is Hopper from trap transferring fish to the holding tank where the fish will be processed, and diverted towards the trap by large steel then placed into the tank trailer for transport. plates suspended by buoys. A exclusionary guide net is also in place across the forebay during the annual smolt migration period. Many of the smolts caught during this period are fish released from holding ponds above the diversion dam. These efforts are made to direct the fish into the trap, where they are crowded into a hopper and then deposited into a holding tank. Fish are dip-netted into a container, anesthetized, identified, measured and placed in a water trailer for transport down to the powerhouse where they are released into the Puyallup River.

Puget Sound Energy, Electron diversion dam and fish ladder located on the Puyallup River at RM 41.7. The fish ladder was completed in late 2000.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

47

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

Number and Timing of Coho Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2002
2200

2000

1800

1600

1400
NUMBER SAMPLED

1200

COHO 1+ (U) COHO 1+ (M) COHO 0 (U)

1000

800

600

400

200

0
10/10/02 10/17/02 10/24/02 10/31/02 1/10/02 1/17/02 1/24/02 1/31/02 2/14/02 2/21/02 2/28/02 3/14/02 3/21/02 3/28/02 4/11/02 4/18/02 4/25/02 5/16/02 5/23/02 5/30/02 6/13/02 6/20/02 6/27/02 7/11/02 7/18/02 7/25/02 8/15/02 8/22/02 8/29/02 9/12/02 9/19/02 9/26/02 10/3/02 11/7/02 1/3/02 2/7/02 3/7/02 4/4/02 5/2/02 5/9/02 6/6/02 7/4/02 8/1/02 8/8/02 9/5/02

DATE SAMPLED

M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish

U= Unmarked fish, Wild

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish

Number and Timing of Chinook Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2002
350

CHIN 0+ (U) CHIN 0 (M)

300

CHIN 1+ (U) CHIN 1+ (M)

250

NUMBER SAMPLED

200

150

100

50

0
1/3/2002 2/2/2002 3/4/2002 4/3/2002 5/3/2002 6/2/2002
DATE SAMPLED

7/2/2002

8/1/2002

8/31/2002

9/30/2002

10/30/2002

M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish

U= Unmarked fish, Wild

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

48

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

Average Fork Length (mm) of Juvenile Salmon Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2002
180 CHIN 0+ (U) CHIN 0 (M) 160
160.0

CHIN 1+ (U)
147.0

COHO 1+ (U)
141.0

140
127.5

COHO 1+ (M) COHO 0 (U)

120 AVERAGE FORK LENGTH (mm)
112.1

123.2 119.9 116.5 114.5 111.3 111.0 110.0 99.5 95.3 90.6 87.9 79.8 73.4 64.2 57.5 49.6 49.1 92.5 87.5

100

100.9

96.4

80

78.3

80.2

80.3

60

61.6

40

40.0 36.3

40.0 35.9

39.5

20

0 January April May September November February August March June July October

MONTH SAMPLED

Percentage of Juvenile and Smolt Salmon Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2002

STHD (S) CUTTHROAT <1% <1%

CHIN 0+ (U) 7%

CHIN 0 (M) 1% CHIN 1+ (U) <1% CHIN 1+ (M) <1% COHO 1+ (U) 9%

COHO 0 (U) 25%

COHO 1+ (M) 57%

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

49

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

FENNEL CREEK
10.0406

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.7 Dates surveyed: 9/4/02 to 5/21/03 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho,
Chum, Pink Steelhead( 2 redds observed)

Access
Mile 0.4: Follow Hwy 162 to McMillin and turn east on 128th St. The second stream crossing after the Puyallup River bridge is Fennel Creek. Mile 1.7: From McCutcheon Road, turn east on Rhodes Lake Road and continue to 119th Ct E. Follow this road ~0.25 miles

DESCRIPTION
The upper reach of Fennel creek is a complex, moderately high gradient pool-riffle/ step-pool stream flowing through a broad valley. The riparian zone consists of a mature hardwood Fennel creek 0.3 miles above the McCutcheon Rd bridge. forest with a dense understory of salmonberry. There is abundant LWD in and adjacent to the channel with numerous logjams throughout this section. Spawning gravel is abundant and excellent throughout this reach along with many deep pools. The reach below the McCutcheon Rd. bridge is much lower gradient; it flows primarily in the Puyallup River flood plain. It contains excellent if somewhat unstable spawning gravels, with much lower amounts of LWD and less channel complexity. Approximately 0.2 miles upstream of the McCutcheon bridge is a LB short run spring fed tributary. It has excellent spawning gravel and supports high densities of chum salmon each year. Coho and chum totals on the following pages include both Fennel creek, and Fennel tributary data combined.
Upper reach of Fennel creek.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

50

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

2002 FENNEL CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10

9

8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6
LIVE

5

DEAD REDDS

4

3

2

1

0 9/4/2002 9/11/2002 9/24/2002
DATE SURVEYED

10/16/2002

10/29/2002

FENNEL CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2002)
20

18

16

14

NUMBER OBSERVED

12
LIVE

10
8

9 8

9

DEAD REDDS

8
6

6
4

5

4

3

3

2

1 0 0

0 1999 2000
SEASON SURVEYED

2001

2002

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

51

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

2002 FENNEL CREEK COHO COUNTS
90

80

70

60
NUMBER OBSERVED

50
LIVE DEAD

40

30

20

10

0 11/1/02 11/8/02 11/15/02
DATE SURVEYED

11/22/02

12/2/02

2002 Fennel creek Coho graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

FENNEL CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1998 - 2002)
300 275 250

237

200
NUMBER OBSERVED

186

LIVE
150

DEAD REDDS

100 51 50 39 27 5 0 1998 1999 2000 11 56

82

72

26 0 2001

31 0 2002

YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

52

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

2002/2003 FENNEL CREEK CHUM COUNTS
3000

2500

2000
NUMBER OBSERVED

1500

LIVE DEAD

1000

500

0 11/15/02 11/22/02 12/20/02 12/31/02 11/8/02 12/2/02 12/9/02 1/10/03 1/17/03

DATE SURVEYED

2002/2003 Fennel creek chum graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

FENNEL CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1998 - 2002)
10000

LIVE
8976

9000

DEAD

8000

7000

NUMBER OBSERVED

6000 5308 5000 4911 4501 3867

4000

3000

2000 1199 1000 859 914 658 478

0 1998 1999 2000
SEASON SURVEYED

2001

2002

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

53

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

FISKE CREEK
10.0596

River miles surveyed: 0.3 to 1.1 Dates surveyed: 11/15/02 to 12/31/02 Species surveyed: Coho Access
Mile 0.0: Fiske road near the High Bridge on the Puyallup follows the North side of the creek and the mouth is approximately 200 yards from Oroville road. Mile 1.1: Fiske road crosses the creek again very near the edge of the Puyallup floodplain where the gradient begins to increase.

DESCRIPTION
Fiske creek is one of 7 index streams in the Puyallup watershed that are surveyed for coho by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. It is a small stream with a moderately low gradient and heavy riparian cover from the surrounding hardwood forest. It has relatively abundant spawning gravel that is somewhat compacted in the lower portion Fiske creek just before it flows under Fiske road. of the stream.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

54

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

2002 FISKE CREEK COHO COUNTS

NO COHO OBSERVED

2002 Fisk creek coho graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

55

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

FOX CREEK
10.0608

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.6 Dates surveyed: 10/16/02 to 6/4/03 Species surveyed: Coho, Steelhead Access
Mile 0.6: Take Hwy 162 through Orting. Turn South on Orville Rd. Cross over Puyallup River bridge, continue to Champion Timberlands Bridge gate on Road 1. Bridge over Fox creek is approximately .7 miles from Bridge gate. Mile 0.0. Take the first available left inside Bridge gate and follow abandoned road to creek.

DESCRIPTION
From 0.6 to 0.5 Fox creek is a moderate gradient step-pool stream with good pool frequency and adequate hardwood riparian cover. From 0.5 to 0.3 the gradient decreases and the channel assumes a pool-riffle character with excellent spawning gravels. This middle reach sees the highest spawning densities. From 0.3 to the confluence with the Puyallup, the stream meanders through a grassy

Four foot beaver dam at the mouth of Fox creek held up fish passage until late in the fall of 2002.

Coho working its way past the beaver dam on the lower reach of Fox creek.

area with little riparian cover and moderate amounts of fine material obscuring the gravelly substrate. There are few mature conifers in this reach although many young Grand firs have been planted as a restoration effort. Coho are the most common salmonid found in Fox and likely ascend as far up as the Kapowsin tree farm’s 6 Rd.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

56

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

2002 FOX CREEK COHO COUNTS
500

450

400

350

NUMBER OBSERVED

300
LIVE

250

DEAD REDDS

200

150

100

50

0 10/16/02 10/21/02 10/31/02 11/7/02 11/14/02 11/22/02 12/2/02 12/12/02
DATE SURVEYED

FOX CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2002)
1400 1230 1200 1000
NUMBER OBSERVED

732

800

LIVE DEAD REDDS 461

600 429 400 355

112

123

200 35

151

67

47

66

21

18

17

23

7

2

0 1995

1996

1

9

1997

1998
YEAR SURVEYED

1999

9

2000

2001

39

99

2002

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

57

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

159

2003 FOX CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 9 8 7
NUMBER OBSERVED

6 LIVE 5 4 3 2 1 0 4/2/03 4/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

DEAD REDDS

5/21/03

6/4/2003

FOX CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2003)
14 13

12

10

NUMBER OBSERVED

8 REDDS 6

4

2 2 1 1

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
YEAR SURVEYED

2000

2001

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

58

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

GREENWATER RIVER
10.0122

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 11.3 Dates surveyed: 8/16/02 to 6/17/03 Species surveyed: Chinook, Steelhead Access
R.M. 0.0: Hwy 410 crosses the Greenwater just above its mouth at the Town of Greenwater. R.M. 1.7: Approximately 1 mile upstream, a spur to the right leads to a bridge over the creek. Many upstream access points are available from the Forest Service 70 rd which follows it much of its length.

DESCRIPTION
The Greenwater River is a right bank tributary to the upper mainstem White river. It supports large runs of steelhead, chinook and coho salmon. It is surveyed for both Chinook and steelhead by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, but not for coho. The upper White rivers’ coho escapement is derived from counts made at the Army Corps of Engineers’ Buckley trap. It is a medium sized, low gradient pool-riffle stream with abundant high quality spawning gravel. Much of it flows through Forest service land and the riparian zone is primarily second growth Greenwater River looking upstream from the bridge at hwy. conifer and hardwoods. 410. While there is fair amounts of LWD in the channel, the average size reflects the surrounding forest and is small. What large wood exists is usually quite old.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

59

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

2002 GREENWATER RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS
250

200

NUMBER OBSERVED

150
LIVE DEAD REDDS

100

50

0 8/30/02 9/6/02 9/13/02 9/20/02 9/27/02 10/8/02 10/18/02 10/28/02
DATE SURVEYED

2002 Greenwater River chinook graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

2003 GREENWATER RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS

14

12

10

NUMBER OBSERVED

8

LIVE DEAD REDDS

6

4

2

0 4/9/03 4/18/03 4/30/03 5/12/03
DATE SURVEYED

5/21/03

5/23/03

6/17/03

2003 Greenwater River steelhead graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW. PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES 60
2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

HUCKLEBERRY CREEK
10.0253

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.2 Dates surveyed: 8/16/02 to 10/25/02 Species surveyed: Chinook Access
R.M. 0.5: There is a former bridge crossing on the first spur to the right about 0.5 miles up the FS 73 road. R.M. 1.7: Approximately 1 mile upstream, a spur to the right leads to a bridge over the creek.

DESCRIPTION
Huckleberry creek is a large left bank tributary to the Upper White River. The lower 0.3 miles consists of a low gradient occasionally braided channel with a hardwood riparian zone. The spawning gravel in this reach is excellent and this lower reach consistently supports the h i g h e s t densities of spawners each season. Above the lower bridge the g r a d i e n t increases slightly but the gravel q u a l i t y Huckleberry creek looking downremains very stream from the bridge at RM 1.7. good if slightly larger and more patchy in nature. The riparian corridor contains old growth conifers upstream of the acclimation pond. The pond is used for acclimating spring chinook which are planted in Acclimation pond located at RM 0.5 on March, and released in May or early June.
Huckleberry creek.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

61

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

2002 HUCKLEBERRY CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
40

35

30

25
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

20

DEAD REDDS

15

10

5

0 8/16/02 8/28/02 9/5/02
DATE SURVEYED

9/16/02

10/25/02

Graph generated using data collected by the Puyallup and Muckleshoot Indian Tribe.

HUCKLEBERRY CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISON (1999 - 2002)
90 82 80 84

70

66 60

60
NUMBER OBSERVED

50 50 LIVE DEAD 40 32 30 25 37 REDD 35

20

10 4 1 0 1999 2000
YEAR SURVEYED

5

2001

2002

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

62

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

HUCKLEBERRY CREEK SPRING CHINOOK ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS (1995 - 2003)
600,000

500,000

400,000
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

496,700

300,000 218,631 217,450 243,000

Spring Chinook

189,720

200,000

175,650

182,440

100,000

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
YEAR PLANTED

2000

2001

121,460

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

63

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

HYLEBOS CREEK
10.0006

River miles surveyed: 0.1 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 10/3/02 to 11/19/02 Species surveyed: Coho Four live coho and three redds were observed on 11/19/02. Access
Mile 0.2: Take 8th ST. exit off 167 and go West until East Valley Highway. There is a bridge approximately 0.2 miles North of 8th street. Contact Ed Mase before entering property (253) 927- 3521.

DESCRIPTION
Chum and coho have been found in the past in this survey reach. The channel above and below the bridge is moderately low gradient and somewhat incised. The riparian flora consists of reed canary grass and alder, with a section of bamboo along a landowners property. The substrate is very compacted with large amounts of fine material and some smaller gravel. The channel segment most

Hylebos creek looking upstream above 373rd st. There is some spawning habitat both above and below this point.

often surveyed extends from 373rd St., upstream to the Montessori school at Hwy. 99. Frequent channel dredging at 373rd St. is performed by the city of Federal Way in response to gravel deposition problems.
Hylebos creek looking upstream near top of survey end point.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

64

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

IPSUT CREEK
10.0550

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.7 Dates surveyed: NOT SURVEYED IN 2002 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho

Access
Mile 0.3: The Ipsut creek campground is located at the end of the road past the Carbon River entrance to Mt. Rainier National Park. A bridge crosses the creek at the campground.

DESCRIPTION
Ipsut creek is a moderate gradient left bank tributary to the upper Carbon River. It flows entirely through Mt. Rainier National Park. The riparian zone consists of old growth cedar, fir and hemlock contributing large woody debris and diversity to the channel. There is a large falls located at approximately R.M. 0.7 which is a barrier to any farther upstream migration. Ipsut has been surveyed primarily for chinook and coho, but also in the spring for steelhead. No salmon or redds have been observed. Reasons for the absence of anadromous fish are likely related to the stream’s location within the basin, and the general lack of suitable spawning gravel within the lower fish accessible reach.

Ipsut creek looking upstream at the falls which is a barrier to any farther upstream migration.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

65

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT

JOVITA CREEK
10.0033

River miles surveyed: 0.1 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: NOT SURVEYED IN 2002 Species surveyed: Coho

Access
Mile 0.2: Take 8th ST. exit off 167 and go West until East Valley Highway. There is a bridge approximately 0.2 miles North of 8th street.

DESCRIPTION
Chum and coho have been found in the past in this survey reach but the creek was not surveyed this year. The channel above and below the bridge is moderately low gradient and somewhat incised. The riparian flora consists of reed canary grass and alder, with a section of bamboo along a landowners property. The substrate is very compacted with large amounts of fine material and some smaller gravel.

Jovita creek just upstream of HWY 167.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES

66

2002 - 2003 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT