Annual Salmon, Steelhead And Char Report

:
WRIA 10
Puyallup/White River Watershed

Report Prepared by: Eric Marks Blake Smith Russ Ladley Terry Sebastian

Puyallup Tribal Fisheries

Table of Contents
Boise Creek…………………………………………………………………......……….......... 1 - 5 Buckley USACE Fish Trap…………………..……………………………………….......…. 6 - 8 Canyon Creek……………………..…………………………………………………….....…... 9 - 10 Canyon falls Creek………………………………………………………..…………........…. Carbon River……………………………………………………......……………….……...…. 11 - 13 14 - 19

Clarks Creek……………………………………………………......………….………….……. 20 - 24 Clear Creek…………………………………………………………......……………….….…... 25 - 28 Clearwater River……………………………………………………......…………………..…. 29 - 33 Cripple Creek………………………………………………………......…………..………..… Deer Creek……………………………………………………………......………………….…. Diru Creek Hatchery (PTF facility)………………………………........……………..…. Dollar Creek………………………………………..……..………......……………………..... Electron Fish By-pass Facility...………………………………......………….…………. Fennel Creek………………………………………………………………….….......…..……. Fiske Creek……………………………………………………………………......…..…..…... 34 - 36 37 - 38 39 - 44 45 - 46 47 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 56

Fox Creek……………………………………………………….…..………......…………..….. 57 - 58 Greenwater River……………………………………………………………........…………... 59 - 62 Huckleberry Creek…………………………………………………………........……………. 63 - 65 Hylebos Creek………………………………………………………………......……………... Ipsut Creek………………………………………………………………….........……..…..... 66 - 67 68

Kapowsin Creek…………………………………………………………......………..……….. 69 - 72 Kellog Creek…………………………………………………………………………….......….. 73 - 74 Klickitat Creek………………………………………………………………………......….…. 75 - 76 LeDout Creek……………………………………………………………………......…….…... Meadow Creek………………………………………………………………….......………..... Mowich River………………………………………..…………………………......……....…. Niesson Creek………………………………………………………………….........………... Ohop Creek…………………………………………………………………….......………...... Pinochle Creek……………………………………………………………......……………..… 77 - 79 80 81 - 82 83 - 85 86 - 87 88 - 89

Puyallup River………………………………………………………….......……………..…... 90 - 91 Puyallup River: Electron Fish Ladder Trap………………………......…………..…… 92 Ranger Creek…………………………………………………………......………..…………… 93

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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Table of Contents
Rody Creek…………………………………………………………………….…..…......….… Rushingwater Creek…………………….....…………………………….………......…..… Salmon Creek………………………………………………………………………….........… Salmon Tributary………………………………………………………….……….............. Silver Springs Creek……………………………………………...………..……......…..…. South Prairie Creek……………………………………………..…….………..….........…. Squally Creek………………………………………………………………………......…...… 94 - 95 96 - 97 98 - 100 101 - 102 103 - 104 105 - 109 110 - 111

Swan Creek……………………………………………………………….……......……….….. 112 - 114 Swift Creek…………………………………………………..………………….......……...…. 115 - 116 Voights Creek……………………………………………………………………......………... White River……………………………………………...…………………..…......……...…. Wilkeson Creek……………………………………………………………...…......………... Wrong Creek…………………………………..……………………………..……............… 117 - 118 119 - 123 124 - 129 130 - 131

Appendix A: Watersheds Season Comparisons….......................................... 132 - 135 Appendix B: Survey Areas and Spawning Distribution................................. 136

Appendix C: Chinook and Steelhead Redd locations (GPS)........................... 141

Cover photo: West face of Mt. Rainier from the north fork of the Puyallup river.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

II

2003

INTRODUCTION

2004

The Puyallup Tribe of Indians Fisheries Division began conducting extensive supplemental salmon and steelhead surveys in the Puyallup watershed during the 1991/1992 salmon spawning season. This report summarizes the data gathered from the fall of 2003, through the spring of 2004. Surveys began on August 25, 2003 and concluded June 25, 2004. This report includes information and data collected from other Puyallup tribal fisheries projects including; the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) fish trap on the White river located in Buckley, the Electron fish bypass facility and fish ladder, and the Puyallup tribal fish hatchery on Diru creek. In addition to salmon and steelhead, information and data collected on char from the USACE trap, Klickitat creek and Silver Springs creek are included and will be a part of future reports. This report is organized alphabetically by stream of facility. It includes river miles surveyed, Water Resource Inventory Area (WRIA) designation, survey dates, access to survey reaches, brief qualitative habitat descriptions. Following the general information on each stream, much of the survey data is graphically represented by species. In the case of streams that are not surveyed with any regularity or where few fish were observed, no graphs are presented. Some graphs were generated using data collected by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe. The fall and winter seasons are often marked by extremely low flows early in the season due to drought conditions which persist well into late fall and early winter. Early in the chinook run, many of the tributaries contained low enough flows to prevent access to fish. The resulting focus by chinook on mainstem spawning is very difficult to document due to extremely turbid conditions in the Puyallup, Carbon and White rivers.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

III

BOISE CREEK
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
WRIA: 10.0057 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

2003 -2004

Pink salmon spawning (2003) just below the 268th street bridge crossing in Enumclaw. Nearly 4,400 pink salmon were counted in Boise Cr. in 2003.

DESCRIPTION
There is a bedrock falls at RM 4.5 that is the upper extent of adult migration. Below this Boise creek flows through a step-pool channel within dense second growth forest for approximately 0.2 miles. The next 0.5 miles is a lower gradient stream flowing within a golf course. The riparian zone here is very sparse, many sections are merely rip rap bordered by maintained grass. There is a short section below this with an intact hardwood riparian zone before Boise creek begins to flow through agricultural land (right), primarily maintaining cattle. This reach extends from approximately RM 3.7 to 0.3 and much of the stream is incised to depths of 20 feet or more. Spawning activity for all species present occurs Surrounding agricultural land use throughout the entire 4.5 miles. The gradient continues to impact channel conditions in increases in the lower 0.3 miles with a Boise Creek. Tremendous improvements corresponding reduction in spawning to riparian conditions are possible but require willing land owners, technical opportunities. There is a recurring logjam at expertise and funding. Despite its many RM 0.1 that appears to be an impediment but habitat related shortcomings, Boise Creek not a total blockage to chinook at the lower flows continues to support a healthy and stable population of wild steelhead - a remarkable common during late summer.
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 4.5 Dates surveyed: 9/2/03 to 6/7/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Pink,Steelhead Access Mile 4.5: Hwy 410 East of Enumclaw golf course to Boise trail. Mile 2.2: 268th St. (Blake St.) in Enumclaw (halfway) crosses Boise south of town. fact in light of the basin-wide declines.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

1

2003 BOISE CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
250 LIVE DEAD 200 REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

150

100

50

0 9/2/03 9/15/03 9/24/03 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

BOISE CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1994 - 2003)
400
351

LIVE
344 229 147 160 100 100 70 67

DEAD
315

350 300
NUMBER OBSERVED

REDDS

170 155

200 150 100 50 0 1994 1995
150

153

81

75

63

89

215

250

35 24

28

46 30

44

41

1996

1997

1998

11 10

1999

2000

2001

2002

27

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

2

58

2003 BOISE CREEK COHO COUNTS
450 LIVE 400 350
NUMBER OBSERVED

DEAD

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 9/24/03 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03 11/12/03 11/26/03
DATE SURVEYED

BOISE CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
2500 2155

LIVE DEAD REDDS

2000 NUMBER OBSERVED

1500 1083 1000 697 558 608 366 335 483 347 327 282 270 500 222 12 112 208 174 394 99 20 59 0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 YEAR SURVEYED 21 30 97 51 90 43 40

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

3

108 263

230

152

158

2003 BOISE CREEK PINK COUNTS
2500 LIVE DEAD 2000

NUMBER OBSERVED

1500

1000

500

0 9/2/03 9/15/03 9/24/03 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

4

2004 BOISE CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
20 LIVE 18 DEAD REDDS 16

14

NUMBER OBSERVED

12

10

8

6

4

2

0 3/29/04 4/9/04 4/19/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/3/04

5/19/04

6/7/04

BOISE CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2004)
90 80 70
63 79 74

REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

60 50 40

56

32 30

30 20 10 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
18 18

27

16

2001

2002

2003

2004

YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

5

BUCKLEY: USACE FISH TRAP
WRIA: 10.0031 - BUCKLEY FISH TRAP -WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
Salmon returning to the upper White River enter the USACE trap located at RM 24.3 near Buckley, WA. (left photo). During the months that salmon return to the White River, the USACE Wanding spring chinook empties the trap for coded-wire tags. daily (the trap is hoisted to a tank truck, and fish are released from the trap into the truck, lower left photo). Fish are then U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ transported above (USACE) Fish trap Mud Mountain River mile: 24.3 Species Surveyed: Spring Chinook, Coho, Dam and released Steelhead, Char, Pink, Sockeye back into the White river at RM 33.6, four miles above the dam and about one mile below the confluence with the Clearwater River. Loading fish Puyallup Tribe fisheries staff sample the from USACE contents of the trap once a week throughout the trap into entire year. During the spring chinook run, the truck for transport trap is sample 3 to 5 days per week . Spring above Mud chinook are dip-netted into a bin and Mountain anesthetized. All fish are examined for fin–clips Dam. The and wanded for coded-wire tags with a metal fish will be released detector. The City of Tacoma pipeline crossing back into was removed in the summer of 2003 (see page the White 120). The site river at RM was a suspected source of injury to migrating fish. Species of salmonids captured in the trap include chinook, coho, pink, sockeye, steelhead and char. Several char (right photo) and steelhead are caught by dip-net and sampled by Puyallup Tribe fisheries staff. DNA and scale samples are collected from both species, a small amount of the anal fin was removed and preserved for DNA analysis. In addition to DNA and scale samples, char are floy tagged and transported above Mud Mountain dam. Wild steelhead are transported above Mud Mountain dam, while hatchery steelhead are returned back into the White River below the USACE trap as per agreement with the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe and the State of Washington.
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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NUMBER OF COHO
NUMBER OF CHINOOK 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000

0

10000

15000

20000

25000

5000

1941 14 18
5431 1943 3736 1945 3692 1947 1841 1949 1849 1951 1953 633 1955 794 1957 1959 1961 164 1963 658 1965 639 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 137 388 488 229 66 140 72 61 175 20 26 10 27 6 117 127 111 221 277 406 409 392 605 702 422 402 1292 393 392 969 447 505 1893 719 842 931 1370 1470 2584 4603

0
1941 1101

1943

1945

1467 717 1003

1947 6739 12484 7500 9698

3811 4992

1469

1949

1951

3623

1953

5671

1955

1961

1957

3403 2094
374 245 261 528

2031

1959

3448

1961

1963

1398 1098 1992 1429

4090

1965

1810

1967

3756 2506
684 465 534 557

1969

1971
YEAR

1639 1537 1688 1818

YEAR 6503

2972

1973

1975

1977

796 1081 546 833 1090

1979

1981

493 320 335 1237

1983

1985

522 408 403 1349

599

1987

1746

3231

1989

820

1991

5840 4558

1993

1264 1379

1995 7988

2733

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

USACE Trap Counts Coho Transported Above Mud Mountain Dam (1941 - 2003)

927

USACE Trap Counts Chinook Transported Above Mud Mountain Dam (1941 - 2003)

1997

1999

1782 1065 21591

1546 2001 803 2002 2003 1551

7
16476

2001

6022 6370

2003

USACE Trap Counts Steelehead Transported Above Mud Mountain Dam (1941 - 2004)
2500
2166

2000

1902

NUMBER OF STEELHEAD

1381

1364

1500

1662

1304

1298

1971 1155 1021 1031 1122 1211 960 906 912 1234

822

828

726

683

691

638

683

535

624

896

1000

476

482

477

458

437

447

460

367 405

381

373

368

347

351

280 203

279

286

326

260

264

249

274

328

228

205

192

220

253

369

500

435

433

524
2

156

162

0 1941 1943 1945 1947 1949 1951 1953 1955 1957 1959 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003

YEAR

USACE Trap Counts
Char Captured, Tagged, and Transported above Mud Mountain Dam (1999 - 2003)
30
28

1999 2000

25
23

2001 2002 2003

20 NUMBER OF CHAR

16 15 15 14

15

12

10

10

9

9

6 5 5 4 3 2 1 2 1 1 3

5

4

0
MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER

MONTH SAMPLED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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162

183

CANYON CREEK
WRIA: 10.**** - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004 Canyon creek looking downstream along Canyon road. This is the reach where most of the spawning occurs

River miles surveyed: 1.0 to 1.2 Dates surveyed: 11/24/03 to 1/21/04 Species surveyed: Chum Access Mile 0.5: Intersection of Canyon and Pioneer.

DESCRIPTION

The only suitable spawning habitat in Canyon creek is just above Pioneer Ave. Below this point, the channel substrate consists of fine sand and extremely compacted small gravel. The gradient increases above Pioneer, but there are only several short stretches of gravel between Pioneer Ave. and the culvert crossing under Canyon Rd. This culvert appears to be at least an impediment to chum, as no fish were observed above the culvert during the peak of the run when several fish were actively spawning directly below. There were reports of coho sightings in the same reach, Cayon creek culvert looking upstream. The gradient increases sharply past the but no surveys were conducted by the Puyallup culvert. Tribe until the beginning of the chum run. The channel above the culvert has been engineered with the placement of log weirs to retain gravel. They appear to be only moderately effective because the amount of fines in the entire reach is excessive. This stream has not been surveyed consistently in recent years; therefore only 3 years of seasonal comparisons are available.
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

9

2003/2004 CANYON CREEK CHUM COUNTS
140 LIVE DEAD

120

NUMBER OBSERVED

100

80

60

40

20

0 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/21/04
DATE SURVEYED

CANYON CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (2001 - 2003)
350
292

LIVE DEAD

300

NUMBER OBSERVED

250

200

172

150

100
66 43 21 46

50

0 2001 2002
SEASON SURVEYED

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

10

CANYONFALLS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0410 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Short reach along McCutcheon road providing excellent spawning opportunities.

DESCRIPTION
Above the culvert on McCutcheon Rd. at RM 0.5 the gradient quickly increases but River miles surveyed: 0.3 to 0.6 there is a short reach of usable spawning Dates surveyed: 8/26/03 to 5/24/04 gravel. Downstream of the road the substrate Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum, is a combination of sand and gravel within a Steelhead (none observed) low gradient pool-rifle channel. The riparian area is primarily alder and salmonberry. The Access Mile 0.5: Follow Highway 162 into McMillin vegetation along the right bank is limited due and turn east onto 128th Street. The first to the extremely close proximity of stream crossing after the Puyallup River bridge McCutcheon Rd. is Canyon falls. Canyonfalls is primarily a spring fed stream and flows with relative Upper survey reach on Canyonfalls Creek. clarity and consistency, even in late summer. However, the reach directly below the road does contain a large amount of fine sediment. In the summer of 2002, 220 yards of gravel was deposited directly downstream of the McCutcheon road culvert, in the upper reach of canyonfalls. The gravel was deposited as a result of a settlement agreement between the Puyallup tribe and Fennel Resources.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

11

2003 CANYONFALLS CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8/26/03 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/20/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 CANYONFALLS CREEK COHO COUNTS
20 18 DEAD 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 9/18/03 10/8/03 10/20/03 10/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE

NUMBER OBSERVED

11/13/03

12/9/03

12/29/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

12

2003 CANYONFALLS CREEK PINK COUNTS
60 LIVE DEAD

50

NUMBER OBSERVED

40

30

20

10

0 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/20/03 10/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003/2004 CANYONFALLS CREEK CHUM COUNTS
90 80 DEAD 70
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 11/13/03 12/9/03 12/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

1/9/04

1/20/04

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

13

CARBON RIVER
WRIA: 10.0413 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
The Carbon river provides excellent spawning and rearing opportunities for salmon and steelhead. In the past, steelhead have been documented as high as the Mt. Rainier National Park boundary. However, the majority of the spawning for all species occurs in the lower 11 miles. The lower Carbon River: ——— South Prairie Creek:———— Voights Creek:———– River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 11.5 3 miles of the Dates surveyed: 12/11/03 to 5/17/04 Carbon River are Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Pink, Chum, Steelhead constrained by Access earthen dikes. R.M. 8.5: Take Hwy. 162 through Orting. Turn on 177th St, follow The channel approximately 2 miles to end. Put-in suitable for raft only. varies considerably in width, but averages approximately 300 ft. The resulting channel is only moderately diverse with a pool riffle character. Spawning gravel exists in limited quantities and is utilized by all species of salmonids present, A number of side channels are utilized although not in the heavily by chum salmon numbers observed in along the carbon river. the upper reaches. Most of the chum From the mouth of spawning occurs below South Prairie creek at South Prairie creek. There is a side channel RM 6.0, downstream just below the mouth of to RM 3.0, the river is Voights creek at RM only leveed along the 4.0 that often supports South Side. There are nearly half of the entire chum run in the Carlarge natural bluffs to bon river. the north and the river is able to migrate over

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

14

a channel of up to 0.5 miles wide. This reach contains multiple channels and many woody debris jams throughout its length. The spawning and rearing habitat is excellent here and the highest spawning densities of all species are observed along this stretch of river. There is an intermittent side channel just below the mouth of Voights creek at RM 4.0 that supported almost half of the entire 1999 chum run in the Carbon river The reach above South Prairie creek from RM 6.0 to 8.5 is again constrained by both dikes and bluffs on the North side. This reach has a slightly higher gradient Upper Carbon river by boarder of Mt. Rainier National than the lower river and as a result Park RM 23 (to the right of bridge). This picture shows the large active, braided channel of the upper river. contains less spawning habitat. There are portions that are utilized by chinook and steelhead but, not in the densities observed in the reach above Voights creek. Above RM 8.5 the Carbon River flows through a narrow canyon for several miles before becoming unconstrained below the Mt. Rainier National Park boundary. This canyon reach supports both chinook and steelhead spawning. Chum and pink salmon have not been observed above RM 8.0 The Mt. Rainier National Park boundary is located at RM 23. Up to approximately RM 26 the gradient remains low enough to provide some spawning opportunities in channel margins and pool tailouts. Several small and moderate debris jams occur throughout this reach. Above this the gradient gradually increases to the terminus of the Carbon glacier. There is less braiding in this section and the substrate is considerably larger providing few if any spawning opportunities.

The lower reach of the carbon river at approximatly RM 3 looking upstream towards Mt. Rainier. The lower river channel is confined by a levee that runs along the right side of the photo.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

15

2003 CARBON RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS

Due to the River conditions in 2003 the Carbon river was unsurveyable for chinook.

CARBON RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1994 - 2003)
140 126 120 107 100 NUMBER OBSERVED 92 81 80 64 60 47 41 40 1818 6 0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 SEASON SURVEYED 18 31 17 3 17 8 8 8 3 45 35 27 18 13 12 10 0 6 9 30

LIVE DEAD REDDS

20

U N S U R V E Y A B L E

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

16

2003 CARBON RIVER COHO COUNTS Due to the River conditions in 2003 the Carbon river was unsurveyable for coho.

CARBON RIVER COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
550

600

LIVE DEAD

500

REDDS

400

300

200
128 117 132

67 68

29

19

36 47

45

51

16

18

65

100

U N S U R V E Y A B L E
10 2 1

NUMBER OBSERVED

88 79

87

1 0 2

0

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

0

2 2 3

1

1999

2000

8

2001

2002

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

17

CARBON RIVER CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1991 - 2003)
3225

3500

3289

LIVE
2625 2707

3000

2865

DEAD
2509 2149 2226

2500
NUMBER OBSERVED

2498

2000
1503

1091 1124

1234

1500

1044

2123

1000

660 565

0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

260 217

500

541

599

811 944

849

855

899

18

2004 CARBON RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD REDDS 8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/24/04 4/7/04
DATE SURVEYED

4/20/04

5/17/04

CARBON RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1994 - 2004)
60
54

REDDS

50

49

40
NUMBER OBSERVED

30

29

21

20

10
5 4

8

7

6

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

19

CLARKS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0027 - PUYALLUP RIVER Lower extent of the Clarks creek survey. The remaining stream below the survey reach contains little gravel and the substrate consists of fine sand and mud. No spawning has been observed in this reach. 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
Clarks creek is a low gradient spring-fed stream with a pool-riffle character. Salmonberry, maple and alder dominate the riparian zone, along with a few firs. Upstream fish migration is blocked by a dam at RM 3.7. Gravel was introduced into the channel from RM 3.5 to 3.7 in the fall of 1997 and again in the summer of 1999. This greatly enhancing the spawning potential for chinook, coho and chum salmon. Several log weirs have been placed above the interpretive bridge to aid in gravel retention. The remaining stream below the survey reach contains little gravel and the substrate consists of fine sand and mud. No spawning has been observed in this reach.

River miles surveyed: 3.4 to 3.7 Dates surveyed: 9/9/03 to 5/24/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum, Steelhead (none observed) Access Mile 3.4: From W. Pioneer Avenue, turn south on 14th St. S.W. Drive to a sharp right turn in the road and there is a WDFW hatchery on your right. Turn right on 15th Avenue just past the hatchery and park at the gate. Be sure to let the hatchery staff know you intend to walk the creek.

Chum carcasses litter the survey reach during late December and January. The gravel deposited in 1997 and 1999 supports a large number of chinook and chum spawners.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

20

2003 CLARKS CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
50 45 40
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/25/03 10/8/03 10/15/03 10/24/03 11/3/03 11/13/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLARKS CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS
(1994 - 2003)
350

319

LIVE DEAD REDDS

300

250

NUMBER OBSERVED

200

150

131

145

103

116

191

289

100

100

87

93

96

78

74

58

63 59

34

35

16 10 10

12

0 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

10

21

30

50

46 38

50

78

101 103

2003 CLARKS CREEK COHO COUNTS
10 9 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 10/8/03 10/15/03 10/24/03 11/3/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/13/03

12/4/03

12/16/03

CLARKS CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
120
107

LIVE DEAD REDDS
82

100

NUMBER OBSERVED

80

60
43 39 46 26 27 27 24 19 24

40
22

14

9

11

8

15

20

7

6

8

16 4 4 2 3 4 5

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

1

4 2

2 2

22

2003 CLARKS CREEK PINK COUNTS
18 16 14
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

12 10 8 6 4 2 0 9/9/03 9/18/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/8/03

10/15/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

23

2003 CLARKS CREEK CHUM COUNTS
450 400 DEAD 350
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

1/9/04

1/20/04

1/5/04

CLARKS CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1991 - 2003)
3000
2433 866 936 531 479 311 411 528 675 633 403 352 374 352 255 136 246 215 254

LIVE DEAD

2500

NUMBER OBSERVED

2000

1500

0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

97 163

198 237

500

390

628 794

1000

24

CLEAR CREEK
WRIA: 10.0022 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Anadromous blockage in the form of a cement dam at RM 1.9 that ensures pathogen free water for the trout farm.

DESCRIPTION
Clear creek flows as a moderate gradient pool-riffle stream above Pioneer Way before paralleling the road for several hundred feet. The upper reach has excellent spawning gravel from RM 1.7 to 1.9. Although the riparian area is not intact, there are undercut banks and moderate amounts of in-stream cover. There is an anadromous blockage in the form of a cement dam at RM 1.9 that ensures pathogen free water for the trout farm. The reach above the dam has not been surveyed.

River miles surveyed: 1.7 to 1.9 Dates surveyed: 8/26/03 to 1/20/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum, Access Mile 1.7: Clear creek crosses Pioneer Way at theTroutlodge facility, a private trout farm . The survey begins where the stream curves to the North away from the road and ends at an artificial dam. Ed Mcleary, of Trout lodge, has requested that surveyors remain in the stream channel and contact him prior to visiting the site. He can be reached at 253922-0667.

Large numbers of chum spawn ( right photo) each year in the 0.2 miles of available habitat below the man made dam at RM 1.9. Nearly 800 live chum were observed this season, making it the highest return since surveys began in 1994.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

25

2003 CLEAR CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8/26/03 9/10/03 9/18/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

10/2/03

10/24/03

CLEAR CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2003)
30
26

LIVE DEAD REDDS
21

25

NUMBER OBSERVED

20
17

15
10

14

10

8 7

8 5

5
1

3 1

0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

26

2003 CLEAR CREEK COHO COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/10/03 10/24/03 11/13/03 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03
DATE SURVEYED

NUMBER OBSERVED

CLEAR CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2003)
10 LIVE 9 DEAD 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

REDDS

7 6 5
4

4
3 3 2 2 3 2 1 1 1 2

3
2

2
1

1 0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

27

2003/2004 CLEAR CREEK CHUM COUNTS
450 400 350
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/20/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLEAR CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1994 - 2003)
900 800 DEAD
642 478 460 303 260 122 131 163 83 110 4

LIVE
788

700
NUMBER OBSERVED

600 500 400
233

300 200 100 0
0 196 201

1994

1995

1996

29

1997

50

1998

114

1999

2000

2001

2002

340

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

28

CLEARWATER RIVER
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
WRIA: 10.0080 - WHITE RIVER
The 3.8 mile survey reach of the Clearwater river contains several deep pools.

2003 - 2004

2003 -2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 3.8 Dates surveyed: 8/27/03 to 6/20/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Pink, Steelhead Access Mile 3.8: Continue on 6000 road to Clearwater bridge near 6015 road. Mile 2.2: Follow 6000 road to 6050 road. Mile 1.0: Take Hwy. 410 and turn right on Bridge Camp Road about ten miles east of Enumclaw. Turn right on 6000 road and cross the White River. Turn right on 6013 road to 90 degree bend approximately 0.3 miles. Follow trail to river.

DESCRIPTION The Clearwater river is a large tributary to the Upper White river. The substrate consists of cobbles with smaller gravel in the many riffles and tailouts. The riparian area is primarily second growth conifer forest in the lower river with recent clear cutting evident along portions of the upper survey reach. There is limited amounts of LWD in the The photo above shows part of channel and much the nearly 300 pink salmon that of what is present is were holding in this pool. undersized or hardwood in origin. There are a series of cascades at approximately RM 4.5 above Lyle creek that may block further upstream migration. Much of the spawning takes place in the lower 2 miles of the river although many redds are documented in the upper reaches Clearwater acclimation pond. later in the Approximately 200,000 plus season. Surveys Spring chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchfor coho were ery are transported to the conducted for the Clearwater pond in early Spring. first time in 2002.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

29

2003 CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS
80 LIVE DEAD REDDS 60
NUMBER OBSERVED

70

50

40

30 20 10

0 8/27/03 9/8/03 9/17/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/22/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2003)
272 278

300

LIVE DEAD REDDS

250

NUMBER OBSERVED

200
145 70 80 76 78 99 87 72 73 78 18 29 29 20 25 30 18 26 7

150

100

27 31

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

6

17

30

33

50

140

2003 CLEARWATER RIVER COHO COUNTS
350 LIVE DEAD

300

250
NUMBER OBSERVED

200

150

100

50

0 9/17/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/22/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/3/03

11/13/03

11/25/03

CLEARWATER RIVER COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (2002 - 2003)
1200
1079

LIVE DEAD REDDS

1000

NUMBER OBSERVED

800

600

400

200
90 4 84 65

188

0 2002
SEASON SURVEYED

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

31

2003 CLEARWATER RIVER PINK COUNTS
3000
2719

LIVE DEAD

2500

2589

2102

2000
NUMBER OBSERVED

1500

1000

500
153

1

0 9/8/03 9/17/03 9/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/8/03

10/22/03

11/3/03

CLEARWATER RIVER SPRING CHINOOK ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS (1995 - 2004)
250,000
226,500

Spring Chinook

237,900

0

1

38

874

915

13

0

237,800

198,800

199,000

200,000

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

149,980

150,000

100,000
72,600

50,000
32,300

0 1995 1996 1997 1999 2000
YEAR PLANTED

2001

2002

2003

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

32

2004 CLEARWATER RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS
30 LIVE DEAD REDDS

25

20
NUMBER OBSERVED

15

10

5

0 4/13/04 4/22/04 4/29/04 5/7/04 5/17/04 5/26/04 6/3/04 6/10/04
DATE SURVEYED

2004 Clearwater River steelhead graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

CLEARWATER RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2004)
120 REDDS 105 100 89

80
NUMBER OBSERVED

77

60

56

58

40

20 12

0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

33

CRIPPLE CREEK
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
WRIA: 10.0086 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

2003 -2004

Cripple creek looking upstream towards the Forest Service bridge. The acclimation pond is just out of the picture to the left.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 8/25/03 to 11/25/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho Access Mile 0.3: Follow Forest Service road 74 Off of Hwy 410 until the bridge over the West Fork White river is reached. A short distance further is the Wrong creek bridge. Approximately 100 yards East of the Wrong creek bridge Cripple creek flows through a culvert under the road.

DESCRIPTION
The surveyed reach of Cripple creek flows in the West Fork White River flood plain and joins Pinochle creek approximately 0.5 miles above its confluence with the West Fork. It flows through a low gradient pool riffle channel with generally thick, brushy riparian cover. A large beaver dam often blocks the culvert under the Forest service bridge. The blockage has been removed several times, only to be rebuilt by the beaver. Coho are observed spawning right up to the blocked culvert. The substrate contains a large amount of fine material but does contain some small patches of good spawning gravel. There is an acclimation pond located at RM 0.3 where White River Spring chinook have been reared and released for several years. Approximately 50,000 plus Spring chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchery are transported to the Cripple creek acclimation pond in early Spring, and released in late Spring. Returns to this small stream as well as Pinochle and Wrong creeks are likely the result of these plantings. One pink salmon was observed in the creek during the 2003 survey season.

Winter stream conditions during a cripple creek coho survey.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

34

2003 CRIPPLE CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8/25/03 9/8/03 9/17/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

9/25/03

10/6/03

2003 CRIPPLE CREEK COHO COUNTS
30 LIVE DEAD

25

NUMBER OBSERVED

20

15

10

5

0 10/6/03 10/28/03 11/13/03 11/25/03
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

35

CRIPPLE CREEK SPRING CHINOOK ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS (1994 - 2004)
200,000 185,798 180,000 160,000 140,000 120,000 99,800 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 104,760 86,950 68,000 55,750 135,990

Spring Chinook Plants

NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

YEAR PLANTED

Approximately 50,000 plus Spring chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchery are transported to the Cripple creek acclimation pond in early Spring, and released in late Spring. All fish are mass marked with left or right ventral fin clips. Odd brood years are marked with left ventral clips, and even years with right ventral clips. These fish can later be identified when caught at the USACE fish trap in Buckley and passed above the Mud Mountain dam to spawn.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

36

DEER CREEK
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
WRIA: 10.0685 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

2003 -2004

Adult coho planted in 2003.

DESCRIPTION
Deer creek is a upper Puyallup river tributary. It is located approximately 0.6 miles below Swift creek, on the opposite bank. Deer creek is above the River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.0 Electron diversion, so as with many of the other Date Surveyed: Not surveyed in 2003 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho tributary in the upper Puyallup, it is part of the surplus adult chinook and coho planting program. Access Deer creek is not Mile 0.5: Deer creek is located just of the surveyed with any main line on the 2 road. Take the left regularity, but instead spur that is gated just past the cowskull acclimation pond road. it is spot checked to see how successful the Deer creek adult plants looking are. The creek downstream is confined by at R.M. 0.5. moderate to steep walls. The gradient is moderate with numerous deep pools and good spawning medium. Deer creek is one of the few stream in late summer and early fall with adequate water flow to plant adult chinook. Surplus adult chinook are planted in late summer to early fall, and coho in late fall when available. Adult plant have been taking place since 1997 (above right), yet no natural returns have been documented.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

37

DEER CREEK SURPLUS ADULT CHINOOK PLANTS (2001 - 2003)
160 140
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED 150 150

MALE CHINOOK FEMALE CHINOOK

120 100 80 60 40
24 37

20 0 2001 2002
YEAR PLANTED

14

13

2003

DEER CREEK SURPLUS ADULT COHO PLANTS (1997 - 2003)
1080

1200

MALE COHO
951

1000
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

FEMALE COHO

800

510

467

510

524

600

559

400
276 224 247 259

381

200

0 1997 1998 1999 2000
YEAR PLANTED

2001

2002

147

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

264

38

DIRU CREEK HATCHERY
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
WRIA: 10.0029 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

2003 -2004

Puyallup Tribal Fisheries Hatchery Facility River mile: 0.5

DESCRIPTION
Diru Creek Hatchery is located on Diru Creek (10.0029) a tributary to Clarks Creek in Puyallup, Washington. Water is supplied from two pumped wells (800 gpm) and gravity flow out of Diru Creek (200-500 gpm). Incubation consists of 20 vertical stacks of 12 trays. Initial rearing uses 16 shallow troughs in the hatchery building. Additional rearing containers include four 50’x5’x5’ raceways, two 6696 cubic foot ponds (UP1 and UP2), and one 13,000 cubic foot pond (below,left) that are also used for holding returning adults. New Diru creek hatchery sign installed in In addition, the Puyallup Tribe operates October, 2003. six acclimation ponds in the Puyallup Watershed. Three of the acclimation ponds are used for reintroducing fall chinook and coho into a 30-mile reach in the Upper Puyallup River above Electron Dam. Electron Dam has been an anadromous barrier for 97 years. A fish ladder was construction and completed in fall of 2000. Three other acclimation ponds are located in the Upper White River drainage. These ponds are used for reintroducing White River spring chinook back into their endemic range. All ponds have approximately 10,000 cubic feet of rearing space and between 1 to 3 cubic feet per second flow. The Puyallup Tribe’s restoration goal is to rebuild depressed chinook stocks and remove them from ESA listing. Using acclimation ponds, limiting harvest, and making substantial gains in habitat restoration, the tribe will be able to accomplish this task. Levee setbacks, oxbow reconnections both inter tidal and upland, Commencement Bay cleanup, and harvest cutbacks have already been initiated. Only the jumpstarting of chinook in habitat areas devoid of fish is left. Acclimation ponds are a proven method in increasing fish numbers on the spawning grounds. Hatchery rearing 200,000 fall chinook for release on station and 200,000
Incubation room
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

39

for acclimation ponds in the upper Puyallup river for a combined 6,857 pounds of fish. Historically, fall chinook have been reared since 1980 with a variety of stocks, goals, and objectives. Spring Chinook Hatchery Production The three-acclimation ponds the Puyallup Tribe operates are satellite facilities to the White River and Minter Creek Hatcheries. Production levels have been around 400,000 smolts, however, it fluctuates based on available brood stock. They have a production capacity of 837,000 zero Adult chum salmon are spawned three days a age smolts. week or more during the peak of the run. As Fall Coho Hatchery Production many as 2,700 fish may be processed in a day. Currently, 200,000 coho yearlings are imprinted and released in the Upper Puyallup Watershed. Coho originate from Voights Creek Hatchery where 100,000 are adipose clipped and coded wire tagged. Fish are released at 20 fish per pound, for a total biomass of 10,000 pounds. Winter Chum Hatchery Production The Puyallup Tribe currently raises 1.5 to 2.3 million-chum smolts for release into the lower Puyallup River. This program significantly augments a Tribal river fishery and All Citizen purse seine fishery in East and West Pass in Puget Sound. This stock originated initially from Chambers Creek. Puyallup Tribal Fisheries releases 1000 to 3000 pounds annually based on available brood stock returns to Diru Creek Hatchery. The program was started in 1991 and has become self-sustaining.

Diru creek looking upstream as it flows out of a culvert under Pioneer Way. The hatchery is on the other side of the road.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

40

DIRU CREEK HATCHERY CHUM RACK COUNT (1998 - 2003)
20000 1998 1999 18000 17629 2000 2001 2002 14000 2003 12585 12000 10051

16000

Number of Chum

10000

8000

6000

4000

2000

16-Nov

23-Nov

30-Nov

0

4-Jan

11-Jan

18-Jan

25-Jan

15-Mar

22-Mar

14-Dec

21-Dec

28-Dec

15-Feb

22-Feb

29-Mar

7-Dec

1-Feb

8-Feb

1-Mar

8-Mar

Date

DIRU CREEK CHUM SALMON OUTPLANTS (1995 - 2004)
2,385,220
0 ,00 00 3,0

CHUM

1,927,970

0 ,00 00 2,5
NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

1,774,280

2,135,125

0 ,00 00 2,0

1,738,599

1,229,960

00 0,0 ,00 1

00 0,0 50

0

1995

1996

1997

1998

990,690

0 ,00 00 1,5

1,235,328

1999

2000

1,295,739

2001

2002

2003

2004

YEAR PLANTED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

1,763,137

41

5-Apr

VOIGHTS CREEK FALL CHINOOK SALMON OUTPLANTS (1995 - 2004)
1,2 00 ,00 0
1,008,200

DIRU 10.0029 COWSKULL 10.0680 HYLEBOS 10.0013

1,0 00 ,00 0

MOWICH 10.0624
771,350

WILKESON 10.0432 CLARKS 10.0027 RUSHINGWATER 10.0625

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

60 0,0 00

80 0,0 00

40 0,0 00

395,000

231,163

231,163

82,150 125,856

90,641 134,053

127,600

108,000

110,900 110,973

134,500 200,200

173,693

90,200

74,144

20 0,0 00

19,359

16,269

38,093

103,200

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2,000

0

YEAR PLANTED

WHITE RIVER SPRING CHINOOK SALMON OUTPLANTS (1995 - 2004)
52 5,0 00

HUCKLEBERRY 10.0253
45 0,0 00

CLEARWATER 10.0080 MOWICH 10.0624
356,000

COWSKULL 10.0680 CRIPPLE 10.0086 HUCK AERIAL 10.0253

GREENWATER 10.0122

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

37 5,0 00

496,700

237,900

243,000

218,631

217,450

226,500

201,536

182,440 198,800

189,720 149,980

185,798

175,650

22 5,0 00

199,000

237,800

30 0,0 00

11,100 2004

240,680

99,800 99,800

15 0,0 00

104,760

121,460

135,990

72,600

68,000

37,346

0

75 ,00 0

1995

1996

1997

1998

32,300

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

55,750

2004

YEAR PLANTED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

42

86,950

145,900

VOIGHTS CREEK FALL COHO SALMON OUTPLANTS (1995 - 2004)
250000
COWSKULL 10.0680 DIRU 10.0029 210,000 206,095 CLARKS 10.0027 SIMONS 10.200 QTR. MST HARBOR 88.8120 RUSHINGWATER 10.0625 HYLEBOS 10.0013 LK KAPOWSIN 10.0600 CLEAR 10.0022 MOWICH 10.0624

200000

199,900

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

150000

149,970

101,400

96,790 100,350

99,400 100,450

104,500 104,500

100000

50,000

49,500

50000

7,643 3,408 3,408

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR PLANTED

Fall Coho Hatchery Production Currently, approximately 200,000 coho yearlings are imprinted and released in the Upper Puyallup Watershed. Coho originate from Voights Creek Hatchery where 100,000 are adipose clipped and coded wire tagged. Fish are released at 20 fish per pound, for a total biomass of 10,000 pounds.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

3,408 3,408

49,400

49,850

93,000 84,000

90,000

43

VOIGHTS CREEK ADULT FALL COHO AND CHINOOK SALMON OUTPLANTS (2000 - 2003)

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

44

DOLLAR CREEK
WRIA: 10.0412 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.2 Dates surveyed: 12/11/03 to 1/9/04 Species surveyed: Chum Access Mile 0.2: Dollar creek enters the Puyallup flood plain at the Dollar boat launch on McCutcheon Rd. just upstream of 128th St. in McMillin.

Upstream photo showing Dollar creek as it flows through the Puyallup River channel. The Puyallup river can be seen i the upper right side of the photo. Due to low and intermittent flows, only chum are typically seen spawning in the creek.

DESCRIPTION
The surveyed reach of Dollar creek flows within the Puyallup river channel along the right bank (bottom left). The channel changes from year to year with Puyallup river high water events but provides excellent spawning gravel throughout this reach. At the Dollar launch, the channel heads away from the Puyallup and drains an old oxbow adjacent to the dike. Passage out of the Puyallup River channel is questionable and no fish were observed above this point, however extensive surveys were not conducted. It is quite likely that the upper reaches of Dollar provide over-wintering habitat for multiple species of juvenile salmonids.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

45

2003 DOLLAR CREEK CHUM COUNTS
10 9 DEAD 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 12/11/03 12/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

1/9/04

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

46

ELECTRON FISH BYPASS FACILITY WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED 2003 PUYALLUP RIVER DIVERSION -2004
WRIA: 10.0021 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Puget Sound Energy Electron Fish Bypass Facility
River mile: 31.2 - 41.7 Species sampled: Chinook, Coho, Steelhead, Char, Cutthroat

DESCRIPTION
Puget Sound Energy’s Electron Hydroelectric facility utilizes water diverted from the Puyallup river at RM 41.7 (right photo). The diverted water is channeled 10.1 miles through a flume and settling pond before collecting into a small Puget Sound Energy, Electron diversion dam and fish ladder reservoir (forebay). The located on the Puyallup River at RM 41.7. The fish ladder was completed in late 2000. water held in the forebay is used to generate power via four turbines located in the power house approximately 800 feet below the forebay. Upon entering the forebay, water flow is diverted towards the trap by large steel plates suspended by buoys. A exclusionary guide net is also in place across the forebay during the annual smolt migration period. Many of the smolts caught during this period are fish released from holding ponds above the diversion dam. These efforts are made to direct the fish into the trap, where they are crowded into a hopper and then deposited into a holding tank. Fish are dip-netted into a container, anesthetized, identified, measured (above right) and placed in a water trailer for
Electron fish bypass facility.

transport down to the powerhouse where they are released into the Puyallup River at RM 31.4.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

47

Number and Timing of Chinook Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2003
M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish U= Unmarked fish, Wild 0=Young of the year 1= 1 Year + age fish

900

CHIN 0 (U)
800

CHIN 0 (M) CHIN 1+ (U)

700

CHIN 1+ (M)

Number of fish Sampled

600

500

400

300

200

100

13-Nov

Date

Number and Timing of Coho Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2003
6000

COHO 1+ (U) COHO 1+ (M)
5000

COHO 0 (U)

4000 Number of fish Sampled

3000

2000

1000

0 15-May 29-May 20-Mar 17-Apr 1-May 6-Mar 3-Apr 10-Jul 24-Jul 16-Oct 21-Aug 30-Oct 2-Oct 13-Nov 18-Sep 27-Nov 7-Aug 23-Jan 12-Jun 20-Feb 26-Jun 4-Sep 6-Feb

Date

M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish

U= Unmarked fish, Wild

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

48

27-Nov

0 1-May 15-May 29-May 20-Mar 17-Apr 6-Mar 3-Apr 7-Aug 16-Oct 21-Aug 18-Sep 23-Jan 12-Jun 20-Feb 26-Jun 30-Oct 10-Jul 24-Jul 6-Feb 4-Sep 2-Oct

Average Fork Length (mm) of Juvenile Salmon Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2003
M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish
220 210 200 190 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 February August September October December January May November
CHIN 1+ (M) <1% COHO 1+ (U) 4%

U= Unmarked fish, Wild

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish

CHIN 0+ (U) CHIN 0 (M) COHO 1+ (U) COHO 1+ (M) STHD (S) COHO 0 (U)

Fork Length (mm)

March

June

April

Month

Percentage of Juvenile and Smolt Salmon Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2003
M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish U= Unmarked fish, Wild
CUTT <1%

July

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish

STHD (S) <1%

CHIN 0+ (U) 3%

CHIN 0 (M) 12% CHIN 1+ (U) <1%

COHO 0 (U) 19%

COHO 1+ (M) 62%

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

49

FENNEL CREEK
WRIA: 10.0406 - PUYALLUP RIVER WATERSHED 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
The upper reach (above) of Fennel creek is a complex, moderately high gradient pool-riffle/ step-pool stream flowing through a broad valley. The riparian zone consists of a mature hardwood forest with a dense understory of salmonberry. There is abundant LWD in and adjacent to the channel with numerous logjams throughout this section. Spawning gravel is abundant and excellent throughout this reach along with many deep pools. The reach below the McCutcheon Rd. bridge is much lower gradient (below), it flows primarily in the Puyallup River flood plain. It contains excellent if somewhat unstable spawning gravels, with much lower amounts of LWD and less channel complexity. Approximately 0.2 miles upstream of the McCutcheon bridge is a LB short run spring fed tributary. It has excellent spawning gravel and supports high densities of chum salmon each year. Coho and chum totals on the following pages include both Fennel creek, and Fennel tributary data combined.
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.7 Dates surveyed: 8/26/03 to 5/24/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum, Pink, Steelhead(None Observed)

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

50

2003 FENNEL CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8/26/03 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/20/03
DATE SURVEYED

FENNEL CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2003)
20 18 16
14 NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

14 12 10
8 9 8 6 9

8 6
4 5 4 2 3 1 3

4 2 0 1999

2000

2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

51

2003 FENNEL CREEK COHO COUNTS
30 LIVE DEAD 25

20
NUMBER OBSERVED

15

10

5

0 10/23/03 10/27/03 11/4/03 11/12/04 11/21/03 11/26/03
DATE SURVEYED

12/4/03

12/12/03

12/18/03

12/26/03

1/2/04

FENNEL CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1998 - 2003)
300 275 LIVE DEAD REDDS

250

237

200
NUMBER OBSERVED

186

150

100 82 72 51 50 39 27 5 0 1998 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

75

56

26

32 16

11

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

52

2003 FENNEL CREEK PINK COUNTS
600 LIVE DEAD

500

NUMBER OBSERVED

400

300

200

100

0 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/8/03

10/20/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

53

2003 FENNEL CREEK CHUM COUNTS

Fennel creek was not surveyed for chum during the 2003/2004 season.

FENNEL CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1998 - 2003)
10000 9000 8000 7000 6000
5308 8976

LIVE DEAD

NUMBER OBSERVED

5000 4000 3000 2000

4911 4501 3867

N O T S U R V E Y E D

1199

1000 0

859

94 1 658 478

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

54

FISK CREEK
WRIA: 10.0596 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Fiske creek just before it flows under Fiske road.

River miles surveyed: 0.3 to 1.1 Dates surveyed: 10/23/03 to 1/18/03 Species surveyed: Coho Access Mile 0.0: Fiske road near the High Bridge on the Puyallup follows the North side of the creek and the mouth is approximately 200 yards from Oroville road. Mile 1.1: Fiske road crosses the creek again very near the edge of the Puyallup floodplain where the gradient begins to increase.

DESCRIPTION
Fiske creek is one of 7 index streams in the Puyallup watershed that are surveyed for coho by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. It is a small stream with a moderately low gradient and heavy riparian cover from the surrounding hardwood forest. It has relatively abundant spawning gravel that is somewhat

compacted in the lower portion of the stream.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

55

2003 FISK CREEK COHO COUNTS
12 LIVE DEAD 10

8
NUMBER OBSERVED

6

4

2

0 10/23/03 10/31/03 11/12/03 11/21/03 11/26/03 12/4/03 12/12/03 12/18/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 Fisk creek coho graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

56

FOX CREEK
WRIA: 10.0608 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004 A four to six foot high beaver dam located approximately 40 meters above the mouth of Fox creek has held up fish passage for the past few seasons. A section of the dam is removed during each survey to allow coho access to the spawning habitat above.

DESCRIPTION
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.6 Dates surveyed: 10/20/03 to 3/20/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Steelhead(passage blocked by beaver dam) Access Mile 0.6: Take Hwy 162 through Orting. Turn South on Orville Rd. Cross over Puyallup River bridge, continue to Champion Timberlands Bridge gate on Road 1. Bridge over Fox creek is approximately .7 miles in. Mile 0.0. Take the first available left inside Bridge gate and follow abandoned road to creek.

Fox creek running through the center of the photo, enters the right bank of the Puyallup. river.

From 0.6 to 0.5 Fox creek is a moderate gradient step-pool stream with good pool frequency and adequate hardwood riparian cover. From 0.5 to 0.3 the gradient decreases and the channel assumes a pool-riffle character with excellent spawning gravels. This middle reach sees the highest spawning densities. From 0.3 to the confluence with the Puyallup, the stream meanders through a grassy area with little riparian cover and m o d e r a t e amounts of fine m a t e r i a l obscuring the g r a v e l l y substrate. There are few mature conifers in this reach although many young Grand firs have been planted as a restoration effort. Coho are the most common salmonid found in Fox and likely ascend as far up as the Kapowsin tree farm’s 6 Rd.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

57

2003 FOX CREEK COHO COUNTS
180 160 DEAD 140
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

120 100 80 60 40 20 0 10/20/03 10/30/03 11/12/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/24/03

12/11/03

FOX CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2003)
1400
1230

LIVE DEAD REDDS

1200

1000
NUMBER OBSERVED

800

600
429 461 355 378 159 99

400
151

112

200
21 7 35 2 1 9

123

732

18 17 23

0 1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

9

2000

2001

39

2002

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

44 86

67 47

66

58

GREENWATER RIVER
WRIA: 10.0122 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004 Greenwater River looking upstream from the bridge at hwy. 410.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 11.3 Dates surveyed: 8/18/03 to 6/9/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Steelhead Access R.M. 0.0: Hwy 410 crosses the Greenwater just above its mouth at the Town of Greenwater. R.M. 1.7: Approximately 1 mile upstream, a spur to the right leads to a bridge over the creek. Many upstream access points are available from the Forest Service 70 rd which follows it much of its length.

DESCRIPTION The Greenwater River is a right bank tributary to the upper mainstem White river. It supports large runs of steelhead, chinook and coho salmon. It is surveyed for both Chinook and steelhead by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, but not for coho. The upper White rivers’ coho escapement is derived from counts made at the Army Corps of Engineers’

Buckley trap. It is a medium sized, low gradient pool-riffle stream with abundant high quality spawning gravel. Much of it flows through Forest service land and the riparian zone is primarily second growth conifer and hardwoods. While there is fair amounts of LWD in the channel, the average size reflects the surrounding forest and is small. What large wood exists Greenwater River is usually quite old.
looking upstream at RM 10.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

59

2003 GREENWATER RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS
160 140 120
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

100 80 60 40 20 0 8/18/03 8/25/03 9/3/03 9/10/03 9/17/03 9/24/03 10/2/03 10/9/03 10/16/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 Greenwater River chinook graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

GREENWATER RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2003)
450 400 350
NUMBER OBSERVED 390 370 318

LIVE DEAD REDDS

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED 42 122 80 73 49 127 107 63 236 249 244 192

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

60

2003 GREENWATER RIVER COHO COUNTS
2500 LIVE DEAD 2000

NUMBER OBSERVED

1500

1000

500

0 9/10/03 9/17/03 9/24/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/2/03

10/9/03

10/16/03

2003 Greenwater River coho graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

2003 GREENWATER RIVER PINK COUNTS
800 LIVE DEAD 700

600

NUMBER OBSERVED

500

400

300

200

100

0 9/10/03 9/17/03 9/24/03 10/2/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/9/03

10/16/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

61

2004 GREENWATER RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS
25 LIVE DEAD REDDS 20

NUMBER OBSERVED

15

10

5

0 4/19/04 4/30/04 5/14/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/24/04

6/9/04

2004 Greenwater River steelhead graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

GREENWATER RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2004)
60 56
REDDS

50 50

41 40
NUMBER OBSERVED

30

20

10

0 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

62

HUCKLEBERRY CREEK
WRIA: 10.0253 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004 Spring chinook acclimation pond located at RM 0.5 on Huckleberry creek.

Huckleberry creek is a large left bank tributary to the Upper White River. The lower 0.3 miles consists of a low Huckleberry g r a d i e n t creek looking occasionally downstream b r a i d e d from the bridge channel with a hardwood riparian zone. The at RM 1.7. spawning gravel in this reach is excellent and this lower reach consistently supports the highest densities of spawners each season. Above the lower bridge the gradient increases slightly but the gravel quality remains very good if slightly larger and more patchy in nature. The riparian corridor contains old growth conifers upstream of the acclimation pond. The pond is used for acclimating spring chinook which are planted in March, and released in May or early June.
Access R.M. 0.5: There is a former bridge crossing on the first spur to the right about 0.5 miles up the FS 73 road. R.M. 1.7: Approximately 1 mile upstream, a spur to the right leads to a bridge over the creek.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.2 Dates surveyed: 8/16/03 to 10/25/03 Species surveyed: Chinook

DESCRIPTION

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

63

2003 HUCKLEBERRY CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS Due to logistical problems in 2003, data collection is incomplete for chinook. Surveys were conducted from August 18, to September 19, 2003.

HUCKLEBERRY CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISON (1999 - 2003)
90
82 84

LIVE DEAD REDDS

80 70
NUMBER OBSERVED 66 60

60
50

50 40
32 37 38 35 25 14 4 1 5

30 20 10 0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

64

HUCKLEBERRY CREEK SPRING CHINOOK ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS (1995 - 2004)
496,700 600,000

Spring Chinook Planted in Lower Pond Spring Chinook Planted in Huck Aerial Pond

500,000 NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

400,000 243,000

218,631

217,450

300,000

189,720

175,650

182,440

356,000

200,000

100,000

0

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

121,460

2002

2003

2004

YEAR PLANTED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

65

145,900

HYLEBOS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0006 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.1 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 9/24/02 to 10/24/03 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum, Pink Access Mile 0.2: Take 8th ST. exit off 167 and go West until East Valley Highway. There is a bridge approximately 0.2 miles North of 8th street. Contact Ed Mase before entering property (253)927-3521.

Hylebos creek looking upstream above 373rd st. There is some spawning habitat both above and below this point.

DESCRIPTION
Chinook, chum, coho, and pinks have been found in the past in this survey reach. The channel above and below the bridge is moderately low gradient and somewhat incised. The riparian flora consists of reed canary grass and alder, with a section of bamboo along a landowners property. The substrate is very compacted with large amounts of fine material and some smaller gravel. The channel segment most often surveyed extends from 373rd St., upstream to the Montessori school at Hwy. 99. Frequent channel dredging at 373rd St. is performed by the city of Federal Way in response to gravel deposition problems.

Private pond on the North fork of the Hylebos.
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

66

2003 HYLEBOS CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/24/03 10/1/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

10/14/03

10/24/03

2003 HYLEBOS CREEK PINK COUNTS
10 9 8 7
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/25/03 10/1/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/14/03

10/24/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

67

IPSUT CREEK
WRIA: 10.0550 - CARBON RIVER 2003 - 2004

Ipsut creek looking downstream from the falls.

DESCRIPTION
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.7 Dates surveyed: NOT SURVEYED IN 2003 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Char Access Mile 0.3: The Ipsut creek campground is located at the end of the road past the Carbon River entrance to Mt. Rainier National Park. A bridge crosses the creek at the campground.

Ipsut creek is a moderate gradient left bank tributary to the upper Carbon River. It flows entirely through Mt. Rainier National Park. The riparian zone consists of old growth cedar, fir and hemlock contributing large woody debris and diversity to the channel. There is a large falls located at approximately R.M. 0.7 which is a barrier to any farther upstream migration. Ipsut has been surveyed primarily for chinook and coho, but also in the spring for steelhead. No salmon or redds have been observed. Reasons for Ipsut the absence of anadromous fish creek are likely related to the stream’s looking uplocation within the basin, and the stream general lack of suitable spawning at the gravel within the lower fish falls accessible reach. Char usage has which is a barrier been documented by Park service to any biologists, but surveys conducted farther by tribal staff in 2000 and 2001 updid not reveal any adult char stream migraspawning activity.
tion.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

68

KAPOWSIN CREEK
WRIA: 10.0600 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 3.2 Dates surveyed: 9/18/04 to 5/24/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho,Steelhead Access Mile 3.2: Take Hwy. 162 past Orting and turn right onto Orville Road (Crocker Grange). After crossing the Puyallup River, continue another 4 miles to a bridge near the main gate to Champion Timberlands.

Kapowsin creek looking upstream from the Orville Rd. bridge.

DESCRIPTION
There is suitable spawning gravel throughout the survey reach although much of it is patchy in nature. There is an abundance of downed trees within the channel along with several sizable logjams. Cattle have been allowed access to the stream channel at approximately RM 1.7. Houses are present along the creek between RM 0.5 and RM 2.0, as well as manmade rock structures that alter the channel along this stretch. Most of the stream has a dense riparian zone consisting of firs, alders and salmonberries. Pierce County conducted a bank revetment project in the summer of 2002 (left photo). This project was done to protect Orville road.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

69

2003 KAPOWSIN CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/18/03 9/25/03 10/6/03 10/15/03 10/27/03 11/12/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

KAPOWSIN CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
40
36

LIVE DEAD REDD

35 30
26 NUMBER OBSERVED

28

25
22

20
17 17

19

15

20

15
10 10

15

12

26

7

8

10 5 0

9

5

7

10 4 4 4 5 2 2

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

70

4

2003 KAPOWSIN CREEK COHO COUNTS
Coho redd counts were discontinued starting with the 2003 survey season.

200 LIVE 180 160
NUMBER OBSERVED

DEAD

140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 10/6/03 10/15/03 10/27/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/12/03

11/24/03

KAPOWSIN CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
2500
2023

LIVE DEAD REDDS

2000
NUMBER OBSERVED

1500

1000

491

521

410

319

500

265

62 139

115 46 140

110 136

153 268

210

368

121 11 75

29 93

55 31 34

33

129

442 439

446

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

71

21

18

2004 KAPOWSIN CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
6 LIVE DEAD 5 REDDS

4
NUMBER OBSERVED

3

2

1

0 3/24/04 4/7/04 4/19/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/3/04

5/24/04

KAPOWSIN CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2004)
12
11

REDDS

10
9 NUMBER OBSERVED

8
6

6
4

4
3 2

2
1

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

72

KELLOG CREEK
WRIA: 10.0621 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004 Typical habitat found in the lower reach of Kellog creek.

DESCRIPTION
From RM 2.0 to 1.6 the creek flows through a moderate gradient step-pool channel with patchy gravel. The riparian zone consists of a thin mature 2nd growth conifer buffer on both sides. There is a large amount of wind-throw in the channel associated with this buffer. Below this the gradient eases and excellent spawning gravel is consistently available to the confluence with the Puyallup. The riparian area is more intact through the lower 1.5 miles, similar to above but no recent harvest activities have compromised it.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 2.0 Dates surveyed: 3/15/04 to 5/14/04 Species surveyed: Steelhead Access Mile 2.0: The Kapowsin tree farm’s mainline crosses Kellog creek at the 8 Rd. junction. To survey this reach and not double walk you must cross the mainstem Puyallup at the Kellog confluence and walk downstream 0.5 miles and up 0.3 miles of LeDout creek to the 62 Rd.

Kellog creek at RM 0.5.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

73

2004 KELLOG CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10

LIVE
9

DEAD REDDS

8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/26/04 4/8/04 4/22/04 5/4/04 5/14/04

DATE SERVEYED

KELLOG CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2004)
35

31 30 27 25 25

REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

22

20

15 1 3 12 10 10 10 10

6 5

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

74

KLICKITAT CREEK
WRIA: 10.0357 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

Typical habitat throughout Klickitat creek. The location in the photo is about 40 meters below a series of bedrock falls and cascades at R.M. 0.3 that blocks any further upstream migration. River miles surveyed: 0.1 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 9/8/03 to 9/19/03 Species surveyed: Bull trout (Char) Access Mile 0.3: Turn onto the Sunrise rd off of HWY 410 in Mt. Rainier National Park. A bridge crosses Klickitat creek in approximately 2 miles. Walk down the right bank staying high in the draw for about 200 yards to avoid the steep valley walls till the cascades are reached.

DESCRIPTION
Klickitat creek is a small right bank tributary to the upper White river. It flows within Mt. Rainier National Park and enters the White River below Sunrise rd. The first 0.3 miles is low gradient with excellent spawning gravel and large amounts of LWD. Numerous deep pools and side channels provide excellent habitat for juvenile fish. A series of bedrock falls and cascades at R.M. 0.3 blocks any further upstream migration. Klickitat creek has been surveyed since 1999, but no salmon have been seen. Bull trout from the mainstem White are observed spawning in the creek early in the fall however, and juvenile bull trout have been observed in the pools and lateral habitat during these surveys. During the 2002 and 2003 survey seasons, char floy tagged at the USACE trap in Buckley were observed spawning in the creek. The char in the left photo were observed in 2003, the green floy tags are visible near the dorsal fins.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

75

2003 KLICKITAT CREEK CHAR COUNTS
10 9 8 7
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/8/03 9/15/03
DATE SURVEYED

9/19/03

KLICKITAT CREEK CHAR SEASON COMPARISONS
(2000 - 2003)
20
18

LIVE DEAD REDDS

18 16
NUMBER OBSERVED

14 12 10 8
6 11

6
4

5 3 1

5 4

4 2 0 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

76

LEDOUT CREEK
WRIA: 10.0620 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 11/5/02 to 5/14/03 Species surveyed: Coho, Steelhead Access M i l e 0 . 3 : The 62 Rd. crosses LeDout approximately 0.3 mile from the mouth. This stream is used a s a take out for the Kellog creek survey. .

Excellent spawning opportunities exist throughout LeDout creek.

DESCRIPTION

The lower surveyed reach of LeDout creek contains good spawning gravel. The habitat of the stream consists mostly of low gradient pools and riffles. The riffle at the confluence with the Puyallup is often too shallow in late summer to allow salmon access. Coho and steelhead are the most often seen salmonids utilizing the creek. LeDout creek contains a good proportion of small and medium size woody debris, and the surrounding riparian zone consist mostly of alder and Douglas fir. Although there has been logging activity near the creek in the past, a good buffer zone now exist along the majority of the creek.
LeDout creek contains a good proportion of small and medium size woody debris.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

77

LEDOUT CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2003)
30
27

LIVE DEAD REDDS
21

25

NUMBER OBSERVED

20

15

15

10
7 6 5

5

3

3 1

0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

78

2004 LEDOUT CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD REDDS 8

7

NUMBER OBSEREVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/17/04 3/26/04 4/8/04
DATE SURVEYED

4/22/04

5/4/04

5/14/04

LEDOUT CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2004)
12

10 10

REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

8 8

8

6

4 4 3 2 2 1 1 2 2

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

79

MEADOW CREEK
WRIA: 10.0630 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004 Photo showing typical habitat in Meadow creek. Abundant spawning gravel, wood, and canopy cover exist along the entire reach of the creek.

DESCRIPTION
Meadow creek is a tributary of the Mowich river. Much of the creek is low to moderate gradient with abundant spawning gravel, wood, and River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.5 canopy cover along the entire reach. Meadow Dates surveyed: Not surveyed in 2003 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Char, creek is pristine in may ways, but its location Steelhead high in the watershed above the Electron diversion dam has prevented salmon and steelhead from accessing and utilizing this stream for a century. The creek does however, have a resident population of cutthroat. It is Old road bridge crossing also suspected that char are present since Meadow creek they populate the Mowich river and a at RM 0.5. number of its tributaries, but they have not been documented. Currently, Meadow creek is only surveyed and snorkeled (upper right) a couple times a year to determine if salmon or steelhead are repopulating the stream.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

80

MOWICH RIVER
WRIA: 10.0624 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
The Mowich River is a major tributary draining into the upper Puyallup River at R.M. 42.3. The glacial headwaters of the North and South forks of the Mowich River, originate at the North and South Mowich glaciers on the west side of Mt. Rainier. The North and South Mowich flow though Mt. Rainier National Park and reach their confluence at R.M. 7.5 to form the Mowich River miles surveyed: 0.0 - 1.0 Dates surveyed: NOT SURVEYED IN 2003 River. Several Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Steelhead tributaries flow into the Mowich including Crater creek, Meadow and Rushingwater creeks. The upper reaches of the Mowich River consist of steep and moderate gradient flows over largely cobble and boulder substrate. The wide active channels of the North and South Mowich are bordered by large dense conifer forests. The lower reach of the Mowich River is comprised of more complex habitat. With the completion of the Electron fish ladder (R.M. 41.7) in the fall of 2000, anadromous fish passage was restored for the first time since 1904. Surplus chinook and coho salmon from Voights creek hatchery have been planted in the Mowich river (right) , and Rushingwater creek (see graph on following page) for the past several years in efforts to jump start the upper Puyallup. The first documented spawning of naturally returning chinook in 97 years ( left photo) was observed in the lower reach (R.M. 1.0) on September 7, 2001.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

81

ADULT CHINOOK AND COHO SURPLUS PLANTS IN MOWICH RIVER (1997 - 2003)
600

MALE COHO FEMALE COHO

500
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

MALE CHINOOK FEMALE CHINOOK

400

300

200

100

0 1997 1998 1999 2000
YEAR PLANTED

2001

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

82

NIESSON CREEK
WRIA: 10.0622 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Typical habitat in Niesson creek. This photo was taken looking upstream at approximately RM 1.0.

DESCRIPTION
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 2.5 Dates surveyed: 3/15/04 to 5/14/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Steelhead Access Mile 1.8: The Kapowsin tree farm’s 2 rd crosses Niesson creek near Moose Junction. Mile 2.2: A short distance past the 2 rd bridge, the 21 rd turns to the right and again crosses Niesson in approximately 0.2 miles.

This medium sized stream varies between pool-riffle and forced pool-riffle in character and contains excellent spawning gravel throughout the survey reach. The riparian zone consists of conifers and alders with moderate amounts of large woody debris present. Recent timber harvest activities have reduced the riparian zone to the state required minimum in several extended reaches in the lower river. This stream is only surveyed consistently for steelhead. Steelhead have been observed spawning as high as RM 2.2 near the abandoned 22 Rd. Naturally returning coho were observed for the first time in 2002. Puyallup tribal fisheries staff have been transporting live surplus adult coho from the Voights creek hatchery since 1998.

The mouth of Niesson creek. The Puyallup river flows along the left side of the photo.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

83

ADULT COHO SURPLUS PLANTS IN NIESSON CREEK (1998 - 2003)
500 450 400
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED 455

MALE COHO FEMALE COHO

350 300 250 200 150
76 74 299 261 257 188 188 236 243

100 50 0

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

YEAR PLANTED

These data resulted from a live adult surplus plant from the WDFW Voights creek hatchery.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

164

2003

171

84

2004 NIESSON CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
7 LIVE 6 DEAD REDDS

5

NUMBER OBSERVED

4

3

2

1

0 3/26/04 4/8/04 4/22/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/4/04

5/14/04

NIESSON CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2004)
60 REDDS 50
49 45 49

40
37
NUMBER OBSERVED

30

29 27

22

20
17 14

10

9

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

85

OHOP CREEK
WRIA: 10.0600 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Several excellent spawning opportunities exist in the lower reach of Ohop.

DESCRIPTION
The survey reach is a low gradient pool-riffle stream that contains excellent spawning gravel from RM 6.5 (the top of Lake Kapowsin) to RM 7.5 with several deep pools and moderate amounts of in-stream woody debris. Below 7.0 there are numerous braids and side channels which rejoin near the lake and much of the gravel in this reach is unstable. At RM 7.1 there is a large log jam creating an oxbow in the channel. At low, early season flows the creek filters through gravel under the debris rather than in the stream channel at

River miles surveyed: 6.5 to 7.5 Dates surveyed: 10/15/03 to 11/24/03 Species surveyed: Coho Access Mile 7.0: At the intersection of Orville Rd and Kapowsin Hwy follow Orville road for approximately two miles to a small turn-out on the left. Follow the trail to the creek. The upper 0.5 miles must be double walked but it is possible to drop in just above RM 6.5 by crossing the railroad tracks and following a rough trail to the creek.

this point and blocks anadromous migration. However leaf litter and increased fall flows revert the water into the channel every year near the peak of the coho run.

Upper reach of the survey, increased gradient and fewer spawning opportunities are available.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

86

2003 OHOP CREEK COHO COUNTS
22 20 18 16 NUMBER OBSERVED 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 10/15/03 10/27/03 DATE SURVEYED 11/12/03 11/24/03

LIVE DEAD

OHOP CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2003)
600
537 488

LIVE DEAD REDDS

500

NUMBER OBSERVED

400
295 314

300
219

200
114 130 100 141 88 96 31 39 4 34 33

71

76

100

91

54

25

29

4

13

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
YEAR SURVEYED

2000

2001

6

2002

19

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

87

31

PINOCHLE CREEK
WRIA: 10.0198 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004 Large numbers of coho, as seen in this photo, can be observed each season holding in this pool just below the confluence with Cripple and Wrong creeks.

DESCRIPTION
There is a bedrock falls about 0.3 miles upstream of the bridge over Pinochle creek that blocks further upstream migration (see photo below). Below this obstruction, to Pinochles’ confluence with the West fork of the White River there exists excellent spawning and rearing habitat. The channel is low gradient, unconfined, and pool-riffle in character with abundant woody debris from the surrounding oldgrowth forest. Pinochle is generally only surveyed for chinook

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.5 Dates surveyed: 8/25/03 to 11/25/03 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho Access Mile 0.4: Approximately 0.25 miles past the West fork of the White River bridge on the Forest Service 74 Rd. there is a spur road to the right. This road crosses Pinochle creek within several hundred yards.

salmon, but this years report includes some coho observations. There is an acclimation pond on nearby cripple creek and returning chinook are likely the result of this enhancement program. Much of the spawning activity takes place in the lower 0.2 miles of this stream which runs within the West Fork White’s floodplain.

Anadromous blockage on Pinochle creek at approximately RM 0.8

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

88

2003 PINOCHLE CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8/25/03 9/8/03 9/17/03 9/25/03 10/6/03 10/28/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 PINOCHLE CREEK COHO COUNTS
80 LIVE 70 DEAD

60
NUMBER OBSERVED

50

40 30 20

10 0 9/17/03 10/6/03 10/28/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/13/03

11/25/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

89

PUYALLUP RIVER
WRIA: 10.0021 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
The lowest section of the Puyallup River, from the confluence with the White River at RM 10.7 to Commencement bay is confined by levees and the habitat lacks complexity. The small amount of suitable gravel present is often compacted and offers little spawning opportunity. Steelhead have been observed spawning just upstream from the White River confluence; the lowest documented spawning of any species in the river. From the White River to the confluence with the Carbon River at RM 17.4 and upstream to about RM 23 just above the town of Orting, the river is still tightly confined by levees on both sides with the expected lack of channel complexity. This reach is similar to the lower Puyallup but does support sporadic spawning by chum, chinook

River miles surveyed: 10.5 to 45.7 Dates surveyed: OFTEN UNSURVEYEABLE-NO RELIABLE COUNTS Species surveyed: Steelhead, Chinook

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

90

and steelhead during their respective seasons. Along Orville Rd., upstream of Orting, a levee setback project was completed in the summer of 1999. Approximately 2 miles of new levee was built back from the original levee adding over a hundred acres to the floodplain in this reach. Several high water events later, many side channels have formed and spawning gravel has been retained but no adult use has been documented. From RM 25.5 to 30.8 the channel is only partially contained by levees and there are many side channels. There is little spawning activity within this reach however, due to the higher gradient and resulting increase in average substrate size. Upstream from Puget Sound Energy’s Electron powerhouse at RM 30.8 the river flows through a deep, narrow canyon (center photo). There are many small vertical drops and bedrock cascades within this 6 mile canyon, all of which are passable to salmon
Planting adult surplus coho in the North Fork of the Puyallup river (2003).

Levee setback project at R.M. 26.5. New Levee can be seen near county road and remnants of old levee are visible in the stream

and steelhead. There is frequent Puyallup spawning River canyon opportunities in approximately the tailouts of R.M. 30. the many deep pools within this reach. From RM 41.3 downstream to the top of the canyon the river is moderately confined and provides several high quality spawning opportunities. The highest densities of steelhead spawning in the Puyallup river occur within this reach. With the completion of the Electron fish ladder (R.M. 41.7) in the fall of 2000, anadromous fish passage was restored for the first time since 1904. There are approximately 26+ miles of usable habitat above the diversion and surveys are conducted occasionally in response to the Puyallup Tribes live surplus hauls each fall.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

91

PUYALLUP RIVER: ELECTRON FISH LADDER TRAP
WRIA: 10.0021 - PUYALLUP RIVER WATERSHED 2003 - 2004

River Mile: 41.7 Species sampled: Chinook, Coho, Steelhead DESCRIPTION
With the completion of the Electron fish ladder (R.M. 41.7) in the fall of 2000, anadromous fish passage was restored for the first time since 1904. There are approximately 26+ miles of usable habitat above the diversion and surveys are conducted occasionally in response to the Puyallup Tribes live surplus hauls each fall. Naturally returning steelhead and chinook were observed above the diversion soon after the ladders completion. A passive fish trap was constructed and installed in the summer of 2002. The aluminum trap was placed in the lower end of the fish ladder (cell 7), and is lifted by a 2 ton electric winch powered by a diesel generator. It is

necessary to raise the trap to access the fish that have entered. The inside of the trap can be accessed through removable side and top panels. The trap had limited success in 2002 and 2003 due to low flows, sediment build-up in the trap and ladder cells, possible trap avoidance by migrating fish and occasional high flows which went over the trap. No steelhead were captured in 2004.

(Above) Electron ladder trap shown in the raised position. (Center) Electron ladder, trap and diversion. (Bottom) Installation of the Electron fish ladder trap in the summer of 2002. The green box houses the diesel generator that powers the electric winch used to move the trap.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

92

RANGER CREEK
WRIA: 10.0530 - CARBON RIVER 2003 - 2004 Ranger creek looking upstream from the confluence with the Carbon River .

DESCRIPTION
Ranger creek is a small left bank tributary of the upper Carbon River. It flows entirely within Mt. Rainier National Park. The lower 0.4 miles are very low gradient with several deep pools and small but plentiful gravel throughout the reach. Above this the gradient increases significantly. The fall of 2000 was the first year any salmon spawning surveys were conducted and none were observed. Several redds were observed early in the spawning season but their small size and timing matched the bull trout spawning documented in other headwater tributaries in the watershed.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.4 Dates surveyed: NOT SURVEYED IN 2003 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Char Access Mile 0.1: The Carbon River road in Mount Rainier National Park crosses Ranger below the Ipsut creek campground.

The lower 0.4 miles are very low gradient with several deep pools and small but plentiful gravel throughout the reach.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

93

RODY CREEK
WRIA: 10.0028 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

The channel becomes surveyeable generally after the first freshet of the season. River miles surveyed: 0.4 to 0.5 Dates surveyed: 10/30/03 to 1/21/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Chum Access Mile 0.4: Pioneer Avenue crosses Rody creek a short distance above it’s confluence with Clarks creek.

DESCRIPTION
Rody creek was surveyed on a regular rotation for the past two season, rather than spot-checked occasionally. The habitat quality is poor, with much of the accessible channel choked with reed canary grass (see lower photo), The channel becomes surveyable generally after the first freshet of the season. However, chum and coho salmon were observed spawning in the stream this season. A large number of chum spawned in the small section just below Pioneer.

Rody creek, looking downstream from Pioneer Way E. The habitat quality is poor, with much of the accessible channel choked with reed canary grass.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

94

2003 RODY CREEK COHO COUNTS
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 10/30/03 11/13/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE DEAD

NUMBER OBSERVED

11/24/03

12/4/03

2003 RODY CREEK CHUM COUNTS
40 35 30
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

25 20 15 10 5 0 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/21/04
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

95

RUSHINGWATER CREEK
WRIA: 10.0625 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004 Upper reach of Rushingwater creek. This is about .03 miles above the location where adult surplus coho from Voights creek hatchery are planted.

DESCRIPTION
Rushingwater creek is a left bank tributary entering the Mowich river approximately 0.6 miles up from its mouth. The upper reach of the creek is mostly comprised of pools and glides, with fine and medium sized substrate. Abundant in-stream woody debris and moderate to dense canopy cover extends through most of this reach. Adult surplus coho have been planted in the upper reach of Rushingwater since 1997. The lower reach (1.0 mile) of the creek consist of a more complex riffle - pool complex. The substrate is considerably larger, consisting of large gravel, cobble and boulders. Adult surplus chinook have been planted at RM 0.5 over the last five years. An acclimation pond used for r e a r i n g Acclimation pond located on the lower juvenile coho is reach of also located Rushingwater creek. just off the main channel. A considerable amount of beaver activity and structures are present in Rushingwater creek.
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.0 Dates surveyed: Not surveyed in 2003 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

96

RUSHINGWATER CREEK ADULT COHO PLANTS (1997 - 2003)
371

400 350 300 250 200 150 100
50 237 312

MALE COHO FEMALE COHO

NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

169

170

177

127

119

50 0

1997

50

1998

106

1999

2000
YEAR PLANTED

2001

2002

2003

RUSHINGWATER CREEK ACCLIMATION POND CHINOOK AND COHO PLANTS (1999 - 2004)
160,000 140,000
101,400 100,350 NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED 149,970

COHO CHINOOK
100,400 104,500

120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 1999

2000

2001

2002

38,093

2003

YEAR PLANTED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

84,000

2004

124

97

SALMON CREEK
WRIA: 10.0035 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.4 to 0.5 Dates surveyed: 10/27/03 to 1/21/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Chum Access Mile 0.3: 4309 East Valley Highway crosses Salmon creek. Salmon creek is also referred to as Strawberry creek. Check-in with Sumner RV (253)863-5644 before surveys are conducted.

Salmon creek looking downstream above East Valley Highway.

DESCRIPTION

The surveyed reach of Salmon creek, also known as Strawberry creek, consists of a straightened, incised channel r u n n i n g alongside a pasture. The riparian vegetation of reed canary grass provides little in the way of shade or LWD inputs. The substrate is primarily fine sediment with small amounts of gravel. There is little spawning habitat in Salmon creek and many of the salmon observed in this reach are likely to be ascending to the spring fed tributary, Salmon tributary, entering Salmon creek just upstream at RM 0.5.
A few chum can be observed spawning in the creek just West of where the creek passes under the East valley Highway.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

98

2003 SALMON CREEK COHO COUNTS
10 9 DEAD 8 7
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 10/27/03 11/13/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/24/03

12/9/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

99

2003 SALMON CREEK CHUM COUNTS
50 45 DEAD 40
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 11/13/03 11/24/03 12/9/03 12/16/03
DATE SURVEYED

12/29/03

1/9/04

1/21/04

SALMON CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1991 - 2003)
160 138

LIVE DEAD

140

NUMBER OBSERVED

93

100

51

49

60

61

70

80

78

82

44

31

25

27

28

40 18 20 20

44

47

17

14

23

109 12 2 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 1 2 2001 2002 2003 SEASON SURVEYED

120

0

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

100

13

SALMON TRIBUTARY
WRIA: 10.0036 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.1 Dates surveyed: 11/13/03 to 1/21/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Chum Access Mile 0.3: 4309 East Valley Highway crosses Salmon creek. Salmon Tributary enters Salmon creek 0.1 miles upstream of the bridge. Check-in with Sumner RV (253)863-5644 before surveys are conducted.

DESCRIPTION
Salmon Tributary is a short run, spring-fed stream entering Salmon (Strawberry) creek. It contains approximately 0.1 miles of moderate gradient channel with excellent gravel before the gradient increases and inhibits further upstream access. Its consistent flows support a large run of chum salmon (top photo) for a stream of this size, along with a few coho. The chum return for the past few seasons has been exceptional. Once again, there were no blockage problems like the small debris jam which occurred in the 2000 - 2001 season which prevented all but a few chum from accessing the creek. Extremely heavy predation in 2003 accounted for most of the dead chum along Salmon Tributary. .

Chum salmon working its way up Salmon Tributary.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

101

2003 SALMON TRIBUTARY CHUM COUNTS
140

LIVE DEAD

120

100 NUMBER OBSERVED

80

60

40

20

0 11/13/03 11/24/03 12/9/03 12/16/03 DATE SURVEYED 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/21/04

SALMON TRIBUTARY CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
600

LIVE
481

456 420

500

DEAD
396

NUMBER OBSERVED

255

300

363

400

385

242

142

200

182

125

130

50 68

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

4

15

75

100

83

89 89

96

102

216

SILVER SPRINGS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0332A - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
This is a spring fed tributary to lower Silver creek. It flows through a low gradient pool riffle channel with moderate amounts of in-stream River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 woody debris. The Dates surveyed: 9/8/03 to 11/13/03 Species surveyed: Chinook (N.O.), Coho, riparian vegetation Char (N.O.), Pink consists of large N.O.= None Observed conifers with many Access hardwoods near its The stream runs parallel to the White river confluence with between it and the Silver Springs campground on Hwy. 410 below the Crystal Mountain Road. Silver creek. There You can walk upstream on Silver creek to the is excellent gravel highway after looking at Silver Springs. throughout the reach although it is often obscured Several pink salmon were observed by fine sand. The spawning in the creek during the 2003 creek runs spawning season. directly though the Silver Springs campground. Of special note is the documentation of Bull trout spawning in September (above) shortly before the coho appear (top photo). Chinook were observed for the first time spawning in 2001, yet no chinook were observed in 2002 or 2003. Pink salmon were observed spawning in the creek in 2003 (left photo), a single sockeye was also seen.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

103

2003 SILVER SPRINGS CREEK COHO COUNTS
100 LIVE 90 DEAD 80 70
NUMBER OBSERVED

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 9/15/03 10/6/03 10/28/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/13/03

2003 SILVER SPRINGS CREEK PINK COUNTS
10 9 DEAD 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/8/03 9/15/03 9/19/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE

NUMBER OBSERVED

10/6/03

10/28/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

104

SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK
WRIA: 10.0429 - CARBON RIVER 2003 - 2004 Pink salmon spawning in South Prairie creek (2003).

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 8.0 Dates surveyed: 9/04/03 to 6/19/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Pink, Chum, Steelhead Access Mile 8.0: Follow Hwy 162 to Lower Burnett Rd. Turn right and follow to bridge. Mile 5.8: Hwy 162 bridge near fire station at outskirts of South Prairie. Hwy 162 crosses South Prairie creek 3 more times downstream, providing excellent foot access. Mile 0.0: Take Hwy 162 to Carbon River bridge. Follow dike downstream to South Prairie Creek mouth.

DESCRIPTION

From RM 0.0 to RM 12.6 the stream is poolriffle in character with many deep pools and a few higher gradient cascades. Spawning gravel is excellent and plentiful throughout this lower reach. Above this the stream is higher gradient and is moderately to extremely confined within a deep canyon. Migration is blocked at approximately R.M. 15.0 by a large bedrock cascade Spawning gravel becomes scarce in this upper reach and many heavily scoured bedrock sections exist. Chinook spawning occurs primarily in the lower 8 miles while Coho show increased usage in Chum surveys are conducted by the middle and upper sections of the anadromous Puyallup tribal fisheries staff on the reach. Chum utilize the lower 3 miles heavily but lower 8 miles each season by raft. have been observed well above the lower Burnett WDFW surveys South Prairie creek bridge at R.M. 8.0. Steelhead utilize the entire for chinook and steelhead.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

105

stream.below the falls with reduced usage in the canyon reach below the falls. The riparian zone changes dramatically over the 15 miles of anadromous stream. The upper canyon reach flows through a commercial forest and streamside vegetation consists of second growth fir and alder. Buffer widths along recent harvest areas are generally wider than the state regulated minimum due to steep, potentially unstable slopes along the canyon. From there to R. M. 6.0 the riparian zone is relatively intact, consisting of mature hardwoods with some fir. Occasional residential development exists along this reach. Below this to the confluence there exists many diked reaches and streamside residential development is common. Much of the lower 6 miles flows through active agricultural land. Alder and cottonwood are the most common streamside tree species.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

106

2003 SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
160 140 120 NUMBER OBSERVED 100 80 60 40 20 0 9/4/03 9/11/03 9/16/03 9/18/03 9/23/03 9/25/03 9/30/03 10/1/03 10/7/03 10/8/03 10/15/03 10/16/03

LIVE DEAD REDDS

DATE SURVEYED

2003 South Prairie creek chinook graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS

(1998 - 2003)
928

1000
838

LIVE DEAD REDDS
692 537 536

900 800
NUMBER OBSERVED

700
503

500
377 388

505

326

251

300
127

100 0 1998 1999 2000

81

2001

2002

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

117

200

244

312

400

360

527

600

107

SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS

(1992 - 2003)
7309

8000 7000 6000
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED 640 363 1428 2028 3943

2149

2986 785 703 383 434 364 44 341 63 390 80 331 499 1032 1110
LIVE DEAD 10/15/03 10/16/03

2003 SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK PINK COUNTS
45000

40000

35000

30000
NUMBER OBSERVED

25000

20000

15000

10000

5000

0 9/4/03 9/11/03 9/16/03 9/18/03 9/23/03 9/25/03 9/30/03 10/1/03 10/7/03 10/8/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 Greenwater River pink graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW. PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

88

108

265

2004 SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
60 LIVE DEAD 50 REDDS

40
NUMBER OBSERVED

30

20

10

0 3/12-3/23 3/29-4/8 4/14-4/23
DATE SURVEYED

4/26-5/6

5/10-5/26

6/4-6/14

2004 South Prairie creek steelhead graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS

(1999 - 2004)
250 REDDS 200
NUMBER OBSERVED 159 196 187

150

146 119

100

93

50

0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

109

SQUALLY CREEK
WRIA: 10.0024 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.2 Dates surveyed: 11/24/32 to 1/21/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Chum Access Mile 0.1: Pioneer Ave. crosses Squally creek East of Canyon Rd.

DESCRIPTION
Below Pioneer the substrate consists of moderately compacted gravel with abundant fines. It is deeply incised (top photo) until its confluence with Clear creek where it passes under the railroad (left photo). Upstream of Pioneer, the channel quickly becomes braided and shallow with abundant hardwood debris. There is some gravel present above Pioneer. Squally creek is mainly utilized by chum, however, a few coho are often observed spawning in the lower reach of the creek.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

110

2003 SQUALLY CREEK CHUM COUNTS
20 18 DEAD 16
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/21/04
DATE SURVEYED

SQUALLY CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1997 - 2003)
35
32

LIVE DEAD

30

NUMBER OBSERVED

25
20

20

15

10
5

5
2

3

3

3 1

2

0 1997 1998 1999 2000
SEASON SURVEYED

2001

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

111

SWAN CREEK
WRIA: 10.0003 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Chum spawning in Swan creek, just above Pioneer way.
River miles surveyed: 0.3 to 1.0 Dates surveyed: 8/22/03 to 5/24/04 Species surveyed:Chinook- N.O. Coho-N.O., Chum, Steelhead N.O.= None observed Access Mile 0.3: Pioneer way crosses the stream near the Swan Creek Park trailhead. Follow trail upstream through park and along Swan creek.

Description

From 0.3 to 1.0 the stream is pool riffle in character and contains good spawning gravel, riparian diversity and channel complexity. Swan creek is prone to high water events however, and the substrate is only moderately stable. A sediment detention pond is located at RM 0.3 (bottom photo) and is dredged annually or biannually by Pierce county. Puyallup Tribal Fisheries staff seines the pond before dredging to remove the majority of fish present. Although Swan creek is surveyed for all salmon species, only chum are observed in relativly strong numbers.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

112

2003 SWAN CREEK CHUM COUNTS
450 400 350
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 11/13/03 11/24/03 12/9/03 12/16/03
DATE SURVEYED

12/29/03

1/9/04

1/21/04

SWAN CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1992 - 2003)
800 700 600
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD
692

500 400
252

300 200 100
7 9

131

84

77

20

47 38

41

38

7

0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

6 6

17

113

217 222

113

574

2004 SWAN CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD REDDS

8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/16/04 3/31/04 4/14/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/12/04

5/24/04

SWAN CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1992 - 2004)
8 REDDS 7
7

6

5
NUMBER OBSERVED

4

3

2

2

1

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

114

SWIFT CREEK
WRIA: 10.0697 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Most of the coho planted move downstream to spawn in the lower reach.

DESCRIPTION Swift creek is a tributary of the upper Puyallup river. Most of the creek consists of moderate to high gradient flows with cobble and boulder substrate. The first 150 to 200 meters of stream contain good spawning gravels and low gradient. Swift creek is not regularly surveyed but rather it is the location of annual surplus adult coho plants from Voights creek. Adult coho are planted (right) 0.3 mile from the mouth, but most of the fish move downstream and spawn in the lower section of the creek. One or two surveys are conducted to determine how successful the adult plants are.
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 D t S r e e : surveyed in 2003 a e u v y d Not Species surveyed: Coho

Swift creek looking upstream from the 710 road. This is the location of adult coho plants.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

115

SWIFT CREEK SURPLUS ADULT COHO PLANTS (1997 - 2003)
350
292

MALE COHO FEMALE COHO
250 194 134

300
257 208 NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED 245 256

250 200

150 100
53 53

98

50 0 1997 1998 1999 2000
YEAR PLANTED

2001

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

72

116

VOIGHTS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0414 - CARBON RIVER 2003 - 2004

Bedrock canyon found in the upper reach of Voights creek.

DESCRIPTION
Voights creek is a left bank tributary to the Carbon river entering at Carbon RM 4.0. It is currently only surveyed for steelhead due to the presence of a state hatchery facility at RM 0.5. Access The hatchery has Mile 0.5: The Voights creek salmon hatchery both a chinook located approximately 1 mile South of Orting on HWY 162. and a coho M i l e 3 . 4 : Approximately 1.5 miles up program, making Patterson Rd. is a tank-trapped and gated road n a t u r a l on the right. Walk 15-20 minutes, taking two escapement blue flagged left turns till you reach the creek. Follow a rough trail several hundred yards s u r v e y s downstream to the base of the bedrock unnecessary. cascades to begin the survey. There is a falls (right) blocking u p s t r e a m migration at RM 3.4. Much of the steelhead spawning takes place from this point down to approximately RM 1.0. This reach contains excellent if somewhat sporadic gravel within a moderate gradient stream channel. The riparian zone is a mix of 2nd growth conifer forest and hardwoods but there is a distinct lack of large woody debris inputs; what little is present is generally quite old. Below the hatchery water intake at RM 1.0 the gradient lessens, the substrate size is more consistent although smaller and somewhat compacted.
River miles surveyed: 0.5 to 3.4 Dates surveyed: 3/15/04 to 6/6/04 Species surveyed: Steelhead

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

117

2004 VOIGHTS CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD REDDS 8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/29/04 4/14/04 4/27/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/12/04

5/25/04

VOIGHTS CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2004)
60

REDDS
50

48 44

NUMBER OBSERVED

40

33
30

20

18

16

9
10

7 4 1 0
2002 2003 2004

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

118

WHITE RIVER
WRIA: 10.0031 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
The upper reaches of the White river are not surveyed with any consistency as accurate escapement numbers are generated from the Buckley trap counts. The main stem and West fork White are characterized by generally unconfined, often braided and complex channels with abundant spawning gravels present in pool tail-outs, margins and low velocity areas. Woody debris is abundant although River miles surveyed: 7.5 to 24.3 undersized; much of the Dates surveyed: 9/22/03 to 5/21/04 riparian zone is either Species surveyed: Chinook, Chum, Steelhead second growth conifer or hardwoods except for the zone through Mt. Rainier National Park with consist of mostly old growth. There is approximately 5 miles between Mud Mountain dam and the Buckley trap at RM 24.3 where very little spawning takes place due to lack of fish access between the two facilities. Below this however, and downstream to approximately RM 11 there is frequent and concentrated use by both chinook and steelhead. This reach has abundant and excellent spawning gravel. There are two significant side channels in this reach that support spawning and rearing. One, approximately a mile long, is located on the right bank directly below the Shaker church access. This channel supports both chinook and coho as well as the highest recent documentation of chum salmon spawning. Another, not surveyed due to multiple debris jams blocking access, is

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

119

located several miles downstream on the left bank. Aerial surveys have documented both chinook and steelhead spawning in this reach. From approximately RM 11 downstream the channel is constrained by levees. The channel from this point loses complexity and there is a marked decrease in both spawning gravel and spawning activity of all species.
In August of 2003, the city of Tacoma removed its 99 year old concrete pipeline crossing located at RM 23. The concrete and rebar structure has long been suspected of injuring migrating salmon. The removal of the old concrete structure involved placing two temporary coffer dams, constructed from nylon supersacks holding approximately 2 tons of gravel each, above and below the work area. The White river was then diverted around the site via a temporary 900’ channel. Puyallup tribal fisheries staff contributed to the fish salvaging efforts during the dewatering portion of the main channel, as well as the bypass channel when flow was reverted back into the main channel of the White river. Hundreds of juvenile and adult salmon were recovered and moved above the work site. Since the removal of the pipeline, significantly fewer injuries have been observed on fish captured 1.3 mile above at the USACE fish trap in Buckley.

TOP PHOTO: Cement pipeline crossing targeted for removal. The supersack coffer dam (white structure) can be seen just upstream of the pipeline crossing. The temporary diversion channel runs along the right. CENTER: Downstream end of the temporary diversion channel entering the White river just below the second coffer dam. BOTTOM: River site after the removal of the pipeline crossing.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

120

2003 WHITE RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS
100 LIVE DEAD 90 REDDS

80

70

NUMBER OBSERVED

60

50

40

30

20

10

0 9/22/03 9/23/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/15/03

WHITE RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS
(1994 - 2003)
250
205

LIVE DEAD REDDS

200
NUMBER OBSERVED

150

142

151

117 102 99 79 69 44 24 26 17 11 1010 17 3 4 12 1 0 51 23 44 36 36

100
75

94

101 98

50

0 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

121

2003 WHITE RIVER CHUM COUNTS
250 LIVE DEAD 200
NUMBER OBSERVED

150

100

50

0 12/18/03 12/30/03
DATE SURVEYED

1/14/03

WHITE RIVER CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS
(2001 - 2003)
600
510

LIVE DEAD

500

NUMBER OBSERVED

400

100

0 2001 2002
SEASON SURVEYED

120

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

147

200

184

255

300

367

122

2004 WHITE RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS
20 LIVE 18 DEAD REDD S 16

14

NUMBER OBSERVED

12

10

8

6

4

2

0 3/15/04 4/2/04
DATE SURVEYED

4/28/04

5/12/04

2004 White River steelhead graphs were generated using additional survey data collected by WDFW.

WHITE RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (2002 - 2004)
60 REDDS
50

50

42

40
NUMBER OBSERVED

38

30

20

10

0 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

123

WILKESON CREEK
WRIA: 10.0432 - CARBON RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
Wilkeson creek is a pool-riffle stream with a gravel/cobble substrate. With a few exceptions, there is abundant spawning gravel throughout the survey reach. The riparian area consists of hardwoods and conifers with an understory of various native shrubs and vegetation. In-stream woody debris is plentiful providing both channel complexity and cover. Between RM 4.6 and 4.0 the stream runs through the town of Wilkeson and the banks are generally rip-rapped. Very little gravel is retained in this reach. The lower 3

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 5.8 Dates surveyed: 8/25/03 to 1/12/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Pink Access Mile 5.5: Follow Hwy. 165 to Wilkeson, take Railroad Avenue to A turnout just short of the Plum creek gate. Mile 3.2: Drive Hwy 165 past Burnett and turn right on John’s Rd., follow to bridge over Wilkeson Mile 0.0: K.C. Crusaders paint ball at 13241 262nd Avenue E off Highway. 162. Check in at owners house or shop, the mouth of Wilkeson is across South Prairie creek approximately 0.1 miles upstream.

miles are very natural, with a heavily wooded riparian zone, debris jams and many braided reaches. This stream is a very productive tributary to South Prairie creek but chinook use is often limited due to the extreme low flows common during late summer. No chinook were observed in 2002 or 2003 due to low flows.

The lower 3 miles are very natural, with a heavily wooded riparian zone, debris jams and many braided reaches.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

124

2003 WILKESON CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS NO CHINOOK WERE OBSERVED IN 2003

WILKESON CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2003)
70
60

LIVE DEAD REDDS

60

50
NUMBER OBSERVED

40
35 29 30

38

30

20
11 9 6

17

19 12

18 15 14 13

10

1

1 1

3

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

125

2003 WILKESON CREEK COHO COUNTS
10 9 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03 11/13/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/24/03

12/9/03

12/23/03

WILKESON CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1994 - 2003)
472

500 450 400 350 300
256

LIVE DEAD REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

165

200
137

192

149

150 100

132

208

250

76

104

49

73

25

20

19

23

18

28

50 0

45

254

3 3

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

3

YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

14 6 5

4

5

4

12

2003

126

2003 WILKESON CREEK CHUM COUNTS
160 140 120
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

100 80 60 40 20 0 11/13/03 11/24/03 12/9/03
DATE SURVEYED

12/23/03

1/12/04

WILKESON CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS
(2001 - 2003)
450
409

LIVE DEAD

400 350
NUMBER OBSERVED

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 2001 2002
SEASON SURVEYED 136

219 180 127 182

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

127

2003 WILKESON CREEK PINK COUNTS
1800 1600 1400
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 8/25/03 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/25/03 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03 11/13/03
DATE SURVEYED

WILKESON CREEK PINK SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2003)
4506

LIVE DEAD

4400 4000 3600
NUMBER OBSERVED

3200 2800 2400 2000 1600 1200
823 1391

800 400
23 4 8 1 23 1 107

0 1995 1997 1999
SEASON SURVEYED

2001

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

128

2004 WILKESON CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD REDDS 8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/12/04 3/19/04 3/29/04 4/6/04 4/15/04 4/26/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/6/04

5/13/04

5/20/04

6/4/04

6/14/04

2004 Wilkeson creek steelhead graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

WILKESON CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2004)
60 REDDS

50
50

40
NUMBER OBSERVED

30
30

30

23 20
20

13
10

0 1999 2000 2001
YEAR SURVEYED

2002

2003

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

129

WRONG CREEK
WRIA: 10.0205 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 8/25/03 to 11/25/03 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho Access Mile 0.3: Follow Forest Service road 74 Off of Hwy 410 until the bridge over the West Fork White river is reached. A short distance further is the Wrong creek bridge. It is easier to return to the road via Pinochle creek than double walk Wrong.

DESCRIPTION
Wrong creek is a small stream entering Pinochle creek approximately 0.5 miles above its confluence with the West Fork White river (bottom). There are small patches of suitable

spawning gravel present, primarily in the lower portion of this reach. The riparian zone consists of mature second growth hardwoods and conifers with an understory of blueberry and salmonberry. Wrong creek hosts several sizable log jams containing numerous key components. Low fall flow conditions appear to restrict chinook access. This stream was surveyed for coho and chinook, the chinook observed are likely returns from the acclimation pond located on Cripple creek, another tributary of Pinochle creek.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

130

2003 WRONG CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
14 LIVE DEAD 12 REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

10 8 6

4

2 0 8/25/03 9/8/03 9/17/03
DATE SURVEYED

9/25/03

10/6/03

2003 WRONG CREEK COHO COUNTS
45 LIVE 40 DEAD 35 NUMBER OBSERVED 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 10/6/03 10/28/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/13/03

11/25/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

131

WATERSHED SEASON COMPARISONS
The following charts are separated by species. They are a compilation of the yearly survey totals conducted by the Puyallup Tribe Fisheries Department, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and the Army Corps of Engineers’ Buckley Trap. These data yield an empirical representation of total escapement for the entire WRIA 10: Puyallup/White River watershed.
18,006

18,000

3,530

LIVE DEAD

18,508

20,000

4,000 LIVE DEAD REDDS 3,000
2,824

3,500

16,000

14,000
NUMBER OBSERVED

12,679

11,209

10,217

2,070

2,096

2,132

12,000

NUMBER OBSERVED

2,500
1,944

10,000
7,244

2,000
1,662 1,595

7,190

7,049

8,000

6,130

5,472

6,083

1,500

1,405

7,037

5,116

1,060

2,677 924 849 837 849 531 710 1,029

6,000

4,441

4,397

5,032

3,619

3,761

883

1,000

2,634

2,286

2,290

577

4,000

698

753

402

466 502

479

1,685

241

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
SEASON SURVEYED

0
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

1993

251 105

1994

1995

1996

1997

233

2,000

1998
SEASON SURVEYED

1999

2000

321 213

500

2001

2002

2003

APPENDIX A
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

132

411

WATERSHED COMPARISONS FOR ADULT CHINOOK (1993 - 2003)
4,000
3,530

LIVE DEAD REDDS

3,500

NUMBER OBSERVED

2,500
2,070 2,096 2,132 1,944

2,000
1,662 1,595

1,500

1,405

1,060

2,677 837 924 849 849 531 710 1,029 321

3,000

698

577

753

1,000

883

479

466

502

2,824

251

500

402

241

233

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
SEASON SURVEYED

105

1999

2000

213

2001

2002

2003

WATERSHED COMPARISONS FOR ADULT COHO (1993 - 2003)
30,000
26,596

LIVE DEAD

25,000

REDDS

20,000
NUMBER OBSERVED

10,000

9,120

10,650

2,829

3,034

5,000
2,355

4,426

2,348

2,454

7,811

12,741

15,000

1,809

1,643

1,384

1,305

735

1,013

661

633

482

828

355

444

522

1,384

1,808

19,672

273

209

297

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
SEASON SURVEYED

1999

171

2000

2001

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

414

133

411

WATERSHED COMPARISONS FOR ADULT CHUM (1993 - 2003)
18,508 11,209

20,000 LIVE 18,000 DEAD

16,000

14,000
NUMBER OBSERVED

10,000
7,190 7,244

7,049

8,000

6,130

5,472

6,083

7,037

10,217

12,000

12,679

18,006

4,441

4,397

6,000

2,634

4,000

2,286

3,619

3,761

2,290

2,000

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
SEASON SURVEYED

1999

1,685

2000

2001

2002

WATERSHED COMPARISONS FOR ADULT STEELHEAD

(1999 - 2004)
1800
1702

LIVE DEAD REDDS

1600

1400
1249

1200
NUMBER OBSERVED 1047

1000

940

800

600
478 413

400

349 247 214

341

206

200
102 8 8 1 1 6 3

0 1999 2000 2001 2002
SEASON SURVEYED

2003

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

5,032

2003

134

5,116

WATERSHED COMPARISONS FOR ADULT PINK (1993 - 2003)
300,000 LIVE DEAD 250,000
261,038

200,000
NUMBER OBSERVED

150,000

100,000

50,000
6,622 11,626 18,810 5,824 19,935

3,769

3,139

2,987

1,959

0 1991 1993 1995

1997
SEASON SURVEYED

208

1999

1,502

2001

3,941

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

29,794

135

SURVEY AREAS AND SPAWNING DISTRIBUTION
The following maps are separated by species. They show the survey and spawning distribution areas covered by Puyallup tribal fisheries staff and the Washington Depatment of Fish and Wildlife. The maps were produced by Marilu Koschak, with the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commissions GIS department.

APPENDIX B
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

136

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

137

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

138

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

139

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

140

CHINOOK AND STEELHEAD REDD LOCATIONS (GPS)
The following maps are separated by species. They show the GPS locations of Chinook and Steelhead redds. The maps were produced by Marilu Koschak, with the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commissions GIS department.

APPENDIX C
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

141 141

2003 Kapowsin Creek Chinook redd locations

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

Ka po ws in Cr eek

Kap ows in C reek

142

2003 Clearwater River Chinook redd locations

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

143

2003 Boise Creek Chinook redd locations

Enumclaw

Boise Creek
Boi se C reek

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

Beav er C reek

144

2004 Niesson And Kellog Creek Steelhead redd locations

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

Kellog Creek

er Riv lup yal Pu
am nD rsio e Div der ron ad ect ish L El F and

r h Rive Mowic
k ree nC sso Nie

145

2004 Carbon/Kapowsin/Puyallup/Voights Creek Steelhead redd locations

in ws apo K ke La

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

lup yal Pu er Riv
eek Cr x Fo

Voi ghts Cre ek

reek in C ows Kap

146

2004 Boise Creek Steelhead redd locations

Enumclaw

Boise Creek

Wh ite Riv er

Buckley

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

147

2004 White River and Boise Creek Steelhead redd locations

Enumclaw
Wh ite Riv er

Falls

Boise Creek

Buckley

Wh ite Riv er

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

148

2004 Lower White River Steelhead redd locations

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

149

2004 Swan and Clear Creek Steelhead redd locations

Pu yal lup Riv er

Swan Creek

Clear Creek

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

150

2003 - 2004
ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT: WRIA 10 PUYALLUP/ WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

For information about, or to obtain a copy of this report, please contact:

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES 6824 PIONEER WAY EAST PUYALLUP, WASHINGTON 98371 (253) 845-9225

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