Annual Salmon, Steelhead And Char Report

:
WRIA 10
Puyallup/White River Watershed

Report Prepared by: Eric Marks Blake Smith Russ Ladley Terry Sebastian

Puyallup Tribal Fisheries

Table of Contents
Boise Creek…………………………………………………………………......……….......... 1 - 5 Buckley USACE Fish Trap…………………..……………………………………….......…. 6 - 8 Canyon Creek……………………..…………………………………………………….....…... 9 - 10 Canyon falls Creek………………………………………………………..…………........…. Carbon River……………………………………………………......……………….……...…. 11 - 13 14 - 19

Clarks Creek……………………………………………………......………….………….……. 20 - 24 Clear Creek…………………………………………………………......……………….….…... 25 - 28 Clearwater River……………………………………………………......…………………..…. 29 - 33 Cripple Creek………………………………………………………......…………..………..… Deer Creek……………………………………………………………......………………….…. Diru Creek Hatchery (PTF facility)………………………………........……………..…. Dollar Creek………………………………………..……..………......……………………..... Electron Fish By-pass Facility...………………………………......………….…………. Fennel Creek………………………………………………………………….….......…..……. Fiske Creek……………………………………………………………………......…..…..…... 34 - 36 37 - 38 39 - 44 45 - 46 47 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 56

Fox Creek……………………………………………………….…..………......…………..….. 57 - 58 Greenwater River……………………………………………………………........…………... 59 - 62 Huckleberry Creek…………………………………………………………........……………. 63 - 65 Hylebos Creek………………………………………………………………......……………... Ipsut Creek………………………………………………………………….........……..…..... 66 - 67 68

Kapowsin Creek…………………………………………………………......………..……….. 69 - 72 Kellog Creek…………………………………………………………………………….......….. 73 - 74 Klickitat Creek………………………………………………………………………......….…. 75 - 76 LeDout Creek……………………………………………………………………......…….…... Meadow Creek………………………………………………………………….......………..... Mowich River………………………………………..…………………………......……....…. Niesson Creek………………………………………………………………….........………... Ohop Creek…………………………………………………………………….......………...... Pinochle Creek……………………………………………………………......……………..… 77 - 79 80 81 - 82 83 - 85 86 - 87 88 - 89

Puyallup River………………………………………………………….......……………..…... 90 - 91 Puyallup River: Electron Fish Ladder Trap………………………......…………..…… 92 Ranger Creek…………………………………………………………......………..…………… 93

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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Table of Contents
Rody Creek…………………………………………………………………….…..…......….… Rushingwater Creek…………………….....…………………………….………......…..… Salmon Creek………………………………………………………………………….........… Salmon Tributary………………………………………………………….……….............. Silver Springs Creek……………………………………………...………..……......…..…. South Prairie Creek……………………………………………..…….………..….........…. Squally Creek………………………………………………………………………......…...… 94 - 95 96 - 97 98 - 100 101 - 102 103 - 104 105 - 109 110 - 111

Swan Creek……………………………………………………………….……......……….….. 112 - 114 Swift Creek…………………………………………………..………………….......……...…. 115 - 116 Voights Creek……………………………………………………………………......………... White River……………………………………………...…………………..…......……...…. Wilkeson Creek……………………………………………………………...…......………... Wrong Creek…………………………………..……………………………..……............… 117 - 118 119 - 123 124 - 129 130 - 131

Appendix A: Watersheds Season Comparisons….......................................... 132 - 135 Appendix B: Survey Areas and Spawning Distribution................................. 136

Appendix C: Chinook and Steelhead Redd locations (GPS)........................... 141

Cover photo: West face of Mt. Rainier from the north fork of the Puyallup river.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

II

2003

INTRODUCTION

2004

The Puyallup Tribe of Indians Fisheries Division began conducting extensive supplemental salmon and steelhead surveys in the Puyallup watershed during the 1991/1992 salmon spawning season. This report summarizes the data gathered from the fall of 2003, through the spring of 2004. Surveys began on August 25, 2003 and concluded June 25, 2004. This report includes information and data collected from other Puyallup tribal fisheries projects including; the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) fish trap on the White river located in Buckley, the Electron fish bypass facility and fish ladder, and the Puyallup tribal fish hatchery on Diru creek. In addition to salmon and steelhead, information and data collected on char from the USACE trap, Klickitat creek and Silver Springs creek are included and will be a part of future reports. This report is organized alphabetically by stream of facility. It includes river miles surveyed, Water Resource Inventory Area (WRIA) designation, survey dates, access to survey reaches, brief qualitative habitat descriptions. Following the general information on each stream, much of the survey data is graphically represented by species. In the case of streams that are not surveyed with any regularity or where few fish were observed, no graphs are presented. Some graphs were generated using data collected by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe. The fall and winter seasons are often marked by extremely low flows early in the season due to drought conditions which persist well into late fall and early winter. Early in the chinook run, many of the tributaries contained low enough flows to prevent access to fish. The resulting focus by chinook on mainstem spawning is very difficult to document due to extremely turbid conditions in the Puyallup, Carbon and White rivers.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

III

BOISE CREEK
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
WRIA: 10.0057 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

2003 -2004

Pink salmon spawning (2003) just below the 268th street bridge crossing in Enumclaw. Nearly 4,400 pink salmon were counted in Boise Cr. in 2003.

DESCRIPTION
There is a bedrock falls at RM 4.5 that is the upper extent of adult migration. Below this Boise creek flows through a step-pool channel within dense second growth forest for approximately 0.2 miles. The next 0.5 miles is a lower gradient stream flowing within a golf course. The riparian zone here is very sparse, many sections are merely rip rap bordered by maintained grass. There is a short section below this with an intact hardwood riparian zone before Boise creek begins to flow through agricultural land (right), primarily maintaining cattle. This reach extends from approximately RM 3.7 to 0.3 and much of the stream is incised to depths of 20 feet or more. Spawning activity for all species present occurs Surrounding agricultural land use throughout the entire 4.5 miles. The gradient continues to impact channel conditions in increases in the lower 0.3 miles with a Boise Creek. Tremendous improvements corresponding reduction in spawning to riparian conditions are possible but require willing land owners, technical opportunities. There is a recurring logjam at expertise and funding. Despite its many RM 0.1 that appears to be an impediment but habitat related shortcomings, Boise Creek not a total blockage to chinook at the lower flows continues to support a healthy and stable population of wild steelhead - a remarkable common during late summer.
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 4.5 Dates surveyed: 9/2/03 to 6/7/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Pink,Steelhead Access Mile 4.5: Hwy 410 East of Enumclaw golf course to Boise trail. Mile 2.2: 268th St. (Blake St.) in Enumclaw (halfway) crosses Boise south of town. fact in light of the basin-wide declines.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

1

2003 BOISE CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
250 LIVE DEAD 200 REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

150

100

50

0 9/2/03 9/15/03 9/24/03 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

BOISE CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1994 - 2003)
400
351

LIVE
344 229 147 160 100 100 70 67

DEAD
315

350 300
NUMBER OBSERVED

REDDS

170 155

200 150 100 50 0 1994 1995
150

153

81

75

63

89

215

250

35 24

28

46 30

44

41

1996

1997

1998

11 10

1999

2000

2001

2002

27

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

2

58

2003 BOISE CREEK COHO COUNTS
450 LIVE 400 350
NUMBER OBSERVED

DEAD

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 9/24/03 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03 11/12/03 11/26/03
DATE SURVEYED

BOISE CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
2500 2155

LIVE DEAD REDDS

2000 NUMBER OBSERVED

1500 1083 1000 697 558 608 366 335 483 347 327 282 270 500 222 12 112 208 174 394 99 20 59 0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 YEAR SURVEYED 21 30 97 51 90 43 40

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

3

108 263

230

152

158

2003 BOISE CREEK PINK COUNTS
2500 LIVE DEAD 2000

NUMBER OBSERVED

1500

1000

500

0 9/2/03 9/15/03 9/24/03 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

4

2004 BOISE CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
20 LIVE 18 DEAD REDDS 16

14

NUMBER OBSERVED

12

10

8

6

4

2

0 3/29/04 4/9/04 4/19/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/3/04

5/19/04

6/7/04

BOISE CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2004)
90 80 70
63 79 74

REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

60 50 40

56

32 30

30 20 10 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
18 18

27

16

2001

2002

2003

2004

YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

5

BUCKLEY: USACE FISH TRAP
WRIA: 10.0031 - BUCKLEY FISH TRAP -WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
Salmon returning to the upper White River enter the USACE trap located at RM 24.3 near Buckley, WA. (left photo). During the months that salmon return to the White River, the USACE Wanding spring chinook empties the trap for coded-wire tags. daily (the trap is hoisted to a tank truck, and fish are released from the trap into the truck, lower left photo). Fish are then U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ transported above (USACE) Fish trap Mud Mountain River mile: 24.3 Species Surveyed: Spring Chinook, Coho, Dam and released Steelhead, Char, Pink, Sockeye back into the White river at RM 33.6, four miles above the dam and about one mile below the confluence with the Clearwater River. Loading fish Puyallup Tribe fisheries staff sample the from USACE contents of the trap once a week throughout the trap into entire year. During the spring chinook run, the truck for transport trap is sample 3 to 5 days per week . Spring above Mud chinook are dip-netted into a bin and Mountain anesthetized. All fish are examined for fin–clips Dam. The and wanded for coded-wire tags with a metal fish will be released detector. The City of Tacoma pipeline crossing back into was removed in the summer of 2003 (see page the White 120). The site river at RM was a suspected source of injury to migrating fish. Species of salmonids captured in the trap include chinook, coho, pink, sockeye, steelhead and char. Several char (right photo) and steelhead are caught by dip-net and sampled by Puyallup Tribe fisheries staff. DNA and scale samples are collected from both species, a small amount of the anal fin was removed and preserved for DNA analysis. In addition to DNA and scale samples, char are floy tagged and transported above Mud Mountain dam. Wild steelhead are transported above Mud Mountain dam, while hatchery steelhead are returned back into the White River below the USACE trap as per agreement with the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe and the State of Washington.
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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NUMBER OF COHO
NUMBER OF CHINOOK 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000

0

10000

15000

20000

25000

5000

1941 14 18
5431 1943 3736 1945 3692 1947 1841 1949 1849 1951 1953 633 1955 794 1957 1959 1961 164 1963 658 1965 639 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 137 388 488 229 66 140 72 61 175 20 26 10 27 6 117 127 111 221 277 406 409 392 605 702 422 402 1292 393 392 969 447 505 1893 719 842 931 1370 1470 2584 4603

0
1941 1101

1943

1945

1467 717 1003

1947 6739 12484 7500 9698

3811 4992

1469

1949

1951

3623

1953

5671

1955

1961

1957

3403 2094
374 245 261 528

2031

1959

3448

1961

1963

1398 1098 1992 1429

4090

1965

1810

1967

3756 2506
684 465 534 557

1969

1971
YEAR

1639 1537 1688 1818

YEAR 6503

2972

1973

1975

1977

796 1081 546 833 1090

1979

1981

493 320 335 1237

1983

1985

522 408 403 1349

599

1987

1746

3231

1989

820

1991

5840 4558

1993

1264 1379

1995 7988

2733

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

USACE Trap Counts Coho Transported Above Mud Mountain Dam (1941 - 2003)

927

USACE Trap Counts Chinook Transported Above Mud Mountain Dam (1941 - 2003)

1997

1999

1782 1065 21591

1546 2001 803 2002 2003 1551

7
16476

2001

6022 6370

2003

USACE Trap Counts Steelehead Transported Above Mud Mountain Dam (1941 - 2004)
2500
2166

2000

1902

NUMBER OF STEELHEAD

1381

1364

1500

1662

1304

1298

1971 1155 1021 1031 1122 1211 960 906 912 1234

822

828

726

683

691

638

683

535

624

896

1000

476

482

477

458

437

447

460

367 405

381

373

368

347

351

280 203

279

286

326

260

264

249

274

328

228

205

192

220

253

369

500

435

433

524
2

156

162

0 1941 1943 1945 1947 1949 1951 1953 1955 1957 1959 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003

YEAR

USACE Trap Counts
Char Captured, Tagged, and Transported above Mud Mountain Dam (1999 - 2003)
30
28

1999 2000

25
23

2001 2002 2003

20 NUMBER OF CHAR

16 15 15 14

15

12

10

10

9

9

6 5 5 4 3 2 1 2 1 1 3

5

4

0
MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER

MONTH SAMPLED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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162

183

CANYON CREEK
WRIA: 10.**** - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004 Canyon creek looking downstream along Canyon road. This is the reach where most of the spawning occurs

River miles surveyed: 1.0 to 1.2 Dates surveyed: 11/24/03 to 1/21/04 Species surveyed: Chum Access Mile 0.5: Intersection of Canyon and Pioneer.

DESCRIPTION

The only suitable spawning habitat in Canyon creek is just above Pioneer Ave. Below this point, the channel substrate consists of fine sand and extremely compacted small gravel. The gradient increases above Pioneer, but there are only several short stretches of gravel between Pioneer Ave. and the culvert crossing under Canyon Rd. This culvert appears to be at least an impediment to chum, as no fish were observed above the culvert during the peak of the run when several fish were actively spawning directly below. There were reports of coho sightings in the same reach, Cayon creek culvert looking upstream. The gradient increases sharply past the but no surveys were conducted by the Puyallup culvert. Tribe until the beginning of the chum run. The channel above the culvert has been engineered with the placement of log weirs to retain gravel. They appear to be only moderately effective because the amount of fines in the entire reach is excessive. This stream has not been surveyed consistently in recent years; therefore only 3 years of seasonal comparisons are available.
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

9

2003/2004 CANYON CREEK CHUM COUNTS
140 LIVE DEAD

120

NUMBER OBSERVED

100

80

60

40

20

0 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/21/04
DATE SURVEYED

CANYON CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (2001 - 2003)
350
292

LIVE DEAD

300

NUMBER OBSERVED

250

200

172

150

100
66 43 21 46

50

0 2001 2002
SEASON SURVEYED

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

10

CANYONFALLS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0410 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Short reach along McCutcheon road providing excellent spawning opportunities.

DESCRIPTION
Above the culvert on McCutcheon Rd. at RM 0.5 the gradient quickly increases but River miles surveyed: 0.3 to 0.6 there is a short reach of usable spawning Dates surveyed: 8/26/03 to 5/24/04 gravel. Downstream of the road the substrate Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum, is a combination of sand and gravel within a Steelhead (none observed) low gradient pool-rifle channel. The riparian area is primarily alder and salmonberry. The Access Mile 0.5: Follow Highway 162 into McMillin vegetation along the right bank is limited due and turn east onto 128th Street. The first to the extremely close proximity of stream crossing after the Puyallup River bridge McCutcheon Rd. is Canyon falls. Canyonfalls is primarily a spring fed stream and flows with relative Upper survey reach on Canyonfalls Creek. clarity and consistency, even in late summer. However, the reach directly below the road does contain a large amount of fine sediment. In the summer of 2002, 220 yards of gravel was deposited directly downstream of the McCutcheon road culvert, in the upper reach of canyonfalls. The gravel was deposited as a result of a settlement agreement between the Puyallup tribe and Fennel Resources.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

11

2003 CANYONFALLS CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8/26/03 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/20/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 CANYONFALLS CREEK COHO COUNTS
20 18 DEAD 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 9/18/03 10/8/03 10/20/03 10/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE

NUMBER OBSERVED

11/13/03

12/9/03

12/29/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

12

2003 CANYONFALLS CREEK PINK COUNTS
60 LIVE DEAD

50

NUMBER OBSERVED

40

30

20

10

0 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/20/03 10/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003/2004 CANYONFALLS CREEK CHUM COUNTS
90 80 DEAD 70
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 11/13/03 12/9/03 12/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

1/9/04

1/20/04

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

13

CARBON RIVER
WRIA: 10.0413 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
The Carbon river provides excellent spawning and rearing opportunities for salmon and steelhead. In the past, steelhead have been documented as high as the Mt. Rainier National Park boundary. However, the majority of the spawning for all species occurs in the lower 11 miles. The lower Carbon River: ——— South Prairie Creek:———— Voights Creek:———– River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 11.5 3 miles of the Dates surveyed: 12/11/03 to 5/17/04 Carbon River are Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Pink, Chum, Steelhead constrained by Access earthen dikes. R.M. 8.5: Take Hwy. 162 through Orting. Turn on 177th St, follow The channel approximately 2 miles to end. Put-in suitable for raft only. varies considerably in width, but averages approximately 300 ft. The resulting channel is only moderately diverse with a pool riffle character. Spawning gravel exists in limited quantities and is utilized by all species of salmonids present, A number of side channels are utilized although not in the heavily by chum salmon numbers observed in along the carbon river. the upper reaches. Most of the chum From the mouth of spawning occurs below South Prairie creek at South Prairie creek. There is a side channel RM 6.0, downstream just below the mouth of to RM 3.0, the river is Voights creek at RM only leveed along the 4.0 that often supports South Side. There are nearly half of the entire chum run in the Carlarge natural bluffs to bon river. the north and the river is able to migrate over

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

14

a channel of up to 0.5 miles wide. This reach contains multiple channels and many woody debris jams throughout its length. The spawning and rearing habitat is excellent here and the highest spawning densities of all species are observed along this stretch of river. There is an intermittent side channel just below the mouth of Voights creek at RM 4.0 that supported almost half of the entire 1999 chum run in the Carbon river The reach above South Prairie creek from RM 6.0 to 8.5 is again constrained by both dikes and bluffs on the North side. This reach has a slightly higher gradient Upper Carbon river by boarder of Mt. Rainier National than the lower river and as a result Park RM 23 (to the right of bridge). This picture shows the large active, braided channel of the upper river. contains less spawning habitat. There are portions that are utilized by chinook and steelhead but, not in the densities observed in the reach above Voights creek. Above RM 8.5 the Carbon River flows through a narrow canyon for several miles before becoming unconstrained below the Mt. Rainier National Park boundary. This canyon reach supports both chinook and steelhead spawning. Chum and pink salmon have not been observed above RM 8.0 The Mt. Rainier National Park boundary is located at RM 23. Up to approximately RM 26 the gradient remains low enough to provide some spawning opportunities in channel margins and pool tailouts. Several small and moderate debris jams occur throughout this reach. Above this the gradient gradually increases to the terminus of the Carbon glacier. There is less braiding in this section and the substrate is considerably larger providing few if any spawning opportunities.

The lower reach of the carbon river at approximatly RM 3 looking upstream towards Mt. Rainier. The lower river channel is confined by a levee that runs along the right side of the photo.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

15

2003 CARBON RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS

Due to the River conditions in 2003 the Carbon river was unsurveyable for chinook.

CARBON RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1994 - 2003)
140 126 120 107 100 NUMBER OBSERVED 92 81 80 64 60 47 41 40 1818 6 0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 SEASON SURVEYED 18 31 17 3 17 8 8 8 3 45 35 27 18 13 12 10 0 6 9 30

LIVE DEAD REDDS

20

U N S U R V E Y A B L E

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

16

2003 CARBON RIVER COHO COUNTS Due to the River conditions in 2003 the Carbon river was unsurveyable for coho.

CARBON RIVER COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
550

600

LIVE DEAD

500

REDDS

400

300

200
128 117 132

67 68

29

19

36 47

45

51

16

18

65

100

U N S U R V E Y A B L E
10 2 1

NUMBER OBSERVED

88 79

87

1 0 2

0

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

0

2 2 3

1

1999

2000

8

2001

2002

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

17

CARBON RIVER CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1991 - 2003)
3225

3500

3289

LIVE
2625 2707

3000

2865

DEAD
2509 2149 2226

2500
NUMBER OBSERVED

2498

2000
1503

1091 1124

1234

1500

1044

2123

1000

660 565

0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

260 217

500

541

599

811 944

849

855

899

18

2004 CARBON RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD REDDS 8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/24/04 4/7/04
DATE SURVEYED

4/20/04

5/17/04

CARBON RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1994 - 2004)
60
54

REDDS

50

49

40
NUMBER OBSERVED

30

29

21

20

10
5 4

8

7

6

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

19

CLARKS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0027 - PUYALLUP RIVER Lower extent of the Clarks creek survey. The remaining stream below the survey reach contains little gravel and the substrate consists of fine sand and mud. No spawning has been observed in this reach. 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
Clarks creek is a low gradient spring-fed stream with a pool-riffle character. Salmonberry, maple and alder dominate the riparian zone, along with a few firs. Upstream fish migration is blocked by a dam at RM 3.7. Gravel was introduced into the channel from RM 3.5 to 3.7 in the fall of 1997 and again in the summer of 1999. This greatly enhancing the spawning potential for chinook, coho and chum salmon. Several log weirs have been placed above the interpretive bridge to aid in gravel retention. The remaining stream below the survey reach contains little gravel and the substrate consists of fine sand and mud. No spawning has been observed in this reach.

River miles surveyed: 3.4 to 3.7 Dates surveyed: 9/9/03 to 5/24/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum, Steelhead (none observed) Access Mile 3.4: From W. Pioneer Avenue, turn south on 14th St. S.W. Drive to a sharp right turn in the road and there is a WDFW hatchery on your right. Turn right on 15th Avenue just past the hatchery and park at the gate. Be sure to let the hatchery staff know you intend to walk the creek.

Chum carcasses litter the survey reach during late December and January. The gravel deposited in 1997 and 1999 supports a large number of chinook and chum spawners.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

20

2003 CLARKS CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
50 45 40
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/25/03 10/8/03 10/15/03 10/24/03 11/3/03 11/13/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLARKS CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS
(1994 - 2003)
350

319

LIVE DEAD REDDS

300

250

NUMBER OBSERVED

200

150

131

145

103

116

191

289

100

100

87

93

96

78

74

58

63 59

34

35

16 10 10

12

0 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

10

21

30

50

46 38

50

78

101 103

2003 CLARKS CREEK COHO COUNTS
10 9 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 10/8/03 10/15/03 10/24/03 11/3/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/13/03

12/4/03

12/16/03

CLARKS CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
120
107

LIVE DEAD REDDS
82

100

NUMBER OBSERVED

80

60
43 39 46 26 27 27 24 19 24

40
22

14

9

11

8

15

20

7

6

8

16 4 4 2 3 4 5

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

1

4 2

2 2

22

2003 CLARKS CREEK PINK COUNTS
18 16 14
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

12 10 8 6 4 2 0 9/9/03 9/18/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/8/03

10/15/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

23

2003 CLARKS CREEK CHUM COUNTS
450 400 DEAD 350
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

1/9/04

1/20/04

1/5/04

CLARKS CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1991 - 2003)
3000
2433 866 936 531 479 311 411 528 675 633 403 352 374 352 255 136 246 215 254

LIVE DEAD

2500

NUMBER OBSERVED

2000

1500

0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

97 163

198 237

500

390

628 794

1000

24

CLEAR CREEK
WRIA: 10.0022 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Anadromous blockage in the form of a cement dam at RM 1.9 that ensures pathogen free water for the trout farm.

DESCRIPTION
Clear creek flows as a moderate gradient pool-riffle stream above Pioneer Way before paralleling the road for several hundred feet. The upper reach has excellent spawning gravel from RM 1.7 to 1.9. Although the riparian area is not intact, there are undercut banks and moderate amounts of in-stream cover. There is an anadromous blockage in the form of a cement dam at RM 1.9 that ensures pathogen free water for the trout farm. The reach above the dam has not been surveyed.

River miles surveyed: 1.7 to 1.9 Dates surveyed: 8/26/03 to 1/20/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum, Access Mile 1.7: Clear creek crosses Pioneer Way at theTroutlodge facility, a private trout farm . The survey begins where the stream curves to the North away from the road and ends at an artificial dam. Ed Mcleary, of Trout lodge, has requested that surveyors remain in the stream channel and contact him prior to visiting the site. He can be reached at 253922-0667.

Large numbers of chum spawn ( right photo) each year in the 0.2 miles of available habitat below the man made dam at RM 1.9. Nearly 800 live chum were observed this season, making it the highest return since surveys began in 1994.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

25

2003 CLEAR CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8/26/03 9/10/03 9/18/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

10/2/03

10/24/03

CLEAR CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2003)
30
26

LIVE DEAD REDDS
21

25

NUMBER OBSERVED

20
17

15
10

14

10

8 7

8 5

5
1

3 1

0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

26

2003 CLEAR CREEK COHO COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/10/03 10/24/03 11/13/03 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03
DATE SURVEYED

NUMBER OBSERVED

CLEAR CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2003)
10 LIVE 9 DEAD 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

REDDS

7 6 5
4

4
3 3 2 2 3 2 1 1 1 2

3
2

2
1

1 0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

27

2003/2004 CLEAR CREEK CHUM COUNTS
450 400 350
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/20/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLEAR CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1994 - 2003)
900 800 DEAD
642 478 460 303 260 122 131 163 83 110 4

LIVE
788

700
NUMBER OBSERVED

600 500 400
233

300 200 100 0
0 196 201

1994

1995

1996

29

1997

50

1998

114

1999

2000

2001

2002

340

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

28

CLEARWATER RIVER
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
WRIA: 10.0080 - WHITE RIVER
The 3.8 mile survey reach of the Clearwater river contains several deep pools.

2003 - 2004

2003 -2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 3.8 Dates surveyed: 8/27/03 to 6/20/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Pink, Steelhead Access Mile 3.8: Continue on 6000 road to Clearwater bridge near 6015 road. Mile 2.2: Follow 6000 road to 6050 road. Mile 1.0: Take Hwy. 410 and turn right on Bridge Camp Road about ten miles east of Enumclaw. Turn right on 6000 road and cross the White River. Turn right on 6013 road to 90 degree bend approximately 0.3 miles. Follow trail to river.

DESCRIPTION The Clearwater river is a large tributary to the Upper White river. The substrate consists of cobbles with smaller gravel in the many riffles and tailouts. The riparian area is primarily second growth conifer forest in the lower river with recent clear cutting evident along portions of the upper survey reach. There is limited amounts of LWD in the The photo above shows part of channel and much the nearly 300 pink salmon that of what is present is were holding in this pool. undersized or hardwood in origin. There are a series of cascades at approximately RM 4.5 above Lyle creek that may block further upstream migration. Much of the spawning takes place in the lower 2 miles of the river although many redds are documented in the upper reaches Clearwater acclimation pond. later in the Approximately 200,000 plus season. Surveys Spring chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchfor coho were ery are transported to the conducted for the Clearwater pond in early Spring. first time in 2002.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

29

2003 CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS
80 LIVE DEAD REDDS 60
NUMBER OBSERVED

70

50

40

30 20 10

0 8/27/03 9/8/03 9/17/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/22/03
DATE SURVEYED

CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2003)
272 278

300

LIVE DEAD REDDS

250

NUMBER OBSERVED

200
145 70 80 76 78 99 87 72 73 78 18 29 29 20 25 30 18 26 7

150

100

27 31

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

6

17

30

33

50

140

2003 CLEARWATER RIVER COHO COUNTS
350 LIVE DEAD

300

250
NUMBER OBSERVED

200

150

100

50

0 9/17/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/22/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/3/03

11/13/03

11/25/03

CLEARWATER RIVER COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (2002 - 2003)
1200
1079

LIVE DEAD REDDS

1000

NUMBER OBSERVED

800

600

400

200
90 4 84 65

188

0 2002
SEASON SURVEYED

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

31

2003 CLEARWATER RIVER PINK COUNTS
3000
2719

LIVE DEAD

2500

2589

2102

2000
NUMBER OBSERVED

1500

1000

500
153

1

0 9/8/03 9/17/03 9/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/8/03

10/22/03

11/3/03

CLEARWATER RIVER SPRING CHINOOK ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS (1995 - 2004)
250,000
226,500

Spring Chinook

237,900

0

1

38

874

915

13

0

237,800

198,800

199,000

200,000

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

149,980

150,000

100,000
72,600

50,000
32,300

0 1995 1996 1997 1999 2000
YEAR PLANTED

2001

2002

2003

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

32

2004 CLEARWATER RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS
30 LIVE DEAD REDDS

25

20
NUMBER OBSERVED

15

10

5

0 4/13/04 4/22/04 4/29/04 5/7/04 5/17/04 5/26/04 6/3/04 6/10/04
DATE SURVEYED

2004 Clearwater River steelhead graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

CLEARWATER RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2004)
120 REDDS 105 100 89

80
NUMBER OBSERVED

77

60

56

58

40

20 12

0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

33

CRIPPLE CREEK
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
WRIA: 10.0086 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

2003 -2004

Cripple creek looking upstream towards the Forest Service bridge. The acclimation pond is just out of the picture to the left.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 8/25/03 to 11/25/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho Access Mile 0.3: Follow Forest Service road 74 Off of Hwy 410 until the bridge over the West Fork White river is reached. A short distance further is the Wrong creek bridge. Approximately 100 yards East of the Wrong creek bridge Cripple creek flows through a culvert under the road.

DESCRIPTION
The surveyed reach of Cripple creek flows in the West Fork White River flood plain and joins Pinochle creek approximately 0.5 miles above its confluence with the West Fork. It flows through a low gradient pool riffle channel with generally thick, brushy riparian cover. A large beaver dam often blocks the culvert under the Forest service bridge. The blockage has been removed several times, only to be rebuilt by the beaver. Coho are observed spawning right up to the blocked culvert. The substrate contains a large amount of fine material but does contain some small patches of good spawning gravel. There is an acclimation pond located at RM 0.3 where White River Spring chinook have been reared and released for several years. Approximately 50,000 plus Spring chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchery are transported to the Cripple creek acclimation pond in early Spring, and released in late Spring. Returns to this small stream as well as Pinochle and Wrong creeks are likely the result of these plantings. One pink salmon was observed in the creek during the 2003 survey season.

Winter stream conditions during a cripple creek coho survey.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

34

2003 CRIPPLE CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8/25/03 9/8/03 9/17/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

9/25/03

10/6/03

2003 CRIPPLE CREEK COHO COUNTS
30 LIVE DEAD

25

NUMBER OBSERVED

20

15

10

5

0 10/6/03 10/28/03 11/13/03 11/25/03
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

35

CRIPPLE CREEK SPRING CHINOOK ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS (1994 - 2004)
200,000 185,798 180,000 160,000 140,000 120,000 99,800 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 104,760 86,950 68,000 55,750 135,990

Spring Chinook Plants

NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

YEAR PLANTED

Approximately 50,000 plus Spring chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchery are transported to the Cripple creek acclimation pond in early Spring, and released in late Spring. All fish are mass marked with left or right ventral fin clips. Odd brood years are marked with left ventral clips, and even years with right ventral clips. These fish can later be identified when caught at the USACE fish trap in Buckley and passed above the Mud Mountain dam to spawn.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

36