DEER CREEK

WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
WRIA: 10.0685 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

2003 -2004

Adult coho planted in 2003.

DESCRIPTION
Deer creek is a upper Puyallup river tributary. It is located approximately 0.6 miles below Swift creek, on the opposite bank. Deer creek is above the River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.0 Electron diversion, so as with many of the other Date Surveyed: Not surveyed in 2003 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho tributary in the upper Puyallup, it is part of the surplus adult chinook and coho planting program. Access Deer creek is not Mile 0.5: Deer creek is located just of the surveyed with any main line on the 2 road. Take the left regularity, but instead spur that is gated just past the cowskull acclimation pond road. it is spot checked to see how successful the Deer creek adult plants looking are. The creek downstream is confined by at R.M. 0.5. moderate to steep walls. The gradient is moderate with numerous deep pools and good spawning medium. Deer creek is one of the few stream in late summer and early fall with adequate water flow to plant adult chinook. Surplus adult chinook are planted in late summer to early fall, and coho in late fall when available. Adult plant have been taking place since 1997 (above right), yet no natural returns have been documented.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

37

DEER CREEK SURPLUS ADULT CHINOOK PLANTS (2001 - 2003)
160 140
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED 150 150

MALE CHINOOK FEMALE CHINOOK

120 100 80 60 40
24 37

20 0 2001 2002
YEAR PLANTED

14

13

2003

DEER CREEK SURPLUS ADULT COHO PLANTS (1997 - 2003)
1080

1200

MALE COHO
951

1000
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

FEMALE COHO

800

510

467

510

524

600

559

400
276 224 247 259

381

200

0 1997 1998 1999 2000
YEAR PLANTED

2001

2002

147

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

264

38

DIRU CREEK HATCHERY
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
WRIA: 10.0029 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

2003 -2004

Puyallup Tribal Fisheries Hatchery Facility River mile: 0.5

DESCRIPTION
Diru Creek Hatchery is located on Diru Creek (10.0029) a tributary to Clarks Creek in Puyallup, Washington. Water is supplied from two pumped wells (800 gpm) and gravity flow out of Diru Creek (200-500 gpm). Incubation consists of 20 vertical stacks of 12 trays. Initial rearing uses 16 shallow troughs in the hatchery building. Additional rearing containers include four 50’x5’x5’ raceways, two 6696 cubic foot ponds (UP1 and UP2), and one 13,000 cubic foot pond (below,left) that are also used for holding returning adults. New Diru creek hatchery sign installed in In addition, the Puyallup Tribe operates October, 2003. six acclimation ponds in the Puyallup Watershed. Three of the acclimation ponds are used for reintroducing fall chinook and coho into a 30-mile reach in the Upper Puyallup River above Electron Dam. Electron Dam has been an anadromous barrier for 97 years. A fish ladder was construction and completed in fall of 2000. Three other acclimation ponds are located in the Upper White River drainage. These ponds are used for reintroducing White River spring chinook back into their endemic range. All ponds have approximately 10,000 cubic feet of rearing space and between 1 to 3 cubic feet per second flow. The Puyallup Tribe’s restoration goal is to rebuild depressed chinook stocks and remove them from ESA listing. Using acclimation ponds, limiting harvest, and making substantial gains in habitat restoration, the tribe will be able to accomplish this task. Levee setbacks, oxbow reconnections both inter tidal and upland, Commencement Bay cleanup, and harvest cutbacks have already been initiated. Only the jumpstarting of chinook in habitat areas devoid of fish is left. Acclimation ponds are a proven method in increasing fish numbers on the spawning grounds. Hatchery rearing 200,000 fall chinook for release on station and 200,000
Incubation room
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

39

for acclimation ponds in the upper Puyallup river for a combined 6,857 pounds of fish. Historically, fall chinook have been reared since 1980 with a variety of stocks, goals, and objectives. Spring Chinook Hatchery Production The three-acclimation ponds the Puyallup Tribe operates are satellite facilities to the White River and Minter Creek Hatcheries. Production levels have been around 400,000 smolts, however, it fluctuates based on available brood stock. They have a production capacity of 837,000 zero Adult chum salmon are spawned three days a age smolts. week or more during the peak of the run. As Fall Coho Hatchery Production many as 2,700 fish may be processed in a day. Currently, 200,000 coho yearlings are imprinted and released in the Upper Puyallup Watershed. Coho originate from Voights Creek Hatchery where 100,000 are adipose clipped and coded wire tagged. Fish are released at 20 fish per pound, for a total biomass of 10,000 pounds. Winter Chum Hatchery Production The Puyallup Tribe currently raises 1.5 to 2.3 million-chum smolts for release into the lower Puyallup River. This program significantly augments a Tribal river fishery and All Citizen purse seine fishery in East and West Pass in Puget Sound. This stock originated initially from Chambers Creek. Puyallup Tribal Fisheries releases 1000 to 3000 pounds annually based on available brood stock returns to Diru Creek Hatchery. The program was started in 1991 and has become self-sustaining.

Diru creek looking upstream as it flows out of a culvert under Pioneer Way. The hatchery is on the other side of the road.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

40

DIRU CREEK HATCHERY CHUM RACK COUNT (1998 - 2003)
20000 1998 1999 18000 17629 2000 2001 2002 14000 2003 12585 12000 10051

16000

Number of Chum

10000

8000

6000

4000

2000

16-Nov

23-Nov

30-Nov

0

4-Jan

11-Jan

18-Jan

25-Jan

15-Mar

22-Mar

14-Dec

21-Dec

28-Dec

15-Feb

22-Feb

29-Mar

7-Dec

1-Feb

8-Feb

1-Mar

8-Mar

Date

DIRU CREEK CHUM SALMON OUTPLANTS (1995 - 2004)
2,385,220
0 ,00 00 3,0

CHUM

1,927,970

0 ,00 00 2,5
NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

1,774,280

2,135,125

0 ,00 00 2,0

1,738,599

1,229,960

00 0,0 ,00 1

00 0,0 50

0

1995

1996

1997

1998

990,690

0 ,00 00 1,5

1,235,328

1999

2000

1,295,739

2001

2002

2003

2004

YEAR PLANTED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

1,763,137

41

5-Apr

VOIGHTS CREEK FALL CHINOOK SALMON OUTPLANTS (1995 - 2004)
1,2 00 ,00 0
1,008,200

DIRU 10.0029 COWSKULL 10.0680 HYLEBOS 10.0013

1,0 00 ,00 0

MOWICH 10.0624
771,350

WILKESON 10.0432 CLARKS 10.0027 RUSHINGWATER 10.0625

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

60 0,0 00

80 0,0 00

40 0,0 00

395,000

231,163

231,163

82,150 125,856

90,641 134,053

127,600

108,000

110,900 110,973

134,500 200,200

173,693

90,200

74,144

20 0,0 00

19,359

16,269

38,093

103,200

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2,000

0

YEAR PLANTED

WHITE RIVER SPRING CHINOOK SALMON OUTPLANTS (1995 - 2004)
52 5,0 00

HUCKLEBERRY 10.0253
45 0,0 00

CLEARWATER 10.0080 MOWICH 10.0624
356,000

COWSKULL 10.0680 CRIPPLE 10.0086 HUCK AERIAL 10.0253

GREENWATER 10.0122

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

37 5,0 00

496,700

237,900

243,000

218,631

217,450

226,500

201,536

182,440 198,800

189,720 149,980

185,798

175,650

22 5,0 00

199,000

237,800

30 0,0 00

11,100 2004

240,680

99,800 99,800

15 0,0 00

104,760

121,460

135,990

72,600

68,000

37,346

0

75 ,00 0

1995

1996

1997

1998

32,300

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

55,750

2004

YEAR PLANTED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

42

86,950

145,900

VOIGHTS CREEK FALL COHO SALMON OUTPLANTS (1995 - 2004)
250000
COWSKULL 10.0680 DIRU 10.0029 210,000 206,095 CLARKS 10.0027 SIMONS 10.200 QTR. MST HARBOR 88.8120 RUSHINGWATER 10.0625 HYLEBOS 10.0013 LK KAPOWSIN 10.0600 CLEAR 10.0022 MOWICH 10.0624

200000

199,900

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

150000

149,970

101,400

96,790 100,350

99,400 100,450

104,500 104,500

100000

50,000

49,500

50000

7,643 3,408 3,408

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR PLANTED

Fall Coho Hatchery Production Currently, approximately 200,000 coho yearlings are imprinted and released in the Upper Puyallup Watershed. Coho originate from Voights Creek Hatchery where 100,000 are adipose clipped and coded wire tagged. Fish are released at 20 fish per pound, for a total biomass of 10,000 pounds.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

3,408 3,408

49,400

49,850

93,000 84,000

90,000

43

VOIGHTS CREEK ADULT FALL COHO AND CHINOOK SALMON OUTPLANTS (2000 - 2003)

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

44

DOLLAR CREEK
WRIA: 10.0412 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.2 Dates surveyed: 12/11/03 to 1/9/04 Species surveyed: Chum Access Mile 0.2: Dollar creek enters the Puyallup flood plain at the Dollar boat launch on McCutcheon Rd. just upstream of 128th St. in McMillin.

Upstream photo showing Dollar creek as it flows through the Puyallup River channel. The Puyallup river can be seen i the upper right side of the photo. Due to low and intermittent flows, only chum are typically seen spawning in the creek.

DESCRIPTION
The surveyed reach of Dollar creek flows within the Puyallup river channel along the right bank (bottom left). The channel changes from year to year with Puyallup river high water events but provides excellent spawning gravel throughout this reach. At the Dollar launch, the channel heads away from the Puyallup and drains an old oxbow adjacent to the dike. Passage out of the Puyallup River channel is questionable and no fish were observed above this point, however extensive surveys were not conducted. It is quite likely that the upper reaches of Dollar provide over-wintering habitat for multiple species of juvenile salmonids.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

45

2003 DOLLAR CREEK CHUM COUNTS
10 9 DEAD 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 12/11/03 12/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

1/9/04

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

46

ELECTRON FISH BYPASS FACILITY WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED 2003 PUYALLUP RIVER DIVERSION -2004
WRIA: 10.0021 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Puget Sound Energy Electron Fish Bypass Facility
River mile: 31.2 - 41.7 Species sampled: Chinook, Coho, Steelhead, Char, Cutthroat

DESCRIPTION
Puget Sound Energy’s Electron Hydroelectric facility utilizes water diverted from the Puyallup river at RM 41.7 (right photo). The diverted water is channeled 10.1 miles through a flume and settling pond before collecting into a small Puget Sound Energy, Electron diversion dam and fish ladder reservoir (forebay). The located on the Puyallup River at RM 41.7. The fish ladder was completed in late 2000. water held in the forebay is used to generate power via four turbines located in the power house approximately 800 feet below the forebay. Upon entering the forebay, water flow is diverted towards the trap by large steel plates suspended by buoys. A exclusionary guide net is also in place across the forebay during the annual smolt migration period. Many of the smolts caught during this period are fish released from holding ponds above the diversion dam. These efforts are made to direct the fish into the trap, where they are crowded into a hopper and then deposited into a holding tank. Fish are dip-netted into a container, anesthetized, identified, measured (above right) and placed in a water trailer for
Electron fish bypass facility.

transport down to the powerhouse where they are released into the Puyallup River at RM 31.4.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

47

Number and Timing of Chinook Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2003
M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish U= Unmarked fish, Wild 0=Young of the year 1= 1 Year + age fish

900

CHIN 0 (U)
800

CHIN 0 (M) CHIN 1+ (U)

700

CHIN 1+ (M)

Number of fish Sampled

600

500

400

300

200

100

13-Nov

Date

Number and Timing of Coho Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2003
6000

COHO 1+ (U) COHO 1+ (M)
5000

COHO 0 (U)

4000 Number of fish Sampled

3000

2000

1000

0 15-May 29-May 20-Mar 17-Apr 1-May 6-Mar 3-Apr 10-Jul 24-Jul 16-Oct 21-Aug 30-Oct 2-Oct 13-Nov 18-Sep 27-Nov 7-Aug 23-Jan 12-Jun 20-Feb 26-Jun 4-Sep 6-Feb

Date

M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish

U= Unmarked fish, Wild

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

48

27-Nov

0 1-May 15-May 29-May 20-Mar 17-Apr 6-Mar 3-Apr 7-Aug 16-Oct 21-Aug 18-Sep 23-Jan 12-Jun 20-Feb 26-Jun 30-Oct 10-Jul 24-Jul 6-Feb 4-Sep 2-Oct

Average Fork Length (mm) of Juvenile Salmon Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2003
M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish
220 210 200 190 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 February August September October December January May November
CHIN 1+ (M) <1% COHO 1+ (U) 4%

U= Unmarked fish, Wild

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish

CHIN 0+ (U) CHIN 0 (M) COHO 1+ (U) COHO 1+ (M) STHD (S) COHO 0 (U)

Fork Length (mm)

March

June

April

Month

Percentage of Juvenile and Smolt Salmon Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - November 2003
M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish U= Unmarked fish, Wild
CUTT <1%

July

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish

STHD (S) <1%

CHIN 0+ (U) 3%

CHIN 0 (M) 12% CHIN 1+ (U) <1%

COHO 0 (U) 19%

COHO 1+ (M) 62%

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

49

FENNEL CREEK
WRIA: 10.0406 - PUYALLUP RIVER WATERSHED 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
The upper reach (above) of Fennel creek is a complex, moderately high gradient pool-riffle/ step-pool stream flowing through a broad valley. The riparian zone consists of a mature hardwood forest with a dense understory of salmonberry. There is abundant LWD in and adjacent to the channel with numerous logjams throughout this section. Spawning gravel is abundant and excellent throughout this reach along with many deep pools. The reach below the McCutcheon Rd. bridge is much lower gradient (below), it flows primarily in the Puyallup River flood plain. It contains excellent if somewhat unstable spawning gravels, with much lower amounts of LWD and less channel complexity. Approximately 0.2 miles upstream of the McCutcheon bridge is a LB short run spring fed tributary. It has excellent spawning gravel and supports high densities of chum salmon each year. Coho and chum totals on the following pages include both Fennel creek, and Fennel tributary data combined.
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.7 Dates surveyed: 8/26/03 to 5/24/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum, Pink, Steelhead(None Observed)

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

50

2003 FENNEL CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8/26/03 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/29/03 10/8/03 10/20/03
DATE SURVEYED

FENNEL CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2003)
20 18 16
14 NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

14 12 10
8 9 8 6 9

8 6
4 5 4 2 3 1 3

4 2 0 1999

2000

2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

51

2003 FENNEL CREEK COHO COUNTS
30 LIVE DEAD 25

20
NUMBER OBSERVED

15

10

5

0 10/23/03 10/27/03 11/4/03 11/12/04 11/21/03 11/26/03
DATE SURVEYED

12/4/03

12/12/03

12/18/03

12/26/03

1/2/04

FENNEL CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1998 - 2003)
300 275 LIVE DEAD REDDS

250

237

200
NUMBER OBSERVED

186

150

100 82 72 51 50 39 27 5 0 1998 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

75

56

26

32 16

11

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

52

2003 FENNEL CREEK PINK COUNTS
600 LIVE DEAD

500

NUMBER OBSERVED

400

300

200

100

0 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/29/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/8/03

10/20/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

53

2003 FENNEL CREEK CHUM COUNTS

Fennel creek was not surveyed for chum during the 2003/2004 season.

FENNEL CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1998 - 2003)
10000 9000 8000 7000 6000
5308 8976

LIVE DEAD

NUMBER OBSERVED

5000 4000 3000 2000

4911 4501 3867

N O T S U R V E Y E D

1199

1000 0

859

94 1 658 478

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

54

FISK CREEK
WRIA: 10.0596 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Fiske creek just before it flows under Fiske road.

River miles surveyed: 0.3 to 1.1 Dates surveyed: 10/23/03 to 1/18/03 Species surveyed: Coho Access Mile 0.0: Fiske road near the High Bridge on the Puyallup follows the North side of the creek and the mouth is approximately 200 yards from Oroville road. Mile 1.1: Fiske road crosses the creek again very near the edge of the Puyallup floodplain where the gradient begins to increase.

DESCRIPTION
Fiske creek is one of 7 index streams in the Puyallup watershed that are surveyed for coho by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. It is a small stream with a moderately low gradient and heavy riparian cover from the surrounding hardwood forest. It has relatively abundant spawning gravel that is somewhat

compacted in the lower portion of the stream.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

55

2003 FISK CREEK COHO COUNTS
12 LIVE DEAD 10

8
NUMBER OBSERVED

6

4

2

0 10/23/03 10/31/03 11/12/03 11/21/03 11/26/03 12/4/03 12/12/03 12/18/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 Fisk creek coho graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

56

FOX CREEK
WRIA: 10.0608 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004 A four to six foot high beaver dam located approximately 40 meters above the mouth of Fox creek has held up fish passage for the past few seasons. A section of the dam is removed during each survey to allow coho access to the spawning habitat above.

DESCRIPTION
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.6 Dates surveyed: 10/20/03 to 3/20/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Steelhead(passage blocked by beaver dam) Access Mile 0.6: Take Hwy 162 through Orting. Turn South on Orville Rd. Cross over Puyallup River bridge, continue to Champion Timberlands Bridge gate on Road 1. Bridge over Fox creek is approximately .7 miles in. Mile 0.0. Take the first available left inside Bridge gate and follow abandoned road to creek.

Fox creek running through the center of the photo, enters the right bank of the Puyallup. river.

From 0.6 to 0.5 Fox creek is a moderate gradient step-pool stream with good pool frequency and adequate hardwood riparian cover. From 0.5 to 0.3 the gradient decreases and the channel assumes a pool-riffle character with excellent spawning gravels. This middle reach sees the highest spawning densities. From 0.3 to the confluence with the Puyallup, the stream meanders through a grassy area with little riparian cover and m o d e r a t e amounts of fine m a t e r i a l obscuring the g r a v e l l y substrate. There are few mature conifers in this reach although many young Grand firs have been planted as a restoration effort. Coho are the most common salmonid found in Fox and likely ascend as far up as the Kapowsin tree farm’s 6 Rd.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

57

2003 FOX CREEK COHO COUNTS
180 160 DEAD 140
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

120 100 80 60 40 20 0 10/20/03 10/30/03 11/12/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/24/03

12/11/03

FOX CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2003)
1400
1230

LIVE DEAD REDDS

1200

1000
NUMBER OBSERVED

800

600
429 461 355 378 159 99

400
151

112

200
21 7 35 2 1 9

123

732

18 17 23

0 1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

9

2000

2001

39

2002

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

44 86

67 47

66

58

GREENWATER RIVER
WRIA: 10.0122 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004 Greenwater River looking upstream from the bridge at hwy. 410.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 11.3 Dates surveyed: 8/18/03 to 6/9/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Steelhead Access R.M. 0.0: Hwy 410 crosses the Greenwater just above its mouth at the Town of Greenwater. R.M. 1.7: Approximately 1 mile upstream, a spur to the right leads to a bridge over the creek. Many upstream access points are available from the Forest Service 70 rd which follows it much of its length.

DESCRIPTION The Greenwater River is a right bank tributary to the upper mainstem White river. It supports large runs of steelhead, chinook and coho salmon. It is surveyed for both Chinook and steelhead by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, but not for coho. The upper White rivers’ coho escapement is derived from counts made at the Army Corps of Engineers’

Buckley trap. It is a medium sized, low gradient pool-riffle stream with abundant high quality spawning gravel. Much of it flows through Forest service land and the riparian zone is primarily second growth conifer and hardwoods. While there is fair amounts of LWD in the channel, the average size reflects the surrounding forest and is small. What large wood exists Greenwater River is usually quite old.
looking upstream at RM 10.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

59

2003 GREENWATER RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS
160 140 120
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

100 80 60 40 20 0 8/18/03 8/25/03 9/3/03 9/10/03 9/17/03 9/24/03 10/2/03 10/9/03 10/16/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 Greenwater River chinook graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

GREENWATER RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2003)
450 400 350
NUMBER OBSERVED 390 370 318

LIVE DEAD REDDS

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED 42 122 80 73 49 127 107 63 236 249 244 192

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

60

2003 GREENWATER RIVER COHO COUNTS
2500 LIVE DEAD 2000

NUMBER OBSERVED

1500

1000

500

0 9/10/03 9/17/03 9/24/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/2/03

10/9/03

10/16/03

2003 Greenwater River coho graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

2003 GREENWATER RIVER PINK COUNTS
800 LIVE DEAD 700

600

NUMBER OBSERVED

500

400

300

200

100

0 9/10/03 9/17/03 9/24/03 10/2/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/9/03

10/16/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

61

2004 GREENWATER RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS
25 LIVE DEAD REDDS 20

NUMBER OBSERVED

15

10

5

0 4/19/04 4/30/04 5/14/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/24/04

6/9/04

2004 Greenwater River steelhead graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

GREENWATER RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2004)
60 56
REDDS

50 50

41 40
NUMBER OBSERVED

30

20

10

0 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

62

HUCKLEBERRY CREEK
WRIA: 10.0253 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004 Spring chinook acclimation pond located at RM 0.5 on Huckleberry creek.

Huckleberry creek is a large left bank tributary to the Upper White River. The lower 0.3 miles consists of a low Huckleberry g r a d i e n t creek looking occasionally downstream b r a i d e d from the bridge channel with a hardwood riparian zone. The at RM 1.7. spawning gravel in this reach is excellent and this lower reach consistently supports the highest densities of spawners each season. Above the lower bridge the gradient increases slightly but the gravel quality remains very good if slightly larger and more patchy in nature. The riparian corridor contains old growth conifers upstream of the acclimation pond. The pond is used for acclimating spring chinook which are planted in March, and released in May or early June.
Access R.M. 0.5: There is a former bridge crossing on the first spur to the right about 0.5 miles up the FS 73 road. R.M. 1.7: Approximately 1 mile upstream, a spur to the right leads to a bridge over the creek.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.2 Dates surveyed: 8/16/03 to 10/25/03 Species surveyed: Chinook

DESCRIPTION

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

63

2003 HUCKLEBERRY CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS Due to logistical problems in 2003, data collection is incomplete for chinook. Surveys were conducted from August 18, to September 19, 2003.

HUCKLEBERRY CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISON (1999 - 2003)
90
82 84

LIVE DEAD REDDS

80 70
NUMBER OBSERVED 66 60

60
50

50 40
32 37 38 35 25 14 4 1 5

30 20 10 0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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HUCKLEBERRY CREEK SPRING CHINOOK ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS (1995 - 2004)
496,700 600,000

Spring Chinook Planted in Lower Pond Spring Chinook Planted in Huck Aerial Pond

500,000 NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

400,000 243,000

218,631

217,450

300,000

189,720

175,650

182,440

356,000

200,000

100,000

0

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

121,460

2002

2003

2004

YEAR PLANTED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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145,900

HYLEBOS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0006 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.1 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 9/24/02 to 10/24/03 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum, Pink Access Mile 0.2: Take 8th ST. exit off 167 and go West until East Valley Highway. There is a bridge approximately 0.2 miles North of 8th street. Contact Ed Mase before entering property (253)927-3521.

Hylebos creek looking upstream above 373rd st. There is some spawning habitat both above and below this point.

DESCRIPTION
Chinook, chum, coho, and pinks have been found in the past in this survey reach. The channel above and below the bridge is moderately low gradient and somewhat incised. The riparian flora consists of reed canary grass and alder, with a section of bamboo along a landowners property. The substrate is very compacted with large amounts of fine material and some smaller gravel. The channel segment most often surveyed extends from 373rd St., upstream to the Montessori school at Hwy. 99. Frequent channel dredging at 373rd St. is performed by the city of Federal Way in response to gravel deposition problems.

Private pond on the North fork of the Hylebos.
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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2003 HYLEBOS CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/24/03 10/1/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

10/14/03

10/24/03

2003 HYLEBOS CREEK PINK COUNTS
10 9 8 7
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/25/03 10/1/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/14/03

10/24/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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IPSUT CREEK
WRIA: 10.0550 - CARBON RIVER 2003 - 2004

Ipsut creek looking downstream from the falls.

DESCRIPTION
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.7 Dates surveyed: NOT SURVEYED IN 2003 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Char Access Mile 0.3: The Ipsut creek campground is located at the end of the road past the Carbon River entrance to Mt. Rainier National Park. A bridge crosses the creek at the campground.

Ipsut creek is a moderate gradient left bank tributary to the upper Carbon River. It flows entirely through Mt. Rainier National Park. The riparian zone consists of old growth cedar, fir and hemlock contributing large woody debris and diversity to the channel. There is a large falls located at approximately R.M. 0.7 which is a barrier to any farther upstream migration. Ipsut has been surveyed primarily for chinook and coho, but also in the spring for steelhead. No salmon or redds have been observed. Reasons for Ipsut the absence of anadromous fish creek are likely related to the stream’s looking uplocation within the basin, and the stream general lack of suitable spawning at the gravel within the lower fish falls accessible reach. Char usage has which is a barrier been documented by Park service to any biologists, but surveys conducted farther by tribal staff in 2000 and 2001 updid not reveal any adult char stream migraspawning activity.
tion.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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KAPOWSIN CREEK
WRIA: 10.0600 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 3.2 Dates surveyed: 9/18/04 to 5/24/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho,Steelhead Access Mile 3.2: Take Hwy. 162 past Orting and turn right onto Orville Road (Crocker Grange). After crossing the Puyallup River, continue another 4 miles to a bridge near the main gate to Champion Timberlands.

Kapowsin creek looking upstream from the Orville Rd. bridge.

DESCRIPTION
There is suitable spawning gravel throughout the survey reach although much of it is patchy in nature. There is an abundance of downed trees within the channel along with several sizable logjams. Cattle have been allowed access to the stream channel at approximately RM 1.7. Houses are present along the creek between RM 0.5 and RM 2.0, as well as manmade rock structures that alter the channel along this stretch. Most of the stream has a dense riparian zone consisting of firs, alders and salmonberries. Pierce County conducted a bank revetment project in the summer of 2002 (left photo). This project was done to protect Orville road.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

69

2003 KAPOWSIN CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/18/03 9/25/03 10/6/03 10/15/03 10/27/03 11/12/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

KAPOWSIN CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
40
36

LIVE DEAD REDD

35 30
26 NUMBER OBSERVED

28

25
22

20
17 17

19

15

20

15
10 10

15

12

26

7

8

10 5 0

9

5

7

10 4 4 4 5 2 2

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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4

2003 KAPOWSIN CREEK COHO COUNTS
Coho redd counts were discontinued starting with the 2003 survey season.

200 LIVE 180 160
NUMBER OBSERVED

DEAD

140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 10/6/03 10/15/03 10/27/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/12/03

11/24/03

KAPOWSIN CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
2500
2023

LIVE DEAD REDDS

2000
NUMBER OBSERVED

1500

1000

491

521

410

319

500

265

62 139

115 46 140

110 136

153 268

210

368

121 11 75

29 93

55 31 34

33

129

442 439

446

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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21

18

2004 KAPOWSIN CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
6 LIVE DEAD 5 REDDS

4
NUMBER OBSERVED

3

2

1

0 3/24/04 4/7/04 4/19/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/3/04

5/24/04

KAPOWSIN CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2004)
12
11

REDDS

10
9 NUMBER OBSERVED

8
6

6
4

4
3 2

2
1

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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KELLOG CREEK
WRIA: 10.0621 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004 Typical habitat found in the lower reach of Kellog creek.

DESCRIPTION
From RM 2.0 to 1.6 the creek flows through a moderate gradient step-pool channel with patchy gravel. The riparian zone consists of a thin mature 2nd growth conifer buffer on both sides. There is a large amount of wind-throw in the channel associated with this buffer. Below this the gradient eases and excellent spawning gravel is consistently available to the confluence with the Puyallup. The riparian area is more intact through the lower 1.5 miles, similar to above but no recent harvest activities have compromised it.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 2.0 Dates surveyed: 3/15/04 to 5/14/04 Species surveyed: Steelhead Access Mile 2.0: The Kapowsin tree farm’s mainline crosses Kellog creek at the 8 Rd. junction. To survey this reach and not double walk you must cross the mainstem Puyallup at the Kellog confluence and walk downstream 0.5 miles and up 0.3 miles of LeDout creek to the 62 Rd.

Kellog creek at RM 0.5.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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2004 KELLOG CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10

LIVE
9

DEAD REDDS

8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/26/04 4/8/04 4/22/04 5/4/04 5/14/04

DATE SERVEYED

KELLOG CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2004)
35

31 30 27 25 25

REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

22

20

15 1 3 12 10 10 10 10

6 5

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

74

KLICKITAT CREEK
WRIA: 10.0357 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

Typical habitat throughout Klickitat creek. The location in the photo is about 40 meters below a series of bedrock falls and cascades at R.M. 0.3 that blocks any further upstream migration. River miles surveyed: 0.1 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 9/8/03 to 9/19/03 Species surveyed: Bull trout (Char) Access Mile 0.3: Turn onto the Sunrise rd off of HWY 410 in Mt. Rainier National Park. A bridge crosses Klickitat creek in approximately 2 miles. Walk down the right bank staying high in the draw for about 200 yards to avoid the steep valley walls till the cascades are reached.

DESCRIPTION
Klickitat creek is a small right bank tributary to the upper White river. It flows within Mt. Rainier National Park and enters the White River below Sunrise rd. The first 0.3 miles is low gradient with excellent spawning gravel and large amounts of LWD. Numerous deep pools and side channels provide excellent habitat for juvenile fish. A series of bedrock falls and cascades at R.M. 0.3 blocks any further upstream migration. Klickitat creek has been surveyed since 1999, but no salmon have been seen. Bull trout from the mainstem White are observed spawning in the creek early in the fall however, and juvenile bull trout have been observed in the pools and lateral habitat during these surveys. During the 2002 and 2003 survey seasons, char floy tagged at the USACE trap in Buckley were observed spawning in the creek. The char in the left photo were observed in 2003, the green floy tags are visible near the dorsal fins.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

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2003 KLICKITAT CREEK CHAR COUNTS
10 9 8 7
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/8/03 9/15/03
DATE SURVEYED

9/19/03

KLICKITAT CREEK CHAR SEASON COMPARISONS
(2000 - 2003)
20
18

LIVE DEAD REDDS

18 16
NUMBER OBSERVED

14 12 10 8
6 11

6
4

5 3 1

5 4

4 2 0 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

76