LEDOUT CREEK

WRIA: 10.0620 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 11/5/02 to 5/14/03 Species surveyed: Coho, Steelhead Access M i l e 0 . 3 : The 62 Rd. crosses LeDout approximately 0.3 mile from the mouth. This stream is used a s a take out for the Kellog creek survey. .

Excellent spawning opportunities exist throughout LeDout creek.

DESCRIPTION

The lower surveyed reach of LeDout creek contains good spawning gravel. The habitat of the stream consists mostly of low gradient pools and riffles. The riffle at the confluence with the Puyallup is often too shallow in late summer to allow salmon access. Coho and steelhead are the most often seen salmonids utilizing the creek. LeDout creek contains a good proportion of small and medium size woody debris, and the surrounding riparian zone consist mostly of alder and Douglas fir. Although there has been logging activity near the creek in the past, a good buffer zone now exist along the majority of the creek.
LeDout creek contains a good proportion of small and medium size woody debris.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

77

LEDOUT CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2003)
30
27

LIVE DEAD REDDS
21

25

NUMBER OBSERVED

20

15

15

10
7 6 5

5

3

3 1

0 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

78

2004 LEDOUT CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD REDDS 8

7

NUMBER OBSEREVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/17/04 3/26/04 4/8/04
DATE SURVEYED

4/22/04

5/4/04

5/14/04

LEDOUT CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2004)
12

10 10

REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

8 8

8

6

4 4 3 2 2 1 1 2 2

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

79

MEADOW CREEK
WRIA: 10.0630 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004 Photo showing typical habitat in Meadow creek. Abundant spawning gravel, wood, and canopy cover exist along the entire reach of the creek.

DESCRIPTION
Meadow creek is a tributary of the Mowich river. Much of the creek is low to moderate gradient with abundant spawning gravel, wood, and River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.5 canopy cover along the entire reach. Meadow Dates surveyed: Not surveyed in 2003 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Char, creek is pristine in may ways, but its location Steelhead high in the watershed above the Electron diversion dam has prevented salmon and steelhead from accessing and utilizing this stream for a century. The creek does however, have a resident population of cutthroat. It is Old road bridge crossing also suspected that char are present since Meadow creek they populate the Mowich river and a at RM 0.5. number of its tributaries, but they have not been documented. Currently, Meadow creek is only surveyed and snorkeled (upper right) a couple times a year to determine if salmon or steelhead are repopulating the stream.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

80

MOWICH RIVER
WRIA: 10.0624 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
The Mowich River is a major tributary draining into the upper Puyallup River at R.M. 42.3. The glacial headwaters of the North and South forks of the Mowich River, originate at the North and South Mowich glaciers on the west side of Mt. Rainier. The North and South Mowich flow though Mt. Rainier National Park and reach their confluence at R.M. 7.5 to form the Mowich River miles surveyed: 0.0 - 1.0 Dates surveyed: NOT SURVEYED IN 2003 River. Several Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Steelhead tributaries flow into the Mowich including Crater creek, Meadow and Rushingwater creeks. The upper reaches of the Mowich River consist of steep and moderate gradient flows over largely cobble and boulder substrate. The wide active channels of the North and South Mowich are bordered by large dense conifer forests. The lower reach of the Mowich River is comprised of more complex habitat. With the completion of the Electron fish ladder (R.M. 41.7) in the fall of 2000, anadromous fish passage was restored for the first time since 1904. Surplus chinook and coho salmon from Voights creek hatchery have been planted in the Mowich river (right) , and Rushingwater creek (see graph on following page) for the past several years in efforts to jump start the upper Puyallup. The first documented spawning of naturally returning chinook in 97 years ( left photo) was observed in the lower reach (R.M. 1.0) on September 7, 2001.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

81

ADULT CHINOOK AND COHO SURPLUS PLANTS IN MOWICH RIVER (1997 - 2003)
600

MALE COHO FEMALE COHO

500
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

MALE CHINOOK FEMALE CHINOOK

400

300

200

100

0 1997 1998 1999 2000
YEAR PLANTED

2001

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

82

NIESSON CREEK
WRIA: 10.0622 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Typical habitat in Niesson creek. This photo was taken looking upstream at approximately RM 1.0.

DESCRIPTION
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 2.5 Dates surveyed: 3/15/04 to 5/14/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Steelhead Access Mile 1.8: The Kapowsin tree farm’s 2 rd crosses Niesson creek near Moose Junction. Mile 2.2: A short distance past the 2 rd bridge, the 21 rd turns to the right and again crosses Niesson in approximately 0.2 miles.

This medium sized stream varies between pool-riffle and forced pool-riffle in character and contains excellent spawning gravel throughout the survey reach. The riparian zone consists of conifers and alders with moderate amounts of large woody debris present. Recent timber harvest activities have reduced the riparian zone to the state required minimum in several extended reaches in the lower river. This stream is only surveyed consistently for steelhead. Steelhead have been observed spawning as high as RM 2.2 near the abandoned 22 Rd. Naturally returning coho were observed for the first time in 2002. Puyallup tribal fisheries staff have been transporting live surplus adult coho from the Voights creek hatchery since 1998.

The mouth of Niesson creek. The Puyallup river flows along the left side of the photo.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

83

ADULT COHO SURPLUS PLANTS IN NIESSON CREEK (1998 - 2003)
500 450 400
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED 455

MALE COHO FEMALE COHO

350 300 250 200 150
76 74 299 261 257 188 188 236 243

100 50 0

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

YEAR PLANTED

These data resulted from a live adult surplus plant from the WDFW Voights creek hatchery.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

164

2003

171

84

2004 NIESSON CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
7 LIVE 6 DEAD REDDS

5

NUMBER OBSERVED

4

3

2

1

0 3/26/04 4/8/04 4/22/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/4/04

5/14/04

NIESSON CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2004)
60 REDDS 50
49 45 49

40
37
NUMBER OBSERVED

30

29 27

22

20
17 14

10

9

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

85

OHOP CREEK
WRIA: 10.0600 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Several excellent spawning opportunities exist in the lower reach of Ohop.

DESCRIPTION
The survey reach is a low gradient pool-riffle stream that contains excellent spawning gravel from RM 6.5 (the top of Lake Kapowsin) to RM 7.5 with several deep pools and moderate amounts of in-stream woody debris. Below 7.0 there are numerous braids and side channels which rejoin near the lake and much of the gravel in this reach is unstable. At RM 7.1 there is a large log jam creating an oxbow in the channel. At low, early season flows the creek filters through gravel under the debris rather than in the stream channel at

River miles surveyed: 6.5 to 7.5 Dates surveyed: 10/15/03 to 11/24/03 Species surveyed: Coho Access Mile 7.0: At the intersection of Orville Rd and Kapowsin Hwy follow Orville road for approximately two miles to a small turn-out on the left. Follow the trail to the creek. The upper 0.5 miles must be double walked but it is possible to drop in just above RM 6.5 by crossing the railroad tracks and following a rough trail to the creek.

this point and blocks anadromous migration. However leaf litter and increased fall flows revert the water into the channel every year near the peak of the coho run.

Upper reach of the survey, increased gradient and fewer spawning opportunities are available.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

86

2003 OHOP CREEK COHO COUNTS
22 20 18 16 NUMBER OBSERVED 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 10/15/03 10/27/03 DATE SURVEYED 11/12/03 11/24/03

LIVE DEAD

OHOP CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2003)
600
537 488

LIVE DEAD REDDS

500

NUMBER OBSERVED

400
295 314

300
219

200
114 130 100 141 88 96 31 39 4 34 33

71

76

100

91

54

25

29

4

13

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
YEAR SURVEYED

2000

2001

6

2002

19

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

87

31

PINOCHLE CREEK
WRIA: 10.0198 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004 Large numbers of coho, as seen in this photo, can be observed each season holding in this pool just below the confluence with Cripple and Wrong creeks.

DESCRIPTION
There is a bedrock falls about 0.3 miles upstream of the bridge over Pinochle creek that blocks further upstream migration (see photo below). Below this obstruction, to Pinochles’ confluence with the West fork of the White River there exists excellent spawning and rearing habitat. The channel is low gradient, unconfined, and pool-riffle in character with abundant woody debris from the surrounding oldgrowth forest. Pinochle is generally only surveyed for chinook

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.5 Dates surveyed: 8/25/03 to 11/25/03 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho Access Mile 0.4: Approximately 0.25 miles past the West fork of the White River bridge on the Forest Service 74 Rd. there is a spur road to the right. This road crosses Pinochle creek within several hundred yards.

salmon, but this years report includes some coho observations. There is an acclimation pond on nearby cripple creek and returning chinook are likely the result of this enhancement program. Much of the spawning activity takes place in the lower 0.2 miles of this stream which runs within the West Fork White’s floodplain.

Anadromous blockage on Pinochle creek at approximately RM 0.8

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

88

2003 PINOCHLE CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 8/25/03 9/8/03 9/17/03 9/25/03 10/6/03 10/28/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 PINOCHLE CREEK COHO COUNTS
80 LIVE 70 DEAD

60
NUMBER OBSERVED

50

40 30 20

10 0 9/17/03 10/6/03 10/28/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/13/03

11/25/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

89

PUYALLUP RIVER
WRIA: 10.0021 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
The lowest section of the Puyallup River, from the confluence with the White River at RM 10.7 to Commencement bay is confined by levees and the habitat lacks complexity. The small amount of suitable gravel present is often compacted and offers little spawning opportunity. Steelhead have been observed spawning just upstream from the White River confluence; the lowest documented spawning of any species in the river. From the White River to the confluence with the Carbon River at RM 17.4 and upstream to about RM 23 just above the town of Orting, the river is still tightly confined by levees on both sides with the expected lack of channel complexity. This reach is similar to the lower Puyallup but does support sporadic spawning by chum, chinook

River miles surveyed: 10.5 to 45.7 Dates surveyed: OFTEN UNSURVEYEABLE-NO RELIABLE COUNTS Species surveyed: Steelhead, Chinook

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

90

and steelhead during their respective seasons. Along Orville Rd., upstream of Orting, a levee setback project was completed in the summer of 1999. Approximately 2 miles of new levee was built back from the original levee adding over a hundred acres to the floodplain in this reach. Several high water events later, many side channels have formed and spawning gravel has been retained but no adult use has been documented. From RM 25.5 to 30.8 the channel is only partially contained by levees and there are many side channels. There is little spawning activity within this reach however, due to the higher gradient and resulting increase in average substrate size. Upstream from Puget Sound Energy’s Electron powerhouse at RM 30.8 the river flows through a deep, narrow canyon (center photo). There are many small vertical drops and bedrock cascades within this 6 mile canyon, all of which are passable to salmon
Planting adult surplus coho in the North Fork of the Puyallup river (2003).

Levee setback project at R.M. 26.5. New Levee can be seen near county road and remnants of old levee are visible in the stream

and steelhead. There is frequent Puyallup spawning River canyon opportunities in approximately the tailouts of R.M. 30. the many deep pools within this reach. From RM 41.3 downstream to the top of the canyon the river is moderately confined and provides several high quality spawning opportunities. The highest densities of steelhead spawning in the Puyallup river occur within this reach. With the completion of the Electron fish ladder (R.M. 41.7) in the fall of 2000, anadromous fish passage was restored for the first time since 1904. There are approximately 26+ miles of usable habitat above the diversion and surveys are conducted occasionally in response to the Puyallup Tribes live surplus hauls each fall.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

91

PUYALLUP RIVER: ELECTRON FISH LADDER TRAP
WRIA: 10.0021 - PUYALLUP RIVER WATERSHED 2003 - 2004

River Mile: 41.7 Species sampled: Chinook, Coho, Steelhead DESCRIPTION
With the completion of the Electron fish ladder (R.M. 41.7) in the fall of 2000, anadromous fish passage was restored for the first time since 1904. There are approximately 26+ miles of usable habitat above the diversion and surveys are conducted occasionally in response to the Puyallup Tribes live surplus hauls each fall. Naturally returning steelhead and chinook were observed above the diversion soon after the ladders completion. A passive fish trap was constructed and installed in the summer of 2002. The aluminum trap was placed in the lower end of the fish ladder (cell 7), and is lifted by a 2 ton electric winch powered by a diesel generator. It is

necessary to raise the trap to access the fish that have entered. The inside of the trap can be accessed through removable side and top panels. The trap had limited success in 2002 and 2003 due to low flows, sediment build-up in the trap and ladder cells, possible trap avoidance by migrating fish and occasional high flows which went over the trap. No steelhead were captured in 2004.

(Above) Electron ladder trap shown in the raised position. (Center) Electron ladder, trap and diversion. (Bottom) Installation of the Electron fish ladder trap in the summer of 2002. The green box houses the diesel generator that powers the electric winch used to move the trap.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

92

RANGER CREEK
WRIA: 10.0530 - CARBON RIVER 2003 - 2004 Ranger creek looking upstream from the confluence with the Carbon River .

DESCRIPTION
Ranger creek is a small left bank tributary of the upper Carbon River. It flows entirely within Mt. Rainier National Park. The lower 0.4 miles are very low gradient with several deep pools and small but plentiful gravel throughout the reach. Above this the gradient increases significantly. The fall of 2000 was the first year any salmon spawning surveys were conducted and none were observed. Several redds were observed early in the spawning season but their small size and timing matched the bull trout spawning documented in other headwater tributaries in the watershed.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.4 Dates surveyed: NOT SURVEYED IN 2003 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Char Access Mile 0.1: The Carbon River road in Mount Rainier National Park crosses Ranger below the Ipsut creek campground.

The lower 0.4 miles are very low gradient with several deep pools and small but plentiful gravel throughout the reach.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

93

RODY CREEK
WRIA: 10.0028 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

The channel becomes surveyeable generally after the first freshet of the season. River miles surveyed: 0.4 to 0.5 Dates surveyed: 10/30/03 to 1/21/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Chum Access Mile 0.4: Pioneer Avenue crosses Rody creek a short distance above it’s confluence with Clarks creek.

DESCRIPTION
Rody creek was surveyed on a regular rotation for the past two season, rather than spot-checked occasionally. The habitat quality is poor, with much of the accessible channel choked with reed canary grass (see lower photo), The channel becomes surveyable generally after the first freshet of the season. However, chum and coho salmon were observed spawning in the stream this season. A large number of chum spawned in the small section just below Pioneer.

Rody creek, looking downstream from Pioneer Way E. The habitat quality is poor, with much of the accessible channel choked with reed canary grass.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

94

2003 RODY CREEK COHO COUNTS
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 10/30/03 11/13/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE DEAD

NUMBER OBSERVED

11/24/03

12/4/03

2003 RODY CREEK CHUM COUNTS
40 35 30
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

25 20 15 10 5 0 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/21/04
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

95

RUSHINGWATER CREEK
WRIA: 10.0625 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004 Upper reach of Rushingwater creek. This is about .03 miles above the location where adult surplus coho from Voights creek hatchery are planted.

DESCRIPTION
Rushingwater creek is a left bank tributary entering the Mowich river approximately 0.6 miles up from its mouth. The upper reach of the creek is mostly comprised of pools and glides, with fine and medium sized substrate. Abundant in-stream woody debris and moderate to dense canopy cover extends through most of this reach. Adult surplus coho have been planted in the upper reach of Rushingwater since 1997. The lower reach (1.0 mile) of the creek consist of a more complex riffle - pool complex. The substrate is considerably larger, consisting of large gravel, cobble and boulders. Adult surplus chinook have been planted at RM 0.5 over the last five years. An acclimation pond used for r e a r i n g Acclimation pond located on the lower juvenile coho is reach of also located Rushingwater creek. just off the main channel. A considerable amount of beaver activity and structures are present in Rushingwater creek.
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.0 Dates surveyed: Not surveyed in 2003 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

96

RUSHINGWATER CREEK ADULT COHO PLANTS (1997 - 2003)
371

400 350 300 250 200 150 100
50 237 312

MALE COHO FEMALE COHO

NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

169

170

177

127

119

50 0

1997

50

1998

106

1999

2000
YEAR PLANTED

2001

2002

2003

RUSHINGWATER CREEK ACCLIMATION POND CHINOOK AND COHO PLANTS (1999 - 2004)
160,000 140,000
101,400 100,350 NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED 149,970

COHO CHINOOK
100,400 104,500

120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 1999

2000

2001

2002

38,093

2003

YEAR PLANTED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

84,000

2004

124

97

SALMON CREEK
WRIA: 10.0035 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.4 to 0.5 Dates surveyed: 10/27/03 to 1/21/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Chum Access Mile 0.3: 4309 East Valley Highway crosses Salmon creek. Salmon creek is also referred to as Strawberry creek. Check-in with Sumner RV (253)863-5644 before surveys are conducted.

Salmon creek looking downstream above East Valley Highway.

DESCRIPTION

The surveyed reach of Salmon creek, also known as Strawberry creek, consists of a straightened, incised channel r u n n i n g alongside a pasture. The riparian vegetation of reed canary grass provides little in the way of shade or LWD inputs. The substrate is primarily fine sediment with small amounts of gravel. There is little spawning habitat in Salmon creek and many of the salmon observed in this reach are likely to be ascending to the spring fed tributary, Salmon tributary, entering Salmon creek just upstream at RM 0.5.
A few chum can be observed spawning in the creek just West of where the creek passes under the East valley Highway.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

98

2003 SALMON CREEK COHO COUNTS
10 9 DEAD 8 7
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 10/27/03 11/13/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/24/03

12/9/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

99

2003 SALMON CREEK CHUM COUNTS
50 45 DEAD 40
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 11/13/03 11/24/03 12/9/03 12/16/03
DATE SURVEYED

12/29/03

1/9/04

1/21/04

SALMON CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1991 - 2003)
160 138

LIVE DEAD

140

NUMBER OBSERVED

93

100

51

49

60

61

70

80

78

82

44

31

25

27

28

40 18 20 20

44

47

17

14

23

109 12 2 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 1 2 2001 2002 2003 SEASON SURVEYED

120

0

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

100

13

SALMON TRIBUTARY
WRIA: 10.0036 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.1 Dates surveyed: 11/13/03 to 1/21/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Chum Access Mile 0.3: 4309 East Valley Highway crosses Salmon creek. Salmon Tributary enters Salmon creek 0.1 miles upstream of the bridge. Check-in with Sumner RV (253)863-5644 before surveys are conducted.

DESCRIPTION
Salmon Tributary is a short run, spring-fed stream entering Salmon (Strawberry) creek. It contains approximately 0.1 miles of moderate gradient channel with excellent gravel before the gradient increases and inhibits further upstream access. Its consistent flows support a large run of chum salmon (top photo) for a stream of this size, along with a few coho. The chum return for the past few seasons has been exceptional. Once again, there were no blockage problems like the small debris jam which occurred in the 2000 - 2001 season which prevented all but a few chum from accessing the creek. Extremely heavy predation in 2003 accounted for most of the dead chum along Salmon Tributary. .

Chum salmon working its way up Salmon Tributary.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

101

2003 SALMON TRIBUTARY CHUM COUNTS
140

LIVE DEAD

120

100 NUMBER OBSERVED

80

60

40

20

0 11/13/03 11/24/03 12/9/03 12/16/03 DATE SURVEYED 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/21/04

SALMON TRIBUTARY CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1993 - 2003)
600

LIVE
481

456 420

500

DEAD
396

NUMBER OBSERVED

255

300

363

400

385

242

142

200

182

125

130

50 68

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

4

15

75

100

83

89 89

96

102

216

SILVER SPRINGS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0332A - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
This is a spring fed tributary to lower Silver creek. It flows through a low gradient pool riffle channel with moderate amounts of in-stream River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 woody debris. The Dates surveyed: 9/8/03 to 11/13/03 Species surveyed: Chinook (N.O.), Coho, riparian vegetation Char (N.O.), Pink consists of large N.O.= None Observed conifers with many Access hardwoods near its The stream runs parallel to the White river confluence with between it and the Silver Springs campground on Hwy. 410 below the Crystal Mountain Road. Silver creek. There You can walk upstream on Silver creek to the is excellent gravel highway after looking at Silver Springs. throughout the reach although it is often obscured Several pink salmon were observed by fine sand. The spawning in the creek during the 2003 creek runs spawning season. directly though the Silver Springs campground. Of special note is the documentation of Bull trout spawning in September (above) shortly before the coho appear (top photo). Chinook were observed for the first time spawning in 2001, yet no chinook were observed in 2002 or 2003. Pink salmon were observed spawning in the creek in 2003 (left photo), a single sockeye was also seen.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

103

2003 SILVER SPRINGS CREEK COHO COUNTS
100 LIVE 90 DEAD 80 70
NUMBER OBSERVED

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 9/15/03 10/6/03 10/28/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/13/03

2003 SILVER SPRINGS CREEK PINK COUNTS
10 9 DEAD 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/8/03 9/15/03 9/19/03
DATE SURVEYED

LIVE

NUMBER OBSERVED

10/6/03

10/28/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

104

SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK
WRIA: 10.0429 - CARBON RIVER 2003 - 2004 Pink salmon spawning in South Prairie creek (2003).

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 8.0 Dates surveyed: 9/04/03 to 6/19/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Pink, Chum, Steelhead Access Mile 8.0: Follow Hwy 162 to Lower Burnett Rd. Turn right and follow to bridge. Mile 5.8: Hwy 162 bridge near fire station at outskirts of South Prairie. Hwy 162 crosses South Prairie creek 3 more times downstream, providing excellent foot access. Mile 0.0: Take Hwy 162 to Carbon River bridge. Follow dike downstream to South Prairie Creek mouth.

DESCRIPTION

From RM 0.0 to RM 12.6 the stream is poolriffle in character with many deep pools and a few higher gradient cascades. Spawning gravel is excellent and plentiful throughout this lower reach. Above this the stream is higher gradient and is moderately to extremely confined within a deep canyon. Migration is blocked at approximately R.M. 15.0 by a large bedrock cascade Spawning gravel becomes scarce in this upper reach and many heavily scoured bedrock sections exist. Chinook spawning occurs primarily in the lower 8 miles while Coho show increased usage in Chum surveys are conducted by the middle and upper sections of the anadromous Puyallup tribal fisheries staff on the reach. Chum utilize the lower 3 miles heavily but lower 8 miles each season by raft. have been observed well above the lower Burnett WDFW surveys South Prairie creek bridge at R.M. 8.0. Steelhead utilize the entire for chinook and steelhead.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

105

stream.below the falls with reduced usage in the canyon reach below the falls. The riparian zone changes dramatically over the 15 miles of anadromous stream. The upper canyon reach flows through a commercial forest and streamside vegetation consists of second growth fir and alder. Buffer widths along recent harvest areas are generally wider than the state regulated minimum due to steep, potentially unstable slopes along the canyon. From there to R. M. 6.0 the riparian zone is relatively intact, consisting of mature hardwoods with some fir. Occasional residential development exists along this reach. Below this to the confluence there exists many diked reaches and streamside residential development is common. Much of the lower 6 miles flows through active agricultural land. Alder and cottonwood are the most common streamside tree species.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

106

2003 SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
160 140 120 NUMBER OBSERVED 100 80 60 40 20 0 9/4/03 9/11/03 9/16/03 9/18/03 9/23/03 9/25/03 9/30/03 10/1/03 10/7/03 10/8/03 10/15/03 10/16/03

LIVE DEAD REDDS

DATE SURVEYED

2003 South Prairie creek chinook graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS

(1998 - 2003)
928

1000
838

LIVE DEAD REDDS
692 537 536

900 800
NUMBER OBSERVED

700
503

500
377 388

505

326

251

300
127

100 0 1998 1999 2000

81

2001

2002

2003

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

117

200

244

312

400

360

527

600

107

SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS

(1992 - 2003)
7309

8000 7000 6000
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED 640 363 1428 2028 3943

2149

2986 785 703 383 434 364 44 341 63 390 80 331 499 1032 1110
LIVE DEAD 10/15/03 10/16/03

2003 SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK PINK COUNTS
45000

40000

35000

30000
NUMBER OBSERVED

25000

20000

15000

10000

5000

0 9/4/03 9/11/03 9/16/03 9/18/03 9/23/03 9/25/03 9/30/03 10/1/03 10/7/03 10/8/03
DATE SURVEYED

2003 Greenwater River pink graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW. PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

88

108

265

2004 SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
60 LIVE DEAD 50 REDDS

40
NUMBER OBSERVED

30

20

10

0 3/12-3/23 3/29-4/8 4/14-4/23
DATE SURVEYED

4/26-5/6

5/10-5/26

6/4-6/14

2004 South Prairie creek steelhead graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

SOUTH PRAIRIE CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS

(1999 - 2004)
250 REDDS 200
NUMBER OBSERVED 159 196 187

150

146 119

100

93

50

0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

109

SQUALLY CREEK
WRIA: 10.0024 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.2 Dates surveyed: 11/24/32 to 1/21/04 Species surveyed: Coho, Chum Access Mile 0.1: Pioneer Ave. crosses Squally creek East of Canyon Rd.

DESCRIPTION
Below Pioneer the substrate consists of moderately compacted gravel with abundant fines. It is deeply incised (top photo) until its confluence with Clear creek where it passes under the railroad (left photo). Upstream of Pioneer, the channel quickly becomes braided and shallow with abundant hardwood debris. There is some gravel present above Pioneer. Squally creek is mainly utilized by chum, however, a few coho are often observed spawning in the lower reach of the creek.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

110

2003 SQUALLY CREEK CHUM COUNTS
20 18 DEAD 16
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE

14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 11/24/03 12/4/03 12/16/03 12/29/03 1/9/04 1/21/04
DATE SURVEYED

SQUALLY CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1997 - 2003)
35
32

LIVE DEAD

30

NUMBER OBSERVED

25
20

20

15

10
5

5
2

3

3

3 1

2

0 1997 1998 1999 2000
SEASON SURVEYED

2001

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

111

SWAN CREEK
WRIA: 10.0003 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Chum spawning in Swan creek, just above Pioneer way.
River miles surveyed: 0.3 to 1.0 Dates surveyed: 8/22/03 to 5/24/04 Species surveyed:Chinook- N.O. Coho-N.O., Chum, Steelhead N.O.= None observed Access Mile 0.3: Pioneer way crosses the stream near the Swan Creek Park trailhead. Follow trail upstream through park and along Swan creek.

Description

From 0.3 to 1.0 the stream is pool riffle in character and contains good spawning gravel, riparian diversity and channel complexity. Swan creek is prone to high water events however, and the substrate is only moderately stable. A sediment detention pond is located at RM 0.3 (bottom photo) and is dredged annually or biannually by Pierce county. Puyallup Tribal Fisheries staff seines the pond before dredging to remove the majority of fish present. Although Swan creek is surveyed for all salmon species, only chum are observed in relativly strong numbers.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

112

2003 SWAN CREEK CHUM COUNTS
450 400 350
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 11/13/03 11/24/03 12/9/03 12/16/03
DATE SURVEYED

12/29/03

1/9/04

1/21/04

SWAN CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1992 - 2003)
800 700 600
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD
692

500 400
252

300 200 100
7 9

131

84

77

20

47 38

41

38

7

0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

6 6

17

113

217 222

113

574

2004 SWAN CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD REDDS

8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/16/04 3/31/04 4/14/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/12/04

5/24/04

SWAN CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1992 - 2004)
8 REDDS 7
7

6

5
NUMBER OBSERVED

4

3

2

2

1

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

114

SWIFT CREEK
WRIA: 10.0697 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2003 - 2004

Most of the coho planted move downstream to spawn in the lower reach.

DESCRIPTION Swift creek is a tributary of the upper Puyallup river. Most of the creek consists of moderate to high gradient flows with cobble and boulder substrate. The first 150 to 200 meters of stream contain good spawning gravels and low gradient. Swift creek is not regularly surveyed but rather it is the location of annual surplus adult coho plants from Voights creek. Adult coho are planted (right) 0.3 mile from the mouth, but most of the fish move downstream and spawn in the lower section of the creek. One or two surveys are conducted to determine how successful the adult plants are.
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 D t S r e e : surveyed in 2003 a e u v y d Not Species surveyed: Coho

Swift creek looking upstream from the 710 road. This is the location of adult coho plants.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

115

SWIFT CREEK SURPLUS ADULT COHO PLANTS (1997 - 2003)
350
292

MALE COHO FEMALE COHO
250 194 134

300
257 208 NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED 245 256

250 200

150 100
53 53

98

50 0 1997 1998 1999 2000
YEAR PLANTED

2001

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

72

116