VOIGHTS CREEK

WRIA: 10.0414 - CARBON RIVER 2003 - 2004

Bedrock canyon found in the upper reach of Voights creek.

DESCRIPTION
Voights creek is a left bank tributary to the Carbon river entering at Carbon RM 4.0. It is currently only surveyed for steelhead due to the presence of a state hatchery facility at RM 0.5. Access The hatchery has Mile 0.5: The Voights creek salmon hatchery both a chinook located approximately 1 mile South of Orting on HWY 162. and a coho M i l e 3 . 4 : Approximately 1.5 miles up program, making Patterson Rd. is a tank-trapped and gated road n a t u r a l on the right. Walk 15-20 minutes, taking two escapement blue flagged left turns till you reach the creek. Follow a rough trail several hundred yards s u r v e y s downstream to the base of the bedrock unnecessary. cascades to begin the survey. There is a falls (right) blocking u p s t r e a m migration at RM 3.4. Much of the steelhead spawning takes place from this point down to approximately RM 1.0. This reach contains excellent if somewhat sporadic gravel within a moderate gradient stream channel. The riparian zone is a mix of 2nd growth conifer forest and hardwoods but there is a distinct lack of large woody debris inputs; what little is present is generally quite old. Below the hatchery water intake at RM 1.0 the gradient lessens, the substrate size is more consistent although smaller and somewhat compacted.
River miles surveyed: 0.5 to 3.4 Dates surveyed: 3/15/04 to 6/6/04 Species surveyed: Steelhead

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

117

2004 VOIGHTS CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD REDDS 8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/29/04 4/14/04 4/27/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/12/04

5/25/04

VOIGHTS CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2004)
60

REDDS
50

48 44

NUMBER OBSERVED

40

33
30

20

18

16

9
10

7 4 1 0
2002 2003 2004

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

118

WHITE RIVER
WRIA: 10.0031 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
The upper reaches of the White river are not surveyed with any consistency as accurate escapement numbers are generated from the Buckley trap counts. The main stem and West fork White are characterized by generally unconfined, often braided and complex channels with abundant spawning gravels present in pool tail-outs, margins and low velocity areas. Woody debris is abundant although River miles surveyed: 7.5 to 24.3 undersized; much of the Dates surveyed: 9/22/03 to 5/21/04 riparian zone is either Species surveyed: Chinook, Chum, Steelhead second growth conifer or hardwoods except for the zone through Mt. Rainier National Park with consist of mostly old growth. There is approximately 5 miles between Mud Mountain dam and the Buckley trap at RM 24.3 where very little spawning takes place due to lack of fish access between the two facilities. Below this however, and downstream to approximately RM 11 there is frequent and concentrated use by both chinook and steelhead. This reach has abundant and excellent spawning gravel. There are two significant side channels in this reach that support spawning and rearing. One, approximately a mile long, is located on the right bank directly below the Shaker church access. This channel supports both chinook and coho as well as the highest recent documentation of chum salmon spawning. Another, not surveyed due to multiple debris jams blocking access, is

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

119

located several miles downstream on the left bank. Aerial surveys have documented both chinook and steelhead spawning in this reach. From approximately RM 11 downstream the channel is constrained by levees. The channel from this point loses complexity and there is a marked decrease in both spawning gravel and spawning activity of all species.
In August of 2003, the city of Tacoma removed its 99 year old concrete pipeline crossing located at RM 23. The concrete and rebar structure has long been suspected of injuring migrating salmon. The removal of the old concrete structure involved placing two temporary coffer dams, constructed from nylon supersacks holding approximately 2 tons of gravel each, above and below the work area. The White river was then diverted around the site via a temporary 900’ channel. Puyallup tribal fisheries staff contributed to the fish salvaging efforts during the dewatering portion of the main channel, as well as the bypass channel when flow was reverted back into the main channel of the White river. Hundreds of juvenile and adult salmon were recovered and moved above the work site. Since the removal of the pipeline, significantly fewer injuries have been observed on fish captured 1.3 mile above at the USACE fish trap in Buckley.

TOP PHOTO: Cement pipeline crossing targeted for removal. The supersack coffer dam (white structure) can be seen just upstream of the pipeline crossing. The temporary diversion channel runs along the right. CENTER: Downstream end of the temporary diversion channel entering the White river just below the second coffer dam. BOTTOM: River site after the removal of the pipeline crossing.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

120

2003 WHITE RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS
100 LIVE DEAD 90 REDDS

80

70

NUMBER OBSERVED

60

50

40

30

20

10

0 9/22/03 9/23/03
DATE SURVEYED

10/15/03

WHITE RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS
(1994 - 2003)
250
205

LIVE DEAD REDDS

200
NUMBER OBSERVED

150

142

151

117 102 99 79 69 44 24 26 17 11 1010 17 3 4 12 1 0 51 23 44 36 36

100
75

94

101 98

50

0 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
DATE SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

121

2003 WHITE RIVER CHUM COUNTS
250 LIVE DEAD 200
NUMBER OBSERVED

150

100

50

0 12/18/03 12/30/03
DATE SURVEYED

1/14/03

WHITE RIVER CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS
(2001 - 2003)
600
510

LIVE DEAD

500

NUMBER OBSERVED

400

100

0 2001 2002
SEASON SURVEYED

120

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

147

200

184

255

300

367

122

2004 WHITE RIVER STEELHEAD COUNTS
20 LIVE 18 DEAD REDD S 16

14

NUMBER OBSERVED

12

10

8

6

4

2

0 3/15/04 4/2/04
DATE SURVEYED

4/28/04

5/12/04

2004 White River steelhead graphs were generated using additional survey data collected by WDFW.

WHITE RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (2002 - 2004)
60 REDDS
50

50

42

40
NUMBER OBSERVED

38

30

20

10

0 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

123

WILKESON CREEK
WRIA: 10.0432 - CARBON RIVER 2003 - 2004

DESCRIPTION
Wilkeson creek is a pool-riffle stream with a gravel/cobble substrate. With a few exceptions, there is abundant spawning gravel throughout the survey reach. The riparian area consists of hardwoods and conifers with an understory of various native shrubs and vegetation. In-stream woody debris is plentiful providing both channel complexity and cover. Between RM 4.6 and 4.0 the stream runs through the town of Wilkeson and the banks are generally rip-rapped. Very little gravel is retained in this reach. The lower 3

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 5.8 Dates surveyed: 8/25/03 to 1/12/04 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Pink Access Mile 5.5: Follow Hwy. 165 to Wilkeson, take Railroad Avenue to A turnout just short of the Plum creek gate. Mile 3.2: Drive Hwy 165 past Burnett and turn right on John’s Rd., follow to bridge over Wilkeson Mile 0.0: K.C. Crusaders paint ball at 13241 262nd Avenue E off Highway. 162. Check in at owners house or shop, the mouth of Wilkeson is across South Prairie creek approximately 0.1 miles upstream.

miles are very natural, with a heavily wooded riparian zone, debris jams and many braided reaches. This stream is a very productive tributary to South Prairie creek but chinook use is often limited due to the extreme low flows common during late summer. No chinook were observed in 2002 or 2003 due to low flows.

The lower 3 miles are very natural, with a heavily wooded riparian zone, debris jams and many braided reaches.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

124

2003 WILKESON CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS NO CHINOOK WERE OBSERVED IN 2003

WILKESON CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2003)
70
60

LIVE DEAD REDDS

60

50
NUMBER OBSERVED

40
35 29 30

38

30

20
11 9 6

17

19 12

18 15 14 13

10

1

1 1

3

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

125

2003 WILKESON CREEK COHO COUNTS
10 9 8
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03 11/13/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/24/03

12/9/03

12/23/03

WILKESON CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1994 - 2003)
472

500 450 400 350 300
256

LIVE DEAD REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

165

200
137

192

149

150 100

132

208

250

76

104

49

73

25

20

19

23

18

28

50 0

45

254

3 3

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

3

YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

14 6 5

4

5

4

12

2003

126

2003 WILKESON CREEK CHUM COUNTS
160 140 120
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

100 80 60 40 20 0 11/13/03 11/24/03 12/9/03
DATE SURVEYED

12/23/03

1/12/04

WILKESON CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS
(2001 - 2003)
450
409

LIVE DEAD

400 350
NUMBER OBSERVED

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 2001 2002
SEASON SURVEYED 136

219 180 127 182

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

127

2003 WILKESON CREEK PINK COUNTS
1800 1600 1400
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD

1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 8/25/03 9/9/03 9/18/03 9/25/03 10/6/03 10/20/03 10/29/03 11/13/03
DATE SURVEYED

WILKESON CREEK PINK SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2003)
4506

LIVE DEAD

4400 4000 3600
NUMBER OBSERVED

3200 2800 2400 2000 1600 1200
823 1391

800 400
23 4 8 1 23 1 107

0 1995 1997 1999
SEASON SURVEYED

2001

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

128

2004 WILKESON CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 LIVE 9 DEAD REDDS 8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/12/04 3/19/04 3/29/04 4/6/04 4/15/04 4/26/04
DATE SURVEYED

5/6/04

5/13/04

5/20/04

6/4/04

6/14/04

2004 Wilkeson creek steelhead graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

WILKESON CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2004)
60 REDDS

50
50

40
NUMBER OBSERVED

30
30

30

23 20
20

13
10

0 1999 2000 2001
YEAR SURVEYED

2002

2003

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

129

WRONG CREEK
WRIA: 10.0205 - WHITE RIVER 2003 - 2004

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 Dates surveyed: 8/25/03 to 11/25/03 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho Access Mile 0.3: Follow Forest Service road 74 Off of Hwy 410 until the bridge over the West Fork White river is reached. A short distance further is the Wrong creek bridge. It is easier to return to the road via Pinochle creek than double walk Wrong.

DESCRIPTION
Wrong creek is a small stream entering Pinochle creek approximately 0.5 miles above its confluence with the West Fork White river (bottom). There are small patches of suitable

spawning gravel present, primarily in the lower portion of this reach. The riparian zone consists of mature second growth hardwoods and conifers with an understory of blueberry and salmonberry. Wrong creek hosts several sizable log jams containing numerous key components. Low fall flow conditions appear to restrict chinook access. This stream was surveyed for coho and chinook, the chinook observed are likely returns from the acclimation pond located on Cripple creek, another tributary of Pinochle creek.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

130

2003 WRONG CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
14 LIVE DEAD 12 REDDS

NUMBER OBSERVED

10 8 6

4

2 0 8/25/03 9/8/03 9/17/03
DATE SURVEYED

9/25/03

10/6/03

2003 WRONG CREEK COHO COUNTS
45 LIVE 40 DEAD 35 NUMBER OBSERVED 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 10/6/03 10/28/03
DATE SURVEYED

11/13/03

11/25/03

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

131

WATERSHED SEASON COMPARISONS
The following charts are separated by species. They are a compilation of the yearly survey totals conducted by the Puyallup Tribe Fisheries Department, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and the Army Corps of Engineers’ Buckley Trap. These data yield an empirical representation of total escapement for the entire WRIA 10: Puyallup/White River watershed.
18,006

18,000

3,530

LIVE DEAD

18,508

20,000

4,000 LIVE DEAD REDDS 3,000
2,824

3,500

16,000

14,000
NUMBER OBSERVED

12,679

11,209

10,217

2,070

2,096

2,132

12,000

NUMBER OBSERVED

2,500
1,944

10,000
7,244

2,000
1,662 1,595

7,190

7,049

8,000

6,130

5,472

6,083

1,500

1,405

7,037

5,116

1,060

2,677 924 849 837 849 531 710 1,029

6,000

4,441

4,397

5,032

3,619

3,761

883

1,000

2,634

2,286

2,290

577

4,000

698

753

402

466 502

479

1,685

241

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
SEASON SURVEYED

0
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

1993

251 105

1994

1995

1996

1997

233

2,000

1998
SEASON SURVEYED

1999

2000

321 213

500

2001

2002

2003

APPENDIX A
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

132

411

WATERSHED COMPARISONS FOR ADULT CHINOOK (1993 - 2003)
4,000
3,530

LIVE DEAD REDDS

3,500

NUMBER OBSERVED

2,500
2,070 2,096 2,132 1,944

2,000
1,662 1,595

1,500

1,405

1,060

2,677 837 924 849 849 531 710 1,029 321

3,000

698

577

753

1,000

883

479

466

502

2,824

251

500

402

241

233

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
SEASON SURVEYED

105

1999

2000

213

2001

2002

2003

WATERSHED COMPARISONS FOR ADULT COHO (1993 - 2003)
30,000
26,596

LIVE DEAD

25,000

REDDS

20,000
NUMBER OBSERVED

10,000

9,120

10,650

2,829

3,034

5,000
2,355

4,426

2,348

2,454

7,811

12,741

15,000

1,809

1,643

1,384

1,305

735

1,013

661

633

482

828

355

444

522

1,384

1,808

19,672

273

209

297

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
SEASON SURVEYED

1999

171

2000

2001

2002

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

414

133

411

WATERSHED COMPARISONS FOR ADULT CHUM (1993 - 2003)
18,508 11,209

20,000 LIVE 18,000 DEAD

16,000

14,000
NUMBER OBSERVED

10,000
7,190 7,244

7,049

8,000

6,130

5,472

6,083

7,037

10,217

12,000

12,679

18,006

4,441

4,397

6,000

2,634

4,000

2,286

3,619

3,761

2,290

2,000

0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
SEASON SURVEYED

1999

1,685

2000

2001

2002

WATERSHED COMPARISONS FOR ADULT STEELHEAD

(1999 - 2004)
1800
1702

LIVE DEAD REDDS

1600

1400
1249

1200
NUMBER OBSERVED 1047

1000

940

800

600
478 413

400

349 247 214

341

206

200
102 8 8 1 1 6 3

0 1999 2000 2001 2002
SEASON SURVEYED

2003

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

5,032

2003

134

5,116

WATERSHED COMPARISONS FOR ADULT PINK (1993 - 2003)
300,000 LIVE DEAD 250,000
261,038

200,000
NUMBER OBSERVED

150,000

100,000

50,000
6,622 11,626 18,810 5,824 19,935

3,769

3,139

2,987

1,959

0 1991 1993 1995

1997
SEASON SURVEYED

208

1999

1,502

2001

3,941

2003

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

29,794

135

SURVEY AREAS AND SPAWNING DISTRIBUTION
The following maps are separated by species. They show the survey and spawning distribution areas covered by Puyallup tribal fisheries staff and the Washington Depatment of Fish and Wildlife. The maps were produced by Marilu Koschak, with the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commissions GIS department.

APPENDIX B
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

136

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

137

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

138

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

139

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

140

CHINOOK AND STEELHEAD REDD LOCATIONS (GPS)
The following maps are separated by species. They show the GPS locations of Chinook and Steelhead redds. The maps were produced by Marilu Koschak, with the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commissions GIS department.

APPENDIX C
PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

141 141

2003 Kapowsin Creek Chinook redd locations

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

Ka po ws in Cr eek

Kap ows in C reek

142

2003 Clearwater River Chinook redd locations

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

143

2003 Boise Creek Chinook redd locations

Enumclaw

Boise Creek
Boi se C reek

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

Beav er C reek

144

2004 Niesson And Kellog Creek Steelhead redd locations

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

Kellog Creek

er Riv lup yal Pu
am nD rsio e Div der ron ad ect ish L El F and

r h Rive Mowic
k ree nC sso Nie

145

2004 Carbon/Kapowsin/Puyallup/Voights Creek Steelhead redd locations

in ws apo K ke La

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

lup yal Pu er Riv
eek Cr x Fo

Voi ghts Cre ek

reek in C ows Kap

146

2004 Boise Creek Steelhead redd locations

Enumclaw

Boise Creek

Wh ite Riv er

Buckley

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

147

2004 White River and Boise Creek Steelhead redd locations

Enumclaw
Wh ite Riv er

Falls

Boise Creek

Buckley

Wh ite Riv er

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

148

2004 Lower White River Steelhead redd locations

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

149

2004 Swan and Clear Creek Steelhead redd locations

Pu yal lup Riv er

Swan Creek

Clear Creek

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES: 2003-2004 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT.

150

2003 - 2004
ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND CHAR REPORT: WRIA 10 PUYALLUP/ WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

For information about, or to obtain a copy of this report, please contact:

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES 6824 PIONEER WAY EAST PUYALLUP, WASHINGTON 98371 (253) 845-9225