WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

CLEARWATER RIVER
WRIA: 10.0080 - WHITE RIVER 2005 - 2006

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 3.8 Dates surveyed: 8/17/05 to 6/1/06 Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Pink, Steelhead Access Mile 3.8: Continue on 6000 road to Clearwater bridge near 6015 road. Mile 2.2: Follow 6000 road to 6050 road.

The 3.8 mile survey reach of the Clearwater river contains several deep resting pools.

DESCRIPTION The Clearwater River is a large tributary to the Upper White River. The Clearwater originates on Bear Head Mountain, just west of the White River, and is non-glacial. From Bear Head Mountain, the river flows just over 10.5 miles to its confluence with the White River at RM 35.3. The upper 5 miles of the river flows through the Snoqualmie National Forest. The lower 5.8 miles of the Clearwater flows through the White River tree farm (Hancock Forest Resource Group). Some of the limiting factors with the Clearwater River include, timber harvesting and confinement by logging roads which continues to affected the rivers natural morphology, reducing the formation of off channel habitat formation critical for adult spawning and overwintering for juveniles. In addition, low flows often encountered during the late summer and early fall often limit chinook to the lower 1 or 2 miles of the river. Chinook and coho are often seen holding in pools in the lower river for extended periods of time before flows allow further upstream migration. Despite these shortcomings, the

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

36

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
Clearwater River continues to support a substantial number of chinook, coho, pink and steelhead spawners. It’s important to note that all adult salmon and steelhead that spawn in the Clearwater River were captured at the USACE fish trap in Buckley, and transported above Mud Mountain dam. Since precise escapement numbers for the upper White River drainage are known, surveys are conducted to determine fish distribution and spawning success. This is especially important regarding spring chinook, since adult production monitoring is part of the White River spring chinook recovery plan. Puyallup tribal fisheries biologist survey the Clearwater for chinook, coho Pink salmon spawning in the Clearwater and pink salmon. Coho, although present in the Clearwater River. Large numbers of pinks were observed in the Clearweater during the since surveys for began for chinook 1991, were not surveyed 2003 and 2005 seasons. for until 2002. The first pink salmon surveys were conducted in 2003 and 2005, since prior to 2003 few or no pinks were captured at the Buckley trap. Biologist with WDFW survey the Clearwater for steelhead in the spring. The substrate throughout much of the river consists of small cobbles and flat angular stone, with smaller spawning size gravel in the many of the lower gradient riffles and tail-outs. The riparian area is primarily second growth conifer forest in the lower river with recent clear cutting evident along portions of the upper and lower survey reach. The Clearwater host several tributaries including; Falls Creek, Mineral, Byron, Lyle, Lilly, and Milky Creeks. There is some limited coho and pink spawning in both Byron and Mineral Creeks. Mineral Creek is also the water source used for the spring chinook acclimation pond located along the Clearwater River. As part of the spring chinook recovery plan, the PuyallupTribe has operated a spring chinook acclimation pond located One of the limiting factors with the Clearwater River is the low flows often at RM 3.2 since 1995. Approximately 200,000 plus Spring encountered during the late summer and chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchery are early fall. Chinook are often limited to transported to the Clearwater pond in early spring, then the lower 1 or 2 miles of the river. Chinook and coho are often seen holding in released in late May. All fish are mass marked with left or pools in the lower river, such as the one right ventral fin clips. Odd brood years are marked with above, for extended periods of time, left ventral clips, and even years with right ventral clips. before flows allow further upstream These acclimation pond fish are easily identified in the migration. future when caught as adults or jacks at the USACE fish trap in Buckley, and can be passed above the Mud Mountain dam to spawn. Limited amounts of LWD are present in the channel, and much of what is present is undersized or hardwood in origin. There are a series of cascades just above Lyle Creek at approximately RM 4.5, these cascades are likley a block to further upstream migration. However, much of the spawning takes place in the lower 2 miles of the river, although fish and redds are often observed and documented in the upper reaches later in the season.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

37

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK COUNTS
100 LIVE

90 80

Upper White River surveys show distribution, actual escapement totals are known from the USACE Buckley trap counts.

DEAD REDDS

70
NUMBER OBSERVED

60 50

40 30

20 10 0 8/17/05 8/26/05 9/6/05 9/16/05 9/22/05
DAT E SURVEY ED

9/29/05

10/7/05

10/17/05

10/26/05

CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2005)
300
278 272

AUC: ESCAPEMENT ESTIMATE LIVE DEAD REDDS
231

250

200
NUMBER OBSERVED

150

140

145

87

100

76 78

80

99

70

72

73

78

125

205 60 61

222

50
27 31 30 29 20 25 18 26 17 18 29 33

7

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
SEASON SURVEYED

6

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

47

38

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK RUN TIMING (2000-2005)
160 2005 2004 140 2003 2002 2001 120
NUMB ER OF FISH OBSERVED

2000

100

80

60

40

20

0
Aug 15-25 Aug 26-Sept 5 Sept 6-Sept 15 Sept 16-Sept 25 DAT E Sept 26-Oct 5 Oct 6-Oct 15 Oct 16-Oct 25 Oct 26-Nov 5

CLEARWATER RIVER CHINOOK CARCASS SAMPLING (2002-2005)
100 90
CARCASSES SAMP LED CHINOOK WIT H CODED WIRE T AG & ADIP OSE CLIP (FALL/HAT CHERY ORIGIN ) CHINOOK WIT H ADIP OSE CLIP ONLY (HAT CHERY ORIGIN) WILD UNMARKED

80 70 63
NUMBER OF CHINOOK

ACCLIMAT ION P OND (VENT RAL CLIP )

60 55

60 51

60 50 40

46

30 20 7 10 6 1 0 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEY ED

10

5 1 2004

2

4

3

2005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

39

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 CLEARWATER RIVER COHO COUNTS
300 LIVE

250

Upper White River surveys show distribution, actual escapement totals are known from the USACE Buckley trap counts.

DEAD

200
NUMBER OBSERVED

150

100

50

0 9/19/05 9/29/05 10/7/05
DAT E SURVEYED

10/17/05

10/26/05

11/7/05

CLEARWATER RIVER COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (2002 - 2005)
1200
1079

LIVE DEAD REDDS

1000

936

800
NUMBER OBSERVED

600

400

372

200
90 4 84 65

188

31

9

0 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

2004

2005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

40

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 CLEARWATER RIVER PINK COUNTS
4500

4000

Upper White River surveys show distribution, actual escapement totals are known from the USACE Buckley trap counts.

LIVE DEAD

3500

3000
NUMBER OBSERVED

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0 8/17/05 8/26/05 9/6/05 9/16/05 9/22/05
DATE SURVEYED

9/29/05

10/7/05

10/17/05

10/26/05

2005 CLEARWATER RIVER TEMPERATURE JULY 15 - OCTOBER 7
18

16

14 Temperature (C*)

Chinook

12

10

8

Spawning

6 8/5/2005 9/2/2005 7/15/2005 7/22/2005 7/29/2005 8/12/2005 8/19/2005 8/26/2005 9/9/2005 9/16/2005 9/23/2005 9/30/2005 10/7/2005

DATE

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

41

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

CLEARWATER RIVER SPRING CHINOOK ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS (1995 - 2006)
350,000

Acclimation Pond Spring Chinook River Planted Spring Chinook

300,000
237,900 237,800 199,000

250,000
NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

226,500

198,800

200,000
149,980

127,498

150,000

72,600

100,000

50,000

0 1995 1996 1997 1999 2000 2001
YEAR PLANT ED

32,300

2002

The 2006 Spring Chinook were released from the Clearwater River pond on May 30.

2003

2004

2005

120,393

Approximately 200,000 plus Spring chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchery are transported
to the Clearwater River acclimation pond in early Spring, and released in late Spring. All fish are mass marked with left or right ventral fin clips. Odd brood years are marked with left ventral clips, and even years with right ventral clips. These fish can later be identified when caught at the USACE fish trap in Buckley and passed above the Mud Mountain dam to spawn.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

175,000

2006

42

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

CLEARWATER RIVER STEELHEAD REDDS SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2006)
120 105 100 89

2006 Clearwater River steelhead graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

STEELHEAD REDDS

80
NUMBER OBSERVED

77

60

56

58

40 29 19 12

20

0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

43

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

COAL MINE CREEK
WRIA: 10.0432A - CARBON RIVER

W R I A

10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED 2003 -2004

2005 - 2006

Coal Mine Creek is a small tributary to upper Wilkeson Creek, entering Wilkeson Creek in the town of Wilkeson near RM 5.7. Wilkeson in turn is a tributary to South Prairie Creek. Coal Mine Creek is one of 5 index streams in the Puyallup watershed that are surveyed River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.6 for coho by the Washington Department of Fish and Dates surveyed: 11/10/05 to 2/13/06 Wildlife. Neither chinook or Species surveyed: Coho steelhead are present in the Access stream, yet occasionally chum are Mile 0.15: Take Hwy. 165 South to the town observed. of Wilkeson. Continue through the Wilkeson Coal Mine is a small stream until you reach Railroad Ave., and turn left onto Railroad Ave. Railroad Ave. crosses Coal with moderately low gradient, Mine Creek approximatly 0.2 miles down the inadequate riparian cover, little or road just past the school. no woody debris and minimal natural bank protection, yet the creek does provides some suitable spawning habitat for coho and chum. Moderate amounts of development exist along the lower section of the creek, consisting primarily of private family homes, public and private roads, as well as a rock quarry and public school. The creek flows through a fish passable cement box culvert (below) approximately 0.15 miles up from the mouth, and a second culvert near RM 0.6. Some complexity has been added Spawning opportunities to the creek via small restoration projects such as the placement of sill logs, are reduced dramatically root wads, boulders and small trees downstream of the (top photo). Spawning opportunities culvert crossing at Coal Mine Creek looking are reduced dramatically downstream Railroad Ave. due to a downstream at the box culvert of the culvert crossing at Railroad Ave. narrow confined channel crossing for Railroad Ave. due to a narrow confined channel and and lack of suitable spawning gravel. lack of suitable spawning gravel. Most of the substrate through this section consists of fine silt, sand, and exceedingly small patches of undersized gravel; however, relatively abundant spawning gravel exists above the culvert. Nevertheless, several silty deposits exist throughout the entire surveyed section. The rock and gravel quarry site located near the creek is one of the suspected sources of the silt.

DESCRIPTION

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

44

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 COAL MINE CREEK COHO COUNTS
90

80

2004 Coal Mine Creek coho graph was generated useing survey data collected by WDFW.

L IV E DEAD

70

60
NUMBER OBSERVED

50

40

30

20

10

0 11/10 /05 11 /29/05 12/8/0 5 12/19/05 12/29/05 1/4/06
D A TE SU R VEYED

1/12/0 6

1/19/06

1/26 /06

2/3 /06

2 /13/06

COAL MINE CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1998 - 2005)
250
231

LIVE DEAD
208 198

200

195

159 NUMBER OBSERVED

150

139

100

90 81 66 43 22 4 8

50

42

16

0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

45

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

CRIPPLE CREEK
WRIA: 10.0086 - WHITE RIVER 2005 - 2006
In the summer of 2005, a new channel spanning bridge was constructed to replace the old culvert crossing on Cripple Creek.

The 0.3 mile surveyed reach of Cripple Creek flows within the West Fork White River flood plain. There is a moderate amount of stream complexity created by a few placed pieces of LWD River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 and stream sinuosity. The creek quickly joins Pinochle Creek Dates surveyed: 8/17/05 to 11/16/05 approximately 0.5 miles above its confluence with the West Species surveyed: Chinook (N/O) Fork White River. Cripple Creek flows through a low gradient Coho Access pool riffle channel with generally thick, brushy riparian Mile 0.3: Follow Forest Service road 74 cover. In the summer of 2005, a new channel spanning Off of Hwy 410 until the bridge over the bridge was constructed to replace the old culvert crossing West Fork White river is reached. A short on Cripple Creek (top photo). A large distance further is the Wrong Creek beaver dam had often blocked the bridge. Approximately 100 yards East of the Wrong Creek bridge. culvert under the old Forest service bridge, preventing adult upstream migration. The blockage had been removed several times by the USFS, only to be rebuilt in a short period. Coho were often observed spawning right up to the blocked culvert. Low flows often prevent chinook from spawning in the creek. The substrate contains a large amount of fine materials, but several small patches of suitable spawning gravel exist throughout the entire reach. All adult salmon that spawn in Cripple Creek were captured at the USACE fish trap in Buckley (see pg. 5), and transported above Mud Mountain dam. Since precise escapement numbers for the upper White River drainage are known, surveys are conducted to determine fish distribution and spawning success. This is especially important regarding spring chinook, since adult production monitoring is part of Acclimation pond the White River spring chinook recovery plan. Also, as part of the recovery plan, the Puyallup tribe operates a spring chinook acclimation pond located at RM 0.3. Spring chinook have been reared and released from Cripple Creek for several years. Approximately 50,000 plus spring chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchery are transported to the Cripple Creek acclimation pond in early Spring (left), and released in late Spring. Returns to this small stream, as well as Pinochle and Wrong Creeks, are likely the result of these earlier plantings.

DESCRIPTION

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

46

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 CRIPPLE CREEK COHO COUNTS
25

Upper White River surveys show distribution, actual escapement totals are known from the USACE Buckley trap counts.
20

LIVE DEAD

NUMBER OBSERVED

15

10

5

0 9/19/05 9/28/05 10/7/05 10/17/05
DATE SURVEYED

10/26/05

11/7/05

11/16/05

CRIPPLE CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (2000 - 2005)
100 LIVE DEAD 90

80
73

70
62 NUMBER OBSERVED 61

60

50

40
33

30
22 20

20
10 10 7 11

10

0 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

2004

2005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

47

109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 10987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432 1098765432109876543210987654321 1098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 1 109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 2

2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
Approximately 50,000+ Spring chinook from the Muckleshoot White River hatchery are transported to the Cripple Creek acclimation pond in early spring, and released in late spring. All fish are mass marked with left or right ventral fin clips. Odd brood years are marked with left ventral clips, and even years with right ventral clips. These fish can later be identified when caught at the USACE fish trap in Buckley and passed above the Mud Mountain dam to spawn.

NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

100,000

120,000

140,000

160,000

180,000

200,000

20,000

40,000

60,000

80,000

0

185,798

1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

CRIPPLE CREEK SPRING CHINOOK ACCLIMATION POND PLANTS (1994 - 2006)

99,800

68,000

104,760

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

YEAR PLANTED

135,990

The 2006 Spring Chinook were released from the Cripple Creek pond on May 30.

55,750

Spring Chinook Plants

86,950

99,587

71,450

48

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

DEER CREEK
WRIA: 10.0685 - PUYALLUP RIVER

WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED 2003 -2004

2005 - 2006

Deer Creek looking upstream at RM. 0.5. This is the location where surplus fish from WDFW Voights Creek hatchery are planted.

DESCRIPTION
Deer Creek is a upper Puyallup river tributary (RM 45.7) located on the left bank approximately 0.6 miles below Swift Creek. Nearly the entire creek flows within the Rainier Timber-Kapowsin tree farm owned by Hancock Forest Resource Group (formally Campbell Group LLC), Hancock purchaced the property in 2005. logging operations including River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.0 road constructionand timber harvesting have impacted Date Surveyed: Not Surveyed portions of the stream in the past, currently a good buffer Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho Access zone exist along the majority of the creek. Mile 0.5: Deer Creek is located just of The creek is confined by moderate to the main line on the 2 road. Take the steep walls. There is an impassable falls left spur that is gated just past the cowskull acclimation pond road. at approximately RM 2.7. The gradient along the lower 1.5 miles is moderate with numerous deep pools and good spawning medium. Deer Creek is above the Electron diversion, so as with several of the other tributary in the upper Puyallup watershed, it is part of the surplus adult chinook and coho planting program. Deer Creek is one of the few streams in Planting adult coho in Deer Creek. late summer and early fall with adequate water flow to plant adult chinook. Deer Creek is not surveyed with any regularity, but instead it is spot checked to see how successful the adult plants were. Surplus adult chinook are planted in late summer to early fall, and coho in late fall when available. Adult plants have been taking place since 1997 (left), yet no natural returns have been documented. However, natural returns have occurred in Rushingwater, Niesson, and Kellog Creeks.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

49

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

DEER CREEK SURPLUS ADULT CHINOOK PLANTS (2001 - 2005)
160
150 150

MALE CHINOOK FEMALE CHINOOK

140

120
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

100

80

60

40
24

37

20

14

13

Surplus adult chinook were unavailable for planting in 2004.
2004

Surplus adult chinook were unavailable for planting in 2005.
2005

0
2001 2002 2003 Y EAR P LANT ED

DEER CREEK SURPLUS ADULT COHO PLANTS (1997 - 2005)
1200 1080 MALE COHO FEMALE COHO

NUMBER OF COHO PLANTED

800

951

1000

510

467

510

524

600

559

400 276 259 247

381 264

257

224

238

248 2005 169

0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Y EAR P LANT ED

2002

147

200

2003

2004

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

50

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

PUYALLUP TRIBE OF INDIANS DIRU CREEK SALMON HATCHERY
WRIA: 10.0029 - PUYALLUP RIVER

WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED Puyallup Tribe Salmon Hatchery Facility River mile: 0.5

2003 -2004

2005 - 2006

DESCRIPTION
Diru Creek Hatchery is located on Diru Creek (10.0029) a tributary to Clarks Creek in Puyallup, Washington. Water is supplied from two pumped wells (800 gpm) and gravity flow out of Diru Creek (200-500 gpm). Incubation consists of 20 vertical stacks of 12 trays. Initial rearing uses 16 shallow troughs in the hatchery building. Additional rearing containers include four 50’x5’x5’ raceways, two 6696 cubic foot ponds (UP1 and UP2), and one 13,000 cubic foot pond (below, left) that are also used for holding returning adults, as well as juveniles. In addition, the Puyallup Tribe operates seven acclimation ponds in the Puyallup Watershed. Three of the acclimation ponds are used for reintroducing fall chinook and coho into a 30-mile reach in the Upper Puyallup River above Electron Dam. Electron Dam has been an anadromous barrier for 97 years. A fish ladder was constructed, and completed in fall of 2000. Three other acclimation ponds are located in the Upper White River drainage. These ponds are used for reintroducing White River spring chinook back into their endemic range. All ponds have approximately 10,000 cubic feet of rearing space and between 1 to 3 cubic feet per second flow. The Puyallup Tribe’s restoration goal is to rebuild depressed chinook stocks and remove them from ESA listing. Using acclimation ponds, limiting harvest, and making substantial gains in habitat restoration, the tribe will be able to accomplish this Chum fry ready for task. Levee setbacks, oxbow reconnections both inter tidal and the big pond. upland, Commencement Bay cleanup, and harvest cutbacks have already been initiated. Only the jump-starting of chinook in habitat areas devoid of fish remains the largest challenge. Acclimation ponds are a proven method in increasing fish numbers on the spawning grounds. Hatchery rearing 200,000 fall chinook for release on station and 200,000 for acclimation ponds in the upper Puyallup River for a combined 6,857 pounds of fish. Historically, fall chinook have been reared since 1980 with a variety of stocks, goals, and objectives. Spring Chinook Hatchery Production The three-acclimation ponds the Puyallup Tribe operates are satellite facilities to the White River and Minter Creek Hatcheries.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

51

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
Production levels have been around 400,000 smolts; however, it fluctuates based on available brood stock. They have a production capacity of 837,000 zero age smolts. Fall Coho Hatchery Production Currently, 200,000 coho yearlings are imprinted and released in the Upper Puyallup Watershed. Coho originate from Voights Creek Hatchery where 100,000 are adipose clipped and coded wire tagged. Fish are released at 20 fish per pound, for a total biomass of 10,000 pounds. Winter Chum Hatchery Production Adult chum salmon are spawned three days a week The Puyallup Tribe currently raises 1.5 to 2.3 or more during the peak of the run. As many as million-chum smolts for release into the lower 2,700 fish may be processed in a day. Puyallup River. This program significantly augments a Tribal river fishery and All Citizen purse seine fishery in East and West Pass in Puget Sound. This stock originated initially from Chambers Creek. Puyallup Tribal Fisheries releases 1000 to 3000 pounds annually based on available brood stock returns to Diru Creek Hatchery. The program was started in 1991 and has become self-sustaining. Current Fall Chinook Hatchery Production In 2004, the Puyallup Tribal Fisheries Department began acclimating and releasing fall chinook from the Clarks Creek facility, thereby discontinuing all chinook releases from the Diru Creek Hatchery. In early 2005, construction of a new incubation building was completed at Clarks Creek. The incubation building houses 32 incubator stack, each capable of holding up to 77,000 chinook eggs, for a total capacity of approximately 2.5 million eggs. Once fish are ready to be moved from the incubators, they can be place in one of the 16 aluminum raceway-troughs and hand feeding can begin. The troughs are 16 feet in length with a flow rate of up to 25 gpm. When the fish are approximately 500 to the pound, they are transferred to one of the cement lined ponds. Holding the chinook in the cement pond is only temporary until they are up to a large enough size, usually in late April, to be massed marked via a automated tagger. Once tagged, the fish are planted in one of the two natural acclimation ponds until they are released in late May or early June.

Diru Creek looking upstream as it flows out of a culvert under Pioneer Way. The hatchery is on the other side of the road (right).

Several chum spawn naturally in Diru Creek.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

52

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

DIRU CREEK HATCHERY ADULT CHUM RACK COUNT (2001 - 2005)
2001
2 2 ,5 0 0

2002

2003

2004

2005

2 0 ,0 0 0

2 0 ,6 3 5

1 7 ,5 0 0

1 7 ,6 2 9

1 5 ,0 0 0

Number of Chum

1 2 ,5 0 0

1 2 ,6 2 0 1 0 ,0 5 1

1 0 ,0 0 0

7 ,5 0 0

7 ,1 5 0

5 ,0 0 0

2 ,5 0 0

0 16-Nov 18-Nov 20-Nov 22-Nov 24-Nov 26-Nov 28-Nov 30-Nov 2-Dec 4-Dec 6-Dec 8-Dec 10-Dec 12-Dec 14-Dec 16-Dec 18-Dec 20-Dec 22-Dec 24-Dec 26-Dec 28-Dec 30-Dec 1-Jan 3-Jan 5-Jan 7-Jan 9-Jan 11-Jan 13-Jan 15-Jan 17-Jan 19-Jan 21-Jan 23-Jan 25-Jan 27-Jan 29-Jan 31-Jan 2-Feb 4-Feb 6-Feb 8-Feb 10-Feb 12-Feb 14-Feb 16-Feb 18-Feb 20-Feb 22-Feb 24-Feb 26-Feb 28-Feb 2-Mar 4-Mar 6-Mar

DIRU CREEK CHUM SALMON SMOLT OUTPLANTS (1995 - 2006)
0 ,0 00 ,0 4 0 ,0 00 ,5 3 0 ,0 00 ,0 3 0 ,0 00 ,5 2 0 ,0 00 ,0 2 00 0, 50 1, 00 0, 00 1, 00 0, 50 0

CHUM SMOLTS

0

2,385,220

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

0

1,927,970

1,774,280

2,135,125

0

1,738,599

0

0

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

YEAR PLANT ED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

487,990

0

990,690

0

1,229,960

1,235,328

1,295,739

1,763,137

2,330,996

0

53

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

JUVENILE FALL CHINOOK SALMON OUTPLANTS (1995 - 2006)
0, 00 0

1,008,200

1, 20

DIRU 10.0029 HYLEBOS 10.0013 W ILKESON 10.0432 RUSHINGW ATER 10.0625

COW SKULL 10.0680 M OW ICH 10.0624 CLARKS 10.0027

1, 00

0, 00

0

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED 80 60 0, 0, 00 00 00 0 0

771,350

395,000

231,163

231,163

134,500 200,200

173,693

240,680

40

0, 0

82,150 125,856

90,641 134,053

127,600

108,000

110,900 110,973

103,200

90,200

74,144

0, 0

19,359

16,269

38,093

11,100

100,400

00

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2,000

2004

10,119

20

2005

163,880

2006

0

YEAR P LANT ED

JUVENILE WHITE RIVER SPRING CHINOOK OUTPLANTS (1995 - 2006)
0, 0 00

HUCKLEBERRY 10.0253 COW SKULL 10.0680 CRIPPLE 10.0086

CLEARW ATER 10.0080 M OW ICH 10.0624 GREENW ATER 10.0122

60

20

10

0, 0

00

0, 0

NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED 30 40 0, 0, 00 00 00 0 0

50

0, 0

HUCK AERIAL 10.0253

00

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

0

YEAR P LANT ED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

523,000

54

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

VOIGHTS CREEK FALL JUVENILE COHO SALMON OUTPLANTS

(1995 - 2006)
250000 COW SKULL 10.0680 DIRU 10.0029 CLARKS 10.0027 SIMONS 10.200 200000 QTR. MST HARBOR 88.8120 NIESSON 10.0622
NUMBER OF FISH RELEASED

RUSHINGW ATER 10.0625 HYLEBOS 10.0013 LK KAPOW SIN 10.0600 CLEAR 10.0022 MOW ICH 10.0624

150000

100000

50000

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
YEAR P LANT ED

Puyallup Tribal Fisheries: Acclimation Ponds, and Diru Creek & Clarks Creek Hatcheries
SPECIES DATE (F) 16-Mar-06 25-Apr-06 SPECIES DATE (V) 1-May-06 1-May-06 SPECIES DATE (V) 31-May-06 31-May-06 31-May-06 31-May-06 SPECIES DATE (V) 14-Feb-06 30-May-06 30-May-06 DATE 14-Feb-06 30-May-06 30-May-06 Stream Neisson Creek Cowskull Rushingwater DATE 7-Jun-06 7-Jun-06 7-Jun-06 7-Jun-06 Stream Huckleberry Huckleberry Cripple Clearwater DATE 15-May-06 15-May-06 Stream Clarks Creek Clarks Creek Stream Diru Creek Diru Creek Chum WRIA 10.0029 10.0029 Total: Fall Chinook WRIA 10.0027 10.0027 Total: Spring Chinook WRIA 10.0253 10.0253 10.0086 10.0080 Total: Coho WRIA 10.0622 10.0680 10.0625 Total: Number of Fish 11,650 34,850 56,053 102,553 Fish/Lb 23.3 19.7 19.7 Length (mm) 120.0 131.7 131.7 Biomass 500.0 1769.0 2,845 5,114 Number of Fish 254,550 107,850 71,450 166,550 600,400 Fish/Lb 86.4 81.1 65.4 84.8 Length (mm) 78.5 79.8 86.1 79.0 Biomass 2946.2 1329.8 1092.5 1964.0 7332.6 Number of Fish 297,500 225,500 523,000 Fish/Lb 69.4 75.2 Length (mm) 87.02 83.60 Biomass 4287.0 2999.0 7286.0 Number of Fish 240,000 247,990 487,990 Fish/Lb 769.0 319.4 Length (mm) 41.0 56.7 Biomass 312.0 777 1,089

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

7,643 3,408 3,408

49,850

55

F EMALECO HO

65

MALECO HO

65 246

20 05 20 04 20 03
438 300

36

F EMALECO HO

64 246 246 200

MALECO HO

F EMALECO HO

MALECO HO

F EMALE CHINO K O

75 11 7 253 1 99 251 1 99 1 71 299 455 1 64 1 34 250 331

20 02

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
733 794

MALE CHINO K O

75

F EMALECO HO

MALECO HO

36

F EMALECO HO

64

MALECO HO

F EMALECO HO

72

(2002 - 2005)

MALECO HO

98 1 00 1 00 260 264 261

F EMALE CHINO K O

21

MALE CHINO K O

24

2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.
490 25 9 1 24 1 77 486 371 1 42 1 47 238 264 5 257 27 381 524 1 27

F EMALECO HO

MALECO HO

F EMALE CHINO K O

75

MALE CHINO K O

75

F EMALECO HO

MALECO HO

F EMALECO HO

MALECO HO

VOIGHTS CREEK ADULT FALL COHO AND CHINOOK SALMON OUTPLANTS

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 525 550 575 600 625 650 675 700 725 750 775 800 825 850

56

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

DOLLAR CREEK
WRIA: 10.0412 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2005 - 2006

Upstream photo showing Dollar Creek as it flows through the Puyallup River channel. The Puyallup river can be seen in the upper right side of the photo.

DESCRIPTION
The surveyed reach of Dollar Creek is a seasonal, or intermittent section of stream River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.2 that flows within the Puyallup River channel at Dates surveyed: 12/09/05 to 1/04/06 RM 17.7 (bottom left). The channel is dry from Species surveyed: Chum summer through mid fall, preventing chinook from accessing and spawning in the creek. Due to the Access Mile 0.2: Dollar Creek enters the Puyallup flood low and intermittent flows, only chum are typically plain at the Dollar boat launch on McCutcheon Rd. seen spawning in the creek in late fall. The just upstream of 128th St. in McMillin. channel morphology changes from year to year due to high water events in the Puyallup River. The substrate throughout the lower 200 meters consist mostly of cobble and sand, but excellent patches of spawning gravel exists. The riparian, mostly alder, exists only along a single bank. Approximately 200 meters up from the mouth, the channel heads away from the Puyallup River and drains an old oxbow adjacent to the dike. Over the last several years the old oxbow has been slowly filled in with landscaping and other waste materials by private property owners. An additional small impact includes vehicles fording the top of the survey section in order to get out on the bar to launch or load boats in the Puyallup River. Passage out of the Puyallup River channel is questionable and no fish were observed above this point; however, extensive surveys are not conducted. It is possible that the upper reaches of Dollar Creek provide overwintering habitat for multiple species of juvenile salmonids.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

57

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

DOLLAR CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2005)
160
146

LIVE DEAD

140

120

113

NUMBER OBSERVED

100
84

80
63

60
45

40

34 23 21

20

18

18

14 2 2

0 1995 1996 1999 2000 2001
SEASON SURVEYED

2002

2003

2004

2005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

58

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

ELECTRON FISH BYPASS FACILITY
PUGET SOUND ENERGY - PUYALLUP RIVER DIVERSION
WRIA 10.0057— WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
WRIA: 10.0021 - PUYALLUP RIVER

2003 -2004
2005 - 2006

Puget Sound Energy Electron Fish Bypass Facility
River mile: 31.2 - 41.7 Species sampled: Chinook, Coho, Steelhead, Bull Trout and Cutthroat

DESCRIPTION
Puget Sound Energy’s (PSE) Electron Hydroelectric facility utilizes water diverted from the Puyallup River at RM 41.7 (bottom photo). The diverted water is channeled 10.1 miles through a flume and settling pond before collecting into a small reservoir, or forebay (right photo). The water held in the forebay is used to generate power via four turbines located in the power house approximately 800 feet below the forebay. Thousands of salmonids including threatened chinook and bull trout, coho, steelhead, cutthroat and rainbow trout are diverted down the flume and into the forebay annually. Many of the juvenile fish diverted into the forebay are drawn to the penstocks Electron fish bypass (intake) of the powerhouse, and are subsequently destroyed. Adults facility and sampling are too large to pass through the penstock screens. station. In 2001, PSE completed construction on a fish bypass facility to help address the fish losses in the forebay. Even after the fish trap went on-line, chinook and coho losses have continued to range between 60-80%; with coho rates being slightly higher than chinook. Continuing effort are being made by the tribe and PSE to reduce these losses. Upon entering the forebay, water flow is diverted towards the fish trap by large steel plates suspended by buoys. A exclusionary guide net is also in place across the forebay during the annual smolt migration period. Many of the smolts caught during this period are fish that have escaped from holding ponds above the diversion dam. These efforts are made to direct the fish into the trap where they are crowded into a hopper, and then deposited into a large holding tank. Fish are dip-netted from the holding tank and placed into a smaller container and anesthetized, identified and measured (right). Finally, fish are placed into a water trailer for transport down to the powerhouse where they are released back into the Puyallup River at RM 31.4.
Puget Sound Energys’ Electron diversion dam and the Electron fish ladder located on the Puyallup River at RM 41.7. The fish ladder was completed in late 2000.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

59

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

Number and Timing of Marked Chinook and Coho Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - October 2005
2500

M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish

U= Unmarked fish, Wild

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish
CHIN 0 (M) COHO 1+ (M)

2000

NUMBER OF COHO COUNTED

1500

1000

500

0 3-Feb-05 12-May-05 26-May-05 18-Aug-05 17-Feb-05 17-Mar-05 31-Mar-05 14-Apr-05 28-Apr-05 21-Jul-05 9-Jun-05 4-Aug-05 3-Mar-05 7-Jul-05 1-Sep-05 15-Sep-05 23-Jun-05 20-Jan-05 29-Sep-05 13-Oct-05 6-Jan-05

DAT E

Number and Timing of Wild Chinook and Coho Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - October 2005
450

M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish

U= Unmarked fish, Wild

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish
COHO 0 (U)

400

CHIN (U)

350

NUMBER OF FISH COUNTED

300

250

200

150

100

50

0 3-Feb-05 17-Feb-05 4-Aug-05 18-Aug-05 3-Mar-05 13-Oct-05 17-Mar-05 31-Mar-05 12-May-05 26-May-05 14-Apr-05 28-Apr-05 23-Jun-05 15-Sep-05 20-Jan-05 29-Sep-05 27-Oct-05 7-Jul-05 21-Jul-05 9-Jun-05 6-Jan-05 1-Sep-05

DATE

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

60

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

Average Fork Length (mm) of Juvenile Salmon Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - December 2005
250

M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish

U= Unmarked fish, Wild

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish
C H I N (U) C H I N 0 (M)

216.8 200

C H I N 1+ (M ) C O H O 0 (U) C O H O 1+ (U) C O H O 1+ (M )

Fork Length (mm)

150
134.0 113.7 115.0 118.5
10 3 .0 8 8 .2

143.0

149.0

125.2

127.3

100
8 3 .2 8 3 .8 8 4 .3

97.6 78.8 86.2

93.6

93.9

80.2 62.5 68.5

50 36.3 35.1

0
J an uary February March A pri l May J un e J ul y A ugust September O ctober N ovember D ece mber

Month

Percentage of Juvenile and Smolt Salmon Captured at the Electron Fish Bypass Facility from January - December 2005
M= Marked fish (fin clipped), Hatchery fish U= Unmarked fish, Wild
C O H O 0 (U ) 22% C H I N 1 + (M ) < 1% C O H O 1 + (U ) 6%

0=Young of the year

1= 1 Year + age fish

C H IN 0 (M ) 7% C H IN (U ) <1 %

CU TTH R O AT < 1%

C O H O 1 + (M ) 65%

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

61

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

FENNEL CREEK
WRIA: 10.0406 - PUYALLUP RIVER WATERSHED 2005 - 2006

Fennel Creek (Kelly Creek) flows into the Puyallup River near Alderton at RM 15.5. Fennel has about 2 miles of anadromous usage with suitable habitat for chinook, coho, pink, chum and steelhead. The upper reach of Fennel Creek is a complex, moderate gradient, pool-riffle/steppool stream flowing River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.7 through a broad Dates surveyed: 8/25/05 to 5/17/06 valley. Victor falls, at Species surveyed: Chinook, Coho, Chum, RM 1.9, blocks any Pink, Steelhead (N.O.) further upstream migration. The riparian zone is well intact due to little or no development along most of the creek channel; the riparian zone consists of a mature hardwood forest with a dense understory of salmonberry and vine maple. Throughout the upper 1.5 mile section, abundant LWD lies in and adjacent to the channel, as well as several small instream logjams. Spawning gravel is abundant and excellent throughout this reach; there are also numerous deep resting pools available for juvenile coho and adult migrants. The reach below the McCutcheon Rd. bridge is much lower gradient (bottom); it flows primarily within the Puyallup River flood plain. The channel contains excellent, if somewhat unstable spawning gravels, with much lower amounts of LWD and less channel complexity then above. Approximately 0.2 miles upstream of the McCutcheon bridge is a short run spring fed tributary, Fennel Tributary has excellent spawning gravel and supports high densities of chum salmon each year. Coho and chum seasonal totals on the following pages include both Fennel Creek, and Fennel tributary data combined.

DESCRIPTION

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

62

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 FENNEL CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
20 LIVE DEAD 18 REDDS

16

14
NUMBER OBSERVED

12

10

8

6

4

2

0 9/8/05 9/16/05 9/26/05
DAT E SURVEYED

10/6/05

10/14/05

10/24/05

FENNEL CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2005)
30 LIVE DEAD REDDS 25

21

20
NUMBER OBSERVED

15

14 13

10
8

9 8 6

9

5

5 4 2 4 2 4

5
3 1 3

4

0 1999 2000 2001 2002
SEASON SURVEYED

2003

2004

2005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

63

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

FENNEL CREEK CHINOOK RUN TIMING (2000 - 2005)
16 2005 2004 14 2003 2002 2001 12
NUMBER OF FISH OBSERVED

2000

10

8

6

4

2

0
Aug 15-25 Aug 26-Sept 5 Sept 6-Sept 15 Sept 16-Sept 25 DAT E Sept 26-Oct 5 Oct 6-Oct 15 Oct 16-Oct 25 Oct 26-N ov 5

FENNEL CREEK CHINOOK CARCASS SAMPLING (2003 - 2005)
10 9 8 7
NUMBER OF CHINOOK

CARCASSES SAMPLED CHINOOK WITH CODED WIRE TAG & ADIPOSE CLIP (FALL/HATCHERY ORIGIN) CHINOOK WITH ADIPOSE CLIP ONLY (HATCHERY ORIGIN) WILD UNMARKED

6 5 5 4 4 3 2 2 1 1 0 2003 2004
SEASON SAMP LED

2

2 1 1

2005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

64

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 FENNEL CREEK PINK COUNTS
2000 LIV E D EA D 1800

1600

1400

NUMBER OBSERVED

1200

1000

800

600

400

200

0 8/25 /05 8/30/05 9 /8/05 9/16/05 9/26/0 5 10/6/05 10/1 4/05 10/24 /05
D A TE SU RV EYED

FENNEL CREEK PINK SEASON COMPARISONS (2001 - 2005)
4,500 AUC: ESCAPEMENT ESTIMATE LIVE 4,000 DEAD

3,500

3,287 3,324

3,000
NUMBER OBSEREVED

2,500

2,000

1,500

1,273

1,000
644

500
92 197 14

0 2,001 2,003
SEASON SURVEYED

2,005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

65

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 FENNEL CREEK COHO COUNTS
70 L IV E DEAD 60

50

NUMBER OBSERVED

40

30

20

10

0 9/1 6/05 9/26/05 10/6/05 10/14/05 10/24/05 11/3/05
D ATE SU RVEYED

11 /10/05

11/29/05

12/9/05

12/19 /05

12 /29/05

FENNEL CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1998 - 2005)
300
275

LIVE DEAD REDDS

250

237

200
NUMBER OBSERVED

186

150
133

100
82 72 51 56 32 16 12 3 75

50

39 27 5 11 26

6

0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

66

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 FENNEL CREEK CHUM COUNTS
350

300

2005 Fennel Creek chum graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

L IV E DEAD

250

NUMBER OBSERVED

200

150

100

50

0 10/6/05 1 0/13/05 10/20/05 1 1/3/05 11/10/05
D ATE SU R VEYED

11/29/05

12 /9/05

12/29/05

1/19 /06

FENNEL CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1998 - 2005)
10,000
8,976

AUC: ESCAPEMENT ESTIMATE LIVE DEAD

9,000

8,000

7,000
NUMBER OBSERVED

5,308

4,501

4,911

5,253

6,000

3,867

4,292

5,000

4,472
3,571

4,000

3,000 1,596

2,000
1,199

859

0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

478

1,000

658

874

914

972

67

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 FENNEL TRIBUTARY CHUM COUNTS
140

120

2005 Fennel Tributary chum graph was generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

L IV E DEAD

100

NUMBER OBSERVED

80

60

40

20

0 1 1 /3 / 0 5 1 1 /1 0 /0 5 1 1 /2 9 / 0 5 1 2 /9 /0 5 1 2 / 1 9/ 0 5 1 2 /2 9 /0 5 1 / 6 /0 6 1 /1 3 /0 6
D A TE S U R V E Y E D

FENNEL CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2006)
10 STEELHEAD REDDS

9

8 7 7
NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1 1 2

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

68

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

FISK CREEK
WRIA: 10.0596 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2005 - 2006

DESCRIPTION
Fisk Creek is a small tributary to the Puyallup River, entering the Puyallup at approximately RM 26.6. Fiske Creek is one of 5 index streams in the Puyallup watershed that are surveyed for coho by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Coho are the only species observed spawning in significant numbers. Seasonal flows in Fisk Creek are inadequate to allow access for chinook or steelhead to spawn, and the streams high location in the watershed make is less than ideal for chum. Fisk Creek is a small stream with moderately low gradient and heavy riparian cover from the surrounding hardwood forest. Most of Fisk Creek is confined due to natural channel cutting, steep banks and riprap. The channel is slightly incised and lacks any real complexity such as wetland or off-channel habitat, or large woody debris. Moderate amounts of development exist along the creek, consisting mostly of private family homes and a county road. The creek passes through a couple of fish passable culverts (lower left photo) and under a low narrow bridge along its lower reach. Some complexity has been added to the creek via small restoration projects such as the placement of small sill logs and boulders. Relatively abundant spawning gravel exists throughout most of the stream, but is somewhat compacted in the lower portion Fiske Creek just before it flows under of the channel.
Brooks road.

River miles surveyed: 0.3 to 1.1 Dates surveyed: 10/25/05 to 1/19/06 Species surveyed: Coho Access Mile 0.0: Brooks road near the High Bridge on the Puyallup river follows the North side of the creek and the mouth is approximately 200 yards from Oroville road. Mile 1.1: Brooks road crosses the creek again very near the edge of the Puyallup floodplain where the gradient increases.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

69

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 FISK CREEK COHO COUNTS
25

2004 Fisk Creek coho graph was generated useing survey data collected by WDFW.

L IV E DEAD

20

NUMBER OBSERVED

15

10

5

0
10/20/05 1 1/3 /05 11/10/0 5 11/1 8/0 5 11 /29/05 12/8 /05 12/19/05 12/29/0 5 D ATE SU RVEYED

FISK CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1998 - 2005)
160 141 140 LIVE DEAD

120

NUMBER OBSERVED

100

80

60 40 40 33 25 20 16 15 2 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 16 10 3 2 5 25

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

70