WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

SQUALLY CREEK
WRIA: 10.0024 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2005 - 2006

DESCRIPTION
Squally Creek is a small tributary to Clear Creek. Pioneer Way crosses Squally Creek Northeast of Canyon Road. Upstream of where the creek River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.2 passes under Pioneer Way, the channel quickly becomes Dates surveyed: 10/24/05 to 1/23/06 Species surveyed: Coho None Observed braided and shallow with abundant hardwood debris and Chum moderate amounts of suitable spawning gravel. The riparian along this section consist of mostly alder. Access Downstream of Pioneer Way, the channel is deeply incised Mile 0.1: Pioneer Way crosses Squally with substrate consisting of moderately compacted gravel Creek East of Canyon Rd. and abundant fines (top photo). The riparian is sparse along the lower 100 meters, consisting mainly of a few small alders, blackberry, turf and reed canary grass. The last 30 meters of the creek runs through a culvert which passes under a set of railroad tracks, where Squally finally meets with Clear Creek (below). Squally is mainly utilized by chum; although, a few coho are occasionally observed spawning in the lower stretch of the creek in December. Spawning often occurs within the culvert where accumulations of gravel can be several inches deep. No adult chinook or steelhead usage has been documented.

Chum salmon are often observed spawning in the lower 70 meters of Squally Creek. A small 2 foot jump has prevented passage higher up the channel for the last few years.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

140

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 SQUALLY CREEK CHUM COUNTS
10 LIV E DEAD 9

8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 11/22 /0 5 12/1/05 12/12/05 12 /2 2/05
D ATE S U R V EYE D

1 /3/05

1/13/06

1/23/06

SQUALLY CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1997 - 2005)
80

76

LIVE DEAD

70

60

NUMBER OBSERVED

50

40

32
30

20

20

10

9 2 3 3 5 6 3
2000

1
2002

2
2003 2004

1
2005

0 1997 1998 1999 2001

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

141

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

SWAN CREEK
WRIA: 10.0003 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2005 - 2006

DESCRIPTION
Swan Creek is a moderate sized tributary to Clear Creek. Pioneer Way crosses the stream near the Swan Creek Park trailhead. From RM 0.3 to 1.0 the stream is pool-riffle in character and contains good spawning River miles surveyed: 0.3 to 1.0 Dates surveyed: 8/22/05 to 5/16/06 gravel, riparian diversity and channel complexity. Swan Species surveyed: Chinook None Observed Creek is prone to high water events however, and the Coho, Chum, substrate is only moderately SteelheadNone Observed stable. Access A sediment detention pond is Mile 0.3: Pioneer way crosses the stream near the Swan Creek Park trailhead. Follow trail located at RM 0.3 (left) and is upstream through the park and along Swan dredged annually or biannually by Creek. Pierce county. Puyallup Tribal Fisheries staff seines the pond before dredging to remove the majority of fish present, and relocates them downstream of the work site. Some restoration work has been completed in the past on the lower reach of the creek. A side channel for overwintering juveniles was constructed at approximately RM 0.3. The side channel restoration was financed by the City of Tacoma as a result of mitigation. Also, as part of a mitigation settlement, the City of Tacoma and Port of Tacoma financed the restoration of a large wetland along Clear and Swan Creeks. Although Swan Creek is surveyed for all salmon species, only chum are observed in relatively strong numbers. Although few coho are observed spawning in the creek, substantial numbers of coho juveniles are often observed. Swan also supports a large population of cutthroat which can be observed spawning in the spring. Two steelhead redds were observed during the April 2004 survey season. They were the first steelhead redds seen in Swan Creek in several years. Other species present in the creek include catfish, lamprey and sculpins.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

142

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 SWAN CREEK CHUM COUNTS
80 LIVE DEAD 70

60

NUMBER OBSERVED

50

40

30

20

10

0 10/24/05 11/3/05 11/22/05 12/1/05 12/12/05 1/3/06 1/20/06 2/3/06

DAT E SURVEYED

SWAN CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS (1992 - 2005)
1000 AUC: ESCAPEMENT ESTIMATE DEAD
928 692 252 217 222 574 792 131 113 169 84 77 20 47 38 41 38

LIVE

900

800

700
NUMBER OBSERVED

600

500

400

300

200

100
7 9

0 1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

6 6

7

1998

1999

2000

17

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

104 100

143

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

SWAN CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2006)
8

STEELHEAD REDDS
7 7

6

NUMBER OBSERVED

5

4

3

2 2

1

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

144

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

SWIFT CREEK
WRIA: 10.0697 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2005 - 2006

Most of the coho planted move downstream to spawn in the lower reach.

DESCRIPTION
River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 0.3 Date Surveyed: 10/13/04 to 11/15/04 Species surveyed: Coho No adult coho were planted or observed in 2004 or 2005.

Swift Creek looking upstream from the 710 road. This is the location of adult coho plants.

Swift Creek is a small tributary of the Upper Puyallup River. The creek is just under 3 miles in length and enters the Puyallup River at RM 46.8, just below the confluence of the North and South Fork. Most of the creek consists of moderate to high gradient flows with a cobble and boulder substrate. The first 150 to 200 yards of stream contain good spawning gravels and low gradient. The riparian consist of mature conifers and mixed deciduous trees. There was no salmon utilization in Swift Creek prior to 1997 due to the streams location above the Electron Diversion Dam (1904). Swift Creek is not regularly surveyed, but rather it is the location of annual surplus adult coho plants from the WDFW Voights Creek Hatchery. Adult plants were started in 1997 to reintroduce coho and jump-start the upper reach of the Puyallup. Adult coho are planted from the 710 rd. bridge which crosses Swift Creek approximately 0.3 miles from the mouth, but most of the fish move downstream and spawn in the lower 200 yards of the creek. One or two surveys are conducted to determine how successful the adult plants are. No adult coho were planted or observed in Swift during 2004 or 2005.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

145

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

SWIFT CREEK SURPLUS ADULT COHO PLANTS (1997 - 2005)
350 MALE COHO

300

257

256

292

FEMALE COHO

250
NUMBER OF FISH PLANTED

245

208

200

194

250 134

150

100

98 53
1997

50

0 1998 1999 2000 2001
YEAR PLANTED

53

2002

2003

72

2004

2005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

146

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

VOIGHTS CREEK
WRIA: 10.0414 - CARBON RIVER 2005 - 2006
Water diversion for Voights Creek hatchery.

DESCRIPTION
Voights Creek is a tributary to the Carbon River, entering the Carbon at RM 4.0. Voights is currently only surveyed for steelhead due to the presence of a state salmon hatchery at RM 0.5. The hatchery has a chinook, coho and steelhead program, making natural escapement surveys unnecessary. However, the weir designed to prevent fish passage above the hatchery has proven to be ineffective for several River miles surveyed: 0.5 to 3.9 years, this has allowed hatchery fish to access the upper 3.4 Dates surveyed: 3/21/05 to 5/16/05 miles of the creek to spawn naturally. Nevertheless, Species surveyed: Steelhead supplemental surveys are rarely conducted to determine Access escapement for coho and chinook above the hatchery. Mile 0.5: The Voights Creek salmon There are just under 4 miles of anadromous habitat hatchery located approximately 1 mile available in Voights Creek, an impassable falls at RM 3.9 South of Orting on HWY 162. Mile 3.4: Approximately 1.5 miles up (below) blocks any further upstream migration. Steelhead are Patterson Rd. is a tank-trapped and often observed spawning throughout the entire creek, right gated road on the right. Walk 15-20 up to the falls. Unfortunately, steelhead escapement in Voights minutes, taking two blue flagged left Creek has fallen dramatically over the past few years. During turns till you reach the creek. Follow a higher Autumn flows, coho, and occasionally chinook, easily rough trail several hundred yards downstream to the base of the bedrock bypass the hatchery and spawn cascades to begin the survey. throughout the entire creek up to the falls. The stream channel varies in complexity from wide, braided channels, to confined narrow gorges. Nearly the entire 3.9 miles below the falls contains excellent, although somewhat sporadic patches of gravel within a moderate gradient stream channel. However, below the water intake for the state hatchery at RM 1.0 (top) the gradient decreases, the substrate size is more consistent although smaller and somewhat compacted. The riparian zone is a mix of 2nd growth conifer and deciduous trees. There is a moderate amount of small and medium woody debris recruited (left), and minute amounts of LWD present, what little is present is generally quite old.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

147

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2006 VOIGHTS CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
10 L IV E DEAD 9 REDDS

8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 3/17/06 3/29 /0 6 4 /11 /0 6
D ATE SURVEYED

4/2 4/06

5/16/06

VOIGHTS CREEK STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2006)
60

STEELHEAD REDDS

50 44

48

40 NUMBER OBSERVED

33 30

20

18 16

10

9 7 4 1

10

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

148

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

WAPATO CREEK
WRIA: 10.0017 - INDEPENDENT DRAINAGE 2005 - 2006
Wapato Creek looking downstream from 58th Ave. E. at approximatly RM 5.

Wapato Creek is an independent drainage from the Puyallup/White River system. Wapato Creek starts just North of the city of Puyallup and East of Meridian Street North (Hyw. 161). The creek meanders nearly 14 miles through agricultural, commercial, residential, and industrial properties before flowing into the Port Industrial Waterway in Commencement Bay. Wapato Creek is not surveyed on a consistent basis due to the fact there is little or no salmon utilization, and issues regarding access to surveyable sections of the creek. Spot surveys since 1991 have shown that an extremely limited number of coho spawn in Wapato, as well as a small tributary (Simon’s Creek) that enters around RM 9.2. In addition, chum salmon have been documented during some years in the lower stretch of the creek (below RM 4). There are several former and current limiting factors that are likely causes for such under-utilization such as, but not limited to; extremely low summer and fall flows, poor water quality and heavy siltation due to residential and commercial development, agricultural and storm runoff, heavy industry discharge, activities within the Port Industrial Water Way and Commencement Bay. However, there have been some encouraging restoration efforts along the creek, unfortunately they only cover a small fraction of the 13 plus miles of stream. The proposed SR 167 project may possibly restore over a mile of habitat on Wapato; however, it is likely it will be several years before this may occur. Most of Wapato Creek is a narrow, confined, and incised channel, devoid of any real complexity such as wetland or off-channel habitat, woody debris, varying flow and velocity regimes. Extensive lengths of the creek have been overtaken by invasive nonnative vegetation such as Japanese knotweed, reed canary grass and nightshade. The riparian cover is seriously inadequate or non existent along much of the creek (top photo), and the substrate consist mostly of silt over undersized embedded gravel and small cobble (upper left photo).

DESCRIPTION

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

149

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

WHITE RIVER
WRIA: 10.0031 - PUYALLUP RIVER 2005 - 2006

DESCRIPTION
The headwaters of the White River originate from the Emmons and Fryingpan glaciers on Mt. Rainier. Significant tributaries of the White include the West Fork White, Huckleberry Creek, Clearwater River, and the Greenwater River. All adult salmon and steelhead that spawn in the Upper White River and its tributaries are initially captured in the USACE fish trap in Buckley; then transported above Mud Mountain dam (RM 29.6). Since precise escapement numbers for the Upper White River drainage are known, surveys are conducted to determine fish distribution and spawning success. This is River miles surveyed: 7.5 to 24.3 Dates surveyed: 9/23/04 to 6/21/05 especially important regarding spring chinook, since Species surveyed: Chinook, Chum, Steelhead adult production monitoring is part of the recovery plan. The main stem and West Fork White are characterized by generally unconfined, often braided and complex channels with abundant spawning gravels present in pool tail-outs, margins and low velocity areas. Woody debris is abundant although undersized; much of the riparian zone is either second growth conifer or hardwoods except for the zone through Mt. Rainier National Park with consist of mostly old growth. There is approximately 5 miles between Mud Mountain Dam and the USACE Buckley trap at RM 24.3, little spawning takes place due to lack of fish access between the two facilities. Down stream of this point; to approximately RM 11, there is frequent and concentrated use by both chinook and steelhead. This reach has abundant and excellent spawning gravel. There are two significant side channels in this reach that support spawning and rearing. One, approximately a mile long, is located on the right bank directly below the Shaker Church access. This channel supports both chinook and coho, as well as, the highest recent documentation of chum salmon spawning. Another substantial side channel not surveyed due to multiple debris jams blocking access, is located several miles downstream on the left bank. Aerial surveys have documented both chinook and steelhead spawning in this reach. From approximately RM 11 downstream the channel is constrained by levees. The channel from this point loses complexity and there is a marked decrease in both spawning gravel and spawning activity of all species.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

150

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

WHITE RIVER CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS
(1994 - 2005)
250 LIVE DEAD
205

REDDS

200

NUMBER OBSERVED

151

150

142

117 102 99 79 69 51 94 101 98 80

100
75

74

50

44 24 17 11 26

44 36 17 3 4 23 12 1 0 14 36 17 5 7

10 10

0 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

DAT E SURVEY ED

WHITE RIVER CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS
(2001 - 2005)
600 LIVE
510

DEAD

500

NUMBER OBSERVED

367

400

300
255

301 184 120 147 188

200

100
42

0 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

2004

2005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

17

151

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

WHITE RIVER STEELHEAD SEASON COMPARISONS (2002 - 2006)
60

50

50

It is highly likely, and assumed, that more steelhead spawned in the White River in 2005 and 2006 than the survey data indicates. Survey conditions and timing were seriously affected by spring weather conditions on flow and visibility.
42

STEELEHEAD REDD S

40
NUMBER OBSERVED

38

30

20

10
4

8

0 2002 2003 2004
SEASON SURVEY ED

2005

2006

2005 WHITE RIVER TEMPERATURE @ RM 38 JULY 15 - OCTOBER 7
2005 W hite River Temperatures (C*) at RM 38 (Bridge Camp)

19

17

15 Temperature (C*)

13

11

9

7

5 8/5/05 9/2/05 7/15/05 7/22/05 7/29/05 8/12/05 8/19/05 8/26/05 9/9/05 9/16/05 9/23/05 9/30/05

DATE

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

152

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

WILKESON CREEK
WRIA: 10.0432 - CARBON RIVER 2005 - 2006

The lower 3 miles are very natural, with a heavily wooded riparian zone, debris jams and several braided sections.

DESCRIPTION
Wilkeson Creek is a large tributary to lower South Prairie Creek, entering South Prairie at approximately RM 6.7. Wilkeson is a productive creek, providing suitable spawning habitat for chinook, coho, pink, chum and steelhead. However, chinook use is often limited due to the extremely low flows common in the creek during late summer and early fall. A series of falls at RM 6.2 marks the upper extent of adult salmon and steelhead migration. Between RM 4.9 and 4.0 Wilkeson Creek meanders through the town of Wilkeson, the banks along this stretch are generally riprapped and confined. Coal Mine Creek (10.0432A) is the only significant tributary entering Wilkeson near RM 5.7. Below river mile 4.0, the creek travels through mostly undeveloped property until it reaches South Prairie. Wilkeson is a pool-riffle stream with a gravel/ cobble substrate. With a few exceptions, abundant spawning gravel is present throughout the survey reach. The riparian along Wilkeson consists of hardwoods and conifers with an understory of various native shrubs and vegetation. Large swaths of Japanese knot weed are also present along numerous sections of the creek. In-stream woody debris is plentiful providing both channel complexity and cover. The lower 3 miles are very natural, with a heavily wooded riparian zone, debris jams and several side channels offering excellent overwintering habitat for juveniles.

River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 5.8 Dates surveyed: 8/22/05 to 6/27/06 Species surveyed:Chinook,Coho,Pink,Chum Access Mile 5.5: Follow Hwy. 165 to Wilkeson, take Railroad Avenue to A turnout just short of the Plum Creek gate. Mile 3.2: Drive Hwy 165 past Burnett and turn right on John’s Rd., follow to bridge over Wilkeson Mile 0.0: K.C. Crusaders paint ball at 13241 262nd Avenue E off Highway. 162. Wilkeson is across South Prairie Creek.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

153

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 WILKESON CREEK CHINOOK COUNTS
10 9 8 7
NUMBER OBSERVED

LIVE DEAD REDDS

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9/16/05 9/26/05 10/6/05
DAT E SURVEY ED

10/13/05

10/22/05

WILKESON CREEK CHINOOK SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2005)
70 LIVE 60
60

DEAD REDDS

50

NUMBER OBSERVED

40
35 30

38

30

29

20

19 17 12 9 6

20 18 15 14 13 8 3 1 1 1

11

12

11 8 4

10

0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
SEASON SURVEYED

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

154

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 WILKESON CREEK PINK COUNTS
6000

L IV E D E AD

5000

4000
NUMBER OBSERVED

3000

2000

1000

0 8/22/05 8/30/05 9/8 /05 9/16/05 9/26/05
D ATE SU R V EYED

10/6/05

10/13/05

10/21/0 5

11 /9/05

WILKESON CREEK PINK SEASON COMPARISONS (1995 - 2005)
18,000 AUC: ESCAPEMENT ESTIMATE LIVE 16,000 DEAD
16,495 15,752

14,000

12,000
NUMBER OBSERVED

10,000

8,000

6,000
4,506

4,000

3,154

2,000
823 23 4 8 1 23 1 107

1,391

0 1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

155

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 WILKESON CREEK COHO COUNTS
35 LIVE DEAD 30

25
NUMBER OBSERVED

20

15

10

5

0 10/6/05 10/13/05 10/21/05 11/9/05 11/18/05 11/28/05 12/8/05 12/19/05

DAT E SURVEY ED

WILKESON CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (1994 - 2005)
472

500

LIVE DEAD REDDS

450

400

350
NUMBER OBSERVED

300
256 254 192 165 137 149 132 208 104

250

200

150

76

49

73

25

23

28

50
19

45

20

18

14

22

84 12 3 3 3 6 5

100

4

5

4

0 1994 1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

3

2005

YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

13

156

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 WILKESON CREEK CHUM COUNTS
10 L IV E DEAD 9

8

7

NUMBER OBSERVED

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 11/18/05 11/28/0 5 12/8/05
D ATE SU R VEYED

12/19/05

1 /4/06

WILKESON CREEK CHUM SEASON COMPARISONS
(2001 - 2005)
450
409

LIVE DEAD

400

350

300
NUMBER OBSERVED

250
219

200

180

182 161

150

136

138 127

100

50
12 4

0 2001 2002 2003
SEASON SURVEYED

2004

2005

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

157

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2006 WILKESON CREEK STEELHEAD COUNTS
L IV E 14

2006 Wilkeson Creek steelhead graphs were generated using survey data collected by WDFW.

DEAD REDDS

12

10
NUMBER OBSEREVED

8

6

4

2

0 3/21/06 3/29/06 4/7/06 4/17/06 4/27/06 5/3/06 5/11/06 5/18/06 5/26/06 6/27/06
D ATE SURVEYED

WILKESON CREEK STEELHEAD REDDS SEASON COMPARISONS (1999 - 2006)
60 STEELHEAD REDDS

50 50

40
NUMBER OBSERVED

30 30

30

30

23 20 20 13 10 6

0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
YEAR SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

158

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

WRONG CREEK
WRIA: 10.0205 - WHITE RIVER 2005 - 2006

DESCRIPTION
Wrong Creek is a small tributary entering Pinochle Creek, approximately 0.3 miles above its River miles surveyed: 0.0 to 1.0 confluence with the West Fork White river. Wrong Dates surveyed: 8/17/05 to 11/16/05 Creek originates along Clear West Peak around 4,500 Species surveyed: Chinook None Observed feet. The lower, approximately 2.5 miles, flows within Coho the West Fork White River’s floodplain. There is no Access development along Wrong Creek, with the exception Mile 0.3: Follow Forest Service road 74 Off of of the USFS bridge crossing at approximately RM 0.4. Hwy 410 until the bridge over the West Fork White There are small patches of suitable spawning gravel river is reached. A short distance further is the Wrong Creek bridge. It is easier to return to the present primarily in the lower 0.5 miles of the creek. road via Pinochle Creek than double walk Wrong. The riparian zone consists of mature second growth hardwoods and conifers with an understory of blueberry and salmonberry. Wrong Creek hosts several sizable log jams containing numerous key components. Low flow conditions during late summer and fall often restrict chinook access. This stream is surveyed for coho and chinook, the chinook observed are likely returns from the acclimation pond located on Cripple Creek, another tributary of Pinochle Creek. Pink and sockeye salmon have been observed in the creek as well. As with all upper White river surveys, adult salmon and steelhead that spawn in Wrong Creek Winter coho survey were captured at the USACE fish trap in along Wrong Creek (RM Buckley, and transported above Mud 1.0). Wrong Creek is a Mountain dam. Since precise small stream entering Creek escapement numbers for the upper White Pinochle approximately 0.3 river drainage are known, surveys are miles above Pinochles conducted to determine fish distribution confluence with the and spawning success. West Fork White river.

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

159

WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED

2005 WRONG CREEK COHO COUNTS
70 LIVE DEAD

Upper White River surveys show distribution, actual escapement totals are known from the USACE Buckley trap counts. 60

50
NUMBER OBSERVED

40

30

20

10

0 9/29/05 10/7/05 10/17/05
DAT E SURVEY ED

10/26/05

11/7/05

11/16/05

WRONG CREEK COHO SEASON COMPARISONS (2000 - 2005)
350
329

LIVE DEAD

300

250

NUMBER OBSERVED

200

183

150

100
68 73 49

50
14 5 18

17

4

1

7

0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

SEASON SURVEYED

PUYALLUP TRIBAL FISHERIES
2005 - 2006 ANNUAL SALMON, STEELHEAD AND BULL TROUT REPORT.

160