Brigette Walters February 11, 2008 IT 365 – Mrs.

Green Assistive Technologies Case Study Picture Writers: Journey Through the Writing Process with Eric Carle Scene 1 1. Marilyn realizes how important it is to keep student's learning styles in mind when planning instruction. What activities do you think will be helpful in addressing the learning styles of your students? For Oscar, the student with a visual impairment, I could make a closed circuit television available for him. The tactile readers could also use the closed circuit television. I could also find a book supporting the class unit that includes a tape to go with it for Oscar to be able to listen to. Also, I could use speech synthesis technology, which converts normal text into speech. This text-to-speech program would allow the visually impaired or students with reading disabilities to listen to a book on a computer. I could also use concept maps for students to better be able to comprehend the material using visual and verbal maps that tie relationships together. Scene 2 2. Marilyn felt comfortable consulting with Juanita’s expertise. How would this type of collaboration help your instruction and benefit your students? Meeting with a reading specialist or specialist in any subject would be incredibly beneficial to the teacher and students. Although the teacher may be highly qualified to decide learning strategies, having a second opinion of someone with greater expertise in a certain area would allow the teacher to better instruct the class. Some teachers may not be able to think of all the possible ideas for assisting disabled students or students with learning disabilities on their own. Collaborating with a subject specialist would allow the teacher to further their knowledge of the subject so that they can better instruct their students with various teaching methods that the teacher may not know to provide without the specialist’s expertise. Having an extra hand in helping the teacher plan lessons or use different methods can only be beneficial as there are other subjects the teacher has to be concerned with and plan as well. Scene 3 3. How is Marilyn using graphic organizers to enhance the lesson? How will the use of graphic organizers help Oscar? Marilyn is using graphic organizers to enhance the lesson by having the students decipher the beginning, middle and end of the story. This would help the students further comprehend what is going on in Carle’s book. Then, the class could label all the characters, setting, problem,

solution and virtue of the characters. Labeling these parts would also help to organize the students’ thoughts about the book. Graphic organizers, or concept maps, help organize ideas and put abstract ideas into a concrete, easier way for the students to understand things. The use of graphic organizers will help Oscar because it will enable him to depict relationships using verbal concepts. Oscar can also better understand the readings because the class will be able to call aloud the parts of Carle’s book. Scene 4 4. A WebQuest was used to help students navigate the Eric Carle Website. Reflect upon your experiences using the Web to locate information. What difficulties have you encountered that might be addressed by using a WebQuest? Using the Web to locate information has always been a tool I use in school for writing papers or just to investigate something on my own. The internet is an efficient database to derive information from and is a vital technological source that needs to be introduced to students so that they are able to build their knowledge using other mediums. Difficulties I have encountered using the Web would be viewing an enormous amount of information and not knowing where to start or where to find the specific information needed. Using a WebQuest would help students understand the specific information they need to obtain as well as focusing on certain concepts rather than others that may be distracting on web sites. Scene 5 5. List and describe three benefits the students gained from being included in Oscar’s small group. From being included in Oscar’s small group, the students gain a better understanding of how it is possible for visually impaired students to learn just as well as they do. Also, the other students would benefit by the different reading methods other than that of their own. They would be exposed to methods such as Oscar using the speech synthesizer that would also reiterate the story for them, helping the students’ comprehension. Since the other students in Oscar’s small group are also on a lower reading level, the speech synthesizer can help those struggling with difficult words or those with an attention disorder. The other students would be able to silently read along with the speaker as well, helping the comprehension process. 6. Do you think Oscar’s experience would have been as powerful if he would have worked in isolation with Juanita? Why or why not? I believe that Oscar’s experience would not have been nearly as powerful if he would have worked alone with Juanita. Oscar being exposed to his other classmates with similar levels of reading helps him feel less isolated and more a part of his class. If Oscar were to work alone with Juanita, he may have felt ashamed or hurt that they thought he was unable to work with his peers. Also, Oscar benefits from working with the other students because they are able to interact with each other to help one another better comprehend the book. If it were only Juanita and Oscar working together, he may not feel confident in asking her questions or speaking out.

Working with his peers, I feel that Oscar would be more comfortable in his environment and more motivated to do as well as the other students without visual impairments. Scene 6 7. Describe three ways in which Marilyn’s use of technology addresses the needs of her class and allowed all students to participate in the lesson. Marilyn’s use of technology addresses the needs of her class and allowed all students to participate in the lesson because each student has different learning capabilities. Some students may have an attention disorder; some may be visual learners, tactile learners or audio learners. And of course there may be students like Oscar with a visual impairment. The teacher must learn to use different teaching strategies to accommodate for all different types of learning. Each of the technological methods Marilyn used for her class embraced different needs. In the case of Oscar, she used a speech synthesizer for him to be able to read Eric Carle’s books. The iMovie encompasses all types of learning including visual, audio and tactile. She was careful not to leave out any particular need of the students, which is vital for instructing a class to the best of your ability. It is important that each student is accounted for, whatever their disability may be. When students with special needs are provided tools to be able to participate in lessons, each student can keep up with the grade level and classes will run more smoothly.

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