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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

IPv6 Routing Technologies


Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



Page 2
Foreword
The changes to the address architecture have introduced the need for
routing protocols that are capable of supporting IPv6. Two such routing
protocols include RIPng and OSPFv3. The characteristics and operation
of each of these protocols generally reflects those used in IPv4 however
contain some distinct differences that are required to be understood to
support the implementation of IPv6 based routing protocols within an
IPv6 founded enterprise network.
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



Page 3
Objectives
Upon completion of this section, trainees will be able to:
Describe the characteristics and operation of RIPng
Describe the characteristics and operation of OSPFv3
Configure RIP and OSPF routing protocols for IPv6
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



RIPng
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2001::1/64
2001::2/64
2001:1::A/64 (loopback 0)
2001:2::B/64 (loopback 0)
RTA
RTB
FF02::09/8
FF02::09/8
Host A
Host B
fe80::fe03:e24f/64
fe80::fe03:e24f/64


fe80::fecf:94e
fe80::fecf:e20f/64
RIPng updates carried using IPv6 multicast address FF02::9.
Link-local addressing used by default as next hop address.
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



RIPng Format
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UDP IP RIPng
Unused Command
Route Table Entry 1
Version

Route Table Entry n
IPv6 Prefix
Route Tag Prefix Length Metric
Route table entries are carried in RIPng, each containing route
prefix, prefix length, and route metric parameters.
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



Enabling RIPng
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[RTA]ipv6
[RTA-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ipv6 enable
[RTA-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ipv6 address auto link-local
[RTA-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ripng 1 enable
[RTA-LoopBack0]ipv6 enable
[RTA-LoopBack0]ipv6 address 2001:1::1/64
[RTA-LoopBack0]ripng 1 enable
RTA
RTB
G0/0/0
G0/0/0
2001:1::1/64 (loopback 0)
2001:2::1/64 (loopback 0)
fe80::fe03:e24f/64
fe80::fe03:c3fb/64
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



Configuration Validation
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[RTA]display ripng
Public vpn-instance
RIPng process : 1
Preference : 100 Checkzero : Enabled
Default-cost : 0
Maximum number of balanced paths : 8
Update time : 30 sec Age time : 180 sec
Garbage-collect time : 120 sec
Number of periodic updates sent : 217
Number of trigger updates sent : 1
Number of routes in database : 1
Number of interfaces enabled : 2
Total number of routes : 0
Total number of routes in ADV DB is : 1

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



OSPFv3
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fe80::fe03:ce78/64
fe80::fe03:5499/64 fe80::fe03:77a9/64
fe80::fe03:28f5/64
RTA
RTD
RTC
RTB
RID: 1.1.1.1
RID: 2.2.2.2
RID: 3.3.3.3
RID: 4.4.4.4
2001:1::A/64 (loopback 0) 2001:3::C/64 (loopback 0)
2001:4::D/64 (loopback 0) 2001:2::B/64 (loopback 0)
FF02::5/8

OSPFv3 updates sent to the AllSPFRouters address FF02::5.
Link-local addressing used by default to define the next hop.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



OSPFv3 Router ID
RTA
RTD
RTC
RTB
RID: 1.1.1.1
RID: 2.2.2.2
RID: 3.3.3.3
RID: 4.4.4.4
DR BDR
Priority 0
FF02::6/8

FF02::6/8

Not based on any IP address, must be manually defined.
Router ID continues to be used to support DR and BDR election.

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Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



OSPFv3 Per Link Behavior
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(fe80::fe03:ce78/10)
(fe80::fe03:5499/10) (fe80::fe03:77a9/10)
(fe80::fe03:28f5/10)
RTA
RTD
RTC
RTB
RID: 1.1.1.1
RID: 2.2.2.2
RID: 3.3.3.3
RID: 4.4.4.4
2001:1::A/64 2001:3::C/64
2001:4::D/64 2001:2::B/64
OSPFv3 operates on the principle of per-link as opposed to the
per-network or per-subnet concept used in IPv4.
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



OSPFv3 Authentication
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OSPF authentication removed in OSPFv3, instead relying on
the AH & ESP extension headers of IP for security.
RTA
RTD
RTC
RTB
IP OSPFv3 AH ESP
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



Enabling OSPFv3
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[RTA]ipv6
[RTA]ospfv3
[RTA-ospfv3-1]router-id 1.1.1.1
[RTA-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ipv6 enable
[RTA-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ipv6 address fe80::1 link-local
[RTA-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.0
[RTA-LoopBack0]ipv6 enable
[RTA-LoopBack0]ipv6 address 2001:1::1/64
[RTA-LoopBack0]ospfv3 1 area 0.0.0.0

RTA RTB
G0/0/0 G0/0/0
RID: 1.1.1.1 RID: 2.2.2.2
2001:1::1/64 (loopback 0) 2001:2::1/64 (loopback 0)
fe80::1
fe80::2
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



Configuration Validation
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[RTA]display ospfv3
Routing Process "OSPFv3 (1)" with ID 1.1.1.1
Route Tag: 0
Multi-VPN-Instance is not enabled
SPF Intelligent Timer[millisecs] Max: 10000, Start: 500, Hold: 2000
LSA Intelligent Timer[millisecs] Max: 5000, Start: 500, Hold: 1000
LSA Arrival interval 1000 millisecs
Default ASE parameters: Metric: 1 Tag: 1 Type: 2
Number of AS-External LSA 0. AS-External LSA's Checksum Sum 0x0000
Number of AS-Scoped Unknown LSA 0. AS-Scoped Unknown LSA's Checksum
Sum 0x0000
Number of FULL neighbors 1
Number of Exchange and Loading neighbors 0

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.



Page 14
Summary
What is the port number that is used by RIPng for listening for route
advertisements?
What is used to uniquely identify each neighboring node running
OSPFv3?
Thank you
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