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You are on page 1of 3

The domain of a function is the set of x values (along the x-axis) that gives a valid answer

(y value) when the function is evaluated. Also, the set of all x values must be mapped to one and

only one y value.

With linear equations such as:

The domain is all real numbers, written < < 9 x or ) , ( , . You can substitute any

number

(x value) in for x and get a valid answer (y value).

For functions with a variable in the denominator:

the domain is all x values that do not make the denominator equal zero.

To find the domain, set the denominator equal to zero. Solve. The answers you get are not part of

your domain; all others are.

6 2 3

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or zero equal not does x that such reals all of set the read x D

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2

The domain of a square root function cannot have an x value where the expressions under the

radical have a negative answer. (Negative numbers do not have square roots when working with

real numbers.) Therefore, set what is under the square root greater than/equal to zero.

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, 3 3 , 1 1 , 3 , 1 |

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8 2

, 4 4 , 4 |

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or x D

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or x

x

x y

or x

x

x y

or x

x

x y

3

When a square root is in the denominator, set the expression under the square root greater than

zero. (Remember, you cannot have zero in the denominator.)

The range of a function is all of the y values, or output, of the function. It is literally, the range

of values that is achieved by carrying out the function in question. For example, if your equation

is y = x, your range would be all real numbers because the values you get from plugging all

possible numbers for x gives back all real numbers. If your equation was y = x

2

, then your

range of y values would only be from 0 to infinity!

y = x

Remember: Range is along the y-axis, and domain is along the x-axis!

Prepared by Kendrah Smith

Revised: Spring 2014 by Dr. Westbrook

STUDENT LEARNING ASSISTANCE CENTER

Texas State University-San Marcos

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y

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