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Transnational Seaborne

Organized Crime
Prepared by:
Dr. Alec Coutroubis &
George Kiourktsoglou, PhD Candidate
with the kind contribution of:
Dr. Shmuel Bar
In Lieu of an Introduction : Why do
we care about Piracy ?
It s a Crime, Hostis Humani Generis ;
It s an Expensive Crime (annual costs of $5 -
$7bil., projected to reach $ 9bil. by 2016) ;
It ravages (and sometimes claims) human lives
(of both Seafarers & Pirates) ;
And the Most Important...
Triggers of Global Supply-Chain
Disruptions
Source: New Models for Addressing Supply Chain & Transport Risks, [http://goo.gl/zNs4vk], World Economic Forum 2012
Source: Global Report on Maritime Piracy - a geospatial analysis 1995-2013, [http://goo.gl/XxKmJN], UNITAR
Piracy and Armed Robbery, 2006-13
The African Piracy Models
The Theaters of Action
West Africa (Nigeria)
1. Unstable Government
2. Pockets of Govern.
East Africa (Somalia)
3. Destitution
4. Quasi Mil. Trained Personnel
5. Very Low Geog. Conc.
6. Massive Corruption
1. Stable Government
2. Pockets of Lawlessness
3. Poverty
5. Med.-High Geog. Con.
Operations
East Africa (Somalia)
5. Hostages (months)
1. Opportunistic Attacks
2. All kinds of Ships
3. Use of Weapons
4. Use of Mother-Ships
6. Ransom ($.000.000)
1. Well Planned Attacks
2. Mostly Crude Oil Tankers
4. No Use of Mother-Ships
5. Hostages (days)
6. Cargo Theft
West Africa
Counter-Piracy
East Africa
5. Djibouti Code
1. Internat. Naval Ops.
2. Nat. / Reg. Land Ops
4. P.C.A.S.Ps
3. Prosec. / Catch & Rel.
1. National Naval Ops.
2. National Land Ops.
West Africa
3. Prosecution
4. National Militaries
5. Yaounde Summit
the Broad Picture and the Broader One!
Cocaine
Ivory
Arms
Humans
Heroin
Source: Transnational Organized Crime in E. Africa: a Threat Assessment, [http://goo.gl/mH5ITc], UNODC
I.U.U.F
Source: World Drug Report 2010, [http://goo.gl/ogyRGs], UNODC
Global Heroin Flows from Asia
Source: World Drug Report 2010, [http://goo.gl/ogyRGs], UNODC
Global Cocaine Flows
Source: Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2012, [http://goo.gl/Rm1y0P], UNODC
Global Human Trafficking
Source: Report on Firearms 2010, [http://goo.gl/QzfcjV], UNODC
Global Illicit Trafficking of Firearms
Source: http://goo.gl/HLnHHu (Huffington Post), http://goo.gl/bBtGQt (National Geograpich), http://goo.gl/P1AhT8 (Daily News)
Ivory & Rhino Horn Trade
Please Meet Satao
Source: Transnational Organized Crime in East Africa 2013, [http://goo.gl/mH5ITc], UNODC
Ivory Trade in East Africa
Why the False Flag?
Value of Cross Border Flows
Source: Global flows in a digital age, [http://goo.gl/mR8lT5], McKinsey Quarterly
Source: Illicit Financial Flows 2011, [http://goo.gl/ZvhWh], UNODC
Annual Proceeds of T.O.C.
Source: Illicit Financial Flows 2011, [http://goo.gl/ZvhWh], UNODC
Annual Proceeds of T.O.C.
Thank you for your attention,
Any questions please?
I ask my Friends if they can imagine what would have
happened if 47 commercial aircraft had been hijacked
last year ? If 867 passengers, flight crew and cabin
crew were taken hostages ? They all agree. There
would be international outrage. It would be the lead
story of every major news outlet... And of course...
there would be a concerted international response to
deal with the situation !... An Unknown Seafarer
Email:
george_kiourktsoglou@yahoo.com
Also on:
Back-Up Slides
Somalia:
a failed State but not a failed Society
Source: Terror groups on backfoot after drug seizures on seas, http://goo.gl/OsWfJz, [Accessed June 2014]
Seizures of Drugs off East Africa
(January May 2014)
Source: Maplecroft, http://maplecroft.com/about/news/food_security.html , [Accessed June 2013]
Food Security Risk Index
Source: Maplecroft, http://maplecroft.com/about/news/terrorism_index_2011.html, [Accessed June 2013]
Terrorisms Risk Index Map
The Map of Drought The Map of Famine
Kidnap & Ransom (K & R)
RECOIL Tactics vs False Flag
Before the Crisis
Get REady prepare:
Yourselves &
Your Company
During the Crisis
After the Crisis
Take COld Showers
Be Smart Intelligent &
Your Team of Experts
Learn from your Mistakes
In other words RECOIL
Source: Barrgh-gaining with Somali Pirates, http://goo.gl/mzNmak, [Accessed 13 August 2013]
Duration vs. Ransom (humped-shaped)
Peak (appr.) at
165 Days
Ransom Logistics, I
Ransom Logistics, II
Ransom Logistics, III
Ransom Logistics, IV
Ransom Logistics, V
Miscellaneous
Human Cost of Piracy (2012)
Source: The Human Cost of Piracy 2012, [http://goo.gl/pYRQFu], Oceans beyond Piracy 2013
West Africa East Africa
Nationality of Seafarers attacked
West Africa East Africa
Source: The Human Cost of Piracy 2012, [http://goo.gl/pYRQFu], Oceans beyond Piracy 2013
Seafarers Deaths
West Africa East Africa
Source: The Human Cost of Piracy 2012, [http://goo.gl/pYRQFu], Oceans beyond Piracy 2013
How Seafarers feel about Piracy I,
Safety Index
West Africa East Africa
Source: The Human Cost of Piracy 2012, [http://goo.gl/pYRQFu], Oceans beyond Piracy 2013
How Seafarers feel about Piracy II,
Risk Index
Source: The Human Cost of Piracy 2012, [http://goo.gl/pYRQFu], Oceans beyond Piracy 2013