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# Design of Semi Circular Intake Supporting Structure

## 1 Bellmounth Opening & Transition

a) Size of Opening
Slope 1 in 99.00 0.010101
Angle of center line of HRT with horizontal 0.01 rad
Co-eff of Contraction C
c 0.6 as per IS 9761 Cl.5.1.2
Design Discharge Q 240 cumec
Dia of HRT (in org proposal D shaped has been provided) D 8.5
C/s Area of HRT A
hrt 65.38625
M
2
Opening Area of Bellmouth 108.98264 M
2
Tan
Upper Nappe Height h
1 6.631352 m 0.000102
Lower Nappe Height h
2 6.7304541 m
Height of Bell Mouth he =(h
1
+h
2
) 13.361806 m
Width of Bell Mouth b
e 8.1562808 m
Profile of Bell mouth & Entry details has to be followed as per IS 9761 Cl 5.1
Velocity through Bellmouth V
bellmouth 2.2021855 m/sec
Minimum Submergence for avoiding vortex
Froude Number F
r 0.2411626
limiting value 0.3333333
1to1.5 times the intake ht 1.819
Case-1 Submergence ht 10.2 m taking 1.2 11.65182
Case-2 Using formula h 8.349764 m
Case-3 Submergence ht from IS 9761 Cl.4.2.1 h 10.689445 m
taking max value of three cases 10.689445 m
Bottom level of HRT 2193 m
Base level of Trash Rack 2192 m
MDDL required 2207.9394 m say 2208.00 m
2 Trash Rack hydraulic design
Trash Bar Design
Radius for semi circular intake structure R=1.1428b
e 9.3209977 m say 10.00 m
Perimeter of the trash rack 31.415927
Assuming normal velocity through trash rack V
nt 1.5 m/sec
Considering hand raking, velocity through trash rack V
t 0.75 m/sec as per IS 9761 Cl.5.3.6
Area of waterway required A
net 320 m2
Distance between MDDL to Bottom of HRT 15.00 m
Height of trash rack 16.00 m 22.2849
Assuming Trash rack panel width TRP
w 4.00 m 44.5698
Assuming Trash rack panel height TRP
h 4.00 m
Thickness of Trash bar TB
t 10.00 mm as per IS 11388 Cl.8.5.1
Spacing of Trash Bar TB
s 100.00 mm as per IS 11388 Cl.8.4 limit 40-100 mm
The depth of Trash Bar TB
d 50 mm as per IS 11388 Cl.8.5
Unsupported length limiting value as per code IS11388 700.00 mm
Provided Unsupported length TB
l 500.00 mm
Differential head acting on trash rack h
d 6.00 m
UDL load on trash Bar w 60.00 kg/m
Maximum Bending moment BM 18.75 N-m
Yield stress f
y 250.00 N/mm2
Failure Stress 116.25 N/mm2
Safe stress 76.73 N/mm2
Z
req 244.38 mm3
Zprov 4166.67 mm3
Actual Stress 4.50 N/mm2
Hence Zprov > Zreq Trash Bar Safe Design
2 1/ 2 1
1 2
0.791
2
(1.21tan 0.0847) 1.1tan
0.077tan
Cos
Cos
h D
h D

INTERMIDIATE ISJC 150 Channel Design
Section Properties
Width of ISJC 150 flange 45.00 mm
Udl on ISMC channel 270.00 kg/m
Maximum bending moment 5400.00 N-m
Yield stress fy 250.00 N/mm2
Permissible bending stress 165.00 N/mm2
Zreq 32727.27 mm3
Z about xx axis for ISJC150 from Sp 6 -1 62800.00 mm3
Hence Zprov > Zreq Intermidiate ISJC 150 Safe Design 85.98726
Clear Area for Water Way
Nos of Intermidiate IMJC 150 horizontal members 9.00 nos 9.00 nos
Area of IMJC 150 1620000.00 mm2
Nos of Trash Bars 41.00 nos 41.00 nos
Area of Trash Bars 20500.00 mm2
Total restricted area 1640500.00 mm2 1.6405 m2
Whole area 16.00 m2
Clear Area for Water Way 14.36 m2
Area req 160.00 m2
Nos of panel 11.14 nos 12.00 nos
considering 50% chocking nos of Panel 24.00 nos
Total area 344.63
Velocity 0.70
if hand raking Velocity should be less than 0.75m/s, hence its OK
if mechanical raking velocity ~ 1.5 m/s its not desirable
Angle between adjacent piers 30.00 degree
Nos of bay 6.00 nos
Nos of row available upto MDDL 4.00 nos
Nos of row required 4.00 nos
Safe Arrangement of Trash Rack
Semi-Circular Slab
thickness of slab 0.20 m
total weight of semi circular slab 785.40 KN
as semi circular slab acts as a one way slab, load on curve beam 392.70 KN
length of curved beam 31.42 m
Udl load on beam 12.50 KN/m
Design of Semi Circular Intake Supporting Structure
1 Bellmounth Opening & Transition
a) Size of Opening
Slope 1 in 99.00
Angle of center line of HRT with horizontal 0.01 rad
Co-eff of Contraction C
c
0.6
Design Discharge Q 240
Dia of HRT (in org proposal D shaped has been provided) D 8.5
C/s Area of HRT A
hrt
65.38625
Opening Area of Bellmouth 108.98264
Upper Nappe Height h
1
6.631352
Lower Nappe Height h
2
6.7304541
Height of Bell Mouth he =(h
1
+h
2
) 13.361806
Width of Bell Mouth b
e
8.1562808
Profile of Bell mouth & Entry details has to be followed as per IS 9761 Cl 5.1
Velocity through Bellmouth V
bellmouth
2.2021855
Minimum Submergence for avoiding vortex
Froude Number F
r
0.2411626
limiting value 0.3333333
1to1.5 times the intake ht
Case-1 Submergence ht 10.2
Case-2 Using formula h 8.349764
Case-3 Submergence ht from IS 9761 Cl.4.2.1 h 10.689445
taking max value of three cases 10.689445
Bottom level of HRT 2193
Base level of Trash Rack 2192
MDDL required 2207.9394
2 Trash Rack hydraulic design
Trash Bar Design
Width between center line of piers R=1.42857b 12.142845
Perimeter of the trash rack 40.840704
Assuming normal velocity through trash rack V
nt
1.5
Considering hand raking, velocity through trash rack V
t
0.75
Area of waterway required A
net
320
Distance between MDDL to Bottom of HRT 15.00
Height of trash rack 16.00
Assuming Trash rack panel width TRP
w
4.00
2 1/ 2
1
1 2
0.791
2
(1.21tan 0.0847) 1.1tan
0.077tan
Cos
Cos
h D
h D

Assuming Trash rack panel height TRP
h
3.60
Thickness of Trash bar TB
t
10.00
Spacing of Trash Bar TB
s
100.00
The depth of Trash Bar TB
d
50
Unsupported length limiting value as per code IS11388 700.00
Provided Unsupported length TB
l
500.00
Differential head acting on trash rack h
d
6.00
UDL load on trash Bar w 0.60
Maximum Bending moment BM 18.75
Yield stress f
y
250.00
Failure Stress 116.25
Safe stress 76.73
Z
req
244.38
Zprov 4166.67
Actual Stress 4.50
Hence Zprov > Zreq Trash Bar Safe Design
INTERMIDIATE ISMC 150 Channel Design
Section Properties
Width of ISJC 150 flange 45.00
Udl on ISMC channel 2.70
Maximum bending moment 5400.00
Yield stress fy 250.00
Permissible bending stress 165.00
Zreq 32727.27
Z about xx axis for ISJC150 from Sp 6 -1 62800.00
Hence Zprov > Zreq Intermidiate ISJC 150 Safe Design
Clear Area for Water Way
Nos of Intermidiate IMJC 150 horizontal members 8.20
Area of IMJC 150 1620000.00
Nos of Trash Bars 41.00
Area of Trash Bars 205000.00
Total restricted area 1825000.00
Whole area 14.40
Clear Area for Water Way 12.58
For mechanical raking
Area req for mechanical raking 160.00
Nos of panel 12.72
considering 50% chocking nos of Panel 26.00
Total area 326.95
Velocity 0.73
For manual raking
Area req for manual raking 320.00
Nos of panel 25.45
considering 50% chocking nos of Panel 52.00
Total area 653.90
Velocity 0.37
if hand raking Velocity should be less than 0.75m/s, hence its OK
if mechanical raking velocity ~ 1.5 m/s its not desirable
Nos of bay 6.00
Nos of row available upto MDDL 4.44
Nos of row required 4.33
Safe Arrangement of Trash Rack
Semi-Circular Slab
thickness of slab 0.20
total weight of semi circular slab 1327.32
as semi circular slab acts as a one way slab, load on curve beam 663.66
length of curved beam 40.84
0.010101
as per IS 9761 Cl.5.1.2
cumec
M
2
M
2
Tan
m 0.000102 0.000123 0.084823 0.291245 0.500026
m
m
m
m/sec
1.819
m taking 1.2 12.14285
m
m
m
m
m
m say 2208.00 m
11.65182
m say 13.00 m
m/sec
m/sec as per IS 9761 Cl.5.3.6
m2
m
m 25.44732
m 50.89463
m
mm as per IS 11388 Cl.8.5.1
mm as per IS 11388 Cl.8.4 limit 40-100 mm
mm as per IS 11388 Cl.8.5
mm
mm
m
KN/m
N-m
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
mm3
mm3
N/mm2
mm
KN/m
N-m
N/mm2
N/mm2
mm3
mm3
85.98726
nos 9.00 nos
mm2
nos 41.00 nos
mm2
mm2 1.825 m2
m2
m2
m2
nos 13.00 nos
nos
m/s
m/s
m2
nos 26.00
nos 5 10.4
m2
m/s
degree 10.68944
nos
nos
nos
m
KN
KN
m
KN/m 3.125
0.79127 0.011111 0.780159 6.631352
0.79104 0.000778 0.791818 6.730454