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SAFETY

AUDIT
Is Occupational
Health and Safety in
your Organization
up to standard?
Inspiring Excellence
INTRODUCTION
Safety Audit can be defined as verifying the existence and
implementation of elements of occupational safety and health
system and for verifying the systems ability to achieve
defined safety objectives.
This presentation will give you an overview of Audit
Safety Audit Audit !rocess Auditor attributes. It also
discusses about the different reference standards in India
related to safety audit and will give you some ta"e home
points.
WHAT IS AUDIT?
Part of a Verification
Process
Other modes of
verification:
Audi
t
Assessm
ent
Inspecti
on
DIFFERENT LEVELS OF VERIFICATION
AUDIT FEATURES:
Audit
criteria Requirements against which audit evidence is
compared
Audit scope
Extent and boundaries of an
audit
# Physical
locatio
ns
# Activitie
s and
process
es
Audit
findings
Results of the evaluation
# Either conformity
or
nonconformity
WHAT IS SAFETY AUIT
$erifying the existence and implementation
of elements of occupational safety and
health system and for verifying the systems
ability to achieve defined safety objectives.
IS%&''()%&))(
DIFFERENT TYPES OF
SAFETY AUDIT
*ational standards
I !""#$
%ode of Practice on Occupational afety &
'ealth Audit (! Elements) *+# ,uestions
+IS, &'-
.uidelines on Internal Safety Audits
International standards
#
-ritish . tar Audit
Support standards
# Indian tandards
/-I0
# OI1 tandards
SAFETY AUDIT
In India) tatutory Requirement for
'a2ardous Industries
3requency: Every 4ear
APPROACH
'ardwa
re
oftwa
re
'umanw
are
SAFETY
DEPENDS ON
Engineering
!rocurement
Accident and
incident
analysis
/or" permit
0ealth and
0ygiene
Emergency
!!E
1eadership
Tas
"observation
ELEMENTS OF OCCUPATIONAL
SAFETY AND
HEALTH SYSTEM - IS 14489
#
Occupational 'ealth and afety Policy
#
O&' organi2ational set up
#
Education and 5raining
#
Employees participation in O&'
6anagement
#
6otivational and Promotional measures
for O&'
#
afety 6anual and Rules
#
%ompliance with tatutory
Requirements
#
7ew Equipment review and inspection
E8E6E75 %O751::
#
Accident reporting analysis investigation and
implementation and recommendations
#
2is" Assessment including ha3ard identification
#
Safety inspections
#
0ealth and safety improvement plan4targets
#
5irst aid facilities%+ccupational health center
#
!ersonal !rotective E6uipment
#
.ood house"eeping
#
7achine and general area guarding
#
7aterial handling e6uipment
ELEMENTS CONTD..
#
Electrical and !ersonal safeguarding
#
$entilation illumination and noise
#
/or" environment monitoring system
#
!revention of occupational diseases
including periodic medical examination
#
Safe operating procedures
#
/or" !ermit systems
#
5ire !revention !rotection and fighting
systems
#
Emergency !reparedness plans8onsite4offsite9
#
!rocess !lant modification procedure
ELEMENTS CONTD..
#
Transportation of ha3ardous substances
#
0a3ardous waste treatment and
disposal
#
Safety in storage and warehousing
#
:ontractor safety systems
#
Safety for customers8including 7S,S9
AUDIT PROCESS
!lan
Audit
Plan
Audit
Program
Auditor
%hec;list
&. '. 5ollow ;p
Effective
closure of
finding
:onduct
Opening
6eeting
Auditing
5echniques
ampli
ng
Probin
g
,uestioning
<riting a
finding
%losing
6eeting
<.
2eport
Review of
proposed
%APA
Audit Report
=.
/ho does it>
Auditor = Audit
team
?asis of audit>
Audit criteria
or
requirement
s
!urpose>
# 5o chec;
compliance
# 5o facilitate
improvement
# 5o identify the ris;s
AUDIT OUTCOME
treng
th
<ea;nes
s =
Opportuni
ty
Ris
;
3ailu
re
*oteworthy Effort
+bservation
*onconformity
REQUIREMENT
8egal ta;eholder
>s
tandard
Organisation
>s
Own
Process
LIFECYCLE OF AN AUDIT
FINDING
5inding
documented
5inding
classified @ issued
:A agreed
,epartment
applies :A
effectiveness
verified
5inding
closed out
,epartment investigates
@ 6uantifies
,epartment finds
root cause
,epartment determines
:orrective Action 8:A9
2is" assessment
Auditor
!erson with the
competence to
conduct an audit.
!o"petence
Ability to perform
FOUR POINT FOR AN AUDITOR
#
I shall chec" compliance to the re6uirements
within
the scope of the audit criteria
#
I am here to facilitate improvement
#
I am here not to find faults or non conformities
#
I will contribute to the effectiveness of the system
An Auditor is an
Improvement
3acilitator -ut not a
fault finder
AUDITOR ATTRIBUTES
?eneri
c
@nowled
ge
A@nowledge of
ref standard
/e:g: I
!""#$0
;i
ll
peciB
c
@nowled
ge
A'ealth &
afety
A8egal
Requirem
ents
AProcess
Person
al
Attribut
es
AProfessio
nal
,ualitie
s
A5eam
<or;
Auditing
5echniques
#
E!"#$%& i:e: fair) truthful) sincere) honest and discreet
#
O'()-*")+(+& i:e: willing to consider alternative
ideas or points
of view
#
O,-(./$)& i:e. actively aware of
physical surroundings and
activities
#
T()$#"01-& i:e: persistent) focused on achieving
obCectives
#
D(#"-"/(& i:e. reaches timely conclusions based on
logical reasoning
and analysis
PERO7A8 A55RI-D5E
FIVE PRINCIPLES OF AUDITING
Ethical %onduct
3air
Presentation 1ue
Professional %are
Independence
Evidence based
approach
TA2E HOME
POINTS
#
Safety
Audit
organi3atio
n
is a 2is" 7anagement tool for any
#
Safety Audit is an Improvement tool for any organisation
#
#
Any safety audit must have both management
@ operational approach
#
#
Safety Audit 8as per IS &''()9 is mandatory
for
ha3ardous Industries
#
5indings must be focused towards 1ac" of :ontrol
not only non%compliance
Occupational
Health and
Safety
SAFETY DOESN3T HAPPEN BY ACCIDENT.
SO& PREPARE AND PREVENT& DON3T REPAIR
AND REPENT