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Plate element benchmark comparison

Problem Statement:

A cantilever beam of z-cross section with an end couple force of 0.6 MN is

applied as shown in the figure.1 is a benchmark to test plate element type. The

benchmark value by NAFEMS

1

standard bench test reports the compressive axial stress at

the plate mid-surface to be -108 MPa at point P shown in the figure.

Figure.1

Ref:

1

National Agency for Finite Element Methods and Standards, Rev. 3, 1990 http://www.nafems.org

Objective:

The standard reported value is used to perform a convergence study of all the plate

elements available, namely linear and parabolic order triangle and quadrilateral elements.

Relevant data:

Material properties: E = 210 GPa, = 0.3.

Physical Properties: Mindlin plate element with thickness of 0.1m.

ME 565 Advanced Finite Element Analysis Assignment 1 Solution

2003 Pallavi Akula and Hormoz Zareh 2 Portland State University

Loading:

A torque load of 1.2 MN-m is equivalent to a couple force of 0.6 MN applied at each

edge as a shear load is shown as the figure 2.

Constraints:

One end of the beam is clamped so as to simulate a cantilever beam

condition.

Figure 2

Check Points and Tips in this problem:

Check that you apply a shear force of 0.6 MPa in opposite directions at

two edges of the Z cross-section.

Check that you have changed the thickness from the default value.

Always start with a course mesh, if possible.

Investigate whether the drilling degree of freedom has an effect

Check that you are looking for axial (Z) stress results.

Check that you are reading results at mid-layer of the plate element.

Check that there are two stress values reported at point P, while you query

the two adjacent elements related to the node at P. Average those two

values manually before keying into convergence plot.

ME 565 Advanced Finite Element Analysis Assignment 1 Solution

2003 Pallavi Akula and Hormoz Zareh 3 Portland State University

Convergence Study

Linear Quadrilateral Element

No. of

Elements

Compressive Axial

Stress at P, MPa

51 113

80 111.5

280 111

312 111

660 110.5

Convergence study for linear quad elements

110.5

111

111.5

112

112.5

113

113.5

0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350

No of elements

A

x

i

a

l

s

t

r

e

s

s

a

t

P

(

c

o

m

p

)

M

P

a

Linear Quad

The linear quadrilateral elements have converged at a mesh density of 280 elements.

ME 565 Advanced Finite Element Analysis Assignment 1 Solution

2003 Pallavi Akula and Hormoz Zareh 4 Portland State University

Parabolic Quadrilateral Element

No. of Elements

Compressive

Axial Stress

at P, MPa

9 106.96

12 108.74

15 108.34

18 109.3

21 109.45

24 109.61

32 109.54

Convergence for Parabolic Quad

9

12

15

18

21

24

32

106.5

107

107.5

108

108.5

109

109.5

110

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

No of elements

C

o

m

p

A

x

i

a

l

S

t

r

e

s

s

a

t

P

,

M

P

a

Parabolic Quad

The parabolic quadrilateral elements reach convergence at a very less mesh density of 24

elements.

ME 565 Advanced Finite Element Analysis Assignment 1 Solution

2003 Pallavi Akula and Hormoz Zareh 5 Portland State University

Linear Triangle Element

No. of

Elements

Compressive Axial

Stress at P, MPa

30 39.4

182 78.26

320 79.83

596 95.61

1062 99.05

1346 100

Convergence Study for linear Triangle

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

0 500 1000 1500

No of Elements

C

o

m

p

r

e

s

s

i

v

e

a

x

i

a

l

s

t

r

e

s

s

a

t

P

,

M

P

a

Linear Triangle

Linear triangle element has converged with a higher mesh density of 1062 elements.

ME 565 Advanced Finite Element Analysis Assignment 1 Solution

2003 Pallavi Akula and Hormoz Zareh 6 Portland State University

Parabolic Triangle Element

No. of

Elements

Compressive Axial

Stress at P, MPa

54 118

82 117.7

182 112.6

320 111.09

596 111.05

1346 110.9

Convergence study for Parabolic Triangle

110

111

112

113

114

115

116

117

118

119

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600

No of Elements

C

o

m

p

r

e

s

s

i

v

e

a

x

i

a

l

s

t

r

e

s

s

a

t

P

,

M

P

a

Parabolic Triangle

The convergence of parabolic triangle elements has improved compared to linear triangle

elements. They converge at mesh distribution of 320 elements.

ME 565 Advanced Finite Element Analysis Assignment 1 Solution

2003 Pallavi Akula and Hormoz Zareh 7 Portland State University

Comparison

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600

No of elements

A

x

i

a

l

S

t

r

e

s

s

a

t

P

(

c

o

m

p

)

,

M

P

a

Linear Triangle Parabolic Triangle Linear Quad Parabolic Quad

Conclusion:

Use of parabolic quadrilateral elements save lot of computation time and will give

accurate results compared to other elements.

108 MPa

Theoretical Value

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