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WWG IBT-5

Basic Rate Access


ISDN Tester
BN 7522/10, BN 7522/20 and BN 7522/70
Series DA ...
Software version 6.01

BN 7522/98.21

Operating Manual

Please direct all inquiries to your


local Wavetek Wandel Goltermann
sales company. The addresses are
given at the end of this handbook.

Wandel & Goltermann CTS SA


15, rue du Chne Germain
F - 35517 CESSON-SEVIGNE cedex
2000
Author: WG-CTS
Order no.: 7522/98.21
Edition: 08/00.03, DA ...
Previous editions:
07/99.05, DA ...
06/99.01, DA ...
05/97.12, CE ...
Subject to change without prior notice.
The product names mentioned herein are used for identification
purposes only, and may be trademarks and/or registered trademarks
of their respective companies.
Printed in U.K.

Prior warning!
The 'NT Simulation' option is compatible with IBT-5 instruments of the CE series
or more recent equipped with software version 3.01 or higher and an accu-pack.
The accu-pack with serial interface is compatible with IBT-5 instruments of the
DA series or more recent. The interface is used to download new software
versions, implement the real-time trace function and print out results.

U and S0 interfaces must not be connected simultaneously.


Disconnect the network interface before opening the instrument.

Now that you have received your IBT-5, you should register your warranty.
PLEASE FILL OUT THE WARRANTY FORM AT THE END OF THIS MANUAL
AND FAX OR MAIL IT TO WAVETEK WANDEL GOLTERMANN.
This will help us to keep you informed about future instrument upgrades, etc.

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Contents

Contents
Introduction
1

Product Description.............................................................................. 1-1


1.1

Keyboard .....................................................................................................................1-2
1.1.1
General key description.....................................................................................1-2
1.1.2
Alphanumeric keys ............................................................................................1-2
1.1.3
The Yes key.......................................................................................................1-3
1.1.4
The No key ........................................................................................................1-3
1.1.5
The Clr key (Clear) ............................................................................................1-3
1.1.6
The Shift key .....................................................................................................1-3
1.1.7

The

key ..................................................................................................1-4

1.1.8
The
key ..................................................................................................1-4
Display .........................................................................................................................1-5
1.2.1
General description ...........................................................................................1-5
1.2.2
Languages.........................................................................................................1-6
1.3 Power supply ...............................................................................................................1-7
1.3.1
Operating mode.................................................................................................1-7
1.3.2
Recharging the batteries in the accu-pack ........................................................1-7
1.3.3
Battery characteristics .......................................................................................1-8
1.4 Power on/Power off .....................................................................................................1-9
1.5 Reset procedures ......................................................................................................1-10
1.6 LEDs ..........................................................................................................................1-11
1.7 Buzzer........................................................................................................................1-12
1.8 Interfaces ...................................................................................................................1-13
1.8.1
IBT-5 / S0 interface ..........................................................................................1-13
1.8.2
IBT-5 / S0 and U interfaces..............................................................................1-14
1.9 IBT-5 serial interface .................................................................................................1-16
1.10 IBT-5 summary features ............................................................................................1-17
1.10.1 Coding law.......................................................................................................1-17
1.10.2 Protocols .........................................................................................................1-17

1.10.3 Private CorNet-T and CorNet-TS protocols .................................................1-18


1.10.4 Interface ..........................................................................................................1-18
1.10.5 Selection of U or S0 interface ..........................................................................1-19
1.10.6 DTMF ..............................................................................................................1-19
1.10.7 Self-call............................................................................................................1-19
1.10.8 LOOP BOX mode............................................................................................1-19
1.10.9 PHONE CALL mode........................................................................................1-19
1.10.10 PHONE-BOOK mode ......................................................................................1-20
1.10.11 TEST OF SERV mode (Test of services) .......................................................1-20
1.10.12 BIT ERR RATE mode (transmission quality test)............................................1-22
1.10.13 NT Simulation mode (option for EDSS-1, 1TR6, 1TR67, EDSS-CH (SN 3),
VN3, VN4, VN6, Q.SIG and TPH1962) ...........................................................1-22
1.10.14 Interrogation, activation and deactivation of call forwardings ..........................1-22
1.10.15 D-channel trace ...............................................................................................1-23
1.10.16 Real-time trace ................................................................................................1-23
1.10.17 Printing and storage of results.........................................................................1-23
1.10.18 Software upgrade ............................................................................................1-24
1.11 Accessories and options............................................................................................1-25
1.11.1 Accessories .....................................................................................................1-25
1.11.2 Options ............................................................................................................1-25
1.2

Contents

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

1.12 Compatibility ..............................................................................................................1-26


1.12.1 Electromagnetic compatibility..........................................................................1-26
1.12.2 Environmental conditions ................................................................................1-26
1.13 Calibration..................................................................................................................1-26

IBT-5 Use ............................................................................................... 2-1


2.1
2.2

Concept .......................................................................................................................2-1
CONFIGURATION menu ............................................................................................2-3
2.2.1
Instrument configuration parameters ................................................................2-3
2.2.2
Protocol configuration parameters ....................................................................2-4
2.2.3
Test configuration parameters ..........................................................................2-6
2.3 PHONE-BOOK menu ................................................................................................2-11
2.4 PHONE CALL menu..................................................................................................2-12
2.4.1
Menu description .............................................................................................2-12
2.4.2
Address field....................................................................................................2-13
2.4.3
Keypad Facilities .............................................................................................2-13
2.4.4
Overlap sending ..............................................................................................2-14
2.4.5
Use of the phone book ....................................................................................2-14
2.4.6
Recall procedure .............................................................................................2-15
2.4.7
Automatic self-call procedure ..........................................................................2-15
2.4.8
Call accept conditions .....................................................................................2-15
2.4.9
Indication Call Waiting.....................................................................................2-16
2.4.10 DTMF (Dual Tone Multi Frequency) generation..............................................2-16
2.4.11 Trace information / possible error causes .......................................................2-16
2.4.12 Addressing information....................................................................................2-19
2.4.13 Advice of charge..............................................................................................2-20
2.4.14 DISPLAY information ......................................................................................2-20
2.5 BIT ERR RATE menu................................................................................................2-21
2.5.1
Menu description .............................................................................................2-21
2.5.2
Manual error insertion .....................................................................................2-23
2.5.3
Test modes......................................................................................................2-23
2.5.4
Print-out of results ...........................................................................................2-24
2.6 TEST OF SERV menu (test of BC/HLC, X.25/D, suppl. services) ............................2-26
2.6.1
Operating mode...............................................................................................2-26
2.6.2
Print-out of results ...........................................................................................2-30
2.7 SUP. SERVICES menu .............................................................................................2-31
2.7.1
Interrogation, activation and deactivation of call forwardings for EDSS-1,
EDSS-CH (SN3), VN6 and 1TR67 ..................................................................2-31
2.7.2
Print-out of results ...........................................................................................2-33
2.7.3
Interrogation, activation and deactivation of call forwardings
for VN4 protocol ..............................................................................................2-33
2.8 LOOP BOX menu ......................................................................................................2-34
2.9 INFORMATION menu ...............................................................................................2-36
2.10 TRANSFER menu .....................................................................................................2-37
2.10.1 Prerequisite .....................................................................................................2-37
2.10.2 Real-time trace ................................................................................................2-37
2.10.3 Print-out of results ...........................................................................................2-38
2.10.4 Downloading....................................................................................................2-38
2.10.5 Analysis with the PC-based expert system .....................................................2-39
2.11 'NT Simulation' option ................................................................................................2-40

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Contents

Appendix 1: Protocol-related causes ..........................................................A-1


Appendix 2: List of available services and teleservices............................A-5
Appendix 3: List of X.25 causes and diagnostics ......................................A-7
Appendix 4: Values of the 'Location' parameter
for the EDSS-1 protocol ....................................................................A-10

Appendix 5: 'National Facility' parameters used to activate


supplementary services in the VN4 protocol
(Euronumris access) ........................................................................A-11

Index
Instrument warranty
Wavetek Wandel Goltermann addresses and contacts

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Introduction

Introduction
With your purchase of the IBT-5, you have obtained an easy-to-use, robust and
compact tool for intensive and daily measurement on the ISDN basic rate access.
The IBT-5 is designed to reduce the time taken to install ISDN lines and
equipment. As easy to use as a telephone, it also enables rapid diagnostics of the
line under test. The IBT-5 is always ready for use thanks to its dual power supply
mode. It can be powered from the tested access or through its rechargeable
batteries.
You will see that the IBT-5 is a solid investment for the future. ISDN is subject to
constant development; new protocols and applications (or simple improvements to
existing IBT-5 features) can be loaded by an easy software update facility
implemented by downloading or changing the PROM.
Additional information on the IBT-5 application or on other IBT family products can
also be requested from your local representative. A list of these representatives is
found at the end of this manual.

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Description

1 Product Description

LEDs: network power supply and


ISDN Layer 1 status

Earpiece

Back-lit screen,
2 x 16 characters
Keypad,
16 keys

S / U switch

Microphone
S interface
U interface

Fig. 1-1: IBT-5 general overview

1-1

Description

1.1
1.1.1

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Keyboard
General key description

Fig. 1-2: Keyboard overview

1.1.2

Alphanumeric keys
Two types of action are available with these keys:
Editing an ISDN address with the '0' to '9', '*' and '#' keys,
Entering a SPID (American protocols only: DMS-100, AT&T Custom and
N-ISDN), an NUI, X.25 call data or name in the phone book with the '0' to '9',
'*', '#', A or Z and 'space' keys.
Alphabetical characters are available with the Shift key when entering an NUI or
X.25 call data or directly when entering the names in the phone book. Each key
has a relative timer in order to scroll the characters: if the Shift key and the
alphanumeric key are maintained pressed, it scrolls through the number and the
letters (circular scrolling). Release to select required number or letter.

1-2

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

1.1.3

Description

The Yes key


This contextual key has the following actions:

1.1.4

Switch on the instrument (when battery-operated),


Enter a menu,
Validate a choice,
Give a positive answer,
Validate a field or a parameter.

The No key
This contextual key has the following actions:
Switch off the instrument (when battery-operated), by pressing the key for 3
seconds,
Return to the previous user interaction,
Unvalidate a choice,
Give a negative answer,
Interrupt a current measurement or a call and return to the last parameter
entry.

1.1.5

The Clr key (Clear)


This contextual key has the following actions:

1.1.6

Delete a character or all characters of a field when used with the Shift key,
Return to the main menu,
Interrupt a current measurement or a call,
Unvalidate a choice.

The Shift key


This key enables access to the '#', '*', 'space' (when used with the '1' key) and to
the alphabetical characters. The activation of the Shift key is sequential and
simultaneous.
The Shift key is used as a Recall function when simultaneously pressed with the
Yes key. It can also be used to activate or deactivate the backlighting of the
screen if pressed simultaneously with the '0' key.

1-3

Description

1.1.7

The

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

key

This key is used to scroll menus, parameters or values (left direction). If used
simultaneously with the Shift key, it gives access to the '*' key.

1.1.8

The

key

This key is used to scroll menus, parameters or values (right direction). If used
simultaneously with the Shift key, it gives to access to the '#' key.

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

1.2
1.2.1

Description

Display
General description
All fields are displayed with a maximum size of 2 lines of 16 digits each.

ISDN BRA
S/T Tester

IBT-5

Fig. 1-3: User interface overview

You can activate or deactivate the backlighting of the screen by simultaneously


activating the Shift and '0' keys.
Important note: For reasons relating to power consumption, the backlight
should not be activated in restricted mode (LED 'P' red).
When keying in an address, if the field length exceeds 15 digits, only the current
part of the field is displayed.
For example if the 'Own Address' field is '12345678901234567890123456', the
display indicates the following, depending on the location of the cursor:
The first digit is visible

The last digit is visible

OWN ADDRESS

12345678901234

OWN ADDRESS

567890123456__

1-5

Description

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Identifiers:

1.2.2

'?'

indicates a question step field (answer by Yes or No).

'!'

indicates that a message acknowledgement is expected, simply


press the Yes key for acknowledgement.

' '

indicates a temporary status.

'' and ''

indicate a scrolling field.

'_'

indicates that you must fill in a field.

Languages
French, English, American English, Spanish, German, Italian and Japanese are
the languages available in this version. To switch dynamically from one language
to another on the IBT-5, type in the sequence '1 2 3' in the INFORMATION main
menu and select the required language. Other languages will be available in future
versions. The documentation is available in English, German and French
(Operating manual and Quick User Guide).

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

1.3
1.3.1

Description

Power supply
Operating mode
Three operating modes are available on the instrument:
Connection to the network supplying power for the S0 and U interfaces. The
IBT-5 functions without rechargeable batteries on this type of bus (normal
and restricted mode).
Connection to the network which does not provide the power supply at both
S0 and U interfaces: the instrument is internally powered through batteries
(option) and has an autonomy of at least 8 hours. The batteries can be
recharged after and during measurements through a specific charger.
Connection to an ISDN equipment with NT simulation (option): the
instrument is powered by the accu-pack (option).
The instrument recognizes automatically if it is powered from the tested access or
not.

1.3.2

Recharging the batteries in the accu-pack


You are informed of battery rundown half-an-hour before the automatic shutdown
of the IBT-5. When the LEDs flash orange for 2 seconds in every 60, it means that
the charger should be plugged in so that the test sequence in progress can be
completed.
The LEDs on the rechargeable batteries inform you when the charger is
connected and when a voltage is present (green LED) and indicate the charging
activity (red LED on: charging, red LED off: charging finished).
Important:

After a full discharge (red LED off), the 'Reset' button on


the rechargeable batteries in the accu-pack must be
pressed with a pointed tool after connecting the charger
(see figure 1-4).
As with any NiMH rechargeable battery, one or two charge
and discharge cycle(s) should be run in order to achieve
maximum operating time.

1-7

Description

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Reset
Green LED: charger connected
Serial interface
(optional)

Red LED: charging in progress

Fig. 1-4: Recharging the batteries

1.3.3

Battery characteristics
Autonomy .........................................................8 hours minimum on the S interface
Recharging time ........................................................................... 3 hours maximum
Type of batteries...........................................................................NiMH / 1800 mAH
Emission ........... complies with EN 50081.1, Generic emission standard - Jan 1992
Immunity........... complies with EN 50082.1, Generic immunity standard - Jan 1992
The charger/batteries interface operates on SELV (Safety Extra Low Voltage).
When using the external battery charger, the charger must be immediately
identifiable and easily reached. The charger plug is used as a primary cut-out
device.

1-8

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

1.4

Description

Power on/Power off


Power on and power off procedures depend on the bus power supply and the
instrument configuration (see table below).

Configuration

Power on

Power off

IBT-5 without batteries/


remote power supply
available

Automatic when
connected to the bus

Automatic when
disconnected from the
bus

IBT-5 battery-operated/
remote power supply
available

Automatic when
connected to the bus

Automatic once
disconnected from the
bus

Manual: press the Yes


key when disconnected
from the bus
IBT-5 with batteries/ remote Manual: press the Yes
power supply not available key

Manual: press the No


key for 3 seconds

Tab. 1-1: Power on/off

The instrument is switched off automatically if not used for 5 minutes and if the
following conditions are fulfilled:
Remote power supply by bus is not provided,
The instrument is not in LOOP BOX mode,
No call established or no test in progress.
Important note: The remote power supply has priority over the battery
power supply, which means that the instrument uses the
battery power supply (accu-pack) only if the remote power
supply is not present (see paragraph 2.2.1.2 for more
details).

1-9

Description

1.5

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Reset procedures
The IBT-5 has a software reset procedure which retains the configuration if the
Yes and '0' keys are pressed simultaneously.
To reset the configuration to the default values, the RESET field has to be
validated in the CONFIGURATION menu.

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

1.6

Description

LEDs
The IBT-5 has two LEDs located above the keyboard. The Power supply LED is
marked with the letter 'P'; the LED relating to the L1 Status is marked with the
letter 'S'. The LEDs have the following meanings:
Stimulus

LED 'P'

LED 'P' colour

No remote power
detected

LED off

Remote power detected


normal mode

LED on

Green

Remote power detected


restricted mode

LED on

Red

Tab. 1-2: LED 'P' meaning

Stimulus

LED 'S'

LED 'S' colour

Layer 1 activation
pending*

Blinking

Green

Layer 1 activated

LED on

Green

Alerting (incoming calls)

Blinking 1-1

1 Green-1 Red

Bit error alarm during a


BER test

LED on for
3 seconds

Red

Tab. 1-3: LED 'S' meaning


*

For the U interface:


- The LED 'S' indicates complete activation of layer 1 (U + S).
- Some public switches do not provide instantaneous activation. In this case, you must wait
until the LED 'S' stops blinking before running a test (LED lit).
- In case of a defect, some public switches turn the remote power off and on, and ask for a
loop. In this case, the IBT-5 provides the information via the red LED 'S' then restarts the
activation process.

For IBT-5s equipped with rechargeable batteries (option possible from


CC series onwards): If the LEDs flash orange for 2 seconds in every 60, the
charger should be plugged in.

1-11

Description

1.7

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Buzzer
The buzzer is used to signal events to the user. These events are organized in
three classes depending on their priority:
1

Test errors: low-pitched long sound

Key not allowed: low-pitched medium sound

Ready state and validation acknowledgement: high-pitched brief sound

The SOUND SIGNS configuration parameter is used to select the event classes to
be indicated by the buzzer (see paragraph 2.2.1.3).

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

1.8

Description

Interfaces
The IBT-5 is available in three configurations:
IBT-5 S0,
IBT-5 S0 + U (2B1Q),
IBT-5 S0 + U (4B3T).

1.8.1

IBT-5 / S0 interface

ISDN BRA
S/T Tester

IBT-5
Made in UK

BN 7522

Fig. 1-5: View of the IBT-5 S0

In this configuration, the IBT-5 enables connection at the S0 interface.

1.8.1.1

External cable
The 1.5 m S0 cable is terminated by a RJ-45 connector. This cable is connected to
the instrument via an internal connector. To facilitate replacement of the external
cable, the internal connector is accessed by a hatch and uses an original blocking
system (registered Depaepe system).

1.8.1.2

Terminating resistor
The terminating resistor is switched through a configuration parameter (standard
100 Ohm or High impedance).

1-13

Description

1.8.1.3

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

S0 Basic Rate Access characteristics


Electrical characteristics .....................................To Rec. ITU-T I.430, ETS 300 012
Connection ........................................ 1.5 meter cable with 1 RJ-45 male connector
Impedance........................................................................................100 Ohm / high
Safety Declaration ................................................ SELV (ISDN Basic Rate Access)

1.8.2

IBT-5 / S0 and U interfaces

S0

U0

ISDN BRA
S/T Tester

IBT-5
Made in UK

BN 7522

Fig. 1-6: View of S0 and U interfaces and of the switch

In this configuration, the IBT-5 enables connection at the S0 and U interfaces. The
IBT-5 is available in two versions for the U interface - 2B1Q or 4B3T line code.
The S0 interface is exactly the same as for the IBT-5 with S0 interface only (see
paragraph 1.8.1).

1.8.2.1

External cables
Besides the S0 cable, this configuration gives you two removable 1.5 meter
U cables which are terminated by two pairs of banana connectors (male).

1.8.2.2

S0 Basic Rate Access characteristics


See paragraph 1.8.1.3.

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

1.8.2.3

Description

U Interface characteristics
Interface ..........................................................................................................2-wire
Line code........................................................................................... 2B1Q or 4B3T
User bit rate ................................................................................................144 kbps
Connection ..................................................................... removable 1.5 meter cable
with 2 pairs of banana connectors (male)
Safety Declaration .................................................TNV (Telecom Network Voltage)
The IBT-5 conforms to the following layer 1 specifications:

ANSI, T1.601-1991,
CNET, Spcification Technique ST/LAA/ELR/DNP/822,
CNET, Spcification Technique C32-11,
ITU-T, Rec. G.961,
ETSI, ETS 300 012,
ETSI, ETR 080.

U and S0 interfaces must not be connected simultaneously.

1-15

Description

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

1.9 IBT-5 serial interface


This interface is located in the accu-pack with serial interface. It enables you to
download a new software version from a PC in order to take advantage of
improvements to the program or new options. It is also used to implement realtime trace functions with the Windows PC Detailed Decoder or ISDNpartner
software and to print out test results on a serial printer or through terminal
emulation.

Stereo jack connector

Rx

Tx

Gnd

Sub-D 9 points
1

DCD

Rx

RXD

Tx

TXD

GND

DTR

SGND

DSR

RTS

CTS

RI

Fig. 1-7 : Pin layout on the serial interface and connector diagram

Safety declaration............................................................................................ SELV


(main and reinforced insulation)
The default serial interface configuration for data transfer during the printing of
results is as follows:
Bit rate: 9600 bit/s
Number of data bits: 8
Parity bit: none
Protocol: none
Stop bit: 1
Results are printed out in condensed mode over 80 columns.
The trace and software update functions use a proprietary Wavetek Wandel
Goltermann protocol for the transfer of data to the Windows PC Detailed
Decoder or ISDNpartner software program.

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Description

1.10 IBT-5 summary features


This instrument has terminal simulation features (TE mode) as described below.
When the IBT-5 includes the 'NT simulation' option, the device can simulate ISDN.
This simulation is available for the following protocols: EDSS-1, 1TR6, 1TR67,
EDSS-CH (SN3), VN3, VN4, VN6 and TPH1962.
1.10.1 Coding law
The IBT-5 offers a software switch between the A and coding laws. These two
non-linear compression functions are mostly used today in North America and
Asia for the coding law and in Europe for the A coding law (the default value is
the A coding law).
1.10.2 Protocols
To operate on the network, the IBT-5 must be equipped with the protocol of the
network to which the instrument is connected. Up to 7 protocols are available
simultaneously on the IBT-5 basic version.
The following protocols are available:
EDSS-1, 1TR6, VN3, VN4, VN6, Swissnet 2 (SN2), EDSS-CH (SN3), BTNR191,
TPH1962, NTT, Q.931, Q.SIG, Telenokia, Televerket, V1, 1TR67, AT&T Custom,
N-ISDN, DMS-100 functional, TN1R6, CorNet-T and CorNet-TS (registered
trademark of Siemens AG).
It is possible to modify the list of protocols in the CONFIGURATION menu at
all times. Simply enter the sequence '1 2 3' directly from the INFORMATION
menu and follow the instructions. A maximum of 7 protocols will then be
available.
Due to the arrival of new protocols, this list is subject to changes. Please contact
your local representative for information.

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Description

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

1.10.3 Private CorNet-T and CorNet-TS protocols


The CorNet-T and CorNet-TS protocols (registered trademark of Siemens AG)
are private protocols found only on the Siemens user-PABX interface, unlike other
protocols (e.g. EDSS1) which can also be found on user-network interfaces (U
interface and S/T interface).
The IBT-5 is the only test device in its range that currently supports the two
CorNet-T and CorNet-TS protocols. It enables call setups and BER tests on the
Siemens PABX accesses for rapid detection of the sources of terminal equipment
breakdown or transmission quality problems.
The CorNet-T protocol is available at the Siemens S/T interface (4 wires) and the
Siemens Up0 interface (2 wires) in the HiCom PBX product group.
The CorNet-TS protocol is used by the new Siemens Optiset products. It is also
to be found on the new Siemens UP0/E interface on PABXs in the HiCom E
product group. The protocol is described as a stimulus based on simple
exchanges of information between the PABX and the terminal. In this mode, the
functions available on the IBT-5 are the PHONE CALL and BIT ERR RATE
menus. The other conventional ISDN tests are not applicable to this interface.
Operation at the Up0 and Up0/E interfaces requires a Up0 adapter at the
S/T interface. The adapter is commonly referred to as a PNT, meaning Private
Network Termination.
1.10.4 Interface
The IBT-5 can be connected to three main types of logical interface:
The interface with automatic TEI allocation is the most common one.
The interface with a fixed TEI (TEI = 0) is generally used to connect small
PBXs to the network.
The last interface is a permanent link. In this case, the interface no longer
enables switching within the ISDN network. A permanent link exists between
this interface and the remote interface.
The instrument enables you to select 'PMP (Dyn TEI)', 'PP (TEI=0)', 'No Protocol'
and Auto-Config. The No Protocol parameter enables the use of the IBT-5 on a
permanent connection.
The selection of Auto-Config activates the Layer 2 auto-configuration function. In
this case, the IBT-5 automatically configures the parameter when the equipment is
powered up.

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Description

1.10.5 Selection of U or S0 interface


The external switch switches between U or S0 interfaces.
1.10.6 DTMF
The IBT-5 can generate voice frequencies (DTMF, Dual Tone MultiFrequency).
This function is available once a phone call is established (speech or Audio
3.1 kHz) on incoming or outgoing calls.
1.10.7 Self-call
By calling his own address (and sub-address if necessary), you can perform a
self-call in PHONE CALL, BIT ERR RATE or automatic TEST OF SERV modes.
Once the call has been accepted, the self call is indicated by displaying both
connected channels (2B).
This function is used to test the two B channels on an ISDN access in one
operation. The self-call function is not available when the IBT-5 is being used for
NT simulation.
1.10.8 LOOP BOX mode
When used as a loopbox, the IBT-5 automatically accepts up to two incoming calls
simultaneously and is also compatible with IBT family UUS (User to User
Signalling) remote commands. This feature enables the IBT-5 to act like an ISDN
and X.25/D loopbox at the U and S0 interfaces (see paragraph 2.2.3.6 for more
information).
1.10.9 PHONE CALL mode
The IBT-5 can be used like an ordinary telephone to send and receive calls. The
instrument receives calls only in the MAIN MENU.
It authorizes the testing of the Keypad facilities during call set-up and once the call
has been established. During call setup, the Keypad data ('0' to '9', '*', '#') is
encoded in place of the called address in the SETUP message. Once the call has
been established, the Keypad Facility information element is sent in the
INFORMATION message each time you press one of the keys ('0' to '9', '*', '#').
This function can be activated or deactivated in the CONFIGURATION menu.

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In addition to charging information, the IBT-5 displays, for example, the calling
number (even if the call has been transferred) or the reason for the non-display of
the number.
1.10.10 PHONE-BOOK mode
This mode allows you to store up to 6 addresses, which can be used in other
menus by means of a phone book range number.
1.10.11 TEST OF SERV mode (Test of services)

1.10.11.1 Test of Bearer Capability (BC) / teleservices (HLC & LLC)


The IBT-5 allows you to check which ISDN services are available on the access
being tested. This is very important when commissioning ISDN Basic Rate
Accesses, especially if the test is carried out on the user side of a PBX. ISDN is
undergoing continuous development and many new services requiring testing will
soon be arriving on the market. New software supporting these new tests can be
added to the IBT-5 at a later date by means of a software upgrade (see
paragraph 1.10.18).
Two types of test of services are available in the instrument:
Manual test in the PHONE CALL menu: the following services are tested
independently: Audio 3.1 kHz, Speech, Speech BC, Data BC etc.
Automatic test of services with two modes (with and without charge), Audio
3.1 kHz, fax G4, speech, data (64K), data (56K), Teletext, Videotex etc.
In the 'Free of charge' mode, the service is considered as passed if the message
SETUP ACK is received. Only the availability for outgoing calls is checked.
In the 'Charged' mode, the service is considered as passed if the message
ALERTING or CONNECT is received. The availability of the service for both
outgoing and incoming is checked.
In the automatic TEST OF SERV mode, the test is carried out in two steps, first
the BC only and then the BC and HLC/LLC combined.

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Description

1.10.11.2 X.25 in D-channel test


The 'Commissioning' function of the IBT-5 simulates X.25 terminal equipment
connected on the S0 interface of the ISDN. You must know the X.25 parameters of
the equipment under test in order to validate them in the IBT-5. Access to the X.25
network via the D channel using the IBT-5 complies with the ITU-T X.31 standard,
case B, with and without call presentation. The function is used to check the
quality of the X.25 service by setting up a call and analyzing the quality of
reception of a previously-transmitted data packet. A self-call can also be run, as
can Layer 2 and 3 tests. A test can also be run on data fields. These tests are also
enabled during a call to a remote device implementing a loop (IBT family testers or
another device capable of looping onto X.25 call packet recognition). The IBT-5
provides a very quick means of diagnosing ISDN problems (the network supplies a
Layer 2 frame service) or of diagnosing problems caused by the packet network
undertaking the end-to-end transfer of X.25 packets (Layer 3).

1.10.11.3 Test of supplementary services for EDSS-1, EDSS-CH (SN3), 1TR67 and
VN6
The IBT-5 can be used to test the following supplementary services:
Calling addresses (CLIP and CLIR),
Connected addresses (COLP and COLR),
Sub-addressing (SUB),
Advice Of Charge (AOC),
Terminal Portability (TP),
Hold (HOLD),
Call Forwarding functions (CFU, CFB, CFNR),
Closed User Group (CUG),
Malicious Call Identification during a call (MCID1),
Malicious Call Identification at the end of a call (MCID2),
User-to-User Signaling when establishing a call (UUS1),
User-to-User Signaling between alerting and active phase (UUS2),
User-to-User Signaling during active phase (UUS3).
After activating the supplementary services to be tested (available on the network)
in the CONFIGURATION menu, the IBT-5 simply runs an automatic test in order
to validate the actual presence of these services from the access being tested.

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1.10.12 BIT ERR RATE mode (transmission quality test)


The BIT ERR RATE mode is used to measure the transmission quality of ISDN
connections (leased lines or switched circuits). Brief measurements are sufficient
during maintenance and installation operations. The instrument performs a BER
test with G.821 analysis (no slip detection) for both single call and self-call
(available for 56 and 64 kbps). It is then possible to insert errors manually during a
test in order to test the network's ability to support such errors.
1.10.13 NT Simulation mode (option for EDSS-1, 1TR6, 1TR67, EDSS-CH (SN 3), VN3,
VN4, VN6, Q.SIG and TPH1962)
When the IBT-5 includes the 'NT Simulation' option, it can simulate ISDN at the
S0 interface. This simulation is useful when commissioning ISDN equipment (e.g.
a PBX). Before connecting up an ISDN PBX, a functional test must be carried out.
Thanks to the IBT-5, it is possible to set up a call with the various terminals
connected behind the PBX and perform very simple services and addressing
schedule tests.
All the tests available for the 'Terminal' simulation can be used for the 'Network'
simulation (NT Simulation) except the self-call function.
This operating mode requires the use of the NT cable adapter (S2500) and the
accu-pack.
1.10.14 Interrogation, activation and deactivation of call forwardings
By implementing the 'Generic Functional Protocol', the IBT-5 enables you to
obtain and modify the actual configuration of supplementary services relating to
call forwarding unconditional (CFU), busy lines (CFB) or no-response (CFNR). In
addition to interrogation, you can activate and deactivate each call forwarding
using the addressing and service criteria of your choice on a given access.
With the VN4 protocol, call forwarding unconditional (CFU) or no-response
(CFNR) can be activated using the same menus. In this case, the IBT-5 sends the
National Facility information element, see Appendix 5.

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Description

1.10.15 D-channel trace


The instrument displays the information of each protocol layer of the D channel
and the causes of possible failure. When this trace has been interpreted, it
provides an easily-understandable explanation of problems arising on the network
(layers 1, 2 and 3) for users with no expert knowledge of ISDN.
1.10.16 Real-time trace
Thanks to the accu-pack with serial interface, the IBT-5 can be used to transfer
the D-channel ISDN signalling in real time to a PC. This function is limited to
exchanges between the IBT-5 and the access tested. The Windows PC
Detailed Decoder or ISDNpartner software then implements full analysis of the
trace. These software programs are already used by instruments such as the
IBT-10 (ISDN tester for basic rate access), IBT-20 (ISDN tester for primary rate
access) and IUM-10 (U-interface monitor).
The IBT-5 can then take advantage of the wide range of functions (filters, trigger,
editing facilities etc.) of these programs to provide complete analysis of the
exchanges between the IBT-5 and the network.
1.10.17 Printing and storage of results
Thanks to the accu-pack with serial interface, the IBT-5 can print out all the test
results (BER, test of services and supplementary services, X.25 test and
questions relating to call forwardings on the access). The IBT-5 is compatible with
any serial printer via the RS-232 interface. The results can be transferred and
stored on a PC by means of simple terminal emulation.

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1.10.18 Software upgrade


The IBT-5 is a solid investment for the future. In order to cope with continuing
developments in the world of ISDN, the IBT-5 integrates a quick, easy software
upgrade facility. The upgrade enables you to obtain new protocols and
applications and to take advantage of all new and improved functions. You can
update your IBT-5 by means of a simple exchange of flash EPROM or by
downloading the software (if he has an accu-pack with serial interface, compatible
as of the DA series).
To upgrade your IBT-5, follow the instructions delivered with the upgrade
kit.
Important note: Disconnect the instrument from the network before
proceeding with the upgrade and make sure that the
jumper is correctly positioned (see figure below).

Jumper (only available


before DA series)

h
as
Fl

Extraction slots

Fig. 1-8: Internal view of the IBT-5 and flash EPROM location

Disconnect the network interface before opening the instrument.

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Description

1.11 Accessories and options


1.11.1 Accessories
Accessories are available with the IBT-5 such as:
Carrying bag,
Quick User Guide,
Operating manual,
U cable (for U + S0 version),
NT adapter (when the 'NT simulation' option is installed).
1.11.2 Options

Factory-installed options (to be ordered with the instrument)


Accu-pack (rechargeable batteries and universal charger unit)........ BN 7522/90.09
without serial interface

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1.12 Compatibility
1.12.1 Electromagnetic compatibility
Emission ............................................................................according to EN 50081-1
Immunity............................................................................according to EN 50082-1
Safety .................................according to EN 60950 (chapter 6 including EN 41003)
ETS 300 047-2
1.12.2 Environmental conditions
Permitted ambient temperature (to ETS-300-019-1 Class 7.1)
Nominal temperature range of use ..................................................... -5C to +50C
Transport and storage temperature range........................................ -25C to +70C
Humidity............................................................... 20 to 80% r.h., <25 g/m3 absolute

1.13 Calibration
If this product is employed within a quality system requiring periodic confirmation
of compliance with specification (commonly called calibration), then the
recommended calibration interval is 60 months. Otherwise no periodic calibration
is required.

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Use of the WWG IBT-5

2 IBT-5 Use
2.1

Concept
The scrolling menus make the IBT-5 very simple to use. Whether selecting a
menu or parameter value, or running a test, the IBT-5 has been ergonomically
designed to make handling as easy and fast as possible.
Particular effort was put into making the IBT-5 as flexible as possible. This is why
the IBT-5 offers an innovatory function i.e. configuration customization. It is no
longer necessary to modify the values of parameters linked to various tests.
Instead, the IBT-5 allows you to choose the parameters for which the values can
be modified just before starting a test. It is then possible to 'lock in' the parameter
values considered to be 'set' and to keep modifiable those which will probably be
subject to frequent change during the running of a test. You only specify the value
of these modifiable parameters when running a test based on interactive
parameters. This flexibility allows you to customize your instrument depending on
the different types of tests you may have to carry out.

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The parameters and values related to the CONFIGURATION menu are as follows:
TE

NT

EDSS-1**

Swissnet 3**

MODE*
L3 PROTOCOL

...

Interactive

OWN ADDRESS

27 digits max

SPID**

30 char. max

for American protocols only

Interactive

SPID2**

30 char. max

for American protocols only

Interactive

B CHANNEL

Bx (B1 or B2)

B1

B2

Interactive

100

High

TEI

PMP (TEI Dyn)

PP (TEI = 0)

X.25 PARAM

Standard Profile

User Profile

BERT DURATION

1 min

S0 IMPEDANCE

SERV TEST MODE


SUPP SERV TEST

15 min

Free of Charge

1h

Auto-Config.

Interactive

Infinite

Interactive

24 h

Charged

CLIR

COLP

COLR

SUB

A D

A D

A D A D A

No Protocol

30 min

CLIP

Speech

SERVICE

Interactive

AOC

Audio 3.1 kHz

Interactive
TP

HOLD

CFU

CFB

D A D A D

CFNR

CUG

depends on the L3 protocol

MCID1/2

UUS1/2/3

Interactive

LOOP BOX MODE

All Incom Call

WG Remote

Interactive

CALLED
ADDRESS

27 digits max

or phone book

Interactive

Net. Priority

Batt. Priority

Full

All Errors

Available

Not Available

Interactive

CODING LAW

A Law

Mu Law

Interactive

KEYPAD FAC.

Deactivated

Activated

POWER SUPPLY
SOUND SIGNS
USER-USER SIGN

Test Errors

No Sound

Default values
For SUPP SERV TEST: A: test activated, D: test deactivated
*
Available only with the 'NT Simulation' option
**
According to the ordered configuration or modified in the INFORMATION menu
Fig. 2-1: Structure of the CONFIGURATION menu

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2.2

Use of the WWG IBT-5

CONFIGURATION menu
This menu contains the installation parameters and the customization menu
parameters. It enables the user:
To select a current value in a scrolling menu or to define a value according to
parameter type. This value will be automatically taken into account in all
corresponding menus or measurements.
To indicate the interactive value: no intrinsic value is allocated to the
parameter. The instrument automatically asks for the value when it is needed
for a given measurement.
The modification of a parameter is stored in the permanent memory as soon as it
is validated by the Yes key. When the configuration is modified, the Clr key is
used to return to the previous value of the configuration parameter. Activate the
key a second time to return to the MAIN MENU.
When you switch the instrument off, the value which has been changed in the
configuration retains its new value. The configuration can be returned to its initial
setup at any time (default values for all the parameters) using the RESET
function.

2.2.1

Instrument configuration parameters


The modification of an instrument configuration parameter is taken into account as
soon as it has been validated by the Yes key.

2.2.1.1

TE / NT operating mode ('NT Simulation' option only)


When the IBT-5 is equipped with the 'NT Simulation' option, it has two operating
modes - TE (Terminal simulation) and NT (ISDN Network simulation for protocols
EDSS-1, 1TR6, 1TR67, EDSS-CH (SN 3), VN3, VN4, VN6 and TPH1962). The
terminal simulation tests are run at interfaces S0 and U in TE Simulation mode. If
the NT Simulation mode is selected, you run the tests for the IBT-5 connected to
the S0 interface of an ISDN device by simulating the network (when operating in
NT mode, the IBT-5 must be equipped with the accu-pack and NT S2500
adapter).

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Power supply priority


Two operating modes are available on the IBT-5: through the network or from the
rechargeable batteries. If both of them are available, the priority has to be defined.
The SUPPLY parameter can be positioned on 'Net. priority' or 'Batt. priority'.
In the particular case of this parameter, the value is taken into account when
connecting the IBT-5.

2.2.1.3

Sound signs (buzzer)


The SOUND SIGNS configuration parameter is used to select the events to be
indicated by the buzzer:
No signal: 'No Sound',
Test errors: 'Test errors',
Key and test errors: 'All errors',
All events: 'Full'.

2.2.1.4

S0 interface impedance
The terminal resistance is selected by the S0 IMPEDANCE configuration
parameter which can be positioned on '100 ' or on 'High' (i.e. high impedance).

2.2.2

Protocol configuration parameters


All modifications of the protocol configuration parameters are taken into
consideration as soon as they are validated by the Yes key. It is always possible
to configure a parameter in 'Interactive' mode in order to select a value when the
test is run. For incoming calls, if a parameter is in the 'Interactive' mode, it is the
default value which is taken into account.

2.2.2.1

Voice coding law


The IBT-5 provides for two coding laws. The CODING LAW parameter can be
positioned on 'A Law' or 'Mu Law'.

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2.2.2.2

Use of the WWG IBT-5

TEI management / Autoconfiguration


The IBT-5 can be connected to three types of interface. The TEI parameter is
used to select 'PMP (Dyn TEI)', 'PP (TEI = 0)' and 'No Protocol' in the case of a
permanent link. The 'Auto Config.' value in the TEI parameter indicates that the
IBT-5 is automatically attempting to configure this parameter when the device is
powered up. The result can be: 'TEI found PP' or 'TEI found PMP'. If the network
does not allow for TEI autoconfiguration, the default value is used. You can
interrupt the autoconfiguration by pressing the Clr key.

2.2.2.3

Layer 3 protocol
The IBT-5 handles as standard up to 7 different layer 3 protocols which can be
configured by means of the L3 PROTOCOL parameter (this does not apply to IBT5's equipped with only one protocol). The interactive value is allowed if at least two
protocols are available. The possible values of the layer 3 protocol are as follows:
EDSS-1, 1TR6, VN3, VN4, VN6, SN 2, EDSS-CH (SN 3), BTNR191, TPH1962,
NTT, Q.931, Telenokia, Televerket, Q.SIG, V1, 1TR67, AT&T Custom, N-ISDN,
DMS-100 functional, TN1R6, CorNet-TS and CorNet-T (registered trademark
Siemens AG).
For users wishing a selection of protocols other than the protocols supplied by
default, please read paragraph 2.9 'INFORMATION menu'.

2.2.2.4

Service profile identifier (SPID and SPID2) (American protocols only)


The SPID (Service Profile IDentifier) is widely used in Australia and in the United
States, but not in Europe. The SPID parameter is only used by the following
protocols: N-ISDN, AT&T Custom and DMS-100. It is sent by a user (terminal) to
the network. This allows the network to assign two identifiers known as the USID
(User Service IDentifier) and TID (Terminal IDentifier) to the transmitting terminal.
The value can be entered in the SPID parameter.
During self-calls, the network can use two different SPIDs - one for the outgoing
call and the other for the incoming call. In this case, the SPID parameter is
associated with the calling number (calling address) and the SPID2 parameter
with the called number (called address).

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The following table gives an example of a self-call with the Dual SPID function:
SPID

0 555 1000 01

SPID2

0 555 2000 01

OWN DN

555 1000

CALLED DN 555 2000

2.2.2.5

Address of the installation


If required, the terminal address can be entered in the OWN ADDRESS
parameter. The format is : address*subaddress.
For the 1TR6, TN1R6 and Swissnet 2 (SN 2) protocols, the extension value (EAZ)
must be entered in the sub-address part of the own address. Only the first figure
in the sub-address is taken into account. Its default value is '0'. Global calls are
accepted.

2.2.2.6

User to user signalling availability


This parameter reflects the availability of the User to User Signalling (UUS)
system to which the IBT-5 is connected. When the USER-USER SIGN
configuration parameter indicates that the device is 'available', it always adds a
specific UUS when establishing a call for a BERT. All Wavetek Wandel
Goltermann IBT products automatically loop back on the receiving B channel
when they recognize the specific WWG UUS.

2.2.2.7

Keypad Facilities
This parameter allows you to confirm the sending of Keypad Facilities when
pressing the '0' to '9', '*', '#' keys during a call.

2.2.3

Test configuration parameters


A test configuration parameter is taken into account as soon as a test requiring
this parameter is run. All the test configuration parameters give the choice of the
interactive mode. In this case, the IBT-5 will prompt you for this parameter value
each time it is needed.

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2.2.3.1

Use of the WWG IBT-5

B channel
The B CHANNEL parameter enables you to select a channel using the values 'B1'
or 'B2'. This precludes the use of any other channel. If preferred, the IBT-5 and
network can select the channel to be used ('Bx' value).

2.2.3.2

Services
The default value of the service used for telephony and the BER test is 'Speech'.
The SERVICE parameter is used to select another service from among the ones
available for the protocol being used. The list of these services depends on the
protocol indicated in the configuration.
The same list is used during the automatic test of services and teleservices (see
paragraph 2.6 'TEST OF SERV menu').

2.2.3.3

BERT duration
The duration value for the test can be set to '1 min', '15 min', '30 min', '1 h', '24 h'
or 'infinite'. All five values can be configured using the BERT DURATION
parameter.

2.2.3.4

Automatic test of services mode


In the 'Free of Charge' mode, the test result is supplied only after receiving the
SETUP ACK. This means that no charge will be made for the test. In the
'Charged' mode, the test result is returned after receipt of CONNECT or ALERT.
In this case, the test is charged because the IBT-5 waits for call setup before
establishing its diagnosis. Both these values are accessible through the SERV
TEST MODE parameter.

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2.2.3.5

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Test of supplementary services for EDSS-1, EDSS-CH (SN3), VN6 and


1TR67 (option)
The CONFIGURATION menu is used to validate or invalidate the supplementary
services which will be tested automatically from the 'Supp Serv' sub-menu. For
each of the following supplementary services, you can choose whether or not to
test its availability on the network. This function enables you to define a
customized test sequence.

2.2.3.6

CLIP

Identification of calling party number on called party receiver

CLIR

Possibility for the calling party not to reveal his number to the called party

COLP

Identification of the connected number on the calling party receiver

COLR

Possibility for the called party not to reveal his number to the calling party

SUB

Called party sub-address

AOC

Advice Of Charge

TP

Terminal Portability

HOLD

Hold

CFU

Call Forwarding Unconditional

CFB

Call Forwarding Busy

CFNR

Call Forwarding No Reply

CUG

Closed User Group

MCID1

Malicious Call Identification during a call

MCID2

Malicious Call Identification at the end of a call

UUS1

User to User Signaling when establishing a call

UUS2

User to User Signaling between alerting and active phase

UUS3

User to User Signaling during active phase

Loopbox mode
The LOOP BOX parameter is used to determine the conditions under which the
IBT-5 will accept an incoming ISDN call in Loopbox mode. There are two possible
values:
All Incom Calls: the IBT-5 accepts all incoming calls and creates a
loopback,
WG Remote: in this case, the IBT-5 only creates a loopback if it receives an
incoming call containing a remote WG command in the user-to-user signal.

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2.2.3.7

Use of the WWG IBT-5

Called address
The address of the called party is defined as 'Interactive' by default so that it can
be entered when the tests are run. This address can be configured in advance in
the CALLED ADDRESS parameter (27 digits maximum).
When entering the address and sub-address, the format is: address*subaddress.

2.2.3.8

X.25 parameters
The IBT-5 manages X.25 parameter profiles. There is a standard profile by default
with a parameter value that can be modified by the user. When the value of at
least one of these parameters is modified by the user, the parameter used and
displayed becomes a 'User' type parameter. The profile configuration is stored in
the memory and presented for all X.25/D tests as long as you do not choose to
return to the 'Standard' profile.

X.25 PARAM
(Standard)

X.25/D

Profile
(Standard)

read or modify
values

select another profile

The value of the parameters associated with a profile can be fixed or configured in
the 'Interactive' mode so that the device can request it when the test is run.

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The parameters and their configurable values are as follows:


Values

X.25 parameters
P3 PROTOCOL

CCITT X25

Transpac

Standard
Profile

Austpac

PVC

or Interactive

CCITT
X.25

OWN ADDRESS

15 digits max

or Interactive

Empty

CALLED ADDRESS

15 digits max

or Interactive

Interactive

or Interactive

or Interactive

or Interactive

128

1 to 7

or Interactive

LCN

0 to 4095

or Interactive

CUG

0 to 9999

or Interactive

empty

NUI

ASCII string, length: 27 char. max.


(alphanumeric characters possible)

or Interactive

empty

Hexa string, length: 32 char. max.

or Interactive

empty

ASCII string, length: 10 char. max.


(alphanumeric characters possible)

or Interactive

empty

0 to 63

TEI MODE VALUE

Auto
1 to 7

FRAME WINDOW
PACKET LENGTH
PACKET WINDOW

Facility
User Data

2.2.3.9

32

64

128

256

Exit and reset


In addition to the lines corresponding to the configuration parameters, the
CONFIGURATION menu contains two specific commands:
'Exit !', used to quit the CONFIGURATION menu.
'Reset' (or 'RESET'), used to restore all the parameters to their original
values depending on the initial configuration profile (factory-defined values).
If 'Reset' appears in lower case letters, the configuration is already in its
initial setting.

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2.3

Use of the WWG IBT-5

PHONE-BOOK menu
The PHONE-BOOK menu allows you to store up to 6 addresses, which can be
used in other menus by means of the phone book range number.
The modification of a phone book item is stored in the permanent memory as
soon as the two attributes (name, address) are validated by the Yes key.
The phone book display indicates the position range (n#), the name of the position
with 8 alphanumeric characters and the position address and sub-address.
An initialized item is displayed as shown by the following figure. The item
numbering (n#) recalls the escape sequence used to designate a phone book
address in a test parameter.
Scrolling fields:

MAIN MENU
PHONE-BOOK

->
<-

1#

NAME
ADDRESS

2# NAME
ADDRESS

...

...
NAME
--------

1#

REMOTE1
36680235

->
<-

Name ex.:

Add ex.:
ADDRESS
----------------

REMOTE1
to modify
36680235
to modify

The name consists of a string of up to 8 characters entered using letters only (no
Shift). The address has a maximum of 27 digits.
The '1' key is also used like a space bar.
If the cursor is on the first position during the editing of the name and address of
an item, you can return to the previous values by pressing the Clr key. By
pressing the Clr key again, you return to the MAIN MENU item. If the cursor is not
on the first position, the Clr key deletes the last digit.
In addition to the items corresponding to the six addresses, the PHONE-BOOK
menu has an EXIT item identical to the one in the CONFIGURATION menu.

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Use of the WWG IBT-5

2.4
2.4.1

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

PHONE CALL menu


Menu description
You can implement a phone call very easily directly from the PHONE CALL menu.
Before running a measurement, you should select the value of the parameters to
be positioned in 'Interactive' mode in the CONFIGURATION menu. The interactive
parameters (CODING LAW, TEI, L3 PROTOCOL, SPID for American protocols
only, OWN ADDRESS, B CHANNEL and PHONE SERVICE) are placed between
the top of the PHONE CALL menu and the CALLED ADDRESS parameter which
is the last parameter proposed.

Configuration parameters
The parameters set to 'Interactive' in the CONFIGURATION menu are suggested
once you enter the PHONE CALL menu.

MAIN MENU S0
PHONE CALL

CODING LAW
A LAW

. . .
CALLED ADDRESS
________________

Present if registered as
Interactive in the
CONFIGURATION menu
Add ex.: 36680235
to modify

36680235
CALLING
36680235
ALERTING

...
36680235
B1
Speech BC

Cld Add: 36680205


on B1 (connected)

When 'No Protocol' is selected in the TEI management parameter, the test
connects the microphone and the earpiece to one of the two channels.

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

2.4.2

Use of the WWG IBT-5

Address field
The syntax for address and sub-address fields (calling and called addresses) is as
follows:
Maximum number of digits
CALLED ADDRESS
(incl. sub-address): 27
0299847040*256_
The '*' is used to separate the sub-address from the address.
A decimal digit or a '#' are used to enter the PHONE CALL menu in direct mode.
In this case, the first item in the phone book is suggested (if the phone book is
initialized).

2.4.3

Keypad Facilities
The IBT-5 enables the Keypad facilities to be tested when a call is set up or has
been established. During call establishment, the Keypad information element ('0'
to '9', '*', '#') is encoded in place of the called party address in the SETUP. In order
to transmit the Keypad information element, you proceed in exactly the same way
as for a simple phone call. The Keypad characters should be preceded by '*' in the
field reserved for the called party address.
E.g.: Call forwarding to number 7055 if line engaged (EDSS-1 protocol only):
Activation message: '*67*7055#'. The syntax is as follows:
CALLED ADDR.
**67*7055#

Deactivation message: #67#. The syntax is as follows:


CALLED ADDR.
*#67#

Once the call has been established, you can send Keypad facilities in
INFORMATION messages only by using keys '0' to '9', '*', '#'. This function can be
deactivated in the CONFIGURATION menu thanks to the KEYPAD FAC.
parameter (Activated/Deactivated).

2-13

Use of the WWG IBT-5

2.4.4

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Overlap sending
The default dialling procedure is 'en bloc' which means that the full address is
present in the call setup message. To activate overlap dialling (overlap sending
only), you must validate an empty address once the address field is displayed. In
this case, the IBT-5 sends a SETUP message without address information and
runs the overlap sending mode. You can then dial the called address which will be
transmitted to the network one digit at a time in INFORMATION type messages.

2.4.5

Use of the phone book


This procedure is available for any address parameter in all the tests.
During address editing, the phone book address is accessed by the '#' or 'n#'
escape sequence where n is a phone book item number. The first or the
designated phone book address is proposed, respectively. A phone book item is
displayed in the following form:

MAIN MENU S0
PHONE CALL

CALLED ADDRESS
________________

'2'

CALLED ADDRESS
2-------------

6#

LOCAL
0299202020

0299202020
CALLING
...

1#

REMOTE1
36680235

36680235
CALLING
...

2#

SP CLOCK

3699

3699

CALLING

...

You can select another item by scrolling. You then validate the chosen address by
the Yes key. This action returns to the address editing screen with the chosen
address.

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

2.4.6

Use of the WWG IBT-5

Recall procedure
In order to be available for the Recall feature, the parameters of a particular test
are retained as long as the test is processed. The values are lost if the
CONFIGURATION or PHONE BOOK menu are used but are stored from one test
to the next.
The Recall feature without user validation of parameter values is available by
pressing the Shift and Yes keys.

2.4.7

Automatic self-call procedure


The self-call procedure is very simple: you must set your own address and subaddress in the 'CALLED ADDRESS' field. Once you have accepted the call, you
can run the measurement. In this case, the B channel selected by the incoming
call is set to loop back mode (Rx Tx).
The IBT-5 displays:
xxxxxxxx
2B
Speech BC

2.4.8

Called address: xxxxxxxx on the two


B channels (connected)

Call accept conditions


An incoming call is presented if the IBT-5 is in a MAIN MENU position and if no
other call has already been established. The following management rules are
mandatory as regards the address and sub-address:
Address management
In the following array the sub-address is ignored.
Own
address
X
Empty
X

Presented
Call
address management
X
Presented
Any or
Presented
empty
Y
Ignored

Tab. 2-1: Address management

Sub-address management
The sub-address is not taken in account in the Call accept conditions (with 1TR6
and TN1R6, the EAZ is considered).

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Use of the WWG IBT-5

2.4.9

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Indication Call Waiting


When both B channels are occupied, the additional 'Call Waiting' service informs
you that you have an incoming call on hold. In this case, the IBT-5 displays the
following message:
CALL WAITING
ACCEPT?

You can press the Yes key to accept the call on hold and end the active call or the
No key to refuse the call on hold.
2.4.10 DTMF (Dual Tone Multi Frequency) generation
Once the (incoming or outgoing) call has been set up, voice frequency (DTMF)
generation is obtained by pressing '0' to '9', '#' and '*' keys. Each key has its own
relative DTMF frequency.
This function is available when a phone call is established (outgoing and incoming
calls).
2.4.11 Trace information / possible error causes
Two types of trace information may be displayed. These fields will not display
protocol frames or messages; they indicate only the interpretation of the traces.
The first trace usually concerns the processing of the call. The second type of
trace information corresponds to the call status (setup successful or not).
Important:

2-16

The IBT-5 has a certain tolerance to Layer 1 interference on


the S0 interface. The screen displays an 'Interfer. on L1'
message and the LED 'S' flashes to warn the user.

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Use of the WWG IBT-5

These fields may display the following information:


Call status information
Trace
Layer 1 failed:

TEI error:

Layer 2 failed:

Display

Relative protocol events

L1 FAILURE AT S!

Failure on Layer 1 establishment


(INFO 4 not received from NT)

L2 ERROR !
TEI ERROR !

No TEI has been allocated


by the network

L2 ERROR !
No SABME Resp.!

Failure on Layer 2 establishment


(UA not received from the network)
May be due to a wrong setup of TEI
management (PP instead of PMP)

L3 failure:

DISC CAUSE: 100/3


INVALID INFO ELT

The message Release, Release Conf


or Disconnect has been received
from the network with the Cause IE and
the 'Location' 3 parameter

Thanks to the IBT-5 diagnosis, you know what problem has arisen on Layer 2. In
this case, additional information is supplied as follows:
Event
ISDN No response to LAP establishment

IBT-5 display
No SABME Resp.!

ISDN DISC message received

DISC received !

ISDN DM message received

DM received!

ISDN TEI negotiation failed

TEI error!

X.25 No response to LAP establishment

No SABME Resp.!

X.25 DISC message received

DISC received!

X.25 DM message received

DM received!

X.25 TEI negotiation failed

TEI error!

Tab. 2.2: Layer 2 diagnostic messages

2-17

Use of the WWG IBT-5

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Call progress information


Trace

Display

Relative protocol events


SETUP sent without called address

Overlap
dialling

NUM:

Progressing:

xxxxxxxx
CALLING

Outgoing call in progress (Layer 2


established) SETUP sent, possible
reception of SETUP ACK, PROGRESS,
CALL PROC.

Alerting:

xxxxxxxx
ALERTING

Outgoing call
ALERTING received

Accept call ?:

Connected:

ACCEPT CALL ?

xxxxxxxx
B1
SPEECH

Incoming Call
SETUP received
Called Address: xxxxxxxx on B1
CONNECT ACK or CONNECT received

For L3 failure, the display indicates:


on the first line: DISC CAUSE: xxx/y, where xxx is the decimal cause code
and y the location parameter received from the network and expressed in
hexadecimals (0 to A) (for the meaning, see Appendix 4).
on the second line: the cause in characters.
If a DISCONNECT message is received containing the 'InBand Tone available'
information element, the IBT-5 authorizes listening to the tone until the network or
user interrupts the call.

2-18

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Use of the WWG IBT-5

2.4.12 Addressing information


Once the outgoing call has been set up, the IBT-5 alternately displays the called
address and the address of the remote equipment that is actually connected (if
supplied by the network).
Called address

Connected address

>

36680235
B2
SPEECH

B2

36680835
SPEECH

The IBT-5 can detect the reason for the non-display of the calling number. When
the IBT-5 receives a call for which the calling number non-display option is
activated (CLIR activated), the screen displays the following:
CLIR ON
CALL ACCEPTED ?

B2

CLIR ON
SPEECH

If the calling address is not available because of network interconnection


(Digital/Analog), the IBT-5 displays the following:
DGT/ANLG NETWORK
CALL ACCEPTED ?

DGT/ANLG NETWORK
B2
SPEECH

Some accesses subject to authorization (fire brigade, emergency services etc.)


always supply information regarding the calling address i.e. the number itself
(even if the caller has requested non-display of his address or only part of the
address in the case of Digital/Analog network interconnection). The IBT-5 displays
all or some of the number and the information relating to the requested nondisplay of the address (the letter 'R' is displayed).
36680235
CALL ACCEPTED ?

36680235
B2
SPEECH

36680235
R
B2
SPEECH

or
CLIR ON
CALL ACCEPTED?

or
DGT/ANLG NETWORK
CALL ACCEPTED?

01033 INW
B2
SPEECH

2-19

Use of the WWG IBT-5

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

2.4.13 Advice of charge


During and at the end of calls, charging information may be viewed for the
following protocols: EDSS-1, VN3, VN4, VN6, EDSS-CH (SN 3), 1TR6, TN1R6
and 1TR67. Depending on the features of the network to which the IBT-5 is
connected, the information is given either in units or in currency and displayed
alternately with the called address.
Ex.

xxxxxxxx
B1
SPEECH

<->

UNITS
B1

3
SPEECH
or

5.50 DM
B1
SPEECH

When charging information is received at the end of the call, the IBT-5 displays a
specific screen indicating the total cost of the call.
Note:

This function is available only in PHONE CALL mode.

2.4.14 DISPLAY information


If the IBT-5 receives a message containing DISPLAY information, it displays the
contents.
Screen after receiving billing information:
DSP

3 UNITS

Thanks to this function, you can understand the information sent by the network,
in particular during exchanges resulting from the Keypad protocol for activation of
supplementary services. The protocol is based on Keypad Facility and DISPLAY
information.

2-20

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

2.5
2.5.1

Use of the WWG IBT-5

BIT ERR RATE menu


Menu description
This menu is used to perform a BER (Bit Error Rate) test. Errors can then be
inserted manually during a test in order to test the network's ability to support
them.
For the parameter set in 'Interactive' mode in the CONFIGURATION menu, the
parameter(s) must be chosen by the user before the measurement is run. The
interactive parameters (CODING LAW, TEI, L3 PROTOCOL, SPID for American
protocols only, OWN ADDRESS, USER-USER SIGN, B CHANNEL, BERT
BEARERCAP and BERT DURATION) are offered between the top of the BERT
menu and the CALLED ADDRESS parameter which is the last one suggested.
The parameters set to 'Interactive' in the CONFIGURATION menu are suggested
once you have validated the BIT ERR RATE menu.

MAIN MENU S0
BERT

CODING LAW
A LAW

. . .

CALLED ADDRESS
--------------

Present if registered
as 'Interactive' in the
CONFIGURATION menu

to modify the address

xxxxxxxx
CALLING

...
When 'No Protocol' is selected in the TEI management parameter, the self-call is
not available and the remote command is not sent.
When the channel is not fixed by the user (Bx value) B1 is chosen.
The WG remote loop back command is sent in the SETUP message if UUS is
declared available.

2-21

Use of the WWG IBT-5

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

For the call procedure structure, see the description in the 'Trace' paragraph
2.4.11 of the PHONE CALL menu. If the connection is successful, the test is run
automatically.
After the end of the first test, the connection is maintained during the reading of
the results in order to be able to propose the same test again.
It is also possible to use the recall, self-call and phone book functions as
described in the PHONE CALL menu.
The BER data is described below:
Display

Menu steps and meaning

B1 WAITING PRBS

Error rate too high


The loop is not connected

B1

BER Information 1
Synchronization

0:30

BER Information 2
Synchronization done, BER test running, no error occurs

SYNCHRO

0299847040
B1
BERT

0299847040
1 Error Sent
B1
ERROR
1:00
ES=xx (or SES=xx)
0299847040
B1
BERT
B1

OK!

BERT ERROR !
< error type>

BERT once again ?

2-22

BER Information 3
Manual insertion of a bit error
BER Information 3
Synchronization done, BER test running, error occurs
BER Information 4
BER test finished and no error is found
BER Information 5
BER test finished and an error is found
Error type or item
Meaning
EFS
Error Free Second (%)
ES
Errored Second (%)
SES
Severely Errored Second (%)
US
Unavailable Second (%)
BEC
Bit Error Count
BER
Bit Error Rate
Propose to run the test once again

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Important:

Use of the WWG IBT-5

BER information 3 has priority over BER information 2.


BER information 3 consists of a real-time error counter.
The IBT-5 has a certain tolerance to Layer 1 interference on
the S0 interface. The screen displays an 'Interfer. on L1'
message and the LED 'S' flashes to warn the user.

2.5.2

Manual error insertion


The IBT-5 enables you to insert errors manually during a BERT by pressing the '0'
key. The bit error is then displayed on the monitor.

2.5.3 Test modes


The BIT ERR RATE test can be implemented on the IBT-5 in various modes:
1. Self-call: This is the most commonly used test mode. The IBT-5 is connected
to an ISDN access (U or S/T interface) and dials its own number. A self-call is
set up using both B channels. The BERT test is then used to test outgoing and
incoming transmission quality in both B channels up to the first piece of
equipment in the operator network.

2. End-to-end test with a loopbox: This test mode is used to call an ISDN
loopbox connected to a remote access. The loopback function can be provided
by another IBT-5. In this case, the test checks transmission quality between
the two sites using the ISDN. Only one B channel is tested at a time, for
outgoing and incoming calls.
However, if a problem arises, the unsatisfactory direction of transmission is not
specified.

2-23

Use of the WWG IBT-5

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

3. End-to-end test using two IBT-5s: In this case, a call is set up between two
IBT-5s. Each of the devices transmits a test sequence that is analyzed by the
other IBT-5. The test checks one B channel at a time (outgoing and incoming
calls) and detects the direction of trasmission that is generating errors, if a
problem arises.

To activate this test, select a Data service on the calling IBT-5 and run the
BER test, specifying the address of the second IBT-5 as the called address.
The second IBT-5, operating in PHONE CALL mode, takes the incoming call
and proposes to run a BER test. Press the Yes key to synchronize the two
IBT-5s.
2.5.4 Print-out of results
At the end of the test, you can print out the test results if your instrument is
equipped with the 'accu-pack with serial interface'. The print-out can be obtained
with a conventional serial printer or a terminal emulation on a PC (see
paragraph 1.9). To print out the results, connect the IBT-5 to the printer or PC and
validate the PRINT item in the pull-down end-of-test menu.
B1

2-24

BERT ERROR !
< PRINT >

BERT ERROR
validates
print-out of results
Yes

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Use of the WWG IBT-5

A print-out of results is proposed at the end of each test. The following table
shows the results of the BERT test:
Wandel & Goltermann

IBT-5 V04.03A

SERIAL NUMBER: CC0697


BERT TEST
______________________________________________________________
Date:
Comment:
______________________________________________________________
IBT-5 CONFIGURATION
MODE:

TE
INST ADDRESS:

96

N3 PROTOCOL:

EDSS-1

TEI:

PP (TEI = 0)

CALL PARAMETERS
CALLED ADDR.:

1234

B CHANNEL:

B1

______________________________________________________________
TEST RESULTS:
BERT DURATION:

01:00 (mn:ss)

BERT ERROR !
SAE:

01.66%

SGE:

00.00%

SI :

00.00%

SSE:

98.33%

TEB:

2.6x10- 7

NEB:

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Use of the WWG IBT-5

2.6

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

TEST OF SERV menu (test of BC/HLC, X.25/D, suppl. services)

2.6.1 Operating mode


In this menu, the IBT-5 can carry out three types of test:
Test of Bearer Capability / teleservices HLC & LLC (standard version),
X.25/D channel test,
Test of supplementary services for EDSS-1, EDSS-CH and TR67.

X.25/D Test
.
.
.

CALLED ADDR.
-------------Run Test

2.6.1.1

MAIN MENU S0
TEST OF SERV

BC/Telesrv.

.
.
.

CALLED ADDR.
--------------

Supp Serv

.
.
.

CALLED ADDR.
--------------

Run Test

Run Test

Test of Bearer Capability (BC) / teleservices (HLC & LLC)


The device can implement an automatic test of services and teleservices. In this
menu, the bearer capability modes are tested, with the teleservices if necessary.
Before running a BC/Telesrv. test, you select the value of the parameter(s)
positioned in 'Interactive' mode in the CONFIGURATION menu. The interactive
parameters (CODING LAW, TEI, L3 PROTOCOL, SPID for American protocols
only, OWN ADDRESS, B CHANNEL and SERV TEST MODE) are proposed
between the top of the TEST OF SERV menu and the CALLED ADDRESS
parameter which is the last one proposed.

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WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Use of the WWG IBT-5

The SERV TEST MODE parameter is used to select the type of test created. In
'Free of Charge' mode, the test results are returned after receipt of SETUP ACK.
The test is not, therefore, charged. It is local and the called address does not have
to be filled in. In 'Charged' mode, the test results are supplied after receipt of the
CONNECT or ALERT messages.
It is also possible to use the recall, self-call and phone book functions as
described in the PHONE CALL menu.
This test is not available when 'No protocol' is selected for the TEI management
parameter.
For the call procedure structure, see the description in the 'Trace'
paragraph 2.4.11 of the PHONE CALL menu. If the connection is successful, the
test is run automatically.
Automatic test of services is split into two parts: a Bearer Capability test followed
by a teleservices test. At the end of the BC test, the instrument prompts you to
test the teleservices.
The results relating to the automatic test of services and teleservices are shown
below (if the test fails, the IBT-5 displays directly the screen corresponding to the
first error detected):
Display

Meaning

Serv. Test OK
EXIT !

Serv.

Test NOK
EXIT !

xxxxx
Passed

xxxxx

FAIL Cause = XXX


Teleservices ?

All the services are available. The arrows are used to


display the list of the tested services.
At least one of the services is not available. The arrows
are used to display the status of each service.
xxxxx (service/teleservice) is available on the access.

xxxxx (service/teleservice) is not available on the


For the meaning of the causes, see Appendix 1.
Teleservice test proposal.

2-27

Use of the WWG IBT-5

2.6.1.2

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

X.25 in D channel test


The instrument can run a functional test and a quality test for the X.25 in
D channel service.
Before running an X.25 in D channel test, you select the value of the parameter(s)
positioned in 'Interactive' mode in the CONFIGURATION menu (X.25/D Profile).
The interactive X.25 parameters (P3 PROTOCOL, OWN ADDRESS, TEI MODE
VALUE, FRAME WINDOW, PACKET LENGTH, PACKET WINDOW, LCN, CUG,
NUI, Facility and User Data) are offered between the top of the X.25/D Test menu
and the CALLED ADDRESS parameter which is the last parameter suggested.
The called address may be the IBT-5's own address (self-call) or the address of a
device capable of producing a loop.
Once the test has been run and the call set up, the IBT-5 sends a packet (the size
can be configured in advance) and compares it to the incoming packet. The test is
declared to have succeeded if the data packet is received within 3 seconds and
does not include any errors.
The results displayed after an X.25/D test are shown below (if the test fails, the
IBT-5 displays directly the screen corresponding to the error detected).
Display

Meaning

X.25/D

Test OK
EXIT

X.25/D Call

Clear XX YY

X.25/D Call

Diag XX

X.25/D Call

X.25 connection set up


Incoming and outgoing packets are identical.
X.25 connection failed: CLEAR packet received
(XX, YY: hexa. values of Cause and Diag.).
X.25 connection failed: Diag. packet received
(XX: hexa. value of Diagnostic).

X.25 connection successful.

Incoming and outgoing packets are identical.

Passed

Quality Test
Passed
Quality Test
Not Possible
Quality Test
Failed

X25/D

Test NOK
EXIT

2-28

Packet could not be sent (access to an identifier)


or packet sent has not been received (e.g: absorber).
Incoming packet not identical to outgoing packet.
X.25 connection or quality test failed

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

2.6.1.3

Use of the WWG IBT-5

Test of supplementary services for EDSS-1, EDSS-CH (SN3), VN6 and


1TR67
The IBT-5 can run service availability tests concerning the following:

calling addresses (CLIP and CLIR),


connected addresses (COLP* and COLR*),
Sub-addressing (SUB),
Advice Of Charge (AOC),
Terminal Portability (TP),
Hold (HOLD),
Call Forwarding functions (CFU, CFB*, CFNR),
Closed User Group (CUG),
Malicious Call Identification during a call (MCID1),
Malicious Call Identification at the end of a call (MCID2),
User-to-User Signaling when establishing a call (UUS1),
User-to-User Signaling between alerting and active phase (UUS2),
User-to-User Signaling during active phase (UUS3).

* not available in VN6

After validating the supplementary services to be tested in the CONFIGURATION


menu, you run the automatic test from the 'Supp Serv' sub-menu. If the
supplementary services test requires the inputting of a value (CFx or CUG), you
are prompted to enter it just before the test is run.
The results displayed after a supplementary services test are shown below
(example of the CLIR supplementary service). If one or more tests fail, the IBT-5
displays directly the screen corresponding to the first error detected.
Screen

CLIR
Available
CLIR
Unavailable

Meaning

Supplementary service available

Supplementary service not available

CLIR

FAIL Cause = XX

The test could not be run. The test requires a self-call


(XX: hexadecimal value of cause)

The test provides no conclusions of service availability

CLIR
Inconclusive

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Use of the WWG IBT-5

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

In the case of the AOC test, the IBT-5 supplies you with the type of charge
information supplied by the network (Setup, During or End): AOC-S, D, E or the
combination supported (SD, DE etc.).

2.6.1.4

Supplementary service test: 'Call Waiting'


In order to check the availability of the supplementary 'Call Waiting' service at the
access, you should proceed as follows:
1. Implement a self-call with the IBT-5,
2. Call the IBT-5 with another terminal (in the network) or from a mobile.
The supplementary service is available if the IBT-5 displays the message 'Call
Waiting'. If no message is displayed by the IBT-5, the service is not available.

2.6.2 Print-out of results


At the end of each test, you can print out the corresponding results. A print-out
can only be obtained if the instrument is equipped with the accu-pack with serial
interface connected to a conventional serial printer or a terminal emulation on a
PC (cf. paragraph concerning the serial link). To print the results, connect the
IBT-5 to the printer or PC and validate the PRINT item in the pull-down menu
available at the end of the test.

Test

Serv. NOK

< PRINT >

Test

X25/D OK

< PRINT >

2-30

Some supplementary services are not available.


Yes validates the print-out of results

The X.25 service in the D channel is available.


Yes validates the print-out of results

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

2.7
2.7.1

Use of the WWG IBT-5

SUP. SERVICES menu


Interrogation, activation and deactivation of call forwardings for EDSS-1,
EDSS-CH (SN3), VN6 and 1TR67
The IBT-5 makes available the 'Generic Functional Protocol' in order to indicate
access configuration with regard to the status of supplementary services CFU
(Call Forwarding Unconditional), CFB (Call Forwarding when line Busy) and CFNR
(Call Forwarding when No-Response). The IBT-5 can be used to activate or
deactivate these supplementary services depending on the addresses and
services required.
To question the status of the call forwarding configuration, select the main
'SUP. SERVICES' menu, validate 'Interrogation' and select CFU, CFB or CFNR.
To activate a call forwarding, select 'Activate' in the main 'SUP. SERVICES' menu.
Having selected the required supplementary service (CFU, CFB, CFNR), select
the service (or 'All Services') and the address to which the call is to be transferred
(the address at which the forwarding is activated is the installation address
configured in the CONFIGURATION menu. If this address has not been filled in,
the forwarding will be activated for all the addresses called).
Deactivating call forwardings is performed in the same way as activation (but the
IBT-5 does not ask for an address).

SUP. SERVICES
Deactivate
SUP. SERVICES
CFU

SUP. SERVICES
Services

All

SUP. SERVICES
IN PROGRESS ...

MAIN MENU S0
SUP. SERVICES

SUP. SERVICES
Interrogate
SUP. SERVICES
CFU

SUP. SERVICES
IN PROGRESS ...

SUP. SERVICES
Activate

SUP. SERVICES
CFU

SUP. SERVICES
Services

All

CFx number
-------------SUP. SERVICES
IN PROGRESS ...

2-31

Use of the WWG IBT-5

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

The results of the activations and deactivations may be as follows (example with
CFU):
Screen

Meaning

CFU
Activated

CFU supplementary service activated

CFU
Deactivated

CFU supplementary service deactivated

CFx error
Not available *

Supplementary service unavailable


* the message may be:
Inv.User Num: installation address error
SupServIntNotalw: unauthorised interaction
ServNotProv: basic service not provided
Ress unavailable: resources not available
Inv Div Nr: transfer address error
Special Serv Nr: special service address
DivSerUserNr: diversion to a user

The results of an interrogation may be as follows (example with CFU):


Screen

Meaning

CFU
No Activation!
<0102039999
>0102030000
<
Speech
>0102030000
<
All Calls
>0102030000

CFU supplementary service activated

>

Calls transferred (address 0102039999) to address


0102030000 for all services.

>

>

< Speech.039999 >


>0102030000

2-32

Calls transferred (all addresses) with


Speech service to 0102030000.
All calls transferred (all addresses and services) to
0102030000.
Calls transferred (address 0102039999 /6 last
digits displayed) with speech service to 0102030000.

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Use of the WWG IBT-5

2.7.2 Print-out of results


At the end of each interrogation, you can print out the results of the network
interrogation.
2.7.3

Interrogation, activation and deactivation of call forwardings for


VN4 protocol
The mechanism described in paragraph 2.7.1 is used with the VN4 protocol to
activate the supplementary services CFU (Call Forwarding Unconditional) and
CFNR (Call Forwarding when No-Response). In this case, the IBT-5 sends
'National Facility' parameters, see Appendix 5.

2-33

Use of the WWG IBT-5

2.8

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

LOOP BOX menu


This menu is used to activate or deactivate the LOOP BOX mode. Two modes are
offered: ISDN LOOP BOX and X.25/D LOOP BOX.
In ISDN LOOP BOX mode, it is possible to set the IBT-5 loop condition. You
select one of the following values: 'All Incom Calls', 'WG Remote' or 'Interactive'
for the LOOP BOX MODE parameter in the CONFIGURATION menu.

In the 'Interactive' mode, the choice between the two modes ('All Incom Calls'
and 'WG Remote') is systematically proposed before activation of the loopbox.
The other values offered before switching to loop mode concern TEI, L3
PROTOCOL, SPID (for American protocols only), and OWN ADDRESS if the
parameters are positioned in 'Interactive' mode in the CONFIGURATION
menu.
The IBT-5 automatically loops the incoming calls, in accordance with the
loopback condition selected, as long as you do not stop the test by pressing
the Clr (or No) key.

In All Incom Calls mode, the B channel selected by the incoming call is set to
loop-back mode (Rx Tx). From software version 6.01, the IBT-5 can
simultaneously accept two incoming calls and loop both corresponding
B channels.

In WG Remote mode, the incoming call is accepted if the UUS contains the
WG remote loop back command. The B channel selected by the incoming call
is set to loop-back (Rx Tx).
This function is useful because it can run a remote quality test on an
operational access without interrupting transmission. Leave the IBT-5
configured on WG Remote and the device will accept only calls from a tester;
it will not accept all incoming calls.

When 'No protocol' is selected in the TEI management parameter, the selected B
channel is set in loop-back mode (Rx Tx). When you do not enter the channel
(Bx value), B1 is selected.
In ISDN LOOP BOX mode, the IBT-5 displays the following:
2826
B1

Speech

In X.25/D LOOP BOX mode, the IBT-5 offers you the parameters configured in
interactive mode in the X.25/D profile of the CONFIGURATION menu before it is

2-34

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Use of the WWG IBT-5

activated. The IBT-5 then loops back on all incoming calls automatically as long as
you do not end the test by pressing the Clr (or No) key.
In X.25/D LOOP BOX mode, the IBT-5 displays the following:
2826
Con. LCN: xx
when XX is the logical channel number

In order for the IBT-5 to automatically restart in LOOP BOX mode (ISDN or
X.25/D) after a deconnection/reconnection, none of the parameters should
be in 'Interactive' mode.

2-35

Use of the WWG IBT-5

2.9

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

INFORMATION menu
When you select the INFORMATION menu in the MAIN MENU, you can:

Either press the Yes key and access the following information:
- software version and revision number,
- instrument serial number,
- hardware level,
- selected language,
- software options available on the IBT-5,
- protocols available on the IBT-5,
- initial configuration profile identifier.

Or directly enter the '1 2 3' sequence to select the language or modify the list
of Layer 3 ISDN protocols. The menu then proposes LANGUAGE or L3
PROTOCOL. You can select up to 7 protocols from among a list of protocols
currently available.

MAIN MENU S0
INFORMATION

'1 2 3'
Change of

->
Scrolling fields:

VERSION
V05.01B

language and protocols

SERIAL NUMBER
DA0200

HARDW LEVEL

LANGUAGE
English
SOFTW OPTION
None
L3 PROTOCOL
1TR6

Display of configurable
options

Other protocols can be viewed


by validating this menu
(press the Yes key) and

2-36

CONFIG. PROFILE
Standard

scrolling with the


keys.

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Use of the WWG IBT-5

2.10 TRANSFER menu


2.10.1 Prerequisite
In order to make full use of the IBT-5 transfer function, you require:
An IBT-5 compatible with the Accu-Pack with serial interface option (all
functions available from series DA up),
A K 2511 serial cable,
A PC equipped with the Windows PC Detailed Decoder (from version 5.01
up) or ISDNpartner software. These programs are now available in English,
French and German.
The following functions (Real-time trace, print-out of results and downloading) are
then available via the serial interface.
2.10.2 Real-time trace
Combined with the Windows PC Detailed Decoder software, the IBT-5 allows
you to obtain detailed real-time analysis of the ISDN signal exchanged between
the instrument and the network. All the functions of the analysis software are now
available on a PC, giving a rapid explanation of ISDN connection problems.
The real-time trace must previously be activated in the TRANSFER menu. It is
deactivated each time you switch off the instrument. This means that the IBT-5
must be connected to the PC using the K 2511 serial cable, the Windows PC
Detailed Decoder software must be run and the real-time trace must be activated
on the IBT-5. You then have access to a high-level analysis function on a PC.
TRANSFER
ACTIVATE TRACE

->

REALTIME TRACE
ACTIVE

->

The Windows PC Detailed Decoder software program includes an on-line help


file. To obtain the trace, select the IBT-5 and activate the software Capture mode.

2-37

Use of the WWG IBT-5

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

2.10.3 Print-out of results


The IBT-5 can print all test results (BERT, test of services and supplementary
services, X.25/D test, network interrogation for call forwardings). The results can
be sent to a serial printer or a PC with simple terminal emulation. The print-out of
results is proposed at the end of each test.
The default serial interface configuration for data transfer during the print-out of
results is as follows:
Bit rate: 9600 bit/s
Number of data bits: 8
Parity bit: none
Protocol: none
Stop bit: 1
The results are printed out in condensed mode over 80 columns.
2.10.4 Downloading
The IBT-5 can download new software versions or options directly from a PC. This
ensures that you can take advantage of the latest functions. To download a
software version, see the update forms supplied with each update kit.
The downloading function is only compatible from the DA series of the IBT-5 up.

2-38

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Use of the WWG IBT-5

2.10.5 Analysis with the PC-based expert system


Combined with the ISDNpartner software, the IBT-5 allows you to obtain in real
time an expert analysis to automatically view the signature of the known problems
and to deduce a list of corrective actions.
The real-time trace must previously be activated in the TRANSFER menu. It is
deactivated each time you switch the instrument off. This means that the IBT-5
must be connected to the PC using the serial cable K 2511, the ISDNpartner
software must be run and the real-time trace must be activated on the IBT-5. You
then have access to expert analysis on a PC.
TRANSFER
ACTIVATE TRACE

->

REALTIME TRACE
ACTIVE

->

The ISDNpartner software program includes an on-line help file. To obtain the
expert analysis, select the 'Expert Analysis' icon and follow the instructions. Tick
the 'online' button as the analysis source, the instrument is then automatically
detected.

2-39

Use of the WWG IBT-5

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

2.11 'NT Simulation' option


When equipped with the 'NT Simulation' option, the IBT-5 can simulate ISDN in
order to enable testing of services, addresses or accessibility of terminals
connected to a PBX prior to commissioning. NT simulation requires the following
in order to function correctly:
'NT Simulation' option,
accu-pack to power up the IBT-5 (BN 7522/90.09 or 7522/92.22),
IBT-5 hardware, with a serial number beginning with CExxxx (or above),
NT adapter (BN S2500) connected between the RJ-45 socket in the IBT-5
and the network access on the ISDN equipment being tested.
To configure the IBT-5 in network simulation, select NT MODE in the
CONFIGURATION menu. To return to the terminal simulation mode, select
TE MODE in the CONFIGURATION menu.
When the IBT-5 is equipped with the 'NT Simulation' option, the screen indicates
the current mode (NT or TE). In this case, each main screen displays the mode:
NT Simulation
mode

MAIN MENU S/NT


TEST OF SERV

TE Simulation
mode

MAIN MENU S/TE


TEST OF SERV

The protocols supported by the IBT-5 in NT Simulation mode are as follows:


EDSS-1, 1TR6, 1TR67, EDSS-CH (SN 3), VN3, VN4, VN6 and TPH1962.
Apart from the self-call function, all the tests described in the above paragraphs
can be performed in NT mode when applicable. In NT mode, the most frequentlyused functions are phone call (with address / significant service parameters),
automatic test of services or BER test.
An external bus supply can be provided for terminal equipment connected to the
IBT-5. This supply must be on the same side of the adapter as the terminal
equipment.

2-40

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Appendices

Appendix 1: Protocol-related causes


Causes for the EDSS-1 protocols
Decimal
Cause/val
1
2
3
6
7
16
17
18
19
21
22
26
27
28
29
30
31
34
38
41
42
43
44
47
49
50
57
58
63
65
66
69

IBT-5 Display

Meaning

Unallocated (unassigned) number


No route to specified transit network
No route to destination
Channel unacceptable
Call awarded and being delivered in an
established channel
(nothing displayed)
Normal call clearing
User busy
USER BUSY
NO USER RESPONDG No user responding
NO ANSWER < USER No answer from user (user alerted)
Call rejected
CALL REJECTED
NUMBER CHANGED Number changed
NON SEL USER CLR Non-selected user clearing
DEST OUT OF ORDER Destination out of order
INVALID NUM FORM Invalid number format
Facility rejected
FACILITY REJECT
RESP TO STAT ENQ Response to STATUS ENQUIRY
NORMAL:UNSPECIF. Normal, unspecified
NO CHANNEL AVAIL No circuit/channel available
NET OUT OF ORDER Network out of order
TEMPORARY FAILUR Temporary failure
NETWORK CONGEST Switching equipment congestion
ACCESS INFO DISC Access information discarded
REQ CHAN UNAVAIL Requested circuit/channel not available
RESOURCE UNAVAIL Resources unavailable, unspecified
QOS UNAVAILABLE Quality Of Service unavailable
REQ FAC NOT SUBS Requested facility not subscribed
BEAR CAP UNAUTH Bearer capability not authorized
UNAVAIL BEAR CAP Bearer capability not presently available
Service or option not available, unspecified
UNAVAIL SERVICE
N-IMPLE BEAR CAP Bearer capability not implemented
N-IMPLE CHAN TYP Channel type not implemented
Requested facility not implemented
N-IMPLE FACILITY

UNALLOCATED NUMB
NO ROUTE TO NETW
NO ROUTE TO DEST
CHANNEL UNACCEPT
CALL AWARDED

A-1

Appendices

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Decimal
Cause/val
70

ONLY RESTR.BEAR

79
81
82
83

N-IMPLE SERV/OPT
INVALID CALL REF
N-EXIST CHANNEL
N-EXIST CALL ID

84
85
86

CALL ID IN USE
NO CALL SUSPENDD
CALL ALR CLEARED

87
88
90 *
91
95
96
97
98

USR NOT MEMB CUG


INCOMPATIB.DEST
DEST.ADDR.MISS
INVA TRANSIT NET
INVALID MESSAGE
MANDAT INFO MISS
N-EXIST MSG TYPE
N-IMPL MSG TYPE

99

N-EXIST INFO ELT

100
101
102
111
127
Others

INVALID INFO ELT


INCOMPATIBLE MSG
RECOVERY ON TIMR
PROTOCOL ERROR
INTERWORKING
Unknown Cause

* BTNR191 only

A-2

IBT-5 Display

Meaning
Only restricted digital information bearer
capability is available
Service or option not implemented, unspecified
Invalid call reference value
Identified channel does not exist
A suspended call exists, but this call identity
does not exists
Call identity in use
No call suspended
Call having the requested call identity has been
cleared
User not member of Closed User Group
Incompatible destination
Destination address missing
Invalid transit network selection
Invalid message, unspecified
Mandatory information element is missing
Message type non-existent or not implemented
Message not implemented with call state or
message type non-existent or not implemented
Information element non-existent or not
implemented
Invalid information element contents
Message not compatible with call state
Recovery on timer expiry
Protocol error, unspecified
Interworking, unspecified

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Appendices

Causes for 1TR6, TN1R6 protocols


Decimal
Cause/val
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
15
16
17
18
20
21
22
23
24
28
29
30
31

IBT-5 Display

N-IMPLE FACILITY
REQ FAC NOT SUBS
NORMAL:UNSPECIF.
INVA TRANSIT NET
UNAVAIL SERVICE
DEST OUT OF ORDR
DEGRADED SERVICE
NET OUT OF ORDER
NETWORK CONGEST
UUS DISCARDED
RESOURCE UNAVAIL
ONLY RESTR. BEAR

32
33
34
35
37
38
39
40

OUTG CALL BARRED


USER ACCESS BUSY
NEGATIV CUG EXPR
NON EXISTENT CUG
N-IMPLE SERV/OPT
INVALID DIGIT
MANDAT INFO MISS
N-EXIST MSG TYPE

(nothing displayed)
INVALID CALL REF
N-IMPLE MSG TYPE
N-IMPLE BEAR CAP
N-IMPL CONN TYPE
N-IMPLE CHAN TYP
N-EXIST CHANNEL
N-EXIST CALL ID
CALL ID IN USE
OVERLAP UNAUTH
NO CHANNEL AVAIL
(nothing displayed)

CIRC OPERATIONAL
(nothing displayed)

Meaning

Invalid call reference value


Message not implemented
Bearer service not implemented
Connection type not implemented
Channel type not implemented
Identified channel does not exist
Call identity does not exist
Call identity in use
Overlap sending not allowed
No channel available
Normal call clearing
Operational circuit
Normal call clearing
Requested facility not implemented
Requested facility not subscribed
Normal unspecified
Invalid transit network selection
Unavailable service
Out of order (user)
Degraded service
Network out of order
Network congestion
User info discarded
Network resource not available
Only restricted digital information bearer
capability is available
Outgoing call barred
User access busy
Negative CUG comparison
Non-existent closed user group
Service not implemented
Invalid digit (Overlap sending)
Mandatory Info element missing
Invalid message

A-3

Appendices

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Decimal
Cause/val
41
42
43
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
56
57
58
59
61
62
64
88
89
90
96
100
112
113
114
115
127
Others

A-4

IBT-5 Display

Meaning

Message not compatible with call state


Non-existent information element
Invalid information element contents
Protocol error
Internetworking
Invalid number format
Not used
Not used
Not used
Incompatible destination
Non-existent abbreviated address entry
Destination not obtainable
Destination address missing and direct call not
subscribed
NUMBER CHANGED Number changed
DEST OUT OF ORDR Out of order
NO USER RESPONDG No user responding
User busy
USER BUSY
INCO CALL BARRED Incoming calls barred
Call rejected
CALL REJECTED
DEGRADED SERVICE Degraded service
INCOMPATIB. DEST Incompatible destination
NETWORK CONGEST Network congestion
Remote user initiated
R-USER INITIATED
MANDAT INFO MISS Mandatory information element missing
Invalid information element contents
INVALID INFO ELT
LOCAL PROC ERROR Local procedure error
REMOTE PROC ERR Remote procedure error
REMOTE USER SUSP Remote user suspend
REMOTE USER RESU Remote user resume
UUS LOCALLY DISC User info discarded locally

INCOMPATIBLE MSG
N-EXIST INFO ELT
INVALID INFO ELT
PROTOCOL ERROR
INTERWORKING
INVALID NUM FORM
NO ORIG R-CHARGG
NO DEST R-CHARGG
R-CHARGG REJECT
INCOMPATIB. DEST
N-EXIST ABR ADDR
DEST N-ACCESSIBL
DEST ADD MISSING

Unknown Cause

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Appendices

Appendix 2: List of available services and teleservices


List of available services and teleservices (except for 1TR6, TN1R6, 1TR67 and
EDSS-CH)
Services
Speech BC
Audio 3.1 kHz
Data 64 BC
Data 56 BC
Teleservices
Speech
Data 64
Fax G3
Fax G4
Teletext
Videotext

List of available services and teleservices for 1TR6 and TN1R6


Services
Sprache (speech)
Audio 3.1 kHz
Daten (data 64)
Ton 3.1 kHz (audio)
Teleservices
Fax G3
Fax G4
Teletext
Btx
X21 Uc19
X25 Uc 13
Mixed
Fernwirken (remote)
Grafik
Bild (image)

A-5

Appendices

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

List of available services and teleservices for 1TR67


Services
Speech BC
Audio 3.1 kHz BC
Audio 7 kHz BC
Data 64
Teleservices
Speech
X25 / B
Audio 7 kHz
Fax G3
Fax G4
BTX 64
BTX New
X21 UC19
Teletext
Bild 3.1 kHz
Bild
Data 56

List of available services and teleservices for EDSS-CH (SN 3)


Services
Speech BC
Audio 3.1 kHz
Data 64
Data 56 BC
Data 64 Rest BC
Audio 3.1 kHz PI
Teleservices
Speech
Audio 7 kHz
Fax G3
Fax G4
Teletext
Videotext
Videotel NFb

A-6

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Appendices

Appendix 3: List of X.25 causes and diagnostics


Cause 00 (DTE)

Hex

Dec

CLR command
Clear due to a X.29 invitation to CLR message
Clear due to a X.29 reselection message
Outgoing call timeout
Idle timer (VIDEOTEX)
Reception of CNX/FIN (VIDEOTEX)
Level 1 disconnected on a PAD line

$80
$81
$82
$85
$86
$87
$89

128
129
130
133
134
135
137

Cause 01 (busy - OCC)

Hex

Dec

Routing impossible: no more logical channels free


Routing impossible: call collision
Routing impossible: PAD line does not accept the call

$48
$90

72
144

Cause 03 (invalid facility request - INV)

Hex

Dec

Facility code not allowed (facility not subscribed or inexistent)


Invalid facility parameter or facility combination
Code or additional service parameter for specified DTE not
allowed by the CCITT not allowed or invalid

$41
$42

65
66

$4D

77

Cause 05 (network incident - NC)

Hex

Dec

Invalid packet type for state r1


Invalid packet type for state p1
Invalid packet type for state p2
Invalid packet type for state p3
Invalid packet type for state p4
Invalid packet type for state p6
Unknown packet type
Outgoing calls barred
Invalid logical channel (following DIAGNOSTIC packet reception)
Packet too short
Packet too long
Restart or restart confirmation on logical channel other than 0
D bit not supported
Fast select with restriction on response requested
Call timer T11 timeout
Clear timer T13 timeout
Reset timer T12 timeout
Facility code not allowed
Incorrect facility parameter or combination of parameters
Called address invalid (digit not DCB)
Calling address invalid (digit not DCB)
Facility field length incorrect
Incoming calls barred
Routing impossible: no logical channels available
Routing impossible: call collision
Repeated facility
Code or facility parameter (as specified by CCITT)
of DTE not allowed

$11
$14
$15
$16
$17
$19
$21
$22
$24
$26
$27
$29
$28
$2A
$31
$32
$33
$41
$42
$43
$44
$45
$46
$47
$48
$49

17
20
21
22
23
25
33
34
36
38
39
41
40
42
49
50
51
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73

$4D

77

A-7

Appendices

A-8

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Mandatory facility not present (NUI)


RDM or DISC frame received
No response to N2 I frames
Invalid F bit received
FRMR received
Level 2 reset after reception of a FRMR frame
Level 2 reset
Telephone number busy
Telephone call collision
Telephone communication cleared
Level 2 not set up
Telephone call cancelled
Telephone call forbidden
Answering tone not detected
Telephone call delayed
T0 timeout for PSTN call

$4C
$B1
$B2
$B3
$B4
$B5
$B6
$B8
$B9
$BA
$BB
$BC
$BD
$BE
$BF
$C0

76
177
178
179
180
181
182
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192

Cause 09 (out of order - DER)

Hex

Dec

Level 1 disconnected
Received DM or DISC frame
No response to N2 I frames
Invalid F bit
FRMR received
Level 2 reset after reception of a FRMR frame
Level 2 reset
Telephone call broken
Level 2 not set up
Telephone call cancelled
Answering tone not detected
Telephone call delayed
T0 timeout for PSTN call
LAPX disconnection

$B0
$B1
$B2
$B3
$B4
$B5
$B6
$BA
$BB
$BC
$BE
$BF
$C0
$C1

176
177
178
179
180
181
182
186
187
188
190
191
192
193

Cause 0B (access barred - NA)

Hex

Dec

Incoming calls barred


Answering tone not detected
Confidentiality not respected on outgoing line
Access to the public network not allowed

$46
$BE
$F5
$F8

70
190
245
248

Cause 0D (not obtainable - NP)

Hex

Dec

Unknown number (number not in numbering scheme)

$F0

240

Cause 11 (remote procedure error - RPE)

Hex

Dec

Invalid packet type for state r1


invalid packet type for state p2
Invalid packet type for state p3
Invalid packet type for state p4
Unknown packet type
Invalid logical
Packet too short
Packet too long
Restart or restart confirmation on logical channel other than 000
Call confirmation invalid
Clear packet timer timeout

$11
$15
$16
$17
$21
$24
$26
$27
$29
$2A
$32

17
21
22
23
33
36
38
39
41
42
50

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Appendices

Reset packet timer timeout


Restart packet timer timeout
Invalid called address
Invalid calling address
Facility field length incorrect
Facility code repeated

$33
$34
$43
$44
$45
$49

51
52
67
68
69
73

Cause 13 (local procedure error - ERR)

Hex

Deci

Invalid packet type for state r1


Invalid packet type for state p1
Invalid packet type for state p2
Invalid packet type for state p3
Invalid packet type for state p4
Invalid packet type for state p6
Unknown packet type
Outgoing calls barred
Packet too short
Packet too long
Restart or restart confirmation on logical channel other than 0
Call confirmation invalid
Clear packet timer timeout
Reset packet timer timeout
Restart packet timer timeout
Invalid called address
Invalid calling address
Facility field length incorrect
Facility code repeated
Facility mandatory and not present

$11
$14
$15
$16
$17
$19
$21
$22
$26
$27
$29
$2A
$32
$33
$34
$43
$44
$45
$49
$4C

17
20
21
22
23
25
33
34
38
39
41
42
50
51
52
67
68
69
73
76

Cause 19 (reverse charging acceptance not subscribed)

Hex

Dec

Reverse charging acceptance not subscribed on outgoing line

$00

Cause 21 (destination incompatible)

Hex

Dec

D bit not supported


Impossible to negotiate packet size

$28
$D9

40
217

Cause 29 (fast select not subscribed)

Hex

Dec

Fast-select not subscribed

$00

A-9

Appendices

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Appendix 4: Values of the 'Location' parameter for the


EDSS-1 protocol
Value (Hexa)
0
1
2
3
4
5
7
A

A-10

Meaning
User
Private network serving the local user
Public network serving the local user
Transit network
Public network serving the remote user
Private network serving the remote user
International network
Network beyond interworking point

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Appendices

Appendix 5: 'National Facility' parameters used to


activate supplementary services with the VN4 protocol
(Euronumris access)
Extract of VN4 standard

Supplementary
service

Type of information carried


in the National Facility element

Encoding of the
supplementary service
specification field

Call Forwarding

Recording or modification

*21*called number #

Positive acknowledgement

21*called number #

Cancellation

#21#

Positive acknowledgement

21 #

Interrogation

*#21#

Acknowledgement

21* called number #

Information

21*#

Telecost request

*23#

Transmission of telecost

23* n

Unconditional (CFU)
Call Forwarding
on No Reply
(CFNR)

Indication of Cost
(Telecost)

A-11

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Index

Index
Accessories,1-25
Accu-pack,1-7
Address,2-6
Advice of charge,2-20
AOC,2-8
Autoconfiguration,2-5
Automatic test of services,2-7
B channel,2-7
Backlight,1-5
Battery,1-7, 1-8
BC (Bearer Capability),1-20
BERT,1-22, 2-21
BERT duration,2-7
Calibration,1-26
Call forwarding,2-31
Activation, interrogation, deactivation,1-22
Called address,2-9
CFB,2-8
CFNR,2-8
CFU,2-8
CLIP,2-8
CLIR,2-8
Coding law,1-17
COLP,2-8
COLR,2-8
CONFIGURATION,2-3
CorNet-T,1-18
CorNet-TS,1-18
CUG,2-8, 2-10
CW (Call Waiting),2-16, 2-30
Display,1-5
Downloading,2-38
DTMF,1-19, 2-16
Electromagnetic compatibility,1-26
Error cause
Layer 2,2-17
Layer 3 See Appendix 1
Error insertion,2-23
Facility,2-10
Flash EPROM exchange,1-24
G.821 analysis,1-22
HLC,1-20
HOLD,2-8
INFORMATION,2-36
ISDNpartner,1-16, 2-39
Keyboard,1-2
Keypad facilities,2-13
Language setup,2-36
Languages,1-6

Layer 3 protocol,2-5
LCN,2-10
LED,1-11
LLC,1-20
'Location' parameter See Appendix 4
LOOP BOX,2-34
Loopbox,2-9
MCID,2-8
Menu
BIT ERR RATE,2-21
CONFIGURATION,2-2
INFORMATION,2-36
LOOP BOX,2-34
PHONE CALL,2-12
PHONE-BOOK,2-11
SUP. SERVICES,2-31
TEST OF SERV,2-26
TRANSFER,2-37
Mode
LOOP BOX,1-19, 2-9
PHONE CALL,1-19
PHONE-BOOK,1-20
TEST OF SERV,1-20
National Facility See Appendix 5
NT adapter,2-3
NT Simulation,1-22, 2-3, 2-40
NUI,2-10
Overlap sending,2-14
PC-based expert system,2-39
PHONE CALL,2-12
PHONE-BOOK,2-11
Power supply,1-7, 1-9, 2-4
Printing of results,1-23, 2-38
Private protocols,1-18
Protocol setup,2-36
Protocols,1-17
Real-time trace,1-23, 2-37
Recall procedure,2-15
Reset procedure,1-10
Restricted mode,1-5
S0 interface,1-13
Screen,1-5
Selection of U or S0 interface,1-19
Self-call,1-19, 2-15
Serial interface,1-16
Services,2-7
Services and teleservices See Appendix 2
Software upgrade/download,1-24
SPID,2-5

Index-1

Index

SUB,2-8
SUP. SERVICES,2-31
Supplementary services,1-21
TEI management,2-5
Temperatures,1-26
Test of services,1-20, 2-26
Test of supplementary services,1-21, 2-8, 2-29
TP,2-8
Trace,1-23, 2-16
Transfer,2-37

Index-2

WWG IBT-5 User Manual

Transmission quality,1-22
U interface,1-14
Use of the phone book,2-14
User Data,2-10
User to User Signalling,2-6
UUS,2-8
Windows PC Detailed Decoder,1-16, 2-37
X.25 causes and diagnostics See Appendix 3
X.25 in D-channel test,1-21, 2-28
X.25 parameter,2-9

INSTRUMENT WARRANTY
(PLEASE KEEP THIS PART)

Warranty form sent on: ____ / ____ / _______

Now that you have received your IBT-5, you should register your warranty.
PLEASE FILL OUT THE ATTACHED WARRANTY FORM
AND FAX IT OR MAIL IT TO
WAVETEK WANDEL GOLTERMANN.
This will help us to keep you informed about future instrument upgrades, etc.

Wandel & Goltermann CTS SA


15, rue du Chne Germain
F-35517 CESSON-SEVIGNE cedex
Tel.: +33 (0)2 99 84 70 40
Fax: +33 (0)2 99 84 70 44

 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - -

FACSIMILE
TO:

Wandel & Goltermann CTS SA


Marketing Department
Fax: +33 (0)2 99 84 70 44

FROM: Name:

_____________________

Company: _____________________
Tel:

_____________________

Fax:

_____________________

WARRANTY FORM
PLEASE RETURN TO WAVETEK WANDEL GOLTERMANN ASAP
You have just received your IBT-5, please fill up this form to register your warranty and
answer a few questions to help us serve you better:

Warranty for instrument No.: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Was the instrument in good condition upon delivery?

YES

NO

Was the instrument delivered on time?

YES

NO

Comments:
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

PLEASE RETURN TO:


Wandel & Goltermann CTS SA
Marketing Department
Fax: +33 (0)2 99 84 70 44

 -----------------------------------------------------------------

FACSIMILE
TO:

Wandel & Goltermann CTS SA


Marketing Department
Fax +33 (0)2 99 84 70 44

FROM: Name:
_____________________
Company: _____________________
Tel:
_____________________
Fax:
_____________________

QUESTIONNAIRE - PLEASE RETURN TO WWG


Now that you have been using your IBT-5 and this manual for some time, you can help us
improve our instrument and the associated documentation:

INSTRUMENT
How do you find the instrument?
General
Ergonomy
Ease of use

.
.
.

/
/
/

If you met problems with your instrument, which ones?


___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
Which improvements do you wish on your instrument (functions, ...)?
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

DOCUMENTATION
Did the user manual supplied with the IBT-5
help you learn to use the instrument?

YES

NO

How is the documentation?

General presentation

Information

Would initial training have been helpful?

YES

NO

Should we put your name on our mailing list for


information on ISDN test and measurement?

YES

NO

If unsatisfactory, what information was missing?

Organization/plan

PLEASE RETURN TO:


Wandel & Goltermann CTS SA
Marketing Department
Fax: +33 (0)2 99 84 70 44

Addresses - International Sales and Service


For more information, please contact the nearest Regional Sales Office shown in this list or visit our web site at
http://www.wwgsolutions.com.

Headquarters US
Wavetek Wandel Goltermann, Inc.
1030 Swabia Court
P.O.Box 13585
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-3585
Tel. +1 919 941-5730
Fax +1 919 941-9361

Headquarters Europe
Wavetek Wandel Goltermann GmbH
Arbachtalstrasse 6
D-72800 Eningen u.A.
Germany
Tel. +49 7121-860
Fax +49 7121-88996

Regional Sales Offices


North America

West Europe

1030 Swabia Court


P.O.Box 13585
Research Triangle Park,
NC 27709-3585
USA
Tel. +1 919 941-5730
Fax +1 919 941-5751

Arbachtalstrasse 6
D-72800 Eningen u.A.
Germany
Tel. +49 7121-86 2222
Fax +49 7121-86 1222

East Europe
Latin America
Av. Eng. Luis Carlos Berrini, 936-8/9. andar
04571-000 Sao Paulo, SP
Brazil
Tel. +55 11 5503 3800
Fax +55 11 5505 1598

Asia-Pacific
P.O. Box 141
South Melbourne, Victoria 3205
Australia
Tel. +61 3 9690 6700
Fax +61 3 9690 6750

Internet Address
www.wwgsolutions.com

Addr_02, 20.10.99

Postfach 13
Elisabethstrasse 36
A-2500 Baden
Austria
Tel. +43 2252 85521 0
Fax +43 2252 80727

1st Neopalimovskiy per. 15/7 (4th floor)


119121 Moscow
Russia
Tel. +7 095 248 2508
Fax +7 095 248 4189