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muslc. has thtJ /IOWIJt to mattJ m11n hB/1/11.
GrandiRaster in Hundred
Chess GaiRes) takes the school or Paul Morphv and it with
the posltlonal school founded WllheiiR Steinitz. The result is powerful svsteiR of
chess plav utilized the ureatest IRasters since the turn of the twentieth centurv.
Dr. Tarrasch's svsleiR reflecls lhe enllre s1ore of knowledue of chess up 10 lhe
hyperiRodern era.
Hls unlaue openinu idea, lhe defense 10 lhe Queen'.s (1.d4 d5
3.Nc3 reiRains popular lo lhis dav in urandiRasler chess.
Thls IRaslerpiece. was rererred 10 GrandiRasler
Fine as " ... one or lhe IRODUIRenls of our uaiRe."
Chess plavers or all slrenulhs can ureatll/ increase their underslandinu of lhe gaiRe
ol chess SiiRPII/ plavinu lhrouuh and eniovinu lhese IRasterlul uaiRes. As
Dr. Tarrasch, muntli (leacher of the world), weaves rascinatinu and
wltiJ skelch as he lavs out svs1em or plav.
Now for the lirsllime in English, Chess is musl ror
everv serious librarv.
USA $19.95
ISBN 1-880613-18-5
Aboul the lranslalor -
Sol Schwarz is nalive of Hoiland. is
an accomplished linuuisl and near
masler slrenuth chess plaver. has
been an exceplionallll uenerous patron
10 lhe chess world ror lhe pasl lwentv-
live vears. Mr. Schwarz is lonu time
resident of Dallas.
[Dreihundert Schachpartien- English Language Edition]
English translation Sol Schwarz
Copyright Sol Schwarz, 1999
All rights reserved under Pan American and International
Copyright conventions. No part of this this edition of Dreihundert
Schachpartien rnay reproduced or transrnitted in any forrn or
any rneans, electronic or rnechanical, including photocopying, or
any inforrnation storage and retrieval systern, without written
perrnission frorn the
Author: Tarrasch
Translation to English: Sol Schwarz
Editors: Lou Hays, David Sewell
Cover design and artwork: Ludwig Schwarz
cover photo of Sol Schwarz: Hale
Typeset: Lou Hays
Cornputer file creation: David Sewell, Lou Hays
Final proof: David Sewell
Park Oklahorna 74451
ISBN 1-880673-18-5
Foreword 4
Game 1 Player List 5
Index of Openings 8
1. Breslau 1862-1880 9
Berlin 1880-1882 22
Halle 1882-1885 33
IV. Hamburg Chess Congress, 1885 47
v. Geroldsgrun, 1886 47
Vl. FrankfunTournament, 1887 70
1887-1888 94
vm. Tournament, 1888 107
IX. Leipzig Tournament, 1888 134
Breslau, 1889 144
Xl. 1889-90 173
Manchester Toumament, 1890 191
1890-1892 215
XIV. Dresden, 1892 239
xv. 1892-1894 257
XVI. Match vs. Chigorin, 1893
Match vs. Walbrodt, 1894
Leipzig Toumament, 1894
Three Hundred Chess Games is one of the most
helpful and instructive chess ever original work,
Dreihundert Schachpartien, was initially intended to well-annotated
record of three hundred of Grandmaster Tarrasch's games, but it
quickly favorite for chess teachers. As more and more
copies were sold, the was eventually recognized as
middlegame treatise.
modem chess student will fmd wealth of positional ideas, sharp
tactics and elegant endings as he studies these exciting and original
games. Tarrasch's easily annotations show clearly why
he was given the title, praeceptor mundi (teacher of the world). Every
chess player, regardless of strength, will sitting down and
playing through these wonderful games. It's easy, higbly entertaining,
and willlead to greater understanding of chess.
" .... one of the monuments of our game." ---Grandmaster Fine
1 wish to thank Sol Schwarz for his very competent efforts in translating
the original Gennan edition of Dreihundert Schachpartien. Special
appreciation also to David Sewell, co-editor and final proofreader. Many
thanks to Ludwig Schwarz for the artwork and cover design and to
Hale for the back cover photograph of Sol Schwarz .
-Lou Hays,
Game 47 Tarrasch-Barthmann 41
Game 48 Tarrasch-S. Lowenthal 42
1. Breslau 1862-1880
Game 49 Tarrasch-v. Scheve 44
Games 1-20
Game 50 F. IUemann-Tarrasch 45
Game 51 Tarrasch-F. IUemann 46
Game 1 Tarrasch-Mendelsohn 11
IV. Hamburg Tournament, 1885 and
Game 2 Tarrasch-Mendelsohn 11
Game 3 Tarrasch-Mendelsohn 12
V. Geroldsgrun, 1886
Game 4 Tarrasch-v. Scheve 12 Games 52-71
Game 5 Tarrasch-Mendelsohn 13 Game 52 Tarrasch-Dr. Noa 48
Game 6 v.Scheve-Tarrasch 14 Game 53 Englisch-Tarrasch 49
Game 7 v.Scheve-Tarrasch 14 Game 54 Tarrasch-E. Schallopp 50
Game 8 Tarrasch-Mannhei.mer 15 Game 55 Tarrasch-M. Weiss 51
Game 9 Tarrasch-Mannhei.mer 15 Game 56 J. Taubenhaus-Tarrasch 53
Game 10 Tarrasch-Mannheimer 16 Game 57 Tarrasch-M. Bier 54
Game 11 Tarrasch-Landau 17 Game 58 W. Paulsen-Tarrasch 55
Game 12 Tarrasch-Vogt 17 Game 59 Tarrasch-J. 56
Game 13 Tarrasch-Vogt 17 Game 60 J.H. Bird-Tarrasch 58
Game 14 Tarrasch-Mendelsohn 17 Game 61 Tarrasch-J. Minckwitz 59
Game 15 Mendelsohn-Tarrasch 18 Game 62 Tarrasch-v. Gottschall 59
Game 16 Tarrasch-Mendelsohn 18 Game 63 J. Berger-Tarrasch 60
Game 17 IUemann-Tarrasch 19 Game 64 F. IUemann-Tarrasch 61
Game 18 Tarrasch-Schottlander 20 Game 65 J. Mason-Tarrasch 62
Game 19 Tarrasch-Scbottlander 20 Game 66 Mackenzie-Tarrasch 64
Game 20 Tarrascb-Mende1sohn 21 Game 67 Tarrasch-Schottlander 66
Game 68 Tarrascb 67
Berlin, 1880-1882
Game 69 v. Gottschall-Tarrasch 68
Game 70 Tarrasch-Dr. Si.monsohn 69
Game 21 Schallopp-Tarrasch 23
Game 71 Tarrascb-v. Scbeve 69
Game 22 Tarrascb-S. Winawer 23
Game 23 Tarrasch-B. Lasker 24
VI. Frankfurt Tournament, 1887
Game 24 Lasker-Tarrascb 24 Games 72-89
Game 25 Tarrasch-B. Lasker 25 Game 72 Tarrasch-Scballopp 71
Game 26 Tarrasch-N.N 25 Game 73 Mackenzie-Tarrasch 72
Game 27 Tarrasch-Pribulsky 25 Game 74 Tarrasch-Alapin 73
Game 28 Tarrasch-W. Cohn 26 Game 75 Berger-Tarrasch 74
Game 29 Tarrascb-W. Cohn 26 Game 76 Tarrascb-Louis Paulsen 75
Game 30 Tarrascb-W. Cohn 27 Game 77 Tarrasch-v. 77
Game 31 Bohle, Droysen, B.Lasker Game 78 Tarrasch 77
V. Tarrascb 28 Game 79 78
Game 32 Tarrasch-Munchboff 28 Game 80 Fritz-Tarrascb 80
Game 33 Lasker, v. Scbeve, Game 81 Tarrasch-Schiffers 81
Dr. V. Heydebreck, Tarrascb 29 Game 82 Metger-Tarrasch 82
Game 34 Tarrasch-M. Naumann 30 Game 83 Tarrascb-M. Weiss 83
Game 35 v. Lasker,
Game 84 v. Scheve-Tarrasch 84
Tarrasch-Bohlke, Naumann, v. Scbeve 31
Game 85 Tarrascb-Dr. Noa 85
Game 86 86
1882-1885 Game 87 Tarrasch- 88
Game 88 v. Gottschall-Tarrascb 90
Game 36 Tarrasch-Kuntze 34 Game 89 Harmonist-Tarrasch 92
Game 37 Tarrascb 34
Game 38 Kuntze-Tarrasch 35 Nuremberg, 1887-1888
Game 39 Tarrasch-B. IUchter
Games 90-106
Game 40 Tarrasch-B. IUcbter
Game 90 Tamtsch -G. Irion and 95
Game 41 IUchter-Tarrascb
Game 91 Tarrasch-G. Irion 95
Game 42 Tarrasch-B. Richter
Game 92 Dr. Schwarz-Tarrasch 96
Game 43 Tarrasch-B. Richter
Game 93 Tarrasch-M. Kurschner 96
Game 44 Richter, Schwarz,
Game 94 Tarrasch-M. Kurschner 96
Hollander-Sickel, R. Schmidt,
Game 95 Kurschner-Tarrasch 97
Game 45 Jacques Schwarz-Tarrascb
Game 96 Meiser-Tarrasch 98
Game 46 W. Hahn-Tarrasch
Game 97 Eckart-Tarrasch 98
Game 98 98 Game 142 174
Game 99 99 Game 143 Kurschner 174
Game 100 100 Game 144 175
Game 101 Hahn
100 Game 145 176
Game 102 101 Game 146 177
Game 103 102 Game 147 Kurschner 177
Game 104 Eckart and
Game 148 178

Game 149 179
Game 105 104
Game 150 Kolb 179
Game 106 105
Game 151 Schroeder 180
Game 152 180
Nuremberg Tournament, 1888
Game 153 181
Games 107-116
Game 154 181
Game 107 Dr. v. Gottschall,
Game 155 Kurschner 182
vs. J. Metger, J. L Paulsen 108
Game 156 Eckart 182
Game 108 109
Game 157 183
Game 109 v. Gottschall- 111
Game 158 183
Game 110 116
Game 159 Eckart 184
Game 111 Harmonist- 118
Game 160 Eckart 185
Game 112 Paulsen 119
Game 161 Kurschner 185
Game 113 J. Metger- 123
Game 162 Steiner 186
Game 114 J. 126
Game 163 F. 186
Game 115 Harmonist 130
Game 164 Herren Schroeder 187
Game 116 Louis 131
Game 165 Kurschner 187
Game 166 Meiser 187
IX. Leipzlg Tournament, 1888
Game 167 Eckart 188
Games 117-123
Game 168 Kelz 189
Game 117 135
Game 169 Kelz and Dr. Epstein 190
Game 118 W. Paulsen 136
XII. Mancbester Tournament, 1890
Game 119 v. Scheve- 137
Game 120 J. 138
Games 170-186
Game 121 139
Game 170 Scheve 193
Game 122 v. 139
Game 171 194
Game 123 Scheve, Schottlander,
Game 172 195
vs. v. Gottschall, W.
Game 173 Locock- 195
Paulsen, Riemann 141
Game 174 Tarrasch-Owen 196
Game 175 Alapin- 197
Breslau 1889
Game 176 198
Games 124-141
Game 177 Schallopp- 201
Game 124 Louis Paulsen- 146
Game 178 203
Game 125 146
Game 179 Gunston- 204
Game 126 J. Metger- 147
Game 180 Thorold 205
Game 127 148
Game 181 Bird-Tarrasch 206
Game 128 150
Game 182 208
Game 129 Berger 151
Game 183 209
Game 130 Tarrasch-Schiffers 153
Game 184 Tarrasch-Biack:bume 210
Game 131 J.H. Bauer- 155
Game 185 Mortimer-Tarrasch 212
Game 132 156
Game 186 213
Game 133 J. 158
Game 134 160
XIII. Nuremberg 1890-1892
Game 135 Schallopp- 162
Games 187-220
Game 136 Tarrasch-A. Fritz 163
Game 187 Steif 216
Game 137 Paulsen 164
Game 188 Steif-Tarrasch 216
Game 138 Tarrasch-Alapin 166
Game 189 Kurschner 217
Game 139 166
Game 190 219
Game 140 169
Game 191 Tarrasch-M. 219
Game 141 171
Game 192 W. Hahn- 220
Game 193 W. 221
XI. 1889-1890
Game 194 W. Hahn 221
Games 142 169
Game 195 Liebhardt 222
Game 196 Kelz 223
Garne 197 Kelz 224 Game 253 Schroeder 268
Garne 198 Ke1z 224 Garne 254 llirscbler 269
Garne 199 224 Game 255 Schroeder 269
Garne 200 224 Game 256 Kolb 270
Garne 201 Kurschner-Tarrasch 224 Game 257 271
Garne 202 Eckart 225
Garne 203 226 XVI. Match vs. Cblgorin, 1893
Garne 204 Eckart 227
Games 258-279
Garne 205 Kurschner-Tarrasch 228
Game 258 (1) 273
Garne 206 Eckart-Tarrasch 228
Game 259 Chigorin-Tarrasch (2) 274
Garne 207 W. Hahn- 228
Game 260 (3) 278
Garne 208 W. Hahn 228
Game 261 Chigorin-Tarrasch (4) 281
Garne 209 Schroder 229
Game 262 (5) 284
Garne 210 Wirsing-Steiner 229
Game 263 Chigorin-Tarrasch (6) 285
Garne 211 230
Game 264 (7) 288
Garne 212 231
Game 265 Chigorin- (8) 291
Garne 213 231
Game 266 (9) 292
Garne 214 S. 232
Game 267 Chigorin- (10) 294
Garne 215 Tarrasch-S. 233
Game 268 ( 11) 295
Garne 216 Eckart-Tarrasch 233
Game 269 Chigorin-Tarrasch (12) 300
Garne 217 W. Hahn- 234
Game 270 (13) 302
Garne 218 Kolb 236
Game 271 Chigorin-Tarrasch (14) 303
Garne 219 Wirnitzer 237
Game 272 (15) 307
Garne 220 Fiedler 238
Game 273 Chigorin-Tarrasch (16) 309
Game 274 (17) 310
XIV. Dresden Tournament, 1892 Game 275 Chigorin- (18) 312
Games 221-234 Game 276 (19) 316
Garne 221 240 Game 277 Chigorin-Tarrasch (20) 317
Garne 222 240 Game 278 Tarrasch-Chigorin (21) 321
Garne 223 Dr. Noa- 241 Game 279 Chigorin- (22) 322
Garne 224 243
Garne 225 Tarrasch 245
Match vs. Walbrodt, 1894
Garne 226 246
Games 280-287
Garne 227 Porges- 247
Game 280 (1) 326
Garne 228 248
Game 281 (2) 328
Garne 229 248
Game 282 (3) 330
Garne 230 Schottlander-Tarrasch 249
Game 283 (4) 331
Garne 231 v. Scheve- 250
Game 284 Tarrasch (5) 334
Garne 232 Wilfried Paulsen- 251
Game 285 (6) 337
Garne 233 v. Gottschall 252
Garne 286 Tarrasch (7) 339
Garne 234 Winawer-Tarrasch 254
Game 287 (8) 342
XV. 1892-1894
Lelpzig Tournament, 1894
Games 235-257
Games 288-300
Garne 235 Kurschner 258
Game 288 Tarrasch-Scblechter 348
Game 236 259
Game 289 J. Berger-Tarrasch 350
Game 237 259
Game 290 Teichmann- 351
Game 238 260
Game 291 Scheve 353
Game 239 Hausler- 260
Game 292 354
Garne 240 Dr. Karl Hollander- 260
Game 293 356
Game 241 Karl Hollander 261
Game 294 358
Garne 242 262
Game 295 Tarrasch-Janowski 359
Game 243 Schroeder 262
Game 296 Blackburne-Tarrasch 360
Game 244 Schroeder 263
Game 297 Tarrasch-J. W. Baird 362
Garne 245 Kurschner 263
Game 298 Schiffers- 363
Game 246 Laubmann
Game 299 364
Game 247 Dr. Karl Hollander-Tarrasch
Game 300 Lipke- 366
Game 248 Karl Hollander 265
Game 249
Game 250
Game 251 Tarrasch-H.
Game 252 Kurschner-Tarrasch
refer to games)
Blrd's Opening 65, 118, 181
Center Game 58, 67, 142
Center Counter Game 4, 252, 298
Danlsh Gamblt 45
Dutch Defense 39, 95, 119
English Opening 38, 56
Evans Gamblt 3, 5, 15, 16, 18, 22, 168, 214
Counter Gamblt 6, 27, 292
Four Knight's Game 14, 70, 71, 72, 74, 77, 107, 124, 130
FrenchDefense30,33,34,36,37,47,48,49,52,59,64,68, 79,80,81,85,88,89,93,94, 104,109,
111, 116, 133, 135, 139, 152, 159, 160, 161, 170, 175, 177, 180, 185, 189, 233,235,240,245,259,
Giuoco Piano 26, 167, 225,230, 239, 280, 294
Goring 23, 28, 51
Irregular Opening 1, 232
King's 7, 10, 17, 21, 50, 69, 126, 151 234, 246, 248, 257, 273, 290
King's lndlan Defense 53
Nimzoindian transposition) 186
Pierce 24
PetroffDefense 8, 25, 57, 126, 132, 138, 176,229,281,283
Queen's Gamblt 78, 100,120, 122, 123,131,136, 141, 143,155, 171,174, 191,192, 193,202,222,
Queen pawn Game 66, 84, 91, 115, 179, 199,200,231,278,296,300
RuyLopez 19,20,35,42,43,46, 60,82,83,87,90, 102,105,108,113,127,129,134,144,147,
Scotch Opening 44, 54, 55, 61, 62, 183
SiciUan Defense 2, 29, 32, 41, 63, 73, 75, 76, 99, 101, 110, 112, 137, 149, 293
Knight's Defense 9, 11, 31, 157, 215
Vienna Game 86, 114, 117, 121, 128, 190
MisceUaneous & Odds Games 12, 13, 96, 97, 106, 145, 150, 162, 163, 166, 195, 196, 197, 198,
1. Breslau 1862-1880
I was in Breslau, Gennany March 5, 1862. Breslau was strong chess center
at the time and was also the home of Anderssen and Zukertort. At age four I leamed to
read and write. At age six I had already read most of the in my father 's library. I
was considered strange phenomenon in the first grade. When I was asked to read for
the first time I fluently read and understood everything presented to me. teachers
were not pleased, however, as I didn't like doing homework. In high school I
felt as though I didn 't need to do my assignments, which further irritated my teachers.
At age flfteen I leamed the rules of chess, but my actual chess career later
when friend told me of the existence of chess was to acquire practical
chess Alfons von Breda. This opened completely new world to me. I was
captivated the of this wonderful game of chess and I
enthusiastically studying. This enthusiasm was shared classmates and soon fully
half of the class was playing chess regularly. One day five of us ventured to invade the
cafe of Fischer and Busch where every aftemoon there was chess gathering. Alone,
of us would have dared go. We kibltzed some of the regulars' games, but one
Sunday gentleman challenged me to game. How would I stand up to this test? The
tension was and my opponent started the game with We already knew
from "Chess Catechism" Portuis that moves like or would imrnediately..
lead to disadvantage for White (?!). Did the gentleman really believe that he
could treat me with such contempt? suspicion grew when, after l ... e5 he
played 2.Nf3. suspicion was unfounded when I began to realize that naivete
and not shrewdness caused him to make these moves. I beat him several games
that day, and our group was very happy. This first experience made us retum often
to this cafe. We soon found out that there was every caliber of player there. There
was Mr. Mannheimer, great natural player who had even played Anderssen
number of times and also Herr v. Scheve, another well known chess master. I
studied every chess I could put my hands including books Philidor, von
der Lasa, and the handbook Dufrense-Zukertorte. playing strength increased very
rapidly and I soon was considered one of the chessplayers in Breslau. Even
against Schottlander, well known student of Anderssen, I played even at that
time. We used to have sessions of three games each, and with amazing regularity, each
one of us won game with one draw. Only against Riemann, who was considered true
master, could I not measure up. I had seen the great Anderssen only one time andl admiringly
kept my distance from him.
At around this time they founded the chess club named after Anderssen in Breslau.
The president of this club was teaching in our school, and I asked him for pennission
to attend the club as student. I soon became regular guest at this club and the only
difference between me and the regular players was that I was younger and stronger
player (!) One evening the president of the club took me aside and told me that my
chess activity would serve as detriment my regular studies. I got the message and
School was out atone 'clock every day and punctually attwo I was engrossed in chess
games at the coffee house into the evening. At night I studied chess at home.
schoolwork did not suffer as predicted I paid special attention to the lessons
while in class. Near the end of high school years, I decided to become medical
doctor. score the pre-college entrance was the highest inmany decades and
myessayonLessing's significancefor the German Theater was considered ready for
in its form. This was the end of the Breslau period of life.
t''" .....
1 ,.., /. BRESLAU 1862-1880

{\? GAME 1
rf Tarrasch - Mendelsohn
J"egular Opening
1.83 Nf6 d5
5.cd5 Nd5 6.Nf3 Bg4
This Bishop

Both sides follow the famous pattems of
Anderssen and Morphy. The latter used to
make this faulty exchange, which
reinforces White 's center

After 23 .. Rc7
is to protect the Bishop from the Rooks without moving the Bishop. The
threat of Ne5, it quite was not reader can fmd sirnilar development (or
necessary. non-development) in my tournament
9.d4 e410.Nd2 11.Qe2 garne against Leipzig 1894,

. Q garne No. 291m th1s volume.
s IS to prevent r
12.0-0 Bd6 13.Qh5 g6 14.Qh6 Qf6 GAME 2 "t.N' _)
15.f4 Tarrasch- Mendelsohn
I was still following the Anderssen Sicilian Defense
Morphy pattem. Nowadays I would move 2.Nc3 4.d4 cd4
the pawn one square only, in order to 5.Nd4 Nge7
recapture with the pawn after ... and
then advance the e-pawn with decisive
advantage. Of course the sacrifice
on d4 has to avoided, which can

1s ... o-o-o 16.Rb1 Ne7
Queen, now misplaced, plans to go
to the other side of the Black
overlooked the ensuing threat.
17 ... h6 18.Ne4 Qe6 19.Nd6 Rd6
20.Qf3 21.Rf2! g5 22.Rfb2 Rd7
Of course the extra pawn is enough to
win, but the following end combination
should prevented ...
23 ... Rc7 (see next diagram) 24.Rb7 Rb7
25.Qa6 Qd7 26.Qa8
It is that White, while
persistently pursuing the attack, never
gets around to developing the dark
squared Bishop, and White his
Often played the old masters and later
Louis Paulsen, the intent is to play
... but it is not as good as the natural
... This Knight is the
primary protector of the castled
Ng6 s.o-o 9.f4 10.Rf3
This very premature and amateurish
Rook move, only works because of
Black's mistakes. much more
mature player would methodically
proceed with IO.Qd2, ll.Radl, etc., to
exploit Black's weakness in the center,
and also reserve the f3 square for the
Bishop, from where it could attack the
d-pawn after ... d7-d5, ed5, ed5.
10 ... f5? 11.ef5 Nd412.Bd4 ef5
Better is the recapture with the Rook,
although White then effectively counters
with the attack 13.Bd3 (13 ... Rf4
14.Bg6 15.Bh7 or 14.Rf4 Nf4
This guards the thus
the attack Rh3,
while simultaneously keeping the Black
under fire.
14 ..
lf 15 ... Qe8, wins.
d& Qd7
19.Rh3 Bd5

...... t
.. ..


20.Rh7 Kh7 21.Qh5 Kg8 22.Bd5 Rf7
23.Qg6 Raf8 24.Bd410.

Tarrasch - Mendelsohn
2.Nf3 Nc&
d& 7.d4 ed4 s.cd4
9.d5 Na510.Bb2 Ne7 (10 ... Nc411.Bg7)
11.Bd3 D-0 Ng613.Ne2
All the above is the result of home
14.Kh1 Rb815.Ne1 16.f4
White 's which
demolishes Black's should have
halted ...
17.t5 Ne5 18.t6 gt& 19.Qc1 Kg7
20.Ng3 Rg8 21.Nh5 Kh8 22.Nf6 Rg&
23.Qt4 25.Qh4 Rg7

26 .. Bg4
There is adequate defense against
27.Bg4 Ng4 28.Bg5 h&
28 ... Ne5, 29.Nh7 Rh7 Kg8
and is decisive.
29.Bh6 Nf& Kg7 31.Qg5 Kf8

35.Raf1 Qe7 36.Qg6 :Q 37 .Rf7
38.Rf8 Kd7 39.Qf5 and mate 10.
2-2 Fe l; t
GAME 4 1!-JJ,
Tarrasch v. Scheve .tn
CenJer Counler j)Cl(Jtfl,

d5 2.ed5 cd5 da_'j
this may also
arise in the Caro Kann e.g. l.e4
2.d4 d5 3.ed5 cd5.
4.Bd3 Nc& Nf& 6.Nf3 Bg4 7.h3
It is poor strategy to go_ pawn
especially the very gam_ of
the b-pawn, without first

This method of pieces as
rapidly as and aw_ay
from sacrifices thus
/. BRESLAU 1862-1880
open files and attacking chances is
wholly in the spirit of the game. Mind
over material.
9 ... Qb2
If 9 ... Nd4, Black loses either or
Queen 10.Qf4 ll.Qa4

10.Nd2 Nd4
second pawn grab is very dublous,
but if instead Black retreats ... Qb6,
White will proceed with Qf4 and bring
Rook to with strong attacking game.
11.Qf4 Ne6
One square too far.
17.ef5 Bf518.Bf5 Rf5
is the retreat to
although White then has the very strong
Qc7 followed 1.
19.g4 Rf7 20.f5 NeS 21.Nf4 Nac4
22. Nes
12.Qa4 Nd7 Qc3 14.Rb7 Nc7
prevent ... Qh4, or at least to make this
move less dangerous if Black decides to
23 ... Ng4
Very dangerous.
24.Ne6 Qf6 25.Nfg5 26.Qh5 g6
27.Qh6 Ng4
If instead 27 ... gf5, or 27 ... Nf5, White
will play 28.Nf7. Should Black decide to
take the exchange 27 ... Nfl. White
retains very strong attack, using all his
pieces against the King, who is
defended only his Queen and Rook.
forces an irnmediate win.
15 ... Qd2 16.Rc7 Rd8 17.Qd7 Rd7 !!WJ
18.Rc8 Rd8 1-D.
:.../v [8t 8IBt

1\; q)'-' ' -"t-.1-
'-" L-Y ./
GAME 5 r".. d d
, t; - - ----
Tarrasch - Mendelsohn \....l t "- 8 --
Evans V /' 8 8 8
R d dw
eS 2.Nf3 Nc6 -.1' 11' .ft
BCS d6 7.d4 ed4 8.cd4 8 8r4h
9.d5 NaS Ne7 11.Bd3 00
Ng6 13.Ne2 14.Kh1
15.Nfg1 16.f4 f5?
This move gives Black an opportunity to
force draw. playing 28.Nf7
29.Nh6 Kh8 Qg6 31.Nf7 Kg8
32.Rgl followed 34.Nc7,
White keeps winning chances.
28 . Nf2?
Correct was 28 ... Qal. The game would
continue as follows: 29.Nf7! Nf2 30.Kg2
Nh3 and White forces perpetual
check checks and f7.
29.Rf2 Qa1 Qf6 31.Nf7 Qf7
32.fg6 Qe7 1-Q.
v. Scheve - Tarrasch
Falkheer Counler Gamhil
2.f4 dS
Nf6 6.d3 Q-0
9.de4 Ne4 10.Bd3?
10 . Qh4 11.g3 12.Nf3 QhS
13.Rg1 Qf3 14.Rg3 Re8 15.Kd2 Qf2
and Q-1.
v. Scheve - Tarrasch
King's Gamhil declined
2.f4 BCS d6 Bg4
S ... ecl4 6.cd4 7 Qh4
Nc6 1 Nf6 11.Na4
Here White should take some
precautions against the next attacking
move either Bg2, to guard the Rhl, or
Rgl, giving up pawn.
11 ... Nh5
Attacking the f-pawn and the Rhl, thus
forcing the gain of pawn.
13.d5 Ne7 14.Kd2 Nf4
15.Qc2 Q-0! 16.Qc7
16 ... Nfd5! 17.ecl5 NdS
With the last moves, Black has truly
exploited White 's bad position.
18.Qc4 Qf6 19.Bd3
19.Qd4 there follows 19 ... Ne3
Rfe8 Qf3 or 20.Qf6 Nfl.
19.Bd4, the game is decided 19 ... Qf4
Rac8 2l.Qd5 (or 21.Qd3
21 ... Rc2 Qd2 Re8
Re5. The open files for the Rooks have
decided effect If there follows
19 ... Qf3 attacking Rook and Bishop.
19 Qb2 20.Qc2 Qb4 Rfe8
22.Bh7 Kh8
1. BRESLAU 1862 - 1880 15
23 .. Ne3 d5 Qe7
de4 27.f4
On 27ie4, Black, playing 27 ... Rac8,
will force the away from the
defense of either or
27 ... Rac8 28.Qb2
has to keep the guarded
as Qc5 is White 's game is
28 ... Qc5 29.Qd4 Qh5 Rc2! G-1.
Black's conduct of the attack in this
game would credit to any master.
Tarrasch - Mannhelmer
Petroff Defense
2.Nf3 4.Nf3 Ne4
Here and the move, ... d5 is
7.0..0 8.Nc3 Bg4 9.h3
Bh5 10.g4 11.Nh4 12.Qd3
is quite dangerous. For the lost
sacrificed) pawn, White gets very
13.Nf5 14.Kh1
More was 14 ...
15.Rg1 Ne8
Here 15 ... g6 was mandatory.
16.Ng7 Kh8!
16 ... Ng7, White regains the piece
17.Bh6 18.Qg3 or 18.Nd5 with
decisive attack.

On 17 ... Rg8, there follows 18.Ne8 Qe8
19.Rg8 Qg8 20.Rgl Qd8 2l.Qg3 and
19.Bf8 Ng7 20.Bg7 Bg7
21.Rg4 Qe7 22.Rag1 23.Qg3 Qf7
24.Qh4 Bd2
On 24 ... Bf8 follows 25.Qf6.
If the Bishop goes to at there
follows 26.Qf6 27.Nf6 Ne7 28.Rg7
followed 29.Rh7#.
27.Qh7 Kh7 28.Rh4 and
mate next move. 10.
Tarrasch Mannheimer
Two Knighl's Defense
2.Nf3 4.d4 Ne4
will cause loss of several tempi.
5.de5 Nc5
threat was 6.Qd5.

is account of the threat
followed 8.Bf7 and 9.Qd5.

Better was 7 ...
White has developed all of his pieces
very fast and this move gives hirn chance
for direct threats.
10.Rad1 Qe8 11.Nd5
Rf7 14.Rfe1 Ne7
Black hardly move.
15.Nf4 Nf516.Qd2
16 ... Nh6, White plays 17 Even
so this was
18.Nd4 Re7 19.Nde6 de6
20.Ne6 21.Re6 Re6 22.Re1 Kh8
The pawn win has decided the game,
but the final phase of the game is quite
This threatens 25.Rg3. Of course the
Bh6 is immune from capture because
of 25.Re8 winning the Queen and or
mate with 26.Rg8#.
24 ... Nf5 25.Qd7
Better was 25 ...
26.Bg7 Qg7 27.Qe8. 1-0.
Mate comes the next move.
Tarrasch - Mannheimer
King's Gamhit Accepted
2.f4 ef4 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5
This old defense is known to

Rh7 7.d4 d6 8.Nd3 9.gf3
Bh4 11.Kd2 Bg5 12.f4 Bf6
13.Nc3 Nc6
White has very strong game, the pawn
center is especially
14.Qg1 Na5
develop the Bishop via
17.Re1 Kf818.f5
18 ... Bg5 19.Nf4 Bf4 20.Bf4
This weakens
make room for the Knight.
21 ... 22.d5 23.Ne2 Bd7
24.Nf4 Qe8 25.Ne6 26.fe6 Qg6
27.Qd4 Qg5 28.Kd1 h4 29.Ref1 Rh5

-.- -<!!>- .u.
g E.&.-
g.e.g "

The h-pawn could saved only
pushing it, as otherwise the pawns would
permanently kept from advancing, and
adding insult to injury, Black's position
is also bad on the Queenside.
Qg6 31.Rh5 Qh5 32.Rh4 Qg5
Better is ... Qg6 to prevent the next move.
Threatens Rf7 followed Qa4.
... 34.Qb4
Now is threatened.
34 ... Ne7
1. BRESLAU 1862-1880 17
Tarrasch- Landau
Two Knights Defense (White is
2.Nf3 Nf6 4.d4 ed4
5.0-0 d5? 6.ed5 Nd5 7 .Nd4 Nd4?
8.Qd4 9.Re1 1
11.Qc3 Qd712.Bg5! Be713.Rad1 Qc8
14.Qg7 Bg5
14 ... Rf8, either or 15.Re6.
15.Qh8 16.Qg7 Qg8
17.Re6# 1-0.
Tarrasch - Vold;
Remove White's Knight ]rom
Nf6 4.Nf3 d6
5.d3 Bg4 6.h3 7.gf3
makes castling Kingside awkward.
7 ... Qe7 9.Bg5 h6 10.Bh4 g5
11.Bg3 Nh512.Bh2 Q-Q-0
Better would 12 ... Nf4. Castling is
very dangerous.

Better is
self pinning is self destructive.
20.Qc4 d5 21.Qa4 de4
ed4 24.Qc6
Forces mate. 1-0.
Tarrasch - Vold;
Remove White's Knightpom
2. Nf6 4.Nf3 d6
5.d3 Bg4 6.h3 7.gf3 Q-0
9.Bg5 h610.h4 Kh711.Q-Q-O Na512.f4
ef413.Qf3 Nc4 14.dc4 g6?
hg5 16.hg5 Nh5 17.Rh5 gh5
Better would have 17 ... Kg7.
18.Qh5 Kg719.Qh6 Kg8 20.Rh1
and wins. 1-Q.
Tarrasch - Mendelsohn
Knights Game
2.Nf3 Nf6
5.Nd5 Nd5 6.ed5 Nd4
Better is 7 .Nd4.
7 ...
Better is 7 ... 0-0, or 7 ...
8.Nd4 9.Nf3 G-0
Better is 9 ...
1 O.G-0 12.d4 ed4 1
14.Re1 15.Nc6 Qf6
is the wrong Rook, as this Rook
an attacking target. Better would
the other Rook, as the later threat
against it would then
Re1 18.Qe1 dc5 19.Qe4!
20.d6 Kf8 21.Ne7 Re8
22.Qh7 Qd6
Equally good is 23.Nf5 at once.
... 24.Nf510.
Mendelsohn - Tarrasch
Evans Gamhit
d6 7.d4 ed4 s.cd4
9.d5 Na5 Ne7 11.Bd3 00
12.Nc3 Ng6 13.Ne2 14.Ng3 f6
15.Kh1 Ne516.Be5
This exchange frees Black's garne.
Better was 16.Nh4 followed 17.f4.
16 . fe5 17.Qd2 Rb8 18.Rg1
19.Nf5 20.Ng5
looks than it is really. Pushing
the g-pawn prornises rnore of an attack.
20 ... 22.Qc1 23.Ne6
24.de6 Rf7 26.g4 Re7
This exchange sacrifice ruins all of
White 's attacking chances.
27.g5 Qe6 28.Ne7 Qe7 29.Rg2 Kh8
In order to play ... Nc4 without it
Nc4 31.f5?
31 .. 32.Qf1 Bg5
34.Rg3 Nc2 35.Qc2 36.Rag1 h6
37.Qg2 as 38.Qh3
Even without this rnistake, White 's garne
is hopeless.
38 .. 39.f6 Qf6 40.Rf3 Qe7 41.Rff1
1. BRESLAU 1862-1880 19
41 ... Qc7 42.Rg5 c1Q Qc1
44.Rg1 Qc2 45.Qg4 Rg8 46.Qg6 Qa2
Tarrasch - Mendelsohn
Evans Gamhil
2.Nf3 Nc6 BCS
BCS 6.0.0 7.d4 ed4 8.cd4
9.d5 NaS Ne7 11.Bd3 00
12.Nc3 Ng613.Ne2 c514.Kh1
This is as it allows White to
play Nd4.
Very dangerous. The pawn rnust only
rnoved one square to interrupt the White
Queen Bishop's line.
16.Nfd4 fe4
Pushing the f-pawn is
Nh4 18.Qc2 19.Ne6
The only rnoves were 20 ... Qf6 or
20 ... Rf6.
Riemann - Tarrasch
Gamhit Declined
eS 2.f4 Bg4
5. 7
The norrnal continuation is
7 ... Nf6 8.Qe2 9.fs
Black wants to avoid Bg5, but this rnove
gives White an attacking target. is
9 ... d5 IO.Bg5 de4 [Also good is ... d4.]
ll.de4 12.Nd2 avoid Nc4.]
and Black has good garne.
10.g4! Nh7 11.h4 f6 13.84
14.Na3 Qd7
This rnove allows White the advance of
the g-pawn, wblch should prevented
... Qe7 followed ... Nc6-d8-f7.
15.g5! fgS 16.hg5 NgS 17.Bg5 hgS
18.Bh5! Nd8
Black defends quite skillfully against
very strong attack. The threat was
followed Qh5 or Rh8.
19.Bg6 Nf7 20.Q-Q-O
On 20.f6, Black plays into relative safety
20 ... Nh6 2l.fg7 Qg7 22.Qh5
20 ... Nh6
Both here and at rnove 27, we see the fear
of "The Great Master" beginner.
Black could have played 20 ... Qa4,
rnove that would keep White little
busy, and rnove that contained
counterattack preventing
White 's next attacking rnove,
rnaking it ineffective. After
20 ... Qa4, if White protects the
Knight 2l.Qa2?, both of these
pieces would pinned and the
threat of ... would
inhiblt White 's garne and Black
could start counterattack 21 ...
Also if White defends the
Knight the following
counterplay is e.g.
20 ... Qa4 22.Bf7 Kf7
23.Qh5 24.Qg5 25.Qg6
Kd8 26.Qg7 Re8, and for the tirne
being the attack has fizzled, while
Black's counterattack is starting.
21.Qa2 Kh8 22.Nc4 23.Rd2!
White's elegant attacking play deserves

24 ... 25.Rh6 gh6 26.Rh6 Kg8
27.Qh2 Qg7
Better first was ... to guard the g5
deactivate the Bishop. Bad is 28.Rh7
of 28 ... Qg6 29.fg6 Rf1 followed
30 ... Rf2 and Black regains the Queen.
28 ... ed4
is since 29.Rh7
answered 29 ... Qe5.
29.Bh7 Kf7?
This move will cost the garne.
would 29 ... as
30.Qh5, would threatening to
counterattack ... or ... and
that case Whi te would have to
satisfied with perpetual check.
Adecisive move. If30 ... Qh8, mate follows
3 1.Qh5 32.Qg4 33.Qd7# .
... Qf6 31.Rf6 Kf6 32.Qh6
Now Black has two Rooks for the
but attack
White follows. Ths attack wouldhave
if the Black had been
defending the g5 pawn. In that case
the game would have ended in draw.
33.Qg5 Kd7
Better is ... but Black still
believed that the could find safe
haven on the other side of the board.
36.Qd5 followed 37
35 ...
Rook check would of no further
use because the White King soon
escapes the checks.
36.Bd5 37.Qg7
40.Qc6 41.Qc410.
On 41 ... 42.Qb3
Tarrasch- Schottlander
Evans Gamhit
2.Nf3 Nc6
6.00 d6 7
Nge7 10.d4 ed4 11.Nd4
Bd712.Nc6 Nc6 00 14.Ra3!
unusual way of the
Rook is in character with my style and
I've played it in some of my earliest
garnes, e.g. Garne 22 move 16, garne
147 move 15, garne 171 move 24, garne
177 move 13, or garne 189 move 22.
14 ... 15.Rg3 f6
White has obtained nice attack, and it
would now appropriate not only to
save the Rook's pawn advancing it,
but utilize it at the sarne time, as the
pawn cannot of Qd5
and winning piece.
16. Kh8 17 .Qh5? (see next diagram)
Now however, White should push the
a-pawn to close the Rook file and thus
prevent the following Rook move, which
stops White's attack.
17 ... Ra5!
win the Queen 18 ... Bf2.
18.Qh4 Ne5 Qe8
The anack is stopped, andnow Black wins.
/. BRESLAU 1862-1880 21
20.Nd2 21.Rg6 Raa8
23.Kh1 Rae8 24.f4 Qg4! D-1.
Tarrasch - Schottlander
Ruy Lopez
2.Nf3 Nc6
5.00 Ne4 6.d4 d5
8.Ne5 Ne5 9.de5
9 ...
Nc5 12.Nc3
13.14 14.Qf3
Very seems to 14.g4, but
14 ... Rg8 [or 14 ... d4] 15.Khl d4!
Black has the better game.
14 ... 15.Rad1 f6 16.Qe3 Qe7?
The decisive Black should play
17.ef6 Rf6 18.Bd5! Ra7
If Black should take the Bishop
19.Nd5 decides the game.
20.Bd5 Bd5
If the King moves here, White will
trade exchange Bishops,
followed Nd5.
21.Qe7 Re7 22.Nd5 1-0.
Tarrasch - Mendelsohn
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6
S.D-0 Ne4 6.d4 d5 8.de5 Ne7
9.Re1 10.Ng5 Ng5 11.Bg5
move, pretty, but
12 ...
Well played! Should Black take the
Bishop at move the
White will attain good attack

White still had chance, as he did last
move, to save the Bishop but he
would have an inferior
14 ... gf615.ef6 Ng816.Qh5
Simplest is 16 ... Qd7.
16 ... Qb6, White is lease
17.Qd5 Rd818.Qf3
At this the impedes the

18 ... h5 [ln order to play ...
followed f7.
19 ... Rd7 Qd8?
decisive the type of move that
players will make in cramped position.
22.Re6 23.Bg6 Rf7 24.Qc6 Qd7
25.Qa8 Qd8 26.Bf7 Kd7
28.Qa7 29.Qa6
31.Qd4 1-0.
11. Berlin 1880-1882
I was attracted to Berlin where I had two uncles who took under their wing. The
year was 1880. I started school in Berlin and I found it difficult to switch
attention from the to science. professor 's of teaching were not
conducive to rousing an interest in science. Very often during the lectures I found
in hypnotic state, especially in the subject of for that, I had
the Cafe Royal, where I could play the late Trobach, considered one of Berlin 's
strongest chess players. I invited Trobach to game one day, to his surprise, but
he consented, and five minutes later I had lost. I attribute this loss to nervousness
and shyness. The second game lasted three hours and I won with fine All of the
kibltzers watched the game with Mter this debut, uncle enrolled as
of the Berlin Chess Club, of which he had one of the founders.
chess activity was lirnited in those days ahnost exclusive1y to the evenings in the
club, as I also wanted to have time with friends. It was only after the summer
vacation started and friends 1eft Berlin, that I could plunge back into chess.
frequent opponent's were Pribulsky, young Russian, who in the 1880 Weisbaden
toumey had scored very well and Harmonist who they called "The Little Morphy"
and Cohn and others who were well known strong players in Berlin. Last but
not least, friend Berthold Lasker the brother of the great world chess champion was
very ingenious player whose strength deteriorated due to nervous condition. These
players were all of equal strength. I even succeeded in winning the only game I
ever played against Winawer, which was sensation at the time. After the Winawer game
I devoted to preparing for the German Chess Federation Congress which was to
take place in the fall of that year. I was very anxious to show abllity in the top section.
I thorougbly prepared p1aying chess day and night. I lived for chess. The demonic
game was the center of thinking and The went and fmal1y the
time for the toumament arrived. Instead of the hoped for honor, I suffered sad defeat.
The top section was played in four groups, and the winner of each group played
the winners of others. Unfortunately, the three strongest players, von
Lasker and were in the same group and there could only one winner from this
group and that was von while Lasker and I left handed. some
extent we saved our honor winning the conso1ation tournament. I cou1d not put the
bad result out of mind and it depressed I really didn 't realize how lucky
I was, had I won at that time, I would have rapidly and undoubtedly
great chess player, but nothing else. Shortly after this tournament, I took science course
with an interesting and enthusiastic professor. I was fascinated with this
course and I followed his easily understood lessons and for the flrst time in life, I
left his lectures as an enthusiastic student of science. Mter this, I threw into
studies and I caught up everything I had rnissed in the previous three and I
passed first After this I faithful to profession,
although I still dedicated large arnount of time to chess. The passion for the game had
passed, but the love for chess rernained with rne. At this point I decided to rnove to Halle.
11. BERUN 1880-1882 23
Schallopp - Tarrasch
King's Gtinihit Accepted
2.f4 ef4 d5 4.Bd5 Qh4
5.Kf1 g5 6.Nf3 Qh5 7 .h4 Bg7 8.d4 Ne7
9.Nc3 h6 1
At the tirne this game was played, this
was the usual continuation of the attack,
but it should rejected as it weakens the
center and yields control of d5.
10 ... 16!
the nail on the head.
weaker are 10 ... or
10 ... 0-0, although these moves are
recommended in the
On ll ... g4 wins piece. same
move also threatens to win the e-pawn.
This factor almost forces White to
exchange pawns, after which Black
obtains nice position.
11 ... Bf6
again was 12 ... g4.
12 ... Bg7
is 13 ... Bd4 14.Qd4!
15.gf3 Nd4 16.hg5.
Bg4 15.Nf2
In order to take the Bishop and continue
with Ne5. Also 16.hg5 is threatened, even
so this move is decisive mistake.
15 ... Nf5 16.Kg1 17.Rh2 Nd4
18.Nd4 19.Ne2 Ne2 20.Kf1
21.Kg1 Qd1 22.Nd1
22 ... D-O-O 23.Nf2 Rhe8 Q-1.
Tarrasch - S. Wmawer
Evans Gambit
2.Nf3 Nc6 Btt&
s.o-o d6 Nce7 8.d4 ecl4
9.Nd4 Nf6 10.Nc3 0-0 11.Bg5 Ng6
12.Nd5 Ne5 13.Bf6 gf6
energetic opening play White has
already attained positional
15 ... Kh816.Ra3! Rg817.f4 Ng618.Nf5!
White spums the pawn win and
instead goes for the jugular - he is convinced
that when playing grandmaster, the chances
lie in sharp attacking play and not in material
18 ... Qc719.Rh3 Rg7
An ingenious try at defending against the
20.Rh7 threat, but even this move is
of saving the game.
20.Ng7 21.Nh5 22.Nf6 Qc3
23.f5! 24.fg6 Qe3 25.Kh1
The only move the Queen makes in tltis
game, leads to victory.
26 ... Bg2 (there is nothing 27.Kg2
Qg5 28.Kh1 fg6
29.Ne8! Qe5 1-0.
Tarrasch - Lasker
2.Nf3 Nc6 ed4
7 .Nc3 has reputation.
7 ... Kf8
Better is 7 ... Nf6.
8.0-0 d6 9.Qb3 Nh6 10.Rad1 Bg4
11.83 Bd2 12.Rd2 Rg8
13 ... Na5, which if played at
is answered 13.Qc3.
1 14.Qf3 Qe7 15.Rfd1 Ne5
Although Black was to exchange
of pieces, White still has
decisive attack.
17.Rd5 Qf6 Rb8 de5

--.- .. Wi .
. . . -
. .
ra g u d ...

.w. f'Will
W ... Qe7, White mates in two moves.
Qc6 23.Re5 Qe6
24.Qd6 and 1-0.
Lasker - Tarrasch
2.Nc3 Nc6 ef4 4.Nf3 g5
5.d4 Bg7
Advancing the d-pawn to d6 gives White
... 7.D-O 8.Ne2 Qe7 Bd7
9 ... Qe4 is answered 10.Nf4.

White anticipates ... 0-0-0 and
action the Queenside.
10 Q..O-O 11.Bd3 Rf8
start an attack against White's center
... f5.
12.Qc2 f5!
temporary pawn sacrifice which gives
Black the attack.
13.ef5 Qf614.g4 15.Ng3 g4!
On there follows 16 ... Nd4, to
Black's advantage.
16 ... gf3 Ne7
h5 21.Ne4
21 . Rhg8
An elegant move, but as it often happens,
the pretty way is not always the
If instead of this erroneous move, White
would take the Queen, the fmal result
would only general exchange of
pieces, e.g. 22.Nf6 23.Khl! f2
24.d5 Nd5 25.Qe4! Ne7 26.Qc6 Rgl
27 .Rgl fgl=Q but this
variation would also give Black

22 ... Qe6! Bd4 24.Kf1
Rg2 26.Kf3 Rc2 27.cd4
On Black is to trade all of
the pieces 28 ... Nf5 or 28 ... Nd5.
1/. BERUN 1880-1882 25
28 ... Ng6 D-1.
Rf3 and ... decides.
Tarrasch - Lasker
Petroff Defense
d6 4.Nf3 Ne4
5.d4 d5 6.Bd3
More usual is 6 ...
s.c4 1s
Retreating the was
At this point the way to proceed was
trading and pawns, although
the resulting position is
for White.
On 12 ... cd5, it is of course not followed
13.Qd5, but 13.Ng5 and then
13.dc6 Kl8
The threat was
Rc7 16.Ne5
17.de5 Nc6 Ne719.Rad1
Black is of course lost, no matter what,
but the attacking move 19.Bg8 and
20.Bh7, could still countered with
... Qe8-f7.
19 ... Qe8 20.Rd6
White scores the win of the exchange
20 ... Rac8 21.Rid1 Rc4 22.Qb7
On 23 ... Ra3, White wins with 24.Re7
Qe7 25.Qc8 followed 26.Rd8 or
Tarrasch - N.N
Giuoco Piano
Nc6 4.d4 ed4
Better is 5 ... Nf6.
6.817 Kl7 7.Qd5 8.Qh5!
9.Qc5 Qe710.Qc3 Qe4?
10 ... Nf6 should have played.
Tarrasch- Pribulsky
Falkheer Counter Gamhit
2.14 d5!
The is always hard to defend,
but this defense, which was considered
in the old days, but nowadays it is
completely rejected. Better prospects are
offered playing for the removal of the
4 ... 5.dc6 7.d4
8.Ne2 9.Q-O
cut off the Bishop with ll.c4 and then
answer ll ... c5 with 12.d5.
10 ...
On ll.d5, Black now plays ll ... c4!
11 ... cd4 12.Qd4 Qc7
the loss of Queen 13 ...
Q-0 Ng415.Ne4 Rad8
16.Qa7 17.Qe3 Rfe8
White, of the opening, has
difficult game. Should White play 18.Qf3,
Black, 18 ... would strengthen the
attack against the Ne4.
18.N2c3 f5
The preparatory 18 ... is countered
20.Nef6 gf6 21.Nf6 Kh8 22.Ne8 Re8
23.Qd4 Kg8 24.Qd5 Kh8 25.Qf5
The balance is now in White's favor and
his attacking chances are better than
Black's chances. On 25 ... Rf8, there
follows 26.Qe6 and Black cannot capture
25 ... Re2? 26.Qf6 Kg8 27.Rf3 Rg2
There is no adequate defense anyrnore.
28.Kg2 29.Rg1 BCS and
mate next move. 1-0.
Tarrasch - W. Cohn
Goring Gamhil
2.Nf3 Nc6 ed4

lost tempo which serves White.
6.Qc2 7 d6 S.Q-0 Nf6
First 8 ... should played.
9.Nd5! h6
Black has to meet the 9.Bg5 threat. The
trade would lead to piece loss
of the threat ll.Qa4.

also loses pawn.
10 ... Nc6?
Better is ll ... d5.
12.Bf7 Kf813.Nh4 Ne5 14.Bg6 d5
weaken the effect of f4, e.g. if
14 ... Ne4, then 15.f4 would decisive.
15.f4 Neg4
The sirnple retreat is
16.h3 Ne4
is the move that Black relied upon,
however, the attack decisive in
17.hg4 Qh4 18.Qd5 Nd6 19.f5 Qe7
19 ... Qg4, White will play the same
20.Bf4 Bd7
is much stronger than 21.Rael,
when Black keep resisting with
2l ... Bc6.
21 ...
22.16! Bd5
If instead, 22 ... gf6, White plays 23.Qd4.
23.fg7 and promotes with mate on the
next move. 1-Q.
1/. BERUN 1880 - 1882 27
Tarrasch - W. Cohn
Sicilian Defense
2.Nf3 Nc6 cd4 4.Nd4
Nf6 6.Bf4 7.Bg5 8.Bf6 gf6
9.Nd6 Bd610.Qd6 Qe711.Qd2
Poor opening play has already given
Black bad position. last move does
nothing to improve it. Better chances to
hold the game were offered ll ... d6,
followed 12 ...
12.Nc3 Nd413.Nd5!
Black could have played 13 ... Nc2
followed the exchange of Queens and
15 ... Nal, but White emerges with decisive
advantage after 16.Nc7 and 17.Na8, as his
escape and Black's cannot.
Nc6 15.Qh6 Kd8
...... jWJ
... 7. 18.

. ..
t m
d "7-J- -
- u.


16.Q-O-O Ne7 17.Nf6 Qe6 18.Qg7

The Bishop threatens to go to g4 or h5
with decisive effect. Black should try to
stop of these threats 19 ... Qe7 and
20 ... Qf8, but, of course, this maneuver
would not save the Black game.
19 .. h5 20.Bh5 Rh5 21.Nh5 Qa2
22.Nf6 as
in order to develop the Rook
via but Black never gets around to this.
23.Nd5 24.Qg8
24.Qf7 would win piece.
24 ... Kd7 25.Qf7 26.Qc7
Qc4 29.Nc3 1-Q.

Tarrasch - W. Cohn
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 Nfd7
5.Nce2 Nc6 7.f4
Better is 7 ...
8.Nf3 Q-0 9.Ng3 f6 10.Bd3 cd4 11.cd4
fe5 12.fe5 Bh4
Weak, if 12 ... Qb6 instead, White would
still struggling to complete his

An equally useless move.
14. Rf7
Much stronger is 15.Qd2 16.Bg5
winning pawn.
15 ... Nc6 16.Qd2 17.Bg6 Nf8
If 17 ... Rf8, then the Bishop sacrifice
18.Bf7 Kf7
White now fmishes the game with few
forcing moves .
19.Nh4 Qh4 20.0.0 Kg8 21.Rf4 Qe7
22.Raf1 Bd7 23.Rg4 Kh7
24.Bh6 25.Rf6 Kh8 Nh7
Bohle, Droysen, Lasker -
Harmonist, v. Scheve Tarrasch
(Players alternate) Two Knights Defense
2.Nf3 4.Nc3
5.d3 7 .Q-0?
Castling, after having moved the Rook
pawn, is Now Black could
attain attack 7 ... g5.
7 ... Qd79.Be3
This premature looking attacking move
is very and in with the
move cramps Black's

10 ... Bd511.ed5 Ne712.c4
Here Black should trade Bishops.
Threatening only the
of the but also
15.dc6 16.d5!
1 ... 14.de5
And of 14 ... ed4.
14 ... 15.ef6 Kg7
Black has lost pawn and the chances
for counterattack the g-file are
17.Qd2 f518.Qc3
This is premature. Better is 18.Nd4 to
force the d4 exchanges or else 19.Ne6
18 ... Rf619.Bc2 Rg8 20.h4 Kf7

"4 -.
.:lt-.:1:. '
<!!> ?.'Q. "'
.1!'.. B'ZJB

which the
Exchange, but lose the game.
21 ... hg5 22.hg5 Ne5 23.gf6 f4
Qg425.Kh1 Rh826.Kg1 f327.Bf3Qh4
28.Bh5 Rh5 29.Qh3 Qg4
Tarrasch - Munchhoff
Sicilian Defense
opening used to
the master's favorite play and he was
quite successful doing it.
This which cramps
Black's is much to preferred
to trading The is poorly
posted there anyway.
4 ... Ng4 7.Nc3
9.Q-O 1 11.Nh2 g5
Of course 12 ...
of 14.Qa4 winning piece.
Nc714.Bd2 Bf815.a4 Bg716.a5
Q-0 17.Ne2 Nh7 18.Ng3 f6
Black could the exchange 18 ... f5
19.ef5 Bal, however White
would have ample compensation with two
pawns and strong attack.
ll. BERUN 1880-1882 29
make room for the

19 ... Qe7 20.Nhf1 Kh8 21.Ne3 Ne8

retreat gives White
to deprive it of its last square. position
quite attractive.
22 ... 86
Should Black trade White
obtains important file.
Better is to take the
like this would hardly ever occur in
typical game. Not single piece has
removed from the board Black's
Kingside pieces have tied themselves into
knot. his relatives are
in their own house, held
in check two pieces. Black has only
two moblle pieces the but
all he do is move them back forth.
Now White at his leisure, prepare the
decisive sacrifice will
finally chop the
Rg8 25.Bh5 Qf8 26.Qc1 Rd8
27.Qa3 Rd7 29.Rac1 Rd8
31.Nd6 Nd6 Bg4
34.hg4 Rd7
interesting try for Black might
34 ... f5 35.Nf5 Nf5 36.Bf8 Bf8 Black
gets three rninor pieces for the but
that case the White would
quickly decide the game.
35.Nf5 Qd8 36.Bd6 Nf8 Ng6
39.dc6 Rd6 40.Qd6 Qd6
41.Rd6 1-0.

Lasker, v. Scheve,
Dr. v. Heydebreck,
Consultation Game
Freru::h Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 4.Bd3
5.Nf3 Nc6 cd4 7.Bd4
IfWhite recaptures with the
7 ... in order to the fork,
White has to play 8.Nc6, thus reinforcing
7 ... Nd4 8.Nd4
pawn in the is weak.
the White are forced back,
but the advanced pawns offer White good
attacking targets. Better is 8 ...
9.Nf3 d410.Ne2 Bd611.0-Q
Now White 12.Ned4 to
destroy the
11 ... Nh512.h3? g5!
reply to White's dublous
move, which was to
12 ... Bg4. Black to storm
White's castled King advancing the h-
and g-pawns.
brilliant sac. It delays the threatening
attack for some time. Should Black
capture the White will recapture
the Bishop, e.g. 14 ... ed4 15.Qd4 Rg8
and next subsequent
position gives White decisive attack.
14 ... Qf615.Bc4
very fme continuation of the attack.
threat is and 17 but
pays no heed to the opponents
intentions, and retreats the indirectly
threatened Bishop. On 15 ... ed4, there
follows 17.Ne5 Qe5 18.Qh5.
1s ... 16.Nh2 Nf4 17.Ne2
Finally the has to retreat, and
Black is now to resume the attack.
17 ... h518.f3 g4! 19.Nf4 ef4 20.fg4 hg4
g4-pawn cannot very well taken.
On 21.hg4, the position is totally
exposed and on 21.Ng4, there follows
21 ... Bg4 22.Qg4 Qd4 and White loses the
Bishop on
21 ... g3 22.Ng4 Qg5 23.Qd5 Qd5
24 ... Bg4!
Now the attack will decisive. On
26.Rf3 27.gh3 28.Kgl and
Black wins.
f2 27.
There is no good move for White
28 ... f5 29.Rac1 f4
On follows ... and 32 ... Rh2
and on 31.Bf3, Black plays ...
31.Rc2 32.gh3 g2# G-1.
Tarrasch - Naumann
French Defense
(Played in the toumament of the 2nd
Gennan Chess Congress).
2.d4 d5 Nf6 4.ed5 ecl5
5.Nf3 Bd6 6.Bd3 Q-0 7.0.0 Bg4 8.Bg5
9.Nd5 Bh210.Kh2 Qd511.Bf6 Qh5
Better is the immediate ll ...
12.Kg3! Bf313.Qf3 Qf314.Kf3 gf6
As ofnow White has won endgame. On
the Queenside, White has four pawns
three for Black, while the Black pawn
preponderance on the doesn't
amount to much.
Kg7 16.Rh1 Rh8 17.Rae1 Rag8
Nd8 19.Bd7! h5 20.d5 Kh6
Better was 20 ... making room for the

21.g4 Rg5 Kg6 23.Rh5 Rhh5?
24.gh5 Rh5 25.Re81-0.
White's play was very clear cut.
//. BERUN 1880-1882 31
v. Lasker, Tarrasch -
Bohlke, Naumann, v. Scheve
Ruy Lopez-Four Knights Game
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.Nc3
5.Nd5 Nd5 6.ed5 Nd4 7.Nd4 ed4
of the Four Garne
could designated the
Four Bishops Game.
is of dublous value, the
d4-pawn cannot very well captured
remark is interesting from several
points of view, it shows how at
that point 1 was still to
the attack. Nowadays 1 would critical
of the Black pawn sacrifice. ln addition, 1
would use the vague and
verblage, which in my later analysis will
found anymore. something
appears to the analyst, he
should investigate as as it takes until
it clear to him.
9.Qd4!, White would forfeit castling
and his game would
(Quite right, but ithappens quite that
has to exposed to an
game, if that
chances go otherwise. 9.Qd4!,
there may follow 9 ... Re8 Qe7
Qd8 (or ll ... Qf8) (or
12.Qf4) planning d4, and
with perfectly adequate defense, and an
extra pawn. move 10., White's King
also move to fl.
9 ... 10.d6!
Better is IO ... ll.Qd4 12.f4
with ... f5 and ... d5 equalizing. IO ... is
safer but ... is Compare the

ll.Be2, ll ... f5 might follow. Now
Black should play ll ... Bd6, so that
12.Qd4, he may get the
with ... ... d5, ... f5. However,
ll ... Bd6, White would have
played 12.f4 and 13.f5 andat the cost
of attack
overestimating the attack as he also did
moves 8 and 9.) The attack would uot
worth pawn after Black plays 12 ...
... and ... d5. White would have lost
the garne and deservedly so, after he let
his winning chances slip move nine.
11 ... g6?
move, to 12.Qf5,
compromises Black's position..
Bd6 13.Qd4
Stronger yet is 15.Rael with
game. If 15 ... 16.Re5 fe5
17 .Qe5 and wins.
14 ... f6 15.f4 d5
fine move, it almost equalizes again..
Qd718.Rae1 Rae8 19.Rf3
19 ... Bf5, whereupon
would follow 20.Re8 Qe8! 21.Bf5 gf5
22.Rg3 23.Qf6 and mate follows.
19 ... 20.f5 Bf5 21.Re8 Qe8!
21.Re8? there follows 22.Bf5 gf5
23.Rg3 (or 23 ... 24.Qh4 with
winning or 23 ... 24.Qf6.
22.Bf5 gf5 23.Rf5 Qe4
Better was 23 ... Qel 24.Rfl Qe4, which
would gain Black tempo.
24.Qe4 de4 25.Kf2 Kf7 Kg6
27.g4 Re8 28.h4 Re6


- .
D -
29.Rf4 Re4
32.h5 Kg5 34.d4 f5
On 34 ... Bf4 35.d5! cd5
37 in which case White will Queen
pawn after and g5.

If Black does not capture, the following
pretty variation might result: ...
42.Bcl 43.Bf4 and
37.d5 Kf6 38.Bf4 Bd8
111. Halle 1882-1885
In the fall of 1882 I moved to Halle, small town, but just blg enough to called
city. students there worked very hard and so did I. Against my expectations Halle
had fairly lively chess presence. club was small but very pleasant and I never felt
more in any chess club than in Halle. I made friends there. most
frequent opponents there were Kuntze, lawyer, and Bemard Richter, local blgh school
teacher to whom, of our longstanding friendsblp, I dedicated the second edition
of tbls Richter was self taught and was the strongest chess player of the Halle
chess club. has the distinction of having me more times than any other chess
player. club was so good to me that they sponsored my trip to the 1883
Chess Congress. Congress brought me my first blg success. Even the
tournament started, I played several skittles games against J acques Schwarz, one of the
players in the master section. I did so well that Schwarz had nothing but praise for my
play. I was admitted to the top section of the tournament. top section was
very strong, and the fl.rst round I lost in very finely played garne Rocamora. I won
the rest of my games until the last round, which had no on the results. In the
playoff, I lost the garne against Bauer, but I again won all the subsequent games
until the last round which ended in draw. I was happy when I won the
first prize and with it the master title. I stayed until the end of the congress to kibltz the
great spectacle of the master games. I had not nominally, but indeed real
master, as I proved of casual games against masters Bier, Fritz, and
Minckwitz and imrnediately after my return against Riemann. happiness in the chess
club of Halle was great the winner of the second tier tournament was also
of the club, my friend At this point my friend Richter had left Halle
and I had less and less time to give to chess, as I had to concentrate more on my medical
studies. I did not play in any tournaments, but played some sirnultaneous
exblbltions with up to six players which games I normally all won within three hours.
At the end of my stay in Halle I took my fmal exams and medical doctor.
Tarrasch - Kuntze
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 4.ed5 ed5
Bd6 6.Bd3 Nc6 7.G-O Ne7
Better is 7 .. .0-0.
8.Bg5 Bg4 9.Re1
Indirectly attacking d5.
9 ... c610.h3 Be611.Ne5 Ng6?
costs an irnportant pawn.
12.Ng6 hg6

Bt .t.8tB
tP N
- ..

. ""
tR!B R!B

l!:::!i .WI!:::!i
13.Bg6 fg6 14.Re6 Kf7 15.Qe2 Qd7
16.Re1 Ne4
At sight this move looks
good, but it is effectively refuted
17.Qf3 Kg8
If Black captures the Rook, it will cost
him the of 18.Qg4.
18 ... Qe6, it is again loss
Rosenbaum - Tarrasch
French Defense
2.Nf3 d5 ed5 4.d4 Nf6
move is useless.
5 ... Bd6 6.Bd3 7.G-O Nc6 8.h3? Ne7
9.Bg5 Ng6 10.Nc3 11.Qd2 h6
12.Bf6 Qf613.Bg6?
two exchanges have
Black's position.
13 ... fg6
threat is 14 ... Bh3 and 15 ... Qf3,
so White decides it is to retreat the

14.Nh2 Bf4
Black to play 15 ... and
16 ... Qd6, but first wants to drive the
White back, but far better is
14 ... Qh4, 15 ... Bh2
17.gh3 Rf3. If 15.Nf3, Blackwins
15 ... Rf3 followed 16 ... Bf4
17 ... Qh3. Alsa 15.Ne2 offers salvation
What follows is 15 ... Bh2
17.gh3 Rf2 18.Rf2 Qf2
Re8 with winning attack .
15.Qd1 Bc716.Ne2 Qd617.f4 g5
Black wins an important pawn, however,
from White
18.Nf3 gf4 19.Ne5 g5 20.Nc1!
Very good. Now the will go to d3
in order to support the other
20 ... Qf6 21.Ncd3 Rae8 23.Re1
23 ... Bd3 24.Qd3
With this move White intends to
sacrifice pawn in order to start an attack.
1/l.HALLE 1882-1885 35
24 ... 25.Re5 Re5 26.de5 Qf5 GAME 38
Black prefers to attain an attack blmself,
instead of 26 ... Qe5 27 Qg7 28.Qe6
followed 29.Rel, whereby he would,
temporarily, give up the attack.
27.Qd4 Qe4 28.Qf2
Of course 28 ... Qe5 is also

.. .. -
- u-
----- -
R R l!:!i:B
. .
29 ... Qe1!
An eloquent way to trade all pieces
giving Black clear win.
f2 31.Qf2 Rf2 32.Kf2 Kf7

Much is 33 ... after wblch the
e-pawn is captured.
34.Kd4 85
Far is to capture with the c-pawn,
which keeps the a-pawn advance threat
alive. In this case the game ends in draw,
e.g. 36 ... (threatening
etc, or 36 ...
37.g4 or 36 .. .h5 h4
36 ...
Even now, is 37 .g4, but also in that
case Black wins 37 ...
KeS, and an eventual ... d4, trading
off the Queenside pawns, then going after
the pawns.
37 ... h5 38.g4 h4 dc4
41.Kd3 Kf4
44.Kf3 Q-1.
Kuntze - Tarrasch
English Opening
Nf6 d5 4.Nc3 Bd6
Black ought to play 5 ... or S ... as the
coming advance of the c-pawn will give
White decisive positional advantage.

cramps the Black position. See
game 66, game against Mackenzie,
wblch is structurally very close to this
6 ...
If 7 ... White plays and then on
8 ... follows and Black's
Queenside is locked up .
85 9.83 Bd710.Ne5
Premature. White should first develop
with IO.Bd3 and 11.0-0.
10 ...
1 have always tried to keep my Bishops
on the
11.Bd3 Nfd7 12.f4
Tbls aggravates Whites tenth move.
White should admit that his concept was
faulty exchanging
12 ... Ne5 R81
15 ... f6!
this rnove Black opens Rook and
Bishop line and soon White has to capture
the pawn which keeps White frorn
castling. As of now White should
dorninate the Queenside, but Black is
slightly the
16.ef6 Rf617.e4?
rnove weakens White 's center and
his position deteriorates.
17 ... Nc618.e5 Rf8 19.Qg4
Even 19.Na2 will not enough to save
the garne. Here is what rnight happen,
19 ... Qa8, with strong attack.
19 ... 20.Qe6 Kh8
now threatens to win the Queen
21 ... Bd7.
Black's pieces have all the freedorn they
want so that he now out an
energetic attack against the
21 ... Bh4 22.Kd1 23.Qd3 Bh5
Moving the King would worse.
24 ... Rf2 25.Re1 Qa8
Stronger than winning piece 25 ...
and 26 ... Rfl followed 27 ... Ral.
Qa4 27.Qc2 28.Re2 Rf1
29.Kd2 Bg5
then 30 ... Rf2 would win the
... Qc4#
Tarrasch - Richter
Dutch Defense
f5 2.d4 Nf6 5.
Better is 6 ...
7.Nc3 Nc6 fe4 9.Ne4
White now has an excellent position
because he appropriately took
advantage of the opening weakness
playing his eighth rnove. However,
instead of quietly cornpleting his
developrnent, e.g. 1 and doing so
to keep building up his
position, he is ternpted
precipitous sacrificial attack, but this
attack is foiled Black's calrn
10.Ne5 Nd4
Bad is IO ... Ne5 because of 11.Nf6
Bf6 12.de5 followed 13.Qh5.
White could still retain
position with ll.Ng5, when 11 ... 0-0,
the brilliant 12.Qh5 would follow. If
Black takes the Queen, then rnate in two:
13.Bh7 and 14.Ng6.
11 ... Bf6 12.Qh5 g6 13.Bg6 hg6
14.Qg6 15.Ng4
Neither would other rnoves keep the
attack alive.
15 ... Qf8!
111. HALLE 1882-1885 37
An exquisite move, the start of very
eloquent counterattack.
16.Nf6 Qf6!! 17.Bg5
17 ... Ne2 18.Kh1 Rh2 19.Kh2 Rh8
20.Bh6 Qh4# D-1.
Tarrasch- Richter
From the diagram the following
moves were played.
1 ... Kh8? de6 Qc7 4.885
Qa5 and wins. 1-D.
Richter - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nc6 4.d4 cd4
5.Nd4 Nf6 6.Ndb5
premature attack wblch, if properly
met, will give Black at least equality.
jumps are not thematic opening
6 ...
is good move on 7.Nd6,
Black answers with counterattack
playing 7 ... thus Black will retain
good position, e.g. 8.Bf4 (Clearly 8.Nc8
will give development.) 8 ...
9.Nf5 10.Bg5 (or 10.Bd2) 10 ... d5!
and Black's development is
Nor is this move satisfactory, as White
was no less than three tempi ahead. Mostly
the move is worthless as development
7 ... dS 9.ed5 edS 10.Bg5
Better is and 11.0-0.
10 ... 0-D 11.Bf6 Qf6
Black has completed his development
and it makes no difference whether or not
White captures the d-pawn.
12.Qd5 Re813.Be2 Bg414.f3 R8d8
Black's game plays itself.
15.Qc5 Nd416.Q.Q.O
On 16.fg4, pretty mate follows
16 ... Nc2.
16 ... Bf5 17.Rd2
On 17 the simplest follow up is
17 ... 18 winning the
17 ... Qh6
White is salvation.
18 ... D-1.
On 19.Rd8, Black plays 19 ... Qc1 #.
Tarrasch - Richter
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6
6.Ne5 Ne5 7.d4 Bd6 8.0.0
9.t4 Ng&
Much is to play 9 ... Nc4.
immediate 1115 is also good.
11 ... Bf6 12.f5 Ne7 13.Ne4 Nc6 14.d5
White has succeeded in cramping
Black's game and he could retain the
advantage sirnply retreating his Bishop
to and on 16 ... White plays
17 .Bd5, to let the opponent trade Bishops.
text move does not only give up
White 's advantage, but since Black is
going to in possession of open
lines, Black will have the superior game.
From now on White could have made
several other moves, but he cannot avoid
an inferior position anymore and
continues to play very well.
16 ... Qc717.Nf6
If even now 17 Black keeps the
game, e.g. 17 ... 18.Bd5 Bd5!
followed 19 ... Qc2.
17 ... gf6
The dark-squared diagonal has
decisive effect, as White cannot play
19.Bd5 on account of 19 ... Qc5.
19.Bh6 Rfe8 20.Qh5
White still seems to continue his attack,
but his real purpose is the
counterattack 20 ... and 21 ... Rg8.
White now threatens 21.Bf7 and if
21 ... Nf7, then follows 22.Qg4.
20 ... Kh8!
Even so Black carries out his
21 ... Rg8!! 22.Bg8 Rg8 23.Rf2 Qc6
On 24.Qh3, there follows 24 ... Ng4
25.Rf3 Rg2 and wins.
24 ... Rg2 25.Qh4 Rg1! D-1.
Mate in three follows.
Tarrasch - Richter
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6
d& g& 7.d4 Bg4
Better is 8 ... Nd4 9.Nd4 ed4, whereupon
White must not recapture the pawn on
account of IO ... c5 and ll ... c4.
9.de5 Nes
10.Ne5 Bd1 11.Bf7 12.Nc6 Kf7
13.Nd8 Rd814.Kd1 b415.Nd5 Ne4
White has positional
111. HALLE 1882-1885 39
move decides the game.
17 . 19.Ra7
19 ... Kg8 or 19 ... White plays
20.Nc7 21.f3 Nf6 22.Re1 1.0.
Richter, Schwarz, Hollander -
Sickel, R. Schmidt,
Scotch Opening
2.Nf3 Nc6 ed4 4.Nd4 BCS
Qf6 Nge7 7.Qd2 Bd4
Better is 7 .. .0-0 and if 9.Qe3
and 9 ... d5 with counterplay.
8.cd4 d5
The e-pawn advance weakens White's
center and makes the f5 square
to and Bishop. Instead,
9.Nc3 should played, whereupon
9 ... de4 is for Black
of IO.d5.
9 .. Qg610.Nc3 Bf5
Toanswer with ll ... Rc8. Black's
development is excellent and it avoids
the position of his Queen and Bishop, the
natural White developing move

White wants to avoid ll ... but
way to do so is ll.Ne2. The move is
not only loss of tempo, but the
is dangerously weakened if White decides
Iater to castle Queen.
11 ... 12.Ne2
For the to go to f4.
12 ... 16
frustrates the purpose of White's
move, as White 's defense of is all
13.f4 Rad8 14.Ng3 fe5 15.fe5

16.Ne4, the pawn recaptures, which
would make White's center
16 ... Nf5!
Black attacks the IfWhite trades on
f5, Black recaptures with the Rook, which
prevents castling and Black also has an
attack on g2 twice.
17.Ne4 18.Qe3 Qg2 19.Q-Q-O
On 19.Ng3, Black plays 19 ...
attacking Bishop and Rook.
19 ... de4 21.Rhe1 Rf2
22.Qe4 Qh2 23.Qc6
Better is but this would not save
the game, as Black would force the Queen
trade 23 ... Qf4, stop the e-pawn
... Re8, and win the game with his
Kingside pawns.
23 ... Rb2
Threatening the pretty 24 ... sacrifice.
Another try is 24.Qc4, and if 24 ...
then 25.Rhl, so that if the Queen goes to
White could play 26.Rh7 and thus get
at least draw, but Black plays 25 ... Qg2
(The Rook sac (25 ... does not work
as 26 ... Rb8 is then answered
24 ... 25.Qd3 Qh6 Q-1.
If 26.Qe3 if 26.Re3 or
26 ... 27 .Kd2 R8b2 28.Kel Qhl
29.Qfl Qh4, and if 26.Rd2 Rd2 27.Qd2

(Games 45-48 are players from the
Chess Congress of 1883)
Jacques Schwarz - Tarrasch

2.d4 ed4 Qe7
This is good way to decline the gamblt.
Once you choose to play gamblt, you
have to continue with the gamblt style
for instance 4.cd4. Less is
4.Bd3 after which 4 ... d5 5.Qe2 de4
would lead to the exchange of
Queens. move (and respectively
for Black is .. is very ugly move
which may occur in many openings, but 1
have always disliked it.
4 ... d5 5.Qd4
Now Black is playing gamblt, and
White is well advised to accept it, if
declined, Black will get the better
de4 7.fe4 Nf6 Bd7
White Queen gets into difficulties
Bc610.Nf3 Rd811.Qe3
On ll.Qf4, Black can win the e-pawn
ll ... and 12 ... Rd5.
11 ... Ng4 12.Qg5
12 ... Qd713.Q-O
On other moves, Black retains strong
attack, but this move leads to surprise
mating attack.
... 14.Kh1 Nf2 15.Rf2 Qd1
16.Ng1 Qg117.Kg1 Rd1# Q-1.
W. Hahn - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nf6 4.Q-O Ne4
5.d4 6.d5 Nd6
This is very bad. This move was first
played in well known tournament game,
Tchigorin-Zukertort, London 1883.
7 ... dc6 8.dc6 f6!
This is Zukertort's move. It is an
exceptional case where this move is
justified. It is not an ugly move and it does
not inhiblt the movement of any piece
except the Bishop, which will later go to
and it also assures the pawn power on
the Kingside. White has no light-squared
Bishop anymore, which might
dangerous on the b3-g8 diagonal.
Much better than which was
played Tchigorin.
9 ...
prepare castling hand.
10.Nc3 11.Qc6 Kf7 12.Qd5
13.Qd1 Rf8 14.Re1 Kg8 15.Re2
Better is 15.Nd5 to exchange pieces.
15 .. Qe8 16.Nd5 Bd8 Qf7
18.Ne3 Nb5
Gradually Black proceeds to attack.

Forced, as otherwise the goes to
... 21.Qc2 f5
consequence of White 's mistake on
move seven, Black now has attained
very promising position-but this
1/1. HALLE 1882-1885
impetuous move largely throws his
advantage away. is 21 ... Qh5.
22.Ng5 Qf6 23.Ne6 Qe6 24.Nf1
Pawn to f3 was threatened.
24 ...
pawn gives Black 's game its power.
25.f3 26.fe4 fe4 27.Rae1
White cannot capture the e-pawn as after
28.Re4 comes 28 ... 29.Khl Qe4.
29.Kh1 Qc4

31 ... Rf2 Re2 Rf8
The immediate 33 ... Nd4 was better.
White now proceed with 34.Ng3 Rd8
35.Rel and will then after 35 ... Bf2 36.Rfl
Bg3 37 .hg3 Nc7 have at least draw.
34.Re1? Nd4 35.Bd4 Bd4
nice little deciding combination.
37 ... Rf1! 38.Rf1 39.Kg2 and
Tarrasch - Barthmann
French Defense
2.d4 d5 4.Bg5
MacCutcheons 4 ... it seems is

Nfd7 Qe7 7.Bd3
The normal continuation is 7 .Qd2,
8.Bd3 which involves pawn sacrifice,
see next game.
7 ...
This move should preceded ...
or ... 0-0.
8.Nb5 Kd8!
to capture twice on d4 and
then to regain the piece ...
10.Ne2 cd411.cd4 Qb412.Qd2 Qd2
The pawn center, the better King's
position, the faster development, as well
as piece mobllity - all of these
factors have given White somewhat
better game. (This is the pattem of my
game against Dr. Noa, see game 55).
... 14.Rac1 15.f4 Bd7
16.Nd6 Rab8 Nc8
If Black plays 17 ... Na5, White has
and then drives the back

This is White's best, as on 18.Nb5,
Black can play 18 .. ,Na5 Nc4
dc4 21.Nc3 with good
18 ... Rbc8 Na7
Exchanging Rooks is good for White,
as he recaptures with the d-pawn,
vacating the d4-square for his Knight
22.Rhc1 Rhc8 23.g4 g6
24.15! gfS 25.gf5 Rg8
If Black captures on f5, all his Kingside
pawns become isolated. White then
continues with 26.Nf4 27 .Rgl with
an excellent game.
26.f6 Kf8 27.Rg1
27 .Bh7 is incorrect as Black plays
27 ... Rh8 and 28 ... Rh2.
27 ... Rg1 28.Ng1 Kg8
White has succeeded in having gradually
cramped Black's position, and now has
advantage. It is especially
theh-pawn thatis the weakness ofBlack's
position. White 's natural continuation is
now and Ng5. will force the
h-pawn to move, and down the line it
Better yet for White
is to advance the h-pawn prior to the
maneuver. For the White King to
go after the h-pawn is too adventurous,
and Black would easily parry this, but in
any event, White must not trade Rooks, he
should leave that to Black.
29.Rc6 BbS
Better is ...
Not 32.Nf3 on account of 32 ...
32 ... 85 N8S 34.84
On 34 ... Nc4, White answers with
37.85 Kf8 38.h4 39.h5
advancing the h-pawn, Black's King
remains tied to the On 39 ... Kd7,
White plays 40.Nh3 to g5 and after
Black's ... the proceeds to g4
39 ... h6 40.Nh3 Kf8 41.Nf2 Kg8 42.Ng4
Kh7 43.Kd2 44.Ne3
White has to guard the h-pawn the
King proceeds to capture the b-pawn.
44 ... Kg8 45.Ng2 Kf8
47 .Nf4 Bd1 Kd7

Tarrasch - S. Lowenthal
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 4.Bg5
Nfd7 Qe7 7.Bd3 86
Better still is 7 ... 0-0 with the
continuation 8.Nce2 10.f4 cd4
ll.cd4 fe5 12.fe5 in favor of Black
(13.Qd2? Rfl).
Accepting the pawn sacrifice is very
risky. Black has to lose several tempi
he can bring the Queen back into
the game, while in the meantime White
develops very White 's
attack is already in formation.
1//. HALLE 1882-1885 43

Afine move. knight will go to and
force White 's most dangerous attacking
piece off the
With this move White to isolate
the Black pawn that would recapture
future ... pawn
will easy to capture and this will
compensate for White's lost b-pawn. In
this move the natural
retreat of the from to
11 ... Nc412.Bc4 dc413.Nf3
has to retreat as the
move 14.Nd2 threatens to win the c-pawn

14.().0 Qc6
order, when the time comes, to
support the c-pawn. is very
dangerous, as White would mount an
immediate attack with his and two
Knights, while Black's cannot
come the aid of the
must kept out of h5.

dual purpose move, allow the Ng3
to go to and to 16 ...
White conducts the garne directly
the The Black
c4-pawn remains isolated and in time will
captured White.
16 ...
Provoking 17 ... which fatally weakens
the c4-pawn and also Black's
castling. the plain looking 17.Ne4,
Black would have castled.
17 ... a518.Qa3 19.Rf2
White has to guard g2 in order that he
may to play his f3
19 ... Na6
19 ... Nd7 is to preferred. From the
has no place go but and that is
indeed what happens later.
20 ...
20 ... Qd7 21.N3e4
Much than Ng5-e4, when Black
castle. text move forces the
exchange of the only well positioned Black
piece, as 21 ... White plays 22.Nf6
21 ... 22.Ne4 Q-0-0 23.Qa2
as of is
and is put to use
recapturing the c-pawn.
23 ... Qd5 24.Nd2 25.Rb1 Kd7
Black looked in vain for safety
the it is equally
unsuccessful looking for shelter the
27 was threatened.
unpin the
27 ... Kf8 28.Ne3 Qe4 29.Re1 h5
keep the and out of g4.

well calculated tempo loss. White
threatens to play and Qe7
and simultaneously prevents 30 ... Kg7, e.g.
30 ... Kg7 31.f5 ef5 32Nf5 wins the Queeo.
... 31.Qd2 Qc6 32.f5! (see
decisive move, up the Black
position. takes thepawn, White will
sac the with an attack,
e.g. 32 ... ef5 33.Nf5 gf5 34.Rf5! (Weaker,
but also leading victory is 34.Qg5
35.Qh5 36.Qf7 Qg7 37 .Qf5. For the
pursuit of the attack, Black's King must
provoked going g8.
32 ... Rh7 33.fg6 fg6 34.Rf6
In addition to 35.Rg6, 35.d5 is also
34 ... Qe8
For the third tirne in the game the Queen
goes to
... Re7 36.d5 Kg7
Black defends quite deftly, not 36 ... ed5
37 .Nd5 and the threatened discovery is
disastrous. On 36 ... Nd7 37 Ne5
38.Re7 Qe7 39.d6 Qf7 40.dc7 Rc8
41.Nd5 with decisive plus.
37.de6 Nc6
38.Nd5 Ne5
Nicely played. but there is no adequate
defense. On 39.Re5 Rd5 40.Qd5
Black may still hold.
On 39 ... White plays 40.Nd5 and
Black loses either the Rook or the Ne5.
40.Rff1 Qg5 41.Qe2 Rd5 42.Qe4
Desperation. On 42 .. .Rc5, there is pretty
conclusion 43.Qd4 (Threatof 44.114). h4
44.Re5! Qe545.Rel Qd446.cd4andWhite
wins the Rook or promotes the e-pawn.
Ne1 44.e8:Q. 1-0.
Tarrasch - v. Scheve
French Defense
2.d4 d5
as "Not Good", this is
1883, as it leads to an
exchange or Bishop retreat.
4.ed5 ed5 5.Nf3 Nf6 6.Bd3 Q-0 7.Q-O
Bg4 8.Bg5
Or 8 ... which was refuted in the
same tournament.
Nbd7 1 O.Qd2
Here Black should capture the other
although, he will subjected to
strong attack via the open g-file. Now
White threatens to lock in the Bishop and
win it. White's opening
advantage is increasing.
11.Ne5 Qc712.f4 h613.Bh4 c514.h3
Bh5 15.g4 16.Bf5 Bg6 17.Bd7!
continuation, which gradually leads
to an attack is of course much than
winning pawn trading on In that
case, Black would anchor his on
and thus get good game.
17 ... Nd7 18.Nd7 Qd7 19.f5 Bh7 20.f6
111. HALLE 1882-1885 45
20 ... g5 loses at to 21.Bg5 hg5
22.Qg5 23.Qh6.
The correct method, White delays the
the time is ripe.
If White plays 21.fg7 at
2l ... Kg7 22.Bf6 Kh7 it is hard to
see how the attack the
other Black cannot trade
as 22.Qh6 would decide the issue.
21 ... Rae8 22.Raf1 Re4
This very obvious move
much closer. The
Black is quite

23 ... Kh7 24.fg7 Kg7 25.Bf4
the as 25 .. Rh8,
follows 25 ... h6 the
is lost 26.Bh6.
25 ... Kh7 26.Bh6 Rg8
26 ... Re8, it would save the
game either. that case White would
either with 27 .Qg5 is
28.Rf7) and 28.Qh4, or as the game,
27 .Bg5 27
27.Bg5 Qe6 28.Bf6
At last the Bishop gets to its decisive
The threat is 29.Qg5.
28 ...
Blocks the the

29 ... Rh3
29 ... Re8, there follows
32.Rh2 Qg4
other moves the will
White plays
Rh6 (see diagram)
31.Qh6 Kh6 32.Rh2 Bh5 33.Rh5 Kg6
King moves and 35.Rh3# .
F. Riemann - Tarrasch
King's Gamhit Accepted
2.f4 ef4 Bh4
S.Kf1 dS 6.Bd5 Nf6 7.Nc3
is as 7 .Nh4 is refuted
7 ... Nd5 and 8 ... Qh4, and is good for
Black, while winning the pawn 7 .Bf7
and 8.Nh4 would give Black chances on
the f-file.
7 ... Nd5 8.Nd5 Bg4 9.Nf4 Nc6
Black has answered White 's gamblt with
gamblt, he has fewer pawns,
but he has good game.
10.h3 11.Qf3
Here the pawn should recapture. Now
Black will get very strong attack.
11 ... Nd4 12.Qg4
lf 12.Qdl to the c-pawn, 12 ... Qf6
will cost White piece.
12 ... Nc213.Rbl
Of course 13.Qg7 because of
13 ... Bf6.
1 ... 14.d4
In this game both players do each
other generosity. White sacs
pawn to force the game
counters sacrificing pawn and ptece
to maintain the attack and concentrate his
pieces as rapidly as
14 ... f515.ef5 Qd416.Qh4 Rae8
is far than ... Qdl and
17 ... Qhl. Black now completely
dominates the game. White now feels that
he has to retum the sacrificed piece to get
some development.
17.Bd2 Qd2 18.Qf2 19.Kg1 Qd4
If instead White defends the f-pawn
20.g4 there follows 20 ... Re4 21.Ne2
22.Nc3 Ng4 23.hg4 Rg4 24J(h2 Rf5 and
20 ... Qd3 21.Nc3 RfS 22.Qg3 Ref8
White is beyond salvation. pretty
fmish follows.
23 ... Rf1 24.Rf1
On not sacrificing the exchange,
there follows 24 ... Rel 25.Qel Nfl
26.Kgl Qd4 and mate next move.
24 ... Rf1 25.Kh2
2S ... Ng4! 26.Qg4
On 26.hg4, Black wins the Queen
26 ... Rhl and 27 ...
26 ... Qd6 27 Qd2 28.Ne2 Rf2
29.Kg1 Qe1#
Tarrasch - F. Riemann
Goring Gamhil
eS 2.Nf3 Nc6 ed4

This leads to plodding difficult
defense. Better is 5 ... Nf6 and ...
d6 Qf6
10.Nc3 Nge711.Bb2
Exploiting the long diagonal. Black tries
in vain to this demonstration.
11 ... Ne5 12.Ne5 deS 13.Kh1
Preparing to play 14.f4.
... 14.14 Be615.Nd5 Bd516.ed5
Bd4 17.fe5 Qe518.Rae1
keep froin losing piece, Black has
to exchange his Queen for Rook and
Bishop. will stop the attack for some
time and White has to fmd the moves
to break up Black's solid position.
19.Re5 20.d6 cd6 21.817 Kh8
22.Qe6 Nc6 23.g4!
gives the White luft and
threatens to strengthen the
anack advancing the pawn farther.
23 ... Nd4 24.Qd7 Rac8
Black wants means of ... Rc2, to start
25.Rf2 h6
This move makes things easier for
Of course on 26 ... hg5, comes 27.Qh3#.
27.gh6 RfcS
lf Black recaptures the pawn, then
28.Bg6 Rcl 29.Kg2 Rf2 Bg7
3 l.Qe8 decides.
28.hg7 Bg7 29.Qg41-0.
If 29 ... White plays and
3 etc.
IV. Hamburg Chess Congress, 1885
V. Geroldsgrun, 1886
Harnburg Congress carne at good tirne for rne. lt was nice change frorn the hard
work 1 had done to pass the recent rnedicine exarnination. 1 considered it matter of
honor to play once 1 received the rnaster title, although 1 did not 1 would very
successful. Indeed 1 was "rnaster", but 1 did not that against real rnasters in
serious garnes 1 would have rnuch of chance. 1 told rny friends in Halle that 1 hoped
that 1 would at least not lose all of rny garnes. What struck rne at the Harnburg Congress
was that people were arnazed to leam that 1 was already practicing physician,
it seerned to people in the chess cornrnunity that 1 should to cornplete
rny rnedical studies as early as 1 did while rnaintaining rny chess strength.
were eighteen players in the top section. Gerrnany: Bier, von Gottschall,
Minckwitz, Paulsen, Riernann, Schallopp, Schottlander, and 1; Berger,
Englisch, Dr. Noa, Weiss; England: Bird, Blackburne, Gunsburg, America:
MacKenzie, and France: less rny expectations of success the rnore
surprised 1 was as 1 kept on winning one garne after the next. At the end of the week,
Mason and 1 had seven points each. second week it kept going the sarne way until
Wednesday when 1 caught up with Mason and we each had 9.5 points. We were followed
Blackburne, Gunsburg, Englisch, and Weiss. next day 1 Mason and there
seerned to very little doubt of the outcorne. As there were only three garnes left. 1
should surely win first prize. unexpected success had an intoxicating effect and 1
felt like 1 was drearning. ln the unceasing euphoria, 1 was to give as rnuch attention
to playing as was required at this high level of chess. So the next thing that happened
was that 1 lost to Mackenzie. The following round in which 1 Schottlander put rne
in first place again. After the penultirnate round the standings were as follows: Tarrasch
11.5, Mason, Gunsburg, Englisch, and Weiss, 11, and Blackburne 10.5 points. 1 had to
play for win in rny last garne against Blackburne, 1 rnade rnistake and threw
the garne away where exciternent and tirne pressure were rny undoing. Gunsburg won
his last garne and with it the tournarnent with 12 points. Blackburne, Mason, Englisch,
Weiss, and 1 shared 2-6 places with 11.5. 1 was very happy over rny success and satisfied
with rny play, winning against 11 rnasters, drawing one garne and losing to five. 1 got
recognition frorn Steinitz and the Internalional Chess Magazine, and frorn Zukertort in
the Chess Monthly. Steinitz said, "Dr. Tarrasch is quite obviously rising star, who will
develop into one of the great chess players of our tirne. has extraordinary
cornbinational talent, bu t his positional judgrnent has not yet peaked." Onl the Gerrnan
chess rnagazines, and especially Minckwitz in der Schachzeitung enveloped thernselves
in thunderous silence rne. 1 received glorious reception in the Halle chess club
and they gave me lovely party.
Tarrasch - Dr. Noa
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 Nfd7
5.Nce2 Nc6 7.f4 cd4
It would for Black to delay
this pawn exchange. Ne2 move is
unnatural and the delay of the pawn
exchange would retain the tension in the
8.cd4 9.8d2!
Quite deeply calculated. The more
obv:ous 9 will in this opening, often
lead to Black sacrificing the exchange,
giving Black strong attack, e.g. 9.Nc3
0-0 fe5 12.fe5
13.gf3 avoid losing both center
pawns.) 13 ... Qh4 14.Kfl Nd4 15.f4
16.1{f2 Ne5 18.fe5 Bd7.
9 ...
White wants his opponent to castle
he exchanges Queens, as Black's
King position would in the
10 ... 00 Qb4 12.Qd2 Nb6
13.Nc3 Rd8
give added force to the 14 ... Nc4
threat, after dc4, White's
d-pawn weak.

close off the Rook file.
14 ... Bd7 15.Nd6 16.Rc1 Qd2
White has seen to it that it is Black who
trades Queens, and then the White King
gets to good position.
17.Kd2 Nc8 18.Nb5 19.Nc3
Black did not take advantage of the
chance to exploit White 's weak center in
the opening, and White 's center has now
very strong and it effectively
cramps Black's position.
19 ... N8e7 20.Bd3
Intending to play the via to
which earlier would have frustrated
... Ne5 or ... Nd4, followed
struggle on .the Queenside is markedly
possession of the squares and
21 ... 22.83
Recognizing that in carrying forward
their plans, the Knights are more
important than the Bishops. Black also
realizes this and prefers to keep his
on the
22 ...
Now the threatens to go to

And not 23.Na4 of 23 ... Na5
24.Nc5 Rc5 and 25 ... Now
of his apparent useless maneuver,
Black has parried White's intended plan
of Nc3-a4-c5.
... h6 24.h4
dual purpose move - to prevent ... g5
(Which would not advantageous for
Black anyway.) and to prepare for the
future attack.
24 ...
Not the immediate 24 ... Rc7, of

mak.e room for the
25 ... Rc7 26.Rc2 Rdc8 27.Rhc1 Kf8
28.g4 29.Nd2 Nd7
the has achieved its
31 ... Nc4
does work out well for Black,
but also other moves White could
proceed to play his Rooks to the Kingside,
since their the c-file is

move the to still
and 33.N3e4 is bad of
course of 33 ... Nd5 and 34 ...
... 34.Nd6 35.f5
And this the prepared attack
the Kingside.
35 ... Bd7 36.Rf2 Nd5 37.Nd5 ed5 38.g5
h5 39.Rcf1 Kg8 40.g6 f6 41.Re2
42.Rfe1 Rd8 43.Kf4 fe5
44.Re5! Kf8 45.Nf7 Re8 46.Ng5 Rce7
mistake, for which there was
Black is lost matter what, as
46 ... Re5 47.de5! Re7 48.f6! 49.ef6
Re150.Nh7 5I.f7 Kd7 52.f8=QRfl
Rf8 54.Nf8 55.g7 Kf7
56.Kh6 Kg8 57.Ng6 and wins.
game was my debut in the masters
toumey and I consider it of my
Englisch -
King's lndian Defense
1.d4 Nf6 g6 Bg7 d6
I copied all these moves,
which Louis successfully made in
his match against Schwarz, but to my
I saw how my
without paying to the
comments in the Schach-
zeitung, was to
attack- pawnstorm. was at all in
character with his usual playing style.
made of this
touted Defense system.
in the soundness of the defensive
system, caused me to lose
games later and more
With White could keep Black's
position cramped. Now Black frees his
game, at the cost of the exchange.
7 ... 8.de5!
Bad is 8.fe5 de5 9.d5, after which
Black's is quite satisfactory.
8 ... de5 9.fe5 Ng410.Bg5! Qe811.Nd5!
Best. Now 12.Nc7 is bad of
12 ... Nf3 Qe5 14.Na8 Qg515.Nc7
Qa5 and 16 ... Qc7.
13.Bf3 14.Bf8 Qf8
16.0-0. Better is 15 ... Ne5 and
... the run however, Black 's
game is of his
material minus.
Better is 16 ... and 17 ... but the
counteraction made me to calmly
look for my chances.
17.D-O-O Nc418.Rd8 Bf819.Rhd1
The start of desperate play. Black wins
the Queen, but at what price!
20.Ra8 Qg5 Nd2 22.Rd2
23.Rdd8 24.Rf8 Kg7 25.Rfd8
Bf1 27.Rd7 Qc5 28.Nd1
White will not play into Black's hand, as
29.Ra7? would cost him the exchange
after 29 ... Bd3.
29 ... Qe5 Qh2 31.Rdd7 Kh6
32.Rf7 Qe5 34.Kd2
Qe4 36.Ne3 Qb2
38.Kf3 cs 39.Rad7 40.g4 Qa1
41.Rh7 Kg5 42.Rd5 Kf6 43.g5
Tarrasch - Schallopp
Scotch Opening
2.Nf3 Nc6 ed4 4.Nd4 Nf6
5.Nc6 6.Bd3 BCS
The usual move is 6 ... d5.
7.0..0 Q-0 8.Bg5 h6 9.Bh4 Re8
prevent Black would rather not
play ... he wants to play ... d5.
10.Re1 d611.h3
As student of the old masters, 1 made
this move quite frequently. Moreover,
under the influence of Steinitz's
teachings, 1 avoided it, if only out of fear
of Later, after 1 had
abandoned Steinitz's thinking, 1 played it
whenever the move seemed appropriate.
Then in the Vienna tournament of 1898,1
played as White, but never as
defensive move- the function
to deprive the Black Bishop of its
square. In this game however, the move
weakens the Kingside and subsequently
this very The right
move was ll.Qd2.
11 ... g512.Bg3 Nd7
make room for the Queen. Black now
proceeds to attack and very forcefully
it out.
How does one the threats of
combined attack ... ... Bd4, ...
against the points and
14.Qd2 Bd4
On 14 ... Rb8, White plays 15.Ndl.

Not of 16 ... Rb2!!
16 ...
Faulty is 17 of 17 ... Ne5,
and then ... and
17 ... Nc5
17 ... Bg3 would not for
White as it opens the f-file.
Re5 19.Re3 20.Rde1 Qg6
White wants to play while the
cannot recapture due to Qa7.
21 ... 22.Kh2 Rb4 23.Qd2 Kg7
Should Black take the e-pawn, then White
will take the a-pawn as compensation. The
move is made in order to play ...
which so far was of
Nd5 threatening Ne7.
24.f3 84 Ne6 26.Nd1 Rd4
This will lead to the exchange of the
Rook, after which the Black Queenside is
The Rook should go to
but master Schallopp dislikes retreats.
27.Rd3 28.Ne3 29.Qd3 Nf4
loss of the exchange was threatened
Nc4 or Ng4.
31.085 h5?
While White seeks material advantage
on the Queenside, Black is trying to force
the Kingside attack, but overlooks the
exchange loss. Even so I that
White 's winning chances are reduced
taking the exchange. Better is to take the
a-pawn then irnrnediately to bring his
Queen back into the game and then gethis
opponent to worry advancing his
passed pawn. How intends to break
through is hard to see, as ... g4 is prevented
for long time, and it is only
White plays his g-pawn up that any break
could occur. Black's Queenside is
weakened to such an extent that the attack

32.g3 Ne6

t . -..

. -----
- .


Nd4 34.Ne5 de5 35.Qc3 Qf6
36.Kg2 h4!
Now the White g-pawn lacks its natural
defender, the h-pawn. On 36.g4, Black
plays 36 ... Qf4 and decides.
37.Re3 Qf4 39.Qc3
39.Rd3 should played. The next few
moves were played players in
time pressure.
39 ... Qh4
39 ... Nc2 rnight played?
40.Qc7 Qf4 41.Qc3 Qh4 42.Qc7 Qf4
43.Rd3 Ne6
Black's threat is now to play the
to f4 or h4 with decisive effect. wants
to this plan through ... Qh4 and
... Nf4 or ... Qh4 and ... Nf8-g6-h4.
counter threats, White is going to
have only one move in the following
move sequence.
Now 44 ... Qh4 will not work on account
of 45.Qf7 and 44 ... Nf8 won 't work
of 45.Qf5.
44 ... Kg7 45.Qb5!
Again making 45 ... Qh4
of 46.Qe5.
45 ... Nf8 46.Rd6!
take the if it goes to
46 .. f6 47.Qb7 Kg8 48.Rd8
Finally, after White turns the dangerous
harrnless, he catch his breath .
48 ... Qe3 49.Qd5 Kg7 50.Qd2 Qb6
51.Kg3 Qg1 52.Qg2 53.Rd1 Qb2
Qb4 55.Rc1 Ne6 56.Qf2 Nf4
57.Qc2 acs 58.Re1 Qd4
Black should not move his Queen away
so as to keep the passed pawn from
advancing .
f5 Nh5 61.Kh2 g4
Qb4 63.Rd1 10.
Tarrasch - Weiss
Scotch Opening
2.Nf3 Nc6 ed4 4.Nd4 Nf6
5.Nc6 6.Bd3 d5 7.Nd2
An attempt to keep hold on the center
which would dominated Black after
the exd5 pawn exchange. Black cannot
exchange the pawns after 7 ... de4
8.Ne4 Ne4 9.Qd2 f5 he would
burdened the isolated pawns.
rnove is 7 .Qe2 with the sarne idea.
However after 7 ... de4 Ne4 9.Qe4
Qe7 10.Qe7 Black has the Bishop
pair and White will at get draw.
7 ... 8.h3
Note rny annotations on this rnove in the
previous garne. Here too, the h-pawn
rnove will give Black an attacking target
in the future.
8 ... 0.0 Re810.Qf3
White has to abandon his plans in order
to cornplete his developrnent. try has
in vain. Black obtains strong center
and his pieces are well coordinated.
11 ... cd5
On 12 ... White plays 13.Bg5.
rnove serves no purpose of ...
and ... h6 next.
14.Bd4 Ne4 Qh4
The Black pieces are
posted, especially Black is
threatening 16 ... Ng5, driving the
back to dl, followed the

does only to
piece 17 ... dc4, but also
17 ... Bg4, 18.hg4 Qh2#, but White can
stop threats. Thus it was
simply to the d-pawn 16 ...
Mr. Weiss was told fellow
club rnernbers, that it was to
overwhelrn rne.
17 ... was
18.cd5 Rb4
On 18 ... White will do well after
White is anticipating that Black will
stick to his ... Bg4 idea.
19 ... Bg4?
19 ... should played.
20.hg4 Qh2 21.Kf1 Qh1

All of White 's rnoves are forced.
this point Black had calculated, but
White however was rnore farsighted.
24.g5 Nd7 25.Bh7 Kh7 26.Qf5 Kg8
28.g6! Qh1
f-pawn cannot On
28 ... fg6, White plays 29.Qe6 and 30.Qe5,
and 28 ... Rf8 29.gf7 Rf7 30.Qe8 and on
29 ... Kh7 30.Qf5 or 29 ...
29.Qf7 Kh8 Bd6 31.Rc1 Qh2
32.Rc4 Rf8 33.Qg510.
J. Taubenhaus - Tarrasch
2.Nc3 d5 4.Nf3?
Black to cramp White 's
position. Correct was 4.d4.
4 ... d4 s.Ne2 6.Ng3 h5!
In order to avoid the following sequence,
7 ... h4 8.Ne2 followed 9 ... with
decisive play. Even so 7 .h4 was
7 ... h4 8.Ne2 es 9.d3
Nowon IO.ed4, Blackintends torecapture
with the c-pawn thus prevent the
10.h3 Bd7
Intending in good tirne to play ...
... Na5-b3.
The threat was 12.Bg5 with piece trade
or pawn win.
12.Nh2 g5
At this point Black has played all his
pawns except the b-pawn, which is
destined to serve in the decisive
breakthrough. The White position is
completely cramped he hardly
move, but with the next few
moves, quite adroitly brings his pieces
into the game.
13.Bd2 14.Nc1 Bd6
Now of course, 14 ... Na5 serves
Nce7 16.Bh5 Kf8 17.Bg4 Ng6
18.Qf3 Kg7
The threat was 19.Bg5.
19.g3 Rb8
In order to initiate decisive attack with
... but as result of White 's following
moves, especially move 22, Black sees
the possibllity to attack the Kingside as
well, he prefers the later
20.Bd7 20 ... Qd7 21.Qg4 Qe7 22.gh4
Rh4 23.Qg2
With this move White threatens to
follow up with 24.Nf3 25.h4, not only
to get rid of his weak h-pawn, but also to
reach decisive attack. White has
extricated himself quite well from his
cramped position. Even so with
counterplay his game cannot saved.
23 ... Kf7! 24.Ne2 Qd7
make room for the Kingside
which has to guard the f5-point after
that he intends to Rooks.
25.Nf3 Rh6!
25 ... Rh7 is less of
26.Ng3 N8e7 27.Rg1
In the long run the h-pawn cannot
held. Thus White chooses to it
instead he tries to attack.
27 ... Nf4
Black could have captured the h-pawn
without hesitation '1:7 28.Qh3
29.Bg5 countered
29 ... Rg3. However the continuation
Black plays is prettier.
28.Bf4 ef4
IfWhite now moves the attacked
away, then 29 ... Qh3 or 29 ... Rh3 follows.
Qe6! 31.Kd2 gf2
32.Qf2 Nf5!
... 34.Qe3
36.Ref1 Kg6
The needed to guarded. The
game of course has now decided in
Black's favor, but White still tries to give
Black with surprise sacrifice.
37.Rg5! fg5 38.Ne5 Kg7 39.Rf5 Rf8
Forces dissolution.
On 40.d7, there follows 40 ... Rhl (The
threat is 4l ... Rc1#.)41.Kc2 Rf5 42.d8=Q
Rf2 in which variation the incidental
effectiveness of the a4-pawn is

40 ... Kf6 41.Nd7 Kg5 42.Nf8 Rh8
Somewhat hesitant, 42 ... Rhl
44.d7 Rcl 45.Kcl el=Q Qf2 plus
47 ... Qf8 would end the game sooner.
43.Ne6 Kg4 44.d7 45.Ng5 Kg2
46.Ne4 Rg8
This is superfluous.
Kf1 48.Ng3 49.d4 cd4
50.Nf5 Rd8 51.Nd4 Rd7 52.Nb5
53.Nc3 Kf1 D-1.
Tarrasch- Bier
Petroff Defense
2.Nf3 Nf6 d6 4.Nf3 Ne4
5.d4 d5 6.Bd3 Nc6 7.Q-O Bg4
The Petroff Defense does not achieve
cornplete equality. White consistently
retains small advantage e.g. 9.Nc3
0-0 White'schoice
ofmoves is also good.
9.cd5 Qd5 10.Nc3

The Bishop pair and open Rook files,
means White is On 12.Qf3, White
would also have fine game.
13.Bf4 Bd614.Bg3 Rad815.Rb1
prevent 16.Rb5. On 15 ... White
can continue his attack with
Qc4 17.Qc2 h6 18.Bd3 (Not
18 ... Qd5 of 19.Rb5 20.d5)
16 ... Nd4 is,faulty of
With this idea: If the pawn recaptures,
the Rook gets access to f7, and if the Rook
captures, the c-pawn remains under
17 ... Rd6 18.Kh1
Rook must not capture on atonce,
Black would play 18 ... Qa5 and then
choose to gain the or d-pawn, or to start
strong assault against the Kingside with
Rook and Queen.
18 ... Qa5 19.Qc1
19.Qd2 is bad of 19 ... Nd4.
19 ... Rh6 20.Rg1 Kh8
On 20 ... Qh5, there follows 2l.Qf4.
21.Rg5 Qa2 22.Rg2 Re8
An ingenious, but sornewhat
cornbination, but White does not take
sufficient advantage of the flaw in Black 's
Qa5 24.Rf7 Nd4 25.Qe3
Both players overlook that White was
quite to take the
and on 25 ... Rel, he could interpose the
Bishop rnate loorns at f8.
25 ... Ne6 26.Rgg7
also was 26.Qh6 Qal or
26 ... Rh2
Necessary in order to play the Queen to
the defense of the Kingside.
27.Kh2 Qh5 28.Kg2 Ng7
29.Qe7 Rg8
White rnisses the way to end this
very spirited garne. overlooks that the
Black Queen, if played to d5, can still
defend the Rook. Best here is after
which Black's sundry pieces are pinned,
even the Queen rnust not leave
the h-file, as for instance 30 ... Qc5?
3l.Bh7 32.Qh4 Thus
can only rnove one pawn and then
White proceeds via Be4,c4,Rf8, plus Bd5
and thus forces the win. Analysis follows:
... 3l.Be4 33.Rf8 Qc5
(Or ... 34.Rg8 Kg8 35.Bd5
36.Qd8 Ne8 37 .Qe8 Kg7 38.Qf7
39.Qf6 40.Bf7# or ...
Qg4 Qh5 Qhl 34.Rf8 Qgl
Qdl (or 35 ... Qhl Qh5
Qel Qf2
Qh2! 39.Qg6 or ... 3214
Qg4 33.Kh2 Qh5 34.Kg3
36.Rf8 37.Bd5 Rf8 38.Qf8 39.Bg8
(Or 39 ... 40.Bt7) 40.Qt7#.
... Qd5 31.Rg8 Qg8 32.Qf6
No purpose is served continuing the
pawn push as the White Queen controls
the al square, while White will to
advance his c-pawn controlling with
Bf5 or
34.Qf8 Qg8 35.Qf6 Qe6 36.Qf8 Qg8
37.Qf6 Qe6 38.Qd8 Qg8 39.Qa5 Ne6
40.Kf1 Qf7 41.Qe5 1-Q.
Here Black lost on tirne, but the garne
was lost anyway.
W. Paulsen - Tarrasch
2.d4 ed4 Nc6 4.Qe3 Nf6

Anew rnove, which Paulsen, inventor of
this interesting opening, played nurnerous
tirnes in this toumarnent. The purpose of
this rnove is to prevent ... Ng4 after
The best defense, according to
Schottlander is 5 ... Qe7 d5 7 .ed5

5 ...
is inadequate against the threat.
The position is very bad, but if
he retreats to g8, White also plays 8.Qg3.
Black cannot castle of
9.Nf3 f610.ef6
With this rnove White relieves Black of
his rnost pressing worry the Nd5
finds secure square. White might try
fe5! e413.Kdl!
10 ... Nf611.Be3
The Bishop should go no farther than d7.
Bd714.Q-O Q-0 15.Rae1 h6
move which weakens the Kingside
but must made,
in the long run the Ng5 is dangerous.
16.Nh3 17.Qh3 Qf7
17 ... Qd7 is inferior due to and
18.Bd1 Kh819.Bb3 d5 20.Nf3 Nh7
prophylactic to counter the
intrusion of the to g5 or
21.Nh4 Rfe8 22.Rd1 Rad8 Nf8

If 24.Nf5 intending 25.Bh6 and then
26.Nh6, Black can defend with 24 ... Qf6
or24 ... Nh7.
24 ... Kg8
The threat was 25.Bf8 and 26.Ng6. On
25 ... Ne7, White could take on as
26 ... would answered
On 25.Bf8 Qf8 26.Qd3, defends
with 26 ... Re4 (27 Ne5 and 28 ... Rh4.).
25 ... Ne5 26.Qg3
The misplaced Bishop fmally makes
28.f4 Nc4 29.Nf5 Kh8
Black has gotten over the worst danger.
Even though the on is cut off
for the present, it can in an emergency,
defended ... Ra8 and might even
support Queenside attack the
c-pawn advance.
32.Nd6?? Rd6 Qf6 34.Rde1
Rdd8 35.Re6 Ne6 36.fe6 Qe6 37.Kh1
Rf8 38.Re1 Qf6 39.h3 Rde8 40.Rf1
Qg5 41.Rf8 Rf8 42.Qd6 Qc1 43.Kh2
Qf4 Q-1.
Tarrasch- J. Gunsburg
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 Nfd7
5.Nce2 Nc6 7.f4
and the next five moves for Black
constitute one (and the same) rnistake.
8.Nf3 9.Ng3
White has efficiently used his tirne to
develop, while his opponent wasted his
moves on the Queenside. Now White
starts decisive attack on the
12 ... 13.Qe1 Rg8
Finally Black seems to notice
14.Qg3 Nd7
The threat was 15.Nf6.
15.Ng5 h616.Nh7
An irnmediate pretty finish is the
sac followed and Qh7 - e.g.
ef5 20.Rf5 (If20 ...
2l.Qg8 Kf5 22.Ng3 23.Bh5# or
I9 ... Ne7 keep the Rook
2l.Ng7 Rg7! 22.Bh5
24.Bg5!! hg5 25.Rf7
and I saw this
sac, of course to the last detail and
decided the other course of
I hoped that I would to
administer in the
few I
very weak - bad player - only
of his failings in the
but also how he up in
the opening against Had I known
that was going to of
the prize winners, this game would have
had the
would have
with taking First Prize. For the first
time this game shows two flaws in
character, which I was to shed for
the and
underestimating Both these
characteristics easily
in the case of debutante, who to
his own keeps winning game
after game.
16 ... Ne7 17.f5 ef5
17 ... Nf5, White plays 18.Rf5 and
1 hoped that Black might capture the
Bishop here and let
gives the following win in the
Rg7 20.Bh5 Rf7
21.Qe5!! and White wins in all variations.
18 ...
It is only that to
show his
19.Bg7 Bg7 20.Ng7 Kd8
True, White has pawn, but he has
real his Knights to
safety. The threat is 21 ... Qh6.
21.Qg5 Ra6!
Bad is 21 ... Ne5 of
followed 23.Nd5.

It takes and
capacity for self
and objectivity to to the
that the attack is over and that the
are turning. If one sees this in time, it is
still to fmd ways and
to out timely retreat and thus hold
the game. If one allows this psychological
to pass, the attack in
rout. White could still secure his
25.Nh5 and save
advantage to retain
good winning chances. Instead, trying
to the attack, White is going to
lose the game.
22 ... fe6 23.Bh5 Ne5
24.Bt7. Better is to play
23 ... Rh8 at
24.Khl or 24.Rae 1, Black play
24 ... Nd3 or 24 ... Ng6.
24 ... Nd7
24 ... Nd3? would answered
25.Bt7 Rh8 26.Ne6.
From this move repetition, one sees that
White's initiative is
25 ... Rh8 Rg8
The game could still saved 28.Bf3,
which would vacate the h5-square for the
but White still thinks he has the
attack. Compare the comment made
move 22.
28 ...
This beautiful move tums the game
29 ...
The remaining chance.
... 31.Re7 32.Nf5 Bf5
As regards to material, White should not
any means at disadvantage with
two connected passed pawns vs the
exchange, however in the opening, Black
did of lot work the Queenside
preparetory to the endgame.
... 35.Bf3
Other moves wouldn't save the game
35 ... Rb2 Rc2
38.Bd5 Rc8!
Black is very circumspect in his
of the endgame. 38 ... Rc3 is bad
because of Rc8
Otherwise 40.Rf7 41.Rf6 could

40.Kf4 Ra2 Re2 Rf8
43.Rg5 44.d5 Kd8!
On 44 ... 45.d6 plus and
47 .Ra5 might follow. The threat now is
45 ... Re8.
Desperation, is followed
45 ... Rf4.
45 ... Re8 46.Kd6 R8e4 47 .Ra7
48.Ra4 Rg2 Rh2 Rd2
51.Ra8 Kf7 52.d7 Re7 Q-1.
J.H. Bird- Tarrasch
Offering pawn for good attack, e.g.
7.Ne5 Qd4 8.Nd3

Far is 7
7 ... 8.d3 d5 9.Bg5 d4
Black is for choice.
10.h3? Nd7!
to play the f-pawn one or two

Black forces the Bishop to an awkward
square he starts decisive attack
the Queenside. The next move sequence
is very harmonious, like the wheels of
fine watch.
15.Nf1 acs
Not 15 ... of
Black doesn't hesitate to lock in his
One after another, and one piece
keeps making room for another.
19.Nd4 Qd4 20.Rb1 Nc5
Black has outplayed his opponent to
such degree that he has no less than three
winning continuations. In addition to the
text he has 2l ... Rd8 and 21 ... and the
impetuous young player chooses the most
violent one. The sacrifice has been
variously described as ingenious,
etc. but it is actually quite an
obvious move. What is here is
the subtle preparation, the logical
development of the attack and the
refreshing originality of Black's conduct
ofthe game.
21 ... Ne4 22.de4 Qe4 23.Ne3
24.Rbg1 Rad8 25.Qc2
27.Qe2 Qf4 28.Bg3 Qh6 29.Rh2
Better is to give up an exchange and to
29 ... Bd3
The activating of the long imprisoned
Bishop has an immediately decisive effect.
On Black plays ... Qcl plus
32 ...
31 ... Rd5 32.Bf4
Bd2 Bf4 36.Qe4 Rd2
Bh2 38.g5 Qg6
Bird continued with 39.Qg6 hg6
40.Rg4 and 1 could only smile at the
threats of 4l.c5 and 42.Rh4 but he
resigned without waiting for my move.
Tarrasch J. Minkwitz
Scotch Opening
2.Nf3 Nc6 ed4 4.Nd4 Nf6
5.Nc3 6.Nc6 7.Qd4 Qe7 8.f3
d5 9.Bg5 Kf811.Qd2??
Without additional analysis I made this
move after it had recomrnended to
Zukertort during lunch recess.
is the move here.
12 ... d4 h6!
simple move wins the game. The
rest is desperation.
1 15.Qf4 hg5
16.hg5 Rh111.gf6
Otherwise Black secures himself with
17 ... Ng8.
17 ... Rd1 18.Kd1 Qd8 19.Bd3
20.Qh4 Qe1
Tarrasch v. Gottschall
Scotch Opening
2.Nf3 Nc6 ed4 4.Nd4
Qf6 Nge7 7.Qd2 d5 8.Nb5
9.Qe3 Qe5
An is 9 ... 0-0. Obviously
forgot that the White
return to the game.
10.f4 Nf5 11.fe5 12.Nc7 Kd8
13.Na8 Nc2 14.Kd2 Na1 15.ed5 Ne5
16.Na3 Bf5 17.d6 Kd7 18.Nc7 Kd6
19.Ncb5 Rd8 21.Nd4
At this point Black could resign with
quiet heart, but the continuation is quite
21 ... Nc6 22.Ra1 Nd4 23.cd4 Rd4
Re4 25.Kf2 26.Rc1
27 ... would wrong account of
28.Nc2 29.Ra3 Ra4
28.Bf3 Rf4 Rh4
8 Btt
tE 8.1.8
. ,t.
. . .

. -
35.Rc7 36.Rb7 37.Nf510.
J. Berger - Tarrasch
Sictlian Defense
2.Nc3 4.d4 cd4
5.Nd4 Bg7 Ne5
is waste of ternpo. It was Black's
intention to get his opponent to rnisplace
his Bishop, which nonnally goes to
where it is generally rnost useful, but this
wasn 't worth ternpo, as the Bishop is
quite effective on
9.h3 Bd710.Qe2
weakens At that tirne 1 was still
cornpletely unaware of the significance of
the designation "Weak Squares".

prevent ...
11 ... Qa5 12.Q-O Rc813.f4 14.Qf2
15.Rad1 Qh5
Making roorn for the
16.Nde2 Na5 17.Ng3 Qh4 Ne8
(seenextdiagrarn) 19.Nge41 Qf2 20.Rf2
22.ed6 23.Nd6

Black somehow has wiggled out of his
crarnped position, which he had found
hirnself in of the less than perfect
opening and his opponent's masterful
treatment of the position. Still he must
continue to play very carefully, his
position is just In spite of
the Bishop pair and the passed pawn,
winning is out of the question.
24.Nd51 Rfe8
Now the weakness to show
25 ... Rc6 Kf8 Bd5
position is so superb that
sooner or later it has to taken, but at this
point 27 ... Rec8 is
28.Rd5 Re1 29.Kh2
31 ... Re4 Kd7
Now 34 ... Rf4 is threatened, which
earlier was on account ofRe2.
Bg7 35.Kf3 Rec4
37.Rd3 Rc7 Re7
Rec7 41.Rd3 R7c6
F. Riemann Tarrasch
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 4.Bg5
5.Bf6 Bf6 6.Nf3 Q-0
is playing
or after 7.Bd3
7 ... 8.Bd3 f6
An altemative for Black is 8 ...
which White 's move is the exchange
9.Ne2 fe511.de5
11.Ne5, Black would to attack
and d4 ll ... and 12 ... Bd6.
11 ... Nc6 12.Ng3 Bd7

is most serious of
the which will cost the game.
advanced e-pawn is pivotal and must
kept Neither the h-pawn, which
White gets in exchange, the resulting
attack are
13 ... Qc7
Simple and decisive. Not for
did 1 to the
h-pawn ... but only rnused
rnated and Qh5.
14.Bh7 Kh815.h4
15.Qg6 is countered 15 ...
but even 15 ... Ne5 would lead to
for Black after 16.Qh5
17.gf3 Qf418.Nf5 Bg5 19.Bg6
15 ... Ne516.Ng5
threat is 17 .Bg8! which after
Black's move would fail.
16 ... 17.Qd1 Rf6
So as to answer 17 .Qh5 18 ... Rh6.
great sages, i.e. the commentators of
this game, could not agree whether
18 .Nh5 is than the text. good
people noticed that the "excellent attack"
White in truth is desperation attack,
the purpose of which is to save game,
which if played calmly, would sure
loss and thus the attack will only succeed
if Black does find the correct
18 ... Nc6
Of course not 18 ... Rf4, account of

19.Qh5 is answered 19 ... Rh6 20.Nf7
21.Nh6 or 2l ... g6 22.Qg4
23.h5 g5 or 2l ... gh6 22.Qf7 23.Nh5
19 ...
At this point White 's prospects are gone
and his attack has petered out and the
defense of his own which is full
of holes, offers very little hope.
20.Ne2 Bd6?
Short of tirne, I made the move.
Bishop and indeed
later I move it there. Further, it
is useless, it is exposed and obstructs the
d-file. Black willlater for this lack
of plan, but he will forced to sacrifice
material, where as if he had the right
victory would his quite easily.
move was the i.mrnediate
20 ... Bh5, which White 's is also
21.g3 (as in the game). Black could
successfully the attack with
2l ... Rd8 and 22 ... followed ...
and ... (same as in the game, but with
an extra tempo).
At this point 21 ... Bh5 would bad
of White's 22.0-0, which would
lose at (via 22 ... Qb6
24.Rel but 2l ... Bh5, White plays
22.Qd2 plus 23.0-0-0. It is the text move
that this White plan as 22.Qd2
there follows 22 ... and 23 ...
is the move but to sure
it involved piece sacrifice. 22 ... Rd8,
White would inhiblt the of
the Bishop 23.h5. 22 ...
White would have the d3 square for his

Of course the is of
24 ... Rd8 25.Qa3 26.Bdl Rd2.
24.Ne4 Rd8 would follow as in the game.
24 ... Qc7 25.Ne4 Rd8 26.Nf6 gf6
Of course 26 ... account of
27 .Nh5, however 27 ... is
threatened, which would cost White's
has to prevented and finally the
Bishop is getting to the right square.
White threatens 29.Qh6,
was 28.Rb5 in order to return the exchange
at the right tirne, though then Black has
positional advantage.
28 ... Qg7
29 ... plus 30 ... Qg4
and ... etc.
is from the
there follows
30 ... Nd3 3l.Qc4 (Or cd3 with
32 ... d2 31 ...
Qf2 and Black forces
mate. 30.Nd4 comes 30 ... Bd4 31.cd4
Rd4 32.Qe3 34.Qh6 Kg8
35.Qh5 Nll2 36.Rh2 Rf4 Qh2
38.Kel 40.Kdl Rfl
Rf2 anywhere ... Qgl#.
31.Bd3 32.g4
32.Nd4, Black replies 32 ...
34.Qg3 d2#.
32 ... de2 33.gh5 ef1:Q 34.KI1
shows how carefully one should
play in Had Black
followed the books
and had tried to clean up
with 34 ... Qgl White could
have held the game - e.g. after 36.Qh6
Kg8 37 38.Qf6 39.Qg6 and
the Black King go to d7 nor to
without losing the or

J. Mason- Tarrasch
Bird's Opening
1.14 d5 2.NI3 Nf6 5.

develop the to without
having it attacked also making it
to follow up with ... Thus this
move must not criticized The opening
was played correctly players, but
in this type of opening, Black's play
seems to for choice.
One of the with this opening is
the development of this Bird and
Blackburne often played this to
but with play Black it remains
poorly posted. On follows ... d.5-d4,
which drives it back to at last White
plays d3 to to play Nd2, the e-pawn
weak and might fall after ... Ng4.
9 ... Qc710.Qe1 Bf612.Bf6
Nf613.Qh4 Ne7 14.Ne5 15.Qg3
decisive Better is 15.Qh3 or
15.Bg6! Not only does Black pawn,
but he exploits the advantage to attain
strong pressure in the center.
15 ... Ne516.fe5 Nd717.Rf4 Qe5
Not 17 ... Ne5, of 18.Rh4.
18.Raf1 f519.c3
make room for the Knight, but
White 's position is hopeless.
19 ... Nf6 20.Qf2 21.Nc2 es
The author of the is of
the that played this gam.e
very poorly, but he forgets that the
players were to win poorly started Moreover, talk of "poor play"
makes sense here, since after move 15
almost all of White 's moves are forced
and he doesn't get chance to make
22.Rh4 g5! 24.Rh3
24.Rh6, 24 ... Kg7 follows. The
exchange loss is
24 ... f4 25.ef4 26.gh3 gf4 27.Qf4
Qf4 28.Rf4 Nd7
At this Black has material
advantage of the exchange and pawn.
advance should finish the
gam.e. advance is what the few
moves are White tries to break up
the means of and Black
tries to keep the
to answer the c-pawn move with
... d.5-d4, without allowing the e-pawn to
lose its At the sam.e time Black
tries to keep the pieces from
keeping pressure on any squares where
they might effective. The reader will
see that the carrying out of this is
interesting. text move has made
in order to take the f-file away from the
Rook. As it is quite for White
to permit the exchange of Rooks, he has
to to misplacing it. 29 .Rg4
would have to followed 30.Rh4, as
Black after 29 ... would the
Rook trade 30 ... Rg8.
29.Rh4 Rae8 Re5 31.Nf1 Kg7
32.Ng3 Nf6
Again was
33.Rf4 Ne8 34.Rg4 Kh8 35.Rh4
There is for White to do, but wait
for an opportune to resign,
is answered ... and next ... d.5-d4.
35 ...
36 ... Nf5.
36 ... Rf6
37 which might give
White counterplay. 37.Nh5, 37 ... Rh6
would pin the sundry White pieces.
37.Bd1 Rg5
Now 37 ... Nf5 would answered
38 ... Rh5, whereas earlier this would have
countered ... and ... Ne2.
38 ... d4
Black, his well calculated maneuver
over the last moves, was to force
bls to misplace his pieces or to
have them pinned. Now time has come
for the to play their
decisive role.
39.cd4 cd4 40.Kg2 Rc5 41.Bd1 Rc1
42.Bh5 43.de3 44.Ne2 Rf2
Mackenzie - Tarrasch
Queen Pawn Game
1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6
Being 1
made tbls move. All my later
efforts, after having regained my sobriety,
were in vain. Mackenzie 's thoughtful play
made it to repair the damage.
Later careful analysis showed that at
time was there way to obtain equality.
So 1 have decided that tbls move was the
decisive however strange tbls may
seem to many chess players.

An immediate attempt to it up
cramps Black's game.
Whether ... is played at once or later is
unimportant, of course.
as Nfd7
As it is to break the pawn
chain, Black 's plan is to push his
e-pawn. lt is this breakthrough in the
which is the only possibllity
to for White 's
Unfortunately tbls plan cannot
through here.
This to paralyze Black's
completely ll.c6 and

10 ... c611.Bd3
frustrates Black 's idea. For if Black
plays ... h6 or ... g6, his Kingside
so weak that later .. .f6, preparatory to
... woul.d very dangerous. Black
tries little trap.
11 ...
Bad is 12.Bh7 as Wblte would have to
retreat his Bishop immediately, so it does
get locked in, and Black's ...
wins apawn.
12 ... Ra113.Ba1 14.dc5
1 expected him recapture with the
b-pawn. Capturing dc5 is rnuch
and shows perfect assessrnent of the
lt appears that it facilitates
Black's e-pawn advance. counter this
Wblte has an effective counterplay, so he
has to fear. the Queenside,
however, Wblte has an extra pawn
which constitutes danger to.
Black. In this rnove opens the
Wblte Bishop 's diagonal and frees the d4
square for the
14 ... f5
Moving the g- or h-pawn has
more dangerous than earlier in case Black
wants with 14 ... f6.
15.Nd4! Nf6
No is 15 ... Ne5 as White follows
up with and 17.f4.
An move. The Black e-pawn
remains backward pawn
and this elirninates the that might
in White's 14th move.
17 ... Ng4 18.Re1
...... ,w8
. ---

d d ....

Of course 18.Rf3 would mistake
of 18 ... (19.Nf5
18 ...
Black makes desperate attempt to free
himself, but White found the reply.
is 19.Nf5 because of 19 ...
20.Ne7 Qe7 21.Bfl Qh4 wins!
19 ... Qe5 20.N4f3
If the other had to f3
Black's f-pawn is lost.
20 ... Qc7 21.h3 Nh6 Qb7
Black's is still lost.
Mackenzie played this way in
to the pawn gain.

harmless looking move
threatens the immediately decisive push

23 ... Na6 24.Qa4 Nf7 Nd8
Black hardly move. The
must moreover
has to the effect of White 's
'2:7 .Qa7, Black trade
play his Bishop to Mackenzie
the following 28.Ra5
29.Qa2 30.Ra7.
27 ... Bf6 28.Ne5! Nb5 Qb5

Black 30 ... Qe2.
... gs
There is hardly else.
... 31.Ra5.), 3l.Nd4
traps the the same move wins
the c-pawn 30 ... Nf7. If .
31.Ra7 is very Thus the text is
but forced desperate
attack it lot of danger to
White. It fails because of
Mackenzie 's
31.g4!! fg4 32.hg4 Qb7
32 ... Bg4, White will develop
immediately decisive attack as follows:
33.Ng4 34.Qc3 35.Nh6
36.Qh8 37 .Ra7 etc.

The at the
same time the Rook has access to the
33 ... Qg7
Again 34 ... Bg4.
34.Bd4 h5
to but the move allows
26.Ra1 Nc7 27.Qc2 No other
move save the game either.
34 ... Ne6,
35 ... Qb7, and 36 ... Ng7, but this
fails 36.Rhl. If Black trades the
Bishop, he would activate the
and will dominate
the game. 34 ... Re8, White plays
35.Qc3 and at the same time threatens
36.Nc6, the most important
35.gh5 is of 35 ... g4.
35 ... hg4 36.Nfe5
36 .. .Re8 37.Rhl 38.Rh8 Qh8
39.Nh8 (39 ... Bd4? 40.Qg6) 40.Qg6
and 42.Qf6, also 38 ...
39.Ne5 Re5 40.Rh7 or 37 ... Re5 38.Rh8
Qh8 39.Nh8 Bh8 (39 ... 40.Qg6 or
39 ... Bf5 40.Qc3)40.Qg6 41.Qd6 and
37 ... Bf5, White wins the exchange
38.Bg7 followed 39.Bf8 or 39.Nf8!
37 ... Qh6, Whitehas 38.Rhl. ...
White wins 38.Ne7 39.Qg6
38.Ne7! 10.
Mackenzie played the game with
consummate mastery.
Tarrasch - Schottlander
2.d4 ed4 Nc6 4.Qe3 g6
5.Nc3 Bg7 6.Bd2 d6?
If you don 't refute poor opening, you
will up in bad position.
two square move of the pawn
should prepared ... .. .0-0, and
... Re8. The germs of defeat are already
in this and the move.
7.Nf3 Nge7 9.Nd4! Bd7
Bad of course is 9 ... Bd4, as the Bishop
is for the of the
10.Nc6 Nc6 11.0.0 Q-0 12.Kh1
advance the f-pawn. White's 9th
move was made so as to make this
12 ... f5
move badly weakens the
position, but it 't seem for
to get chance to equalize without
it. Because of poorly
his is already
inferior. One mistake leads to another.
Kf:18 14.f4 Ne7
Steinitz of all14 .. .fe4,
but this move couldn 't the
of Black's What
would follow is 15.Ne4 Ne7 Nf5
17.Qh3 18.Qc3 Ng7 19.Ng5 with
winning attack.

At that time the principle of the isolani
was still unknown.
15 ... de5
Steinitz 15 ... Nc8 instead,
move fully in character with his style.
16.fe5 17.Rad1
attack plays itself.
17 ... Qe8
passed pawn will win the game.
18 ... Ng8 19.Qg3 Qe7 20.Bf4 Rac8
21.Rfe1 Nf6 22.Nd5 Bd5 23.Bd5 Nh5
If Black tries to win the the
passer will decide the game, e.g.
23 ... Nd5 24.Rd5 26.Qe5
Kg8 (Or 26 ... Qf6 27 or 26 ... Rf6
27.Rd7 Qf8 28.Rf7) 27.RIO
and wins.

position full of spice, the Bishop on
is pinned from two directions.
25 ... Rfe8
26 ... Rcd8 was necessary, after which
according to Steinitz, White holds on to
his advantage .Qe3.
27.Rd7 Qf8 28.Rf7 Qf7
is nothing
29.ef7 Re5
Blackburne - Tarrasch
French Defense
2.d4 d5 4.Bg5

This trade previously played
Anderssen, doesn't really appeal to me.
normal move here is 7 .Bd3
clear purpose of 7 .Qd2 is to prevent this
7 ...
In spite of all, this is the only correct
reply. It took some deep calculation to
realize that the isolated pawn is not
weakness, but to the contrary is quite
If 8.dc5, Black answers 8 ... de4 with
8 ... cd4 9.Nd4 ed5
Black now has spacious and good
position. is excellently posted
and the center pawn exerts pressure.
position, interestingly, might also result
from the Sicilian Defense as follows. l.e4
2.Nc3 3.Nf3 d5 4.ed5 ed5 5.d4 cd4
6.Nd4 7 .Bg5? 8.Bf6? 9.Qd2

Blackbume thought long tirne
making this move. did so in preference
to the more obvious, and ::1pparently
stronger 10.0-0-0, when the following
mighthappen; 10 ... Nc611.Nf3Qa512.Nd5
Qa2 13.Nf6 with good attack.
However also is 11 ... (12.Nd5
Bd5 13.Qd5 14.Qb3, Qf2) or ll ...
or ll ... d4 Bg413.Be2Bf314.Bf3?
Bg5 and 12.Ne4 Bg4 13.Nf6 Qf6
Bf3 15.Bf3 Rfd8). Should the Nd4 go to
on move 11 there follows ll ... d4 12.Ne4
Bf5 13.Nf6 14.Nd4? Rfd8 Nd4
16.cd4 Rac8 and ll ... d4 Bg4
13.Rel! (13.f3? Bg5! or Bg5!
14.f4 Bf4) 13 ... 14. Na3 Black
continues to have good choice of moves
which assure him of an excellent game.
Again good exception to the rule of the
isolated pawn.
10 ... Nc611.Nb3 Re8! 12.0.0
It is clear that 12.Nd5 would
advantageous for Black.
12 ... d4!
Together with the next move this leads
to the complete misplacement of the
Black is now significantly
and has clear advantage.
13.Na4 14.Rad1 Qc7
It is generally accepted that when an
enemy Rook comes to the Queen's
file, the Queen will get out of the way. I
these moves, as
since I had used too much time calculating
the of the 7th move.
playing 14 ... Bd7!, I could have exploited
the bad of the Na4, e.g. 15.Bf3?
Rc8 Ne5 17.Qd4 Rc4 or
18.Qa3 or
Qd5 18.f3 19.Qa3
Qg5 or 15.Bf3? Rc8 16.Nc3
dc3 17.Qd7 Qd7 18.Rd7 and Black's
is good for win.

this move White attempts to make
up for his errors
realizes that the isolated pawn is
danger, and he trades it off to
clear the deck. so, spite of
White 's best play, Black
15 ... dc3
Here I used almost all my remaining time
calculating the pawn sac ... d3 and the
moves I had to play almost
15 ... d3 is of
16.Bd3 Ne5 17.Nd4 Bd7 or
18.Bf3 Rad8 19.Qg5 Ne5
More is flrst 19 .. .f7-f6, but the
text move is still
With this goes good game. There
was still time to secure the
20 ... f7 after which I keep small
advantage because of White's isolated
c-pawn. e.g. 20 .. .f6 Rd5 or 21.Qe3
Qb7 2214 23.Rd8 Rd8 24.Qe6 Qfl. In
could I have lost the game and
draw would have led to ahorse race
and myself for 1st and 2nd prize.
21.Rd1 Qb7 22.Qe5 1-Q.
v. Gottschall - Tarrasch

2.f4 ef4 d5 Qh4
5.Kf1 g5 6.d4 Bg7 7.Nf3 Qh5
decisive error and I take advantage the
same way as I did in game 21.
8 ... Ne7 f6!
Black threatens to win pawn g5-g4
and thus forces the pawn exchange, after
which the f-file significant
10.ef6 Bf611.c3 12.Qd3
White could pawn playing
12.Qb3 followed but this would
delay his more.
12 ... Nbc6 13.Na3 g4 14.Ne1 Bg7
15.Kg1 Bf5
With the idea of the attack after
16.Bf4 17.Qe4 sacrificing the
Exchange and Rf8 ormore simply with
17 ... Nd5 18.Bg3 Rae8.
... f3!
This breaks through White's position. 10.Ng410.
threat of course is 17 .. .f2.
Game 71
Although the f-pawn is attacked three
times, it is taboo. On 18.Qf3, then
I8 ... Qg6 wins.
18.Bf5 Rf519.Be3 Nd5 20.Rh2
prevent .. .f2 after the trade on On
20.Bf2, plays 20 ... Nf4 (2l.Qf3?
Ne2) with complete devastation.
20 ... Re8 21.Nac2 Kh8
2l ... Ne3 plus 22 ... Qg5 would fail
of 22.I<f2.
is hardly another move. White
wants to play 23.Nd3 and thus try to
22 ... Ne3 23.Ne3 24.N1 Qg5
25.Khl is equally useless, simply
captures on
25 ... Rg8 Q-1.
Tarrasch Dr. Simonsohn
Knights Game
2.Nf3 4.d4
5.d5 Ne7 6.Ne5 Ne4?
Tbls must preceded ...
7.Qd4 9.Bg5
Tarrasch v. Scheve
Knights Game
2.Nf3 4.d4
5.d5 Ne7 6.Ne5 Ne4 7.Qd4
Much better than the immediate
1 ... 11.d6 12.Qg7
Black's position has hopeless.
Qe7 Ra5 15.f4 Kd8
16.Re1 Qh417.Be3
Rc519.Bc5 Qh5
Better is capturing the Bishop at once.
Qc5 21.Rb5 22.f510.
On 22 ... Re8, White plays 23.fg6 Re2
24.Re2 Qb5 25.gf7. On 22 ... Nf4 there
follows 23.Qh8 Ne2 24.Rb3 Nf4 25.Re8
26.Rb6 [26 ... Qb6 27 .Rc8
28.Ra8#] and White wins effortlessly.
VI. Frankfurt Tournament, 1887
1 had barely returned from honeymoon and had to get settled in
when 1 received an invitation to the fifth Gerrnan Chess Congress in Frankfun. Of
1 had to accept There were fewer than twenty one rnasters arnongst whorn were
Blackburne, Zukertort, Mackenzie, Alapin, von and Paulsen.
As the reader will conclude the analysis, 1 rnade at the of the
and after the first week 1 was third frorn last in the standings. After that, 1
regained sorne of rny powers, and in the next twelve garnes 1 fortunately scored nine
wins and three losses. With these 12 points 1 split ftfth-sixth places with Berger. The
toumarnent winner was Mackenzie with 15 points. Second-third prizes were
Blackburne-Weiss with 13.5 points. was von with 13 points. Seventh
was Englisch with 11.5 Eight-ninth were Paulsen and Schallopp. Masters
and Burn carne up ernpty handed.
Tarrasch - Schallopp
Four Knighls Game
2.Nf3 Nf6 4.d4 ed4
5.Nd4 7.Qd4 Qe7 8.f3
c59.Qf2 Nd5
9 ... 0-0 is considered 10.Bd2!
d5 11.0-0-0 d4 1, Black
attacking prospects against the to
somewhat for his inferior
pawn structure.
Far is recapturing with the pawn.
White only gains tempo, but in
the Black Bishop becomes
completely misplaced. ll ... Qe5
12.Qe3, Black account of the
threat of 13.f4, has to trade the Bishop.
11 ... f5
leads to of Black's
position. Correct is 12 ... 0-0.
Regaining the pawn is cenainty.
14 ... Kd8!
Makes room for the Rook.
16.Rfe1 Re8 17.Rad1 Qf6 18.Rd3
19.Rd2 20.Rde2 Re2 21.Re2
21 ...
Of course not 21 ... Qc4 because of
22.Qg5#. Also bad is 21 ... Qf6, of
22.Qel, when mate has to avoided
22 ... Qf8 or 22 ... d6 (22 ... 23.Qa5#!).
Instead of himself, Schallopp
courageously plays for the counterattack.
From move to the this remains
spirited game.
22.Qg5 Qf6 23.Qc5
23.Bf7 would preny, as well as bad.
... 24.Kf2 Qh4 d6
26.Qd5 27.Qg8 Kd7 28.Qg7
is all that the attack will yield, in
spite of the exposed Black
King. White has an extra pawn, while
the attacking chances of sides seem
about equal. Thus White has
advantage. White could play his Bishop to
or d3 or cut off the Black
g2-g4 or he might protect the Bishop with
the either or d4. All these
moves are good and would maintain the
advantage except for the last move, which
was actually played. One of the most
difficult tasks when playing chess is to
find the strongest move from of
seemingly equal good moves. There is
less justified and this happens
quite often, than after this kind of
game one tells the opponent that he
actually should have lost the game!!
29.Qd4 Qd4!
What an ironic twist! Bishop is lost,
Black threatens not just ...
or 31 ... d5, but also the immediate 31 ... Rc4
followed 32 ... Of course this
decides the game. so White makes
Black's task as difficult as
31.Re7 32.Rh7 Rc4 Rc2
34.g4 Ra2 35.g5 Rg2 36.h4 37.f4
38.f5 39.f6 40.f7 Bf7 41.Rf7
Schallopp played this whole game
thoughtfully. the game
flawlessly and finds final
42.Rf8 Rh4 43.Kf3 Ra4 44.g6 45.g7
:Q 46.g8=Q
In this kind of the winner is
always the who checks
46 ... Qf1 47.Kg3 Rf4!! Q-1.
threats are48 ... Rf8 and also 48 ... Qf2
and 49.Rh4#.
Mackenzie - Tarrasch
2.Nc3 Nc6 g6
opening method fell into disfavor
for time after Harmonist tried it
against Blackburne, but more
this opening has tried again. so
White keeps freer game.
4.d4 cd4 5.Nd4 Bg7 d6
Not good is 6 ... Nf6, after 7
and the will back.

Completely misplayed-the Bishop
7 ... Bd7 Nf6
bad mistake, which leads to the loss of
9 ... Ng4 10.Nc6 11.Bd4 12.fe5

This very hasty move should lead to
an advantage for White. Correct was
12 ... de5, White may still
good with
and 14.Qd5, this will
lose for White after the defense,
e.g. 14 ... Nh6 (Not 14 .. .f6, of
15.Rf7 is
15.Radl good for Black
is 15 ... Qc8followedbyl6 ... Be6orl5 ... Rc8
and 16 ... Rc5.) 15 ... Nf716.Rfl
Rc8 and White 's anack is history.

pretty move attacks three pieces and
looks preny sad.
13 ... Ne5
the circumstances this is the
move. Blac,k has to hold to his
maner what
14.ed7 Qd7
helps to repair his
most effectively, while White had chance
to make life playing
15.Nd5 followed 16.Nf6, to deprive
Black of his most active defensive piece.
Now the dark-squared Bishop obtains an
15 ... 16.Qd5 Q-0!
White counted 16 ... in
which case 17 .Radl would
castling (17 ... 0-0? 18.Qe5!).
17.Nb5 Rab8
right move here was 18.Nd4 and
19.Nc6, to get rid of the Black Bishop ..
text Black to play ... Qa7later
in the game.
18 ... a619.Nd4 Qa7!
20.Nc6. Black provokes
and after that the Black Rb2 keeps the
White under
Not only has Black completely repaired
his position, but he even has slight
advantage, mainly on account of his
powerfully posted Bishop. lt protects the
d-pawn and threatens sides of the

21.Kh1 Qd7
Black threatens to start an attack
22 ... Qg4.
weakens the Kingside. Better is
22 ... Rc8
Again to prevent 23.Nc6.

lt is the Rook that should go to in
order to protect the important c-pawn.
What White overlooks is that he cannot
take the
23 ... Rc3
lt never ceases to arnaze me, when my
opponent, against all expectation, keeps
making bad mov'es. In this garne, 1 had
so confused Mackenzie's play
that 1 had decided that on 24.Ne5?, 1
would play for draw perpetual check
with 24 ... Qh3 25.gh3 and 26 ... Rg3,
instead of winning with 24 ... Rh3
Qa7. 1 that on 25 ... Qa7, the
could interpose!
24.Ng5! Rc5
Better is 24 ... Qb7 after which White
cannot play his Rook to the 7th rank, but
would continue with 25.Qf7 Qf7 26.Nf7.
Stronger and at once decisive would
the Rook sacrifice on g2 with this
continuation (24 ... Rg2) 25.Kg2!
26.1(f2 Rg5, threatening to win the Queen
27 ... and White will not to
25.Qa8 is answered 25 ... Qc8.
25 ... Rd5 26.Rd7 Rdd2 27.Rc1 Rdc2
28.Rg1 Bd4
serious with 28 ... Black
would still keep the upper hand.
29.Rd8 Kg7 10.
Tarrasch- Alapin
Knighls Game
2.Nf3 Nf6 Nc6 4.d4 ed4
Better is 5 ... as on it crarnps
Black's game.

For the sarne reason this Bishop is
posted on
6 ... 7.Q-O d6 Re8 9.Nc6
threatens ll.e5. Another
was 10.f4 to followed 10 ... Bf8
10 ... Nd711.h3
prevent ... Ng4, which might
after ll.Qd2 Ne5
11 ... Ne512.Be2 Bf613.f4 Ng614.Bd4
15.Rb1 Rb4 16.Bf6 Qf6 17.Qc1
Bd7 Qd4
check is quite useless.
19.Kh1 Rbb8 20.f5 Nf8
Had Black's Queen still been on the
could now to which now
would answered ...
Preparing Kingside attack, however
2116 could played at once. Throughout
the game one notices the loss of
confidence that my two previous losses
have caused me.
21 ... f6 22.Qg3 Kh8
Black is obviously shon of good moves.
leads to weakening
of the position.
24.Ne2 Qe5 25.Nf4! Rb2
rnistake, but Black is weak on
sides of the in addition to having
poorly posted
27.Qe5 Ne5 28.Rb2
29.Rb7 31.Rc7
On 32 ... White continues with
34.Rfcl 35.Rc8 Rc8
36.Rc8 37.Bg8
39.Bd3 40.Rc6.
d5 34.Rc7 Re5 35.Rf2
defense of the c-pawn is obviously
35 ... Bf5 Re1 37.Kh2
38.Rd2 Ra1 39.Kg3 Ra2 40.Kf4 Kg8
On 40 ... then 41.Rc7 White
forces the exchange ofRooks, after which
the passed pawn wins in walk:.
Ber2er - Tarrasch
White delays d4 until he has developed
his pieces. Bishop's position on is
very good- considering Black's choice of
... and ...
4 ... Bg7 S.Q-0 7.h3
prevent ... Ng4 after White plays
7 ...
Better is 8 ... Na5, as recommended in the
toumament Black's subsequent
play is very uncoordinated and it is not
simple rnistake, but the lack of plan and
insecurity that makes him drift into lost
is loss of tempo of course.
White threatened to advance with the d-
Here ll ... was right.
And the right move here is 12 ... Ne7 or
12 ... for the purpose of rendering
White's white squared Bishop harmless,
since it will turn out to very dangerous.
13.Nd5 Bd5 14.Bd5 Nb4
14 ... Qc7 was the natural and better
Qc7 17.Nh2 Nh5?
(See next diagram)
Adequate enough but was 18.g4
followed 19.f4.
18 ... 19.f4 Ne8 20.f5 f6 Ne7
Kh8 23.fg6
ARer17 ... NhS
And not 23 .. .hg6 of 24.Qf2 and
2S.Qh4, but now the Black has
holes at fS, and This should
enough for White to win.

This is White's cardinal mistake, it
weakens White's attack On
White 's Bishop was excellently
posted. White should bring the inactive
to g4, then Rooks on the
f -file and if this is not enough, he would
advance the h-pawn in order to drive the
Knight and Bishop away. Black is
defenseless against this attack. Another
method would to play the to
24 ... Qe7 25.Bf5 Nc7
Black threatens to free his position
somewhat with 26 ... d5.
26 ... Rf7 27.Qe2 Rg8
28.Qh5 Bf8 29.Ng4
The arrives too late. Black has
all of his pieces for the
defense. This would hardly have
if White had not given up control
of the a2-g8 diagonal. With his next move
Black even threatens to trap the Queen.
29 ... Ne6 Qe6 31.Rf2 Ne7!
32.Raf1 Rg6 Ng8
Now Black is completely secure.
34.Qh4 Bg7 35.Rf5 Ne7 36.Rh5 Bf8
37.Bh6 Bh6 38.Rh6
No is 38.Nh6.
38 ... Rh6 39.Nh6 Rf8 40.Qh5 Ng6
41.g3 Qd7 42.Ng4 Qe6 43.Ne3 Ne7
44.Qh6 Rf7 45.Kh2 Ng8 1/21/2
Tarrasch - Louis Paulsen
Sicilian Dtfense
2.Nc3 Nc6
This premature opening of the Kingside
could easily have led to disadvantage for
... 4.Nf3 ds! s.eds
lfWhite plays S.eS, as recommended
the old masters Philidor and
Labardonnais, the result is variation of
the French with disadvantage for White.
The exchange of pawns followed 6.d4
is the modem indicated course of play,
however the interpolation of 3.f4 is
completely out of character.
s ... eds 6.d4 Nf6!
It is already apparent how difficult
White's defense has become. Black
threatens to increase his attack on the
d-pawn and finally forces its trade for the
c-pawn. This forces White to give up the
center and the Black Bishop will
posted on the most dangerous attacking

Best, since it provokes the next
Black. The most continuation
7 ... Ng4, would then answered
8.Bg1, followed 9.Qe2 and 10.0-0-0.
7 ...
serious misjudgment of the position.
Black should continue to attack the White
center with 7 ... Bg4 and 8 ... and thus
obtain an advantage. The loss of pawn
dc5 is nothing to afraid of; e.g.
7 ... Bg4 8.dc5? d4 9.Bd4 10.Bf6 Qd1
ll.Nd1 Bd1 and Black keeps an extra
piece. With the text move, Black dissolves
the tension in the center and ends up with
the inferior position. These things often
happen if one does not take advantage of
the opponents mistakes.

necessary to prevent 8 ...
e ... Bd6 a611.Ne5
Now White 's earlier mistake leads to an
advantage, it made the anchoring
of the Ne5
11 ...
Here the toumarnent recommends
11 ... Qe7, however this would not much
of an improvement. White would still
continue the attack against the d5-pawn
with 12.Bf3 etc.
12.Qd2 Ne713.Bf3 Be614.g4!
14 ... Nf5 must prevented.
14 ... Rad8
The toumament gives 14 ... g6 as
necessary, but this would give Black an
additional weakness that could later
exploited White for an attack against
the Black e.g. 15.Khl f5 16.gf5

15.f5 Bc816.Rfd1!
prevent 16 ... followed
the d-pawn advance. 16.g5? is too rash
and would lead to an immediate
disadvantage, e.g. 16 ... Nf5! 17.gf6
18.de5 or 17.Bf2 Ne4 de4
19.Nc4 Bh2 20.Kh2 Qc7 21.King
anywhere (21.Ne5 Qe5) 21 ... Qc4, and
White is pawn down with worse
position. Also if played as recommended
in the tournament book, namely
16 ... the continuation 17 .de5 d4
18.Bf2 19.Qc3 Qc7 20.ef6 Nf5 (Or
20 ... gf6) gives Black position.
16 ... Qa5
serious mistake. These things happen
when one has an inferior position.
17.Nd5 QbS Qe8 19.Nf6 gf6
The threat was 21.Bh6.
21.Nd6 Qd6 22.d5 hS!
The beginning of very dangerous.
attack against the fairly exposed
23.Qg2 Kh7! 24.Qh3 Rh8! Rdg8
On Black answers 26 ... Qe5
26 ... 27.Rd4 Rg7 28.Rg1 Kg8
With his last moves, White has pretty
well secured his position.
29 ... Rg1 NfS 31.Rg4 Kf8
Qc5 Ng7
Better is 33 ... Ne7. White
choose either (34 ...
35.Rg8 Kg8 36.Qc8 and 35.d7
Bd7 36.Qg3 37 36 ... Nf4
37 .Rf4 to save the exchange, and with
play to maintain an extra pawn, or give
Black the Exchange with Qfl or After
that he would rely his passed pawn
supported the Bishop pair.
34.Qg3 NfS
only move.
35.Qg1 36.Qc1
38.Bf5 BfS
39.Bd6 40.Qe1 41.Rg2 RhS
Should Black try to save the piece
4l ... Kd7, he willlose as follows,
43.ef7, as he will to
simultaneously ward off the attack his
King and to stop the advanced f-pawn.
42.de6 fe6 43.Qe4 Kd7 44.Bf4 10.
Tarrasch - v. Bardeleben
Four Knighls Game
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.d4 ed4
5.Nd4 6.Nc6 7.Qd4 Qe7 8.13
cs 9.Qf2 Qe511.Bd2
Black could the with
ll ... Nd5, butafter 12.Bc4Nc313.0-0,his
is good.
... --
... ---


12.Qg3 offers better to
maintain the minimal advantage with the
Bishop pair and pawns. After this
move Black fmds pretty way to equalize
12 ... d514.Bd3
14.Qc5 is use of 14 .. .Re8.
14 ... de415.fe4 Ne416.Qf4 Re8
is also 1 ... Qf 4 at and
17 ...
17.00 Qf4 18.Bf4 Nd6
20.Rab1 Ne4 Re4
Rc4 24.Bd6 Rc2 25.Rf2 Rf2
26.Kf2 f6 27.g3 Kf7 28.Rb4 Re8
29.Rb3 Re4 1/21/2 agreed.
Blackburne - Tarrasch
Queen's Gamhit Declined
1.d4 dS Nf6?
this move White always gets the
game. only is
3 ...
4.Bg5 6.Nf3 7.Rc1

after this exchange, which frees
Black's game somewhat, White keeps the
8 ... Bf6 9.cd5 Nd7
Whether this move is made or after
... is important. the later move,
White answers with

is mistake and White exploits it
very cleverly. playing method
Hannonist in his game against
Bauer in Breslauer- he played 12 ... cd4
and 13.Nd4, he develops the poorly
posted to Blackbume used this
auacking method against Mackenzie and
Zukerton. In all three games Black lost
pawn in the same way. Zukertort almost
immediately decided that his game was
lost, while succeeded
winning thanks to of Black
White Nd5 followed
15.Qh5 and in Qf3 followed
either 15.Nc4or 15.Nd5.
avoided 13 ... this Black
after protect the Bishop 14 ...
(Not 14 ... Qd7 account of 15.Bf5) but the
would very bad.
15.Nc4 Ne616.Nd2 Rc8
Mter the pawn loss, Black has lost
17.Rfe1 g6 18.Nf1 Bg7 Re7
Rec7 21.Qd1 Kh8
is absolutely Black do
but wait for his mistakes, if
22.Qd2 Qd7 Rc1 24.Rc1 Rd8
provoke f4 and use the backward
e-pawn as target of attack.
26.f4 Ne6 27.Qd1!
plan is to bring the to via
d2 and
27 ... Nf8 28.Qf3 f5 29.Nd2 Ne6
Because of the threat d5,
Black. does around to placing his
Rook or the e-file.

Nf8 Qb5 35.Rc3 36.Qc2
Rc8 Qa4 39.Rc8

40.Qc2 Qd7 41.Nc3 Ng6 42.Nc1 Ne7.
Qe6 44.Kf2 h5 h4
46.Ne5 Kg7 47.Ne2 Qd6 Qc7
49.Qc3 Qd6 50.Nc6! Bd7 51.Ne7
52.Bd7 Qd7 Kf7 54.Nc3
56.hg3 Bd8 fe4
58.Ne4 Qh7 59.Nf2 Qf5
61.Qf5 Kf5 Bd6
64.Ne1 65.Ng2
71.Ng4 Kf5
Kg6 74.Nc2 75.g4 Kf6
76.g5 Kf5 77.Ne3 Kg6 78.Kg4 Bd4
79.Nd5 80.f5 Kg7 81.f6 Kg6
Tarrasch- Gunsberg
French Defense
2.d4 d5 de4? 4.Ne4 Nf6
Also good is 5.Nf6 followed 6.Nf3.
5 ... Ne4
6 ... White would play 7
8.Nf3 with advantage.
Nf6 8.Bd3 Bd7 9.Nf3 Bd610.Q-O
As of Black 's third move,
which gave up his hold the
White is slightly text
move, instead of 10 ... 0-0, increases his
difficulties. As is the case with bad
moves, mistake leads to another.
11.Bg5! f6?
Better is 11 ... the White
Bishop would go to f4, or ll ...
but chess players feel embarrassed
to admit errors. text deprives the
of its natural retreat square and
thus leads to ... 0-0-0 its

12.Bd2 Qe713.h3 Nh614.c4
White starts an attack against the
castled Black has
actually made the move yet.
1s ... o-o-o
The the
following as relatively e.g. 15 ...
18.Rb7 0-0
19.Qc2 f5, but White plays
Qd5 (Also 20 ... Qe7 21.Ne5 Rd8 21.Nc6
with decisive advantage). Qe4
22.Qc1! (Or 22.Qe4 fe4 and 23.Ng5)
23.Rc7 f4! 24.Re1 Qg6 25.Rc8 Rac8
waiting move, tempting the
to accept the pawn sacrifice. Nowadays 1
would sacrifice the pawn, but would
the attack with etc.
game would as prettily, but
White would have sure win. After the
text move, would have
to hold.
16 ... 17.Rb1 Bd2 18.Qd2
threat was 19 .Qb2 20.Re6,
most circumspectly.
Qc7 21.Reb1
. . . .

. -
. --


w g

was surprise shot here, e.g.
23.Qa5! Qf4 24.g3 and the
Black is lost. However, the Bishop
move was pretty and bad, for if
makes waiting move, taking
would an exchange of the Rook for the
While White 's attack would peter
out. After the game admitted
that he would have the Bishop
22 ...
counterattack should with play
lead to equality. In addition Black play
the around to d5 via g8 and but
this line of play would hamper White 's
attack much less than the central break.
23.R1 Rhe8
The pawn exchange would make it
easier for the to join the attack.
White Rook is still taboo if
23 ... followed Ra8, Qa5,
24.de5 fe5 25.Ra4 26.Qa5 Qb8
tempting move leads to the loss of
the game. inactive should here
have gone to f5, preceded
.. .Rdl, At that point the attacking chances
of Black and White are equal.
From now on all Black's moves are
29.Ne1 Re1 31.Re4 Re4

In this interesting position, there is no
way for Black to prevent the further
advance of the pawn.
38 ... 39.Kh2 Nf5 10.
Fritz Tarrasch
French Defense
2.d4 d5 4.Bg5
was originated me, but since my
friend Richter lost game with similar
system and ascribed the loss to this
defense, I felt moral to play it
7.dc5 Nd7 Qc7 9.Qg4
On 9.Qd4, there follows 9 ... Nh6 10.g4
0-0. will dispute the originality of
the opening.
9 ... Kf8
On 9 ... Qe5, according to the toumament
White will develop significant
positional advantage 10.Nf3 Qc7
11.0-0. I disagree. I rather think that Black
has good game with his five pawns in
the center and Even so I could
not recommend 9 ... Qe5, for in the
variation, White could take on f7 instead
of 11.0-0 and after ll ... 12.Qg3, the
White position is for choice.
10.Bd7 Bd711.Nf3
Premature, is ll ... h5 and after
12.Qf4 or 12.Qg3 or 12.Qd4, Black plays
12 ... Nh6 and 13 ... Nf5. In the
long run White cannot hold on to bls
gamblt pawn. Black develops his Rh8 via
h6 and he has quite good game.
White misses chance to take advantage
of his opponents mistake 12.Nd5 ed5
Qc5 14.Qd7 and wins.
12 ... 14.Qf4
15.Nd4 Qd7 1
prevent White from playing
to via
17.Rf3 Re8 18.Nce2 Rg8
Black's position is so cramped, that he
offers pawn sacrifice, but White
19.Raf1 Re7
Not 19 ... g5, because of 20.Qf6
2l.Qh8 Rg8 22.Qh7 and wins. Now after
19 ... Re7, 20 ... g5 is threat, since Black
after 20.Qf6 can play 20 ... Ng4.
20.h4! 21.Ng3 f6
Planning to answer 22.ef6 with 22 ...
22.Nh5 would have gotten more out of
the attack.
22 ... Nf5
Not 22 .. .fg5, of 23.Qf8, with
ef5 Qc7
Better is giving up the exchange at once
24 ... Re6 25.Ne6 26.Qf5 Qf5
27 .Rf5 fg5, there at least White has no
passed pawns.
25.Qf5 Qe5 26.Qh7 Rf8

. .
d d - -g

- d



. .
27.Nf5 Qe6
is nothing
28.Ne7 Qe7 29.gf6 gf6
Of course Black's position is lost, White
however has hard tirne winning and
even allows his passed pawn to taken.
31.Rg3 Rh8 32.Rf4 Rh6 33.Rg7
34.Kf2 35.Kg3 36.Kg4 Bd7
37.Kg3 38.Rfg4 Bd7 39.R7g6
quick way to win was 39.R4g6 Rh8
40.Rf6 41.Rd7 or 40.Rd7 and 4l.Rf6.
39 ... Rh8 40.Rf4 Rf8 41.Rg7
Better is 41.h5 42.Rh6.
41 .. Rh8 42.Rfg4 43.Rg8 Rh5
44.Rf8 45.Rgg8?
will cost White the h-pawn.
45 ... Re546.Kf2 Re447.h5 Rh448.Rh8
48 ... Rh5 49.Rh5 Kf8
game is still lost.
50.Rh7 51.Kg3 Bd7 Kd8
53.Kh4 54.Kh5 Kd6 55.Kg6
56.Rh4 57.Rf4 58.Kg7 f5
Better is 64 ... so that on 65.Rh6,
Black can answer 65 ...
65.Rh6! d4 66.Re6 Kd5 67.Rd6
73.Re4 1-Q.
At last White sacrifices the exchange,
and Black resigns the game that had
lost since move twelve.
Game 81
Tarrasch- Schiffers
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 4.Bd3
Better is 4.ed5 or 4.Bg5.
4 ...
Here 4 ... should played. Bishop
move is equally as bad even if played
move earlier, and White should answer
with the pawn exchange.
5.Bg5? de4!
This strong move gets White into
Better is 7.Ne2, where it guards the
7 ... Qa5! 8.Bd3
8.Bd2 would 8 ... cd4 9.Nd4
1 Qe5.
8 ... cd4 9.Bf6
With 9 ... Black could
either win two pawns ll.Nd2 or
ll.Kfl 12.Nd4 with one extra
pawn and White is deprived of castling.
Qc3 12.Nd2 Qe5
took advantage of several weak
White opening moves and came out of the
opening with an extra pawn.
now to relax, as it often happens
after an attack is over.
makes backward pawn out of the
extra pawn and it is thus almost worthless.
With the next moves, White constantly
endeavors to prevent it from advancing.
Betterfor Black was 15 ... and 16 ...
16.f4 Qd417.Kh1
In order to answer 18 ... with
and 20.Rh3.
18 ... Qf6 Rd8
Bad here is 19 ... Na5, as Black could not
take on White would then anchor his
on with good game.
20.Qc1 Rd4 Na5 22.Ra3
23.Nf3 Rd5 24.Bd3
obstructs the for the rest of the
game. was correct.
24 ... 25.Re1 Rd6 26.Ne5
Now White's game would quite good
if the could come to life, but Black at
once puts stop to it.
26 ... Rc8 27.Re2 Bd5 28.Qe3 Qe7
29.Re1 Rdd8 Qc5 31.Qe2
is dual purpose move. Black
prevents and thus he is to protect the
e-pawn ... Bd5 It also stalemates the Ra4.
32.Rd1 g6
prevent 33.Qh5. White makes his
opponent that his is in
danger in order to draw his attention away
from the threatened Rook.
Kg7 34.h5 Rc7 35.Qf2 Rf8
36.Qg3 Rf6 37.Qg5 h6
threat was 38.h6. pretense has
worked. Not only the player the
attack, but also the commentator in the
toumament who remarks here that
White as consequence of the somewhat
passive treatment Black, has now
attained an excellent attack, and he very
energetically uses his chances!
38.Qg3 Kh7 39.hg6 Kg7 40.Qh4
game now depends on the Ne5 and
if Black would simply play ... to
remove that the "excellent attack"
would soon turn into an
defensive position. e.g. 40 ... Nc6 41.Nc6
Bg2 or 4l ... Qc6 and 42 ... Bg2 or 41 ...
42.Rc4 Bg2. Instead of that Black
commits two decisive errors in row.
40 ... Qc2?
Still was 41 ... Bg2
(42.Kg2? Qc2 43.Qf2 Qdl 44.Ra5 Rc2
45.Ra7 Kg8 46.Ra8 Rf8)42 ... Qc243.Rd7
Rd7 44.Nd7 and Black draw
44 ... Qd 1 46.Kf2 Qd2
47 .Kfl ! Qd 1 48.1(f2! Qd2 draw.
42.Rd5 ed5 Qd2 44.Ra6
Qa2 46.Bd3 47.Bf5
a448.Ng4 Qa1 49.Kh2 h5 50.Qh5 Re7
51.Qh6 Kg8 53.Qh7 Kf8
54.Qf7# 1-Q.
5.0-Q Ne4 6.d4 d5 8.de5

Better is 9 ...
This move was first
refuted me in game vs Rocamora.
10 ... g511.Be3
11.Bg3? there follows 11 ... h5
12.Nd4 h4! hg3!! 14.Nd8? Bf2
15.Rf2 gh2 etc.
11 ... 12.fe3 g413.Nd4 Ne5
Black has an important pawn
and in spite of the fact that his is
somewhat tom up sides of the
he has good game, but he should
play and with due

14.Nd2 Nc5 15.Qe1
15 ... Qh4.
15 ... 0-Q! 16.Qg3 Qg5 17.Rae1
17 .RfS is of 17 ... Bf5
18.Qe5 Nd3 19.Qf5
17 ... Ncd3 18.Re2 19.N4f3 Qg7
20.Ne5 Qe5 21.Qe5 Ne5 d4
23.cd4 cd4 Rf1
staned with this move,
only seems to good, but makes the win
doubtful. simple and secure way to
win was to make the passed pawn
its 25 ... Rfd8, 26 ... d3,
27 ... Rac8, etc.
26.Kf1 Rf8 28.Kd2 Nf4
29.Rf2 Rc8 31.Nd7!
loses. 32.Ne5 is equally as bad
of 32 ... Rc2 33.Kel Rf2
d2 and wins, but would have
White drawing
is 32 ... Rc2 33.Rc2 dc2
34.Kd2 Ng2, looking but not
absolutely lost.
32 ... Kg7 33.Ng4 Rc2
On 34.Kdl or Black wins with
34 ... h5 35.Ne5 Rf2 36.I(f2 d2.
34 ... Ng2 35.Kf1 d2 h5 37.Kd1
On 37 .Ne5, or 37 .Rg2, there follows
37 ... dl=Q.
37 ... Rb2 38.Rg2 Rb1 39.Kd2 Rb2 D-1.
S.Q-0 Ne4 d5 8.de5
Q-0 Nd2
Better than 12.Bd2, now 13.Qd3
12 ... Re8 13.Nd4
For tournament game, this pawn
sacrifice looks quite nonchalant. Better is
13 ... Ne514.f4 Ng415.Qd3 Nf6
defense was 15 .. .f5. Itis only
now that White obtains winning
attacking game.
16.f5 Bd7 17.Bg5 18.Rae1
cannot taken as otherwise
the attack on h7 decisive.
20.Qh3 Ne4
White threatened to win 2l.Ng7 Kg7
22.Re7 Re7 23.Qh6 and 24.Bf6.

Of course the flrst thing coming to mind
in this complex position, was the
exchange sacrifice on but the attack
was not adequate; 2l.Re4 de4
Re7 25.Ng7
Qe4! with 26 ... Qe3 threatened.
21 ... de4 Re7
Not 22 .. .fe6, of 23.f6!
Trying to play for further traps willlose
White the game. The threat is 24.Ng7.
playing 23.Ng5 and 24.Re4, White could
regain his pawn with an even game.
23 ... f6! 24.Re4 25.Rfe1 Rae8
26.Qf2 Kf7 27.Qe2 g6!
With this excellent move Black
dissolves the tension, after which he
remains pawn up with an excellent
White cannot continue with 28.g4, what
then follows is 28 ... gf5 29 .gf5 Rg8
or Bd5.
28 ... Re6 29.Qc2 Re4 31.Re4
Rd8 32.Qe2 Rd7 33.Rh4
White already has finding
... hs 34.Re4
. -
. .
. . ......
t -

. . .

.. . <lf. ft
..!.L.B g

34 ... Qd8!
Starting Queen maneuver which forces
the Queen 's exchange is an excellent idea.
Qc7! 36.g3
On 36.Re8, Black would force the
exchange with 36 ... Re7.
36 ... Qc6! Qd5 38.h4
White has no chance in the ensuing
endgame. In to in
material, he has the worse position, (or as
they say in Vienna, rich and healthy
than poor and sick).
40.Re2 g5 41.hg5 fg5 42.Kg2 Kf6
Kf5 44.Kg2 h4 45.gh4 gh4
46.Rf2 47.Re2 48.Rd2
49.Kh2 50.Re2 51.Re6
Should White choose to play 51.Rc2, the
reply is 51 ... followed 52 ... Rd2.
51 ... Rd2 52.Kh3 Rb2 53.Ra6
Ra2 55.Rb5 56.Kg3 Re2
57.Kf3 Re8 58.Kf2 59.Rb7
61.Rb7 62.Rb6
63.Rb7 Re5 Kd2 65.Rd8
66.Rc8 67.Kf3 Re1

v. Scheve - Tarrasch
Queen Pawn Ganu!
1.d4 d5 Bg4
correct White answer here is
followed 5.Qb3.
5.Ne5 Bf5
D-0 9.Nd2
Black's development is and he
already has slightly freer garne.
This is and
10 ... Qc711.Nc6
It is wrong for White to ttade off his only
well posted piece. Correct was ll.f4.
11 ...
12.dc5 followed 13.Bf6 is good for
12 ... Qe7 13.f4
Now this move is decisive mistake and
of it Black obtains several new
attacking lines.
13 ... cd4! 14.Ed4 15.Kh1 Rad8
16.dc5 17.Qe1
The Queen was indirectly threatened
the Rd8. Other Queen moves will equally
lead to positional disadvantage. The
toumament recomrnends 17
18.cd5 Rd5 Rd7 20.Qe2, but
this fails of 20 ... Bd3.
Bishop pair work
17 ... 18.Bf6
Otherwise the joins the attack
going to
18 ... Qf6
playing 19 ... Bd2 followed
20 ... dc4, Black would win pawn easy
and simple means. However, he promised
himself more from the attack and then
carne to grief.
On 20.Rcl, White loses the exchange
20 ... followed 21 ...
20 ... dc4 Qd4 22.Nf3!
On 22.Rf2, Black wins with 22 ...
22 ... 23.Nd4 Rd4 24.Re1 Rf4
Black now has an extta passed pawn and
will win with correct play, but this basic
feature is often difficult to convert to
reduce the effectiveness of 26.Rd7
and tty to get rid of the a-pawn ... and
if White plays the remains
g5 27.Kh2
With the idea of winning the g-pawn
28.Re5 Ra8 29.g4, but White could not do
it at once, as Black had the Bishop check.
27 ... h5 28.g3 Re4 29.Red1

The tournament book at this point
somewhat critically recommends this
move. White sttategy should to retain
the two pawns on the Queenside and he
should consistently threaten to attack the
Black a-pawn. realize this plan, White
has to leave Rook on the 2nd rank to
prevent ... and play the other Rook to
via d7. This maneuver is time
consuming one and Black at the last
moment could play ... Ra8 which makes
the whole plan ineffective. Apart from this
defense, Black had very effective
mating attack at his disposal; e.g. If
g4! 3l.h4 32.Rd7 33.Ra7
Rd8 34.Ra5? Rel 35.Bfl R8dl 36.Kgl
37 .Re2 Re2 and Black will win the
Bishop playing 38 ... R2el.
... 31.R1d2
Kg7 34.Ra5 Kg6 35.h4 g4
36.Rg5 Kh6
Black now threatens to lock in the Rook
37 .. .f5.
37.Re2 Rc8
prevents 38.R2e5.
38.Rb5 Rb5 40.Re5
41.Kg2 f6 42.Rc5 Kg6 43.Kf2
White had chance to play 43.Rc6,
making Black 's task much harder.
... Kf5 45.Kd3 Rd6
Should the King retum to the e-file,
Black will play 46 ... Rd4 followed
47 ...
46 ...
Black intends if absolutely necessary, to
sacrifice his Rook for the White passed
48.Rc3 Kf2 Rd8
53.Rf6 Kh4 54.Re6 55.Re4
Tarrasch - Dr. Noa
French Defense
2.d4 d5 4.Ed5 Ed5
Nf6 7.Q-O Q-0 8.Bg5
Qd6 1 o.Re1!
prevents 10 ... Ne4 and threatens
10 ... Bg411.Qd2
forces the following exchange that
is for White and the small
advantages keep accwnulating.
11 ... Bf3 12.gf3 Nh5
With this move Black threatens to lock
up Bishops playing 13 .. .f6
f5 15.f4 thus makes the threatened
Kingside attack White's next
move is mechanical prevention of the
pawn advance.
13.Bf5! Rfe8 14.Kh1 f6?
or any other move of the Kingside
pawns, further weakens Black's King
Na516.Rg1 Nc417.Qd3 Nf4
is way to protect the h-pawn
17 .. .h6, White plays 18.Bg6
and 17 ... g6, comes 18.Bg6.
18.Bh7 Kf8
is much more secure here than
19.Bf4 Qf4 20.Rg4 Qh6 21.Rag1 Re7
gain of the h-pawn won't mean very
much in the endgame in view of White 's
poor pawn structure. White does have
some attacking resources in reserve.
21 ... g5, the answer 22.f4 would break up
Black's position at once.
22.Bg6 23.R4g3!
This threatens 24.Qfl followed
23 ... Nf7 24.Qf5 Qd2 25.Rh3
Bad is 25.Bf7 Rf7 26.Rg7 Rg7 27
Rf7 28.Qh8 29.Qa8
Black could get the attack 29 ... Qf2.
25 ... Nh6 26.Qd5
26.f4 would pretty, but bad,
Black would the
exchange sacrifice 26 ... Qf2.
26 ... 27.Qd6 Qf2
Now that the f-pawn is the
exchange sacrifice is and in
Rook sacrifice g7.
28 ... Nf7 29.Qf4 Rae8
the post mortem my said,
"Here 1 thought 1 was doing well and
he makes move and l'm lost."

... if
30 ... Ng5, 31.Rh8 32.Qh5.
31.Qf5 Re6 32.Rh7
Other moves cannot stop the attack
33.Rg5 Re4 34.fe4 Qe1 35.Rg1 Qc3

Burn - Tarrasch
VleiU'Ill Game - Steinitz Gamhil
2.Nc3 Nc6 Ef4 4.d4 Qh4
good against the Steinitz
6.Nf3 Qh5 7.Nd5 Kd8
is weak. White should play against
the Black pawn chain h4, etc.
and the d-pawn against ... Bg7

8 ... Bg7 Nf6 10.Nf6 Bf6
Bg7 12.g4 1 h6 14.hg3 Qg6
Black has emerged from the opening
hazards with an extra pawn and secure

15. f5 16.g4
move, the was
lt could have led to an early
16 ... d617.Ed6cd618.Qb3 Rf819.Bd2
Of course White must try to win the
19.gf5 Bf5 20.Qb7
21.Qa8 the or
21.Qc6 winning.
19 ... Qf7 Qc7
step too far! Here Black had
chance to show the weakness of White 's
16th move. 20 ... Qd7 would
21 ... fg4, which there is
satisfactory reply; e.g. on 21.gf5 Qf5 it
leads to an immediately decisive attack.
With 20 ... Qc7 Black has threat
i.e. 21 ... N winning piece and 21 .. .fg4,
but he overlooked that he deprives the
Black King of his escape square and thus
makes the
combinational sacrifice
21.Bd3! f4
Black must take the g4
because of 22.Ng5 hg5 23.Bg5 Ne7
24.Rael Re8 25.Re7 Re7 26.Qg8 Kd7
27 and wins also 23 ... Bf6 24.Bf6
25.Qg8 Kd7 26.Rh7 Ne7 27 or
23 ... Kd7 24.Rh7. Of course Black could
have taken move back" as White did
earlier and so repair the damage done
21 ... Qf7. The textmove 21 .. .f4 somewhat
repairs the damage in the White position.
22.Nh2 Bd7
Black is content to develop his pieces
normally and tocastle Here as
well as later he plays rather listlessly. This
factor and not specific error is the cause
of his eventualloss. The correct plan was
to renew the attack against g4 22 ... h5.
(White cannot take of 23 ... Qd7,
but has to defend with The
continuation might as follows; 23 ... hg4
24.Ng4! Bf5 25.Bf3 Qd7 26.Nf2 g4
27 28.d5 or 25.Nf2 Bd4
26.cd4 Nd4 27.Qdl 27.Qc4 follows
27 ... winning the Queen) 27 ...
28.Rcl (28.Qfl, Ne2) 28 ... Bdl 29.Rc7
fe2. With other continuations
White, his opponent will attain winning
attack ..
Qb6 24.Qc2 RCS 25.Qb1

This opens the diagonal for the Queen to
go to h7, but for the moment the Queen
has to keep defending the b-pawn.
26 ... Rce8 27.Bf3 Qd8
answer 29.Qh7 with 29 ... Qf6.

With great finesse White starts
dangerous attack against the castled
position. Black remains passive in the
face of danger.
29 ... Re1
the Bishop to go to
... 31.Bf2 32.Nf1
Now the is brought in to reinforce
the attack.
32 ... d5
keep the out of However
the pawn becomes very weak and the
Knight later gets to an even square
- ln the meantime Black still could
have won, if the Black player would just
stay awake long enough.
33.Nd2 Ne7
Here 34 ... Rh8 was the correct approach,
in order to push the h-pawn. Black's
connected passed pawns would have
caused complete in White 's
position, e.g. 34 ... Rh8! (35.Rh5 is
of no use of 35 ... etc.) 35 ... h5
36.Rh5 Rh5 37.gh5 g4 38.Bdl or
38 ... with decisive attack.

The lackluster defense is pathetic!
Re8 Nc8 38.Nc5
Bf8 Rd8
Mter the game, Zukenon pointed out
that 40 ... Ne7, Black is also lost,
of dc4 42.Qc4 43.Na6

42.Na6 43.Bd5

Tarrasch - Taubenhaus
es 2.Nf3 Nc6 Ne4
5.d4 6.d5 Nd6 7.Nc3
continuation was originated me
and this was the tirne 1 used it. Still,
the norrnal 7 .Qe2 is stronger.
7 ... 8.Nd2 Nd4 Q-0 10.Nde4
Ne411.Ne4 Nf512.Bf4
Black has cramped position and with
his next move he makes violent atternpt
to free his game.
Better is 13 ... Nh4 followed 14 ... Bf5
or 14 ... Ng6.
Ng715.f4 g416.f5
This prevents the consolidation of
Black's position 16 ... f5.
16 ... Nf5
If 16 ... Bf5, Black would exposed to
an attack all of White's pieces, e.g.
17.Rf5 Nf5 18.Qg4 Ng7 19.Bh6 Bf6
Kh8 2l.Rfl 22.Bg7 Bg7
23.Ng5 f5 24.Qh5 h6 25.Nf7 or 20 ...
21.Ng3! f5! (21 ... Kh8? 22.Bg7 Bg7
23.Qf5 Qh4 24.Nh5) 22.Nf5 Rf5! In
addition there are other ways to attack.
17.Qg4 Ng718.Qe2 f519.Ng3 Bf6!
Black defends his tom up position quite
well. brings the only piece that can
move at all to an active square. in all,
plays the whole game like
is ineffective. White under rates the
strength of the Black f6 Bishop. This will
give time to consolidate Black's position.
20.Bf4 was the right rnove or altematively
20.Nh5 21.Ng7 Kg7 22.Bf4 Qf6
23.Rael. Both of these rnoves would give
White chance to play against the weak
squares in the Black position, especially
... 21.Bg7
Even now it is to take the Bishop
back to f4, adrnitting that 20.Bh6 was
flawed idea.
21 ... Kg7 22.Nh5 Kh8 23.Nf4 Qg5
White now realizes that he has to
eliminate the move though
should prepared 24.g3 (If 24 ... Rg8
White would still have
advantage because of
Black's isolated pawns and his hard to
develop Queenside pieces. The
toumament calls the text trap, but
rnistake which results in loss of material
for White, which is cornpensated
positional plus. Logically the game
should end in draw.
24 ... Bh2! 25.Kh2 Qh4 26.Kg1 Qa4
Black Queen is now out of play.
Neither 27.Rf4 Qe8 or Z7.Qe7 Bd7 is
27 ... Bd7 Qg4!
Best! On 28 ... Qb5, which seerns the
rnore logical rnove with the idea to play
29 ... Qb6 on White's after which
Black gets the Queen back into the game
... Qd4, ... Qg7. In that case White plays
29.Qb2! and 29 ... Qd3, leads to an
irnmediate loss of 30.Rf3 Qa6
31.c4Kg8 32.Rg3. Altematively29 ...
30.Kh2, Black rernains under attack with
his Queen rnost posted, e.g.
30 ... Rae8 31.Re8 Re8 Kg8
29.Qe7 Qg7 Rae8 31.Nf4 Rg8
If Black recaptures with the Rook, White
will continue the attack with 33.Nh5,
leading to at least draw. The
continuation would ... 34.Nf6
Re7 35.Qh6 Rf7 (or 35 ... Rg7 36.Nd7 Rd7
37 .Qf8#; or [34 ... Qe3 to keep the Queen
out of 35.Khl Re7? 36.Nd7 Rd7
37.Re1 38.Re8 Kg7 39.Qg5
40.Qg8 Better is 35 ... Qe7!
Rd8 37.Nd7 Rd7! 38.Rf5 Rd8
39.Qf4 with very strong play for White.
Black reply is 33 ... Qe7, and then
if 34.Qd4 Qe5 and 35.Qa7 or 35.Nf6
followed 36.Ne8 and 37.Rf5, leading
to an even position.
34.Qf6 Qg7 35.Qg7 Kg7 36.Re7 Kf6
White has won his pawn back and has
good position assuring the gain of
second pawn, but not assuring the garne.
Now there follows spirited endgarne.
37 ... Rg7 38.Rg7 Kg7 39.Ne6 Kf6
41. .. follows 42.Nc6 with
42.Nc6 Kd5 44.N87
45.84 Bf7 46.85 Bd5 48.g3
49.Kf2 d5
49 ... loses to 50.Nc6
51.Nd8 h5
or 53 ... d5 54.Kd4 h5 (54 ...
55.Kd5 f4 56.gf4 h4 57
d4 51.Kd2 h5 52.Kd3
There is nothing else for White to do, but
to play the King back and forth,
meanwhile Black tries to force win.
52 ... Kd5
The tempting 52 .. .f5-f4 does not win,
the White f-pawn advances too
and threatens to Queen with check. The
garne would continue 52 ... f4 53.gf4 h4
5415 5516 Kd7!
56 ... White stops the h-pawn
57.Nd4, 58.Ne2, and 59.Ng3.) 57.f7
58.Nd4 h2 59.Nf5 and 60.Ng3 or 55 ...
56.Kd2 57.Nc8 58.f7
and 60.Ne4 and White wins, or
55 ... 57 .Nb5 etc.
54 ... Kd5 55.f6 h3 (56 ...
57.Kd2) 57.Nd4 58.Ne2 h2 59.Ng3
Kg5 Kg4 62.Nh1!
Bhl Bg2 or ... hl=Q
65.b8=Q 1/2-1/2.
53 .. .f4 54.gf4 h4 55.Nd4 etc. Or
54 ... 55.Kd2 h4 56.Nc7 57 .Ne6!
followed 58.Nd4 and
54.Kd2 55.Nc7 56.Ne6
is miscalculation. Obviously
Black believed that after the Bishop
sacrifice he could not lose and might
retain small winning chances. The
commentators of the toumarnent
share this opinion. However, 57 ..
gives Black an easy draw.
Now there follows an interesting finale
to this exciting endgarne.
60 ... f4 61.gf4 h4 62.Nf5 63.Kd3 h2
Instead 63 ... is indicated the
but it only leads to the
same result 64.Ng3 Kd5 65.Ne4 h2
64.Ng3 65.Ne4 KdS 66.Nf2!
decisive maneuver, which
White to go after the h-pawn.
66 ... 67 68.Kf3 69.Kg2
Kd4 70.Kh2 d2 71.Kg3 KdS 72.Kg4
Kd4 73.f5 74.Kg3 1-0.
v. Gottschall - Tarrasch
French Defense
2.d4 dS Nf6 4.Bg5 Ntd7
In the third from the last game of the
tournarnent, 1 didn 't feellike jeopardizing
the garne with an opening experirnent.
Compare this with garne No.80.
Qe7 7.Qd2 e.Nd1 f6 9.t4 cs
Nc& 11.Nf3 cd4 12.cd4 tes
Both players so far have made simple
and moves, but the following
exchange sacrifice gives Black good
13 ... Rf3 14.gf3 Qh4 15.Qf2
The tournament book recommends
15.Nf2 instead, with the game continuing
as follows 15 ... Nd4 16.0-0-0 17.Qe3
Nde5 18.Nd3 19.Bd3 Qg5 20.Qg5
Ng5 2l.Rhgl and this will also give
an advantage. Black could strengthen his
play 17 ... d4 18.Qe2 19.Qd3 Qf4
or 19.Rd3 Qf4
15 ... Nd4 16.f4?
White is sacrificing the exchange in
order to keep Black from having two
connected passed pawns in the center. The
tournament book correctly prefers
16.Qh4 17.Kf2 Nh4 18.Rcl.
16 ... Nc2 17.Kd2 Qf2 18.Nf2 Na1
And not 19 ... which would give
White time to play his Rook to 1 and thus
restrict the development of the Black
20.Ra1 Bd7 21.Rc1 Rc8
White is pawn down and with quick
continuation should lose the garne. For
this reason he attempts to make life hard
for his opponent with most interesting
sacrificial combination.
Most ingenious!
23 ... Rc1 24.Bd7 Rf1!
saves pieces,
would answered 25 ... Ral!
Ra2, winning the piece back. Oddly the
same comblnation is repeated the
Kingside few moves later (Move 28.)
25.Nd3 Nb6 Kf8
White's chances now are relatively
than the exchange sacrifice.
28.Bg8 Rh1
Black indirectly defends the h7 pawn,
which henceforth will play decisive role.
Rh2 Nd7 31.Bd5

prevent 34.f5 and prepare the
following Rook rnaneuver.

34 ... Re2! 35.Bf3 36.Bg2

Black has ternpo to advance the
h-pawn and has thus delayed the attack of
the rnove.
37 ... h5 38.Kd4 h4
lt is only this pawn offer that gives any
winning chance.
is fmely calculated White wants to
deprive the Black of the
d7-square, as the after 41.Na7
Rg142.Kc5, would go to d7.
41 ... Nc8
Should Black play 41 ... Rgl, there
follows 42.Na7 h2 Na4
and the Black is cornpletely
rnisplaced and the b-pawn would rnake its
decisive rnarch onward.
This rnove could alrnost called
irnrnoral. lt involves false pretense for
the purpose of rnaterial
Black could capture the
with irnpunity, and should do so,
and would sirnply re-sacrificing the
Knight 43 ... Ra3, have the garne.
More cornplex, but is the
following 43 ... Nb5 of
course the cannot go to
of with the sequel,
Rb5 47 h2
hl=Q 49.b8=Q or
Ne4 Nc5 or
1 have to adrnit that 1 was
sornewhat scared the artistic rnanner
rny at ftrst waited until
the was protected
captured it.
42 ... Nd6 43.Bd5 Rg1
44 ... Rdl, 45 ... Rd5, and
46 ... h2.
Black plays 45 ... Rdl!
Now it is Black who is trying to trickhis
losing rnove, because of 46 ... Rdl. In fact
however, this would have quite strangely
led to draw, i.e. 47 Rd5 Rd8
49.Nc6!! hl=Q 50.Nd8 Qcl 5l.Nc6 and
cannot win. faulty idea in this
variation would the obvious 49.Nc8,
Black would trade pieces
49 ... hl=Q 50.b8=Q Qcl and 51.Qc8 and
go to win with ... etc.
46.Kf6 Ne4 Re4 Rf4 Q-1.
Harmonist - Tarrasch
FrenL:h Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nfd7 Qe7 7.Qd2 s.Nd1
f69.f4c510.c3 Nc611.Nf3cd412.cd4
fe5 13.fe5 14.gf3 Qh4 15.Qf2 Nd4
16.Ne3 Nde5 18.Qh4 Nh4
19.Rc1 20.Bh3 Kf7
Black is rnobllizing his King to support
the still cannot develop his
Bishop of Nd5. really has
difficult garne in spite of his
rnaterial plus, he is in

21.Rhg1 Ng6 22.Bg4 23.Rcf1
So he play Bh5.
... d4 24.Nc4 Rc8 26.h4
Leading to an exchange sacrifice, as
otherwise Black's position will improve
with every move.
26 ... 27.h5 Nf4 28.Rf4 Ef4 29.Rg7
At this point Black is two pawns ahead
but he has more difficult position than
reason is that his primary
asset, the passed pawns, are isolated and
the others are threatened the Rook.
Black's best plan is to stop paying
attention to the threatened pawns, and
somehow reconnect the passers ... Ne5.
For this purpose Black must first drive the
away. Clearing the c-file for the
Rook and then the coordinated
and passed pawns would
rnobllized for decisive attack. may
even lead to mate, e.g. 29 ... 30.Nd2 Ne5
3I.Rh7 d3 f3 33.Ne4 (Or
Rcl 34.Kf2 Rc2 Rd2 f2)
33 ... Rc2 34.Rh8 Ng4 35.Ng5 36.Nf3
37.Kel Re2#. continuation, as
played Black, gave White quite few
drawing chances.
29 ... Re8
Of course not 30.Rh7 because of
30 ... Kd5
... Nes Res
On 34.Rh7, the f-pawn advance is
decisive, 34 ... f3 35.Rh8 36.Rc8 f2
37 .Rc 1 Re 1. And on 34.Rd4, Black plays
34 ... and with the suppon, he
will promote the f -pawn- for which White
will have to give up his Rook, as the White
King is cut off from the f-file.
34 ... f3 35.Rg1 Kd5
Other rnoves are equally useless.
36 ... Re3 37.Kd2 f2 38.Rf1 Q-1.
VII. Nuremberg, 1887-1888
I member of the chess club and for provincial city it had very
active chess life. Every aftemoon there were many games going and after my medical
activities in the morning I had much time for chess, especially in the
was shortage of opponents, especially the two leading chess players,
George Irion, and the composer known world wide, Kurschner.
were opponents. there was Wilhelm Hahn who was very tough
player, especially in his defense of positions. With this gentleman I played,
in addition to casual games which were quite serious, several matches in which I gave
him the odds of several games. Of the many games that I played at that time, I only have
the score of the following.
V/1. NUREMBERG, 1887-1888 95
Tarrasch- G. Irion and
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.Q-O Ne4
5.d4 6.d5 Nd6 8.Nd2
best way to make the pawn count.
White could now eschew regaining the
pawn and playing 9.Nde4, he would
nice attack. Here though, White
did not want to test the uncharted gamblt
and thus avoided this variation, that
which gives the defender new
9.fe3 Ne5 10.Qh5 Ng6 11.Bd3 0-0
Ne813.e5! d614.ed6 Nd6
On 14 ... Bd6, 15.Nde4 would give
White an advantage.
15.Nf3 Bd7
Black's position is very cramped. In
addition, the advanced pawn exerts strong
16.Bg5 f6
On 16 ... Bg5, White wins pawn with
17.Ng5 18.Nf7. The text weakens the
and squares, but neither will other
moves give quite satisfactory
17.Bd2 f5 18.Nd4 Qc8 19.Nce2! Ne5
20.Nf4 21.Nfe6 Rf7
It would better to capture the
Knight. Now White plays decisive
22.Nf5! Nf5 23.Bf5 g6 24.Bg6 Rf1
25.Rf1 Ng6 (see next diagram) 26.Rf7!
BCS 27.Kh1 Kf7
Now White announces mate in eight
28.Qh7 29.Qg6 Kd6
31.Bf4 32.Qg7
faster way to mate is 32.d6!
32 ... and mate in two. 1-0.
Tarrasch - G. Irion
Queen pawn opening
1.Nf3 d5 2.d4 Nf6 4.Bd3
Nc6 7 Bd6 8.cd5 ed5
9.dc5 Q-0
Black overlooks the threat, loses pawn
and remains with an position.
12.Nd5 13.Nf6 gf6 14.Qd6
15.Qg3 Kh816.Bb21-Q.
16 ... Ne5 there follows 17.Ne5 fe5
18.Qe5 19.Qe6.
Dr. Schwarz - Tarrasch
What happens if-

5.Rd8 Nd8 6.Qa1 Q-1.
Tarrasch - Kurschner
Freru:h Defer/$e
2.d4 d5 4.ed5 ed5
5.Bd3 Nf6 6.Nf3 Nc6 7.0.0 8.Bg5
9.Qd2 10.Rae1 11.Ne5
Recapturing with the Queen is defmitely

12 ... c613.f4 Bf514.Nf2
Preparing 15.g4.
14 ... h6 15.Bh4 Qd7
does not prevent White's intended
16.g4! Ne4
Of course not 16 ... Bg4, because of
17.Re7 plus 18.Ng4.
17.Nce4 Qe7 19.f5 Rae8
Black's game is not good anymore and
White's next move the Black King
position quite cramped.
20.f6! Qd7 21.Ne4 de4
Better is to capture with the Rook and
after the Rook trade, the other Rook could
used to protect the weak pawn.
22.Rf4 ad5 23.Rf5 Qd7
23 ... Qa2, White will play or
else 24.Rg5 25.Rh5.
24.Re3 Re6 25.Rh3 Rfe8 26.Qe3
27.d5 Re5 28.fg7
Compare this with game 49, White keeps
this capture in reserve, until it has
decisive effect.
28 ... Qd5
The game would have somewhat
prolonged 28 ... Rd5 29.Rh6! Rdl
30.Kf2 Qd2 3l.Qd2 Rd2 Kg7
with decisive endgame
advantage. The longer the game the more
chances to go wrong.
29.Qh6 Qd1 Qg4 31.Kh1 f5
32.Qh71-Q. .
Tarrasch - Kurschner
2.d4 d5 Nf6 4.ed5 ed5
6.Nf3 h6
Unnecessary and not good.
7.Bf4 8.Qd2 Nbd7
10.Ne2 Ne411.Qe3
Vli.NUREMBERG, 1887-1888 97
After the pawn gets lost.
11 ... Qa512.Kb1 GAME 95
Black was to make few attacking
moves, but over estimates his
Better was 12 ... 0-0-0 or
12 ... g5.
Now White to capture the Ne4.
Black should simply retreat.
... Ndf6 14.Ne5 Qb6
After this move, White
15.13 Nd6
Pretty and decisive!
16 ... Kf717.Rhe1 Nde4
There is
18.fe4 19.ed5 Nd5 20.Qe4 Nf4
21.Qf4 Bf6
21 ... Kg8, White plays 22.d5.
Rae8 23.d5 Bd7 24.d6
This 25.Bd5.
24 ... 25.d7 Rd8 26.Rd6 Qc7
26 ... Qa5, White proceeds with
27.Red1 and 26 ... Qb8, it is answered

27.Bd5! 1-0.
27 ... Bd5, White plays 28.Rf6
Winning the Queen.
Kurschner - Tarrasch
early opening of the game leads to
voluntary or involuntary gamblt.
2 ... fe4 Nf6 4.Bg5
advanced players, 't know why Black
cannot play the simple 4 ... d5 to protect the
gamblt pawn. answer is that White
would continue 5.Bf6 followed 6.Qh5
and 7 .Qd5 and after the trade,
he would win either the c-pawn or the
Instead of helping Black to develop his
game with this move, it is much to
play the voluntary gamblt 5.f3, as in
Lasker vs Pillsbury, Paris 1900. Black's
course of would to decline
the gamblt 5 ... Qa5 and 6 ...
5 ... ef6 6.Ne4
This move first played
Steinitz, is to the earlier 6 ... d5.
result is slight White disadvantage,
as it is difficult to protect the b-pawn.
7 .Qe2 Black will take the pawn without
as the discovered check is
harrnless, and could only damage White 's

move loosens up the
White It is much to play
the gamblt" 7 Qa5
Qa2 and though the Black
has good retreat square at f7,
White retains plus in development.
7 ... d5 8.Nc3 9.Nge2 Qa510.Qcl3
Black has fme position, and the game
plays itself.
12.Qcl2 Re813.D-D-O
Now Black threatens 14 ... Re2.

.t. t
- -

.... . -.

--. .
- -
n t' .
d - '

ft .a.."?-JdAU

Only could have the
following exchange sacrifice.
14 .. Re2 15.Ne2
move 15 ... Qa2 would have forced
mate at
Qa2 18.Kd3
19.Nc3 Qc3 Qc2 Q-1
Meiser - Tarrasch
Pawn odds game -remove Black's f7 -pawn.
d6 2.d4 Nf6 4.de5 de5
5.Bg5 6.Nf3 Nc6 7.0-0 Bg4
h6 9.Bh4?
move 5.Bg5 was good, but this
retreat provokes the following attack
9 g510.Bg3 Nh511.Kh1 Qe7
here is excellent.
12.Nc4 13.fg3 14.Qe1 h5

is to 15 ...
but 15.Ne3 is
15 ... h4
Now the attack
16.gh4 17.Rf3 g4 18.Rf5
Better is to play the Rook to fl.
18 ... Rh4
the Rook sacrifice h2.
19.Ne3 Rdh8 20.Rf1
The game is
20.Nfl there follows 20 ... Nd4 2l.Rf2
Rh2 22.Nh2 or 22 ... Rh2 and wins. qn
the text move Black announces mate m
20 .. Rh2 21.Kg1 22.Qe3

. ..... .

1+. g

22 .. 23.Qg3 Qcs 24.Qe3
25.Rf2 Rh1# Q-1.
Eckart - Tarrasch
Pawn odds game -remove Black's fl-pawn.
NC6 2.f4 ef4
Such sacrifices are appropriate
spotting material odds.
6.Nd4 Qh4 7.Kf1 dS 8.ed5 Bg4
9.Qd3 was much
9 ... 1 O.dc& Q-Q-0

. . ....
- .t
- -
. -."' . .
. .
. - .

dw ..

Vll. NUREMBERG, 1887-1888 99

... Rd4 14.Qb5 15.Qb7 Kd6

White's game is lost.

Now Black mates in three moves.
16 ... Qf2! 17.Kf2 Rd118.Be3
Kurschner - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nc6 g6
move that is known to inferior.
4.d4 ed4 5.Nd4 Bg7 Nf6 7.Qd2!
s.o-o-o1 Re& 9.f3! d6 1o.Nc6
So far White has played excellently. With
this move however, his opponent gets
anacking chances via the open
10 ... Qe7 12.Rhe1
Nd7 14.Bg5 Qf8! 15.h4 h6
Bishop should go straight to
16 ... NCS 17.g4
Better is
18 ...
threatens 19 ... Rb3.
Ne6 cs 21.Ne2
22.Rh1 CSI 23.14
On 23.Qd6, Black plays 23 ... Nd4,
winning the exchange.
23 ... Qe7 24.Ng3 Qb7
Better here is 24 ... followed
25 ...
2S.Kb1! Nd4 26.Bd4 cd4
Better is would answered
28 ... Qa6 29.Qd3 Rfc8
3I.Rc2 and 32 ... with decisive
28 ... 29.Qd3
On 29.Qb2, the Queen gets lost.
29 ... Bf4 Qa6
Kurschner - Tarrasch
Sicilian Defense
CS 2.d4 cd4 Nc6 4.Nd4 Nf6
Before this move Black should play
5 ... d6, now White can play
Bg7 s.o-o d6
Bener is 8 ... d5 9.ed5
improves Black's position.
9 ... Qc711.h3
In order to follow up with 12.Qd2 and
13.Bh6, which if played at once wi1l
countered ll ... Bg4.
11 ... Rb812.Rb1 h6!
This is one up on the opponent
frustrating his plans.
13.Qd2 Kh7 14.Rfd1 Nd715.8e2 15
is another improvement of Black's
16.ef5 RfS 17.Bg4 Rf8 18.Ne4 d5
. . .


Black now has
game and threatens 20 ... d4.
Nb6 cs 22.Qc2

An error, which costs pawn, but it is
hard to find an adequate continuation, and
in those situations, mistakes are often
... 24.Rb4 d4 25.Bd2 Rbc8
26.Bd3 Qt7 27.Ne4 Nd5 28.Ra4
28.Rb3, there follows 28 ... Nc3, and
28.Rc4, there follows 28 ... Ne3.
28 ... dc3
pawn must not recaptured, since
is answered 29.Nc3
with the win of piece.
29 ... Rfd8 Nf4 31.Bf4 ef4
Other moves will also lose.
32 ... Rd3
If the Queen recaptures, Black plays
33 ... Bf5 and then 34 ... gh5.
33 ... gh5
The discovery is harmless.
34.Rc3 Bf5 35.Rc8
White's chance.
35 ... 36.Rc2 Qg6 37.Rc7 38.g4
Qf1 40.Kg3 Qg2 41.Kh4
And not 41.I{f4, of 41 ... Qh2.
41 ... Qf2 42.Kh5 Q-1.
GAME 100
Kurschner - Tarrasch
Queen's Gamhit
1.d4 d5
Long ago 1 instinctively saw this move
as the antidote to the Queen's Gamblt, and
more recently it has accepted as
the most precise defense.
Nf6 5.Nf3 Nc6
1 consider this position part of the
normal-precise Queen's Gamblt.
resulting isolated d-pawn, in my opinion,
gives Black positional advantage.
eds 7.dcs s.o-o
Black has nice free game, while White
is moping his locked in Queen
Bishop, and his development is not good
at all. As 1 have often said, this type of
position lends itself to making mistakes as
we will now witness.
10.Nd4 Bd4 11.ed4 12.g4
13.g5 Ne4 14.f3 Nd6 Nf5
16.Bf2 Qb2 17.Na4 18.Re1 Qd6
Queen threatened to go to f4.
19 ... f6 20.Nc5 fg5 21.Nb7 Qf4 22.Red1
Rac8 23.Nc5 Qd2 24.Rd2
24 ... Ncd4 25.Ne6 Ne6 26.Rd5 Nf4
White has quite ingeniously attempted to
mitigate Black's advantage, with the
skirmish of the last fJ.fteen moves is quite
interesting. Now however, Black's
are excellently posted.
Slightly is rJ .Rd2, although then
27 ... Rfe8 would good for Black.
27 ... Rc2 28.Bf1 Nh4 29.Bh4 gh4
Not 30 ... Ra2, of 3l.Bc4.
31.R5e4 g5 Kg7 Kg6
Rg2 35.Kh1 36.Rd1 Rc8
Of course not 37 ... 38.Bf7 would
Vll. NUREMBERG, 1887-1888 101
White his opponent's attack.
should play the defensive 38.Rel or
now follows an original
... Rc1 39.Bd1
- -


- ' ' ...
--. -

On 39.Rdl, Black plays 39 ... Nd3, with
an mate 40 ... Nf2.
39 ... Ne2! 40.Ra5 Kf4 41.Rf6
42.Re5 Kf2 43.Re2 Kf1 Q-1.
Mate 44 ... Rgl or 44.Rg2 hg2 cannot
GAME 101
Tarrasch W. Hahn
Sicilian Defense
This is played frequently but it is an
unnecessary weakening of the Queenside.
4.d4 Cd4 5.Nd4 Nc6 d6
The customary move is 6 ... Nf6, later
followed ... d5.
This is not trade.
This weakens the d5-square and allows
the to backward.
Threatening ll.Bb6.
10 ... Bd5 11.Qd5 Qc7 12.00 Nf6
15.f4 ef4
This is in order to later play ... Ne5.
16.Bf4 Nd7
16 ... Qb6 17.Khl Qb2, would lose the
Queen after but Black now has
the 17 ... as the Queen can retreat to

17.Kh1 Ne5 18.Qg3 f6
Of course 18 ... Nc4 is bad of
19.Rc1. text move though weakens
and instead of which 18 ... Bf6 should
played. makes it to
deploy the White Bishop later.
dc5 21.Bh6 Rf7 and

19 ... Kh8 20.Bg4 g5
Further weakening the Kingside. Should
Black capture the Bishop on g4 the other
Bishop will directly attack
Rf7 Rg7 23.Bd4
Bishop now tries to attack from the
other side. No matter how many
weaknesses in the Black position, it is
very hard to demolish the same.
primary contributing factor is the
excellently posted on
... 24.Rc3 25.Rf5 Bd8 26.Bd5
The move 26 ... Qe7 would have
prevented the following combination.
28.Rc5 dc5
Even now 28 ... Qe7 is
fe5 Kg7 31.Rg8 Kf6
32.Qf3 33.Qf7 Kd6 34.Rg6 hg6
35.Qe6# 10.
GAME 102
Kurschner - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nf6 4.Q-O Ne4
At this move leads to draw, much
is 5.d4.
5 . Nd66.Ne5 Ne5 7.Re5 Be78.Bf1 Q-0
So far the moves are the same as in the
second matcb game, Steinitz-Zukertort.
is the only way to achieve normal
development. Zukertort played the much
weaker 9 ... Bf6 followed IO ... Re8.
10.Qe1 Bd611.Re2
Instead of this White should try for
normal development way of 12.d4
(Better than 13.Bg5 Qg5 14.Re8
d5) 13 ... d5 14.Qd2 etc. White already has
somewhat difficult game of the
unnatural positions of the Qel, Re2, and
12 d514.d4
White still has to play the d-pawn to
make room for his Queen.
14 Qd6 15.g3 Bg4 16.Re3 Nf6
Black has minirnal advantage
his Bishops have more mobllity.
pawn structures are almost identical and
this makes draw quite likely. text
move of all intends to prevent
and and also threatens 18 ...
followed 19 ... Ne4.
18.Bg2 h5
weakens the g3 point too much. The
following maneuver of the Bishop and
when one piece makes room for
the other,is original.
19 ... Bf5 20.Rae1 Ng4 21.R3e2
Intending to play 22 ... Bg4 and 23 ... Nf5.
22.Bf3 23.Qg5
attacking move is soon refuted.
23 ... Nf5 24.Nd1
allows the to protect d4.
24 ... Bd8 25.Qd2
the weakening of the g3-square
came home to roost. sacrifice
gives Black three pawns plus an active
26.fg3 27.Bg2 Bh4 28.Nf2
defensive resource is
Now Black prevents this move. .
28 . Bf6 h4 31.Qe3
Bh5! 32.Nh1 Qg6 33.Rf2 (see next
diagram) ...
is one of the rare cases where the
exchange of two Rooks for the Queen is
In this position this exchange
is good for Black the White
Queen is more useful defender than the
Black Rooks are to participate in the
Vll. NUREMBERG, 1887-1888 103
attack. After the forced exchange
(Otherwise 34 ... Rel followed 35 ... h3)
White 's pieces become completely
34.Qe8 Re8 35.Re8 Kh7 36.Kh2
White threatened to win with 36.Bh3.
36 ... Bg4 37.Bf4
37.Bh3 follows 37 ... Bh3 Qgl.
37 ... 38.Bd2 39.Bh3 40.Kh3

pawn, now immune of
4l ... Qd3, willlater decide the game.
No salvation. threat is 42 ... Bd4.
42 ... Bg5 43.Ng3 44.Kg4 Bf4
45.Bf4 Qf4 Q-1.
1.Bg5 BdS 2.Nf6
Black announced mate in four.
... 4.Kg1 Ne2 S.Kf1 Nc1
GAME 104
Tarrasch - Eckart and
Consultation game
French Defense
2.d4 dS 4.Bg5 Ng&
Retreating the Bishop to looks more
... 7 .Qg4 8.h4 hS 9.Qg3 Nd71
10.Bd3 Ndf8
Black's Kingside is now well defended
11.Nf3 Qe712.Nd2!
only way for Black to force
bls game is 12 ... wblch for the
moment is of
The following White maneuver is
designed to prevent ...
12 ... Bd7 Q-0-0 14.f4
In order to play .. .f5.
lf 1515 ef5 16.Nd5, it would help Black
to free bls game.
15 ... f5
move and the next one are made to
make room for the Queen, wblch will
attack the Black King position. Such
far-sighted preparatory moves impress
chess experts much more than elegant
final combinations. elements of the
game are also the only ones understood
weaker players and therefore appreciated
16 ... Nh8
Black has had to make of
moves to alleviate the pressure
17.Nb1 18.Qc3 Nd7 19.Qa5
20.Rd3 21.Qa6
In order to drive the Queen away
22 ... but the next move prevents this.
22.Nc5! NCS
On 22 ... White of course plays
23.dc5 24.Ra3
Necessary to stop the c5-pawn and to
regain it later.
25 ... 26.Nc3 Rg&?
Amistake, but even 26 ... Qb7 would give
White edge after the Queen
ttade and Na4.
On 27 ... Rg2, White Plays
followed 29.Qc6.
28.Qb7 Rb7 29.Na4 Rb4 Bf7
On 30 ... Rc4? there is 31.Nb6.
31.Bg6 32.g3
GAME 105
Richter - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 4.D-O Ne4
move was played several times at
the Breslau tournament of 1889.
However, the Knight retreat to f6 is
considered more correct.
7.Qe5 Qe7
move and the subsequent ones seem
to justify the retteat to d6.
8.Re1 Qe5 9.Re5 1 11.Re1
With the Bishop pair, Black has slight
advantage. It is instructive to see how
minute advantage is enlarged and fmally
becomes decisive.
12.Bf4 g513.Bd2
square is not good one for the
Bishop. After Black's pawn
structure would rounded out
13 ... cxd6
12 ... Bg4 14.Nd4 15.Ne2 Nb5
Rad817.Nd2 Nd418.Bd4 cd4
prevent 19 ... Black's position
has improved with every move. With the
next move Black tries to keep the White
Knight from going to any
19 ... 20.Ng3 h5 21.f3 Bd7 22.Re2
Guarding the Bishop with the Rook
would sooner or later lead to the ttade of
Rooks and thus result in drawn position.
Since Black has the Bishop pair, he can
afford to leave sole possession of the open
file to the opponent, although normally
this would considered major
positional plus.
24.Nge4 Rg8
drive the offby 25 .. .f5.
Rc8 26.Ned2
Black wants to play ... f5 without
allowing the White Rook to to
is later proven not to dangerous.
27.Ne4 Bf8 28.Ned2 f5 29.Re5 Bd&

And not 30.Rd5, after ...
the White Rook would in jeopardy.
... Ras
Vll. NUREMBERG, 1887-1888 105
An attempt, advancing the last pawn,
to immobllize the even more.

Black cannot play 31 ... for then
White suddenly obtains good game
33.Nd6. The penetration of
l{night must carefully avoided.
White hasn 't known for long time what
to do. It is to find plan that
would make sense.
... 34.Kg1
purpose of this maneuver is to seal
off the e-file, after which Black has two
possibllities. One is to play the to the
Queenside and use it to support the
advance of the a-pawn or the other
possibllity is to play the Bishop, since it is
not needed any longer to keep an on
play it after ... Rc8 and ... via to
and then to proceed to push forward
with ...
move Black to accelerate
the a-pawn advance.
35 ... Ra8 36.Rfe2
If White plays 36.Na5 instead, there
follows 36 ... 37 Bf4 38.Nfl Rc8
and 39 ... and the is in danger, also
is the immediate 37 ...
... 37 .Nb1 38.N3d2
maneuvers of the last twenty(!)
moves fmally Black to cramp his
opponent to where he can hardly move.
The decisive breakthrough on the
Queenside with four pawns against four,
is worthy of notice.
38 ...
Should White take this pawn, Black will
after 39 ... attack on the
39.Nf1 Rc8 40.Kh1
42.Ne3 43.Nc4
is no saving grace. On
there follows 43 ... and the forward
push of the a-pawn is decisive.
43 ... 44.dc4 Rc4 45.Re3
46.Nc3 Q-1.
In this game nothing of note happens for
the ftrst thirty-seven moves and to many
it would appear quite uninteresting, but 1
consider it one of efforts. The true
cognisents will share this opinion!
GAME 106
Regensbur2er - Tarrasch
Remove BTack's P-pawn
2.d4 3.Nc3 Nc6 4.Bg5
5.Qd2 dS
Ng4 Qe710.h3 11.Bd3
is loss of tempo.
11 ... Nb4 12. 1 3.Nb5
This is much than taking the
a-pawn, which would lose lot of time.
Nc6 Nf5 1 Rac8
17.g4 18.Rdf1
pawn attack on the Queenside is
frequent and is also effective
and even if the King is not castled on this
side, it is very destructive.
19.Ng5 20.h4 Nf7
From time to time Black has to make
defensive move. White 's threat was
2l.Qc2, after which Black has to weaken
his Kingside 21 ... and allow White 's
attack to continue with 22.h5.
21.Nf7 Rf7 22.g5 23.h5 Rff8!
answer 24.g6 24 ... h6.
Better was to play 24.Bdl, which would
restrain the Black a-pawn.
24 ... 25. f4
there follows 26 ...
the c-pawn with the decisive
opening of attacking lines. actually
is the point of the pawn attack.
26.f5 28.Qc3 Qg5!
29.Rhg1 ef5!
... Rf5
Queen sacrifice is now necessary
but was carefully calculated in advance, it
decides the game. The three remaining
Black pieces start an attack.
31.Rg5 Rf1
On Black plays ... or
33 ... Rf7, threatening mate.
... 34.Kd2 Rf2
On follows 35 ... Rbf8 36.Rg3
Nc2 or 35.Kdl follows 35 ... Nd3.
35 ... Ra2
35 ... Nd3 is bad of of
36.Rg3 Nc2 37.Kf1
If the goes to the second rank.,
Black wins the Queen with 37 ...
and should the King go to dl
then 37 ... drives the King to the
second rank.
37 ... Rb1 38.Kg2 39.Kf3
mate 39 ... Rhl.
39 ... Rb3 40.Qe3 Q-1.
Nuremberg Tournament, 1888
national master toumament, which was organized the chess club
the occasion of the second congress of the Bavarian chess federation, was fairly weak
in spite of the relatively generous prize fund. The participants were von Gottschall,
Hannonist, Metger, Paulsen, and myself. The committee decided since that
there were small of players it would douhle round robin toumament, and
that gave it more importance. At my suggestion we extended the time frame to 18 moves
per hour. At the of the tournament my play was determined and safe, but after
winning couple of games, I overconfident and played in very challenging
capricious manner. For instance in game against Harmonist on the Black side of
French defense, I played ... only in order to avoid draw. 1 succeeded in not drawing
..... I lost as result. In my second game with von Gottschall, I didn 't play seriously
enough and deservedly I lost that game. Thus it came ahout that when 1 started the
I was given the chance of winning first place, and this first place
ultimately came down to my last game against Paulsen. I built up solid position and
in spite of the tough resistance of the old master I won and scored 6 points to win the
tournament. Second and third place were shared von Gottschall and Mieses, 5.5 each,
and the last prizes went to Harmonist and Paulsen with five points each.
GAME 107
Dr. v. Gottschall, Harmonist,
J. Metger, J. Mieses, L. Paulsen
Four Knighls Game
eS 2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.d4
One of my favorite openings, and we
picked this game to test its value. It
showed that it gives Black faster
development, and slightly better
prospect for the middlegame and winning
chances in the endgame. The conclusion:
The opening is for White.
4 ...
This old move, already played
Morphy vs Paulsen, is stronger yet than
the pawn capture, which would
Black to shift to the Scotch Game.
In the mentioned game, Paulsen
played and lost pawn after 5 ... Ne4
6.Qd3 d5 7.Ne5 0-0! 8.0-0 Ne5 9.de5
ll.Ba4 Qa5 followed
12 ... Qc3. Morphy could have done
yet ll ... b5 which
completely immobllizes the and
loses the Exchange for White
13 ... and 14 ... Nc5. And the way,
Morphy could have won pawn with
good game on move 5 ... ed4 6.Nd4 Ne4.
5 ... Ne76.Ne5
On 6.Bd3, which is recommended
Lange, Black would later on - with
appropriate preparation- break the White
center open with ...
6 ... d6!
Absolutely necessary, before Black
takes the e-pawn. Compare to games
seventy and seventy-one.
On 7 Black plays 7 ... and castles
after 8.dc6. will regain pawns and
will end up with superior position, e.g.
7 8.dc6 0-0 9 Ne4
ll.Bd2 Nd2 12.Qd2 Qa5
anywhere Nd5 and wins or Ne4 and
also regains the other pawn with
7 . Ne4 8.Qd4 Nf6
White has nothing make an
attempt at sacrificing pawn for the attack
10.Bg5, leads to nothing after
10 ... Ned5 ll.Bc4 Black now has
game, in view of the
menacing position of his the
soon to taken file and the inferior
White pawn structure.
10 . 0.0
White defends very carefully,
would much less of
ll ... Nf5 12.Bf5 Bf5 Re8
11 . Re8
fme move, which keeps White from
castling now as 12.0-0 would lose pawn
12 ... Nd5.
The move, preparatory to castling.
On 12.Bg5 there follows 12 ... Nf5 13.Bf6
Nd4 14.Bd8 Rd8, and White
has very bad endgame. is also
another path White could have chosen and
giving up two pawns get an attack, i.e ..
12.0-0 Ned5 13.cd5 Re2 Rc2!
15.Qd3 Rb2 16.Bd4 Ra4
18.Rel Bd7 (Not 18 ... Nd5, because
19.Qb5) 19.Ng5 g6 However
Black would frustrate the threats on the
Bishop diagonal 20 ... Ng4! e.g. 2l.Qc3
Ne5 or 21.Nf3 f6 and 22 ... Ne5.
12 Ne413.Bb2
13.Bd2 would prevent the penettation of
the to f4 but then White 's position
would very cramped.
V/11. NUREMBERG 1888 109
... Ng614.D-O Nf4 15.Re1
move, White to retteat
his Bishop to f1 if necessary.
15 ... Bg4
Black pieces look very menacing
and one would not that White
could escape defeat. lndeed the White
side should have lost the game which was
consequence of their chosen opening
16.Qd4 Qf6
Black has nothing better, since on
16 ... f6, 17 .Bd1 would turn the and
give White an edge.
White, from his vantage point has
nothing than to trade, as otherwise
17 ... Qg6 would increase the
17 ... Nf6
Instead of the natural recapture, better is
to trade on depriving White of the
weak pawn 's best defender. Try the
following variation, 17 ... Ne2 18.Re2
Re8 20.Bf6 21.gf6 (If the
B1shop moves for instance to there
follows 21 ... 22.Rel and 23 ...
21 ... gf3 22.Kfl Kg7 23.Rel Rel 24.Kel
25.Kfl Kg5 26.Kg2 Now White
will run out of pawn moves after which
Black wins the and the game. On
24.Rb3 Kg6 25.Re3 Re5 26.f4
27 .fe Here Black
will sooner or later break through the
White pawns with ... e.g.
and wins. We would go too far afield
giving further variations, but no matter
what, Black of his excellently
posted King and Rook, has the best
winning chances.
After this Black has no more winning
chances. After 18.Bdl, Black wouldkeep
the advantage after the ttade of Bishop
and Rook, as he could occupy the open
file again. White would have new
opportunity to ttade his which could
not used for the defense of his
Queenside pawns.
18 ... Nh3
Neither does 18 ... lead to
19.gh3 20.Bf6 gf6 21.Re3
22.fe3 1/21/2 agreed.
GAME 108
Tarrasch - Metger
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.0.0 Ne4
5.d4 6.d5 Nd6 7.Nc3 8.Nd2
Ne5 1 O.d6 cd6 11.Ne4 D-0

Black's game is completely paralyzed
of the d-pawn advance.
Black decides to give up pawn to
somewhat improve his game.
12 ... f513.Qd5 Nf7
Better is 13 .. .1{h8. After 14.Qe5 fe4
15.Ne4, his position is than after the
continuation he chose.
14.Nf5 d615.Ne3
Any trade would ease the Black position.
move, in conjunction with the
following maneuver, maintains the
attack. On 15.Ng3, Black plays 15 ... Qc7
attacking the c-pawn, followed
... Bd7-c6. Now the defends the
c-pawn and ... Qc7 is bad of
16.Bd2 Bd7 18.Qd4 Ne5
1914 20.Qe4 with 21.Nd5 and wins.
15 ... Rb8 16.Bd2
18.Qd4 Ne5 19.f4
colossal mistak:e, on which Black, in
one fell swoop obtains good game.
White completely overlooked Black's
next move, which secures his game.
White takes the Bishop instead, Black's
game becomes hopeless. Posting the
on d5 or f5, in conjunction with
the occupation of the open file the
Rook, should decide the game soon.
20 ... d5
Absolutely necessary to prevent
21 ...
21 ... Rc8 22.Rf8 Bf8
securely defended, but this was not
necessary since on White 's e-pawn push
the destructive ... would
23.Rf1 Rc6
23 ... was the right move.
White secures his King position
anticipating the battering storm.
Interesting but faulty was the continuation
with the idea of destroying
Black's center with e.g.
26.cd5 Rg2! and wins with
27 ... or 27 ... Rg4 wins the Queen. On
the other hand 24.Bd2 is than the
Rook move. What might follow is
24 ... Rg6 Qg5 26.cd5 Bg2 Zl.Rf5
and wins or 26 ... Qg2 27 .Ng2 Rg2 28.Khl
Rg4 29.Qe4 with winning game.
24 ... h5
On 24 ... Rh6, White defends with 25.Bd2
Qh4 26.Nfl (Now if 26.g3 comes
26 ... Qg3!) lnstead of the very slow attack
with the h-pawn, Black was still to
improvehis game Bf8-e7-h4-g5. As of
now White soon develops decisive

Black has nothing than the pawn
sacrifice, since under no circumstances
must he permit the very strong
26.Qa7 Rc7 27.Qd4 h4 28.Rd2 Rd7
misjudgment, the King should
recapture, so then the Bishop could go to
g5 as soon as and then capture
the This is an endgame with
opposite colored Bishops. Black has good
drawing chances. White cannot avoid this
maneuver, since the cannot budge
of ... Rc4, with ... d4, and ...
When Black recaptured on f8 with the
Bishop, he intended to keep the g7-point
Vl/1. NUREMBERG 1888 111
is theoretical experiment. Steinitz
recommends that in this type of position
one must not keep the opponent 's pawn
from adv ancing, because h3 would
weaken g3; just let the opponent to
and then move the g-pawn. 1 wondered
the of this opinion in
this game. The course which this game
takes and some other experiences, make
hesitate to subscribe to Steinitz
opinion. True the advanced pawn will
weak in the endgame, but before the
endgame the Gods inserted the
middlegame, and there the pawn is
constant threat to the defender; tactically
it suppons mating attack.
is here especially true in this instance,
where the attacker has the right colored
Bishop, and whose diagonal is completely
freed moving the g-pawn.
29 ... h3 Qg5
The Queen already threatens to to
f3 after ... QhS.
31.Rf2 Rt7 32.Rf7 Kf7 33.Nd5 Qg4
34.Qf2 Kg8 35.Ne3 Qe6
Better is 35 ... Qd7 in order to continue
the attack with 36 ... and 37 ... Qb7 or
37 ... Qc6. Against this attack White has an
adequate but difficult defense, namely
Qe2 and then Nfl or Ng4 in order to keep
the h-pawn defended and ... Qhl would
not overly dangerous. But all this could
have avoided the simple 29 .h3!.
36.Qe2 38.Qg4
More forcing than after which
Black can still play his Queen to lf
now 38 ... Qc6, White forces the exchange
ofQueens as follows 39.
38 ... Qg4 39.Ng4 40.Ne3
41.Nc4 Kf7 42.Bd4 43.Ne3 Bg5
44.Kf2 g6 46.Kd3 Bh6

In order to leave opposite colored
Bishops on the board, but White 's
material plus is too great. Ironically
Black's only chance lay in the advanced
50.Bf4 KfS
51.Bd6 gS 52.g4!
And here goes Black 's chance.
Black intended to play 52 ... g4 followed
53 ... and attacking the h-pawn.
52 Kg4 Kf5 54.84
GAME 109
v. Gottschall - Tarrasch
French Defense
2.d4 dS
Best is the pawn trade followed the
normal development Bd3, 0-0.
Black has to make choice
retreating the Bishop to d6 with loss of
tempo or to trade it for the which
is advantageous for White.
4 . Ne7 S.f4?
limits the moves out of the 1.
Better was 5 .Bd2 intending to answer
5 ... with In any case it was
to avoid pawns.
s ... cs
move gives Black the game.
Remaining true to my preference for
closed positions, 1 played the next few
moves for the purpose of resuicting
White's Queenside pieces and with the
hope of winning the weak Queenside
pawn. Later the c4-pawn mak:es White 's
position difficult since it keeps the Bfl
from occupying its square. The Black
pawn sttucture, however, so
oddly restrictive that i t is almost
to breakthrough. For this
reason, it was defmitely to play the
Bishop back to then takes the
pawn, Black can proceed with 7 ... d4
Qa5 Nd7 or 7 ...
Qa5. In both cases Black's game is
very good. In addition, since this would
have resulted in an open position and at
most would have lasted half the time
actually used.
7 Qa5 9.Qd2
Alternatively good was 9.Bd2 plus
10.1{f2 and ll.Qel.
9 ... Nd7
On 9 ... Ng6, to prevent White's next
move - White first protects the f-pawn
with 1 and at the same time he will
to protect and 12.Bd2.
fme move, White wants to prevent
Black's ... Nf5, to allow the Queen to go to

10 ... Nb611.Qe3 Na412.Bd2 Qb5
v.Gottschall calls this move
weak. Black can afford to lose at least half
dozen moves, in this closed
position rapid development is not
important, and it is to lose lot of
tempi than to make move that
weakens one's position. E.g.
.. .0-0 or ... Castling would not make
much sense, as the is secure in the
center and there is plenty of time to develop
the Rook. In addition, Black would
exposed to attack - (g4 followed
f5) - which is now as g4
would at once refuted ... h5. move
like ... would deprive the Black pieces of
the The square could
important later on for the or the
Rook. These types of moves mentioned are
deterioration of the position and
should avoided especially in closed
position. The text move has positive side
too. It causes White to castle and of
this Black has to prepared for Kingside
attack. Logically, for such an attack, White
will need more ofhis reserves after castling
Kingside (This is especially true
regarding g2-g4) than when his is in
the center. The Sudwestdeutsche
Schachzeitung was of the opinion that the
pawn can captured bringing the
other Knight into the attack. This is
as White can play his to
via f3 and gl.
Of course not 13 ... Qb2 14.0-0 Qc2
because of 15.Bd1. text move is
inviting White to open the h-file, giving
Black chance of Kingside attack.
14.Nf3 Ne7
It is important for Black to get his
to f5 which would give it dominant
position. White has only one way to
this as g4 would at once answered
... h5 with advantage.
15.Nh4 Ng6 16.Nf3 Ne7 17 .Nh4 Ng6
18.Nf3 Qa519.D-O Qd8 20.Qf2 Ne7
Trying to fmd out if White might allow
... Nf5 in spite of everything.
21.Nh4 Ng6 22.Nf3 Ne7 23.Nh4 Ng6
24.Nf3 Bd7 25.Kh1
Intending to retreat the to g 1, and
thus activate the .
25 ...
Black insists on anchoring his on
f5, but White has made this repeatedly
is now bringing in the
Queenside playing it to f5 via
to to But Black does not out
Vl/1. NUREMBERG 1888 113
this plan White 's next move
makes Black change ideas.

is course of action. White
Ieaves the defense of the a-pawn elusively
to the Bishop. However he is planning an
attack in the center.
26 ... Qe7 Na4 28.Qe3
appears necessary. White threatens
to play the to g5 and if then 29 ...
the sacrifices itself on on f7
of 30 ... Qf7, followed 31 ... 0-0-0
and 32 ... and after 30 .. .fe6, the
is regained 31.Bh5 and 32.Qg3, and on
30 ... White plays 31.f5. And if Black
does nothing on 29.Ng5, White will
continue with 30.Bh5 and he
would obtain strong attack with g4 and f5.
keep the Black out of h4 after
30.Ngl. On the immediate 29.Ngl, Black
can proceed with 29 ... Nh4 30.g4 and then
30 ... h5, sacrificing pawn but after
3l.gh5 Nf5 32.Qh3 followed
33.0-0-0, he will attain Kingside attack.
29 ... Rc8
v.Gottschall calls this weak move,
giving White chance at his
game. I do not share this view. First of all
this move is not weak. It threatens
... Further more White 's
Kingside position was never bad, thus
Black was never to prevent White's
following moves with which he wants to
start an attack. And finally the upshot of the
next few moves is that Black will
to occupy the long coveted f5 square with
his All the same Black must play
very cautiously to frustrate White 's plans.
Besides the Rook move the only other
move to considered was 29 .. .0-0-0.
30.Ng1 h5!
only move. White threatened
31.Bh5 plus 32.f5 ef5 34.Bg6
and wins, or 3l.g4 followed 32.f5
would require Black to play 30 ... h5.
31.Nh3 Qf8! 32.Bf3 Ne7
frustrates White 's attempt at an
attack, but it also him to fmally
play the to f5.
33.Bg2 Nf5
As strong as it looks, it is not the
move. occupation of f5 prevents the
perennial threat of f5, but eventually the
will traded on this square and its
will painfully noticed later on
down the line. Black should have resumed
his plan started with move twenty-nine, the
execution of which was
White's attacking maneuvers. the
right course of action was ..
it puts pressure on White's position
and it could sacrificed for the
land two pawns or yet capture the
a-pawn without sacrificing ... Nb5.
Eventually this pawn must fall as
consequence of White's 26th and 27th
moves. is no piece to defend it On
the Black does notfeel threatened
anymore, and if the f5 threat should
repeated, the simple ... would put halt
to it Although the point would weak
and White 's might fmd way to
settle there.
34.Qd2 Qe7 35.Ng5 Qd8
If Black moves the White will
play f5, followed sacrificing pawn
but breaking through in the center.
37.Bf5 gf5
not only eliminates the important
Knight, it also weakens Black's
Kingside. sure, Black is not secure
against any attack in the center, which he
intended when he permi tted the f5
exchange. White does not have the
slightest chance of any action and must
now wait for his opponent to attempt
38.Re3 Qe7 39.Qg2 Kd8
This move and the subsequent
maneuver, is weak, as it allows White to
mobllize his Rooks for the defense of
Black should try to keep the Bishop tied
on cl and the a-pawn would eventually
fall. course of action was
... pinning the Bishop and
keeping it from playing to then get the
to combined with
playing the a-pawn to It must noted
that White is absolutely powerless to
prevent the execution of this plan. It is the
c4-pawn which cramps White's game. An
advanced pawn like this - keeping
pawns from moving - exercises
strong pressure. Instead of following this
plan which leads to direct win, Black
prepares to try his luck once more on the
Kingside - is bad strategic
White immediately uses the
opportunity to bring his Rooks back to the
Queenside and thus his mistaken 26th and
27th moves are made good.
40 ...
The exchange sacrifice 40 ... Qa3 4l.Nf7
42.Nh8 would not to Black's
advantage. The White Queen would try to
penetrate the Black position via h3-h4 and
f6, threatening to win the h5 pawn and
thus get passed pawn. prevent this
Black would have to retteat his Queen or
even exchange Queens. In cases
Black at retains no advantage.
41.Ra1 42.h4
v. Gottschall - move protects
White from all attacks on the Kingside,
but at the same time he deprives himself of
any chance of effectuating an attack there
himself. In addition it must pointed out
that this prevention step is unnecessary,
on .. .h4, White can always play g4.
Mter that Black could do nothing on either
the g-file or h-file. It is White who might
then win the h4-pawn, or at the
right time f5.
42 ... Rc6
Finally Black continues his
attack on the Queenside, but now it is
for White to post his pieces there.
And although they would placed
awkwardly, they guard the attacked pawn
and Black can do nothing.
43.Ree1 Rb6 44.Kg1 45.Kh1
46.Kg1 47.Qe2 Ra5 Ra4
Na8 50.Reb1 Nc7 51.Ra2
Lining up the pieces for an attack on the
a-pawn is not an easy task.
52.Rba1 Bd7 53.Kg2
Black wants to bring the other Rook into
the attack and will use the for the
defense of the h-pawn.
54.Qe3 Kd8 55.Kf2
v. Gottschall - "White can do nothing
and has simply to wait and see whether
Black is going to fmd way to win.
position is so static that Black has ample
time to out his adventurous scheme."
55 ... 56.Kg2 Kf8 57.Kf2 Kg7
58.Kg2 Rc8 60.Nd2 Rc6
Vl/1. NUREMBERG 1888 115
There is nothing Black seems to
to do. attack the pawn four tirnes
and it is guarded four tirnes, thus he
proceeds to procrastinate again.
61 ... Rc8 62.Nd2 Kh6 63.Nf3 Nc7
64.Kf2 Nb5 65.Kg2 Rc6 66.Nd2 Rca6
67.Nb1 R4a5 68.Kf2 Nc7 69.Nd2
At last Black has found an idea that will
lead to breakthrough. plan was
apparently very daring and among the
numbering spectators, on whom the
following sacrifice had sensational
effect, there seems to have not
single one who was not convinced that
Black was going to lose. It was absolutely
to calculate this sacrifice, but
it was based on weighing the mutual
chances. Black penetrated the White
position and completely dominates the
Queenside when he has an extra two
pawns which later on will give him two
connected passers. White on the other
hand keeps cramped position and cannot
undertake much, but can only continue his
tiresome defense. White 's only
consolation is that he has an extra piece
looking in vain for good square
( except g5) and will have hard tirne
defending against two connected passed
pawns. The correctness of Black's
calculations is shown not only his
success, but the results of much
analysis the masters, which always
kept yielding win for Black. Let it
suffice to point out, that in all variations
White (With his cramped position) has
poor game against the two pawns and the
's destiny evokes note of sadness.
sure White could have avoided the
sacrifice if he had played 71.Qf3
72.Rc2 73.Ra2! However he
believed that he himself would get
winning chances.
Let it noted that up to now not single
pawn had taken, indeed very rare
occurrence at this advanced step in the
On 73.Ra2, Black wins at once with
73 ... Nc2.
73 ... Ra3 74.Ra3
Better was followed
75.Rcb2, but even then White's position
is position deserved
thorough analysis, but to give the reader
one instance - to really show the sttength
ofBlack's game is Qc7 75.Rcb2
Qa5 (If 76.Rb7 then 76 ... Rc3
followed 77 ... Rc2 and 78 ... 76 ...
(Simpler and more safe is 76 ...
followed 77 ... Ra2 or 77 ... Ral,
78 ... Qa3, etc. whereby Black takes
advantage of the open a-file while White
can hardly move.) 77 .Rb5 (Otherwise
Black protects the pawn .. and
after some preparations will push ...
77 ... Qc3 78.Qc3 79.Rlb2
80.Nfl and Black ends up with three
passed pawns since 8l.Rd2 is bad on
account 8l ... Rd2 82.Nd2 Ra2.
74 ... 75.Qe1
prevent 75 ... Qal followed the
on the first rank.
75 ... 76.Nb1
76 ... Qb3 77.Qc1 Ra2 78.Ra2 Qa2 Qe8! 95.Qf6 Kd7, Black's King is safe
79.Kf3 from further attacks.
79 ... Kg7!
Absolutely necessary. White threatens
80.Qa3 and in case Black takes the
he would to draw
perpetual check. In addition, if Black
trades Queens, he could not count on more
than draw as the will stop
pawns e.g. 79 ... 80.Qa3 8l.Na3
82.Nc2 83.Na3 and when Black
brings in the White 's will also
approach, and the pawns are permanently
stopped. When he made move 76, White
was already playing for this drawing line.

only way to make Black's victory
harder. On all other moves the advance of
the pawns will have decisive effect.
80 ... Qb1 81.Qe7
White now threatens to draw 82.Qg5
81 ... Qf1! Qe1
84.Kg2 Qd2
make the King move one square
further away from the passed pawns.
85.Kh3 Qa5 86.Qf6 Kf8 87 .Qh8
88.Qf6 89.Qh8 Kd7 90.Qf8 Qd8!
After 9l.Qf7 Qe7 92.Qh5 and the Black
passed pawns will decide and on 9l.Qd6
92.Qc6 Qd7 93.Qa8 94.Qh8
91 ... Qb8 92.Qb4 Qb7
94.Qa3 95.Qf3 96.Qh5
97.Qh8 Kd7 98.Qf8 b1:Q 99.Qf7
1 OO.Qe6 Q-1.
game was played in three sessions
and lasted 11 hours.
GAME 110
Tarrasch- J. Mieses
Sicilian Defense
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.d4 cd4
Sicilian defense causes many weak
points in Black 's position, wblch makes
adding new weaknesses completely
superfluous. At this point Black should
move the e-pawn or d-pawn, but only one
square. On 5 ... d5, White will at once have
decisive advantage after Bd7
7 .ed5 Nd4 8.Qd4 9.Nb5 Nd5?
IO.Qd5 or 6 ... Qd7 7.ed5 Nd5 8.Nd5 Qd5
9.Nc6 and wins 9 ... IO.Qd5
and on 9 ... Qb5 10.Qd8# follows.

Neither does, ... 7.Bg5 8.Bf6
9.Na3 IO.Nd5 f5, give Black good
7.Nd6 Bd6 8.Qd6 Qa5
If 8 ... Qe7 exchange) then follows
9.Qe7 and 10.Bg5, with good play for
White has advantage.
has the Bishop pair, his position shows no
weaknesses, and rapid coordination of
the White pieces is assured. Black
conversely, is back in development, the
backward Queen pawn is heavy
there is an undefended Black in the
enemy camp - not Trojan Horse - the
Queenside has three weak squares d5,
sooner or later White 's pieces will
Vl/1. NUREMBERG 1888 117
settle there. completely satisfactory
defense is no longer If
Black plays ll ... there follows 12.Bg5
and protecting the d-pawn will lead to
11 ...
move was intended to prevent
White 's Na4-b6. Now White obtains
another target for attack playing
White threatens to take on then drive
the other back and after Nd5 White
will win at least pawn.
12 ... Ng4 13.Bh4 f6
limit the effectiveness of the Bishop
and make the f7 square for
isolates the a-pawn.
15 ... 16.Na4
Black decides to limit his play to
plodding defense, the right method was
16 ... followed 17 ... and
18 ... Rd8. However Mieses prefers to start
spirited defense that leads to seemingly
very dangerous position for White.
the game becomes very lively and
17 would also answered
17 ... Rc8 and after 18.Kd2 19.Nc5
Rb8, White would to capture
the a-pawn without losing the b-pawn.
17 ... Rc8
surprise move, completely changing
the character of the game.
Of course not the immediate capture of
the Bishop as 18 ... Rc2 and 19 ... Re2,
would give Black the game.
18 ... g619.Nb7 Rc2 gh5 21.Bf6

On 2l ... Rf8, 22.Nd6 is mate. On
2l ... Rg8 follows then 22 ... Rg2 is
forbldden, as 23.Rd4 will win at least the
exchange, and so 21 ... 0-0! was It
now seems that Black, of his
Rook and Knight positions, may have
dangerous attack. Meanwhile though,
White 's Bishop is ready for attack
and defense and will to secure the
White position sufficiently and will soon
proceed to participate in the attack.
Rff2 23.Rd7 .
If Black now takes the g-pawn, White
will play his for an immediately
decisive attack, namely 24.Nd6 Rcf2
25 .Rc 1 Rd8 followed the
exchange of Rooks, and Rc8#.)
25 ... Rf8 26.Nc8! Re8 27.Ne7 28.Ng6
29.Rd6 followed
On 24 ... Nc6,there follows
25.Rc7 26.Bf6 and 27 .Rc8.
23 ... Nf7
Now the g-pawn is of
25.Rfl etc. was 24 ... Na2
of 25.Bd4.
White could have forced the Exchange
sacrifice on playing 25 .Rc7.
25 ... Nce5 26.Re7!
26 ... Rc7 at once (Threatening
and 28.Rc2) Black could move the
threatened Rook to and after 27
Ne5 28.Rd8 Black would interpose on f8.
26 ... Kf8
The threat was 27 followed
28.Rd8 and On 26 ... Ng6, White
wins after 27 .Re8, advancing the
e-pawn. With the move, Black lays
trap. 27.Re5loses nothing after 27 .. .Rc3.
Now Black is forced to sacrifice the
exchange, since after Ne5
29 .Rd8# is threatened.
27 ... Rc3 Rg2 29.Nd8!
quickly contributes to good
decision. The threat now is
keeping Black from taking the h-pawn.
Best is 29 ... but it would answered
and then 3l.Rld7.
29 ... Ng5
attacked cannot move at will
of and 32.Rd8#. Should
it return to f7, then follows Rg7
Of course is weak of
31 ...
31 ... Nd2 Ne4 1-0.
GAME 111
French - Exchange variaJion
2.d4 d5 ed5 4.Bd3 Bd6
Nf6 7 Na&
Played in the Steinitz Baroque style. At
any price I wanted to avoid the drawn
position resulting from the pawn
exchange, and felt that the open b-file and
the Bishop pair would give sufficient
compensation for the isolated
10.Re1 Qc7 11.Ne5
12.Rb1 Kh8?
bad mistake. Black 's plan was to
continue with 13 ... Ng8 and 14 .. .f6, but
noticed too late that on the first move,
13.Qh5 would follow and the second
would answered 14.Ng6. The
move loses more than tempo and leads
to deterioration of the
Black position because few moves
later the threat or Nf7 will appear.
The correct move was 12 ...
thereupon 13.Bf4 would bad because
of 13 ... cd4 14.Qd4 15.Qd2 Rf4
16.Qf4 Re8, but or even 13.Nf3
would have maintained the better.
position for Wblte.
13.Bf4! 14.Na4!
With the last two excellent moves, White
fully exploits his positional plus. Now the
threat is 15.Nc5 (15 ...
14 ... Qc8
Much was 15 ... it is
not the a-pawn, but the backward
e-pawn which is going to the cause of
his demise.
V//1. NUREMBERG 1888 119
16.Ne6 fe617.f3
Nd7 20.Qd2 Rf7 21.Re3
Nd7 23.Bd6! Qc6 24.dc5 Nc5
Qc5 26.Qd4! Qc6 27 Re8
dc4 29.Qc4
Here White overlooks the irnmediately
and pretty 29.Re6 (As he must
have too in this.)
29 ...
Neither would trading save the
Black game.
Rfe7 31.Re5! g6 32.R1e2 Kg7
36.Rc5 Qb7 37.Qe5 Kf7 38.Rdc2
White is completely free to use his
Rooks the file, while Black 's
Rooks are tied to the ofhis pawns.
... 39.R2c4 Qd2
39 ... Qa3, White the Queen
40.Ra4 41.Rc6 RdB 42.Rf4
Harmonist played the whole game
GAME 112
Tarrasch - Louis Paulsen
Sicilian Defenre
2.Nf3 Ne7
As I said earlier, I much prefer the
to this slithery sickly move.
4.d4 cd4 5.Nd4
Paulsen treats this opening in the same
way he played against Harmonist in this
with the difference that here he
played the instead of the at
This is definitely
introduces an effective and original
method of developing and
7 ... Ng6 9.Qd2 Q-0 d6

This pawn advance exploits the
weakness of the b6-square and secures an
operative base on the Queenside.
11 ... Bd7
Black should not allow the advance of
the pawn and ll ... N was indicated.
White would here take the
followed 13.Nd5 and with or
without the trade, elirninate the
which is the of the
d6-pawn. An attack would then give
White very good game and the Bishop
pair. Even so, the Black game would
remain easier than after the text move.
12.85 Qc7
In closed positions tempo is generally
not very important, but it was clear that
the Bishop in any case would go to

White attacks the d-pawn once more to
keep the from going to d8. Whether
White should have played the or f-Rook
was not clear. Six moves later it
clear that Ra 1 is needed. could have
anticipated, the other hand the
Rfl would to support the
f -pawn advance.
14 ... Na715.f4 Nc816.Bf2
And not as that square will
occupied the Queen.
16 ... Rd8
Black is very cramped. His choice of
moves is very limited. has to keep an
on on the first opportunity
the Bishop will settle there.
White's game is excellent, but he cannot
make any immediate progress. has to
wait and see how things develop and to
post his pieces correctly for all
developments. White should put more
emphasis on keeping his opponent from
making good moves, then to look for
strong moves himself. In other words
White should maintain his good position.
Much of the time this is harder, and
however simple the moves appear, so they
take more thinking than calculating
through the most difficult comblnation.
17 ... Qc718.Rd3! Bf819.Bh5
White saw that his opponent intended to
play ... Ne7 and then the Bishop to g7, and
indeed he wanted to provoke this
maneuver in order to obtain chances for
Kingside attack.
19 ... Nge7
The threatens to go to via
and after that Black would try to exert
pressure on and
stops Black's plan, because after the
a-pawn is defended twice, he can answer
20 .... Nc6 with 21.Qd2 and should the
come to White plays 22.Rd4.
20 ... 21.Bf3 Bg7 22.Qd2!
Indirectly covering the square,
intending to play 23.Na4. On 22 ... Nc6
(Interrupting the diagonal of the Bd7)
then to again occupy the square with
the or Bishop.
22 ...
Black hardly move.
moved the Rook, since it would
attacked the when it goes to
As Black can hardly move, it is equally
hard for White to undertake anything if he
wants to maintain his superior position. In
fact, no fewer than six White pieces are
tied to their posts, moving any of them
would make it easier for Black. wit, the
Ral and have to guard the a-pawn.
White has to ready to go to
if Black plays ... The Queen must not
leave d2, this is to protect and ready
in the event of Black's ... It is
to keep the Rook on d3 to
protect and finally the Bf2 has to
remain in readiness to go to Only the
is free to move, but for the moment
there is nothing it can do. Under the
circumstances White decides that the
right thing to do is Kingside
demonstration, and thus to develop some
23 ... h5?
Of course White is very happy with the
success of his demonstration, but Black
didn 't need to bare his Kingside this.
Indeed, what was the threat? Even if
White plays 24.h5 and then 25.hg6 it
will take him at least six or so moves to
mobilize the Queen and Rook for an
attack on the h-file, and even then the
threat is no worse than Qh7 as long as
there is Bishop on g7. Meanwhile
might brew for White on the

Temporizing again. freeing the
f2-square for the Queen. The move 24.g4
would premature since the White
pieces at this point are not mobllized for
Kingside attack.
24 ... Nc6
White has waiting for this move.
V/11. NUREMBERG 1888 121
Out of necessity Black has get some
space. This is fme move for the
following reason, if
Z7 Qc8, intending win the d-pawn
28.Rd6. Black regains his pawn 28 ... ef4,
as the Queen cannot recapture of
29 ... For the same reason, White will
not capture the pawn on move 29.

In this somewhat strange position White
threatens to snare the Queen 27 .N d5.
26 ... 27.Nc8 Qc8
White has finally realized his goal and
has anchored his Bishop on
28 ... Re8 29.15!
With this pawn sacrifice, White
unexpectedly starts strong attack on the
for which his pieces are very well
posted. game hitheno, positional
struggle on the Queenside, now
spirited and interesting comblnational
melee on the other side of the
29 ... gf5 30. Bh5 fe4
plays 30 .. .f4 to prevent
White will take the d-pawn and with super
play, will have passed pawn on the
Kingside and an extra pawn on the
Queenside. Still this was than the
move Black played.
31.Rg3 Kh7
only move, threat was 32.Qg5.
32.Qg5 Bh6
Again the only move, on 32 ... Rg8, mate
follows staning with
Kg7! 34.Qh5 Rh8
Up to this point White has played
flawlessly, butnow there was sharp plan.
Time pressure kept him from exerting
calculation of the following decisive
combination, 35.Bh7! Qf8
37 .Rfl to play 38. and
39.Bh6 in addition to 38.Rf7, but
primarily there is mating threat 38.Rf7
Bf7 39.Qf5) 37 ... Rg8 (The only move that
defends against all threats.) 38.Rg8 Kg8!
39.Bh6 Qe7 40.Bg5 41.Bf6 and
42.Qh8#) 41.Rf6 Bf7 42.Qg4 (On
42 ... Qc7 follows 43.Bh6) 43.Rh6 Qc7
44.Rh8 Bg8 (If 44 ... Kg7, then 45.Bd8)
45.Bh6 and White wins.
35 ... Kf8 36.Rf1 37.Qg6 Bf4
is necessary to prevent 38.Qf6.
38.Rf4! ef4 39.Qg5! Kf7!
It took the most precise assessment of all
chances and deep analysis of their
difficult position to make this seemingly
bad move. Black now is giving the Rook
back, but if 39 ... Kd7 there follows
Ke641.Qg6 Kd7! (On41 ... Kd5,is42.Qf7
(The Queen is lost.) 42.Qf7
Ne7 43.Rc3 and Black cannot move the
Queen of 44.Rc7.
40.Qg7 41.Qh8 Kd7 42.Qh7 Ne7
43.Rc3 Qf8 44.Rc7 45.Nd4 Qf7!
Paulsen defends with his well known
tenacity. On 45 ... Bd7, there follows
with the Queen trade and the gain
of the Bishop. On 45 ... Bd5, then 46.Nf5!
decides and on 45 ... Bg8 (ln addition to the
simple 46.Re7 and 47 .Qg8) pretty mate
is Bh7 Kd8
Best and simplest was Bd5
47 .Qe2! (Not 47 .Re7 with 48.Qd5
of 48.Qel and 49.Qh4 drawing.)
and with an extta pawn White still has
winning attack as he threatens and
Nf5, which Black can counter only
further weakening his own position.
46 ... Qg8 47.Qh6
It is clear that White overlooked Black's
reply, which forces the Queen exchange.
Best is 47 which White hesitates to
play of 47 ... Nd5, on which move
he would retain relatively small
advantage after which however
should enough to win; two minor
pieces vs Rook.
47 ... 13! 48.Qg5 Qg5 49.hg5 Bd7 50.gf3
White still has an extra passed pawn, but
it is not very easy to make it count, plus
the Bishops are of opposite colors.
51 ... Nd5 52.Rc4 Rc8
Better winning prospects were offered
avoiding the trade playing 53 .Rh4,
and Black, even with play, would
have slim drawing chances from
of interesting possibllities. 1 am giving the
following: 53.Rh4 Rc2 (Black must
not capture the now) 54 .. .Rb2?
55.Rh8 57 .g7 and wins
or 54 ...
57 .Rh7 58.Rd7 and wins, or for
Black is 54 ... and if 55.g7? he could
draw 55 ... followed ... Ng8
also if 55 ... Rb2 57 .Re4!
Kg7! with goodplay. On
54 ... 55.Rh8 Kd7 Rc4!
... 58.g7 59.Rf8!
Rbl Ng8 and wins.)
58.g7 59.Rf8! Rg4
and Black gets draw.)
59 ... Ng8
( and White captures the b-and
pawns) or 58 ... Rg4
Rg8 Nd7
with good winning chances.
... 54.Kf2 Kf7
This pawn and later the b-pawn
targets for the Bishop. Better is to bring
the King toward the g-pawn and if the
c-pawn is attacked to defend it Nd4.
55 ... Nb4 Kg6
Nc6 d5! 60.Kf4
With this White cedes the c-pawn for
the purpose of making the g-pawn.
60 ... dc4 62.Nh4 Kh5
63.Nf5 NdB 64.Nd6
Black cannot very well guard the
with the Bishop, then the White
will reach via winning tempo.
would then actively support the
passed pawn.
65.Bf6 Nc6 66.Nb7 67.Nd6
Ne7 69.Bd2 Nc6
Vl/1. NUREMBERG 1888 123
White still has an extra pawn, but against
correct play there is nothing he can do
with it. Black could force draw at once
if he now takes the a-pawn with the
l{night and then the g-pawn with the
King. Instead of this, with the following
moves he drives the White King to the
attack and thus the opponent gets some
winning chances.
70 .. Bg2 71.Kf5 Nd4 72.Kf6 73.g6
only move. Of course the Bishop on
d2 is of74.g7 Bd5 75.Nf7.
After 74.Nf7 there is 74 ... 75.g7 Bh7
Bg8! 77.Nd6! and it leads to the
same position as the immediate advance.
74 .. Bg8
White should play here to
deprive the of the important
square. Here is what would follow,
75 ... Nd4 76.Ne8! Kh6 Kh7
Ne6 79 .Nf6 and White wins, or
76 ... Nc6 77 78.Nc7
(Or 79 ... 80.Kd6 and White wins
of 81.Bd4, and then
7S ... NC5 76.Bd4
Neither would force the win. On
76 ... Ne6? Black would lose after 77.Ne4!
(Not 77.Nf7 because of 77 ... Kg6!)
77 ... Kg6 78.Nf6 Kg7 79.Ng8 followed
and on 76 ... Kg6
followed 78 ... Ne6 or 77 .Ne8 Ne4 and
its the end of the
76 . Ne6! Nc7 78.Bd4
If then 78 ... Kg6 gives parity.
78 .. Nd5 79.Kf5 Ne7 80.Kf6 Nd5
81.Kf5 Ne7 82.Kf6 Nd5 83.Kf5 Ne7
Kg6 Bd5 86.Kd4
last weak fmal try.
86 ... Kg7 87.Nf5 Nf5 88.Kd5 Kf7
Nd6 Nc4
GAME 113
J. Metger - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 d6
gives Black cramped positional
game and cramped positions the
genn of lost game within themselves.
4.d4 Bd7
An early exchange of Bishop for
is difficult to justify. The v alue of the
active Bishop is especially in this
game. Metger makes no further direct
mistakes in the game, but he will lose
of the inequality of two
vs two Bishops.
5 .. 6.Nc3 Nf6 7.Bg5
See my notation.
7 . h6 8.Bf6 Qf6 9.d5
locks up the position but not to
White 's advantage. As general rule
pawn advance the fourth rank is
often because it may easily
an enemy target. Much to the
point, Steinitz says, one should always
keep in mind that pawns cannot retreat.
Instead of the text move, White should
attempt to trade off at least one of the
dangerous Bishops, which he could act
9.Nd5 and Black would have to take
the which would answered
1 O.de5! This pawn cannot recaptured
at once as ll.Qd5 attacks two pawns.
Rather on 10.de5 Qg6 is then
ll.ed5 de5 12.Ne5 Qg2 13.Qf3 with
equality. Mter the text move, I prefer the
Black position of the Bishop pair.
9 ... Bd7 10.Nd2
prevent 10 ... Bg4.
10 ... Qg511.Qf3
White cannot castle of 11 ...
12.Qf3 Bg2 followed 13 ... Qd2.
11 ... 12.Qg3 Qf6 13.Qf3 QgS
14.Qg3 Qf6 15.Qf3 16.Nf3 g6
Black's is to the f-pawn
the c-pawn and make the opponent
trade his center pawns. Mter that he
would the center pawns and with
the Bishops that now have free play in all
directions exerting strong pressure on the
opponents game. result would at
least passed pawn in the center, which
should decisive. Black however
becomes distracted to
modify his present plan.
Castling Queenside was necessary, so
that when carrying out the plan, the
weakened d-pawn could guarded
It is easy to see how the are in
vain looking for good squares.
18 ... 19.Nc3 f5 20.f3
White does not want to play into his
opponent's hand ttading pawns, butfor
different reason 1 can not approve of this
move. First of all the pawn is protected
sufficiently, Black never take, as the
Knight would finally occupy long
coveted good square, thus this pawn move
takes another square away from the
most imponantly the move
gives Black attacking
with the g-pawn advance. One has to
that when for White, no plan is
he simply has to wait and see.
In this type of position it is very hard not
to make bad move.
20 ... Rdf8 21.Rd1 Rf6 22.D-O
Castling is not good either. The is
off in the center.
22 ... f4
is the start of an attack against the
castled position. The move was also
mandatory as otherwise White threatens
to free himself with 23.f4.
White will now attack the backward
d-pawn and thus will exert
counter pressure. If White does not trade
pawns now, then 23 ... would lock up the
position Black would carry out his
plan with little resistance.
... 24.Nc4
is good move. Of course the
d6-pawn not taken, as the
would get ttapped 25 ... White
wants to keep the on good square
and will accept the pawns so that
Bishop gets ttaded and the will
25 ... 26.Rd3 Rb8
As the demonstration did not do
anything, Black has lost tempo. Of
course in this type of closed position this
is of no importance. It is less damaging to
lose dozen moves than to make one
move that is positionally weakening or to
Vl/1. NUREMBERG 1888 125
rnake faulty exchange, as Black's threat
is 27 ... Rb2 or 28 ... but
White has Since White voluntarily
retreats the Black's plan will not
carried out.
27.Rfd1 Rd8 28.Kf1 R6f8 29.Nb2
Black resumes his attack against the
castled position.

move took away square from
White 's Obviously he intended to
play at some point but this remote
possibllity does not give hirn sufficient
compensation for the previously
mentioned disadvantage.
31 ... h5 32.Na4 g4 33.Ng1 Rg8 34.Nc3
to the Rooks followed
... and White loses pawn.
Later on it that it was
to play the other Rook to d2, when
the would have more protection.
35 ... h4
Now Black 36 ... h3, and if the
pawn is then Black plays 37 ...
result would also achieved
36.fg4 Bg4 37.Rook anywhere, 37 ... h3!
In this weird White decides to
sacrifice pawn in order to trade the most
dangerous Bishop. It seems that this is

36 ... gh3 37 38.gh3
Rooks the g-file was
and in case White wants to protect the
Rook pawn with 40.Rhl, the following is
at once decisive: 40 ... d5! 41.ed5 Rg2!
42.Kel 43.Rd3 Rc2. Now White
gets of the g-file, weakens the
attack trading Rook and thus
makes it very difficult for Black to win.
Black expected that White playing
40.Ne2 would try to lock out the Rook. In
that case Black had the following winning
line in reserve, i.e. 40.Ne2 Rg8 41.Rgl
Rgl 42.Ngl (Otherwise 42 ... Rh2
43.Kel Rhl 44.Kfl or 44.Rg2
44 ... h3 and wins.
40.Rg1! 41.Ne2! Rg1?
Here Black overlooks for the
time the following forced win 41 ... h3!
42.Ng3 Bh4 43.Rhl 44.Kgl Bg5!
45 .Re2 Rh8 followed 46 ... Bf4 and
47 ... g2. On 42.Rhl, it does no good
of 42 ... Bh4.
Now it is going to the Queenside
where the game will decided.
Black King "strong piece".
42 ... 43.Kh2
Now Black threatens to penetrate via
and with the King and then
breakthrough playing ... Black's
primary objective is to penettate the
White position with his Rook and since
the White guards the invasion points
the g-ftle, he has to find way to
the a-file or b-file.
Of use is 45 ... of 46.Rc3
47 . The is going back to
avoid all mating combinations,
e.g. Na4# or when the White Rook is
and the Black Rook on
46.Ng1 47.Ne2
is nicely calculated. Compare this
with the note on move fifty.
48.Ng1 Rb6 49.Ne2 Ra6
lf White plays 50. there follows
50 ... Ra4 and 51 ... and Black will break
through. ln this variation, had the
on instead of White would have
defense playing 51.Nc3, on Black's
50 ... Ra4 and Black could then not capture
the a-pawn of
50 ...
Now has weakened and the
relieves the Rook to penetrate the White
51.Ng1 52.Ne2 53.Ng1
53 ... White would to avoid
the penetration
54.Ne2 55.Nc1 KCS D-1.
The game might lead to very interesting
zugzwang position. Of course White will try
to keep the away as long as
and thus plays 56.Na2, there follows
56 .. .Rg8! the now moves to h1 (On
Black plays 57 .. .Rgl.) then Black
plays 57 .. .h3!. Now the cannot go to
h2 of 58 ... Rg2, then the Rook has
to move to d2. Black then attacks the
f-pawn with 58 ... Rg3 and if White
playing 59.Rf2, the King
Will decisively penettate via d4 and lf
the Rook protects the f-pawn 59.Rd3,
Black drives the away 59Rg2
and then the King enters the White
position via and Similarly 56.Na2
Rg8 and if 57.Rd2 then 57 .. .Rg3 58.Rd3
h3 with 59 ... Rg2 and 60 ...
GAME 114
J. - Tarrasch

2.Nc3 Nc6 Nf6 4.Bg2
maneuver is quite good
although it costs tempo, (Actually two
tempi loss offset one for Black.) butmost
importantly it drives the Bishop away from
its very active diagonal.
s ...
Here the is poorly posted.
6 ... d6
Playing 6 ... d5 was also very good, but it
would improve the position of
the light squared Bishop for White.
7.d4 Bg4 8.f3
This obstructs the Bishop only
temporarily, as the pawn will soon advance,
but all of White 's developed pieces seem to
badly posted.
8 ...
I consider this premature advance,
although in this game it does not lead to bad
results. Even so, was to retreat the
9 ... Na5
Simple and safer was 9 ... in order to
it to via attacking d5. text
has merits too, since the Na5 can at any time
played to via
Black planned n1ultiple attack against
the advanced d-pawn, but White 's
continuation made him change his mind.
VI/1. NUREMBERG 1888 127
Castling was safer.
11 ...
The strong ll ... Qb6, would have
prevented 12.0-0 after which he could have
started an attack with 12 ... Ng4 and
I3 ... Nc4. was no reason fear the
advance of the White d-pawn (After
de5), as the pawn would then surely lost.
12.D-0 Ng4
has the threat of 13 ... Qb6 followed
14 ... Nf2.
This is good defense, since if now
... Qb6 14.Khl Nf2 15.Rf2 Qf2 follows
trapping the Queen. Moreover,
White now has latent threat of winning
the Na5
Trying an attack with 13 ... h5, would fail
after 14.h3 Qb6 15.Khl h4
Of course this weakening of the
position is as White cannot
allow the so threatening of
14 ... Nf6
It was tempting set an attack in motion
14 ... 15 ... , and 16 ... h5, but it
would have weak, e.g. 14 ... 15.Qf3
h5 and White is alright
It was to delay this exchange and
ftrst to move and thereby
threatening 17 .fe5 and 18.d6.
15 ... de516.8g5 Qd6
This is necessary to prevent 17 .d6
or after White captures on Bf6.).
White 's position is not in spite
of his passed pawn. IGng is somewhat
naked and the Bg2 and the Ne2 are
very poorly posted. In trying to make the g3
square for the White
makes grave mistake which he
completely destroys his position and
victim to an attack.
17 ... h5! 18.816
exchange gives Black the Bishop pair
and prepares Black's dark squared Bishop
for action. Better was to take the pawn and
on the 's recapture, to trade the
Bishops or on the Rook recapture, to retum
the Bishop to d2.
18 ... 816
Recapturing with the pawn was poor, for
then Black would not to drive the
out of f5.
19.gh5 Rh5 20.Ng3 Rh7
is to keep the h8-square free for the
other Rook and further to keep the fl-pawn
defended after ... g6.
21.Nf5 22.Kh2 g6 23.Qg3
On 23.Ne3, there follows 23 ... Bg5,
threatening 24 ... Bf4 and.25 ... Bh3 and on
24.Ne2 Black wins 24 ... 25.Nc4 Nc4
26.Qc4 White with the text move sets
trap. It seems that Black can take the
so that after 23 ... gf524.Qg8
whichever Rook the Queen takes now, will
lose the Queen to 25 .. Rh8. trap though,
is that White would take the Queen Rook
and on ... Rh8 his Queen would freed
26.d6, and Blackmust take with the Queen,
abandoning the defense of
23 ... ()-0-0 24.Ne3 Rdh8 25.Ng4
Black has duly taken advantage of
White 's errors and now has nice
attacking position. The Rooks and
Bishops aiming at the opponents King
should have devastating effect.
appropriate move is 25 ... Bh4, since White
cannot play 26.Qe5 on account of
26 ... Bg4, so 26.Qf3 is forced. Black
would reply with 26 ... Nc4 guarding the
e5-pawn and threatening to win the
exchange with 27 .Nd2. On White 's reply
27.Radl or 27.Rfdl, the f-pawn would
advance attacking the then
28.Ne3 29.Qe3 f4 followed ...
and ... or .... Rh3.) Instead of this
decisive method though, Black starts
playing artificially and making
sacrifice, he makes victory much harder
to achieve.
25 ... Bd8
Black wants to sacrifice the pawn in
order to open the -h2 diagonal for his
Bishop. However for this purpose
25 ... was since it saves tempo.
Quite astutely, Mieses plays to sacrifice
the Rook for the dangerous Bishop.
26 ... 15 27.Ne5
It is now easy to see the difference
between move 25 ... Bd8 and move
25 ... In that case the exchange
sacrifice would either have been
or if White had moved 28.d6,
Black would have saved tempo. In this
kind of open position, tempo of
utmost irnportance. Even so, Black should
still win.
28.d6 Bd6 29.Rd5
If White sacrifices the exchange
immediately, he would keep his bad
position without any attacking chances.
29 ...
Black forces the Exchange sacrifice, but
exposes himself to dangerous attack.
Best was to maintain the Bishop and to
play 29 ... and after this move to make
the pinned his primary target.
if White his Rooks, Black
will not reply ... of 31.Na4
followed 32.Rc5. Neither would Black
play ... not of31.Rd6, but
because of with winning
position. Should Black play 29 ... Na4 at
once, White will end up with the
game after 31.Nd5
is the only move to keep the
guarded.) 32.Ng6 with
Qd6 31.Rd1
is much than 31 ... since
the Ne5 remains pinned.
32.Nb5 Rd8?
With this hasty move, Black
his entire advantage and momentarily
the are turned to White 's
advantage. White 's pirouetting
pair is going to give his opponent all
kinds of Even now though,
Black would still have the better
chances if he had played .. .f4. White
would have to capture the pawn, since
33.Qc3 is refuted ... and
33.Qg5 is answered 33 ... Rh5. Not
33.Qf4, Black prevents the threatened
with 34.Ng6 Bh3! 35.Qb8
36.Nh8 Bg4 37 .Kgl Bdl 38.Ng6 Ne3 or
38 ... Rg7 and Black will win because
apart from the exchange he will keep his
extra pawn the Queenside.
33.Rd8 KdS 34.Nf7 KCS
It is interesting to note that the
diagonal that was dangerous for White for
so long, is now Black's nemesis.
On 35 ... the is decided at once
with 36.Nf5 followed 37 .Ne7.
Better was 36 ... Kd8.
Vl/1. NUREMBERG 1888 129
Instead of this, White could win the Na5
with 38.Ndc4! or yet 38.Nc6 wins
the Queen.
Finding safety for the and the
Queen. Black can hardly move piece
without losing it discovered check. In
this game the come into their own
until the endgame, where they prove to

Played in desperation, though 38 ... Bg8
and .. would have given chances.
After40.f6 Bc241.f7 Rf7 (Not41 ... Bg6
of 42.Ne8 followed 43.f8=Q.)
42.Nf7 43.Nf4!, leaves White with
an extra piece. the win is certain but
40 ... Rd7
Black see himself threatened on all
sides the pair and of
this psychological pressure it causes him
to make an unnecessary defensive move.
simply should have captured the
c-pawn, after which I cannot detect
simple winning continuation for White.
On 41.Nc4 there follows 41 ... Kd8 42.Nf4
Bf5! and ifnow 43.Qg5 then 43 ... Ne7 or
then 43 ... 44.Ne6
45.Qh7 Kd8 46.Kgl Bd5. The text move
deprives his King of an important square
and the following
mating maneuver.
41.Nc4 Kd8
On 4l ... Kc8, White can pin the Rook
with and then threaten to attack it
with Knights. This keeps Black from
freeing the Bishop 42 ... but then
instead, after the Queen 's trade, he must
move the King when White can take the
Rook and lock in the Bishop.
has the threat of 43.Qg8 , 44.Qf7,
45.Qf8 , and 46.Ne6#.
42 ... Rd5 43.Qg8
White wants to capture the Rook with
... 44.Qb8 Nb8 45.Nd5 Kf7
Of course the locked in Bishop is lost now.
46 ... Nc6 47.Nc3 48.Nc2
Finally the dust has settled. Black is down
fu1l but he does not lose hope.
Black takes advantage ofhis chances, with
the help of few inferior moves White
and he still succeeds in obtaining draw.
48 ... Kf6 49.Ne3 Nd4 50.Ne4 51.Nc5
52.Nd7 Kd6 53.Nf8 54.Ng6
55.h4 Nd2 56.h5 Ne4
altemative was 56 ... Nf3 , but Black
did not make this move so that the White
would not wake up. What would have
followed is 57 Ng5 58.I{f4 Nh7
and the White and
easily control the Black pawns.
57.h6 Nf6 58.Nf8 59.h7 Nh7 60.Nh7
Instead of this move, 61.Nc2 should
keep the enemy pawns at If the Black
King then tries to capture ei ther of the
pawns or the protecting Knight, White
should sacrifice the Knight in order to
advance the pawns with the King's
support, e.g. 61.Nc2 62.f6
63.Kg3 Kf7 Kg6
Kg8 and wins.
&1 ... 62.Kg3 63.Kg4 64.Nc2

Much stronger was to bring the other
back for the protection of
66.Nf3 and 66.Nd2.
65 ... Kd4!
If White advances the pawn now, the
Black will go after the N 1 and after
its capture, the game ends in draw.
66.Ne6 67 .f6
Winning an important tempo is 67 .Nc5,
e.g. 67 ... 68.f6, Black's cannot
stop the pawn as the White King will
to its aid. If then 68 ... there
follows 69.f7 70.f8=Q 71.Qf7
followed 72.Qa2, or 69 ... 70.f8=Q
71.Qfl or 7l.Qf6 and wins.
&7 ... 68.17 &9.fB=a
On 70 ... it is answered 71.Nd4
72.Qb5 or 71 ... 72.Qc2 etc. or
71 ... Qd4 72.Qd4 73.Qal and wins.
71.Nf4 Kd2
If 71 ... White mates in four moves.
If the goes to the first rank, 73.Qhl
wins the Queen, and if 72 ... 73.Qa5
has the same result.
73.Qd3 74.Qd4 10.
On 74 ... follows 75.Qdl and
76.Nd3.1f on move 69. Black had played
69 ... he loses as follows 70.Qc5
71.Nf4 (Or 71 ... Kd2 72.Qd4)
72.Qd5 73.Qe5 Kd2 74.Qd4 Kel
75.Qe3 Kdl 76.Qe2 Kcl 77.Nd3 and
GAME 115
Tarrasch - Harmonist
Queen Pawn Opening
1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 4.Bd3
9.Ne5 Rc8
It would have for Black to
play 9 ... Ne4 and leave the break in the
position to his opponent.
10.14 c511.Qf3 Qc712.Qg3
looks drawn game and it is
most that in this very
interesting position, virtue of the
cooperation of the three White pieces,
Black will get caught in mating net or
lose his Queen. It is hard to that
this position is the result of real game
and not composition. deserves White now threatens to win piece
the highest recognition for finding the 13.Nd7 followed 14.dc5.
solution in this ending.
Vl/1. NUREMBERG 1888 131
12 ... cd4 13.ed4 h6
move and some subsequent moves
are of temporizing character, but they
could lead to disadvantage.
14.Rac1 16.Rc2
Instead of this move White could have
continued with 16.Nd7 Nd7
and attain the famous pawn
majority on the Queenside, way of play
that Zukertort was adept at winning.
16 ... Nh5 17.Qh3 Nhf6 18.Rfc1
Following the original plan too
faithfully. Best is 18.Nd7 Nd7 19.f5! and
White 's attack is hard to counter.
18 ... Rfci819.Ndf3 Ne4 20.Nd7 Rd7
White plays for the win of pawn, but
this proves deceptive.
21.cd5 Rc2 22.Rc2 BdS
If White takes the a-pawn there follows
23 .. .Rc7 24.Rc7 Qc7 threatening
25 ... Qc2 and 25 ... Bf4.
23.Ne5 Rc7 24.Qe3 Rc2
GAME 116
Louis Paulsen Tarrasch
French Defense
1.84 2.d4 ds
This is The attacking
system, Paulsen 's brainchild, finds its
ultimate defmitive refutation in this game.
... Nc6 6.Bd3
late it clear that the Bishop
sbould go to This tempo makes
Black's attack easy. mere fact that the
Bishop cannot occupy its natural
square is in itself refutation of the
6 ... Cd4!
is than 6 ... Bd7, on which
White could play 7 .dc5 8.0-0 with
fairly satisfactory game. Now White will
have weak d-pawn, wblch is going to
permanent target for Black 's attack.
7.cd4 Bd7
On Black can play 8 ... and
trade it off, as would answered
8 ... Nge7
White guards the d-pawn from the 9 ... Nf5
threat. move weakens the Queenside
some more, and one weakness cause
9 ... Nf510.Bb2 Bb411.Kf1
inabllity to castle bad
Iiabllity, as the game willlater prove.
11 ...
Although not obvious, this is the
move to maintain the positional edge. The
strength of Black 's position is in the
multiple attack on the d-pawn and
especially the excellent posting of the
White threatens to drive the Nf5
off g4, forcing the retreat to Going
back to would the retreat of the
and White would obtain quite good
position after h3 and Kg2. All this must
prevented and the first move that comes
to mind is of castling The game
developed differently, but this could not
have foreseen. The move ... h5 would
weaken the castled position to
extent and offer White
counterchances to compensate for his
Queenside weakness. After the textmove,
White plays 12.g4 and the Black
goes to h4 and after its trade off, the
defense and attack of d4 would reduced
one piece.
It is not to play this it
13.84 Rc814.Bb5
White is trying to weaken the
attack on interpos1ng the B1shop
and Black will try to remove the
14 .
Bad would 14 ... 0-0 because of
15.Bd3! when Black cannot capture on d4
of the eventual Bh7.

Better is 15.Nc3 and after 15 ...
16.Nc2 would an after 17.Rcl
but eventually White gets three
pieces for the Queen.
15 . Kd716.Nc3 Nc6!
impetuous would 16 ... Qa6
followed 17 ... e.g. 16 ... Qa6
17.Kg2Nd3 (Theonlymove.On
18.Qc2 or 18.Qd2 then 18 ... and on
18.Qe2 follows 18 ... Rc3 and 19 ... Nf4.)
18 ... 19.Nb5! and the
secures the b-pawn and d-pawn from
17 Na7! 18.Na7 Qa7 19.Qd3
On 19.Kg2 there follows 19 ... Qa6 and
White has no good square for his Queen,
as 20.Qd2 is answered 20 ... In this
variation, Black his Rooks with
decisive advantage.
19 .
is simple and decisive. After the
exchange of Queens, White cannot
prevent the Black Rooks penettation and
the open b-file makes it to attack
the b2-pawn directly.
Of course not because of
20 ... Rc2.
20 ...
Black now dominates the game.
21.Nel Black wins pawn with 21 ... Rb8
21.Kg2 Rc2 23.Rb1
24.Bd2 Rb3 Rb2
is than trying to capture
pawn at once 26 ... Ra3 in which case
White would take one of the open files. If
now 27.Rcl, Black continues with
27 ... followed 28 ... Nc4.
Of course not 27 ... N d4 because of
Here Black again could play for
pawn gain with 27 ... Ra2, but did not for
the reason. The weak a-pawn and
d-pawn will lost sooner or later.
28.Bf4 h6
Intending to follow up with 29 ... g5. It is
interesting to note that this Rook pawn
move even at this advanced stage,
weakens the Black position and it gives
the opponent an attacking target.
was 28 ... Ra2 then the White
Rook could not initiate anything on either
of the b-file or the c-file.
29.g4 Ne7 Rc2
Sirnple is the irnmediate 32 ...
White cannot any longer avoid the loss
of pawn 35 ... Rc4, so from now on he
tries an ingenious counterattack.
35 ... 36.g5!
shows the weakness of the h-pawn
move. On 36 ... h5, might happen 37.g6!
fg6 38.Ng5 Nd4 39.Rdl Rc4? 40.Rd4 and
next 41.Ne6.
36 Rc4 37.gh6 gh6
Vl/1. NUREMBERG 1888
Since the a-pawn can no longer held,
White tries to displace Black's piece
while it is captured. On 38 ... Na5,
Black King would badly posted. On
38 ... Nd4, White plays 39.Nd4 followed

... Ra4
King threatens to go after the weak
39 ... Ra5 40.Kg4
is to keep the King at
In order to move the and then
to move up the King.
41 ... 42.h4 Ne7 43.Ne1 Nf5
The has now gone twice to this
square where it guards the only
Black weak point and simultaneously
attacks the d-pawn.
Black has again secured his
Kmgstde, White now starts an interesting
and somewhat dangerous attack on the
Queenside. game now enters new
44 ... as
Bad is 44 ... Nd4 of 45.Nc5
4S.NCS 46.Rb1
d-pawn, after having held for
forty moves, will finally lost.
46 ... Nd4 47.Na6 Kd8 48.Rb8 Rc8
On 48 ... there follows 49.Rb7
50.Nc7 mating threat of 51.Rb8 Kg7
52.Ne8 and 53.Nf6 etc.
49.Rb7 SO.Nc7 Kf8
On Black plays 51 ... Nf5 and
then if Black plays 52 ... Rc4
followed 53 ... Rh4#.
51 ... Nb5 52.Rb5 Ra8
White 's game is now hopeless.
Better was 53.Rb3 and then 54.Ra3 to
keep the a-pawn from advancing. Now we
will see pretty fmal touch.
... 54.Rb1 SS.fS
White is playing for stalemate.
55 ... 82 56.Ra1 Ra4 57.Kh5 Kg7 58.fe6
fe6 59.Rg1 Kh8! 60.Ra1 Kh7 61.Rg1
a1:Q 62.Rg7 Kh8 0.1.
is one ofmy games.
IX. Leipzig Tournament, 1888
Not long after the tournament, the famous chess society, 'Augustea' on the
occasion of its 40th year of existence sponsored national master 's tournament. There
were eight participants - von Minckwitz, Wilfried Paulsen,
Riemann, von Scheve, Schottlander and 1. At one point offered Riemann draw
which would have given Riemann first prize. Riemann turned down the draw and
proceeded to lose the game and had to split first and second prizes with von
at 5.5. Mieses won third prize with 4.5 points. Fourth prize went to von Scheve. 1 played
poorly, losing five games and winning but two. misfortune did not seem to surprise
the other masters or the most of whom that in this tournament 1 showed
my true strength. Schottlander in bls drastic humor to me as the
'master of shon duration.' 1 realized that my losses were caused not lack of playing
strength, but my lack of application of my playing strength. 1 underestimated my
opponents and overestimated my own abllities. These factors were the causes of my
losses. 1 felt it was completely sufficient to simply sit at the and make moves in
order to win. 1 played with lack of focus on the games. Self over estimation was also
the cause for my contempt for draws. 1 was somewhat depressed after this poor
tournament, 1 went home and tripled my medical practice the following winter.
IX.LE/PZIG 1888 135
GAME 117
J. Mieses- Tarrasch
2.Nc3 Nc6
Strong is the more usual 2 ... Nf6. The
continuation would then less
effective of 3 ... d5.
make sure that the will not
traded 5.Na4. Holding on to this piece
is worth tempo in this position.
5.Nge2 6.d3 Ng4 7.D-O h5 8.h3
When I calculated the attack starting
with the sixth move, I intended to
continue with 8 ... h4. This was the basis of
plan. Moreover, it is interesting that
even Steinitz would have lost, where he is
critical of White's sixth move and later
that Black's sixth and seventh moves are
the only ones, adding that now
Black's game is won. If now 8 ... h4,then
9.hg4 10.Ng3 Qh4 11.Re1 If
there is any consolation in my loss, it is
the fact that the great Steinitz We
overlooked White 's hidden resource
10.g5! which successfully refutes the
attack. However, if 8 ... h4, 9.hg4 the move
9 ... h3 is very strong. After 10.Bhl! h2
11.Kg2, Black has strong attack on the
position. This counterattack gives Black
his chance, since after the
retreat his game is lost.
. White now plays calmly and with
Circumspection and continues playing the
whole game in an exemplary manner.
Every move he makes is the right one.
9 ... d6 1 11.d4
If 11 ... ed4, it would give White still
freer game.
12.Qd3 Qd7 13.Bg5 Ng8
Not 13 ... f6 because of 14.Bf6. On
13 ... Bh3 there follows 14.Nc7 Qc7
15.Bh3 with advantage for White.
14.Rad1 f6 Nd8
Neither would 15 ... 0-0-0 make Black's
game any White would then play
protecting the h-pawn and then
proceed with an attack with the
a-pawn and b-pawn advance.
The right move!
16 .. fe5
Should Black trade the Bishops first then
the Queen will go to g5 paralyzing the
Ra7 18.f4
White systematically undermines the
Black center. threat is 18 .. .fe5 19 .de5
20.Qe3 followed 21.Nf6.
18 ... Nf7 19.Rf2 Bd5
Steinitz, acknowledging that Black has
held his game together in the face of
White 's fierce center attack, recommends
19 ... Qc7 2l.Qe3 22.Nd5
Bd5 followed the eventual ... b5. except
then the White would penetrate
via f4. In addition, White could attack the
Queenside after 19 ... with 20.Qe3
and find new targets for attack
there. It just happens that the game cannot
held against the strong and
played attack.
20.ed5 Nf6 21. fe5 Nes 22.Qe3 RaB
23.Nf4 Qe7
is to the King to safety via d7.
24.Ne6 Kd7 25.Qg5 RagS
On the obvious 26.Qf5, the Black King
will go to and there isn 't anything
White can do now, and on 26.Ng7 , Black
will regain the g-pawn with 26 ... Nfd7,
and might even develop attacking
chances. text move threatens 27 .cS
opening the c-file, forcing Black into
further weakening of the Queenside, only
after which the QfS move would most
powerful. Of course the pawn is
of 27 .Rc 1.
26 ... 27.Qf5! move.
cannot go to on account of
28.Nc5 followed 29.Na6, thus White
has succeeded in keeping the Black King
in the center and now takes control of the
King 's position.
28.Re1 Rh6 29.Rfe2 Qd7
More resistance is offered 29 ... Nfd7.

Brilliantly leads to an immediate
... 31.Re5 Kf7 32.Ng5 KfB

This threatens 34.Rf6, winning the
Queen. On 33 ... Qd8, White plays 34.d6
... 1-0.
Black Queen must yield control of
there follows 35.Re8 36.Qc8 (Or
if the Black Queen is on square
where it cannot interpose.) 36 ...
37 and mate with 38.Nf7.
GAME 118
Tarrasch- Wilfried Paulsen
Bird's Opening
1.f4 d5 2.Nf3 Nc6
In closed games one should not obstruct
the c-pawn.

With this and the next two moves, White
exploits the weakness of Black 's second
4 ... Bd6 dc4? 7.Qa4
Ne7 B.Qc4
Black now has shattered Queenside
which may cost him the game. The attack
he gets in return is not very
8 ... 85
prevent White 's castling but in this
position this is not very meaningful, since
the has good square at f2.
Safer is 9.d3, so that after 9 ... IO.Qc2
ll.Ke2 could played, but the text
move is also satisfactory.
9 ... Ba610.Qc2 11.Ng5
move and the one to have made
it difficult for Black was ll.Bd2. Black
then tries to defend the attacked a-pawn
playing ll ... Bb7 or ll ... Bc8,
(Insufficient is ll ... Bb5 because of
White will castle with
very good play. On 11 ... White has
two choices that are good. Simply
trade Bishops Bd2 13.Qd2
retaining the edge on the Queenside as
long as he sees to it that Black cannot
resolve his pawns. In addition
Black pawn sacrifice will result in
White 's better game, e.g. ll ... Nd5
12.Qc6 . The attack
introduced the text move is only of
short duration.
11 ... g612.Nd2?
I had my doubts about trying the h-pawn
attack that led to loss against Mieses, see
game 117. Even so this approach would
have far than the text, which
is bad mistake from which White will
never recover. Still 12.Bd2 would give
White the superior position.
12 ... Nd5
introduces decisive attack and
Black keeps playing incisively all the way
to the end.
IX.LEIPZIG 1888 137

Neither would sufficient to
save White after Black plays
13 ... and 14 ... Nd3, simply dissolving
the pawns would give him the
... 15.Kd1
White 's position is now completely
15 ... 16.Nf3
In the rest of the game White can often
play differently and he would have then
lost differently.
17 ... 18.Ne1 Nb4 19.Qf2
With this move and the next two moves,
White is still playing for an attack.
19 ... Nd5 21.Qg3? Kh7
Queens intervention is decisive.

23 ... Ne3! 24.Ng5
Not of 24 ... Qb2.
24 ... hg5 25.Qe3 cd4 26.Qd2 es 27.fe5
RaeS! Re5 29.Kd1
Finally another attacking move, but now
Black announced mate in two. (30 ... Qa4
3I.Kd2 Re2# ).
GAME 119
v. Scheve - Tarrasch
Dutch Defense
1.d4 f5 4.Nf3
This is good move, preparing the
advance of the e-pawn.
5 ... 0-0
This gives White the freer game.
.. 7.Ne4 8.Bd2 Bd2 9.Ned2
Nc610.a3 e511.de5 Re812.Bd3 Ne5
1 14.Qd3 15.Rae1
White has developed more rapidly and
starts direct attack.
15 ... 16.Ng5 Qd7
On 16 ... Bg4, then 17.Nde4 would
powerful, (17 ... Ne4 18.Qd5 ).
17.Nde4 Bf5
This is the defense. On 17 ... Ne4,
would follow 18.Qe4 Bf5 19.Qd5
20.Qb7. On 17 ... Ng4, White would
capture the h-pawn or altematively could
play 18.Nc5 followed 19.Qh7.
playing 19.Qd5 then 20.Nf3,
White could have maintained the edge.
Now Black will pretty much equalize.
19 ... Qe6 20.13 Qe5 21.Rf2 Re6 22.Rfe2
Kg7 23.Qb3 Rae8
is an unjustified pawn sacrifice.
Instead 23 ... gives Black satisfactory
24.Qb7 Qd4 25.Kf1 !
On 25.Khl, Black would have good
game after 25 ... and 26 ... Qc4.
25 ... Qc4 27.Qc7 R8e7
forces the exchange of Queens and
White remains pawn up.
28 ...
Even if 28 ... Qc4 Rc7
(N ot 1 or because of
30 ... d5!) ... 31.Re4 Re4 32.fe4 Rc4
and White will keep an extra pawn
because of the threat 34.Rd7.
29.fe4 Qc4 Rc7 31.Rc1 Re5
32.Kf2 Kf7
is mistake. Black could regain the
pawn playing 33 ... Rec5 34.Red2 Rc4
35. Rc4 Rc4 Re4 37.Rd7 Re7. 1
saw this drawing variation which 1
eschewed, 1 absolutely had my
mind set on winning, (Whom God would
desttoy, he drives mad)
34.Red2 35.Rd4 Rb7 Rb1
37.Rd5 38.Kd4 Rc6 39.Ra5 Rb7
Now Black is lost.
White plays the ending very cleverly.
40 ... 41.Rh6 Rc5 42.Rc3 R5c6
43.g4 Rg7
The threat is mate in two. (50.Rf8 and
J. Minckwitz- Tarrasch
Slav defense
2.d4 d5 ed5 4.Nf3 Nf6
5.Bd3 Bd6 6.Q-O Q-0 7.Nc3 8.Ne2
Qc7 9.Ng3 Bg410.h3 Be611.Nf5 BfS
Black is several moves ahead in
development White has spent too
much time with his Queen 's
Better is
13 ... Ne4
Black to take an attacking stance.
14.Bd7 Qd7 f5 16.Qd3 Rae8
17.Rae1 h6 18.Nh2
18 ... Qc7 19.Nf3 Qf7
This move and the next one are intended
to prevent the counterattack.
20.Rc1 g5
If Black prevents playing 21 ...
then White will play 22.Qa6, which will
keep Black busy on the Queenside. This
shows that trying to keep White from
44.Rf3 Rg6 45.Rh7 Rg4 46.Rh6 Rg1 playing was not
47.Rhf6 48.Rf7 g4 24.hg4 fg4
Even now, is 48 ... Kd8. 25.Ne5 Qh5
49.Kd51-0. Of course this is much stronger than
25 ... and it leads to quick decision.
IX.LEIPZIG 1888 139
26.cd5 27.de5 28.fg3
is the only move.
29 ... Rf3 Rf8
Black is threatening 31 ... Qhl followed
32 ... Rf3#.
31.f4 Ne2 32.Kf2 Nf4 33.Rg1 Kh8
34.Bf4 Rf4 Qe5 D-1.
Queen is lost, for if 36.Kdl, then
36 ... Rd4 and if 37 .Qe2 then 37 ... Re4. This
is pretty much the only game in the
Leipzig toumament, in which 1 was
to show my true playing strength.
GAME 121
Tarrasch - Riemann
2.Nc3 d6 4.d4 ed4
5.Nd4 Nf6
Bishop on
6 ...
will give White isolated
pawns, but otherwise his position is quite
Qe7 9.f3 Qe510.Nb5
Q-0 12.D-O Bd713.Bd4
The right move was Black could
not very well capture the as his
a-pawn would too weak. White
would then threaten the text move without
the pawn loss.
13 ... Qg5 14.f4
is bad mistake.
14 .. Qb5! 15.Qb5 Ne4
is ever less of an excuse for this
move than for the previous With
17 White would almost completely
eliminate the opponents advantage and
would obtain good drawing chances, e.g.
17 ... 18.Rfel Rfe8 20.Bf2
(Not of 20 .. .f5!). White
had his hopes set on the Bishop pair's
17 .. Nac5 18.Re3 f5
Rfe8 22.Rd1 Na4
23 . Nec3
Riemann plays his Knights quite
adroitly. White 's game is completely
without prospects.
24.Re1 Ne2 26.Re2 Re8
27 .Kf2 28.Re1
RaB Ne4 32.Kf3 d5
34.g4 g6 35.Re3 d4 36.Re1 Kf7
37.h4 38.g5 Kd5 39.Rh1 40.h5
41.hg6 hg6 42.Rh7 Ra1
44.Rh1 Ra2 45.Rh2 D-1.
GAME 122
v. Bardeleben- Tarrasch
Queen's Gamhil- Tarrasch Defense
1.d4 d5
is the move in position.
4.cd5 ed5 5.Bf4 6.Nf3 Nc6
is strong move. Later on 1 tried it
often. Now White does not have an easy
game anymore.
Qb6 9.Qc1
On 9.Qc2tthere may follow 9 ... Bf5.
9 ...
Better is 9 ...
1 11.Nes
This was mistaken exchange. The right
move was ll ... Be6.
Bf513.f3 Ne514.Be5 Racs
Black makes decisive error and
overlooks Whitets fine threat. After
14 ... Nd7t he would have maintained
15.Bf6! Qf616.e4!
Thus White obtains sttong center and
Kingside threat further advancing the
16 ... 17.Qe3 Rfe8 18.Bd1 Bd7
Far was 19 ... Qg6t pretty well
securing the

Black tries to weaken the White attack
21.f4 f5 22.g4! g6
On 22 .. .fg4t would follow 23 .f5 with
strong attack.
23.gf5 gf5 24.Rf3
is not the best continuation of the
attack. The simple 24.Khl is
this move prevents the following
defensive maneuver of 24 ... Rc6 and
25 ... Rg6, e.g. 24.Khl Rc6
26.Rgl etc. or 25 ... Qa5 26.Rgl Rg6
27.Qh5 and White prevents the Queen
exchange in cases and keeps his
strong attack going.
24 ... Rc6 25.Rg3 Rg6 26.Kh1 Qb2 (See
next diagram) 27.Qg1 Kf7
Of course he must not tak:e the Bishop.
After 26 ...
28.Qb1 Qb1 29.Rb1
Black has now repulsed the direct
Kingside attackt but his position for the
endgame is very bad, since his f5-pawn
and his d5-pawn are targets for attack.
31.hg3 Re6 32.Bf3
Rh6 34.Rh1
Far sttonger was 34.g4 35.g5 Rg6
36.Rhl Rg7 37.Rh6 and the Rook
penettates the Black position.
34 ... Rh1 35.Kh1 as
move threatens 37 ...
39 and wins. was previously
of 40.Bd5.
37.Bd1 38.Kg2 Bd7 39.Kf2 Kf7
40.Bh5 41.Bf3
threat against the f-pawn
and d-pawn, combined with his massed
pawnst give White
advantage, which he exploits very subtly ..
41 ... 42.Kg2 Kd7 43.Kh3
Black could start sharp counterattack
with 43 ... and 44 ... but calculating
its success is very difficult. The
best continuation would
43 ... 44.1(h4
47 .Kg5 48.1(f6 Bd7 49.Bdl
prevent 49 ... followed 50 ...
49 ... or 50 ...
Kd2 Kdl 53.f5 54.f6 55.f7
1 =Q 56.f8=Q with draw.
IX.LEIPZIG 1888 141
44.Kh4 Kf8 45.Bh5 Bf7 46.Bd1
Bishop maneuver preparatory to this
pawn move was quite subtle.
48 ... Kg6 49.gf5 Bf5 50.Bd1
Bad is 50 ...
and wins.
51.Kg3 Kf7 52.Kf2 Bf5
Now follows second very fme Bishop
maneuver, which should force the win.
54 ..
On 54 ... Bg6, there follows 55.Bg4 and
55.Bf3 Kd7 56.f5! Bf5 57.Bd5
The connected passed pawns should
now enough to win.
57 ... h5 58.Bf7
This gives Black last chance.
Bishop should not relinquish the long
58 ... h4 59.d5 60.Bh5 61.Kd4

is desperate attempt, which oddly
enough it works.

yYith this White lets victory slip away.
the pawn should check, after which
on 64 ... 65.Bf3 decides. On 64 ... Kd7
66.Bg4 and on 64 ... Kd8
wins. On 64 ...
follows h2 67.d7!
Black can still draw.
64 . 884 65.d6
has this square at his disposal,
which in the earlier variation would not
68.Bf3! 69.e8:Q h1 :Q 70.Qb5
71.Qe8 72.d7 Qc1 73.Kd3
Qc1 77.Kd4 Qf4?
77 ... Qd2 Qg5 79.Kd6
80.Qe6 followed 81 ... Bg4 and
82 ... Bd7; or Bg4 etc. would have
lead to draws.
78.Kd3 79.Qe4 Qe4

Black overlooked this move. On 81.Kd5?
the game would have drawn.
81 .. Kd7 82.Kd51-D.
GAME 123
v. Bardeleben, v. Scbeve, Scbottlander,
Dr. Tarrascb -
v. Gottscball, Mieses, W. Paulsen,
1.d4 d5
Lately this has popular defense in
the Queen's Gamblt.
Nf6 4.Bg5
is try. is
4.Nf3 or
4 ...
Black's position now cramped.
Better is 4 ... Ne4.
5.Nf3 Bd6
is very challenging move.
Bishop should go to but as as this
Bishop can retreat to the attacking
does not inspire great fear.
s.o-o Re& 9.Qc2
This leads to completely cramped
game for Black. was 9 ... Nf8.

advance is appropriate that the
Bishop has deprived of the -square
and following with the advance of the
a-pawn and b-pawn leads to very strong
White attack on the
10 ... Be711.Bf4 Qd8 Nf813.h3!
Black's threat was to trade the Bf4.
13 ... Bd714.b5 Qc8 15.84 Nh5?
After White has already played this
move makes sense.
16.Bh2 Bd8 17.85 Qc7
White's pawn attack is very reminiscent
of the method used in game 106, 25th
move, and game 113, 35th move.
19 ...
On 19 ... follows giving
White very strong passed pawn.

20 ... Qc6, follows 21.Ne5
22.Nd7, with White
(23.Bh7) or the Exchange 22 ... Qd7

On 21 ... follows 22.Nb5 Qc8
23.Nd6 etc. or 22 ... Qd7 23.Ne5.
Not 22 ... Qc7 of
23.Ne5 Bd7
Again forced, as 23 ... Rc8 is followed
24.Nc6 and
24.Nd7 Nd7 25.Bh7
White attacks on the Queenside and on
the he wins pawn.
25 ... Kh8 26.Bd3 Nb6 27.N84 N84
28.Q84 Re7 29.Rb7
The gives White strong
support point and finally will decide the
29 ... Rc8 Rec7 31.Q85
White allows himself to tempted
brilliant but worthless move instead of
proceeding with 31.Rc7 Qc7 32.Rb7 Qcl
33.Kh2 Qd2 34.Qd7 Rf8 35.Qf7! or
31 ... Rc7 Rc8 33.Qb7 Rc7
Qc8 35.Qc8 Rc8 36.Rb7 putting quick
finish to the game.
31 ... g6
After ... Rcl 32.Rcl Rcl 33.1{h2 and
the Queen taken of
Nf6 Qc7 34.Qc7 Rc7
35.Rb7 Rb7 Nd7

decisive move wblch gives White
passed pawn on the h-file, and thus forces
the Black King to stay there. Wblte then
with his King goes after the
(Note: Not 38.g4 as 38 ... g5 would stop the
Kingside advance ).
... Kg7 39.g4 Kf6 40.f4 41.Kf2
King go to as he would
outside the square of the h-pawn.
43.Kd3 Kd6 f6
46.de5 fe5 47.fe5
Breslau, 1889
me it was quite evident that my poor result in Leipzig did not show my true playing
strength and 1 eager to demonstrate my real strength. 1 did not have to wait long.
ln July of 1889 the sixth congress of the German chess federation took place in my home
town of Breslau. England was represented large of masters who had just
retumed from New York where they had had good results. They were Blackburne, Burn,
Gunsburg, and Mason. Russia was represented Alapin and Schiffers. From Austria
came Berger and J Bauer who had received master title in the Frankfurt Congress
and finally Germany was represented von Harmonist, Metger,
Minckwitz, Paulsen, Schallopp and myself. Australia was represented Gossip,
who had received distinction in the New York tournament which entitled him to play
in Hreslau. The difference in German and an American tournament would soon
apparent. The total of players at this toumament was eighteen and this
represented turning point in the history of German chess. mindset when 1 saw this
tournament had completely changed. ln earlier tournaments, especially and
Leipzig 1 sat down at the board fully convinced that 1 had already won the game. Now
1 kept telling myself again and again that if 1 played the opening carefully and continued
with proper prudence, it was not for certain that my opponent would win. Whereas earlier
1 had tendency to underrate my opposition, 1 how proceeded to overrate them. Earlier
on 1 would daringly experiment in the opening, 1 now treated this part of the game with
special care. Earlier 1 looked on draws with contempt. lt now clear to me that if
1 always made the moves it would not guarantee victory unless my opponent made
mistake. The game would result in draw if made mistake. These rules I
made for myself as result of my defeat in Leipzig. Learning from my losses helped
me to start winning again. Only twice did 1 reven to earlier frivolities. In round four
against Gossip 1 made poor move in the opening hoping that my opponent
wouldn 't take advantage of it. Also in my game against Schiffers in round six, when in
insolence, after earlier successes, in order to avoid drawn position after the opening,
1 allowed my to tom up. The first game 1 still managed to win my
opponent missed the continuation and in the second game 1 narrowly avoided defeat:
two games served as wake up call and from then on my play was solid and
correct. When playing over the games the reader will notice that 1 never played for
draw except in positions. 1 looked on every position as that
challenged me to find the move. If one fmds the move which gives winning
prospects, it would intellectually dishonest if 1 made weaker move which would
lead to draw only. Simply pushing pieces, trading pieces and allowing game to end
in quick draw goes completely against my grain and 1 find it ridiculous way to play
chess. In certain games, and particularly against Mason, out of fear 1 made the very
strongest moves 1 was afraid that if 1 gave him time to breathe I would lost.
And so it came about that 1 did not lose single game. I would win one and then if I
got worse position in the next game I used every opponunity in my power to fight for
draw. Even on days when I was not at my especially against Minckwitz and
Paulsen, I managed to avoid losing. At the end I was to paired against Gunsburg.
Blackbume and I still stood in awe of these great masters and 1 was convinced
that of these three games, 1 supposed 1 might draw one and lose two. 1 got telegram
from home telling me to retum at once and this was like heavy weight lifted
from Fate had intervened and I continued to play solidly. Of the last three games I
won two and drew in the last round when the result did not matter to the tournament
standings. I got 13 points of 17 with no losses. Bum was second with 11.5
points. Mieses third with 10.5 points. final result was considered triumph for
German chess. Four Germans were among the prize winners and first and third places
went to Germans. Burn and Mason, who were accustomed to winning everything did
not do well in this tournament. What difference in this Congress and the Berlin 1881
Congress when all of the prizes went to foreigners. At that Minckwitz commented in the
Chess Journal that it was for amateurs to successfully compete against the
professionals. The German Deutsche Wochenschach said that in the old days it was
expected that the German organizers would get the money for toumament and that the
money would won outsiders. toumament started new era of Germans
winning the prize money of toumament. The article never mentioned my
but Adolf Anderssen 's was mentioned three times. When 1 came back to
1 got great ovation and the hall of the club was decorated. I
was received the president of the club, Kurschner, with speech.
Kurschner pointed out that this was the first time in the history of the German federation
that German master had won first prize and that my score was so glorious it had never
achieved in any of the German Chess Congresses. also noted that no amateur
had ever shown such superiority over the professionals. 1 was given an honorary
in the chess club and silver medal. 1 was so overcome 1 could hardly speak.
hean was filled withjoy and happiness at this moment.
GAME 124
Louis Paulsen - Tarrasch
Four Knights Game
2.Nf3 Nf6
5.Q-O Q-0 7 8.Bd2
More usual is 8.Ne2.
s ... Re89.a3
weak move which drives the Bishop
to square and vacates the b-file for
the Black Rook.
9 ... Ba510.h3 Rb811.Rb1
With the idea of playing ... ... d5, and
12.Nh2 13.f4 ef4 14.Rf4
This is decisive error, the Bishop
should capture.
14 ... d5
Mter this Black threatens to attain
superior position 15 ...
Neither would other moves keep White
from getting the worse position.
15 ... Bg4 16.hg4 de4! 17.g5
White must not retake this pawn, as on
17 .de4, Black has the surprising
combination 17 ... Rb2! 18.Rb2 and
on 17.Ne4 follows 17 ... Ne4 Qd4
20.g3 21.Kg3 g5 or
21 ... Re3 and Black wins.
17 ...
On Black keeps his extra pawn
with 18 ... Nd5 19.Re4 Qg5.
18 ... Rb1 19.Qb1
makes the extra pawn effective. On
follows 20 ... Nd5.
Nd5 21.Rg4 Qd7 22.Re4
On 22.Rg3, Black plays 22 ... Nf4.
22 Re4 23.de4 Nb6!
dust has settled. Black maintains his
extra pawn and the White pawns
are very weak, but White still tries for an
attack on the b-file.
is the move it prevents
check on after Nc4 and it
simultaneously attacks the g5-pawn and
Nc4 g6
White threatened Z7 .Qb7, which now
fails of 27 ... Qdl 28.Kfl Nd2.
27.Kf1 Kg7!
On 27 ... Nd2 28.Bd2 Qd2 would follow
29.Qb8 and 30.Qe5 with draw.
of pretty fmal attack
with Queen and
29.g3 Qg4
On follows 30 ... Nd2 31.Bd2
32.Kgl! ed2 and wins.
.. 32.Kd2 Nc4
Qe2! D-1.
Mate on the next move cannot
GAME 125
Tarrasch - v. Bardeleben
Petroff Defense
On this move White will get the
BRESI.AU, 1889 147
4.Ne5 5.dc3 d6 6.Nf3 Ne4
Nf6 s.o-o
move is appropriate as it deprives
the Bishop of it's square. The move
is not defensive move, but its effect is
rather cramping for Black.
9 ... Be610.Bg5 Nbd7 11.Qd2
Black's only possibility to develop,
quite painfully.
12.Rfe1 Qc514.Nd4 Raes
15.Bf5 Bf5 16.Nf5 Re5
bad move which White fails to exploit.
White played the opening very well and
has large spatial advantage, but now he
overlooks the decisive move. On 17 .Re5,
he would, with play, win at least
pawn after 17 ... Qe5 18.Nd6 or 17 ... Ne5
18.Ne7 followed 19.Bf6 or 17 ... de5
18.Qh4. threatis 19.Ng7 followed
20.Qh6 . Black plays 18 ... Nd5, there
follows 19.Bh6! winning pawn and
maintaining sttong attack. On 18 ... h6 is
19.Bh6, on 18 ... g6 is 20.Ne7
Kg7 21.Qh6 22.Qf8 Nf8 23.Bf6 with
mate. After the text draw seems assured
according to J. Metger in the Congress
17 Kh8 18.Bf6 Nf6 19.Re5 de5
20.Qf5 Qd6 21.Ng4 Ng4 22.hg4 f6
Rd8 24.Re3 g6 25.Qd3 Kg7
1/21/2 agreed.
GAME 126
J. Metger Tarrasch
King's Gamhit
es 2.f4 ef4 d5 4.Bd5 Qh4
5.Kf1 g5 6.Nf3 Qh5 7 .h4 Bg7 8.d4 Ne7
9.Nc3 h610.Kg1 g4
This defense is not as good as 10 ... Qg6.
Better is to accept the pawn sacrifice
playing 13.1Cf2!
Bf5! 15.Bf3, which leads to White
12 ... Nbc6 1
Much is 13 ... Bd7, thus avoiding
the shattering of the Queenside pawn

So far its all and as consequence
of his fine retentive mind, Black is
completely lost.
15.Nd3 Ng6 16.Na4 Rd8 D-0
18.Nac5 19.Qa4
This is premature. White had to
anticipate the 19 ... f5 pawn push, and
therefore simply play 19.Nf4 and then
after 19 ... Nf4 20.Bf4 f5 his
Kingside is completely secure, and on the
Queenside he would have clearly won
game. Now Black obtains Sl:!Ong attack.
19 ... 15 20.ef5
Here cannot since after
20 ... f4! 21.Nf4 Nf4 22.Bf4 Rf4 g3,
Black will win.
20 ... Ne7! 21.Ne6 Qf5! 22.Nef4
White must not take the Rook as
22 ... Qd3 would give Black the advantage.
22 ... Nd5 23.Re1 Rde8 24.Kf2 Kh7
This is the start of far sighted but
combination. The right move
was 24 ...
25 .. Re2 26.Re2
The Knight cannot take because of
26 ... Qd3.
26 ... fe2
now is 27 ... Qe4.
27.Nc5! Nf4 28.814 Qd5 29.Rg1
White defends excellently. On 29.Rel
there follows 29 ... Qf3 and the exchange
sacrifice on f4.
29 Qf3
See note on move 24. If the Black King
had on h8, then ... Rf4 and ...
would win, but here 3l.Qc2 would refute
this sacrifice. Now Black should lose.
... 31.Qc4
is to weaken the
Re8 :Q
Black prefers to sacrifice the pawn
instead of losing it 34.Rel.
34.Re1 Re1
next few moves sides are
weak. can to extreme
36 .. h5
Black could have drawn 36 ... Qdl (Or
on 36 ... Qe3 also.) 37.Kf2 38.Kgl
39 Qf2.
37. Bf4 Bg6
Here or next move 38.Ne6 was
38 .. Bf6 Bh4 40.gh4 Qf4 41.Ne6
42.Kd1 43.Ng5 Kh8 44.Qe6!
move together with the next move
are the only way to hold. Queen must
occupy the f-file while remaining
defended, as White threatens 45.Qf6 and
46.Qf7 and 47.Qf8# and had the Queen
gone to f2, the Black King would
driven to the f-file after 45.Qe8 and
46.Ne6 and then he would lost.
45 ... Qf1 46.Qe8 Kg7 47 .Qf7 Qf7
48.Nf7 Kf7 49.Kd3
1/2-1/2 agreed.
Afterwards we could find no win for
GAME 127
Harmonist - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nf6 4.0.0 Ne4
5.d4 Nd6 7.de5 Nf5 8.Qd8
One of my defensive methods,
Black being to castle, for the
moment has difficult game, but for the
endgame he has the Bishop pair and
pawn majority on the Queenside. Lately
this variation has been analyzed
extensively, and ways have found to
reinforce the White attack. Even so it
should still good enough to draw.
BRESLAU, 1889 149
Better is to develop this Bishop via d2 to
Best at this point though, is 9.Rdl.
move also drives the King to as
9 ... Bd7 is faulty because of
followed ll.Ne5.
9 ... Ke810.Nc3 h611.Bf4 Be612.Rad1
Rd8 13.Ne4
threatens 14 ... Nd4 and that causes
White to trade Rooks, which in
makes it for Black to bring his
Rook into the game.
14.Rd8 Kd815.Rd1 Kc816.h3
threatens to win the c-pawn
17.g4 Ne7 18.Nc5. cannot done at
once because of 18 ... Bg4.
16 ... 17.Kf1
It is quite apparent that White is
somewhat at loss for good plan.
pawn move is made it might
sooner or later captured the as
it may to lock it in
e.g. 18.Kel 20.Ned2
(On 20.Nfd2 follows 20 ... and
21 ... Nd4.) 20 ... 22.Kfl
Bd2 23.Nd2 Nd4.
18 ... Rd819.Rd8 Kd8
This move further weakening the
Queenside, is necessary of the
20 ... Nd4 threat. Black from now on keeps
gaining more space.
20 ... Bd5 21.Nfd2 Kd7
22 ... g5
If Black plays 22 ... Nh4 at once, White 's
answer is 23.g3 and the game might
continue 23 ... Ng6 25.Nf3.
23.Bh2 Nh4 24.g3 25.f4
27.Nf3 gf4 28.gf4
In addition to 29.Nd4, White also
threatened 29 .f5 30.Nd4#!
29.Ng3 Nh4
is to prevent 30.f5.
Bh4 31.Ne4
is to prevent 32.Nd6.
plan is to play the King to d5 and the
Bishop to f5 and then to drive the
further back.
33. Bf2 Bd7 34.Bg3
Metger correctly remarks that here
White had chance to draw 34.Nd6, so
that after the trade of the the
endgame would one of opposite
colored Bishops.
34 ... Kd5 35.Nf2 h5 36.Kf3
White is now lost, as on 36.h4, Black
plays 36 ... Bf5 and the is out of
37 ...
Finally the time has for the
Queenside pawn majority.
38.Kf3 as
Threatening to penetrate the White
position with the

Avoiding the pawn trade cannot hold for
White either. On 4l.h4 followed
42.Ne4, there is the King maneuver
4l ... Kb5 and 42 ...
41 .. . 42 43. Ne4 Kd5
GAME 128
Gossip Tarrasch
2.Nc3 4.d4
As to the opening, compare to my game
vs Reimann, game 121.
4 ... ed4 5.Nd4
In the mentioned game, 1 played
the much weak:er
This maneuver, the purpose of which is
to attain small early advantage, will give
White an edge in development, as well as
the Bishop pair and good attacking
On 8 ... 0-0, 9.Bg5 would make it
for Black.

Well played, because if now 9 ... 0-0,
would good for White.
Regardless 1 in conjunction with
11.Re 1, is threatened.
9 ...
is the reply.
is weak:. continuation is
1014 and Black cannot castle of
ll.e5 and on 10 ... Ne4 would follow
ll.Bf7 12.Qh5 13.Qg6 with
decisive advantage.
10 ...
Now Black 's position is not just safe but
even better because the feels
somewhat unhappy.
11.Rae1 Re812.Nf5
White still wants to attack - here the
right way to play was 12.Bd3 followed
12 ... Bf514.ef5 Qd715.f4
mak:es the pawn It
should guarded 15.Qf4, then Black
maintains his on and
his Rooks.
15 ... 16.Qd3 Ne7
17 ... fe618.fe6 Qa419.c4 Qa5
Trying to play the Queen to the
and if 20.f5 then the square will again
Here Metger writes in the tournament
Richter told us later that here
he looked at the game and that Tarrasch
prophesied his opponents next move.
Anybody who in addition to his
combinational gift also has the gift of
prescience, must win first prize."

21 ... Qb6 Qb2
24.Qd6 Qd4 25.Qd4 Nd4
and Black won. D-1.
BRESLAU, 1889 151
GAME 129
Tarrasch - Joh. Berger
2.Nf3 Nf6
5.Nc3 6.Nd5 7.d3
Better is 7 .. .0-0, as played Mackenzie
in Manchester.

new and good move, wblch gives
Black slightly inferior pawn sttucture,
while otherwise nothing changes. it
is my opinion that this is refutation of
Black's defense.
S ... Bd7 9.Nc6
Recapturing with the pawn is worse, as
White obtains an even game after
1 and ll.Bc2 followed 12.d4,
White's Bishops would become more
effective than Black 's.
Q-0 12.Qe2
This is to prevent 13.d4.

Here Steinitz remarks in the
Intemational Chess Magazine 'We don't
consider the center break as good as the
plan to make Black suffer as long as
possihle from the pawns. At least
we prefer to delay this maneuver until he
has played the White Knight around to
via d2-c4-e3. This remark is very
interesting and typical of Steinitz slow,
and less active playing style.
me Steinitz 's suggested plan seems
inferior, and the line of play selected
me is the one that quickly reveals Black's
weakness and this is out in the
course of the game.
1 ... Nd714.d4 ed415.cd4 Bf6!
Cd417.Bd4 Re8! 18.Qc2
This shows the effectiveness of the
maneuver started on move thirteen. It is
the open c-file that allows the attack on
the -pawn.
18 ... Bd419.Nd4 Nc5!
positioning his on Black
has for the time interrupted the
attack on
This almost always ugly move is
justified here, since White cannot use
Rook for the pawn 's defense, as the Rooks
will have their work cut out for them on
other files.
20 ... Qf6 21.Rfd1
prevent but the Rook should
not used for this purpose, as it will
needed on the a-file.
White is wanting to play again, to
drive the Nc5 away.
22 ... 23.Kh1
Intending to play and if 24 ... Qe5,
then 25.Nc6, but not at once this
tactic would fail to 25 ... Qe3.
Steinitz prefers 23 ... Rb7.
With the idea to play the around
24 ... Ne6 25.Nc3 Rc6
Steinitz recommends 25 ... Qd8
26.Nd5 Rb7 in order to occupy the b-file
with Rooks. Of course even then
White retains the game.
26.Qa4 Rc5 27.Nd5 Qd8
is necessary of the threat

Rc5 's position is poor, to the extent
that it has no good move, but at the same
time it cannot attacked. White
decides to trade it in order to resume the
attack against the c-pawn.
28 ... Rc1 29.Rc1
It is now to shield the c-pawn
29 ... Nc5, as the Nc5 would soon
shaky The text move
prevents all attacks against the
c-pawn, but now the backward d-pawn
the target.
Again Black tries to shield the attacked
pawn with the but this defense
will not hold in the long run,
trading the d-file will opened
again. Then the d-pawn can attacked
the Rook and Queen and at the right
moment play and this will achieve
White 's objective. This has White 's
general game plan all along, although it
had to modified in reaction to Black 's
sundry counter moves.
31.Qc4 RbB RcB
This misstep allows an immediately
decisive shot.
cd4 34.Ne7
Wrong is 34.Qc8 and 35.Ne7, as after
that White cannot stop the d-pawn
anymore. It is that Black, when
he made the Rook move, only thought of
this possibllity.
34 ... Qe7
Mter 34 .. .I<f8 35.Nc8 d3 36.Qd3 Qc8
37 Black would also lost, and the
King cannot go to h8 of 35.Nc8
35.Qc8 Qf8 36.Qf8 KfB
The advantage that White has obtained
with his trading off comblnation, consists
less of the fact that Black has isolated
pawns on the d-file, but that White has
pawn majority on the Queenside and this
will give him an outside passed pawn,
which will deflect the Black King. Even
so White has to overcome some difficult

37.Kg1 38.Kf2 d5
Also was taking the wn. The
difference the two methods is
that as played, White trades his e-pawnfor
the d4-pawn instead of the d5-pawn, with
the result that the White on d4 will
oppose the on instead of the
Kings on d3 and d5. text move
allows the White King to advance along
the rank.
39 ...
necessary as White would
miss the win if he guards the e-pawn, e.g.
4014? g5! 41.g3 gf4 42.gf4
d2 45.Kd2 followed
46 ... and Black wins, or 41.fg5 KeS
44.Kd2 Kd4 45.h4
(Or another tempo move such as is
natural but not good.) 45 ...
Kd4 49.Kd3
50.Kd4 and Black would go on to
40 ... 41.Kd3 h5
An excellent move the h-pawn
has an imponant function. Altogether my
circumspectly, except for one move.
h4 Kd6 45.Kd4
(See next diagram)
is one move too early. White should
have advanced his f-pawn one more
square. would have forced the win.
Ifthen46 ... Kd6 on46 ... g6 is also
BRESLAU, 1889 153
After 4S ... Kc6
47 and just this one move makes the
difference in the variation.
46 .. 47.Kd5
White thought that the King penetration
via and would decisive, except
that the Black gets an equal chance
to penettate the White position and at the
moment that White promotes, then Black
plays ... h2, giving Black draw, e.g.
48.Kd6 Kd2
51.Kg7 5214 Kg2 53.f5 54.f6 h3
55.f7 Kgl 56.f8=Q h2.
White now wants to capture the h-pawn,
but properly handled the game should
49 50.Kf4 Kd4 51.Kg4
Black overlooks the interesting drawing
chance of 51 ...
52.Kh4 Kf4 53.Kh5
Not of 53 ... g5.
On 53 ... g6, White wins with (Not
when 54 .. .f6 g5 or 55.h3 f5
draws.) 54 ... 55.Kg7 Kg2
57.Kg6 58.h4 Kg4 59.h5.
54.g3 Kf6 55.Kg4
Now White 's game is won again.
56.Kf4 Kf6 58.Kd4 Kd6
60.14 61.Kd4

move 62 ... followed 63 ... g5,
would make it harder for White.
63.Kd5 Kd7 65.15 f6
On 65 ... Kd7 there follows 66.f6.
66.Kd5 Kd7 67.h3
69.h4 Kd8
73.h5 Kf8 10.
GAME 130
Tarrasch- Schiffers
Four Knighls
2.Nf3 Nf6 4.
s.o-o B.Ne2
Better is 8 ... Re8 and then 9 ... d5.
In the Congress Metger makes the
following telling remark; which is
chessic comment as well as personal
one, when he says, "This again is one of
the nonchalant characteristics of Dr.
Tarrasch." 1 wanted to avoid 8.Ng3 Nh5,
after which moves draw seemed
virtually I should have
played 8.Ng3 though, since af_ter 8 ... Nh5,
the position is far from that
point, White has three
which although they don't g1ve h1m
clear advantage, they are far from
Namely, 9.Nh5, followed
and ll.g4, or 9.h3
followed ll.g4, or 9 .Nf5.
9 ... Bf3 10.gf3 Qd711.Kh2 Nh5
Black has completely dominant
position, and choice of many moves,
such as ... d5, or ... f5. The later move
would played in reply to 12.f4. On
12.Ng3, Black 's reply is 12 ... Nf4 with the
following continuation, 13.Bf4 ef 14.Ne2
f5 or 14.Nf5 15.Rgl 16.Nh6 d5
and White 's is in danger of
cut off. On 13.d4 ed4 14.cd4
15.Ng3 16.fg3 Rae8, and Black
develops strong center attack with .. .f5
and ... With his next move, White at
least tries to keep Black from playing .. .f5.
12.d4 Rae8
On 12 .. .f5, there follows 13 .de4 fe4
14ie4 15.Ngl and wins.
The indicated move was for the
purpose of keeping the Black King
Bishop from participating in the attack.
13 ... d5! 14.de5 Re5 15.Ng3 Bd6!
With this move Black threatens to force
decision 16 ... Ng3 followed
17 ... Rh5.
16.Kg2 17.fg3 de4 18.fe4 Rfe8
This forces the win of the e-pawn,
its obvious that defending it
19.Rel or 19.Rf4 is bad.
It is necessary in order to make room for
the Rook el.
19 ... Re4 20.Rae1!
Only trading Rooks does White have
any chance of drawing.
20 ... Re1
It is for the ahove reason that Black
should avoid the ttade and instead play
20 .. .f5. Sooner or later White would have
to trade Rooks on and then Black has
strong passed pawn on instead of the
If the Bishop recaptures, then Black 's
win much easier. After 2l ... Qe6
Qd5 or after 22 ... Qe2, White must
avoid the trade of Queens.
21 ... Re1
22 ... Qe6 23.Bf2 Qa2
Black now has two extta pawns, but his
Queenside pawns are isolated and the
fl-pawn will not easily come into its own,
thus White has some drawing chances.
aas cs 26.Qe4 g6 21
Metger, the commentator in the
toumament proposes the following
plan, instead of the text, 27 ... Qal
followed 28 ... Qe5 and then ... h5-h4.
With the 27 ... text move, Black
threatens to paralyze White 's position
playing 28 ... Qb7
BRESLAU, 1889 155
2S.Qd3 Qb7 29.Kg1 f5
makes Black's King position too
renuous. It is not easy, though, to make use
of the f-pawn without giving the opponent
new chances.
Obviously Black that he could
answer 30.Qe3! 30 ... Qe4, but White
would have traded Queens and in spite of
his two pawn deficit, he would have
drawn the game as follows: 31.Qe4 fe4
35.g4 h5 36.Bg3 37 .Bh4 g5 38.Bel
followed and
Black cannot win.
31.Qh6 Kg8 32.Qe3 Kf7 33.Qh6 Bf8
34.Qh7 Bg7 36.Qh4
White cannot capture the a-pawn as he
would lose the Bishop ...
37 Qa2 etc. 37 .Kg2 Qb7. Now
White threatens to draw 37 .Qe7
followed 38.Qc7 or even 37.Qe7,
followed 38.Qd8 and 39.Qh4.
36 ... Qd1 37.Kf2!
White must keep his opponent from
gaining time with check on the e-file,
thereby defending against Qe7. would
thus gain time to advance bls a-pawn.
37 ... Qd2 38.Kf1 Qd1 39.Kf2 Qd2
40.Kf1 Qc1 41.Kf2 Qc2 42.Kg1 Qd1
43.Kf2 Qc2 44.Kg1 Qb1 45.Kg2
46.Kf3 Qe5
Threatening 48 ... Qc7 trapping the
48.Qf4 Qe7 Qb7
1/2-1/2 agreed.
GAME 131
J.H. Bauer - Tarrasch
Queen's Declined
1.d4 d5 4.Cd5 ed5

is somewhat premature. Better is
playing 5 ... Nf6 or 5 ... Nc6, etc. fll'st. Black
has nothing to fear from having an
isolated d-pawn.
6.Bd2 Nf6 7 8.Qb3
White tries to attack the isolated d-pawn
as many times as pawn,
though, can easily defended
8 ... 9.g3 Nc610.Bg2 Na5
Black already looks slightly
12.Nge2 1 RcS
White makes room for the Queen at
14 ... Bd6
Black prevents 15.Nf4.
15.Qa2 Nc4
Now Black definitely has superior
game. However, there seems to no
targets for attack in White's position,
which makes it very hard for Black to
exploit his game.

With this move White brings his Bishop
into the game.
16 ... Re818.Rfc1
Better is 18.Na3, as recommended
Metger. White should get rid of the
dangerous Nc4 as soon as
18 ... Qd7
prevents 19.Na3.
This move having no logical
explanation, was made in time pressure.
move 19 ... Ne4 wouldhave continued
to reinforce Black 's position. The
combination, 20.Ne4 (Otherwise 20 ... f5.)
20 ... de4 2l.Be4 (On f5, White's
position very bad.) 2l ... Ne3
(ff22.d5 Nd5, itleads tonothing.)
22 ... Rcl 23.Ncl Bf5, is in Black's favor
and yet for Black would
de4 21.d5 Bg4 followed 22 ... Bf3.
20.Nd1 Bf5 21.Nb2 Nb2 22.Qb2 Rc1
23.Qc1 RCS 24.Qa3
On 24 ... Rc2, it only leads to the
exchange of Rooks after, 25.Ra2 Qc6
25.Nc3 Bg2 26.Kg2 Qf5 27.Rc1
Nothing is achieved 27 ... Ng4 28.Qb2
Qh5 29.h3.
28.Qb2 Rc4
34.Ne2 Rc1
Here Black could have obtained two
connected passed pawns on the
Queenside, but it would not have led to an
advantage. White would at once have
stopped their advance, while the White
center pawn would On
34 ... Qc7 35.Rc4 Qc4 36.Qc4 dc4 37
Kg8 and White is
35.Nc1 Qc7 Qc2
last try stillleads to draw.
37.Qb6! Ne4 38.Qb8 Kh7 39.Qf4!
1/2-1/2 agreed.
After 39 ... Qb3, White has perpetual
check with 40.Qf5 and 41.Qc8 etc. or
GAME 132
Tarrasch - Mason
Petroff Defense
2.Nf3 Nf6 d6 4.Nf3 Ne4
to the French exchange
variation, one of my favorite openings.
5 ... Nf6 d5 7.Bd3
The Bishop on d6. Black makes
several weak moves during the
development, which eventually give him
decisive disadvantage.
S.Q-0 Bg4 1 O.Re1
ll.Qe2 preventing castling.
10 ... 0-0 11.Bf4
This is an excellent square for the
Bishop, later threatening
and Re7, but not immediately though as
the Rook would locked in ...
11 ... Re8 12.Nbd2 Nf8 1
With this move White starts an attack, as
White 's pieces are better posted than
This weakens the Queenside
Best was 13 ... When
one 's position is weaker, any further
weakening of the position, must
Under circumstance must Black
prevent the retreat of his light squared
Bishop. should go to
poor move is almost forced after
Black cuts off the ... Bg4 retreat. White
threatens to win pawn Rf8
Rook anywhere 18.Ng4 followed
19.Bd5, or 17.Nc6 Qe8 18.Na7. Not
as recommended the Chess
Gazette 18 ... would lose
piece. However, even the move played
will allow White to obtain material
16.Ng4 Ng417.Bf5 Bg5
In vain, Black tries to avoid an
White can choose from two winning
combinations. move played, which
BRESLAU, 1889 157
winS pawn and leaves Black 's game in
ruifis, or 18.f4, leading to the win of
Bishop for pawn, but it ends the attack,
Qe8 2l.Bg4 and 2l ... Qe3.) 20 ... Qg5
2I.Bf3 22.Kfl! Qd2 23.gh3 and
Black has some chances, for example
23 ... Qh2 24.Bd5 but the text move
renders Black's game hopeless and
completely without any prospects.
18 ... Nh619.Be6 fe6
Qc7 21.Ng5 22.Qc2!
This threatens 24.Qh3 Kg7 25.Qh6
followed 26.Nt7.
23 ... Nf7 24.Nf7 Kf7 25.Re5
Black's game is under heavy pressure.
25 ... Ra7 26.Rae1 Kg7
The threat was 27.Qf3 Kg7 28.Rd5!
27.Qe2 Rae7 28.Qa6 29.Qe2
Black must try to exchange Queens as
otherwise the attack grows too
White does not trade Queens, as the
recapture Black with the b-pawn,
Opening the b-file would keep White too
31 ... Qe2 32.R1e2
32 ... Kf6 Ra8 Rb8
Since there is absolutely nothing Black
can do, White can afford to make time
consuming maneuvers with his
35 ... Ra8 Rg8 37 Rge8
Rc8 40.Rf3 Kg7
41.Rg5 Rc8
On 4l .. .I<h6, White plays 42.Rfg3 gh?
4314 followed 44.Rh3, or 42 ... Rg7
43.hg6 (Not so effective is 43.f4, of
43 ... Rg8.) 43 ... hg6 (On 43 ... Rg6 and the
Rook exchange, \Vhite 's can penetrate
the Black position via 44.R5g4, then
after Rooks on the h-fue, the
Rooks will penetrate via h7 or h8.
On 42 ... hg, there follows 43.Rfg3.
43.Rg4 Rc4
is to keep the White King from
penetrating via after the Rook trade on
44.Rf7 Rf7 45.gf7 Kf7 46.Rg3
move prevents 46 ...
46 ... Ra4 47.Rh3 48.Rf3 Kg7

King should proceed to
49 ... Ra8 50.Kd3 Kg7
52.Kf4 53.Rh3 Rh8 54.g4 Rh7
Any King move is answered
GAME 133
J. Mieses - Tarrasch
French Exchange Variation
2.d4 d5 ed5 Nf6
5.Bd3 Bd6 6.Ne2 D-0 7.Nbc3 8.Qd2
move avoids the Bishop trade and
simultaneously makes 10.0-0-0 appear
more dangerous than it really is
White could also castle Queenside and
then start pawn attack against the Black
King. Black could then try the same thing
on the Queenside or better yet conrinue
with 1 O .. Ne4.
10 ... Nh5
is to prevent ll.Bg5, followed
11.Rae1 Nd7 12.Bg5 Qa5 1
13.f4 answered 13 .. .f5.
13 ... Ng3 14.hg3 Rfe8
Anticipating the attack against h7, B1ack
prepares square for the
Intending to play
15 ... f6
After an interesting opening, the position
looks equal.
is decisive Bishop
should retreat to f4 or On h4, it is
completely hemmed in and later on it will
very difficult to free it again.
Apparently White counted on 16 ... g5,
when White sacrifice the Bishop for
three pawns and strong attack, e.g.
17.Bg5 fg5 18.Qg5 19.Bh7! etc.,
Black has no need to play for the piece
gain, since it 's poor posting gives him
sufficient advantage.
16 .. Nf8 17.Rh1
maneuver is ineffective as White 's
own piece obstructs the Rook 's activity.
17 ... Bd618.Kg1 Qc719.f4 Bg4!
move keeps White from freeing bls
Bishop for many moves.
Better was on which Black
could guard his Bishop with 20 ... h5 or
20 ... Qd7.
20 .. Re7 dc4 Kh8 23.Nc3
RaeS 24.Re7
Better is the immediate 24.1{f2.
24 ... Qe7 25.Kf2
With this and the following move, Black
prepares the Queen 's entry and exchange,
after which he will have clearly won
If 28.Bfl, then follows 28 ... Qe4, and
White is in an bind.
28 ... Qe2 29.Kg1 Qe1
Not 30.Qe1, after which Black will
exchange Rooks and after that he plays in
effect with an extra piece.
... h&
keep from losing the Bishop, this is
necessary. Black simply capture the
pawn, in which case White's best
continuation is g5 34.g4 or
... 34.g4 Bishop anywhere
BRESLAU, 1889 159
move played Black is much
stronger though.
... !
White defends excellently.
White is to play 34.Bdl,
of34 ... Rel.
logical continuation to keep the
Bishop locked up, would 33 ... h5, but
the simple text move should also lead to
34.Rd1 35.d5 cd5
Here Black to weaken, 35 ...
would lead to an easy win. On
Black simply plays 36 ... Nd7, but his
position is sttong enough to sacrifice the
for the d-pawn and after 36 .. .Ra3,
with three connected passed pawns
against Bishop, he should winning.
Now the Black pawns are scattered and
the White Rook will penettate the Black
36.Rd5 Kg8
On 36 ... White could play for draw
37 38.Ra5 and even could stan
an attack with 37 .Rd8, the defense against
which required great prudence, 37 ... Kg8
38.g4 (Here 38 ... Ra3 would lose for
Black of 39.Bg3 followed
40.Bd6 or 40.Rf8 followed 4l.Bd6.)
39.Bel Rc7! and Whitehas agood
37.Rb5 38.g4
White proceeds to free his
B1shop, but it is still one move too early.
should first proceed to pin the
and only after that, threaten to
bring in the Bishop to threaten the
once more. is then no way for Black
to maintain bls material advantage wblle
Parrying this danger. Thus the game
Would remain undecided: e.g.38.Rb8 Ra4
39.g4 Rg4 40.Bel Kf7 41.Rb7
42.Rb8 Kf7! or 38 ... Rd3 39.g4 Kf7
40.Bf2 Rd7 4I.Bc5 Nh7 42.Ra8! winning
the a-pawn. Bad would to play 42.Rh8,
although the could not
move of mate on f8, White cannot
capture on h7 as the Rook is lost after
43 ... Kg8!.
38 ... Nd7 39.Bg3
is to keep the out of
39 ...
is to the
40.Bf2 Ra6
There is notblng On 40 ... Nc4,
there follows 41.Bd4 (Again trying to
keep the out of as 41 ...
42.Rb8 Kh7 43 .Rb7 (Threatening
44.Bf6.) 43 ... Ne5? fe5 45.f6 and
the least Wblte will get is draw.
Here Metger recommends but
the Rook move is good.
41 ... Nd7 42.Rc8 Kh7 43.Rc7
Weaker is 43.Bd4, of 43 ... Ra4.
43 ... Ne5
On 43 ... Nb6, Whitc plays 44.Bd4
threatening 45.Bf6.
Thus White throws away his last
drawing chance. was 44.Ra7 Ng4
44 ... Ra3 45.Kh4
Here White had chance to give his
opponent difficult to solve with
45.g3! 45 ... White plays
46.Bd4! threatening 47 followed
is 45 ... Ra2 Nf3 47.g5! (only
move) 47 ... Ng5 Ra4
49 .g4 follows 49 ... Ra3 with 50 ... Rh3
next.) 49 ... Ne4 50.g4 (On King move
Black plays 50 ... Nd6 and 51 ... Nb5)
50 ... Ra3 51.g5! (On 51.Kh4 follows
51 ... Ng5 and 52 ... Rh3) 51 ... hg5! (Not
51 .. .fg5 of 52.Bd4.) 52.Kg4
52.Bd4 follows 52 ... Ra4 53.Rd7!
54.Kg4 Ne2. On follows
52 ... Rh3 53.Kg4 Nf2#.) 52 ... Rg3
54.Bd4 (Not 54.Rc5? because
54 ... Nf5 55.Rf5 54 ... 55.Rd7
Nd4 56.Rd4 57.Kg4 Rh4 followed
58 ... Rd4. attempt at partial
solution after 45 ... Ra2 47 .g5
h5 fails after 48.g6 Ng5
50.Bg5 fg5 51.g4 and if now 5l ... Ra3
52.Kg2 hg4 there follows 53.Rc8 Ra2
54.Kfl (Not 54.Kg3 55.Kg4
of 55 ... Ra8 56.Ra8 stalemate.) and it is not
White but Black who gets mated.
to play 47 ... fg5 (Threatening 48 ... Rh2 and
... Ne5 mate and on 48.Kg4 there follows
Ne5 g4 50J{h4 Rh2#.) 48.g4!,
but not 48.f6 of 48 ... h5 49.Rg7
50.g4 h4 Rgl# with
plethora of pretty variations.
45 ... Ra4
Now Black 's win has become simpler
and easier.
46.Ra7 Rg4 47.Kh3 Rf4 Rf5
49.818 Rg5 50.Rc7 51.g3 Nf2
52.Kh2 Ne4
On 53 ... Ng3 or 53 ... Rg3, there follows
White is trying for stalemate.
54 ... Rg3 55.Kh4 f5 56.Rd7 Rg1
57.Kh3 NgS 58.Kh2 59.Kh3 f4
threatens 60 ... Rg3#.
60.Bh4 Nh4 61.Kh4 62.Kh5
63.Rd2 64.Rf2 Rf4
threat is 65 ... g6#.
Black must not capture because of
65 ... Rf5 D-1.
GAME 134
Tarrasch- J. Minckwitz
eS 2.Nf3
Slightly is 6 ... and then 7 ... d6.
8.d4 ed4 9.Nd4 Bd7
White now has freer
game. should make use of it playing
1014 and ll.e5.
10.Qd3 11.f3
Of course this is very weak. In the
subsequent moves, White forgoes all
initiative. One is not always in form.
When I had similar position against
Blackburne in the Manchester
toumament, it to that it was
quite alright toplay and and
this idea itself was almost enough for
11 ... Ne8 13.Rad1
Much stronger was 13.Rae 1 followed
13 ... Ng7
White spent fifteen minutes on this
insignificant move, but advancing the
f -pawn was still indicated, as Black could
not answer 14 ... f5, of 15.Qc4
followed 16.Nc6.
BRESLAU, 1889 161
14 ... Qe8 15.Rfe1
White could still prevent 15 ... f5
playing 15.Bh6.
15 ... 15
move frees Black's game.
16.ef5 Nf5
Instead of this, White could start an
attack with piece sacrifice and obtain
very strong attack, an
attack, e.g. 17 .Qc4 d5 (If 17 ... Qf7
18.Nc6.) 18.Nd5 cd5 19.Qd5 Kg7?
20.Nf5 Bf5 21.Bd4 (Not 21 ... Rf6?
22.Re7 followed 23.Qa8.) 22.g4
(22 ... Rd8 23.Qe5 24.Qf6.) 23.Re6
(Threatening 24.Qh5.) and White will
win. Although 19 ... Rf7 20.Nf5 Bf5
21.Bd4 Qd8!, Black would have repulsed
the attack with advantage.
17 ... Qf7 Ne7 19.Ne4
White is drifting into an
game, as it often happens, after one is
to take advantage of good
19 ... Nd5
Black is posting his pieces excellently
for attack.
Nf4 21.Qcl2 22.Nc2
The must not go to of
22 ... Ng2! 23.Kg2 or 23.Ng5 Nh4!
and Black keeps an advantage.
22 ... 23.Re3 Qf5 24.Rde1 Rf7
25.Kh1 Raf8 26.Na3!
is the way to re-coordinate the
with the other pieces.
26 ... Qh5
Black now begins making indecisive
moves, instead of advancing the Kingside
pawns. In case White would choose to
defend the same way as in the game, then
it could have led to very pretty
conclusion with 26 ... g5 27 h5 28.h3
Rg7 (Much stronger than 28 ... Kh7.)
29.Nf2 g4! 30.hg4 hg4 31.Ng4 Rh7
32.Nh2 (Or 32.Kgl Qh5 Ng2
34.Kg2 Qg4.) 32 ... Qh5 33.g4 34.Qf2
35.Rd3 36.Rf3 37 .Kg1 Qg4
and mate to follow.
27.Nb1 g5 Qg6 29.Kg1
Not allowing the combination 29 ... g4
30ig4 Qg4
29 ... h5
Obviously Black has lost two moves
with the Queen.
Now Black threatens to advance the
g-pawn again.
31 ... Qf6
Instead of this, Metger in the toumament
suggests the pretty sacrifice
g2, but it would not decisive. The
following would happen: 32.Kg2 g4
33.hg4 hg4 34.Rhl Kg7 or 34 ... Kg8
35.Nd5! the attack Black is not,
35 ... gf3 36.Kfl Qg2 37 .Kel when
Black's attack is coming to an end.
Neither is ... good for Black. White
then give the back.
play 33.Kgl g4 34.h4 g3 (34 ... Qf6?
35.Re6.) 35.Nh3, or he could hold on
the piece threaten counterattack.
32.Nce4 Qf5 Qf6 34.Qc2 Kh8
Better is 34 ... Kg8. Now White forces the
Queen exchange, after which he has little
to fear. Also to considered was piece
sacrifice combination with, 35.Nh5 Nh5
36.Re6 Qg7 37 Qh7 38.Ng4 should
considered. 38 ... Rf6 39.Rf6
(Better is 39 ... Qc2 40.Rf8 and 41.Rc8.)
40.Qh7 40.Qc3? Qg7 41.Nf6
40 ... 41.Re7 42.Rc7 With
the defense, White would have few
pawns for the piece, but Black would have
35.Qc3 Qd4 36.Ne2 37 Kg7
On 37 ... g4 38.hg4 hg4 39.Ng4 Ng2
40.Kg2 41.Kg3 Bg4, and White
cannot capture the ishop of
42 ... Rg8 followed 43 ... Rh7#, but
White will win if he checks with the
38.Nd3 Ng6 39.Kh2
Although White conttols the only open
file, he cannot do anything there, and for
the moment he will have to make some
passive moves.
39 ... 85
This threatens break on the Queenside.
White must avoid this even though his
b-pawn backward.
40.84 41.Nb5 Nh4 42.R3e2
With 42.Re7, it would after 42 ... Nf5,
only lead to the exchange of an active
Rook for one.
42 ... Rb7
Black afford to make poor looking
moves this with impunity.
43.Nc1 Nf5 44.Kg 1 Rb8 45.Rd2 Nh4
Should Black ttade the 45 ... Nd4,
White will have attacking target at
threat was 46 ... Bf3, which now
would lead to game which Black might
even lose his pawns are divided
both sides of the and the
pawns diminish in their power.
46 ... Nf5 47.Rd2
Want adraw?
47 ... Rd8
Both players are waiting for the
opponents mistake.
49.N87 Bd7 50.Nb5 51.Nc3 Nd4
52.Rb2 Bf5 53.N3e2 Re8 54.Rd1 Bg6
55.Kf2 Nf5 56.Ng3 Nd4 57.Nge2
Bad is 57.Nce2 because of 57 ... h4
58.Nfl Nf5 after which White's position
very cramped.
57 ... Nf5 1/21/2.
GAME 135
Schallopp - Tarrasch
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 Nfd7
This variation, initiated Steinitz, does.
not have much to recommend itself.
S ... CS 6.dc5 NCS
Much than recapturing with the
7.Nf3 Nc6 8.882
This is to delay White 's castling.
9.Rb1 Nd7!
This prevents IO.Be3.
BRESLAU, 1889 163
toumament hand recomrnends
1 O.Nb5 followed anchoring the
l{night on d4.
10 ... f6! 11.ef6 Nf612.Na4
With this and subsequent moves,
Schallopp prematurel tries to attack.
Correct was 14.g3.
14 ... h6 1&.cs
Knight should retreat to then
Black's game would slightly
but the text move is decisive
1& ... hg5 17 .cd6 Qd6 18. fgS Ne4
result of White 's mistake, are two
connected passed pawns, guaranteeing
Black's victory. The only remaining
chance for White is an attack against h7
(With 19.Bd3 and 20.Qh5, etc.)
19.Rf8 QfS Qf5!
The main purpose of this move is to
prevent the attacking move 21.Bd3,
which would now answered
21 ...
Schallopp recommends 21.Qc2
instead, with this follow up, 21 ...
22.Qc7 23.Rel (The subsequent
23 ... Ne2 24.Re2 25.Bcl (25.Qcl
Qcl and 26 ... Na2.) 25 ... Nd3 26.Rc2
Bd7 would however good for Black.
What might happen is 27 Rc8
28.Qd7 Qcl and mate next.
21 ... Bd7 22.Nc5 (See next diagram)
22 ... d4
gives Black decisive attack.
move 23.Bd4, would lead to the
loss of piece. On 23.Ne4, wblch is
slightly better than the text, there
follows 23 ... Qe4 24.Bf2 Ne5 25.Bf3
Qf5 etc.
After 22.Nc5
23 ... de3 24.Bf3
On 24.Qfl, there follows 24 ... Ng3
25.Qf5 Ne2 26.Kfl winning
piece. On 24.Qel, Blackcanplay forthe
win of the Nd7.
24 ... Nd2 25.Rc1 Nd4 26.Kh2
With it leads to the loss of the
Queen or pretty mate 26 ... Qf2
27.l{h2 (Or 27.Khl Ne2 28.Qel
Ndfl Qf5#.) 27 ... Ne2
28.Qel Nfl 29.Kh3 (On
or 29 ... Qgl# or 29 ... Qfl with 30 ... Qh4.)
29 ... Nf4 30.Kg4 Nh2 etc.,
26 ... Qf4 27.Kh3 N2f3 28.gf3 0-1.
On 29.Qel, Black wins with 29 ... Qf3
Qfl.) ... Qg4
(3l.Qg3 and el=Q or
3l.Ne5 Qf4.) ... 32.Rf3
Rd8 34.Ne5 and 35 ... Rdl.
GAME 136
Tarrasch - Fritz
1.Nf3 d5 2.d4 BfS
Weakening the Queenside and White
will use this opponunity at once.
4.Qb3 Nc6
After 4 ... the disadvantage of
Black's game obvious.
text move is because it the
Rook to come to the defense of the
Thus White lets his adv antage slip,
which he could maintain What
would happen is 5 ... Rb8
threatening Black is very cramped
on the Queenside and he cannot yet make
break in the center if 6 ... then
7.Ne5 Ne5 8.de5 9.Qb5.
5 ... 6.Na3 7.Qa7 Ra8 8.Qb7
Drawn repetition. 1/21/2.
White expected that Black would play
for piece win 8 ... Ra3 Nc2
10.Kd2 Nal, but the would
trapped and White would get an
advantage the sequence of
GAME 137
Tarrasch Louis Paulsen
Sicilian Defense
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.d4 cd4
5.Nd4 d6
This creates two weaknesses in the
Black position, the squares d6 and d5.
Black defends these weaknesses
and could have obtained
fairly equal game.
On 7 the is posted poorly and
on Black plays 7 ... 8.Na3
leaving the completely misplaced.
7 ... h6!
Otherwise White plays 8.Bg5 and 9.Bf6,
and White will dominate the d5-square.

Black intends the advance of the d-pawn.
Not 9 ... d5, as White wins pawn
playing 10.ed5 Nd5 ll.Nd5 Bd5 12.Ne5

Better would 1 ll.Ba4,
and attack the d5 square once more. Thus
White could have maintained his
positional edge.
10 ...
Now Black could have played 10 ... d5.
11.Qd2 Ng4
Black should free bls game advancing
the d-pawn. The text move shows
Paulsen's preference for the two Bishops,
but his game remains cramped.
12.Rad1 13.Qe3 Qas
is to prevent 14 ...
14 ... Qc5 15.Qd2
So as to retreat the Queen to as
retreating to would answered
BRESLAU, 1889 165
17.Nd5 Bd8
Bishop is the guard for the
d-pawn and Black must not
exchange it. On 17 ... Bd5, the Queen
would recapture.
Rc819.Qe3 20.Qd2
Queen maneuver provoked new
weakness in Black's position.
is an indirect threat against Bad
for Black is 20 .. .f5 of 21.ef5 Bf5
22.Ne3 23.Qd5 24.Nf5 Rf5
25.Bd3 26.Qe4 27 .Nh4.
Preparing 22.g4, but this is not going to
21 ... Ne7
Black wanted to trade the Nd5 for
in order to retain the Bishop pair.
Black cannot capture on since after
23.Qd6, he would lose the pawn, e.g.
23 ... Ng6 24.Bd3 25.Qc6 26.Bg6
22 ... 23.Bd3 Ng6
On 23 .. .f5, multiple exchange on f5
would result followed the Queen trade
on d5. In the remaining position, White
would attack with his Rooks and his
Knight on This would lead to
game for White.
This move is now necessary because of
the threat 24 ... Nf4. If Black captures the
Nd5, the c-pawn will recapture. This
would eliminate the threat against
but Black still has cramped game. On
24 ... Nf4, White would simply play
25.g3 and capturing on would
quite risky.
24 ... Bd8 25.Kh2
move 25.g4 cannot played on
account of 25 ... Bd5 followed 26 ... Nf4.
Now White wants to play 26.g3.
25 ... Qd7 26.Qe3
White is trying to induce the Black
Queen 's retreat, but overlooked that his
opponent now has opportunity
of trading the Nd5.
26 ... Bd5! 27.ed5
the c-pawn recaptures, Black will
obtain an advantage 27 ... If
28.Ral, then 28 ... Nf4, and Black will
have time to his Rooks. Sacrificing
the a-pawn 28.Qd2 29 would
punished 29 ... Qa4!
... or 30 ... Ra2.)
!) ... with advantage for Black.
Thus, contrary to his opponent 's
intention, he has to recapture with the
e-pawn and allow the f-pawn push. After
that Black would have free game on the
Kingside with attacking chances, while
his Queenside position remains cramped
27 ... f5 28.Bf1 Qa4
This move and the next one are
obviously made under time-pressure. For
Black it was not easy to design
promising plan. Best was to prepare ... g5
retreating the to h8.
29.Rb1 Qe8
permits the activation of the
which could here have proved most
is to prevent 31.Ne6. White should
simply drive the off and play
after which he will obtain decisive
advantage. This is bome out Dr.
Gotschall 's correct analysis in the
toumament e.g. 31.g3 (Or
31 ... Bg5? 32.gf4 Bf4 33.Qf4 etc., or
32 ... ed4 33.Qd4.) 32.Ne6 Rf7
would not very dangerous
of 33 ... Nf8 34.Bh5 g6 35.Nf8
Rf8) 33 ... ... is worse yet
dc5 Ra8
or followed 35.Nd8 and
breakthrough way and Ral.
31.Nc6 32.Qf3 Qf7 Ng6
Ne7 as Nc6

White must not recapture with the
d-pawn as in that case, the Black Bishop
could participate in the attack
sacrificing the d-pawn.
37 ...
Black now gets an attack the Kingside
which may dangerous.
38.Qh5 Qf6 39.Bf1 Rce8
is in order to play 40 .. .f4, but White
attempts to prevent this continuously
attacking the e4-pawn.
40.Bg2 Qd4 41.Qe2 Re7
Instead of this, 41 ... f4 could now
played. The e4-pawn would as
White would lose at once, e.g.
43.Kg3 Re4 44.Qe4 Qf2 45.Kg4 Bd8 and
wins. White 's defense to 41 ... f4 was
42.Rbdl Qc5 43.gf4 Rf4 44.Qe3 Rf2
45.Qc5 46.Kg3 etc. or 42 .. .fg3 43.fg3
Qf6 43.Qd2 Rfe8 44.Re2 ReS
45.Rde1 gS
is last try.
With this move White threatens to
the pawn chain. 46.g4, White loses now
46 .. 14 48.Re3 Qf4 49.Kgl
Re4 50.Re4 Re4! (Not 50 ... Qd2,
draw can forged 51.Re8 and 52.Re7,
etc). or 47.Re4 48.Re5 de5 49.Bfl
50.d6! (Not 50.Kgl of 50 ... Qd6.)
50 ... Bd6 51.Kgl In order to avoid
52.Qd5) of the mating threat of
52 ... Qe5.
46 ... h5 47.Qd4
Here 47 .g4 would not change the end
result of the game of 47 ... hg4
48.hg4 fg4 Qf4.
47 ... g4 48.h4 Kg71/21/2 agreed.
GAME 138
Tarrasch- Alapin
Petroff Defense
2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Ne5 d6 4.Nf3 Ne4

Alapin assumed that White would play .
the normal 5.d4. to develop his King
Bishop. touched different piece and
naturally 1 captured his Alapin
resigned at once and we continued the
game in skittles fashion, but even if the
retreats it seems that it cannot
escape it 's fate it did not take very
long for me to win the piece and the game.
BRESLAU, 1889 167
GAME 139
Blackburne - Tarrasch
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 Nfd7
5.f4 6.dc5 Nc5 7.Nf3 Nc6
It is easier to find an excuse for
piece than it is for not
understanding the spirit of the game. This
move leads to trade of pieces, after
which Black should have winning
position considering his Bishop pair and
strong center.
s ... Be7 s.o-o 11.Nd4
Steinitz, writing in the Intemational
Chess Magazine, makes the following
instructive observation." Queen is too
strong of piece to used in the opening
merely to protect pawn. Better is the
sirnple 11 ... Bd7 12.Qh5 f6 13.Rf3 Qe8,
with superior position for the endgame."
following weak moves can only
explained my confusion caused
Blackbume's poor game. Weak moves
made strong opponent have often
caused me to make poor moves, see also
my game against Mackenzie, game 73 and
remarks to move 23.
White 's plan, starting with his eighth
move, was to attack on the Kingside.
was to fail, since this attack is made
completely inadequate force, i.e.
Queen and Rook only, on the other hand
Black's counter chances in the center and
on the Queenside are predominate, almost
guaranteeing victory after he repels
White's attack.
12 ... Bd7
Now it is too late. It was imponant not
to weaken the 's position moving
the pawns and Black could achieve this
12 ... Nd7 Rd8 14.Rh3 Nf8 and
Black is completely safe on the Kingside
and ready to attack on the other side of the
13.Rf3 g6
When 1 made my twelfth move, 1
intended to move the f-pawn one or two
squares, then to continue with secwing
the King's position, but 1 saw too late that
on 13 .. .f5 White plays 14.Rh3 h6 15.Qg6
16.Qg3, and White would
on account oftwo threats, 17 .Rh6 or 17
followed 18.Ne6.
On 14.Qh6, Black would secure his
position playing 14 .. .f5 followed
15 ... Rf7.
14 .. Kh8
Here Black could have forced draw
14 .. .f5. White would have nothing
than to sacrifice the Rook and give
perpetual check. At that point though, 1
still 1 could defend against the
attack and then go on to win.
Now the f-pawn cannot move anymore
because of 16.Rg6 and in the further
course of the game, Black never gets to
move it. is the origin of his
It is the weak that offers the
most splendid anacking comblnations,
but as soon as Black controls this square,
the game is often decided in his favor.
15 . Rg816.Be3
If instead White plays 16.f5, Black could
not recapture 16 ... ef5 because of
17 .Qh7 18.Rh3 Kg7 19 King
anywhere 20.Bf8 followed mate next
move, but 16 ... gf5 or 16 ... Qe5 would
refute it.
16 .. Bf8
move 16 .. .f5 is dangerous for Black
of 17.ef6 18.Nf3
19.Rh3 Rg7 20.Nh4 21.f5 (Not
2l ... ef5 22.Nf5 gf5 23.Qf6.)
17.Qh3 Nb7
With this move Black threatens to bring
his Queenside pawns into the act, with
... followed ... d4. Bardeleben
proposed 17 ... Ne4, instead of the text, to
followed after 18.Ne4 de4 19 ...
and 20 ... However the pawn on
would lost with no compensation after
19.Ne2 20.Nc3 21.Re1 followed
22.Bcl and 23.Rge3.
18.Nf3 Rg7 19.Rf1
At the post mortem analysis it
clear that here 19 .Re 1 was in order to
prevent the Bd7 from moving to f5 via
butone cannot really expect that the attacker
could see this hidden resource, the
circuitous activation of the Bd7, five moves
ahead. In addition after 19 .Re 1, Black could
have chosen another effective defensive
maneuverwith ... Na5-c6-e7-f5, e.g. 19.Re1
Na5 21.Nd1 22.Ne3 Ne7
and White must not move his to g4.
19 ...
move is the start of deeply
calculated defensive maneuver against the
White attacking line that looked the most
dangerous, to me and my opponent. Of
course this was the line 1 was most
concemed with. It consisted of playing the
across to Metger, who was
interested in the results of this game, for this
was the toumament's decisive game, asked
as I got up from the game for few
minutes, if I thought I would to hold
the game. answer was that I had
surprise move in reserve. When I
approached him again after move 26, his
handshake was so powerful, that I had to
make the remaining moves with my other
changing the move order, namely
2l ... Qd8, Black could have avoided 22.f5,
move which, as all commentators
agreed, should lead to win for White,
e.g. 22.f5 ef5 (22 ... gf5? 23.Rg7 Kg7
24.Qh6 Kg8 25.Ng5 Bg5 26.Bg5 and
wins.) 23.Bh6 Rg8 24.Ng5 (With the
threats of 25.Nn and 25.Nh7.) 24 ... Bg5
25.Bg5 Qe5 26.Re3 27 .Qh4 with an
attack, on 27 ... Rge8? (Bener is 27 .. .h5!)
then 28.Bf6 followed 29.Qh7 and
31.Rh3 and White mates. All Black needed
to do though, was to allow White the win of
the exchange after 22.f5 ef5 23.Bh6 Bd7, to
attain good game. White's attack would
pretty much peter out after 24.Bg7 Kg7,
after which White 's pieces on the
are clumsily posted, and are threatened
25 .. .f4. Black already has one pawn for the
exchange and may win the e-pawn as well.
22.Ne3 d4 23.Ng4
Had White played his QR to earlier,
Black would to defend very
adequately with 23 ... Bf3 followed
24 ... Qd8.
In my calculations, 1 counted here on
25.Qh4, which indeed is On that
move, I would also continue with
25 ... Qd8 and 26 ... Nd6 and the game
would decided in my favor.
25 ... Qd8 26.Qg5
26 ... Nd6
is the point. The move threatens to
once more 27 ... Ne4 or 27 ... Ne8,
thus taking over possession of force.
will give Black won game.

27 .Re 1, Black does not play
27 ... Ne4, because of 28.Re4 29.Rh3
BRESLAU, 1889 169
followed and 3l.Qh4, but
mstead plays 27 ... Ne8.
21 ... Bf6 28.Qh6 29.Ne5
Not 29 ... as after 30.fe5 Qe5, White
will to play perpetual check with
32.Bg5 etc., as after
32 ... Qd5, the Bishop will get to

last desperate attempt to continue the
anack with 31.g4.
... Qd5
It is now easy for Black to realize his
advantage and after having driven the
White pieces back, he will start
34.Rg3 35.Nf3
Black now threatens 36 ... d3 and this
wins the Bishop.
Rb8 37
Unpinning the but this deprives
the Queen of its retreat square.
Black to try to trap the Queen.
37 ... Bf8! 38.Ne1 Rf7
forces the win of the Queen or
39.Qh4 g5 40.fg5
On 40.Qh5, there follows 40 ... Bg6.
40 ... fg5 41.Rf7 gh4 42.Rg1
The drama is over and is followed
pretty Scherzo.
42 ... Bg6 43.Rc7 Bd6 44.Rd7
45.Ra7 46.Ra5 47 .Ra4 Qb5
This is the end of the Rook chase. On
there follows 48 ...
48.Bf4 Rf8 Kg8 and White
Resigned Q-1.
GAME 140
Tarrasch - Gunsberg
2.Nf3 Nc6 g6
Normally 4.d4 is played here.
4 ... Bg7
This is to avoid the trade of the Bishop
and in this position the tempo loss is justified.
5 ... d6
tlris move had justified, then
would senseless, but ... is bad
mistake, as it leads to loose IGngside and
the deterioration of Black's pawn structure.
fe6 8.Bg5
considered here was an attack
8.Ng5 (8 ... Qd7? 9.Qg4 Nd8 10.Nh7.)
9.Qg4 Nd8 10.f4 ef4 ll.Rfl 12.Nh3
8 ... Nge7
This is bad post for the
was 8 ... Nf6 or 8 ... Qd7.
9.Ne2 1 o.Qd2
As long as White keeps his
opponent guessing about his castling
choice. leads Black to allow another
weakness in his position soon.
10 ... Qe8
White could have started Kingside
attack with ll.h4, but at best all it would
have led to after dozen moves or so, was
check on h7. Also in the meantime, since
White, in this attacking pattern, needs to
castle Queenside, Black could have begun
an attack against the White King there.
11 ... Nd812.Bg7
weakens Black's center still more.
Steinitz recomrnends 13 ... Nf7 followed
14 ... d5, but this would make the
pennanently backwards.
is to make room for the on
its way to
14 . Rc815.Nd2 Ng8
See my comment on move eight.
16.Nc4 Nf7 17 Nf6 18.()..()
assured of winning chances
in the center and on the Queenside, White
finally castles
18 .. g5
Black realizes that his position in the
center is bad and thus he tries to attack on
the Meanwhile, there was no
need to rush into this desperate plan, but
rather he could have played to improve his
center 18 ... d5 19.Nd2 as
recommended Steinitz, but then
Black's original weakness of the
would still clearer.
is to prevent 19 ... h5 and in case the
attack grows too strong, to weaken it
19 ... Rd8 20.Rfe1
Now 20 ... d5 is prevented.
20 ... Nh8
In addition to the threat to advance the
h-pawn, Black threatened to play the
via to f4 and then h5.
attacking the g-pawn Black is kept
from playing 21 ... Ng6 or 2l ... h5. At the
same time this move prepares the
following attack on the Queenside.
21 ... Qg6
On 22 ... wins pawn.
Nf7 24.85 Nd7
move gives White control of the
position and all he needs to do now is not
to underrate Black's attack.
26 ... h5
27.Rb7 g4 28.Nf1
White has to make few defensive
moves because of the threat ... h4-h3
followed ... Ng5-f3.
28 .. Kh8
Lateron (tenmoves later), theKingtums
out to poorly posted on h8. Therefore
Steinitz recommends 28 ... Kg8. With the
King on g8 it tums out that White would
have to make one less defensive move
than after 28 ... which move
might Black to play the Rook to g8,
thus strengthening his attack.
29.Qe3 h4
Otherwise White plays

is to prevent ... Black now
eschews further attack but with nice
combination wins the b5-pawn as
compensation for his

. d5 d4 32.Qe2
Rb8 34.Rb8 35.Rb1 Nd6
Nc8 37.f3!
decisive move White to
start attack. Steinitz gives as
yet 38.Rb6 39.f3,
since after this the Black pieces would
paralyzed, but then White 's Rook would
BRESI.AU, 1889 171
not posted where it is needed, namely on
the Apart from that Black might
the sttong sacrifice 38 ..
with strong attack. For
jnStance, 40.Kgl h3 41.g3 and White
is in bind, (42.Qg4? Rfl.) Apart from the
pawn move, there was sttong temptation
to play 37 .Qd2. would have led to the
gain of the Nc8, but the win would have
eluded White. Namely, 37
39.Qa5 Qf2 4l.Qbl?
and White doesn 't even have perpewal
37 ... gf3
The move 37 ... g3 is of no use anymore
of 38.Qel, either or after
the pawn exchange.
38.Qf3 Kg7
Black has to avoid check on f8. If
38 ... White wins playing 39.Nd2
Nd7 40.Rb8 41.Qf8 Qg8 42.Qh6
Qh7 43.Qf6 Qg7 44.Qh4 etc.
39.Nd2 Rb6
Evennow 39 ... is Then White
could continue with 40.Rfl followed
41.Qh3 and 42.Nf3.
After this there is no hope anymore.
40 ... Nd6
On 41 ... Nc4, follows 42.Qf8 43.Rf7
winning the Queen. Black shouldnothave
resigned yet, but could have tried 43 ... Qf7
44.Qf7 Kh8, in hopes that White
continues with 45.h3 46J{h2 Ne3
47 Now Black could have mated in
three moves.
GAME 141
Burn .. Tarrasch
Queen's Gamhit Declined
1.d4 d5 4.cd5 ed5
After this Black gets good game.
5 ... d4! 6.Ne4?
The should go to in which
case Black has to play 6 ... ifhe wants
to regain his pawn. Instead of that Black
would have the much stronger 6 ...
6 ...
Better was 6 ... Qd5 or 6 ... Bf5, which
would have given Black strong position.
7.Nc5 Qa5 8.Bd2 Qc5
The Queen has to go to an
square, as the must guarded.
9 ... Qf5 1 O.Qa4 Nc6 11.Nf3
The move ll.Rc6 is not only
because of 11 ... Bd7, but worse with
11 ... 12.Qc6 Kd8 13.Qa8 and
11 ... Qd5
Black is now worse, not
just of the isolated d-pawn, but
his development is delayed.
Quite good also is
14 ... 15.D-O Rd8?
Black's Queen is the target of multiple
attacks. For this reason Black tries to
bring Rook exchange, but here
White could force an immediate end to the
game with
18.Qc6! or 16 ... Qf5 18.Rd8
Nd8 19.Qe8#.
16.Rc5? Qd6 17.Rfc1
Preventing 18.Bf4, which
answered with 18 ... 19.Qa8 Qf4.
Ng6 19.Rd1 Qe7 20.Rd8 Nd8
21.Qc2 Nc6
Black has repelled the Queenside and the
center, and although White is still
marginally better, he cannot prevent
Black 's further development and full
equalization. White now tries Kingside
attack which has no chance of success.
Of course Black cannot capture this
pawn if 22 ... Nh4, then 23.Nh4
Qh4 24.Rh5.
22 ... Nf8 23.Rg5 Rc8 25.Qb1
f6 26.Rg3 Bf7 27.Bd3 Ne5
Better is 27 ...
In this game one notices that at the end
of long tournament, players often let
their guard down, especially since the
result of the game would not affect the
outcome of the tournament. Again
players overlook decisive move,
29.Rg7, which would give White the
On ... Qn Kf7 (31 ... Bf7?
32.Nf5.) 32.h5, Blackmustnotcapture on
h5 of 33.Nf5.
Re8 32.h5
further advance of the h-pawn might
eventually put it in danger. Now it is
of 33.Nf5.
32 ... Ne6 34.h6 g6 35.Qc3
Kg8! 36.Ne6 Qe6
37 .Bg5 Kf7 38.Re3 Qe5
forces the exchange of Queens.
39.Qe5 Re5 40.Bf4 Re8 41.Rc3
1/21/2 agreed, although Black
has some winning chances, as he can win
the h-pawn playing 42 ... g5, and
43 ... Kg6.
XI. Nuremberg, 1889-1890
Between the Chess Congresses of Breslau and Manchester there is not much to repon
my life. The medical practice grew and grew and so did my family. I in
the five children system and I led very happy life. In this chapter I am giving the reader
the choice of some offhand games I played during this period.
GAME 142
Tarrasch- M.Kurschner
1.84 2.d4 ed4 Nc6 4.Qe3 Nf6
5.Nc3 6.Bd2 00 7.000 Re8
White sacrifices pawn to maintain the
attack. After 8.f3 d5 Black is better.
here also is 8
8 ...
Betteris theimmediate 8 ... Ne4. Afterthe
text move the attack becomes very
Re4 10.Bd3 Re8 11.Nf3 d6
12.Ng5 h6
On 12 ... Ne5, White captures twice on
and then regains the Queen Bh7.
13.Bh7 Kf8!
Bad is 13 ... Nh7 on account of 14.Ne6.
14.Ne4 Ng4 15.h3 Nge5 16.f4 Ng6
17.Bg6 fg6 18.Qg6 Qe7 19.Nd6
attack is renewed.
19 . cd6 20.Rde1 Ne5!
On 20 ... Qf7 comes 21.Bg7 followed
22.Re8. On 20 ... naturally follows
2l.Re6 and is decisive.
21.fe5 d5 22.h4
Preventing the Queen exchange
22 ... Qg5, but was also adequate.
22 .
On 22 ... Kg8, there follows and
then 24.Rfl.
23.Qh7 Recs 24.Qh8 Kf7 25.Ref1
Kg6 26.h5 Kg5 27.Bd2 Kg4 28.Qh7
GAME 143
Tarrasch Kurschner
1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 4.
Nc6 6.00 00 8.Nbd2
Rook belongs on the file and not
the Queen. Better is 8 ... Bd7 followed
9 ... Rc8.
9.Ne5 Bd6
Black should trade the King Bishop
playing 9 ...
1 O.f4 Ne7 12.Rc1
The pawns which are the framework
of the position, are posted
symmetrically except for the f4 pawn.
The position of all the Bishops is equal
and the on d2 and are pretty
much equal. The Ne5 has made one
more effective move than the Black
one. Thus White is two moves ahead
(f4, and Ne5). Black made this
moving the King Bishop
and the Queen Knight twice. In
addition, White has the advantage of
pointing the Rc 1 at the Black Queen.
13.cd5 Ned5
Better would have been to capture
with the pawn. Black promises himself
too much from the open -g2 diagonal.
14.Qe1 Ne7
Black should remove his Queen frorn
the c-file.
Of course not 15 ... because of
and now Black is at disadvantage all
over the
Xl. NUREMBERG, 1889-1890 175
1&.Nec4! Ng& 17.h4 Qc&? 18.Rf3
Qc7? 19.Rh3 Rfd8 20.h5 Ne7 21.h6
22.hg7 Kg7 24.g4
The Kingside attack now becomes
an on the
effectiveness of the White Bishops.
24 Kg8 25.g5 Nd5
is one of those sacrifices that delight
the weaker players, but which seem
natural to master.
26 . Kh7
On 26 ... Ndf4, follows 27 .Qh4! Ne2
28.Kfl Nd4 29.Rh8 Nh8 30.Qh7
followed 31.Qh8#.
27.Qh4 Kg8 28.Bg6 fg& 29.Qh8 Kf7
Of course 30.Ne5 was winning
the Queen, but White is playing for mate.
Experience tells us that the defender in
these positions, prefers to lose the King,
as opposed to losing the Queen. Only
3I ... Qe5 could delay the mate. On
... it is answered 32.Qf7
followed 33.Qg8.
32.Qg6 33.Qf7 Kd6 34.Ne4# or
34.Nc4# 10.
GAME 144
Kurschner - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nc6 d6 4.d4 Bd7
Nf6 &.Qe2
Re8 h610.Bh4 a611.Bd3
Not ll.Ba4, because of 11 ... Nd4
followed 12 ... Black's game is
quite cramped
11 ... ed412.cd4 Nb4!
This is mistake, the Bishop trade
should not avoided.
... 14.Nc4 d5 15.ed5 Nfd5
White cannot prevent the loss of piece,
as on Re7, and the Queen has no
square from which it could defend the
and on 17 .Nfe5 follows 17 ..
16 .. Bh4 17.Qh7 Kf8 18.Qh8
19.Re1 Kf6 20.Nce5!
This is delightful move. the Rook
captures the Queen, then 21.Ng4 is
20 ... 8d7 21.Qh7 Bg5 22.h4 Bf4 23.g3
24.de5 25.Qg7
King r .. ow crawl back, but White
still has some chances, as his
compensation for thc lost is two
connected pawns.
Nc6 27 .Qh6 Rh8 28.Qg5 Kd7
29.Qd2 30.Rd1 Nce7
32.Nd4 34.Rd3 Qb6
Now that Black has found safety for his
King, he will try to stan counterattack.
35.Rad1 Rad8
is 37 because of 37 ...
Rdl 39.Qdl followed
40 ... Qe4.
37 .. Rd4 38.Rd4 Qd4 39.Qe2
40.Bd3 41.Rd3 Qc4 42.Qe3
43.Rd7 Qe6 44.Rd6 Qf5
Poor is 44 ... Nf5 45.Re6 Ne3 46.Re7.

Although he is piece short, White
has held his game together quite well.
Now he succeeds in trading the
after which his three
passed may become very
the However,
succeeds in fast
decisive attack.
45 ... Nd5 46.Qd4 Re8 47 .ef7 Qf7
White cannot the final attack.
48.Qd2, it would answered 48 ...
followed 49 .. .Re2.
48 . Re2 49.Qh8
Not 49 ... of 50.Qd8#.
50.Qd4 51.Rc6 52.Kh3 Qf5
Followed mate in few moves. Q-1.
GAME 145
Eckart - Tarrasch
(Remove Black's f7-pawn)
d6 2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.Bd3
6.d5 7.h3 Q-0
9.Qe2 Nh5
The Knight is posted where it will
remain threat throughout the game.
10.g3 Qe8 11.Nf1 Qf7 12.Ng5 Bg5
13.Bg5 Nc514.Bc2
is in order to play 15 ... and if
followed 17 ... Qf2.
At this 15 ... makes
Black is readying attack
the castled while
White is still unprepared for Kingside
Capturing on would very poor on
account of 17 ...
17 . dc519.Nc4
White eschews the securing move 19
and plays for center attack.
19 .. g6!
Protecting the thus threatening
to capture at f2 and at the same time he
makes g7 for the Queen.
21.Rd2 Rb8
22.Ne5 follows 22 ... Qg7 23.Nc6
24.Qa6 Qc3 Qal
27 .Qd3 28.Qc2 with striking
attack, or 25 .. .Rb8 26.Qd3 Qb2 27.Kdl
22 ... 23.Qe3 24.Ne5 Qg7
Qe5 27.14 Qg7
The exchange of Rooks was useless, as
the King would feel very safe d3.
White has himself very
well from the complications of the last
few moves, but his position is still
dangerous. His move has as its
purpose, to cut off the but
it is mistake, as now the d3-square will
not give his safe sanctuary.
threatens 31 ... and after 32.Kd3
follows 32 ... Qf5.
31.Rcl, Black may play ... Qf5
followed 32 ... Qh3.
31 ... Qf5
Xl. NUREMBERG, 1889-1890 177
32 ... Ng3 Qe4 34.Qe3 Qh1
This defends and attacks.
Rd2 37.Kd2
On 37 .Qd2, Black plays 37 ... Qe4.
37 .. Rb2 38.Kd3 Qb1# 1-Q.
is pretty mate.
GAME 146
Kurschner - Tarrasch
Nf6 Ne4 4. Bf7
Better is 4.Qh5.
4 .. Kf7 5.Ne4 d5 Kg8 7.Ne2
This is joke. On 7 ... de4, 8.Qb3 would
lead to mate.
7 ... 8.N4g3 Qd7 10.h3

Black has totally superior position.
11.0.0 h5
This pawn must not captured
of 12 ... Rf8, which further restricts
White's game.
12.Nh1 Rf8 13.Qg3 h4 14.Qh2
is tragicomical configuration of
White's pieces.
14 .. 15.d3 Bd6 16. Bf4 (See next
diagram) 16 .. Rf4 17.Nf4 g5 0-1.
After 16.Bf4
GAME 147
Tarrasch - Kurschner
2.Nf3 4.0-0 Ne4
5.d4 6.de5
This is the Witty variation L' Hennets.
6 . Nb5 7
Better is 7 ... Now White will develop
strong attack more than adequate
compensation for the sacrificed pawn.
8.Bg5 Qe7 10.ed6 cd6
11.Re1 Ne5 12.Nd4 Qf6 13.Nc3 Q-0
White dominate the
and Black 's game is under developed.
14 ... Qh4 15.Ra3
Simpler is 15.Nf5, after which the Queen
has to go back to d8, (15 ... Qg4? 16.Nh6
followed 17 or vice versa.)
However, the Rook move has hidden
15 .. Ng4 16.Rh3 Qf2 17.Kh1
Black Queen is now cut off, but it
cannot won without further
complications. The protects the
Queen and when recapturing would
regain the Queen.
17 ... 15
Better would to try to complete
Black's development with 17 ... and
18 ...
18.Ne7 Kf7
On 18 ... White plays 19.Ng6.
19.Ndf5 Qf5
This is very interesting position.
is decisive. On 20 ... Nf2, White
plays 21.Kgl Ndl 22.Rf5 23.Nc6
and mate next move.
20 ... Qf3 21.Qf3 Nf6 22.Nf5
White is playing for mate. Of course
22.Qb3 would have led to quick win.
In this game White 's development is far
than in game 146, even so Black has
positional edge in addition
to the two Bishop edge.

22 ... Kg8 23.Nd6 Rb8 12 .. Re813.h3
24.Qb3 Kh8 25.Nf7 Kg8 26.Nh6 Kh8
White mates in few moves. 10.
On 27 ... Ne8 or 27 ... Re8, then 28.Qg8
followed 29.Nfl#. On 27 ... gh6, then
28.Rf8 and 29.Qf7#. On 27 ... g6!, then
28.Qf7 Ng8! 29.Qg8 or 29.Rf8, etc.
GAME 148
Kurschner - Tarrasch
Nf6 Ne4 4.Bf7?
Kf7 5.Ne4 d5 6.Qh5 Kg8 7.Qe2
is the same joke as in game 146.
7 ...
In order to to play 14.Ne2,
without having Black play 14 ... Bg4.
Qh414.N1e2 Ne215.Qe2 d4
Although this allows the White
to occupy it holds on to the attack and
restricts White's game.
16.Bd2 Bd717.Ne4 Bf8!
On 17 ... it would poor square
for the Bishop, after White castles
Before long the position will
subjected to fierce attack, but castling
Kingside was also dangerous.
18 ... Re6 Ra6
Bishop's position is now excellent.
Black also plays 21 ... as in
the game.
21 .. 22. 23.g4 Qd8!
White threatened to cut off the Queen
24.g5, but now it is getting ready to attack
on the other wing.
24.g5 Qd5
XI. NUREMBERG, 1889-1890 179
Finally the right moment has for
the pawn exchange.
26.Nc3 27.Kd2
threatens 29 ... Ra2.
29.Qe5 Ra2
White hopes to keep his opponent busy
with the g7 mate threat, but there is no
salvation anymore.
... Qb2

captures the at once, Black
would proceed to win in sirnilar fashion,
with the difference that instead of
... Rf5, he would have to play ...
... g6 34.Qe6 Bd4 35.Kf4
On Black will capture the Queen
... followed Rook check.
35 ... Rf8 36.Kg5 Qg2 37 .Qg4 Rf5 and
wins. Q-1.
GAME 149
Kurschner - Tarrasch
Sicilian Defense
2.Nf3 g6 cd4 4.Nd4 Nf6
Bg7 d6 S.D-0
D-0 9.h3 Bd71 O.Qd2 Rc811.Rad1 Nd4
12.Bd4 1
Sooner or later this pawn needs
is so he can play the Bishop to
14 ... Nd715.Bg4
is mistake, giving the opponent
dominate position.
15 .. f517.ef5 gf518.Bf3
f4 20.Qd2 Kh8
22.Bd4 Qg5 23. Bd5 Rg8! 24. f3
lf White captures the Rook, the attack
grows stronger yet the will
lend it additional power.
24 ... Bd5 25.Nd5 Bd4 26.Qd4 Ne5
There is no salvation for White, as
27 .Rf2 or 27 .Rd2 is answered
27 ... Rc4.
27.Nf4 Qf4 28.fe4
28 .. Rg2 29.Kg2 Rc2
31.Kg1 Rf2 32.Qf2 Qd1 Kg7
and Black won. D-1.
GAME 150
Tarrasch - F. Kolb
(White is playing minus the Ral and his
a-pawn starts on
2.d4 ds cs Nc6
h6 f5
Black, having given Rook odds and
with solid build up, can afford few
weak moves, but it is difficult to start an

to follow up with 9 .Nh4.
s ... Be7 9.Ne1 g5
On 9 ... White could continue his
attack with 10.Ng2 and ll.Nf4.
10.Bh5 Kd7
White has made it for Black
to castle, but this is all he has achieved.
11.g4 Qf8
On ll ... f4, White 's Queen can penetrate
via and
16.Qc2 Bd7 17.Bg6!
Finally White has some of an
17 ... h5 18.gl5 g4
Black should capture the f-pawn.
loses the game not simple mistake,
but weaker play.

Bad would 19.f6, since Black
sacrificing would all danger.
19 ...
If Black captures the pawn, White
proceeds with 20.f5 and 21.f6 and the
20.15 Bg6 21.fg6 Qc8
2l ... Qg7, White wins the Queen with
22.g7 Rh6 23.Bh6 Nh6 24.Nf4
completely undermines the Black
24 .. 25.Nd5 26.Nd2 Qd8
27.Qe4 28.Nc4
Qe7 31.Qc6 Rb7
32.RI8 and White mates in few moves.
GAME 151
Tarrasch - Chr. Schroder
(White gave Queen odds)
King' s
2. f4 d6 f5 4.Nc3 fe4 5.de4
6.fe5 de5 7.Nf3 8.Bg5 Qd6?
9.Rd1 Qg6?
White now mates in three moves.
10.Rd8 Kf711.Bc4 Qe6
Or ll ...
is pretty mating position. 1-D.
GAME 152
Kurschner - Tarrasch
French Exchange Variation
2.d4 d5 ecl5 4.Bd3 Bd6
Nf6 Q-0
is secure drawing v ariation.
7 ... Nc610.Qc2
Black has developed unconventionally
to obtain more prospects. However, in
majority of cases, with play, it will
give the opponent chances.
11.Nh4 Ne7 12.Bg5 Ng6 13.816
Better is 14.Bf5
14 ... 814
is the start of Black's attack.
threat is to win piece 15 ... Bd2 and
16 ... Bf5.
Nf5 must eliminated, if only so
that after White plays the Bf4 may have
retreat square.
16.Nc5 Qc8 17.Ne7 Re7 18.Bh7
Xl. NUREMBERG, 1889-1890
gives Black new attacking file and
is loss of time, but in any event
Black already had good attack.
18 ... Kg7 19.Bd3 Rh8 20.g3
20 ... Rh2!
The following occurrences are quite
interesting. On 21.gf4, Black plays
21 ... Qh8.
21.Kh2 Qh8 22. Bh7
If the King should go to g 1, there follows
22 ... 24.Rf2 but not
22 ... of
22 ... Re2
If now there follows ... Rd2
f5 25.Kg2 Qh7 26.Rh1 Qg6 with
very strong attack, threatening for
instance 27 ... Qg4 29 .Kg2

This pretty move wins tempo for
White. the is captured the
pawn, White plays 24.Qg6 followed
25.Qg4. If the capture is made the
Bishop, then White has 24.Qe2.
... 24.gf4
On 24.Kg2, Black continues with
24 ... Re2 25.Qd3 Rd2 26.Qb 1 f5 27 .Rh1

24 ... f5 25.Rh1 Qh7 26.Kg2 Qg6
This threatens to win the Queen
27 ... Bdl.
27.Kf1 28.Rh2
Not 28.Rg1 of 28 ... Qgl, 29.Kgl
Rh6, and ... Rh1#.
28 ... Qg4
threatens 29 ... and on 29.Re1
follows 29 ... Qgl Re1#.
29.Qd2 Rg6 and forced mate. D-1.
GAME 153
Eckart - Tarrasch
(Game conclusion)
1 ... h5! 2.f5 hg4 4.Bd8 hg2
5.Kg1 gf1:Q 6.Kf1 Rhh2 7.Kg1 Bf5
move 4.Qa4 was little
is followed 4 ... Qd7! 5.Qc2 Bf5! 6.Rf5!
ef5! and Black maintains an extra pawn,
or 4 ... then 5.Qc2 hg2 6.Qg2 Bf5
7 .Qg7 8.Rf5 (Not 8.Qh8 of
8 ... Be4followedby9 ... Qg5 and 10 ... Qd2)
and 9.Qh8, and White wins. 1-0.
GAME 154
Kurschner - Tarrasch
(Game conclusion)
is so that White can force the Rook
trade on 1 ... Rb2 playing 2.Rb 1.
1 ... 8d3 2.Rcd1 Rg5 3.Kh1
On 3.Bg5 or Black plays ... f2.
3 ... f2!
Black forces mate. Bad is ...
of 4.Bf2!
GAME 155
Tarrasch - Kurschner
Queen's Gamhit Accepted
1.d4 d5 dc4 815
leaves unprotected, which spells
5.Qb3 6.13
are two reasons why this Bishop
does not here. First this should
's developing square and second,
it prevents which in the Queen's
Gamblt almost always has to played
7 .Ne2 Nf6 9.Nbc3
This threatens to drive the Bishop
away IO.d5, and then to capture on

9 ... Qc8 1 O.d5 ed5?
Necessary was IO ... Bd7 at once.
11.ed5 8d7 12.d6 8d6 13.817 Kd8
14.8g5 Nc6 15.Ne4 16.816 gf6
White now has an overwhelming
17 ... Ne518.NI4
threat is 19.Ne6#.
18 ... Qb8
is an odd position for the Queen.
19.Qe6 Rf8 20.Nf6 Bd6
playing 2l.Nd7 Nd7 22.Rhel, White
could quickly win, but he prefers the
following pretty, albeit not quite
Queen sacrifice.
21.Qe5 Rf7 22.Nd7 23.Ne5
24.Rhe1 Re7 25.Nd5 Re5 26.Re5 Kf7
27 .Rd4 28.RI4 Kg8 29.NI6 Kg7
On ... White plays 31.Nd5.
31.Rh4 Qc7 32.Rgh5 1-Q.
game demonstrates that after
stunning sacrifice, the opponent rarely
finds the answers.
GAME 156
Tarrasch - Eckart
1.d4 2.Nf3 Nl6 d5 4.8d3 8d6
Nbd7 1 cs
is premature. natural move is
9 ...
10.ed4 8b711.Re1 Nh5
only leads to the misplacement of
the move 11 ... Rc8, should'
have played.
12.Qc2 g6
should go back to
13.g3 Rc8 14.Qc3!
is in order to play without
losing the c-pawn.
14 ... 15.Bf1! Bf6 16.Qe3 8g7
17.Ne5 Qe7
Xl. NUREMBERG, 1889-1890 183
White 's position was marginally
after this move he will have an
advantage. Still the move was
17 ... Nf6.

is in order to play
18 ... Rfd8 20.de5 dc4
21.Nc4 Qc5 22.Nd6 Rc7
Better is to trade Queens at once.
24.Bd4 Qd5 25.Nb7 Qb7
26.Bg2 Qb8?
Better is 26 ... Qc8, but 27.Ra8
would follow.
Queen has mated.
GAME 157
Eckart - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.Nc3
Ne4 S.Q-0 6.Ne4 d5 de4
8.Ne5 Qd5 9.Nc6
Bishop is not well posted here. It
should go back to
1 0 ... 0-0 11.Re1?
This move threatens 12 ... Qd4 or
12 ... Bf2.
After this forced move, White 's position
has tumed very bad.
14 ... Rae8 15.Rf1
The following interesting variation
shows how easy it is to lose good game
the opponent's resources.
E.g. 15.d3 ed3 16.Qe8 Qf2 17 .Khl Re8
18.Re8 Bf8 19.Bg5! (Threatening
19 ... d2 (and on follows
20 ... Qel.)20.Rgl! (20.Rdl
of 20 ... 2I.Bd2 Black cannot
and will lose. However, on
15.d3, Black can simply play 15 ... and
after 16.Bd2 Bd2 17.Qd2 he has
strong passed pawn with good play. Even
so this was Black's chance.
15 ... Qg6! 17.Kh1 Bg4
18.Qe1 Qh5
19 ... 21.Bd7 Rh6
22.Bh3 is answered 22 ... Qh3 23.gh3
22 ... f5 23.d4
The threat is 24 ... Qh3 followed
25 ... Qg2#.
24.Kh2 Bd6 25.Kg1 26.Qe6 Kh8!
27.gh3 followed mate onhl.
GAME 158
Eckart - Tarrasch
es 2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6
5.d4 ed4
Better first was 1 to keep the
from going to
6 .. Ne4 7.Nd4 D-0 8.Nf5 d5 9.ed6 Bf5
10.de7 Ne7 11.Qd8?
This helps Black 's development.
11 .. Rad8
Black is now ahead four moves in
development, while everything else is
equal. It is instructive to see how the
positional plus is converted into material
12.Bd3 Nc5 13.Bf5 Nf5
Now Black is five moves up on White.
14.Bd2 Ne416.Nc3 Nd4!
On other moves the game is also lost. On
17 .Ne4, there follows 17 ... Nc2.
17 ... Nc3 Ne2 19.Kh1 Nc1
20.Rc1 Re2 21.Kg1 Rc2 D-1.
GAME 159
Tarrasch - Eckart
French Defense
2.d4 d5
is in order to defend the e-pawn
without obstructing the c-pawn. Although
it looks sickly, 1 had played this move
frequently and advantageously until I was
embarrassed Walbrodt when he played
... 4.ed5 ed5!. See also game 287.
... 4.ed5 Qd5?
This gamblt offers interesting chances.
5 ... cd4 Qc5 7
weakens the Queenside and makes
regaining the pawn easier. Better was
7 ... Nc6.
pawn cannot guarded anymore,
as on 8 ... Nc6, White plays 9.Nb3
followed 10.Nbd4. Black cannot
capture twice on d4, as after the
Queen will lost
White is now ahead in
development and with his next moves he
will break up the Black Queenside.
12.Qa4 Qd7 NC6
Bd615.Ba4 Nge716.Bg5 RC8
On 16 .. 16, White sacrifices the Bishop
the very sttong 17 .Ne6.

Bishop is of 18.Ne5.
18.Rac1 Na5
Even now 18 ... Nd4 is but the
Black game is salvation.
19.Nf5 Kf8
On 19 ... ef5, White saves his Queen with
20.Qh4 and then takes the Black Queen.
On 19 ... Kd8, there follows 20.Qh4
21.Ne7 Qe7 22.Rfd1 Bd5 23.Rc8 and
20.Qc8 and wins. White remains at least
piece up. 10.
XI. NUREMBERG, 1889-1890 185
GAME 160
Tarrasch - Eckart
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6? Nfd7
5.Bd3 Nc6 7.Ne2 8.Nf3
the at their
s ... Be7 10.Nf4
is to prevent 1 O .. .f6.
10 ... Nd811.Qc2 f5
If instead 11 ... g6 or 11 ... h6, he would not
to play f6 later without
weakening the King's
position, especially the g6-square.
12.ef6 Nf6 13.Ng5 g6
14.Bg6 hg6 15.Qg6 Kh8 16.Qh6 Kg8
With mate next move 18.Qh8# or
18.Ne7#. game shows how sttong of
an attack may result from the 3.Nd2
move, even with quite play
GAME 161
Tarrasch - Kurschner
French Defense
2.d4 dS Nf6? Nfd7
5.Bd3 Nc6 7 .Ne2 8.Nf3 f6
9.ef6 Nf610.D-O Bd611.dc5 Qc5
Better was 11 ...
all else White 's attention should
on keeping the e-pawn from
advancing. As soon as Black is to
safely do this, he would have superior
position. e5-square is the critical
focus of the
12 ...
On 12 ... there follows 13.Nc6
14.Ne5 Be515.Qe2(15 ... Ne416.Qh5 and
White regains the piece with
13.Qe2 Re8
At this point 13 ... would answered
14.Nc6 15.Ne5 Re8 16.Bf4 (Also
good was 16 ... Ng4 17.Bh7
18.Qc2 Kg8 19.Nd3 and White gets the
piece back and keeps two extra pawns.

White is threatening to ttap the Queen

14 ... Qa515.Ng5!
possesses the threat of capturing
twice on h7, followed Qh5 , winning
the Re8.
15 ... Bd7
On 15 ... h6, White would play 16.f4,
similar to what happened later.
16.Qc2 h6 17.Bh7 Kf8
On 17 ... 18.Nf7 mates!
After White had gotten around to making
this move, the worst danger coming from
the ... advance is over.
18 ... Re7 Qd8
Queen has no square. On
19 ... Qc7, White plays followed
21.Nd6 and
Now would bad because of
21 ... followed 22 ...
20 ...
move White to eliminate an
important guardian of the
without simultaneously strengthening
Black's pawn structure.
21.Nc6 22.Bd4
Now White dominates completely
and this pretty well guarantees victory.
next move makes it even easier yet.
22 . Nh7 23.Qh7 hg5
White announces mate in eight moves.
24.Qh8 Kf7 25.fg5 Kg6
26.Rf6 gf6 27 .Qf6 Kh5
Or 27 .. .l{h7 28 29 Bf4
30.Bf4 31.Qg5#.
28.Qh6 Kg4 29.h3 30.812 Kf4
31.Qf6# . 1-0.
GAME 162
Tarrasch - Steiner
(White gave Rook odds)
(See diagram next column)
1.Rh8 2.Nfd7
White has twin threats of 3 .Rc8 winning
the Bcl, or 3.Rc8 4.Nc5 winning the

2 ... Rd1
Now Threatening 4.Rc8 5.Nc5
and 6.Rc8#
GAME 163
F. Kolb - Tarrasch
gave Rook odds)
In this interesting position the following
moves were made.
1 Nd1 2.h8:Q Qd6 Re4 4.g3
Qd2 5.Kh3 Nf2 6.Kh4
Better is 6.Rf2.
6 . Rf4 7 .gf4 Qf4 8.Kh5 Qh2! 9.Kg5
Ne4# D-1.
is an absolutely pure mate rarely
seen in practical play.
Xl. NUREMBERG, 1889-1890
GAME 164
Herren F. Kolb- Chr. Schroeder
(Endgame finale)
diagrammed position is from game
played in the chess club of
between Kolb and Shroeder. Here 1s
showed the following interesting winning
variation for Black.
1 ... Bf5 2.Bd8 h2 h1:Q 4.b8:Q
Qh7 5.Kf8
If there follows ... and on
there is 6 ... Qg7.
... 7.Kd7
On follows 7 ... Qg7#, and on
7 there is 7 ...
7 ... Qe6 Qc6#
is smothered mate the Queen.
GAME 165
Tarrasch - Kurschner
French Defense
2.d4 d5 cs f6
is premature. It is to develop
the Queenside first.
5.Bd3 fe5 6.Qh5 Kd7
Black's loss of the castling privilege is
not very meaningful here.
7 .des aes 8.Qe2 Nc6 9.Nf3
10.Bf4 Bd7 11.Nbd2 12.D-O Qf7
13.Bg3 Rf8 d4 15.Ne4 Nh6
16.Nd6 Bd617.ed6 Kc818.Ne5 Ne5
exchange is bad for Black
it brings the White Queen into play.
Now follows an interesting break on the
Queenside means of several pawn
Kd7 24.Qc7 25.Qc8 26.Qc6
Nf5 27.Bf5 Qf5 28.Bd6 and 10.
GAME 166
Tarrasch - Meiser
Club Tournament 1889/90
odds game, remove the 1.
This is the most effective reply at
d4 5.Nf3 Bg4?
Kf7 7.Ng5 8.Qg4 9.Qh3
On Black would play 10 ... Qd5.
10 ... Na511.e6 12.Qh3 Rd8
is to develop the Kingside
with 12 ... g6 and 13 ... Bg7.
13.D-O 14.15 Bg7
On 14 ... Nf5, White continues with
15.Rf5 gf5 16.Qh5.
15.fg6 Rd5
On 15 ... hg6, the attack continues with
Nf5 17 .Rf5 etc.
16.Nf7 Nf7 17.gf7 Kf8
Now White has an
18.d3 h6
is to 19
19.Bd2 20.Qg3
threat is 21.Qb8.
20 ... Nb7 21.Rae1 Nd8 22.Re4 Rd6
22 ... Ne6, there follows 23.Re6
23.Rg4 Ne6
At the very Black fmally
captures the pawn, which from early
paralyzed his game, he is lost.
24.Rg7 Ng7
25.Bh6! Rhh6 26.Qg7 Kg7 27.f8:Q Kg6
28.Qf7 KgS 29.Qf5 Kh4 1-Q.
GAME 167
Tarrasch - Eckart
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6
5.d3 d6 7.Nbd2 Q-0 8.Qe2

is the most important attacking
piece, and most of the time 1 try to keep it
the ln this game it will most
9 ..
1 do approve of this exchange. The
f-file will give White an
attack. The immediate 9 ... Ne7 was
10.fe3 Ne7 11.d4 12.Bd3 Ng6
1 Qe7 14.Ng5 Nd7
Better is to retreat the Bishop.
15.Qh5 h6 16.Ne6 Qe617.h3!
is to keep the Black out of
17 ... Qe7
Better is to guard the Knight with
18 ... Kh7. would
18 ... Qg5, of the Queen exchange
followed 20.Rf5.
19.Rf2 Nf6 20.Qf3 Rad8
is so he can play 2l ... d5.
Instead of this Black should push the
e-pawn must guarded once more.
22 ... Ng6 23.g4 Nh4
Black is so cramped
that it is hard to think of something that
might hold promise. has to wait to see
whether White 's attack may give him
24.Qg3 Ng6 25.Ref1 Nh8
Black protects f7 more, so he
try to win the e-pawn.
Qe6 27.Rf5!
XI. NUREMBERG, 1889-1890 189
White wants to play g5. 27 ... Qa2,
White could now play 28.g5 Nh5 29.Qf3
g6 31.Bf7 or 29.Qh4 g6
and the Black position lies in ruins.
27 ... Nh7
is the third time that the Bishop
appears on this diagonal.
28 ... Qd7 29.h4
Finally both Knights have been
stalemated. This move was made so that
on 30.g5, it could answered 30 ... h5
without allowing 31.g6.
Obviously bad is 30 ... gf5 because of
31.Re5 de5 32.Nc4
intervention of the which
had kept in reserve for long time,
now decides the game.
32 ... Kg7 Qc7 34.Qf4 f6 35.Ng6
Qf4 36.Nf4 Rb8
-t- 11.4\


, ,


The Rook has to go long way to avoid
the check the or respectively
for the discovery.
fe5 38.Nh51-D.
Mter 38 ... Kg6, there is mate in two
moves with game is good
example of modern strategy, where one
strives for small advantages which
GAME 168
Tarrasch - Chr. Kelz
Evans Gamhit
2.Nf3 Nc6 BcS
&.d4 ed4 1 Qf6
Qg6 10.Nc3 Nge7
is Anderssen 's defense.
12.Nd5 Nd513.Bd5 bS

following combination, originating
from Dufresne, leads to complete
demolition of Black's game.
14 ... fe6 dc6 16.Ne5 Qe4
17.Qg3 g6 18.Qg5 19.Rad1
is much stronger than 19.Qf6, upon
which Black can defend with 19 ... Rf8
20.Qg7 Rb5! followed 2l ... Rd5.
19 ...
gradually are magnified and then lead to 21.Nf7
victory. With this elegant move, White wins the
game. The almost equally pretty 21.Ng4 is
bad mistake of 21 ... Qg2 followed
by22 ... Rg5.
21 ...
2l ... Rg5, follows 22.Nh6#, on
2l ... Rf7, follows 22.Rd8 Rf8 23.Qf6 with
22.Nh6 Kh8 23.Rd8 Kg7
23 ... Rd8, follows 24.Qf6#.
Also good is 24.Qe7 and 25.Qf8.
24 ... Kf8 25.Qf6 26.Ng81-Q.
Mate only avoided 26 ... Qh4.
GAME 169
Chr. Kelz and Dr. Epstein
In the diagramrned
Chr. Kelz and Dr. its Black 's
move and he was ready to accept draw,
I demonsttated win for Black.
1 ...
On Nd4 and is forced
as otherwise Black guards the Bishop
with the
2 ... Nd4
Or Nc7#.
4 ... Nb5 Nc7 Nd5!
Ne7 Nc8

XII. Manchester Tournament, 1890
Mter winning the Breslau toumament, an Austtian master congratulated and
the surprising that I should envied after this great success I could
retire chess. Nothing was further my mind. I considered it matter of course
that I should defend reputation which Anderssen had regularly done.
opportunity was given to at the Intemational Congress of the British Chess
Association at Manchester in 1892. Very few people in Germany knew of intention
take part in this Congress, but one of those who knew was friend Dr. Epstein.
who did know I was going did not think I would to repeat Breslau
of playing an entire toumament without loss. I I only had to
follow recipe Breslau in order to achieve the same success. In Manchester I
met two more well known German Schallopp and von Scheve. Apart us,
the other foreigners were Alapin and The British were represented Bird,
Blackbume, Gunsburg, Mackenzie, and Mason. were total of twenty players in
the toumament, but it was not as sttong as the Breslau Congress. games started
August 25 and the format was as in the German toumaments, three games in two days.
Playing times were from noon to 4 pm and from 6 pm to 10 pm. Mter few draws I
to win and took the lead. other players did not know immediately that I was
leading, as I had several adjourned games to played off on the weekend. Only
main competitors, Blackbume, Mackenzie and Mason kept winning one game after
another. we had the same score after six rounds. made encounter with
Mason all the important. I played him in round eight and neither of us had yet lost
game. It was Russian (Pettoff) defense just as was our earlier gaine Breslau
and 1 won the game in very much the same manner. Masonjokingly adjoumed the game
although he had already given up in his own mind. same thing happened in
adjournments against Alapin and Schallopp. three games could not resumed
in the first week I had some adjoumed games from previous rounds. So it came
that at the end of the first week I had but 5 points on the toumament while
Mackenzie had 7.5 point and Blackbume and Mason each had 7 points. Only I knew
for sure that after the anticipated results 1 would also have at least 7.5 points and the
could only see the modest five points as the result of nine games. I I
was considered presumptuous outsider to whom very little attention was paid. I was
quite amused all of this. On the Monday of the second tournament week I played
Mackenzie who at that time was my most dangerous competitor. It was Ruy Lopez
and I would have won if at the critical moment 1 hadn 't designed plan that seemed to
promise victory but against which Mackenzie turned out to have an adequate defense.
During this second week, all of close rivals lost games. One game 1 won on time
after twenty against Gunston. Gunston protested the result and the game was
played out. I didn 't this protest I felt the position was won and it
was the ultimate result. One of the English newspapers gave detailed overview of the
toumament standings after 10 rounds. predicted that Mackenzie would
in with 8.5, then Alapin, Gunsburg, von Scheve, Tinsley, at 7.5 and Bird with 7 points.
Finally my was in the of Locock and Mortimer at 6.5.
The predicted tournament winners were thoughtfully calculated to either Blackburne
or Mason, but that most these two would share first and second prizes. The
could now look forward to higbly interesting struggle. predictions did not
materialize as predicted. The same day that this article was brought the great
surprise of the chess tournament. What happened was that in the afternoon session all
adjourned games except my game with Gunston, the resumption of which was still
eminent, were played off and the result was exactly in accord with my expectations.
games with Alapin and Mackenzie ended in draws, Mason resigned without resuming,
and Schallopp lost against me after very few moves. In the of the evening 1 won
my adjourned game against Gossip. Blackburne and Mackenzie lost of their games
that day. Even to the silliest reporter it was now evident who was going to win prize.
one day 1 jumped from 6.5 points to 10.5 points and would soon at 11.5 after
my expected win over Gunston. After 14 gamesl had 11.5 points and had 2.5 point
lead over my nearest competitors Blackburne and Mason. Of at this point they
wouldn't to catch me. Suddenly the and the press hailed me as the
hero of the day and everyone started paying close attention to my games. When 1
prepared for my game against the national hero the was so completely
surrounded spectators that 1 could hardly get through the crowd to playing.
What good would the first prize have done me if 1 had old England in
this game. 1 played this game as though my life depended on it. lt was Ruy Lopez
and my opponent's position quite cramped. pretty maneuver 1 won the
exchange on the twentieth move. 1 nursed this advantage until the usual adjournment
and Blackburne 's prospects seemed quite When we resumed the game on Monday,
8 after the last round had played, it was suggested that the game
declared draw. 1 replied that coming to an English tournament without
Blackburne would like going to Rome and not seeing the could
have, not appearing for the adjournment, saved himself some embarrassment, but he
came and played out the position, fmally losing and like real gentleman was the first
to shake hand. 1 did even than 1 did in Breslau. In nineteen games 1 had twelve
wins and seven draws for 15.5 points. Blackbume scored 12.5 points followed Bird
and Mackenzie at 12 points. Next came and Mason at 11.5 points followed
Alapin, von Scheve, and Tinsley with 11 points each. When the results of this
tournament known in Germany, there was huge wave of enthusiasm which
resulted in great of telegrams to me from chess and individuals. This
showed me that the deep great wish of many Gennan chess players and fans alike had
fulfilled. After shon stay in London 1 fmally returned home and 1 received
rousing reception in the chess club, as 1 had after the Breslau tournament.
had festive evening in my honor, where Kurschner made another
speech applauding my two victories for Gennan chess.
GAME 170
Tarrasch- v. Scheve
French Defense
2.d4 d5
transposes into fianchetto.
4.Bd3 Bg75.Ne2
S.e5 9.f4 1
Since the obstructs the 's
diagonal, White is prepared to trade it.
10 ... Bd3 11.Qd3 cd412.Nfd4
In this position, this is than 12.cd4,
as the is very well posted on d4.
12 ... Qd7
After monotonous opening the game is
pretty equal. It is hard for White to design
an attacking plan that might show
14.Rad1 Rfe8 15.Bf2 Nd4
is to prevent 17 and 18.d6.
White is preparing for
18 ... Qc7
Now can answered with
19 ... Nc6.
19.Rfd1 g5?
Black is tired of the maneuvering
and risks an attack, that should have cost
him the game.
20.g3 Kh8 21.Nd4 gf4 22.gf4
23.Bg3 Rg8 24.Kh1 25.Qf3 Bf8
Black is obviously at loss as to how to
continue his attack.

This should give White decisive
26 ... Ne5
On 26 ... ef5, White plays 27.Qf5 and
Black's position is worse yet than in the
game. White can now choose from three
different plans. The first will win pawn,
the second will win the game and the third
almost leads to the loss of the game. The
first continuation, 27 Nd4
Bg7 30.ef7 Rgf8 31.Bg7 Kg7
32.Rd4 Rad8 Rf7 34.Kgl
hinder 34 ... Rf2.) 34 ... Rfd7 looked
quite adequate to me in view of strong
attacking position, and would give Black
quite good chance for draw.
second continuation would the natural
move 27.Qe2!, and leads to the complete
demolition of Black 's game, e.g. 27 ...
(27 ... Bg7? 28.Rel) 28.fe6 29.Ne6
Qb8 30.Rd5 and wins. With the third
continuation, 27 .Qf4?, I tried to increase
the pressure on the Ne5, but I overlooked
Black's 28th move.
11 Bt t

t -
. -

.. 8 "-
g 00.
.ft 8
g d.

28 ... Ng4!
This pretty move does not only save the
game, but endangers White 's position to
the extent that only the best defense will
hold. If White captures twice on the
will mate on f2.
29.Qf3 31.Ne6 Qe5!
Not 32.Qd5, because of 32 ... Nf2
followed 33 ... Qg3.
32 ... Qe4!
White can 't trade Queens at once
on 33.Qe4 de4 34.Rel or 34.Rfl Black will
occupy the d-file, then White carmotcontest
the file of ... Nf2.
Not 34.Nd5 of 34 ... Qc2 35.Qg2
34 ... de4 35.Rae1 Rg7 36.Kg2 Rd7
37.Re2 38.Nh3 Kg7 39.Rfe1
40.Nf2 and after another fony moves the
game was drawn. 1/21/2.
GAME 171
Muller Tarrasch
Qu.een's Declined
1.d4 d5 Nf6 4.Bf4
D-0 7.Nf3 8.cd5 eciS
9.00 Nh5 10.Bg3 11.hg3 cS
12.Rc1 Nd7 14.Nh2
As consequence of the opening
(3 ... Nf6?), White still has the game,
even though Black already has
preponderance of pawns on the
15 ... Re8 16.Re1
Of course Black does not intend to ever
capture the but only to pin it.
17.g5 Ne4 18.f4 f5 de4
On 19 ... fe4, the Nh2 would play to g4
and then go to
Better is 20.Qa4, with the following
continuation, 20 ... 2l.Qc4 Bd5
22.Qc3 Qd5.
20 ... g6 21.Qh3 22.Nf1
The only way to continue the attack is
22 ...
Gradually Black makes the Bishops and
the Queenside pawns, show their worth.
23.Ng3 24.Kf2 Ra7 25.Nge2 Bf8
26.Rh1 Qd7
is in order to play 27 ... which
previously could have answered
Rb7 28.Rc2 Qf7 29.Rhc1
Rc7 31.Qh1 32.Qe1 Ra7
aS 34.Nf1 35.Nfd2
White 's game has gradually been
paralyzed. exchange of pawns would
give Black decisive attack.
... Rc8 36.Qe2 Rac7 37.Qe1 Qe7
is to counter the threat 38 ... h6
38 ... Qf7 39.Nf1 Qd7
In this type of position, 1 would
principle, move back and forth for some
moves, so 1 could see if my opponent
might change the position to his
disadvantage. lf he does not do that, my
intent was to convince him of his
40.Nfd2 Qg7 41.Nf1 Qd7 42.Nfd2
Finally Black decides to win the
exchange. After this however, the win
very difficult the
Rooks cannot penetrate anywhere. White
now defends very circumspectly.
43.Rc3 44.Nf1! 45.Nc3
is the only way to open the
46.gh6 Kh7!
Not 46 ... Qh7, because of 47 .Na4
followed 48.Nc5 or and White
threatens to penetrate the Black position
with the and Queen.
Xl/MANCHESTER 1890 195
Again very well played. White again
tries to close the game instantly.
47 ... Kh6 48.g5 Kg7 49.Qd2 Bd5
threat was 50.d5.
5Q.Ng3 Rh8 51.Rh1 Rh1 52.Nh1 Rc8
53.Kg1 Rh8 54.Qg2 Kf7 55.Nf2 Kf8
56.Qg3 57.Kg2 Qh7 58.Kg1 Qh5
With this move and move 62, Black
finally penetrates the well
White position.
59.Kg2 Kf7 60.Kg1 61.Kg2 Kd6
62.Kf1 63.Qf3 64.Kg1
Now follows very interesting
64 ... 65.Nb5 Kd7 66.Nc3
other must not move
of 67 ... Rh3, but if the Nf2 did move,
would 67 ... Rhl 68.Khl f2 winning.
67 .
White should try to win pawn
or 68.Nc5 followed 69.Ne4,
the Black Rook would penetrate via the
c-file or the e-file.
If White again plays 69.Na4, there
follows 69 ... Kc670.Nc3 Re8 71.Ndl Bdl
72.Ndl and Black wins. If
on move 69, White moves his then
69 ... Rh2 decides.
69.Nh1 70.Nf2 71.Kf1
Rg1 73.Kd2 Rf1 74.Nd3
On 74.Nfdl, Black wins with 74 ... f2 and
75 ... Rdl . On 74.Ncdl follows 74 ...
75.Kcl Bdl etc.
74 ... cd3 75.Kd3 Rc1
GAME 172
Tarrasch- Gunsberg
2.Nf3 Nc6 4. Nf6
5.0-Q Ne4 6.d4 7 d5 8.de5

is than 9 ...
10.Re1 11.Nd4 Qd7?
12.Ne6 fe613.Re4 1-0.
Repetition is the mother of all studies. In
the Frankfurt tournament, I played the same
game, and in the secondary tournament of
the Manchester Chess Congress, it was
repeated-a sign of approval!
GAME 173
Locock - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nc6
In conjunction with the following move,
this is the best refutation of Black's
6 ... ed4
6 ... Nd4, leads to White advantage after
7.Bf7 8.Ne5 followed 9.Qd4.
7.D-O! g6
Black does not want to defend the pawn.
On 7 ... is or 8.Ng5
9 .Nf7 Nf7 1 O.Bf7 ll.Qh5 followed
12.Qc5, with an edge for White.
Better was 8.Bg5, which Black would
have to answer with 8 ... Qc8 or 8 ... Qb8.
8 ... Na5
8 ... Bg7, White maintain
positional plus with or simply with
9.Nc6 10.Bd5.
1 Bg7 11.Re1 Ne7

This is good move. White threatens
and 14.Na5 or with advantage.
12 ... d6! 13.Nb3
move is poor now, as Black parries
14.Na5 at once. White should play the
to via d2 and and would then
maintain very good game in view of the
and weaknesses.
... 14.N1d2 15.Nf3
Not 15 ... Qd7 of 16.Nc5.
move and especially the next one,
with which he expects to lead Kingside
attack, show White 's faulty assessment of
the position and this will lead to loss.
The should go to'd4, at the
loss of two tempi. he could have
saved himself playing 13.Nd2 and

16 ... Qe617.f4 Rfe8 18.Bd2 Qc4
Now the e-pawn is lost. On 19.Qc2,
follows 19 ...
Qe4 20.Nd2 Qe7 21.Qg4 f5
Black not only has an extra pawn, but his
position is excellent.
22.Qh3 23.Ndf3 Qg7 24.Rad1
NaS 26.Qg3 Nc4
White 's position progressively
more cramped.
28.Nd4 29.Nhf3
On 31.Nb5, then 3l ... Qd7 traps the

31 ... 32.Rd5 Qf7 D-1.
GAME 174
Tarrasch - Owen
Queen's Gamhit Declined
1.d4 d5 Nf6 4.Bf4

is unnecessary and only weakens
the Queenside.
move cramps the Black position
and can played here neither
8 ... or 8 ... are to feared.
8 ... Nh5 9.Bg3 fS
weakens the squares and
which later will very
Especially in cramped positions like this,
one should very cautious when making
weakening moves, this will make
it easier for the opponent to attack.
Sometimes cramped position that has
obvious weaknesses, is easier to defend.
forces the Nh5 into decision. If it
should capture the Bishop, then the open
file will offer White attacking chances.
10 ... Ndf6
After this however, White saves the
Bishop and the Nh5 remains poorly
Bd7 12.h3
threatens to win the
13.g4, and thus forces Black into
weakening his King's position, making it
target for attack.
12 ... g6 14.g4 Ng7 1S.h4
defense is 15 ... Nd7 and then
16.Bg3 fg4 followed 17 ... Nf5.
19.h5 20.Ne5
Better protection is offered the
advance of the g-pawn.
After the game, Mr. Owens assured me
that this was not an oversight, but an
exchange sacrifice to take the sting out of
the attack. considered the subsequent
Nc3-e2-f4, overwhelming. I thought for
long time, whether or not I should
eschew the exchange win and rather
continue the attack with the
maneuver, but I finally decided in favor
of the sober playing method which
guarantees the win.
22.Nd7 Qf7 23.Nf8 Rf8 24.Ne2
2S.Qf4 Rf7 26.Kd2 Qe7
Before playing Rcgl, White wants to
avoid Queen check on with
Which Black might start desperate
attack. If White plays 27 .Rcgl at once
then Black might play 27 ... 27

27 ... Ng7 28.Qh2 Nh5 29.Rcg1 Kf8
There is no other way to protect the
Knight, for if it goes to g7 or then
White takes the Bishop. On 29 ... then
30.Qe5 is decisive.

Black would last longer after ...
31.Rh5 and White won. 10.
GAME 175
Alapin - Tarrasch
French Exchange Variation
2.d4 d5 ed5 4.Nf3
5.Bd3 Nf6 6.Q-O 0-Q 7 Bg4 8. Bg5
9.Nbd2 10.Qc2 Qc7
White has picked very drawish
11.Rae1 Rfe8 12.h3 Bh5 1 Re8
14.Re1 Re1 15.Ne1
Here White offered draw, but Black
15 ... Bf4 16.Bf4 Qf4 17.g4
With this move White gives his
opponent chance, since Black attains
slight attack. At any rate the game is
emerging from its early mind deadening
17 ... Bg6 18.Ng2 Qc7 19.Ne3 Nf8
Avoids the threat of 20 ... Ne6 and 2l ... Nf4.
20 ... h5 21.g5 Ne8 22.f4 23.Qd3
24.Qf3 25.Nf1 Qa5 Qb5
27 .Qf2 Nd6 28.Ng3
Black's position on the Queenside is
good, but he cannot pursue this advantage
as his Kingside is under fire. On 28 ... Nc4
follows Qa4 (29 ... Na3 is worse
yet.) White could prepare f5 playing
h4, but in this case Black could attack and
defend at the same tlme as follows, 30.h4
31.f5 Nf8 32.fg6 33.Qf6
34.Nh5 and then 35.g6.)
... (And on 34.Nh5 comes
34 ... Qdl andon34.Nf5, thereis 34 ... Qbl)
34.Nf4 (With the threat of 35.Nfh5
followed 36.Ngf5 and in addition
35.Ngh5 followed 36.g6.) 34 ... Qdl
Qc2 36.Kgl or he
combines the attack and defense
advantageously. However sttonger for
White is not to defend the g-pawn, but
instead to play 30.f5 at once and then
30 ... Ng5 threat is 32.fg6
followed 33.Qf6.) giving White
sttong attack leading at least to perpetual
check, e.g. 31 ... Kg7 32.Qf4 Nh7 33.Nh5
gh5 34.f6 (On 34 ... Kg6? comes
35.Nh4 Kf8? 36.Qb8 Kg8? 37
35.Qg5 36.Qf6 and even this wild
play will give White draw.
28 ... Qd3 29.h4 Nc7
Black was intending with the next two
moves to capture the pawn and play the
to d5, but at the last moment he
Ne4 31.Ne4 Qe4
It was difficult, in view of the time
constraints, to decide whether after
3l ... de4, if the passed pawn would
sttong or weak, and so 1 decided to play
the simple continuation leading to draw.
Later analysis showed that the passed
pawn could at least held, and thus give
Black advantage, e.g.
32.Qe3? Nd5 and wins, or
32.Ne3? Nd5 with plus for Black, or
32.Ne 1! (Or 32 ... Qc4.) and the
passed pawn is easy to hold.
32.Qe3 f5 Qe3 34.Ne3 Kf7
35.f5! Kf6 36.fg6 Kg6 37.Kg3 Kf6
38.Kf3 Ne8 39.Ng2 Ng7
Now the positions are exactly identical
with the exception of the but
White has an attack.
40.Nf4 Kf5 Kf6 dc4
Kf5 44.Ne2
45.d5 cd5 47 Nf5
Nh4 49.Kf2 Kd6 50.Nf4
Leading to draw also was 50 ... Nf5.

1/2-1/2 agreed.
GAME 176
Tarrasch - Mason
Petroff Defense
2.Nf3 Nf6 d6 4.Nf3 Ne4
s.d4 d5 s.Re1!
Xll MANCHESTER 1890 199
this seems the simplest way to
an advantage against the Russian
s ...
If Black had tried to defend the Knight
with the f-pawn or with the the move
9 has much more power than if it had
made on move eight. move
played here ttansposes into the French,
but White has three small pluses: has
an extta move (Re1), then his Bishop is
posted than the opponent 's, and
Iastly he can play his to an active
square. This has refuted Black 's opening
9.Bf4 Bg4
Both players develop their positions
similarly to the game they played in
Breslau, see game 132.

iltil -tilt
..... z .... z ....... z.
. . -
. ra_"'. n&8_

The attack 1 is not
when the attacked Bishop play to h5
and without being obsttucted
pawn on In the present position, the
Bishop on will posted excellently.
10 ... Nh5?
poorly calculated move the
germ of Black's loss.
It was obvious that Black's last move
was made in preparation for adv ancing
the f-pawn, but if ll ... f5, the simple
12.h3 this threat. White would
then retain positional
advantage, whether Black answers
capturing the Bishop or playing 12 .. .f 4.
Black however, only realizes halfhis
in the last move. It wasn 't just sufficient
to omit the planned f-pawn advance, but
he should have retreated the errant
at once. Although he would
two moves behind in development, this
is no fatal minus in the Frenchdefense,
if there are no other weaknesses in the
position. It is interesting and quite
insttuctive to observe in the
moves of this game, how one mistake
almost logically is followed another
one and then third one.
N ow that the Nh5 does not allow the
Bishop to retteat there, the right moment
for this move has If the Bishop
retteats to there follows 13.Ne5 and
later f4 to White's advantage.
12 ... Bf3 13.Qf3
is much than capturing with
the This piece will go to much
square. If the Nh5 retteats, White 's
Knight will seek to go to f5 via f1 and
and Black 's Bishop is not around anymore
to guardf5.
13 ... g6
This move, countering the danger
mentioned in the previous note, weakens
the squares and These points
become good attacking targets for
White 's

It is always necessary to prevent ...
14 ... Qd7 15.Nf1
The Knight makes fifteen moves during
the course of this game and it will
eventually play decisive role.
15 ... Nd8 16.Bh6 Ng7 17.Ne3
18.Ng4 Nde6
The threat was 19.Qf6. On 18 ... f5, the
would go to with very good play.
Here and in the next few moves White
resists the temptation to tty to overwhelm
the opponent prematurely, e.g. 19 Qd8?
20.Bg7 21.Bf6 threatening mate
but the defense for Black is
19 ... Qd6, after wblch White would have to
retteat bls Queen again. Neither is
20.Qf6, decisive continuation of the
attack. sure, Black must not play bls
Queen to d8 of 2l.Bg7 Ng7 22.Re7
with good attack, but after 20 ... Rfe8 his
position is Neither would
19.Qe3 (Threatening 20.Bg7 Kg7 21.Qe5
Kg8 effective, if Black simply
defended the with his Rook after which
the can recapture if 20.Bg7.
For the reason, White mobilizes his
Rooks, wblch will have attacking
objectives at (If .. .f5.) and
19 ... Qd8
is in order to protect one more
time, and to try to play for Bishop
exchange 20 ... Bg5, but better was
19 ... f5 20.Ne5 Qd8 afterwhichon 21.Bg7
Ng7! or 21.Rael Ng5 22.Bg5 Bg5 and
White continues the attack with
20.Rae1 Bg5
Black threatens to win piece with
21 .. .f5 and thus forces the trade of the

21.Bg5 Ng5
Recapturing with the Queen is no better.
White would then check on attack the
Rook with 23.Nd7 and after the Rook
moves to or play 24.Ne5 attacking
fl. Black's then would 24 ... Re7 or
24 ... Rc7 and on 25.Nf7 he would sacrifice
the Rook for the At that point he
cannot play 26 ... Nf4 at once as he would
mated 27 .Re8 followed Qf8.
It took me long time to decide in favor
of this move. White is giving up what
appears to an overwhelming attack for
endgame. sure, I
realized that 22.Nf6 23.Qf4 was
weak on account of 23 ... N5e6 24.Qh4?
Nh5 winning. However the immediate
22.Qf4 seemed to maintain the on
the Kingside. Now Black cannot move
22 ... N5e6 because of 23.Nh6 followed
Nfl and if the other goes to
(Mter 22.Qf4 N7e6.) then 23.Qe5
(Threatening 23 .. .f6 24.Qg3
with very strong attack, e.g. 24 ... Ng7
25.h4 Nf7 26.Re7 Nh5 27
28.Bg6 and wins. Still 22 ... Nh5! was
better defense. This would followed
23.Qe5 and the Queenhas no good
square. If the Queen goes to then
24 ... Nf4! would even have given Black
an advantage, with 25.Rd2 N4h3 26.gh3
22 ... Qf6
Black is forced to trade Queens, as
White threatened to reinforce the attack
decisively with 23.Re7, and if one of the
Black goes to the 24.Nh6 is
ruinous. However, on 22 ... h5, White
could trade Queens and proceed as in the
game, or alternatively White
continue the attack with 23.Re7 hg4
24.Qg5 gh3 25.Bg6.
23.Nf6 KhS 24.Re7
Now Black has to lose pawn. Of
course not 24 ... Rab8 because of 25.Nd7.
If 24 ... there follows 25.Rc7 Rfc8
26.Rle7 or and White's position
is even than in the game. If Black
guards the b-pawn with the Rf8, White
plays 25.h4 26.Nd7 Re8 27 .Rf7
winning the f-pawn, not 26.Rfl at once
because then Black would force the
exchange of Rooks 26 ... Rf8.
Xll MANCHESTER 1890 201
24 ... 25.Rb7
Now that White has material plus too,
Black's position has become hopeless.
25 ... Rab8
The other Rook must not move to
of 26.Rf7 Rb2 27

is stronger than the
Rook trade. piece as well protected as
this Rook is, should not traded.
26 ... Rb2 27 .Nd7 Rc8 28.Ne5
This will yield another pawn because if
Black moves the f-pawn, White takes the
c-pawn and if 29 ... Rc6 30.Ra8 Ne8
31.Re8 followed 32.Re6 and wins.
28 ... Rbb8 29.Nf7 Kg8
This is harmless try to win both
Knights after 30.Kf8 via 31.Rf7 and
... 31.Nf7 Kg8 32.Ne5
White now intends 33.Nd7 Ra8 34.Rb7
threatening 35.Nf6 and
32 ... Ra8 Ra8 Ra2
The tireless cashes in another
35 ... Kf8 36.Nd5
Finally the Bishop becomes an active
37 ...

The at is attacked twice. the
moves, there is pure mate
39.Nd7. he moves the King (Best is
38 ... then the advance ofthed-pawn
is decisive. Black Resigned. 1-0.
GAME 177
Schallopp - Tarrasch
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nfd7
5. f4 6.dc5
Black plays something different for
change. In the Breslau toumament with
the same player, 6 ... Nc5 was played.
Pillsbury used to play 7 instead.
7 ... 8.Bd3
On 8 ... 0-0, Black would quickly lose the
game 9.Bh7 Kh7 IO.Ng5 (On
... ll.f5 or ll.Qd3) f5
12.Qg3 Qe8 (On 12 ... Qb6, follows
13.Qh3.) etc.
9.ef6 10.Qe2
White plays for an attack on the
Kingside, but for this purpose he needs to
secure the from the attack 11 ...
11 ...
Black prepares his own attack on the
Queenside position, and will activate the
12.Bd2 b513.h3
What Black has achieved with his last
two moves is this, White decided to omit
castling for while, and he will proceed
to attack on the Kingside leaving the King
in the middle, but for this purpose was
not needed. could play 13.g4 at once,
since the pawn is of 14.Bh7
followed 15.Ng5.
13 ... Ra7!
The tempting 13 ... Nh5 would lose
because of 14.Ng5 15.Bh7 Kh8
16.Qg4 Nhl 17.Bg6.
14.g4 Re7 15.Ne5 Nd4 16.Qg2 Nd7
White decisive Better
was 17.Nd7 Qd7! 18.0-0-0, though this
Black to attack with 18 ...
17 ... Nf3 18.Qf3 g5!
Black forces the win of the f-pawn. It
takes courage to like these,
as it denudes the King, while the opponent
has not castled yet and his Bishops are
lurking for an ambush.
19.Qg3 Qc7 20.Ne2
If White protects his pawn once
playing 2l.Rfl, Black will attack it again
with 21 ... Ref7.
21 ... Nc5
Until here play had been faultless,
but now I began to weak
moves. was I erroneously
thought that the White position should
overwhelmed. I saw the simple of
25 ... gf4, which is best, but the
continuation 22.Qh4 (24.Qf3? Ne5.)
22 ... 23.Bf5 appeared to leave White
attacking chances. prospect did
not happy and 1 spent lot of
tirne, and imponantly lot of
stamina in vain to solve this
There is nothing that is
exhausting than when one
applies lot of energy to solve quandary
without getting results. explains the
listless following which stand in
sttange contrast to previous play.
22 ... Nb3 Nd2 24.Rd2 gf4
25.Qf3 Ref7
With 25 ... Black could prepare the
advance of the e-pawn and 25 ... Rg7
would at least save White now
very adroitly his pieces for the
attack, while he simultaneously prevents
the center advance.
26.g5 Rg7 27.Rg1 Qf7
I was preparing 28 ... but on f7 the
Queen is exposed to the g-pawn attack.
Better was 27 ... Qb7.
28.Nc3 Qb7
This is false alarm! It is true that White
threatens both 32.Bg6 and
31.Bh7 followed 32.g6, but both
threats could have been stopped
... e.g. Qb7 followed
3 2 ... or Qb7 or 3l.Bh7 Kh8
32.Qc3 f3 (33.Rf2 or 33.Rg4
f2 34.Rfl ... and after the
Queen ttade his passed pawns will win.
31.Nd1 es
Black's position is now quite precarious.
Bad is 32 ... of 33.gh7
34.Qh5 (Not 34.Rg7 because of
34 ... Qg7.) 34 ... Rg2 35.Rg2 threatening
32 ...
is an ingenious idea.
Better was to guard the e-pawn
... but then the e-pawn advance
would for long
34.Re4!! de4 KhB 36.Qh5 (See
next diagram) ...
This is best under the circumstances.
Bishop is intended to take the place of
pawn on h7. Mason suggested the very
fine move 36 ... Rfg8 with the following
continuation, 37.Qh6 ? Rh7 38.gh7 Rgl
or 37 .Bg8 Kg8 and Black wins. Lucky for
1 didn 't see this move because the
immediate 37 .Bf7! wins for White. On
After 36.QhS
36 ... Rf6, the following brilliant finale was
37 .Qh6 Rh7 38.g7 Qg7 39.Qf6!!
and wins.
Rh7 38.gh7 Bh7
With this move and the next move,
which can to time
pressure, Schallopp throws his
played game away. True, the win was not
all that easy for White because 39 .Bd5,
given all the masters present in
Manchester as winning, still gives Black
several drawing chances after 39 ... Qe7
or 40 ... Rg8, but Steinitz
suggested 39.Nc3, and this forces the win
it decisively pushes the attack
40.Ne4 or 40.Nd5.
39 ... Qe7 40.Qh5
Now it's Black's tum to win again.
White 's next move is mistak:e, but after
the attack weakens, the passed pawns
supported the Bishops are just too
41.Rg5 Qd6 42.Rd5 Qa6 43.Rd7 Qg6
44.aes 45.Qh5 ats
GAME 178
Tarrasch- Mackenzie
1.84 2.Nf3
6.Nd5 7 D-0
move leads to equality and is
than 7 ... d6, played Berger in game
s.o-o d&
standard continuation now is 9
followed 10.Ne7 and ll.Bg5, in order
to retain one against Bishop and
pawns, which, as is known,
should result in an advantage. For the
unhappy owner of the Bishop, this is
completely contradictory to my view.
the contrary, in my opinion, the Bishop is
the stronger piece, and this view is
confirmed exact analysis of the
position and in which analysis 1 was
to win the position for Black against
Mackenzie and Bird in consultation.

is the proper method for White to
retain an advantage, but soon the position
will equal.
9 ... Bg411.h3
This move is appropriate, for if the
Bishop goes to h5, then 12.g4 willlock it
11 .. 12.d4 Ne71 ed414.Nd4
It is than 14.cd4, since now the
f-pawn can advance.
14 ... Bd4 15.Qd4!
White 's advantage now becomes
15 . f5
On 16 ... de5 17 .Qe5, Black is forced to
play 17 ... and then will have to put
up with an isolated and weak d-pawn.
White advantage is increasing. The
only counterchance for Black is his
Queenside pawn majority, but White will
consistently prevent it from into
it's own.
17 ...
It is not to play this move. It is
vainly trying to prepare 18 ... but now
the Queenside too is being weakened.

Black has to give up his plan to push the
c-pawn, since 18 ... Rc8 is answered
19 The idea of Black 's next move is
to advance the g-pawn.
18 ... h6 19.Kh2 Kh8 20.Qd2 Rg8
21.Qf2 Qf8
Black cannot play 21 ... g5 of
22.fg5 hg5 23.Bg5 followed 24.Qh4.
22.Bd1 Rc8 Ra8
As consequence of his 17th move,
Black has completely passive on
the Queenside.

This move could kept in reserve as
reply to No threat was since
Black could completely secure the
Queenside with 25 ... and 26 ...

Black's d-pawn is artificially isolated
and the c-pawn is now backward.
25 ... Kh7 26.h4
White wants to avoid the fairly harmless
attacking move 26 ... g5, so that he can
continue his play on the Queenside
26 ... g6 27.g3
27 ... h5
Now nothing is going to happen on the
Rg7 Qe8
The exchange of an excellent Bishop for
which at can played via
g8 and to g4 and even there cannot
make much mischief, is based on an
plan. execution of this plan
allows the win to slip away. White is
playing against the d-pawn, whose
weakness he erroneously considers
sufficient to win. Far better was after
due preparation, opening the c-file and
then to play for the win of the backward
... RdB
It makes no difference whether White
plays this or the other Rook to d 1. The
d-pawn can adequately defended and
this means drawn game.
32 ... Rgd7 34.Kh1 Qe7
35.Qe3 Qf7 36.Rd4 Kg7 37.Rfd1 Kf8
38.Qc1 Kg7 39.R1d2 Kf8 40.Kg2 Kg7
After few more moves, draw was
agreed. 1/21/2. On move 30. White
it was to attack the
d-pawn four times and additionally with
the c-pawn. assumed that it would
Xll MANCHESTER 1890 205
to defend the pawn, but Black's
pieces are posted in way that the d-pawn is
GAME 179
Gunston- Tarrasch
1.d4 d5 Nl6 Bg4
This developing move is incorrect, and
White should now take advantage of
Black's weakened Queenside and
Bd6 Rc8
Bishop stands better on see
move 13. This shows the previous Black
move to useless.
In this position the Bishop cannot
active and so it is traded.
Qe7 12.Rc1
Instead of this, Black could get freer
game advancing the e-pawn, but in the
process too many pieces would
exchanged. This could easily lead to
draw. In every toumament it seems that
the weaker players are given "draw odds"
the strong players.

is to prevent followed

14.D-O Ne415.Ne5
Black anticipates that the will
more effective than the Bishops, which in
the course of the game is confirmed.
16.de5 f6 17.13 Ng5 18.14 Nf7 19.ef6
The attack which White develops in the
next few moves, is not as dangerous as it
looks. As matter of fact, it is considered
that this game, which was adjoumed in
this position, is won for Black.
20 ... 21.Rh3 Rces 22.Bd3 Qe6
Of course Black may not capture the
g-pawn on account of the Bh7, and he
must defend against the threat of 24.Bg5
followed 25.g5 and 26.Bh7. Bad here
would 23 ... freeing the for
action. Mter the text move, the attacking
diagonal of Bishops are interrupted,
and thus the Black King's position is
secured. If White takes on then the
e-pawn will passed pawn after
25 ... ef4, and the d-file will opened for
the Rooks and the diagonal would
at the Queen 's disposal. Should White
advance the f -pawn, the would
reach via g5. White 's next move is not
decisive but only mistake which
accelerates the end.
24 ... Nfg5 25.Qg2 26.Qh3 ef4
27.Rf1? Ng5 28.Qh5 29.Kh1
GAME 180
Tarrasch - Thorold
French Defense
2.d4 d5 4.ed5 Qd5
Bad for Black is 4 ... cd4, of the
pretty Bd7 7 .Qh5,
attacking both f7 and
Compare this opening with game 159.
On other moves, White also regains the
pawn with advantage.
7.Q-O Nc6 8.Nb3
instead, 8 ... Nf6, White will have
jump in development after 9 Nd4
10.Qd4 and also freer game.
9.Ne5! Qd1 10.Rd1
Bad would have 10.Bf7.
10 ... Ne511.Re1 f612.f4 Bb413.Bd2
Bad is 13.Re2 because of 13 ... Bg4, or
13.Re4 which is answered 13 ... Bf5.
13 ... Bd2 14.Nd2 Bf5! 15.fe5 000!
Black has defended well. threatened
to get rid of his main weakness, the
isolated d-pawn, advancing it. the
text move is the only way to hold on to his
minor advantage. Advancing the e-pawn
would weak.
16 ... Bd3 17.cd3 fe5 18.Rac1
drive the further away.
18 ... 19.Re5 Nf6 20.Rce1 Rhe8
Better would 20 ... Rd7 followed
2l ... Rhd8.
21.Re8 Ne8
Or 21 ... Re8 22.Re8 Ne8
move paralyzes Black and will
favor win of material.
22 ... 23.Nb3
24.Nd4 Rd4 25.Re8 26.Re3!
After 26.Re7 27.Rg7 28.Rh7
Rdl 29.Kf2 Rd2 followed 30 ... Rb2
and Black has good drawing chances.
now follows an endgame in which
White will step step gain territory,
advancing his passed pawn at the same
time repelling the opponents attacking
attempts. reader will find this quite
interesting and instructive.
26 ... Kd7 27.Kf2 g6 28.Rh3 h5
Rd6 Re6 31.Kd3 Re1 32.Rg3
Re6 Rd6 34.Re5 Rf6
This move and White 's 37th move, are
made mainly to safeguard the Queenside
pawns, as they are constant target for the
35 ... Rf2 36.Re2 Rf6 Rf1 38.Re5
On 38 ... Ral, White can play and
38 ... or is
39.Rg5 Rf6 40.h3
On 40.d5, is 40 ... Rf4. On
might follow 40 ... Re6 41.Re5
White makes tempo
40 ... Kd6 Re6 42.Re5 Rf6 43.d5
is zugzwang of kind. Rook
must not move of 44.Re6.
is to bring the Rook to f3 and then
force the exchange of Rooks or drive the
Rook away from its most important file.
44 ... Kd6 45.Rg3 46.Rf3 Rd6

White is threatening 48.Rf7 followed
47 ... Rd8 48.d6 Kd7
If 48 ... Rd6, there again follows 49 .Rf7.
49.Rf7 50.Rc7 51.Rc2 Re8
52.Kf6 53.d7 Rh8 Rh7
55.Kd6 Rh8 56.Re2 1-0.
GAME 181
Bird - Tarrasch
Bird's Opening
1.f4 d5 Nf6
7.D-O Nc6 8.Ne5
Qc7 9.d3 D-0 10.Nd2 Nd7 11.Ndf3 f6
12.Nc6 Qc6 13.Qe1
Both sides played the opening
in the character of the game, and Black is
better the while he is
exposed to some threats the
14.84 15.Qg3 Nb6
Black Queenside break with
... very good is to
advance the e-pawn after ... and
... Rae8.
17.Nh4 18.Bg4
is very well thought up ttap.
18 ... there follows
Rf7! (20 ... 2l.Ng6 and mate
next move.) 2l.Nf5 22.Ra8
23.Nh6 Kg7 24.Nf7 and White is an
exchange ahead with good position.
like this causes anxiety, thus
18 ... Bc8
Better would have 18 ... Ral
19.Bal! or 19 ... Ra8. 18 ... Ral,
White could recapture wi th the Rook
as 19 ... played and the
above would
not work.
20.Bd4 Bd7
22.Ra8 Na8
Not 22 ... Ra8, of 23.Bf6.
23.dc4 Bd4 24.ed4
On 24.cd5 Qd5 25.ed4 Qd4, Black gets
agood game.
24 ... dc4
The interesting skinnish of the last few
moves seems to have led to slightly
inferior position for Black and the next
moves tend to confirm this fact.
On 25 ... ef5 26.Nf5 Bf5 27.Rf5, White's
position would excellent of his
passed pawn and Black's weak c4-pawn.
25 ... Qe4!
Together with the next two moves, this
is the only defense.
only way to guard the points d4,
and f5.
26 ... Qe3
Queen 's trade would
for Black.
27.Kh1 Nb6
Here strange thing happened to me.
1 was under the impression that with
the last moves 1 had consolidated my
again and that 1 now had fair
drawing chances. Then it struck me
that Mr. Bird, who is known for
playing fast, took an extraordinarily
long time for his next move. Then 1
began to ask myself what 1 would do
as White, and the longer 1 thought
about it, the more 1 found to my
amazement that the situation had
completely changed and that
had great finding
continuation, and that it was he and not 1,
who was trying to draw the game.
underestimating of position had
never happened to before.
White hardly has choice, e.g. 28.fe6
29.Nf5 Bf5, is good for Black.
28 ... ef5 29.Nf5 Bf5 Re8
Should Black capture the d-pawn, White
will develop attack with 31.Qe6
32.Rdl Qc5 33.Rd6, followed
34.Rc6, with of the seventh
rank Rook and Queen. Worse than
30 ... Re8 would 30 ... Rd8, because of
31.Qb5! 32.Bd5
Better was 32.d5 Rd6, but the best White
could do here was to draw as the further
advance of the passed pawn was
32 ... Nd5 33.Qd5 Qe2 34.Rg1
34.Rb 1, it would have answered
the same move, but it would have
saved White tempo.
34 ... 35.h3 Kg7 Re7
Black, because of time pressure, chose
to make the simplest moves and
did really do justice to the position. On
36 ... it would have given
chances, as the c-pawn and d-pawn would
have been exposed to danger and there
was danger of mate 37 .Rb7
38.Qd7, as Black would have 38 ... Qfl,
followed 39 ... Qf4 and mate to follow.

White should play 37 .Rb7 at once, since
Black might still have winning chances
37 ... Re3.
37 ... 38.Rb7 Qf1 39.Kh2 Qf4 and
drawn perpetual check. 1/21/2.
GAME 182
Tarrasch - Gossip
5.Nc3 Nd5 7.ed5 Nd4
On 8.Ne5, itleads to the following, 8 ...
(Better is 10.Nc6 Nc6
and the c-pawn will
captured.) 10 ... Qe7 ll.Kfl Bg4
White 's game is
s ... ed4 1
Better is 1 ... or on the
move, to followed ll ...

N ow Whi te has
on the
... 14.d3
White is to play 15.Qe2, which
if played would
of 14 ... d3!.
14 ... 1 Bf5 17 .Qe2
White is of his
pawn and Black is to occupy
the e-file. His best plan is to play
18 ... Rad8 followed 19 ... Bd7, sothathe
play Rook to Instead he
decides ori an unjustified pawn sacrifice
him pseudo attack and this
eventually leads to the loss of the game.
18 ... Raes 20.Qf1 Bg4 21.f3

If the Bishop goes to any other square
there follows and and the
-pawn becomes very strong.
Re8 24.Re1

On 25.Re3 26.d4, Black plays
26 ... Qc2 with strong attack.
25 ... Qh6
Black has to sacrifice second
exchange, as otherwise there would no
of an attack left at all.
Rook is not going anywhere and no
matter what, the must not remain on
this diagonal.
26 ... f5 28.Ra3 f4
Wblte will bring the Queen into the
29 ... Bd4 Qh4
Black is using every possihle way to
continue the attack.
On there might follow 3l ... Qf2
31 ... Qf6
On 31 ... follows 32.Ra7 and on
... follows dc5
32.Rd1 Qe5
This is to answer 33.Qd4 ...

leads to an immediately decisive
34 ... 35.Re2 Qe2 Kf7
37 .Qb7 38.Qc8 Kf7 39.Rd7
40.Rd6 Kf7 41.Qf5 1-Q.
On 4l ... Ke7 follows 42.Rd7 and
43.Qf7#, and on 41 ... follows
42.Re6, and on 41 ... Kg8, then 42.Qe6 is
GAME 183
- Tarrasch
Scotch Opening
2.Nf3 ed4 4.Nd4
Nge7 7.Nc2
This move was introduced Dr.
Meitner in the 1882 Vienna toumament.
It delays White 's development and
therefore it seems inferior.
7 ... d6
reply is more active than 7 ... or
7 ... disadvantage of Black's
resulting pawns is easily
compensated his open d-file, freer
game, and jump in development. As
matter of fact, 1 Black to have the
dc5 9.Ne3
has made four moves to get
to this square. is no time in the
opening for circuitous maneuvering like
9 ... Be610.Nd2 Q-0
Castling Queenside was definitely
Queenside pawns would
guarded the King, while now they will
targets for attack.
During the course of the game it will
become apparent that the Queen is very
well posted here, constantly keeping
the points and d2 under observation.
This proves that Black should have
castled Queenside. The only way to
protect the c-pawn is the ugly 12 ... Rac8,
after which White develops his Bishop
and then castles with safe position.
prevent this Black correctly sacrifices
pawn for good attack. Although, if one
always makes the move, there is
rarely need to make sacrifices.
12 ... f5 1
Mter 13.ef5 Nf5 14.Nf5 Bf5 15.Qc7, it
would not long before White succumbs
to the Rook's attacks on the open files.
13 ... fe4
If 14.Ne4, strong Black attack will
result after 14 ... Nd5 15.Nd5 Bd5 or
15.Qg3 Rae8.
14 ... Bc415.Ndc4
If the other captures, then Black
plays 15 ... Nd5, followed
... with Black's advantage.
15 ... 16.Nd2
is the best move for the If
Black plays ...
18.0-0 winning pawn and on
Black will obtain strong attack
after ... Qf4 17.0-0 Ne5!
and if White continues 19.Qe7, there
follows 19 ... Nf3 20.gf3 and on
19.Radl follows 19 ... Rh6 20.Rd8
with all the giving Black edge.
16 ... Rac8
loses an imponant tempo driving
the Queen back to square where it would
go anyway. The immediate 16 ... Nf5
would have strengthened Black 's attack
decisively, e.g. 17.Nf5 Rf5 18.Qg3 Raf8
with excellent play for Black.
17.Qg3 Nf5 18.Nf5 Rf5 19.Qe3
The pawn is still immune, after 19 .Ne4
Re8 20.f3 the Black attack would
soon overwhelming. The text forced
the trade of Queens, after which the game
looks equal. However, Black's better
development gives him cenain winning
chances. This plan now consists of getting
rid of the pawns and then to
attack White 's weakened central pawns.
19 ... Qe3 20.fe3 ReB Ne5
If now 22.Ne4, Black plays 22 ... Nc4,
instantly regaining the pawn with
decisive attack.
22.Raf1 Rg5 23.g3


. -.

24.Ne4 Rd5! 25.Nd2
Here White still had chance to equalize,
e.g. 25.Rdl 26.Nf2 Rde5 27
28.Kd2 or 28 ... cd3 29.Rhe1
Re2 30.Re2 Re2 1.
25 ... Nb2
Black has achieved his goal. has
divested himself of his weak pawn, while
his opponent has three isolated pawns,
which eventually will cost him the game.
26.Rf4 Rde5
Rook was very well posted on the
d-file and should not have left it. Later on
move 29, Black has to take the file back
with the other Rook and thus loses two
tempi. More forcing was 26 ... Na4 27.Rc1
(Not 28.Rd4 because of 28 ... Nc3
followed 29 ... Rd4.) 28 ... Rd3 29.Rf3
Rd8 1 and
now the White pieces are in complete
bind and the Black intervention is
This is very dangerous situation.
White's threat, apart from 34.Ne4 is
34.Ne6! and the seemingly correct
33 ... Nc5 is of little use, since on 34.Rf5
two pieces are attacked which would
force Black to try for draw 34 ... Rd2
35.Kf3! but White might even
eschew this drawing attempt 36.Kg2
So as to answer 34.Ne6 34 ... Rf7.
34.Kg1 35.R1f5
Since White 's attack has been repulsed
Black 's last two moves, the end result
is no longer in doubt.
35 ... Kg7 36.Kf2 R3e5 37.Rf7 Rf7
38.Rf7 39.Ra7
is mistake. White overlooks that
the Black is defended, but even
after 39.Nf3! 40.Ne5 White is
lost, e.g. 41.Nc6 42.Na7 and
43 ... Na2.
39 ... Rg5 01.
GAME 184
Tarrasch - Blackburne
2.Nf3 4.d4 ed4
It is always to maintain the
center as long as instead of
needlessly giving it up.
5.Nd4 Bd7
White does not trade on so as not to
release the tension too early, but even after
White will
6 ... Nf6 7.0-0
This is good idea. In this variation of
the Ruy Lopez, the Bishop is difficult to
use on the diagonal, but is
excellently posted on From there it
will give direction to the attack.
fianchetto has become very popular since
this game.
8 ... 00 NeB
As consequence of his opening plan,
Black is in somewhat of bind. Playing
9 ... Re8 followed. 10 ... Bf8
(Recommended Steinitz.) or 9 ... N d4,
will not free his game.
10.Nd5! Nd411.Bd7 Qd7
Amistake is ll ... Nc2,
and the is trapped.
Now it is obvious how effective the
's diagonal has
12 ... Bd813.Rad1
threat was ... 14.Ne3 which
can now answered BeS
13 ... Qe614.Qd3
This weakens the d-pawn, which
henceforth will good attacking tar&"et
for White, but even after 14 .. .f5, Wh1te
will keep the advantage 15.Rfel or
15.Ne3 f6
ugly looking move is hard to avoid
Ne8 looks very unhappy, but
15 ... Bf6 White's attack could
with or 16.Bf6 Qf6 17 .Nc4 Rd8

16.Nf5 17.Rfe1 Rd8
With every move White 's position has
Instead of the text
move, White could have played 18.Qh3
19.Nh6!, but Black
would play the simple 18 ... Kh8 and this
would yield great

18 ... Rf7 19.Qh3!
Now the right for this move has
On the most reply White
has surprise move.
19 ... Kh8
will cost the exchange. only
move was 19 ... Qc8.
20 ... Re7, it also cost the exchange
after 21.Qe6 followed 22.Nf7.
21.Nf7 Kg8 22.gh3 Kf7
White has now the exchange, but it
is very difficult to make it count
there is file for the Rooks and
White 's own pawn has
tom up.
move appears useless, as in few
moves the has to make room for the
However if Black plays 23 ... g6 at
White proceed as follows,
fe5 25.fe5 d5 27.cd5 cd5
28.Bcl with attacking chances.
the other hand, after the King moves,
this advance is not too good of
24 .. .fe5 25.fe5 d5 26.cd5 cd5 and the
Black passed pawn supported the King
is than White's pawn which is
pretty well
24.Kg2 g6 25.Kf3 Ng7 26.Re2 Kf7
Here too advancing in the center would
not advantageous, of the same
continuation as in the previous note. Now
though strong threat as
the d-pawn cannot pushed anymore.
27 ... Re8
White wants to the d-pawn some
more and to make it harder yet for the
to to life.
28 ... Ne6
White is now preparing breakthrough
the g-file.
move is superfluous.
32 ... 34.Rdg1
8 .
.... t
-- ---
. . ....

threat is 35.f5 Nf8! 36.h5 g5
37 followed 38.h4. Black
cannot stop the threat, he resons to
desperado maneuver.
34 ... d5 35.cd5 Nf4 36.Rd2
threat was 37
White wants to play 38.Bcl.
... Nh5 39.Rge1 Ra8
40.Re2 Ra1 42.Rde1! Ng7
Black's attack has stopped.
42 ... follows
43.Bf4 Re1 44.Re1 45.Ra1
Now that White finally has an file for
his Rook, Black's game offers no hope.
45 ... Bf4 46.Kf4 Ne8 47.Ra7
Kd7 fe5 Nc7
Nb5 52.Rc5 53.Ra5 Ne2
54.Ra7 1-0.
GAME 185
Mortimer - Tarrasch
French Defense
2.d4 d5 4.Bg5
5.Bf6 0-0
It is of imponance whether this move
or 7 is made first.
7 ... 8.Ne2
This immediately results positional
minus. was 8.Bd3.
8 ... Nc6 1 O.Nd2
White insists on maintaining the center
and as result of his weak center, he gets
10 ... cd411.cd4 aS!
is in order to loosen the

White has satisfactory move .
14.f4 fe515.fe5
15 ... Ne5!
If White captures the Knight, then
Black's answer will not ... Qf2 , but
... 17.Nc3 or 17.Nd2 Qf2#.
Now Black has multitude of good
continuations, e.g. 16 ... Nc4, or 16 ... Ng4,
or ... Bh4. Since White has choice of
bad moves only, Black leaves it to him to
decide how the game is to continue.
16 ... Bd7! 17.Qc2 Bh418.Kd1
On 18.g3 follows 18 ... Nf3.
18 ... Ng4
Black is forcing the win of piece.
20.Qd3 Nf1 21.Nc5
is vain attempt to save the piece.
21 ... Bg5 Nd2 Rf2
Black now threatens mate in three
24 ... Qb2, 25 ... Nc4, and 26 ... Rb2#.
24.Nd1 Nc4 25.Rb1 Rd2 26.Qg3
White capture neither Bishop. On
27 .Nd7 follows 27 ... Qa4 and on 27 .Qg5
follows 27 ... and it is equally tragic.
threatens 28 ...
mating attack has petered out, and
Black has to satisfied with winning the
game and fust prize.
Rg2 Nd2
32.Re6 Nb1
is one of the sad things that can
happen in chess, when one continues to
play in completely lost position.
33 ... Rf8 34.Nc3 Rff2 35.Rb6 Bd2!
36.Nd5 37.Nb4 Rb2
39.Rb7 Rbf2 01.
GAME 186
Tarrasch - Tinsley
Nimzo lndian transposilion)
1.d4 d5 Nf6 4.Bf4
Bishop is posted on
is premature attack with no follow
6.Qb3 Nc6
This is an unusual treatment of the
opening. In this opening it is wrong to
the c-pawn. was 6 ...
Black's development is delayed and he
finds it difficult to find square for the
However it should noted that
White does not quickly succeed in
developing major advantage.
9.Nf3 Na510.Qa4 c611.cd5
threat was 11 ... dc4 followed
12 ... Poor is ll.c5 of ll ...
pawn exchange frees the but the
N remains misplaced.
11 ... ed512.Qc2 0-0
White is two moves ahead in
development, but Black's position is not
as cramped as often happens in these
types of positions.
14.Ne5 15.Rad1 Bd6 16.f3
Qe7 18.Qf2
White is threatening 19.Qg3 to
followed 20.Bd6.
18 ... f6 19.Bf4 g5
Almost forced as the threat is 20.Qg3
followed 21.Qg6.
20.Qg3 Rf7 21.h4 Rg7 22.Bd6 Qd7
23.hg5 hg5 24.Qh2 Rd8 Nc4

This is the end of the Bishop's zigzag.
Equally good was to capture on at once.
26 ... Bf5 27 Bh7
Not the square for the Bishop. Better
was to retreat to
dc4. 1/2-1/2.
Here my opponent offered draw and
tired as I was I accepted, in the that
in order for Tinsley to get prize, he
would have to win this game. Tinsley 's
competition, Alapin vs v. Scheve, against
all expectations, drew their game and as
result Mr. Tinsley shared the last prize.
White has advantage
because of his compact position and
strong center. After due he
would to breakthrough d5 or
and if played out, the position should
result in White victory.
XIII. Nuremberg 1890-1892
Immediately after the Manchester tournament I received an invitation from Havana,
Cuba to play match against Steinitz. In spite of the fact that I felt honored and the
conditions were tempting, I was in no position at this point in my life to accept such an
invitation. I could not stay away from home for three months, particularly in the winter
when my services as doctor were most in demand. So I eschewed the transatlantic
adventure and I devoted my efforts to the German 'Schachzeitung' of which I was
co-editor with Dr. von Gottschall. I spent most of spare time annotating games and
this gave me the satisfaction of helping the understand more chess. During
that period I had several visits from Haromonist and S. Harmonist
came often since he took part in the Bayreuth festivals. took advantage of
his travel Paris and his hometown of Warsaw. made an eight-day stop in
Nuremberg. Against these two masters I played 1 serious games, eight of which I won,
along with one loss and one draw. Aside from these games I only played odds games
and in few club tournaments.
GAME 187
Tarrasch- Steif
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.Q-O
defense results in cramped Black
5.Nc3 7.d4 ed4 8.Nd4
development of the dark squared
Bishop, which 1 tried in game 184, has
very popular since.
9 ... 0-0 Re8 11.Qd3 Bf8
12.Rad1 13.Nde2 14.Ng3 Qc8
15.Nd5 Nd7
Better for Black was to take the
at once, as later on this exchange is forced.

Now White has splendid position. The
threatening placement of his minor
pieces, especially his Bishop, guarantees
strong attack against the Black
This has the threat of 18 and
17 ... Bd518.cd5
faster decision would reached
18.Nh6 19.Qd5.
18 ... Ne519.Qg3 20.Rfe1 21.h4
Kh8 22.f4
is to prevent 23 ... Ne5 on 23.h5.
Black could have tried to sacrifice the
exchange 22 ... Re4. White can then
either accept the exchange or continue the
attack with 23.Ng7 Re1 24.Re1 Bg7 25.h5
22 ... 23.h5 (See next diagram)
23 ... Re4
Now the sacrifice is forced since
23 ... Ne7 is decisively refuted 24.Ng7
Bg7 25.h6. Now White could simply take
the Rook and after 24 ... Qf5, the answer
would 25.Qf3 Ne7 26.g4 or 25 ... Nh4
26.Qe2 followed 27 .g4. The move
White makes though is much stronger.
24.Ng7 Re1 25.Re1 Kg7 26.hg6
Better yet is 26.Re6 at once.
26 ... Qf5 27 .gh7 Kh7 28.Qh4
is only the second move for this
Bishop, which has dominated the game all
29 ... Qd5 1-0.
is nothing Black can do against the
decisive 31.f5.
GAME 188
Steif- Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nc6
Better is 6.d4 and then 7 .0-0.
... 7.d3 Bg7 Nge7 9.Qd2 h6
This is necessary to prevent White 's
10.Nc3 Na511.Ne2 d5
Black now has slight advantage.
Ifthe Queen goes to it is in danger of
trapped after 14 ... d4 Bf8
16.Qd5 and 17 ... Rd8.
NUREMBERG /890-1892 217
14 ... Qd6 15.ed5 Nb4 16.Qc3 Nd5
Black's first thought here is to move the
Queen away and then threaten to win the
Queen 18 ... Bf8. In order to out
this plan, 17 ... would insufficient
of and 17 ... Qf6 is answered
with 18.Nc3. Lastly 17 ... Qd7 is inadequate
then 18.Qa3 and on 18 ... Bf8,
White would save the Queen On
17 ... Ne3, his position would
thanafterthe textmove, afterwhich Black's
center will strengthened
18.Qd6 19.fe3 f5
Now follows another example of the two
Bishops against the two with the
main role now played the pawns.
20 ... Bf6 21.Nf3
White has lost time as the g-pawn cannot
captured. tempo loss though, has
very little significance in view of the
preponderance of the two Bishops.
21 ... Kd7 23.Nd2
The is vainly seeking good square.
... Rhe8 24.Kf2 Bh4! 25.g3
White should simply retreat his to
gl. The text deprives the Knight of
another square and gives the opponent
another attacking target with his h-pawn,
(It never gets that far anyway.) and in
addition it opens the Bishop 's diagonal
down tohl.
25 ... Bd8! 26.Ng1
Now the threat is 27 ... f4. Black's
Bishops are again doing excellently.
27 28.d4
gives Black another chance for an
attack, but other moves would give Black
other attacking chances.
28 ... 29.Kd3 RecS
move would have avoided
the loss of material.
... d5
On Black plays 32 ... followed
32 ... g5 33.Rf2 35.Nc4
Rc4 38.Raf1
Ra4 Rab4 41.Nc3

Of course the outcome was decided long
42.Rf5 Rb2 44.Na2
44 ... Bf4 Q-1.
GAME 189
Tarrasch - Kurschner
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nfd7
5.Bd3 Nc6 7.Ne2 cd4 8.cd4

is purposeless move. Better is
8 ...
9.Q-O Nf810.f4 f5
threat was ll.f5. 18.fe6 Rd6 19.Bf5
old thinking was that this trade in
similar positions was for
White, but in the course of the next moves,
Black's center is keptfrom advancing and
will eventually destroyed.
11 ... gf6
If the Queen recaptures, White plays
12.Nf3 and will then take control of the
squares and
12.Nf3 13.Kh1
Black's threat was 13 ... and if this
move could ever made, it would give
Black decisive advantage.
1 ... Bd7
Better is 14 ... Bd6.
With this and the next move, White
assures himself permanent advantage.
1s ... o-o-o
On 15 ... White attains the advantage
as 16.Nc3 Qa5 17.de5 fe5 18.f6!
19.Nd5. The is of
20.Bg6 and 2l.Qd5, or alternatively
16 ... Nd4 17 .Nd5 Qc5 18.Ne7 followed
19.Nd4. Finally 16.de5fe517.Nc3d4(0n
17 ... Qa5 or 17 ... Qc5 follows 18.f6!)
18.Nd5 Qc5 19.Ne7 Ne7 20.Ng5 or
19 ... Qe7 20.Bg5 is good for White. It is
clear that 15 ... ef5 is bad.
On 16 ... Nd4, White can choose from
several advantageous continuations, e.g.
17.Nd4 Qd4 18.fe6 19.Ne6
20.Bf5 with strong attack (20 ... Qe5?
2I.Qc2 Kd7 22.Bf4 Qf5 23.Qa4
24.Racl with mate to follow soon) ..
Simpler is (17 ...
wins piece).18.Nd5 followed 19.Ne7
then winning on d4.
Black temporarily gives up the
19 ... Nd8
fine move makes 21.Qb3 and
20 ... Nde6 21.Qb3 Qd8 22.Ra2 Ng5
Obviously 22 ... Nf4 would bad.
24.Rae2 Ne4
Black cannot avoid the loss of pawn,
as 24 ... Rd7 would also answered
25.Nd5. It is worth noting how badly
exposed the is here.
25.Nd5 Rd5 26.Re4 Ng6
If Black tries to protect the Bishop with
26 ... Rd7, 27.Bf4leads to sttong attack.
27.Re7 Ne7 28.Re7 Qe7 29.Qd5
Up to now the Bishop was active without
having ever moved.
31 ... Re8 32.Bg1 Qd7
34.d5 35.Qc6 Qc6 36.dc6 Re6
Re4 39.Bd4 f5
Xl/1. NUREMBERG 1890-1892 219

GAME 190
Kurschner - Tarrasch
2.Nc3 4.Bg2
It is to postpone development of
the Ng8.
6.h3 7 .Nge2 Qd7
For the moment this prevents White
from castling.
8.f4 f5 9.Nd5 Nf6 10.Nf6
lf instead White permits the piece
exchange on d5, the pawns would
give him slight disadvantage.
1 o ... gf&
is in order to follow up with
which if played now would cost either the
h-pawn or c-pawn.
11 ... Qg712.ef5
White 's position is not good anymore
and he finds it hard to find good
continuation. play he has chosen,
badly weakens the
12 ... Bf5 1 14.g4
is to keep the Bishop out of d5.
absence of the Bg2 is already
15 .. h5 16.f5 Bf7 17.Ng3 d5
Black's game is totally superior and
White 's position is being undermined
from all sides.
18.Qf3 hg4 19.hg4 Rh1 20.Nh1 Q-0-0
21.Bd2 22.Qg3
22.de4, there follows 22 ... de4

22 ... ed3 dc4 (See next
diagram) 24 ... Bd5 25.cd5 Qe7
27.Kd1 Qe2
GAME 191
Tarrasch - Kurschner
Queen's Gamblt Declined
1.Nf3 d5 2.d4 Nf6
5.Nc3 Nc6
has transposed to Queen 's
Gamblt Declined position now.

Here White can isolate the Black
d-pawn, but I consider this disadvan-
.. 7.0.0 dc4
So that on 10 ... cd4, the pawn
recaptured playing ll.Rdl.
10 ...
It is true that this move gives Black
pawn preponderance on the Queenside,
but he abandons the center, wblch Wblte
will further reinforce with the next moves.

White now uses his center to start
decisive attack.
14 ... h615.e5 Nd516.Qe4 f5
Rfe8 19.Qh7 Kf7 20.Ne5 Ne5
21.de5 Qg5
On 21 ... Qe5, 22.Bg6 wins the exchange.
On 22 ... Nf4, there follows 23.Rf4 Qf4

22 ... Qg2!
This is surprise combination.
refutation of which is effective, but not at
all obvious.
23.Kg2 Nf6 24.KI2 Nh7 25.Bh7 g6
seems to lock in the Bishop which
appears lost now.
fine move, preventing 26 ...
saves the Bishop.
26 ... el5
On 26 ... gf5, the simple '2:7 .Rgl takes
care of the Bishop.
27.Rg1 28.Rad1 BcS
On 28 ... White takes twice on
and then regains the Bishop
29.Rd8 Kg7 31.Bg6
Kg6 Ra6

GAME 192
W. Hahn - Tarrasch
Slav Defense
1.d4 d5 Nl6 815?
5.Qb3 BcS
As in the well match game,
Zukertort - Steinitz, Black has lost two
tempi and keeps cramped game. This
move refutes Black 's defense.
6.Bd3 7.Ne2 Bd6 8.Bd2 D-0 9.0-Q-0
Castling Queenside is completely safe.
9 ... 1 O.Qc2
is an unjustified retreat. was
keeping the freer and better
developed position. Now Black will
gradually attain equality.
10 ... dc411.Bc4
is so as to bring out the
Again here and even on the next move,
was the right move.
12 ... Re8 13.Ne4 Ne4 Nl6
15.815 Racs
Now the position appears to pretty
17.Nc3 Qe7 18.13 19.gl3 Nd5
move would answered
20 ... driving the Queen back to as
otherwise 21 ... Nd3 followed 22 ... Nf2,
wins the exchange.
20 ...
Black now develops an attack.
On 21 ... cd4 Black cannot
maintain the pawn, as on 22 ... Ne3
would follow 24.Nd6.
Xl/1. NUREMBERG 1890-1892 221
22.Qe2 fS
The Black threat now is 24 ... Ne3
followed 25 .. 14.

pretty move decides the game. On
27 ... or 27 ... White could still
defend with 28.Bcl or 28.Bel.

On follows 28 ... Rc2. On 28.Bcl
follows 28 ... Qc3 Nc2
and wins.
28 ... Rc3 Nc2
Rb6 Q-1.
GAME 193
W. Hahn - Tarrasch
Slav Defense
1.d4 dS BfS 4.Nc3
The right move was 4.Qb3, whereupon
Black, as in the previous game, has to
retreat the Bishop.
4 ... Nd7 Bd6 7.0..0 Ngf6
After White failed to take advantage of
Black's opening Black has attained
quite satisfactory position and White 's
weak moves will give him the
8.Ne1 Qb8 9.g3 hS 1 O.Ng2 11.cd5
eci512.Re1 14.Nh4?
provokes Black 's attack.
14 ... g5 15.Nf5 BfS 16.Qf5 h4 17.Kg2
If White captures this pawn, the attack
on gains in intensity.
18.Rg1 (See diagram)18 ... Rh5
19.Qc2 20.hg3 Rdh8
Black's attack is now very powerful.
de4 22.Ne4 Ne4 23.Qe4 f5
24.Qd3 Nf6 25.Bd2 Ne4 Qh7
After 18.Rgl
Cutting off the White King's escape, the
threat is now 28 ... Rh2 and 29 ... Qh3.
28.Kf1 Rh129.Rh1 Qh3# 0.1.
GAME 194
Tarrasch - W. Hahn
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.Q-O d6
had for such
peculiar moves. Later however, less
player than Tchigorin, played this move
against me in our match.
6.Nc3 Nd4 7.Nd4 ed4 8.Qd4
Qf6 10.Qd1! NeS
Black is retreating
for the threatened Queen, but
after 1314 Nd7 14.Bd4, the Queen could
go to
13.f4 Ng614.Qd2
White is threatening 15.f5 Ne5? 16.Bg5,
trapping the Queen.
14 ... Qd815.Bd4
the development of the
15 ... Qc7 16.Qe3
Bad is 16 ... account of 17.Nd5.
White now starts direct attack.
17 ... d5
Better is 17 ... de5 18.fe5
18.f5 Ne7 f6 20.Bh5 Kd8
On 20 ... g6, it is answered 21.Bf6.
White must finally do something
the threat of 21 ... followed 22 ... d4.
21 ... 22.Rf2 g6
Better is the immediate 23 ...
24.Bf4 Qd8 25.Bg6 Ng6 26.fg6
This is necessary, as 27 was
threatened. Black now threatens to start an
attackby 27 ... and 28 ... hg6, but this is
prevented the following surprise
27.g7 Bg7
11 -
8 -t
.. .:n:- -
- 8t8 -
. " .
tl.J .w
. .
Ifnow 28 .. de4, then 29.Rd2 followed
28 ... Bf8 29.Nf6 Qf6
On 29 ... there follows d4
31.Bg5 dc2 33.Nd7 with
strong attack.
Qd8 31.Rf7
On31 ... Be7 follows 32.Bg5 Re8 33.Qh4
or 34.Qh7.
32.Bf4 Bd6 (See next diagram)
One has to careful not to win the
Queen at too high of price 33.Rd7?
Qd7 ed7 34 ... Bf4)
After 32 .. Bd6
... 34.e8:Q Re8 35.Rc7
37.Qh7 38.Qd7 RCS
39.Re1 Rc7 40.Re8 41.Qd6
42.h4 43.Re7 Re7 44.Qe7

GAME 195
Tarrasch- Liebhardt
White plays the Ral and the and
the a-pawn starts
5.d4 ed4 6.cd4 7.d5 Na5?
is lost here, but with this
enonnous material advantage one must
not with small things.
8.Bd3 d6 9.h3!
White must not allow piece exchanges
by9 ... Bg4.
9 ... c510.Q-O
Playing for the win of piece
followed because the attack
would weakened piece and Black
would get good game, in which the right
moves would almost automatically,
whereas now the effort to save his
and the c-pawn, will get him into
12 ... Nb3 Bd7 14.Qe2
de5 16.Qe5 Qe7 17.Qg3
Castling long was safer, as the King
position is under strong attack the
Bishop pair. Black could have found
stronger moves several times, but did not
NUREMBERG 1890-1892 223
really (Except on move seven)
for the rest of the game.
1S.Re1 Qd819.Nh4
Black's position is now attacked
all of White 's pieces, while two Black
pieces are uselessly sitting on the
19 ... 20.f4 Nh5
Better was 20 ... Re8, which would
deprive White of the cooperation of the
Re 1 in the attack.
21.Qg4 Qd5? 22.Nf5 Qd2
Here Black thought that this very
effective move would win for him, but he
was surprised when 1 announced the
following mate in six moves.
23.Nh6 Kh8 24.Nf7 Kg8!
25.Bh7 Kh7 26.Qh5 Kg8 27.Qh8 Kf7
28.Qg7# 1-0.
GAME 196
Tarrasch - Chr. Kelz
White plays without the Ral and with the
2.Nf3 d6 4.d4 ed4
5.Nd4 Nf6 6.Nc3
less possibllities and he will
thus gradually get into bad position.
is, in spite of his material superiority.
When spotting material against
seasoned player, these defensive tactics
are to recommended.
7 ... s.o-o 9.f3!
tame looking move is absolutely
necessary to avoid .the occupation of
Black's (After 9 ... d5 and
9 ... Ne8 10.g4 Bf6 Bd4 12.Bd4
Qg514.Kh1 Rd815.Qe1 d5
Black wants to play 17 ...
17.Qe3 Nc5 20.f4
Finally after Black's position
cramped, White stans his direct attack.
20 ... Bg4
Also not was 20 .. .f5, of
21.ef6 23.Rel and 24.f5.
21.Nd5 Rd5
On 21 ... Qd7 there follows 22.f5 with
strong attack.
22.Bd5 Qd8
is to prepare an exchange with
24 ... Bd5, but this makes him fall into
Bd5 ? 25.Kg1 26.Rd1 Qc8
27.Rd5 Qg4 28.Kh1 f6 29.Rd8 Qg6
Kh8 31.Qc5 Rg8
This is to avoid 7 ... Ne4 followed
... d5. During this phase ofthe game White
Intends primarily to avoid making moves
Which would give Black
game, especially exchanges. Thus
keeping Black from making the best Re8 33.Qf8 Rf8 34.Rf8#
moves, he must make his choices from is an original coup de grace.
GAME 197
Tarrasch - Chr. Kelz
White is playing without the Ral.
2.f4 ef4 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ng5
6.Nf7 Kf7 7.d4 d5 8.Bf4 de4
1 O.D-0 Nf6 Bf5? 12.Rf5
move cuts offthe King's retreat and
leads to forced mate.
1 ... 14.Qf1 15.Qf4#
GAME 198
Tarrasch - Chr. Kelz
White is playing without the Ral
2.f4 ef4 g5 g4
S.D-0 6.Qf3 Qf6 7
move that is to recommended when
normal moves will not do anymore.
7 ... Qd4 8.Kh1 Qc4 9.Qf4 Ne7
move 9 ... d6 followed 10 ...
refutes the attack..
10.Nd5 Nd5 11.Qf7 Kd8 12.d3 Qc6
13.Bg5 14.Qf8 Rf815.Rf8# 10.
The next two games show in an
amusing way, that in Zukertort's
Opening, how exposed the may
become on f5 or g4.
GAME 199
Tarrasch - Dr. Schwarz
1.Nf3 d5 2.d4 Bg4
badly weakens Black's Queenside.
5.Ne5 Nf6 Bd6 7 .cd5
On 7 ... ed5, follows Bd7 9.Nd7
winning pawn.
8.de5 Nd5 9.Qa4 and wins the Bg4. 10.
Tarrasch - Dr. Schwarz
1.Nf3 d5 2.d4 Bf5
Nf6 6.Ne5 7.cd5 8.de5 Nd5
1 O.Qa4 winning the
GAME 201
Kurschner - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nc6 f5
dc& &.Nes Qh4 te4
Safer is 8 ... Qh5.
NUREMBERG 1890-1892 225
9.d4 10.Bh6 Qh6
If 10 ... gh6, then ll.Qfl followed
12.Qg7 and then 13.Nf7, is to White's
11.Nf1 Qf612.Nh8 Be613.Qb7
13 ... Bd5!
Black must the second Rook as
otherwise he loses the after 14.Qc6.
14.Qa8 Kd7
In spite of his huge material minus,
Black still has some chances, as White 's
Queen is completely paralyzed, White 's
position is undeveloped, and dangerous
Kingside attack is looming.
Bg2! 16.Kg2?
White is too preoccupied with minor
matters, and should have tried to trade
Queens 16.Qg8 16 ... Qg5 17.Nt7!).
However it is characteristic of this type of
wild attack that the refutation is often
found only after the game is over.
16 ... Qg5 17.Kh1 Qf4 18.Nd2
White protects himself against the threat
of draw, (18 ... and 19 ... Qg4) but
overlooks the mating threat. Better is
18.f3, upon which 18 ... Bd6 19.Rf2 and
Black has draw perpetual check with
19 ... Qcl and 20 ... Qg5.
18 ... Bd6 19.Kg2 Qh2 20.Kf3 Qf4
21.Kg2 Qg4 22.Kh1 23.Kg1 Qh2#
Tarrasch - Eckart
1.d4 d5 Nf6 4.Bg5
After this move Black's game remains
Bd6 6.Nf3 7.Bd3 8.Rc1
9.Q-O Rc8 1 de4 11.Ne4
Here White overlooks pawn
loss after 12 ... Ne4 Nf2! with the
continuation 14.Bd8 Ndl 15.Bg5
This would have lead to difficult
game for Black, since the Knight might
injeopardy, e.g. 16 ... 17.d5 17 ... ed5
19.Bd2, and 20.Bdl.In any event, White
had lots of chances left.
12 ... h6
move together with the next one,
only leads to weakened Kingside.
13.Bf4 Ne414.Be4 g515.Bg3
Bishop would more secure on
text move tempts Black to win the
piece, which he should not do.
15 ... f5
threatens 17 .Qh5 . Black captures
the Knight, the Bishop recaptures
attacking the Rook and gaining time to
retreat the
16 ... Nf617.Bc2 f4
Otherwise White plays 18.f4.
Bad is 18.Bg6 followed 19.Nf7,
on 20.Nh8 follows 20 ... Kg7 and
Black gains the for the Rook.
18 ... Rh7
On 18 ... Rg8, White plays 19.Bf4 gf4
20.Nf4 with two pawns and excellent
attacking chances for the Bishop, e.g.
20 ... 21.Bg6 Kd7? 22.Ne6 winning the
Nf6 cannot rescued, for if it goes
to g8, the Queen has winning move with
20.Qh5 Kd7 21.Bf5 22.Nf4 and wins.
20.Ne7 Re7
Better is 20 ... gf2.
21.Rf6 gf2 22.Rf2 Qd6
Accepting the "sacrifice" has resulted in
the loss of pawn with an
24.Bf5 cd4
If the Rook moves, there follows 25.Qh5
and the decisive occupation of the d-file
On 26 ... Rc7, the d-pawn will lost after
27 .Rd2 d3 28.Qe4 and if 26 ... Re6, the
same thing happens after 27 .Rd2 and
27.Rc6 Re1 28.Rf1 Rf1 29.Kf1 Bd7

33.Rd4 1-Q.
Eckart - Tarrasch
2.Nc3 Nc6 4.Bg2
5.d3 d6 6.h3 7.Nf3 f6
is to prevent 8.Ng5.
8.0-0 Qd7 9.Kh2 Nge7 10.Ne2! d5
11.d4 de4
With this move, Black shuns the win of
pawn ll ... ed4 12.Nfd4 Bd4! 13.Nd4
de4. was afraid of the following
14.Nc6 Qc6 15.Re1 BdS 16.Qe2 fS
or 15 .. .f5 16.f3 or on 15.Qd4, thus losing
his attacking chances.
12.dc5 Qd113.Rd1 14.Bf3 D-0
game looks equal now. White has
the Bishop pair, but his pawns
seem to
On 15 ... Nf5, it would answered
16.Nc3 Bf517.Nd5
On 17.Ne4, Black has 17 ... Nd5 and on
17 Black trades Bishops followed
18 ... Nd5 or 18 ... Nf5.
17 ...
Poor would 17 ... because of
18.Ne7 Ne7 19.Rd8 Rd8
18.Ne7 Ne7 20.83 Kf8
Ineffective is 20 ... Nd5, because of
NfS 22.Bg4, but after the text
move, one of these moves is
Obviously White thought that this move
presented no danger, as he could then play
22.Bf4, but in spite of this answer, it Ieads
to slight disadvantage.
22.Bf4 Nd4!
On now follows 23 .. .Rd7 and
Bishops are under attack. On 23.Bfl
follows 23 ... Nc2 Rd1 and then
25.N winning pawn.
Xl/1. NUREMBERG 1890-1892 227
On then 24 ... Nf3 will win the
exchange. On follows 24 ... Nf5
25.Radl Rd2 26.Rd2! with slight
Black advantage.
24.Rad1 gf4 25.Rd4 Rd4 26.Rd4
pawns gain in strength and will
finally decide the game.

is 27 .Re4, on account of
27 .. .fe2 28.Re6 Re8.
27 ... 28.Rc4 Re8
Not 28 ... f5 of 29 .g4.
This is to keep the e-pawn from
29 ... 15 Kf7
White is salvation.
34.g4 Rd1 35.Kh2 36.gf5 Kf5
37.Rc3 Rf1 38.Rc2 Kf4

40 ... Rf2 41.Rf2 42.Kg1
On Rook move, Black plays 42 ...
followed 43 .. .f2.
42 ... Kg3 Q-1.
Tarrasch - Eckart
2.Nf3 d5 4.Qa4 Bd7
is good defense. It sacrifices
pawn to accelerate development and thus
attain an attack. Later on, Caro
recommended it and it was used
Showalter against Pillsbury.
5.ed5 Nd4 6.Qd1 7.Qf3 Nf6
Much is first 7 .. .f5.
Bd6 9.d3 Bg410.Qg3
is less challenging, but is
followed 12.Qf2, and
10 ... e411.Bf4 Bf412.Qf4 ed313.Qe3
On 13.0-0, White would embarrassed
13 ...
13 .. Kf8
On 13 ... Qe7, White trades Queens, plays
16.f3 to prevent 15 ... then secures bls
d-pawn with and 17 and will
eventually attack the wblch will
very hard to defend.
14.Qd3 Qe7 15.Qe3 Qe3 16.fe3 Rd8
Black now regains his pawn, but White
still maintains slight edge.
17 NdS 18.Na3
leads to an immediate loss. Bad also
is 18 ... of
Best was 18 ... followed
19 ...
19.Rf7 20.Re1 Rd1
Black had overlooked this pretty move
which leads to lost piece.
Of course 22.Re2 is followed
22 ... Rfl #. 10.
Kurschner - Tarrasch
2.Nc3 Nc6 Nf6 4.Bg2
5.d3 6.f4
This move and it's sequel are premature
and dangerous.
6 ... d6 7.f5 8.g4 h5 9.Bg5 Nd4
This is the introduction to one of those
stunning attacking combinations, which
in off hand games are almost always
1 O . Nd5 11.Bd8 12.Qd2 Ndc2
1 Nd4 14.Kf2
On 14.Kel, then 14 ... wins the
14 ... Ng4 15.Kg3 gf5 16.Qg5
White he might to keep
Black busy with his mate threat, but he
gets mated himself in three moves.
16 ... h4 17 .Qh4
Otherwise Black mates 17 ... Nf2#.
17 ... 14 18.Kh3 with 18 ... Nf2# 0-1.
Eckart - Tarrasch
Mating combination
1 2.Qb7 4.Kg2
W. Hahn - Tarrasch
1 f3 2.Kf1 Qb1 4.Kg1
5.Qg3 Qe4 Q-1.
Tarrasch - W. Hahn
(See diagram next page)
2.Nd7 Re8 4.Rf6 Kh7
5.Rg6 Kg6 6.Qd3 Kg7 Kf8 8.Qf5
Bf69.e7 Re7
Even now 9 ... Qe7 is
Xl/1. NUREMBERG 1890-1892 229
10.Qf6 10.
Tarrasch Chr. Schroder
From Queen odds toumament game.
1.Ne4 Kd5!
On 1 ... Kd7, follows 2.Rf7 and
2.Ne7 Kd4! 4.Re3
5.Rf2 6.Re1 Qc1 7
8.Ra2# 1-0.
GAME 210
Wirsing Steiner
In this position from coffee garden
game in 1890
Wirsing and Steiner, White wanted to
resign when I asked to allowed to
continue for White. I then continued with
the sporting approval of Black, the
game to an amusing conclusion.
threatened mate 1 ... Rg2#, is not
mate anymore and the Ng5 is guarded.
1 ... Rg2 2.Kh3 Rd8
Black plans to give deadly check on
which plan he later pursues too

This is so that he can interpose the
on ...
... Rg5
Black counters the move
capturing it, and again threatens the
deadly check.
White intends to recapture with check if
the goes to h6.
4 ... Kh7
Black has seen through White 's
After removing all obstacles, the deadly
check is fmally administered.
6.Kg4 10.
The check has really but
not for White, as it is Black who Will
mated in two moves. Incidentally,
although Black 's fifth move clearly was
mistake, his position at this point is not
any e.g. 5 ... g6!
and Black must sacrifice his Queen for
the Rook after which White is better,
6 ... Qd3 7.Kg4 Kg7 8.Rt7 Kg8 9.Rd7
10.Rh8# or 6 ... Qf5 (Good also is
6 ... Qe4.) 7.Kg3 Kg7 8.Rf5 gf5
and White has the chances.
GAME 211
Harmonist - Tarrasch
es 2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.0-0

It is well that this leads to
cramped game.
5.Nc3 d6 6.d4 ed4 7 .Nd4 Bd7 8.Nc6
White treat this position three
ways, all of which are good for White.
- which to me seems slightly
than but this is also and
lastly 3. - the trade
followed and
White is better, also good
is 10.f4 d5 ll.e5 12.Khl Ng4
after which Black must play
13 ... f5.
1 o ... NeB 11.Qh5 g&
This 12 ... f5, because of
13.ef5 Bf5 14.Bf5 followed 15.Qc4
and 16.Qc6.
12 ... Ng7 1
the f-pawn move.
13 ... Bf614.Be3
Better is 14.Bd2. Now gradually
Black's gets better.
14 ... Rb8 15.Nd1
Black plays 15 ... Rb2 and
15 ... cs
Poor would 15 ... as White
his pawn with advantage, e.g.
Rb2 17.Bd4 Rb7
18 ... Ra4, the Rook would misplaced).
Rb8 Now however, after
15 ... 16 ... threat.

Now the has stalemated.
16 ... Re817.f3 Bh4 18.Nf2
On 18.Bf2, Black might reply 18 ... Nh5
followed 19 ... Nf4.
18 ... f5
Now Black gradually goes the

This tums out to White 's disadvantage.
19 ... Rb7 Kh8
This forces White to exchange, as
otherwise the will lost. Black
now attains the two Bishop advantage.
backwardness of the is of no
23.Bg7 Kg7 24.Bd5 Rb6
26.Rab1 27.Qc2
any means White tried to
counter the open file.
28 ... 29.Qb2 Bf6
Now this is than maintaining the
b-file ... move starts
NUREMBERG 1890-1892 231
31 ... Bd4
game plays itself with the Bishop
32.Re2 fe4
If the pawn captures, Black answers with
33 ... Rf8.
Black is threatening 34 ... d5.
Better was 34.Qe1, although this would
not have saved the game. simplest
continuation (Although not the
is then, 34 ... 35.Qc1 d5 36.Bd3
Re2 37 Bd4 38.Qe1 Now Black
trades the and Queen and wins the
a-pawn ...
34 ... D-1.
On 35.Bd3 follows 35 ... Re2, winning
piece. On 35.Re1 follows 35 ... d5 36.Bd5
Bf2 37 .Qf2 Re 1.
GAME 212
Tarrasch - Harmonist
2.Nf3 Nf6 4.Q-O Ne4
5.d4 6.d5 7.Nc3 8.Nd2
Nb5 9.Nb5 Ne5 10.Ne4 11.f4 Ng4
The cannot go to f6 of
13.Nf6Bf614.Re1 Be715.Qe2andBlack
cannot castle.
White threatens to advance the f-pawn
with strong attack.
13 .. Nf5 14.Nf5 Bf5 15.Ng3 Bd7
On 15 ... Qd7 to protect the Bishop, again
16.Re 1 prevents Black from castling.
Black's position is very cramped.
17.Qg4 Bf6 18.Nh5 Kh8 19.Bd2
White does not worry the b-pawn.
19 ... Rc8 20.Rae1 21.Nf6 Qf6
Qh6 23.Re7
White now dominates the position.
23 ... Rc7 24.Rfe1 cd5
better try is 24 .. .f6, when White
continues with 25.Bd2.
25.Rd7 Rd7 26.f610.
The move 26 ... Rfd8 is answered
Tarrasch- S. Taubenhaus
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.Q-O Ne4
5.d4 7 d5 8.de5 Ne7
Be610.Qe2 Ng612.Nd4
Bd7 14.Ra8 Qa8
Nc5 16.f4
17.f5 1-0.
Black loses piece if 17 ... Nf8 18.f6 or if
17 ... Nh4 18.g3. Black could have played
several other moves, but this game clearly
demonsttates the weakness of 8 ... Ne7?
S. Taubenhaus - Tarrasch
Evan's Gamhit
2.Nf3 Nc6
ed4 1
10.Nc3 Nge711.Ne2
Sttonger yet is
11 ... 12.Bd3 13.Qb2
14.Nf4 Nf4 15. Bf4
Black must prevent 16.Ng5 followed
17 The Black game is very difficult.
16.Rfd1 17.Rac1
This threatens 20.Bf5. If now 19 ... 0-0,
White might try and 21.Qc2.
19 ...
This pawn later very important.
21.Bd5 Qg4 22.Bg3 g5 23.Nf3
On 23.Bf3, Black plays 23 ... Black
is now slowly recuperating.
23 ... Rhf8
24.Rc4 Qf5 25.Rdc1
is very daring, as it leads to the
opening of the diagonal, but at the
same time it is the only way to get some
Qe6 27 .ef6
With this and the subsequent moves,
White sets very pretty traps. For instance,
Black might play 27 ... d5, which would
lead to 28.Bf5! Qf5 29.Rc6
with the lethal threat (30 ...
31.Rc7 or ... 31.Qc1 and wins.
27 ... 28.Ne5
This is very pretty. On 28 ... Ne5, follows
29.Rc7 30.Qb7# or 29 ... 30.Rb7

28 ...
On 29.Qa3? follows 29 ... Bf2 30.Bf2?
Qf2 and ... Qfl or if and
29.Qc2 d5!
This simplifies the position and Black
keeps the advantage. was
31.Bf5! Qf5 32.Qc6 33.Nd7
34.Nb6 35.Qc7 and
White has draw perpetual check.
Finally is poorer because of
31 ... de4 32.Nd8 Qd8
The tempting attack 32 ... leads
nowhere after ef2 34.Kfl. Black
now answers the White attempt to attack
with counterattack.

Better is 33.Qe4 at once.
33 ... Qd2 34.Qe6
sacrificing the e-pawn, Blacks King
finds shelter and not 34 ...
35.Qe4 36.Qc4 Rd8!
Black does not want to capture f2, as it
would weaken
Black's last two moves have decided the
game. Now the threat is 38 ... Qg3 and
should White try to avoid the Queen trade
playing 38.Qg4, then follows 38 ... Rd4
39.Qc8 and Black regains his Queen
with discovered check.
NUREMBERG 1890-1892 233
38.Qd3 39.Kf1
Equally after 40.Rc7
41.Rc2 Rd1, the game is lost after the
King's approach.
39 ... Bd4 40.Rc7 41.Rc2
GAME 215
Tarrasch- S. Taubenhaus
2.Nf3 Nc6 4.d3
avoid traded the Bishop will go
back to via
... 9.Qe2 Ne7 1 O.d4 Ng6 11.Q-0
This prevents 12 ... Nhf4.
would 12.Ne5, because of 12 ... Nhf4
followed 13 ... de5.
12 ... Bg4 13.h3
This is the start of an interesting
sacrificial combination.
13 ... Bh3 14.Ng5 Bf1
defense was 14 ... Nhf4 15.gf4
16.Qh5 17.Rf1 ef4
19.fe3, but even then White retains
lasting attack with all his pieces aimed
against Black's King position.
15.Qh5 h616.Nf1 hg517.Bg5
Black King will now exposed to
coordinated effort of all of White 's
pieces (Bishops on and g5, on
d5, f5, or g4, and ifneed the Rook on
h 1.) making the attack
17 ... Ne7
On 17 ... Qc8, White just has to line up his
pieces as indicated in the last note, e.g.
(ln order to answer 19.Qg6
with 19 ... d5 19.Ne3 ed4 20.Ng4
21.Nf6 and 22.Qg6.) 20 ... d5
(On 20 ... Bd8 follows 21.Nh6.) 21.Kg2
22.Rhl (On 22 ... Re8 follows
23.Qh7 and 24.Qh8.) 23.Nh6 24.Nf5
Kg8 25.Nd6 and wins.
18.Ne3 ed4
Even now 18 ... was with this
follow up, 19 Qd7 prepared
for 20.Nf5.) 20.Ng4 (Threatening
25.Nf6.) 20 ... d5 2l.Nf6 22.Bf6
23. oron 19.Nf5 20.Bc4d5 21.ed5
cd5 22.Bd5 Nd5 23.Nh6 (On
23 ... follows 24.Nf7 and 25.Nd8.)
24.Qg6 25.Qh6 Kg8 26.Qg6
27.Kg2 followed mate with 28.Rhl#.
19.Nd5 f6 1-Q.
On 20 ... Rf7 21.Nf6 and 22.Qf7 lead to
216-221 were played during the
winter tournament of the Nuremberg
Chess of 1891-92.
GAME 216
Eckart - Tarrasch
Pawn odds, Black is playing
minus the f7-pawn
d6 2.f4 ef4
It has turned into 's Gamblt. Black
has his pawn back, but his position is in
much greater danger than in the normal
5.d4 Nf6
drives the Bishop from it's most
dangerous diagonal, for if Black
plays 7 ... and then 8 ... Ne4.
7.Bd3 Nh5 S.Q-0 g5
Black's position is quite shaky, but it is
not easy to make an attack against it.
9.Ne1 Ng7
remains an excellent post for the
throughout the game.
White is threatening to break the pawn
chain with
10 ...
If Black plays 1 ... at once, White
would answer 11.d5, giving him large
11.Ne2 12.Kh1 13.d5 Bf7
On 14.g3, it would now answered
14 ... Bh5.
14 ... cd515.ed5 h5! 16.Qc8
unhappy expedition will put the
Queen in danger.
16 ... Bd817.Nc3 a618.Ne4 Q-0
At minimum, Black is going to win the
d-pawn. White will now try to give the
game new turn sacrifice, but he
overlooks that the sacrifice will larger
than originally intended.
is much better than 19 ... g5 20.Bh7
followed 21.Qf8.
20.Bh7 Kh8 21.Nf7 Kh7 22.Qh3 Rf7
Black now makes concerted effort to
mobllize all his pieces for decisive
23 ... Qd4 24.Qf3 Nd7 25.Rd1 Qf6
26.Nd3 Raf8 27.Rde1 Qg6 28.Qe3 Ne5
29.Ne5 de5 (See next diagram)
GAME 217
W. Hahn - Tarrasch
Black is playing the f7-pawn
d6 2.d4 Nf6 3. Nc6
6.Nf3 Ng4!
Black wants to take the Bishop and then
White only has the extra backward
Castling was "verboten"
of 7 .de de and then
Queen trade followed 1 O.Ng5 with
White advantage.
7.Bd2 Q-0 Nf6 Qe8
is Black's only Queen move until
the game is decided. The Queen is
effective on sides of the e.g.
should White castle there follows
1 o ... Nh5 and ll ...
Black's last two moves are waiting
- moves intended to fmd out on which side
White will castle. The 's move was
made to avoid annoying Bishop
check. The pawn move is to prepare
12 ... ifWhite castles long. the same
token, 10 ... Nh5 and ll ... would
poor as pieces would misplaced
after 12.0-0-0.
XJ/1. NUREMBERG 1890-1892 235
This is good move threatening to
occupy with the Bishop or after
13 ... de5 14.de5.
13 ... Nd7 14.Nfd2? ed4 15.Nd4!
15.cd4, it is answered 15 ... and
on 15.Bd4, Black trades on d4 and then
captures with 16 ... Rf2 (Hence the ? on
White's 14th move.
15 ... Nd4 16.cd4
IfWhite hadnot moved the it could
have captured on d4 and on 16 ...
17.Nc6, it would have frustrated Black's
16 ...
Black attains pawn storm on the
Queenside, guaranteeing him strong
attack against the
On 17 in order to open the diagonal
to h7, it would poor of 17 ... cd4
followed 18 ... de5. Best was 17.d5, so
that after 17 ... he would have the
d4-square for either the or Bishop.
17 ...
Black is threatening decisive attack
with 19 ... d5 Bf5 21.Qd2
Even now, for White is 19.d5,
which Black's next move will prevent
19.g4 d5 21.Ne1
White has lost lot of time with his
moves. still intends to advance
his f -pawn, but he will not to carry
out this plan in time.
21 ... Bd7
The threat is now 22 ... (lf
and 23 ... Rc8). One should attention to
the excellent attacking posting of all of
Black's pieces.
22 ... 23.Qc1
On the simplest answer is
23 ... 24.Qb3 Rb8 (Threatening
25 ... 25.Qd3 Na4 with very
powerful attack.
23 ... Rc8
Bad is 23 ... because of 24.Kal,
giving the King sanctuary the
Black a-pawn.
On there follows 25 ...
26.Qb2 Na4! and wins.
25 ... 26.Qd2
On 26.Qc2, Black answers 26 ... On
26.Qb2, follows 26 ... Na4 with 27 ... Nc3
26 ... Na4 dc4 28.Nc2
28 ...
Very bad is 28 ... as after 29.Qel, the
attack could stopped 30.d5 and
White would have counterattack. This
move renews the attack again, as 29 .d5 is
now answered 29 ... Bd5 (If 30.Qd5,
then ...
Better seems 29.Rf1, so White could
follow up with 29 ... 30.Qe1
Bd5 31.Bf3
34.Rb2 Qa4 and Black wins in few
29 ... Bd5 31.Qe1
31.Qd3, it is answered in the same
way, and 32.Qa6 is useless due to
32 ... Ra8.
31 ...
After having initiated the attack with the
pawns, and having supponed it with the
minor pieces and Rook, the Queen now
approaches for the Coup de Grace.
32.f6 Qa4
35.fg7 Kg7 36.Na1
Or 36 ... Qa2 and 37 ... ba1=Q#.
37.Nc2 Qa2#
has good example of how to
conduct pawn odds game.
Tarrasch- F. Kolb
White is playing minus the
1.f4 2.Nf3
Here or even move later, 2 ... d5 is
4.d4 d5 f6
Bad is 6.Bd3 because of 6 ... Nb4
followed 7 ...
6 ... 7.Bd3
is in order to play 8 ...
which White now tries to prevent.
Nh611.D-O f5
Black has lost too much time and his
game is already very cramped.
White is preparing the attack starting
with g4.
12 ... 13.Kh2 Bd7
Black wants to play ... Bh5 via
14.Rg1 Be815.g4 fg4
This opens the diagonal for the
is 15 ... Bg6.
Bad now is 16 ... Bg6 of 17 .f5 ef5
18.Bh6 19.gf5, winning the pinned
is stronger than 17 .f5 ef5 18.Bh6
19.gf5 20.f6, giving Black
chance to sacrifice his Bishop for two
pawns, greatly easing his
17 ... g6
18.15 ef5
If Black tries to save the
18 ... Nf7, White will decide the game
19 .fe6, 19fg6, or
19.Bh6 fg4! 20.Rg4
maintains White's attack, which
would peter out after 20.Bf8 2l.Be7
Qe7 (Threatening 22 ... Qh4#).
20 ... Rf3 21.Bg6
On 21 ... hg6 follows 22.Rg6 Kf7?

22.Rg6 Kf7 23.Rg7 24.Qh7
NUREMBERG 1890-1892 237
There is no salvation for Black, on
24 ... Kd7, it is answered 25.Bg5.
24 ... Ra7 25.Qg6
also is 25.Bg5, e.g. 25 ... Bg5
26.Qg6 Rf7 27.Rg8 will win the Queen.
25 .. Kd7 26.Qg4 27.Qf3
28.Qf7 29.Bg5 cd4 Qd7
31.cd4 Qb5 32.Kh1
Mter having obtained clear win, he can
afford few tempi to secure everything.
32 ... Qc4 33.Rd1 34.Rg8 Rb7
Rb7 37.Qe8
38.Qc6 Rb7 39.Qc8 40.Qa6# 10.
Tarrasch- Wirnitzer
White is playing minus the
d6 ef4 4.Nf3 g5 5.h4
g4 6.Ng5 7.d4 f6 8.Ne6
Qe7 10.d5 Nd7
is to keep the out of
11 ... 12.Bf4 Ne514.a4
Up to now, Black has defended quite
well. Here he overlooks that this move
willlose him the Exchange and pawn.
15.Bg5 Qe8 16.ef5 Nhf7 17.Bd8 Qd8
cramps Black 's position and keeps
Black busy for long time to gain this
pawn. In the meantime, White is
continuing to prepare the attack on the
18 .. h5! 19.Qd4
is in order to guard the f-pawn if
19 ... Even so Black should now play
19 ... Rh6 to keep White's pieces busy, but
in all events he must keep the f-pawn
under threat.
19 ... Qe8
advancing the pawns, White makes
his opponent believe that the King
position is in jeopardy, which is not the
case at all, but Black is tempted to make
"defmitive" move andonly thenis White
to pursue the Kingside attack.
20 ... Rh6 Qd8 23.Qf2

Black sees the threat of 24.Qa2, and in
his despair, he sacrifices piece.
24.gf3 Rf6
On 26 ... there follows 27 .Qa2 and
27.Rfa1 10.
Not 27.Qa2 of 27 ... Rfl and
28 ... Qf6 etc.
Tarrasch - Fiedler
White is playing minus the Ral and the
a-pawn starts on
2. f4 Nc6 4. fe5 Ne5
5.d4 Nc6 NgS 7.Nf3
Bd7 9.()..0 Nge710.Ng5 Bf511.Bc4 d5
Of course 12 ... Nd5 is the right move.
13.Nf7 Kf7 14.Nc7
15.Qg4 Bg416.Bf7# 1-D.
XIV. Dresden, 1892
Of course 1 participated in the seventh Congress of the German Chess Federation, which
took place from July 17-31, 1892. was tournament with many new players. Of
the 18 players, six were timers in an intemational chess toumament. Of these six,
no fewer than four won prizes. was surprising turn of events. Congress
the participation of Winawer who had not played since
1883 where he had won prize. German players, in addition to the
new players were von Mieses, von Gottschall, Paulsen, von Scheve and
Schottlander. From Hungary Dr. Noa, from England, Blackburne and Mason and from
Russia, Alapin, who withdrew after seven rounds. I played some casual games with
Alapin the tournament to get into form and 1 was pleased that 1 was to do
this. At the time 1 was overworked and quite tense. In the first few games of the
tournament 1 found every move very difficult to make. After the first week my
tournament standing was not very Of the nine games, 1 had won but 3, drawn
5, and had lost against Albin. loss was my first loss since the Breslau toumament.
1 had played very nonchalantly variation out of the Bilguer but my opponent
was well acquainted with this variation and was to make much stronger move at
one point than was given in the Slowly but surely 1 regained my sttength and in
the second week 1 won one game after the next until the last day of the tournament when
1 was to secure place with two draws. 1 had total of 12 points. Second and
third were Makowetz and Porges with 10.5 points followed Marco and
with 10 points apiece. Next came von and Winawer with 9.5 points each. 1
played for draw in each of last two games (vs. Mason and Walbrodt) and this was
resented some of the other players and the positions 1 obtained out of the
openings in these games were not the types of positions in which one can try desperately
for win, so 1 was content to draw the games, as draws were all that 1 needed to gain
first prize in the tournament. In spite of this explanation I must admit that 1 am now
somewhat ashamed of these draws and 1 firmly decided never to repeat this again and I
have since that time remained faithful to this resolution.
GAME 221
Tarrasch- Alapin
2.Nf3 Nc6 d6
6.d4 f6
This move introduces clever and
original defensive system.
7.()..() g6 8.Ne1 Nh6 9.f4 ef410.Bf4 Nf7
11.Nc3 Bg7 12.Ne2 Q-0 1 Qe7
14.Nf3 Nd8 15.Qd2 Ne6

White still has the space advantage,
OCCilpying four ranks vs three.
17 ... d518.e5
leads to the loss of pawn and then
the game. Better was 18 ... fe5 19.de5
and then to proceed with 20 ...
19.dc5 fe5 20.Qd5 21.Ne5
move refutes the pawn sacrifice as
21 ... Rd8, is now answered 22.Nc6.
21 .. Rfd8
On 22 ... 23.Qe5 White wins
with 24.Bd4.
23.Qe4 24.Qe5 25.Rf6
On 25.Bg5, it would lead to nothing after
25 ... Qd6.
25 ... Re8 26.Raf1 27.Bh6 Qc5
28.Qc5 Nc5 29.h4 Ne4
Tarrasch- Alapin

1.Nf3 d5 2.d4 Nf6 g6
After having played the inferior 2 ...
the IGngside fianchetto is pretty good
device for developing the IGngside, since
after 4 ... the remains locked inside
the pawns.
5.Nc3 Bg7 Q-0 7.Bd2 Qd6
This is in order to continue with
8 ... without losing the d-pawn.
8.Rc1 9.cd5 Nd5 10.Nd5 Qd5
If 1 O ... cd5, then follows

The Queen 's exchange followed
12.Rc7 is also good for White.
11 ...
White has an excellent game.
12 ... Bf6
places Black 's Queen in serious
jeopardy. threat is 15.h3 followed
16.g4. Of course the Bishop could not go
to of 14 ... and 15 ...
14 ... Qg415.e5 Bg716.e6
Stronger yet is 16.Bf7 Rf7 17 Rf3
18.gf3! and White wins, but White had
only considered 18.ed7, but this leads to
catastrophe after 18 ... Rb3 19.d8=Q
Qg2 21.Rf1 winning for
16 ... Nf617.ef7 Kh818.00
1t is of his multitude of attacking
moves that he only now comes around to
18 ...
is necessary to regain the lost pawn.
Better was the immediate 19
19 ... 20.Qd1 Bd5 Ne4
On 21 ... Rf7, it is answered 22.h3 and
22.Ne5 Qh4
White must avoid several traps. On
23.g3, there follows 23 ... Ng3 24.fg3 Qd4
with 25 ... Qe5 or 25 ... next. On 23.f3,
it is also answered 23 ... Ng3 24.hg3
Qd4. On 23.Nc6, it is countered
23 ... and 24 ... Bd4.
23. f4 24. fe5 Rf7 25.Rf7 Bf7
White retains the Bishop pair, in
addition to which his better pawn
formation, gives him
advantage. Apart from that, the Ne4 is
in precarious position.
The cannot captured
of 26 ... Qf2 and 27 ... Bd5.
26 ... Qe1 Bd5 28.Bf3 Kg8 29.h4
wants to to the aid of the
locked in but the itself,
so doing, invited misery. reminds
one of the Sedan catastrophe of 1890.)
30.Rc2 (See next diagram) 31.Re2
Kf5 32.g4 Kf4 1-0.
White mates in three moves via 33.Kg2,
34.Re4 and 35.Bd2#.
Dr. Noa - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 4.00 Ne4
Leading to far stronger attack is 5.d4.
5 ... Nd6
Any attempt to retain the pawn would
only lead to deterioration of Black 's
position and even if, then it would hard
to retain, e.g. .. 7 .d4 8.Nfd2 f5 9.f3
etc. or 8 ... Nd4 9.Ne4
followed or 7 ... Nf7 8.de5 Ne5
9.Nd4 with the threats and f4 to
7 .Nes Nes B.Res 9.d4 Nc4 1 O.Re1
position is equal now.
Bf5 12.Nd2 Nd2 13.Bd2
14.Qh5 Bg615.Qh3
Here the Queen is somewhat misplaced.
White should have moved 15.Qg5, when
Black can hardly avoid the Queen trade
and White would have secured draw.
15 ... 16.Re2
White was unaware of the aggressive
nature of the Black c-pawn move and now
drifts into somewhat disadvantageous
position on account of the undefended
Re2 andBa4.
16 ...
Slightly for White was 17 but
after 17 ... he will forced to make
the ugly move 18.Bd1.
17 ... 85
Now must still played.
was so that 19 ...
could answered 20.Qh7 and
21.Bg6 thus regaining the pawn, but
even then Black keeps small plus. Now
White 's development is becoming
difficult and Black will gradually
strengthen his attacking position.
19 ... Rfe8 20.Rc1 f5 21.f4
On Black will obtain an
advantage 21 .. .f4.
21 ... Re7
Bad is 21 ... Re4 of
Almost all of White 's pieces are now on
unnatural squares.
22 ... R8e8
23 ... Qb5
gradual penetration of the Black
Queen is interesting. UWhite trades pair
of Rooks, Black will keep control of the
e-file with the other Rook, as White has to
prevent the check on 1.
24.Qf3 Qc4 25.83 Re4 26.g3
Taking the Rook at once is mistake, e.g.
26.Re4fe4 28.Qc4
dc4 29.Re2 Bf4.) 27 ... Bf4! 28.Qf4 Rf8

26 ... 27.Re4
On 27.dc5 28.Kg2 d4 29.cd4 Qd4,
it would open new attacking lines for
27 ... fe4 28.Qe3
On 28.Qe2, follows 28 ... 29.Qc4 dc4
Bh5 Bd1 cd4
to Black's advantage, or
.... 34.Rel
and White is
forced to give up the Bishop for the
28 ... Qd3 29.Qd3
The Queen trade could only
temporarily avoided 29.Bd2.
29 ... ed3
This passed pawn is now Black 's
primary advantage.
31.Bd2 32.f5 Bf7 33.Rf1
White's drawing chances are after

... 34.cd4 Bf6 Re4
36.Bf3 (See next diagram)
On Black would win as
follows, ... .Rf1 and
... or .Rg4 and ... h5, or
36 ... Bd4 37.Kg2
Even now is Rd4
but then Black has winning combination
in ... Rc1 Rc2 and
41 ...
37 ... de4
40.Kf2 d2
XW. DRESDEN 1892 243
After 36.Bf3
Of course is answered
4l ... Bc4.
41 ... d1=Q and Black won. Q-1.
GAME 224
Tarrasch - J. Makowetz
Queen's Declined
1.d4 d5 Nf6 4.Bg5
5.Nf3 6.Rc1 Q-0 8.Bd3

Instead of this move, Black should play
9 ... Rc8 and IO ... c5. Even in that case
White has freer game.
entire defensive system is poor for Black,
but in those times it was almost the only
one played. only defense is
10.Qe2 Ne4 11.Bf4 12.Bd6
13.cd5 ed514.Qc2
gains tempo in order to start
Queenside attack.
14 ... h615.Qb3
White is now two development moves
ahead, (Rcl and and has the open
c-file. The primary purpose here is to
prevent ... which would free Black's
16.Na4 Nd7 17.Nc3
The lack of time on my clock kept me
from calculating exactly how 17 .Nc5
would work out. I repeated the next few
moves until move 21 , after which I would
have sufficient "thinking time" in the next
hour. century ago, time controls were
20 moves in one hour.)
17 ... Nf6 18.Na4 Nd7 19.Nc3
20.Na4 Nd7
- Sfig -

.JIL--- >' ... .><
- - -
-. -
,....... rs. '?_). g

ftB HftB
is the starting move of complex
sacrificial combination, which leads to
Queenside breakthrough.
21 ... 22.dc5 Nc5
Black with this move avoids the
complications that would result from
22 ... Ne4 or 22 ... Nc4. On 22 ... Ne4! the
following would happen, Ndc5
24.Qa3 (24 ... de4
26.Qc5) 25.Rc5 Nc5 26.Qc5 and the
sacrificial exchange would have given
White positional advantage.
On 22 ... Nc4, follows dc4 24.Qb7
Nc5 25.Qc6 etc. or 23 ... Nc5 24.Qbl dc4
25.Qc5 with White having the advantage.
Threatening to snare the Rook wi th
24 ... Nc4.
Good is also 24.Qa3 to prevent 24 ...
which now could played, e.g. 24 ...
25.Rc5? Nc4 27.Qb5
28.Qc6 Rfc8 and Black wins the Rook.
However with 25.Qb6!
followed 27 .Nd4, White would have
maintained very good position while
keeping Black's central pawns under fire.
24 ... Rfb8 25.Qa3 Kf8 26.Rfc1 NeS
27.Qa5 KgS 28.Nd4 Qf6
destruction of the Black Queenside
means that theoretically the game has
decided in White 's favor.
and d5-pawns, are all weak and White has
attacking game, while
Black cannot initiate anything
Rd8 Rd6 g6
With great ingenuity, Black has built
trap, because if White consequently
follows his plan, e.g. Rae8
35.Rc7, Black trades the Rook and on
36.Rc7 Qd4! wins or if 36.Qc7! then
36 ... Rc8 forces Queen sacrifice for the
Rook and Bishop.
35.Rc6 Qg5
Black wants to reply to 36.Ra6
37 with 37 ...
36.Nf3 Qg4 37.Qd5
Better yet is and next.
would then have the extra passed a-pawn.
Mter the text move he only keeps the
an advantage which only after
long and difficult play, will come to
37 ...
On 37 ... follows 38.Rg6.
Rb6 39.R6c4 Qc8 40.h3 Rd7
41.Qe5 Re6 42.Qc3 Qd8 43.Nd4 Red6
44.Kh2 Qf6 45.Nf3 Qe6 46.Qe5 Qes
47.Ne5 Re7 48.Nc6 Red7 49.Nd4 Kf8
50.Rc5 Rf6 51.Kg1 Rfd6 52.f3
53.Re5 Kf8 54.Rec5
In this kind of position, where my
opponent cannot undertake anything, I
can play cat and mouse game. I had no
objection in playing to and fro for while,
to make my opponent realize how
powerless he was now. In the present
game however, I was dealt severe
punishment for this cruel method, where
in my complacent mood, I overlooked an
important counter move and thus let an
easily won game slip away.
54 ... Rd8 55.Kf2 R8d7 56.R1c2 Re7
Intending to play the (after
via f4 to d5, but I neglected to make the
preparatory move 57
57 ... Rd3!
1 had overlooked this probability.
Somewhat startled this surprise, I did
not play the move that still offered
winning chances - 58.Nf4 59.Nd5

58.R2c3 59.Rd3 60.Ra5
Rd6 61.Nc3 Nf6 62.g4
Nd7 64.Nc3 Nf6 65.h4 Rc6 66.Ne2
Rd6 67.g5 hg5 68.hg5 Nd7 69.Nc3
XW. DRESDEN 1892 245
Rc6 70.Ne4 71.Kg3 Rc6 72.Kf4
73.Rd5 Rc6
After several vain attempts at winning, I
finally had to agree to draw. 1/2-1/2
Albin - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nc6
5.d4 ed4 6.cd4 7. Bd2
Nowadays, the old Greco move 7 is
played more often, after having
given new life Steinitz.
7 ... Ne4
usual here is 7 ... Bd2 and 8 ... d5, but
1 chose the text move, as it had shown
itself to good for Black, number of
times during the Nuremberg tournament.
Nb4 9.Bf7 Kf7 10.Qb3 d5
was initiated Vitzthum, and
strongly recommended Dr. Lange, and
in the of chess, it is given as
Together with the two following
moves it clarifies the point of the Black
1 Qe8?
If 1 had not so familiar with the
and if instead I had relied upon
my combinative the much better
... would not have escaped me. Dr.
Schmid indicated this move and we
analyzed it extensively. Even so 1 do not
that this move will give Black an
maintains positional advantage
for White, which consists of the
endangered Black King position, the
Weak d5-pawn, and the dominant
on indicates trading Queens,
after which Black has quite good
position. It is strange that none of the
analysts realized the weak nature of
13 ... Qe8 followed 14.Qe8.
14 ... Ng5
On 14 ... cd4, White protects his
with 15.f4 and thenreplies to 15 ... g5 with
16.g3. Best was 14 ... g6 followed
15 ... Kg7, but it becomes clear very
quickly that this is only temporary
expedient. What would follow is 15.0-0
and 16.Nc3 and White maintains
positional plus.
15.f4 Ne616.Nc3
game is lost. On 16 ... Nf4, follows
17.0-0 and on 16 ... Nc7, White plays
17 .dc5 or 17 with good attack.
17 .Nd5 Kg7 18.D-O cd4
19.15 Nf4
With this and the next two moves, Black
tries to obstruct the White plan, but White
will not confused and he continues the
20.16 Kf8 21.Ne7! Qb5 22.Rf4
is the right move! Bad would
22.Qe1 of 22 ... Ne2 followed
23 ... Qe5.
22 ... Qe5 23.Qd4 Qd4 24.Rd4
Black at least succeeded in defending
against the attack on his but the
which cannot captured, will
decide the endgame in White 's favor.
25.Rd6 Kf7 26.Re1 27.Nd5!
White keeps making the moves. On
27 ... Bd5, follows 28.Re7 and the Rh8
stays out of the game.
27 ... Rhd8 28.Re7 Kf8 29.Rd8 Rd8
Bf7 31.Rb7 32.Ra7 Rd2
Of course the game is also lost on other
moves, too.
34.Ra8 35.Nd61-0.
On 35 ... Re2, it is answered 36.f7. "Dr.
Tarrasch had played no fewer than
thirty-nine continuous tournament games
without loss this loss."
Tarrasch- J. Mieses
Queen's Gamhit Accepted
1.d4 d5 dc4
Accepting the Queen 's Gamblt makes
sense only if one intends to maintain the
gamblt pawn. is generally k:nown not
to the case (Maintaining the pawn.),
and therefore I consider taking the pawn
to strategic players had
already played the e-pawn, amounting to
the changing ofthe move order, the game
might have started as follows: l.d4 d5
and in this position no good
player would capture the pawn. More
clear yet is if l.e4 2.d3 d6 3.f4, that
clearly 3 ... ef4 is bad. mistake lies in
the fact that Black, instead of answering
the attacking and developing rnove
with defending and developing rnove
(e.g. 2 ... he sirnply cedes his central
strength and even loses move, as Black
rnakes move which neither improves the
position nor speeds up his development
and ironically White uses the tempo to
accelerate his own development.
White obtains little faster developrnent
and freer game. game almost always
leads to one of these situations where
White occupies four ranks and Black
occupies three and the fifth rank remains
free. control of more space gives
White plus. Black has nothing to offset
the strong White center pawn which
controls two important squares in Black 's
advantages may appear
very minor, but it is well to that
with circumspect play, small plus quite
often becomes major advantage.

is Blackburne 's move preventing
the 3 ... counter.
... Nf6 cs s.Bc4
7.Nc3 cd4 8.ed4
center pawn is true support point,
even if it is isolated.
... 10.Qe2
is so as to occupy d5. Of course
White does not play ll.a3, driving the
Knight to it 's chosen square.
11.Rac1 12.Ne5 1 Rc8
Black's development is difficult as he
has no square for his Queen and
after his Nd5 had rnade three moves, there
was nothing than to trade it off
thus reinforcing White 's pawn
c-pawn now needs another defender.
For this purpose only, the Queen 's move
to or was to considered.
Unfortunately I chose 17 whereas
17 would have maintained my
positional advantage. Now players
are preparing an unhappy surprise for
each other.
XIV. DRESDEN 1892 247
17.Qcl3 18.Rc2 Nd6
Black believes he is winning the
Exchange as in addition to 19 ... he
threatens 19 ... N

is the only hidden resource, which
1 found after flfteen tonurous rninutes.
19 ... 20.Qe2 21.Qc2
Now White threatens to win the Bishop
22.Qb3 and thus Black must retum the
21 ... Nf5 22. Qc8 23.Qb3 Bd6
24.Nc4 25.hg3 Qc7 26.Rd3!
The c-pawn cannot guarded
26.Rc1 of 26 ... Rc8 followed
27 ... Nd4.
26 ... Rc8 27 .Ne5 h6 28.g4 Nd6 29.Rf3
Rf8 and 1/2-1/2 agreed.
Porges - Tarrasch
eS 2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.Q-O Ne4
S.d4 Nd6
See also the opening in my game against
Harmonist, game 127.
dc6 7.de5 Nf5 8.Qd8 Kd8 9.Nc3
This move is recommended in the

10 ... 12.Rad1
move has no true purpose. Better is
13.Ne2 followed 14.Nd4 or 14.Nf4, to
trade the
13 ... g5!
keeps White from trading the
Now 14.Ne2 would answered with
14 ...
As I made this move, I realized I made it
as White can now equalize fully
15.Nd6 I should have removed
the Rook from the al-h8 diagonal first.
Porges, saw 15.Nd6 but eschewed
the move in the that his game was
at least equal, but this will cost him
the game. Moreover, this move should not
made as it allows Black to
utilize his pawn preponderance on the
15 ... Nd4 16.Rd4 Kb717.Nf6
This is stronger than the immediate
17 ...

Neither will other moves prevent
further deterioration of White 's game.
18 ... 19.Rd3 21.Rd4
On 2l.Rd7, there follows 21 ...
with 23 ... next.
21 ... 22.Ne4 Rhd8 23.Red1 Bf5
is the deciding move leading to
general exchange.
24 ... 25.Rd8
Of course not 25 .fe4, because of
25 ...
25 ... Rd8 26. Rd8 Bd8 27. fe4

Forced as otherwise the King penetrates
28 ...
The passed a-pawn is the result of
Black's pawn predominance on the
Queenside and now the game is won.
35.hg5 hg5
Mter ... the a-pawn will Queen.
Tarrasch - Marco
2.Nf3 4.d4 Bd7
5.Nc3 Nf6 7.Re1 Q-0
Mter this move Black is lost. Better is
7 ... ed4, but it is not good enough to

On 8 ... Black loses pawn.
9.de5 de5 1 O.Qd8 Rad8 11.Ne5
12.Ne4 Ne4 (See next diagram) 13.Nd3
f5 14.f3 15.Nc5
On it would yield no advantage
of 15 ... 16.fe4 (Or 16.Nf4
Nd2.) 16 ... fe4 17.Nf4 g5 18.Re4 gf4
After 12 ... Ne4
(Or 19.Bf4 Rd2 or 19.Rf4 Rd1
Rf4 21.Kdl Rf2.) 19 ... Rfe8
20.Re8 Re8. If Black on move ten,
recaptures with 1 ... Rfd8, then on 15 .Kfl
White would have plus.
15 ... Nc516.Bg5 Rd517.Be7
Not at once of 17 ... Rd7
Black Resigned here as on
17 ... Re8 or 17 ... Rf7, White wins the
Exchange 1-Q. This game is an
important contribution to the refutation of
Steinitz 's ... It is an exact of the
analysis given me in the February
edition of the Schachzeitung.
Tarrasch- v. Bardeleben
Petroff Defense
2.Nf3 Nf6 d6 4.Nf3 Ne4
5.d4 6.Bd3 Nf6
The normal reply is 6 ... d5. Now Black's
position remains somewhat cramped
limit the 's development. Without
8.h3, the Bishop could go to g4 and h5 and
Now it has to develop more modestly.
8 ... Be69.Nc3
Better yet is 9
9 ... Nc6 10.Ne2
With 10.d5 Nd5 ll.Nd5 Bd5 12.Bh7, it
would only lead to less pawn
XIV. DRESDEN 1892 249
exchange. I gave serious to
to secure the but I eschewed
this move Black's
with IO ... Qd7 and ll ... Rfe8, would
quite rapid and Black force the
exchange of the 12 ... Bf5, looks
little too provincial.
10 ... Nb4 11.Nf4 12.Qd3 Bd5
Better was This move weakens
the as will later
14.Re1 Bc615.Bd2 Ne816.Nf3 Bf6
Black has his
17.d5 Bd718.Bc3 Ng7
Not 18 ... 19.Qc3 of
20.Re8 Qf4 21.Ra8 followed 22.Qc7.
is to answer 19 ... Bf5, with 20.g4.
19 ... Re8 20.Re8 BeS 21.Re1 22.dc6
White wants to play 24.Ng4 and get
of the
... 24.Qc3 ags
1 was very short of time. I had used
forty-five minutes since move 21.
made me opt for the drawing
combination. White 's advantage is
White has better pawn
structure, development, control of
the e-file and Black's Good
continuations are 25.g3 or 25.Ne2-g3.
25.Ng4 Qf4 26.Nf6 KfS
Of course not 26 ... Kh8 because of
27.Nh7 KgS 28.Nf6 1/21/2.
Schottlander - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 4.d3 d6
5.Nc3 Qd7 8.d4
The pawn exchange would give White
freer game.
9.de5 10.fe3 11.Qf3
was and leads to equality.
Now White will have isolated
pawns, of which will lost in the
run, while Black has strong
support point.
11 ... Ne5 12.Qe2 Nf6 1
is to prevent 14.Rf6 and 15.Nd5.
This weakens the position and
provokes the Black Kingside attack.
14 ... h515.Rts
Now Black threatens 16 ... Ne4.

16 ... Ne417.Rf4 g519.Rd4
g4 20.Rad1 Qe7
White did not feel like watching the
continuation of the Kingside attack and
thus resigned. 0-1.
GAME 231
v. Scheve - Tarrasch
1.d4 d5 2.Nf3
is 's Gamblt Reversed with
move in hand (Nf3.)
4.Bf4 5.Qc2
This is better than 5.Qd2, which is
answered 5 ... Nf6 and 6 ... Ne4. White's
though is well placed as
she will exposed to file attack
with 8 ... Rc8. Best was 5.Qb3. With the
rapid of his
Black small plus,
which he gradually makes into major
5 ... cd4! 6.cd4
If the Knight recaptures, Black will
or later advance his e-pawn giving
6 ... Nc6 Bd7 8.Nc3 Rc8 Nf6
1 O.Q-0
weakens White 's pawn
structure. Better was to secure
retreat square for the strong Bf4.
11 ... Nh5 12.Bg3 13.hg3 0-0
White directs attack the
Kingside while Black is active the
the Black
although, attacks with more fire power
than White muster for his Kingside
attack and so Black 's is
successful while White 's attempt is
14 ... 15.Kh2
White plays this in order to the
attack with Black to play
15 .. .f6, but he instead tempts his
to make mistake playing 15 ... Na5!
15 ... Na5!
provokes the into making
will allow Black to gain two tempi
in the of his plan.
16 ... 17.Rh1 18.Nf3
Sacrificing on makes no sense.
18 ... Nc4
is better than
the because it will lead to the
of the after which
White 's chances peter out, and
Black will retain the advantage of two
very active Bishops two

19.Rab1 Qa5
Black 20 ... Na3 or 20 ...
White's less
and less appetizing.
Rc4 21.Qd2 Bf7 22.Ra1 Rfc8
Black forgoes the planned advance in the
as forcing the c-file situation is
much more advantageous.
White wants to follow up with 24.g3 and
25 .Kg2. White is too insistent the h-file
attack. Better was to change plans and
play 23 .Rhc 1, in order to build defense
against the power of the two Rooks.
Black touched the pawn with
of moving it two squares, but 111
the niche of time that White could
then play 24.Nd5.
XW. DRESDEN 1892 251
24.g3 gS
Black plays this to keep White from
sacrificing pawn 25.g5 and then
improve his position with 25 ... fg5
26.Ne5. Had White played 24.g5 on his
Iast move, Black would after 25.Ne5, pin
the with ... In addition, the
text move gives the Bfl an excellent
square at
25.Ng1 bS
Black only has to drive the away,
after which the Rooks penettation on the
c-file will bring decision.
26.Nge2 27.Kg2 as 28.Ra2
White intends to put up the following
defense after 28 ... with
30.Na4 (30 ... Qb5
Rc2 32.Nc5 or Rc2 32.Rc2 Qc2
33.Qc2 Rc2 34.Rel.
28 ... Qc6 29.Qd1 Bg6
Premature is 29 ... of
31.Na4 Rc2 32.Nc5.
32.Ra6 Qe8
using the c-file, Black has
maneuvered his opponent into lost
game. If the attacked moves, then
33 ... Rc2, so he cannot let this happen and
continues the game in desperado style.
33.Re6 34.Nc3 Qd7 35.Rb6 Bd8
36.Ra6 Qg4 37.13 Qf5 de4 39.fe4
Qg4 40.Qe1 Rd4 41.Ra7 42.Kg1
is one of my best games.
Wilfried Paulsen Tarrasch
d5 2.d4 BfS 4.Bd3 Bg6
5.Bg6 hg6 6.Nf3 Nf6 Nbd7

Black is intent on keeping the
inactive for as long as therefore
he avoids 8 ...
Qc710.Qe2 Be711.h3 Nh5
White's position is quite solid, and it is
difficult for Black to start an initiative.
Black tties to provoke White into
playing 12.g4, which will weaken the
12.Ne5 Nf8 13.g4
move should have been omitted.
13 ... Nf614.Qf3 gS
is mistake which costs pawn.
Black should the 15.g5 threat with
14 ... Bd6, after which he might to
muster an attack on the h-file and yield the
Black overlooked this excellent
15 ... Bd6 16.hg5 Rh1 17.Qh1 BeS
18.de5 N6d7
g4-pawn is as the will
have retreat square, e.g. 18 ... Ng4
19.Nf3 20.Qh3 N4e5 21.Ne5 Ne5
Indeed, White does have an extra
pawn, but how does he make something
out of it.
19 ...
is preparatory to an attack against
the White Kingside position, but he never
has to get around to it.
Ng6 22.Qf3 Rh8 cdS
Black prepares for 25 ... Rc8.
26.Re1 Qa5 Qc7
KaS 29.f5 Ngf8
31.Nc5 Qc8 32.f6
Up to this point White played very well
and he utilized the pawn advances
efficiently, but he is now getting careless.
After the text move the extra pawn
insignificant. choice
was 32.Rfl or 32.Bd4.
32 ... g6 Nfd7 34.Bd4 Nc5
Nd7 36.Qf2
is the decisive Better was
36.Bgl followed 37 .Qf2, as
recommended Metger.
36 ... Nc5 37.Qc5
It is to recapture with the pawn.
Mter the exchange of Queens, almost all
of White 's pawns are weak and the open
Rook file decisive factor.
37 ... Qc5
With 41.Kd4, it would make it more
difficult for Black, who then would have
to consider the possibllity of White's
Rook penettating via the h-file to h7,
attacking the f-pawn.
41 ... 42.Rg1 d4 44.cd4
Kd4 45.Rc1 Rh2 Rh1 47 .Kd2
Rc1 D-1.

Tarrasch- Dr. v. Gottschall
2.d4 d5 Nf6 Nfd7
5.Bd3 Nc6 7.Ne2
1 o.Nf4
is to prevent the f-pawn push
which Black could free his somewhat
cramped game.
10 ... Kh8
As consequence of White's attacking
style, Black finds it difficult to make
useful developing moves. text attacks
the d-pawn, which earlier could not
taken on account of ll.Bh7.
Rg812.Qd3 g6
On 12 ... Nf8, there is surprise
comblnation with 13.dc5 (Betterthan
13 ... Qc5.) 14.Ng5 Ne5 15.Qh7 Nh7
16.Nf7 Nf7 17.Ng6#.

(Mter 13 ... cd4 14.cd4 the text prevents

13 ... Qc7
Mter ... this is to prepare 14 ... cd4
15.cd4 what
would follow is 17 .Qd2 Nc2 18.Ra2 Nd4
(Desperado.) 19.Qd4 giving White
plus, although Black has three pawns for
the piece.

Black he secure his position
locking up the Queenside. It is to
contrary though, since he is on the
defensive on the he must try
counter action the Queenside to keep
his opponent busy.
Nd8 18.Bd2 Rc8
is in order to prevent the activity of
the Black pieces on the c-file, after
pawn exchange on d4.
19 ... Kg7
Black to secure his
with 20 .. .Rh8, and thus frustrates White's
plan to play 20.Bh6 and Nh3-g5, and
the via e3-f4-h4-h3. After that the
Black game would lost of the
threat Nh7. This plan had already
started with 15.Nh3, but was interrupted
of Black's counterplay the

20.Qe3 Kh8 21.Bd3
This is the of Black 's faulty
move. These two moves
Black to total passivity and he
must wait to see if White will
find winning follow up
Nf8 23.Qe2
Waiting to see if Black will allow the
Bd2 to go to and White would
proceed with his plan outlined move

23 ... Kg7 24.Qe3 Kh8 25.Re1 Qd7
26.Kh1 Rc7
Black's lack of space is the direct
opposite ofWhite's freedom to maneuver.
attack though, is easy to carry
through as Black's is quite solid.
27.Qh6 Qe8 28.Nfg5 Rg7 29.f3
is with the idea of playing the Nh3
to f2 and g4, thus putting more
29 ... Nd7 31.Ng4 Qg8

With the idea of playing and thus
eliminating one of the of and
after gaining possession of the win
32 ... Qf8
Bad is leading to winning the
Exchange, but weakening the attack, e.g.
33 ... 34.Nf6 35.ef6 (Not
35 ... of 36.Nh7 Qg8 37 .fg/
Qg7 38.Qh4.) 36.fg7 Qg7. textmove
prepares the attack with
34.Re3 and 35.Rh3.
... 34.Re3 f5
This move is forced although it further
the Kingside. It is worth
that there has single capture in
this game.
35.ef6 Nf6 36.Ne5 Bd6
Instead of this move, 1 expected the
elegant 36 ... Ng4, leading to interesting
but it would have
saved the game. game might have
37 .Ng4 Qf4 38.Rf3 Qg4
39.Bdl Bg5 40.Bg5 Qe4 Qc2
42.Bd8 Rb7 and White will play 43.Bf6
together with the h-pawn advance, giving
White attack. White will
attain clear winning if after
36 ... Ng4 37.Ng4 Qf4, he plays the
surprising 38.Nf6 . must not
capture this of 39.Rf3 and
38 ... Bf6, White will answer 39.Rf3
attacking the and Bishop, and
after 39 ... Bg5 40.Qg! and41.Bf4, he will
decisive exchange ahead. text
move was calculated properly. True
Black should try to the
dangerous Ne5, but for this purpose he
could use the Bishop, as it's
counterpart the 1 will dominate the
Black squares. was 36 ... Nd7.
37.Rf3 Qe8 38.Bd2
exchange of pieces, the first in the
game, is the result of Black's last two
39.fe5 Ng4
If 39 ... Nd7 instead, 40.Rafl willleave
Black helpless.
40.Qh4 h5 41.h3 42.g4
Much weaker is to play for pawn win
with 42.Ne6 and 43.Bh6.
cramps Black's
42 ... hg4 43.hg4 Ndf7 44.Kg2

81t.tB 1:1


44 ... Nf5
White has the to
despair, similar to what in game
231. Other moves are nil with Rhl having
decisive effect.
45.gf5 gf5 46.Rg3 Ng5 47.Bg5 Qf7
48 ... Rh7, mate is forced
and 50.Bf6, and 48 ... Qd7, mate will
result 49 .Qh8, 50.Qg7, and 51.Bf6 etc.
Winawer - Tarrasch
es 2.f4 ef4 dS 4.Bd5 Qh4
5.Kf1 gS Qh5 7 .h4 Bg7 8.d4 Ne7
9.Nc3 10.Kg1
Much better the usual 1 O ... g4,
which leads to the loss of the f -pawn. On
ll.h5, there is ll ...
is good developing and attacking
11 ...
lt takes courage to make this move,
move all authorities. It
weakens and deprives the of its
square. so, this move is
considered was ll ... White 's
reply would Kd8,
castling and leaving the King
the d-file exposed to multiple
attacking possibllities, e.g. 13.Ne5 Ne5
14.de5 or 13.h5 Qf5 or
13.hg5 hg5 14.Rh8 Bh8 15.Ne5 etc. Best
would have for Black to castle after
ll ... 12.Nb5 to make
somewhat dublous pawn sacrifice.
Simpler and was the immediate
retreat of the Bishop. this move
completely misplaces Black's
the Black pawn chain gets relief and in
the advanced White pawn will
in jeopardy.
12 ... Qh7
Black does oot have much choice, but to
let his get locked here.
Winawer expected 12 ... Qd6,
which White would have good play
with Qc7 and wblchmight
have resulted in an amusing fmale
14 ... 0-0 15.Ng5hg516.h6Bh8? 17.Bh7#.
Worse yet would 12 ... Qf6 Qf5

Black's game is somewhat cramped,
it is solid.
White has aggressive
moves the chain the
Kingside inhiblts bls game.
14 ... Bg4 15.Bd2 Nd7
The is equal any The
Nd7 threatens to go to attacking
and h5, the later difficult to
XIV. DRESDEN 1892 255
and the will defmitely
Iost. The ingenious Winawer, realized that
with quiet play he would gradually drift
into bad so he fmds surprising
piece sacrifice giving his game more
's attack
resulting from the sacrifice keeps Black's
position hanging thread for the
16.Bf4 gf4 17.Nf4
This exchange
White's center, 17 ... Nf6, the
going to would dangerous
participant in the attack. White had
made the Bishop sacrifice move
this exchange for
Black would have as
then Black could have developed the
to and h2-h3, the Bishop could
retreat to d7. It is really in character for
Winawer to have waited with the Bishop
sacrifice until the Bishop had retreat
square anymore. Further it should
that there is the
17 ... Rad8 18.Nh2 Nc5
19.Qg3 after which White regains the
piece 19 ... Bd4 20.Kfl and the Bishop
is lost, or 19 ... 20.Ng4, threatening to
win the with 21.Nf6.
18.gf3 Rad8
This move forces the of
White's most dangerous attacking piece,
Of course 19.Qc4, because of
19 ... and 20 ... Bd4.
19 ... Nc5!
is as 20 ... Bd4 would
win the

White has two pawns for the Bishop,
these two pawns the center and
have cramping effect 's
In the Black is
locked in, and the other Black pieces have
very little scope. Thus Black is forced into
completely passive defense.
22.Rh2 Rfe8 23.Ne2
White an attack the
g-file in to an attack in the
advancing the f-pawn. Black tries to
frustrate this plan with the
23 ... Nd5 24.Qf2 Nc7 25.Ng3 Ne6
threatens 26 ... Nd4.
26.Nf5 NgS
Here the the f-pawn
advance and also closes the g-file.
27.Kh1 Kh8
27 ... Re4, with the idea of 28.fe4 Ne4
29.Qf3? Qf5 30.Qf5 and 31 ... Nf5,
fails of 29.Qh4 instead.
28.Rg2 29.Ne3
Now White to advance the
e-pawn and the f-pawn.
29 ... Ne6
Black immediately takes steps to counter
White's plans. If Black's
answer is 30 ... Bg5 followed 3l ... Nf4,
Black the edge, and 30.d5,
Black would take over the attack
30 ... cd5 3l.Nd5 Rd5 32.ed5 Nf4 33.Rg4

White is threatening to renew the earlier
threat of followed f4.
Black makes f4 of
3 l ... Qe4. White allow his
to exchanged and thus advancing in the
is frustrated again.
31.Nf5 Rg8
Black cannot the f4 square with
piece as
3 l ... Nf4 Qh2 would drive the piece away
and 3 l ... Bf4 there follows 32.Rf4 Nf4
33.Qh4 Nd5 or 33 ... Ne6 34.Qf6
Kg8! 35.Rgl 36.Nh6, with Black
move, threatening 33.Qe5, looks
very but it tums out to the
decisive error. If instead he had fmally
his original plan with 32.f4
after 32 ... Bf6 33.Ragl Rg4 34.Rg4 Rg8
35.Rg8 Qg8 Black would still
have difficult and the resulting
position would confmn White 's
he sacrificed the piece.
32 ... Bf6 33.Rag1
If White tries make up for the missed
opportunities and now plays 33.Rg8 Rg8
34.f4, Black will playing 34 ... Rg4, get
strong counterattack.
... Rg5!
White has adequate reply, as
34.Rg5, it will give Black complete
of f4, and 34.f4, Black makes
counter sacrifice which is immediately
34 ... Rf5
overall effect of this is that the
dangerous is eliminated, Black
breaks through the center, and the
which had stalemated since move
very effectively comes
to life.
35.ef5 Qf5 36.R1 g2
is hardly another move, as the f4
and h5-pawns to guarded.
36 ... Ng7 37.R4g3
In order to answer 37 ... Qh5 or 37 ... Nh5
with 38.Rh3.
37 ... 38.Rg1 Qe4 39.R1g2
is repetition gain time get to
move forty-the time control.
40.Rg1 Qe4 41.R3g2
41.Rlg2, Black wins with 41 ... Nf5
and 42 ... Ne3. It is quite clear that 41.Qg2
would save the game either.
41 ... Rd5
counterattack is much easier than
the attack, the attacker often throws
the wind and recklessly lays his
bare thus makes it

42.f5 Rf5 43.Qb8 Kh7 44.Rd1 Rh5
45.Kg1 46.Rf2 Bh4 G-1.
is truly masterful game that was
played well sides.
XV. Nuremberg, 1892-1894
years of my life, apart from the matches with Chigorin and to which
1 dedicate the next two chapters of this leave not much to report. 1 went to the
Congress of the Bavarian Chess Federation in Augsburg in July, 1893, but only as
spectator. Shortly thereafter 1 took over the editorship of the Franlifurt 1
had very little chance to play practical chess the work on this of my games
took most of my free time. When 1 played it was usually at Rook odds against quite good
players like Hirscbler and won third prize in the third section
of the Congress at Augsburg. won prize in the lower section.
Tarrasch - Kurschner
French Defense
1.84 2.d4 dS Nf6 Nfd7

is tty.
5 ... 86
is superfluous.
6.Bd3 7.dc5 BCS 8.Qe2 Nc6
White prevents 9 ...
9 ... Qc7 1 Bf4
As consequence of 5.Nf3, the e-pawn
is somewhat weak:. Black cannot play
lO .. as this would fail against ll.Nd5!
{ 11 ... ed5 12.ef6.} and is instantly
decisive for White.
10 ... Nd4111.Nd4 Bd412.Q-O
12 ... then 13.Nd5 ed5 Qe5
15.Qe5 Ne5 If Black should
capture the e-pawn, White will snare the
d-pawn. It is the text move will gain
pawn, but of his incomplete
development he will face lot of
Poor is 14.Qg4 because of 14 ... Ne5
15.Qg7? followed 16 ... Qg7.
14 ... Nc5
Castling had to considered. On this
move, White has draw in hand
15.Bd2 and
If Black takes the he cannot castle
shon and castling long is obviously very
It appears (After nine more moves.) that
playing the other Rook to dl would have
saved White tempo, (Compare the note
17 ... Qh4 18.g3 Qe7 19.84
Better is 19 ... to prevent the following
move, but if the Queenside Rook had still
on al, the threat of would have
so clear that Black would have
forced mak:e the move.
is deprive the of it's
20 ... 22.Rb1 Rfc8
On 23 ... the Black pieces are all
pinned but differently.

After the c-file has opened, White
will threaten the pinned one more
time. On 24 ... dc4, White has the superior
forcing the win of piece e.g.
25 ... Rc5
24 ... d4
On 24 ... Qc7, there follows 25.cd5
26.Qa7 Nel 27.Rb7 with decisive
25.Qd4 Qc7 26.Red11
is strong attacking move and at the
same time it is the defense against
Black's threat.
26 ... Qc6 Ne4
is forced.
Of course not 28.Qd8, because of
28 ... Qe8.
XV. NUREMBERG, 1892-1894 259
28 ... NCS

11.1.8 **
:18it8:18 .


29.Rb7 Nb7 Nd8 31.Qe7 h6
32.Rd1 Nb7
Black playing 32 ... does not save
the game either. White could for instance
win the 33.Qe8 followed

- Romberg
White is playing minus the Ral.
1.84 2.d4 d5
6.Nh3 7 8.f4 f5 9.g4 Bh4
right move was 9 ... The mis-
placement of the Bishop will soon
10.gf5 ef5 11.Bf3 Ra7
13.Na3 Rb7? bc415.Nc4
16.Ng5 Bg5 17.Nd6 Kf8 18.fg5 Rc7
. . ....
8 8 *

r-a 8
g .
8 81i8
:.8.:8 8 8
20.Rf5 Nf6
If the King moves, White plays
Kd7 22.Qg4, driving the King further
away. If 20 ... White plays or
2l.Ba3 and if 20 ... Rf/ there follows
2I.Nn .
21.gf6 g6 22.Bh6 Kg8 23.f7 Bf7
23 ... Rf7 follows move,
24.Qf3 (24 ... Rf5? 25.Qd5 or 24 ... gf5?
25.Qg3.) 24 ... Bf3 (24 ... Qd6 25.Rf7
25.Rn 26.Rg7 27.ed6
28.Re7 Kd8 29.Bg5 30.Rc7#.
24.Rf7 Rf7
This is the first time the Queen has
moved and it is immediately decisive.
25 ... Qc7 Re7 27.Ne8 Re8 28.87
and mate next move. 1-Q.
Tarrasch - Hirschler
White is playing rninus the Ral and the
a-pawn starts on
1.84 2.f4 ef4 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ng5
h6 6.Nf7 Kf7 7 .d4 h5? 8.Bf4 Bh6
Nf611.Q-O Rf812.Qd3 d6
13.Bg3 Nc6

* 8
.... . .
8 8:1
11:.8.:8 8!8
Better was 13 ... Qe7.
de515.Qg6 Ke716.de5
correct defense is 16 ... Qd4 followed
17 ... Ne5.
17.Kh1 Kd7 18.ef6 Qe8 19.0g7 Ne7
On 19 ... Kd8, follows or
21.Rd1 22.Rd6 Kf5
23.Bd3# 10.
Tarrasch - Romberg
1 played as follows:
1.Bd5 Qf5 Qg5 Kf6
4.Rf7# 10.
is pure mate.
Hausler - Tarrasch
2.Nf3 Nc6 4.0.0 Nf6
5.d3 d6 7.h3?
This move gives the opponent an
attacking target.
7 ... h6 8.Nc3 g5 10.Qd2 g4
11.hg4 Bg4 12.Nh2 Qd7 13.Nd5 Nh5
Rg8 15.f3 16.Rf2
17.Nf1 Rg6 18.Kh2 (See next diagram)
18 ... Rdg8
is promising sacrifice.
19.gh3 Rg1 20.Qh6
leads to an immediate loss.
20 ... Rh1 21.Kh1 22.Nh2 Q-1.

Dr. Hollander - Tarrasch
French Defense -Exchange variaJion
2.d4 d5 ed5 4.Nf3 Nf6
5.Bd3 Bd6 Q-0 7.Nc3 Bg4 8.Bg5

Instead of this retreat, 9.Qd2 is more
9 ... 1 O.Ne5
daring move leads to pawn loss
after few moves.
10 ... Be211.Qe2 Re812.f4
13 ... Ne5
Better yet is to capture with the Bishop
first, and after 13 ... 14.fe5 Ne5
15.Qd2 Ned7, White would have no
attacking chances at all.
XV. NUREMBERG, 1892-1894 261
14.fe5 15.Rad1 Ne4 16.Ne4 cle4
17.Qc41 Rf8
Here Black intends to sacrifice the
Exchange for second pawn and
counterattack. The obvious 17 ...
would bad of 18.Khl
19 .Rf7 20.Rf1.
18.887 Bh2 19.Kh1
Of course not 19 .Kh2 because of
19 ... Qc7.
19 ... Qc7 20.Bf8 Rf8 21.Qe2 Qd6
is threatening 22 ... Qh6.
22.g4 23.Kg2
White could have captured the e4-pawn
with quiet heart. This pawn now
23 ... Re8 24.Qe3 Bh4 25.Qf4
is decisive but in any case
the advantage was Black's. On 25.Rh1,
there follows 25 ... Bd8 26.Qh3 h6
followed 27 ... Bg5, thus securing the
penetration of the passed pawn. On
25.Rf4, Black's winning continuation is
25 ... Bg5 26.Re4 Qd5.
25 ... Qf4 26.Rf4 83 27.Rff1
together with the next move, is an
interesting try.
27 ... 82 28.Rf81 Re41 Q-1.
On 29.Rdal (Or or there follows
29 ... Bel with 30 .. .Rg4 next and 31 ... Rd4,
and Black is three pawns ahead.
Tarrasch - Dr. Hollander
1.84 2.Nf3 Nc6 d6 4.d4 Bd7
move was often made Steinitz,
but the is posted on f6.
7 8.Qd2 9.Rad1
opening has given White much
freer and developed game.
9 ... Bg4 10.882 Qe8
Black will follow up with
ll .. .Rd8.
11.h3 12.Bf3 ed4
Black is to exchange several pieces,
thus easing his game.
13.Bd4 Nd4 14.Qd4 Bf6
16.Qc3 Qc617.Qc6
Even after this reduction of
White's power, he still retains slight
18.g3 f619.Bg2 Ne5 Rae8 21.f4
Better was 21 ... Ng6, as the undefended
Nd7 opens an opportunity for White to
force the game.
22.851 fe5
If22 ... d5, it would answered
equally advantageous for White.
R87 24.Bd7 Rd7 25.fe5 Rf1
26.Kf1 Rf7
All of Black's moves are forced.
27.Kg2 d85 28.Rd8 Rf8 29.Rf8 Kf8
endgame is lost for Black.
Queenside pawn majority will result in
remote passed pawn, which deflects the
Black King giving White time to capture
pawns in the center and Kingside.
On 34 ... or 34 ... follows

Tarrasch - Romber2
White is playing minus the
2.d4 d5
f5 8.0..0 Ne7
White introduces very strong attack
against the Black Kingside which has
seriously weakened several weak
developmental moves.
10 ... Qd711.Qh5 12.g4
Bad is 12 ... Nh7, since if 12 ... Qf7,
the and the Queen are pinned.
12 ... 0..0..0 1 Re8 14.gf5 Nge7
This completely paralyzes Black's
... Ba818.Qe6 Kc719.f7 h6
Of course White can also take the Rook,
but this would not as strong.
20 .. Bg7 21.Nb5 Ref8
Nc8 dc4
On 25 ... follows 26.Na6#, or
25 ... Kay26.Rb5#.
White oow mates in two moves, there
is such plethora of ancillary solutions,
normally only found in chess
- Chr. Schroeder
White is playing minus the Ral and the
a-pawn starts on
1.84 2.f4 ef4 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ng5
h6 Kf7 7.d4 d5 8.Bf4 9.Nc3
de4 Kg7 11.0-Q

Better is 12 ...
13.Qg4 Kh7 14.Qf5 Kg7 15.Rf31
16.Qg4 Kh7 17.Bd3 and mate next
XV. NUREMBERG, 1892-1894
Tarrasch Chr. Schroeder
White is playing minus the Ral and the
a-pawn starts on
1.84 d5 3.14 4.NI3 d4
White stops Blackfromanchoring the Ng8
at d5 and also avoids the trade of pawns.
S Ne7 7.d4 cd4 8.cd4 Nd5
Nc6 10.0.0 11.Kh1 8d7

Black has developed well and one can
hardly see how White could stan an attack.
13.15 el5
plan for Black was avoid this
exchange which leads to ofthe
center and misplacement of the Queen.
Qa1 16.Re1
White is setting trap, and simul-
taneously preparing the d-pawn advance.
17.Bf7 Kl8
On 17 ... follows 18.Qb3
(18 ... 19.Ng5)
18.Qa4 Qc1 19.Rc1
Black has two Rooks and
Bishop for his Queen, his position is

White threatens 21.Qc4.
Desperado play Black gives White
chance for pretty
Ne5 22.Qc5 23.Ne5 Rf8
is putting the Epaulette.
24.Qd6 Rd8 25.Nc6
White threatens mate on and and
on 25 ... follows the Epauletten mate
with 26.Qe6#.
25 Rf7
White mates in three moves.
26.Qd51 Rf6 27.Qg8 Rf8 28.Bf7
Tarrasch Kurschner
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6
Better was 3 ... de4.
4.85 Nld7 Nc6 7.Q-O f6
More thematic was continuing the attack
on d4 with 7 ...
8.Re1 15
plan for the next several moves
is to develop ... .. .0-0, and
prepare the pawn trades on d4 and

As often happens in the French Defense,
with few inferior moves, it has resulted
in Black's position becoming very
cramped and long an interesting
breakthrough will demolish his game.
Nce5 15.de6 16.Qf3 17 .Qf5



8-'1.8 BtB
04J8 =
On 18 ... Qc7, it is decisively answered
19.Qg6 hg6 20.Bg6# 10.
Tarrasch - Laubmann
King's Gamhit Accepted
White is playing minus the Ral
2.f4 ef4 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ng5
h6 6.Nf7 Kf7 7.d4 d5 8.Bf4 de4
h510.Q-O Kg611.Nc3 Bf512.Be5 Nf6
13.Ne4! Ne414.Rf5 Kf515.Qf1 Kg6
Better was 15 ... Now Black is lost,
in spite of his enormous material
Now Black is mated in seven moves.
17.Qf6 Kh7 18.Qh8 Kg6 19.Qf6 Kh7
20.Qf5 Kh6 21.Qf8 Kg6 22.Qg7 Kf5
23.Qf6# 1-Q.
Dr. Hollander - Tarrasch
Nf6 4.Nf3 d6
s.o-o d5

is unjustified, since Black's Queen
gets good post.
9 ... Re811.Qc2 Bg4
idea is not to trade for the which
would quite weak, but instead to
develop the Bishop, via Bg4-h5-g6,
which could not developed
satisfactorily to d7 or
12.Rfe1 13.h3
Erroneously, White believed that he
could either force the exchange or that he
would win the d-pawn playing g4-g5.
13 ... Bh5 14.g4? Bg6 15.Nh4
On 15.g5 Nh5 16.ed5, Black will regain
either the d-pawn or h-pawn ... Nf4,
with advantage. the pawn advance
has led to weakening of the White
Kingside, especially the f4 square.
15 ... Nc5 16.Ng6 hg617.Kg2?
In view of the threatening penetration of
the to f4, this square is very
for the
17 ... 851
is intended endanger the security
Black now has positional
edge, and White does not have fully
reply anymore.
XV. 1892-1894 265
Mter this Black is bring
quick decision.
19 ... Nf4 20.Kg3
20 ... Nd3 21.Qd3
Bad is 21 ... Ne4 22.Re4 de4 of
23.Bf7 24.Ng5 with good attack for
White, e.g. 24 ... Kg8 25.Qc4 26.Nf7
27 .Ng5 drawing, or 24 ... 25.Qc4.
22.Nd2 was
22 ... 23.Nd2 Qb2
Now taking the e-pawn willlose piece.
follows 24 ... Qal, and
Black has won game after
24 ... ed3 25.Re8 Re8 26.Rb2 Nd5.
24.Qd4 Q-1.
25.fe3, Black plays 25 ... Qd2
followed 26 ... Ne4.
Tarrasch - Dr. Hollander
King's Gamhit
2.f4 d6 Nc6
5.d3 Bg4 Nf6 7.h3 Bd7
Black cramps his own position with this
move. Much is 7 ...
a610.f5 h6
prevents ll.Bg5 and 10 ... Nh5 is
bad account of ll.Bt7 followed
White's pawn advances,
Black's game has quite cramped
11 ... Nh712.h4 Ne7
This is the decisive mistake. Better was
12 ... Nf6 and 13.g5, Black answer
13 ... Ng4.
13 ... 0-0 or 13 ... Rf8, the g5-advance
is equally decisive.
The threat is 15.g6 Nf8 16.Bf7#. The
move is 14.Bf7 followed 15.g5,
in which the following sacrifice
is much more powerful.
14 ... d5
With the following piece sacrifice, Black
tries to free himself and get an attack.
15.Bd5 Bf516.Bf7 Kf817.ef5
The advance of White's pawns
sides of the make his position seem
precarious, but White gets chance
combine attack and defense from

18.Bh5 g6 19.fg6 Ng6 20.Bg6 Qg6
This further attacking play.
21 ...

This looking move is If 30 ... h4, White has 31.g4, and
decisive. Bad here is 22.gf6 23.Qe5 , 30 ... g4, follows 31.h4.
as it opens too many files for Black.
22 Rad8 1-Q.
White is playing the Ral ana the
a-pawn starts on
1.84 2.d4 dS
In this Rook odds game, this move is to
recommended IfBlack captures
White does not take back, but he plays
4.Nc3 or followed 5.Nd2.
... Nc6 ccl4 &.ccl4
7.Qd2 NaS? 8.Nc3 de4? 9.fe4 Nf6
10.Nf3 8e711.d5 Qd812.Bb5 Bd7

[1 114).

13.d6 Ne4
Better is 14 ... Nc4.
15.de7 Qd2 16.Nd2 Nd2 17.Bd2 Nc6
18.Nc7 19.Na8 Ra8 20.Rf1 fS
gS bS 23.Bd2 Rg8
24.Rf3 Kf6 25.Rc3 Ne5
leads to an interesting endgame.
26.Rc7 Rg7 27.Rg7 Kg7 Kf6
Now Black is lost. Black tties 29 ... f4
to give the square, White plays
30.g4, so fmally Black has no moves and
must give up the
29 . h5 1-Q.
Tarrasch - Hirschler
White is playing the Ral and the
a-pawn starts on
1.84 2.f4 ef4 gS 4.h4 g4 S.NgS
hS Nh6 7.d4 f6 8.Bf4
Obviously Black believes that the
will not run away.
9.Nh3 10.Nc3 Nf7 11.Nf2 f512.d5
. . .
. Bi. 1.:1t
lndicated for Black was 12 ...
13.d6 Bf2 14.Kf2 Qf6 15.ef5! QfS
16.Qe2 Kf8 17.Qe7 Kg7 18.g3 Qc5
Better was 18 ...
19.Kg2 Qc4 Kg8! 21.Qe8 Kh7
22.Rh5 Kg6 23.Rh8 KfS
threat was 24.Qg8 25.Rh5

24.Rf8 Kg6 25.Rg8 KfS 26.Rg7 Ne5
White announces mate in five moves.
27.Qh5 28.Re7 Kf6 29.Qe5 Kg6
Kh6 31.Qg5# 1-Q.
- Rombere:
White is playing minus the Raf
XV. 1892-1894 267
1.84 2.Nf3 Nc6 ed4
S.NgS Nh6 6.Qh5 0.0
Better is 6 ... Qe7 or 6 ... Qf6.
7.14 Qe8
Better is 7 ... d5 followed 8 ... Bg4.
This move and the next one, only
expedite White's development.
9.Kh1 dc210.Nc3d611.f5 Ne512.Nd5
Black plays this in order to play ..
12 ... Nc4, White wins
14.Qh6 fg5 15.f6.
White now has very powerful attack.
13 ... Bg4 14.fg7 Kg7
15.Qh6 Kh6 16.Ne6
it would only lead to draw,
after ... 17 Kg7 Kg8
(Not 19 ... hg6 of
20.Rg7 21.Nf4 followed
16 ... Kh5
16 ... Kg6, follows mate in two
17.Rf6 and
Not 17 ... Kh4, of 18.g3#.
18.Ne2! Kg6?
19.Rf61 Kf6 20.Bg5 Kg6 21.Nf4# 1.0.
is pure mate.
At move 18. Black's could have
gone to h5, in which case White could
have mated in similar manner as in the
game. In addition, there was ten move
mate in which sequence would
have contained plethora of attractive
variations, e.g.
1.Rf6 Qe6!
l ... follows 2.Ng3 3.Bg5#,
l ... follows 2.Rh6 Kg4 and
l ... Be2, it ends etc.

On 2 ... follows
On ... follows 4.h3.
On 4 ... follows 5.Rf5 6.Bg5

White is threatening followed
5 .. Bf2!
On 5 ... Nf4 follows Kg5 7.Bf4#.
On S ... Bgl follows
6.g3 7.Ng3 Rc8
Or7 ... Rg8.
White threatens mate with 9.Bg5 or
8 ... Nf4 9.Rh5 Nh5 10.Nf5# 1-Q.
Kurschner - Tarrasch
d5 2.ed5 Qd5 Qa5
Nf6 5.d4 Bg4 6.13 Bh5 7.Ne2 8.Ng3
Bg6 9.D-O c610.Nce4
Better is the immediate ll.Bf4.
11 ... Nbd712.Bf4
On 13.Nd6 14.Bd6, it would
answered 14 ... Ne3 with the loss of the
exchange and 13.Bd5 leads to the
consolidation of Black 's position.
13 ... h5
This pawn will play decisive role later
on in the game.
h415.Ne2 N5f616.c4
This weakens the whole center. Better
was threatening the
trade on and
16 ... 17.Qc2
Instead of this, would trading
the Ne4, or yet would retreating
the Ne4 to or f2. Now Black obtains an
17 ... Ne419.fe4 Nf6
... 21.dc5
Black would also keep the advantage after
2l.Rf6 playing 21 ... ed4 22.Nd4 Bd4.
21 ... Qc5 22.Kh1
On 22.Rf2, Black does not play 22 ... Ne4,
because of 23.Bf7, but instead plays
22 ... Ng4.
22 ... 23.Bf7
Not 23 ... of 24.Qe4.

Obviously White he would get
an advantage threatening to win the
Queen but he overlooked the
following mating threat.
24 ... h3 25.Qb7
No is 25.Qe6 26.Rgl Qf2
27 Qc5 with decisive
plus for Black.
25 ... Nd7 D-1.
On 26.Rgl, it is mate in six moves
26 ... hg2 27 .Rg2 Rh2 28.Kh2 Rh8 29.Kg3
30.Kg4 3I.Kg5 Qf5#.
Tarrasch - Chr. Schroder
White is playing minus the Ral and the a-pawn
2.14 d6 Bg4 Bt3
XV. 1892-1894 269
exchange helps White develop an
s.Qf3 Nf6? &.tes des Qd4
Better was 7 ...
8.8f7 Kd8 9.Qb7 Qe4 10.Qe4 Ne4
Black will try to trap the Bishop on
ll ... White after would have
pawn for the exchange with very good
12.888 c613.Nc3
Together with the following move, it is
the only way to the Bishop.
Rf818.8f3 Nc619.c3 Na5
20.d3 Nb3 Nc5
Black plays the very adroitly.
22.Kd2 N84 23.881
On 1, Black would trade Bishops
23 ... Bg5, giving him very good
drawing chances.
23 . 883
8 8
8 :t
8 8 8
8:t8 8
.8 8

8 = 8.ill
8 81!8

leads to an immediate loss.
On 26 ... now follows
(27 ... 28.Ral 29.Ra3
26 27.d4# 1.0.
is pure mate.
Tarrasch - Hirschler
White is playing rninus the Ral
1.84 2.f4 ef4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5
h5 Rh7 7.d4 d6 8.Nf7 Rf7 9.8f7
Kf7 10.8f4 Nc6 11.D-O 12.Qd3
Qe7 13.8g5 Qg714.e5 de515.d5
16.Nc3 17.Ne4 8e718.d6 8d6
Up to this point, Black 's
fully adequate, but this move 1s dec1s1ve
19.Qd6 Na6
19 ... cd6, then 20.Nd6#.
All other moves also lose .
21.Nd6 22.Rf7 23.Qd7 Kd5
24.Ne4 26.Q84# 1.0.
Tarrasch - Chr. Schroder
White is playing rninus the
move takes optimum advantage of
the ofWhite's

transposes the game French
4.Nf3 Nc6 6.Bd3
White plans 7 8.0-0, and then 9.d4.
6 ... d41
Black prevents White from playing d4
playing ... d4 himself.
10.Qe2 dc3 11.dc3 Nh6 12.Nd2
I8 8
8 8 8
8 84JII 8
8:.8:11 8 8
n 81!
So far Black 's development has
quite good, but castling gives White
chance for strong attack. Better was
13 ... Nf5.
threatens 15.Nf6 followed mate
h7 next move.
14 ... g6 15.Qh3
Not 15.Qd7, which allows the Queen
trapped Rook to d8.
15 ... Nf5
15 ... Kg7, it is refuted 16.Nf6 and
then 17.f5, with decisive attack.
16.g4 Ng7
16 ... Nh4 follows 17.Nf6.
17.Nf6 Bf6 18.ef6 Ne8 19.g5 Kh8
was locking the with
19 ... h5.
20.Qh6 Rg8 21.h4 Nd6 22.h5 NfS
is no adequate defense. Here
White mates in three moves.
... 8 ....
8 8eB:t
8 8
8:8:11 8.8.
811.8 8 8
23.Qh71 Kh7 24.hg6 Kg6 25.Rh6# 1-Q.
Tarrasch - F. Kolb
White is playing minus the
1.f4 fS
gamblt gives good prospects for
an attack.
2 ... fe4 Nf6 4.de4 Ne4 Nf6
Better is 6 ... d6 followed 7 ... Bg4.
7.Ng5 BcS 8.Bh7 Rf8 9.Bg6
10.Qe2 d6 11.Bf5 es Qc8
lf White plays 14.ed6 Kd6 15.Ne4
it would result in driving the
Black to safety and would make
White 's position exposed and

14 ... Nf6 15.Bd2 Nc6 16.0-DO Qe8
Kd8 18.h4 18 ... Qg6
This is the decisive mistake, after
which White 's assault becomes

Ne7 20.Rhe11
is far stronger than 20.Ne6, after
which White would only win the
Exchange on 20 ... 2l.Nc7 Kd7.
20 ... NC6
XV. NUREMBERG, 1892-1894 271
On 20 ... Re8, there follows
22.Nc5 dc5 24.Qe7. On
20 ... Nfd5 White plays
22.Nc7 followed 23.Nd5, or 21 ... Kd7
22.Nc5 dc5 23.Qe7 and on 20 ... Ned5 the
win is acbleved Kd7 22.Qb5.
21.Ne6 Kd7 22.Nc5 23.Qe6
On 23 ... Kd8 there follows
Note that the is pinned the Queen.
25.Nf6 26.Nd7
28.Qc8 Rc8 29.Nd71 1-Q.
Tarrasch - Hirschler
King's Gamhil Accepted
2.f4 ef4 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5
sacrifice, wblch Cordel indicated as
is in character with the opening,
and is now showing much
the Allagaier Gamblt.
6 ... Kf7 Kg6
Now White 's attack becomes very
powerful. Better is 7 ...
8.d4 9.Bf4 Nf6 10.h5 Kg7
h-pawn is if 10 ... Nh5
ll.Rh5 12.Bf7 13.g3 followed
and then mate.
11.Nc3 Nc6 de5 13.h6 Kf8
14.de5 Qd115.Rd1
Even after the Queen trade, Wblte keeps
strong attack.
15 ... Nd716.Q-O 17.Nd5
On 17 ... Ne5?, then Ne5
18.Kh1 Nde5 20.Nf6
(See next diagram) 21.Bg5 Nc4
No other moves could stop the attack
After 20
22.Ng4 23.Nf6 24.Nd5
25.Nf6 26.Nd7 27.Nf6
The above moves need some
explanation. 1 played for the surprising
comblnation, the execution of which
made keeping the pawn on
necessary. For this reason 1 demonstrate
to my opponent, that on any Knight
discovery that cannot captured. For
instance, if 22 ... there follows
etc. If Black captures 011
move 24,then (or 25 ... Kd7
etc.) 27.Nc3# and
finally if Black captures on move
Wblte wins with 27 etc.
After having impressed upon my
opponent that capturing is 1
finally ventured discovery 011
which the pawn can taken. In additi011
1 could have mated my opponent without
the psychology 28.Nh5! (On
28 ... follows 29.Ng7#.)
30.Rf5! 31.Ng7# or 29 ... 30.Bf4
but 1 considered the
following fmale prettier.
28.Ng8 29.Rd8 Nd8 Kf8

On 31 ... 32.ed=Q
34.Ne7 Bd7 35.Bf4 Rag8 36.Ng8 Rg8
37.Qf7 Rg6 38.Qd7 and wins.
Match vs. Chigorin, 1893
Very quietly in the of 1893 an was made for match
lvaoovich Chigorin and 1. 1 received very flattering invitation from the St.
Petersburg chess society play the match in St.Petersburg. 1 saw reason to tum this
down, especially since Chigorin pointed out that if the match was played in
St.Petersburg it would do great deal chess in Russia. The of
the match were as follows. wins either side would win the match, but if
players had only nine games, the match should declared draw. time control
would flfteen moves per hour and each side would make an initial deposit of 5,000
marks. 1 started my joumey 30, and after stay of several days in
Berlin, 1 in St. Petersburg 4, where my Russian chess gave
cordial 8 we the match the very
premises of the chess society. of this society were made up of the upper
class of Russian citizens.
match and after eight games it seemed that 1 would the winner. After 17
games 1 had eight wins against flve losses and everyone including me thought that the
match was already decided in my favor. But staying up until all hours of the night,
until five or six in the morning, consumption of drink which 1 could tum down
also contributed to my ensuing weak play. span weakened suddenly and
Chigorin succeeded in winning three games in row, making up for my advantage. After
these losses, 1 got my act back together, winning the 21st game and at any rate 1 could
not lose the match anymore. however, wasn 't to win. 1 lost the last game
and the match ended in tie. After shon stay in Dorpat and Riga 1 retumed home,
enriched with and interesting impressions and very happy with the reception 1
received from the Russians.
XVI. vs. CHIGORJN, 1893
- Chigorin (1)
2.Nf3 Nc6 86 4.884 Nf6
s.o-o Ne4
is the
6.d4 d5 8.de5 Ne7
unnatural move loses two tempi.
For he does use his move for
and secondly it his
further coming attack
is the idea of this method.
9 ... Bg4 there follows or
Bh5 ll.g4 13.Ra8
Qa8 14.Nd4 15.f4 with plus for
White. 9 ... it would Black's
pawn which could most easily
exploited IO.c4 or

In faster White
is in of the a-file,
which the Rook is quietly
This 12.Nc6 13.Bd5.
From the this game has
very lively and complex.
move's main purpose is keep Black
from his pawn
majority with ll ... c5.
11 ... Nc5
ll ... c5? there would Rb5
Again White threatens and thus
forces Black to lock in the
12 ... Qd7 13.Nc3
straightforward and more cautious
is it is
allow one 's Bishop
locked inside the pawns. Still the
move is more aggressive, preventing the
trade ofthe as ... is answered
and the could
anchor itself as Black has to
13 ... c614.Qh5
is and exciting for the
onlookers, if defended, will
lead the dissipationofWhite 's advantage.
1n game 1 certainly would
have the correct attacking moves
f4-f5, after as otherwise the f5 advance
is stopped ... Nf5.
14 ... Ng6
14 ... Ne6, it would good
of 15.Ne6 16.f4 Nf5 17.g4
18.Khl 19.f5 Qe5 20.Bf4.
Again answer 15 ... with

15 ... Ne616.Be3
less than retreat was the
most difficult move in the game, it took
half an hour decide. 16.Ne6
Black would slowly but surely gain the
upper hand, the d5-square would
adequately the
c-pawn advance and the pawn phalanx
White 's counterplay
with the f -pawn is the
and White will finally lose the
game. The text will lead to several
16 ... Nd4
16 ... c5?Whitewinswith 17.Ndb5d4
18.Nd6, threatening
17.Bd4 Nf4
Again Black cdiUlot play for piece gain
with 17 ... of
followed 20.Nd5 or 20.Bd5. On the
other hand, Black could force the ttade of
Queens with 17 ... Qg4, and this would
have led to fairly equal game.
18.Qf3 Ne6
Finally Black gets around to developing
his Bishop, he also gains
tempo doing it, since he threatens to
ttade White 's pawns, after
which the is doomed to inactivity
(Until the next game.)

White is threatening 22.Nd5 Bd2
21 . 15
Apparently Black believed he had
parried the threat freeing the
Rf8, but this is mistake, since after
22.Nd5 Bd2 23.Nf6 24.ef6 Bel,
White wins was to
move the exposed Chigorin
contended that 2l ... Bc5 would even lead
to game for Black, but 1 do not
agree. What would have followed is
23.Re3, resulting in position
offering chances to sides, White
advancing the f -pawn and Black
playing ...
This leads not just to pawn win, but to
the sudden collapse of Black 's position.
22 ... cd5
On 22 .. .f4, White maintains the status
quo 23.Qg4.
Rd8 24.Bd6 Rb6 25.Bd5 Qf7
..... :t

.:t .A.B:t

Bt BtB
loss ofthe Exchange was threatened

26.Qe3 Ra6 27.Ra6 886
Chigorin - Tarrasch (2)
Frent:h Defense
1.84 2.Qe2
This did not come as surprise to me. 1
had previously seen it in one of Pollock 's
games, but had not paid much attention to
it. The move's only value lies in the fact
that it avoids the usual play and leads to
difficult closed game for players. As
rule White play this type of game
with little risk.
2 ...
This transposes to Sicilian
configuration in which the Qe2 may

In view of the Black threat of
... and Nd4, this move is somewhat
and leads to future White
should have played as he did in game
four and six of the match, and thus keep
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893
the move in reserve drive o.ff the
... 4.Nf3
Playing 4 ... Nd4 is premature of
5.Nd4 cd4 7 .Qc4
immediately to Black
has planned since
5 ... Nd46.Qd3
Chigorin has leamed lot
from Steinitz, too much. In any
case it would more to retteat the
to d1, and to follow up with 7.d3,
9.Bg2, etc. In that case though, the
two moves lost tempi.
6.Nd4, it would inferior the
would back to
square 6 ... cd4,
Black's d4-pawn keeps exerting pressure
White's game.
6 ... 7.Bg2 Ne7 8.Nd4
if White omits this exchange and
tties drive the annoying off
8.Nd1 followed he has easy
game since 8.Nd1 follows 8 ... Nec6

8 ... cd4 9.Ne2 Nc6
This threatens 1 ...

Of course White tties eliminate the
from the board, all
ofhis third move and
as is the to take
of the d4-square himself.
10 ... dc3
defend the d-pawn with 1 ...
leads an isolated pawn and weakening
of the Black position. Also bad was
10 ... of 12.Nd4
Nd4 1 and White has strong
forces Black give up the d4-pawn
sttong point, but for this he obtains
attacking diagonal for his dark
squared Bishop which is going to
thorn in White's side for time.

Al1 of the critics disapproved of this move
and saw it as the cause of White 's later
difficulties. recapture prepares
the d-pawn advance, but Black will
allow this for quite some time. Chigorin
explains that he did play the natural
after ll ... Bc5 12.0-0
is he could
good plan for White.
is ttue and this Black
would have the more
game mainly of the
posting of the White's
mistake however, was his last move,
but was made earlier, and White's two
altematives were bad.
11 ...
Better was play moves 12 and 13 in
reverse order and move 12 ... at
Now White could have played 13.Nf4!
14.Qc2 15.Nd5, giving his
an square. then though,
Black gets good after 15 ... Qd8
Now Black has free and game and
White lacks good development moves.
prevents Black's 14 .. .f5 for some
time. Should White play followed
15.Radl, Black will reply 14 ... d6 and
15 ... Bg4 and after 16.d3 Kh8, it is
to ... f5.
14 ... Qa7
Here the is excellently posted
after Black moves his b-pawn
the also makes its
felt the Kingside.

White plays for the
of his d-pawn.
15 ... d6 16.881
This ugly move is further
of the unnatural planning of the game, but
under the present circumstances it is
unmasking the Rb l, ... and
16 .. .f5 are ... White
answers 17 .d4 after the of
pawns pieces d4, he would capture
16 ... f5, Black would lose piece
after 17.d4 ed4 18.cd4 Nd4 (18 ...
19.Qb3) 19.Nd4 Bd4 20.Qc4.
16 ... Bg4 17.Nc1
This retreat which
loss of time, is the
of White 's
i.e. to play d4 and to prevent 17 ... f5.
17 Black could play 17 ... f5 at or
after the preparatory ...
17 ...
This releases the pressure
18.h3 19.Ne2 Rac8
This 20 ... 2l.Nd3.

White is making room for the
20 ... Nb4, the complicated
would result,
22.Qb2 Bf2 24.d4!!
25.Rd3 26.Rf2. Black would then have
Rook and two pawns with good play,
thus keep the advantage. 1 thought 1 could
get more out of the position though.
20 ...
This d4 for as as
21.Qb2 Na5
At this point Black keep
White from advancing his d-pawn, but he
tries to do so indirectly threatening to
White had choice to eschew his long
prepared d4 or to allow the Black
to settle the
22 ... Kh8
Up until Black had played the game
flawlessly, but with this the
move, he loses his grip the position.
could start attack with 22 .. .f5,
with this 23.ef5 Rf5 24.Ncl!
Rcf8 25.Rd2 Qfl White hardly
move, e.g. Z7 .Kg2 Qh5.
This is only superfluous,
hannful as will little
24.Ng3 Nb7
Black awakens from the lethargy of the
last two moves
maneuver resulting in surprising attack
against the c-pawn.
If 25.d4 instead, the will go
to c4via
25 ... Nc5 26.Qd2 Na4 27 .Rc1
28.Rc2 Rc6 29.Rfc1 Rfc8
.... . .
t ....
t "t ... IZ.J

White cannot hold to the any
Black to attack it again
XVI. vs. CHIGORJN, 1893
30 ... Qc7 and if 3l.Ne2, he will play
... and if 32 ... wins
material. Thus the game is strategically
decided. Chigorin shows his tactical
sharpness giving up the pawn at once
and looking for with
attack the where the
weakness of Black's 23 ... f6 will
show itself.

Otherwise 3l.gf6 32.Nh5 and 33.Qh6
makes it worse.
Black should have played 3l ... h6 here to
force White 's Queen less
square and at the same time give his
King luft. White 's attack would have
become less dangerous. 32.Qg6,
Black playing 32 ... Qf7, could force the
trade of Queens and maintain far
position or altematively 32 ... Bf7
capturing the c-pawn. Worse than the text
move is .... as White plays
32.Nf5 with the threat of 33.Ne7.

This exchange must played at as
any othermove Black plays 32 ... and
after later trade he acquires
passed pawn. 32.Nf5, 32 ... Bd8
with this 33.Qd2
Qc7! followed 35 ... If
instead of 32 ... Bd8, Black plays 32 ... Ne4
then it is poor account of 33.Rc6 NgS
34.Rc8 mating.
32 ... Rc3
Not 32 ... because of 33.Nf5
threatening 34.Ne7. Black must avoid
lot of pitfalls.

33 ... Rc3 there follows 34.Rc3
Bg8 36.Nf5 with the threat of
37 .Ne7 and Black cannot play 36 ... Qf2
since 37 .Qf8, he has satisfied with
perpetual check.
Now White's threat is 3S.Rc3 Rc3
36.Qd8 Bg8 37 .Ne7 and wins.
34 ... Qd7
Black with this move, cedes the
important diagonal to f2 and thus permits
the White attack go with 3S.Bf3 and
36.Rgl, which would if the
3S ... Qf2 were The winning
prospect is 34 ... loss of the
was feared as it would
White 's attack, e.g.
Rf8 36.Nf5 or 36.Nc4 Rf2
37 .Ne5 Qb8. White would do try
for opposite colored Bishops with 3S.Ne7
and Nd5, but Black would
up with an after 3S.Ne7
Rf8 36.Nd5 BdS 37 .ed5 Qf7 or 36 ... h6
37.Qg6 Bd5 38.ed5 Qf7 39.Qf7 Rf7 with
good winning chances.
Instead of this White could play for
draw with 3S.Ne7 Rc7 36.Nd5 BdS
37 .ed5
... 36.Rg1 Rf8
This is very complicated position full
of combinations. The move that
first comes to mind (Apart from 36 ... Bf5
37.ef5 Rf8 draw.) is
36 ... Rg8. Here 37 .Ne7?
38.Ng6 39.Qh4#.) 37 ... 38.Qh4
would to Black's advantage.
Instead much for White is 37.Bg4!
38.Ne7 Qd8 39.Bf5 followed
40.Bh7 and wins, or 38 ... h6 39.Qg6 Qe8!
40.Bf5 leading draw, or 40.Qd6 with
winning chances for White. Quite poor is
36 ... 37 .Ne7! Rg8 38.Ng6
39.Qh4#. This is themain threat.
the text is an but only
half of an
Here I saw the following draw, 37 ... Rg8
38.Qf6 Rt(l 39.Rg7 Qg7 40.Qe6 Qf8, but
I eschewed this I felt
that the game should won for me.
38.Nf5 Qf7
Again threatened was 39.Ne7.
39.Qh6 Qf6
Black tries to counter the threat of
40.Rg7 39 ... Rg8, he will either lose his
Queen or get mated mainly 40.Rg8
Kg8 41.Qg5 42.Qd8 Qe8 43.Qf6 Qfl
44.Qd6 45.Bh5.
Here 1 missed the other half of the
inspiration, to wit the move
found Harmonist 40 ... Bd2!!
Harmonist 's subsequent analysis goes
41.Rf6 (lf 4l.Qd2 41 ... Bh6 42.Rh6
43.Bdl Rc8 45.Rd6 Rc2
46.Rd8 Bg8 47 .Ne7 Kg7 48.Rg8 and
wins. ln the variation, Chigorin
gave 47.Rb8 instead of the
47 .Ne7?, but even then it seems to me that
Black should win. 47 ...
49.Ne3 Rcl! 51.Rc2 Ral.
White can now interrupt the Bishop's line.
On 52.Nd5 there follows 52 ...
(Threatening 53 ... Rgl.) 53.Kf3 Bfl
(Threat 54 ... Bh5 followed the Rook
check.) 54.Rc8 Kg7 55.Ra8 Rgl! 56.Ra2
Bh5 57 Re 1 Re2 followed
59 ... Ra2 and wins. On 52.Nc4 follows
52 ... Kg7 Bfl 55.Ne5
Rb 1 and White has to sacrifice the Rook
for the a-pawn, after which there is still
difficult endgame left with Rook versus
three pawns, but eventually Black will
prevail. lnstead of 52.Nd5 or 52.Nc4,
Chigorin recommends 52.Nf5 with this
witty follow up - 52 ... 53.Rc8 Rgl
54.Kgl al=Q 55.Kg2 Qa7! 56.Re8 Qd7
57 .Re5 58.Ng3, and he thinks that the
ending of Queen and Bishop versus Rook
and will drawn. 1 do not share
this opinion. This large material
advantage should winning. Black only
needs to bring his pieces,
including the King, into the game, and
then advance his h-pawn.
40 .. Qg6
is the decisive mistake. Ifl had only
calculated two moves ahead and thus
taken White 's 42nd move into account, 1
should have seen 40 ... Bd2!
41.Qf8 Bg8 42.Bh5 Qe6?
Of course even 42 ... Qg5 43.h4 Qf4
is insufficient to prevent mate,
but 1 was so exhausted that indeed 1 did
not notice the following mate.
43.Qg7t 1-Q.
Tarrasch Chigorin (3)
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.0.0 d6
move leads to acramped
position for Black.
Again somewhat baroque novelty, but
it cannot criticized, as with the usual
moves 5 ... Bd7 or 5 ... ed4, Black's position
is inferior. text move is intended to
defend the e5-square and it is indeed true
that it makes White 's attack more difficult
than the usual moves. Even so, it does not
avoid the cramping of Black's position.
The critics claim that the simple
refutation of Black 's last move was
and then 7.de5, after which Black's pawn
structure inferior. 1 tried this
mistake in our match game eleven (Game
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893 279
268) and it may useful to compare the
6 ...
Again this is in the Steinitzian Baroque
style. Now Chigorin wanted to avoid my
playing his pawns,
this trade would only have eased Black's
is to prevent 10 ... Bg4, and thus to
keep the Bishop from getting to good
10 ... 86 Nd7 Ne7
1 did oot have enough time to calculate
the following decisive comblnation:
13.Ng5 14.Nh7 15.Qh5 and
or .. 14.Bn Rf7 15.Ne6
Qe8 16.Nc7 Qd8 17.Na8, or 13 ...
14.Nf7 Rf7 15.Bf7 Kf7 16.de5
18.f4 Bh4 20.Qh5
21.f5 and wins. Thus on 13.Ng5,
Black would have no choice than to
trade off his dark-squared-Bishop (An
important piece.) for the and after
this exchange, White obtains after 14.Bg5
the Bishop pair, giving White
afine game.
13 ... Ng6 14.Rad1 Qe8 15.Kh2
Of course this is nonsensical move,
which 1 made to mak:e move in time
15 ... Kh8
White does not have an attacking plan
and is walking his pieces back and forth,
but Black too does not know what to do
16 ...
Again this is move that serves no
17 ... Nf6
is not good move, as White can
now get around to advancing the f-pawn,
the preparation of which, Ne 1 earlier,
would have failed on account of ... Bh4.
19.Ne1 Ng8
little has thus completed it 's
joumey, g8-f6-d7 -b8-d7 -f6-g8.
Black cannot allow the further advance
of this pawn, so he has to tak:e it, and thus
at long last he has to cede control of the
center to his opponent.
20 ... el4 21.814 Nl4 22.Qf4 Nh6 23.Nf3
is premature. White has good
position and should carefully continue
with 24.Rdel or 24.Qd2 followed
25.Nh4. Meanwhile, great harm was done
the e-pawn advance.
24 ...
threat was 25.Qe4.
Here the right move was 25.Qe4, e.g.
25 ... Bg8? or 25 .. .f5 26.Qf4 de5
27 .de5, with strong White position. The
text move cedes White 's advantage,
which was his control of the center. Now
Black's Bishop pair come into their own.
25 ... Bf6 26.Qe4 Bg8
secures Black against all attacks.
White should not have avoided the
Queen exchange. was 27.Qe8
Rae8 or the immediate 27
27 ... Qd7 28.Rde1 g6
Black is threatening 29 ...
29.Qd2 Bg7.
Black's Bishop is now extremely well

This weak:ens the Queenside pawns. If
there had been true need to protect the
a-pawn, then 30. would have been
but there was no necessity to do
this, since ... eould not played,
as then would lock in the Bishop.
... Nf7
With this move there is two fold plan.
One plan is playing ... Bh6 and ...
whieh shows the awkwardness ofthe
- and the other plan is to threaten to play
the via d8-e6-f4.
White is drifting, losing second tempo
with the Queen.
31 ... Rae8
If now ... Nd8, then would
somewhat renew the White attaek,
threatening the saerifiee
Simpler was trading Rooks followed

32 ... Nh6! Nf5 34.Rfe1 Qd8
willleave the King exposed.
35 ... Re2 36.Qe2 37 Qf6
Blaek takes immediate advantage of the
attaeking opportunity.
On it would no as
Blaek would eontinue with ...
de5 and on40.c4 Qf4,
wins pawn. Thus on ... in order to
avoid ... White wouldhave toplay

38 ...
is strong attacking move, proving
the weakness ofWhite's
This is the decisive error. If instead
White plays his game might
39 ... de5
40 ... Qd6
deprives the King of his natural
retreat square, driving the into the
open and now suddenly the Bishops come
41.Kf2 Bd4
On 42 ... Qh2, threatening ... it
would answered Bd4?
44.Bd3 Bd5
At this point Black should have an easy
win with his dreadful Bishop pair and
passed pawn.
Better was to maintain the Bishop pair.
The move 45 ... was indieated and
after 46.Rfl! (Otherwise 46 ...
followed 47 ... Qh2.) 46 ... would
render White helpless.
46.gf3 Qh2 47.Kd1 Qa2
gives White time for eounterattaek.
On 47 ... it leads to forced win, e.g.
48.Re2 Qhl Qal 50.Qc4 Bd4
51.Re7 52.Kd2 Qgl
54.Qd5 Qel 56.Re2 Qel
57 .Rd2 Qal Ra2 and
Black wins the Queen or mates.
49 .Rh7 followed mate
with 50.Qg6 and 5l.Qh7#. After this Black
must retreat his Bishop from the attack.
XVI. vs. CH/GORIN, 1893
48 ... 8g7 49.Qe4 Qb2
:t :t

. *.

51 ...
is useless pawn
sacrifice, wh1ch Jeopardizes the
Simplest was to advance the a-pawn,
although Black's game is oot
easy since the Bishops are of opposite
Qc1 53.Kg2 Qd2 54.Kg3?
is mistake. it would
have good drawing chances.
same could have resulted without
the sacrifice after Sl ... Qcl
52.Kg2 Qd2
54 ... Bd4!
Now White is lost. threat is 55 ... Qf2
and 55.Qe2, Black wins with 55 ... Qg5,
or Qel.
is one last try.
55 ... Kh7 56.Qh4 Qh6
Of course 56 ... Kg7 because of
57.Qd4 QgS 58.Kf2 Rd8! 59.Qa7 Kh6
J! does not capture the a-pawn, he
Willlose JUSt of it, but now Black
has pretty fmish.
60 ... Qh4 61.Kg2 Rd2 Qe1 G-1.
Chigorin- Tarrasch (4)
French Defense
1 consider this than 3.Nc3,
there will threat of ... Nc6-d4, wblch
was played in game two of the match .
... 4.Nf3
4 ... Nd4, it is so here, as in
game two after 5.Nd4 cd4, the Nc3
is away.
S.Bg2 dS 6.d3
move is important in the 2.Qe2
system. White will capture d5,
so that the remains locked inside the
6 ... Nf6 7.0..0
it would
8 ... Nd7 followed 9 ... f6, which does not
fit into Chigorin's plans. wants to
tempt 8 ... d4, wblch is in Black's favor
as it makes the White Kingside attack
easier. Both players seem to agree that the
center pawns are posted and
d5 rather than and d4.
8 ... 86
This is to Black's
Queenside pawn advance. Good also was
8 ... Nd4.
Moves like this compromise the
and this game is an instructive example.
h-pawn an attacking target.
It was clear to me that this move was
doubtful and here we see the difference
tournament and match games.
White tempts Black to push the d-pawn.
As as d4 is to the
White is not to move the
preparing the f-pawn advance.
11 ... d412.Nd1 Nd7
Black wants to follow up with 13 ...
White is preparing to clear the lines for
the advance of the f-pawn and g-pawn.
13 ... Re814.Rg1 e515.8d2 Nf816.Ne1
Now White has achieved promising
attacking position.
17 ...
Taking the f-pawn would only
strengthen White 's attack.
18.15 Ng5 19.Nf2 Rc8
Black uses every free moment to
improve the Queenside position.
is strategic which
Black to save the game. Piece play alone
will not penetrate Black's The
pawns should advance with the pieces
supporting the pawns later. Even move
earlier, it would have to play
h4 followed and Qf2, then
advancing the g-pawn, or altemately
playing h4, Bfl, Qh2, followed
g4-g5. Even now though the g-pawn push
could prepared with h4, and
Qf2. Against this attack there is hardly
defense. Queen 's move does lead to
strong attack, but against which
defense is barely
20 ... Nh7
is the defense. White 's threat is
to demolish Black's Kingside with
21.Ng4 any move 22.h4 Nh7 23.Bh6
24.Nh6 or 21.Ng4 Bf8 (Protecting
2216. Black now threatens 21 ... Bg5.
21.Nf3 22.811
More consistent was 22.Ng4, again
threatening the Bishop sacrifice on
Playing 22 ... Nf6 would insufficient
because of 23.Nf6 24.g4 followed
25.h4 and 26.g5. On the other hand
22 ... Bf8 was an adequate defensive move.
Similarly, 22 ... Bg5 23.Ng5 hg5! 24.h4
gh4 25.gh4 or 25 ... f6 followed
26 ... Rc7 or 26 ... Qe7, would have parried
the attack.
22 ... cd3
is the capture in the game!
eliminates one of the dangerous
attacking pieces.
On 24.Ng5, Black naturally plays
24 ... Bg5, forcing another trade.
24 ... 8g5 25.Ng4
Now the threat is 26.h4 (Not
26 ... of 27.Ne5.) 27.Nf6
and then 28.g4 and 29.g5.
25 ... Kf81
is surprising defense against the
above threat, simultaneously making
room for the Ng8. attack with 26.h4
27 28.g4, would not have
result for Black, as after
28 ... 29.g5 hg5 30.hg5 the h-file
would open. Equally continuing with
26.h4 27 28.Nf6,
29.Ng4 and would frustrated
27 ... further continuation 28.Nh6
29.Qh6 Kg8 30.Ng4
32.Nh6 Rf8 Rn 34.Qn, will
exhaust White's attack (With the proper
and the next move prepare for the
transfer of the to g8.
27.h4 Qd6 28.Nfh2
Again White threatens 29.Nf6,
28 ... Ne7
refutes the threat, as after 29.Nf6
Black threatens ... Qf5, this
the first time the takes part in the
XVI. vs. CHIGORJN, /893 283
sacrifice 29 Kg8
would ineffective after
29 ... Ng8
reinforces Black's Kingside and he
can now catch his Black's and
are now protected.

White wants to prevent 30 ... Rc2, which
move earlier would have bad
of and
... Rec8 32.Nf2
So he can play
32 ...
Now 33.g4 loses the Queen of
... forces the Queen's .retreat
and now the second part of the game, in
which Chigorin, after the piece attack 011
the has thwarted, carries out the
correct plan (Compare the comment 011
move twenty.) and advances the pawns
fmt. way in which the storming ofthe
Kingside is delayed and paralyzed
Queenside counterattack, makes this
game very and interesting.
34.Nf3 35.Bd1
is the start of maneuver,
which the penetration of Black's
Rooks to the second rank.
Now White has achieved the attacking
formation, which he could have had
dozen moves earlier. Black exploited the
time gained reinforcing his position on
sides of the and even now his
play on the Queenside is so strong that it
keeps his opponent from recklessly
pursuing his attacking plans.
36 ... f6
prevents the advance of the g-pawn,
since after 37 .g5 fg5 38.hg5 hg5, Black
would have 39 ... Qh6.
37.Nh3 38.Qh2 Bf7
So as to keep the b-pawn protected.
40 ... Bd1 41.Nd1 Rc2 42.Qg3


43 ... Qa61
This surprising maneuver makes
passed pawn out of the a-pawn, since
White must defend the d-pawn, which is
the key of his position and on 44.Nel Rd2
Rcl, it will force the Ndl away.
44.Nf2 Rb2 45.g5 hg5 46.hg5 Rcc2
Rooks now exen strong
On 47 48.Ne5 49.Qe5, it is
premature on account of 49 ... Qh6.
47 ... Qd6
Black defends one more time. On
48.gf6 49.Nf6 the threat of
50 ... Qh6 is very str011g, as it also is on
48.gf6 49.Nfe5 50.Ne5.
This move initiates
attack against which there appears
no defense. Actually though, there is .
hidden and effective defense. In hts
analysis, Chigorin gives very witty and
complicated comblnation, which
have given the defender much btgger
headache, e.g. 48.Qh3! with the idea of
49.Qh8 followed 50.Nh6!! In my
though, the even was
playing 48 ... Qc7 (So that after
49.Qh8 and 50.Nh6, Black will take
and follow up with 5l ... Qf7.) 49.gf6
(Not 49 ... gf6 as indicated Chigorin
because of the
50.Nh6 5l.Qh6 52.Rg8 Kd7
53.Rg7 54.Qf6 55.Qh4.) 50.Nf6
5l.Rg8 (Or 5l.Qh8 Qf7 52.Rg6 Rc7
53.Nh2 R7c2 54.Ng4 55.Rf6? Rh2!
56.Nh2! etc. or 55.Nh6? Rh2 56.Kgl
followed 57 ... Rbg2#.) 51 ... Kg8
52.Rgl Qg7! 53.Rg7 Kg7 54.Qg4
55.Qg6 56.Ngl Rlb2 57.Qf6 Kg8
and White has to take draw as mate is
h2. If White moves his
to 58 ... will force it
back and 59 ... Rb2 will lead to the status
quo. If White chooses to mate
58.Qh4 or 58.Qe5, Black will trade his
two Rooks for the Queen and the passed
a-pawn will win the game. Finally if White
checks the h-flle and advances his
Black must not trade his Rooks for
the but he will push the a-pawn at
once, e.g. 58.Qg6 59.Qh6 Kg8
a262.b7Rb7 or62 ... al=Q. Adifferent
draw would result if 011 move 56, Black
makes attack 011 the In that
case, White takes pawns, including the
a-pawn, but he cannot avoid the perpetual
check the Rooks. For exarnple, 56 .. .R2cl
57.Qf6 Kg8 58.Qd8 59.Qd7 (Or
59 ... 60.Qa4 Rgl Kg5 and
Black has perpewal check the first flle
as soon as the the defense
of the dl-square. Whereas otherwise the
Black comes closer and 62.Qc2,
the is lac;t 62 .. .Rhl, 63 .. .Rbgl and
64 ... Rh2. After 6216, the following
might lead to mate 62 ... 63.f7 Rhl
64.Kg2 and 65.Rbgl mate.
48 ... Bf6 49.Qh3
threat is now 50.Nf6 51.Rg8 etc.
or 50 ... Qf6 5l.Rg6 Qe7 52.f6 (If
52 ... Nf6, 53.Qh8.) 53.Rfgl Qfl
54.Qh8 and wins.
49 ... 83
If Black had wanted to take purely
posture, the simplest way to
meet the threats would 49 ... Qc7, with
which he would have initiated the draw
(See analysis move 48.),
50.Nf6 5l.Rg8 Kg8 52.Rgl Qg7! etc.
text is much more aggressive as
Black to leave his prise
within the two moves.
50.Qh8, it would met with 50 ... g5.
50 ... Qf6 51.Rg6

- : w.
-- .

..... . .

51 ... 82 52.Rf6
move 52.Ng5, threatening 53.Nh7 ,
gives drawing chances. game
becomes so complicated, making
exact analysis almost Black
cannot very well sacrifice the for
the and after 52 ... 53.Rf6
54.Qh7 55.Nf7 56.Nd8
57 .Qd7 58.Qd6 59.Qa3, it seems
whether Black could escape
perpetual check.
52 ... gf6
White has more checks and Black has
Apart from this move, White could
Rook and attack the
g-file, but this could have saved him,
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893
e.g. 53.Qg3 54.Nel (54.Rglleads to
the actual game played with 54 ... Rgl
55.Qgl Rb256.Nd2Rd2.)54 ... Rc7!
is sttonger than ... al=Q.) 55.Rgl
Rh7 56.Kg2 al=Q and wins.
53 Rb1 54.Qf1 Rcb2 55.Nd2 Rd1
1"""""':::.::""". """'=.=-. .

. t
11 t

56 . Rd2 57.Qc1 58.Kg2
checks are of use, as the
goes g7 and h8.
58 Rc3 59.Qa1
59.Qb2, 59 ... Rc2 decides.
59 ... Rc2
Black also wins with 59 ... Ra3.
60.Kf3 61.Qd1
follows 61 ... d2 Rcl.
61 ... Rb2
This is than 61 ... d2.
62.Qa4 d2 Q-1.
White cannot 63 ..
Chigorin (5)
2.Nf3 Nc6 4.884 Nf6
Better is 6 ... as this Bishop
will remain inactive throughout the game.
In the Bishop might forced
back where an exchange would Iead
to worse Queenside pawn sttucture.
It is better to delay this move and
immediately play the d-pawn, as was
in game of this match.
d6 9.d3
This is better 9.d4, which is
the After
9.d4Bg4! 10.c3Qd7, White'sgameisoot
as as after 9.d3 .
9 Bg410.c3 Ne7
This is decisive error. Better is
10 ... Nd7, although even then White's
position is more solid
If Black captures the with
ll.Bdl, there follows 12.Nf6 13.Bf7
14.Bh6# or 12 ... 13.Ned7 Qd7
14.Nd7 White's is
11 ... de512.Nf6 gf613.Qg4 Ng6
13 ... Qd3, it is answered 14.Rdl.

Black totally lost, attempts some
desperation moves.
Black 17 ...
17 ... 18.fe5!
simpler and more solid way, less
flashy was 19.d4.
18 ... 19.Kh1
Not 19.d4 of 19 ... Ne5 followed
19 ... Ne5 20.Qh5
is considered also were
20.Qh4 and 20.Qf5. 20.Qh4, it was
poorer of the following surprise
important it is cautious in winning
position, e.g. 20.Qh4 2I.Rf6
22.Bg5 Nf2 23.Kgl 24.gh3 Rbg8
and Black wins. There is an altemative
though, 23.Qf2 Qg5 24.Qf7 , maintaining
strong attack. After the text move the
threat is 21.Rf6 22.Qg5# and in case
Blackdefends with 20 ... Rbg8, there follows
21.<14 with decisive attack.
20 ... Ng6
8 8.
8 8 t8t
* 8 8
8:8:8 8
8 .
:8:11 8 8:8:11

This is surprise.
21 ... Kf6 22.8g5 Kg7
22 ... follows and mate

23.Qh6 Kg8 24.Rf1 Rf8 25.816 Qf6
Mate is 27 and
28.Qg6#, move is
answered 27 .Qg5. This type of mating
position was epaulet mate the
Russians and 1 had just leamed this term
only few days this game.
Chigorin - Tarrasch ( 6)
French Defense
2.Qe2 4.8g2
There is absolutely to
the Knight This move
always made after the Black
is d4. In this case, Black
White will each have made two
useless moves, i.e. 5.Qd3 and 2.Qe2, and
respectively 4 ... Nd4 and ... There is
tempo loss.
4 ... Nd45.Qd3
5.Qdl, 5 ... d5 could played.
5 ... d5, it would lead to pawn
loss after 6.ed5 and 7

Simpler and is drive the
6 816
Black is threatening 7 ...

move is 7 .Nce2.
7 ..
As of Black
gains tempo forcing the White
back. Exchanging Queens is not good for
White, as Black will have an open a-file,
e.g. b511.c3Ne712.Be3
followed 13 ... Nc6 and 14 ... with
strong attack. Black's position already
looks slightly
9.Qe2 d610.Nf3 8d7
This move Black keep the
d-pawn in backward state. Better was
to castle first, as could
played of ll ... Bb2
but after castling and 12.d3 are
both good
was ll.e5 de5 12.Ne5
although White's
is little the
dangerous has eliminated.
11 .. Qa6!

14 ... Ne7 follows 15.Bg5. Black
however, should careful castling
since the might an
attacking target as in game four of the
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893 287

This move threatens 16.d4 and

15 ... 85
This is to prevent 17
This is serious mistake. IfWhite insists
on playing he must first play 17
then Still it would not to his
e.g. Ne7 Q!.;7
and after 21 ... 0-0, Black is
Best is 17.Rfd1 at once.
17 ... 84
This puts total damper on the White
Black keeps the d4 pawn advance
permanently Both players
have backward d-pawn 's, which makes
the d4 and d5 squares weak. Each player
is trying to play to the opponents
weak point, but it is Black who does it
and thus he attains an advantage.
19.Nd2 Ne7 20.Nf1 Bd7 Nc6

This move together with the following
trade, is the decisive mistake. Better was
22.Ne3 Nd4 23.Qfl followed
and 25.Nd5. In that case the eventual trade
of would result in position with
opposite colored Bishops, with equal
center structures, and the only minus for
White would the weak and
the backward
22 ... Nd4 23.Bd4
It was still to play 23.Qel and
24.Ne3. Mter the text move, White's
position is very cramped and there is
hardly piece that can activated, hence
from this point on White 's game can
considered lost.
23 ... cd4 24.813 Qc7
Black has winning chances on the
Queenside with ... followed the
Rook attacking the backward b-pawn, and
on the Kingside with ... h5- h4.
If this move is not made now, Black
would prevent it 25 ... Qc8.
25 ...
Bishops would ease White 's
game and weaken the a4-pawn.


11 .!. 11
11 8 R
White finds himself short of good
26 ... Bg5 27.Rc2 Qe7
This prevents
28.Qe1 h5 29.Bd1
Better was to keep the Bishop on the
h3-c8 diagonal, as it now very
29 ... Qe6
Not 29 ... h4 of 30.Bg4.
threat of 31 ... now prevents any
invasion White playing
Playing 3 1.f4 now or the next move was
slightly but even so the White
weaknesses are repair.
31 ... h4 32.Qg2 Rh6
Sooner or later this has to played,
this move should delayed for as long
White's position is now very cramped,
not at all easy to demolish. There
are now three pawn moves to
undennine White 's game; After ... there
is .. .f5, or ... or ... d5, but in order to
carry this plan to fruition, the Black King
has to taken to the Kingside.
34 ... Kf8 35.Qe2
All White do is move his pieces
35 ... Kg8 36.Qe1 g6 37.Rg2 Rh7
Black cannot yet play 37 .. .f5, of
the threat against the Bg5 White 's Rg2.

On the Queen would driven
back at once 38 ... Bd8.
38 ... Rg7 39.Qd1 Qd7
Black protects the a-pawn once more so
that the Ra8 is free to move.
Better according to Chigorin was
41.Rb3. This would not have saved
the game, although it makes more sense
than to temporize and wait for the enemy
to invade.
40 ... 15 41.Bd1
The capture of the pawn would amount
to self destruction.
41 ... Rf8 fe4 43.fe4 Rgf7
The occupation of the f-file is the result
of 40 ... f5, but this is not enough to win.
Victory will result only after the
destruction ofWhite 's center with the two
other pawn moves.
This is forced, since otherwise after
45 ... 46.dc4, the e-pawn very
45 ... 46.Nh2 47.Kh1 g5!
is to prevent 48.g5 followed
48.Nf1 d5!
This is stronger than
48 ... Bf4, which would the f-file
49.Ne3, there follows 49 ... de3
50.Qcl de451.de4Bd3! 51 ...
52.Bd3 53.Qc2 Rfl 54.Rfl Rfl
Qc2 56.Rc2 Rdl and Black wins,
e.g. 57 .Rg2 Rd2 58.Kgl el=Q
60.Kel 60 .. .Rg2.
49 ... 50.ed5 Bd5 51.Ne4 Qc6
Finally the position has become
for White, he barely move.
52.Ra1 Rf4 53.Kh2
8 8 8
8 8 8 8
816'8 8 8
8 8.1..
t8 {)i
11 8i. 8i
n 8*8 8
53 ... Re4
Of course this is much than the
capture the Bishop.
54.de4 55.811
Rook must stay put, since 55.Rgl is
answered 55 ... Rf2.
55 ... Bg2 56.Bg2 Rf2 57.Qh1
XVI. vs. CHIGORJN, 1893 289
Black is threatening 58 ... Qd6 and mate
Qd6 59.Kh1 Rg2 Q-1.
On mate follows in two moves.
Tarrasch - Chigorin (7)
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6
5.Nc3 6.Nd5 7.0.0 d6
In game five of the match, Chigorin
played 7 ... bS, wblch is less
8.d3 Bg4
Not 9.Bg5, on account of 9 ... and
10 ... Nd4.
9 Nd7
Black is getting ready castle, wblch if
now would answered lO.BgS.
10.Ne3 Bh5
loses pawn, but IO ... was
worse as after White has superior

lt is always to play for maintaining
bind than win pawn, e.g. ll.NfS 0-0
12.Ng3 Bg413.h3 Be614.d4, wouldgive
White very good game, or altemately
ll.NfS 13.Qa4
(13 ... 14.Bg5 14.Qa5
followed 15.Qc7, will give White
material advantage wblle maintaining the
11 12.Qa4 0-0
Since the cannot move of
14 ... White must allow the
of bls after wblch
Black has than he would
have attained in the - See
to move With the
move White attempts to
14 Nc515.d4 Ne6
Here Black's will excellently
posted throughout the game, always ready
penetrate via f4.
16.de5 17.gf3 de518.Kh1?
is mistake leading giving back
the pawn. defense was offered
18.Qc4, although then Black would
maintain nice bind playing 18 ... Qf6
followed 19 ... g6.
18 Qd3!
1 counted mainly 18 ... Qf6, after
wblch 1 saw the of strong
Kingside attack. 1 had planned 19.Rgl
threatening 20.Rg7 Ng7 21.Qf6, wblle on
19 ... g6, then 20.Bg5 would have forced
the Queen back h8.
1 had overlooked tbls strong move.
Bad is 20.Kg2 because of 20 ...
21.Ne3 NgS (Better yet than 2l ... Nf4.)
Bad here is 20 ... g5 of 21.Bg5
followed 22.Qf6.
Of use would 21.Rael, mainly
of 21 ... Qf2! (Much than
21 ... Qb2.) 22.Rf2 Bf2 23.Ng2 Bel, and
the Black Rook 's will win the game.
21 .. Qe3
If 21 ... Rad8, the threat of 22 ... Rd2 must
22.Rae 1 (22 ...
Qa2 24.Ral.)
White 's has become
worthless, but his disadvantage
(The and the weak
and f4 squares.) remains and this means
that White has to lose. text is intended
to 22 ... Qe2 (Plus the
22 ... Rad8 and 23 ... Rd2) and later he
might yet try to start an attack.
22 ... Rfd8 23.Nf5 Qd2
tums out to mean loss of tempo
after the
Queen should go to f4 at once.
24.Rg1 g6
If Black captures the b-pawn, there
follows 25.Rg7 Ng7? (Better was
25 ... 26.Ragl Rd2 27.R7g2.) 26.Nh6
27.Nf7 Kg8 28.Nh6 29.Qg8
White secures his rank
against the Queen and Rook attack.
25 ... 014 26.Ne7 Kg7
this square the Black is as
safe from check as h8 and later (See
move 31.) he will have to lose another
White offers the sacrifice of the f-pawn
with this move, if Black takes it White
will have the f-file for Rook attack.
27 ... Qh6
is much than 27 ... 28.Rfl
Qh5 29.Rgf2, White gets the
Playing 28.Nc7 Nf4! 29.Na8 Ng2 does
White good. What might follow is
Qd2 Kg8 32.Qg3 Nf4 and
White is in the other hand
28.Rfl, with the of pushing the
f-pawn and thus freeing his game, gives
White good e.g.
28 ... Rd7 29.f4! ef4 Rad8 3l.Nf4
Nf4 32.Qf4 Qf4 33.Rf4. text move
serves purpose as the g-file, White
is powerless.
28 ... Rd7!

... :t.:t
:t :t
. .{). .

Black to sacrifice the
a-pawn and will mobllize his Rooks
the d-file giving him strong attack.
Since Black will his Rooks in the
moves, White should have used his
tempo here or
29 ... Rad8 Rd6 31.Qe2 Kh8
Black cannot drive the off at
because 3 l ... is answered
32.Ne3 33.Nf5 and if
32 ... the goes to winning
is as
move is answered

Making room for the
33 16
is for the protection ofthe
e-pawn and the g-pawn. It is still too early
for ... because of 34.Ne3 Qh5
35.Nc4 the e-pawn, or
responding 34 ... Qf6 35.Nc4 36.Qg3,
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893 291
which would give White much
positi011 than in the game.
Had White played he would now
maintain his 011 d5
and oow he must try save himself
from the penetration of the Black
34 35.Ne3 Qh5 36.Ng2
Black now dominates the position as
consequence of the pressure along the
d-flle and the constant threat of ... Nf4.
White not only has backward f-pawn,
of ithe has backward
and Rooks.
37 Qf71
is an original and maneuver.
Chigorin plays the Queen to the
Queenside where it has multiple attacking

move weakens the Queenside,
it psychological compulsion
make mistakes in such cramped
positi011, also on the othermoves the game
would have lost.
38 ... Qa7! 39.Qc1 Qa6! 40.Qc2
Even now 40.Kgl is
40 Qc4


40.Kgl, the c-pawn or other pawns
would lost.
is an elegant parting shot.

1 resigned as 1 that after 43.Rc3,
1 would mated 43 ... Rdl 44.Ne 1 Rel
45.Kg2? Nf4 46.Kg3 Rgl etc. although 1
could have escaped the mate 45.Rfl
Rfl the game would still
hopeless. 0.1.
Chigorin - Tarrasch (8)
French Defense
2.Qe2 Nc6 4.Bg2 887
In game six 1 played 4 ... Nd4 instead, 1
didn 't want do the same thing so 1
looked for some diversity.
Black is preparing for ... which he
cannot play at once of Sin'7
the White c-pawn is now tt
would have to play 5 ... Nd4.
is placed here than 011
f3 where it would stand in the way of
the Bg2 and the f4-pawn expansion.
6 ... 86 7.Nf41
move prevents the Black d-pawn
advance for long time.
7 ... Nd4
is still good move.
is than 8.Qd3, which would
answered 8 ... Bf6 threatening
9 ... White has now lost two Queen's
tempi. same position could have
resulted from the Sicilian opening:
2.Nc3 4.Bg2 5.Nh3
Qc7 6.Nf4 So far Black has gained
two tempi with ... and 7 ... Nd4. It is
evident that Black is at an advantage
against the normal treatment of the
Sicilian and this may Black to
equalize easily, which in the regular
treatment of the Sicilian is far more
8 ... Nf6 9.d3 10.0...0
threat was which on the last
move failed to 10 ... Qe5 . If ll.e5 now then
there follows ll ... Bg2 12.ef6 13.fg7
Rg8 with good game for Black.
This is the first mistake with bad
consequences. Black must not yield the
c4-square, and 12 ... Qb6 wouldhave given
him quite satisfactory game.
White is intending to play the to
via d2, where it will have an excellent
dominating position.
is the second and decisive mistake.
1 was under the impression that the Nf4
could not play to d5 without the resulting
d5 pawn very weak. now is an
error, which is going to cost the game.
Furthermore, Black's position had
already deteriorated after the last mistake,
as White threatens center adv ances with
and 15.d4. Against this there was
only one defense, i.e. castling
with the idea of 14 ... .Rfd8 and 15 ... d5. On
13 ... 0-0 14.Nd2 Rfd8
17.d4 cd4 18.cd4 d5, Black would
still have quite good game, which also
may have resulted from
Nc616.d4 cd417.cd4
On other moves, Black plays
14 ... d5 with satisfactory position.
14 ...
If 14 ... Nd5, there follows 15.ed5
Nf5 with
game for White since the remains
inactive for quite some time. Even so this
would have
In pursuing his plan, Black overlooks
White's forced combination which will
cost him two tempi, other alterations
(e.g.15 ... c4,or 15 ... 0-0.)wouldalsoleave
White with significant plus.
not only keeps White from losing
pawn but it also results in an
16 ... Qc7
On 16 ... Nd5 Black loses the Exchange
with 17.Nc4Qe618.Bd4cd419.Bd5Qd5

Black is in an extremely precarious
position. Nd4 is in jeopardy.
might cut off. If 17 ... Nf5, 1t IS
answered 18.Bd2 and Black will
have to play 18 ... g6 to give the
an escape square, making his position
on all parts of the board. On
17 ... Black will lose his
18.Bh3 followed In my own
mind 1 had already given up.
17 ... h5
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893
18.f4 Nf519.Bd2 ef4 20.Bf4 d6 21.Qe2
Stronger is 21.Bh3 22.Bf5
or 21 ... Ng4 22.Bg4 hg4 23.Qg4.
21 ... Rd8
Black removes the Rook from the h3-c8
diagonal. However, was 21 ... Nd4
22.Rae1 Kf8
On 22 ... 0-0, Black loses pawn

Ifl had not consideredmy game lacking,
1 would have avoided this
mistake. move was 23 ... Re8.
On 25 ... g6 follows 26.Bh3. Black has to
move one of the defenders of the and
thus loses pawn.
26.Na5 Nhg8 27 .Nc6 Re8 Qd7
29.Bf4 h4
and the next move are desperados.
White can win any way he wants, for
instance simply advancing the a-pawn.
is pretty fmal combination.
30 ... Ng4
On ... Qg4, White trades Queens and
plays 32.Ne7 Re7
31.Bh3 N8f6 32.Bg5
wins whole piece.
32 ... Rh5 gf6 34.Qg4110.
On 34 ... Rg5 follows 35.Qg5.
Tarrasch Chigorin (9)

1.84 2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6 4.0.0 Ne4
5.d4 bS d5 8.de5

Better is 9 ...
for White is ll.Ne4 de4
11 ... Nd2 12.Qd2
is than 12.Bd2, as White now
threatens 13.Qd3.
12 ... Ne713.Ng5
is tempting but premature. More
solidis 13.Nd4, first
and then 14.Ng5,andnow 14 ... Ng6would
in White's favor after 15.Bg6 hg6
15.Qf4 followed Qh4.
13 ... Ng6 14.Qe2
Now and Qf4 would answered
14 ... Qd7!
The threat was 15.Qh5 16.Ne6
winning piece.

In the nick of time, White decides not to
continue the attack, as on 15.Qh5 h6
he will fmd it difficult to
defend the e-pawn followed the
pressure on the f-pawn, e.g. 17.Bf5 Qe7!
18.Bg6 19.Qg6 Rf2! 20.Rf2 Rf8 or
16.Nf7 Bf7! 17.Bg6 18.Qg6 Rf2 or
Nh4 19.en Rn 20.Bd3 Rf2!
2l.Qd5 [21.Rf2? Qel 22.Bfl Qf2 and
mate next.] 21 ... 22.Khl (22.Qa8?
Rf8) 22 .. .Raf8, with winning attack for
15 ... Bg41
Now White has equalizing.
there follows 16 ... 17.Qe3 Bf5
18.Bf5 h6) 18 ... Qf5 19.f4 h6,
when White's will misplaced
for Iong time. Worse yet of course is
16.Nf3 because of 16 ... Bf3 and the
g-pawn has to recapture.

8:1:.:1:11 i:1.
. . .

On 17 ... Bf5 h6 Rfe8
20.Qd4 2l.Rfel equalizes.
18.86! fe6
Wrong of course is 18 ... of
19.Ne6 Re8 20.Nc5 or 19 ... fe6? 20.Bg6.
is much than 19.Bg6 hg5
20.Qg5 Bf5 2l.Bf5 Rf5, after which
Black will of his center
and the open f-file.
19 ... Qe6
Aoother move was 19 ... Rfe8,
but this would turn out less
of 20.Nc5 2l.Nd7 Re7! (Not
2l ... Re2 of22.Bdl.) 22.Nc5 and
White has good game.
20.Qe6 21.Bg6
The position is equal now and 1 offered
draw as 1 saw no winning chances
anymore for myself, but only for my
opponent on account of his Queenside
pawn majority. Chigorin fully realized
this and turned down my draw
offer. This made me play the next part of
the game very cautiously.
21 ... 22.Rie1 Rl6 23.Bh5 Rd8
keeps the d-pawn from advancing
on account of the threat against and
thus it harder for Black to make
his Queenside pawn majority fruit.
24 ... Kf8
Better was 24 ... g6, 25 ... Bf7, 26 .. .Rfd6.
25.Rae1 Rd6


- t . u. u.
D =
square should have remained free
for the other Rook. Better was 25 ... Bf7.
move threatens 27 .f5 Bf7 28.Re8
and mate next. White 's game has
improved with the last few
26 ... g6 27.Bg6 Rg6 28.15 Rf6
Instead of this, Black should simply take
the pawn. Now White is getting the
29.fe6 Rfe6 31.Rdd5 Rd5
32.Rd5 Re2 Rb2 34.Rc6
Although White is pawn up, Black has
fair drawing chances, as frequently
happens in Rook and pawn endgames.
continuation 35.Ra5 Rc2
36.Ra4 37 .Ra6 h5 38.Ra5 h4 39.Ra4
leads to draw.
34 ... Ra2 35.Rh6 as 36.h4 (See next
diagram) 37.Ra6 Rc2 38.Ra5 Kl6
40.Kh2 Kg6 41.Ra5
42.g3 Rc2 43.Kh3 Ra2
XV/. vs. CHIGOR/N, 1893

t - - -

... 8!8

Atter36 a4
ln Rook endgame, two connected
passed pawns almost always lead to win.
Even so, here was 43 ... giving
the Black Rook more freedom to act and at
some point keep the White from
participating checking on the ranks with
the Rook. Even on 43 ... the winfor White
is not hard, e.g. 44.h5 and now
45 ... Rc4 46.g4 or 45 ... Rh2 are
ineffective. White threatens 44.Ra6 drive
the King fwther back and if 44 ...
Black's would completely
misplaced 45.g4 followed 46.Ra4.
44.Kg4 Ra1 45.Ra6 Kf7 46.Kg5
Not47.h5 of 47 ... Rgl.
47 ... 48.Ra7 49.h5 Kf8 SO.h6
Finally Black must his pawn,
of the threat 51.h7 Rhl 52.Kg6.
ensuing endgame of Rook vs Rook
and two pawns - the same position won
Zukenon vs Steinitz in 1883 - is not so
easy. In panicular, White should not
advance the h-pawn to h7 too early
of stalemate. The fact
that the great was
to win in similar position against
MacDonnell, nowadays seems very
51.Ra2 Kg8 52.Ra8 Kh7 53.Ra7 Kh8
54.Rf7 RbS 55.Kg6 56.Rf6
57.g5 Ra8 58.Rf5
This is in order to play 59 followed
60.g6, without having the g-pawn
pinned 59 ... Ra5.
58 ... Kg8 59.Rd5
This is the shonest way. On 59
follows 59 ... Ral 60.g6 Rhl Rgl
63.g7 (63.h7? Rg6.) 63 ... Kh7
Rg2 and the win is more difficult
59 ... 60.Kh5 Ra8 61.g6 Kh8 62.Rf5
Now mate is threatened 63.h7 and
62 ... Rg8 63.g7 1.0.
On 63 ... Kh7 follows 64.Rf8 Rf8
65.gf8=Bishop or not Queen
or Rook, these last two stalemating.
Chigorin- Tarrasch (10)
Frent:h Defense
In the eighth game of the match 1 omitted
... d5, but this time 1 tried to play this move
as soon as thus this game will oot
assume Sicilian character of the
previous games.
1.84 2.Qe2 dS 4.d3 Nf6
6.Bg2 Nc6
In closed position it is hardly ever to
recommended to obstruct the c-pawn,
this and the next move lead to an open
. 7.Nf3
Oddly enough it looks like Vienna
game now. The same position might
reached as follows, l.e4 2.Nc3 Nc6
Nf6 4.Bg2 5.d3 0-0 d6
7 .Qe2 d5. Black now attains freer game.
8.ed5 Nd5 9.Nd5
play for pawn gain 9.Ne5, is bad
Therefollows9 ... Ne511.Qe5
or Ne2 ll.Nd8 Nd4, with
Black advantage.
9 . Qd510.D-O Bg411.Re1!
Now White 12.Ne5, which
earlier would error of
12 ... Qg2 followed 13 ... ll.h3,
the Bishop would go to h5, but ll ... is
also Bad would ll ... Nd4
because of 12.Nd4 13. Bd5 Bfl
14.Nf5 and White gets two minor pieces
for aRook.
11 .. f6
Now 12.Ne5 fails to 12 ... Qe5 13.Qg4

11:1:11 11:1:

. . .

D 8
12 .. Qd7
Now the 13.Ne5 threat was real.
Black is preparing 14 ...
15.Qc4 16.Nh4
17.Qa4 Rad8 18.Rad1 Qc8
With this move Black threatens to get
goodgamewith 19 ... Nd4. Whitemustnot
play 20.Qc6, as 20 ... Bd5
followed 2l ... Qh3, will lead to
dangerous attack.
Increased pressure White against
avoids Black's move. Black's
position still seems somewhat but
White 's is solid and has
attacking targets.
19 Bd5 20.Qf5 21.Qe4 Bd5
22.Qf5 23.Qe4
You want draw?
23 Qd7 24.Rd2

ll:1:111t8 11:1:

* [1
tlltO IIAB
24 .. Bd5
leads to the trade, giving the
game drawish look. Slightly was
24 ... Qf7.
25.Qd5 Qd5 26.Bd5 Rd5 27.Nf5 Rfd8
28.Rde2 g& 29.Ne3 R5d7 Bd4
This is move. 31.Bd4,
follows 31 ... Nd4 32.Rd2 33.de4?
and Black wins the Exchange.
surprising rejoinder would the
b-file after ... 1 played 3l ... Kg7 and
offered draw. Chigorin took some time
he accepted the draw, but in post
mortem analysis it did result in
31 Kg71/21/2.
Tarrasch - Chigorin (11)
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6
Chigorin used similar defense in game
three. In that game 1 refrained from the
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893
logical exchange on - giving Black
worse pawn structure. time though, 1
decided to find out how the
would work out here.
7.d4 Nd7
is much than 7 ... ed4, since
ceding the center would give White far
Black now has completely tom up
pawn structure on the Queenside and no
doubt he is at disadvantage, but also
don 't forget the advantages that the
Black, namely open
b-file, 2.The Bishop pair,
imperviousness of Black's position. For
these reasons, 1 prefer Black.
Bd& 11.Qd2 Qe7
If White can take advantage of the torn
up pawns at all, it must done as quickly
as and this induced me to carry
out the following maneuver. White wants
to advance his c-pawn if to If
he can do this he will indeed have
position. No other active plan is in the
cards, and the Queenside attack will make
or break him.
12 ...
This threatens to win pawn
13 ...

If then Black could play 13 ...
forcing White to repair the Black scattered
pawn structure the text
must played.
Here Black could have proved the
faultiness of White 's treatment of the
opening ... since on
follows 14 ... f5 with nice Black attack,
or altematively 14 ... 16.Qc2
f5 17 .ef5 or 17 ... with much
game for B1ack. on 13 ...
White would have had to capture and it
would have resolved all of Black's
Queenside while he still
retained the Bishop pair.

Better is 14 .. .f5 at once, e.g. 15.ef5
16.Nd4 with good attack. would
also refute White 's development plan.
White had choice of two moves, the
text which is the start of pretty
combination and exploits Black's poor
pawn structure to win pawn or the more
modest 15.Qc2, which leads to quite
satisfactory game for White; i.e. 15.Qc2!
Qe6 17.Nd5 f5 18.Ng5
19.ef5 Rf5 20.Ne4, after which the White
are excellently posted and
the diagonals of the Black Bishops. I chose
the more aggressive, less safe text
move, 1 felt moral not
eschew the pawn gain vague fear of
Black attack.
15 ...
8 ..8
t8 ., 8 8
8:8:8 114)8
:8:8 llill

In viewofthe threatof this isforced.

Of course not 16 ... which is
answered 17
18.Nd2 Nf6
It was for Black to regain the
pawn after 19.Nc3 Nc5 20.Nd5,
but this would give White the better
position. Even so, better than the text
move might to continue attacking with
18 .. .f5.
19.13 20.Rfe1 Rfd8
Black has sttong attacking posture,
although White's game is still quite

1 prepare for sacrificial
which 1 try to break up the attack and
obtain counter offensive.
21 ...
makes the a-pawn of
22 ... Ra8. At the same time Black
threatens 22 ... followed 23 ... Re3
and 24 ... as well as 22 ... followed
by23 ... Rd2.
fairly complicated combination that
1 had planned was 22.Nc3 Rd2? 23.Bd2
Rd2 24.Nd5 point of the combin-
ation; the Rd2 is now locked in and under
attack, the Black attack has repulsed
and White has sttong counter offensive.)
24 ... Rd3 (lf 24 ... Rc2 then 25.Ne3 will
capture it.) 25.Rb8 or 25 ... Bf8
26.Qc7 with nice attack, or 25 ... Ne8?
26.Nc7 and wins. (At the last moment 1
noticed fly in the ointment, i.e. 22.Nc3
23.Re3 Rd2 24.Nd5 Rc2! At this
point the White cannot go to
the Rook to remain on the
second rank.) 25.Rb8 Ne8 and if now
26.Qc7 there follows 26 ... and on
26.Nc7 there is 26 ... Qg6 27 and
Black wins. Another possibllity is
25 ... Bf8 followed 26 ... Nd5 and
27 ... After spending lot of time
calculating these variations, 1 gave up on
the combination and retreated the
22 ... R3d7
Much stronger is 23.Ndl, giving White
chance to retum to the previously
planned combination. At least it would
prevent the following 23 ... Nh5 and
24 ... Nf4, since after 23.Ndl Nh5? 24.Nc3
Rd2 25.Bd2 Rd2 26.Nd5 27 Bf8
28.Qc7 29.Ne7) would soon
have won for White. On the other moves
after 23.Ndl, White can prepare the
maneuver without sacrificing the
Exchange 24.Rb2, and play
the to f2, for the protection of the
23 ... Nh51
excellent maneuver
strengthens the attack and the important
less of defender.
24.Nd1 Nf4 25.814 ef4 Bh4
27.Nf2 Qh6 28.Rc21
After this move the Knight remains
pinned, but 28.Re2 does not unpin
the Knight as moving this Knight
will refuted 29 ... Rdl. Most
secure was 28.Rfl, but this gives up
the e-file.
28 ... Qg6
Black takes advantage of the poor
posting of the Rc2. The primary threat is
the Bishop sacrifice on the pawn
recaptures then, 20 .. .f3.
Much stronger is 29.Rd2, forcing the
exchange of one of the dangerous
29 ... Qh5
Now preventing wblch would
lead to the h-pawn loss after 30.Rd2 Rd2
31.Nd2 Bf2 Qh2.

Witness the consequences of time
pressure, wblch was caused the futile
calculation of the comblnation
at move twenty-two. The last move was
not the best and this one is bad
mistake, it opens the diagonal
for the
... Qg&l
XVJ. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893
This is very sttong. Now Black threatens
all kinds of pretty combinations, firstly
31 ... Bf3 followed 32 ... Qc2. If White
protects with 31.Nd2, Black wins
31 ... Bf2 Qc2! 33.Qc2 Rd2. If
31.Khl, getting out of the pin, there
follows 31 ... 32.Nd3 (Otherwise
32 ... Rf3.) 32 ... Rd3 33.Qa1
(Simplest.) and then 34 ... Rb3 and
35 ... Qc2. If 31.Kfl, we get 31 ... Rd3
35.gf3 Qg1 followed mate in few
moves. Further on 31 ... Rd3
33.gf3 and Black wins. If White
moves the threatened Rook: from
Black also has the Exchange sacrifice
e.g. 31.Rce2 32.Nd3 33.Qc1
1 followed 34 ... Bf3 or the
immediate ... Best was and
Black cannot play 31 ... Rd3 of
32.Nd3 33.Nc1! and there is no
immediately conclusive attack in sight.
Now White makes this move
much less circumstances, than
he could have done two moves ago.
31 ... Bf3!
Not 3l ... Rd2 32.Nd2 Rd2 33.Qd2
34.Nh3 and the Rook cannot captured
of the d8 mating threat.
32.Qf3 Rd2 33.Nd2 Rd2
Now White has lost his extra pawn, his
pawn stf1:1cture is poor Black's
Rook is 10 Thus
White 's game from this point should
considered lost.
Not 34.Nh3 of 34 ... Rd3 35.Qa8
Rd8 and respectively 35.Nf4 Rf3
34 ... h6 35.Qf4 BgS 36.Qf3
Better was take the a-pawn and
answer 37 .Ne4 37 ... . From this
point move forty-five, the time pressure
was such for players, that they had to
move instantly.
37.Kh1 Ra2 38.Nd3 BgS Rb2
40.Nd5 41.Nc3?
Now the is lost, as it has
second it is pinned the
Rook. Better was 4l.Nc7.
41 ... 42.Rd1 Kh7
42 ... Qc2, Black could have won the
43.h3 44.Rd3 45.Ne4? Rb1
46.Kh2 Bg1 47.Kh1 48.Kh2
49.g3 Rb2 50.Kg1 fS
Black has attack.
5l ... Qg5 threatening 52 ... Bg3, wins at
as does 52 ... Qcl, 53.Rdl Qc2.
52 ... Bd6, Black would have won this
played game.

Chigorin- (12)
French Defense
clever move directed against 3 ... d5.
3 ... d5
normal developing move is 4 ... Nf6,
when Black has to allow his Kingside
pawn structure to ruined 5.ed5 ed5
(Bad for Black is 5 ... Qd5.) For
this reason 1 the Bishop move in
all the games with this opening.
move provokes the immediate advance of
the e-pawn, but Black generally likes it
on than on In the opening, as
rule, it is to advance the center
only two squares and for this reason,
4 ... d4 is no good either. White would
eventually force this pawn to traded
after and 6.Nf3 etc. 6.Qg4 Bf8
is than allowing the Kingside
to weakened ... but Black has
used up four tempi! flipside is that
of White's Black has
chance to stage an attack on the
Queenside, while not much can happen to
him on the Kingside.
7.Nh3 8.14 Nc6
weakens the Queenside. What 1
consider as is 9.Qdl, and
11.0-0, since there are no prospects for an
attack on the Black Kingside.
9 ... Nh6 10.Qh5
Queen should now retum to dl.
10 ...
Black has so little fear of an attack on his
that he takes his Queen the
other side. threat is ll ... c4
then the square weak.
11.Nc3 Nd4
The immediate ll ... c4, will answered

Here too it is for White play
12.Qdl, retreat like this amounts to
an admission of
12 ...
On 13.Na4 follows 13 ... Nc2 14.Rc2
Qb3. On would follow 13 ... so
the only remaining move is
13.Qd1 Bd7
Here 1 realized that the simple 13 ...
wins pawn. After 14.Na4! Nc2 15.Qc2
17.Rc2 Bd7 18.Rcl (On
18 ... follows 19.Ral) 18 ...
20.0-0 0-0 21.Ral and
Black's endgame seems sure win. In this
variation, 18 ... could replace 18 ...
threatening 19 ... 20.Ral and on
19.Ral 0-0 21.0-0 Rfc8 or
with 19 ... Ral 2l.Bal
Better yet was ... 14.Na4, to
continue with 14 ... cdl=Q
17.Bd4 Bd7 (Or
18 ... etc. making it
for White to castle. In
toumament game, 1 would have selected
one of the variations, which all give
Black material and positional
advantage, but here 1 that my
strong attacking position should yield
Chigorin defends very adroitly.
14 ... Nhf5 (See next diagram)
is fingerfehler retuming most of
the advantage. 1 intended to play the other
Knight f5, after which White 's game
would very cramped and hard to
15.Bd4! Nd4 Ne2
On 16 ... dc4or ...
dc4 Rc8 19.Bd3
is the post for the Bishop.
19 ... 883 20.Rb1 Qc7
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893
After 14.
White has cleverly repelled the attack
and he has completed his development.
Even so Black still has the position
of the Bishop pair and the passed
21 ...
Not 21 ... 0-0, because of 22.Bh7,
23.Qh5, and 24.Ng5, when the Kingside
is somewhat weak.
This is the defense even though it
means an additional Kingside weakening.
is no good way for White to
continue the attack, since the
breakthrough 24.f5, is too dangerous
of the potential effect of the Bd7
on the a8-hl diagonal, but now Black
starts moving his well supported passed
23 ... 85 24.Kh1 84 25.Nf2
White is ttansferring the to the
Queenside to defend against the
dangerous advancing pawns.
25 ... 26.Nd1 27.Nc3 Ras
2s.ae1 Od7 29.Qe2
Now there is no danger in castling
anymore, as White is kept too busy
defending on the Queenside.

White gives additional reinforcement of
the Queenside and also prepares 31.d4.
... Rfds Qd4
Black prevents the advance of the
Black prepares to play ...

Now White would counter ... with
followed 35.d4.
It might have to fmish the
game with 33 ... Bd5 intending to reply to
with 34 ... 35.cd4 and thus
sacrifice the Queen for two minor pieces.
Black's compensation would the
Bishop pair, two connected passed pawns,
and good game. Of course this
combination would quite risky, as the
result cannot calculated easily, but
33 ... Bd5 could have played without
the Queen sacrifice and if attacked, the
Queen could have retteated to or
This is weak. Bishop should stay on
so doing, this would have
prevented as it is answered
35 ... Bd3.
Qd7 36.Qc2
Black cannot break through White's
defenses and makes few futile attempts
the draw is agreed.
37.d4 Bd5 38.Rb1 39.Rfd1 Qc6
40.0d2 Raa8 41.Re1 Kh8 Qd7
45.Re4 Qd5 46.Ree1 Qc4
Now Black threatens to win with 47 ...
51.Qd4 Qd4 52.Rd4 al=Q 53.Rd8 Kg7
and wins.
47.Red1 48.Kg1 Rg8 49.Rf1
White prevents the threat of 49 ... g5, as it
would now answered 50.f5.
49 ... Rgd8 50.Rfd1 Rg8 51.Rf1
Tarrasch - Chigorin (13)
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6
d6 6.d4
weak move player only
makes once and then never again. (See
game eleven of the match).
6 ...
gives White slightly game.
Of course 7 of 7 ... Nd4,
followed 8.Nd4 ed4 9.Qd4 10.Qd1

7 ... de5 8.Qd8 Nd8
Better was 9 ... Bd6 or 9 ... Nd7.
10.Ne5 11.0.0
N ot 11.f3 of 11 ... 12.Bd5
followed 13 ... Bd5.
11 ...
Slightly better is the immediate
12 ... Ne4. On the pawn may in
White has developed and faster
and this move introduces an immediate
attack, which is going to yield at least
14 ... D-O!
is the 14 ... Ne6,
White will gain decisive advantage with
15.f3, and 17.Nf7.
15.Nd7 Re816.f3
This is the turning point. As in the
previous game, I eschewed the gain of
pawn with 16.Nc5 Rc8! Nb7
giving good
chances, in favor of complicated attack
which will refuted the
16 ...
16 ... Nd6, White will win piece
means of 17.Bf4 Rb819.Bd6

Rb818.Nd5 Bd5
18 ... Nd6, it is answered 19.Bf4
N8b7 20.Ne7, giving White an edge.
XVJ. vs. CHJGORJN, 1893
19.cd5 Nd6 20.Re8
On 20.Bf4, follows 20 ... N8b7, giving
Black very safe position.
20 ... Ne8 21.814 Ra8!
Again this is the best move. Not
21 ... Rc8, as then the d-pawn advance
more powerful.
Chess Gazette recommends
and but this is no improvement,
as as Black the time to
post his and his defense
is and would even have chance
to get the better game due to his
pawn majority, while the
White d-pawn is forever e.g.
Rd8 followed
25 ... Ned6.
22 ... Kf8!
22 ... White would have an
advantage after 23.Re7 24.Rd7,
the Knights in
jeopardy, then the Black defense
White is playing for the draw.
... 24.d7 Ne6!
Of course 24 ... because of
25.Bd6 followed 26.Re8.
Bishop having threatened with
jail since move six, now finally received
his just desserts.
g6 28.Rc1 Rd8 29.Rc2 Rd5
30.816 Kd7 31.Kf2 Nc5
Chigorin - Tarrasch (14)
French Defense
2.Qe2 dS Bf6 6.Qg4
White 's is slightly more
than in game twelve of the
7 .. 8d7
Bad is 8 ... Nc6, as White would take the
and then would get an attack on
the c-pawn and Na4, and
9.8d7 Qd7
is posted than on
10.Nc3 Nc611.Q-0 Nge7
Black intends multiple attack on the
e-pawn, but it soon clear that this
pawn is easily it would
have to develop the
and the position will
12.Ne2 Ng613.Ng3 Qc7
was still time for 13 ... and
14 ... 0-0, but in this case, White musters an
attack on the while Black does
not have sufficient attacking
compensation on the other side. So for the
time Black delays castling.
14.Rfe1 15.Rac1
15 .. Nc6
Not 15 ... Na2 of 16.Qa4. The
maneuver seems waste of time,
but in this type of keeping the
solid is more important than
tempi. Now the a2-pawn is undefended.
This move ties down all the Black
Kingside pieces and gives Black very
limited choice of moves. Mter 17.0-0-0,
White will immediately initiate an attack
with 18.d4 and and thus obtain at
least one open file for his Rooks,
guaranteeing decisive advantage
White has two moblle Rooks and
Black can play with only one Rook. Poor
is 16 ... d4, as White will prove at once
17 In addition, moving the Ra8 will
permanently keep him from ... 0-0-0. Thus
it is only the Black Queen that can move.
The Queen now starts an adventure of its
own. White cannot do much either
although his game is freer.
There are no weaknesses in Black's
position - except g7 - which is adequately
guarded. The only way for White to make
progress would d4 followed and
thus the Queen sortie is especiall geared
to counter this dangerous attack, or at any
rate to make the attack much less harmful.
White plays d4 now the Bf8 is
tied down, the attack can answered
16 ... Qb6 or 16 ... Qa5.
16 ... Qa517.a3
This weakens White 's Queenside
but after 17 .Ra1, Black gets
good game after 17 ... 18.Qg3 19 ... Nf5
Nce7 (On follows 19 ... Qa3).
17 ...
Black is threatening 18 ...

is necessary as otherwise, White 's
Queenside will demolished 19 ...
19 ... Qb4
It should noted how Black 's last
moves have been quite effective. Trading
Queen 's would not for
If 20.Qh3, Black can trade the annoying
Nh5 20 ... Nf4, but altematively, he
might continue his Queenside attack with
20 ...
20 ... Nce7
The is going to take over the
defense of g7 playing to f5, freeing the
Bf8 and this finally him to castle,
which is necessary because soon the files
will open.
Now Black is to repel this attack and
obtain decisive advantage. Of course
22.Qh3 is not answered 22 ... Nf5,
because of 23.g4, but instead Black plays
22 ... Rc8 followed eventually ...
22 ... Nf5 23.Qg4 Rc8
Very bad here is 23 ... cd4, because in that
case after 24.Nd4, White will soon
advance the f-pawn and then break
through the Black center position.
On 24.dc5, Black wins pawn
24 ... 25.Re2 Bf2 followed
26 ... Rc3.
24 ...
This move reveals the weakness that
on White 's Queenside. Now
Black is going to have the advantage.
This is necessary because if instead,
Black moves the Queen, White could play
and thus prevent the opening of the
c-file, which is an important part of
Black's plan.
This is the best post for the Queen, as
from here it gets chance to go to Not
26 ... Qa7, as then 27 would tlueaten
the b-pawn with an attack on the Queen.
This prevents 27 ... Qe2 and protects the
c2-pawn. In addition, the White Queen
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893 305
gets chance to take part in the Queenside 32.Ra1
defense. Black threatened to capture the a-pawn
27 ... 28.Rdb1 29.Qh3 now.
threatens 30.Rb7.
29 ... Qc4
On would follow 30 ... Nd4
3l.Rb7 Ne2 32.Khl Nef4 and wins, or
altemately Ne2 32.Khl Nef4 and
Black wins the Exchange.
On ... White would recapture
with the c-pawn, giving support to the
d4-square. move played is good and
solid and it intends to secure the
Queenside after 3l ... Bd8, against all
attacks without the interference of the
White Rooks on the b-file, thus being
to further pressure the weakness on
White 's Queenside. However, ... at
once is decisive, e.g. 3l.ab5 winning
the Bishop, or followed the
win of the d-pawn, or 31.Qc4 Rc4 with
similar continuation, and finally the move
that Chigorin considers best is 3l.g4
32.cd3 33.Rb7 34.gf5 ef5 35.Ng3
or 35.R7b5 and the two a-file pawns,
which will efficiently defended
should win the game, but after one
finds good plan, one rarely looks for
better plan.
31.Qd2 Bd8
Here too 31 ... was decisive.
32 ... Rc6 34.Rh3!
Surprisingly White now renews his
Kingside attack. 34.Rc3 would met
35 ... Qd4.
34 ... Qa6 35.Raa3! BdB
Black wants to post on h4.
If now 36.g4, Black will play 36 ... Nfh4
and not 36 ... Nfe7, because of 37 .Ng7
followed 38.Qh6 etc. move played
threatens this beautiful conclusion,
37.Ng7 Ng7 (Or 37 ... Kg7 38.Rf5
followed 39.Qh6) 38.Qh6 Re8 39.Qh7
4l.Qh8 Nh8 42.Rh8#.
36 ... Nfh4
Black must obstruct the h-file, it is the
only defense.
Again this is the only move. White
threatened to demolish the Black position
with 38.Nf6 39.Rh4 fe5 40.Rh5. The
move played has allowed Black to survive
the worst. On 38.ef6 39.Rg4
Black's position is easily
So as to to move the g-pawn.
38 ... f4 39.g3
Bad is 39 ... Rf5 of 40.Nf4 Nf4
40.hg3 Nf5 41.Rf3
Rook returns and again threatens
42.Rf5 followed 43.Ng7.
41 ... Qb7 42.g4 Nfh4 43.Rf8 Kf8 44.f4
White throws all caution to the wind
attempting breakthrough on the
Kingside, since he realizes all must
staked on the attack his
Queenside is but Black 1s
to stop the f-pawn advance.

44 ... Kg8 45.Qd3 Qf7
If 47.Qfl, (1 to follow up with
47 ... and 48.f5). 47 ... Rc4 Ra4
49.Ng3 Ral 50 ... Rel
followed 51 ... Nf3. text is as
as it looks because otherwise
Black would have it
46 ... Rc4. only thing that Black must
do is to guard the Rook 47 ... Qe8,
in which case White gets the upper hand
48.f5 ef5 49.Qd5 or 48.Rc3 Rc8
49 .Qe8 Re8 50.Rc6.
47 ... Rc4
48.Qb6, Black has several replies,
48 ... Ra4, or 48 ... or 48 ...
48 ... Bd8 49.Rg3
49.f5, Black could start an attack
with 49 ... Ne5 50.de5 Rg4 51.Ng3 (Or
51.Rg3 Qh5) 51 ... Nf5. might also play
49 ... ef5 Qe6 51.Re3 Qc6 52.Qc6
Rc6 53.Re8 Kf7 54.Rd8 Rc4, giving him
an adequate in pawns for the
49 ... Nf8
50 ... Qd7 51.Qb1 Qa4
Black capture the pawn without
tempo loss as he to the
White with 53 ... Qdl, e.g. 53.f5?
Qdl 54.Kf2 ef5 55.gf5 Qh5.
53. Bd2 Qd7 54.Nc2
is attempt at the
f-pawn, but it is refuted Black.
54 ... Qf7 55.Na3
Knight cannot go to because of
55 ... Nf4.
55 ... Ra4 56.Nb5
57.Nd6 Bd6 58.ed6 follows 58 ... Nf8
and 59.Qb6, Black
decisive attack with 59 ... Ral (Or
59 ... Ra2) followed 60 ... Qg6.
57 ... Nf8
Black makes room for the

It is still to force the Black Rook
away from the a-file 58.Qb3 Ral
59.Qb2 Ra4 60.Qb3, but the
White game is beyond since
Black will move 60 ... Rc4 and after that
will penetrate the White position
means of 61 ... Qg6, etc.
58 ... Qg6
is decisive move.
59.Qg6 Ra1 61.Ne2 g5
Of no avail is 61 ... and 62 ... as long
as the Nh4 has no good
62.fg5 Bg5 64.Rh4
66.Kd2 Re1
-- ..
- -t-4)
- -tH -

-. . . . .
75 ... Bd2 76.Kf3 Nh4 77.Kg3 Q-1.
game is sequel to game four of the
match. In both games vigorous attack
the Kingside was paralyzed Black
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893
Queenside attack and the fmal result in
cases was decided the passed
Tarrasch- Chigorin (15)
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6
5.Nc3 d6 6.d4 Nd7
is identical with match game three.
Black tries to maintain his hold on and
White wants to keep his center pawns on
d4 and while avoiding the premature
moves d5 or de5.
7 .Ne2 D-0 9.Ng3 Bf6 1
If 10 ... Nb6 then the text
prevents ll ... Bg4.
10 ... Ne7 11.00 Ng6 Re8
13.Qd3 Ndf8
Black's wants 14 ... Ne6 and 15.Nf4.
14.Ne2 Qe7
White's 15.d5 seems little more
standard, but White prefers to reinforce
the defense of the e-pawn and it
may give Black greater
15 ... Bd7
Here Black could have freed his game
with 15 ... d5, but it would not to his
advantage, e.g. 16.de5 Ne5 17.Ne5 Qe5
18.Ng3 de4 19.Ne4 with good game for
White. Neither would, 18.Bf4 Qe4
19.Qe4 de4 good for Black.
Rad8 17 .d5
Now this move is appropriate, as now
Black's position is hemmed in to where he
can hardly move piece. Of course White
will tty to keep Black from playing ... f5,
which would not just free Black's
position, but may even give him the
game. In addition, Black must kept
from posting piece on f4.
17 ... h6
is an excellent move giving Black
little air to breathe and trying for 18 ... Nh7
and 19 ... N g5 with counter attack.
18.Kh2 Nh7 Rf8
Black's idea is to play .. 15 after Bg5.
20.Ng3 Ng5
is too early. Better is 20 ... Rde8, to
give the Queen more room and if 21.Nf5
Bf5 22.ef5, and Black threatens 22 ...
On 20 ... Nf4, it would refuted 21.Bf4
ef4 23.fg3 24.ef6, giving
White the advantage.
21.Ng5 Bg5 22.Nf5!
The is if 22 ... Bf5,
then 23.ef5 Nf4 24.Bf4 Bf4 25.g3 Bg5
26.f6 and White wins.
22 ... Qf6 23.g3!
is the deciding move. Now White's
threat is 24.f4 ef4 25.gf4 Bh4 26.Bd4
winning. Thus Black is forced to trade on
and f5 and after the smoke clears,
White will have significant positional
... 24.fe3
Of course this is much than 24.Qf3
and although White has pawns,
the open f-file is the true White advantage
after the melee of the last several moves.
24 ... Nh8
Black avoids the threat of 25.Nh6.
also has choice of poor moves only, e.g.
24 ... Bf5 25.ef5 Ne7 26.g4 and White gets
good attack the Rooks on
the f-file or the g-file, while advancing the
Kingside pawns and the Black Queen is
to move because of White playing
Also trying 26 ... is answered
27 and Black is in real danger.
Similarly, 24 ... Ne7 25.g4 gives White
strong attack. text puts the Knight on
very bad square and gives White other
attacking possibllities.
Intending to recapture on f5 with the
25 ... Rde8 26.Raf1 Bf5 27 .Rf5 Qe7
28.Bd1 29.Rf6
This is loss of tempo. The immediate
retreat of the Rook was
29 ... Kg7
Intending to trade the Queen for the two
Rooks. It has been my experience that in
an otherwise equal position, the two
Rooks are generally better than the

Black weakens the which
may penetrated the Bishop, but
how else can Black hope to get his
"stalemated" into the game.
simple 31.Bg4, which was the inlet
for the Bd 1, would in my opinion, have
won the game. After 31.h4?, the Knight
would kept out of g5 and the Bishop
would stay on the h3-c8 diagonal,
preventing the perennial threat of the
f-pawn advance, and while Black is
almost paralyzed on the Kingside,
White would effect Queenside
breakthrough with and This was
plan, it shows the imponance of the
correct move order.
31 ... h5!
is an excellent rejoinder, keeping
the Bishop permanently from the
On the counterplay Black, the
game cannot won White anymore,
even if he prepares this advance with
32.Qe2. This move is answered
32 ... Nf7 33.g4 hg4 34.Qg4 followed
35 ... and Black can defend. On
32.Bf3, intending to play the Bishop to h3
via g2, there follows 32 ... f5 33.ef5 Rf5
Rf2 , with drawn game. text
gives Black the attacking target h4 and he
seizes the opportunity at once.
32 ... hg4
On 33.Bg4 follows 33 ... f5 34.ef5 Qh4
... Nf7 34.Bg4 RhB
Now Black's attacking chances equal
35.Rh2 RefB 36.h5
White is still going for an attack and
thereby progressively endangers his
King 's position.
36 ... gh5 37.Bh5
In the belief that he is still
better, White wants to avoid the Rook
trade. text pins the Bishop and the
whole White position. Better was to
capture with the Rook, but better yet was
37 .Bf5 followed the Rooks
on the h-file and then recapture the pawn,
e.g. 37 ... Ng5 38.Rehl Rg8 39.Kf2
40.Rh5 Rh5 41.Rh5 Qg7 42.Qfl.
37 ... Rfg8 38.Kf2 KfB 39.Rfh1 Ng5
Here the is excellently posted and
White begins to feel the burden of the
backward pawns.

The King has to find shelter and take
over the defense of the e-pawn from the
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893 309
40 Qh7 41.Rh4 Qg7 42.Qc2 Rh6 Salvio gamblts. In addition 1 considered
43.Qa4? 3 ... g5 bad. idea of taking pawn and
is the decisive mistake. lt was too
early for 43.Kd3, of 43 ... Qh7
44.Qg2 f5 45.ef5 followed 46 ... Nf3.
On 43.Bg4!, Black would not do
than draw. After 43 ... Rh4, then 44.Kd3
could not prevented any longer and the
White Queen would finally get into the
game. If 43 ... Rgh8 44.Rh6 45.Rh6
46.Kd3 followed 47.Bf5, and
White's position is
43 .. Rh5
elegant sacrifice wins for Black.
44.Rh5 Ne4 45.Qd1
is final mistake, but White was
lost anyway.
45 ... Qg2 (If 46.Kd3, then 46 ... Nf2) D-1.
Chigorin - Tarrasch (16)
King's Gamhil
is the only time in the match that 1
dared play l ... e5, because 1 was
constantly that Chigorin might
have the knowledge of the opening.
2.14 ef4 Nf6
This defense leads to approximate
equality. move 3 ... g5 should only
played those who know all the
variations of the Muzio-Alligaier and
trying to keep it, while compromising the
Kingside seems strategically unjustified.
playing method makes the defense
much more difficult than where
upon 4 ... Nh5 g5 (Also is
5 ... g6) 6.Ng5 Qg5 7 .Bh5 Qh4 8.Kfl
9.d4 Bd4 with quite satisfactory game
for Black.
4 .. d5 5.ed5 Nd5 6.Nd5 Qd5 7 .d4
Black's position is not easy now, his
Queen may attacked in multiple ways.
move 7 ... as recommended, leads
to strong White attack after
7 ... Bg4
Best here is 7 ... and White cannot
capture with 8.Bf4 of 8 ... Qe4.
8.814 Nc6
Bad here is 8 ... Bf3 9.Qf3 or 8 ... Qe4
9 .Qe2 and the Bishop pair will give
White an edge.

On Black answers 9 ... Kd7
followed 1 O ... Re8 with good attacking
9 ...
is more or less equalizing, although
the strong center gives White slight
positional plus.
Bd611.Bd6 Qd612.D-O f6
is to prevent 13.Ng5.
threat was
14.Rae1 Rhe8
Both players try to occupy the file,
which means that eventually there w1ll
Rook trade and finally draw.
16 ... Bd517.Bd5 Qd518.Qa3
This is to prevent 18 ... Ne7.
18 ... Qd7 19.Qc5 Re1 20.Re1 ReB
21.Kf2 Re1 22.Ne1 23.Qh5 g6
Trading the for the three pawns
would not have been to Black's
25.Nd3 Nd8 26.g3 27.Nb4 1/21/2.
Tarrasch - Chigorin (17)
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf6
5.Nc3 Nd7 7.Ne2
is very original treatment of the
opening, but it is not to my taste. It seems
that ... is always an ugly move,
especially when White still has his
light-squared Bishop on the board.
This is necessary move to drive the
Bishop from the b3-g8 diagonal.

This move also needed to made to
deprive the White Bishop of the b3-g8
diagonal after the Na5 retreats. At the
same time, the move contains subtle
trap, which Black prepared with the last
few moves. 1t is fairly obvious move to
play ll.d5 to cut off the retreat of the
Knight and then playing
14.Qd3 to try to win the
but nothing would result - the
would stay on the dominant square and
White 's Queenside becomes
disorganized, e.g. ll.d5? Bd7 or on
ll ...
14.Qd3 cd5 followed 15 ... Rc8)
14 ... 15.Qd3 (Or
[Or 14 ... and Black
maintains the Nc4.
11.Q-O Bf7 12.Ne1
take advantage of the misplaced
Knight would futile.
12 ... g5
is almost forced as otherwise 13.f4
will give White excellent play, but now
Black's squares f5, and h5 are weak.

White sees that Black is planning
Kingside attack and thus tries to build an
attacking structure on the Queenside
d5 and placing the Knight at in
danger of cut off from retreat.
immediate 13.d5 would answered
Black is planning to play this to
-g6-f4, where it has to traded, thus
opening the g-file for Black.
White immediately abandons his
Queenside plans to meet the planned
Black Kingside demonstration. threat
now is 15.Nh5 followed
14 ... h515.Be3 Ne716.de5 de517.Qf3
The Queen trade would prevent all
attacks, but now White threatens
19.Rdl, 20.Nf5 etc. and thus stanhis own
17 ... Nd7
Chigorin remarks that 17 ... and
only then 18 ... Nd7, would in
order to play .. .0-0-0, as soon as
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893 311
Black's threat was 18 ... h4, followed
19 ... Bh5.
18 ... Nf5
is almost forced as White 's
is stronger than Black's would on f4,
but this trade neutralizes Black 's Kingside
19.ef5 20.Qe2
White is intending on playing 21.f4.
20 ... Qa5
Black weakens the White Queenside
pawns, but he will not to take
advantage of the resulting weakness.
Black takes and then castles long, his
King an immediate attacking
target Nc2, and
22 ...
When Black decided to keep the King on
the Kingside, ... h4 was the indicated
move, in order to keep the pawn chain
intact. After White plays f4, only then
should Black play ... then both
players have attacking chances, with the
difference that Black 's position
is we.akened and White's is not.
23.Bf7 Kf7 24.Qc4 Kg7 25.h4!
This move is the breakthrough. On
25 ... g4 follows 26.f3. Black who had
hoped for strong attacking posture, now
has weak defensive position.
25 ... gh4
As in game fifteen, Black still tties to
attain an attack with .. .Rag8 and ...
but the following Knight maneuver
prevents this as the threatens to go
to and keep the King tied up on the
26.Nf3! Nf8
It still would not to disturb the
connection of the Rooks, but ftrst to play
26 ... Rag8 and then on 27 .Nh4 to play
27 ... Nf8 and then to look to h8 as safe
place for his (After 28 ... Rh7). Then
White would here further reinforce his
attack playing 29.f4.
27.Nh4 Re8 28.Rad1
Tempting but bad is 28.f4, of
28 ... Bd6, freeing Black's game.
28 ... Bd8
On 28 ... Bd6 follows 29.Qd3 Rd8
31.Qg3 32.Ng6 with decisive
attack. Even so was to play 28 ...
in order to drive the Queen from its
dominant position.

move threatens the following Rook
incursion. On 29 ... Qf7, White wins with
30.Qf7 31.Bf8 Rhf8 32.Ng6 Rg8
33.Rd7 34.Rb7, as then the Black
position is completely paralyzed and the
further threat is 35.Rdland 36.Rd7.
29 ...
is the start of the decisive attack.
... 31.Rg3 Kh7
also was 32.Qe2
(32 ... Qf7? 33.Rg6! and wins) 33.Ng6.
32 ... Re7
is the only move.

Mter 33 ... Rg7 34.Rdd3, if Black plays
34 ... Rg3, then White will just replace the
Rook with 35.Rg3.
... Rg7 34.Rg7 Kg7
On 34 ... Qg7, White also plays 35.Rd3 to
followed 35 ... Rg8! (Or 35 ... Qg4
36.Qf7 Qg7 37 .Qe8 followed
38.Rg3). 36.Rg3 Qh8 37.Rh3! Rg4
38.Qf7 39.Qh5!! Kh5 40.Nf3
followed mate next move, or
38 ... Rg7 39.Qh5, 40.Qh8, 41.Ng6,
42.Rh8, 43.Rf8#, or 38 ... Qg7, 39.Qe8
with strong attack. The threat is
40.Ng6. On 39 ... Kh6, the Queen
sacrifice on h5 works again. On
39 ... Rg5, there follows 40.Rd3 and
41.Rd8, on 39 ... Qg5, there follows
40.Qf8 Rh4 41.Qf7 Kh8! 42.f4!! ef4
43 .Rd3 Qg7 44.Rd8 Kh7 45 .Qe8
winning; or 37 ... Qg7 38.Ng6
39.Rh5 and 40.Qh4#; and finally if
37 ... 38.Nf3 threatening 39.Rh5 etc.
35.Rd3 Nh7
On other moves, the incursion of the
White Rook on g3 will decisive, e.g.
35 ... 36.Rg3 (The threat is 37
38.Rg6 Kh7 39.Qe2). 36 ... Qd8
37 .Qf7 Rh7 38.Rook or etc. or
36 ... Rh7 37.Qg8, or 36 ... Qd7 37 .Qe2
followed 38.Ng6 and White wins.
finale is forced.
37.Rg3 Ng5
38.Rg5 fg5 Kh7
On 39 ... Kh8 follows 40.Ng6 and
40.Qf5 Kh8
On 40 ... Kg8 follows 41.f7 Qf7 42.Qg5
followed 43.Qd8.
41.Ng6 Kg8 42.Ne7 43.Qg6
41 ... gh4
On 41 ... Kg7 follows 42.Qg6 Kf8
43.Qg8 44.Ng6 or on 41 ... Rf8
follows 42.Qf6 Kh7 43 Kh8

This is the surprising point of the
sacrifice. Although Black is full Rook
ahead, he can only prevent mate giving
up his Queen for the f7 -pawn.
42 ... Rd1 43.Kh2 44.g3 45.Kg2
Qf7 46.Qf7 and Black resigned after
another ten moves. 10.
On move 45. White could have played
45.fg3 and the following pretty finale
would result if Black does not give up his
Queen. wit: 45.fg3 Rd2 46.Kgl Rdl
47.Kg2 (Not because of 47 ...
47 ... Rd2 48.Kfl Rdl Rd2 50.Kd2
Qd8 1 Qf8 and an interesting
zugzwang results after Black has
exhausted all pawn moves, he must move
the Queen and White wins either
or if ... Qg7, then Qh5#.
Chigorin - Tarrasch (18)
French Defense
2.Qe2 d5

In the earlier game, Chigorin played
here, which is better than this trade, which
leaves White 's Queenside somewhat
s ... Nf6 Nfd7 7.Qg4
Best here is 7 ... Ne5 and it refutes
Chigorin 's favored attacking method.
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893 313
After 8.Qg7 Black will try to trade
as as and after that
he will have the e.g. 9 .h4
Qe7 10.h5 or 9.Bd3 f5 followed
10 ... Qe7.
As rule, Black plays ... first in this
type of but here the move
is much since it to
attack the at
9.Nf3 f5
Here 1 to 9 ... but 1
realized that would lost if I
played the f-pawn first for more safety. As
of this move, 1 had to play
another security move and thus it made
the for the
attack. 9 ... 1 O.N followed
ll ... Qa5, Black attains sharp attack, as
he also 10.Kd1 Nc5 followed
eventually ... Ne4.
White is threatening 11.Ng5.
1 O ... ReS 11.Nc3
Chigorin omits the start of an attack
11.g4. wanted to complete
his first, but later on he does
get around to it anymore.
11 ... Nf8
is very active square for the
Bishop and for time it will remain
quite passive. 12.g4 was very
and was as recom-
in the in order
to trade the dangerous was
12 ... Ng6 13.Qg3
This does secure the
but after 13.g3, the Queen
would cut off in the following attack
and then putting Black's Bishop on the
1 diagonal would become
dangerously effective.
13 ... d4
Black resumes his
has good square.
14 ... 15.Bd1
Otherwise 15 ... is more powerful yet.
15 ... d3
Of course this is somewhat risky,
because the may easily
later. Safer was 15 ... Nd5
16.Nd4 Ndf4 17.Nf3 Ne5)
17 ... Bd7 18.Nc3 with play
for Black.

is little wild. Heyde
16 ... followed 17 ... or 16 ... Bd7
followed 17 ... lt would
Black to hold to advantage
and he would to defend the
advantage, e.g. 16 ... Bd7 17 (Better
than 17 ... Nc2
dc2, and again White cannot castle or
18.0-0 18 ... Black is
to retreat the via to while White
is to avoid this playing and
Black's is quite good, while
White 's game remains cramped. text
move leads to complicated combination,
which should also result in good game
for Black.
Nd518.Nd4 Ndf4 19.Nc6 Qd5
last three Knight moves seem to
White 's best continuation. mistake was
to play for the Exchange win 20.Bf3
Qb5 21.Ne7 Re7 because of
22 ... Qe5 giving Black the advantage.
Furthermore 21.Nc3 Qc5
23.Ne7 would not good for White.
20 ... Qc5?
Mter this the Black Queen is driven back
and his position becomes quite bad.
should simply play 20 ... Qg2 21.Bf3
22.hg3 Nd5 23.Bd5? ed5 24.Nd5 after
which the simple surprise move of
24 ... wins and on 23.Nd5! ed5 24.Bd5
and the weak e-pawn Black
to maintain good position.
is the only secure square for the
Queen. On 21 ... Qc4, White plays
and on 21 ... Qb6, the Queen gets into
after and plus the
22.00! Ne2
This is the best move. d-pawn
cannot defended any longer and on
22 ... Nd5 23.Bf3, Black's position
becomes even more precarious.
White 's position is now excellent.
has an extra pawn on the Queenside,
Black's Queenside is torn up, his e-pawn
is backward and his pieces are ineffective.
24 ... Bd7 25.Qc3
The has to defended.
25 ... Kh8 27 .d4
simple winning plan was to deprive the
a7-pawn of its defender and
and then go on to capture it with
the Queen or the Rook
Very strong also was 27 .Bh5.
27 ... RedB Qf7 29.Rad1 Ne7
This somewhat consolidates Black
again, even so the has very
cramping effect.
Better was keeping the
immov on account of the weak

31 ... Qe7
is defense against g4later
on in the game.

is to prevent 32 ... Even now
32.Qb3 was to keep the tied
down on d5 and also threatening 33.Bd5
followed 34.Rf5. Also 32.Qb3 would
keep the for Rook to
go after the weak -pawn.
32 ...
Black wants the Bishop off of the
so that he finally Rooks on the

White cannot avoid the exchange of the
Bishop. On it is answered
... getting rid of the weak a-pawn,
obtaining the open a-file, and on
then 34 ... his position will
... 34.Qc4 g6
The immediate 34 ... Rd5 is answered
is an oversight causing the loss of
the extra pawn. The correct winning
method was 35.Qc5 Qt7! 36.d5! ed5! and
now 37.Rel tying down the Black
pieces. Stronger yet was second pawn
sacrifice, 38.Rfel and White
is in total control, e.g. 38 ... Qd6 39.Qd6
40.Re7 Rc8 41.Rdel followed
42.Rd7, or40 ... a6 Rb8
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893 315
43.Rc7 Rb5 44.Re 1 Rb8 45.Rle7 R6d8
46.Rh7 Kg8 47.Rcg7
49J{f2 Rc8 50.Rd7 (Or 50 ... Kg8
51.Rhe7 52.Re5) 51.Rd8 Rd8 52.Rh8
and wins, or 44 ... Rd8 45.Rle7 d4
46.Rcd7 followed or 38 ... Qf6
39.Re7 Rac8 40.Rd7 and White wins.
35 ... ed5 36.Rd5 Rd5 37.Qd5 Rd8
White overlooked this move.
38.Qa2 Qe5
White has winning chances.
39 ... Qa1
Black cannot avoid the Queen trade as
on 39 ... Rd4 there follows 40.Rel
41.Re6! Rdl 42.Qdl 43.Qd8
followed 44.Qc7.
In the ensuing ending, White still has
plus of his pawn
superiority on the Queenside (Especially
the immediate threat is
41.Re 1 and 42.Re7.
40 ... Kg7 41.Kf2 Kf6 Rd5
44.Rc1 g5
Black has very difficult game, which to
however, seems will
never to play ...
as long as White's Rook is on the c-file
(An earlier ... was quite good) text
move is since later on the White
King must kept away from f4 and the
Rook from h4. Another move
was 44 .. .f4 , on which Rd4
47 .Rc5 could have followed,
with win for White in sight.
45.g3 h5
move seems to the decisive
mistake. Now on this last move, the White
winning chances here are only the
Queenside and with careful defensive
play, the White attack could have been
fought off Black. way to play was
to move the King alternately from to
or other time wasting moves. How
White would infiltrate is not clear,
especially Rook trade would
cause him to lose the game, e.g. 45 ... Kd6
46.Rc4 Re5 47 (If 47 Rd5 will
drive the back to the e-ftle, as he
cannot go to the c-ftle of 48 ... Rc5).
47 ... Rd5 and after White prepares the
advance of the a-pawn play can
continue with 48 ... 49 ... 50 ...
or he can even allow and 49 ... Rc5
he will prevent
but even if he allows this move,
then after the proximity of
the Black king neutralizes the danger of the
c-pawn. Although, the text creates new
dangers. 46.h4, the g5-pawn cannot
defended 46 ... h6 anymore, and must
advance, disturbing the Black Kingside
pawn structure and then White's King
threatens to penetrate via f4. Thus after
this move, White will attack on both sides,
and this is the reason for Black's loss.
Playing 45 ... h5 and thus weakening the
g5-pawn, has totally changed the situation
and the Rook trade, which earlier favored
Black, would now lead to Black's
immediate loss, e.g. 46 ... Rd147.Rc5 Rd5
48.Rd5 Kd5 49 .h4! and White captures
the h-pawn no matter what Black plays.
Then the White h-pawn decides the game,
as the Black a-pawn can only go as far as
46 ... Rdl 47.Rc5 (Not 47.Rd5).
47 ... there follows and
here the Black King is tied to the defense
of the e-pawn and the Black Rook is kept
busy preventing In the meantime, the
White King goes to the Queenside and
thus wins the game. If move 46 ... Kd6,
of 46 ... Rd6, White answers 47 .h4
and his goes to f4. The text is played
to h4.
47 ... Kd6, White trading
Rooks, e.g. 48.Rd4 49.Rd5 Kd5
50.Kf4 51.Kf5
This is the breakthrough, the
advanced c-pawn, while Black's
keeps the White
48 ... Kf6
would 48 ... 48 ... Kd6,
there follows while after 48 ... Kf6
49.Kf4, would lead to loss of
49 ... Rd3. It is obvious that Black could
easily if White's could
get to f4.
If on move 48, the Black had
to White would at
52.Rb6 Kg5
Black now faces the following painful
choice. he uses bls King to protect bls
pawns, he loses on account of the
-pawn, or if he tries to stop this pawn
52 ... he will lose his pawns
53.Rh6 and
53.Rb7 h4 54.Kd4 Rc1
The game cannot saved with 56 .. .f4,
there follows 57 .gf4 58.Kd6 Rdl
Rcl 60.Kd7 Rdl
Rcl 63.c8=Q Rc8 Kg4
65.Rf7 66.f5 g2 67.Rg7, or 58 ... g3
59.Rb8 g2 60.c8=Q Rc8 61.Rc8 gl=Q
62.Rh8 and White
The four moves are waste of time
for White, he should play 57 .Ra7
57 ... 59.Kd6
White vacates the b7-square for the

61 ... f4
If for ... Rcl, the
White will get to via
and the c-pawn will promote. If
meanwhile, .. .f4, White 's Rook check will
drive the Black away and the pawn
will captured.
62.Kd4 Q-1.
62 ... Rcl or 62 ... Rc6 follows 63.Ra5
and 64.Rc5. Chigorin handled the whole
Tarrasch - Chigorin (19)
2.Nf3 Nc6 Nf&
5.Nc3 d6 6.d4 Nd7 7.Ne2
is better than 7 ... or 7 ...
which Chigorin played earlier games.
The text leads to the of
Na5! 9.de5
Cblgorin believes better is 9
1 when White at leastmaintains the
XVI. vs. CHIGORJN, 1893 317
center and develops more rapidly.
considered is the 9.Bf7 sacrifice, but this
does not seem to work.
9 ... 1 Ne5
Not 10 ... de5, on account of ll.Qd5.
11.Nfd4 12.Ng3 g6 13.f4 Nd7

is in order to play the from
d4 to but White never gets around to
14 ... Q-0 16.0.0
If now 16.Na5, it would lose pawn
of 16 ...
16 ... Re8 17.Re1 Nf6 18.Nd2
is tantamount to filing bankruptcy.
It was still better to sacrifice the
pawn and to continue with
18.Na5 and in that position
White still has play. On it saves the
pawn, but after 18 ... Nd5 (Better than
18 ... de5 19.Qd8 followed 20.Nc5,
21.fe5, 22.Bg5, etc) 19.Na5 Qb8 and
White's position is poor. There is even
possibllity of this brilliant fmale, 20.ed6
Qa7 21.Khl Qf2 22.Rfl? (Better is
22.Re2) Qg2!! 23.Kg2 Nf4 followed
24 ... Nh3#.
18 ... Qd7 19.h3
White is intending 20.Ra3 and 2l.Re3,
without embarrassed 20 ... Ng4.
19 ... Re7 20.Re2
White gives up on the Rook lift idea,
assuming that he would have
bad game after 20.Ra3 Rae8 2l.Rae3
followed 21 ... Nd5. In fact this
move is poor because the following
variation, 22.ed5! 23.Re3
24.Nde4 and White regains the Exchange.
20 ... Rae8 21.Qf1
White remains whole capturing at
if Black captures on On 21.Qel, we
might see 21 ... Qc6 Ne4 23.Nde4
(On 23.Re4? f5! wins) 23 ... f5 24.Ned2
Re2 and Black wins.
21 ... h5! 22.h4 Qg4 23.Qf2 Qh4 24.Nf3
Qg4 Nd5 26.Nh2 Qd7 27.ed6
Qd6 28.Re7 Re7
White 's position is desperate and is
to destroyed forcefully.

30 ... Bd4
Black is mopping up the game.
White misses brilliant opportunity to
32 ... Nc4 h4 34.Ngf1 Re2 35.Nf3
36.Ng3 37.gf3 h2! 38.Kg2
39.Kh1 Qc6
Better yet would have 39 ... Qf4.
40.Ne4Ng441.Kg2Nf242.Nf2Qc5 Q-1.
Chigorin - Tarrasch (20)
French Defense
2.Qe2 d5 Bf6
5.Bf6 Nf6 Nfd7 7.Qg4 g6
In game eighteen I castled here, which is
definitely than this move it
weakens the Kingside. I made this move
intentionally, to find out if this weakening
can exploited. In this game it takes
very long time it shows.
8.f4 Nc6
As in game eighteen, I unconventionally
developed the the c-pawn
was played.
is an early, but not premature attack,
which White has to meet very cautiously.
White must not defend the c-pawn
castling, for in that case Black will get
strong attack 10 ... d4
cd2 13.Rd2 Qe7 Without 0-0-0,
White will not to exploit Black 's
Kingside weakness h4-h5 etc. and
herein lies the value of the Knight
10 ... Nc5
This is in order to counter with
ll ... d4 or 12.Ne2

This is good defensive move, which
simultaneously 12.Qb5 winning
11 ...
In the long run, Black cannot leave the
Knight on but the already weakened
Queenside-the absence of the Bb2-
becomes more weakened with this move.
12 ... 13.Nf3 14.d4 Nd7
The Black have driven
back, leading one to think, superficially,
that the four moves are tantamount
to four lost tempi. How did White use
these extra tempi. first Kdl, made
him lose the castling privilege, the second
weakened the Queenside, the third
Qe2, retreated the Queen and obstructed
the Bishop, and the fourth d4, made the
wn an attacking target. If in the
French defense, White 's d4 is not played,
Black's ... is almost purposeless. Black
now proceeds with pawn attack on the
Queenside and this was only made
the apparently premature
piece attack.
15.Qe3 Ne7 16.Bd3 17.Ne2
Qc7 19.Nd2
White takes his King to safety and wants
to connects the Rooks.
20 ...
Not 21 ... dc4, because it wouldmake the
e4-square first to the Bishop
and then for the Knight.

Queenside attack has, as its first
result, that the and pawns have
become very weak and the c4-pawn
cramps White 's position
Now players must strive for an early
possession of the b-file.
22 ... 23.Kf2 Rb8 24.Rab1 Rb1
On then 25 ... Qa5 will force the
Rook into the corner.
25 ... Qa5
Black cannot increase the of the
Kingside pieces castling, as then the
h4-h5 attack will follow.
26.Qc1 Nb6?
Up to now 1 played the game faultlessly
and had achieved
positional advantage. This advantage
could have increased the first
move I considered here, i.e. 26 ...
What might have followed was 27
Qa4 28.Qb2 29.Nd2
Rb8 afterwhich
Black can bring the into the attack
while Whi te hardly move. 1
considered the text move, but
immediately I realized that this was
refuted 27 .Qb2, since after that 1
play neither the Knight nor the Bishop to
on account of the back rank check.
What happened to was one of those
lapses that have often occurred during the
final pan of this match. Compare my
move 13.f4 in the last game and move 43.
and 55. in the present game, which show
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893
that my thinking mechanism did not
function normally anymore. As I was
considering the Bishop and Knight
moves, I completely forgot that I had
rejected the text move, and thus allowed
the win to escape me.
27.Qb2 Kd7
Only circuitous King's maneuver is
it for Black to bring his Rook into
the game, since he does not have the right
squares for his ( nor for his
King ( In addition White can here or
in the subsequent moves, force the
exchange of Queens, after which the game
will end in draw.
28.Nd2 29.Rb1
... Na4
Of course the is on much worse
square here than on where he can
guard the weak f-pawn. first part of
the game is now over, chances are
equal as the and weaknesses are
offset the weakness of f7 and h7.

threatens 34.Ng5.
is difficult continuation for
players. If White plays there
follows ... and Black will achieve
dangerous attack with this the
Queen, and the other e.g.
34.Ng5 35.Qc2 36.Kgl or
Nf5 followed ... or
34.Qc2 h6
If instead of this, Black offers the Queen
exchange on the White King will get
to and Black will find it hard to defend
the passed pawn, especially since White
would threaten to attack it once more
On ...
etc. In any case this would not
work out well for Black.
White plays this move and the next
moves carelessly and is going to face new
dangers. he wanted to avoid
... but this was not to feared.
should at once start counterattack on the
Kingside and if need defend
and and
35 ... Nc6
Instead of this White should protect the
and pawns and 1.
36 ... Na7
logical seeming maneuver, ...
and ... would not so effective
White will not trade on e.g.
... and Black
has achieved nothing.
It is now too late to play 1 to protect
the pawns, as Black will realize an
advantage .Nd2 Qa5 1
threatening ... followed
40 ... and on the d-pawn falls.
37 ... Qa5 38.Ne2 Nb5
wins the a-pawn if White
tries to save it there
and there is no defense. Now White
must start counterattack on the
Kingside, and finally try to the
weakness Black has had move
simpler 39 ... Na3 was also good for
Black. 1 did not make this move
1 was not sure of win after 40.Qa2 Nb5
4l.Qal Nc5 42.Qa5 Na5
44.f5. Only on White 's 40.Qa2, then
40 ... was best, and Black gets good
winning prospects, e.g. 41.Nel Qa4
42.Ncl text however is very
strong, as it Black's Queen to
penetrate the White position.
40.f5 gf5
On40 ... Na3, Whitemightfollowupwith
41.fg6 and then 42.g7 and 43.g8=Q.
41.gf5 43.Ne1!
Not the immediate 43.Qg6, since
43 ... Qb2 wins the c-pawn and exposes
White to numerous checks.
43 ... Qf8?
is logical mistake. 1 saw that if I
continued the attack with 43 ... Na4,
perpetual check is after
44.Qg6 being to win
attacking 1 hoped that 1 might to
win defense, and 1 looked for way to
pressure the White Queen from
penetrating, and guard my and
pawns. In what would this course of
action result? At Black would draw
the game. For this reason it was better to
continue the attack and force White to
draw. was not the As long as
there was on White could not
play 44.Qg6, since he then has no perpetual
check, while Black can play 44 ... Qb2 at
once, pinning the Queen 45.Nc2
with trade. For this reason
either 43 ... or 43 ... Qb3, was the right
move and Black had good winning
Nc7 45.Ng2
The game looks symmetrical. First
Black had strong attack with Queen and
two which led to the gain of the
a-pawn, and now White similarly attacks
on the Kingside and wins the h-pawn.
45 ...
On 45 ... Nc8 46.Ngf4 Ne7 followed
47 with plus for White.
46.Ngf4 Qe7
Black cannot defend both pawns, since
46 ... Kd7 loses 47 .Qh7 48.Qc7
followed 49.Ne6.
48.h4 49.h5 50.Nc1
Nd7 Nf8
The Black position has
worsened, as White 's passed pawn is
supported much more effectively than
Black's, the Knights are much
attacking tools than they are defenders.
52.Qg8 Kd7 Ne8
On 53 ... , White plays 54.Nh5, and
then the Black have no good
defensive squares and even become
attacking targets themselves.
White could win pawn with 54.Ne6
55.Qf8 56.Qa3 57
Nc7, but this would not have secured the
win. Rather would have.
eliminated the following drawing chance.
54 ... Qh4!
This leads to draw, as on 55.Qf8, Black
has perpetual check 55 ... Qf2-fl.
55.Qf7 Qe7?
This is illogical. Black had 55 ... Kd8 as
the consequence of 54 ... Qh4!, when there
was no way to prevent perpetual check.
Now Black's game will lost.
56.Qh5 Qh7 Nc7 58.Qg5 Qe7
59.Qg8 Qh4 60.Qg7 Qe7
60 ... White plays 6l.Qf8
followed 62.Ng6.
is the decisive move. The threat is
62.Nf6 followed 63.Nc6, and on
6l ... Ne8 White wins 62.Nf6
61 ... 62.Nf6 =0
64.Qf8 65.Nd7 Na6 66.Nc5 1-Q.
Moves 54-60 were made Black in
heavy time pressure, which is
after the difficult
complications and combinations of this
Tarrasch- Chi2orin (21)
Queen pawn 7Jame
1.d4 d5 Nf6 3.
Here ... preparing 4 ... is
as Chigorin played against me in Hastings
two years later.
4.Nf3 Nc6 cd4
is the fust mistake, giving White
positional advantage.
7.ed4 Bd6 8.0-0 009.Nbd2 Bd710.c4
Rc811.Rc1 Bf4
is to provoke 12.g3, which weakens
White 's Kingside and so to plan
Kingside attack on the h l-a8 diagonal.
However even on other moves, White 's
game is already somewhat
is to prevent 12 ... Ne4. The open
e-file gains significance.
12 ... Ne713.g3
If 13 ... Bh6, the Bishop remains
somewhat misplaced after 14.Ne5 and
15.f4, even if Black follows up with
14 ... g6 and 15 ... Bg7.
White's position gets all the time,
and Black already finds himself in
14 ...
trade is not good. It gives White the
Bishop pair and increases the
effectiveness of the and since the
is driven off, White is to initiate
attack. 1 assume that Chigorin
wanted to avoid trading his 1 doubt
that another continuation like 15 ... N or
... Nd7, might stilllead to equality. White 's
position is already too good and if nothing
he get
powerful Queenside pawn superiority
16.de5 Nd717.Qh5 h618.Rcd1
is an unassuming looking move and
fine move, which further reinforces
White 's game. Weaker is direct attack
18.Nf3, intending to play the via
g5-h7 because then Black could
defend more successfully than against this
discreet strengthening of the position.
18 ... Qe8 19.Qe2
Black threatened to free himself
somewhat with 19 ... f5. The Queen now
intends to attack from
19 ... Nc5 20.cd5
Again, this is the right thing.
20 ... Bd5
If the Knight recaptures, White follows
up with 2l.Nc4 22.Nd6, and if the pawn
takes back, White will continue his assault
with f4 and f5.
Here again Black's choice is only
bad and worse. must choose
allowing the into or
to ttade off his Bishop, which he intended
to use for an attack. the White
position is secured from any danger and
the game an unequal sttuggle
between the Bishop pair and the two
21 ... Qc6 22.Nd6 Rcd8
On 22 ... Bf3, White wins with 23.Qc2
24.Nc8 Bdl 25.Ne7 or 23.Nc8
threatening 24.Ne7. Slightly than
the text was 22 ... Rc7, but even so the
game is salvation.
This is the decisive move. White
to win the Nc5 both as
well as 24.Qc2, thus the is
23 ... g6 25.Qd2
27.Qh6 Rb8 Rb2
28 ... White easily wins with
29.Re4 followed 30.Rh4.
Chigorin- Tarrasch (22)
French Defense
2.Qe2 d5 Bf6
5.Bf6 Nf6 Nfd7 7 .Qg4 Q-0 8.f4 Nc6
Up to this point the game was identical
to match game eighteen.

is to prevent 9 ... but Black gets
the game anyway.
9 ... d4!
This prevents White's solid 10.d4
development move.
immediate 10 ... Nc5 was not good
account of and 13.Nd4.
If the pawn takes back, Black will
develop dangerous attack 12 ... Nd7
and 13.Nd3. The text however, weakens
the squares d4 and and ll .. .f5! would
have given Black superior position.
move would here answered 12.ef6
(Otherwise Black plays 12 ... Nc5 and
13.Ne4). 12 ... Qf6 (Good also is 12 ... Nf6).
and Black has saved two tempi, compared
with whatreally happened. Oddly ingame
eighteen the f-pawn advanced too early
and in this game the f-pawn advanced too
11 ... Nc5?
XVI. vs. CHIGORIN, 1893 323
1 had overlooked this strong rejoinder.
12 ... 15
is the reply. On 12 ... Nd4, then
13.0-0-0 wins the

is necessary, as the Queen 's move
is answered 13 ... Ne4.
13 ... Qf6
Black at least avoids the need to
retreat the Knight at once and thus
acknowledge his 11 ... Nc5 game
now very wild and complicated,
with the most difficult combination
remaining hidden between the lines.
Black's game under the isolated
e-pawn, but for this White 's d-pawn and
f -pawn become attacking targets and
White 's development is somewhat
If 14 ... White defends the d-pawn
with 14.0-0-0, Black can push the e-pawn
advantageously, e.g. 14.0-0-0?
16.fe5? 17.Qg5
18.Qh6Rc319.Kb2 (On 19.Kd2? follows
19 ... Ne4) 19 ... and Black wins.
14 ... Nd7
Now the e-pawn push would lead to the
loss of pawn of
16.fe5! Bg417.ef6Rae818.Kfl,sincethe
Nc5 fmally has to move. Apart from the
text, 14 ... Nd4? was to considered, but
this move fails on 15.Rd4! 16.fe5 and
14 ... Rd8 is answered 15.Qg5
threatening 16.Qc5.
White does not have to protect the
f-pawn, since on 15 ... Qf4 16.Qf4 Rf4
17 and White will capture on but
on 15 ... Qf4, it would bad to play
16.Qe6 , as the capture of the pawn would
free Black 's game. might follow
16 ... 17.Nd5 Nc5 and Black has
good position.
15 ... Qh6
Here too Black had to consider pushing
the e-pawn, which would have led to very
daring complications. move that
irnmediately comes to mind is 16.fe5. lt
would have given Black good game
16 ... Nde5 17 .de5 Ne5 18.Bh7 (On
18.Qg3? followed 19 ... Qc3)
18 ... (On 18 ... follows 19.Qh5
Kg8 20.Qe5) 19.Qd4 (On 19.Qh5?
follows 19 ... Bg4!) 19 ... Nf3 20.gf3 Qd4
followed 21 .. J{h7. With 16.Nd5! Qd8
17.Qh5 etc. or 16 ... Qd6 17.Qh4 etc. or
16 ... Qh6 17 .Nc7 gives White the
White must not guard the f-pawn with
16.g3, as then 16 ... is very good for
Black and on 16.Ng5 would follow
16 ... Nf6 17.Qg3 Nd4.
16 ... Nf6
Now that the Black Queen is no longer
subject to attacked the the
moment for the long planned pawn push
had arrived, which would have given
Black free game. Why 1 omitted this
move 1 can not With 16 ... Rf4,
it was poor on account of 17 .Bh7
(On 17 .. .1{h7, follows 18.Ng5) 18.Qg3
19.Rf3 20.Qc7 with strong
White is throwing caution to the wind
Better was 17.Qg5, which would lead to
more or less equal game after 17 ... Qg5
18.Ng5 19.Nf3 Nd5 20.Nd5 ed5.
17 ... Nh5 18.Qh4 Rf4
Good also was 18 ... Nf4.
I to an oversight. Better
was 19.Qel.
19 ...
Not 19 ... because of Kh8
save time 1 moved immediately, and
never considered 20 ... Rg4 , which would
have yielded second pawn. Whether this
would have won for is hard to decide,
but in any event it would have given me
much easier game than what 1 played.
White now develops strong attack.
21 ... Rf1 22.Bf1 Ne5 23.de5 Nd5?
Better was 23 ... Ng4. The Rook check on
d8 was not very dangerous, e.g. 23 ... Ng4
24.Bh3 Ne5 25.Rd8 Kf7 26.Nb5
27.Rh8 Kg7 28.Re8 Rb8 followed
29 ... Bd7. On 24.Rel h5 25.Nb5 Bd7,
Black will get around to developing his
pieces while maintaining material plus.
Of course this is far stronger than 24.Nd5
ed5 25.Rd5 Bg4.
24 ...
Bad here is 24 ... Bd7 because of 25.Rd5
and 26.Nf6.
25.Bg2 Kg7
On 26 ... Nf6 follows 27 Rb8 28.ef6
Rb7 29.Rd7, with advantage for White.
27.Nh5 Kg8 28.Bd5 ed5?
is the decisive mistake. Now the
e5-pawn will win the game. On 28 ... Bd5
29.Nf6 Kf7 30.Nd5 the game will end in

The threat was Rf8 followed
On 29 ... comes
31.Nf6 Kg7 32.Nd5
Chigorin plays the endgame in an
exemplary manner. The Black King will
never to approach the passed
pawn. pawn supported the Knight
is most dangerous and will constantly
paralyze the Black pieces.
33 ... Rd8 34.Rf5 35.Re5 Rd8
37.Nf4 Rf8 38.Kg3
Rc8 40.Re6 Kf7
On 40 ... Kg7, White plays 41.Rc6.
41.Rh6 42.Re6 43.Re3
On 43 ... Re8 there follows 44.Ne6 and
Black cannot take the pawn.
44.g5 Re8 45.Ne6! Rc8 46.Nf8 Kg7
47.Re6 Kf7 48.Re5 Kg7 49.Kf4
This is last try.
51.Rd5 Kf7 52.Nh7 53.Nf6
54.Re5 Kg7
On 54 ... White wins means of 55.g6
Kg7 56.Ne8 (On 56 ... Re8 follows
57.Rc5) 57.Rel cl=Q 58.Rcl Rcl
55.Ne8 Re8 Rc8 57.Kd7
XVII. Match vs. Walbrodt, 1894
In the spring of 1894 1 received challenge the Berlin Walbrodt for
Carl August Walbrodt was 23 years of age at the time and had in 1891 appeared
on the chess scene in Berlin. an uninterrupted chain of wins in and
toumament he had himself in the chess world. His flrst big tournament
was Dresden 1892 and he played the entire tournament without losing single game and
won top prize.
At that time he was reputed to the second best chess player after and he had
enough self confidence to that he could take place. As 1 was always keen for
battle, 1 happily accepted the challenge and u'1e committee invited Walbrodt
to play the in in August. the for the the
committee did an job in taking care of everything. Both sides deposited 800
and the winner would the first to win seven games. Every week day we would
play 9am to 1 and to the end of the game. games were to
played without clock, but if the committee decided the games were going too slowly
they could impose per hour rule with credit for already
Overstepping the control would not immediately forfeit the game, but the
committee then had the right to determine that the player who overstepped, at move 12,
24, or 36 would given five minutes to up and only then if he overstepped, would
he forfeit the game. protested this as these rules went back to the
time of Morphy and Anderssen. Normally these games took three and seven
hours to Only the last game lasted total of 11 hours and in this game Walbrodt
took larger amount of the as he took special care. In any event
we did not have the time constraint to worry with in this so 1 could play with
concentration like never before. I forgot everything around and all I did was think.
result was such degree of exactitude as 1 had never reached in any of
games. Apart from the first game, in which 1 made second rate to
avoid draw, 1 assumed that opponent would consistently playing for draw. In
the eight games with altogether than 300 moves, I did not mak:e single mistake,
and at it was only three times 1 did not the best as the reader will find
out in the analysis of the games. Only this type of game me to defeat
Against my almost absolutely play, he was no match and he lost one game after
the other except for single draw. Walbrodt recovered from this defeat, winning second
prize in Berlin in 1897 but ill and died of consumption in 1902 at the age of 31.
Walbrodt - Tarrasch (1)
Giuoco Piano
2.Nf3 Nc6 4.D-O Nf6
move was made with the following
idea, 1 assumed that my opponent would
try his utmost to draw this game.

leads to an Evans Gamblt declined.
7 ...
ln an analogous position, Steinitz
habltually exchanged Bishops, since he
considered the resulting pawns to
great disadvantage. lt is my thinking
though that the open f-file is ample
compensation, as 1 put much greater store
in the freedom of my pieces than the
pawns. We are
with aggressive play it will
hard for my opponent to take advantage
of the Black pawn weakness. my mind,
it is basically to give one's
opponent an open file for his Rook.
8 ... fe6
The Bishop move, which 1 earlier tried
to prevent (See note to move six.) is made
anyway. Simplest and best,
would to trade on leading to an
almost symmetrical position, with draw
the likely outcome. 1 decided to prevent
this, and thus misplaced the Bishop,
losing tempo. is generally called
playing for the win, but it actually should
called playing for loss.
10 ... Ra712.Qb3
White an attack against Black's
center, with this move and the following
moves and up to certain point White
plays the game flawlessly.
12 ... Qd7 1 Nd8 14.14 h6
is to force the to poor
square, but the move also weakens the

On 15.fe5, Blackplays 15 ... de5 winning
the d-pawn.
15 ...
lsolated pawns are not too scary.
15 ... ef4, will allow the White to go
to the square he really wanted to go to
16.Nd2 Nf7
Going back to would not give Black
consistent defense of the center, on
account of the potential 17
is preparatory to adding to the
attack on
17 ... Raa818.Nf3 Kh7
Black guards from the Knight
penetration, and Black must avoid ... ef4
immediate advance of the d-pawn
was to considered.
19 ... de5 20.d4 ed4
White keeps the backwards and
he should now to get the
21 ... Nd5 22.Nd4
keeps the e-pawn under fire. White
now has very free position and Black's
position remains cramped.
22 ... Rae8 23.Re4
White wants to move the other Rook to
the d-file. Much better however was
23.Re2, as we will soon see.
23 ... Nd8 24.Rd1
White threatens 25.Ne6 followed
26.Rd5 or 26.Qd5. If Black avoids this
threat with 24 ... White 's drives
the away and after discovery on
the Queen moving 26.Nd4, the Rook
will penetrate to with superior
24 ... Nc6!
This hidden resource saves Black 's
game. On 25.Ne6 follows 25 ... Qe6 and on
25.Qd5, Black wins the Queen
25 ... Rd8 or he mates. On 26.Rd5, then
26 ... Ne7 wins the exchange. This is
surprising change of events, which would
have to Black if the
White Rook had gone to instead of
then the combination would have
frustrated Queen check.
White 's game now gradually
deteriorates. move does not
work of 25 ... 26.Nc6
27 Qe4. Rook on is not
happy camper.
25 ...
In order to maintain the Nd5.

is not good. open a-file will
work in Black's favor. immediate
is correct and then Black keeps an
isolated a-pawn.
26 ... 27 28.Rc4
White is threatening to win the
sneaky check on
28 ... Kg8
Finally the gets back into the
29 ... Nce7
Black is getting even for the tricky 28th
move, he now threatens 31 ... Qa7 winning
the Nf4.
will cost an exchange.
31 ... Nf5 32.Qc5
Obviously White missed that after 33.Qe3
Ne3 34.Rd7, the Rook is still attacked. After
the next move Black's Ndl cannot get
back into the game with impunity.
33.Nd5 Nd1 34.Nf4
isolated is now threatened
35.Rd4 and if the goes to then
35.Rd4 attacking Black's Queen followed
36.Qc2, will trap the
34 ... Nc3!
escape had to seen on move 31.
now returns home from his
glorious tour.
White must not try to regain the
exchange with 35.Ng6, as Black would
burst in with 35 ... Qdl 36.Kf2 Qc2
37 .Kfl? Qe2 38.Kgl Qel followed
39 ... Ne2 and mate in two moves, or
37 .Kgl Rf3 followed 38 ... Qg6.
35 ... Nd5 36.Nd3 Ra8
Black now develops rapidly decisive
37 Ra1 38.Kh2 Ra2 39.Kh1
It was still to protect the attacked
with the other
39 ... Rf3 40.gf3 Qf7
White 's pieces are very poorly posted for
the of the bare King. If White
plays 41.f4 against the threat of mate with
41 ... Qf3 and 42.Qg2#, the reply will
41 ... Qh5, with threats and d1.
41.Ne1 Ra1 42.Rd1
Equally useless is 42.Re4, due to42 ... Qf3.
42 ... Rd1 Q-1.
GAME 281
Tarrasch- Walbrodt (2)
Petroff Defense
2.Nf3 Nf6
It seems to that the Petroff
gives White slight edge.
4.Nf3 Ne4 5.d4 d5
If Black for the plays 5 ...
instead, his remains cramped and
in order to free himself, 6 ... d5 will have to
played anyway.

Better than castling is 7 ... so that
8.Re1, there will to retreat the
initiated 8 ... Bg4.
In this of the Petroff
White must try to drive the from
If he succeeds so he will have
an edge, if the posted Knight
works to Black's advantage. makes
the text move the most and the
Not for Black is the
of the with ... f5 or ... Bf5
and the retreat of the to
we have the exchange of the
French, with an extta tempo (Rel) for
8 ... Bf5
Another possibllity here is 9 in
order to develop rapidly after 9 ... Nd2?
10.Bf5 11.Qf3, but if Black answers
9 ... Nd6, the Nd2 is somewhat
9 ... c610.Qb3
Very tempting, but equally bad is 10.cd5
cd5 seemingly giving Black
ofhow to the b-pawn, but
the strong defense is 11 ... and
12.Qb7 White some real

10 ... dc4
is but Black cedes the and
White gets what he was trying for here.

11.Qb7 and 12.Qa8, it would clearly
lead to the loss.
11 ... Nd6
It has my that posting
(Or respectively is
almost always bad.
Of course White does want Bishop
exchange. f1 the Bishop remains quite
effective throughout the whole game.
12 ... Nd7
13. Bf4 14.Nc3
White is two moves ahead
and has albeit
XVII. vs. WALBRODT, 1894
isolated, center pawn. Black has nothing
than 14 ... with the
sequel15.Qc2 Nd5 16.Nd5 Bd5 17.Ne5,
after which White still has certain
positional advantage.
14 ... g5
Generally there is no move more
weakening than moving the pawn in front
of the King, pawn advance that 1 call the
Harikari move. move is only justified
if it gives an immediate advantage, such
as the start of very strong attack or the
win of piece. Here the move is out of
place and will compromise
Black's position.
15.Bg3 Kh8
last two moves were
intended as preparation for Kingside
attack with 16 ... Rg8 and 17 ... h5, but the
position does not lend itself to this plan.
is the right moment to push the
isolated d-pawn. White threatens to open
the d-file with 17 followed
18.Radl and 19.Nd4 etc. or if 16 ... cd5
17 .Nd5 Nd5 18.Qd5 and 19.Radl,
giving White strong attack. Black thus
opts for the least evil.
16 ...
Black avoids the direct d-file attack,
but makes passed pawn out of the
d-pawn, which keeps threatening
further advance as the game goes

This is the best continuation of the
attack, against which good defense is
hard to find. Bad is 17 ... because of
18.Re7 followed 19.Qb6. White's
threat is but at least it will force
the to bad square.
17 ... g4 18.Nd2 Rc8
Black has bad game. His minor pieces
are poorly posted, not well defended, and
they are targets for the opponent's attack.
Especially with this and thenextmoves, he
wil1 try counterattack, since there is no
defense for the b-pawn if White elects to
take it. explains the next two moves.
Black intends to continue after
20.Bd6, and 21.Qb7 with the Bishop
sacrifice 21 ... Bh2 and after 22.Kh2
follows 22 ... Qh4 23.Kg1 threatening
pretty mate on f2 or h2 and after 24.fg3
then 24 ... Qd4 picks up the Ne2.
Not 19 ... Nd7 then White could
win tempo 20.Bd6 21.Nc4, and
secure the Knight threatened the
Bishop sacrifice and then capture the
b-pawn without hesitation.
White is not after the b-pawn. What he
wants is to advance the passed pawn.
would happen in the case of 20 ... Ne4
21.Ne4, and the continuation might
21 ... 22.Re4 f5 23.Re7 Qe7 24.Qc3
Kg8 25.d6 Qd7 Rt7 27.Qf6 Re8
Re5 29.Qe5 and White wins.
20 ...
is the unpleasant part in cramped
position. The defender has to
attention to the loss of an
important pawn, while the attacker has
much plans and he explores the
small peripheral threats only as means
to the execution of his main attack.
White is increasing the tension some
more. now threatens 22.Re7.
22 ... Rc7
Better was 22 ... Nc7, but the game was
still lost, White had numerous
good continuations, and the most forcing
was 23.Nd6 24.Nc4 Bg3 25.Qg3
with the threat of 26.Qe5.
23.Ra8 Qa8 24.Nd6 Bg6 25.Nf7 Bf7
27.Re7 Rf6
Otherwise mate follows in few moves.
29.Bf6 Kg8 Qd5 31.Nc1 Qd6
other moves White will play another
piece to the Kingside, which is to
lead to the loss or mate.
32.Rg7 Kf8 1-Q.
Walbrodt - Tarrasch (3)
2.Nf3 Nc& Nf6 4.Q-O Ne4
Far is 5.d4.
5 ... Nd66.Bc6
gives Black an easy game. Making
it much harder for Black would 6.Ne5
Ne5 7 .Re5 8.Nc3 0-0 9.Bd3.
& ... dc& 7.Ne5 8.d4
White plays 8.Qe2 here to
delay Black from castling. Black's
best course of is to sacrifice the
f-pawn after 8 ... 9.d3 and he will get
good attack with 9 ... 0-0 10.Nf7 Bf7
ll.Qe7 Qc8.
8 ... 0-0
Better is 8 ... Nf5 to prevent the d-pawn
9.Nc3 Nf5
Now this move is as anymore,
of White 's reply.
10.d5! cd511.Nd5
Although White has helped his
to the his
is very good square.
11 ... Bd612.Nf3
is to keep Black from trying
's to h4.
12 ... Nh4
12 ... 13.Nf4 Bf4 14.Bf4, the
position would look drawish. Therefore
Black tries for an attack, which is very
effectively countered.
13.Nh4! Qh4 14.g3! Qh315.Bf4!
White has refuted his attack
with the last three moves, and Black 's
game is very he elects to
trade the Bishop, the White will
again go back to d5 after forcing the Black
back to the
hard to since 15 ...
the check followed the Bishop
exchange will White to play the
to d7. Thus Black prefers to give
up the c-pawn, trusting that the Bishop
pair will him to the attack.
15 ...
Black 16 ... Bf2
followed 17 ... Qh2.

XV/1. vs. W ALBRODT, 1894
White does not feel confident enough to
capture the pawn.
16 ... Bd6 17. Bf4 18.Nc7
On this and the next move, White avoids
all sacrificing, which might
occur after e.g. 18 ... Bg4 19.Qd3
Bf2 (Better is 19 ... Rfe8 continuing the
attack without sacrificing.) Qh2
Rfe8 22.Kd4 Qf2.
18 ... Bg4 19.Qd5!
White is securing his Kingside against
all attacks.
19 ... Rad8 20.Qg2 Qg2
Black cannot avoid the Queen exchange,
since 20 ... Qh5 is answered 21.Re5.
21.Kg2 h6
The attack has repulsed and Black
i s pawn down. Although his good
position, the Bishop pair, and the somewhat
endangered position of the White
give him good drawing chances. On the text
move, Black threatens 22 ... g5, forcing the
Bishop away from the f4-cl diagonal (Or
trade it on
Better was 22.f3. What would follow is
22 ... Bd7 23.Radl Bd4! (This is
to keep the from returning to d5.)
g5 1 (On Black trades
and then checks on d2.) 26 ... Rd7
Rfd8 with good game for Black. The
threat is 28 ... g4 and on the trade on d4, the
Bishops are of opposite color. Altematively
25.Bcl (Insteadof25.b3.) 25 ... Rd7
Rfd8, threatening 27 ... and White will
get no more than draw.
22 ... Bd7 24.Nd5
White decides to give back the
pawn. If he tries to hold on to it with
24.Kgl, Black continues with 24 ... g5
giving White difficult position, e.g.
Rd2 or 26.Re3 Rd2
27 (Or 27 .Rab 1.) 27 ... Rc8
Rcc2. text lead draw.
24 ... Bd51/2-1/2.
Tarrasch - Walbrodt ( 4)
Petroff Defense
2.Nf3 Nf6 d6 4.Nf3 Ne4
5.d4 d5 6.Bd3 Nc6
This is way to play the opening
than the way Walbrodt played in game
two of the match.
8.Re1 Nf6
Here 8 ... Bg4 was the right move, in case
White tries to win the e-pawn 9
de4 10.Re4 f5, Black will get the d4-pawn
back in exchange and on then 9 .. .f5
would anchor the Ne4. After the
retreat, the Petroff Defense has
French defense with clear advantage of an
extra tempo for White (Rel) and the is
posted than Black's. In addition, his
Bcl can develop It is worth
noting that these small advantages keep
growing. The entire game is developing
crescendo to the end.
9. Bf4 1
This is to prevent 10 ...
10 ... Bd6
Black thinks that the active posting of the
Bishop is but now White is two
tempi ahead.
11.Ne5 Re812.Nd2
12 ... Ng4
Black eliminates the annoying Ne5, but
as result he drifts into other little

1 Nce5
Chess Newsletter conclusion was
that this move was an error and deemed
13 ... f6 as necessary, but on this White
would immediately obtain winning
game 14.Nc6 15.Bd6 Rel
(Otherwise the Queen goes to
19.Bg6. Black's eighth move was the
unnecessary error to get him in
14.de5 15.
Black has gotten rid of the Ne5, but it
has been replaced with pawn, which in
turn also exerts strong pressure. White
can also get very good game with
15.Re2 16.Qc2
15 ...
The retreat of the Knight was
threatened 16.Qc2 17 .Qd2.
This forced weakening of the
Kingside will have its repercussions
all throughout the game. The
wants to go to
White wants to avoid the exchange
17 ... Bf5.
17 ... Nf5 18.Kh1!
It is not too easy to continue the
attack. White 's plan is to drive Black's
Knight a.way, as it is his only well
pos.ted Not playing 18.g4,
wh1ch at th1s seems premature,
but Nd4, as w1ll done in the very
near future. It will soon become
apparent why this preparatory King's
move is needed.
18 ...
Better is the immediate
18 ...
19.Qd2 20.Nd4
Black must not capture twice on d4
(First of course with the Knight, because
Black has to hold on to the Bishop
because of the threat g5 and 23
and 24.Qh6.) as otherwise White would
remain unharmed 22.Bg6. This
combination would frustrated
22 ... Bf2, hence White played the
18.Khl move.
20 ... Qd7
Trading the followed the
Bishop retreat, would only serve to
strengthen White 's center.
White Bishop is now aiming at
Black's Achille 's heel.
21 ... Bf8
Black's 2l ... Be7, would not
adequate to frustrate White's plans.
Whatfollows is 22.Bf5 Bf5 (On 22.Bg5,
it loses piece to 23.Bf6 and
Black cannot capture the Bishop, since
after 23 ... Bf6, he has no good defense to
24.ef6 followed 25.Qh6, e.g. 24 ... Rel
25.Rel Re8 26.Re8 Qe8 27.Nf5 gf5
28.Qg5. Still was to trade the
and then retreat the to
This is an additional attack on the
misplaced piece has been
White 's target for the last six moves.
22 ... Ng7
White is getting his way. The
alternative 22 ... N d4 23 .cd4 Bf5
followed 24.Re3 will lead to
continued attack or an
advantageous ending, e.g.24.Bf5 Qf5
25.Qf5 gf5 26.Re3. The indicated
square for the Bishop is g7, where it can
keep the and squares under
White initiates direct mating attack.
The idea is Rgl, g4, and Then
after ... h5, there is gh5 or Nh5, with the
possibllity of Queen sacrifice on h5 and
there is not much Black can do it.
Of course 23 ... Nf5 is answered 23.Bf5.
Black is intending to play 24 ... which
if played now would lead to the loss of the
24.Re3 Qe6
The recapture is answered
26.Bf6 followed the f-pawn advance.
26.g4 h5
It looks Black (ln the truest sense.)
comes to White 's aid, but this move has to
made once White plays In
addition, Black tries to tempt White to
play 27 .gh5, upon which 27 ... Nf5!
28.Bf5 Qf5 29.hg6 and ...
will make his game much easier. After
the White Rook leaves the e-file, ... Qe4
leads to the exchange of Queens.
player like Marshall would try ... d4 so
that check on the diagonal,
might throw wrench into White 's
attack. This idea might have led to
plethora of com- binations, e.g.
26 ... d4 27 h5 28.gh5 (Better is
28.Rgl.) 28 ... Nh5 Bg7 (On
29 ... Qe5, this continuation is still
stronger.) gh5 Kf8 32.Bf6
34.f3 35.Qh5
36.Rg8! (Not 36.Qh8 and 37 .Qa8,
of the later ... leading to
perpetual check.) followed Ra8. If
Black plays 26 ... d4, after the above
moves, there follows 27 h5 28.gh5
Nf5 29.Bf5 Qf5 Bg7!
(Threatening among others, mate on h8.)
winning; On 29 ... gf5, there follows
(Not of ...
30 ... Kh7 (Threatening
32.Qh4-g5-g7 and mate.) 31 ...
32.Rgl 33.ef6 Qe4 34.Qe4 fe4
35.Rg7 36.h7 d3 37.Rg3 d2 38.Rg8
Rg8 39.hg8=Q Rg8 40.Rh3#. beautiful
and original mating attack.
Now all White 's pieces are well
coordinated. The threat is still, as we
indicated earlier, the Queen sacrifice on
h5 after 28.gh5 Nh5.
27 ... hg4
In order to avoid the above mentioned
threat, Black himself trades the pawns. In
any case, the 27 ... d4 counterattack is
much stronger. In position where the
defense is difficult, one should use every
occasion to make the opponents game
more limit oneself to
passive defense is the worst thing one
do. The game was beyond salvation but
White's attack would have been made
much harder. What would have happened
was 28.cd4 cd4 29.Rh3 Qd5 Re5!
31.gh5 Nh5 32.Qh5! gh5 Bg7
34.Rg7 35.Rhg3 Rel 36.Kg2
37.Rg8 Kd7 38.Ra8 and White has two
Bishops and Rook for the Queen and he
will win but only after very careful play.
28.Rg4 Rac8
Black decides to face the with
dignity as there is no satisfactory move
left. considered were four moves,
i.e. the two moves, 28 ... and
28 ... d4. On 28 ... Nf5, White wins with
29 .Bf5 Qf5 Bg7 31.Rh3
32.ef6. On 28 ... Nh5, Black loses
29.Bf6 followed 31.Rh3
etc. or 29 ... Bg7 follows 30.Qh5 gh5
31.Rg7 32.Bh7 Qg4 On
28 ... comes 29.Bf6 and On
28 ... d4, the win is similar 29 .Rh3 Nh5

29.Bf6 Bf6
Black might prolong the agony few
moves with 30 ... Nh5 31.Qh5
31.Qh8# 1-Q
Walbrodt - Tarrasch (5)
Queen's Gamhit Declined
1.d4 d5
only advantage White can get out of
the Queen 's Gambit Declined is the easy
development of the Queenside Bishop to
f4 or g5, while Black remains cramped. If
White does not use this slight advantage,
Black will not have any in
... Nf6 4.Nc3 5.Nf3
position 1 consider to normal
configuration in the Queen 's Gambit
Declined, from which with correct play,
the game will not very lively, only
incorrect play will result in
attacking chances for White.

In general developing the Bishop to d3
is more aggressive and is also
it gives the Queen
good development square ( Once
White decides in favor of the modest
it is difficult to advise Black to make the
more aggressive move. ln symmetrical
positions, Black is advised to limit the
amount of copying the opponents moves.
As long as they are good moves it is

is not good move. modest
threat, which it can hardly called, is
9.dc5 followed is easily
thwarted. White loses the initiative and he
has minor weakness in the
8 ...
play the same piece twice in the
opening, before completing one 's
development, is suspect, except if it leads
to special advantage, as for example the
occupation of an important square, as in
the present position. Except White must
to maintain this square as
otherwise the entire demonstration results
in the loss of time. In this connection,
compare the 11th move of the previous
game. too White occupies
completing the development,
but in that case it was supported and
maintained and when the Ne5 was traded,
stronger e5-pawn resulted, which
throughout the game effectively
supported the attack.
9 ... 10.Nc6
No matter what, White should keep
playing for the maintenance of the
point and for this reason the right plan is
10.Khl followed ll.f4. 10.f4 at
once, he would still have to trade the
on 1 ... cd4, as 11.ed4 is answered
11 ... Nd4.
10 ...
Black is now two moves ahead in
development, which gives him

Now and on the next move, White could
exchange the center pawns, but he will
stilllag in development.
11 ... Qd712.Bb2 dc4
XV/1. vs. WALBRODT, 1894
After completing his development,
Black now starts an attack first
releasing the tension in the center.

is necessary to make room for the
On then 13 ... Rfd8 makes
things awkward for White with 14.dc5?
13 ... Rfd814.Ne2 cd4
is small trap. If White wants to
recapture with piece avoid the
isolated pawn.) then 15 ... Qb7 would give
Black decisive advantage. Even so
Black should here play 14 ... Qb7 at once,
and avoid the pawn exchange which
makes White 's game easier. Playing
14 ... Qb7 15.f3 16.Bd3 Nd5 17.Qd2
Bg518.f4 Bf6 and the pressure on White's
position would increase and
the further center advance Nc7
would work against White
of the weakness of the -g2
15 ... Qb716.f3
looks very strong as Black threatens
17 ... ed4 and the pin 18 ... but
of White 's excellent reply, Black
does not get special edge. Better was
16 ... 17.Bd3 Nd5 18.Qd2 followed
19 ... Bg5, to provoke the f-pawn

prevents 17 ... and threatens
17 ...
On 17 ... 18.fe4 19 .Nf4, it will not
do much for Black. Both sides will then
have some attacking chances. The
premature pawn exchange on move 14,
caused Black to give up his entire
After 18 ... ed4 19.Nd4 Qb6 20.Khl
Black might even get the worse of it, as
after this sequel, the White pieces will
aimed at the Black and Black 's
attack on the d-file is thwarted 21.Nf5
and 22.Qe2.
Capturing with the is no
of 20.Qb3 Bf6 or 20 ... Bg5 (Not
20 ... Bd5 because of
followed 22.Qg3. Black is now playing
for the only remaining weakness in
White's camp, the isolated pawn. For this
purpose the very useful.
The Knight will go to d5, not only
stopping the passed pawn, but also
paralyzing the unhappy
Qe4 21.Qd2
Apparently White wants to avoid the
check on but there is no need for this.
Better was 21.Ng3, which is
answered 21 ... Qb7! 22.Nf5 Nd5
21 ... Nd5
Black wants to go to an endgame, trying
to concentrate his efforts on the d-pawn.
22.Ng3 23.Qe3 24.Rfe1 Nd5
Black is slightly has
threat which White overlooks and 10
addition he has the lesser threat of 25 ... Bh4.
It is very hard to fmd good move for
White. On 25.Nf5, then Black plays
25 ... Bf6. Black's pieces are more of
threat than White 's.
25 ...
is now threatening 26 ... Nc4
or 26 ... Na4, attacking the unhappy
White thought that this
attack on the and the b5-pawn,
he might even get the game. On
26.Radl follows 26 ... Nc4 27.Bcl
giving Black the edge.
26 ... Bf6 27.Nb5
After 27.Ne2 Na4 29.Rb2
Rd4, Black wins the d-pawn, but now
White loses at least the exchange.
27 ... Na4
Worse yet would to protect the
Bishop, after which Black wins at least
piece 28 ... 29.Rb2 30.Nc7 Bd4
3l.Rf2 Ra7 32.Re8 Re8 33.Ne8 Rd7
followed 34 .. .1{f8.
28 ... 29.Nc7 Bd4
Bad would to attack the
29 ... Ra7, because of 30.Nd5! and after
30 ... Bd4 Black has achieved
nothing as the Ra7 is en prise.
Not 3l.Na8, of ...
31 ... Rac8 32.Na6
White now has two connected passed
pawns and apparently good chances, but
the following Black moves will cost
White one of his two pawns.
32 ... Rc3!
On 33.Kf2, there follows 33 ... Rdd3
winning the a-pawn, since 34.Bcl is
answered 34 ... Rdl, winning the
... 34.Na4 Ras
Black not only wins the a-pawn, but also
forces the exchange of Rooks.
35.Rc1 Ra1 37.Ra1 Ra1
38.Kf2 Rb1
rest of the game is just technique.
Black will consistently attack the passed
pawn and the protecting while the
King approaches. is poor
weapon in the defense of pawn, if the
itself is not defended pawn.
are attacking pieces.
39.Nd5 Rd1 40.Ne7
On other Knight moves, the pawn will
fall sooner yet, e.g. 40.Nc3 followed
4l ... Rb3, or 40.Ne3 Rd4 4l.b5 or
40.Nc7 Rd7 4l.Na6 Rb7 followed
42 ... Rb6.
40 ... Kf8 41.Nc6
Pursuing the with the Rook now
is not best, e.g. 4l ... Rd6 Rd5
43.Na7 Rd7 44.Nc6.
Kd7 43.Ne5 44.Nc6 Kd6
After the win ofthe pawn, the endgame
is quite simple.
48.Ne5 Re7 49.Kf4 50.Kf5 Kd5
51.Ng4 Re4 52.h3
is shon of squares.
52 ... 16
Black plays with the idea of winning the
Knight after 53.Nf2 followed
54 ... Rf4.
XVII. vs. WALBRODT, 1894
Black is threatening 54 ... Rfl.
54.Kf4 Rf1 h5 56.Nf2
On 56.Nh2, Black wins the h-pawn with
56 ... Rhl.
56 ... Rf2
is simplest.
On 58.h4, Black plays the f-pawn to f4
and subsequently wins the h4-pawn.
58 ... h459.g4
On 59 .gh4, Black plays 59 ... and
6l ... g6 and then Black's King goes to
59 .. g6 60.Kf2 Kf4 61.Kg2 62.Kg1
63.Kh2 Kf2 64.Kh1 G-1.
Tarrasch- Walbrodt (6)
French Defense
2.d4 d5 Nf6 4.Bg5
This is much stronger than the
counterattack 4 ... as recommended
the American MacCutcheon,
it nothing after the logical
6.Bh4 g5, but it does
stalemate the Queen Bishop and after
7.Bg3 Ne4 8.Ne2 and 9 ... Qa5, White's
Queenside will subjected to strong
This and the next two moves are
continuation originated Showalter,
giving players lively attacking play.
question always remains, who comes
5 ... Bf6 7.Qg4 G-0 8.Bd3 f5
move gives Black backward
e-pawn, but it can hardly avoided If
instead Black played 8 .. .h6 or 8 ... g6, after
the Queen goes to it would give White
target of attack.
9.Qh3 10.dc5
opening now the Steinitz
Variation Nfd7 5.f4 6.dc5), with
the difference that Black got rid of his
King which usually has hard
time getting back into the game from ff/.
10 ... Nc6
good altemative is playing the Ne4-
11.f4 Bc512.G-o-O
Poor is 12.Nf3 of 12 ... Qb6, and
White cannot castle, as 13 ... will cost
12 .. Qa5
Black is threatening 13 ... d4, winning the
a-pawn. Apparently Black's Queenside
attack is early.
This is not the best
continuation of the attack, as the pawn on
d4 is exposed. On the other hand,
Black now has chance to anchor his
Knight on ( ... Nb4-d5). Best was
13 ... Nb4, provoking the
weakening move after which the
b-pawn might advance to White has
an effective defense and counterattack.
game would develop approximately
as follows, 13 ... (Not
14 ... Nd3 15.Qd3 followed 16.Nf3 and
17.Nd4, whichisgoodforWhite.) 15.Ne2
(With the threat of and
17 15 ... Rb8 16.Na2 (On
16 ... follows 17.g4 18.Rhg1
(Threatening 19 .gf5 followed 20.Qh6
with an attack on the 18 ... Rf7
19.gf5 ef5 20.Qh6 (Threat
20 ... Nd8 21.Nd4 and now White's attack
is the earlier one, in addition to
22.Ne6, the f5 pawn is threatened.
On 14 ... White plays
On 15 ... there follows Nd5
17.Nfd4 Bd4 18.Nd4 Nf4 19.Qf3 Nd5
and White gets pawn with
20 ... Rb8 21.c4etc.or 17.Nfd4Nf418.Nf4
Bd419.Bf5 Rf5 20.Rd4 Re5 21.Qf3
22.Qg3 and Black gets into as
White threatens 23.Nd3.
16.g4 Rb6
Obviously Black intends 17 ... and
18 ...
White does not seem to care.
17 ... Rb7
Black does not care either and thus the
game is lost. In any event, Black
should try counterattack, purely
passive defense is never sufficient, the
defense must always active. If Black is
consistent and plays 17 ... 18.N 1
Nd5 (The threat is 20 ... Nc3.)
his Queen is forced back,
while the is cramped, but the Black
threatens to settle on Even so
White would to get good
position, e.g. 21.Qg3 Rf7 22.Ng5 Re7 and
now it is to sacrifice with 23.Ne6
24.gf5 25.f6 Rf7 26.Qh4, but
instead of 21 ... Rt7, Black could have
played 21 ... g6. in all there were
several possibllities for Black on every
move, which would keep the opponent
much busier than the 17 ... Rb7 move. This
move gives up all ideas of counterattack.
18.Ng5 g6
On 18 ... h6, White will destroy the
enemy's King position with 19.Nf3 and
19.gf5 ef5
White introduces deeply calculated
combination. It threatens 21.Qc6 or
21.Qd5 and 22.Qc5. Should the go
to which White anticipated, there
follows 22.Rd3 (Additionally
threatening 23.Qd5 and 22 ... Qd8
23.Nh7 Rh7 24.Qg6 25.Qh7 and
mate in two 26.Rh3.
20 ... Ne7 21.h4
White did not make single superfluous
defensive move since completing his
development, but has consistently
attacked the Black's which
now is completely battered.
21 ... Qa6 22.h5 Rc7
There are no more good moves for
This is much than up on
Now the threat is 24.Nh7 and 25.hg6.
23 ... Rf7
is nothing If Black moves
the Ne7, to protect the h7 -square with
... Rc7, there follows 24.hg6 25.Rhl
and White forces mate.
24.hg6 hg6 25.Rh1 Kf8 26.Nf7 Kf7
XV/1. vs. WALBRODT, 1894
On the win of the Exchange the attack
has weakened as is usually the case when
an advantage in position is convened into
material plus.
27.Qh7 Kf8 28.Qh6
On 28 ... Kf7, follows 29.Qh8 and
29.Qh8 Kd7

Here White ignores the elegant
which might even have lost
the game. This shows how careful play is
all important when winning. What would
have happened is 30 ... Rb7 3l.a4
and Black castles his King
hand, if need to and threatens to win
piece ...
... 31.Rh7 Bd5 Qa5
This pawn sacrifice is intended
the Queen return the center and thus
re-establish contact with the enemy. The
must not capture the pawn on account
34.Qe5 followed 35.Qd5 and on
... there follows 34.Nd4 Bd4 35.Qd4.
... 34.Nd4 35.Nb5 Rc8
36.Qe5 37.Nd6
Of course 37.Re7 and 38.Nd6 serve the
same purpose.
37 ... 38.Re7 Bd6
Not 38 ... Bdl, of 39.Qd5. Here
Black misses the proper moment to
39.Qa5 Rh8
42.Rd2 g5 43.Qc7 Bf6
Walbrodt - Tarrasch (7)
2.Nf3 Nc6
More Walbrodt's style is
4 ... Nf6 5.Nc3
This is not supposed to good, as White
can obtain game with 6.Ne5
Ne5 7 .d4 8.0-0 0-0 9.f4, but Walbrodt
did not like this type of impetuous play.
This quiet move is very good.
6 ... h6
1 did not like to lose tempo with this
move, but it looked to prevent
7 .Bg5 and 8.Nd5. Morphy made the same
move in this position.

Another unpleasant consequence of
... is that Black has no good retreat
square for the Bishop and therefore has to
trade it off, giving his opponent second
tempo plus the open f-file.
8. d6 9.Nd5
On this move, White cedes his advantage
and lay the basis for his loss, although he
can still repair the damage in the next few
moves. entire plan that starts with this
move, is faulty. In my comments on game
284 move 9, I made clear that
completing one 's development, no piece
should normally move twice unless there
is an immediate need to do so. Walbrodt
will not repeat the mistake of game 5.
maintains the in the center, except
that the pawn chain resulting from the
later trade, will easily ruined
which means on balance, that all the
White this will
prove to have waste.
9 ...
White could still equalize with 1
11.0-0 or 10.Nc3, but he
abandons his plan with tacit admission
that his previous move was faulty.
1 o ... Nd5 11.cd5 Ne7
Black attack the pawn chain
with 12 ... or 12 ... f5, and this
possibllity will give edge
and the attack. In there is
danger that the White whose most
important are obstructed
his own will stalemated for

12.Rc 1, it would have
12 ... What would follow is 12 ...
13.dc6 Rb8 and Black wins
back the pawn with free and
chances, e.g. and
16 ... Qe3 or 15.Qd2 and 16 ... Qb2, or
Qa5 and 16 ... Rb2.
12 ...
White plays for the
of d5, but this leads to other
difficulties. Better looks 13.dc6, but this
loses two tempi and Black gets good
game with and attacking
1 ... 14.ed5
If White captures with the Bishop,
Black will trade and play sadly posted
the end, and the strong
move ... f5, will at Black's
14 ...
Black intends an attack on the artificially
isolated d-pawn.
Worse yet would 15.Qd2.
15 ... 85 16.Kh1 84 Q85
is threat, with an attack
the the threat to
win apiece 18 ... 17 ... Qc5, it
could 18.d4. If White
move 15 had played 15 .Qd2,
15 ... Qc5 would the
because the
would of help to

This is clever move to both
threats. If Black captures with the
White will
pressure on the b-file 19.Rab1 Qa5
20.Rb5 Qc7
followed 22.Qb2, the
of the with good
1& ...
This protects the and
the as Black play
19 ... because of 20.Ra2.
19 ...
Poor is 19 ... f5, because of 20.Ne5
followed 21.d6.
Black's is very good
though his against the
XV/1. vs. W ALBRODT, 1894
threat was 21 ... Nh4 or 21 .. .f5.
21 ... Bf3! 22.Rf3
Even if White recaptures with the
Queen, which may as the Rook
must soon go back, Black will take
possession of the c-file and this cannot
prevented of Rc7 and
22 ... Rac8
occupation of the only open file will
decisive it leads to penetration
of the opponents position.
will give no respite. will
now occupy dominant position. As it
happens so often, lack of good moves
willlead to bad moves.
23 ... ed4 24.Qd4 Ne5 25.Rff1
26.Rac1 Rfc8 27.Rc3 28.h3
It is quite interesting how the heavy
pieces penetrate to the third rank,
then to the second rank, and finally (At
least in threat.) to the rank.
White is sadly short of effective moves.
It was to weaken the Black
onslaught Rook trade, but Walbrodt
must have considered the resulting
endgame to very bad, and rightly so as
the following variations will show. ln part
these are quite interesting, e.g. 30.Rd1
Rd131.Bdl Qc1, andnowWhitehasfour
possibilities. The Queen moves to
c2-fl-d4-or Of course not 32.Qe 1,
of 32 ... Nd3 followed ... Qdl
and 34 ... Nf2.
1. 32. Qc2 Qc2 and Black
Black wins now he occupies the
e5-square, and destroys the White pawn
chain .. .f5, or ifWhite prevents this, he
will win pawn as follows, 34.Kgl

37.g3 38.Bd3 Ne7
40 .. .f5 winning the d- pawn.)
40.g4 f5 41.gf5 gf5 42.ef5 Nd5
of followed 44 ... h5
and45 ... Ne7 etc., and if 44.Kg3 wins
the f-pawn.
37.Kd4 Nf4
Kd7 and Black wins pawn.
32.Qfl Nd7 Qfl
followed 34 ... Nc5.) 33 ... Nf6 34.Qf3
Qc4 and wins the e-pawn.
32.Qd4 Nd7 Nc5
34 ... Qf4.) 34.Bf3 (Or 34.g3
34 ... Qf4 f5 winning the e-pawn.
IV. 32.Qe2 Nc4 Nfl
35.Kgl 36.Qdl Qdl followed
37 ... Ne4.
lnstead of the text, for the purpose of
trading off, Qc2 could played, but
whether the Queens are traded or not,