1

In the past, we learned that if we add a single harakah, or one sound, to the end of a singular word, we
can determine if it’s Raf’, Nasb, or Jarr status. These are known as ending sounds. If we add a few letters
to the end of the word (as we did to make words pair in the preious session!, that’s called an ending
combination. Toda", we will learn another set of ending combinations# the people plural combinations.

ﻤﻠﺴﻣ

نﻮ

نﺎ

ﻤﻠﺴﻣ
ٌ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ

ﻤﻠﺴﻣ

ْ

ﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﺎ
ً
ﻤﻠﺴﻣ

ﻤﻠﺴﻣ

ْ

ﻤﻠﺴﻣ
ٍ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ

$hen an ﻢﺳا ism ends with an

نو or and

ﻦﻳ, it’s talking about a group of people. This combination is
neer used for an"thing that doesn’t hae a brain. In the %uran, "ou will see this set of combinations
used for angels and &inn, as well.
Note: $heneer "ou are tr"ing to determine the status of an ﻢﺳا ism, "ou hae to ask "ourself, 'Is this
an ending sound or an ending combination(’ )ou should ALWAYS check for ending combinations first.
*nce "ou’e decided that it’s an ending combination, "ou can’t &udge it as an ending sound. If "ou can’t
find a combination, then look for ending sounds.


1.+ ,roperties of the Ism-.tatus (,eople ,lural /ombinations!

0

EXERCISES:
In the following list below, see if "ou can tell the status of each of the red words. 1ake sure to check for
combinations first.

.1

ْ



.0 ﻦ


ٍ
ة

ﺣا

و
ٍ

ْ



.2

!ﺎ

" ا

#

$

نﻮ

%

ﻓﺎ

&

ﻤ'ا

.3

و

(

)ﺎ
*
+'ا و

ﻧﺎ

%'ا

%

ﻔ&

ﻤ'او

.4

و

نﻮ

,

ﺳا
*
-'ا


ْ

.'ا

/

.+

0
ْ

ْ

&
ْ


.5
ٌ
ة

-

ﻓﺎ

2

.6

'

3

'

#

/
*
ن

$
ً
ة

ْ
4

.

5ﺎ

+
ْ
6


7

.7

ْ
9

:
ٍ
*
5;

<



.18

و ا '

نا

* =

.11

?

@ ٍ A
ْ

2
ٍ
9

B

.10

نا

?C

نﺎ


ْ
+

D
ْ


*
E

5

/اﻮ

+


ْ


.12

F

و

نﻮ

G

ْ
H



.13
ْ


ٍ

I

.14

و
ً
J

"

K
ٌ
L

"

K

.1+

ْ

Mﺎ

I

.15

6
*
N

O'ﺎ

.16

Eﻮ

?

6
ْ


.17

6
*
?

P

ﻤ'ا

.08

ْ

Q

ﻤ'ا

2

ANSWER KEY:
1. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Nasb or Jarr
0. 9nding .ounds# Jarr (first word!, Jarr (second word!
2. 9nding /ombination# ,eople ,lural, Raf’
3. 9nding /ombination# ,eople ,lural, Nasb or Jarr
4. 9nding /ombination# ,eople ,lural, Raf’
+. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Nasb or Jarr
5. 9nding .ound# Raf’
6. 9nding .ound# Nasb
7. 9nding .ound# Nasb (first word!, Jarr (second word!
18. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Raf’
11. 9nding .ound# Nasb (first word!, Jarr (second word!, Jarr (third word!
10. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Raf’
12. 9nding /ombination# ,eople ,lural, Raf’
13. 9nding .ound# Jarr
14. 9nding .ound# Raf’
1+. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Nasb or Jarr
15. 9nding .ound# Jarr
16. 9nding .ound# Jarr
17. 9nding /ombination# ,eople ,lural, Nasb or Jarr
08. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Nasb or Jarr