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Fi re Exti ngui shers for Busi ness Occupanci es
Types of Fi re Exti ngui shers Requi red - Many city and
local Fire Codes requires fire extinguishers to be
provided in all business occupancies to protect both the
building structure and it's contents. For this reason,
extinguishers suitable for use on Class A, B and C fires
must be provided.
1
The minimum fire extinguisher
rating acceptable for use in business occupancies is
2A-10BC. Extinguishers with higher ratings may be
used. Pressurized water type extinguisher are only
rated for use on Class A fires. For this reason their use
shall be discontinued unless special circumstances exist.
Di stri buti on of Fi re Exti ngui shers - Three factors must be considered in determining the proper
distribution of fire extinguishers: the floor area of the protected space; the maximum travel distance
to a fire extinguisher; the location of extinguishers in relationship to normal paths of exit travel.
Extinguishers shall be located along normal paths of exit travel so that no part of the area protected
is more than 75 feet from an extinguisher. Contact the Fire Department prior to occupancy for
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For Flammable or Corrosive Storage. Br
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In office areas, fire extinguishers with a minimum rating of 2A-10BC shall be provided at the
rate of one unit of "A" rating for every 3000 square feet.
1.
In mercantile, service, and production areas, fire extinguishers with a minimum rating of
2A-10BC shall be provided at the rate of one unit of "A" for every 1500 square feet.
2.
In storage areas, fire extinguishers with a minimum rating of 4A-40BC (usually 4A-60BC are
available) shall be provided at the rate of one unit of "A" rating for every 1000 square feet.
3.
How to Select a Fire Extinguisher - Free fromEHSO http://www.ehso.com/fireextinguishers.php
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approval of number, location, and type of fire extinguishers to be installed.
Inspecti on, Mai ntenance, and Rechargi ng of Fi re Exti ngui shers - A thorough maintenance
check of each fire extinguisher must be made on an annual basis. This maintenance in most states
must be performed by someone licensed to do so by the State Fire Marshal. After the annual
maintenance, a tag indicating the date of the maintenance and the license number of the person
performing the maintenance will be attached to each extinguisher. Please note that new
extinguishers will require service if they were not manufactured during the current year. For
example, if the label on the extinguisher indicates the date of manufacture to be 1991, the
extinguisher, even though just purchased, would require an immediate maintenance check.
Additionally, a maintenance check and recharging is required after any use of an extinguisher. The
maintenance check and recharging is required even if the extinguisher is only partially discharged.
A monthly inspection of the fire extinguisher is also required. The monthly inspection can be
performed by any competent individual and shall include a check of at least the following items:
A record of the monthly inspections of the fire extinguishers shall be kept on the premises for a
period of not less than one year. The record shall indicate at a minimum, the date of inspection, the
person performing the inspection and any deficiencies noted.
Speci al Ci rcumstances - Businesses that use hazardous materials such as flammable metals or
flammable and combustible materials have additional fire extinguisher requirements. Any area
where flammable or combustible liquids are used must be within 30 feet of an extinguisher having a
minimum rating of 40-BC or 50 feet of an extinguisher having a rating of 80-BC. These
extinguishers may be used to satisfy the general extinguisher requirements if they also have a
minimum "A" rating of 2-A.
Flammable metals require special extinguishers. If you are using these materials please call the
Fire Department for specific requirements.
Businesses with commercial-type food heat processing equipment shall have the same rating and
spacing as for flammable or combustible liquids. Extinguishers used for the protection of cooking
grease fires shall be only of sodium bicarbonate or potassium bicarbonate dry chemical types.
Provi di ng properl y mai ntai ned and di stri buted fi re exti ngui shers i s an i mportant fi rst step i n
establ i shi ng a safe envi ronment i n whi ch to l i ve and work

1
Class A fires are those occurring in normal combustibles. Class B fires are fire involving
flammable or combustible liquids. Class C fires are those involving electrical equipment. Using a
fire extinguisher with the wrong rating may actually spread a fire or result in injury to the person
using the extinguisher (in the case of electrical fires).
Located in designated place. 1.
No obstruction to access or visibility. 2.
Operating instructions on nameplate legible and facing outward. 3.
Determine fullness by weighing or "hefting." 4.
Seals of tamper indicators not broken or missing. 5.
Examine for obvious physical damage. 6.
Pressure gauge reading in the operable range. 7.
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This page was updated on 5-Mar-2014
EHSO ( Benivia, LLC ), 12850 Hwy 9, Suite 600-196, Atlanta, GA 30004 - Privacy Policy
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More i nformati on about types of fi re exti ngui shers.
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