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CENTRAL & WESTERN REGIONS PROJECT DEPARTMENT/
MIDYAN GAS PLANT PROJECTS DIVISION (MGPPD)

BI-10-03157
MIDYAN GAS PROCESSING FACILITIES























A 16-OCT-2013 ISSUED FOR 30% DETAILED DESIGN REVIEW AKH DKD SB VKR
REV.
ISSUED
DATE
DESCRIPTION
PREPARED
BY
(ENG)
REVIEWED
BY
(LEAD ENG)
HOD PEM
APPROVED BY





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INDEX



1.0 SCOPE:- .................................................................................................................................. 5
2.0 PLOT PLAN:- .......................................................................................................................... 5
3.0 UNIT PIPING:- ......................................................................................................................... 8
4.0 UNDERGROUND/ BURIED PIPING:- .................................................................................. 12
5.0 FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS AND SUPPORTING:- .................................................................. 12
6.0 PIPING MATERIALS:- .......................................................................................................... 17
7.0 THERMAL INSULATION OF PIPING, EQUIPMENT & VESSELS:- ................................... 18
8.0 SURFACE PREPARATION, PAINTING/COATING & COLOUR CODING:- ...................... 19
9.0 CATHODIC-PROTECTION FOR UNDERGROUND PIPING SYSTEM:- ............................. 19
10.0 MISCELLANEOUS:- ............................................................................................................. 19
11.0 REFERENCES:- .................................................................................................................... 20
12.0 ANNEXURES:- ...................................................................................................................... 24






























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ABBREVIATIONS:-

AARH : Arithmetic Average Roughness Height
ANSI : American National Standards Institute
API : American Petroleum Institute
AS : Alloy Steel
ASME : American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASTM : American Society for Testing & Materials
AWWA : American Water Works Association
BHN : Brinell Hardness Number
BS : British Standard
BS : Booster Station
BW : Butt Weld
CBD : Closed Blow Down
CS : Carbon Steel
DPT/I/E : Dye Penetrant Test/ Inspection/ Examination
EFSW : Electro Fusion Seam Welded
EPCC : Engineering, Procurement. Construction and Commissioning
GC : Gathering Centre
HAZID : Hazard Identification
IGC : Inter Granular Corrosion
ISO : International Organization for Standardization
LTA : Larsen & Toubro Arabia
max. : Maximum
min. : Minimum
MOC : Material Of Construction
MOV : Motor Operated Valve
MPT/I/E : Magnetic Particle Testing/ Inspection/ Examination
MSS : Manufacturers Standardization Society
NB : Nominal Bore
NACE : National Association of Corrosion Engineers
NDT/I/E : Non Destructive Testing/ Inspection/ Examination

.



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OD : Outside Diameter
P & ID : Piping and Instrumentation Diagram
PFD : Process Flow Diagram
PMS : Piping Material Specification
Psi,g : Pounds per Square Inch, Gauge
PZV : Pressure Safety Valve
PUF : Poly-Urethane Foam
PWHT : Post Weld Heat Treatment
QRA : Qualitative Risk Analysis
RF : Raised Face
RP : Recommended Practice
RTJ : Ring Type Joint
RTRP : Reinforced Thermosetting Resin Pipe
SCRD-M/F : Screwed- Male/ Female
SS : Stainless Steel
SP : Special Products/ Standard Practice
SW : Socket Weld
TPIA : Third Party Inspection Agency
U/G : Under Ground
UFD : Utility Flow Diagram
VMS : Valve Material Specification
WN : Weld Neck



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1.0 SCOPE:-
This Document briefly describes the basic requirements for the Design of Piping Systems
covered by ASME B31.3 for the project Midyan Processing Facilities. This document is
developed based on feed Basis of Design: GE-E0010 and shall be adhered to during the
course of Detail Engineering, Procurement, fabrication, Transportation, Erection, Installation,
Testing, Inspection, Pre-commissioning and Commissioning.

GENERAL DESIGN PHILOSOPHY:-

2.0 PLOT PLAN:-

2.1 Basis of Plot Plan

Layout for the facility shall be developed considering the inputs from following documents:
Overall Plot Plan(PI-A100001.001 Rev-0A)
Plot Plan Process Area(PI-A100001.002 Rev-D)
Plot Plan Utility & Storage Area(PI-A100001.003, Rev-C)
Plot Plan-Flare & Burn Pit Area(PI-A100001.004, Rev-D)
Plot Plan Substation Area(PI-A100001.006, Rev-B)
Plot Plan- Evaporation Ponds Area(PI-A100001.007, Rev-B)
Site Plan-(PI-A100001.005, Rev-D)
Equipment List/ Process & Mechanical Data Sheets.
Basic Design Data.
QRA recommendations.
Statutory requirements of HSE, Separation Distances as per Aramco guidelines(SAES-
B-005, SAES-054 & SAES-B-055).
Site Visit Report.
2.2 Considerations for the finalization of Plot Plan
Following aspects shall be addressed during plot plan/ equipment layout development.
2.2.1 General guidelines set by Saudi Aramco Engineering.

Standard for Plant Layout(SAES-B-055)



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Access, Egress and material handling for Plant Facilities(SAES-B-054)
Spacing and diking for Atmospheric and low pressure tanks (SAES-B-005)
Electrical Area Classification(SAES-B-068)
Design of Plant Piping (SAES-L-310)
Any other applicable Saudi Aramco Engineering standards and specification and
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Code ASME B 31.3.
2.2.2 Proper interconnection between equipment as per P&IDs to achieve the intended
process requirement of no pocket, slope & free draining.
2.2.3 Process area battery limit shall be marked in plot plan. All equipments handling
hydrocarbons shall be located within this process area battery limit. All safety distances from
the process area battery limit to any other facility outside the process area shall be as per
SAES-B -055 guidelines.
2.2.4 Minimize the quantity of expensive piping (superior & exotic metallurgy and large/ heavy
sizes & schedules).The emphasis shall be to avoid criss-crossing of lines & the equipment with
associated piping shall be aligned to the main process/ utility flow direction and `incoming &
outgoing process and utility streams. The same shall be verified through 3D Model & model
review sessions.
2.2.5 Erection & Construction requirement: Plant access, Erection scheme, lay down area,
crane positioning & implication of construction sequence, arrival-at-site of equipment/Modules
shall be considered during finalization of Plot Plan/equipment-layout, so as to have smooth &
sequential erection, mainly with regard to heavy equipment/ over-dimensioned-consignments.
2.2.6 Safety Requirements : The safety norms & measures shall be strictly adhered to as per
Saudi Aramco standards and guidelines and those suggested by loss prevention engineer to
ensure safe work environment during all phases of project life cycle. Any other
recommendation arising from HAZOP, SIL, Building Risk Assessment, Fire Risk analysis
(FRA), Flare Radiation Analysis shall also be implemented.
2.2.7 Eye Wash & Safety Showers (EWSS) shall be provided near the facilities involving
chemical handling.



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2.2.8 Constructability, Commissioning, Operation and Maintenance Requirements:

Overhead and side clearances for vessels, exchangers and pumps.
Provision of exchangers tube bundle pulling area.
Horizontal & overhead clearances for easy movement of operating
personnel/maintenance vehicles.
-Barrel/ Rotor removal for multistage pumps.
Crane approaches for Air-Coolers/ Compressors.
Provision of monorail/E.O.T for pumps as per contractual requirement of Project Scope.
Alternate access for fire fighting.
2.2.9 Midyan Processing Facilities shall be modular based, skid mounted units. Modular units
shall be shop fabricated, tested and pre commissioned to the extent feasible & within the
limitation of module sizes from transportation consideration.
2.2.10 The overall plot plan for Midyan Processing Facilities shall be developed as per Saudi
Aramco Engineering Standard by considering prevailing wind direction of Wajeh WNW.
2.2.11 Equipment arrangement in process module shall be provided with adequate space to
facilitate operation and maintenance and with minimum spacing requirement as per Saudi
Aramco Engineering Standard SAES-B-055, Layout of each module and spacing between
modules shall allow access for equipment from relevant sides. However all efforts should be
made to improve upon the access aisles/space in modules w.r.t. feed layout.
2.2.12 Roadways in plants and other facilities width, overhead clearances, shoulder width
etc. shall be provided in accordance with clause 9.5 of SAES-B-055. For access to tankage
area shall provided in accordance with clause 4.13 of SAES-B-054.
Spacing and diking for Atmospheric and low pressure Tanks shall be as per SAES-B-005
guidelines. Spacing between tanks and associated equipments shall be as per clause no. 5.2
of SAES-B-005. Table 1 shall be followed for minimum distance requirement two tanks or
between a tank and other equipment. Diking requirement shall be guided by clause no 5.3 of
SAES-B-005. Dyke design and construction shall be as per clause 5.3.8 of SAES-B-005.




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3.0 UNIT PIPING:-

3.1 Basis of Unit Piping

3.1.1 Following inputs shall be the basis of unit-piping.

Overall plot plan
Equipment Layout.
Structural & Architectural Building Drawings.
topography of the plant-site.
Piping & Instrument Diagram (P&ID), Utility Flow Diagram (UFD) & Process Flow
Diagram (PFD).
Meteorological & Geo-technical data.
Line Designation Table.
Equipment Data-Sheet & Setting-Plan.
Instrument Data-Sheet.
Piping & Valve Material Specification (PMS & VMS).
Specific Project/ Client requirements.
Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards & Specifications.
3.1.2 The design of plant piping shall be in accordance with SAES-L-310.
The design & conceptualization of Unit-Piping shall be focused towards meeting the
following basic objectives:

Process, P&ID and PFD requirements & stipulations.
Access to all operating-points including valves, spacers & spades, strainers, sample-
points and instrumentations.
Avoid unnecessary pockets, dead-ends & dead-legs. Piping runs shall be as short as
possible with minimum number of elbows.
Proper access shall be planned w.r.t. `interrelated-operating-points for specific purpose
and for control & maintenance.



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Unobstructed & unhindered crane-access shall be provided during construction &
likewise maintenance-vehicles, (hydraulic-cranes & fork-lifts) shall have adequate-
access/ approach to critical equipment during plant-operation.
Adequate access, egress and material handling for plant facilities shall always be
provided for process, operating & maintenance personnel within the unit/ plant in
accordance with SAES-B-054, SAES-J-003 and PIP PCCGN002. However
clearance/access within the modules may be compromised in specific case to optimize
the module/skid size which can be reviewed during model review session.
Adequate access to valves, instruments, nozzles etc shall be provided though
platforms, scaffolding, mobile stair, permanent ladders for module and non module
piping in line with PIP PNE0003 and PIP PCCGN002. However same can be reviewed
during model review sessions.
Tripping hazards shall be minimized in modules.
Isolation, draining & venting, flushing & purging provisions shall be provided.
Piping connected to rotating and reciprocating equipment, pumps etc. shall be as per
SAES-L-310.
3.2 Pipe-Rack/Sleepers Piping
3.2.1 The Pipe racks shall be laid out such that they shall provide the necessary access for
all operations and maintenance. The elevations of intersecting pipe ways shall normally be at
different level to allow for future piping. A minimum of 20% space of the total width of the pipe
rack shall be earmarked for future expansion on the pipe rack.
3.2.2 Fin fan exchangers shall be located over the main pipe rack.
3.2.3 Generally the hot lines and cold lines shall be kept apart in different groups on a rack-
tier/sleeper. Predominantly process lines and utility lines shall be kept at different tiers/levels.
However in case if the same is not feasible due to layout or any other constraint process and
utility lines shall be segregated & grouped separately on the same tier.
3.2.4 Generally the bigger size lines and lines requiring expansion loop shall be kept nearer
to the rack column/ edge of rack or sleeper.



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3.2.5 The minimum spacing between lines supported on sleepers or pipe rack shall be as per
Standard drawing AC-036207. However in case of any space constraint, following minimum
spacing shall be adopted to fix the pipe to pipe inter distances:
Minimum spacing: OD of bigger size flange (As per line rating) + OD of smaller size pipe +
Individual Insulation thickness of pipes + 25 mm clearance.
3.2.6 Actual line spacing, especially at L bends and loop locations, shall take care of the
thermal-growth (expansion/ contraction) of adjacent lines to allow clash-free thermal-
displacements.
3.2.7 Anchors on the pipe-racks/ sleepers are to be provided on anchor-bays/ anchor-
sleepers. As far as possible anchors shall be distributed over two to three consecutive
bays/sleepers.
3.2.8 Small Bore piping shall generally be always grouped together for ease of supporting.
Intermediate supports shall be considered in accordance with allowable basic span for small
bore pipe, as applicable.
3.2.9 The minimum sleeper height shall be maintained as 300 mm.
3.3 Relief / Blow Down System Piping
3.3.1 Relief System/Blow down system design shall be as per SAES-F-007.
3.3.2 The minimum horizontal spacing requirements for flares shall be in accordance with
SAES-B-055
3.3.3 For burn pit flares the last 100 M (328 ft) of the flare headers and auxiliary piping shall
be buried underground or protected by radiation shield as per clause 6.7.10 of SAES-F-007.
3.3.4 Pressure relief valves, depressuring valves and pressure control valves outlets shall
enter the flare header from above and at an oblique angle to the header and shall be as per
Aramco standard drawing AE-036550.



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3.3.5 All piping (including headers between flare knockout drums and flares) shall be self-
draining into the unit and/or flare knockout drums. A minimum slope of 1:475 (21mm in 10
meters) shall be maintained as per clause 6.14.5 of SAES-F-007. Flat `expansion-loop shall be
provided in horizontal plane as per requirement to accommodate thermal expansion. The
design-slope shall be ensured throughout including flat-loop. Flare header shall be supported
on shoe of height ranging from 100 mm minimum to 350 mm maximum.
3.3.6 Proper thermal analysis temperature shall be established including the possibility of
temperature gradient along the line before providing expansion loops. Efforts shall be made to
minimize the number of loops
3.3.7 Pockets in the flare header and blow down system shall be avoided.
3.3.8 Inlet and outlet piping of pressure relief valve shall be adequately supported to take
care of the reactionary thrust induced by the relief valve during popping.
3.3.9 Reaction forces due to safety valve popping shall be ascertained in the connected
piping according to API RP 520, for systems discharging to atmosphere. The effect of these
forces on the piping supports, anchors and the supporting structure shall be adequately
addressed.
3.4 Utility-Stations
3.4.1 The requirement of utility-stations shall be in accordance with the P&IDs. Where
required for maintenance or cleaning purpose, utility station shall be provided at grade to cover
the entire process area and at working levels for elevated equipment, where necessary.
3.4.2 Utility station for water & air shall be located such a way that all the equipment shall be
approachable from at least one utility station with a 15 mtr hose. The utility station shall
generally be located adjacent to pipe-rack column.
3.4.3 Clause 18.4 of SAES-L-310 shall be followed for type of connectors and color code of
the same.
3.4.4 Nitrogen supply in Utility stations shall be included as required by process.



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3.5 Instrument Air Piping

3.5.1 All main and branch header shall be sloped minimum 64 mm per 30m (2.5 inches per
100 ft) and provided with low point drain as per Clause no 4.8.1.2 of SAES-J-901. Minimum
size of instrument air pipe header shall be 2 of schedule 40.
3.5.2 Each branch header shall connect to the top of main header through a branch-line-
size, full bore isolation valve.
3.5.3 Supply takeoffs to individual instruments shall connect to the branch header through
a take off line size, full bore isolation valve.
3.5.4 Instrument air piping shall not be pocketed (i.e. shall not contain U sections).
However any specific case of pocket formation due to layout constraint shall be reviewed
for further consideration case to case basis and if found unavoidable shall be provided with
drain valve.
3.5.5 Piping material for instrument air piping shall be galvanized.
3.6 Fire Fighting System Piping
Piping system designated for fire protection water system in plant areas shall comply with
SAES-B- 017, foam system shall comply with SAES-B-018, portable, Mobile and special fixed
firefighting equipment shall comply with SAES-B-019.

4.0 UNDERGROUND/ BURIED PIPING:-
4.1 Underground or buried piping system shall be designed in accordance to clause 13 of
SAES-L-310.

5.0 FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS AND SUPPORTING:-
Flexibility analysis of all piping systems shall be carried-out in accordance with ASME B
31.3 and SAES-L-120, SAES-L-310




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5.1 Pipe Supporting Criteria & General Guidelines
5.1.1 Load Conditions, as per clause 8, SAES-L-120 shall be used for performing stress
analysis and supporting of piping system.
5.1.2 Pipe supporting shall preferably follow the basic span as given in Annexure-I. For sizes
not covered in Annexure-I, basic span shall be established based on project requirement.
5.1.3 Piping on rack or sleeper, shall be supported on every grid. Guides shall be provided on
straight run of pipes at intervals as specified in Annexure-III, unless specifically becomes non-
viable due to flexibility problems.
5.1.4 Additional supports, guides, anchors, special supports like spring supports and sway
braces shall be provided based upon detailed analysis of piping system to restrict the forces on
nozzles of critical equipment like pumps, compressors, turbines, exchangers, air-coolers,
columns & towers etc.
5.1.5 A permanent support shall be provided for lines which do not need any supporting
otherwise but require supporting during maintenance. This support shall be either resting or
spring-support.
5.1.6 Bare pipes of size 14NB and above shall be supported by saddle type support with
reinforcement pad.
5.1.7 Adequate care shall be taken for small bore branching, (1 and below).
5.1.8 Wherever two phases with slug flow in piping is expected, piping design shall be
checked by dynamic stress analysis to prevent vibrations.
5.1.9 Pipe support design shall be such that deflection in piping systems due to sustained
loads shall not exceed 15mm, between two adjacent supports. For sloped-lines, it shall be such
that the slope is maintained.
5.1.10 Average installation temperature to be adopted for stress-analysis calculation shall be
95F.



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5.1.11 Long trunion support (more than 500 mm height) shall be avoided as far as possible, so
that it will not create excessive stresses at the attachment welds to the run pipe. A 6 mm weep
hole shall be drilled for all dummy supports. The weep hole shall be located near the base plate
for all vertical dummy supports, near the run pipe at 6 oclock position for all horizontal dummy
supports.
5.1.12 Piping passing through the structure or passing near the column etc. should have
adequate space to avoid restriction of line movement during thermal expansion. The gap
should be sufficient to avoid any fouling considering insulation.
5.1.13 All pipe-supports shall be so designed that there is no undue tension on equipment
flanges.
5.1.14 At any point of the piping system, and for any load combination, horizontal
displacement shall be within the limit specified in clause 6.2.1 of SABP-L-006.
5.1.15 Rod hangers shall be avoided use for lines 12 NPS and larger in liquid service or multi-
phase flow. The maximum swing angle due to horizontal pipe movement will be limited to 4
degrees. Rod hanger shall be provided with means for vertical adjustment.
5.1.16 Spring supports immediately downstream of rotating equipment will be limited to 10-
15% load variation.

5.1.17 Spring hanger assembly shall be designed for sustaining the hydro test load.
5.2 Flexibility Analysis- General Guidelines
5.2.1 General Guidelines mentioned in clause 5 of SAES-L-120 shall be followed.
5.2.2 The requirements mentioned in Special Requirements clause 9 of SAES-L-120 shall be
followed. However for pressure relief valve and de pressurizing systems DLF (Dynamic Load
Factor) shall be taken as 2 for load calculation.
5.2.3 Nozzle load evaluation for rotating machinery equipment shall be checked for operating
condition against the allowable forces and moments of the equipment.



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5.2.4 Design of piping systems shall take into account different conditions expected during
operation, start-up, shut-down, cold branch in case of standby pump etc.
5.2.5 Steam out is not applicable.
5.2.6 When the routing of a piping system does not inherently provide adequate flexibility, the
same shall be provided by additional expansion-loops or offsets. Bellow expansion-joints are
the least preferred means of providing requisite flexibility & they shall not be used without prior
company/ clients approval.
5.2.7 Detailed Piping Stress analysis reports shall include details as mentioned in SAES-L-
120, Appendix A, Case A.

Formal Piping Stress Analysis reports shall include the following:

1. Operating/design parameters.
2. Piping isometric drawings shall include the following
a) Dimensions
b) Material Specifications
c) Location and details of restraints.
3. Hand Calculation/ Calculation performed with CAESAR.
4. Referenced charts or tables if used.
5.3 Criteria for Analysis
5.3.1 The requirements mentioned in clause 6 of SAES-L-120 shall be followed for
categorizing the lines in Piping Flexibility Analysis.
5.3.2 Flange leakage check is required for the following lines:

- ASME Pr Rating 600 #: 26NB & above, except air & water lines.
- ASME Pr Rating 900 #: 08NB & above, except air and water lines.
All other critical lines connected to sensitive equipment such as plate-fin exchangers, cold
boxes (sizes 06NB & above and having analysis temp. > 250F & < -75F)

CAESAR-II software package shall be used for performing flange leakage check.

5.3.3 All lines shall be analyzed at design temperature. In case the difference between
operating & design temperatures is > 85F, analysis temperature shall be established through



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mutual consent with the process department. However, analysis of flare line & calculation of
thermal growth of tall equipment shall be performed as per process input.

5.3.4 The solar radiation temperature shall be considered for bare-lines, if the design
temperature is less than the solar temperature. The metal solar temperature shall be
considered as 160F as per clause 7.2 b of SAES-L-120.

5.3.5 Dynamic analysis shall be performed wherever two phase flow with slug in piping is
expected as per the process requirement. Fundamental frequency of piping system shall be
well above imposed frequencies, if any, to avoid resonance. The minimum acceptable
frequency for lines with slug flow shall be 06 Hz.

5.3.6 Wind Analysis criteria:
Wind analysis shall be performed for the lines listed under `static analysis, if they fall under
the following criteria:
Any line of size 10NB, (including insulation, if any) & routed at elevation 10 m
Wind load on piping shall be calculated in accordance with ASCE # 07.
Following basic wind data shall be considered for wind-load calculation as per SAES-A-112
for Wajeh
Max. Basic design wind velocity = 145 km/hr.
Wind shape factor = 0.7
Wind exposure = C, as per ASCE # 07.
Structural classification = 2.0, Occupancy category II as per ASCE # 07.

5.3.7 Seismic Analysis criteria
Seismic analysis shall be performed for the lines falling under the criteria of Detailed
Analysis as per chart B-1 of SAES-L-120
Seismic load on piping shall be calculated in accordance with ASCE # 07.



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Following basic Seismic data shall be considered for Seismic-load calculation as per
SAES-A-112 for Wajeh
Short Period Acceleration (Ss) in %g = 27.1
1-sec Period Acceleration (S1) in %g = 7.0
Peak Ground Acceleration in %g = 10.8
Site Class = D
Importance Factor = 1, for Occupancy Category II as per ASCE # 07
Site Coefficient Fa = 1.6 as per ASCE # 07
Site Coefficient Fv = 2.4 as per ASCE # 07
Response Modification coefficient R = 12 as per ASCE # 07

6.0 PIPING MATERIALS:-
Saudi Aramco Engineering Standard SAES-L-132 shall be followed as general guidelines for
Material Selection for Piping Systems. Project Piping Material specifications PD-X89-SP-1001
and Valve Material Specification PD-X89-SP-1002 shall be prepared as per guidelines SAES-
L-105, SAES-L-108 and all other SAMSS, SAES, Piping Industry practices (PIP), API or ASME
specifications specified therein.
6.1 Pipe thickness calculation shall be based on line design conditions as per line designation
table for following cases:
For pipe class 6CS9P: Lines 10" and above.
For pipe class 15CS9P: Lines 4" and above.
API 5L pipe used shall either be seamless or double submerged arc welded with
longitudinal seam.
Soft seated valves used in process services shall be of fire safe design.



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Miscellaneous Requirements:

6.2 NDE Requirements

The general welding requirements for On-Plot Piping shall be as per SAES-W-011. The
minimum requirement of NDE for various piping services shall be in accordance with clause
17.5.2.1 of SAES-W-011.

6.3 Inspection & Testing

6.3.1 All items and their parts shall be subjected to all mandatory as well as supplementary
(wherever specified) inspections, tests and checks called-for in the respective codes/ standards
& specifications/ data sheets in line with the instructions of SAER -1972.

6.3.2 All inspection and steel piping shall be performed as per Saudi Aramco Inspection
Requirements Form 175-03100.

6.3.3 Pressure testing for Plant piping shall conform to SAES-L-150,SAES-A-004 & SAES-L-
125.

6.3.4 The minimum mandatory requirement for PMI shall be as per SAES-A-206.

7.0 THERMAL INSULATION OF PIPING, EQUIPMENT & VESSELS:-

Minimum mandatory requirements for design and installation of insulation shall be as per
SAES-N-001 & Process Industry Piping insulation design Guide PIP INEG1000.
Following basic insulation material to be used.
Hot insulation: Mineral Fiber
Cold Insulation: Polyurethane Foam (PUF)
However, Insulation thickness on piping shall be as per the operating temperature
furnished in the line designation table issued by process Engineering Group.





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8.0 SURFACE PREPARATION, PAINTING/COATING & COLOUR CODING:-

External and Internal coating material selection shall be as per clause 7 of SAES-H-001 &
clause 5 of SAES-H-002. Surface preparation shall be as per clause 8 of SAES-H-001.
For color coding and marking for piping SAES-B-067 shall be referred.

9.0 CATHODIC-PROTECTION FOR UNDERGROUND PIPING SYSTEM:-
The buried piping (including appurtenances) shall be catholically protected as per SAES-X-
600.

10.0 MISCELLANEOUS:-

10.1 Quality of water used for hydro testing shall meet the requirements of Saudi Engineering
Aramco Standard SAES-A-007. Hydrostatic test waters must be disposed of in accordance
with the requirements of SAEP-327 and SAES-A-103. All lines subjected to hydro testing
shall be provided with high point hydro test vent and low point hydro test drain. Hydrotest
vent and drain size shall be of . For pipe class 900 and above double isolation valve
shall be used. Gate valve shall be used for hydrotest drain/vent. However all process drain
and vent shall be as per Saudi Aramco std. AC-036045.001.
10.2 All cleaning, flushing of piping spools and systems shall be in accordance with clause 15 &
Appendix A of SAES-L-350.
Cleaning requirements in centrifugal compressors (sales gas compressors and propane
refrigeration compressor) shall be as per Clause no. 5.6 of SAES-K-402 .
Cleaning requirements in reciprocating compressors (recycle gas compressor )shall be as
per Clause No. 6.16 of SAES-K-403.
Cleanliness Standard for Lube/Seal Oil and Fluid Power Systems shall be as per SAES-G-
116.



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Chemical Cleaning and Flushing of Lube/Seal Oil and Fluid Power Systems shall be as per
SAEP-1028
10.1 Design and installation of fireproofing for Pipe-Supports shall be as per clause 5.5 of
SAES-B-006.
10.2 Safety identification and Safety colors shall conform to SAES-B-067 requirement.
10.3 Following equipments shall be provided with sunshade as per project requirement.

Sales Gas Compressor
Propane refrigeration Compressor
Recycle Gas Compressor
Instrument Air Compressor
Fire Water Pumps
DG Set
Booster Pumps
Mobile crane shall be available for any maintenance work for the items serial no. a to f.
Booster Pumps shall be provided with EOT of 3T capacity.

11.0 REFERENCES:-
It shall be noted that all Codes, Standards & Specifications referenced underneath shall
be invariably the latest revisions with all addendums, at the time of `Issue of Work-Order/
`Award-of-Contract for the Midyan Gas Processing Facilities.
11.1 Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards:
SAES-A-007 : Hydrostatic Testing Fluids and Lay-Up procedures
SAES-A-112 : Meteorological and Seismic Design Data
SAES-A-202 : Saudi Aramco Engineering Drawing Preparation
SAES-B-005 : Spacing and Diking for Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Tanks
SAES-B-017 : Fire Water System Design.
SAES-B-018 : Foam Systems
SAES-B-019 : Portable, Mobile and Special Fixed Firefighting Equipment



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SAES-B-054 : Access, Egress, and Materials Handling for Plant Facilities
SAES-B-055 : Plant Layout
SAES-B-067 : Safety Identification and Safety Color
SAES-B-068 : Electrical Area Classification
SAES-B-069 : Emergency Eyewashes and Showers
SAES-F-007 : System Design Criteria of Flares.
SAES-G-116 : Cleanliness Standard for Lube/Seal Oil and Fluid Power Systems
SAES-L-100 : Applicable Codes and Standards for Pressure Piping Systems
SAES-L-101 : Regulated Vendor List for Pipes, Fittings and Gaskets
SAES-L-102 : Regulated Vendor List for Valves
SAES-L-105 : Piping Material Specification.
SAES-L-108 : Selection of Valves
SAES-L-109 : Selection of Pipe Flanges, Stud Bolts and Gaskets
SAES-L-110 : Limitations on Piping Joints and Components
SAES-L-120 : Piping Flexibility Analysis
SAES-L-125 : Safety Instruction Sheet for Piping and Pipelines.
SAES-L-130 : Material for Low Temperature Service
SAES-L-131 : Fracture Control of Line Pipe
SAES-L-132 : Material Selection for Piping System
SAES-L-133 : Corrosion Protection Requirements for Pipelines/Piping
SAES-L-136 : Pipe Selection and Restriction
SAES-L-150 : Pressure Testing of Plant and Pipelines
SAES-L-310 : Design of Plant Piping
SAES-L-350 : Construction of Plant Piping Systems



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SAES-S-050 : Sprinkler and Standpipe Systems in Buildings
SAES-S-070 : Installation of Utility Piping Systems
SAES-J-700 : Control Valves.
SAES-H-001 : Coating Selection and Application Requirements for Industrial Plants
and Equipments.
SAES-H-002 : Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Pipings
SAES-H-101 : Approved Protective Coating System.
SAES-K-402 : Centrifugal Compressors
SAES-K-403 : Reciprocating Compressors
SAES-L-610 : Nonmetallic Piping in Oily Water Services.
SAES-W-011 : Welding requirements for On-Plot Piping.
SAES-N-001 : Basic Criteria Industrial Insulation.
SAES-X-600 : Cathodic Protection for Plant Facilities.
11.2 Saudi Aramco Material Standard
01-SAMSS-010 : Fabricated Steel Piping
01-SAMSS-017 : Auxiliary Piping for Mechanical Equipments.
11.3 Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedures
SAEP-110: Saudi Aramco Standard Drawings
SAEP-1028: Chemical Cleaning and Flushing of Lube/Seal Oil and Fluid Power Systems
11.4 Saudi Aramco Best Practice

SABP-L-006: Piping Stress Analysis Review
SABP-L-010: Guidelines for Evaluating Pipe Movement





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11.5 Process Industry Practices

PIP PNF0003 : Process Industry Practices- Process Unit and Offsites Layout
Guide
PIP INEG1000 : Insulation Design Guide

11.6 List of International Codes and Standards:

ASME SEC.II, Part-C : Material Specifications: Welding Rods, Electrodes & Filler-
Metals.
ASME SEC. VIII : Rules for the construction of Pressure Vessels.
ASME SEC. IX : Welding & Brazing qualifications.
ASME B 31.3 : Process Piping.
ASME B 16.5 : Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings (NPS Thru NPS 24)
ASME B 16.9 : Factory Made Wrought Butt Welded Fittings
ASME B 16.10 : Face-to-Face and End-to-End Dimension of Valves
ASME B 16.11 : Forged Fittings, Socket Welded and Threaded
ASME B 16.20 : Metallic Gaskets
ASME B 16.2 : Non-Metallic Gaskets
ASME B 16.25 : Butt welding Ends
ASME B 16.47 : Large Diameter Steel Flanges (NPS 26 Thru NPS 60)
API RP520 : Selection, Sizing & Installation of Pressure Relieving Devices
in Refineries.
API Std. 610 : Centrifugal Pumps for Petroleum, Heavy Duty Chemical & Gas
Industry Service.
API Std. 661 : Air Cooled Heat Exchanger.
API Std. 560 : Fired Heaters.
NACE MR 0175/ : Materials for use in H2S containing environments in Oil & Gas



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ISO 15156 Production/ Refineries
11.7 List of Project Specifications and other documents:

GE-E00010 : Basis of Design
PI-E00151 : Specification of Piping Materials (Issued for 90% Project
Proposal)
PD-X89-SP-1001 : Piping Material Specification (PMS).
PD-X89-SP-1002 : Valve Material Specification (VMS).
CE-MFP-DB-4001 : Civil & Structural design basis.


12.0 ANNEXURES:-

(i). Annexure I : Table of basic-span for pipes.
(iii) Annexure II : Vertical and horizontal guide-spacings.






























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ANNEXURE-I
TABLE OF BASIC-SPAN FOR PIPES.




Pipe
Type
Pipe
Size
NB
(Inch)
SCH /
THK
(In)
Pipe, Vapour & Insulation
Pipe, Liquid &
Insulation
Bare Pipe, Empty
Bare Pipe &
Water Filled
Pipe
Size
NB
(Inch)
Basic Span (L), meter Basic Span (L), meter - -
Upto
175 C
176C
thru
315C
316C
thru
400C
Upto
175C
176C
thru
315C
316C
thru
400C
Span
(L),m
Weight
Kg/m
Span
(L), m
Weight
Kg/m
C
a
r
b
o
n
-
S
t
e
e
l
/

A
l
l
o
y
-
S
t
e
e
l

S
c
h
e
d
u
l
e
-
4
0
,

S
e
r
i
e
s

SCH 40 3.5 3.5 2.5 3.5 3.0 2.0 4.5 1.68 4.0 2.04
1 SCH 40 4.5 4.0 3.0 4.5 3.5 3.0 5.0 2.52 4.5 3.07 1
1 SCH 40 5.0 5.0 3.5 5.0 4.5 3.5 6.0 4.08 5.0 5.40 1
2 SCH 40 5.5 5.0 3.5 5.0 4.5 3.5 6.5 5.47 5..5 7.65 2
2 SCH 40 6.5 6.0 3.0 6.0 5.5 4.5 7.5 8.7 6.5 11.79 2
3 SCH 40 7.5 6.5 5.5 6.5 6.0 5.0 8.0 11.35 6.5 16.15 3
4 SCH 40 8.0 7.5 6.5 7.5 7.0 6.0 9.0 16.2 7.5 24.45 4
6 SCH 40 10.0 9.5 8.5 9.0 8.0 7.5 10.5 28.3 9.0 46.70 6
8 SCH 40 12.0 11.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 9.0 12.0 42.84 10.0 75.22 8
10 SCH 40 13.5 13.0 12.0 11.5 10.5 10.5 14.0 60.74 11.5 111.90 10
12 3/8 w 14.5 13.5 13.0 12.0 11.5 11.0 15.0 74.40 12.0 147.50 12
14 3/8 w 15.0 14.5 13.5 12.0 12.0 11.5 16.0 82.5 12.5 172.05 14
16 3/8 w 16.0 15.5 14.5 13.0 12.5 12.0 17.0 94.5 13.0 213.15 16
18 3/8 w 17.0 16.5 15.0 13.5 13.0 12.0 18.0 106.5 13.5 258.30 18
20 3/8 w 18.0 17.5 16.0 14.0 13.5 12.5 19.0 118.5 14.0 307.50 20
24 3/8 w 20.0 19.0 17.5 14.5 14.5 13.0 21.0 142.5 15.0 418.20 24
C
a
r
b
o
n
-
S
t
e
e
l
/

A
l
l
o
y
-
S
t
e
e
l

S
c
h
e
d
u
l
e
-
8
0
,

S
e
r
i
e
s

SCH 80 3.5 3.5 2.5 3.5 3.0 2.0 4.5 2.20 4.0 2.49
1 SCH 80 4.5 4.0 3.0 4.5 3.5 3.0 5.0 3.25 4.5 3.72 1
1 SCH 80 5.0 5.0 4.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 6.0 5.45 5.0 6.60 1
2 SCH 80 6.0 5.0 4.5 5.5 5.0 4.0 6.5 7.53 6.0 9.45 2
2 SCH 80 6.5 6.0 5.5 6.0 6.0 5.0 7.5 11.49 6.5 14.25 2
3 SCH 80 7.5 6.5 6.0 6.5 6.5 6.0 8.0 15.37 7.0 19.66 3
4 SCH 80 8.0 8.0 7.0 7.5 7.5 6.5 9.0 22.47 8.0 29.94 4
6 SCH 80 10.5 10.0 9.0 9.5 9.0 8.5 10.5 42.90 9.5 59.85 6
8 w 12.0 11.5 10.5 10.5 10.0 10.0 12.0 65.10 11.0 94.80 8
10 w 13.5 13.0 12.0 11.5 11.5 10.5 14.0 82.20 12.0 130.69 10
12 w 14.5 13.5 13.0 12.5 12.0 11.5 15.0 98.13 13.0 168.64 12
14 w 15.0 14.5 13.5 13.0 12.5 12.0 16.0 108.15 13.5 194.40 14
16 w 16.0 15.5 15.0 13.5 13.0 13.0 17.0 124.2 14.0 240.00 16
18 w 17.5 17.0 16.0 14.5 14.0 13.5 18.0 140.25 14.5 286.64 18
20 w 18.0 17.5 17.0 15.0 14.5 14.0 19.0 157.5 15.0 341.80 20
24 w 20.0 19.0 18.5 16.0 15.0 15.0 21.0 188.25 16.0 458.44 24
S
t
a
i
n
l
e
s
s
-
S
t
e
e
l

S
c
h
e
d
u
l
e
-
1
0
S
,

S
e
r
i
e
s

1 10 S 4.0 3.5 3.0 4.0 3.0 2.5 4.5 2.08 4.0 2.70 1
1 10 S 5.0 4.5 3.0 4.5 4.0 3.0 5.5 3.12 5.0 4.57 1
2 10 S 5.0 4.5 3.5 4.5 4.0 3.0 6.0 3.94 5.5 6.33 2
2 10 S 6.5 5.5 4.5 5.5 5.0 4.5 7.0 5.26 6.0 8.85 2
3 10 S 7.0 6.0 5.0 6.0 5.5 5.0 7.5 6.45 6.0 11.91 3
4 10 S 7.5 7.0 6.0 6.5 6.0 6.0 8.0 8.34 7.0 17.67 4
6 10 S 9.5 9.0 8.0 8.0 7.5 7.5 10.0 13.82 8.5 34.54 6
8 10 S 11.0 10.5 10.0 10.95 9.5 8.5 11.5 19.94 10.0 55.50 8
10 10 S 12.5 12.0 11.0 10.5 10.0 9.5 13.0 27.83 11.0 83.40 10
12 10 S 14.0 13.0 12.0 11.0 11.0 10.0 14.5 36.00 11.5 114.60 12
14 10 S 14.5 14.0 13.0 11.5 11.0 11.0 15.5 41.18 11.5 132.60 14
16 10 S 16.5 14.5 14.0 12.0 11.5 11.5 16.5 47.33 12.5 172.20 16
18 10 S 16.5 15.5 14.5 12.5 12.5 11.5 17.5 53.18 13.0 212.10 18
20 10 S 17.5 16.5 15.5 13.0 13.0 12.0 18.5 68.50 13.0 264.50 20
24 10 S 19.0 18.0 17.0 14.0 13.5 12.5 20.5 94.37 14.0 376.8 24



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ANNEXURE-II

VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL GUIDES SPACING

Pipe size
(Inches)

Vertical
Spacing (m)

Horizontal
Spacing (m) Note-1
1
6 6 1.5
2
3

8 12
4
6
8
10
12
18
12
14
16
18
20
16
24
26 & above.

GENERAL NOTES:-

1) These spacings may be varied to suit column spacing of pipe-rack. The above spacing
is for straight runs of pipe & does not include thermo-guides which are used for control
of thermal movements, as decided by the stress-group.

2) The guide spacings furnished/ provided in the above table are indicative only.