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Rev.S08
MAC 1114
Module 6
Trigonometric Identities II
2 Rev.S08
Learning Objectives
Upon completing this module, you should be able to:
1. Apply the sum and difference identities for sine.
2. Apply the sum and difference identities for tangent.
3. Use the double-angle identities.
4. Use the half-angle identities.
5. Evaluate expression with double-angle identities or half-angle
identities.
6. Use product-to-sum identities.
7. Use sum-to-product identities.
http://faculty.valenciacc.edu/ashaw/
3 Rev.S08
Trigonometric Identities
http://faculty.valenciacc.edu/ashaw/
- Sum and difference Identities for Sine and - Sum and difference Identities for Sine and
Tangent Tangent
- Double-Angle Identities - Double-Angle Identities
- Half-Angle Identities - Half-Angle Identities
There are three major topics in this module:
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4 Rev.S08
Sine of a Sum or Difference
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What is the main difference between these two Identities?
!
5 Rev.S08
Tangent of a Sum of Difference
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What are the differences between these two Identities?
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Example of Applying the
Sum Identities for Sine
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! Find an exact value for sin (105°).
! sin 105
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Example of Applying the
Difference Identities for Sine
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! Find an exact value for
sin 90° cos 135° ! cos 90° sin 135°
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Example of Writing Function as
Expressions Involving Functions of "
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! sin (30° + ") ! tan (45° + ")
Hint: Use the Sum or Difference Identities for Sine and Tangent.
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Example of Finding Function Values and
the Quadrant of A + B
http://faculty.valenciacc.edu/ashaw/
! Suppose that A and B are angles in standard
position, with sin A = 4/5, #/2 < A < #, and cos B
= !5/13, # < B < 3#/2. Find sin (A + B).
!
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Double-Angle Identities
http://faculty.valenciacc.edu/ashaw/
!
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Example of Using the Double-Angle Identities:
Given cos(") = 3/5 and sin(") < 0, find sin(2").
http://faculty.valenciacc.edu/ashaw/
! Find the value of sin".
! Use the double-angle
identity for sine,
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Example of Using the Double-Angle Identities:
Given cos(") = 3/5 and sin(") < 0, find cos(2").
http://faculty.valenciacc.edu/ashaw/
! Use any of the forms for
cos to find cos 2".
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Example of Using the Double-Angle Identities:
Given cos(") = 3/5 and sin(") < 0, find tan(2").
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! Find tan 2".
or
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Example of Deriving a
Multiple-Angle Identity
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! Find an equivalent expression for cos(3x).
! Solution
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Product-to-Sum Identities
http://faculty.valenciacc.edu/ashaw/
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Example of
Using a Product-to-Sum Identity
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! Write sin 2" cos" as the sum or difference of two
functions.
!
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Sum-to-Product Identities
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18 Rev.S08
Example of Using Sum-to-Product Identity
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! Write cos 2" ! cos 4" as a product of two
functions.
!
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Half-Angle Identities
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!
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Example of
Using the Half-Angle Identities
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! Find the sin (#/8) exactly.
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Example of
Using the Half-Angle Identities
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! Find the exact value of tan 22.5° using the
identity
! Since 22.5° = replace A with 45°.
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Example of
Using the Half-Angle Identities (Cont.)
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! Multiply the numerator and denominator by 2,
than rationalize the denominator.
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Example of Simplifying Expression Using
the Half-Angle Identities
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! Simplify: ! Solution:
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What have we learned?
We have learned to:
1. Apply the sum and difference identities for sine.
2. Apply the sum and difference identities for tangent.
3. Use the double-angle identities.
4. Use the half-angle identities.
5. Evaluate expression with double-angle identities or half-angle
identities.
6. Use product-to-sum identities.
7. Use sum-to-product identities.
http://faculty.valenciacc.edu/ashaw/