(j x + 2 y)e
j(tkz)
E
2
= E
(2 x e
j/4
y)e
j(tkz)
Find E
1

2
, E
2

2
, E
1
E
2
, and the average power
density associated with E
2
if this is the electric eld
of an electromagnetic wave propagating in vacuum in
the z direction. Also, sketch or plot [E
2
(t, z = 0)].
Problem 2. Suppose a function dened in spheri
cal coordinates by f(, ) has a peak in the direction
of the z axis where its value is f
max
. Suppose fur
ther that we want to approximate this function with
a sector pattern dened by:
g(, ) = f
max
, 0 < <
= 0, >
, you can
show that
2
f
max
/f = 4. Next, nd the solid angle
associated with the given
. Finally, relate to
f
max
/f.
Hint: be sure you know how to evaluate the aver
age of a function in spherical coordinates. Making a
sketch of the problem might help you to understand
it better.
Problem 3. We will soon learn that the radia
tion pattern of a halfwave dipole antenna has the
functional form:
f() =
cos(
2
cos )
sin
2
where is the usual polar angle measured from the
z axis, which is aligned with the dipole.
Suppose that the dipole is now reoriented so that
it is aligned with the x axis. Express the radiation
pattern for this conguration in polar coordinates
(, ). Repeat the process for a dipole aligned with
the y axis. Note that you cannot just exchange and
, for example. Your results will be helpful when
we consider arrays of dipole antennas that are not
aligned with the z axis.
Hint: note that cos() is another way to write z r
and that sin
2
() = 1 cos
2
(). You can therefore
replace the trigonometric terms in f with factors of
z r. Next, replace z with x and y, and rewrite these
products in terms of polar coordinates to nd the
desired answers.
Problem 4. Evaluate
0
f() sind numerically
where f() is the function supplied in problem 3.
Hint: the answer is somewhere between 1 and 2. This
problem pertains to nding the total power radiated
by a halfwavelength dipole antenna.
Problem 5. Using Cartesian coordinates, inte
grate numerically the function exp(x
2
y
2
) in two
dimensions over the circular region in the rst quad
rant dened by x
2
+y
2
1, x 0, and y 0. Check
your answer by performing the integral analytically.
Hint: do the second part in polar rather than rect
angular coordinates.
CORNELL UNIVERSITY c DAVE HYSELL (14/1/14)
HW 11