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Sri Brhad-Bhagavatamrta

.heo Part One, Chapter Two #

Chäpter Two: Divya (The Higher Material Planets)

Text 1

çré-parékñid uväca

praçasya taà mahäräjaà


svargato munir aikñata
räjamänaà sabhä-madhye
viñëuà deva-gaëair våtam

çré-parékñit-Çré Parékñit; uväca-said; prasasya-after glorifying; tam-him;


maharäjam-the great king; svargataù-from Svargaloka; muniù-the sage;
aikñata-saw; räjamänam-splendidly manifested; sabha-of the assembly;
madhye-in the midst; viñëum-Lord Viñëu; deva-of demigods; gaëaiù-by
hosts; våtam-surrounded.

Çré Parékñit said: After glorifying the king, Närada Muni (went) to
Svargaloka and in a great assembly of demigods saw Lord Viñëu, . . .

Text 2

vicitra-kalpa-druma-puñpa-mälä-
vilepa-bhüñä-vasanämåtädyaiù
samarcitaà divyataropacäraiù
sukhopaviñöaà garuòasya påñöhe

vicitra-wonderful; kalpa-druma-of kalpa-druma trees; puñpa-of flowers;


mala-with garlands; lepa-ointments; bhusa- ornaments; vasana-garments;
amåta-nectar; adyaiù-beginning with; samarcitam-worshiped; divyatara-
very splendid; upacaraiù-with articles of worship; sukha-comfortably;
upaviñöam-seated; garudasya-of Garuda; prñöhe-on the back.

. . . who was decorated with garlands of kalpa-druma flowers, anointed with


fragrant scents, dressed in beautiful garments and ornaments, served
palatable nectar and a host of other very splendid offerings, and was
comfortably seated on Garuòa's back, . . .
Text 3

båhaspati-prabhåtibhiù
stüyamänaà maharñibhiù
lälyamänam adityä tän
harñayantaà priyoktibhiù

brhaspati-by Brhaspati; prabhåtibhiù-headed; stuyamänam-glorified with


prayers; mahä-great; rsibhiù-by the sages; lalyamänam-caressed; äditya-by
Aditi; tan-Him; harñayantam-ヘ Špleasing; priya-affectionate; uktibhiù-with
words.

. . . whom Båhaspati and the great sages were glrifying with prayers, whom
Aditi was caressing and pleasing with sweet words, . . .

Text 4

siddha-vidyadhra-gandharväp-
sarobhibhir vivdhaiù stavaiù
jaya-çabdair vädya-géta-
nåtyaiç ca paritoñitam

siddha-by the Siddhas; vidyadhra-Vidyadharas; gandharva-Gandharvas;


apsarobhiù-and Apsaras; vividhaiù-with various; stavaiù-prayers; jaya-of
"victory"; sabdaiù-with sounds; vadya-with instrumental music; géta-singing;
nåtyaiù-dancing; ca-and; paritoñitam-pleased.

. . . who was pleased by the prayers, exlamations of {.sy 168}jaya!",


instrumental music, singing, and dancing of the Siddhas, Vidyädharas,
Gandharvas, and Apsaräs, . . .

Text 5

çakräyäbhayam uccoktyä
daityebhyo dadatäà dåòham
kértyärpyamänaà tämbülaà
carvantaà lélayähåtam

sakraya-to Indra; abhayam-fearlessness; ucca-with high; uktyä-words;


daityebhyaù-from the demons; dadatam-giving; drdham-firm; kértya-by
Kirti; arpyamänam-presented; tambulam-betel-nuts; carvantam-chewing;
lélaya-playfully; ahåtam-taken.

. . . who emphatically assured Indra that he need not fear the demons, who
gracefully accepted and chewed the betelnuts Kérti-devé offered, . . .

Texts 6 and 7

çakraà ca tasya mähätmyaà


kértayantaà muhur muhuù
svämi-kåtopakäraàç ca
varëayantaà mahä-mudä

sahasra-nayanair açru-
dhärä-varñantam äsane
svéye niñaëëaà tat-pärçve
räjantaà sva-vibhütibhiù

sakra-Indra; ca-also; tasya-of Him; mahätmyam-the glorification;


kértayantam-glorifying; muhu-again; muhu-and again; svami-of the Lord;
kåta-performed; upakaran-assistance; ca-also; varëayantam-describing;
mahä-with great; muda- ヘ Šhappiness; sahasra-with thousands; nayanaiù-of
eyes; açru-of tears; dhara-streams; varñantam-raining; asane-on the seat;
sviye- his own; nisannam-seated; tat-of Him; parsve-by the side; räjantam-
splendidly manifest; sva-own; vibhütibhiù-with potencies.

. . . whom Indra glorified, raining tears from his thousand eyes as again and
again he happily described how his Lord had come to his aid, and who
splendidly sat on His throne, His transcendental potencies at His side.

Text 8

atha viñëuà nijäväse


gacchantam anugamya tam
sabhäyäm ägataà çakraà
äçasyoväca näradaù

atha-then; viñëum-Lord Viñëu; nija-own; avase-to the residence;


gacchantam-going; anugamya-following; tam-Him; sabhayam-in the
assembly; agatam-arrived; sakram-Indra; asasya-glorifying; uväca-spoke;
näradaù-Närada.
Following Lord Viñëu as He departed for His own residence, Närada
returned to the assembly and, praising Indra, said:

Text 9

çré-närada uväca

kåtänukalpitas tvaà yat


sürya-candra-yamädayaù
taväjïä-kariëaù sarve
loka-päläù pare kim u

çré-näradaù-Çré Närada; uväca-said; kåta-anukalpitaù- glorious; tvam-


you; yat-because; surya-Surya; candra-Candra; yama-and Yama; adayaù-
headed by; tava-of you; ajïä-the orders; karinaù-carrying; sarve-all; loka-of
planets; palaù- the rulers; pare-others; kim u-what to speak of?

Çré Närada said: You are a great leader. Sürya, Candra, Yama, and all
the demigods and rulers of planets, what to speak of others, obey your
commands.

Text 10

munayo 'smädåço vaçyäù


çrutayas tväà stuvanti hi
jagadéçatayä yat tvaà
dharmädharma-phala-pradaù

Š munayaù-sages; asmädåçaù-like myself; vasyaù-under your dominion;


çrutayaù-the Vedas Personified; tvam-you; stuvanti-glorify with prayers; hi-
indeed; jagat-of the universe; isataya-because of dominion; yat-because;
tvam-you; dharma-of religion; adharama-and irreligion; phala-the fruits-
pradaù-granting.

Sages like myself are under you order. The Vedas praise you as the
master of the universe. You grant the results of pious and impious deeds.

Text 11

aho näräyaëo bhrätä


känéyän yasya sodaraù
sad-dharmaà mänayan yasya
vidadhäty ädaraà sadä

aho-ah!; narayanaù-Lord Näräyaëa; bhrata-the brother; kaniyan-younger;


yasya-of whom; sa-udaraù-born from the same womb; sat-dharmam-
transcendental religious principles; manayan-teaching; yasya-of whom;
vidadhati-places; adaram-respect; sadä-always.

Ah! Lord Näräyaëa is your younger brother, born from the same womb.
Honoring the path of religion, He always treats you with great respect.

Text 12

çré-parékñid uväca

ittham indrasya saubhagya-


vaibhavaà kértayan muhuù
devarñir vädayan véëäà
çläghamäno nanarta tam

çré-parékñit-Çré Parékñit; uväca-said; ittham-in this way; indrasya-of


Indra; saubhagya-of the good fortune; vaibhavam-the opulence; kértayan-
glorifying; muhuù-continually; devarñiù-Devarñi Närada; vadayan-playing;
vénäm-his vina; çläghamänaù-glorifying; nanarta-danced; tam-him.

Çré Parékñit said: Repeatedly praising Indra's great good fortune in this
way, and playing his véëä, Devarñi Närada began to dance.

Text 13

tato 'bhivädya devarñim


uväcendraù çanair hriyä
bho gandharva-kaläbhijïä
kià mäm upahasann asi

tataù-then; abhivadya-greeting; devarñim-Devarñi Närada; ヘ Šuväca-


said; indraù-Indra; sanaiù-slowly; hriya-with embarrassment; bho-O;
gandharva-kala-abhijïä-learned musician; kim-why?; mäm-at me; upahasan-
laughing; asi-you are.

Then, with great embarrassment, Indra slowly said to Devarñi Närada: O


learned musician, why are you mocking me?
Text 14

asya na svarga-räjasya
våttaà vetsi tvam eva kim
kati varän ito daitya-
bhityäsmäbhir na nirgatam

asya-of him; na-not; svarga-of Svargaloka; räjasya-of the king; våttam-


the activities; vetsi-know; tvam-you; eva-certainly; kim-whether?; kati-how
many?; varan-times; itaù-from this place; daitya-of the demons; bhitya-with
fear; asmäbhiù-by us; na-not; nirgatam-departed.

Do you not know the history of the king of Svargaloka? How many times
have we not left this place out of fear of the demons?

Text 15

äcaran balir indratvam


asurän eva sarvataù
süryendv-ädy-adhikäreñu
nyayunkta kratu-bhäga-bhuk

acaran-attaining; baliù-Bali Mahäräja; indratvam-the post of Indra;


asuran-the demons; eva-certainly; sarvataù-everywhere; surya-as the sun-
god; indu-and the moon-god; ädi-beginning with; adhikaresu-as the rulers;
nyayunkta-appointed; kratu-of the sacrifices; bhaga-the portions; bhuk-
enjoying.

Once Bali Mahäräja occupied the post of Indra. He personally enjoyed


Indra's portion in the Vedic sacrifices. He posted demons as the rulers of the
sun, moon, and other planets.

Text 16

tato nas täta-mätåbhyäà


tapobhir vitatair dåòhaiù
toñito 'py aàça-mätåeëa
gato bhrätåtvam acyutaù

tataù-then; naù-of us; tata-by the father; mätåbhyam-and mother;


tapobhiù-with austerities; vitataiù-extended; drdhaiù-and severe; toñitaù-
pleased; api-also; aàça-matreëa-by a plenary portion; gataù-attained;
bhåtartvam-the state of being a brother; acyutaù-the infallible Supreme
Personality of Godhead.

Then, pleased by my parents' long and severe austerity, the ヘ Šinfallible


Supreme Personality of Godhead appeared by His plenary portion as my
brother.

Text 17

tathäpy ahatvä tän chatrün


kevalaà nas trapa-kåtä
mäyä-yacanayädäya
bale räjyam dadau sa me

tathä api-nevertheless; ahatva-without killing; tan-them; satrun-the


enemies; kevalam-only; naù-of us; trapa-embarrassment; kåta-creating;
maya-a trick; yacanaya-by begging; adaya-taking; baleù-from Bali; räjyam-
the kingdom; dadau-gave; saù-He; me-to me.

Still, the Lord did not kill my enemies. He merely pretended to beg the
kingdom from them, and then embarrassed me by giving the results of His
begging to me.

Text 18

spardhäsüyädi-doñeëa
brahma-hatyädi-päpataù
nitya-päta-bhayenäpi
kià sukhaà svarga-väsinäm

spärdha-with rivalry asuya-and envy; ädi-beginning; dosena-by the


faults; brahma-of brähmaëas; hatya-with the killing; ädi-beginning; papataù-
because of the sins; nitya-continual; pata-of falling down; bhayena-because
of the fear; kim-what?; sukham-happiness; svarga-of Svargaloka; vasinam-of
the residents.

Because we are envious, embroiled in unremitting competition, and filled


with many faults, and because we sometimes murder brähmaëas and
commit many other sins, we live in constant fear of falling down from our
positions. Where is there any happiness for the residents of Svargaloka?

Text 19
kià ca mäà praty upendrasya
viddhy upekñaà viçeñataù
sudharmäà pärijätaà ca
svargän märtyaà ninäya saù

kim ca-furthermore; mäm-me; prati-to; upendrasya-of Vämana; viddhi-


know; upekñam-contempt; viçeñataù-specifically; sudharmam-the
Sudharma assembly house; pärijätam-the pärijäta flower; ca-and; svargat-
from Svargaloka; martyam-to Martyaloka; ninaya-brought; saù-He.

You should know that Vämana treats me with contempt. He ヘ Šforcibly


took both the Sudharmä assembly house and the pärijäta flower from
Svargaloka and brought them to the earth.

Text 20

gopälaiù kriyamänaà me
nyahan püjäà cirantaném
akhaëòaà khäëòväkhyaà me
priyaà dahitavän vanam

gopalaiù-by the cowherds; kriyamänam-performed; me-for me; nyahan-


stopping; pujam-the worship; cirantanim-long-eñöablished; akhandam-the
entire; khandava-Khandava; akhyam-named; me-to me; priyam-dear;
dahitavan-burned; vanam-the forest.

He stopped the cowherds' traditional worship of me, and He burned to


the ground the Khaëòava forest, which is so dear to me.

Text 21

trailokya-träsa-kåd-våtra-
vadhärthaà prärthitaù purä
audasinyaà bhajaàs tatra
prerayäm äsa mäà param

trailokya-the three planetary systems; trasa-fear; kåt-creating; våtra-of


Vrtrasura; vadha-the killing; ärtham-for the purpose; prärthitaù-prayed;
pura-formerly; audasinyam-indifference; bhajan-manifesting; tatra-in that
matter; prerayäm äsa-sent; mäm-me; param-then.
When I begged Him to kill the demon Våtra, who had terrified the three
worlds, the Lord was not willing to do anything. He told me to kill the demon
myself.

Text 22

utsadya mäm avajïäya


madéyam amarävatém
sarvopari sva-bhavanaà
räcayäm äsa nütanam

utsadya-leaving; mäm-me; avajïäya-treating with contempt; madéyam-


my; amaravatim-city of Amaravati; sarva-everything; upari-above; sva-own;
bhavanam-abode; racayäm äsa-created; nutanam-new.

Treating me with contempt, He left my city of Amarävaté and made a


new home for Himself above all the worlds.

Text 23

ärädhana-balät pitror
agrahäc ca purodhasaù
Špüjäà své-kåtya naù sadyo
yaty adåçyaà nijaà padam

aradhana-of the worship; balat-because of the power; pitroù-of my


parents; agrahat-because of favor; ca-also; purodhasaù-to my priest
Brhaspati; pujam-the worship; svi-kåtya-accepting; naù-of us; sadyaù-at
once; jäti-goes; ädåçyam-beyond the range of sight; nijam-to His own;
padam-abode.

At the time of His departure He only accepted my worship to show


kindness to my priest Båhaspati and because my parents were also
worshiping Him. Very quickly He left for His own abode, far beyond the
range of my sight.

Text 24

punaù sa-tvaram ägatya


svärghya-své-karaëäd vayam
anugrahyas tvayety ukto
'smän ädiçati vaïcayan
punaù-again; sa-with; tvaram-speed; agatya-returning; sva-own; arghya-
offering of arghya; svi-karaëat-because of accepting; vayam-we;
anugrahyaù-are honored; tvaya-by You; iti-thus; uktaù-addressed; asmän-
us; ädisati-instructs; vaïcayan-cheating.

When I said to Him, "We will be honored if You quickly return to accept
our offerings of arghya," He cheated me by speaking this instruction:

Text 25

yävan nähaà samäyämi


tävad brahmä çivo 'thavä
bhavadbhiù püjanéyo 'tra
matto bhinnau na tau yataù

yavat-as long as; na-not; aham-I; samayami-come; tavat-then; brahma-


Brahmä; sivaù-Çiva; athava-or; bhavadbhiù-by you; pujaniyaù-should be
worshipped; atra-here; mattaù-from Me; bhinnau-different; na-not; tau-they;
yataù-because.

When I am not here you may worship Brahmä or Çiva, for they are not
different from Me.

Text 26

eka-mürtis trayo devä


viñëu-rudra-pitämahäù
ity ädi çästra-vacanaà
bhavadbhir vismåtaà kim u

eka-one; murtiù-form; trayaù-the three; devaù-gods; ヘ Šviñëu-Viñëu;


rudra-Çiva; pitamahaù-and Brahmä; iti-thus; ädi-beginning; sastra-of
scripture; vacanam-the statement; bhavadbhiù-by you; vismåtam-forgotten;
kim-whether?; u-indeed.

Have you forgotten the words of scripture: "The one Supreme Lord has
expanded into the three forms of Viñëu, Brahmä and Çiva"?

Text 27

väso 'syäniyato 'smäbhir


agamyo muni-durlabhaù
vaikuëöhe dhruvaloke ca
kñiräbdhau ca kadäcana

vasaù-the residence; asya-of Him; aniyataù-is not always the same;


asmäbhiù-by us; agamya-unapproachable; muni-by the sages; durlabhaù-
difficult to attain; vaikuëöhe-in Vaikuëöha; dhruvaloke-in Dhruvaloka; ca-
and; kñira-of milk; äbdhau-in the ocean; ca-also; kadäcana-sometimes.

Neither I nor the sages can go to His abode. He does not stay for very
long in any one place. Sometimes He stays in Vaikuëöha, sometimes in
Dhruvaloka, and sometimes in the Kñérodaka Ocean.

Text 28

samprati dvärakäyäà ca
taträpi niyamo 'sti na
kadäcit päëòavägäre
mathuräyäà kadäcana

puryäà kadäcit taträpi


gokule ca vanäd vane
itthaà tasyävaloko 'pi
durlabho naù kutaù kåpä

samprati-at present; dvarakayam-in Dvaraka; ca-also; tatra api-


nevertheless; niyamaù-always; asti-is; na-not; kadäcit-sometimes; päëòava-
of the Pandavas; agare-in the palace; mathurayam-in Mathura; kadäcana-
sometimes; puryam-in the city; kadäcit-sometimes; tatra api-nevertheless;
gokule-in Gokula; ca-and; vanat-from forest; vane-to forest; ittham-in this
way; tasya-of Him; avalokaù-the sight; api-even; durlabhaù-is difficult to
attain; naù-to us; kutaù-where?; kåpä-is the mercy.

Now He is at Dvärakä. But He does not always stay there. Sometimes He


is in the palace of the Päëòavas, sometimes in the city of Mathurä, and
sometimes going from forest to forest in Gokula. In this way it is very
difficult for us to see Him. Where is His mercy to us?
Š

Text 29

parameñöhi-suta-çreñöha
kintu sva-pitaraà hareù
anugraha-padaà viddhi
lakñmékänta-suto hi saù

parameñöhi-of Brahmä; suta-of the sons; çreñöha-O best; kintu-however;


sva-you; pitaram-father; hareù-of Lord Kåñëa; anugraha-of the mercy;
padam-the object; viddhi-please know; lakñmé-kanta-of Lord Näräyaëa, the
husband of Lakñmé; sutaù-the son; hi-indeed; saù-he.

O best son of Brahmä, know that your father is the actual object of Lord
Kåñëa's mercy. He is directly the son of Lord Näräyaëa, the husband of
Lakñmé.

Text 30

yasyaikasmin dine çakrä


mädåçäù syuç caturdaça
manv-ädi-yuktä yasyähas
catur-yuga-sahasrakam

yasya-of whom; ekasmin-in one; dine-day; sakraù-Indras; mädåçaù-like


myself; suyaù-are; caturadasa-14; manu-Manus; ädi-beginning with; yuktaù-
endowed; yasya-of whom; ahaù-the day; catuù-four; yuga-yugas;
sahasrakam-a thousand.

Within his day, which lasts for one thousand catur-yugas, live 14 Manus
and many Indras like myself.

Text 31

niçä ca tävatétthaà yä-


ho-räträëäà çata-trayé
ñañöy-uttarä bhaved varñaà
yasyäyus tac chataà småtam

nisa-the night; ca-also; tavati-in the same way; ittham-in this way; ya-
which; ahaù-of days; ratraëam-and of nights; sata-hundred; trayi-three;
sasti-sixty; uttara-and; bhavet-is; varñam-one year; yasya-of whom; ayuù-
the life; tat-that; satam-one hundred; småtam-is described in the Småti-
sastra.

His night is as long as his day, 360 such days and nights are his one year,
and 100 such years is the span of his life. This is the description of Småti-
çästra.
Text 32

lokänäà loka-palänäm
api srañöädhikära-daù
pälakaù karma-phala-do
Š rätrau saàharakaç ca saù

lokänäm-of all living entities; loka-palänäm-and of the demigods who rule


over planets; api-also; srasta-creation; adhikara-and authority; daù-giving;
palakaù-the protector; karma-of action; phala-the fruits; daù-giving; ratrau-
at night; saàharakaù-the cause of dissolution; ca-also; saù-he.

He creates both the ordinary living entities and the demigods who rule
over planets, and he gives them each a specific sphere where they may act.
He protects them, gives them the fruits of their work, and, on the arrival of
his night, destroys them all.

Text 33

sahasra-çirñä yal-loke
sa mahä-puruñaù sphuöam
bhuïjäno yajïa-bhägaughaà
vasaty änanda-daù sadä

sahasra-thousands; sirsa-of heads; yat-of whom; loke-on the planet; saù-


He; mahä-puruñaù-the Maha-puruña; sphutam-is manifested; bhunjanaù-
eating; yajïa-of sacrifice; bhaga-of shares; augham-the multitude; vasati-
resides; änanda-bliss; daù-giving; sadä-always.

The thousand-headed Maha-puruña incarnation of the Lord always stays


on Brahmä's planet, eating a great multitude of sacrificial offerings and
giving transcendental bliss to all.

Text 34

itthaà yukti-sahasraiù sa
çré-kåñëasya kåpäspadam
kià vaktavyaà kåpä-pätram
iti kåñëaù sa eva hi

ittham-in this way; yukti-of reasons; sahasraiù-with thousands; saù-he;


çré-kåñëasya-of Çré Kåñëa; kåpä-of mercy; aspadam-the object; kim-what?;
vaktavyam-need be said; kåpä-of mercy; pätram-the object; iti-thus;
kåñëaù-Kåñëa; saù-he; eva-certainly; hi-indeed.

In this way I have given thousands of reasons to consider Brahmä the


object of Lord Kåñëa's mercy. What more need I say? Brahmä is himself an
empowered incarnation of Lord Kåñëa.

Text 35

tac chruti-småti-väkyebhyaù
prasiddhaà jïäyate tvayä
anyac ca tasya mähätmyaà
tal-lokänäm api prabho

Š tat-this; çruti-of the Sruti-sastra; småti-and Småti-sastra; vakyebhyaù-


from the statements; prasiddham-famous; jïäyate-is known; tvaya-by you;
anyat-other; ca-also; tasya-of him; mahätmyam-the glory; tat-lokänäm-of
the residents of his planet; api-also; prabho-O lord.

This fact is celebrated in the words of both Sruti and Småti çästras. My
lord, you know this fact and many other glories of both Brahmä and those
who reside on his planet.

Text 36

çré-parékñid uväca

indrasya vacanaà çrutvä


sädhu bhoù sädhv iti bruvan
tväravän brahmaëo lokaà
bhagavän närado gataù

çré-parékñit-Çré Parékñit; uväca-said; indrasya-of Indra; vacanam-the


statement; çrutva-having heard; sädhu-well done!; bhoù-Oh!; sädhu-well
done!; iti-thus; bruvan-saying; tvara-van-quick; brähmaëaù-of Brahmä;
lokam-to the planet; bhagavan-lord; näradaù-Närada; gataù-went.

Çré Parékñit said: When he heard Indra's words, Lord Närada said, "Well
done! Oh, well done!" and then quickly traveled to the planet of Brahmä.

Text 37
yajïänäà mahatäà tatra
brahmarñibhir anäratam
bhaktyä vitäyamänänäà
praghoñaà dürato 'çåëot

yajïänäm-of Vedic sacrifices; mahatam-great; tatra-there; brahma-


rsibhiù-by the great sages; anaratam-continually; bhaktyä-with devotion;
vitayamänänäm-being performed; praghosam-the sound; dürataù-from a
distance; açåëot-heard.

From a distance Närada heard the sounds of great sages continually, and
with great devotion, performing a series of great Vedic sacrifices.

Text 38

dadarça ca tatas teñu


prasannaù parameçvaraù
mahä-puruña-rüpeëa
jäta-maëòala-maëòitaù

dadarça-saw; ca-also; tataù-then; tesu-among them; prasannaù-pleased;


parama-éçvaraù-the Supreme Personality of Godhead; mahä-puruña-of the
Maha-puruña; rüpena-in the form; ヘ Šjäta-maëòala-maëòitaù-with locks of
matted hair.

Then among them he saw the blissful Supreme Personality of Godhead in


His mahä-puruña form, His hair matted.

Text 39

sahasra-mürdhä bhagavän
yajïa-mürtiù çriyä saha
ävirbhüyädadäd bhagän
änandayati yäjakän

sahasra-thousand; murdha-heads; bhagavan-the Supreme Lord; yajïa-


murtiù-the deity of sacrifices; çriya-the goddess of fortune; saha-with;
avirbhuya-manifesting; adadat-accepting; bhagan-the offerings; änandayati-
pleases; yajakan-the offerers of sacrifice.

Accompanied by the goddess of fortune, the thousand-headed Supreme


Lord of all sacrifices was pleasing the performers of sacrifice by accepting
their offerings.

Text 40

padmayoneù praharñärthaà
dravya-jätaà niveditam
sahasra-päëibhir vaktra-
sahaçreñv arpayan adan

padmayoneù-of Brahmä; praharña-of the happiness; ärtham-for the


purpose; dravya-jätam-substances; niveditam-offered; sahasra-a thousand;
panibhiù-with hands; vaktra-of mouths; sahasresu-into thousands; arpayan-
placing; adan-eating.

Taking the offerings in thousands of hands, and placing them in


thousands of mouths, the Supreme Lord, in order to please Brahmä, ate the
offerings.

Text 41

dattveñöän yajamänebhyo
varän nidrä-gåhaà gataù
lakñmé-samvähyamänäìghrir
nidräm ädatta lélayä

dattva-giving; iñöan-desired; yajamanebhyaù-to the performers of


sacrifice; varan-benedictions; nidra-gåham-to His bedroom; gataù-gone;
lakñmé-by Lakñmé; samvahyamäna-being massaged; aìghriù-whose feet;
nidram-sleep; adatta-accepted; lélaya-happily.

The Lord offered to the performers of sacrifices all the benedictions they
requested. He then retired to His bedroom, and, as the goddess of fortune
massaged His feet, He happily fell asleep.
Š
Text 42

tad-äjïayä ca yajïeñu
niyujyarñén nijätmajän
brahmäëòa-kärya-caryärthaà
svaà dhiñëyaà vidhir ägataù

tat-of him; ajïäya-by the order; ca-also; yajïesu-in sacrifices; niyujya-


engaging; rsin-sages; nija-his own; ätmajan-sons; brahmäëòa-of the
universe; karya-the affairs; carya-to perform; ärtham-for the purpose; svam-
to his own; dhiñëyam-abode; vidhiù-Brahmä; gataù-went.

Brahmä ordered the sages, who were his sons, to perform sacrifces, and
then, to tend to his duties in managing the universe, Brahmä left for his own
abode.

Text 43

parameñöhy äsane tatra


sukhäsénaà nija-prabhoù
mahima-çravaëäkhyäna-
paraà säsräñöa-netrakam

parameñöhi-Brahmä; asane-on his throne; tatra-there; sukha-


comfortably; asinam-seated; nija-prabhoù-of his Lord; mahima-of the
glories; sravana-hearing; akhyana-the narrations; param-devoted; sa-with;
asra-tears; asta-in his eight; netrakam-eyes.

As Brahmä comfortably sat on his throne and intently heard the


recitation of the glories of his Lord, the Personality of Godhead, tears came
to his eight eyes.

Text 44

vicitra-paramaiçvarya-
samägré-pariñevitam
sva-tätaà närado 'bhyetya
praëamyoväca daëòavat

vicitra-wonderful; parama-great; aiçvarya-opulence; samagri-assembled;


parisevitam-served; sva-own; tatam-to his father; näradaù-Närada;
abhyetya-approaching; praëamya-offering obeisances; uväca-spoke; danda-
a stick; vat-like.

Approaching his father, who was served by a host of wonderful


opulences, Närada fell down like a stick to offer respects and said:

Text 45
çré-närada uväca

Šbhavän eva kåpä-pätraà


dhruvaà bhagavato hareù
prajäpati-patir yo vai
sarva-loka-pitämahaù

çré-näradaù-Çré Närada; uväca-said; bhavan-your lordship; eva-certainly;


kåpä-of mercy; pätram-the object; dhruvam-certainly; bhagavataù-of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead; hareù-Lord Hari; präjapati-of the
Präjapatis; patiù-the master; yaù-who; vai-indeed; sarva-of all; loka-living
entities; pitamahaù-the grandfather.

Çré Närada said: You are certainly the object of Lord Hari's mercy. You
are the master of the Prajäpatis and the grandfather of all living entities.

Text 46

ekaù såjati pätay atti


bhuvanäni caturdaça
brahmäëòasyeçvaro nityaà
svayambhür yaç ca kathyate

ekaù-alone; såjati-create; pati-maintain; atti-destroy; bhuvanäni-worlds;


catudasa-fourteen; brahmäëòasya-of the universe; éçvaraù-the master;
nityam-eternally; svayam-bhuù-self-born; yaù-who; ca-also; kathyate-is
described.

You alone create, maintain, and destroy the fourteen worlds. You are
eternally the master of the universe. It is said that you are parentless and
self-born.

Text 47

sabhäyäà yasya vidyante


mürtimanto 'rtha-bodhakaù
yac-catur-vaktrato jätaù
puräëa-nigamädayaù

sabhayam-in the assembly; yasya-of whom; vidyante-are; murtimantaù-


personified; ärtha-the purpose of life; bodhakaù-revealing; yat-of whom;
catuù-four; vaktrataù-from the mouths; jätaù-born; puräëa-Puräëas; nigama-
Vedas; adayaù-beginning.
Born from your four mouths, the Personified Vedas, Puräëas, and other
scriptures that reveal the goal of life, stay in your assembly-house.

Text 48

yasya lokaç ca niçchidra-


sva-dharmäcara-niñöhayä
madädi-rahitaiù sadbhir
labhyate çata-janmabhiù

Š yasya-of whom; lokaù-the planet; ca-also; nischidra-faultless; sva-own;


dharma-duties; acara-performance; niñöhaya-with faith; mada-unrestrained
passion; ädi-beginning with; rahitaiù-without; sadbhiù-by saintly persons;
labhyate-is attained; sata-with a hundred; janmabhiù-births.

The saintly sages, who are free from lust and all other vices, attain your
planet after faithfully and faultlessly performing their prescribed duties for a
hundred births.

Text 49

yasyopari na vartate
brahmäëòe bhavanaà param
loko näräyaëasyäpi
vaikuëöhäkhyo yad-antare

yasya-of which; upari-above; na-not; vartate-is; brahmäëòe-in the


universe; bhavanam-abode; param-superior; lokaù-the planet; narayanasya-
of Lord Näräyaëa; api-even; vaikuëöha-Vaikuëöha; akhyaù-named; yat-
which; antare-within.

In this universe no place is superior to your abode. Even Lord Näräyaëa's


planet named Vaikuëöha exists only within your realm.

Text 50

yasmin nityaà vaset säkñäd


mahä-puruña-vigrahaù
sa padmanäbho yajïänäà
bhagän açnan dadät phalän
yasmin-in which; nityam-eternally; vaset-resides; säkñät-directly; mahä-
puruña-of the Maha-puruña; vigrahaù-in the form; saù-He; padma-nabhaù-
the lotus-naveled Supreme Lord; yajïänäm-of the sacrifices; bhagan-the
offerings; asnan-eating; dadat-giving; phalan-the fruits.

Eating the offerings of sacrifice, and granting the fruits of their sacrifices
to His worshipers, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, in His form of the
Mahä-puruña, eternally resides in your abode.

Text 51

paramänveñaëäyäsair
yasyoddeço 'pi na tvayä
puro präptaù paraà dåñöas
tapobhir hådi yaù kñaëam

parama-great; anvesana-for searching; ayasaiù-with efforts; yasya-to


whom; uddeçaù-in relation; api-even; na-not; tvaya-by you; puraù-in the
presence; präptaù-attained; param-after; dåñöaù-seen; tapobhiù-with
austerities; hådi-in the heart; yaù-who; kñaëam-for a moment.
Š

At first you made a great endeavor to find the Supreme Personality of


Godhead, but you could not find Him. Then, by performing austerities you
were able to see Him for a moment in your heart.

Text 52

tat satyam asi kåñëasya


tvam eva nitaräà priyaù
aho nünaà sa eva tvaà
lélä-nänä-vapur-dharaù

tat-this; satyam-the truth; asi-are; kåñëasya-of Lord Kåñëa; tvam-you;


eva-certainly; nitaram-greatly; priyaù-dear; aho-ah!; nunam-certainly; saù-
He; eva-certainly; tvam-you; lila-for pastimes; nan-various; vapuù-forms;
dharaù-assuming.

The truth is that you are very dear to Lord Kåñëa. Indeed, you are the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, Kåñëa, who assumes many different forms
for His pastimes.
Text 53

çré-parékñid uväca

itthaà mähätmyam udgäyan


vistarya brahmaëo 'sakåt
çakra-proktaà sva-dåñöaà ca
bhaktyäsit taà naman muniù

çré-parékñit-Çré Parékñit; uväca-said; ittham-in this way; mahätmyam-the


glorification; udgayan-chanting; vistarya-expanding; brähmaëaù-of Brahmä;
asakåt-repeatedly; sakra-by Indra; proktam-spoken; sva-by himself;
dåñöam-seen; ca-also; bhaktyä-with devotion; asit-was; tam-to him; naman-
bowing down; muniù-the sage.

Çré Parékñit said: Again and again singing Brahmä's glories, which Indra
had described, and which he now personally saw, Närada bowed down
before Brahmä with great devotion.

Text 54

çåëvann eva sa tad-väkyaà


däso 'sméti muhur vadan
catur-vaktro 'sta-karëänäà
pidhäne vyagratäà gataù

çåëvan-listening; eva-certainly; saù-he; tat-of him; vakyam-to the words;


dasaù-a servant; asmi-I am; iti-thus; muhuh; repeatedly; vadan-saying;
catuù-four; vaktraù-mouths; asta-eight; karaëam-ears; pidhane-covering;
vyagratam-agitation; gataù-attained.

Š As he heard Närada's words, Brahmä became very agitated. Covering


his eight ears, through his four mouths he said, "I am only a servant," again
and again.

Text 55

açravya-çravaëäj jätaà
kopaà yatnena dhärayan
sva-putraà näradaà präha
säkñepaà catur-änanaù

asravya-what should not be heard; sravanat-because of hearing; jätam-


produced; kopam-anger; yatnena-with effort; dharayan-restraining; sva-to
his own; putram-son; näradam-Närada; präha-spoke; sa-with; akñepam-
censure; catuù-ananaù-four-faced Brahmä.

Restraining with great effort the anger these unbearable words created
within him, four-faced Brahmä rebuked his son Närada.

Text 56

çré-brahmoväca

ahaà na bhagavän kåñëa


iti tvaà kià pramäëataù
yuktitaç ca mayäbhikñëaà
bodhito 'si na bälyataù

çré-brahma-Çré Brahmä; uväca-said; aham-I; na-am not; bhagavan-the


Supreme Personality of Godhead; kåñëaù-Kåñëa; iti-thus; tvam-you; kim-
whether?; pramänataù-from the Vedic revelation; yuktitaù-from logic; ca-
and; maya-from me; abhiksnam-repeatedly; badhitaù-understood; asi-you
have; na-not; balyataù-since childhood.

Çré Brahmä said: I am not the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Kåñëa.


From your earliest childhood have you not repeatedly learned this from the
Vedic scriptures, from common-sense logic, and from my own explanations?

Text 57

tasya çaktir mahä-mäyä


däsévekña-pathe sthitä
såjatédaà jagat päti
sva-guëaiù saàharaty api

tasya-of Him; çaktiù-the potency; mahä-maya-Maha-maya; dasi-a


maidservant; iva-like; ékña-of the eyes; pathe-in the pathway; sthita-
standing; såjati-creates; idam-this; jagat-material universe; pati-maintains;
sva-own; guëaiù-with the three modes of nature; saàharati-destroys; api-
also.

His potency is Mahä-mäyä. In His eyes Mahä-mäyä is like a


ヘ Šmaidservant who, employing the three modes of nature, creates,
maintains, and destroys the material universe.
Text 58

tasya eva vayaà sarve 'py


adhénä mohitäs tayä
tan na kåñëa-kåpä-leçä-
syäpi pätram avehi mäm

tasya-of that mahä-maya; eva-certainly; vayam-we; sarve-all; api-also;


adhinaù-under the dominion; mohitaù-bewildered; taya-by her; tat-
therefore; na-not; kåñëa-of Lord Kåñëa; kåpä-of the mercy; lesasya-of a
small portion; api-even; pätram-the object; avehi-you should know; mäm-
me.

All of us are bewildered by this Maha-maya. We are very firmly under her
control. For this reason you should know that I have not received even a
small portion of Lord Kåñëa's mercy.

Texts 59 and 60

tän mäyayaiva satataà


jagato 'haà guruù prabhuù
pitämahaç ca kåñëasya
näbhi-padma-samudbhavaù

tapasvy ärädhakas tasyety


ädyair guru-madair hataù
brahmäëòävaçyakäpära-
vyäparämarña-vihvalaù

tat-of Him; mayaya-by the illusory potency; satatam-continually; jagataù-


of the universe; aham-I am; guruù-the spiritual leader; prabhuù-the
controller; pitamahaù-the grandfather; ca-also; kåñëasya-of Lord Kåñëa;
nabhi-of the navel; padma-of the lotus; samudbhavaù-born; tapasvi-a great
ascetic; aradhakaù-a great worshiper; tasya-of Him; iti-thus; adyaiù-
beginning with; guru-great; madaiù-by illusions; hataù-destroyed;
brahmäëòa-to the universe; avasyaka-essential; apara-endless; vyapara-
with duties; amarña-with anger; vihvalaù-agitated.

I continually think: "I am the great spiritual leader, the supreme


controller, and the grandfather of this universe. I was personally born from
the lotus flower sprouted from the navel of Lord Kåñëa. I am a performer of
great austerities. I am a great devotee of Lord Kåñëa." In this way Lord
Kåñëa's illusory potency Mäyä destroys me with intense pride. In addition to
that I am always angry, overwhelmed by the endless duties I must perform
to maintain the universe.

Text 61

bhüta-präyätma-lokéya-
näça-cintä-niyantritaù
Šsarva-gräsi-mahä-käläd
bhéto muktià paraà våëe

bhüta-birth; praya-and death; ätma-my; lokiya-of the world; nasa-


destruction; cinta-niyantritaù-filled with anxiety; sarva-everything; grasi-
devouring; mahä-great; kalat-of time; bhitaù-frightened; muktim-liberation;
param-ultimate; vrne-I aspire.

I am anxious that someday my planet will be destroyed. Afraid of all-


devouring time, I pray for ultimate liberation.

Text 62

tad-ärthaà bhagavat-püjäà
kärayämi karomi ca
äväso jagad-éçasya
tasya vä na kva vidyate

tat-of this; ärtham-for the purpose; bhagavat-of the Supreme Lord;


pujam-the worship; karayami-I cause to do; karomi-I personally perform; ca-
also; avasaù-residence; jagat-isasya-of the master of the universe; tasya-of
Him; va-or; na-not; kva-where?; vidyate-is.

Only for this purpose I worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead and I
cause others to worship Him. (You may say that the Supreme Personality of
Godhead personally resides on my planet, but I say:) Where does the
Supreme Personality of Godhead not reside?

Text 63

veda-pravartanäyäsau
bhagaà gåhëäti kevalam
svayaà sampädita-preñöha-
yajïasyänugrahäya ca

veda-the Vedas; pravartanaya-to preach the message; asau-He; bhagam-


the offerings; gåhnati-accepts; kevalam-only; svayan-personally; sampädita-
eñöablished; preñöha-most dear; yajïasya-sacrifice; anugrahaya-for the
mercy; ca-and.

He personally accepts the sacrificial offerings here only to firmly


establish the Vedic revelation and also to bestow mercy on the dear
devotees who make offerings to Him. (He does not do it to bestow mercy on
me.)

Text 64

vicäräcärya buddhyasva
sa hi bhakty-eka-vallabhaù
kåpäà tanoti bhakteñu
näbhakteñu kadäcana

vicara-please consider; acarya-O spiritual master Närada; ヘ Šbuddhyasva-


please understand; saù-He; hi-indeed; bhakti-of devotion; eka-only;
vallabhaù-is fond; kåpäm-mercy; tanoti-gives; bhaktesu-to the devotees; na-
not; abhaktesu-to the non-devotees; kadäcana-at any time.

O Närada Acärya, think for a moment. You should know that the Lord is
pleased only by devotion. He gives His mercy only to the devotees, never to
the non-devotees.

Text 65

bhaktir dure 'stu tasmin me


näparädhä bhavanti cet
bahu-manye tad ätmänäà
näham agaùsu rudravat

bhaktiù-devotion; dure-far away; astu-is; tasmin-for Him; me-of me; na-


not; aparadhaù-offenses; bhavanti-are; cet-if; bahu-manye-I consider highly;
tat-that; ätmanam-myself; na-not; aham-I; agahsu-in sins; rudra-Çiva; vat-
like.

I am very far from having any devotion to the Lord. If I somehow avoid
offending Him I think I am doing very well indeed. The Lord does not forgive
my offenses as He forgives the sins of Çiva.

Text 66

mad äpta-vara-jäto 'sau


sarva-lokopatäpakaù
hiraëyakaçipur duñöo
vaiñëava-droha-tat-paraù

mat-from me; äpta-obtained; vara-benedictions; jätaù-manifested; asau-


he; sarva-all; loka-the worlds; upatapakaù-tormenting; hiranyakasipuù-
Hiranyakasipu; duñöaù-wicked; vaiñëava-to the Vaiñëavas; droha-tat-paraù-
an enemy.

One time I gave benedictions to a demon named Hiraëyakaçipu, who


became an enemy of the devotees and proceeded to torment the entire
world.

Text 67-70

çréman-nåsiàha-rüpeëa
prabhunä saàhåto yadä
tadähaà sa-paérväro
vicitra-stava-päöavaiù

stuvan sthitvä bhayäd düre


'paìga-dåñöyäpi nädåtaù
prahlädasyäbhiçeke tu
våtte tasmin prasädataù

çanair upasåto 'bhyärëam


ädiñöo 'ham idaà ruñä
Šmaivaà varo 'suräëäà te
pradeyaù padmasambhava

tathäpi rävaëädibhyo
duñöebhyo 'haà varän adam
rävaëasya tu yat karma
jihvä kasya gåëäti tat

çrémat-nåsiàha-of Çré Nåsiàha; rüpena-in the form; prabhuna-by the


Lord; saàhåtaù-killed; yadä-when; tada-then; aham-I; sa-with; parivaraù-my
associates; vicitra-wonderful; stava-with prayers; patavaiù-expert; stuvan-
praying; sthitva-standing; bhayat-out of fear; dure-far away; apaìga-
sidelong; dåñöya-with a glance; api-even; na-not; adrtaù-recognized;
prahlädasya-of Prahlada; abhiseke-during the coronation ceremony; tu-
indeed; våtte-performed; tasmin-in that; prasädataù-out of mercy; sanaiù-
slowly; upasrtaù-approached; abhyarëam-nearby; ädiñöaù-instructed;
aham-I was; idam-this; rusa-with anger; ma-don't; evam-in this way; varaù-
benediction; asuraëam-to the demons; te-by you; pradeyaù-should be given;
padmasambhava-O Brahmä, born from the lotus; tathä api-nevertheless;
ravana-with Ravana; ädibhyaù-beginning; dustebhyaù-to many demons;
aham-I; varan-many benedictions; adam-have given; ravanasya-of Ravana;
tu-indeed; yat-which; karma-actions; jihva-the tongue; kasya-of whom?;
grnati-can describe; tat-that.

When the Lord, in His form of Çré Nåsiàha, killed that demon, I and my
companions, staying far away out of fear, spoke many eloquent prayers to
the Lord, but He refused to recognize us even with a momentary sidelong
glance. Later, during the coronation ceremony of Mahäräja Prahlada, He
kindly approached me and angrily ordered: "Do not give any more
benedictions like this to the demons!" In spite of this order I have since
given many benedictions to Rävaëa and many other demons. Whose tongue
has the power to describe the sins of Rävaëa?

Text 71

mayä dattädhikäräëäà
çakrädénäà mahä-madaiù
sadä hata-vivekänäà
tasminn agaàsi saàsmara

maya-by me; datta-given; adhikaraëam-their posts; sakra-with Indra;


ädénäm-beginning; mahä-great; madaiù-with pride; sadä-always; hata-
destroyed; vivekänäm-discrimination; tasmin-in this; agaàsi-sins; saàsmara-
you may remember.

You may remember how I gave administrative posts to Indra and many
others whose good sense became completely destroyed by their inflated
pride.

Text 72

våñöi-yuddhädinendrasya
Š govardhana-makhädiñu
nandäharaëa-väëéya-
dhenv-ädänädinäppateù
våñöi-rains; yuddha-battle; ädina-beginning with; indrasya-of Indra;
govardhana-in the Govardhana; makha-sacrifice; ädisu-beginning with;
nanda-of Nanda Mahäräja; aharaëa-the kidnaping; vaniya-in the forest;
dhenu-of the cows; adana-taking; ädina-beginning with; ap-pateù-of Varuna,
the king of the waters.

Indra offended the Lord by showering incessant rains on the Govardhana


sacrifice, by fighting with the Lord over the pärijäta flower, and in many
other ways also. Varuëa, the king of the waters, kidnaped Nanda Mahäräja,
stole the cows from the forest, and committed many other offenses.

Text 73

yamasya ca tad-äcäryät-
maja-durmaraëädinä
kuverasyäpi dusceñöa-
çaìkhacüòä-kåtädinä

yamasya-of Yamaräja; ca-also; tat-of Him; acarya-of the teacher; ätmaja-


of the son; durmaraëa-a terrible death; ädina-beginning with; kuverasya-of
Kuvera; api-also; dusceñöa-wicked; sankhacuda-with Sankhacuda; ädina-
beginning.

Yama terribly killed the son of the Lord's teacher, and Kuvera is partly
responsible for the sins of his follower, the demon Çaìkhacüòa.

Text 74

adho loke tu daiteyä


vaiñëava-droha-käriëaù
sarpaç ca sahaja-krodha-
duñöä käliya-bandhavaù

adhaù-in the lower; loke-worlds; tu-indeed; daiteyaù-the demons;


vaiñëava-of the devotees; droha-karinaù-the enemies; sarpaù-the serpents;
ca-also; sahaja-naturally; krodha-angry; duñöaù-wicked; kaliya-of Kaliya;
bandhavaù-the relatives.

Also, in the lower worlds the demons and the angry serpents who are
relatives of Käliya-näga have become enemies of the Vaiñëavas.
Text 75

sampraty api mayä tasya


svayaà vatsäs tathärbhakäù
våndävane pälyamäna
bhojane mäyayä håtaù
Š
samprati-now; api-even; maya-by me; tasya-of Him; svayam-personally;
vatsaù-the calves; tathä-and; arbhakaù-boys; vrndavane-in Vrndavana;
palyamänaù-being protected; bhojane-during lunch; mayaya-by my illusory
potency; håtaù-were kidnaped.

When Kåñëa stopped for lunch I used my illusory potency to kidnap the
boys and calves personally protected by Him in Våndävana.

Text 76

tato vékñya mahäçcaryaà


bhéöa stutvä namann api
dhåñöo 'haà vaïcitas tena
gopa-bälaka-lélayä

tataù-then; vékñya-seeing; mahä-a great; ascaryam-wonder; bhitaù-


frightened; stutva-offering prayers; naman-bowing down; api-also; dhåtaù-
impudent; aham-I; vaïcitaù-was cheated; tena-by Him; gopa-cowherd;
balaka-of a boy; lélaya-by the pastimes.

Then I saw something very wonderful. Frightened, I bowed down before


Him and offered prayers. I arrogantly offended Him, and He responded by
cheating me with His pastimes of a cowherd boy.

Text 77

tasya svabhavikasyäbja-
prasädekñaëa-mätrataù
iñöaù svaà bahu-manye sma
tat-priya-vraja-bhü gateù

tasya-of Him; svabhavikasya-by nature; äbja-lotus; prasäda-of mercy;


ékñaëa-by a glance; ma trataù-only; iñöaù-desired; svam-own; bahu-manye
sma-considered very great; tat-of Him; priya-dear; vräja-of Vräja; bhu-to the
land; gateù-because of having gone.
Because I was able to enter His dearmost land of Vraja, and because I
was able to obtain His merciful lotus glance, I thought that at that moment
my life was all-perfect and all-successful.

Text 78

taträtmänaç cira-sthityä-
parädhäù syur iti trasan
apasaraà kim anyais tan
nijäsaubhagya-varëaëaiù

tatra-there; ätmanaù-of myself; cira-by a long; sthitya-ヘ Šstay;


aparadhaù-offenses; syuù-may be; iti-thus; trasan-fearing; apasaram-
departure; kim-what is the need; tat-then; nija-own; asaubhagya-of
misfortune; varëaëaiù-with narrations.

Fearing that I would commit many more offenses if I stayed, I left Vraja.
What is the use of saying anything more about my misfortunes?

Text 79

atha brahmäëòa-madhye 'smin


tädåì nekñe kåpäspadam
viñëoù kintu mahädeva
eva khyätaù sakheti yaù

atha-therefore; brahmäëòa-of the universe; madhye-in the midst; asmin-


in this; tadrk-like this; na-not; ékñe-I see; kåpä-of mercy; aspadam-the
object; viñëoù-of Lord Viñëu; kintu-however; mahadevaù-Çiva; eva-certainly;
khyataù-is celebrated; sakha-the friend; iti-thus; yaù-who.

Çiva is famous as the personal friend of Lord Viñëu. In this universe I do


not see anyone who is the object of the Lord's mercy as Çiva.

Text 80

yaç ca çré-kåñëa-padäbja-
rasenonmäditaù sadä
avadhérita-sarvärtha-
paramaiçvarya-bhogakaù
yaù-who; ca-also; çré-kåñëa-of Lord Çré Kåñëa; pada-feet; äbja-of the
lotus flower; rasena-by the nectar; unmäditaù-intoxicated; sadä-always;
avadhirita-rejected; sarva-all; ärtha-materialistic goals of life; parama-
supreme; aiçvarya-power and opulence; bhogakaù-and many varieties of
sense-pleasures.

Always intoxicated by the sweet nectar of Çré Kåñëa's lotus feet, Çiva
has lost all interest in material goals, in supreme power and opulence, and
in varieties of sense-pleasure.

Text 81

asmädåço viñayino
bhogäsaktän hasann iva
dhusturärkästhi-mälä-dhåg
nagno bhasmänulepanaù

asmädåçaù-like us; visayinaù-sense-enjoyers; bhoga-to sense-


gratification; äsaktan-attached; hasan-laughing; iva-as if; dhustura-dhustura
seeds; arka-arka leaves; asthi-of bones; mala-a garland; dhåk-wearing;
nagnaù-naked; bhasma-with ashes; anulepanaù-anointed.
Š

Eating Dhustura seeds and arka leaves, decorated with a garland of


skulls, and his naked body smeared with ashes, Çiva laughs at materialists
like myself, who are addicted to sense-pleasures.

Text 82

viprakérëa-jäta-bhara
unmatta iva ghürëate
tathä sva-gopanäsaktaù
kåñëa-padäbja-saucajam
gaìgäà mürdhni vahan harñän
nåtyaàç ca layate jagat

viprakérëa-disheveled; jäta-matted hair; bharah unmattaù-a madman;


iva-like; ghurnate-staggers about; tathä-then; sva-himself; gopana-
concealing; äsaktaù-attached; kåñëa-of Lord Kåñëa; pada-feet; äbja-of the
lotus; sauca-from the washing; jam-produced; gaìgam-the Ganges River;
murdhni-on his head; vahan-carrying; harñat-out of happiness; nåtyan-
dancing; ca-also; layate-becomes destroyed; jagat-the universe.
Wearing matted locks of disheveled hair, and eager to conceal his actual
nature, he staggers about like a madman. On his head he happily carries the
Ganges, which has washed the lotus feet of Lord Kåñëa. When he dances he
destroys the universe.

Text 83

kåñëa-prasädät tenaiva
mädåçam adhikäriëäm
abhiñöärpayituà muktis
tasya patnyäpi çakyate

kåñëa-of Lord Kåñëa; prasädat-because of the mercy; tena-by him; eva-


certainly; mädåçam-like us; adhikarinam-of the demigods; abhiñöa-desired;
arpayitum-to be given; muktiù-liberation; tasya-of him; patnya-by the wife;
api-even; sakyate-is able.

Lord Kåñëa is so kind to him that not only does he have the power to
grant the most valuable liberation to demigods like myself, but even his wife
has that power.

Text 84

aho sarve 'pi te muktäù


çivaloka-niväsinaù
muktäs tat-kåpayä kåñëa-
bhaktäç ca kati näbhavan

aho-ah!; sarve-all; api-even; te-they; muktaù-are liberated; sivaloka-of


Çivaloka; nivasinaù-the residents; ヘ Šmuktaù-liberated; tat-of him; kåpäya-
by the mercy; kåñëa-of Lord Kåñëa; bhaktaù-devotees; ca-also; kati-how
many?; na-not; abhavan-have become.

Ah! All the residents of Çivaloka are liberated souls. By Çiva's mercy how
many of them are not only liberated, but are now pure devotees of Lord
Kåñëa?

Text 85

kåñëäc chivasya bhedekñä


mahä-doña-karé matä
ago bhagavatä svasmin
kñamyate na çive kåtam
kåñëat-from Lord Kåñëa; sivasya-of Çiva; bheda-of a difference; ékña-the
sight; mahä-a great; dosa-fault; kari-doing; mata-is considered; agaù-sins;
bhagavata-by the Supreme Personality of Godhead; svasmin-to Himself;
kñamyate-forgiven; na-not; sive-to Çiva; kåtam-performed.

To consider Çiva different from Lord Kåñëa is a great offense. The


Supreme Personality of Godhead may forgive offenses committed to Him,
but He does not forgive those committed against Çiva.

Text 86

çiva-datta-varonmattät
tripureçvarato bhayät
tathä våkäsurädeç ca
saìkaöaà paramaà gataù
çivaù samuddhåto 'nena
harñitaç ca vaco-'måtaiù

siva-by Çiva; datta-given; vara-a benediction; unmattat-maddened;


tripureçvarataù-from Tripurasura; bhayat-fearful; tathä-also; vrkasura-with
Vrkasura; adeù-beginning; ca-also; saìkatam-danger; paramam-great;
gataù-attained; sivaù-Çiva; samuddhåtaù-was rescued; anena-by Him;
harñitaù-pleased; ca-also; vacaù-with words; amåtaiù-as sweet as nectar.

When Tripureçvara, Våkäsura, and other demons maddened by


benedictions he gave them, placed Çiva in a very dangerous position, Lord
Kåñëa at once rescued him and comforted him with words as sweet as
nectar.

Text 87

tad-antaraìga-sad-bhaktyä
kåñëena vaça-vartinä
svayam ärädhyate cäsya
mähätmya-bhara-siddhaye

tat-of him; antaraìga-confidential; sat-transcendental; ヘ Šbhaktyä-by


devotion; kåñëena-by Lord Kåñëa; vasa-vartina-under the dominion;
svayam-personally; aradhyate-is worshiped; ca-also; asya-of him;
mahätmya-of the glory; bhara-of the abundance; siddhaye-for the
perfection.
Conquered by the intimate love of His devotee, Lord Kåñëa personally
worships Çiva just to glorify him.

Texts 88 and 89

tiñöhatäpi svayaà säkñät


kåñëenämåta-manthane
prajäpatibhir ärädhya
sa gauré-präëa-vallabhaù

samänayya viñaà ghoraà


päyayitvä vibhüñitaù
mahä-mahima-dhäräbhir
abhiñiktaç ca tat sphuöam

tiñöhata-standing; api-also; svayam-personally; säkñät-directly;


kåñëaena-by Lord Kåñëa; amåta-of nectar; manthane-in the churning;
präjapatibhiù-by the prajapatis; aradhya-worshiped; saù-he; gauri-of Gauri;
präëa-to the life; vallabhaù-dear; samänayya-bringing; visam-the poison;
ghoram-terrible; payayitva-causing to drink; vibhusitaù-decorated; mahä-
great; mahima-of glory; dharabhiù-with streams; abhisiktaù-showered; ca-
also; tat-that; sphutam-clearly.

Lord Kåñëa personally asked Çiva to drink the terrible poison produced
from the churning of nectar. In this way Çiva became worshiped by the
Prajäpatis, and showered with streams of great glory.

Text 90

puräëäny eva gäyanti


dayälutvaà harer hare
jïäyate hi tvayäpy etat
paraà ca smäryatäà mune

puräëäni-the Puräëas; eva-certainly; gayanti-sing; dayalutvam-the


mercifulness; hareù-of Lord Hari; hare-to Çiva; jïäyate-is known; hi-indeed;
tvaya-by you; api-also; etat-this; param-further; ca-also; smaryatam-should
be remembered; mune-O sage.

The Puräëas sing of the mercy of Lord Kåñëa to Çiva. You know this
already. O sage, please remember his glories.

Text 91

çré-parékñid uväca

guruà praëamya taà gantuà


Š kailäsaà girim utsukaù
älakñyoktaù punas tena
sva-putraù putra-vatsale

çré-parékñit-Çré Parékñit; uväca-said; gurum-to his spiritual master;


praëamya-offering obeisances; tam-to him; gantum-to go; kailasam-to
Kailasa; girim-mountain; punaù-again; tena-by him; sva-putraù-his son;
putra-to your son; vatsale-O affectionate one.

Çré Parékñit said: O affectionate mother, Närada offered obeisances to


his spiritual master and was about to depart for Kailäsa Hill when Brahmä
glanced at his son and said:

Text 92

çré-brahmoväca

kuvereëa purärädhya
bhaktyä rudro vaçé-kåtaù
brahmäëòäbhyantare tasya
kailäse 'dhikåte girau

çré-brahma-Çré Brahmä; uväca-said; kuvereëa-by Kuvera; pura-formerly;


aradhya-worshiped; bhaktyä-with devotion; rudraù-Çiva; vasi-kåtaù-under
the control; brahmäëòa-the material universe; abhyantare-within; tasya-of
him; kailase-in Kailasa; adhikåte-appointed; girau-on the mountain.

Çré Brahmä said: Submissive to the loving service of Kuvera, Çiva


resides in Kuvera's place on Mount Kailäsa in the material universe.

Text 93

tad-vidik-päla-rüpena
tad-yogya-parivärakaù
vasaty äviskåta-svalpa-
vaibhavaù sann umä-patiù
tat-of that; vidik-direction; pala-of the protector; rüpena-in the form; tat-
for him; yogya-appropriate; parivarakaù-with associates; vasati-resides;
aviskåta-manifested; svalpa-small; vaibhavaù-opulence; san-being so; uma-
patiù-Çiva, the husband of Uma.

Assuming the role of the protector of the northern direction, Çiva resides
there, surrounded by his associates, and keeping very little material wealth.

Text 94

yathä hi kåñëo bhagavän


mädåçaà bhakti-yantritaù
mama loke svarädau ca
Š vasaty ucita-lélayä

yathä-as; hi-indeed; kåñëaù-Kåñëa; bhagavan-the Supreme Personality


of Godhead; mädåçam-of those like myself; bhakti-by devotion; yantritaù-
controlled; mama-of me; loke-on the planet; svara-ädau-beginning with
Svargaloka; ca-also; vasati-resides; ucita-appropriate; lélaya-with pastimes.

The Supreme Personality of Godhead Kåñëa becomes conquered by the


loving service of devotees like myself, and for this reason He resides on my
planet, on Svargaloka, and in many other places as well, and enjoys suitable
pastimes there. (In the same way Çiva resides in Kailäsa because of the
devotion of Kuvera.)

Text 95

atha vayu-puräëasya
matam etad bravémy aham

çré-mahädeva-lokas tu
saptävaraëato bahiù
nityaù sukhamayaù satyo
labhyas tat-sevakottamaiù

atha-now; vayu-puräëasya-of the Vayu Puräëa; matam-the opinion; etat-


this; bravimi-speak; aham-I; çré-mahadeva-of Çiva; lokaù-the planet; tu-
indeed; säpta-seven; avaraëataù-the coverings; bahiù-outside; nityaù-
eternal; sukhamayaù-full of bliss; satyaù-transcendental; labhyaù-
attainable; tat-of him; sevaka-of servants; uttamaiù-by the best.
I quote the opinion of Väyu Puräëa:

"The planet of Çiva is beyond the seven-fold coverings of the material


world. It is eternal, transcendental, and full of bliss. Only the greatest
servants of Çiva may enter it."

Text 96

samäna-mahima-çrémat-
parivära-gaëävåtaù
mahä-vibhütimän bhäti
sat-paricchada-maëòitaù

smana-equal; mahima-splendor; çrémat-and glory; parivara-of


associates; gaëa-by hosts; avåtaù-surrounded; mahä-great; vibhüti-
opulences; man-possessing; bhati-is manifested; sat-transcendental;
paricchada-with garments and ornaments; maëòitaù-decorated.

In that place Çiva is decorated with splendid transcendental garments


and ornaments. There He is the master of great powers and opulences, and
there he is surrounded by many associates as splendid and glorious as he.

ŠText 97

çrémat-saìkarñaëaà svasmäd
abhinnaà tatra so 'rcayan
nijeñöa-devatatvena
kià vä nätanute 'dbhutam

çrémat-full of all powers and opulences; saìkarñaëam-Lord Saìkarñaëa;


svasmät-than himself; abhinnam-not different; tatra-there; saù-he; arcayan-
worshiping; nija-own; iñöa-worshipable; devatatvena-as the Deity; kim-
whether?; va-or; na-not; atanute-manifests; adbhutam-wonder.

In that place, even though the two of them are not different, Çiva
worships the supremely powerful and opulent Lord Saìkarñaëa as his chosen
Deity. Is this not very wonderful?

Text 98

tatra gantuà bhavän chaktaù


çré-çive çuddha-bhaktimän
abhigamya tam äçritya
kåpäà kåñëasya paçyatu

tatra-there; gantum-to go; bhavan-you; çaktaù-are able; çré-sive-for Çré


Çiva; suddha-pure; bhaktiman-devotee; abhogamya-approaching; tam-of
him; asritya-taking shelter; kåpäm-the mercy; kåñëasya-of Lord Kåñëa;
pasyatu-may see.

Because you are a pure devotee of Çiva you have the power to go there.
Go, take shelter of Çiva, and see how he is the object of Lord Kåñëa's mercy.

Text 99

çré-parékñid uväca

ity evaà çikñito mataù


çiva-kåñëeti kértayan
näradaù çivalokaà taà
prayätaù kautukäd iva

çré-parékñit-Çré Parékñit; uväca-said; iti-thus; evam-in this way; sikñitaù-


instructed; mataù-O mother; siva-Çiva; kåñëa-and Kåñëa; iti-thus; kértayan-
glorifying; näradaù-Närada; sivalokam-to Çivaloka; tam-to that place;
prayataù-went; kautukat-eagerly; iva-as if.

Çré Parékñit said: O mother, instructed in this way, and chanting the
holy names of Çiva and Kåñëa, Närada eagerly went to Çivaloka.