• It starts on a cold, bright day in April 1984. At one p.m.

, Winston drags himself
home for lunch at his apartment.
• Winston drinks a bit of Victory in and smokes a Victory !igarette.
• "eeing that the alco#e in his apartment is hidden from the #ie$ of the
telescreen, Winston starts $riting a diary in the alco#e.
• Winston%s #aricose ulcer itches.
• A bit drunk, Winston $rites &'(W) WI*+ ,I ,-(*+.-& in his diary, caps
and all, and from that point on he kno$s that his death is ine#itable.
• Winston hides the diary.
• Winston%s lunch is o#er as he returns to $ork by t$o/thirty p.m.
• Winston dreams about the past, his mother%s disappearance $hen he $as ten
or ele#en, the alluring brunette at his $orkplace, and "hakespeare 0 though
he does not $hy.
• Winston is a$akened by a $histle from the telescreen at se#en/thirty a.m., the
time at $hich all $orkers must rise. +e goes into a coughing fit, his ulcer
s$ells and itches, and he does the routine morning e1ercises the telescreen
orders him to.
• While Winston e1ercises, he tries #ery hard to remember as much as he can
about the past. +is reflections lead him to doubt the 2arty%s authority on
certain matters, such as $ho it $as at $ar $ith at any gi#en time, and $hen it
self/instated as the ultimate po$er.
• Although Winston%s memory of the past is blurry at best, he concludes that he
had ne#er heard the $ord &Ingsoc& before 1934, therefore, the 2arty could not
ha#e been omnipresent as it claims. Winston gets annoyed at the futility of his
thoughts, ho$e#er, because he kno$s that he can pro#e nothing, $hat $ith
the lack of #erifiable and confirming documentary e#idence and all.
• Winston%s 5ob consists of the ne#er/ending alteration of print sources to ensure
that they are in agreement $ith the 2arty%s #ersion of past and present e#ents.
• As a result of Winston%s 5ob, he deems any facts regarding the past, the
present, or the future of (ceania to be completely uncertain.
• Winston muses that once an act of forgery or spoliation is forgotten, the once
made/up sub5ect e1ists 5ust as authentically as anything else.
• Winston has lunch in the canteen $ith co$orker6comrade "yme, $ho $orks in
the -esearch 'epartment. "yme is a genius of sorts, but too smart for his o$n
good. Winston imagines that "yme $ill be #apori7ed someday.
• "yme and Winston discuss "yme%s $ork on re#ising the .le#enth .dition of
the )e$speak dictionary.
• *he brunette co$orker Winston fancies but hates suddenly stares at him in the
canteen, $hich leads Winston to suspect that she is part of the *hought 2olice
and kno$s about the thoughtcrime he had already committed.
• Winston $rites in his diary about his encounter $ith the prostitute in 1981, his
fifteen/month marriage $ith 8atharine, $hose $hereabouts ha#e been
unkno$n since appro1imately nine to ele#en years ago, and the 2arty%s
denouncement of physical attraction and se1 for pleasure.
• Winston decries the unthinking, brain$ashed follo$ers of the 2arty, such as
8atharine, as he continues to reminisce about se1 $ith her, $hich she sa$
only as a &duty to the 2arty& to make baby comrades.
• Winston $ants nothing more than to be lo#ed, but reali7es that that desire
constitutes thoughtcrime.
• Winston $rites in his diary that if there is hope in o#erthro$ing 2arty rule, then
it lies in the proles, the disregarded masses comprising 89: of the population
of (ceania, becoming conscious of their o$n strength.
• Winston looks through a children%s history book, and copies the passage about
capitalists into his diary.
• Winston no$ recalls an occasion $hen he had proof that the 2arty $as
changing history. ,ut he kind of dropped the ball on that one.
• Winston reali7es the futility of physical e#idence, and $onders $hether the
mind itself is controllable. +e refuses to belie#e that it is.
• Winston takes a stroll through prole streets, and en#ies the li#es of the
ignorant and the free.
• +e $anders into a pub for beer, and strikes up a con#ersation $ith an old man
about life pre/2arty. *he old man is too incoherent to gi#e a satisfactory
• Winston passes by the secondhand store in $hich he bought his diary. We
meet ;r. !harrington, a 3</year/old $ido$er $ho has o$ned the shop for
some <4 years. Winston purchases a glass paper$eight containing pink coral
to $hich he is strangely dra$n because of its lack of function and its link to the
• !hatting $ith ;r. !harrington, Winston is soon led upstairs to a room in $hich
the o$ner and his deceased $ife used to li#e, but is no$ abandoned. "eeing
that no telescreen e1ists on the $all =indeed, there is only a print of "t.
!lement%s !hurch hanging $here a telescreen ought to be>, Winston ponders
the possibility of renting this room so he can be alone in pri#ate.
• (n his $ay home, Winston encounters a 2arty member in blue o#eralls =2arty
uniform>, and sees that she is the brunette co$orker. *his confirms for him that
the she ;?"* ha#e been spying on him. @rightened, he temporarily
contemplates murdering her $ith the paper$eight in his pocket.
• +e finally returns home at ten p.m., relie#ed but restless. +e tries to $rite in
his diary, but in his 5olted state, he has little success other than 5otting do$n
the 2arty slogans.
• Winston lea#es his cubicle at $ork to go to the restroom. @our days ha#e
passed. +e encounters the brunette &spy& in the corridor 0 she falls, hurting
her arm, and passes him a scrap of paper folded into a sAuare. *he note says,
&I lo#e you.&
• Winston suddenly feels an intense desire to li#e.
• After t$o days, Winston manages to sit at the same table in the canteen as
the brunette, and they Auickly arrange to meet each other among the cro$ds
at Victory "Auare at se#en p.m. that e#ening.
• When they meet, the thick cro$d hides their mo#ements from the telescreens,
and the brunette gi#es Winston precise directions to a place $here they can
be alone the ne1t "unday at three p.m. *hey briefly hold hands, hiding amidst
the cro$d.
• *hat "unday, Winston follo$s the brunette%s directions and the t$o meet in the
countryside amidst bushes, a$ay from telescreens and hidden microphones.
*he brunette kisses Winston, and tells him that her name is Bulia. Winston
feels confident $ith the hiding place, gi#en Bulia%s apparent e1perience.
• Bulia tears off her Bunior Anti/"e1 Ceague sash and shares a small slab of
lu1ury chocolate $ith him. *hey continue $alking through the bushes into the
• In the $oods, Bulia tears her o#eralls off, flings them aside, and does the deed
$ith Winston.
• Winston asks $hether Bulia has had se1 before. "he ans$ers that she%s done
it scores of times and al$ays $ith 2arty members. Winston responds that the
more men she has been $ith, the more he lo#es her.
• *he t$o lo#ers fall asleep.
• ?pon $aking up, Bulia instructs Winston on ho$ to return to Condon.
• (#er the coming $eeks, the t$o arrange se#eral meetings but only succeeded
in making lo#e once during the month of ;ay.
• *he t$o muse about the reasoning behind the 2arty%s anti/se1 campaigns and
about parenting.
• Winston rents the room abo#e ;r. !harrington%s secondhand shop for pri#ate
times $ith Bulia. *he pair has been preparing for +ate Week at $ork, and
because of the longer $orking hours, Winston has become increasingly
frustrated o#er their inability to meet during the month. Bulia has become a
physical necessity for him. Winston daydreams about gro$ing old and li#ing a
carefree life $ith her.
• +e has se1 $ith Bulia and falls asleep again.
• Winston proclaims that rats are is his biggest fear.
• Winston prepares for and participates in +ate Week.
• Winston reflects that he met $ith Bulia at least se#en times during the month of
Bune, and the lo#e affair alle#iated the symptoms of his #aricose ulcer, his
coughing, and his need for alcohol. +e and Bulia%s impending death =due to
their criminal affair> troubles Winston. +e fantasi7es that 8atharine $ill die so
he can remarry, and e#en about changing their identities to become and li#e
like proles.
• Winston and Bulia speak about politics and the ,rotherhood. ,ut Winston is
annoyed by Bulia%s selfish concerns and lack of lofty, rebellious goals.
• (%,rien makes $hat Winston belie#es to be sub#ersi#e contact $ith him in the
corridor at the ;inistry of *ruth. Winston is all eager and e1cited.
• (%,rien discusses $ith Winston the tenth edition of the )e$speak dictionary,
and tells him that he can take a peek at it if he makes a #isit one e#ening.
• Winston a$akes one morning in the room atop ;r. !harrington%s shop, crying.
+e tells Bulia about his dreams of the past 0 repressed memories of his
childhood re#ealed. ?p until this moment, Winston has belie#ed that he had
murdered his mother, but the dream clarified that he in fact, in all likelihood,
did not.
• Winston tells Bulia that the 2arty has made them inhuman by se#ering familial
ties and loyalties, and by its attempt to alter histories.
• Winston and Bulia discuss their steps going for$ard, gi#en (%,rien%s contact.
*he t$o ackno$ledge the possibility of torture and death if they are captured.
*hey agree not to betray one another.
• Winston and Bulia arri#e at (%,rien%s lu1urious flat.
• Winston and (%,rien con#erse about oldstein, the conspiracy, and the
underpinnings of the $orkings of the rebellious forces. (%,rien tests the pair%s
commitment to the ,rotherhood.
• (%,rien Auestions Winston about his hiding place and tells him about the
importance of oldstein%s book.
• Winston and (%,rien repeat the old rhyme about "t. !lement%s !hurch.
• Winston reads oldstein%s The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical
Collectivism, the anti/2arty manifesto.
• Bulia 5oins him in their pri#ate sanctuary. +e reads to her.
• *he t$o fall asleep.
• Winston and Bulia a$ake at eight/thirty p.m. *he t$o discuss ho$ the future
depends on the proles and their progeny. *hey reali7e that they are the dead.
• @rom behind the picture of "t. !lement%s !hurch, ;r. !harrington%s #oice
repeats, &Dou are the dead.& *he t$o reali7e that a telescreen is hidden behind
the picture, and soon stomping boots surround the house.
• Winston is beaten and then taken a$ay by the *hought 2olice.
• Winston $akes up in a bright, high/ceilinged, $indo$less cell at the ;inistry of
• Winston first meets a large prole $oman $ho shares his last name, "mith.
,oth contemplate the possibility of her being his mother.
• Winston briefly meets a poet, Ampleforth, $ho $as incarcerated for the crime
of lea#ing the $ord &od& in a 8ipling translation. ,efore long, Ampleforth is
dragged off to a mysterious place called &-oom 141.&
• Winston then sees his neighbor and co$orker, *om 2arsons, $hose daughter
che$ed him out to the 2atrols upon hearing his blabbering &do$n $ith ,ig
,rotherE& in his sleep.
• Winston then meets the man dying of star#ation, named &FG1< ,umstead B.&
+e is beaten brutally $hen he tries to accept a piece of bread from Winston,
and is then sent to -oom 141.
• Winston is completely discombobulated, not kno$ing ho$ much time had
passed nor e#en the time of day. +e dreams about sa#ing Bulia by agreeing to
double the amount of pain allotted to him, and $ishes the ,rotherhood $ould
send him a ra7orblade so he could off himself.
• @inally, (%,rien enters Winston%s cell, and self/introduces as the chief operator
of the ;inistry of Co#e. Winston is crushed, and a guard uses the truncheon to
disable Winston%s left arm. "o begins his 5ourney of physical torture.
• "ub5ected to prolonged torture, Winston =like all the other prisoners> confesses
to an e1tensi#e range of crimes 0 espionage, sabotage, and the like.
• At (%,rien%s direction, Winston is strapped onto a torture machine that is
designed to stretch backbones until they break.
• Winston becomes brain$ashed.
• After $eeks or maybe months of torture, Winston is forced by (%,rien to look
in the mirror for a picture of &humanity.& Winston cries upon seeing his
deteriorationH he looks to be 34 years of age $ith the grayness, emaciation,
and bent spine.
• Winston lashes back, and (%,rien recogni7es that he still hasn%t betrayed
• After $eeks or maybe months, the tortures eases and Winston gro$s fatter
and stronger.
• Voluntarily, Winston tries to make himself belie#e in 2arty slogans, to learn to
be stupid.
• (ne night, he screams out Bulia%s name in the middle of a nightmare. uards
come for him, and he reali7es that he has a ne$ goalI to die hating the 2arty,
as that $ill be a $ee #ictory.
• Winston faces (%,rien, and tells him he hates ,ig ,rother. *o -oom 141 $ith
you, WinstonE
• (%,rien threatens Winston by sho$ing him a cage of large, #ociferous rats,
$aiting to gna$ a$ay at Winston%s face.
• Winston, $ith the rats 5ust inches a$ay from his face, is terrified. +e cries out,
&do it to BuliaE&
• Winston is released.
• At three p.m. one day, months later, Winston sits at the !hestnut *ree !afJ,
$here dismissed 2arty members go to ha#e gin. +e is content, is $orking as a
sinecure, and accepts all that the 2arty says and does.
• +e reminisces about the time back in ;arch, 1989 $hen he sa$ and spoke
$ith Bulia again.
• Winston felt nonchalant about her. *hey spoke of their mutual betrayal and
ho$ torture can change people. *hey agreed to meet again, though neither
intended to carry that out.
• Winston cries. +e remembers happy family life $ith his mother and sister, but
$onders if it is a false memoryH he listens to the telescreen spe$ing
propaganda that he no$ truly accepts.
• +e daydreams about his time at the ;inistry of Co#e, and further about the
promised bullet that is destined to enter his brain. +e looks up at the picture of
,ig ,rother on the telescreen, and feels 5oy o#er his lo#e for him and the great
#ictory he has $on o#er himself =as a traitor>.

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