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REVIEWER

Miarca Lorraine C. Niyo

Maam Nancy Mendiola

What is a set?

Set is a group of objects (elements) that is well-defined set.

When we define a set, if we take pieces of that set, we can

form what is called a subset.So for example, we have the set

{1, 2, 3, 4, 5}. A subset of this is {1, 2, 3}. Another subset is {3,

4} or even another, {1}. However, {1, 6} is not a subset, since it

contains an element (6) which is not in the parent set.

The Universal set it's a set that contains everything.

Empty Set (or Null Set) there aren't any elements in it. Not

one. Zero.

Cardinality of a set is the number of elements contained in a

set.

Notation and Symbols

You don't have to listen to the standard, you can use

something like m to represent a set without breaking any

mathematical laws (watch out, you can get years in math jail

for dividing by 0), but this notation is pretty nice and easy to

follow, so why not? Also, when we say an element a is in a set

A, we use the symbol to show it.

And if something is not in a set use .

Null Set - It is represented by or by {} (a set with no

elements)

The cardinality of a set A is written as n(A) .

When we say that A is a subset of B, we write A B.Or we

can say that A is not a subset of B by A B ("A is not a subset

of B").When we talk about proper subsets, we take out the line

underneath and so it becomes A B or if we want to say the

opposite, A B.

Union and Intersection of Sets

The union (denoted by ) of a collection of

sets is the set of all distinct elements in the

collection. It is one of the fundamental

operations through which sets can be

combined and related to each other.

The intersection A B of two sets A and B is

the set that contains all elements of A that also

belong to B (or equivalently, all elements of B

that also belong to A), but no other

elements.

Complement of a set

A complement of a set A refers to things not in (that is,

things outside of) A. The relative complement of A with

respect to a set B is the set of elements in B but not in A.

When all sets under consideration are considered to be

subsets of a given set U, the absolute complement of A is the

set of all elements in U but not in A.

Problem Involving Sets

A group of 50 tourists went in a tour in

Bulacan Province. Out of the 50 students, 24 joined in Barasoain

Church; 18 went to Boracay; 20 visited Rizal Park;12 made a trip to

Barasoain Church and Boracay; 15 saw Boracay and Rizal Park And;

11 made a trip to Barasoain Church and Rizal Park and 10 saw the

three tourist spots.

50 Tourists

24 Barasoain Church

18 Boracay

20 Rizal Park

12 Barasoain Church and Boracay

15 Boracay and Rizal Park

11 Barasoain Church and Rizal

Park

10 Boracay; Barasoain Church and

Rizal Park

Addition of Integers

UNLIKE SIGN (+) + (--)

(--) + (+)

LIKE SIGNS (+) + (+) = +

(--) + (--) = --

Subtract the number and get the sign of the highest

number.

Subtraction of Integers

add its opposite (subtrahend)

Example:

4 - 2 = 2 4 + (-2) = 2

Multiplication of Integers

LIKE SIGNS = SIGN

UNLIKE SIGNS = NEGATIVE SIGN

Example:

(4)(3)=12 (-6)(4)= -24

Division of Integers

LIKE SIGNS = SIGN

UNLIKE SIGNS = NEGATIVE SIGN

Example:

(-51)/(-3)=17 -57/19=-3

Properties of the Operation on Integers

rule of PEMDAS

Multiplication Signs: x,(no.),*

Division Signs: , and /

Example

2*6-8+45/3 =19

Procedure:

2*6-8+45/3

12-8+45/3

12-8+15

4+15

=19

Rational Numbers in the Number Line

One way to compare decimals is by using number lines or by

creating the same number of digits after the decimal point.

Decimals can be compared by using a number line or

determining greater than or less than by looking at place value.

The easiest way to do this is to make sure that each

number you are comparing has the SAME number of

decimal point.

Subtraction and Addition of Fraction

SIMMILAR FRACTIONS

If the denominator is the same, you will add/subtract

only the numerator.

DISIMILAR FRACTIONS

Find the smallest multiple (LCM) of both numbers.

Rewrite the fractions as equivalent fractions with the

LCM as the denominator. In an earlier lesson, you

learned how to simplify, or reduce, a fraction by finding

an equivalent, or equal, fraction where the numerator

and denominator have no common factors. To do this,

you divided the numerator and denominator by their

greatest common factor.

MIXED NUMBER

Subtract or add the whole number then add/subtract the

numerator. (With the same denominator)

Form it as a improper fraction. Find the smallest multiple

(LCM) of both numbers. Rewrite the fractions as equivalent

fractions with the LCM as the denominator then add or

subtract.

Thank You!!

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