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After completing this unit, students should be able to

:
Define the terminology and concepts of the RS/6000
List common configurations available with the RS/6000
Describe the roles of the system administrator
Obtain root access with the su command
Objectives
What Is RISC Technology
Reduced Instruction Set Computing processors aim to:
Implement the most used instructions in hardware
Execute multiple instructions in one cycle
Provide synergy between hardware and software
Time to execute
a program
Time taken for
a clock cycle
Number of
Instructions
Clock cycles
per instruction
Depends on:
Architecture
Compiler
Depends on:
Architecture
Compiler
Implementation
Depends on:
Technology
Implementation
Optimized on
RS/6000 machines
= x x
RS/6000 System Bus Types
PCI
Exp Bus
Xface
ISA
Processor
LAN Graphics SCSI
PCI Bus
Base I/O
Functions
1280 x 1024 Resolution
Up to 16M colors
Workstation Configuration
Single-User Graphical Workstation
Personal
Computer
Display or
PowerDisplay
15, 17, 20, or 23"
Graphics Adapter
RS/6000
2 serial ports
SCSI
Keyboard
Mouse
Diskette
Ethernet
Tablet
Built-in Adapters
Server Configurations
Multiuser System
Networked System
RISC System/6000
System Unit
ASCII Terminals
Async Adapter
Disk storage
Printers
Programs
Login Sessions
Server Clients
PCs
File Transfer
Network
Management
Mail
Network
RISC System/6000
Other systems
RISC System/6000s
Documentation
PC Connectivity
Network
PC
X Window
Server
Software
RS/6000
X Window
Client
Programs
Uniprocessor (Uni)
SSA
Adapter
SCSI
Adapter
Graphics
Adapter
Cache Processor
Memory
Controller
Processor Bus
I/O Bus
Memory
Bus
Memory Cards
SMP and SP
Loosely-coupled processors
linked by high-speed
interconnect
RS/6000 SP
...
...
...
CPU
n
Mem
n
CPU
2
Mem
2
CPU
1
Mem
1
Shared Nothing
Interconnect
Multiple processors accessing
the same memory and all disk
SMP
...
CPU
n
CPU
2
CPU
1
Global Memory
...
Shared Memory
Interconnect
Minimize time and resources spent managing systems.
Maximize productivity, reliability, and performance.
Provide remote system management solutions.
System Management Objectives
AIX
Role of the System Administrator
Preinstallation planning of:
User accounts/groups
Storage allocation/paging space
Subsystem (printing, networks...)
Standard naming conventions
Determine system policies
Install and configure hardware
Configure the software
Configure the network
System backup
Create/manage user accounts
Define and manage subsystems
Manage system resources (for example, disk space)
Performance monitoring
Capacity planning
Managing licenses for products
Document system configuration and keep it current
Who Can Perform Administration Tasks?
Usually exclusive to the root user
Bypasses any file permissions
Very dangerous to login as root
Keep root password secure
Some tasks can be performed by other users in special
groups such as system, security, and printq
su command allows you to obtain root's permissions or
permissions of any user whose password you know
$ su root
$ su - root
or
Activity:
su
Activity: su
Checkpoint
1. What type of adapter are you likely to require for a single-user
graphics workstation?
a. Asynchronous
b. Communications
c. Graphics
2. What is the difference between UP and SMP machines?
3. True or false? The su command allows you to get root authority
even if you signed on using another userID.
Unit Summary
Common Configurations
Single-user graphics workstation
Multiuser ASCII
Networked system
X Window enabled PC
SMP
SP
System Administrator's Role:
Preinstallation planning
Install - hardware, software, network
Manage - user accounts, system resources, licenses
Backup/recovery
Define subsystems
Performance monitoring, capacity planning