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CCNA 1 R&S: Introduction to Networks Final Exam v5. !

CC! 1 #$S: %ntroduction to etworks &inal 'xam v5.0 2013 routin( and Switchin( )ui* test
#e+er to the exhi,it.
-he network administrator enters these commands into the #1 router:
#1. cop/ runnin(-conf( t+tp
!ddress or name o+ remote host 0 12
3hen the router prompts +or an address or remote host name4 what %5 address should the administrator enter at the prompt2
2 3hich three statements characteri*e the transport la/er protocols2 :Choose three.;
-C5 uses port num,ers to provide relia,le transportation o+ %5 packets.
TCP and UDP port numbers are used by application layer protocols.
TCP uses windowing and seuencing to pro!ide reliable trans"er o" data.
TCP is a connection#oriented protocol. UDP is a connectionless protocol.
<=5 uses windowin( and acknowled(ments +or relia,le trans+er o+ data.
3 3hat is the purpose o+ %C>5 messa(es2
to in+orm routers a,out network topolo(/ chan(es
to ensure the deliver/ o+ an %5 packet
to monitor the process o+ a domain name to %5 address resolution
to pro!ide "eedbac$ o" %P pac$et transmissions
9 ! technician uses the pin( 12?.0.0.1 command. 3hat is the technician testin(2
connectivit/ ,etween a 5C and the de+ault (atewa/
connectivit/ ,etween two ad@acent Cisco devices
ph/sical connectivit/ o+ a particular 5C and the network
t&e TCP'%P stac$ on a networ$ &ost
connectivit/ ,etween two 5Cs on the same network
5 3hat will a Aa/er 2 switch do when the destination >!C address o+ a received +rame is not in the >!C ta,le2
%t notifes the sendin( host that the +rame cannot ,e delivered.
%t initiates an !#5 reBuest.
%t "orwards t&e "rame out o" all ports e(cept "or t&e port at w&ic& t&e "rame was recei!ed.
%t ,roadcasts the +rame out o+ all ports on the switch.
7 3hat is a characteristic o+ the AAC su,la/er2
%t places in"ormation in t&e "rame t&at allows multiple )ayer * protocols to use t&e same networ$ inter"ace and media.
%t provides delimitation o+ data accordin( to the ph/sical si(nalin( reBuirements o+ the medium.
%t defnes so+tware processes that provide services to the ph/sical la/er.
%t provides the lo(ical addressin( reBuired that identifes the device.
Cn which switch inter+ace would an administrator conf(ure an %5 address so that the switch can ,e mana(ed remotel/2
+),- 1
console 0
vt/ 0
! network en(ineer is measurin( the trans+er o+ ,its across the compan/ ,ack,one +or a mission critical data,ase application. -he en(ineer
notices that the network throu(hput appears lower than the ,andwidth expected. 3hich three +actors could inDuence the diEerences in
throu(hput2 :Choose three.;
the relia,ilit/ o+ the (i(a,it 'thernet in+rastructure o+ the ,ack,one
t&e amount o" tra.c t&at is currently crossing t&e networ$
t&e type o" tra.c t&at is crossing t&e networ$
the sophistication o+ the encapsulation method applied to the data
the ,andwidth o+ the 3! connection to the %nternet
t&e latency t&at is created by t&e number o" networ$ de!ices t&at t&e data is crossing
3hen applied to a router4 which command would help miti(ate ,rute-+orce password attacks a(ainst the router2
service password-encr/ption
login bloc$#"or 6/ attempts 5 wit&in 6/
,anner motd F>ax +ailed lo(ins G 5F
exec-timeout 30
3hich two statements correctl/ descri,e a router memor/ t/pe and its contents2 :Choose two.;
012 is non!olatile and contains basic diagnostic so"tware.
&A!SH is nonvolatile and contains a limited portion o+ the %CS.
#C> is nonvolatile and stores the runnin( %CS.
0,2 is !olatile and stores t&e %P routing table.
I#!> is nonvolatile and stores other s/stem fles.
3hich two components are necessar/ +or a wireless client to ,e installed on a 3A!2 :Choose two.;
custom adapter
wireless ,rid(e
wireless -%C
crossover ca,le
wireless client so"tware
12 Aaunch 5- J Hide and Save 5-
Cpen the 5- activit/. er+orm
! host is accessin( a 3e, server on a remote network. 3hich three +unctions are per+ormed ,/ intermediar/ network devices durin( this
conversation2 :Choose three.;
applying security settings to control t&e 3ow o" data
noti"ying ot&er de!ices w&en errors occur
regenerating data signals
actin( as a client or a server
servin( as the source or destination o+ the messa(es
providin( a channel over which messa(es travel
3hich address on a 5C does not chan(e4 even i+ the 5C is moved to a diEerent network2
%5 address
lo(ical address
2,C address
de+ault (atewa/ address
3hat will happen i+ the de+ault (atewa/ address is incorrectl/ conf(ured on a host2
! pin( +rom the host to 12?.0.0.1 would not ,e success+ul.
-he host will have to use !#5 to determine the correct address o+ the de+ault (atewa/.
-he host cannot communicate with other hosts in the local network.
T&e &ost cannot communicate wit& &osts in ot&er networ$s.
-he switch will not +orward packets initiated ,/ the host.
! host 5C has @ust ,ooted and is attemptin( to lease an address throu(h =HC5. 3hich two messa(es will the client t/picall/ ,roadcast on the
network2 :Choose two.;
#e+er to the exhi,it. !n administrator wants to chan(e the name o+ a ,rand new switch4 usin( the hostname command as shown. 3hat prompt
will displa/ a+ter the command is issued2
My Switch(config)#
!+ter makin( conf(uration chan(es4 a network administrator issues a cop/ runnin(-conf( startup-conf( command in a Cisco switch. 3hat is
the result o+ issuin( this command2
-he conf(uration chan(es will ,e removed and the ori(inal conf(uration will ,e restored.
-he new conf(uration will ,e stored in Dash memor/.
-he current %CS fle will ,e replaced with the newl/ conf(ured fle.
T&e new con9guration will be loaded i" t&e switc& is restarted.
#e+er to the exhi,it.! -C5 se(ment +rom a server has ,een captured ,/ 3ireshark4 which is runnin( on a host. 3hat acknowled(ement num,er
will the host return +or the -C5 se(ment that has ,een received2
3hich technolo(/ provides a solution to %5v9 address depletion ,/ allowin( multiple devices to share one pu,lic %5 address2
23 3hat is the purpose o+ the routin( process2
to encapsulate data that is used to communicate across a network
to select t&e pat&s t&at are used to direct tra.c to destination networ$s
to convert a <#A name into an %5 address
to provide secure %nternet fle trans+er
to +orward traMc on the ,asis o+ >!C addresses
29 -hree ,ank emplo/ees are usin( the corporate network. -he frst emplo/ee uses a we, ,rowser to view a compan/ we, pa(e in order to
read some announcements. -he second emplo/ee accesses the corporate data,ase to per+orm some fnancial transactions. -he third
emplo/ee participates in an important live audio con+erence with other corporate mana(ers in ,ranch oMces. %+ )oS is implemented on this
network4 what will ,e the priorities +rom hi(hest to lowest o+ the diEerent data t/pes2
audio con"erence< 9nancial transactions< web page
fnancial transactions4 audio con+erence4 we, pa(e
audio con+erence4 we, pa(e4 fnancial transactions
fnancial transactions4 we, pa(e4 audio con+erence
! home user is lookin( +or an %S5 connection that provides hi(h speed di(ital transmission over re(ular phone lines. 3hat %S5 connection t/pe
should ,e used2
cell modem
ca,le modem
3hich connection provides a secure CA% session with encr/ption to a Cisco switch2
a -elnet connection
an 774 connection
a console connection
an !<N connection
2? 3hat is the purpose o+ the network securit/ accountin( +unction2
to provide challen(e and response Buestions
to reBuire users to prove who the/ are
to determine which resources a user can access
to $eep trac$ o" t&e actions o" a user
#e+er to the exhi,it. ! network administrator is conf(urin( access control to switch S31. %+ the administrator uses -elnet to connect to the
switch4 which password is needed to access user 'N'C mode2
3hich pu,licl/ availa,le resources descri,e protocols4 processes4 and technolo(ies +or the %nternet ,ut do not (ive implementation details2
%''' standards
0euest "or Comments
%#-& research papers
protocol models
30 ! 5C is conf(ured to o,tain an %5 address automaticall/ +rom network -he network administrator issues the arp Ja
command and notices an entr/ o+ E-E-E-E-E-E. 3hich statement descri,es this entr/2
-his entr/ re+ers to the 5C itsel+.
-his entr/ maps to the de+ault (atewa/.
T&is is a static map entry.
-his is a d/namic map entr/.
31 3hich su,net would include the address as a usa,le host address2'26
! particular we,site does not appear to ,e respondin( on a 3indows ? computer. 3hat command could the technician use to show an/
cached =S entries +or this we, pa(e2
ipconf( /all
ipcon9g 'displaydns
arp -a
33 3hich t/pe o+ wireless securit/ (enerates d/namic encr/ption ke/s each time a client associates with an !52
! +rame is transmitted +rom one networkin( device to another. 3h/ does the receivin( device check the &CS feld in the +rame2
to compare the inter+ace media t/pe ,etween the sendin( and receivin( ends
to determine the ph/sical address o+ the sendin( device
to veri+/ that the +rame destination matches the >!C address o+ the receivin( device
to c&ec$ t&e "rame "or possible transmission errors
to veri+/ the network la/er protocol in+ormation
#e+er to the exhi,it. 3hich %5 addressin( scheme should ,e chan(ed2
Site 1
Site 3
Site 9
7ite 2
3hat is the eEect o+ conf(urin( the ipv7 unicast-routin( command on a router2
to assi(n the router to the all-nodes multicast (roup
to permit onl/ unicast packets on the router
to enable t&e router as an %P!6 router
to prevent the router +rom @oinin( the all-routers multicast (roup
3hich three %5 addresses are private 2 :Choose three.;
#e+er to the exhi,it. Consider the %5 address conf(uration shown +rom 5C1. 3hat is a description o+ the de+ault (atewa/ address2
%t is the %5 address o+ the #outer1 inter+ace that connects the compan/ to the %nternet.
%t is the %5 address o+ the %S5 network device located in the cloud.
%t is the %5 address o+ Switch1 that connects 5C1 to other devices on the same A!.
%t is t&e %P address o" t&e 0outer1 inter"ace t&at connects t&e PC1 ),- to 0outer1.
36 =urin( normal operation4 +rom which location do most Cisco switches and routers run the %CS2
disk drive
3hat is an important +unction o+ the ph/sical la/er o+ the CS% model2
%t encodes "rames into electrical< optical< or radio wa!e signals.
%t accepts +rames +rom the ph/sical media.
%t encapsulates upper la/er data into +rames.
%t defnes the media access method per+ormed ,/ the hardware inter+ace.
3hich procedure is used to reduce the eEect o+ crosstalk in copper ca,les2
wrappin( the ,undle o+ wires with metallic shieldin(
avoidin( sharp ,ends durin( installation
reBuirin( proper (roundin( connections
desi(nin( a ca,le in+rastructure to avoid crosstalk inter+erence
twisting opposing circuit wire pairs toget&er
3hat are the three primar/ +unctions provided ,/ Aa/er 2 data encapsulation2 :Choose three.;
placement and removal o+ +rames +rom the media
detection o" errors t&roug& C0C calculations
conversion o+ ,its into data si(nals
delimiting groups o" bits into "rames
data lin$ layer addressing
error correction throu(h a collision detection method
session control usin( port num,ers
3hat method is used to mana(e contention-,ased access on a wireless network2
token passin(
priorit/ orderin(
3hat happens when part o+ an %nternet radio transmission is not delivered to the destination2
! deliver/ +ailure messa(e is sent to the source host.
-he part o+ the radio transmission that was lost is re-sent.
T&e transmission continues wit&out t&e missing portion.
-he entire transmission is re-sent.
3hat is the auto->=%N +eature on a switch2
the automatic conf(uration o+ +ull-duplex operation over a sin(le 'thernet copper or optical ca,le
t&e automatic con9guration o" an inter"ace "or a straig&t#t&roug& or a crosso!er 5t&ernet cable connection
the a,ilit/ to turn a switch inter+ace on or oE accordin(l/ i+ an active connection is detected
the automatic conf(uration o+ an inter+ace +or 10/100/1000 >,/s operation
3hich +unction is provided ,/ -C52
detection o" missing pac$ets
communication session control
path determination +or data packets
data encapsulation
How does a Aa/er 3 switch diEer +rom a Aa/er 2 switch2
! Aa/er 3 switch learns the >!C addresses that are associated with each o+ its ports. However4 a Aa/er 2 switch does not.
! Aa/er 3 switch maintains an %5 address ta,le instead o+ a >!C address ta,le.
! Aa/er 3 switch supports IA!s4 ,ut a Aa/er 2 switch does not.
,n %P address can be assigned to a p&ysical port o" a )ayer * switc&. 4owe!er< t&is is not supported in )ayer 2 switc&es.
3hich two notations are usea,le ni,,le ,oundaries when su,nettin( in %5v72 :Choose two.;
3hat is the purpose o+ havin( a conver(ed network2
to reduce t&e cost o" deploying and maintaining t&e communication in"rastructure
to provide hi(h speed connectivit/ to all end devices
to make sure that all t/pes o+ data packets will ,e treated eBuall/
to achieve +ault tolerance and hi(h availa,ilit/ o+ data network in+rastructure devices
#e+er to the exhi,it. ! pin( to 5C3 is issued +rom 5C04 5C14 and 5C2 in this exact order. 3hich >!C addresses will ,e contained in the S1 >!C
address ta,le that is associated with the &a0/1 port2
@ust the 5C0 >!C address
5C04 5C14 and 5C2 >!C addresses
@ust the 5C2 >!C address
@ust PC/ and PC1 2,C addresses
@ust the 5C1 >!C address
3hich feld in an %5v9 packet header will t/picall/ sta/ the same durin( its transmission2
5acket Aen(th
Destination ,ddress
3hat two preconf(ured settin(s that aEect securit/ are +ound on most new wireless routers2 :Choose two.;
>!C flterin( ena,led
de"ault administrator password
3'5 encr/ption ena,led
5SK authentication reBuired
broadcast 77%D
3hich parameter does the router use to choose the path to the destination when there are multiple routes availa,le2
the hi(her metric value that is associated with the destination network
t&e lower metric !alue t&at is associated wit& t&e destination networ$
the hi(her (atewa/ %5 address to (et to the destination network
the lower (atewa/ %5 address to (et to the destination network
#e+er to the exhi,it. 3hat is the si(nifcance o+ the asterisk :O; in the exhi,ited output2
!n asterisk desi(nates that the fle s/stem has at least one fle that uses that fle s/stem.
T&e asteris$ designates w&ic& 9le system is t&e de"ault 9le system.
!n asterisk indicates that the fle s/stem is ,oota,le.
-he asterisk shows which fle s/stem was used to ,oot the s/stem.
&ill in the ,lank.
=urin( data communications4 a host ma/ need to send a sin(le messa(e to a specifc (roup o+ destination hosts simultaneousl/. -his messa(e
is in the +orm o+ a AmulticastB messa(e.
!n administrator uses the Ctrl-Shi+t-7 ke/ com,ination on a switch a+ter issuin( the pin( command. 3hat is the purpose o+ usin( these
to interrupt t&e ping process
to restart the pin( process
to allow the user to complete the command
to exit to a diEerent conf(uration mode
#e+er to the exhi,it. 3hich area would most likel/ ,e an extranet +or the compan/ network that is shown2
area !
area =
area C
area L
%n which de+ault order will a router search +or startup conf(uration in+ormation2
setup mode4 I#!>4 -&-5
-+0,2< TCTP< setup mode
I#!>4 #!>4 -&-5
-&-54 #C>4 I#!>
Dash4 #C>4 setup mode
Aaunch 5- J Hide and Save 5-
Cpen the 5- !ctivit/. 5er+orm the tasks in the activit/ instructions and then answer the Buestion.
3hich %5v7 address is assi(ned to the Serial0/0/0 inter+ace on #-22