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Why the

great divide?
In this unit you will develop knowledge, understanding, skills and values
relating to cultural diversity, social justice, discrimination, racism, prejudice
and the health of specific populations.
Some of the resources below may be useful during this unit.
 http://www.racismnoway.com.au
 http://www.harmony.gov.au/
 http://www.multicultural.vic.gov.au/projects-and-initiatives/culturaldiversity-week
 http://www.cyh.com/HealthTopics/HealthTopicDetailsKids.aspx?p=335
&np=286&id=2345

Diversity
Can you imagine a world without diversity?
Where everyone looked the same, thought the same, acted the same. There
would never be any debate or disagreement… or for that matter no invention
or discovery. A very boring place indeed!
Diversity can be expressed in a myriad of ways, whether they are immediately
apparent or not.
Can you think of what makes you, your community, your family, diverse from
others?

Complete the mind map

Females

Males

Sex

Diversity in the
population

complete the Y-chart for ‘Diversity.’ .Using some of the ideas and concepts from your mind map.

In what ways does diversity dictate your behaviours every day? Why? (For example. In what ways for you think the community thinks it is bad to be diverse? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 4. Diversity is…………………. In what ways do you think the community thinks it is good to be diverse? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 3. create a definition for ‘diversity’ and then answer the following questions.In groups of three.. do you communicate differently with your parents compared to your friends). ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 2. 1. Do either of your answers above contradict your own opinion on diversity? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ .

Statements All shop signs in Australia should be in English only Australia has lots of space and we should share it with people from war-torn countries People shouldn’t be allowed to come to Australia unless they speak English Detention centers should be banned Australia Day should be celebrated on a different date There is nothing I can personally do about racism People who migrate to Australia should leave their old culture behind Migrants from the same country shouldn’t be allowed to live together in the same location – they should be spread out.com.au/gamesroom/quizzes/ Complete the table below. values system. ethnicity. What do you know about diversity in Australia? Test your knowledge with this quiz: http://www.Cultural diversity Cultural diversity refers to the differences in race. Having a diverse population makes Australia an interesting place to live YES NO CAN'T DECIDE . Can you justify your feelings towards each statement? These statements will be used for class discussion. religion and local cultures that make up various groups in a community.racismnoway. language.

g. This is going to be the centre of a flower. Now you are going to draw petals around your initial circle and in each petal write the name of a group with which you identify (e. then place your initials in that persons petal. nationality. share your flower with the person next to you. If you have any petals in common. . Once you have done that.Diverse together Draw a circle in the centre of space below and write your name in the middle. gender. Repeat this with at least three other people. religion).

. Find someone who… Name Has travelled to New Zealand Has travelled to South America Was born in an Asian country Can count to 5 in Japanese Comes from an island in the Pacific Can name 4 different styles of pasta Can say ‘hello’ in 5 different languages Knows the name of the local Indigenous people Plays a sport that originated in England Knows the main religion of Indonesia Can name the head covering worn by some Muslim women Has a grandparent born in Australia Can name 5 different herbs and spices Likes nachos. burritos and other Mexican food Knows the country in which St Patrick’s Day originated Has eaten at an Indian restaurant Can name 1 country that borders China Speaks another language at home Can name 3 different French foods Has a parent who was born in Europe Takes off their shoes before entering their home What are the implications of having such a multicultural classroom? Are they mostly positive or negative? Justify your answers. Try and see how many different names you can fill out in the table below by walking around the room.Our diverse classroom Take a look around the class and you will see the diverse range of cultural backgrounds represented all in one room.

Bilal is hard working but has had trouble getting time off on Fridays to go to the Mosque. Name: Hyun Jin Age: 27 Gender: Female Background: Hyun Jin works for Buck on a casual basis. He has been working 6 days a week at the restaurant as a kitchen hand and waiter. Sally has a charming personality and gets on well with her customers. She is not allowed to work Sundays due to her religious commitments and is often unavailable on Saturdays because of her large Korean family gettogethers. The owner suspects that the employee responsible for taking the bag is still in the restaurant as nobody has left the restaurant in the last 30 minutes and Buck saw the bag of money 20 minutes ago. Liz only works part time as she also cares for her grandchildren while their parents are at work.You be the detective The scenario… Buck’s Bar and Grill is full of diners. Name: Bilal Age: 18 Gender: Male Background: Bilal was working as a waiter but lately has been working as a kitchen hand due to some customers who refuse to be served by ‘that extremist’. Name: Liz Age: 54 Gender: Female Background: Liz has worked for Buck for the last 2 years as his assistant chef. Hyun Jin gets along well with all staff and customers but sometimes has problems communicating due to the level of her English. The suspects… Name: Serhat Age: 15 Gender: Male Background: Serhat left school 3 months ago because his mother needed him to help earn some money after his father returned home to Turkey. He is friendly with all the staff and often laughs and jokes. . Liz is reliable but is sometimes argumentative with other staff. Name: Drew Age: 36 Gender: Male Background: Drew has been working as Buck’s head chef for the last 7 years. Name: Sally Age: 19 Gender: Female Background: Sally has been working for Buck for the last 14 months as a waitress. Buck leaves her in charge on Sundays and Mondays. His meals are famous in the town. The owner discovers that a bag of money has been stolen from an area that only staff has access to.

How does it feel to be stereotyped? _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 5. What sorts of things cause us to stereotype people? ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 4.Considering your reaction to the activity above. answer the following questions: 1. Did you stereotype some of these people? How? ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 2. Are stereotypes accurate or do they cause us to believe things that aren’t based on facts? ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ . What assumptions did we make about individuals? ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 3.

. create a picture of a person that fits one of the stereotypes as you have described. describe the stereotypical idea you have of that group: Australian Asian North Sydney Girl North Sydney Boy Nerd Footballer Bimbo Sportswoman Homosexual male Homosexual female Muslim Christian On the next page.Stereotypes continued For each of the groups listed below (and one other group of your choice).

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5. Person (or people!) who does not reflect the stereotype . can you list at least one person that may be categorised in the group. 3. who does not reflect the stereotype? Stereotype 1.Something to think about: Where have your ideas come from to shape the stereotypes you have described in the table above? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ How true do you feel these stereotypes are in describing each group? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ For five of the groups in the table. 4. 2.

Your teacher will read out some of the words on each piece of paper.Culture.. Race and Ethnicity are seen as interchangeable and are used in a variety of contexts. but do you know what the differences are? There are three pieces of butchers paper around the room. can you brainstorm the words you associate with each of those words and add them on to the paper. to help you come up with a definition for each term: Culture is… ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ Race is… ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ Ethnicity is. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ .. race and ethnicity Often the words Culture.

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ . ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ List some of your values. beliefs and customs (3 of each).Considering your definitions answer the following questions: How does culture define who a person is? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ What is your culture? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Is this the same as your ethnicity? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ What is a common false belief about race and how is it untrue? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Identify some stereotypes you know of about a particular group of people.

What are some of the things from your culture that you are proud of? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ What are some of the things about your culture that you don’t like? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ What does it feel like to belong? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Do you feel like you belong? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ To what extent does Australia make everyone feel like they belong? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ How would you describe Australian culture? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ What are some cultural issues in Australia today? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ .

can you create a visual representation .either through collecting images. or creating your own of your cultural identity. .Cultural identity Considering your own culture and ethnicity.

How does your cultural identity. impact upon each of the following areas of your life: Area Study options Career options Family relationships Friend relationships Boyfriend/ girlfriend relationships Parenting options Other.. What the stereotype says How much of an impact does this stereotype have on you . and the stereotypes associated with this identity..

about the benefits of diversity: ‘He and she. The Beauty of Gray performed by Live. we are Australian’ Beds are Burning performed by Midnight Oil.. you are. about examining one’s racial prejudices: ‘This is not a black and white world To be alive I say that the colours must swirl And I believe That maybe today We will all get to appreciate The beauty of grey’ I Am Australian performed by The Seekers..Popular culture and diversity Read each of the excerpts below from pop culture songs. from the album Diesel and Dust. about appreciating diversity and unity in Australia: ‘We are one But we are many And from all the lands on earth we come We share a dream And sing with one voice I am. from the album Tragic Kingdom. from the album Mental Jewellery. about the dispossession of Aboriginal people in Australia: ‘The time has come To say fair’s fair To pay the rent To pay our share The time has come A fact’s a fact It belongs to them Let’s give it back’ Different People performed by No Doubt. from the album Night of Nights Live. two different people With two separate lives Then you put the two together And get a spectacular surprise ‘Cause one can teach the other one What she doesn’t know While still the other fills a place inside He never knew had room to grow’ .

answer these questions:  What message do you think the artist is trying to communicate through his/her music?  What values and attitudes are being portrayed?  Do the lyrics relate to issues of cultural diversity in Australia? How?  Does the music add to the meaning of the lyrics? How?  What other forms of popular culture communicate messages about diversity? .For TWO of the excerpts above.

negative etc.)  How these attitudes and values are conveyed to the audience to create deep meaning . in groups of three. think of a movie/ TV show/ song etc. that you know. You will need to present the following to the class:  The basic plot/ story (what is it about?)  The values and attitudes portrayed that relate to diversity (are they positive.Now. which you feel also effectively represents the diversity of Australia.

Discrimination You will see 6 graffiti sheets around the room with questions that explore what discrimination is… walk around the room and add any words. how would you feel? What types of discrimination are there? What can people do if they experience discrimination? As the class discusses each question. you should answer the questions above. . phrases. definitions or images that relate to each question:       What is discrimination? Where might discrimination happen? Why does discrimination occur? If you were a victim of discrimination.

young Iranian women. . the film shows Panahi again mixing fiction and documentary.Offside Soccer. at least not dressed as women! The lively and highly engaging Offside follows the efforts of several young women to make it inside the stadium on match day in what becomes a witty battle of the sexes between the cheeky and determined urban girls and the young country soldiers trying to keep them out. partly during an actual World Cup qualifying match.from Buddhist monks to Indian migrant communities to… well. Shot largely on the run without a permit. inspired by an experience he shared with his daughter. But Iranian women cannot attend soccer matches. as we know from film. is a passion shared the world over .

Belief/ Stereotype in the movie Social impact Emotional impact Spiritual impact Other impacts How does it affect their future? Do any of these beliefs/ stereotypes exist (to any extent) in Australia? Which ones? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ In which areas of the media/ society? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ Consider the stereotypes/ beliefs that are most apparent in your community and fill out the table: Belief/ Stereotype Social impact Emotional impact Spiritual impact Other impacts How does it affect their future? .Fill out the following table that explores how the stereotypes depicted in the movie Offside can impede upon the health of and the opportunities available to the characters in the movie.

. Australia. as she finds herself attracted to both clean-cut John and working class Jacob. A good student. the house is abuzz over a visit from Michael. a racist who often taunts Josie for her Sicilian heritage. Josie is the 17-year-old daughter of Christina Alibrandi.Looking for Alibrandi A teenage girl confronts the crises of growing up -.in this drama.some typical. Looking for Alibrandi was based on a novel for young people by Melina Marchetta. a single mother and member of a large extended family of Sicilian immigrants living in Sydney. Marchetta also wrote the screenplay for this film adaptation. While Josie loves her mother. Josie is also suffering from the tribulations of teenage romance. Josie has earned a scholarship at a top private school. which was a major best-seller in Australia. who Josie soon learns is Christina's old flame -. Meanwhile. she's grown weary of her strict family.and her father. some unusual -. The fact that her relatives still have issues with Christina raising her child out of wedlock hasn't made Josie's life any easier. where she has to deal with Carly . especially her grandmother Nonna Katia.

What do we know about Josie? Culture Family Education Class .

In what ways is Josie caught between two cultures and two social classes? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Why does Josie feel as though she doesn’t fit in at school? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Why was Josie impressed with Jacob? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ How does Josie feel about the rituals associated with her Italian background? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ What are some of the key cultural differences between Italy and Australia that are identified in the movie? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ How does Josie and Jacob's relationship effect their views on the culture of the other? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ .

This speech marked a monumental moment in the American Civil Rights Movement.C. calling for racial equality and end to discrimination.. Rev. Washington D. Click on the link "I have a dream" to listen to the speech and read the transcription. Martin Luther King delivered the iconic speech "I have a dream" on the 28th of August 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial. What were the key messages conveyed in the speech? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Who is the speech directed at? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ How do you think a person of African American descent would have felt standing in the audience listening to Martin Luther King on that day? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ How do you think an audience would react to this speech today? Would there be different reactions for different sections of the community? Why? Why not? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ .I have a dream…. during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.

What factors added to the effectiveness of the speech (voice. mood of the day)? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ What did Rev. Martin Luther King convey emotion and feeling in the speech? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ In groups of 3. audience. Martin Luther King use to convey his message effectively? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ How did Rev. discuss and answer the following questions: Would all the language used in the speech be appropriate today? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ What terms could be possibly viewed as inappropriate? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ . location.

Martin Luther King able to use the term ‘negro’ in his speech? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ In what context was the language used? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ How should language change depending on the individuals involved in the communication? i. has the appropriateness of language changed with time and within different cultures? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ How can our choice of language impact on others? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ .Why was Rev.e.

Using the following two links below.nsf/vwFiles/Disc_ADB_0311.lawlink.pdf http://www.gov.1-sec.nsw.gov.legislation.au/lawlink/adb/ll_adb. It is part of the NSW Department of Attorney General and Justice.nsw.Anti-discrimination act (1977) The Anti-Discrimination Board of NSW administers the anti-discrimination laws of NSW and equal opportunity principles and policies throughout NSW.au/fullhtml/inforce/act+48+1977+pt. answer the questions about antidiscrimination in NSW:   http://www.4+0+N What forms of discrimination are specified in the Anti-discrimination Act (1977) of New South Wales? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ What is the difference between direct and indirect discrimination? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ What is vilification according to the anti-discrimination board? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ .pdf/$file/Di sc_ADB_0311.

What is victimisation according to the anti-discrimination board? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Create a flow chart of what to do if you have been discriminated against including how to make a complaint and what happens after you have made a complaint. .